Here Is What You Need To Know About Youth Basketball Drills

The sport of basketball can be quite a wonderful thing for any young person to experience. Now that I think about it, the game of basketball can be beneficial to older individuals to experience too. In all honesty, no matter what age, anyone can savor the game of basketball. However, it is necessary for virtually any participating basketball player to improve their level of skill.

This article will concentrate on youth basketball drills as a method to improve the level of play for the participants.

Youth Basketball Drills Number One: Passing

Although some experts may differ on this subject, our opinion is that passing is the most crucial skill to learn. The teams that succeed at the highest level are those who have at least one or two ballplayers who are remarkably good at passing. Despite the fact that the long, 3 point shot or the dramatic dunk is what makes the highlight reels, the pass that preceded these plays are far more important. The fact is, the better a player is at passing, the more valuable he will be in the eyes of his coach.

Youth Basketball Drills Number Two: Dribbling

Each and every participant on the basketball court needs at least a minimum quantity of dribbling skill in order to compete. However, it is especially important for backcourt players to become skillful dribblers. It is advisable to concentrate these backcourt players to dribble with either hand, and using their fingertips rather than their palms. It ought to be stated to the young basketball player that lots of NBA stars had to develop their offhand dribbling by training after hours. Many of them would take a basketball home and dribble with their opposite hand for hours at a time.

Youth Basketball Drills Number Three: Shooting

As mentioned previously, the spectacular shots from beyond 3 point range tends to make the highlight film. Nevertheless, the young players should certainly be concentrating on shots from significantly closer in. It is advisable to start with layup drills. Training players to leap off their left foot (or inside foot) while they throw the ball to the back board is a vital skill to develop. Once the layup becomes 2nd nature, then you’re ready to shift the drills farther away. Free throws are one more important part of basketball, and each and every player should be practicing them on a regular basis.


Every kid should get the chance to experience the sport of his / her choosing. It is a fantastic experience that teaches teamwork and other values which are central for accomplishment in later life. Youth basketball drills specifically assist the young basketball player to more completely develop their potential.

Best Types of Wood for Building Fences

A wood fence that is regularly maintained for last 20 years. But this life expectancy could have been significantly increased if you use a high quality timber. The following are some of the best types of wood species that are known to be of better quality than others, including some of their characteristics that can help you decide on what to use for your fencing project.

1. Western Red Cedar
Like most of the species on this article, the Western Red Cedar is resistant to many diseases that the average pine is most likely to yield to. Its attractive appearance is valued by many people, and its natural ability to resist insect infestation, rot, and moisture make it an excellent pick for pick up wings as well as fence posts. This is one of the best materials for fencing, but this is not highly recommended for fence posts.

2. White Oak
White oak is a tough, solid timber. It weathers well and lasts robust even when exposed to natural elements. Many people who have horses choose this wood because of its strength; and avoid pine because some horses chew on pine (which is a cheap type of wood). But White Oak has a tendency to bow or warp, so you should consider this fact when you're planning your fence.

3. Tropical Hardwoods
South America produces some of the most beautiful and strong woods for fences, gates, and decks. Woods like Tigerwood, Ipe, and the Brazilian Cherry are very heavy, hard, and dense. In fact they require pre-drilling because a hammer and a nail just will not penetrate the wood very well. Of course, these types of wood are more expensive compared to other species.

4. Pressure Treated Pine
Pressure treated pine gets its ability to resist moisture, rot, and borers not from Mother Nature but by physical processes and chemical treatments conducted by man. It was once recognized as the best material for outdoor application. But later on it lost its popularity with the many traditionally durable and solid choices out there. Pressure treated pine is a bit more expensive and resistant to insect infestation and rot compared to pine which is not treated. However, the chemical used to make this wood tough (and also the energy utilized during the pressure treating process) has addressed the attention of some environmentalally focused contractors and homeowners. But the practicality of this material must not be overlooked by any fence builders or homeowners.

How to Prepare a Safe and Clean House For Your New Baby

Preparing for a new addition to your family is a process both necessary and intensive. You must install child locks on the cabinet doors, put hazardous materials out of reach, paint and furnish the nursery, all the while with an ever-expanding waistline for mom! Cleaning your home from top to bottom is just as important as stocking up on diapers. Do it early enough so that you don’t endanger mom’s health or the baby’s, and hire a professional service if it helps you relax. Try to complete these cleaning steps in advance, invaluable to ensuring a safe, clean homecoming for your bundle of joy.

• Remove all pet dander, dust, and allergens. Newborns don’t yet have fully formed immune systems, so take the initiative to kill as many homegrown allergens as possible. Vacuum all carpeted floors and do a thorough dusting, especially in those dark corners and hard-to-reach ledges were dust bunnies love to hide.

• If possible, remove curtains and drapes-the primary home dust collectors. If only in one room of your house, at least replace these in the nursery with blinds – they dust easily.

• Clean and disinfect all the surfaces where tiny baby hands tend to grab. The television remote may look harmless, but actually teems with germs that could cause illness. Use a non-toxic wipe or homemade cleaner to effectively remove up to 99.9% of germs in danger zones like the kitchen and bathroom. In the kitchen, food-born illnesses always pose a risk, especially for newborns. Make sure all surfaces stay “so clean you could eat off them,” as food tends to touch these surfaces anyways.

• Place soap, water, and clean hand towels at all the sinks in your home for guests to wash their hands before holding your newborn. No matter how awkward, enforce this rule, especially for young children, who carry a lot of germs. Make sure that every visitor washes their hands for at least 30 seconds before cradling the baby. Everyone, especially mom, remember to wash your hands after using the bathroom, sneezing, or preparing food for yourself or the baby. New moms, keep in mind that your child will quickly become used to the germs that naturally live on your body.

• In the changing table drawers, keep a hand stash of cleaning products in addition to a generous supply of diapers. You’ll want to clean the table after each change with a disinfecting wipe or homemade spray. You can use these products on other areas in the nursery, like the crib, where the baby will inevitably put his or her mouth on the bars and tiny hands on the railing.

• Keep all feeding items clean, especially before the first use, and ideally after every use. Boil brand new bottle nipples in hot water, and throw out old pacifiers and nipples that are cracked or stained. Instead of using a harmful chemical like bleach to disinfect baby products, simply soak the bottles, nipples, and breast pump attachments in water mixed with baking soda. Or, put the used feeding items through a dishwasher cycle-the high heat will zap most of the lingering germs. Make sure to very carefully dry the items, as bacteria love moisture.

• Get and stay organized. Vigilant and constant organization is the key to managing a new baby and a clean home. Have a designated spot for everything-formula, diapers, medicine, disinfectants-and return everything to the proper place immediately after using and cleaning. Implement an organization system and stick to it in every room of the house, especially in the kitchen, the bathroom, and the nursery. You’ll save yourself time and energy if you clean as you go, plus, you’ll keep germs perpetually at a minimum.

Mom, listen up. First and foremost, you must remain rested and healthy to tend for your newborn. As hard as it may seem, put yourself first and get some sleep so you can be the best parent possible that your child deserves. It’s also important to mention that it’s possible to have too clean a home. Studies show that some children with asthma and allergies didn’t develop immunities because of overly antiseptic homes. So, just use common sense and don’t drive yourself crazy. That’s the baby’s job.

Learn more about avoiding allergens in your home and achieving a healthy environment for your baby at our blog on the company’s Denver house cleaning website.

10 Reasons to Use Revit for Retail Design

Retail design is a specialized discipline based on notions that are central to merchandising, marketing, ergonomics, advertising and interior design. The store design is specifically created to build a shopping experience that is as positive as possible for both the retailer and consumer. Whilst some aspects of retail design are practical and are concerned with the way that merchandise is stocked. Other features are much more obscure and have more to do with creating a specific experience for a consumer as he strolls through the interior space of the store. There are also certain aspects of retail design that are concerned with guiding shoppers through the store.

Revit is a very important tool used for retail design. Autodesk Revit Architecture is a program precisely designed for Building Information Modelling (BIM). With the help of Revit Architecture, one can capture and analyse design concepts and precisely maintain coordinated design data through documentation as well as construction. Today, retail experience is all about a perfect design and presentation of a retail space and it’s also an ultimate representation of the retailer’s brand.

Building Information Modelling plays a vital role in retail projects as it assists designers enhance the precision of design data created during different stages of planning and construction. Autodesk’s Revit architecture lays a platform for retailers and designers to create BIM retail design in a collective environment; however, there are several other significant benefits summarised below.

10 Reasons to Use Revit for Retail Design

1. It is a 3D design tool. The days of traditional drawings and design software are over as Revit is a more intelligent tool that provides 3D capabilities and views throughout its application.

2. It uses parametric 3D models created using Revit 3D BIM modelling rather than poly lines to help get a more precise design with actual objects as opposed to simple poly lines.

3. One of the more striking features of Revit is that if set properly, it calculates the required materials and component parts, based on the design, into schedules. This helps in avoiding manual checking and thus helps in preventing human errors.

4. Revit also lets visualization of the model along with allowing drawings to be created from the model so that accuracy from models to drawings and images is maintained.

5. Despite not being a standalone rendering tool, Revit does have exceptional rendering tools and abilities that allow designers to use Revit views directly from the model as opposed to a separate rendered solution using a special package such as 3DS Max.

6. Building up Revit BIM models using Revit BIM tools helps project managers to track the exact progress of the process through integration with time liner tools for all stages of the construction phase

7. Revit architecture also allows re-use of the same equipment in different stores, e.g. store furniture or store lighting or store graphics etc.

8. A retail design created in Revit can be easily modified right through the construction and design stages of the project

9. The tool lets users make changes to a specific area, such as section or a plan. This change will then update all other areas of the Revit Model such as an elevation or a schedule due to Revit’s database structure

10. Implementing Revit for retail design also make others aware about the project changes through easier online collaboration tools that enable work sharing of the same file during design.

Revit architecture for BIM modeling therefore has several benefits while creating retail construction drawings and is why leading retailers globally are increasingly using this tool for retail design. It helps them to manage the design process more efficiently, creating clash free drawings, extract precise procurement data and use 3D views in their design data. This together helps the retailers lessen costs and creates more certainty in defining timescale for store openings.

Is Beech Wood the Best Choice for Furniture?

Typically some furniture and children’s toys are made from beech wood. It is a beautiful wood, light colored with a great grain. It is not the easiest wood for craftsman to work with, which is why there is perhaps slightly less beech furniture than other hard wood furniture. However, if you know how to work it, it is usually well worth the effort and time it takes to do so. The resultant furniture will be a beautiful light colored piece that will fit well in any room.

Unlike another light wood sometimes used for cabinet making, pine wood, beech has a couple of added advantages which in many ways gives beech furniture the edge over pine furniture. It is odorless. If you are bothered by wood smells, or if you prefer not to have a wood smell in your bedroom or living room yet you still want light colored furniture then beech furniture may be more to your liking. Pine wood is also very soft wood. It is easily dented and damaged. As such, it is not always the ideal choice for furniture that is likely to get a lot of use or for children’s rooms especially if they play in their bedrooms a lot-unless it is finished in such a way that actually hardens the wood.

There are some instances, however, when beech wood furniture is not the best choice. By nature, beech wood is very absorbent. It soaks up moisture a lot, thus it makes sense that it is not idea for either outdoor furniture or to use in locations where the air is very damp and humid. It will swell up, making cupboard doors very difficult to close for example. Unless you live in a relatively dry location you may not want to use beech wood. It is also not recommended for kitchens or bathrooms for the same reasons. Even on an outdoor patio, unless you are sure the furniture will not get wet or be exposed to damp morning or evening air, you should not use it.

Even with the limitations on beech furniture, you will find that a beech wardrobe, beech dresser or other beech furniture can be a fantastic addition to any room. Its fresh light color and durability make it ideal to use for bedroom or living room furniture, as well as for a dining table and chair set. Providing the area is not subject to dampness, your beech furniture should last a long time.

The Shame of the Nation: A Summary, and Analysis

Jonathan Kosol’s interest for teaching profession and activism was triggered after the killing of three young civil rights activists in Mississippi in June of 1964 while he was working as a grade four public school intern teacher in Boston, Massachusetts. His experience as a teacher in one of Boston’s urban segregated schools gave him an insight to the plight of children of minorities, which motivated him to address the issue of segregation, and inequities that exist in public schools that has continued to plague the nation till the present day.

School Segregation

According to him, he visited approximately 60 schools in 30 districts in 11 different states. Most of his visits were in the South Bronx of New York City, Los Angeles – California, Chicago, Detroit – Michigan, Ohio, Seattle – Washington, Boston – Massachusetts and Milwaukee. In the schools he visited, he observes that the conditions have grown worse for inner-city children in the 15 years since federal courts began dismantling the landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. He notes that the number of white students in urban public schools have increasingly declined with the shifting pattern of white middle class families from urban to suburban communities since the 1960’s (white flight). He talks of the irony of school population in relation to the leaders of integration, which the schools bear their names, like Thurgood Marshal Elementary School in Seattle Washington with 95% minority students. According to him, the overwhelming majority of students in urban public schools in the United States are students of color. In Detroit for example, 95% of students in public school are either black or Hispanic. In Chicago, the figure is 87%, Washington is 94% while New York is 75%. He pointed out the cynicism in the “The small school initiative” like the Center School in Seattle that was perceived as a “tie-breaker” of school segregation that “attracted 83% white and 6% black enrollment when it opened in 2001, in a city where whites are only 40% of high school students district-wide”. (p 277). In comparing the Center School with African/American Academy in another section of the city where black students make up 93% and whites make up 3% of the enrolment, the location of the center school and its curriculum offers many opportunities to students. “The Center school which is sited in a cultural complex known as the Seattle Center, offers an impressive academic program to prepare its graduates for college while also provides a wide array of opportunities for students to participate in science projects, theatrical productions, music, ballet, and other cultural activities”, (p.278) while such opportunities are lacking in the African-American Academy. “The school in a sense represents a local version of ‘your own Liberia ‘… the African American Academy is using a highly directive method of instruction that, in some respects resembles the approach used in Success for All” (p. 279). He argues that after decades of persistent struggle against school segregation by educators and civil right activists, social and economic policies have continued to aid the growing trend of school segregation.


Kozol laments the lack of basic resources and amenities in the urban public schools – restrooms, clean classroom, hallways; appropriate laboratory supplies, up-to-date books in good condition and classroom supplies and material. According to him, this lack of resources moves some teachers to spend between $500 -$1000 of their own money every academic year to purchase the supplies and materials in the case of Winton Place elementary school in Ohio. He argues the overcrowding of students in a classroom. For instance in Chicago, it’s not uncommon to see classrooms with as many as 54 students coupled with the fact that most of the teachers are unqualified.

Kozol also points out the issue of lack of pre-school opportunities for a large number of students because the federally funded head start programs were denied them. He also shows the disparity for money spent on a student, and its effect on state testing. In the case of New York State, the average spending on a student in the city is $8,000 while that of the suburb is $18,000. Also in New York, the inequities in expenditure between 2002 and 2003 are: NYC $11,627, Nassau County $22,311, Great Neck $19,705. The salaries of teachers in poor and wealthy school districts follow the same pattern. While the average salary of school teachers in poor communities is $43,00, the salary of teachers in the suburb like Rye, Manhurst and Scarsdale in New York ranges from $74,00 to $81,000. Even the issue of fundraising is a factor in the disparities among schools in poor and wealthy communities. Whereas schools in wealthy neighborhoods could raise up to $200,000, schools in poor districts could only raise $4,000.

Adaptive Strategy Curriculum

Kozol questions the rationale behind the scripted programs that has been adapted into the minority school system. “Authentic Writing”, Active Listening”, “Rubric for Filing”, “Accountable Talk”, “Zero Noise” etc., according to teachers account, they are meant to follow the scripted lesson to bring formality and structure to the learning environment which raises the anxiety levels of both students and teachers. The high standard language and higher expectations with little support, has taken over the moral and ethical values that use to be the integral part of the curriculum. According to Kozol, the “auto -hypnotic slogans” used by most schools has become part of the daily rituals and practices that are fashioned to boost students moral. Students from the under-performing schools are encouraged to memorize phrases like “I am smart”, “I am confident” to raise their self-confidence and academic performance. This according to him has formed the framework used to identifying the causes of the under-achievement of students of color. He argues that teachers are treated as “efficiency technicians” who are encouraged to use “strict Skinnerian controls” to manage and teach students in their classrooms, and whose job it is to pump some “added-value” into undervalued children. (p. 285)

In close semblance to the above is the business-like outlook “work related themes” that is being created in these schools, “market driven classrooms”, “sign contract”, “take ownership of their learning”, “pencil manager”, “classroom manager”, “building managers”, “learning managers” etc. This kind of corporate outlook portrays students as “assets,” “investments,” ‘productive units,” or “team player” according to Kozol. The knowledge and skills, which the students acquire, are seen as “commodities” and “products” to be consumed in the “educational market place.” Kozol argues that educational administration should in no way be equated with factory production line, and advices that “teachers and principals should not permit the beautiful profession they have chosen to be redefined by those who know far less than them about the hearts of children.” (p. 299)

High stake testing

The issue of teaching for testing has replaced the essence of teaching for learning in public schools. According to Kozol, “In some schools, standardized testing begins in the kindergarten. Courses that are not included in the high stake testing are often not taught any more or they are completely removed from their school curriculum, like arts and music. In some schools, naptime and/ or recess has been reduced or taken out completely to allow more time for the preparation of state standardized test. Even teachers meetings are geared towards the discussion of effective strategies to prepare students for quarterly assessment tests or reviewing state and district standards. Teachers are encouraged to attend workshops and conferences in regards to the testing to acquire more knowledge on how to integrate their teachings to the state testing standards.

In the bid of all the educational superficiality imposed on the students, they are also tracked and labeled. Labeling the children from level one (lowest) to level five (highest) places them into categories supposedly for further instructions. Instead of being given adequate attention regarding their labels, it is used as a description of their academic stance. “She’s gone down to level two,” “She’s a level one.” The issue of academic tracking and labeling in these schools poses a huge obstacle in creating equity and democracy in a learning environment. According to Kozol, learning is taught as “a possession” not something one “engages” in. Students are encouraged to select “a career path” during their freshman year, so as to tailor their course work. Nevertheless, there is little encouragement on the career path of college education. For example, the case of Mireya who attends Fremont High in Los Angeles, while she aspires for a college education, she is rather placed into vocational classes – sewing and hairdressing. She tells Kozol “I hoped for something else.” “Why is it that students who do not need what we need get so much more? And we who need it so much more get so much less?” She questioned.

In view of all these structured teaching strategies imposed on the urban public schools by the administrative body, both teachers and students exhibit robotic behaviors in order to achieve the set goals of the planners. Teachers who tend to veer out on these stipulations face disciplinary actions and could possibly lose their jobs. Students who do not adhere to the rules and follow the stipulated pattern face the risk of not passing their tests. Overall, there is loss of creativity and ingenuity in the classroom. Kozol points out that it would rather take a reformation than a miracle to set the schools on the right track again. He argues that desperate schools cannot be turned around by the arrival of a charismatic, tough talking principal. “There are hundreds of principals in our urban schools who are authentic heroes… But there is a difference between recognizing the accomplishments of able school officials and marketing of individuals as saviors of persistently unequal system”.

Ray of Hope

After questioning and critiquing the re-segregation of urban public schools in America, Kozol pointed out a few schools, teachers, principals, administrators and human rights activists he had met in the course of his study that gives hope to the possibility of school integration. According to him, “Virtually all the truly human elements of teacher motivation have been locked out of the market misperceptions that control so much of education policy today. But when we go to the schools in which these market ideologies have been valiantly resisted, we are reminded of a set of satisfactions and devotions that are very different from the ones that dominate the present discourse about urban education.” (p. 297)… “These are the schools I call “the treasured places.” They remind us always of the possible.” (p. 300).

He acknowledges the modifications made in most school districts since after his visits over three years. At PS 65, a new curriculum that focuses on the need of the children had been introduced. The hand-held timers and scripted lesson plans have been taken out, and actual writings of children are displayed in the walls. He also recalls the efforts of some school districts in Milwaukee and Louisville where school leaders have promoted desegregation across district lines.

Kozol sees every hope in teachers and administrators like Louis Bedrock (whom he dedicates this book to), Miss Rosa the retired principal of P.S. 30, Fern Cruz the new principal of P.S 65 and others for their dedication and persistence in fighting for the right course of education for the minority. He also acknowledges the contribution of black activists like Congressman Lewis who have voiced out publicly and written books that expose the persistence of segregation in America.

In his epilogue, he wrote “A segregated education in America is unacceptable”. “Integration is, it still remains, the goal worth fighting for” (p. 316).

The Shame of the Nation: An Analysis

I find this book very revealing, intriguing, insightful, and at the same time one sided and opinionated, but in summation, it is very educative. This book is an outcome of a good ethnographic researcher who not only puts energy in his work but also has passion in the subjects of his work – the students. The empirical analysis of this book rests in the inequality that is salient in the American society. Race, class, culture, gender and economic status which have formed the measuring tape of individuals’ worth in the American society have become the bedrock of the administrative bodies in the formulation of policies. Policies like education, housing, income and property taxes, transportation etc. have been so carefully formulated to include and exclude some members of the society. These policies of course favor the dominant group, which are whites and disfavor the targeted group which is mostly blacks and Hispanic.

It takes a critical mind to understand the game in the policies. Taking for instance the funding of community urban schools from property taxes from the community, one has to first, think of the nature of the properties in such a community, who owns them, what shape, and of what value they are. If the majorities of those properties are individually owned and are of good shape and value, the expectation is that they will yield good tax for the community. On the other hand, when the government owns such properties, little can be realized in property tax in such a community, and that in turn affects the sourcing of the school. This is the game of politics in perpetuating inequality as we have seen in this book.

Who would expect that the administration that tends to speak in favor of equal education has a hand in making it unequal? That the promulgations of “No Child Left Behind” and “Equal Opportunity for All” are only frivolities? Who would imagine that some teachers and education administrators could be so robotic that they question their ingenuity and creativeness in the face of manipulation, except for a revealing book like this? In addition, how can anyone comprehend the damage that has been done by these administrative inconsistencies over the years?

There is an insight into the social, economic, and cultural capital powers of the society in this book. Parents who are more informed, educated, with good jobs and better means have more say in the education of their children than those with little or no education and means. They surf for good schools for their children, organize themselves as the parent bodies of the school, and intervene in matters that are not favorable to their children, for instance, they raise money to employ more teachers and advocate for lesser number of children in a class. They come up with one voice to exclude others from integrating into their children’s schools and sometimes take out their children from a school that are getting more minority enrolment as the case may be. They are less dependent and more challenging to the school administration and government than the parents with fewer capitals. The parents of the minority who have fewer capitals, complain and rely mostly on the school administration and government to make the necessary adjustments in their children’s schools. The system fosters posterity of family status.

In this atmosphere of stratification, while the dominant group acts up to maintain its status, and the targeted, subordinate poor group agitates its position, the children suffer the struggle. A wider gap is created between the rich and the poor. While the children of the dominant group perceive themselves as fortunate, they are less ‘educated’ than the poor children who see it all. They face lesser chances of integrating and facing realities of multiracial society and as such are less likely to accommodate differences in future. On the other hand, the minority poor children get more skeptical and cynical when matters of equity arise. In the case of the little Bronx boy who wrote Kozol, “You have all the things and we don’t have all the things,” and the high school student from California who told his classmate “You’re ghetto, so you sew.” The disparities in their educational experiences raise innumerable questions in their heads, which only the government can comprehend in that while their parents may be ‘guilty’ of not possessing the where-withal, the students are innocent. Kozol’s study goes to predict that going by the present pace in educational strategy in America, inequality will persist; integration will be minimized, and desegregation will not only be a nightmare in schools but would be nipped in the bud in the society in future if they are not addressed now. He goes to say, “This nation needs to be a family, and a family sits down for its dinner at a table, and we all deserve a place together at that table.”

Having enumerated the classical work of Kozol in diagnosing the blatant, ugly passionate inequities in our public urban schools that plagues America today, I need to point out the one-sided, opinionated view of the issue. In a situation as this, no one person can be all right and the other all wrong, there needs to be a balance of ‘a little to right and a little to the left’. In the entire book, Kozol addresses the structural approach to educational inequality that sees the school and government administration as the factor that has perpetuated the problem, little suspicion if any, of the cultural approach to the discourse with parents and students contribution. Though there were a few mentions of all white public schools, there was little emphasis on their interactions, though one might argue that they have all the necessary amenities available for them in comparison to the minority schools that have little amenities.

I call this one sided and opinionated in the sense that the subjects of the matter visa vie poor minority parents and their children, are not addressed as potential input to the problem and as such potential contributory factors to the solution. If in a capitalist society like America where opportunity is laid down for everyone for grabs, the ‘majority’ of the minority group keeps complaining of marginalization of resources, there is a problem somewhere despite imposed limitations. The problem could be in derivation of comfort in dependency or reliability on false sense of security. The core word is value. As regards to the parents, many of them depend on the system and cannot walk their ways out to independence and instill that value of independence in their children. A culture of poverty has evolved among this minority group and they seem very comfortable in such a zone. So who makes the extra money for their children’s comfort?

The children as well due to lack of role models from their parents, do not deem it fit to strive and conquer the inevitable, they embrace violence and they keep on finger pointing like their parents instead of realizing that education not agitation is their only access to high status in the society. I believe that a focus on re-orienting the children of the minority group in exploring educational opportunities no matter the limitations they face would help in getting them back on the right track. On the other hand, if they should be contented, respectful, curtail violence, and love themselves, that would attract more empathy to them from whatever administration that is in place and they can be in their own schools without any white and feel good just the same. Understandably, the structural approach often times shape the cultural, which is unstable based on economic resources that yields self-support and autonomy.

Unjamming uPVC Door Locks

uPVC Door and double glazing multipoint locks are prone to jamming shut where maintenance has been neglected or the weather prevents the mechanism in the door working smoothly.

Depending on the type of uPVC door lock fitted in the door there are various methods of unjamming.

Our locksmith found that cheaper doors are usually fitted with roller type locks.

These locks have rollers that slide up and down into keeps when the handle on the door is lifted upwards.

These doors can be unjammed using a wide flat steel bar or door spreader.

The rollers will easily pop out of the keeps unjamming the door when a spreading force is exerted.

This is also considered a security flaw in older uPVC doors since it is such an easy method of opening the door.

Our locksmith found that on the more modern and expensive makes of door, hook and deadbolt style multipoint locks are fitted.

These require a little more skill to unjam.

Firstly spread the door gap carefully and hold open with soft wooden wedges to prevent frame damage.

Once the location of the hooks or deadbolts are identified you can retract them manually by forcing them inwards with a strong screwdriver or bent instrument.

Ensure the key has been turned into the unlock position before forcing any hooks back in place as the turn of the key is the secondary locking feature and will not allow the bolts to retract.

Once the door is open you can identify the cause of the problem.

usually it will be down to a failed gearbox on the multipoint lock.

These contain complex cast parts that are prone to shattering and shearing when the door is particularly stiff when locking.

Replacement of the gearboxes is possible on 90% of multipoint locks however some welded and riveted versions such as Millenco will require a complete locking strip.

Gearbox prices can range from between £10 and £50. Locking strips more pricey can range between £30 and £150 depending on the make and model of the lock.

Millenco locks feature two separate spindle gears. If your door only uses the one hole it is possible to carefully dismantle the gearbox and sway over the sheared gear for the redundant gear and then re-assemble for an easy fix.

This can save you £75 for a new strip so is well worth trying.

Its a secret tip that a lot of locksmiths would prefer the customer did not know!

Once the lock is repaired and back in the door you may find that door still fells stiff on locking. This is probably the reason your door failed in the first instance and it needs to be resolved before you continue regular use of the uPVC door.

Usually an adjustment on the top hinge of the door, winding the screw a few turns to pull the top corner of the door up and inwards will solve the issue.

Some more misaligned doors will require keeps in the frame adjusting to ensure the lock is meshing smoothly without forcing.

You should never be forcing the handle up when locking the door, if it does not work smoothly you will be applying unnecessary force and ultimately break the lock again.

I hope that this quick guide is of use and saves you all some money, however if you feel anything here is out of your depth or you lack the required tools to do so, please call a local locksmith to help.

Never call a national locksmith chain or call center as they charge a premium for their time!

Happy DIYing

PSS Locksmiths Sheffield

Duct Detectors and New Construction Coordination

Finger pointing, passing the buck, shifting responsibility… This seems to be a common theme when it comes to installing in-duct smoke detectors on new construction projects. Mechanical contractors, electrical contractors, fire contractors… Who’s responsible for making sure these detectors get installed properly? Perhaps this confusion is less about whose scope of work the detectors fall under, and more about the uncertainty contractors feel regarding the proper installation and placement of such fire protection devices. I wish I could say differently, but the answer regarding responsibility is probably not as cut and dry as we would prefer. Like many other endeavors on a construction site, the installation of in-duct smoke detectors requires a coordinated effort between all parties. The mechanical contractor is often responsible for mounting the detectors. I would expect he wouldn’t want anyone else cutting in to and attaching to his ductwork anyhow. The electrical contractor is often required to run conduit to the location of the detector and frequently required to manage the subcontract for the fire alarm company. In the end, the fire alarm contractor is responsible for making sure the device functions properly and reports to the fire alarm control panel. Coordinate effort.

NFPA 90A, Where Required

NFPA 90A is the Standard for Air Conditioning and Ventilation Systems. This code states that an in-duct smoke detector is required on the SUPPLY side of any HVAC unit greater than 2000cfm. Those detectors must be located downstream of air filters and ahead of any branch connections. If you can’t get ahead of any branch connections – you must have one provided in each branch. In addition to the supply side detector, NFPA 90A states that an in-duct smoke detector is required on the RETURN side of any unit greater than 15,000cfm. These detectors are required at each story prior to the connection to a common return and prior to any recirculation or fresh air inlet. They are not required where the entire space is protected by area smoke detection.

NFPA 72, Means of Installation

NFPA 72 is the National Fire Alarm Code, the standard for the installation of fire alarm system components. This first of all, the NFPA 72 code reminds us that in-duct smoke detectors are NOT a substitute for open area detection. NFPA defers to manufacturer’s published instructions for installation requirements. Manufacturer’s instructions advise that in-duct smoke detectors be located at a minimum of 6 duct-widths from a bend or other obstruction. This means that if you have an 18″ wide duct, the detector should be located a minimum of 9′-0″ downstream of a bend or other obstruction. This is often difficult to accomplish. The contractor needs to be aware that the 6 duct-width guideline is based on the fact that airflow is disrupted as it comes around a bend. The duct detector requires the conditioned air to flow through a 1/2″ diameter sample tube that protrudes into the ductwork. If the airflow is bouncing all over the ductwork, it is less likely to make it into the sample tube as required for proper smoke detection. Because the code states “should” instead of “shall” be located a minimum of 6-duct widths, it is the responsibility of the contractor to use his own best judgment in locating the detector as far away from a bend as possible. Since HVAC ducting is often located above the finished ceiling or high up in the rafters out of visible range, the location of in-duct smoke detectors must be permanently and clearly identified and recorded. Fire officials and service personnel must be able to identify the location of these detectors. Where in-duct smoke detectors are installed more than 10′-0″ A.F.F. or where the detector is not visible to responding personnel, remote indicators must be provided to locate the device with ease. On occasion, where it is acceptable to the AHJ, remote indicators may be eliminated if the detector is specifically identified and clearly annunciated at the FACP and annunciators.

Alarm/ Supervisory & Fire Alarm Shut Down

Once the in-duct smoke detectors have been sufficiently installed, there seems to be an ongoing debate as to whether the detectors should annunciate a supervisory signal, requiring investigation to determine if there is a fire, or if the detectors should annunciate an alarm signal, immediately evacuating the building and calling the fire department to the site in response. Proponents of the supervisory signal argue that in-duct smoke detectors are a common source of false alarm signals. Often when heaters are first started up at the start of winter, the heat blowing through the ductwork burns off the dust (we all know the smell of the heater being run for the first time) thus causing an alarm. Neither owners, nor fire officials want to evacuate the building or run trucks to a site that proves to be a false alarm. On the other side of the argument, however, is the concern that if the detector activates and then it is doing its job and an alarm signal is required to ensure the safety of the occupants. No risk allowed. Because there are valid points on both sides of the discussion NFPA 72 has opted to take the middle ground and allow this to be a local decision. The Fire Alarm Code states that in-duct smoke detectors can be EITHER Alarm-Initiating OR Supervisory-Initiating. The local AHJ will most likely have a preference. The only definitive action the code endorses, per NFPA 90A, is that in-duct smoke detectors must automatically stop their respective fans; and that any time a duct detector is provided, it shall be connected back to the building FACP.

Duct Detectors & Clean Agents

One other question that often comes up in relation to fire systems is how duct detectors play in to clean agent suppression systems. Clean agent systems have their own control panel and require a means of fire detection prior to discharging a fire suppressing agent. The question arises when a duct detector is provided on the CRAC unit installed within a computer room that is protected by a clean agent system. Who monitors the status of the in-duct smoke detector and does it’s alarm activation play in to the clean agent distribution sequence? Let me answer the first question by explaining a bit about the second question… NFPA 2001 is the Standard for Clean Agent Suppression Systems. This standard requires that forced air ventilation systems be shut down ONLY where their continued operation would adversely affect the performance of the fire extinguishing system. Furthermore, the standard states that completely self-contained recirculating ventilation systems (i.e. Liebert or CRAC units) shall be not required to be shut down. This is because the recirculation of air within the protected space does NOT adversely affect the performance of the extinguishing system; in fact, it assists in the retention time the agent is held in the atmosphere. The continued recirculation of air within the protected space actually helps to extinguish the fire and prevent re-ignition. That said, the in-duct smoke detectors play no role in the clean agent distribution sequence. Since the in-duct smoke detector is not a part of the clean agent distribution sequence, it is not tied to the clean agent fire panel. The detector must now be tied to the base building fire alarm control panel. Whether or not the activation of the detector will cause the unit to shut down is now an optional owner decision, although in this case, it is not recommended.

To wrap it up, I would like to thank you all for taking the time to learn a little more about this often confusing point of construction coordination. The more educated all associated contractors are, the more likely we are to install a fully functioning fire alarm system regardless of whose scope it falls under.

Chrome Moly Tubing – This 4130 Tubing is Strong

What is Chrome Moly anyway? Well first off, If you just searched the internet for chrome moly, I have to tell you that the correct spelling is actually Chromoly. Chromoly is like steel on steroids. It contains Chromium and molybdenum a splash of carbon and mostly iron.

The most popular grade of chromoly tubing is 4130. Here is what 4130 means: The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has a numbering system that uses 4 numbers to categorize steels.

The first number indicates the major alloying element.

Take 1010 plain carbon steel, for example. The 1 denotes plain carbon steel. The second number indicates the approximate percentage of the major alloying element. In the case of plain carbon steel the number is a zero because there is no major alloying element. The third and fourth numbers indicate the carbon content of the steel.

In the case of 1010 steel They indicate that the steel contains approximately 0.1% carbon, that’s 0.1% or point one percent carbon.

OK lets look at 4130 chromoly.

The 41 in 4130 indicate the main alloying elements are chromium and molybdenum and that the steel contains about 1% chromium and molybdenum combined. The last 2 digits indicate 0.3% carbon.

The reason 4130 chromoly is so freakin strong and the reason it performs so well when used in airplanes, bicycles, dragsters, etc. is because the combination of chromium, molybdenum, and carbon, along with proper normalized heat treatment , give 4130 chromoly tubing a combination of strength, toughness, and ductility.

4130 chromoly tubing has great properties and great strength to weight ratio. The trick is not to screw that up when you weld it.

There are some purists out there who insist that gas welding is the only way to go for welding chromoly tubing for small airplanes. The idea is that the slow heating and slow cooling that is part of the gig with gas welding, is necessary and when 4130 tubing is gas welded, it kind of gets stress relieved at the same time.

But with all the data available on TIG welding 4130 chromoly tubing without the need for stress relief in enough for me to feel good about TIG welding it. Even for small aircraft

I just make sure to only weld within established guidelines and I don’t use 4130 filler rod.

Security Screwdriver, Torx Screwdrivers, Spanner Drivers, What Does All This Mean?

Have you ever tried to find the right screwdriver for those security screws used on Computers, Ipods, and other Electronics Equipment? It can be down right confusing just trying to figure out what to call these tools, before you even begin to choose the electronics tool you are looking for.

Here are some terms you may have heard or need to become familiar with, that should help you in that search for the right security screwdriver.

  • Torx Driver: Torx is a brand name used to identify screwdrivers that are neither a Phillips head or flat blade. In most instances, torx screwdrivers have six sides, and look like a star.
  • Spanners: Spanners are screwdrivers that look similar to a flat blade screwdriver, but have the center of the blade cut out leaving only the outer two edges left.
  • Star Bits Star bits are another example of torx screwdrivers and look like a star at the tip of the driver.
  • Security Screwdrivers Security screwdrivers refer to all of the items mentioned above. They are specifically designed for those security or tamper proof screws used in the electronics industry as well as in some automotive applications.
  • Now that you have an idea as to what these specialty screwdrivers are called, let’s look at the different types. For ease of understanding, I will refer to all of the security screwdrivers as Torx Drivers.

    Torx Drivers use a number system that is generally quite easy to understand. The larger the number is, the larger the head of the driver. so a T8 Torx driver would have a smaller head size than say a T9. Torx drivers can also be referred to as hollow shaft or solid shaft. The numbering system works the same, but the Torx Drivers with a hollow center shaft will have the designation of an “H” at the end. For instance, a solid shaft Torx driver will be referred to as a T8, while the same Torx driver with a hollow shaft will be referred to as a T8H, where the “H” designates the hollow shaft.

    Now you can also find these special types of Torx Drivers in what are referred to as Security Bit Sets. In many cases, Security Bit sets allow you the same convenience as the drivers, but contain just the bits which can be interchanged using a common screwdriver handle with a hollow shaft that allows the bits to fit into. The advantage to Security Bit Sets is they can be purchased rather inexpensively. The disadvantage is their size, as they may not fit into tight places found in electronics equipment.

    Spanners on the other hand are a little different than Torx Drivers. The name of this security screwdriver explains how this driver works. It is a two pronged driver that spans over a center tip in the security screw. Although this type of security screw is not nearly as popular as the traditional star type screw, it is becoming more prevalent in newer electronic equipment.

    Remember, the manufacturers have put these types of security screws in their equipment for a reason. In may cases removing these security screws will void the warranty of your equipment. They are also used to assure that this type of equipment be repaired by trained Electronic Technicians.

    Penis Health Improves Dramatically With Shea Butter

    If you suffer from dry or irritated skin on the foreskin or shaft of the penis, Shea Butter is a potent topical product that may help. Shea butter is the vegetable fat extracted from the nut of the African Shea Tree (Vitellaria paradoxa). Used for hundreds of years throughout Sub-Saharan countries for its skin healing, moisturizing and decongestant properties, Shea Butter is now industrially extracted for use in cosmetics and skin products worldwide. Unlike many other pharmaceutical products though, it causes very little or no irritation, promotes tissue health and skin nutrition long-term, and may resolve some skin conditions. If you suffer from nut allergies, use Shea Butter products with extreme caution.

    Bioactive Against Skin Disorders

    It is a medicinal product which may be beneficial to penis health, especially if a man is suffering from any inflammatory or pathogenic skin conditions. Between 3% to 10% of Shea Butter contains bioactive fractions that have therapeutic properties when applied to human tissues. While more research is still needed on the chemicals in Shea Butter, scientists have so far identified catechins (the same antioxidants found in green tea), vitamin E, triterpene alcohols that reduce inflammation, and lupeol which reduces enzymatic actions causing skin aging. A recent study from Nihon University in Japan confirmed the anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-cancer properties of Shea Butter. If a man is diagnosed with eczema, psoriasis, itching, dry skin or an infection, it may be beneficial as a complementary topical treatment.

    Vitamin E

    When protecting penis health, nutrients such as vitamin E play an essential role. Vitamin E, also known as tocopherol, is found in high quantities in it and is responsible for some of its antioxidant, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. When levels of Vitamin E are adequate in the tissues, skin cells on the penis are more resistant to UV-A and UV-B rays which penetrate clothing, signal transmission between nerves in the penis occur more quickly, and blood flowing to the penis travels easily during arousal. One recent study has linked vitamin E as a possible complementary therapy for male erectile dysfunction, confirming that vitamin E is an important vitamin for both health and pleasure. Using Shea Butter and products containing Shea Butter will help to enhance vitamin E levels in the body and in the local tissues of the male organ.

    Skin Integrity

    It improves the look and feel of the penis skin. Dehydration, poor nutrition, eczema, dry rubbing, excessive masturbation and vigorous sex all contribute to dry skin on the foreskin and shaft of the penis. When the skin does become rough and irritated, it is one product that may help restore skin moisture and strength. The Shea nut is a rich source of triglycerides, such as stearic and oleic acid, which are softening and moisturizing to the outer layers of the skin. Once absorbed into the deeper tissues, these triglycerides help to improve the feel of the skin on the penis, and improve sexual pleasure. Both the cosmetic and the pharmaceutical industry have recognised it’s immense value as an emollient, and as a result it is found as an ingredient in ointments, crèmes, lip balms, salves and sports rubs. For use on the penis, it is best to either use 100% organic Shea Butter, or look for a specialized penis health crème.

    Penis Health Crèmes

    Men can improve penis health by applying topical products known as penis health crèmes. Penis specific formulas (most professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) contain high levels of bioactive Shea Butter as well as various vitamins and amino acids for male health. For example, vitamin C has shown to support circulation to the penis, vitamin D is an antioxidant, Acetyl L Carnitine enhances nerve health and L-Arginine is required for strong male arousal. These nutrients are combined with amino acids and Shea butter for fast absorption, and can be applied daily to promote healthy skin and blood vessels in the penis.

    How Bill Gates Really Made His Money – All The Lies Exposed

    I know you know bill gates. He’s that rich dude who dropped out of Harvard, started Microsoft and bam in a few years became a billionaire. Yeah right, you’ve heard all that jazz before. But is it true? Is everything you heard about bill gates the real deal? Maybe you won’t think so, by the time you finish. Just read on.

    In case you don’t know it, the most popular PR method of wiping up frenzies and turning a start-up into the most popular and valuable commodity is to twist the truth a little bit, not obviously lie but do it in a way as to create awe and acceptance.

    How do I mean?

    If you have an interest in rap music, then you must have heard that the immensely popular rapper 50 cent got shot nine times. Well he only got shot nine times in one incident! Definitely not nine different times. But who cares? That’s what his record company says, and rap fans lap it up. It’s a similar theme to the Bill Gates story.

    Here’s the story that’s floating around currently and all the lies exposed.

    Bill Gates was your average Joe who happened to love computers and hit on the brilliant idea that personal computers who would soon be in demand all over the world and decided to create software that would make using the computer easy. (Lie #1)

    He got admitted into Harvard to study law. But he’s bored stiff with all the legal stuff and decides to quit. So he drops out and he starts his own company. While he’s there in Harvard, he meets Paul Allen and together they start Microsoft. Then soon they find a venture capital firm who provides their start-up capital. (Lie #2)

    Then they develop a computer program which they licensed to IBM while retaining the license to sell the program to other companies. (Now doesn’t it just strike you to be a little odd that Bill’s company got that deal? I mean Microsoft wasn’t even a big enough company then. Sure Bill was a brilliant guy but then… (Lie #3)

    Fast forward a few years; Bill creates the program which will prove his golden jackpot, the Windows 3.0. (Lie #4)

    Wow, what an incredible classic American story, one of grass to grace. But the REAL TRUTH is that The King of Microsoft, perhaps one of the brightest business men ever had a few breaks in life. He may be the second richest man in the world today, but he was in pretty good shape on the day of his birth! Let’s expose the lies right away.

    Lie #1 EXPOSED:

    You see, Bill wasn’t your average poor, I-have-a-butcher-for-a-father Joe. His father, Bill Gates Jr. was a wealthy and very successful corporate lawyer long before Bill invented any software. But Daddy was nothing compared to Mom! Bill’s mother, Mary Gates, was the grand daughter of J. W Maxwell, the founder of Seattle’s National City bank in 1906. I’ll also have you know that in his early years, he attended Lakeside School, one of the most prestigious and expensive private schools in the Pacific Northwest. That’s where he met and befriended Paul Allen, not in Harvard.

    Lie #2 EXPOSED:

    He picked the perfect parents, PARENTS WHO WERE ONLY TOO GLAD TO PROVIDE HIM WITH START-UP FUNDS FOR HIS COMPANY! With Bill’s rich background and connections provided by his parents, is it still any surprise to you that Bill got the money he needed to start-up his company? He had access to millions of dollars in a trust set up by his great-grandfather on the day he was born and a bank to boot!

    Lie #3 EXPOSED:

    Bill’s mother was a well connected businesswoman and served on various boards as a director of first Interstate bank and Pacific Northwest Bell. But wait it gets better (pun intended). Mary also served on the board of directors of United Way and who do you suppose served alongside her on that same board? John Opel, CEO of IBM! Do you see now how bill and Microsoft got that deal with IBM? Connections are really necessary for success, what do ya think?

    While serving on that board table with IBM’s CEO, IBM just happened to choose Mary Gate’s son, Bill, to develop the operating system (called MS-DOS) for all IBM personal computers. Now that’s a break you don’t get everyday!

    Lie #4 EXPOSED:

    Bill never invented Windows 3.0, nor did his busload of computer programmers. That nifty piece of real art was invented by an ordinary guy like you and I. Bill bought it off him for a whopping $50,000! I wonder if the mafia was trying to collect from him and he had to sell that fast and that low. By now he must be cursing himself because Bill is a billionaire just because of Windows 3.0.

    According to Microsoft legend, Bill dropped out of school to create Microsoft and change the world. Don’t you think that maybe one of the reasons he was so quick to take that risk was that he had no worry about who would pay the bills?

    Before you think I hate Bill, I don’t. On the contrary I love the guy. What with his charity exploits around the world, I can’t hate him, even if I wanted to. And don’t forget he gave me Windows and Office. Those two software has made my life easier.

    Whether you think that’s right or not, that’s your opinion. All I want you to know is that if you want to get rich, achieve immense success, become famous or anything, you will achieve a much better chance modeling successful people who come from the same background as you and still made it to the top.

    All is not always as it seems, before you go out and start looking for someone to mentor you, you need to be sure that they are coming from the same background as you do. If they’re not, you’ll just feel inadequate and won’t learn a thing from them.

    If you are from an ordinary background, I tell you now that you can make it top the top. Yes, you can, if you’ll take the time to discover the one and only but often ignored success technique that works every single time without fail. What is this technique? Why don’t you click on the link in my resource box below to find out?

    Success is yours.

    How To Become An Alpha Male – Be An Alpha Male With These Seven Tips

    How to become an alpha male is a very common question by someone who is trying to attract a beautiful woman.

    In the next paragraphs I will learn you how to become more successful with women.

    Follow my seven rules and I guarantee that you will have more success with women.

    Alpha male rule 1# Be relaxed.

    If you have a woman around you she must see that you are a cool and relaxed person.

    – Breath trough your stomach instead of your chest.

    – Always look into her eyes.

    – You don’t have to be afraid to fill in place in a room

    – Don’t be afraid to do moves with your arms, but never cross them.

    Alpha male rule 2# You don’t need your friends.

    So you see a hot girl talking with her friends and you want to meet her also with your friends.

    Well there is a great change that you will be rejected.

    She will be scared if you do this.

    And no don’t do this even if your potential date is talking with her girl friends.

    Alpha male rule 3# You control the situation

    A woman want that you can control the situation. Really this is not her job.

    She will love you more if you show pride and confidence.

    I mean national confidence, if you are trying to be a macho, well forget it.

    Alpha male rule 4# Be an energetic guy

    I hope you are full of life because women are attracted to guys with a lot of energy.

    Ditch your negative emotions and bad moods be the smiling, enthusiastic guy.

    Alpha male rule 5# Control your voice.

    As soon as you are shouting a woman will immediately stop the conversation with you.

    Make sure that your voice has a calm, relaxing and soothing effect.

    Don’t speak to fast also, speaking to fast is a sign of nervousness.

    Alpha male rule 6# I need you –> Slow down

    Personally I had this problem also a few year ago.

    When someone called my name to grab my attention I moved my head very fast.

    Don’t do this otherwise the other person will think that you are an nervous person

    who can’t control the situation. Remember, you have to be relaxed.

    Alpha male rule 7# Help others.

    Perhaps you don’t expect it but the alpha male is a helpful person to every person.

    If somebody needs helps a beta male will run immediately to the person.

    Again get control over your own body. Move slowly and take deliberate actions with every step.

    I guarantee you if you implement these techniques you are miles away from your competitors.

    Simply because most of them belong to the beta male category.

    Learning how to become an alpha male is not difficult at all you just have to take action.

    Lack of Education Contributes to Crime

    As more and more low-income families move into neighborhoods that once catered to the middle or upper class, one must be on the lookout for his own personal safety and report any criminal activity going on in their surroundings. Crime is everywhere in these neighborhoods where kids find too much time on their hands after school hours or after the school year lets out.

    What also contributes to the crime rate in such places? Is it just the lack of money for low income families? Sometimes, crime can be attributed to the lack of education on the part of the perpetrator or their families.

    It is a statistical fact that the crime rate is inversely proportional to the education level of the culprit. Kids who grow up in families that do not stress the importance of getting an education are more likely to be living out on the streets, doing drugs, joining gangs, or ending up in prison.

    Sometimes parents who raise such kids were raised in similar conditions when they were youngsters. Nothing has changed. An education should be foremost on parents’ minds when rearing their kids. In fact, an education is the key out of poverty. As the old saying goes, “The way out of the gutter is with a book and not a basketball.”

    Kids who do not have a good education in school are more likely to have difficulty with finding jobs, getting into college, or staying out of trouble with the law. Many times they have family issues that are attributed to the loss of a parent at a young age due to a death or an incarceration.

    Kids from single-parent homes run that risk of growing up as an “at-risk” child. This is due to the fact that the parent must work to provide food and shelter for the child, and the absence of the other parent fails to provide leadership and guidance for a growing mind. A parent who is incarcerated will definitely not be around to guide the child to getting good grades in school.

    What kind of message does an incarcerated parent send to a child? Is it okay to be dumb and stupid and end up in prison like their daddy? Like father, like son. Right? Is it okay to skip school and join a gang like their daddy once did?

    The truth of the matter is that kids who drop out of school will face hardship in their lives as they grow older. Lack of education on their part means lack of money to support a family. Lack of money translates into robbing a bank or convenience store.

    We hear in the news every day a robbery that occurs in our city or elsewhere. Or perhaps a shooting on the part of the perpetrator that caused an innocent life come to an abrupt halt.

    What are kids doing nowadays? How can we prevent our own kids from becoming troubled kids? For one, a parent must be a good role model and stress the importance of a good education. That means the parents must take an active role in their child’s education by monitoring how much television the child is allowed to watch and taking charge of knowing the kinds of friends that his child associates with. Furthermore, this means maintaining communication with his teachers at school and looking over his report card regularly.

    A child with poor academic performance may indicate something wrong at school. Perhaps he does not like school due to external influences; i.e. bullying, difficult teachers, taunting by other students, or peer pressure.

    It is better to catch the child’s problem as early as possible before it comes to the point that the child is truant from school, or worse, acts out his frustration that is reflected in another Virginia Tech-like massacre.

    A child should like his studies and should show interest in his schoolwork. He should be taught that good grades will help him get a good education so that he can get a good paying job and be a productive member of society after he graduates.

    Teach your child that involvement in gangs, violence, drugs, and/or extortion will not get him anywhere but prison. Once a person ends up doing life in prison, there IS no second chance. There is no freedom for him. There is no TV, no video games, no music, nothing! Not even a chance to get an education behind bars. If there is school in prison, the education is very limited.

    If you are raising a child, question your child as to what is going on in school if he/she displays academic difficulty. Spend some quality time with him/her. Help them with their homework if possible. Remember, you are not just his/her friend, you are their parents. You are the first role model that a child looks toward from infancy. So be a good one and teach him/her what is right by staying in school.

    There is a story in Austin, Texas a few years ago. It involved a troubled 17-year-old kid, Manuel Cortez, a high school dropout, who went out with his friends in a stolen car one sunny afternoon, and shot another student, Christopher Briseno, whom he did not even know because Briseno allegedly was teasing the sister of Manuel’s friend. Manuel Cortez is now serving life in prison because he made a stupid decision. Now families of the victim and the perpetrator are suffering two losses from society. All for what? Because Mr. Cortez chose to drop out of school and associate with gangs and/or violence? He chose to give up the possibility of an education so that he can run around gang banging? Or did he not have the proper support and guidance from his parents?

    Interior Log Walls – The Causes and Repair of Water Stains on an Interior Log Wall

    Causes of Interior Water Stains

    Water stains are the result of water contacting unprotected log surfaces. Before you begin to remove the stains on your interior log wall, you need to determine where the water originated. This may have occurred during the building process, gaps between the log courses due to settling or broken gaskets/caulking that have failed. Water stains can also be the result of a previous plumbing problem or just windows left open repeatedly allowing water to enter. Once you are certain the situation has been corrected, you can begin to repair the water marks.

    Repairing Water Stains on Interior Log Walls

    There are several methods used to remove water stains from an interior log wall. The best method may depend on the depth and severity of the staining. If they were caused during the building process and the staining is severe, you may want to consider hiring a log home professional to have the walls media blasted with corn cob, glass or walnut shells. Although this can be messy and will involve removing all objects from inside the room, it is very effective. Most log professionals will do their best to seal the area and help minimize dust from traveling into other areas of the home.

    Usually water stains are in a more confined area and not too severe. If you decide to tackle the project yourself, start by using regular sand paper (fine to medium grit, depending on the log species) and a traditional palm sander. Begin sanding at the edge of the water mark. If they can not be easily removed it may be necessary to use an orbital sander or belt sander. Concentrate on blending the darker edges. It takes patience and care to remove the water stained area without removing too much of the log fibers. You can easily damage your log wall creating an uneven and undesirable look. You may be able to achieve good results by sanding the water stained area only and applying a pigmented stain. However for best results, once the water mark has been removed, lightly sand the entire log wall to allow for even absorption of stain and avoid color variations.

    Staining Interior Log Walls

    Interior log walls are exposed to areas of indirect or direct UV rays through skylights, windows and doors. Even if your interior log wall was not previous stained, chances are that over time the characteristic of the log wall will appear different.

    Most log home coatings companies have developed products designed specifically for interior log walls. These products are typically water based and available in different finishes. Depending on your personal preference, you can choose a clear (non-yellowing) finish in a gloss or satin. If you prefer a pigmented stain, most offer different shades. Whether you are trying to match an existing log wall or deciding what color would best blend with your existing finish, most manufacturers are happy to mail color samples of their products. Applying a finish to interior walls will not only offer protection but also make cleaning the log surface easier.


    In most situations water stains can be effectively removed without leaving obvious signs of water damage however, there are no quick and easy solutions. Your patience will pay off once you expose the new bright wood fibers just beneath the surface.