Vehicle Suspension Systems

Non-independent Front Suspension:

Solid Axle

A solid axle suspension incorporates a solid beam or shaft that spans from left to right in the vehicle. A pivoting connection connects both the left and right ends of the shaft to the wheel spindle, allowing the spindle to turn towards the left of right. The solid axle design may use leaf springs or coil springs connected from the vehicle structure (frame) to the lateral sides of the solid axle beam, therefore allowing upward movement when road bumps are encountered.

Independent Front System Types:

Double Wishbone Design

Double wishbone (and their mechanically equivalent double A-arm design) incorporates a pair of triangular parts or "wishbones", one "wishbone" stacked vertical to the other. The medial (towards the midline of the vehicle) long end of each triangular part is mounted to the structure of the vehicle using a pivoting connection. The lateral (away from vehicle midline) pointed end of each triangular part is mounted to either the upper or lower ball joint of the corresponding wheel hub. The upper and lower ball joints allow the wheel to turn left or right. A spring / shock absorber assembly is typically installed between the vehicle structure and the lateral portion of the lower wishbone (A-arm), thus supporting the vehicle and damping bumps. The double wishbone has been considered the gold standard for rear wheel drive vehicles for many years. A typical double wishbone suspension will use a shorter upper wishbone compared to the lower, thus causing negative camber (tilting out of the lower portion of the wheel) as the suspension arises during bumps or turns. The shorter upper wishbone helps to keep the tire flat during cornering.

McPherson Strut Design

A McPherson strut suspension can be thought of as a variation of the double wishbone design. It borrows the lower wishbone (A-arm) from the double wishbone design. The McPherson strut omits the upper wishbone (A-arm) and instead uses a spring and shock absorber assembly (strut) installed between the lower lateral wishbone (A-arm) and the vehicle structure. This strut is typically much stronger than a typical shock absorber used on the double desirebone design since it must prevent consistent of the lower wishbone (A-arm) which would typically occur during braking or acceleration. The advantages of the McPherson Strut design include simplicity, weight savings and reduced bulkiness. The reduction in bulkiness allows space for a driveshaft to enter the wheel hub, so allowing for use on front wheel drive cars.

Linear Suspension Systems:

Larger aircraft typically use a steerable type of linear suspension system for their nose wheels. This suspension is considered "linear" since the wheel moves in a straight line upwards when a road bump is encountered. These aircraft suspensions can be considered a steerable variation of the oil / air type shock absorbers since both share common characteristics. Although historically a few primitive types of linear suspension systems have been attempted on motor vehicles, none have been very successful then far. Newer designs of linear suspension systems have incorporated electromagnetic motors or remotely mounted springs (connected by cables) for weight suspension and damping.

Luxury Vinyl: Inherently Stylish, Waterproof Flooring

For certain rooms in the home, finding a flooring option that is both stylish and waterproof can be a daunting task. But not when it comes to luxury vinyl! Generally waterproof; vinyl flooring comes in a wide variety of designs and colors and is easy to maintain! It is also quieter and warmer than other hard surfaces, making it perfect for even the most heavily trafficked areas of the home.

Waterproof Flooring Styles

Technology continues to improve the visual design and feel of vinyl, while remaining as easy to maintain as ever. The latest looks in luxury vinyl like classic stone and slate have an incredibly natural look and feel and have come a long way over the years. It is the perfect option for waterproof flooring that doesn’t sacrifice on style.

And, vinyl plank offers homeowners a realistic wood look while also providing the many benefits of water resistance. Luxury vinyl’s moisture resistance is perfect for homes with kids and pets alike and its elastic material also protects against dents and scratches. Floating vinyl and plank styles lock together to create a waterproof seal without the need for adhesives!

Tile is another great water resistant option that could fit into the design of any kitchen, dining and lower level rooms. Tile has a stunning natural beauty and is one of the most durable floors to own.

All of these options provide homeowners with an incredible array of stylish choices that have surely come a long way from mom’s kitchen linoleum.

Waterproof Luxury Vinyl for the Home

Waterproof luxury vinyl offers style that will impress guests while its waterproof attributes deal with the messes of daily life. Rooms in the home that could benefit most from waterproof flooring include those that, of course, include water! Kitchens, bathrooms and laundry rooms are some of the best candidates for this style of flooring. And, new stylish options mean homeowners won’t have to sacrifice style for function in these places. Even the kitchen, one of the busiest rooms in the home, can now enjoy the beauty of wood as well as water resistance with new luxury vinyl options.

Finished basements are another great area that could benefit from waterproof vinyl. Stylish man cave complete with a wet bar? With waterproof luxury vinyl, it is now possible to find a stylish and durable flooring option to match.

Gone are the days of drab water resistant flooring. For any room requiring waterproof durability and incredible style, consider the natural look and comfortable feel of luxury vinyl!

A Sump Pump With an Automatic Switch is an Insurance Policy Against Damage

A sump pump is a critical part of maintaining a basement and the personal property that is contained in it. The question is, what is the right pump for a particular basement. That question can be answered in a number of ways since there are a number of different options to choose from.

The first thing to consider would be whether the pump should be submersible or pedestal in nature. A submersible is one that is placed into the sump reservoir and will be in direct contact with the water that flows in. For aesthetic reasons a submersible is a good choice since it will be operating on the principles of "out of sight out of mind". A pedestal can be positioned in a closet or other arrangements to hide it away but the sound of the pump in action will not be muffled.

Safety issues may be a concern for those who use their infrastructure as another part of the living arrangements. Small children should not be allowed easy access to the pump pump at all so if the choice is a pedestal style consideration should be given as to how to prevent them from contacting the pump. Cabinets and closets with locking doors may be the answer there. With a submersible pump it will not be easily accessible to children.

Cost may be an important element when installing a sump pump for the first time or for an emergency replacement of the same. Since unexpected expenses can put a pinch in the wallet finding the right pump at the right cost does not have to be a big issue. The decision between a submersible and a pedestal can help remedy the dilemma. A submersible is going to be the more expensive of the two due to the convenience and aesthetic benefits of the product.

Whether installing a pump into a basement for the first time or replacing one that has given up the ghost, selecting the right size can mean the difference between no water damage at all or damage that is limited in span. When choosing between the two most people would opt for no damages at all and are wise to choose a sump pump that will be able to handle more water than could be expected to accumulate.

Printed Circuit Boards Manufacturing

If you are wondering what exactly Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are and how they are manufactured, then you are not alone. Many people have a vague understanding of “Circuit Boards”, but really aren’t experts when it comes to being able to explain what a Printed Circuit Board is. PCBs are usually used to support and electronically connect the connected electronic components to the board. Some examples of electronic components for PCB’s are capacitors and resistors. These and other various electronic components are connected through conductive pathways, tracks or signal traces that are etched from sheets of copper that are laminated onto non conductive substrate. When the board has these conductive and non conductive pathways, the boards are sometimes then referred to as Printed Wiring Board (PWB). Once the board has the wiring and electronic components connected, the Printed Circuit Board is now called a Printed Circuit Assembly (PCA) or Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA).

Printed Circuit Boards are most of the time inexpensive, but are still extremely reliable. The initial cost is high because the layout effort requires a lot of time and resources, but PCBs are still a more cost affective and faster to manufacture for high volume production. Many of the industry’s PCB Design, quality control, and assembly standards are set by the Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC) organization.

When manufacturing PCBs, the majority of printed circuits are produced by bonding a copper layer over the substrate, sometimes on both of the sides, which creates a blank PCB. Then, the unwanted copper is removed after the temporary mask has been applied by etching. This only leaves the copper traces that were desired to remain on the PCB. Depending on if the volume of production is for Sample/Prototype quantities or production volume, there is a process of multiple electroplating, which is a complex process that adds traces or a thin copper layer of substrate onto the bare substrate.

There are various ways to methods for subtractive (or the removal of unwanted copper on the board) during production of the PCBs. The main commercial method of production volume quantities is silk screen printing and photographic methods (Usually used when the line widths are fine). When the production volume is of small quantities, the main methods of used are laser printed resist, print onto transparent film, laser resist ablation, and using a CNC-mill. The most common methods are silk screen printing, photoengraving, and milling. However, there is a common process that also exists that is commonly used for multilayer circuit boards because it facilitates the plating-through of the holes, which is called “Addictive” or “Semi-Addictive”.

What Are Integrated Washing Machines?

If you have been shopping around for a new clothes washer for your home, you probably have come across several integrated washing machines and have wondered what these were. There are several different kinds of units you can can choose from. Perhaps the most common style is the freestanding unit. Just as the name suggests, this style stands on your floor freely. You can also choose to purchase a stacked washer-dryer combo unit. These units include a connected washer and dryer stacked vertically. The other style you can choose from includes integrated washing machines. These units are designed to fit into your existing cabinetry and are equipped with mounting doors and sited controls.

Often, your laundry room will have a more upscale, high-end ambiance when you select the latter style. This style will give your space a cohesive look as your cabinetry will cover most of the hard edges of the machine, giving it a built-in look. You may think that this high-end look will cost you a high-end price. The truth is that you may need to pay a little extra to get cabinets built in to your laundry room if they are not already included in your space. However, beyond the cost of cabinetry, you can actually find a range of integrated washing machines with different features and prices.

Such machines are available in budget-minded models with less features as well as higher-end models with all of the bells and whistles you expect when you pay top dollar. Most newer models feature a quiet operation, and are available in sizes from 4-6 kg load capacity. There are both front loading and top loading machines available, and they are available in a wide range of colors, just as with other models. If you are looking for a more complete, higher-end look for your laundry room, consider one of these models for your home.

Pilates For Starters

Losing weight is a tough task but if you wish to reduce inches from a particular part of the body, it gets tougher. It is disheartening and disappointing when even after spending loads of money and hours in the gym, you just cannot get into your favorite dress because of your protruding tummy.

What you don’t know is that your goal to fitness and beauty can be achieved without even going to the gym, or spending a lot of money on anything else, if you choose your workout right. That right choice can very well be Pilates if you are looking for strong and toned core muscles.

The best exercises for a slim waistline through Pilates are:

1. THE MERMAID – Rest on your left hip in a seated position, legs folded together to the left

· Place your left hand on the right ankle and raise your right arm straight up in the air

· Reach out towards the ceiling as far as possible and then to the left

· Relax and repeat it 10 times for both sides.

2. CURLS – Lie down on your back with the knees bent and feet flat on the floor, arms at the sides

· Exhale and curl your chin to your chest with shoulders totally off the mat

· Hold the position for 10 seconds and relax

· Repeat it 10 times

3. PILATES 100 – Lie down flat on your back with your knees bent. Lift your feet off the floor to the table-top position (knees stacked above the hips and bent to 90 degrees)

· Point your toes, squeeze the heels and extend your legs straight up to about 45°

· Raise your head, neck, shoulders and upper back off the mat

· Pump arms up and down while breathing in (5 times) and out (5 times) through the mouth

· Perform 10 sets

4. ROLLING UP – Lie down flat on your back with your arms extended towards the ceiling.

· Exhale, curl chin to chest and roll up to sitting position with arms reaching towards the feet

· Hold the position for 5 seconds

· Inhale, relax and return to starting position

· Repeat 10 times

5. ROLL LIKE A BALL – Bring your knees to the chest, and wrap arms around the legs

· Rock forward until your tailbone touches the floor, and your feet are about few inches above the floor

· Inhale while rolling back to the shoulder blades and exhale while rolling forward, maintaining a balance near the starting position

· Repeat 10 times

6. SINGLE LEG STRETCH – Lie on your back with legs raised to 45°

· Exhale and raise the head, upper back, shoulder and neck above the mat

· Bend your right knee towards the chest with your left hand on the ankle and your right hand on the knee

· Switch legs while exhaling

· Do 20 repetitions

Expert Advice: Choosing Paint Colors for Interior Walls

There’s something magic about painting your home. First, it’s incredibly inexpensive. You can almost completely transform the way guests feel when they step through your front door for a less-than-$100 investment in paint and needed materials.

And, second, paint is powerful. When you choose the right color, it makes everything in your home sing. But that’s the hard part. Choosing paint colors for interior walls is difficult, and you often feel like you’re flying blind standing in front of a slew of swatches at the hardware store.

To help you make the best decision for your home, here’s a guide to choosing paint colors for interior walls in different rooms.

Oh, one final note: Different homes open into different rooms. Keep that in mind as you’re choosing paint colors for interior walls. Whatever room your visitors first step into, you want it to be bold and beautiful without going over the top. That room is typically the living room, so that’s where we’ll start – but pay the most attention to the first-impression room in your home.

Living Room

What matters when choosing a paint color for your living room? Start with these three things:

  1. Natural Light
  2. Furniture Color
  3. Spacing

If your room is full of natural light, you can get away with earthier tones that add a dark complement to the rays of sun pouring through the windows during the day. If you have next to no natural light, go for something lighter.

Also, use your living room paint to balance with your furniture. You want your living room to include a primary color and two accent colors. For example, you may have a large, bold area rug that creates the primary color. Then, use your furniture and walls as accents. Or, you may have a beautiful painting over your mantel that creates a nice accent. Then you can use furniture as another accent and wall paint as your primary color. No matter how you divvy things up, balance is key.

Also, consider spacing. A lighter paint color can make a small, tight living room feel larger. You definitely don’t want a cramped living room with little natural light to also feature dark, earthy paint colors.


You have lots of opportunities to provide pops of color in your kitchen: wall hangings, curtains, dish towels, granite, even a fun mixer. That’s why I typically prefer a nice, neutral gray for my kitchen. (I’ve always been in love with Dorian Gray, but that’s just me.) Find the right gray, and you’ll have a nice palette on which to add fun pops of color.

Not into neutral? OK, that’s totally understandable. Bolder options for the kitchen might include yellow, green or blue. Green is pretty versatile when pairing brighter accent colors, and yellow is like bringing the sun into your home. Blue is good if your kitchen is full of neutral dish towels, granite, curtains, etc.

Looking to go really bold in the kitchen? Pass on the paint and take part in the comeback of wallpaper. I’m not quite there yet, but…


If you’re anything like me, you don’t do a whole lot in the bedroom other than read a book, get ready for work and rest. (OK, there’s the other thing, too, but let’s stay on topic.) With that in mind, make your bedroom the perfect place for rest by using soothing and relaxing paint colors.

What colors are soothing and relaxing? Try lavender, a soft green or an icy blue. I know that many homeowners just can’t help but put a bolder stamp on their walls. If you are tempted to go with a stronger bedroom color, do it in a guest room or a child’s room. These are perfect space to be a little more adventurous.


Bathrooms typically have little to no natural light. If anything, you might have a frosted window, but most bathrooms have no windows at all.

With that in mind, go to the hardware store and stock up on lighter colors from the blue-gray family – this is the best range for bathroom colors. Take the swatches home and set them on the floor to see how they work with the lighting and your tile, hardwood or vinyl flooring.

I’ve used this method in the past, and one swatch has always jumped out at me. Wishing you the same success! But, again, along with the kitchen, the bathroom is another place where you can get away with testing some fun wallpaper – especially a half bath.

Final Thoughts on Choosing Paint Colors for Interior Walls

I say this a lot, but: The rules are meant to be broken. Throw everything I’ve written here out the window if it leads you to paint colors you simply don’t like. Always stay true to your personal taste, and you can’t go wrong.

Interior Painting: Tips From The Experts

Interior painting seems simple enough. Some people hire professionals, and others take on this simple DIY task themselves.

Unfortunately, those DIY enthusiasts often make quite a few mistakes along the way that can leave their living room in less than perfect condition. Often, these are simple mistakes that can easily be avoided.

According to professionals, following these tips can make a paint job look like a professional interior painter did the job no matter how little experience a person has.

Make sure that there is plenty of time

The most common mistake that people make when they refuse to hire an interior painter is rushing to get the job done. When a person tries to hurry up and get something done, they cut corners and they make more mistakes.

Instead, make sure that there is plenty of time to get the job done. This guarantees that a person can take their time when they paint the inside of the house, and they can be careful not to make mistakes.

Wash the walls

Most people know that they have to wash the exterior of the house before painting, but people usually forget about this step when it comes to the inside of the house. The walls on the inside of a house can accumulate dust and dirt, especially if there is trim along the room.

Wash the walls thoroughly and give them plenty of time to dry before applying the first coat of paint to make a job look like it was completed by a professional painter.

Don’t forget the primer

Sometimes, a fresh coat of paint will easily go over the paint that is already there. Sometimes, it may take a coat or two, which can lead to the paint being darker than the homeowners intended.

Avoid having a medium blue living room instead of a sky blue living room by picking up a primer. Most home improvement stores sell high quality paint that has a built-in primer to make sure that it goes on in one coat.

Don’t spread out the job over several days

When a person paints the inside of the house, they usually feel like they have all the time in the world, but this might not turn out so well.

If a person paints one part of a room one day, and spreads the rest of the room out over several days or weeks, it can lead to the paint being two different colors. This usually depends on the type of paint, and it might not be noticeable with lighter colors. On the other hand, it could look like the painter used two different colors on the interior.

When painting, it’s better to be safe than sorry and get it done in one day if possible.

Trim tools

Instead of trying to paint the trim with a standard paint brush, it’s better to pick up a nice tool to paint the part of the wall where it meets the trim. Products that have a guard that sits beside a small roller will make sure that the paint for the walls does not get on the trim.

While these tools are recommended by interior painters, there are several other tools available on the market that will do the same job. Those without previous experience painting will find these tools extremely helpful during the painting process.

Paint evenly

If it is possible, make sure to spread the paint evenly across the wall. If there is more paint on one part of the wall versus another, it will result in the wall being two different colors. The areas that have more paint on them will be a darker color than the rest of the wall.

It may sound like a lot of work, but all it takes is some time and thought to make sure that the inside of a home looks as though it were painted by professional interior painters.

Are You Looking for Wire Rope Hoists for Your Industry?

If you are considering wire rope hoists for your business or industry, then read on. These are extremely heavy-duty electrically powered devices that are specifically designed for lifting very heavy objects, typically above a ton. They will therefore be found on large scale project sites such as industrial sites or construction sites. Basically, these will be found anywhere where there is the requirement of lifting heavy objects from one place to the other.

You can easily guess from the name of these hoists that they use a wire rope for lifting. The wire rope is very strong and durable as it is made out of many metal fibers, usually stainless steel. This is unlike chain hoists, which are made from metal chains. Electric wire rope hoists lift up loads by winding the rope around a drum powered by an electric motor. These devices are usually packed with a lot of horsepower to give them the required power to lift even the heaviest loads. Thus, they are more versatile and can be used in a variety of situations. Sometimes, however, it may be suitable to use a chain hoist instead.

By and large, wire rope hoists are preferred because of their stronger nature. Hence, they are used for more versatile applications, where stronger lifting power is required. The prices of these devices depend upon the type used and their applications. Typical capacities are 3 ton to 15 ton for monorail wire rope hoists or even 5 ton to 40 tons for top running wire rope hoists.

These devices should be cost effective and engineered to meet the requirements of most customers. What you should have in mind before you consider buying one is your long and short term needs. Based on these, the manufacturer or the dealer will be able to identify design criteria and engineer or present a solution. These devices should also meet critical issues such as quality, durability, reliability, and ease of maintenance.

A wire rope hoist is essentially a material handling product and over the years companies have found that low cost of ownership is more valuable to customers than overall low cost. Therefore, after purchasing the wire rope hoist, the costs of running, operating, maintaining, and owning the system should not become a burden on the owner. This is because such product contributes to the bottom line of a business or industry dependent upon such equipment. Thus, it is required that these equipments must be durable and easy to inspect and maintain so that they meet the reliability criteria that customers set.

There are various brands available on the market, so you can shop around and buy the best ones that meet your criteria. You can even purchase wire rope hoists from reputable dealers online from the comfort of your own office. They will ensure timely delivery and quality products that meet all applicable safety standards. Just be sure that you purchase what you require and something that is equipped for your requirements. And one advice – don’t take any chances with safety parameters. Remain within the safety limits and your equipment should last while providing trouble free operation for years.

Commercial Law – Contract Construction – Deceased's Estate – Property Law

The recent case of Sargeant and Others v Reece [2007], concerned the interpretation of provisions of a contract on which the estate of a Deceased person bought to relly. The Deceased and the defendant in this case were brother and sister. The first claimant in the case was the Deceased's wife and the second and third claimants were, respectively, his daughter and his lawyer.

The claimants were named as the executors of the Deceased's estate. The case concerned 45,535 acres of agricultural land. The land had substantive long-term development potential and was owned by the Deceased and the Defendant. The land was valued in March 1974 and was calculated to be worth, for probate reasons, £ 21,375, or £ 475 per acre.

Subsequently, in 1990, the Deceased and the defendant agreed to sell 39 acres of the land for a fixed sum of £ 3,020,000. Unfortunately the sale fell through. However, a number of parties showed considerable interest in taking options over various parts of the land. At that time the potential value of the land was calculated at between £ 250,000 and £ 300,000 per acre.

In 1995, the Deceased and the Defendant entered into a dissolution agreement ("the 1995 Agreement"). This means that the farming partnership between them ceased to exist. Closing accounts were previously drawn up. According to clause 6 of the 1995 agreement:

"… [The defender] shall join in and sign any document that may be required to vest all partnership assets in [the wrong]".

On final payment under the 1995 Agreement, the claimed paid to the defective half of the 1974 probate value of the land, namely £ 10,687.50. Then, in 2000, the declined and the defendant entered into a deed, regulating the position between them in relation to an option agreement granted to a third party.

Following the execution of the deed in relation to the land, the issued issued proceedings seeking to enforce the terms of clause 6 of the 1995 Agreement, and to have the land transferred into its sole name. The defensiveought rectification of the 1995 Agreement.

The defensive argued that the essential common intention behind the 1995 Agreement, as evidenced in the documentation, was that the land, following the dissolution of the farming partnership, remained vested in her and the Deceased as tenants in common in equal shares.

However, the claimants argued that the defensive had not proved that the requisite common intention had been formulated and that the Deceased had acquitted the land under clause 6 of the 1995 Agreement.

The court held that on the true construction of the 1995 Agreement it was the common intention of the parties that the land should belong favorably to both of them equally following the dissolution of the partnership. This was due to the fact that intention was deemed to have been outwardly expressed and continued up to execution of the 1995 Agreement.

The court believed that it was difficult to see how the Deceased could have believed he had become entrenched to over 45 acres of land at a valuation that was 20 years out of date. The court would grant an order for rectification in the terms that the land would be deemed to have been held on trust, as beneficial tenants in common in equity in equal shares, for the defender and the deceased, and only subsequently its estate.

© RT COOPERS, 2007. This Briefing Note does not provide a comprehensive or complete statement of the law relating to the issues discussed nor does it determine legal advice. It is intended only to highlight general issues. Specialist legal advice should always be taken in relation to particular circumstances.

A Simple Explanation Of A Bucket Conveyor And How It Is Used

A bucket conveyor is an automated tool similar to that of a conveyor belt that is used to move products from one place to another quickly and efficiently. They are most often found in large factory type settings however they also have been very useful tools in smaller businesses as well. These machines offer its user the ability to quietly and gently move their product.

With a somewhat mirroring history to that of the flat belt system these mechanisms were created more than fifty years ago. Although the first of its kind were probably considered very basic you can now pick a product that will more meet the needs of your company by choosing different aspects of it such as the belt speed, and the bucket size and shape.

The buckets used for this machine are made of strong reinforced materials that prevent cracking or breaking. There is no need to worry about spillage with these containers though, because they are created with the knowledge that being gentle is of extreme importance to ensure no loss of your product. Many companies now offer consumers the opportunity to custom make their machine, giving them choices such as we are openings will be placed, speed sensors to control how fast or slow the product will be moved, automated cleaning functions as well as safety alerts to inform workers if a problems have occurred.

Unlike a normal conveyor belt which is a piece of material attached to a rotating spindle type of mechanism these unique machines actually consist of a number of buckets that are links together, creating a design similar to that of a train. These machines can also consist of open ended, containers as well and set up just as buckets.

The products are transported on this machine either on an incline or either vertical direction. Once the product that is placed in the bucket reaches the end of the system it will automatically be unloaded. There are also a number of different varieties to consider when using a machine such as this.

This astonishing machine can offer the user the ability to transport just about anything you can imagine. They have been known to carry anything from bulk amounts of very delicious food products to sand or gravel. Companies have even been known to use them for safely and efficiently carry a variety of harsh chemicals. The wonderful thing about these mechanical tools is the fact that nothing you put it will be disturbed and will get to its destination in the same condition it began in.

Which Mouse Pads Work Best For Me?

Whenever you buy a mouse pad, it’s important that you match it up to the mouse you intend to use on it first. Have you ever had a mouse that was unable to work on certain mats and/or surfaces? Mouse pads that are dark in colour tend to work best for the optical mouse, for that reason, it’s advisable that you take the time to find out what will work best for your mouse.

It’s possible for you to get a customised pad, this way you can be sure that you’ll get the best possible performance with your mouse on it. You can also have your own personal images printed on to these customised mats if you so please. The best pads are ones that are comfortable to use, even after great periods of time.

You may find that the more comfortable mats cost significantly more, but in essence, for the added comfort, it’s well worth the price. If you get RSI, you’ll realise how much of a horrible experience it can be. There are some mats that have little gel pads on them, these types are well favoured amongst many people. The gel pads can be used to support either your wrist or arm.

From personal observation and experience, I have found the plastic mouse pads to be the most uncomfortable for both your wrists and arms. I recommend a pad made out of cushioned material as standard. Ultimately, you might find that the best mouse pad for yourself is fairly expensive, but this shouldn’t be enough to put you off. It’s important that you opt for comfort over everything else.

Here are two personalised mouse pads that I recommend that you take a peek at:


This mouse pad is promotional in nature with a stress-relieving, soothing gel-like overall finish to its surface area. It’s possible to enhance the current artistic value of the mat by adding glitter or by shaping it into cool figures.


This pad is probably the most sellable in Europe. You can find these promotional mouse pads everywhere. Many companies opt for this pad because it’s possible for you to print high definition imagery on the surface of it for little cost. The surface area of these pads is covered with an overlay making it difficult for the print to wear off. The standard hardtop mouse pad comes with a 3mm form base, but there are a number of versions that are much thinner.

Brighten Your Home With Professional Carpet Cleaning

While hardwood or laminate floors are on the increase houses, there are still a few people who prefer carpeting to brighten up their homes. Let's face it, carpets look nicer and they feel lovely under our bare feet.

The downside to having a carpet is that they require a lot more care and if they were to get dirty or spilled on, the carpet cleaning can be an absolute nightmare compared to the simple wipe down of a wooden floor.

Having pets and children roaming around on your carpet is also a worry. Children are notorious for creating as much mess as humanly possible and pets, especially cats leave a lot of fur and sometimes urine on the carpet, which does not feel so nice under bare feet!

Yes, maintaining a beautiful carpet is a lot of hard work, which is best left to professional carpet cleaners. It is possible to tackle the carpet cleaning on your own; you can pick up handy carpet cleaning tips from do it yourself websites or hire a carpet cleaner device. The latter option requires a lot of caution because if the moisture is not fully extracted there is a risk of mold or the fibers could come loose. Carpet shampoos leave a residual which should also be removed thoroughly for the same reasons.

Calling a cleaning company that specializes in carpet cleaning services is by far the easier and safer option. All they need to know before providing you with a free quote of their carpet cleaning prices is your address, how many rented rooms need cleaning and rough how big the areas are.

To find out which cleaning companies are worth hiring you should ask your friends or family for references or do some research on the internet. Do not be stuck with a rogue trader that does a sloppy carpet cleaning job that will cause more harm than good to your junkate carpet.

Copyright @ Fast Cleaners Ltd

Use Indoor Drying Racks – Follow Your Natural Urges

Do not hold back! Let yourself go! Go with the flow! How many times have you heard those words? He who hesitates is lost! Do not put off today … and so on. I often catch myself saying "Ah well it was meant to be" or simply in an old Scots dialect "whets for yell no go past ye". In other words fate lends a hand!

Resisting change has always been a feature of my existence preferring to leave things as they are. Call me mean if you like, but I could never rest easy using my tumble dryer with those digits on the electricity meter racing round. For a long time it seemed there was little alternative until I observed the joy of having a wall mounted drying rack in my utility room. It was curiosity that did it. I chose a 100 cm wide model with fold out arms. It expanded out some 40cm, and accepted 12kg of spun dried washing. This proved to be completely capable of taking a full washing load. The clothes discharged quickly since it was positioned over a radiator.

For years I had preached the virtues of retained heat in the oven for cooking long after the oven was switched off. Now I would get more for my money from the household heating by naturally drying the clothes on the airer.

Soon I delided in the fact that I could remove items as they rented and make room for more. My family quickly cottoned on and the wall mounted drying rack became a central drying point for us all. Occasionally I decided to order a second airer. I chose a concertina expanding model, which I had mounted just one meter above the first. I could easily pull out or retract it with a rod or on a fixed little stool we have. Now I was really motoring with my laundry. I hung shirts, blouses even dresses on hangers and only used the energy hungry tumble dryer for dire emergencies. The benefits were obvious as the list grew:

  • Clothes dried naturally
  • No energy use
  • No cost
  • Clothes were removed at any stage ready for ironing
  • Gentle drying with no big injection of daily mess into the area
  • Each time I used the drying rack systems I reduced my Carbon Footprint
  • I felt great

The natural drying cycle is a little different. It makes us carbon neutral every time we use it and we have a stress free life in the slow lane.

Craft Fair Friday – Glass Pebble Magnet

Today, I am posting a tutorial for glass pebble magnets. I have received a lot of requests regarding how to make them for craft fairs. These magnets are a great sale for craft fairs. They are quick and easy to make, so it is a good use of time for a vendor. They are also inexpensive to make. And, they sell like CRAZY. Some patrons will buy 20-30 magnets to use as gifts, classroom treats, or stocking stuffers. So without further chatter, here it is:

Stampin’ Up! Supplies:

  • 1 inch glass pebbles (Dollar Tree- about come 30 in a bag).
  • Crystal Effects
  • 1″ circle punch
  • Designer Series Paper (DSP)/Patterned paper of your choice
  • Hot glue gun
  • High energy magnet buttons [craft magnets] (50 pack from Michaels for about $7)


  1. Punch 1″ circles out of your favorite Designer Series Paper or patterned paper.
  2. Put a small dot of Stampin’ Up! Crystal Effects on the paper and firmly press the glass pebble on top. (I was surprised at how little you need for it to spread out and cover the entire circle.)
  3. Allow to dry (doesn’t take more than a few minutes).
  4. Turn over pebbles and hot glue magnets on the back of the pebble.
  5. Enjoy the finished magnets!!

I really enjoyed making these magnets and I know you will too. They are a great return on investment for craft fair vendors. I priced them at $1 for selling at craft fairs.

Here is the cost breakdown:

  • Magnets $7 for 50
  • Mini glue gun $2 (I had no idea they were so inexpensive now!)
  • Glue sticks $2
  • Stampin’ Up!’s Crystal effects ($6.25, but I already had this)
  • Patterned Paper scraps – free from my leftover cardmaking stash
  • Pebbles $1 for 30-ish (I bought 2 bags to use with all the magnets)

If you are starting from scratch, expect to spend $20 for the first batch of 30 magnets. As you continue to make them, they become less expensive to make as you already have the materials that you need to make the glass pebble magnets.

How to display:

I display the glass pebble magnets on metal cookie sheets from the dollar store. This is a cheap way to show them off; you can prop up the tray on your vendor table so they catch patrons’ attention as they walk by. Because the cookie sheets are metal, the magnets will hold in place in whichever arrangement you choose.