CD Packaging – Finding a Supplier and Sourcing Products From A Consumer Perspective

The CD Packaging Requirement Becomes Apparent

Laney works for a company that supplies promotional, branded items to businesses large and small all over the world. The company supplies everything from pens to t-shirts and from mugs to golf towels. Every year, representatives from the company attend many business to business and business to consumer exhibitions. Over the last few years they have been attending larger and larger shows more frequently, as the business has grown and the customer base has widened. Laney works as part of the team who organise the shows and she works on various aspects of the pre-show process such as designing the stand ensuring maximum exposure for the company. She normally orders a few hundred CDs with the company catalogue stored on them to hand out at these events and in previous years these have been produced as cheaply as possible with a single colour print on the disc and a clear plastic wallet to give nominal protection.

Laney has noticed that at the shows they are starting to attend where they are competing with the really big companies, the competition are handing out promotional CDs containing interactive catalogues and high quality CD packaging with printed covers and instruction booklets to help people use the software on the CDs. She knows that in order to compete with them, her company will need to be doing the same, if not more, to get themselves noticed.

The CD Packaging Plan

Laney discusses the situation with her team and they decide that for the shows they will be attending in a month’s time, they will take CDs with a similar interactive brochure and eye-catching packaging. She employs the services of a website design team to create the interactive brochure which makes it easy for customers to locate the promotional items that they need and to get a ball park cost for the order. She also starts looking on the internet for companies offering a CD printing and packaging service with short lead times and good reputations.

Finding a Reputable Supplier

There are 4 CD packaging suppliers on Laney’s shortlist and each has a great website detailing their services with great customer feedback. Customer service is important to Laney so she puts in a request for quote to each potential supplier so what sort of response she gets. One company is on the ball and within ten minutes she has a quote which seems reasonable and shortly after that she receives a telephone call from the same company to see if they can help out. She speaks to a project manager who politely asks for further details about the project and arranges a meeting with Laney at their manufacturing unit as they are quite close.

The project manager’s name is Kier and he arranges to meet Laney in 2 days time at their plant. Laney spends the next couple of days gathering the information together that she wants to discuss with Kier and meets up with him at 9.30 a.m. on the selected day.

Laney first discusses the disc printing side of the project with Kier. In order to keep the costs down on the project, in the past she has utilised the screen printing method with just one or two colours on the discs. The designs that she has lend themselves perfectly to screen printing in that they use solid block colours with text showing through as the silver of the bare disc surface which looks very effective and results in high class eye catching discs.

She explains to Kier that, historically, they have used plastic wallets to protect the discs as they are cheap and have been perfectly adequate for handing out free discs up to now. She then goes on to explain the need for upgrading the CD packaging to keep up with the competition in her industry. Kier talks her through the many options that are available to her:

  • Clamshell or Trigger Cases – The first option offered to Laney is either a clamshell or a trigger case, both are made of flexible polypropylene and can be sourced in various translucent colours. The clamshell case is a hinged case with a moulded central spindle to hold the CD in place. The trigger case has an ejector switch on one corner and, when inserted, a disc can then be ejected by pressing the switch. Whilst they are more durable and have a higher quality appearance and feel than a clear plastic wallet, they are not designed to contain any printed paper parts.
  • Card Wallets – These are made by printing onto a piece of card with a weight of between 250 and 350 gsm depending upon the quality of product required. The card is prepared on one side with a printable semi-gloss finish. This printable surface is then digitally printed with a high resolution image. For a premium finish, the card can then be gloss laminated with a very thin, clear high gloss effect layer of plastic. After the clear plastic wallets, card wallets are the most cost effective CD packaging type and variants can be manufactured in a gatefold style which have a pocket on the inside left hand panel to house an information booklet, if required.
  • CD Jewel Case – A standard jewel case is made from a rigid polycarbonate material and has 3 parts; a hinged front cover which holds the front insert or booklet, a rear cover which holds the printed rear tray card and a disc tray which has a central moulded protrusion which the disc clips onto and is held in place. The standard jewel case is bulkier than the card wallet but offers better protection for the disc and provides a more premium feel for the CD packaging project. There is a slim-line version of the jewel case available which houses a front booklet but not the rear tray card and also a multi-disc version that can hold up to 6 CDs although these are very bulky and heavy. The disadvantage of the jewel case is that the case hinges are prone to shattering and the covers can be prone to cracking if dropped or mistreated.
  • “DVD Case” style CD Cases – The third option offered by Kier is a square case similar in size to the jewel case but made using a clear polypropylene material similar to the material used to make a standard DVD case. This type of case is more durable than the brittle polycarbonate of the standard jewel case but is also more bulky. They have a clear plastic sleeve bonded to the exterior into which a printed wrapper can be inserted; they can also house a printed booklet of the same size as a jewel case booklet. Versions of this case can be sourced which accommodate multiple discs.
  • DVD Case – The standard style of case that consumers are familiar with when purchasing a DVD in a retail environment. These cases are also used for PC and console games. They have a clear outer sleeve bonded to them which can accommodate a printed paper wrapper and they can contain a large A5 sized booklet where a product requires an extensive instruction manual. CDs can be presented in these cases in the same way as DVDs. Slim-line variants are also available and again variants are available that hold multiple discs.
  • CD DigiPacks – This premium packaging type is made of card which can be gloss or matt laminated. A single or multiple plastic disc holding trays can be glued onto one of the inside panels, usually the right most panel, and all panels can be digitally printed. A pocket can also be glued to one of the inside panels to hold an information booklet.
  • Metal CD Tin – Another premium packaging type, metal tins can be made in almost any shape required and can be screen printed. They tend to be very expensive as a set of tooling needs to be made for bespoke tins, but add a real feeling of value to the end product.

Laney examines the options and decides that she will need at least an 8 page information booklet and there is also the possibility that she may need to include more than one disc. She wants a premium feel for the project and doesn’t want to be handing out discs that will just be shoved into a pocket or bag and forgotten about. She opts for the DVD style case and Kier provides her with templates for the DVD case wrapper and booklet. Laney is familiar with printed product artwork requirements as she has produced and sourced all kinds of different printed promotional material in the past. She has a good idea of how she wants the end product to look and, working closely with Kier, they quickly come up with the complete CD packaging artwork.

The Final Product

The end product is received by Laney in 4 working days which is the industry average for 2000 duplicated CDs with packaging and she is pleased with the project. The discs can now be handed out to potential clients at shows and exhibitions and Kier’s company has all the artwork and the CD master on file to quickly produce a re-run when required.


The following points refer to each stage of the project that Laney worked on and the aim here is to provide a checklist for others working on similar projects to help avoid project delays due to omission of one of the stages:

  • When sourcing a reputable CD Packaging supplier, use the internet to do your research and speak to someone from the company or to their existing clients if you need further reassurance.
  • Discuss the available packaging options with a project manager from the supplier. Each company may have slightly different options available and may specialise in a particular type of CD packaging.
  • Obtain templates for the packaging artwork from the supplier, don’t assume every company’s printing process is the same. Work closely with your project manager at each stage to ensure there are no project delays due to unsuitable artwork. Your supplier will most probably produce artwork on your behalf if required, but there will be a cost for this in most cases.
  • Allow enough time for your project. Don’t expect to get a high quality product back if you only give the supplier 2 or 3 days to manufacture. Any mistakes on very short notice projects could be disastrous.
  • Supply a completed master CD that you are absolutely satisfied with. If you send your supplier files and navigation menu instructions then there will be project delays whilst the master and its contents are being discussed. A reputable supplier will never carry out multiple duplication without your approval of the master disc which may add time and cost to the project.

How Much Do You Know About Your Serveware Plate?

A plate is a flat vessel on which food can be served. It is generally broad and concave. It’s slightly shallow that helps in holding food. It can be used for serving meals, decoration or ceremonial purpose. The plates are made of variety of material i.e. glass, wood, porcelain, bone china, plastic, paper and in some cases even stone. In ancient times stone was a more popular choice until they discovered more feasible options. Plates found during excavation have been able to provide a glimpse of that culture and people.

Plates constitute of 4 major parts. A well, where the food is kept. The raised part of the plate with a slightly upward slope known as lip. The outer edge of the piece known as rim, which can also be decorated. And the underside which helps in keeping the plate stable on a surface is called base. In different culture, the design and build of plates vary.

Plates are commonly made of ceramic materials such as porcelain and bone china. These days plastic and other modern materials are being used but the popularity of ceramics remain the highest. They used to be an item of luxury in ancient times. Only rich and affluent could afford these table wares but now due to affordable prices it has made its way into common household. Disposable plates made from paper and plastic are also quite popular. They need not be washed again hence makes up as a perfect choice for huge gatherings. Paper plates are eco-friendly in nature and should be preferred over plastic plates. In some culture, plates made from tree leaves are also popular. They happen to be an environment friendly approach.

Plates are available in different size to serve their respective purpose. A saucer used while serving cup of tea or coffee is a small plate with an indentation for a cup. Plates varying from 4 to 9 inches are used to serve appetisers, salads, and desserts. Bread and butter plates, Platters, Lunch plates, charger all serve specific purpose during the setting of dinner table. A dinner plate makes as an important piece is usually 10-12 inches in size.

Plates can be of any shape but all have the same structure. They are generally white, but can be of any colour with varying patterns and designs. Sold individually and in a set, you can pick based on your preference. These can be round, square, coupe etc.

Plates have not just been used to serve food, but used as collectibles. It’s known as an expensive hobby. The decorative pieces can be hung from a wall or displayed in a glass show-case. They commemorate a historical moment or display the picturesque locale. Many well-known companies even have their festival special collectibles.

Use them daily or save them for special occasion. The choice is yours.

Choosing Business VoIP Phone Service Wisely

The Business VoIP Challenge – Affordable Quality Service

Let’s face it; business phone service is mission critical. It’s simply not acceptable to sound like Darth Vader, a jar of crickets or have dropped calls and other quality issues.

In fact this was much of the reason for slow adoption of internet phone service to begin with. And herein lay the reason — the internet.

You know, internet connections have come a long way in the last 10 years. Working for the phone company back in 1999, we were selling a T1 to the Internet for almost $2,000 per month, now they are only about $450 for a decent circuit, maybe less in some areas.

Where we had dial–up at 56/k before, now we have 12 Mbps cable modems (like a zillion — yes a zillion times faster than dial–up) that can support dozens of PCs and maybe even a few small office VoIP business phones.

So, many of the VoIP quality issues have ironed themselves out. But not all of them.

We still have the challenge as a business decision maker of understanding exactly how this technology saves us money, why we need a good, I mean a really good internet phone service provider AND a good internet connection. We need to make sure we don’t end up dropping perfectly good phone service from Ma Bell and maybe even paying a bunch of money on expensive equipment to get cheap phone service.

Fundamentals – How VoIP Works

So we take our voice calls and turn them into 1s and 0s – that’s right analog voice from our mouth to data on our PC or IP handset. Then we squirt this data over an internet connection and on to our Internet Telephony Services Provider (ITSP) and viola — internet phone services!

Problem is it sounds great, and we just know; really know it should save us money — right?

But it doesn’t always work… Why? Because not all internet connections are created equal, and VoIP phone service as a “real time” data stream requires a really good internet connection. Without a superior VoIP ADSL or cable modem connection, we risk having terrible service problems, and perhaps numerous customer and employee complaints.

So let me give you an example what happens when we ASSUME we have a nice, big Internet connection and it should be good for VoIP, but it might still not fit the bill.

You have a plane to catch, and you hop on the huge twelve lane highway out by your place to the airport. You know it’s only going to take about 15 minutes, because its 10PM at night and no one is on the road. Plus you have a twelve lane highway, right?

So the twelve lane highway is your 12 Meg cable modem, or your 6 Meg ADSL connection. You simply know this is a lot of bandwidth, right? I mean it is, and it only cost about $60 or so a month, so this is a good deal, surely we’re gonna save a ton of money by moving to VoIP — right?

OK, now you’re coming home from the airport a few days later after your trip. You arrive and it’s 4:30PM on a Friday afternoon. Same twelve lane highway, same car, same everything, except its rush hour!

How long is it going to take to get home? Does it matter you’re on a twelve lane highway? Of course not. You’re going to creep along, with starts and stops, and if you’re a VoIP conversation, we call this jitter, packet loss and latency. And VoIP hates all this stuff, see?

So what’s happened here is that what many times is an OK ride to the airport isn’t OK when we have to SHARE the road with others, right? Same thing with VoIP and “best effort” internet connections. There is simply no guarantee that when we need a big, clean pipe for good VoIP, we won’t end up sharing the bandwidth with other internet users.

What Do We Know? What More Can We Learn?

The lessons here are:

* Internet phone services can save money by converging voice and data onto a single connection. We then can fire the phone company, and get rid of these expensive phone lines.

* We cannot assume our existing internet connection will support one or more VoIP phone service telephone calls, all day, every day, day in and day out, 365 days a year. In fact, the more CONCURRENT calls we have the more challenging it is to assure we have high quality calls.

* We need to know how to pick not only the best VoIP phone service provider, but also the best Internet Service Providers (ISPs) so as to assure “business class” internet phone services.

* This may seem somewhat complicated and it needn’t be. But we cannot leave our business phone services to chance. We must assure we understand the issues, and make informed decisions to benefit from the adoption of VoIP phone service in the business environment.

So do your homework, and test any existing internet service BEFORE porting your published business phone numbers to an internet phone service provider. If you’re a larger business and want assistance, get with a professional like they many times can help you understand your needs, then design the VoIP phone service network or solution before shopping the market for you.

Mortgages for People With Bad Credit

So, you've decided that you need to take out a mortgage? The only problem is, you've got a poor credit history and you're worried that this might prevent you from applying. Well, the good news is that it will not. The great news is, that there are plenty of lenders willing to help and you may find that the interest rate they apply to your mortgage may not needlessly be affected.

Let's take a look at what a poor credit history actually is. In fact, it can be a very wide range of things, from arrears or defaults on your existing mortgage to a late payment on a store card and even bankruptcy.

Your Credit Record

Whenever you enter into a credit agreement, a record of this is created and your payment history can be viewed by any organization suggesting to lend you money in the future. They use it specifically to help them to make an informed and fair decision with regards to your latest application for credit, though not all of the information your credit report may need to be taken into account by the lender.

A mortgage is also known as a first charge. So called because in the event of you defaulting on payment and the property is repossessed, the proceeds of the sale will be divided among the creditors. The mortgage lender will get their money repaid first which is why they may decide that they can ignore certain areas of your credit history that may not affect the potential new mortgage or remortgage. Things like store card and catalog repayments are sometimes ignored for the purposes of a mortgage application.

Since the 1980's, the amount of credit per person in the UK has increased dramatically and if you believe all of the economic predictions, chances are it will continue to rise still further. With this increase, a great deal of people have fallen foul of circumstances which in many cases have been outside their direct control and have left them with a black mark on their credit history. In line with this growing number of people, lenders have created a whole new raft of financial products to attract would-be borrowers and to give them options that would not have otherwise been there.

Increased opportunity for the borrower also effectively means competition between the lenders and that in turn has kept interest rates down to a more than affordable level for many people.

So, What's Involved In A Mortgage Application []?

If you're looking to apply for a mortgage or remortgage, it may only take you a few seconds with an online broker. You may get a decision in principle within a couple of hours and although you will need to complete a signed credit agreement, the whole process is reliably straightforward. The lender may need some or all of the following however:

– An independent valuation of the property

– Proof of ownership

– Proof of UK citizenship

– Searches – through a solicitor to look for things like proposed, local building works that may effect the value of the property in the future, old mine workings etc.

Your finance broker will have the tools and the know-how to take care of all of this for you, so you do not need to worry. They do an intense amount of work behind the scenes on your behalf both internally and using external agents for specialist functions. Although this takes care of all the hard work, it may still take around 3 months to complete the whole process and for you to have the funds in place. Still, we've hopefully put your mind at rest a little in terms of applying for a mortgage or a remortgage with a poor credit history.

This article is free to distribute but please maintain existing links in the article. Thanks you.

Plastic Tool Boxes Make Organizing Your Stuff Easy

Do you have any plastic tool boxes lying around? If you do not, that's probably the reason why you have a huge mess in your garage right now. Or depending you have a mess lying somewhere in your home, which you really want to clean up but can not quite get around to. In any case, this is where you can really benefit from having plastic tool boxes in your home. Sure, you can benefit from having just about any type of tool box around, as some people might tell you. They'd be right, but using a plastic variant still has a few benefits over using others. If you wish to know exactly why it's better to use a plastic tool box when metal or wood alternatives can do just fine, simply proceed to reading the next few paragraphs.

First, it may be important to note just how useful tool boxes can be. First of all, they are very useful for storage of stuff that are not currently in use. For example, if you have a stash of old tools that's just collecting dust somewhere in your house like in the garage, you might do good to have them fill the insides of a tool box for future use. Not only will this keep them safe from outside elements that might lead to their destruction, it can also help you save some space for other things, like room for pet houses and other miscellaneous stuff. On the other hand, it could also be useful for use in transportation, when you need to ship anything from one place to another.

Now, it should be noted that there are other alternatives when it comes to materials for your toolbox. There's metal and at the same time there's also wood. Both come with their own unique advantages. Metal can be a more durable material but most of them are prone to corrosion which can be very problematic. As for wood, it offers a great deal of protection too but can be a lot heavier and susceptible to pests, plus they are way more expensive than other alternatives.

So what does that leave you with? Plastic. Some argument that plastic tool boxes are the best option that you have. Why is this? Because not only are they quite affordable and very durable as storage boxes, but they are also very easy to clean, which will be very important especially if you want to keep precious stuff in them.

Here's why it's a good idea to have plastic tool boxes. Unlike metal and wooden alternatives, plastic ones will be a lot lighter and easier to carry around. This is a huge plus if you are considering of using the boxes for transportation. They are not as durable as their metal counterparts, but they are durable enough for standard use. And cleanup is a piece-of-cake because it can be done with even just soap and water. This is why plastic tool boxes give the best value when it comes to organizing the stuff inside your house or garage.

Buying a Crossbow – Factors to Consider

First off when you think about buying a crossbow do not get sticker shock when you see a hunting crossbow selling for upwards of $ 2,000. Prices vary depending on the styles, make, model, construction, weight, accessories, safety features and materials that they are made from. Crossbows can be intimidating but they are also a fun hunting accessory. Price also plays an important part in the quality and performance and can add to the life of the crossbow. Prices for a low end product start at about $ 150.

Traditional bowhunters think of a crossbow as a rifle that shoots arrows but it goes far beyond that misconception.

Do not overestimate what a crossbow can do, it may shoot 100 yards, but it's not going to be a powerful shot. A 30-40 yard shot is more realistic and is the farthest you want to be. Most sights that come with a crossbow package are only designed for up to 40 yards, even though the crossbow can shoot farther. But the farther distance you go, you lose accuracy and power.

An advantage to crossbows, over compound and traditional bows, is that you are able to cock the bow, which holds the string drawn and ready. Unlike a bow where you may get muscle aches or shakes from holding a bow drawn and ready. With the arrow rested on the barrel with the feather in vane-guide all the hunter has to do is simply aim and pull the trigger. So with a crossbow you can sit and wait with it already cocked and ready to shoot, unlike a traditional bow.

Most importantly, there is a direct correlation between distance and speed, it is the bow speed that equates to the distance. Some states may have regulations on the maximum FPS (Feet per Second) that can be used as a legal crossbow. It also affects which crossbows can be used for children, and these are typically lighter and more compact. Be sure to check with your state for complete details on regulations regarding crossbows. Here is a complete list of all the Department of Natural Resources by State.

Crossbows use shorter arrows, called bolts, versus arrows for bows and the bolts tend to be lighter. They are great for short ranges up to 40 yards and very accurate, but after 40 yards, the accuracy drops. Heavier aluminum arrows are recommended and have a down range energy that helps with longer shots. With closer shots there is not much difference when it comes to penetration. Carbon arrows (bolts) are thicker, but lighter.

When buying a crossbow consider these factors:

Design: 2 styles are the recurve and compound. Both are similar but the compound has smaller limbs, which allows it to be transported and transported or shooting in small areas easier.

Material Construction: Some crossbows have molded plastic stocks while others are resin coated plywood or laminates. The downside to plastic is that it is lighter, but it gives off more vibration or shock once it's shot.

Security: Like all other firearms, crossbows must have a safety for protection. Some higher end crossbows come with a dual safety. Be sure to test it out to see how loud it is when you switch it on and off so it does not spook the prey. Another feature is an anti-dry fire that is valuable to prevent accidental releases that can take off a finger or do damage to the bow.

Asking Price: If your just starting out with a crossbow, test some out or get a lower end model. If you like it, then upgrade and add to your collection a higher end that cost a bit more and may be better quality. Sometimes you get what you pay for and quality can transform into more years of trouble-free service.

Sights: Most crossbows are sold with a pre-mounted sight (scope). There are a variety of optics available; red dot sights, tubular magnified or standard pin and peep. If your buying a crossbow package it more than likely will have a 4x scope.

Sling: Slings or harnesses allow your crossbow to be transported over your back as you climb a tree stand or walk a long distance to your hunting location.

Cases: Depends on your needs but just like a guitar or rifle case, they come in hard and soft shells. They allow you to care for your crossbow, great for storage and are for transportation.

Cockers: Can be one of the most expensive accessories to your package and come in 2 styles: rope cocker and crank cocker. Can cost $ 25 to $ 200. The rope cocker reduces the draw weight by 50 percent, but the crank cocker does most of the work as a ratchet device that makes more noise.

Packages: A package price often including the crossbow, sights, quiver and possibly some arrows to get you started. It's an out of the box – get you into the field starter set that is made for both high end and cheaper bows. By bundling some accessories in a prepackage deal you can save some money.

Walking With Buddy

During my one year stay in north Alabama, I had little in the way of finding things with which to be happy. I had a wife who whined from day light to dark. I was about 400 miles from home and I was surrounded by in-laws. I had been warned by family and friends about moving so close to my in-laws. And, like a fool, I ignored them. It was a hellacious one year in my life I wish not to live over again. I loved north Alabama. I got along with everyone there except one, my wife.

We had a home that was in a new subdivision. It was located in an oval shaped subdivision with a newly laid asphalt road. People would walk around it for exercise most of the day. I would get up early, usually about 6:30AM and walk around the approximately one mile oval before everyone else got started. There was a big yellow lab that would walk with everyone. That dog had to be in the best health of anyone of that subdivision. I mean he would walk with everyone. But, he would look for me because he seemed to realize I was an early bird. “Buddy”, as we later found out was his name, would be at the end of the driveway, where he reside, waiting for me. Buddy was so kind, so gentle and all he would want for accompanying you was a pat on the head. I always gave him more. I would have doggie biscuits for him which he was absolutely insane about.

I would turn one corner on the oval and throw Buddy a doggie biscuit and he would come up to me and nudge me on the leg as I walked. He seemed to know, after a period of time, that once a turn was made, he would get a treat. So, Buddy would race ahead to get to the next turn and wait for me. Of course, I would always give Buddy a treat. He was just a big friendly dog. Buddy was a wonderful dog. He was the kind of dog you would trust to protect you entire family.

While we would walk on these early mornings, Buddy would chase any squirrel that would dare to cross our path. I swear, I saw him almost climb a tree going after a squirrel that dallied a bit too long in the street before us. I also saw Buddy chase a rabbit into a drainage pipe. Buddy got stuck trying to get to that rabbit. I had to pull him out of the drainage pipe with him still barking after the stupid rabbit. Little did I know that a rabbit would be his ultimate demise.

For about two weeks, I did not see Buddy. I was greatly concerned about him. I wanted to go up to the house where I knew he lived and inquire about him. My wife did go ask about him. She found out he had chased another rabbit one morning and did not clear the street before a man in his pickup ran over him. The only comfort I had from hearing this is the driver said that Buddy was killed instantly. I cried about it. I had lost the only friend I had for over 400 miles. The only “Buddy” I could talk to about my troubles and woes. I realized now I was completely alone.

To this day, I still think about Buddy. He brought a measure of comfort into my life when I needed it most. He seemed to realize I needed a friend. And he was all that and more.

I don’t know if it’s true “All Dogs Go to Heaven”. I pray to God it’s true. If ever an animal deserved Heaven, it’s man’s best friend. But, I pray when it’s my time, I hope I see old Buddy and I plan on thanking him for making my life a bit more bearable when I felt I didn’t have a friend in the world. I want to thank him for being there when I needed someone. I want to thank him for just being a “Buddy”.

Bathroom Renovation – A Step by Step Guide

Bathrooms are one of the smallest rooms in the house and they are also one the most costly to renovate. Bathroom renovation is a job that, if done well, can add value to a home and a great space full of design and light.

Bathroom design

Bathroom design is the first area of your bathroom renovation you need to get right. Just replacing the existing bathroom with the same design may not be enough. The key to great bathroom design is to design it with the people that are going to use it in mind. However be sure that your bathroom design also has a general use factor as well. For example: If you were designing a bathroom for families you could still design the bathroom with easy access to the shower and bath. This would ensure that the design would also work for people with limited mobility. This means if you decide to sell your home or if you are renovating for profit your design has a wider market appeal. Great bathroom design also uses the space well, taking into account the light or window space, size of fittings, and drainage options. Draw out a plan to scale and right down the sizes of your room. Mark the existing drainage points and then and water inlet points. Write down a wish list of the bathroom fittings to need and want with their sizes. Now marry the two together and see what fits. Note: Most bathroom drainage and water inlet points can be moved but this does come at extra cost.

Bathroom remodel

If you have decided to do the work yourself or part of the work it is time to hire a skip bin and pull out the old bathroom. If your home was made pre 1980 you may have fibro bathroom wall linings with asbestos in it and great care will need to be taken. You will need some full body disposable overalls, eye protection, and quality dust mask. Check with your local building authority or council regarding the regulation on bathroom asbestos wall lining removal.

Remove everything except the plumbing. If you keep the bathroom plumbing in place you will not have to turn the water off for the whole house. Also you will need to jack hammer the floor tiles up and the sand and cement bed that they are laid on.

Bathroom Renovation and construction

Bathrooms must be construction properly from the ground up to ensure that the finished job is correct and true. This also ensures the design and look of the bathroom will have a great finish

The Bathroom Renovation Process

  1. Install water and drainage pipe and electrical wires.
  2. Install wall lining and ceiling and then install the bath hob and bath.
  3. Waterproof the floor and shower and bath recess.
  4. Correct the fall of the floor with sand and cement ready for tiling.
  5. Lay floor and wall tiles and then grout.
  6. Install new bathroom vanity, fittings, and taps – install new electrical.
  7. Paint ceiling and final clean.

Step one – Plumbing and electrical

At this point all new plumbing is installed for clean hot and cold water and drainage. Careful attention needs to be taken when positioning the new plumbing so that the plumbing fittings are correct when the tiling is finished. For example: To centre a fitting in a shower recess you must take into consideration the thickness of the wall board, tile glue and tile so the fitting will be centred after the tiles are in place. The same applies to installing drainage pipes for a toilet; the wall lining and tile thickness must be taken into account so the pipe is in the correct position when the toilet is installed after tiling. Also rough in the any new electrical wires without connecting them to the mains power.

Step two – Install wall and ceiling linings

Install your 6mm wall lining being careful to nail the fibro board every 150mm without nailing into the new pipes and electrical wires. The best way is to measure and mark the pipe and wire layout onto your new wall board with a pencil as you go. Screw up (or nail) the ceiling lining, plasterboard is the most common. However if you are laying your tiles from floor to ceiling do not install the cornice as this is best done after tiling. If you are not tiling to the ceiling go ahead and install the cornice after the wallboard and ceiling lining have been installed. Also if your bath is not freestanding you can now make up the frame and install the bath. Ensure the bath is installed correctly allowing for the thickness of the tiles and glue.Be sure to check all linings and pipes before you continue with your bathroom renovation.

Step three – Waterproof your bathroom

Waterproof your bathroom floor, shower recess, and around the bath. When waterproofing the floor ensure that the waterproofing comes 100mm up the walls. The shower recess will need to be waterproofed 100mm above the shower rose outlet. Also the bath should be waterproofed 100mm above the lip of the bath right around and to the floor. At the doorway install a 25 x 25mm aluminum angle glued into place with quality silicone and waterproof into the lip. Your whole bathroom should now the tanked, so the all water will only go down a drain. Bathroom waterproofing tip: waterproofing is an easy job but quality and accuracy is most important.

Step four – Lay in the cement screed for the floor.

Before the floor tiles can laid the floor must be smooth and fairly flat with a slight fall to the drainage outlet. To do this you must use sand and cement mix and it is best to add a waterproofing agent into this as well. With a level, set the floor level at the doorway. Use the top aluminum angle as the finished floor level and measure down the thickness of the tile plus 10mm for the glue. Mark right around the bathroom with a level and then screed in your sand and cement mix with a 1 to 3 degree fall to the top of the drain outlet. Take your time and get it right with the finished level as smooth as possible. When the sand cement mix has set but is not dry (you can walk on it but you it is still a bit soft) rub it over with a house brick. This will remove all the small highs and lows and check with a level as you go. Let the bathroom floor fully dry and then you should have a great surface to tile onto. Tip: the more work you put into the floor screed the easier your tiling will be.

Step five: Tile floor and walls

Lay your tiles on the floor first and then grout. Then lay your wall tiles making sure that they are level as you lay. Once the bathroom tiles have been cut and laid, grout all your tiles and then buff the tiles clean.

Step six: Install plumbing fitting and fixtures

Install all your plumbing fittings and taps. Also fit all your towel rails and soap holders. Fit your new bathroom vanity making sure it is level and sealed around the top with silicone and also seal around the bath. Tip: make sure they are in the right place before you drill into your tiles.

Step seven: painting, and cleaning – enjoy

Paint your ceiling and do a final clean making sure everything is fitted correctly and that there are no leaks in your plumbing. – Enjoy your new bathroom.

Driving Schools or the Driving Instructors?

So much to talk for, so less to write; as it has been a debate whether it is the driving institutes that matter the most or is it the driving instructors. A very simple conclusion could very well be the fact that the reputations of driving schools are actually run by the efficiency of the driving instructors. And that driving instructors are after all nothing but employees of the driving schools. The best point that comes in to play is that they are both complementing each other and that no one has ascendancy over the other. After all, it is all about keeping the driving instructors motivated enough to love their job and perform it with the best of their ability. But once again, pure efficiency of the driving institutes lies in the hands of the driving instructors so it is basically a two-way process.

When talking to a number of individuals who have been associated with the driving institutes in the UK either as part of the administration, as driving instructors or as students; All have been of opinions differentiating from each other. Many simply said that it’s the reputation of the driving institutes rather than that of the driving instructors since the driving instructors are known and recognized by the driving schools only. But a few students also explained as to why they often switch from one driving school to another and that is simply because the instructor they are comfortable with switches jobs. This once again leaves us to the confusion whether it is the driving schools or the instructors for driving that matter the most.

Driving in the UK is different as compared to any other country. Driving institutes often add values such as discounts and change of routes and timing convenience in order to pull more and more customers towards their portfolio. Many driving schools also offer experienced and well-known driving instructors as part of their staff in order to attract through the goodwill of the driving instructors. This now has a contrary effect on the previously mentioned discussion and it is evident that driving institutes benefit a great deal from the instructors as well.

Much said, driving institutes also offer a great deal of challenging drills when it comes to making the pupil perfect in the art. Such kind of diversity in offerings is what you usually find financial institutes and banks do and even with the fast moving consumer goods industry. Instructors for Driving are definitely a source of due attraction that eventually lead to such institutes being more and more evidently efficient in their offerings.

Since the discussion of whether driving institutes draw more customers towards the business or it is the instructors that do so would continue for a long time to come; the job that is on hand is of great importance. The best driving schools are those that apply a mix of both in the offerings and prepare a detailed sketch of all that they are supposed to deliver.

The best in the business as per my analysis has been London School. Whether it is the variance in packages that they offer or it is the nature of driving instructors, the London School has been the best in the business. Log onto Driving schools Merton and get yourself registered with the most effective and affordable driving school in the UK.

How Skateboards Are Made – Custom Wooden Boards

Most skateboards are made of wood and there are certain woods that are preferred by skateboard manufacturers. One of the common types of woods used comes from maple trees. The wood is cut into very thin slices or veneers, which will be laminated together during the manufacturing process using glue very similar to how plywood is made.

The glue or adhesive is sandwiched between each thin-flat strip of wood and pressed together and allowed to dry. If the skateboards are to have kick-tails on them, the wood will be pressed into that particular shape with a bend in them. Next the skateboard will be cut out from the wood and holes drilled where the trucks will be mounted underneath.

Once this process is completed it is time to for the boards to be sanded and finished. Then various finishes will be applied and custom graphics. Then the coatings, graphics, silk screens will go through a drying process, generally in a big rack and for a specific time period. Last nose guards or other incidental extra features will be attached and then boxed and shipped to the retailer.

Many higher skill level skateboarders prefer wood boards to other types of skateboards. Of course generally a good wooden board will cost you quite a bit more. Composite boards offer riders some advantages too. Plastic Boards have an advantage due to their low cost and are favored for parents buying skateboards for children. What ever skateboard you buy, look for quality and look close, you can tell the difference.

Guide To Contemporary Rocking Chairs

A chair is man's invention to make sitting more comfortable. One of the most popular types of chairs is the contemporary rocking chair. The rocking chair is named after its unique feature. Unlike other types of chairs, the rocking chair is capable of an automatic rocking motion. It allows the occupier to move towards and returns without the fear of tipping over. A rocking chair is famous with the elderly. Most of the senior members of the society develop a certain fixation with the rocking chair because it provides them with comfort and relaxation.

A rocking chair is divided into five parts: the rocker, the seat, the legs, the backrest, and the armrests. The rocker is the most important feature of the rocking chair. It is the base of the chair that is formed into a curve. This curved appearance of the rocker makes the rocking of the chair possible. It allows the occupier of the chair to swing back and forth. It is carefully produced to accomplish a smooth swaying of the chair. The parts of the rocking chair which connects the rocker to the rest of the chair are the legs. The four vertical legs act as the chair's support system. They are usually shorter than the legs of ordinary chairs because they are designed to affix to the rockers. The legs of a rocking chair are usually carved with different designs. The part of the rocking chair that is directly supported by the legs is called the seat. It is either a flat or a concave surface that supports the occupier's bottom. If the seat is responsible for the support of the occupier's bottom, the backrest is the one responsible for the support of the occupier's back. For additional ease and relaxation, the backrest of a rocking chair is made to be a bit bended. The last part of the rocking chair is the armrests. Armrests come in doubles: one in the left and one in the right. As its name suggests, the armrests primarily function as a place to rest the arms. Aside from supporting the forearms, the armrests also make it easy for the occupier to enter or exit the chair. The addition of armrests into contemporary rocking chairs is optional.

The modern version of the rocking chair is called a contemporary rocking chair. Unlike the other types of rocking chairs, a contemporary rocking chair does not necessarily present a woody appearance. The said type of rocking chair is available in a wide array of bold colors like red and yellow. The shapes and sizes of contemporary rocking chairs are very different from the conventional types too. Makers of contemporary types of rocking chair are more aggressive when it comes to backrest shapes, rocker forms, leg sizes, and seat materials. Some models of contemporary rocking chair are odd-looking and very geometric. Despite its unique appearance, the contemporary types of rocking chair still gives the same comfort and relaxation provided by other rocking chair types.

Although the rocking chair provides benefits like comfort and relaxation, it may also cause some trouble. It may be unsafe for children because the chair is at contact with floor by only two points. If children stay too close to the chair, there is a possibility that their feet may be squeezed by the rocker. However, this problem is already given a solution. Many rocking chairs are created with springs or platforms that will prevent any form of feet squashing in the future.

Artistic Easter Gifts

Easter is one of the best occasions for showing our loved ones how much we care for them by offering them original and touching gifts. Besides other special occasions and celebrations, Easter is the time that you may want to offer something memorable and sentimental to our beloved. Photo gifts are some of the most popular gifts out there but simple photo albums or framed photos may seem a bit out of fashion in the century of originality and uniqueness.

That is why photo painting has been proven as one of the best choices when it comes to choosing the best gift for your loved ones. Photo painting is the technique by which we can easily turn the favorite photo of our loved ones into a real works of art and this detail is the most important one when it comes to judging the popularity of this gift opportunity. The paintings from photos can be oil, charcoal, watercolour or color pencil paintings, depending on the effect that you may want to provide for your gift.

Photo painted gifts are considered by many as some everlasting souvenirs that you can offer for any special occasion but especially for the holly occasion of Easter, in which everyone looks for original and yet sentimental gifts that would express the feelings of appreciation and care.

The effect of the final portrait from photo is really unique and this is why these unique gifts have gained a lot of popularity lately and that is why they started to make great Easter gifts.

Steps to Design Your Own Log Cabin With Made to Measure Log Cabins Dealers

When you have to build a new structure in your garden, it can be either a summerhouse or a log cabin. It is almost the same but small differences like the corner connections. The purpose plays the key role in determining the type. You can first check on the standard measure of log cabins and then move on to bespoke custom designs as per your choice.

Gone are the times of standard square or rectangular shapes. You can fit your cabins into your garden in any shape- octagonal, pentagonal or even pyramid. The exterior elements like the veranda, canopy or gazebo can play a crucial role in beautifying the structure. The wood used is the next fundamental factor. It is mostly used in 3 different thicknesses, 28, 44 or 68 mm. The quality of the wood used also defines the durability of the cabin. If you are planning to use it as an outdoor office room, you better use a good locking system with sturdy doors and windows. Most made to measure log cabins dealers recommend glazed cabin structures.

The roof shingles can be chosen from the standard colors available in the market. Some dealers may have varied color options for extra pricing. Cross check on the cabins metal ridge cover and its pricing. The roof interior area should also be finished and the mostly wooden knob is used. Some dealers also provide metal cover for pyramid roofs. If you are cross-checking with different dealers and their pricing, make sure to check if there is an extra pricing for these essential aspects.

Big windows with crossbars add to the aesthetic beauty of the log cabins. Being placed in the garden area, you may want to clean the windows frequently and for this purpose, it would be better to choose easy to remove crossbars. But at the same time, the windows should be specifically fixed with silicon. Some other visual elements include the door handles, window panes, and the color. Because you are using wood for the entire construction, pre-treating would increase the lifespan and durability. And finally, decide if you want to insulate the log cabins if you want to use it as a living room.

Some made to measure log cabins dealers give the customers the freedom to design their own cabins with their 3D software. The customer can view and add in any element and the price will also be displayed instantly. This gives the flexibility factor to make necessary changes at the designing level to create a budget-friendly log cabin. You can also see how the cubicle will look in real and this is the advantage of bespoke log cabins- you get what you desire.

Say Good-Bye to Peeling Paint With 4Ps of Maintenance

Your home is your paradise. It is a safe haven for your loved ones. And, you certainly don’t want see it in a run-down condition. So, it is essential that you take good care of it. One thing that can damage the beauty of your home is peeling paint. It can become an eyesore and make your home look uncomely.

Peeling paint is a common problem for homeowners. You may have worked hard on painting the living room, kitchen and bathroom. But, if the paint starts flaking and you see holes in the paint surface, you have a big problem.

A Perfect Solution to avoid Peeling Paint

When you have to address the problem of peeling paint, you must follow the 4Ps of maintenance. They will ensure proper repair work and help you to avoid the problem in the future.

  • P = Prep Work

Nowadays, you do not find lead-based paints in homes and offices. But, it is best to use protective mask, glasses and gloves. Lay a large piece of plastic to avoid stains on the floor. You must cover the trims and moldings. Also, remove furniture and fixture from the room before starting the repair work.

  • P = Part with the Paint

Make use of a brush or buy a paint scraper from the local home improvement store to remove loose paint. Review each and every wall of the room and check for peeling paint. It is best to take care of all the areas at once. It will ensure that you have an even-looking painting result.

  • P = Patch the Cracks and Holes

Have you removed the paint from the surface of the walls? Did you notice wide cracks or small holes? You can repair it with the help of a patching compound. Apply it to cover the cracks and holes in the walls. Make sure that you spread it evenly and let it dry. Once the surface is dried, you can make it smooth with a sand-paper.

  • P = Prime and Paint

When there is a moisture problem in your home, paint will peel quickly and result in uneven flaky walls. So, it is essential that you prime the walls before applying the paint. After the primer dries on the walls, choose a color that suits your requirements. If you are painting in the bathroom or a high-moisture area, do not forget to use satin-finish paint or glossy paint because high gloss results in higher resistance to moisture. After finishing the painting work, remove the tape and put the furniture in its place.

Remember the 4Ps of maintenance and you will be good to go! It will help you to beautify your walls quickly and accurately. You must remember that moisture is not the only cause of peeling paint. If you did not clean the painting surface properly before applying the paint, it can cause the paint to peel. Putting incompatible paint over one another or choosing a bad-quality primer can also cause problems. So, it is best choose a professional painter to take care of your home. It is because he will not only fix the paint but will also decipher the cause of the problem and help you solve it.

11 Quick Solutions to Lose Weight in Fourteen Days

Uncomplicated Solutions to Lose Extra Fat in 2 Weeks

1 . Keep in mind scale obsession – excess weight really should come off little by little – a 1/2 pound to a single pound 1 week – by way of removing garbage calories as you are fueling your own body properly for the next exercise session and recovery. Imagine your whole body as being a powerful engine – improve the octane of the fuel you use and discontinue filling up whenever the container is full.

2 . To shed pounds during two weeks, you will need to eliminate all the fast foods (not altogether), cease eating out and drink less sweet drinks, for example the diet samples.

. Actually eat fresh healthy food products along with whole grain products. It can be simply the best and loaded with the main dietary fiber which keeps you satisfied much longer. The simple concept is, aim to obtain in a couple of serves of fruits plus your five servings of veggies every day.

4 . Make an effort on a daily basis to add a very good habit like drinking one less can of Pepsi as well as eating one additional serve of fruit.

5 . Try eating 6 healthy and balanced small meals every day to hold your tummy completely satisfied. The real key here is eat in controlled portions and do not go after that second serve or maybe a super size dish. Stick to the just one plate concept to have the actual calorie intake from escalating.

6 . Even 'bad foods' are generally good, in 'moderation'. The secrets usually are portion size along with cooking concept. Juicy, tender cuts of steak are generally fatty, but they are good to have in case you trim the lard in advance of cooking, or maybe grill it so unwanted fat will be able to trickle away. Concern simple guideline on food servings, always consume less food steak than you would chicken.

7 . Whatever you may have ateen, become aware of precisely how your whole body will feel right after meal, in lieu of how you think that you must really feel. Should you be still hungry afterwards through the afternoon, treat yourself to a wonderful piece of sweet in season fresh fruit rather than sugar filled snack food or even a dessert. Then simply of course pat your own self at the back.

8 . Foods are definitely not the enemy. Foods magical powers the human brain plus your muscles; without them, you may lose your energy very quickly. In case you missed a midday meal, eat a bit of fruit or maybe a small amount of whole wheat biscuits prior to heading to the health and fitness center.

9 . What ratio of us drop chips along with candy straight into our own basket for emergencies? It is important to end shopping for junk if you would like stop eating junk! Be very strong and avoid obtaining extra snack food items. You can expect to recognize that each of these your shopping expenses along with snacking eating habits will begin lessening. Once the goodies are not there, you simply can not try eating them!

10 . The chosen exercises – exclusively better – day-to-day walker? Seasoned swimmer? You have congratulations for one's effort, however you sometimes short transforming oneself. As you become more more acquainted with your selected exercises, you'll melt away a lower number of calories. This does not necessarily mean you will need to ditch all your exercise – just simply change it up. As your health and fitness betters, expand the intensity levels so that you can challenge your whole body (but practice within ones own limits). Seriously look into taking walks 1 hundred yards and then another hundred yards of walking, rinse and repeat. It's actually a fantastic way to bolt your body's fat burning capacity.

As an alternative, have a look at combining interval training workouts along with resistance training for example like Turbulence Training to achieve the utmost output out of your body – And while put together with good nutritional vitamins, it can be one of the many painless solutions to lose fat with. Young women, strength training is perfect for you too – you simply will not bulk up and with muscle mass, you are going to burn more calories.

11 . Use your lunch break break intelligently – spend half your lunch or dinner break going for a walk. Getting a midday walk or possibly a run can certainly enhance your energy levels, reducing worry. Most effective yet, it will provide you with added time after work with pals or family.