SAP Business One Rapid Installation Overview

Traditional approach of small and mid-sized ERP implementation recommends consultant to stay in your office while installing, migrating your accounting data, setting up user workstations and Database maintenance plans. Often, however you figure out that your ERP consulting partner changes coming on site consultants at its discretion, and you are in disadvantage by being exposed to pretty different consulting styles and often see poor communication between previous and next specialist. We recommend you new methodology, which is now possible due to advances in such technologies as VPN, web sessions and remote SQL setup and support:

1. SB1 Sales cycle. Here you more likely want to face SAP BO sales engineer in your office. However, even the best salesperson could not theoretically be exposed to all functional and technical details. So, sales engineer appeals to centrally located SB1 support team, who can address virtually all the questions during the presentation, being in the web session. This speeds up your clarification on ERP selection and implementation.

2. SB1 deployment. Contrary to pure traditional approach, we recommend you to combine centralized SB1 installation, which includes SQL Server db creation, modules settings, your data conversion (beginning balances, master records: business partners, chart of accounts to name a few). Then this pre-implemented ERP is transferred to your office, where technical consultant implants it on your server and connects your user workstations to your pre-implemented SBO.

3. SB1 integration with your legacy applications. In ideal world we would like our customers to install SB1 out of the box and use its standard features. However in real world, customers have to practice IT system phased approach, where you change your IT infrastructure in evolutionary way. SB1 has several integration options, including workbench, SAP Business One SDK, plus you can with certain precautions use direct select SQL statement for data export. These tools address such often challenging for small accounting applications requirements as EDI (electronic document interchange), eCommerce (where SAP B1 has integrated module, however if you have established e-commerce website, you can connect it to SB1 via software development kit or SDK ).

Finding the Right Moving Company

Moving a home or office requires a lot of planning and the most integral role through the process is that of the moving company. Getting a good bargain on the moving company can make your whole move easier without burning a hole in your pocket. You can talk to your friends and relatives who might have hired a moving company to find a reliable one, or read the following for some helpful advice on how to find a good moving company.

The cost of a moving company can be calculated and estimated on a number of factors which includes the size of the vehicle and the distance it will cover. Nationwide companies may charge a little more than your local moving company, which might have lower rates and suit you better. All you need to do is to keep the factors of reliability and safety of your goods in mind. Whether you are planning to do a local move, interstate or even international move – the moving companies' reputation, reliability, prompt delivery and safety of goods is what's important. To find a good moving company you may refer to local directories and even browse online sites that detail moving companies. With a variety of services offered by moving companies, you can get a full service moving company, a pack-only moving company, a drive-only moving company, or even a trailer rental for you to pack and drive your own belongings. A lot will depend on whether you are doing the whole move yourself or require the help of moving professionals. The costs of moving trucks and professionals come at different rates depending on what you require.

There is different pricing for each moving company depending upon the nature of goods being moved, the distance covered by the truck and the size of the haul. So it's best to do a bit of research first, get quotes from different companies on the cost and insurance, and then decide which company is the best for your move.

Tip: Once you have the above information, do some searching with the moving companies' name online and see if you can find any customer service reviews. Knowing your goods are being safely handled or that the moving truck will be reliable is extremely important during a move. Remember the cheapest moving company may not always be more economic over the longer term if your goods are damaged or lost. Lastly, make sure you have reliable cell phone numbers of key people in the moving company should anything go wrong on the moving day.

Comparing the price quotes will give you a good idea on the actual cost, but make sure the prices quoted include insurance of your goods. Insurance is necessary in the event of accidents and loss of goods. If the moving company does not offer insurance, be sure to obtain your own insurance though another company.

The cost of a moving company depends upon whether it is making a one way trip or round trip, and whether you are booking it for a weekend or a weekday. Weekdays are comparatively cheaper as compared to weekends and similar summers are more expensive than winters. You may also be required to make a deposit at the time of obtaining a moving company, depending on the moving company terms and conditions.

To make your move easy, remember to:

· Keep the Bill of lading that is given to you by the moving company as it is a legally binding note of contract between you and them.

· Read the quote which is on your contract as well as the agreed upon rates. Also be sure to read the moving company's liability of your goods, delivery date and insurance claim clauses.

· If you are packing your goods, pack them properly to eliminate damage and breakages. With better moving boxes and wooden crates easily available, it is best to pack delicate glassware and other items in Styrofoam.

Finding a good moving company gives you peace of mind and allows for an easy relocation whether it is an office or home furniture and household items.

Music Gear Shopping – Understand It Better Before the Purchase

Are you planning to buy a music gear for your music loving friend? Does your studio need a brand new music gear for better sound and practising? Go through this article to know more about different music gears and tips to buy the best.

There are different types of music gear ranges that benefit your studio and practices. Portable keyboards are available in the market, which can be used wherever you want to play them. They have inbuilt speakers so there won’t be a need for any extra instrument to hear them. Some portable keyboards are both speaker attached and computer connectable as well.

Another useful gear is the drum mics. There are drum mic kits, which contain more than one microphone with accessories like clips, cases, etc. They are more affordable than buying single ones. These mics can also be used for different instruments. Both condenser and dynamic type microphones are available in the market that can be used for live performances and studio recordings respectively.

Electronic drums are most beneficial for drummers, who want to privately enjoy the sound. They have headphone attachments so that you can enjoy your own creation without the embarrassment of others hearing them. They are quieter than the acoustic drums, which makes every situation a perfect time to enjoy your own drumming without disturbing others.

With the amazing electronic drum of yours, a drum monitor or drum amplifier is the best gear you can ever have. It is also advisable to use an alternative to these amplifiers due to their versatility. Products like keyboard amplifiers, powered PA speakers are the most common alternatives used. However, it is not advisable to use a guitar amplifier or bass amplifier, as it does not reproduce the exact sound produced by a drum. It is more appropriate to find a portable and less weight amplifier so that you can carry them around.

When all of your instruments are ready to play, then you need a recorder. There are digital multitrack recorders available in the market that help you to record the music tracks. The desktop digital multitrack recorder has all the facilities like recording mixing and reproduction of your music all built in them. Portable or handheld multitrack recorders are convenient as they can be carried easily in your bag or even in your pocket.

While selecting a multitrack recorder we should check how many tracks it can record simultaneously and also the number of tracks it can mix. If the manufacturer lists the track recorder as 8 tracks, then the maximum number of tracks it can mix is 8. Handheld ones can be used in outdoor recordings, rehearsals, live performances, etc.

Another gadget you need for recording is a good audio interface. Single and double channel interfaces can be used for indoor recordings as the vocal and instruments can be recorded separately and mixed. Even 4 channel and more types are available in the market for better productions.

Breeding Lovebirds in a Colony Setting

Breeding Lovebirds is a fun experience as well as a hobby for most bird keepers. If you are planning on breeding lovebirds then you have two choices, you can either bring them in small cages with individual pairs or you can put all your lovebirds in a single large cage or aviary and breed them collectively with multiple pairs and you can call this a colony setting for breeding lovebirds.

I have been keeping lovebirds since my childhood when I was a school going kid. I first time bought lovebirds when I was in eighth grade and that was a pair of Fischer's lovebirds. I have the experience of keeping lovebirds both as single pairs in individual cages as well as in small colonies of four pairs. By far I can say that breeding results I achieved in colonies were far better than individual cages.

Breeding results in individual cages as well as in aviaries mostly depends on the type of species you breed. The most common types of lovebirds such as the Fischer's lovebirds, Peach faced lovebirds and the Masked lovebirds breed better when they are kept and bred in colony settings. This reiter back to their natural instinct of breeding in the wild and this behavior is replicated in captivity.

Other species of lovebirds such as the Madagascar lovebirds, which I do not have the experience of breeding anyway, is a better breeder when kept in single pairs. So you must be very sure which lovebird species you want to keep and select the type of cage accordingly. Also how many pairs you want to keep is also a determining factor in selecting the type of cage you should purchase or build yourself.

I have the experience of breeding lovebirds in different aviary sizes. The first colony I built for my Fischer's lovebirds was a 4 feet square colony and I kept four breeding pairs in that cage. The breeding results were excellent with four pairs and each pair was raising 4-5 chicks in each clutch. But that aviary size had its disadvantages because it was difficult for me to inspect my birds because cage height was too short.

Now I am using aviary sizes of 4'x6'x7 'in height with ten or more pairs in a single large flight. Large cage sizes with more birds gives them the sense of security and a stress free environment and the better breeding results you get. What I realize now is that the depth and height of the aviary is more important than the front of the colony. The more deep the cage the more they get focused on breeding.

The environment and place of the colony is very important for their long term health and breeding. Make sure the aviary is located in a well ventilated place where there is a lot of air passing in and out of the colony. Do not place your lovebirds colony in a place where there is excess heat and direct sunlight on the aviary especially in South Asian countries where the summer gets too hot.

The colony should be covered well with a roof so that the rain water do not enter their breeding boxes or pots because you may risk the chicks getting wet in the rain water. The roof should be in a slope so that the rain water may not accumulate on the top of the roof and consequentially enter inside the cage. I have made water holes at the base of the colonies for water drainage in case if any rain water enters inside the breeding colonies from the sides.

Wire mesh with spacing no more than 1/2 inch is ideal for lovebirds. The wire should be strong enough so that lovebirds may not cut it out and fly away because they have very strong beaks and they can cut wires that are not strong enough. Wire mesh is preferred over bars because with it they can climb easily. Cages with darker colors gives the better view of the birds inside.

Make sure that you build an aviary that is easily cleanable. I have made double doors on all my colonies, the smaller one for placing food and water dishes and the bigger one is for cleaning the cage and inspection. The colonies with more birds in them need to be cleaned frequently at least once every week so that there may not develop any bacterial and viral infection in your birds.

I cover all my colonies with a green cloth so that any direct sunlight may not enter inside the colonies in the hot summer season. It also helps to lower down the temperature in the surrounding areas of the colonies and protect my birds from extra heat in the day time. It provides an increased sense of protection and security for my birds from predators such as eagles and cats. It also protects the colonies from winds and heavy rains.

The sticks you place inside the cages should be of varying sizes and shapes to keep them feet in good shape. Sticks should be considerately thick so that they can have a firm grip on them while sitting. If you can, place natural tree branches in the aviary because they are of varying diameters and are good for their feet. Also they provide a natural living environment for your lovebirds. Place the food and water dishes away from perches so that they may not get contaminated with droppings of birds.

The cage should be constructed from iron, steel or similar material and should not be constructed from soft wood. Lovebirds have very sharp beaks and they have a habit to gnaw anything and everything that is inside the cage. They can easily chew cages made from wood and similar material and you risk your birds chew the cage and fly away in a very short time.

I made all my colonies with angle iron and with separate frames for each side. I fixed them together with welding spots which provides them extra strength and they do not move. All my cages are three sides of wire mesh and one side is fixed with the wall. I can easily detach the frames and move the cages to some other location anytime I want. Also transporting the cage is easy because each frame is separate.

If you want to breed lovebirds in a colony setting first decide the number of birds and the species of lovebirds you want to keep. Then select the size of the cage according to your specific requirements. And finally decide on the location of the colony so that your lovebirds can live happily and breed to their maximum potential.

Sunflowers – A Complete Guide to Selecting and Growing

Congratulations on your interest in growing sunflowers! The sunflower is one of the most widely recognized flowers of all time. It emits a sense of warmth and joy. This large flower blooms in a wide variety of yellows, pinks, and even reds. With a little care you will be rewarded by the most noble of garden beauties. Ask anyone who has grown them and their eyes will light up with excitement. The many varieties have something to offer gardeners of any age regardless of space limitations. So let’s get busy and you will have a garden to be proud of in no time.

Selecting a Growing Location

Your first must decide on where you want to grow your sunflowers. Consider the following:

  • Sun and Wind Exposure – As the name implies, sunflowers like the sun and do best when in a sunny location. A general guideline is to pick a spot that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. If planted in a shady area, sunflowers may stretch to reach sun and thus will require additional staking support as they will if planted in a windy area. Tall varieties are often planted on a fence line to help with support.
  • Orientation to Other Plants – Particularly with the taller varieties of sunflowers you will want to consider how they may block sun and wind from your other garden plants. This can be a good thing if you are trying to shelter particular garden plants from too much sun or wind, but you must also consider if your sunflowers are going to negatively impact your other sun loving plants when selecting the best spot for your new friends. Some people feel close to sunflowers because they are at eye level and bend to look you in the face. Sunflowers will face east at maturity so this may also be a factor you want to consider in their placement.
  • Days to Maturity – Most sunflower varieties have a maturity between 75 and 110 days. The nice thing is that you can grow them from the last freeze until winter sets in again. Consider planting a few each week to insure staggered blooms and enjoyment throughout the growing season. Stop planting 75-100 days before the first winter freeze is expected in your location.
  • Annual or Perennial Varieties – By far, most people plant annual sunflowers, but if you only plant annuals you are missing out on some beautiful long term friends. Perennials may take one to three seasons to begin producing blooms, but they are well worth the wait and can be great producers of flowers for years to come.
  • Color Coordination for your Garden – Most people are familiar with the classic giant sunflower with one large yellow flower with a dark center. Fortunately for us sunflower lovers, there are many different colors and varieties to choose from. Vincent Van Gogh loved sunflowers for this reason. Take the time to select and place different size and color varieties as you paint the canvas of your new landscape. Some gardeners like to use larger varieties as the backdrop and progress to mid sized and then small varieties as they get closer to the house or other public sitting areas.
  • Plant size and spacing – If you want to have the most success with sunflowers and want your plants to be healthy it is generally best to follow the recommended spacing when planting. This will dictate how many plants you can have in a given area. Pay close attention to the spaces you intend to fill with sunflowers when you are selecting which varieties to plant.
  • Containers, Planter Beds or Open Space – With the increasing popularity and development of dwarf varieties more people are planting sunflowers in containers than ever before. Containers smaller than six inches are generally not recommended. Even if the plants can tolerate them, they dry out too quickly. In small six inch pots you generally will only want to plant one plant of a dwarf variety that has a mature height of three feet or less. Generally in this small pot the dwarf plants will not reach more than two feet. If you are planting in medium or large pots, eight inches and larger, you can slightly bend the rules for suggested spacing for the variety and plant three individual plants in each pot. It is still better to stick with small varieties (less than three feet) for medium pots and small or medium (three to five foot) varieties for large pots. It is absolutely critical that your containers have drainage holes. Sunflowers need well drained soil.
  • Is Pollen a Factor – Most people do not have problems with the pollen from sunflower gardens. If you or someone you know is particularly sensitive to pollen you are in luck. Many varieties of sunflower are pollen free.
  • Uses intended for plants – Consider if you would like to have a steady supply of cut flowers from your plants. Some varieties are particularly good for long lasting cut flowers. With flower preservatives in the water and weekly water changes some varieties can last for several weeks. Are you a bird lover? Birds are particularly fond of the seeds produced by some varieties and butterflies are attracted by others. Do you intend to harvest and roast the seeds? Sunflowers have a myriad of uses. In the garden the stocks of large varieties can be dried and tied together to form rustic trellises for other plants and make good poles to help support plants including future generations of sunflowers.
  • Soil and Weather conditions – In general you will do best to adequately prepare the soil in transplanting, but some varieties of sunflower are particularly good in poor soil conditions. Some are particularly strong for extra hot conditions and periods of dry soil. If your plants are going in a windy area you may want to consider bushy, branching varieties and/or be prepared to steak your plants.

The following is a list of some of the popular varieties of sunflower and gives characteristics for each plant. Only one Perennial variety is listed and only a few dwarfs, but their certainly are more varieties of each available at seed and plant vendors.

  • Mammoth Russian Striped – Will do well in poor soil. Tolerates heat and dry conditions. Average head size is 10-15 inches, but they have reached 20 inches. Plants should be spaced 12-18″ and grow to 8’+. Days to Maturity – 100-110.
  • Moulin Rouge – An excellent red with dark disc. Single flowers have a dark deep red color that are 5-7″ in diameter. These 6′ plants are very vigorous and make any garden a show place. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Skyscraper – Heat and drought tolerant. Great for bird feed and roasting heavy yielder! Will do well in poor soil. Will do well in poor soil. Stake to support plants. Large heads attract birds. Makes a great ornamental backdrop. Plants should be spaced 12-18″ and grow to 12′. Days to Maturity – 75.
  • Ruby Eclipse – Showy ruby red or pink flowers display lemon yellow tips. Ruby Eclipse Sunflowers are pollen free; ideal for cutting. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Dove Hybrid Black Oil – Frequently used in bird seed mixes and called “black oil” sunflower seed. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Sonja – Flowers and more flowers. Sonja Sunflower blooms so heavily it can be hard to spot foliage. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 3.5′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Dwarf Sunspot – Great plant for the family garden, children love it! Full 10″ heads on short stem. Heads last up to 5 weeks. Plants should be spaced 12″ and grow to 2-3′. Days to Maturity – 80-90.
  • Teddy Bear – Small bushy sunflower grows to 18-36″, double yellow blooms 3-6″. Good cutflower. Plants should be spaced 12″ and grow to 3′. Days to Maturity – 80-90.
  • Autumn Beauty – Mixture of fall colors on 5″ flowers. Multiflorous type. Heat and drought tolerant. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 5-6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Velvet Queen – Will do well in poor soil. Stake to support plants. Multi-blooms on numerous side branches. Small seed is favored by birds. Not a large seeded (roasting) type. Great for cut flowers, borders, backgrounds and temporary screens. Plants should be spaced 18″ and grow to 4-6′. Days to Maturity 100-110.
  • Italian White – Plants have many branches. Multiple 4″ flowers have brown centers surrounded by a band of buttery-yellow and then white pointed petals. Not a good cut flower. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 5-6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Lemon Queen – Produces multiple 4″ blooms. The lemon yellow petals are slightly pointed, and surround a dark chocolate brown center. There is also a Perennial Sunflower by this name. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 7-8′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Indian Blanket – Resembles Autumn Beauty with darker colors, multi-heading. 4-5″ blooms. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 5-7′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Red Sun – Multiflora type bears medium size 5-6″ blooms in shades of deep dark orange-red with a hint of yellow around the brown center. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 5-6′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Tithonia Torch – Dahlia like flowers in orange, yellow and brilliant red. Trim faded flowers to promote longer blooming. Plants should be spaced 24″ and grow to 2-5′. Days to Maturity – 90.
  • Maximillian – Perennial – Makes a bold statement! Strong stems are covered with dozens of sunny yellow, 2-3″ blooms from midsummer to frost. A favorite of birds and butterflies! Long-lived plants thrive in heat, drought and even poor soil. A natural for cutting. . Plants should be spaced 2-3′ and grow to 4-7′.

Selecting Your Sunflowers

The foundation from which your sunflower garden is built starts with the seeds. Starting with seeds from reputable vendors will insure that your seeds are fresh, healthy and have a high germinations rate.

Quality Products

You can find the best online sources for quality seeds and other products mentioned in this article at


Each of the vendors mentioned above has up to a dozen varieties and combined they carry over thirty different varieties for you to enjoy. Remember to plan out your garden and carefully consider the spaces you intend to occupy with sunflowers and the varieties that will do best for those spaces. Don’t limit yourself to only a couple varieties. By selecting and growing a wide variety of sunflowers you will find out which ones you enjoy best and are most successful growing in your area and can improve your garden from one season to the next.

Seeds or Plants

Sunflowers are easy to start from seeds, but some people prefer to start from bare root or potted plants particularly for perennial varieties. If you decide to use this method for starting all or some of your sunflowers you will just need to successfully transplant the small plants to your containers or garden. Plants are available from a few excellent online vendors who guarantee delivery of healthy plants to your door.

Starting From Seed

If you decide to start your sunflowers from seed which is the most common way you will have several methods to consider each of which has advantages and disadvantages.

  • Direct seed method – Sunflower seeds can be sowed directly in the garden or containers, and in some instances this may be a viable choice. One problem is that seeds and small plants are much more susceptible to falling victim to pests and predators than even two or three week old transplants. In many areas the birds or rodents will dig up your seeds and have a feast before the seeds even get a chance to sprout. It may be more difficult to care for the germination and care of the young plants in your garden because seeds and sprouts must be kept moist and not be allowed to dry out. One other possible disadvantage is that you will always have some seeds that don’t make it to becoming viable sunflower plants. If you are trying to have uniform planting in your garden it may be easier using transplants that have already been selected as strong prospects. For these reasons and others it is generally recommended that you germinate your seeds before transplanting in the garden or containers.
  • Using Professional Seed Starting Trays – Some people prefer to start many seeds at a time in professional seed starting trays which are a plastic tray with separate compartments for each plant and a drip pan. With this method you can start as many as three dozen seeds in one try and be able to weed out the weak ones and get the sprouts off to a great start before planting them in your garden where they will face harsher elements and predators. With this method you will want to use a potting mix that is specifically designed for starting seeds. These mixes are finer than even premium potting mixes and contain all the nutrition that your sprouts will need to make it through their first two or three weeks. This method is certainly acceptable, but it too has some draw backs. There is a chance even if you are careful when transplanting the plants from the container that you will damage the root system and stress the young transplant. It is for this reason that the following method may just be the best one available.
  • Starting with Peat Pots or Pellets – Peat pots are small pots that are made of pressed peat moss. They can be filled with seed starting mix and planted in the garden when your transplants are ready. There is however, an even easier alternative. Peat pellets are an ingenious innovation that consists of a compressed peat wafer inside a biodegradable mesh case. When the pellet is soaked in water it swells to five times its size and makes the ideal starting medium for your seeds. You simply push a seed or two in the top of each soaked pellet place them near a sunny window and keep them moist. You can even buy these with plastic trays that have clear lids on them and act as mini greenhouses for sprouting your seeds. With these lids you often won’t even need to add additional water to your pellets until after your seeds sprout. Once the seeds sprout you just remove the lid and continue to water your sprouts until they form their second set of real leaves, generally two to three weeks. Then just plant the bags in the garden.

Transplanting to the Garden or Containers

Transplanting is an exciting time. It is when you take the young plants that you have so carefully germinated from seed and place them in your garden where with proper care they will take off like wildfire. There are a few important considerations as you begin this phase of your sunflower adventure.

Spacing Considerations

New gardeners seem to be particularly prone to overcrowding their plants. Whether this is caused by a desire not to sacrifice any weak stragglers, or a desire to get as many plants in a given area as possible it is a serious mistake that will hamper your ability to grow quality plants. It is important to select the strongest young plants to include in your garden. As a general rule the seeds that germinate first tend to grow faster and produce stronger plants, by being picky and only selecting perhaps the top 50% of your starts to transplant into your garden you will be helping to insure a strong crop. Next, it is extremely important to try to follow spacing guidelines that are specified on seed packets for each variety of plant. Failure to do so will result in less healthy, rangy plants that are struggling to compete with one another for food, water, sun, and root and air space.

Preparing Soil

Sunflowers can be grown in a wide variety of soil types and conditions. Regardless of the type or condition of the soil into which you will be transplanting your young plants, it is a good idea to specially prepare the immediate area where each plant will be placed. A good recommendation is to dig a small six inch by six inch hole for each plant. You will then fill this hole with specially prepared soil for your transplant. This soil should consist of premium potting soil with time release fertilizer mixed in. Premium potting soil will either be labeled as such or will be one of the more expensive mixtures. With potting soil you generally get what you pay for. Do not use soil labeled as top soil or garden soil. These blends compact too easily. The premium potting soil will hold moisture and allow your young plants root systems to develop quickly. The time release fertilizer will help to feed your plants for up to four months and add extra insurance to your regular fertilizing schedule. If you prefer to grow your plants organically you can use crab shell meal or fish pellets instead of the time release fertilizer to add to your soil.

Caring for your Growing PlantsFertilizers – What Kind and How Often

If you have started your plants well they will have a good foundation for growth. You will want to have a regular feeding program for best results. Plants require three main nutrients to be healthy: nitrogen which promotes healthy foliage, phosphorus which promotes flowers and potassium which is for strong roots and overall vigor. All fertilizer products list the ratios of these three components in the order given above. Thus a label that reads 10-15-10 signifies that 10% of the contents is nitrogen, 15% is phosphorus and 10% is potassium. When your plants are in the growth stage, before their flowers start to form you can promote healthy foliage growth by fertilizing every two weeks with a chemical or organic fertilizer that has a nutrient sequence of 20-10-10 or one with the same ratio. Once your plants begin to form flowers you will want to switch your biweekly fertilization to a product with a ration of 10-20-10. One last tip! Sunflowers are generally hardy plants, but you can help to keep them pest free by spraying them with a mixture of ½ table spoon of liquid dish detergent to one quart of water each week. Good luck with your new friends in the garden and always remember that time spent in the garden is not subtracted from your life.

Improve Your Compliance Management

U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) now requires institutions that offer distance education in a state in which it is not physically located or in which it is otherwise subject to state jurisdiction as determined by the state, to obtain approval for their online programs in each state. The requirements as to which activities require authorization, the application processes, and the costs to comply vary greatly from state-to-state. Also, state authorization is not a one-shot process. It is a process that needs to be revised regularly owing to ever-changing requirements and varying renewal timelines of each State Authorization Agency (SAA).

Institutions have to not only obtain and maintain state authorization for their programs but also, in the absence of any organized electronic solution, have to deal with the following problems:

1. Tracking approval and renewal status of authorization for various online programs in various states.

2. Keeping track of all communication and documents exchanged with these agencies for the approval and/or renewal process.

3. Maintaining a database of faculty profiles and student experience associated with their online programs.

4. Keeping track of all financial expenses incurred in the authorization process.

5. Generating and providing reports to university administration.

6. Keeping their online education or distance learning websites up-to-date.

E-Learning Compliance by Brainvire

To assist an institution in the management of their state authorization process, Brainvire presents an app called E-Learning Compliance (ELC) in Mentis. The Application will assist an institution in the following broad areas:

1. Track authorization processes and current status of authorization for each State Authorization Agency.

2. Maintain a database of online programs, faculty, students and other related data as needed.

3. Collect information from university staff, students and faculty via user-friendly online forms.

4. Manage all documentation and communication exchanged with state authorization agencies.

5. Generate predefined reports in a dashboard-style format with multiple drill-down levels.

6. Generate Todo’s and Updates to help university staff stay updated with the authorization process.

With E-Learning Compliance App, you can,

1. Access ready to use and comprehensive database of state entities and licensure boards covering over 35 different professions.

2. Record and track all business, employment, advertisement, instruction and recruitment activities by the program.

3. Slice and dice your student enrollment data with direct integration with your Student Information System.

4. Gather analytical information and derive insights from a number of prebuilt analytical reports.

5. On clicking a particular authorization status, you can view the programs for particular authorization status for the particular state.

6. A repository of all your program related information that can also be maintained by program coordinators.

7. Save time with auto-reminders, to-dos and automatic website publishing.

A repository of all your program related information that can also be maintained by program coordinators.

How to Rescreen a Window

If you have kids it's only a matter of time before your window screens get punched out or develop a hole where nobody seems to know how it got there. The pro repair guys are not cheap and the company that you bought your windows from may not even return your calls. So with that in mind, here is a simple way to rescreen a window so you can consider doing it yourself.

First you need to visit a local home supply company such as Home Depot or Menards or even a hardware store like True Value. There you'll purchase a roll of screen, a spline roller tool and the rubber insert (spline). The cost of all will be around $ 13 which is enough to do around three full size screens or one screen door.

Okay, you have your tools, now you need to remove the existing screen frame from the window. There are usually two types. The older version has tabs that you twist to unlock the frame from the slide. The newer models require you to push the screen frame to one side or the other. Which ever is mushy. Do that. Cramer windows, for example are that style. It was not quite obvious how they came out until I played around with it. Getting the frame out takes a little bit of effort. Start at the top or bottom and push hard to the one side and then pull the rest of the side out.

Now lay the frame on a flat surface. Remove the spell using a knife or screwdriver so pull out the end. Once started, pull it with your fingers to remove it around the entire frame. Now take out the screen itself and set this aside. If it's large enough to use as a replacement for a smaller window screen Elsewhere in your house, then save it for that, otherwise just pitch it.

Open and unroll the new screen. Lay it on the frame and allow it to extend around the frame about an inch or so on each side. Pick a corner and press one end of the new spine into that. After you get started, using the groove end of the spine tool, start working the rubber into the groove. As you move it around go down the side and around the edges, make sure to keep the screen as flat and taught as possible. You do not need to clamp it, but watch out for bulges.

Once you reach the end, cut the rubber insert to size and press the end into place. Now take a utility knife and run it round the edge to cut off the excess screen material. You can run it along the metal or down so it's just resting next to the spine. This makes for less chance of having the wire poking out.

All that's left is to put the screen frame back into the sliding frame in the reverse way you took it out. Now you're done. You saved money and learned another do-it-yourself project. Plus since you know how to do this type of project, now. you could even offer this as a service to others for a fee.

Precautions in House Construction

There are many things that you would have to look at when constructing your house. If you are right now constructing your house, then this article will be of help to you. It will be able to give you valuable info on how to avoid and circumvent problems while getting your house built. If you look at other houses you will get an idea of what is not right. This way you will be able to guard yourself against these factors so that you do not repeat the same mistakes and regret later.

One of the most important things to be looked as is the flooring and here you must look at the instructions in details and follow them. This is the only way that floors can be laid up the correct way. And for this you can get information on different types of floorings like wood, vinyl, tiles to name a few.

One of the most common issues and mistakes is that people more often than not keep hallways so narrow that when furniture is moved in, it ends up scraping the walls. You should know that perfect size for the hallway is around fifty six inches so that there is enough space for furniture movement.

You should also be aware of the need to make your home future ready. If you install CAT 5 wires these will help in computer wiring that is something that you may require in the near future. It is not so nice to have to dig up walls again. You are better off laying down wires separately in a few rooms so that the house is future ready. The use of thick steel bars along with pouring a thick layer is quite suitable for getting a driveway free of cracks. The house has to be so strong that it stands the test of time for many years to come.

You will also have to see to it that water barrier walls are installed. Many houses do not have installed barriers on the side walls to restrain water. Getting water infiltration barriers is also ideal for this express purpose. Getting a hot water loop must also be a priority. This means that you do not spend too much time waiting for hot water. You can also save lots of water by means of this loop. To get high pressure water you will need to install water pressure pumps.

Similarly, good quality circuit breakers will be needed to ensure that there is perfect safety from electrical shock. If you pay attention to all these factors and issues, you will be able to ensure that you have problem free and error free house construction.

Designing Your Own Hoodie? Here Are 4 Great Design Tips You Need

If you are looking to design your own hoodie, whether for a sports team or just for a social occasion, there are many custom clothing providers on the market today all offering easy-to-use and affordable services. In fact, it has never been easier to design your own clothing online, exactly to your tastes and specifications.

With that said, it can actually be quite difficult to go about the design process, no matter how simple and intuitive the online design tools are. This is because designing takes a lot more than a few vague ideas in your head order to come up with something that looks fantastic in real life; here are four useful design tips if you find yourself stuck when you design your own hoodie.

First of all, remember that the key component to any custom clothing item is colour – this single factor can make a huge difference to whether people will want to wear it or not, and how it will reflect the spirit of your team, company or the group that will be wearing it.

To choose the right colour, you will need to consider whether you will have to include any team colours or company colours, or if you are trying to reflect the spirit of a special occasion such as a hen party or a birthday party. Thinking carefully about this will help you come up with a few viable ideas to try out.

The second tip is to take your time coming up with a few concepts for the design. A valuable piece of advice here is to come up with a few ideas – even ones that initially you may decide that you are not too keen on.

Designing several options – even if you have one particular one in mind – will help get creative ideas flowing, and then you will be able to look over all of your designs and find the good and bad points about each one. Comparing several designs at once will help you pare down your ideas and refine that one design that you had your heart set on – or even choose something different altogether.

The next tip is to not be afraid of going elsewhere to find inspiration for your designs. This does not mean copying the designs of others, but simply means that you are a lot more likely to be inspired if you take your time to discover creations by professional designers first.

This can provide you with useful fuel regarding colours, styles, logos, patterns and much more. Whilst looking through catalogues or online portfolios of clothing items, make notes of what you like or do not like, and save images as examples of these. You can then show these to your custom clothing company to show them what you have in mind.

Our fourth tip to bear in mind when you design your own hoodie is to remember that complicated is not always the best route to go down if you are embarking on an endeavour for the first time. Although some complex designs can look really stunning, you should be aware that you may not yet have the skills to create such a design.

Furthermore, your custom clothing company may not have the equipment to produce such a design for you within your budget. Instead, focus on simplifying your design and making it striking. You can often take style elements from more complicated designs and turn them into something more simple and very striking indeed.

These are just a few handy tips to bear in mind when creating a custom hoodie design. Do not be afraid to seek inspiration for your designs elsewhere, and take your time to create a few different concepts to select your final design from. Think carefully about colour too, and finally remember that simple designs are often the best – so no need to complicate things to make a good impression.

How to Use a Wood Chipper: The Best Tips for More Chips and a Better Machine

To get the best results from your wood chipper it is important to use and maintain it correctly. Many owners believe a wood chipper is a machine that can eat through wood regardless of what is thrown at it. This is not the case – a wood chipper needs to be handled with care and patience. In this article, I’m going to tell you how to use a wood chipper and give you tips for ensuring you get the best results from your machine over-and-over again.

Electric Wood Chippers

Some of you may have electric wood chippers and this is why knowing how to use one of these machines correctly is important. These little machines are great for clearing the back yard and will work well with lots of twigs, leaves, brush, and sticks. What a lot of people don’t realize when using these machines is that using the correct gauge of electrical extension cord is paramount to the machine working effectively.

Electrical Extension Cord

If you have an extension cord of between 50′ to 100′, it must be 12 Gauge. The reason for this is that the electrical current would weaken on a lower gauge causing its motor to under perform. Some owners of these chippers have complained about the lack of power in the motor and blamed it on the machine having a poor design, when in fact the real reason their machine is under-powering is because of the wrong gauge extension cord. Another result of not using the correct gauge extension cable is for the motor to eventually burn out.

Running Your Electric Chipper from a Standard Wall Plug

If you are running your electric chipper from a standard wall plug, make sure that no other appliances are sharing the socket because, again, the full strength of the current will be sapped by the other appliance. This is especially true with appliances such as a fridge or washing machine.

Positioning Your Wood Chipper

When preparing your chipper for a job, make sure you have it positioned on some flat ground so that the machine is stable and won’t move about. Also make sure you have plenty of space so that you can feed in the debris unhindered.

Feeding Branches into Your Machine

Knowing how to use a wood chipper is important when it comes to feeding branches into your machine. The first thing to bare in mind is to make sure the branches are not covered in wet leaves as these can clog up the machine’s blades. If the pile of debris you are planning to chip is wet, leave it until another day when it has dried out.

Another cause of chippers jamming, especially the cheaper models, is inserting old wood which has fallen and hardened too much for the blades to process it. The best type of wood is the type which is relatively fresh.


Does your chipper/mulcher have a tendency to jam when you are feeding it leaves on their own? If so, it has been found that they will go through better if mixed with sticks or twigs. This gives the blades something solid to grab hold of when processing the material.


Knowing how to use a wood chipper is important when feeding the wood into the machine. You should do this slowly, and let the machine’s blades grab and draw it in rather than forcing the branches in and clogging the insides. It is imperative that this is done while wearing a good pair of protective gloves.

Turning the Machine Off

After you have fed in your last branch for chipping, make sure that you keep the machine running to spit out the very last piece. Some owners have switched the machine off while leaving pieces still inside which has resulted in problems when the chipper is next started.

Keep the Blades Sharpened

One thing which is extremely important for obtaining the best results from your chipper is to keep the blades sharpened at all times. On some of the cheaper models you should sharpen them literally after every major wood chipping job to ensure the machine is working effectively. Don’t worry because this isn’t such a burden to do as you would think because most blades can be removed with the turn of just a couple of nuts and screws. Most blades can then be sharpened with either a simple wet stone or a high quality file.


As mentioned earlier, wearing a good pair of protective gloves is important when using a chipper. Also it is extremely important to wear protective eye goggles and with the noisier machines, protective ear mufflers are also advisable. The last thing you want are any injuries. This is obviously very important when knowing how to use a wood chipper.

Happy Wood Chipping

If you follow these simple guidelines when learning how to use a wood chipper, you will find that you will have great results and will continue to do so over-and-over again. Most importantly, you will be ensured of getting great value for money from a reliable wood chipping machine.

The Socialist Agenda of Jack London’s Science Fiction Stories

Although most famous for his Alaskan wilderness fiction, Jack London also wrote a fair collection of science fiction short stories and four scifi novels. I grew up on Call of the Wild and White Fang, and obsessed over his short stories (it’s a good thing I didn’t end up naming my first dog Bâtard!), but it wasn’t until much later that I started paying attention to his non-wolfdog-based fiction.

And so I never realized as a kid that Jack London was very much a socialist. And not the fluffy kind, either. In his resignation from the socialist party, he wrote:

I am resigning from the Socialist Party, because of its lack of fire and fight, and its loss of emphasis upon the class struggle. I was originally a member of the old revolutionary up-on-its-hind legs, a fighting, Socialist Labor Party. Trained in the class struggle, as taught and practised by the Socialist Labor Party, my own highest judgment concurring, I believed that the working class, by fighting, by fusing, by never making terms with the enemy, could emancipate itself.

Since the whole trend of Socialism in the United States during recent years has been one of peaceableness and compromise, I find that my mind refuses further sanction of my remaining a party member. Hence, my resignation.

These views very much influenced his fiction. And although London is beyond a doubt one of my favorite authors of all time, my love for his stories is often tempered with uneasiness with the themes they are promoting.

Far less forgivable than his socialist views is his embracing of Social Darwinism and Rudyard Kipling-style racial paternalism. (I’m being charitable here; at times, his racism was much more severe than that, and he was not opposed to eugenics.) His opinion of women was little better, and in London’s fiction, females are often very much fungible goods. If you lose one, just find another — or better yet, steal it. The number of instances of wife-stealing in his stories is staggering. His tepid support for women’s rights was not based upon any belief in their equivalency to men, but rather as a way to bring about an end to alcohol. In John Barleycorn, the memoir opens with London announcing that he voted for women’s suffrage — not because he agrees particularly with the idea that women should vote, but rather because “[w]hen the women get the ballot, they will vote for prohibition[.]”

But because discussing economics is more fun than detailing the moral failings of a historical figure I still have respect for, I’m going to ignore his social views and instead focus instead on two of his speculative fiction short stories with communist themes: Goliah and Strength of the Strong.

Goliah is one of the creepiest pieces of scifi communist propaganda I have ever read. The Strength of the Strong is much milder in comparison, a Marxist fairytale that explains the injustices of capitalism and great strength that lies in the collective class of the proletariat, if only they could see past the capitalist deceptions and band together.

Jack London had an extremely pessimistic view of human nature, and ultimately this contributed to his disillusionment with the socialist party. London lost faith in the ability of the working class to ever unite, and to use their collective strength to overthrow the capitalist society that fed off of their lives and labor-the proletariat were simply too petty, selfish, and easily deceived by the elite classes. Socialist revolution could never be achieved by the collective action of the masses, because, on their own, they would never achieve working class solidarity.

Both Goliah and The Strength of the Strong show London’s pessimism about the ability of the proletariat revolution to come to pass. In The Strength of the Strong, he shows why a socialist revolution is necessary – and why it will never come to pass on its own. In Goliah, London tells of a socialist revolution accomplished not by a working class revolution but on the order of a single but powerful man. Once the revolution is accomplished, London delves into descriptions of the untold bounty that will be achieved once global socialism has been mandated from above.

The Strength of the Strong

The Strength of the Strong was one of the most popular pieces of London’s short fiction during his lifetime. In it, London uses cavemen to retell the Marxist accounting of history. The cavemen begin in a state of nature, but are forced to create society when they are attacked from outside. After creating a Law, they then establish a sort of primitive perfect democracy. However, after finding they were never able to search for food as they were always too busy arguing in the councils.

To resolve this, they then elect a chief. Life is good for a while, but when all the other cavemen move to join the tribe, scarcity sets in, and the strongest men lay claim to all the land — and hire others to farm it for them. Thus, feudalism is born.

Things only get worse once money is invented, however, and the strong men are able to enjoy receiving a greater percentage of the tribe’s GDP. Before, when everything was traded in fish, the strong men were limited in what they could seize — after all, if they receive 40 fish, they are only able to eat a few before the rest go bad. But once they invent money, there is no longer a natural barrier to how much wealth they can accumulate, and begin to invent more and more ways to live off the labor of the working cavemen:

“So, also, did Little-Belly and Three-Legs and Pig-Jaw have other men to lie in the sun about their grass houses and carry messages for them and give commands. And more and more were men taken away from work, so that those that were left worked harder than ever before. It seemed that men desired to do no work and strove to seek out other ways whereby men should work for them. “

Although the industries and technologies created by the strong men do result in the tribe gathering much more food than before, and in having the leisure to invent music, alcohol, and religion (all of which are used to further pacify the working classes), only the elite few benefit from the newfound wealth:

“But this was the strange thing: as the days went by we who were left worked harder and harder, and yet did we get less and less to eat.”

“But what of the goats and the corn and the fat roots and the fish-trap,” spoke up Afraid-of-the-Dark, “what of all this? Was there not more food to be gained by man’s work?”

“It is so,” Long-Beard agreed. “Three men on the fish-trap got more fish than the whole tribe before there was a fish-trap. But have not said we were fools? The more food we were able to get, the less food did we have to eat.”

“But was it not plain that the many men who did not work ate it all up?” Yellow-Head demanded.

Long-Beard nodded his head sadly. “Dog-Tooth’s dogs were stuffed with meat, and the men who lay in the sun and did no work were rolling in fat, and, at the same time, there were little children crying themselves to sleep with hunger biting them with every wail.”

Ultimately, thanks to monopolist producers who artificially decrease supply, the social order in the society is upended, as women — who are willing to work for cheap — replace the men.

“It was very strange. When Little-Belly caught too many fish, so that it took a great many to sell for a little money, he threw many of the fish back into the sea, so that more money would be paid for what was left. And Three-Legs often let many large fields lie idle so as to get more money for his corn. And the women, making so much money out of shell that much money was needed to buy with, Dog-Tooth stopped the making of money. And the women had no work, so they took the places of the men. I worked on the fish-trap, getting a string of money every five days. But my sister now did my work, getting a string of money for every ten days. The women worked cheaper, and there was less food, and Tiger-Face said for us to become guards. Only I could not become a guard because I was lame of one leg and Tiger-Face would not have me. And there were many like me. We were broken men and only fit to beg for work or to take care of the babies while the women worked.”

Alas, the socialist revolution never succeeds among the cavemen. Each time one of the tribe attempts to unite the workers to rise up against the capitalist parasites, the other workers — who have not yet obtained class consciousness — fall upon him, and destroy him. They mistakenly believe the call to overthrow the capitalist overclass is a call to return to a primitive live:

“[T]here was but one other man that dared rise up and speak his mind, and that man was Hair-Face. `Where is the strength of the strong?’ he asked. `We are the strong, all of us, and we are stronger than Dog-Tooth and Tiger-Face and Three-Legs and Pig-Jaw and all the rest who do nothing and eat much and weaken us by the hurt of their strength which is bad strength…. Let us add our strength and [the strength of the working class of the neighboring tribes] together. Then will we be indeed strong. And then we will go out together… In that day we will be so strong that all the wild animals will flee before us and perish. And nothing will withstand us, for the strength of each man will be the strength of all men in the world.”

“So said Hair-Face, and they killed him, because, they said, he was a wild man and wanted to go back and live in a tree. It was very strange. Whenever a man arose and wanted to go forward all those that stood still said he went backward and should be killed. And the poor people helped stone him, and were fools. We were all fools, except those who were fat and did no work. The fools were called wise, and the wise were stoned. Men who worked did not get enough to eat, and the men who did not work ate too much.”


Although a Marxist revolution remains elusive and forever out of reach in The Strength of the Strong, in Goliah, a communist utopia is successfully and near painlessly achieved, thanks to the help of science fiction technology and the abandonment of the working class-lead revolution.

If it were parody, Goliah would be clever satire– but it’s not. Instead, its bland acceptance of murder and slavery in pursuit of the new world order is chilling, and the actual plot full of delusional wishful thinking.

The premise of Goliah is that a ship, the Energon, has appeared in San Francisco Bay. A man calling himself Goliah, on board the ship, announces the names of ten “captains of industry,” and insists if they do no board the ship by a certain date, they will die. They laugh it off as a joke — and are all found disintegrated in their sleep. Next, Goliah makes the same announcement, this time to ten politicians. Same result. After that, people begin to pay attention, and because everyone is terrified of Goliah’s ability to kill anyone at any time, Goliah’s will is obeyed.

Goliah decides not to wait for the ultimate uprising of the Proletarian Revolution, but instead takes charge himself and begins to command the dismantling of the capitalist superstructure. The working class may never rise up – but that will no longer be necessary, as Goliah can patiently and ruthlessly demonstrate to proletariat and capitalist alike why they must all enter into a global communist order.

“The incentive of material gain developed man from the savage to the semi-barbarian he is to-day. This incentive has been a useful device for the development of the human; but it has now fulfilled its function and is ready to be cast aside into the scrap-heap of rudimentary vestiges such as gills in the throat and belief in the divine right of kings. Of course you do not think so; but I do not see that that will prevent you from aiding me to fling the anachronism into the scrap-heap. For I tell you now that the time has come when mere food and shelter and similar sordid things shall be automatic, as free and easy and involuntary of access as the air. I shall make them automatic, what of my discovery and the power that discovery gives me. And with food and shelter automatic, the incentive of material gain passes away from the world forever. With food and shelter automatic, the higher incentives will universally obtain – the spiritual, aesthetic, and intellectual incentives that will tend to develop and make beautiful and noble body, mind, and spirit. Then all the world will be dominated by happiness and laughter. It will be the reign of universal laughter.”

After ending child and female labor, Goliah orders the nationalization of industry:

“But we cannot make profits!” wailed the petty capitalists. “Fools!” was the retort of Goliah. “As if the meaning of life were profits. Give up your businesses and your profit-mongering.” “But there is nobody to buy our businesses!” they wailed. “Buy and sell – is that all the meaning life has for you?” replied Goliah. “You have nothing to sell. Turn over your little cut-throating, anarchistic businesses to the Government so that they may be rationally organised and operated.” And the next day, by decree, the Government began taking possession of all factories, shops, mines, ships, railroads, and producing lands.

In Goliah’s world, “going Galt” is apparently not an available option:

The captains of industry became heads of departments. It was found that civil engineers, for instance, worked just as well in government employ as, before, they had worked in private employ. It was found that men of high executive ability could not violate their nature. They couldn’t escape exercising their executive ability, any more than a crab could escape crawling or a bird could escape flying. And so it was that all the splendid force of the men who had previously worked for themselves was not put to work for the good of society. The half-dozen great railway chiefs co-operated in the organising of a national system of railways that was amazingly efficacious. Never again was there such as thing as a car shortage. These chiefs were not the Wall Street railway magnates, but they were the men who formerly had done the real work while in the employ of the Wall Street magnates

The horrifying part of the story is the means by which Goliah’s communist utopia is achieved. To set up his base of opertions, he first must enslave thousand of workers to toil on his island. Then, to accomplish his global social agenda, he uses extortion and casual murder.

And yet Goliah becomes beloved by all the world, for ushering them into a golden age. He becomes a dottering grandfather figure. Never once does anyone display any sort of revulsion at the means by which his aims were achieved.

Goliah (and London) very much accept the moral rightness of murder in the name of establishing global communism. Responding to criticism of his methods, Goliah says,

“Do not misunderstand me, when I tell you that I am one with a theory. I want to see that theory work, and therefore I call upon your cooperation. In this theory of mine, lives are but pawns; I deal with quantities of lives. I am after laughter, and those that stand in the way of laughter must perish. The game is big. There are fifteen hundred million human lives to-day on the planet. What is your single life against them? It is as naught, in my theory. “…

“What are a few paltry lives? In your insane wars you destroy millions of lives and think nothing of it. In your fratricidal commercial struggle you kill countless babes, women, and men, and you triumphantly call the shambles ‘individualism.’ I call it anarchy. I am going to put a stop to your wholesale destruction of human beings. I want laughter, not slaughter. Those of you who stand in the way of laughter will get slaughter

The world wide communist utopia that ultimately emerges is described as being as close to perfection as human society can get. Among the benefits enjoyed by mankind as a result of Goliah’s benevolent dictatorship, there is: a three hour work day, the end of warfare, a global brotherhood of mankind, a retirement age of 48, and the disappearance of human dissatisfaction. In the new world order, Wall Street stock traders and trust fund babies are taught the virtues of honest labor (well, for at least three hours a day), and all household chores are performed by machines.

Even better, it turns out once you do away with private property, you also do away with all the criminals and lawyers:

“Ninety per cent. of the crimes against society had been crimes against private property. With the passing of private property, at least in the means of production, and with the organisation of industry that gave every man a chance, the crimes against private property practically ceased. The police forces everywhere were reduced repeatedly and again and again. Nearly all occasional and habitual criminals ceased voluntarily from their depredations. There was no longer any need for them to commit crime…. And the courts in all the countries were likewise decreased in number again and again. Ninety-five per cent. of all civil cases had been squabbles over property, conflicts of property-rights, lawsuits, contests of wills, breaches of contract, bankruptcies, etc. With the passing of private property, this ninety-five per cent. of the cases that cluttered the courts also passed. The courts became shadows, attenuated ghosts, rudimentary vestiges of the anarchistic times that had preceded the coming of Goliah.

In all, Jack London’s socialism, at least in Goliah, seems too fantastically naïve to be taken seriously. London’s just too enamored with the idea that humans do not need incentives to act, and that once basic material needs are provided for as a matter of right, mankind will no longer compete over any other sort of resources. In London’s world, government agencies are as efficient as the most streamlined corporation, racial strife is only an artifact of private property, and humans only compare about absolute worth, not relative standing.

And ultimately that’s why Goliah is unsatisfying as a work of science fiction. Scifi just doesn’t operate like that – in scifi, you only get to completely make up the external world your characters encounter, you don’t get to make up the internal nature of humanity, too. Scifi explores how society-as-we-know-it might react and adapt in the face with radical technological innovations. Goliah’s invention of energon – a never ending source of energy derived from cosmic rays – is as equally implausible as Goliah‘s conception of human nature, but you can make up completely impossible technology and still have a good story. But by also making the humans in Goliah totally unrecognizable, London’s story moves beyond the realm of scifi to something akin to a religious screed.

Review of Benchmark Fiberglass Entry Doors by Therma-Tru

Doors are not made equal. Exterior doors, such as the front door, are the most exposed to climate change and repeated use. Fiberglass is now a preferred surface material for doors because it does not rot, warp or crack like wood, nor does it rust or dent like steel. Traditional doors are a throwback to the time of exquisite handcrafting and craftsmanship but this artistry would be wasted on wood surfaces that would soon fracture and crumble too early. Benchmark fiberglass entry doors are now some of the most popular for new homes and replacement doors for old homes that once had wooden doors like mahogany or oak. These products are backed by the Therma-Tru name, pioneers in fiberglass doors, and exclusive distribution by Lowe’s stores. As wood doors are sliding from staple to next best, fiberglass doors are gaining interest. Architects and remodelers want to know how to find the right ones and make the most of those.

Benchmark fiberglass entry doors are increasingly known for achieving a balance between design and price. They are good-looking but affordable, an attractive possibility to savvy builders and homeowners who may be on a budget. Their classy designs mirror handsome doors of old but clean lines harmonize with unexpected elements like glass and metal. At the same time, their reasonable prices compete with real hardwood doors that reigned over the market with an iron hand in the past. The real test is in weathering and usage. If your location is troubled with fluctuating outdoor conditions, or if it is a high-traffic area requiring a new door, you should have a realistic budget with a ceiling for a top-of-the-line product. For a low-traffic area, especially inside the home, you may opt for something charming and mid-priced.

The promise of a long-lasting, energy-saving product that offers peace of mind adds to the appeal of Benchmark doors. They feature a “leak protection pad” that has been designed like a special corner pocket to block air and moisture where it is most expected to penetrate. Dual bulbs and dual fins make a heavy-duty door bottom sweep that further seals up against air and water infiltration. These enhance the quality of energy efficiency attached to fiberglass, which provides three to five times more insulation and lets natural light inside homes. The door sill has been developed to resist rotting and corrosion, with a cap using non-wood composite material and adjustable hardware using stainless steel. Greater resistance to rotting and insect damage can be had with the optional jamb, primed and ready for painting. An optional three-point locking system promises increased security. It has also been constructed from stainless steel and is resistant to corrosion.

Therma-Tru Doors, which owns the Benchmark by Therma-Tru brand, specializes in doors made from fiberglass rather than steel, composite material or wood, specifically, pre-hung entry doors and door systems. It manufactured the first fiberglass entry doors more than 25 years ago. With Benchmark fiberglass entry doors, the company is working on establishing an expertise in other aspects of the door business on a par with veteran manufacturers such as Masonite, Milgard and Feather River. An order delivery system and aftersales service are examples of those other aspects that have great impact on buyers. As Benchmark entry doors are pre-hung, you can choose do-it-yourself installation or professional installation, either by exclusive carriers Lowe’s or a company you have contracted. Unless you are skilled, installing a door yourself would most likely be troublesome. If the door area must adjust to a particular architecture, design or age of the house, you should probably obtain a professional installation service on your own.

When and How to Use Globular Transfer MIG Welding

What is Globular Transfer?

This type of transfer is a hybrid form of spray transfer and short circuit. When I say a modified form it is referring to the fact that the electrode does not create a spray or a short circuit to transfer the metal. What it does is transfer the filler metal to the joint in the form of globs. The way it works it an arc is established by the MIG welder and then the electrode heats up. Once it heats up a glob is formed at the end of it. This glob gets drawn to the weld joint and drops off. After that this process repeats many times in a minute. The best way to understand this process is by comparing it to something more familiar. A leaky faucet! If you think about the globs as drops of water dripping from a faucet then you can easily visualize how this transfer fills the joint.

Why is Globular Transfer Used?

This type of welding is typically used when the voltage needed to weld is higher than short circuit requires and lower then spray needs. It’s more of a hybrid of weld transfer types. Other places it can be used on are metals like stainless steel and aluminum. The main advantage of globular is that it works on a higher voltage setting while giving the welder the advantage of more control over the weld deposit than spray transfer.

How to Set-Up Your MIG Welder!

If you are going to set-up your MIG welder for this transfer type you need to know that there is no setting or button that says “globular transfer”. The way transfer types are set is by adjusting the voltage and wire feed speed. Before setting up you machine you need to know what type of metal that will be welded. This will have a direct affect because of the type of shielding gas that will be needed. Globular transfer needs a shielding gas that contains a high percentage of Argon to a 100% Argon gas.

The way the machine is set-up is by first choosing the right shielding gas. This is best done by either reading the electrode manufactures instructions or simply talking to your local welding supply store. They will know what your best choice will be or at least narrow it down to a few choices based on quality vs. cost. The actual machine setup is done by finding the proper voltage setting for the metal thickness that will be welded. Once you get that setting dialed in then you need to set you wire feed speed. What you are looking for is a wire feed speed fast enough that it does not spray and slow enough that you do not achieve a short circuit transfer. The way you know that globular transfer is occurring is by the sound of the weld. It needs to sound like it is popping. The popping can vary from slow to a fast series of pops. While you are welding you should also be able to see the actual globs form and drop into the weld joint. That is all it takes to setup you welder for globular transfer MIG welding!

Remove, Replace and Repair Your Bath Tub Overflow

Installing a Tub Drain and Over Flow

To repair a waste and overflow, the plumbing technician needs to gain access either underneath the tub, or preferably, from behind the tub. The first step is to remove the overflow cover. Next (and here’s where it starts to get complicated), the tub drain needs to be unscrewed from the shoe. The tub drain is threaded into the drain shoe body of the waste and overflow which makes them both snug to the bathtub. The drain stopper is removed by backing it out from the cross bars that it is attached to.

If you manage to remove the drain from the shoe, you have disconnected the waste and overflow drain from the tub (quite often, the drain breaks making this a time consuming project). Once the drain is removed (you have to have access to the drain from behind the tub), there is usually a slip nut that connects the drain to the drainage piping. If you do not have access from behind, you will have to gain access from underneath the tub (this is where the project becomes difficult and time consuming) and you will have to cut the drain out and piece it back together. It is not unusual for a waste and overflow repair to take 6 hours or more.

Bath Tub Overflow Drain Cover

The drain covers finish is the most common (and apparent) reason for changing it. The finish tends to pit or peal. The waste and overflow cover usually has a screw or two to secure the cover to the body of the waste.

When the Leak is behind the Faceplate Causing Water to Leak Down the Drain Waste Tube.

The single biggest reason a waste and overflow leaks is because the gasket behind the drain begins to break down. When the water level rises and flows into the overflow, the water will make its way to any breach in the seal. The leak can show itself right at the waste and overflow or run along the drain waste tube and under the tub only to show itself quite a distance away from the actual leak making the leak very tricky to find.

How do I Fix the Tub Gasket and Stop the Plumbing from Leaking?

Well, there are two options. One is to remove and replace the entire waste and overflow, the other is to use the magic of innovation to save you time and money.

There is an Easy and Economical Way to Repair Your Bath Tub Waste and Overflow?

The Ultimate Tub Drain Remodel Kit, featuring the Ultimate Overflow Gasket, takes care of all of these issues. The kit uses a patented gasket that fits on the outside of the tub and telescopes into the overflow tube bypassing the damaged gasket eliminating the leaks. No muss, no fuss! Typically, when the waste and overflow are damaged, do is the tub drain. The kit also includes an all brass lift and turn remodel drain which fits on top and then into your old drain (you do NOT need to attempt to unscrew the old drain and risk damage to the tub or drain assembly). Just unscrew and remove the old lift and turn assembly and/or linkage pop-up drain. Clean with a mild detergent removing any soap or build-up, dry thoroughly, apply the kits acrylic bond caulk place the drain on top of the old, press, turn and leave for 24 hours and you’re done. The entire drain remodel is done in 15 minutes.

Not Just for Repairs

The greatest thing about this product is that it’s not just for repairs. If you are remodeling your bath or changing the finishes on your faucets you can purchase the kit in all of the currently popular finishes. You don’t have to live with a chrome or brass waste and overflow cover/drain with new brushed nickel faucets. The Ultimate Tub Drain Remodel Kit comes in a variety of finishes including chrome, brushed nickel, stainless steel and oil rubbed bronze.

The Politics Of Animal Stories – Chinua Achebe

In the work ‘What Has Literature Got To Do With It’ Achebe brings up a very pertinent question relating literature to creation. He asks whether ‘people create stories’ or ‘stories create people’ or rather ‘stories create people create stories’. To the question whether stories would come first or people would come first is connected the myth of the creation, to which is connected the remarkable Fulani’s story.’ It is a creation story about whether man came into being first or the story came first. The story goes that in the beginning there was a ‘huge drop of milk. Then the milk created stone, the stone created fire; the fire created water; the water created air’. Then man was moulded by Doondari out of five elements. But man had pride. Then Doondari created blindness and blindness defeated man. The story is about creation, defeat of man through hubris and redemption of man. These stories are not just restricted to creation, but have been imbibed in the history of man, social organizations, political systems, moral attitudes, religious beliefs and even prejudices.

The Igbo political system, prevails on the absence of kings. The word ‘king’ is represented more by different words. In the Igobo town of Ogidi kingship gradually went out of use, because the king had to settle a lot of debts, owned by every man and woman in the kingdom. In fact one who became a king held the people in utter contempt when he organized a ritual called ‘Kola-nut’ where he cracked the nut between his teeth and made the people eat the cola-nut coated with the king’s saliva. He was dethroned and the people became a republican. It was decided the the king should guarantee the solvency of the people. These mythical stories of kingship dwindled with the emergence of the British community when kingship merged with the British political legacy and gained new connotations.

Achebe mentions two animal stories the emergence of the British community when kingship merged with the British political legacy and gained new connotations.

Achebe mentions two animal stories which are short but complex enough to warrant them as literature. Once there was a meeting of animals, at a public square, when a fowl was spotted by his neighbours going in the opposite direction. The fowl explains that he had not gone to the meeting because of some personal matter. The fowl generously said that even though not present in body he would be present in spirit. It was decided at the meeting that a particular animal, namely the fowl would henceforth be regularly sacrificed for the Gods. And so the fowl had given its assent to be a sacrificial victim forever.

The second animal story was about a snake riding a horse. The snake could not ride very skillfully. A toad came by to show the snake horsemanship. The toad rode very skillfully, and came back and returned the horse to the snake. The snake smilingly said that it was better having than not having. He had the horse in possession. So he rode away with the horse in the same way as before.

These two stories have curious implications. The fowl story is a tale of warning to democratic citizens who do not take active participation in the democratic process. The second story has significations of class divisions. The snake is an aristocrat in a class society while a toad is a commoner with expertise whose personal effort does not matter because he does not have the necessary possessions. The snake possesses merit by birth or wealth and hence enjoys privileges whether he possesses skill or not.

The connection of these stories with literature is implicit. Literature offers scope for social transition and change. Literature can cause change in society. The king enforcing his subjects to eat the saliva covered nut is obviously an invitation to rebellion. The snake story is also a story of class division and privilege, but his seeds of revolution in it. The skilled have not may be incited to rise to rebellion by observing the undue privilege of the unskilled rich. The implication is the dissolution of an incompetent oligarchy. In fact the snake figure has been chosen because of its unattractiveness for ultimately it would become the target of revolution.

Literature is connected with social, economic and educational growth. Literature is related with the creation of human societies. Because Nigeria wants to grow as an independent nation, it needs the creative energy of national stories to support and sustain the growth of the nation.

In fact even if we look back to classical literature, it is seen that the portrayal of Achilles or Ulysses is indirectly connected to the growth of Greece as a nation. So also is the portraiture of Beowulf connected to the social, historical and national development of the Anglo Saxon society. There is a relationship between the Anglo Saxons sitting around the fire on the hearth rebelling against the cold and charting their own growth and psychoanalysis storytelling. Both have a psychological implication in them. When one tells a story to the psychoanalyst he actually tells a story. The connection between literature and psychoanalysis as Achebe puts it as ‘Literature can have an important and profound positive effect as well, functioning as a kind of bountiful, nourishing matrix for a healthy, developing psyche.’ Literature thus helps to counter psyche in real life helping in a discovery of the self that tables to cope with life. Literature through the symbol of the animal story connects itself with political uprisings, sociological and historical growths as well as psychoanalytic analysis of the self which helps in confronting reality and finding one’s own self.