Understanding HVAC Transformers

A transformer is an inductive stationary device designed to transfer electrical energy from one circuit to another. Each transformer contains a primary and secondary winding. A changing in voltage applied to one of the windings induces a current to flow in the other windings. In this manner, electrical energy is transferred from one circuit to another. Usually the changing voltage is applied to the primary winding and a current is induced in the secondary. The electrical energy may be tranferred at the same voltage (a coupling transformer) or higher voltage (a step-up transformer) or at lower voltage (a step-down transformer).

Transformers that are used in heating and air conditioning equipment are the lower voltage / step-down transformers. They are designed to reduced the higher line volate power to the 24 to 30 volts necessary to run low voltage control circuits found in furnaces or air conditioners. Some models are designed to power thermostats, gas valves and relays in the common HVAC 24-volt systems. In most transformer installations, the room thermostat is poerated by a low-volate circtui. Some gas valves are also operated by a low-voltage circuit.

All wiring connections to tranformers must be done in accordance with the regulations of the National Electrical Code (NEC). A single thin copper wire is used in a low-voltage circuit. It is commonly identified with the standard red and black insulation. High-voltage circuits use a larger-diamter wire that is commonly covered with white or black wire insulation.

Interconnected transformer secondaries are not allowed by the NEC. One method of avoidin th need fo interconnecting tranformers is by using a single tranformer rated to carry both the heating and cooling load. Using a thermostat and subbase combination with isolated heating and cooling circuits is also an option. You may also use an isolating relay to isolate the heating and cooling power supplies.

How to Size A Transformer

Transformers are not 100 percent efficiencies, you are always going to lose some energy between your primary and secondary coils. Knowing how to size your transformer correctly will ensure you have enough energy remaining to drive the load connection to your secondary coil.

Usually when your HVAC equipment is not adequately powered, you should check your transformer primary and secondary coil voltages. If you test the voltage and you are within 10 percent of the rated voltage and you are sure there is no issue with the wiring, the transformer may not be large enough for your equipment. A transformer too small for a system can lead to more serious matters. As a result, contacts or motor starters will not operate properly, and later your compressor may suffer damage.

When you need to replace your transformer, always select on e that is the same size or larger than the one being replaced. For new installations, follow the equipment manafacturers' recommendations. If you do not feel comfortable installing a transformer, turn to a local HVAC company or contractor for help.

The capabilities of a transformer are described by its electrical rating. This information will include the primary voltage and frequency, the open-circuit secondary voltage and the load rating in voltage amperes (VA).

The class 2 transformers used in low-voltage control circuits have a maximum load rating of 1000 VA and a maximum open-circuit secondary voltage of 30 volts. The secondary current must also be limited. This can be accomplished by using an energ-limiting transformer or adding a 3.2 ampere fuse in the secondary.

Installing Transformers

Always closely follow the transformer manufacturer's installation instructions, because they will vary depending on the model and the specific application. The following guidelines apply to most transformers:

  1. Disconnect the power supply to prevent equipment damage or electric shock before attempting to remove or install a transformer.
  2. Separate and tape each exposed, unused lead wire
  3. Do NOT short the transformer secondary terminal or you may burn out th eoverload protection
  4. Check the specification section of the trasnformer for lead wire color-coding
  5. Connect your primary lead wires to the line voltage power supply
  6. Connect the tranformer secondary to the 24-VAC control system. If the transofrmer model has a primary or secondary conduit spud, connect the wires first and then screw the conduit onto the spud.
  7. Check the secondary voltage before connecting the transformer back to the power supply
  8. Turn the power supply back on and operate the system for one or two complete cycles

How To Cook The Popular Indian Butter Chicken In 5 Easy Steps

Butter chicken is widely regarded as one of the most popular local dishes from India. The gravy for butter chicken varies between chefs, where it can be made as hot or mild to suit your taste palate.

The colorful variety of spices added to this dish is best accompanied with jasmine rice or oven-baked flat-bread naan. Here, I will be sharing this excellent and mildly spiced butter chicken recipe which can be easily cooked in 5 easy steps.


1) 500 grams of boneless chicken, cut into 1-inch cubes

2) juice of 1 lemon

3) salt and red chili powder, to taste

4) 1 cup of yogurt

5) 2 tsp of ginger

6) 2 tsp of garlic

7) 1 1/2 tbs of tandoori masala

8) 1 tbs of butter

9) 2 cardamoms

10) 1 cinnamon stick

11) 1 cloves

12) 1 medium ripe tomatoes, blended

13) 1 tbs of tomato paste

14) 1 tsp of garam masala

15) 1 tbs of honey

16) 1 tbs of dried fenugreek leaves

17) 250 ml thick cream

18) extra butter or coriander to garnish


1) Marinate the chicken cubes in lemon juice, salt, chili powder, yogurt, ginger, garlic and tandoori powder for at least half an hour. Marinating it overnight will be the best.

2) Preheat the oven to the highest grill setting. Place the chicken on a baking tray closest to the grill and grill for at least 10 minutes on each side or until cooked. Allow the chicken to cook until it JUST starts to char.

3) To prepare the gravy, heat and melt the butter. Add to it the cardamoms, cinnamon sticks and cloves.

4) Stir fry for a minute before adding the tomatoes and tomato paste, Let this simmer on low to medium heat, half covered, for about 15-20 minutes. You will notice the gravy thicken and the oil will form a film on top. If the gravy is too thick, you can add a small amount of water.

5) Add the rest of the ingredients as well as the grilled chicken and simmer for another 15 minutes. Garnish with butter or coriander.


I do hope this easy recipe has been useful and your taste buds have been satisfied like how this dish did for me. Feel free to follow my other recipes and articles to learn more on food from different cultures and countries.

How A Silicone Breast Enhancer Works

A silicone breast enhancer works to increase a woman's size the natural way. It is almost always without side effects. It is also very safe to use (as it is not invasive) and much cheaper than cosmetic surgeries. It is a very good alternative to more costly and risky breast enhancement methods.

These enhancers are form pads made of solid silicone which give cleavage enhancement depending on where the pads are placed. They resemble the curve and softness of a woman's bust and are worn undetected when placed properly. They may be used to lift the bust (when placed under the cleavage). They may also be used to increase the cleavage (when placed at each arm side of one's bra.

These enhancers are very easy to use. They come in self adhesive forms (this is more expensive), or in simple pads that must be secured correctly under one's bra. Some bras provide a pocket where these enhancers may be inserted. They are quite durable. With good care, they may last for years. It is a good idea to shelve them carefully as needles, sharp objects, and wood chippings may puncture the pads.

This product may be the answer to a simple woman's desire to increase bust size. They are cheaper, simpler, and safer to use. Many women who have undergone removal operations also use this in place of their missing breast.

For those women who really want to enlarge their cleavage yet are afraid of taking drastic measures such as costly and risky cosmetic procedures, there are still a number of ways to going about it. One need not take unnecessary risks because there are many natural ways to increase size.

Proper weight training can actually help enlarge the cup size. It is a good idea first to consult with a professional weight trainer who will help you execute the right exercise moves for your goals. Otherwise, your weight sessions or exercises may be in vain. If you are wanting to do exercises in the comfort and privacy of your own home you can then follow the tips and advice from the fitness instructor and proceed on your own, given that you have the proper weight equipment and weight count in your home.

One of the more controversial techniques for increasing size is using hypnotherapy. This method uses the power of the mind to harness the ability of the body to produce an increase in cells to the area, resulting in increased tissue growth. Hypnotherapy has long been used as an alternative medicine in the treatment of various diseases, and many have indeed claimed as to its long-lasting effectiveness. With this basis, hypnotists suggest that hypnosis or hypnotherapy can also improve bust growth in the same way that this method is able to promote healing.

How To Use Nail Art Accessories to Create Unique Designs

Many people may think of beauty accessories as being makeup and hair styles; however nail art accessories can be added to this list as well for complementing your whole look with some added sparkle and style to your hands.

And it doesn’t matter how long or short your nails are, adding a touch of sparkle or style to plain nail polish may just draw attention to your other accessories like rings and bangle bracelets.

Having a variety of nail art accessories on hand has become a hit trend among many women to update their everyday French manicure with some French manicure designs, for example, using nail wraps only on the tips of the nails.

All over the country nail studios are opening their doors offering beautiful and unique manicures. And fashion blogs have been touting celebrities with some of their outrageous nail designs too, like Lady Gaga’s lace nails in her videos.

But you don’t have to be a professional technician or even have a natural talent at doing salon manicures to have beautiful nails. You can actually create salon perfect nails in your own home with a few inexpensive nail art accessories that mirror the quality of the professional freehand designs at the salons, but at a mere fraction of the cost.

A perfect manicure will definitely make your hands look and feel great but if you add even the simplest designs to your nails, you’ll stand out from the basic and boring as someone who really knows and loves style. The right accessories can even add an amazingly stylish touch and complement the colors of the outfits you wear also.

And even if you don’t leave the house often, for instance if you work from home, sometimes just watching a tutorial and trying out some different designs with some really inexpensive nail art accessories can make you feel better about your hands, although you may be the only one looking at them.

There are too many design accessories available today to even begin to make a complete list. But some of the more popular and trendy are things like Fimo art, designer nail wraps like foils, 3D nail stickers with fake gems, and designer nail tips. In fact, you can even buy molded designs specifically made just for creating 3D nail art or you can pierce your nails and add dangling jewelry.

Any of these accents will provide you with virtually unlimited choices for create stunning designs yourself or for salon professionals who are looking to offer new ideas to their clients. And since a lot of these techniques are relatively simple, even the do-it-yourself beginner nail artist can have fun creating new designs like a pro.

For example, 3D nail stickers can add sparkle and shine to a classic French manicure. In fact, design stickers come in so many varieties you can mix and match the designs, and create an accent nail on each hand that’s subtly different from the others. So you could apply lace 3D stickers to all but the ring finger on each hand and place gemstones on those accent nails.

Stickers are fun and convenient since you can apply them quickly, add a fast-drying top coat and you’re out the door with a fresh-looking manicure that’s coordinated in color and design to the outfit you’re wearing that day. Remove them later and change up the design for an evening out on the town, removing only the top coat and sticker.

Another fun and creative technique in the nail art accessories arena is Fimo art, available in just about every shape you can imagine, from simple abstract designs through complex looking fruits and animals.

But using Fimo art is so simple, just anyone who’s into beginners nail art can use Fimo art and give themselves a very unique and interesting manicure that everyone will want to see and talk about.

Nail gems in the way of faux gemstones that adhere to the nail with polish or dangles that require the tip of the nail to be pierced, are also a great options for adding some pizzazz to your manicure. Piercings are becoming popular for nails today too, especially with younger people who want more than just their ears pierced.

If you’re not careful in doing your own nail piercing, however, you may split your nail, while although not dangerous at all, it just means you’ll either have to cut your nail and allow it to regrow or replace it with an artificial tip until your natural nail grows out again.

Nail techs can also offer their clients time-saving colorful French manicures by using pre-polished, pre-designed artificial nail tips. Artificial nails today are so natural looking that even the do-it-yourself artist can apply them from home and walk out with gorgeous, natural looking nails. The best faux nails and nail tips are applied with a special formulation of “super glue” and when applied correctly, can last for weeks.

If you’re looking for designs for beginners, try out a few of these fun and easy to use nail art accessories during your spare time. Check out YouTube and subscribe to the popular nail artists to keep up with trendy designs and the hottest fashion manicure colors and you’ll always have great looking nails anytime for any occasion.

Why You Should Choose Luxury Apartment Rentals for Your Vacation

Going on vacation doesn’t mean you have to stay in a hotel. Even the nicest hotels are still hotels with their cramped, crowded feeling. Instead, you might consider luxury apartment rentals for your next trip.

What Are Luxury Apartment Rentals?

Just as it sounds, you can lease a fully furnished unit for your family to enjoy. Instead of being trapped in a small one or two room hotel, you will have access to a full-sized unit. Just like properties that you live in, these options come with one or more bedrooms and bathrooms. They also have a full kitchen, so you don’t have to spend your vacation funds on going out to eat every night.

With a luxury apartment rental, you are not buying into a timeshare. You are simply paying the owner to use their property for a week or two. Usually, these units are vacation homes owned by someone who then leases it out during the year to either bring in extra income or help offset the mortgage.

Where Can You Find Them?

While you may think they are most common on beaches, you can find properties like this for lease in almost any major city around the world. Frequently, they tout not only stunning architecture and high-end features but also gorgeous views and a centralized location to many of the sights you want to see.

What Are Some of the Benefits?

Of course, you can always choose to stay in a high-end hotel. However, there are many benefits to choosing luxury apartment rentals for your next vacation. The number one benefit is space. These large units have enough room for your entire family to stretch out and relax.

Cost is usually comparable to higher-rated hotels. Because of the extra space, extended families usually rent these units together, making it cheaper per family than it would for them to be in a hotel.

You also get additional safety by being in an apartment than if you were in a hotel. Several of these are gated communities with safety codes. There are also fewer people, so you don’t feel as crowded. Many of these units have private entrances that don’t require you to go through the lobby just to get to your room.

Some people can’t relax on vacation because they are uncomfortable in a small room, especially if they have kids. However, most of these units come with all the comforts of home, including Wi-Fi, DVD players, and cable. You can feel like you’re at home even though you’re not.

Often vacation properties have more entertainment options as well. From bike rentals to private pools and spas, options are plentiful. Depending on the location of the property, you may even have access to a private beach. Some are located within walking distance of the area’s best nightlife.

Luxury apartment rentals are a good option for anyone looking to experience more out of their vacation.

How Do I Flatten My Tummy?

A flat belly gives you a sense of freedom. You do not have to cover up, wear big shirts or elastic-waist pants to disguise it- you're free to wear belts, tuck in your blouse / wear cute form-fitting tops, maybe even sport a bikini again. You have more energy and confidence and less back pain in breathlessness, and you do not have any of those embarrassing roller rolls when you sit down. Most importantly, a flat belly signs that you have minimized the very serious health risks that are associated with extra abdominal fat. When you lose belly fat, you reduce your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and many other life-threatening conditions.

Many people think that there are only two types of fat-the fat stored in your thighs and hips (creating a "pear" shape) and the fat stored in your tummy (creating a "apple" shape). In reality, the body contains many different types of fat, and not all of these types of fat affect your health equally.

First type of fat is Subcutaneous: This pinchable fat lies just benefit the skin. It's the fat you can see when someone's tummy sways and jiggles. This type of fat does not tend to affect health as other types of abdominal fat.

Another type of fat is Visceral: This deep fat packed around the internal organs is not very noticeable. In fact, many reliably slender people have dangerous depths of visceral fat-and do not know it. Visceral fat surrounds your liver. Due to its location, it more easily breaks down and releases fatty acids into the bloodstreams- where they can clog your arteries. In fact, research shows that this fat breaks down four to five times faster than fat in other parts of the body and abdomen.

There is one more type of the fat-Liver fat: Your liver stores fat and sugar for later use. As a result, when you are overweight, the cells inside your liver can start to fill up with fat, creating a "fatty liver." If your fatty liver is caused by obesity-and not by alcoholism- it usually does not lead to liver disease and usually can be reversed with weight loss. You need to lose only a small amount of abdominal fat to boost your health in big way. Just a 5 to 10 percent reduction in tummy fat can substantively reduce your risk of diabetes and heart disease.

There are few strategies for trimming tummy fat and having a nice six pack.

1. Reduce negative stress. (Tummy fat is more sensitive to the stress hormone cortisol than other types of fat in your body.)
2. Get more sleep.
3. Stop smoking.
4. Keep control of alcohol.
5. Have your exercise plan.
6. Diet.

Establishing a New Cable TV Company For New Entrepreneurs

When we are speaking of the term entrepreneurship, it means that an individual is very interested to establish his or her own business. But not all entrepreneurs were very successful in their respective businesses, because they cannot surpass the quality of other big competitors in the market. For example, if you are owning an internet and gaming center with lots of competitors in your area, you must think of something in order to be ranked first or one of the top gaming cafes in your area. The rank of an internet and gaming business depends on the quality of the computer units, internet connections, furniture and fixtures, the area itself and employees. You need to evaluate it when you’re satisfied or not about the internet and gaming cafe. If one or few customers who were saying negative about the business, do not underestimate yourself. You need to take action in order to get up in the competition again and to attract the customer’s interest. But when it comes to cable television providers, it is the same thing as internet and gaming cafes.

The entrepreneurs themselves have to invest their money to improve their services to the customers, just in case there are contradictions noticed by the customers. One of the strongest contradictions of a cable or satellite television provider are their customer service itself. As a new entrepreneur, you need to hire the right candidates for the customer service job in your cable TV company, with training of course. You must expect that employees under the customer service department are properly trained by your supervisor, and to be ready in answering several questions from their customers through phone calls, e-mail or live chat. If a customer service employee cannot answer the question from a customer, it is a big exclamation point. But if that question was very unique, the customer service must provide assistance from the supervisor for backup purposes. It is a big challenge for the entrepreneur itself if his or her supervisor cannot answer a unique question from a customer, which he or she will be the one to answer it. When you are being challenged by the customer’s question, its either your company will go up or down in the competition or depending on the situation.

In order to avoid those contradictions, the entrepreneur of a cable or satellite television company itself must think twice before he or she officially establishes the company. The quality, price and training of its employees were the main basis on getting up the competition in the cable TV industry. When it comes to marketing and advertising your cable TV services, it might be another reason of the ups and downs on the competition. If you cannot meet the standards of its customers in order to provide them good quality in watching cable TV, there is a big chance that your company will fall and losses will occur. Establishing a tough business like cable or satellite TV may cost you hundreds or even millions of dollars, and expecting that the return of investment would take longer. To become successful is a great challenge for every entrepreneur in any business like cable TV, and it needs you to work hard with passion and dedication to the business.

Low Home Mortgage Rates

Utah, located in the middle of the Rocky Mountains, is a state that offers a lot of opportunities to progress and raised children in a well and healthy environment. For most of the population in the USA, Utah is a state centered in a family culture. Utah families are usually of large size, which becomes one of the largest reasons to buy large houses. Years ago, people in Utah were very competitive about having the best, biggest, and most beautiful home, but now, because of the economy that pattern has changed.

The current economy has made the real estate business slow down in the country. Annual mortgage rates have gone down to its lowest. Currently, Utah mortgage ranges between 4 – 5% and the most-selling homes do not go beyond $ 300,000.00. The times for competitiveness for the best and large house are over. Because of this situation, banks have taken some measurements such as short sales, loan modifications and fore closures.

Short sales occurs when the mortgage of a house is greater than what the home is worth. Banks take houses and lower their price, forgiving part of the previous debt. For banks this is better and less expensive than doing a foreclosure where houses are taken completely from the borrower to be resold. Thousand of houses are in the short sale category in Utah, causing many investors to buy homes at a good price with a low mortgage rate.

The low rate in home mortgage in Utah has also caused loan modifications. In this type of modification, banks are willing to help lenders to keep their homes. Utah mortgage original rates are lowered to about 2% for 5 years. The sixth year, the rate goes up for about 1% same with the seventh year. After the eighth year, the mortgage rate is kept at a range not greater than 5%. This loan modification is helping those who bought houses during the time of a high mortgage rate.

Competitive buyers used to own more than one house. There has been a decrease in how people make their home purchases. Utah Buyers are not buying very expensive homes.

Window Valances is a Part of Interior Decoration

If you want to cover up your window so that passersby can not see into your house and at the same time wish to have a good view of the outside, you need to install window valances. You need to have a beautiful dressing for your window? Try having window valances; these can be combined with shutter, curtains and blinds for creating a unique effect and at the same time play the role of standalone decorations.

Go online and search the many online stores for the best window valances that suit your tastes. In the modern day, light, casual and free flowing style of window valances are very much in demand. When you are choosing valances, keep in mind that they have to be compatible with the room color and style.

Popular valance styles

When you look online for valances, you will find that there are numerous valance fabric and designs, which are sure to leave you confused.

  • Try having balloon window valances; these have a cloud-like, puffy look which seems like a balloon when you hang it above a window. These kinds of valances are usually made of a light material for creating an informal look.
  • Pleated valances also make for wise choice when you are looking forward to giving your house or one of your rooms a formal look. These valances are made of heavier as well as stiffer fabrics. If you are using lightweight fabrics, it is better to have the fabric attached to a heavier backing for providing extra support.
  • Swag valances are another kind of window valances that are in vogue. These valances are created with a long scarf of fabric being hung across the window top and held in place by pretty brackets and sconces. You can have light fabrics for this kind of valance.

Benefit of having window valances

Valances have the ability to give your windows a completely changed and improved look. A very tall window can be made to appear small with the proper window valance. Window valances can be expensive, so make sure that you have a fixed budget when you are looking online for valances.

Go through the different kinds of valances that are displayed on the websites and also find out the range of prices. Select the one that best suits your preferences. You also need to find out the process of delivery of the online store. Look for discounts which may be available.

Renovations for Commercial Facilities

Renovating an outdated commercial building can give an aging property a new lease on life.

If the interior or exterior of your commercial facility needs to be renovated, an experienced general contractor is the first person you need to contact. He can provide you with professional advice and help you work within your budget. He’ll be sure to give your business the attention it deserves and the remodel it needs.

Whether you need to remodel the interior of your restaurant, hotel, medical building, retail or office space a licensed general contractor can help you manage the entire process. In no time at all your business can add a new room or a fresh facelift without a lot of hassle.

Exterior building renovations improve the first impression your customers get. Whether the building itself needs waterproofing and/or painting or your parking lot needs renovation, a licensed general contractor should be the first call you make.

Renovating Opportunities

Renovating a business presents an opportunity to enhance not only the overall look and feel of your office, restaurant, hotel, or other commercial type facility, but also make improvements in the energy efficiency and general energy demand.

Retrofitting energy-efficient fixtures, windows, doors, insulation and other high energy demand appliances can play a significant role in reducing the operating costs, particularly in older buildings. Additionally, remodeled facilities also help to maintain and gain a market edge to attracting new tenants.

Unexpected Surprises

While unexpected discoveries, such as plumbing, electrical, or water damage issues found while renovating can lead to additional costs, making the repairs during the renovation process can prevent more headaches down the line.

Staying in Business during Renovations

A general contractor with years of experience in commercial renovations can make sure your business can remain operational during renovation. Careful planning, scheduling and work flow is needed to ensure that customers, tenants and contractors have access to the building at the same time. A good contractor knows how to minimize down time for your project and provide options to achieving the best results.

A renovation does not need to be a never-ending nightmare that continues to rack up additional, unexpected renovation charges for a facility manager. Selecting a general contractor that is experienced in renovations, repairs, build-outs, and even new construction is an ideal choice. This type of contractor will understand the ins and outs of project budgeting, time management, safety and the importance of paying attention to every last detail. Your commercial renovation project will be completed on time, within budget, using the highest quality products.

Regain Youthful Full Lips By Having Lip Augmentation Treatment Using Dermal Fillers

Nobody has perfect lips throughout their lifetime. As we grow older, our lips can start to lose their plumpness, but this lost volume can easily be restored with dermal filler treatment.

A lip augmentation can easily be given if you’re disheartened by a gradual loss in volume, maybe you would prefer a better shape, or you want a more defined border; a cosmetic treatment using a small amount of filler can quickly rectify all your concerns.

Dermal filler injected into the lips will help them to look fuller by increasing the volume, which will make them look bigger and plumper.

Lip augmentation will:

  • Increase the volume
  • Achieve a more symmetrical look
  • Enhance the contours of the lips
  • Improve the outline and definition
  • Reduce lines and wrinkles from around the mouth

Lip augmentation is one of the most popular treatments at cosmetic clinics. It works to smooth out the fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth area and to shape and add volume to the lips, all helping to create the perfect overall look to enhance your facial features.


  • Lips can become crepe-like and become covered in fine lines. A lip filler injection to the upper and lower lips will boost hydration levels. This will hydrate the lips as well as smoothing the wrinkles.

Mouth and lip lines

  • Women have a problem with vertical lines around the mouth which cause lipstick bleeds and these are usually caused by genetics, smoking or sun exposure. With dermal filler, these lines can easily be softened, leaving the area around the mouth enhanced, giving it a more youthful look.

Undefined lips

  • Filler added to the vermilion border, will give a better outline, improve the definition and minimize lip bleed.

Thin lips

  • Some of us are born with naturally thin lips or they lose volume as we age. A non-permanent filler made from hyaluronic acid can boost the lip area. Hyaluronic acid is a natural ingredient which gets broken down by the body over time, and can also be dissolved if you don’t like the results.


  • The older we get, the more chance that the edge of the lips will become less defined. Over time, the collagen and elastin breaks down and the lips lose their pouting shape, and lines begin to develop around the lips.

Lip augmentation is a fast procedure with almost no downtime. Any side effects such as swelling, bruising or redness are temporary and will resolve within a few days and any lumps or bumps can easily be gently massaged out and will settle within a couple of days. After filler treatment, keep your lips moisturised and use a moisturising sun block.

Blood Pressure Lowering Drugs and Their Harmful Side Effects

I’m making this article to outline the four basic blood pressure lowering drugs doctors most commonly prescribe and their harmful side effects because…hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition which can’t be ignored. It is in fact a very life threatening silent killer where medication must be prescribed. Please keep in mind that prescription medication has many known harmful side effects hence natural remedies must be explored also.

If hypertension is not controlled, drugs must be prescribed. There are four major types of drugs prescribed to lower blood pressure: diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers. Remember, these drugs are only masking one symptom of an unknown disease, they are anti-hypertensives and have no healing properties. Even the least toxic drugs can cause deadly side effects.

DIURETICS – This is the least toxic type of anti-hypertension drug treatment. They are basically dehydrators; removing fluid from your body by way of the kidneys. One might ask; why on earth do I want to dehydrate myself! what happens with the lost fluids containing many vital minerals such as potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium, and getting rid of them will cause electrolyte imbalances (loss of minerals) in your body.

Other problems caused by diuretics include: irregular heart beat, gout, kidney damage or failure, uremia, hyperglycemia leading to diabetes, abnormal cholesterol, anemia, photosensitivity, indigestion, headaches, visual disturbances, and impotence.

Potent diuretic such as furosemide (Puresis, Aquarid, Lasix, Disal, Salix) or “water pills” causes thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency that can lead to heart failure. You should not take this diuretic without thiamine supplementation (250 mg twice daily).

ACE INHIBITORS – This type of drug sort of wages a chemical warfare attack in your body. They lower the blood pressure by blocking the release of angiotensin. Your body releases this molecule in order to raise the pressure.

Ace Inhibitors prevent the body from over producing the hormone present in lungs which makes the blood vessels contract and instead keeping them in a more relaxed state again the blood pressure is reduced. Their common side effect is dry cough. Examples are Zestril, Coversyl, Renitec, lispril etc.

BETA BLOCKERS – These are dangerous cardiac drug. They reduce the force of the heart’s contractions. Basically, the heartbeat slows in reaction to the drug, and that lowers hypertension. So keep in mind that you are dealing with a dangerous cardiac drug, not just “blood pressure medicine.”

Yep, you’ve got it; signs of serious heart disease would be one side effect. You may experience any or all of the following symptoms: congestive heart failure, which will lead to pulmonary edema, a good old-fashioned heart attack, or arrhythmias. And, of course, all of these irregularities can be fatal.

There’s also a strong possibility that you’ll experience a stroke, which could cause partial paralysis or death. And asthmatics should never take beta blockers, since they may trigger life-threatening airway spasms.

CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS – Calcium channel blockers are the worst of the blood lowering drugs available and guess what, they’re among the most widely prescribed drugs in the modern world. This drug block the movement of calcium across cell membranes. This suppresses muscular contraction, which dilates the arteries and reduces resistance to blood flow, hence a reduction in blood pressure.

Side effects in using these drugs include: increase in the number of headaches, a rash and increased blood flow to the skin resulting in feelings of flushing, an increased amount of fatigue and nausea; dizziness and some incidences of fluid retention i.e. puffy ankles. Examples of calcium channel blockers include: Isoptin, Calan, Herbessor, Norvasc, Sofvasc etc.

There you have it! The four basic blood pressure lowering drugs doctors most commonly prescribe and their harmful side effects. Hypertension is a very serious condition which can’t be ignored. It is in fact a very life threatening silent killer where medication must be prescribed. Please keep in mind that prescription medication has many known harmful side effects hence natural remedies must be explored also.

All rights reserved. Article may be re-printed as long as the content remains intact and unchanged and link remains active.

Magnesium Chloride For Health and Rejuvenation

“Magnesium is nothing short of a miracle mineral in its healing effect on a wide range of diseases as well as in its ability to rejuvenate the aging body. We know that it is essential for many enzyme reactions, especially in regard to cellular energy production, for the health of the brain and nervous system and also for healthy teeth and bones. However, it may come as a surprise that in the form of magnesium chloride it is also an impressive infection fighter.

The above statement by Walter Last (1)is no exaggeration in summarising the overriding importance of magnesium for our health. It is doubly true because the magnesium intake with our food has greatly declined due to the use of inorganic fertilisers with an oversupply of calcium, and also because the medical profession overemphasises our need for a high calcium intake and excessive calcium supplementation at the expense of magnesium. While calcium and magnesium work together in the body, they are also opposites in their effects on our metabolism. This is largely due to the activity of the parathyroid glands which try to keep the combined product of calcium and magnesium in our blood steady and balanced against phosphorus. If magnesium levels are low then calcium levels need to rise to remain in balance. Where does this extra calcium come from? From the bones and teeth of course! This is even more of a problem when the parathyroids are chronically overstimulated, usually combined with an underactive thyroid. This is a common situation with the presence of Candidiasis, mercury fillings and root canal fillings; all appear to depress thyroid functions and overstimulate the parathyroids. What does the body do with the excess calcium in the blood? It dumps it into tissue wherever there is some chronic inflammation. This leads, for instance, to the calcification of joints as in arthritis, to the calcification of ovaries and other glands resulting in declining hormone production, while calcifying kidneys eventually require dialysis, and calcifications in breast tissue, especially the milk ducts, lead to unnecessary mastectomies and other invasive treatment.

Magnesium for Healthy Bones and Teeth

Medical authorities claim that the widespread incidence of osteoporosis and tooth decay in western countries can be prevented with a high calcium intake. However, published evidence reveals that the opposite is true. Asian and African populations with a very low intake of about 300mg of calcium daily have very little osteoporosis. Bantu women with an intake of 200 to 300mg of calcium daily have the lowest incidence of osteoporosis in the world. In western countries with a high intake of dairy products the average calcium intake is about 1000mg. The higher the calcium intake, especially in the form of cows’ milk products (except butter) the higher the incidence of osteoporosis. Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus levels are kept in a seesaw balance by the parathyroid hormones. If calcium goes up, magnesium goes down and vice versa. With a low magnesium intake, calcium goes out of the bones to increase tissue levels, while a high magnesium intake causes calcium to go out of the tissues into the bones. A high phosphorus intake without a high calcium or magnesium intake causes calcium to leach from the bones and leave the body with the urine. A high phosphorus intake with high calcium and magnesium leads to bone mineralisation. Dr Lewis B. Barnett, an orthopaedic surgeon practised in two different U.S. Counties with very different soil and water mineral levels. In Dallas County with a high calcium and low magnesium concentration osteoporosis and hip fractures were very common, while in Hereford with high magnesium and low calcium these were nearly absent.

In Dallas County the magnesium content of bones was 0.5% while in Hereford it was 1.76%. In another comparison the magnesium content in bones of osteoporosis sufferers was 0.62% while in healthy individuals it was 1.26% (9). The same applies for healthy teeth. In a New Zealand study it was found that caries-resistant teeth had on average twice the amount of magnesium as caries-prone teeth. The average concentration of magnesium phosphate in bones is given as about 1%, in teeth about 1.5%, in elephant tusks 2% and in the teeth of carnivorous animals made to crush bones it is 5%. In regard to the strength of bones and teeth think of calcium as chalk and of magnesium as superglue. The magnesium superglue binds and transforms the chalk into superior bones and teeth (9). One patient reported to Walter Last “My Doctor rang Friday afternoon re my Bone Density Scan and wanted to know what I have been doing over the last two years. I asked why, and she said by looking at the 2005 and 2006 Scans, the 2008 Scan had improved, she couldn’t believe it, and said normally when you are in the Osteoporosis range, you don’t come out of it” (10). That doctor was actually saying that she knew the accepted treatment of high calcium supplementation does not work, but they use it anyway. This patient had reversed the medical treatment by lowering calcium and greatly increasing magnesium intake (in addition to boron).

Magnesium Absorption and Dosage

A solution to this problem is to lower calcium levels in the blood by keeping up a high intake of magnesium. However, any excess magnesium is quickly lost with the urine. Therefore, to keep calcium in the bones and teeth rather than around the joints and in the soft tissue, we need a steady supply of magnesium. Traditionally magnesium in our diet has been mainly in ionic form and has been converted in the stomach into magnesium chloride, or it is bound to protein and especially chlorophyll, and then it is also broken down and ends up for absorption as magnesium chloride or chelated magnesium. Therefore when supplementing we may as well use magnesium chloride directly instead of magnesium oxide or hydroxide and other forms that require additional hydrochloric acid. Magnesium chloride also has another advantage: it provides ions of magnesium and chloride which are both required to stimulate the activity of digestive enzymes and for producing hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Magnesium sulphate, also known as Epsom salts, is poorly absorbed and therefore attracts water in the colon and functions as a laxative. In nature, and if grown in mineral-rich soils, magnesium is also bound to fruit acids, such as citric acid, and is easily absorbed in this form. While most forms of magnesium have a good bioavailability, chelates with amino acids and magnesium bound to fruit acids also have a beneficial alkalising effect on the body. The efficiency of magnesium absorption varies inversely with quantity of magnesium intake. Magnesium is absorbed into the body primarily from the ileum of the small intestine.

When consuming the RDI (Recommended Dietary Intake) of magnesium, which is between 360 and 410mg a day, we absorb approximately 50% of magnesium, but when ingesting sub-optimal quantities we may absorb as much as 75%. Absorption decreases rapidly when more than 200mg is consumed at one time, therefore the importance of taking magnesium in divided doses throughout the day. Magnesium chloride is salty-bitter. To get used to it, dissolve some in water and start mixing only a few drops with your meal. Gradually over several weeks or months increase it to a teaspoon of concentrated solution daily divided between meals. Alternatively you may drink it very diluted during a meal. This provides about 500mg of magnesium daily. With signs of increased requirements, such as stress, advancing age, cardiovascular problems and other signs of calcification up to1000mg are recommended by health practitioners. The intestinal absorption of magnesium declines with aging and the presence of gastrointestinal disorders, and especially with dysbiosis caused by antibiotics and other medical drugs. Excessive loss of magnesium in urine can also be a side effect of some medical drugs. (4) A study shows that over two-thirds of Americans do not consume even the low level of the RDI of magnesium, and 19% use less than one-half of this (3). It is obvious that conditions are not much better in Australia. It may take up to 3 month or longer of oral magnesium supplementation to replenish intracellular magnesium status, and according to Dr. Norm Shealy it can take up to a year. (9)

Magnesium Oil in Transdermal Therapy

All these problems make it more attractive to use magnesium chloride transdermally (absorption through the skin), and so bypassing the digestive system with the need for hydrochloric acid and a well functioning digestive tract. Magnesium chloride consists of 11.8% magnesium bound to 88.2% chloride. It is produced through evaporation from saline waters, mainly sea water and the Dead Sea. After removal of sodium chloride the “bittern” remain containing mainly magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate. (2). Chloride is much less bitter than sulphate. In the dry form magnesium chloride is usually sold hydrated with 6 molecules of water (hexahydrate) for each unit of magnesium with 2 chloride ions (MgCl2), and consists of white hygroscopic (water-attracting) flakes. This affinity to water leads itself to be used as a product called “Magnesium Oil”, which can be applied to the skin as a transdermal magnesium therapy. It is not oil in the true sense, but has the feel of oil when rubbed on the skin. Rejuvenation by ingesting more magnesium is a slow process, especially as the amount of magnesium that we can take is limited by its laxative effect and the need to keep it in a reasonable balance with the calcium and phosphorus intake. The other problem is that spastic muscles have a poor blood and lymph circulation, which makes it difficult for the ingested magnesium to dissolve and flush out the tissue and joint calcifications. This then calls for the use of magnesium oil. We can greatly speed up the rejuvenation process by increasing the circulation through permanently contracted muscles as with deep tissue massage using magnesium oil, or using it as hot packs or just for frequent rubs. However, one needs to be careful with sensitive skin as it may sting for a while. In this case best dilute it to an acceptable level. If rubbed on in a rather diluted form it may gradually disappear into the skin, but in concentrated form it just remains sticky and needs to be washed or showered off after some time. However, with many conditions, such as arthritis and other forms of stiffness and pain it can be good to put on some old cloths and keep it on overnight.

Antimicrobial Action of Magnesium

We can see here that magnesium is a great infection fighter as well, which none of the other magnesium combination can claim to be. The first prominent researcher to investigate and promote the antibiotic effects of magnesium was a French surgeon, Prof. Pierre Delbet MD. In 1915 he was looking for a solution to cleanse wounds of soldiers, because he found that traditionally used antiseptics actually damaged tissues and encouraged infections instead of preventing them. In all his tests magnesium chloride solution was by far the best. Not only was it harmless for tissues, but it also greatly increased leucocyte activity and phagocytosis, the destruction of microbes (5). Later Prof. Delbet also performed experiments with the internal applications of magnesium chloride and found it to be a powerful immune-stimulant. In his experiments phagocytosis increased by up to 333%. This means after magnesium chloride intake the same number of white blood cells destroyed up to three times more microbes than before (5). Gradually Prof. Delbet found magnesium chloride to be beneficial in a wide range of diseases. These included diseases of the digestive tract such as colitis and gall bladder problems, Parkinson’s disease, tremors and muscle cramps; acne, eczema, psoriasis, warts and itching skin; impotence, prostatic hypertrophy, cerebral and circulatory problems; asthma, hay fever, urticaria and anaphylactic reactions. Hair and nails became stronger and healthier and patients had more energy (5). Prof. Delbet also found a very good preventative effect on cancer and cured precancerous conditions such as leukoplasia, hyperkeratosis and chronic mastitis. Epidemiological studies confirmed that regions with magnesium-rich soil had less cancer than those with low magnesium levels. Researchers at the Lille Pasteur Institute found in a prospective study with over 4,000 men over an 18-year follow up period that high levels of magnesium were associated with a 50% decrease in cancer mortality, and a 40% decrease in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality (5). Prof. Delbet used to give magnesium chloride solution routinely to his patients with infections and for several days before any planned surgery and was surprised by many of these patients experiencing euphoria and bursts of energy.

Magnesium chloride supposedly has a specific action on the tetanus virus and its effects on the body. It even seems to be protective against snakebites. Guinea pigs did not die after normally lethal injections of snake venom and a rabbit survived a poisonous snakebite when given magnesium chloride solution (5). Another French doctor, A. Neveu, cured several diphtheria patients with magnesium chloride within two days. He also published 15 cases of poliomyelitis that were cured within days if treatment was started immediately or within months if paralysis had already progressed. Neveu also found magnesium chloride effective with asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and emphysema; pharyngitis, tonsillitis, hoarseness, common cold, influenza, whooping cough, measles, rubella, mumps, scarlet fever; poisoning, gastroenteritis, boils, abscesses, whitlow, infected wounds and osteomyelitis (5). In more recent years Dr Vergini and others have confirmed these earlier results and have added more diseases to the list of successful uses: acute asthma attacks, shock, tetanus, herpes zoster, acute and chronic conjunctivitis, optic neuritis, rheumatic diseases, many allergic diseases, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and beneficial effects in cancer therapy. In all of these cases magnesium chloride had been used and gave much better results than other magnesium compounds. (5)

Magnesium for Nerves.

Magnesium has a calming effect on the nervous system. With this, it is frequently used to promote good sleep. But more importantly, it can be used to calm irritated and over-excited nerves. This is especially useful with epileptic seizures, convulsions in pregnant women and the ‘shakes’ in alcoholism. Magnesium levels are generally low in alcoholics, contributing or causing many of their health problems. If magnesium levels are low, the nerves lose control over muscle activity, respiration and mental processes. Nervous fatigue, tics and twitches, tremors, irritability, hypersensitivity, muscle spasms, restlessness, anxiety, confusion, disorientation and irregular heartbeat all respond to increased magnesium levels. A common phenomenon of magnesium deficiency is a sharp muscle reaction to an unexpected loud noise. ‘Memory pills’ have been marketed that consist mainly of magnesium (9). Sleep in magnesium deficiency is restless, agitated and disturbed by frequent nighttime awakenings. However, all forms of magnesium are not equally effective. In a study of more than 200 patients, Dr. W. Davis used magnesium chloride as a possible means of combating insomnia.

The researcher reported that sleep was induced rapidly, was uninterrupted, and that waking tiredness disappeared in ninety-nine percent of the patients. In addition, anxiety and tension diminished during the day. (8) Many of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can be overcome with high magnesium supplementation, shaking can be prevented and rigidity eased. With preeclampsia pregnant women may develop convulsions, nausea, dizziness and headaches. In hospitals this is treated with magnesium infusions. Because of its strong relaxing effect, magnesium helps not only to have a better sleep but is also useful in overcoming headaches and migraines. Even the number of suicides is linked to magnesium deficiency: the lower the magnesium content in soil and water in a given region the higher the rates of suicides (9). Epilepsy is marked by abnormally low magnesium levels in the blood, spinal fluid and brain, causing hyperexcitability in regions of the brain. There are many reported causes of epilepsy greatly improving or disappearing with magnesium supplementation. In a trial with 30 epileptics 450mg of magnesium supplied daily successfully controlled seizures. Another study found that the lower the magnesium blood levels the more severe was the epilepsy. Magnesium works best combined with vitamin B6 and zinc. In sufficient concentrations, magnesium inhibits convulsions by limiting or slowing the spread of the electric discharge from an isolated group of brain cells to the rest of the brain. Even the initial burst of firing nerve cells that starts an epileptic attack can be suppressed with magnesium (9).

Magnesium for Rejuvenation

Calcium and magnesium are opposites in their effects on our body structure. As a general rule, the softer our body structure the more we need calcium, while the more rigid and inflexible it is, the less calcium and the more magnesium we need. Magnesium can everse the age-related degenerative calcification of our body structure and with this help us to rejuvenate. Young women, children and most of all babies have soft body structures and smooth skin with low calcium and high magnesium levels in their cells and soft tissues. They generally need high calcium intakes. This is the biochemistry of youth. As we age and most pronounced in old men and post-menopausal women, we become more and more inflexible. The arteries harden to cause arteriosclerosis, the skeletal system calcifies to cause rigidity with fusion of the spine and joints, kidneys and other organs and glands increasingly calcify and harden with stone formation, calcification in the eyes causes cataracts and even the skin hardens, becoming tough and wrinkled.

In this way calcium is in the same league as oxygen and free radicals, while magnesium works together with hydrogen and the antioxidants to keep our body structure soft. While a higher magnesium intake is beneficial for most individuals, those with low blood pressure usually require more calcium in addition. Normal blood pressure is about 120/80; the lower it is the higher should be the daily intake of calcium. While those with high blood pressure may benefit from ingesting up to twice as much magnesium as calcium, those with low blood pressure may take twice as much calcium as magnesium, but both minerals in relatively high amounts. Those with low blood pressure and a tendency towards inflammations may also reduce their intake of phosphorus. A gynaecologist reported that some of the first organs to calcify are the ovaries, leading to pre-menstrual tension. When he put his patients on a high magnesium intake their PMT vanished and they felt and looked much younger. Most of these women said that they lost weight, increased their energy, felt less depressed and enjoyed sex again much more than before. For men it is equally beneficial for problems arising from an enlarged prostate gland. Symptoms commonly improve after a period of supplementation with magnesium chloride (11).

Other Health Benefits

We see how essential magnesium is to the normal function of the cardiovascular and nervous system as well as in over 300 enzyme reactions and in energy production..In The lists of the health benefits magnesium exerts on the different body systems and this long. Many of them already mentioned here and includes, the cardiovascular and nervous system, and energy production followed by digestive, respiratory, excretory, lymphatic/immune, musculoskeletal, respiratory and reproductive system, not to mention it positive influence on metabolism like weight, blood sugar and cholesterol control. It is needed for protein, starch and fat metabolism and is important in liver, thyroid and parathyroid function, even hearing, vision and oral health are listed. Pathologies associated with magnesium deficiencies are staggering: Hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, kidney and liver damage, migraine, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, Alzheimer’s disease, recurrent bacterial infections, fungal infections, premenstrual syndrome, calcium and potassium deficiency, diabetes, cramps, muscle weakness, impotence, aggression, fibromas, hearing loss and iron accumulation (1). Increased magnesium helps to prevent or dissolve kidney stones and gall bladder stones. Activation of digestive enzymes and bile production as well as improving a healthy intestinal flora are factors that make magnesium chloride beneficial in normalising our digestive processes, reducing digestive discomfort, bloating and offensive stool odours. It actually reduces all offensive body odours, including underarm and foot odour. This may explain why chlorophyll is generally very effective in reducing body odour, it is high in magnesium.

Caution: Magnesium supplementation should be avoided with severe kidney problems (severe renal insufficiency when on dialysis), and also with myasthenia gravis. Be careful with severe adrenal weakness or with low blood pressure. Too much magnesium can cause muscle weakness, if this happens temporarily use more calcium.

Copyright © 2009 Barbara Bourke and Walter Last. All rights reserved.

Top 10 Things to Look For in a Guitar Teacher

Figuring out what to look for in a guitar teacher can be a daunting task. There is always the uncertainty and doubt of whether or not you will have good chemistry with your teacher. After all: you will be putting yourself in a vulnerable position, making mistakes and doing things you can’t do well – all in the presence of a stranger. The following list of the top 10 things to look for in a guitar teacher will help you in your search for a teacher and guide you in your choice of who to study guitar with.

1. Preparedness

Knowing that your guitar teacher has a teaching plan and is actively taking notes while you’re playing is a good indicator that he is not simply trying to take your money. Some guitar teachers charge a lot, but offer little to no feedback on your performances during lessons. When a teacher is prepared, you will get more bang for your buck. “Preparedness” more specifically means that the guitar instructor has:

a) A significant database of audio files of songs to teach. A database of about 40,000 songs is a big plus

b) A music library in his teaching studio that covers theory, chords, techniques, exercises, literature and more about the instrument he teaches

c) An extensive library of chord charts and sheet music so he does not use up valuable lesson time having to write down lesson materials while you are waiting to be taught.

2. Friendly, Supportive and Firm

A friendly, supportive and firm guitar teacher will make a big difference in your musical growth. For example, if you aren’t practicing as much as you should in the week following a lesson, a good teacher will hold you accountable for that. It might not be “enjoyable” to hear his criticism, but his candidness and upfront honesty surely will earn your respect and trust. On the same note, a good guitar coach also needs to possess the right amount of friendliness and warmth of personality and diplomacy to convey his criticism without making you feel bad or without offending you.

After all: an instructor who is only being firm without being supportive will not motivate or inspire you to start practicing more diligently. An experienced guitar teacher knows how to strike a fair balance between being firm and supportive.

3. Patient and Understanding

A patient and understanding teacher can do wonders for your musical progress and growth. An important key ingredient is that you feel comfortable in his presence and vibes. Great teachers are firm and on the ball, but also very supportive and patient when you are struggling with newly covered information. It is crucial that at any given time it is okay for you to make mistakes – that is what you are there for. “Making mistakes” is not only part of your growth and learning process, it is a necessity. You will never play your best during a lesson and your teacher knows that. If a teacher shows any sign of impatience when you are struggling, look for another teacher immediately. You deserve better.

4. Working From A Professional Studio

A teaching studio tells a lot about the guitar teacher who owns it. The environment you learn in needs to be conducive to learning. If a studio is organized and professional, you will be more apt to learn information easier because you will be focused. Having a well-organized studio and being more focused is beneficial because you will get things done quicker. When a guitar instructor is fumbling through stacks of papers looking for the resources he needs, you will become distracted and learn slower.

5. Versatile

Versatility is an important asset to look for in a guitar teacher. Every student will not want to learn the same songs in the same style, nor will every student be on the same level as others. A guitar teacher should always be on his toes and know how to help anyone at any level of playing to improve. Being able to help a guitarist regardless of his current style or mastery is an important factor in being a great guitar coach.

6. Has an On-Hand Database

A teacher who has an adequate database of learning materials such as chord and tablature charts will make a big difference in improving your guitar skill. A guitar teacher’s database should consist of at least 30 thousand different songs and he should be able to pull something up in roughly a minute. You will get more out of each lesson with your guitar instructor if he has a well established on-hands database because less lesson time will be spent looking for certain music and more time will be spent playing and receiving direction.

7. Driven

Being a driven musician often translates into being a driven teacher. Fantastic music teachers are focused and constantly helping you improve in any way possible. A good guitar teacher will constantly correct and push a student in a supportive way. When you are constantly guided, corrected, challenged and motivated to push the boundaries, you will gain more in 1 lesson than you would in 5 weeks of self-study. An imperative trait of a top music coach is that he has a strong drive to help you succeed in your goals. Your progress is his focus.

8. Pushes You Out of Your Comfort Zone

When you don’t feel a little bit uncomfortable, your teacher is wasting your time, talent and money. It is when you are out of your comfort zone, that you really learn. Think about it: if you are feeling very comfortable, you are basically doing things you can already do. “Learning” is the result of doing things you cannot do yet. A top guitar coach will have you spend 90% (or more) of the lesson time on things you struggle with and only 10% (or less) time on things that come easy to you. The instructor’s job is to then spend that 90% of the time guiding you in being able to overcome the struggles so you can move to the next levels in your playing.

9. Focused More on Teaching Than Being a Musician

A fantastic guitar teacher is not just someone who knows how to play guitar and shows you what to do. Teaching guitar requires a completely different skill set than playing. A necessary trait for an effective guitar teacher is that he enjoys teaching just as much as playing guitar and is passionate about it. A great guitar instructor is excited about showing you how incredibly magical music is and has your best interest at heart. If you can hear a drive in your guitar teacher and knows he has passion for music, you a probably have a wonderful guitar coach.

10. Inspiring and Creative

When a guitar teacher is able to relate music to life experiences, he is able to reach a student musically as well. Being able to see a connection between music and life is be a very significant factor in learning how to improve your ability. Music isn’t simply about playing notes on a piece of paper, it’s about the emotions and creativity that go behind the notes on the paper. Having a teacher who knows this and explains it often can make learning guitar an incredible, unforgettable experience.

Guide On How To Install Handrail Brackets

Handrail brackets secure your handrails to the wall. If the brackets aren’t properly installed they will pull off leaving your wall with unsightly holes. To avoid this, you should ensure that you install the brackets the right way. To help you out here is a guide on how to install the brackets properly.

How To Install Handrail Brackets

You should start by marking a location on the wall. For ideal results, you should ensure that the location is 36 inches from the front edge of the bottom riser and 6 inches from the end of the railing area. To prevent the markings from showing on your wall you should use a pencil.

You should then place the brackets in position and using a pencil mark the location for the screw holes. You should then drill the pilot holes using a 1/8 inch drill bit and install the screws through the holes in the brackets.

You should place the handrail in place and mark the screw holes in each bracket, and then remove the handrail and drill the pilot holes. You should note that the screws go in on an angle. It’s usually hard to get the alignment right; therefore, it’s important that you first make the starter openings.

After making the starter openings you should install screws through the bracket and attach the handrail to the bottom and bottom brackets.

To install additional handrails you need to measure the space between the top and bottom brackets. For a great look and avoid weakening your wall, you should ensure that the handrails are 36-48 inches apart.

Tips To Consider When Undertaking The Installation

Before you drill holes into the wall always first search for the wall studs. All you need to do is to gently tap the wall using a hammer and listen for the hollow or solid sound. When you hear a solid sound you should mark the area using a nail.

To ensure that the handrail doesn’t pull off every now and then you should install the right brackets. This calls for you to consider the pressure the handrail will be supporting. For example, if the handrail will be handling high pressure you should use large brackets.

To protect your wall you should use the right drill. For example, if you are installing the brackets on a masonry wall you should use masonry drill to drill the pilot holes.