How Are PCBs Manufactured? Find More Relevant Details Here

For the uninitiated, printed circuit boards, otherwise simply known as PCBs, are used for connecting electronic components together, using conductive tracks, pads and more. PCBs are responsible for mechanically supporting the electronic components of the product, most of which are soldered to the board. Since every electronic product is different and is made using different components, the whole process of manufacturing printed circuit boards is highly customized. In this post, we will talk in detail about the production process, the basics of prototypes and how you can find a manufacturer for production needs.

Manufacturing PCB

When it comes to printed circuit boards, precision is one aspect that electronic production companies and manufacturers are most concerned about. Basically, printed circuit boards offer the base for ensuring productivity and function for the concerned product, and for that, the design of the concerned PCB must be as intended. For the purpose, a PCB prototype is required. If the product is still in use, previous PCB prototypes can be sent to the manufacturer for mass production. However, for new products, a prototype must be made, and that can take a lot of time and effort.

How Does It Work?

First and foremost, one must find a manufacturer who specializes in prototypes. Long before the production process begins, prototypes of the required printed circuit boards are made and tested on many levels, so as to ensure function and feature. Depending on the complications of the PCB, making the prototype may take more time than usual. A PCB prototype, once ready, is further tested in many cases by third-party services, after which it is sent for production. Only a few manufacturers have the engineering capabilities and expertise to design PCB prototypes, and the choice must be made with care because the whole function and other aspects of the final product are dependent on that. More often than not, producing the PCB prototype requires more time and investment than the actual production.

Finding a Company

There are many companies that specialize in producing printed circuit boards, and you can expect the best services from them. Before you select one, check their areas of expertise and the range of clients and projects they have managed so far. It is also important to understand their infrastructure and production capabilities before placing an order. At the end of the day, printed circuit boards are all about performance, and you would want a company that can ensure quality, function, and features without any compromises. Of course, the cost of production is one of the many aspects that one must consider, and more than that, one must find ways to reduce the overall costs. Check if you can get a discount on massive orders, and get an estimate in advance so that you can compare the choices. For printed circuit boards, you need to find a reliable name, even if that means paying a tad more.

Check online now and find printed circuit board manufacturers now, and do not forget to ask your questions.

10 Things You Can DIY With Corks

Big wine drinker? Have old cork coasters lying around? Well, save those corks because we have found 10 more ingenious ways to use them all around your house. Who knew something so simple can be so versatile!

1. Cork Magnets

Gather some magnet strips, a knife, glue, and some wine corks. Cut corks in half lengthwise and them apply adhesive on each magnet strip. Press firmly onto the flat side. And that’s all.

2. Drawer Knobs

Gather up some champagne corks, screws, and a screw driver. Remove existing drawer knobs and replace them with your pointed screws. Hold a screw in place with a screwdriver. Next, firmly press a champagne cork against the screw and twist in a clockwise motion. Do the same for all the drawers. Your new drawer knobs are ready.

3. Planters

You’ll need to gather up some potting soil, a puncher, paring knife, magnets and tiny succulents. Cut a hollow shape in the center of each cork. Attach magnets into each cork by pushing hard. Next, fill the hollow hole with soil and then place a tiny succulent inside each one. Add a few drops of water and attach the planters to a metal surface.

4. Jewelry Frame

Looking for ways to arrange your jewelry neatly? All you need is a frame that you like. Paint it. Cut out corks in long circular sizes and fuse into the frame. If you want to personalize it some more, you can wrap the corks in your favorite fabric.

5. Pinboard

All you need are cork tiles, white paint and brush, painter’s tape, and picture hanging strips. Apply the tape to the corks and proceed to make stripes. Next, arrange tiles in a pattern and then start painting. Finally, remove the tape and there you have it.

6. Mouse pad

All you have to do is cut cork to size then bond them together on top of a piece of thick cork paper. It’s better to keep it simple but you can design any shape you wish.

7. Cork Wall

Have you been looking for ways to spice up your kitchen? Is your kitchen backsplash too ordinary? Well no more. All you need is a piece of wood cut out to the exact size of the area you wish to cover up. Next, start gluing half-cut corks onto piece of wood until every inch is covered. You can opt to either try a pattern design or simply fasten them in a row formation. When the wood is completely covered, attach it to the wall and voila!

8. Pencil Holder

You’ll need a power drill, cork trivets, and glue. Stick trivets on top of each other and press firmly. Next, using your drill bit, drill out holes and fill each hole with a writing device.

9. Stool

You will need A LOT of wine and champagne corks. All you have to do is simply gather all your corks and enclose them in a breathable and durable mesh fabric.

10. Cork Stamps

Why not make cute and unique stamps with your corks? All you’ll need is a good knife, a sharpie and a bunch of corks. Next, draw whatever design you want and then simply cut around it and slowly chip away any excess wood. Use ink and fill in your designs and voila!

Paint Your Front Door Like a Pro

So you've just bought a new front door, and now you're going to paint it. Wait a minute! This door has probably cost you several hundred pounds, so is not it worth spending a bit of time finding out how to protect your investment? Putting some effort into preparation will pay off handsomely later on. But if you cut corners, do not be surprised if you have to repeat the whole process within a year or two, when the paint starts to flake off.

Follow these simple steps to achieve a fabulous front door that will be the envy of your neighbors:

Choose the right time and place

Some experts recommend laying the door flat on a pair of trestles for decorating. This has some advantages: it's easier to avoid drips when working on a horizontal surface; with no frame, you can reach every part of the top and bottom edges; and painting the hardware cut-outs is simpler because you will not have to fit the hinges and handles until afterwards.

On the other hand, doors are heavy, difficult to manoeuvre and take up a lot of space. The trestles may leave contact marks behind; and you will have to wait several hours for the first side to dry before you can paint the second one.

In practice, most home owners prefer to decorate the door in the frame. Wait for a warm day (at least 10 ° C) with no wind, to avoid dust being blown on to the wet paint. Do not work in strong sunlight as the paint may blister. Wedge the door open before you start, and place some cardboard underneath to catch drips.

Prepare properly

If your door is supplied unfinished, begin by lightly sanding it all over with a fine grit sandpaper, before wiping down with a damp cloth to remove dust. Stick masking tape around the edges of any glass panels to stop them getting splashed. Some doors come with a protective plastic film over the glass which can be peeled away after installation, but you may want to use masking tape as an extra precaution.

Buy good brushes

Use good quality brushes with natural bristles. A cheap brush is a waste of time – the paint will not flow from it properly and it is likely to keep shedding hairs while you work. A 100mm (4 ") brush is a good size for large surfaces, as it offers good coverage but will not get too heavy when filled with paint. corners) and tackling intricate areas such as beading and cut-outs.

Before you start, gently flick and pull the bristles to dislodge any loose ones, then rinse the brush in clean water. This will not only get rid of dust, but also help prevent paint from drying on the bristles. Avoid using a brush for the first time on the top coat – always 'break it in' on an undercoat.

If you would rather not have brush marks on your door, try a high density foam mini roller. This lets you cover panels quite quickly, and will produce a smoother finish than a brush. You can turn the roller on its end to get into corners and tight spaces.

Prime thoroughly

Unless you have ordered a pre-primed door, you will have to apply a stain-blocking primer – ideally two coats – to provide a base for the rest of your paint work. Pay special attention to the top and bottom of the door, which are particularly vulnerable to water penetration.

Apply primer equally all over on sides, not forgetting the cut-out holes for hardware. This will seal the timber and keep incoming moisture to a minimum, preventing swelling (which can make the door stick on the frame). Conversely, it will also help stop the door from drying out and shrinking in hot weather.

Take care with top coats

Once the base coat has dried you can get to work on the first top coat. Start with the edges of the door, so you can get rid of any paint ridges when you tackle the main face. If the two sides of the door are going to be decorated in different colors, paint the outer edge (by the handle) to match the inside of the door, and the hinged edge to match the outside.

Without it's a flush door, you will now need to paint the edges of each panel, followed by the face. On large flat expanses, brush or roll up and down, then from side to side, and finally up and down again to spread the paint out evenly and prevent runs. Smooth out drips straight away before they set hard.

Use at least two coats of good quality exterior grade paint. If your door is engineered and veneered, check first that the paint is suitable for this type of construction. Acrylic latex paint is highly recommended, as it will flex with the timber and help prevent cracking. Choose from matt, satin, semi-gloss or gloss finishes. Allow to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions – normally between four and six hours.

After each coat has washed, light sand the entire door with fine grit sandpaper and wipe with a damp cloth to remove dust. This will provide the smoothest possible base for the next coat, and help you achieve a professional-looking finish.

Leave ample time for the door to dry before use. It would be a great shame, after all your hard work, if paint stuck to the frame because it had not fully dried.

To sum up …

A decent decorating job can not be rushed, so do not skimp. After all, the door is going to be there for years. Take your time, plan properly, and with a bit of effort you can make your neighbors really jealous.

Internet Marketing Form The First Websites To Quality Links And Directory Submissions – Part 1

When you first do a search on Google and look at how did that site get to be number one and how can I get my site there too. You start to realize that this is not a simple process at all. If you want to get into the business of making serious money on the internet then you need to get all the tools and do your homework very carefully before starting out on such a project.

First of all you need a subject, there are many different ways to find a niche and if you want to know further information on niche finding then consult my blog link at the bottom of the page.

Having found your niche its best to concentrate on only 20 keywords per web page of your niche. This seems to be the general best method of making your site completely SEO friendly.

Having found your particular niche its also a good idea to look at all the top sites for those twenty keywords and print them all off. If you intend to dominate a particular field then the best way to rank high within Google is to offer more than your competitors.

Print off all the pages of the top twenty sites and find out all the pages and related issues them sites are providing and then find more information something they have not covered or something new about this particular niche.

You have to learn how to produce good web pages with SEO built in some of the tools that I use and would recommend are on my blog site, but you can do your own research on this and make your own mind up.

I went for a particular package, as it was very easy to learn and came with extensive manual and video training. Training is very important, as you will need to spend a lot of time researching your material as well as being able to learn new packages and skills.’

This is not a five minute process however by choosing good tools and being able to learn quickly will see you being able to make a steady income that can be duplicated for the next niche that you wish to conquer.

When I started out I made tons of mistakes that cost and arm and a leg and you have to sometimes bite the bullet and say hey that didn’t work. However you should be thinking anyone could make these processes work its time, effort, tools and commitment.

The first thing to consider once you have decided your niche is the domain name, this is crucial that you get your main keyword somewhere in the title with as few dashes as possible.

You can then do a search and find all the competing websites for that niche by doing an all in the title search on Google this will show you how many sites you are competing against.

You then need to know how did the top site get into that position. This is a bit more complex and you have to invest in some SEO tools to find out these things more information can be found on my SEO blog.

There are many different tools for doing this but I have my favorites and why they give better results than most. You can always search for your own this article is not about selling you anything its just how if you are going to make it in the internet business the things you need to know or consider to stop people from wasting money and time.

I recently got married and I work away from home so my time is more precious to me than anything especially at home with the new wife. These are the steps I’m making to be able to swap the day job for working at home its very important that people understand I have put a lot of effort into being able to ditch the day job.

The target for me has been to generate 300.00 dollars a day so far my efforts are producing around 85.00 dollars but they are going up by learning and changing and making little adjustments here or changing keywords etc.

I hope to be able to establish key lessons on my blog site as well as recommendations and other news as this game is always changing, as Google likes to shake things up from time to time.

I hope that this has given you and insight into the beginnings of Internet marketing and hope to see you on the blog site soon. I wish you the best in making money online and starting a web business.

Part two will be released soon and available on this website.

Rugged Boots For Hard Work

Hard work suits the proper footwear. No one would ever think to operate a jackhammer while wearing bunny slippers – not only that look ridiculous, it would be dangerous. The slippers would provide no protection to the worker's feet from flying shards of concrete. Instead, one would wear a pair of quality work boots, such as those offered by Chippewa.

No matter what the work is, it is important to wear a set of boots that will not wear out after mere months of use. Constantly having to replace them would be expensive and wasteful. It is also reasonably that they would not provide much protection: anything that wears out too fast will not be able to take as much punishment while actually being used, as obvious as that sounds.

Work boots need to be rugged so that they can withstand the abuse native to any jobsite. Whether it is a construction site or working on a ranch, a lot of punishment can be aimed towards the feet, and it is important that it all be intercepted with reliable protection. This includes the comfort level within the boots.

Unnecessary blisters can be every bit the problem that an overly friendly horse's foot or a dropped two-by-four can – worse, even. None of these injuries go away in a hurry, but foot injuries caused by poor quality boots will only compound when the feet are put back into the boots the next day.

Anyone who has worn a pair of boots that were not broken in properly can vouch to the fact that cheap boots only compound any foot problems that they are there when they are put on. The best solution to this is to always spend the extra money to get a high quality pair that will serve for years to come.

Use Green Cleaning Products And Clean Your Home With Help From Professional House Cleaners

Had a party or returned home after a great holiday? You are definitely not going to come to a fresh house. Dirt, dust, and grime will be strewn all around which will not be easy to clean. Better hire professional cleaners who will do the cleaning job for you at minimum rates. Get your floors, furniture, household articles and carpets immaculately spotless again, take help now.

The house cleaning services are extremely professional and they deal with everything systematically and in an organized manner. The dust that accumulates in the corners, on ceiling fans, blinds, window sills, inside attics, tiles, upholstery, sticks strong and is almost impossible to get rid of. You need to get rid of all this muck to have a spic and span house. Get grouting, vacuuming, steaming, cleaning, dusting, mopping, removal and application of wax and a lot more done by skilled courteous, fast and high-quality cleaning services, now!

From the arrival updates to the scheduled cleaning procedure, everything is carefully calibrated by the house cleaning services. You don’t have to get them in every week, you can ask for their services once a month, once in 6 months or at your own convenient time. The staff has nimble hands and deal with each delicate object very carefully, providing a thorough cleaning at a fair price.

Floor polishing of the living rooms, tile cleaning of the bathroom, dusting the home and spring cleaning the carpets, all are an easy task if done methodically by cleaning specialists. The proficient staffs are respectful and understanding and can plan a visit to your home according to your convenience. By paying an affordable amount of money you can get recommended and trained service professionals. These specialists leave the house spotlessly clean within no time.

To maintain clients, the cleaning services have to ascertain that they have a very good cleaning reputation and client base. Every facet of cleaning is an easy task with the professional techniques and equipment used skillfully by the cleaning staff. This may not be possible for us at home; we do not have the expertise, correct products or paraphernalia needed for the tasks. These professionals need to work up a name and you can give them that by advertising their excellent service and proficiency to others. Superior and effective quality service is what the cleaners promise us!

Find a reliable company with a name in the market because individual cleaners through newspaper or online advertisements may not be well trained and they may not have extensive experience in the cleaning field. You may just end up paying loads to the cleaner. Hire trustworthy cleaners and get discounted deals and standard pricing. Get a time-efficient cleaner who is bonded and insured, on a consistent basis so that you can keep your home sparkling spick-and-span all the time. Try to ask for green cleaning products for your home. While you are at it, do your bit for environmental protection as well!

Creative Scrapbook Piecing

I have a wonderful book called Creative Scrapbook Piecing by Marina du Plessis. I have obtained many ideas and great templates from this book, and I believe part 2 has just come out.

Scrapbook piecing is generally another term for paper piecing, and is a great technique which is not difficult, but it does require some time and patience. My first scrapbook piecing project was an idea that I took from Marina's book. My little girl of two got really messy one day eating chocolate ice cream and I could not resist snapping a few photo's of her to scrapbook. I saw my inspiration on page 180 of Marina's book, as I just loved the picture of the ice cream sundae. I will place a photo of my version of the layout on my blog and you can let me know what you think.

With scrapbook piecing, you basically build 3 dimensional shapes or figurines for your layouts. With paper piecing, you have to trace the pictures, and then cut them out and layer them on top of one another to get the 3 dimensional effect. In Creative Scrapbook Piecing, all the pictures are already broken down for you, so you arerely enlarge, copy and cut. If you have your own picture that you would like to piece together, it is a little more work, as you have to trace the outline, then retrace all the various bits that you would like to layer above it.

You can do the same thing with the lettering and headings on your layouts. By cutting out the letters for your heading and raising them slowly with 3D foam squares, you will really make it stand out on your layout.

The best way to make your 3 dimensional figurine is to first copy the template and then cut it out roughly. Place the traced template onto the colored cardstock of your choice and secure with adhesive putty. Carefully cut around the tracing, and then remove the copied templates and putty from the cardstock. Just repeat this process for all the pieces.

There is a software program available called 3D Arts and Crafts that can help you with scrapbook piecing. This software is ideal for doing scrapbook piecing with your photographs. It makes life much easier, as you just copy a photograph onto the screen, and then trace the elements with your mouse. The software will then print out the pieces for you to put together again on your scrapbook layout.

With scrapbook piecing, you can achieve stunning layouts with just a little more time and effort than normal. It will be well worth while for all those extra special photographs in your collection.

For more scrapbooking ideas and solutions, visit: http://scrapbookideasandsolutions.blogspot.com

Paint Your Front Door Like a Pro

So you've just bought a new front door, and now you're going to paint it. Wait a minute! This door has probably cost you several hundred pounds, so is not it worth spending a bit of time finding out how to protect your investment? Putting some effort into preparation will pay off handsomely later on. But if you cut corners, do not be surprised if you have to repeat the whole process within a year or two, when the paint starts to flake off.

Follow these simple steps to achieve a fabulous front door that will be the envy of your neighbors:

Choose the right time and place

Some experts recommend laying the door flat on a pair of trestles for decorating. This has some advantages: it's easier to avoid drips when working on a horizontal surface; with no frame, you can reach every part of the top and bottom edges; and painting the hardware cut-outs is simpler because you will not have to fit the hinges and handles until afterwards.

On the other hand, doors are heavy, difficult to manoeuvre and take up a lot of space. The trestles may leave contact marks behind; and you will have to wait several hours for the first side to dry before you can paint the second one.

In practice, most home owners prefer to decorate the door in the frame. Wait for a warm day (at least 10 ° C) with no wind, to avoid dust being blown on to the wet paint. Do not work in strong sunlight as the paint may blister. Wedge the door open before you start, and place some cardboard underneath to catch drips.

Prepare properly

If your door is supplied unfinished, begin by lightly sanding it all over with a fine grit sandpaper, before wiping down with a damp cloth to remove dust. Stick masking tape around the edges of any glass panels to stop them getting splashed. Some doors come with a protective plastic film over the glass which can be peeled away after installation, but you may want to use masking tape as an extra precaution.

Buy good brushes

Use good quality brushes with natural bristles. A cheap brush is a waste of time – the paint will not flow from it properly and it is likely to keep shedding hairs while you work. A 100mm (4 ") brush is a good size for large surfaces, as it offers good coverage but will not get too heavy when filled with paint. corners) and tackling intricate areas such as beading and cut-outs.

Before you start, gently flick and pull the bristles to dislodge any loose ones, then rinse the brush in clean water. This will not only get rid of dust, but also help prevent paint from drying on the bristles. Avoid using a brush for the first time on the top coat – always 'break it in' on an undercoat.

If you would rather not have brush marks on your door, try a high density foam mini roller. This lets you cover panels quite quickly, and will produce a smoother finish than a brush. You can turn the roller on its end to get into corners and tight spaces.

Prime thoroughly

Unless you have ordered a pre-primed door, you will have to apply a stain-blocking primer – ideally two coats – to provide a base for the rest of your paint work. Pay special attention to the top and bottom of the door, which are particularly vulnerable to water penetration.

Apply primer equally all over on sides, not forgetting the cut-out holes for hardware. This will seal the timber and keep incoming moisture to a minimum, preventing swelling (which can make the door stick on the frame). Conversely, it will also help stop the door from drying out and shrinking in hot weather.

Take care with top coats

Once the base coat has dried you can get to work on the first top coat. Start with the edges of the door, so you can get rid of any paint ridges when you tackle the main face. If the two sides of the door are going to be decorated in different colors, paint the outer edge (by the handle) to match the inside of the door, and the hinged edge to match the outside.

Without it's a flush door, you will now need to paint the edges of each panel, followed by the face. On large flat expanses, brush or roll up and down, then from side to side, and finally up and down again to spread the paint out evenly and prevent runs. Smooth out drips straight away before they set hard.

Use at least two coats of good quality exterior grade paint. If your door is engineered and veneered, check first that the paint is suitable for this type of construction. Acrylic latex paint is highly recommended, as it will flex with the timber and help prevent cracking. Choose from matt, satin, semi-gloss or gloss finishes. Allow to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions – normally between four and six hours.

After each coat has washed, light sand the entire door with fine grit sandpaper and wipe with a damp cloth to remove dust. This will provide the smoothest possible base for the next coat, and help you achieve a professional-looking finish.

Leave ample time for the door to dry before use. It would be a great shame, after all your hard work, if paint stuck to the frame because it had not fully dried.

To sum up …

A decent decorating job can not be rushed, so do not skimp. After all, the door is going to be there for years. Take your time, plan properly, and with a bit of effort you can make your neighbors really jealous.

What Makes a High Efficient Furnace So Efficient?

With today's rising energy demands, volatile financial & housing markets and a constant potential of increased living costs looming over our shoulders, catching a financial break anywhere we can as a consumer should be of keen interest to everyone. 90% + Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) furnaces may easily provide the solution and can easily off set a household bill or two with all of the energy being saved by this furnace in contrast to the conventional 60-80% AFUE furnace that is more than likely currently in your home even as you read this article. 90% + AFUE furnaces have a 2 heat exchanger design to avoid wasting heat, in the past the product was problematic when it was first developed in the 90's, but has since been improved to near perfection today by most manufacturers and if sized properly and installed properly will save an incredible amount of money on the utility bill that you can capitalize on year in and year out.

The two heat exchanger design is the key feature that allows a 90% + AFUE furnace to operate so efficiently. A primary heat exchanger handles the ignition of the furnace and the natural gas fire (propane, kerosene, heating oil or whatever ever the furnace burns) of the furnace burners. As the burners are engaged inside of the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger gets so hot that when the furnace blower turns on, forced air travels over the hot heat exchanger to allow for heat transfer to occur, sending warm air through your air ducts and to ultimately heat the air in your home. With a conventional 60-80% AFUE furnace that is all that is present for a heat exchanger, but through brilliant engineering furnace manufacturers realized that flue gases always creates a hot moisture that is typically wasted out of the flue pipe and so they decided to capture this free energy by designing a better product. So engineers went to work to produce the two heat exchanger furnace and incorporated a secondary heat exchanger that looks like a coil to capture the hot flue gas moisture to re use this heat in a more efficient appliance, rather than wasting this heat out of the flue pipe.

Remarkably after 70 years of relatively little change in the heating market in terms of how a furnace basically operated, a vastly more efficient appliance emerged on the market. Two stage technology emerged as well, where engineers realized that a furnace did not need to have high fire gas at all times to effectively heat your home, due to varying weather outside of your home. The two phase gas valve emerged to where low fire typically occurs on temperature (less cold) winter days saving an additional 25-35% on gas consumption and then when the weather gets real cold outside the furnace can engage a high fire to ensure that the appliance can keep up with heating your home only when high fire is really needed, to ensure that the homeowner gets the best of both worlds; saving money and staying comfortable.

A conventional furnace is missing these features, because the conventional furnace can only fire in one stage and just wastes flue gas moisture out of the flue pipe. The venting of a 90% + AFUE furnace is typically made with PVC piping material and most often is vented to the exterior side of a home. The 90% + AFUE furnace burns and exhausts vastly more cleaner gases than a conventional furnace effectively lower emissions as well, so you can feel good about doing your part in the environment when you have a 90% + AFUE furnace installed in your home.

Some contractors are afraid to install a 90% + AFUE furnace in your home due to lack of training and an inability to successfully repair buildings in the first place. One legitimate complaint and or criticism that was true in the past, that these contractors would make, is that parts were more expensive on a 90% + AFUE furnace and why on earth would you want an expensive repair bill they would ask. That all came to an end when Rheem manufacturing designed their new line of 95% AFUE 2 stage furnaces. All parts selected to make the Rheem 95% AFUE 2 stage furnace work are of quality durable design, but cost effective to repair after the furnace warranty expires.

This would not be the case with the expensive Carrier induced draft motors and chip boards or the expensive chip boards used by Trane and American Standard or all parts by Lennox being of higher expense in their product lines of 90% + AFUE furnaces. Furthermore, Rheem realized that the primary heat exchanger was the most expensive part of the furnace, so they decided to make a primary heat exchanger togher than any other manufacturers primary heat exchanger.

The Rheem primary heat exchanger is constructed of stainless steel and is of a tubular design with essentially no seam points present on the part, kind of like a car tail pipe, which rarely breaks. Eliminating seam points on the heat exchanger increases the life span of the part. On the contrast, the Lennox, Carrier, Trane and American Standard heat exchangers are a cheaper clam shell design that is no where near as strong as the tubular designed heat exchanger. The clam shell designed heat exchanger is designed to last a certain amount of years, but once sufficient time goes by these heat exchangers typically fail due to 4 sides of crimped seams separating the heat exchanger, leading to part failure.

Not only is the Rheem 90% + AFUE line of furnaces tougher and built with cost effective parts in mind, but they even went as far as ensuring that all Rheem furnaces operate at a vastly lower decibal range making the Rheem furnace the quietest class of furnaces in the residential market today. Carrier, Trane, American Standard and Lennox furnaces will work and if sized and installed properly will last for many years, however when they break, you will surly pay a pretty penny to get them fixed.

When you call out an HVAC company or contractor to perform an in home estimate to install your 90% + AFUE furnace, make sure that they are evaluating your whole house. Proper furnace sizing will involve an estimator to evaluate wall insulation type, attic insulation type, home exposure, window type, slab type, outdoor landscape, fire places present, duct sizing, how many people occupies the space as well as a few other factors too .

Be leery of the estimator that is in and out of your home in 30 minutes or less, because getting it right during the estimate phase will have a huge effect on achieving maximum efficiency of the furnace and your over all indoor comfort for many years to come . Most of the estimates that reputable heating and air conditioning companies may may require between 1-2 hours to gather all necessary data, answer customer questions and to write an up front price to do the work.

There are many like minded good companies and contractors out there that conduct themselves that way as well. Your best bet would be to just call out an ACCA member company to perform the estimate, because an ACCA member company will operate professionally, follow higher HVAC standards and receives accredited support in training, up to date trade information and will be up to date with new techniques and standards in the HVAC field. Visit www.acca.org and use the contractor zip code locator to find an ACCA member company near you.

Fifteen Baseball Stars Still Looking Up At The Mendoza Line In 2018

Few people would have predicted that the Philadelphia Phillies would be eight games over .500, and only a half game behind the Washington Nationals, heading into June. Those optimists were probably relying on the fact the last place Phils did make a couple of key acquisitions over the winter, and therefore were bound to be better.

A warning that last season’s sensational rookie Rhys Hoskins would be hitting just .220 with a scant six home runs probably would have made even those devout followers foresee Philadelphia at eight games under .500 instead of over, and that prediction would be even worse had you told them All-Star free agent Carlos Santana would be hitting just above the .200 mark.

Believe it or not, Santana ‘s low batting average is not nearly the worst we have seen in 2018, a season that looks as if it could see record low batting averages. He are fifteen star players who have batting averages under .200, a mark that has become known as the Mendoza Line.

Nick Ahmed .199

The Arizona Diamondbacks managed to hold first place in the National League West for much of the season, in spite of the below average offense from their regular shortstop.

Jackie Bradley Jr. .199

Boston announcers refer to the star outfielder as JBJ, whose Red Sox have the best record in all of baseball.

Carlos Gomez .194

Now with Tampa Bay, the former runner up for Most Valuable Player has struggled so far in the Days outfield.

Logan Morrison .198

After establishing a career high in home runs in 2017, the left handed slugger has gotten off to rough start with his new team in Minnesota.

Jason Kipnis .199

His struggles kind of symbolize those of the Cleveland Indians, who have managed to stay a .500 solely because of their outstanding pitching rotation.

Matt Joyce .199

Oakland has been up and down for the first two months, while it is still waiting for Joyce’s bat to regain prominence.

Ian Desmond .190

The Colorado Rockies first baseman n as flexed a lot of power, but any other hits have been rare.

Adam Duvall .184

It is possible that Cincinnati’s odd four man outfield rotation negatively affected the former All-Star, who has had to sit out every three games or so.

Dexter Fowler .180

Now that catcher Yadier Molina is on the disabled list, the St. Louis Cardinals may need this star outfielder to return to the form he had when they signed him to a large free agent contract last year.

Kolten Wong .180

Unlike his teammate mentioned above, Wong’s struggles have been going on for much longer than just this season.

Chris Davis .160

Baltimore’s first baseman has never hit for a real hign average, but it is too low now and so is his power.

Lewis Brinson .155

Miami is in a rebuild, but they need this youngster to really step up to come even close to replacing Giancarlo Stanton, Christian Yellich and Marvel Ozuna in the Marlins outfield.

Kole Calhoun .145

While he often stands beside MVP Mike Trout in the Los Angeles outfield, he is barely in the same ballpark when it comes to batting averages.

Russell Martin .174

His catching skills will keep him in the lineup, but the Blue Jays need Russell to raise his average about fifty points if Toronto is to contend in 2018.

Kendrys Morales .194

He has been plagued by injuries, but if he can get healthy he can offer much needed protection for the rest of the guys in the Blue Jays lineup.

HDTV Antenna

An Hdtv antenna is the ticket to receive free Hdtv reception over the air. If you’ve decided to buy a Hdtv there is a low cost alternative to paying cable or satellite providers monthly for Hdtv broadcasts, a simple Hdtv antenna hookup is all that is required. You can receive crystal clear high definition local and network broadcasts. All you need is a ATSC tuner built in your new Hdtv or a external Hd tuner connected to your Hdtv to start getting free Hdtv over the air. If you presently own a good VHF/UHF antenna for indoors or out doors you may be able to use it. Digital tv uses the same antenna as analog tv, manufacturers have just labeled them HD to take advantage of the Hdtv buzz.

Your choices are a indoor Hdtv antenna and a outdoor Hdtv antenna. Some are amplified to increase signal quality and pickup further stations. There are different factors that will determine what Hdtv is best for you. The proximity of your house to a broadcast tower is the biggest one.

The closer you live to a broadcast tower the stronger a signal and better reception you will receive. Those that live in an urban area or are surrounded by high buildings may get interference with the Hdtv broadcasts. If where you live prohibits you from installing an outdoor antenna there are still viable alternatives available.

Once it is decided which type of antenna will best suit your needs to receive free hdtv you may want to test it. Not in the store but in your home to see which Hdtv antenna provides the best signal. Turn the antenna in different directions to see where the best reception is. Why settle for poor reception when you can get crystal clear free Hdtv reception with just a little tweaking of your antenna?

You may have to get a indoor antenna if you can not install a antenna outdoors. These are usually optimized and powerful to receive signals indoors and there are a wide variety, some amplified (increase the strength of the signal) to fit your living conditions. There are Hdtv antenna’s as low as $40.00 such as the Zenith ZHDTV1 Digital Indoor antenna and many others, that can provide great Hd reception indoors in most cases.

You will find a few Hdtv antenna designs to allow outdoor reception without you having to get on the roof. One is the Terk HD-TVS slim profile Hd tv antenna that you can install on a balcony, railing, outdoor wall, in the attic or on the roof and still receive great Hdtv pictures, even in the city.

Optimal reception will be received if you can remove all or as much interference as possible from the transmitter and your Hdtv antenna. This is the reason for the popularity of the outdoor antenna. The outdoor Hd tv antenna that is most popular is the medium directional antenna, because it’s not too large and has characteristics that prevent or reduce interference. There are also large and small Hdtv antenna’s that may fit your needs.

If you’ve sworn off paying for cable and satellite subscriptions and want crystal clear HDTV all you need to do is a little research, then get your Hdtv antenna. One good source for more information is the Consumers Electronics Association’s, Antenna Web. After you have selected the right Hdtv antenna you can just connect directly to your Hdtv set (with ATSC tuner) or HD tuner and receive free Hdtv.

Mortgage Loan With No Income Verification – The Perfect Program For Those That Make Mainly Cash!

If you are a tipped employee, an independent contractor, or a business owner, then you need to know about the programs for mortgage loans with no income verification. These are the right types of programs for you because they will help you get exactly what you need when it comes to getting a mortgage for your new home or your current home.

This type of program does not force you to use your tax forms or you paycheck stubs to prove how much money you make. You will simply tell them what you make and that will be all it takes. You will not have to worry about them verifying your money through your employer or anything else at all. This is an easy program to use.

A mortgage loan with no income verification is perfect as long as you have good enough credit to get this type of loan. You will have to have decent credit to use the mortgage loan with no income verification programs that are out there. This is very important and you need to know that you can get what is necessary if you look in the right place.

You should still compare a mortgage broker and a few banks. This is will give you an idea of ​​who can give you the best possible deal on your mortgage without having to worry about whether or not you are going to be approved for your mortgage. You need to know that you can get what you need and you still should have the best deal out the for you.

What Does an Architect Do Versus an Interior Design Firm?

Many people who are considering doing some redecoration are forced to make the decision whether to hire an architect or an interior design firm. The truth is, these two careers can overlap in many ways, but there are some important differences. Before making a decision which type of professional to hire you should determine your needs and do some research to find out what kind of professional would serve you best.

Architect

An architect is an individual who is trained and licensed in the planning and designing of buildings who also supervises the construction. Architects are responsible for adhering to public safety and building codes, so a license is required to practice architecture. Generally, architects award their building projects to general contractors who complete the building process under the supervision of the architect.

Interior Design Firm

Interior design involves applying creative and technical solutions to a building or structure to achieve the desired interior environment. These solutions are both functional and aesthetic serving to enhance the quality of life of the inhabitants and to be aesthetically attractive. The design process involves research and planning in addition to the integration of design knowledge in order to satisfy the needs of a client. Interior designers draw upon the concepts of product design, architecture, and environmental psychology in order to create the atmosphere and design the client wishes to achieve.

The difference between an architect and an interior design firm can be simplified so much as to say that architects work with building structure and interior designers work with building decoration. The lines are not always so well-defined, however. Many architects also possess design degrees and many interior designers are also trained in the disciplines of architecture. Depending on the project, hiring a professional who possesses both qualifications may be exceedingly useful. Projects which involve extensive redecorating or construction may require the license and legal knowledge of an architect in addition to the design knowledge of an interior design firm. The answer to the question of what an architect does versus what an interior design firm does cannot always be answered simply because in many cases, these professionals are capable of the same things.

Need an Acne Solution? Consider Treating it From the Inside Out

Living with a skin condition known as acne is a very difficult thing to do because it affects your physical appearance, and this can strongly effect your self esteem and how you relate to others around you.

And, if living with acne is not hard enough, having to find the right treatment can be even more frustrating, and that is why in this article today we will be going over some basic treatments for acne that will help you cure it starting from the inside.

It is true that acne is an equal opportunist condition. This means that acne can affect individuals of all races, ages and socioeconomic status. And it is also a proven fact that acne is a condition that will more than likely affect every individual at some point in their lives.

People between the ages of twelve and thirty years old will more than likely develop acne on the face and back. The most common form of acne is usually developed upon the onset of puberty in adolescence due to hormonal changes and diet.

So, is there a good reason as to why there are a million topical treatments out there?

Yes. Acne has been a major target for skin care companies and online marketers for years now. Why? Because it is as common skin condition and people are often desperate searching for remedy or a cure. Those two factors make the acne awareness prime targets for marketers of skin care treatments.

But the problem is that while these companies may have good intentions for their topical treatments they fail to mention if their products are actually healthy for your skin because sometimes the ingredients that are in these products can overly dry out your skin, which increases oil production, and absolutely will cause more acne to occur.

If you are going to use a topical treatment, make sure that it contains all natural ingredients and wont harm your skin. However, if you are really interested in helping your acne remain in control, you can do this by raising your skin condition from the inside out.

Acne is caused by diet, lack of hydration, liver toxicity, hereditary, and hormonal factors. If you can follow a regimen of drinking six to eight glasses of water a day, implementing more raw foods into your diet, cut back on fatty acids, take a vitamin with strong amounts of A, B, C, D, and E values, get plenty of sunlight, and use a topical treatment of coconut oil about twice a day, you will notice that your skin will clear up.

A liver that is weighed down by toxins will cause your skin to break out because it will use your skin to expel these wastes from your body. Therefore, to treat acne starting from the inside you must make sure to follow the above recommendations on how to improve your inside health so that your outside will benefit.

Wood Lathes and Their Tools

Wood Lathes date back to about 1300 BC. Egyptians first developed a two person lathe where one person would rotate the wood with a rope while another would shape the wood with a sharpened tool. Romans later improved the lathe by the use of a Turning Bow. Later in the Middle Ages a Foot Pedal replaced the Turning Bow and allowed one person to operate the lathe, the Foot Pedal is still used to some extent in Third World Countries.

Lathes continued to evolve through the ages; using animal power, water power, steam power and electric power. Today we are fortunate to have a variety of variable speed lathes and sizes from small bench lathes to the larger lathes that will turn objects up to 24″ in diameter and still bigger but these are special use, usually for commercial application.

When a lathe size is mentioned say as a 14 inch than means there is 7 inches between the center of the Head Stock and the lathe bed or Ways; 14 inches is the maximum diameter.

Tools for the Wood Lathe; there are many but they all fall into six tool groups. They are the Gouge, Scraper, Skew, Parting Tools, Specialty Tools and Carbide tools. The numbers of these tools are greatly multiplied when you consider different sizes as in thickness, width and length. The many different profiles or shapes that also increase the number of tools. After you have turned for a few years it is easy to have 20 or 30 different tools.

Gouges: There are several profile shapes that have specific uses. Spindle Gouge is used for shaping square wood into round spindles and because of its high sides it should never used on bowls. Bowl Gauges have many different profiles that make bowl gouges very versatile and are great tools. Detail Gouges have their purpose. Gouges require practice to understand different methods of use and how to sharpen the tool. If you take the time to learn how to use the bowl gauge you’ll never be without one in your tool chest.

Scrapers: Are used to smooth your turning, sharpened correctly they are very good. Many experienced turners leave a burr on the edge, this will cause to scraper to cut very fine.

Skews: Have a double edge bevel and are normally shaped at about a 30 degree angle. With the double bevel edge the chisel can be turned over and used both left and right, some have a rounded edge. Skew can be used for smoothing and special angels.

Parting Tools: Are used for parting off (removing) the turning from the waste block. There are a number of other limited uses.

Specialty Tools: Are texturing tools, chatter tools, Chinese Ball Tools, and etc.

Carbide Tools: Are gaining a lot of use because of their hardness and ability to stay shape longer. The carbide cutter is attached to the shank of a tool that can only be used for that purpose. The different shapes are cups, flat round, square, diamond and etc. They are a good tools and have their place in the wood turner’s tool chest. The only drawback is the cost of the replacement cutters.

Beginning turners can purchase tool sets in a number different sizes depending on the size of the lathe. The sets will have one of each of the tools described above except the specialty and carbide tools. I hope this article helps those that are just learning this wonderful craft.