Aluminum Replacement Window Sizing – Easy Ways to Do it Right

Aluminum replacement window sizing is not a difficult thing to do but it can be tricky. This is because the exact measurements must be made at all time or else there may be some leaks and other problems ensuing from improper sizing. Let me go over this briefly and towards the end I will let you in on the best trick to do it on “autopilot”.

You need to start by taking measurements for all the window sizes inside you house. Consider the width and the height carefully. The width of the windows can be measured by counting from the inside of the window jamb on one of the sides and to the inside of the window jamb on the other part. Do not measure the stops but the jambs. Now do this for the top, the bottom and the middle i.e. do these measurements 3 times.

Now for the height you need to measure 3 times again. Do this right up from the window sill to the head of the jamb’s bottom. Then do the centre, across the top and on the bottom.

Knowing these should help you with your aluminium replacement window sizing. This is because you can then have the seller size it up to the fit the measurements you have taken. As for the actual sizing of the window you can do one of two things.

First you can find a window supplier that can deal with the sizing issue before you buy. Most of these suppliers consider this as part of the ordering and purchasing process. Secondly you can have an expert come over for an obligation free in-house consultation. Just get in touch with one within your area and have them come to take the measurements for a quotation.

The quotation will come with the exact specs for the window sizes, which you can use even if you decide not to hire any contractor.

Affordable Marina Construction Services

Restaurant businesses are usually profitable ventures. After all, food is one of the basic needs of people. Add special features to a fine dining experience and your customers may come back for more. Here are some recommendations that can less the stress in building your own restaurant venture, like a floating restaurant.

Plan for Credit

If this is your first venture in the business world, you probably need all the help you can get. Business plans serve as your proposal to any entity you wish to cover the expenses for you. Start with the executive summary of your business plan. This should include the highlights of your planned industry, which are the floating option and some minor originals.

After displaying your concept, take the time to introduce your company profile by telling them about the descriptive services, ownership, and a brief history of the company.

Do not forget the marketing strategies that come along your great ideas. Tell the credit institution about why your product will stand above the rest. marina construction services can be part of your expenses so this is a good way to show your financial control.

Getting the Right Tools

A restaurant needs the appropriate equipment and tools to function swiftly and effectively. Start with the devices that can help with the food processing, as these are your main products. These include the choppers, mixers, graters, blenders, and other tools to cut and prepare food.

The uncooked food needs to be in a cold, secure place to ensure freshness. These calls for top-grade refrigeration items. Apart from storing food, you can also use them to make ice or provide cold beverages.

Focus on the items used for the cooking process. Bear in mind that food can come in different methods such as frying, grilling, roasting, and other ways that a customer might prefer. Energy efficiency, though, is not a requirement but can be an option.

Lastly, cleanliness is just as important. It does not matter how great the food is if it has different microbes that can be dangerous to your customers. Make sure that your crew cleans all sections and equipment.

Building it Right

Make sure you stand out from your competitors. Try to be unique, especially with how you present your business. For instance, your restaurant does not have to be on land. It can be floating on water. This is a popular option these days for food enthusiasts. Enjoying food while on a peaceful glide can do wonders for an already excited customer. You need to contact experts specializing in marina construction on this regard. They can help you look for the ideal location to build your business structure. Be it on a lake or the sea, they can help create ideas regarding your facilities and other concerns. After all, all it takes is a single mistake to bring safety hazards to your patrons.

Naxos Archaeological Museum

The Archaeological Museum is currently housed in the building of the once-famous School of Commerce, where the Cretan author Nikos Kazantzakis was a pupil.

The lack of schools under Turkish domination led in 1627 to the setting up of the school which, with the passage of time, developed into the School of Commerce for boys, and to the establishment of the Ursuline School for girls.

The School of Commerce was run at some periods by the Jesuits and at others by the Lazarists and the Salesians. The School was considered at its most distinguished during its last phase in 1891-1927, under the Salesians; it had by then completed 300 years of operation. Unfortunately, its rich library, its fine furnishings and its valuable archives were destroyed under the German-Italian occupation.

It is, then, in this building that the Archaeological Museum is today housed. The island’s Historical Archive is also housed in a room of the School.

As we go into the Archaeological Museum, what we are entering first and foremost is a complex, cool, sometimes even chilly, impregnable mediaeval building. The corridors, the staircases, the small rooms and the vast halls, the ladders, the windows, each framing a different vignette, and the terrace with its ramparts, form a monument which it is certainly worth getting to know In addition, the museum now houses the finds from the archaeological excavations carried out from the beginning of the 20th century until today, both from the Hora and from other parts of the island.

These finds testify to the presence of civilization on Naxos from the 3rd millennium BC (Early Cycladic period) to the period of late antiquity, that is, Roman times. Examples of Naxiot art can be seen here, but we must bear in mind that its finest creations are now elsewhere. The museum has some fine geometrical and classical vessels, blown glassware of the Hellenistic and Roman periods, small objects and ‘compacts’ of ivory and, on the terrace, the 4th-century mosaic pavement of a house from Aplomata. In the centre of the mosaic a Nereid riding a bull emerging from the sea, whilst there are deer and peacocks in the corners. The Naxos Museum is chiefly famous, however, for two particularly important collections: the Cycladic and the Mycenean.

Industrial Painting Contractor

This painting contractor handles all the components of a painting job for larger facilities. This includes cleanup, application, and preparation. They are usually an independent contractor who will provide an estimate for the job and then manage it from start to finish. When it is a mid-level project, the industrial contractor may also help their employees with the job. During the workday, an industrial painting contractor will act as the supervisor while their employees perform the painting jobs. They are in charge of the safety of their workers and the work site. Some industrial painting contractors have several painting jobs that are supervising and will travel from work site to work site monitoring the progress of the job and give any directions that are needed. At these different work sites, one employee will be the supervisor and answer to the contractor. The contractor will also hire and train new employees.

If they do not have an office staff or someone to do the paperwork, it will be their responsibility to do it. This can include tying estimates for potential customers, sending invoices, collecting payments for customers, doing payroll, setting up appointments for the contractor to give estimations for potential jobs, and more.

As their employees clean and prepare the surfaces for painting in the larger industrial buildings the industrial painting contractor will supervise them to ensure that the job is done correctly. It is important for the contractor to have knowledge of scraping and power washing to help get the material prepared for the paint. They are also responsible for the order and cleanliness of the work site even if they have a supervisor working under them. Once the area is ready to paint, the contractor may have to scaffolding constructed so the painters can reach all the walls and ceilings that need to be painted. In order for their employers to know how to use paint sprays and other equipment that is required for large areas the contractor needs to know how so they can train their employees.

To become an industrial painting contractor will often include on-the-job training and educational courses. Often they will work for an experienced contractor before they start their own company so they can get the experience they need. The minimum educational requirement is generally a high school diploma but if you want to own your own company you should consider getting a two year degree in business management or go on for your Bachelor's degree. In the beginning, the best way is to secure an appricheship position. During your apprenticeship, you will learn how to operate various painting equipment and how to select the right materials. You will also learn the safety procedures involved in being an industrial painting contractor.

Discover Carnarvon Gorge

Carnarvon Gorge is one of Queensland's hidden treasures, with a smorgasbord of natural attractions in every direction. Driving from Brisbane, the easiest route is via Roma and Injune which takes about nine hours. Alternately, it is half the distance south west from Rockhampton. One of the best ways to enjoy a holiday in the bush is by car, as there are excellent camping facilities and you can stay as long as it takes to enjoy the beauty of this wilderness retreat.

Takarakka Bush Resort is an ideal base with excellent facilities, including a convenience store and central to all the great walks. The grounds and surroundings are fantastic for a stroll, with the Platypus Pool just around the corner and the nearby lookout a perfect location to enjoy the cliff sunset. Kangaroos and wallabies are locals here, as well as the occasional prickly echidna. The Information Center nearby also doubles as a starting point for many of the walks.

The best time to visit is between March and October, when temperatures are mild, although it does get very cold at nights. The summer months bring 40oC temperatures during the day so the waterholes are an ideal way to escape the heat, and there are not as many visitors around this time. This is also the rainy season, so come prepared to weather a few storms. The gorge is so large that you can easily feel like the only person in the world once you get off the beat track onto some of the longer walks.

I have been fascinated by this 'oasis in the desert' ever since my first school camp, and still remember the wonder I felt when we stepped off the coach into a world of eucalypt trees, kangaroos and waterholes. I still remember the exhilaration of finally reaching the gorge lookout, the eeriness of the moss gardens, and the echoes of the natural amphitheater. Every visit since then has recaptured my heart, and thankfully the natural beauty of the Gorge has stayed exactly as it was all those years ago.

The biggest attraction is the Gorge itself, and avid bushwalkers will enjoy the many walks available. Each is clearly signposted and suits most levels of fitness. The Rock Pool walk is a favorite, which takes close to an hour ending in a shady rest area and pool surrounded by ferns and casuarina trees. If you're lucky you might see a platypus or two. The Moss Gardens take a few hours return but your reward is an incredible display silky moss, ferns and rich undergrowth. The rock walls seem to tower overhead with a canopy of palms, ferns and everything green.

The Nature Trail, taking only an hour return, is a must and best enjoyed at dusk or dawn to capture the wildlife, colors and beautiful scenery along Carnarvon Creek at its best. The Boolimba Bluff Walk takes you high up to a panoramic view of the gorge. Do not forget your camera and be prepared for a lot of steps and ladders. It is well worth the trek for such incredible scenery of the gorge at its best. My favorite has always been the Amphitheater which can only be reached via a sturdy ladder leading into its sixty metro chamber. Once you are inside it is hard to believe that such an impressive attraction has been formed by the sheer force of running water.

Another great idea is to plan a day trip through the gorge combining a number of walks. For instance, the Aboriginal Art gallery, Ward's Canyon, Amphitheater and Moss Gardens can all be joined together. The walks have been designed so that a number of them branch off the main walking track. For flora and fauna lovers, a visit to Ward's Canyon is another must do with the world's largest fern proudly on display.

Why not pack a picnic lunch and hike to the Devil's signpost or The Ranch for the day? The tracks are easily marked but not used as frequently which means you often have the wilderness to yourself. Another adventure option is to walk the length of Carnarvon Gorge. This is an overnight experience which needs some planning but is worth every minute of amazing scenery.

Birdwatchers will think they are in heaven with wedge tailed eagles, peregrine falcons, rainbow lorikeets, king parrots and kookaburras just some of the birds at home here. Dusk is always noisy, with a host of birds singing to each other around the campgrounds. You can not forget the owls and tawny frogmouths which come alive at night.

You need to plan for at least three days to a week to experience the best of Carnarvon Gorge. There is something about driving through the outback for miles and finally reaching an oasis of such magnitude. Once you visit you will have to come back again and again.

Proper Tree Removal and Construction Demolition Practices Promote Safety and Efficiency

Property owners choose to remove trees and buildings from their property for many reasons. Perhaps you're interested in knock down your old, dilapidated garage so you can build a newer model in its place. Or, maybe you've recently realized that the old sycamore in your front yard is badly rotted and threatening to collapse on your home. Whether your needs are urgent or are a matter of personal or aesthetic preference, it is vital to take the proper steps to ensure that your construction demolition or tree removal project is completed in the most efficient and safe manner possible.

Construction Demolition
Whether you're taking down a three-story home or a small shed, the first aspect of demolition preparation is always the same – prepare the site. If there are any utilities such as water, gas, or electricity running into the building, be sure that you have contacted the proper permissions to have these shut off prior to the demolition date. All potentially hazardous items, such as flammable materials, should be removed from the concessions, and property owners need to be absolutely sure that there is no asbestos present inside the building. If there is any doubt as to whether or not asbestos is present in the building slated for demolition services, be sure to contact a professional to do asbestos testing and, if needed, perform abatement services before the demolition takes place.

Social preparation is also important, especially if you're located in a high-traffic area. Be sure to let neighbors and other people who may be near the site know what is going on so so everyone can be mindful of the potential danger and plan to avoid the concessions. If you're in a rural region, this step may not be relevant, but in cities where there is significantly more congestion, written notices or verbal warnings may be in your best interest. It is also important to have an escape plan established so you and all others present can get to safety should the need arise. A first-aid kit should be on site as a precaution as well.

Once you've fully prepared the area, the actual work can begin. Be sure to use the proper tools corresponding to the type of the job – if the structure is small, such as a tree house, pool, or deck, you may only need a sledgehammer. Larger structures may require backhoes. The best way to approach your project will differ depending on the type of the structure in question, and whether or not there are any obstacles that need to be protected from the affects of the collapse. If you have no previous experience with performing or planning a demolition, it may be a good idea to have a professional handle the project or to have a knowledgeable person approve your demolition plan prior to starting. From removing non-load-bearing walls to ensuring a controlled collapse, it is important to make informed, thoughtful decisions to ensure success. The thought you put into planning your demolition will directly affect your overall safety, the amount of time it takes to complete the project, and the magnitude of your future cleanup efforts.

If you do not have the time or energy to remove demolition defris from your property after the structure has been taken down, consider the services of a professional junk hauling team or dumpster rental service. With just one phone call, you can have your concrete, wood scraps, and other unwanted trash taken away, leaving you with a clean yard that is free of safety hazards.

Tree Removal
The initial preparation for tree removal is similar to building demolition. It is vital to examine the area for obstacles such as other trees or utility lines and communicate with your neighbors to ensure that your intentions to remove a tree near a property line will not cause disputes or inspire legal action. As with construction demolition, it is also important to have an escape plan.

The exact approach for removing a tree and stump may differ depending on the incline of the ground, the size of the tree, etc. Typically, it is best to fall a tree in the direction it is naturally leaving. Using a chain saw for larger trees and a handsaw for smaller ones, make a V-shaped notch into the side of the tree that matches the direction you want it to fall. This is sometimes called the undercut, guide slot, or the aim slot, and its depth should be roughly a quarter of the tree's diameter. Next, make a similar notch on the opposite side of the tree, two inches above the undercut – this second step is known as the back cut. These cuts should adequately weaken the tree and allow it to fall. Be sure to move away, as falling trees can be unpredictable. Once the tree on the ground, remove the branches from the bottom up, starting from the side opposite the one you're standing on (to protect you from the chainsaw and any unexpected movements the tree may make as a result of being de-limbed ).

Many people like to use the tree limbs and trunk as firewood, but others simply want the waste off their lawn as soon as possible. For prompt pickup of your debris, right down to the very last twig, call in your local trash removal service. They'll have the means and the manpower to restore your yard to its full beauty and eliminate all safety hazards that may be associated with the debris.

Whether you opt to call in a professional or take on the demolition project yourself, it is best to be completely educated about the best practices and safety measures so you can be completely comfortable with the changes being made to your property.

Select the Right Roofing Company for Your Home


The average lifespan of a roof is 30 years – provided it was well-constructed with quality material. Roofs are however, prone to weather damages because they are the most exposed part of a house so more often than not, roofs require repairs in some parts.

Caring for your roof is essential. Doing repairs when necessary prevent leaks in rainy weather. Leaks lead to the development of moisture that can damage the wooden structure of the house. Not waiting until it is too late to have repairs done will also save you lots of money.

For many DIY people, the most obvious thing to do is to repair the roof themselves. But roofing repairs, it must be noted, can be quite tricky and unless you are a roofing contractor yourself, you must come to terms with the fact that you might need to hire a professional roofer.

In the following short report, you will find out practical reasons why roofing repairs must be left to the professionals only, the benefits of hiring a roofer and the 5 essential things you must know before calling the local roofing company.

Should You Do It Yourself?

Many people opt for DIY repairs because it saves a lot of money, and it can be fun sometimes. However, there are simply some projects that must be handled only by professional contractors and roofing repair is one of these.

There are lots of mistakes that one who is not well versed in doing roof repairs can commit… And these mistakes can be really costly and even life-threatening!

The following are the most common mistakes DIY people commit when it comes to roof repairs:

They ignore safety precautions

Roofing repairs and installations is one of the most dangerous occupations of all time. There are a lot of hazards involved in it such as falls, tool hazards, injuries like puncture wounds and cuts, electrical and fire hazards and natural dangers like strong winds, ice and lightning. Is it worth it to lose limb or life just to save a small amount of money?

1. Fasteners end up in the wrong place

Just one fastener out of place can cost you hundreds of dollars plus more repairs. This mistake is easily avoided if you know what you’re doing or if you hired someone who does.

2. They buy the wrong roofing systems

A poor choice in roofing system increases the risks already associated to roof repairs. Metal roofs become slippery with the slightest amount of moisture and asphalt roofs require a certain slope to prevent leaks. Speaking of slopes, there are requirements that must be considered and only a roofer understands these.

Mistakes in roof repairs or installations will lead to the necessity of replacing the system again, thus the need to spend more cash. Additional expenses can be avoided by hiring a reliable roofing company.

Why It Is Best to Hire a Professional Roofer

Aside from the avoidance of mistakes and unnecessary expenses, there are other benefits to hiring a professional roofing contractor:

• The right type of roofing system is used. Since there are many different types of roofing materials (metal, steel panels, wood shakes, asphalt shingles, clay tiles, rubber slates, etc.), choosing the right one can get confusing. By hiring a roofing contractor, you are spared from making mistakes that you’ll soon regret.

• The old roofing material is properly disposed of. Majority of roofing contractors will cover everything from removing the old roofing, replacing it and disposing of the old material.

• Expert installation. You are sure that the roofing system is installed securely and weather tight.

• Damage to the roof system is avoided. Roofers have scaffoldings that they use to repair or install roofs without inflicting damage to other parts of the roof or house.

• Your roofer will help you decide if a new roof needs to be installed or if some repairs are all it takes.

• Get advice on the side. Good advice on roof care is a bonus you get from your roofing contractor. A professional roofer can tell you ways to care for the most exposed part of your house and ensure that it will last as long as it can.

Roof repair is not as simple a task as many might think. There are lots of tiny details that must be considered if you want your roof to become good as new. A reliable contractor can help you figure out what needs to be done and how much everything will cost you.

The 5 Things to Know Before Hiring a Roofer

Now that you know the benefits of hiring a roofer and the risks involved to doing the repairs or installation yourself, there are still a few things you need to understand before picking up the phone and calling your local roofer.

Upon deciding to hire a professional roofer, your first thought will naturally be to call the nearest contractor and get a quote. Not all roofers are the same and if you want to get the best service for your money, there are things you need to consider. There are bad roofers and there are the reputable ones. Of course like any sane homeowner, you’d want to make sure you deal only with a reputable contractor.

Here are some of the things you must know prior to hiring a roofer that can help you identify the best contractor to hire:

1. Know Exactly What You Want Done

Before you make that call, it is but sensible to have an idea of what the problem is and what you want done exactly. It’s not as simple as deciding the roof needs fixing and calling someone over to fix it. When talking to a contractor, he will likely ask you a lot of questions concerning the project. And if you have not prepared or have no idea what you want done, you can be swayed easily into believing that there are more problems than there really is.

You must know the extent of the damage so you can tell your contractor exactly what needs fixing. Are there holes? Are there shingles falling off or missing? Does the flashing need to be re-aligned? What about the drainage, is it working fine?

Knowing exactly what must be fixed will also save you money. When discussing the project with your contractor, you can tell him everything that must be covered; he will make the assessment then give you a quote. Anything you forgot to tell him will cost you extra.

2. Know the Signs of a Bad Roofing Contractor

There are rogue contractors who will only rip you off so you must be careful.

The following are signs that a roofing contractor is far from trustworthy:

– Not fully licensed, bonded and insured. Do not trust the contractor’s word: Verify it at or simply call Phone (800) 321-CSLB = 1-800-321-2752.

– When asked about cost, they do not discuss it in an open, clear or comprehensive manner. If you deal with such a contractor, expect additional costs to spring up along the way.

– They have a bad history of unresolved complaints from other clients. Check with the BBB for any unresolved issues or complaints. Review the reviews on Angie’s List; check their information on the Contractor’s License Board. Always call a couple of previous customers. Feel they are real and not paid. Even the best contractor cannot please everyone. There always someone who just can’t be pleased. But a lot? That is an indication there is something wrong with the contractor’s work or service. Stay away from them.

– You don’t feel comfortable about hiring a contractor. Sometimes, you get this gut feeling that you and the contractor cannot get along properly. If you feel that way, it is best to keep looking.

– The contractor’s rates are cheap, in fact way too cheap compared to others. When it is tempting to go for the lowest rate available, you must be wary because most roofers who have really low rates will end up charging for more than you are prepared to pay. Cheap contractors also rarely redo a project for free so if there’s a problem with the workmanship, they might ask you for additional payment before they fix it.

– They do not send a qualified estimator. A reliable roofing company will always send someone over to consult with you, make assessments, do actual measurements and discuss roofing materials with you.

3. Know Your Options

One thing you must understand before hiring a roofer: there are lots of fish in the sea.

You have a lot of options so don’t settle for the first contractor you find or hire the one that offers the cheapest rate. By speaking with several other contractors, you can determine which one is most suitable for your needs and who you can easily work with.

For many homeowners, the first consideration is always the price. This is understandable because we all need to save money. However, the cost should not be the deciding factor. You must weigh other factors too prior to making a choice. Keep in mind that you can’t always expect a good job from someone offering a cheap rate and the costliest rate doesn’t always mean the best service.

Speak with at least three different contractors and make comparisons. By doing this, you avoid paying for the highest rates in the industry as well as get to know more reasonable rates. Aside from being able to compare prices, interviewing several contractors will also let you know their relevant experience, specialties or whatever special offers they might have.

The best way for you to know your options is by doing your research. Go online and search for roofing companies and contractors near you and compare them. Find out each one’s work history and see how customers find their services. Ask relatives, friends or neighbors for their recommendations, they might know a good contractor you can check out or a company you must be wary of.

While researching, you should also take the time to learn some bits about roofing because basic knowledge can help you avoid getting scammed by unscrupulous roofers.

4. Know the Terms of Their Insurance Policy

One of the biggest mistakes homeowners commit when hiring roofing contractors is not bothering to ask about the company’s insurance policy and warranties.

When there are a few roofing companies that automatically include insurance in their package, there are many that don’t, so you need to ask to make sure.

The insurance should cover both client and worker so that in case an accident happens while the repair or installation is going on, you won’t be held liable. The roofer’s insurance can help cover you against anything unexpected. Ask for the proof of insurance and make sure that the policy is in effect through the duration of the project.

Warranty is also very important. You should know if the warranty covers only the roofing material or only the labor or both. Roofing material manufacturers offer warranty for their products and their conditions and limitations might be different from the contractors. Some of the things you must know pertaining to warranty are the dollar limits, whether or not it is prorated over the life of the roof, the life of the warranty, provisions that might void the warranty, etc. Only certified roofers would offer you certain additional warranty from the manufacturer.

The contractor must provide at least 2 years workmanship warranty and clearly discuss the terms of the manufacturer’s warranty. Don’t forget to get a copy of the proposed warranty.

5. Know What Should Be Included In the Written Agreement

Securing a copy of a written agreement is necessary because this will ensure that there will be no surprises along the road. It will provide you with a clear view of what is to be done.

The agreement, signed by you and the contractor, should clearly state the following:

– What materials are to be used

– Expected completion date

– Pricing details

– Payment schedules


The roof is the most neglected part of the house, yet it is the one part that takes the most beating. Any damage to the roof that is not properly repaired can affect the whole house, costing you more money and headache.

When it’s time for roofing repairs or replacement, choose to hire a trustworthy roofing company. You want someone reputable working on your roof, people who know what they are doing, are honest and can deliver as agreed.

Take note of the five things to know before hiring a roofer as these will help you locate a contractor you can trust. As a bonus, here are a few other things to consider when looking for a roofer:

– A website is not enough; the contractor must have a physical office, landline, business license and tax ID.

– Ask for references; a reputable contractor should have a lengthy list of customers who are satisfied with their work

– Find out if the contractor belongs to any regional or national industry associations which is an indication that they are indeed professionals

– A reputable company is financially stable and should be able to provide current financial information when asked

– Ask the contractor to explain quality control and their supervision procedures. Find out how many workers are needed and get the name of the person in charge of the project.

– Opt for the contractor that has the right experience, shows professionalism and gives importance to quality workmanship.

You don’t want your roof to come crashing down your head so seriously consider hiring a roofer when the time comes for repairs or replacements.

You might want to tackle the project yourself, especially if you are skilled in repairs but keep in mind that roofing repairs have special considerations and there are hazards involved. It is still best to go to a professional for help and with the tips you just received, finding a good contractor that won’t rip you off and give value for your money has become a lot easier.

Area Rug Placement

Finding the right area rug can be a hard and stressful task considering the large varieties of colors, designs, shapes and sizes to choose from. This is why one must consider the basic factors in selecting an area rug. But one might ask where he or she would start. What factors do you have to first take note of? And how would you know what color, material and size to choose?

Rug placement most probably is one of the factors that you might want to consider first in selecting a rug. It is important to know where the rug is going to be placed. As you consider the placement of the rug, the other factors will follow: such as color, materials and size.

Who says size does not matter? Who would want to choose a rug that is so undersized or too big? Standard sized rugs, such as 3 x 5's and 4 x 6's, are usually placed in rooms to accentuate furniture and inglenooks. These rugs, and even smaller, can also be used in entry ways, kitchens and bathrooms as a floor mat. Larger rugs, like 6 x 9's and 9 x 12's, are commonly used for living rooms and dining rooms. Again, know where you want the rug to be placed.

Color-wise, rugs that are placed on receiving areas should have a light and soft shade; thus, giving the room a warm and cozy feel. Should you place rugs under dark-colored furniture that you intend to make the center of attraction, make sure you select lighter toned rugs and simpler designs to highlight the fixtures. This also works with hardwood floors of darker shades. Nonetheless, if you plan to set an area rug as the focal point of the room, select rugs with intense colors and intricate designs; provided that the rooms motif is simple and would not contrast with the rug's pattern.

Know what room you want it to be positioned so as to know a rug's function; whether it stands as a mere floor covering or a wall décor. Pondering on a rug's function will allow you to consider the material of the rug. For rooms with heavy foot traffic like living rooms and dining areas, choose a rug that is made with fibers that are resilient to dirt and stains; specifically natural fibers like wool. If you wish to use an area rug as a wall décor (like tapestries), choose rugs made of natural silk; since silk tenders to last better than other natural materials because of its delicate and lustrous quality.

Remember to bear in mind what part of the room the rug is going to be positioned; whether it is placed on doorways or near air vents, etc. This is because some rugs are too thick or some doors just do not have enough space allotted for an area rug; this would either cause the door to not open or allow the rug to slide and shift every time the door opens. Also there are rugs that can not withstand the heat from air vents. Make sure you pick a rug's material carefully based on the placement of the rug.

Things to Know Before Choosing the Right Fastener

The world is constantly changing and while it changes, it’s also giving new dimensions to the process and techniques that are taking the dreams of building a better world, forward. So when we talk about buildings and infrastructure, we should not leave behind the fasteners who keep all these together in the right position to serve the right purpose. While getting the right fastener is always important, picking the wrong fastener can sometimes prove fatal for the structure or the project you are working on as just a single loose connection between the machine or the infra structure can cause the whole set up to collapse or there maybe chances that its functionality would get impacted.

So we have to make sure that we are choosing the right fastener which would serve the purpose of the project or the building in the best manner. Moreover, there are few points which need to be considered while choosing the right fastener.

To what extent the Fastener is impacting your customer or end-user.

Whether or not the Fastener is impacting the process or the Project you working on.

The Fastener should be the right one to improve your product.

The Cost involved in the Fastener.

Wrong choice of Fasteners could prove Harmful to business

If we talk about the big oil and gas companies, they spend huge amount of money in just designing all those big projects so as all those quality flange bolting kits, hex nuts, screw fasteners, and flange assembly kits, comes with a good price tag, any issue with the quality of fasteners might lead to unwanted delay or damage to the whole project and also lead towards unexpected repair costs. Therefore, the right fasteners should be chosen before using them in the project. Meanwhile, Following could be the bad impact of choosing the wrong fasteners:

• Possibility of the leakage

• Low life of the Product

• High repairing costs

• Low performing Project or Plant

How to choose the right fastener for your need

One should always choose the best fastener of the right quality in order to serve to their needs. This might sound like some extra cost but would definitely help the project in the long run. Material should be first matched within hex nuts, flange bolting pieces, and flange assembly parts in relation to the particular structure.

Secondly, the joint should be always strong and not weak and to ensure the same, right fasteners and supporting hardware should be chosen which could withstand to the weight and heat of the joint, and the atmosphere to which the join stands.

Thirdly, the quality of the fasteners should be checked on priority as that would enable you to gain more control over the project. The overall design of the concerned project should be of that kind that it should leave space for the replacement of fasteners in such a way as to evade hot bolting issues or other problems. By choosing the right fastener we can avoid any further damage to the project and make sure that the same would run more smoothly than ever.

Freelance Writers: Ditch Queries, Cranky Editors & the Starving Freelancer Existence

For freelance writers (and other creative professionals) to ditch queries, cranky editors and the starving freelancer existence, they must first change their mindset. To accomplish this, their mission needs to be ditching the notion of depending on the whim of large publications and / or companies to make a living .

I've conversed with many freelancers about the number of large, national publications / companies that want quality writing, design, artwork, etc. for their publications, but take months to answer questions, make freelancers wait even more months to be paid, pay paltry for the assignments to begin with, cancel gigs for no reason at all and treat freelancers little better than unnecessary cogs in their money-making wheel.

Freelancing is extremely competitive. Here, freelancers (writers, editors, web designers, illustrators, etc.) need to think beyond traditional outlets for getting work. This way, they become less dependent on the "majors" (eg, national magazines, blue-chip companies) for their living. There are so many ways for freelancers to use their editorial and / or creative skills that they do not have to turn their power over to any one company or publication.

Below are some of the more nontraditional ways that I've written about to make money if you are an editorial and / or creative professional. Eg:

Start a Virtual Assistant's Business

Niche Writing for Business Professionals

Start a Joke Site

Create Online Educational Seminars


The list is endless. So, instead of composing a query and waiting months just to hear if you got the assignment – much less how long you are going to have to wait to get paid for it – QUERY YOURSELF about how you can make freelancing a profitable way of life, not a starving existence. Happy writing (editing, designing, illustrating, etc.)

Container Gardening Basics For Success

Container Gardening is becoming more and more popular as the population of cities and suburbs increases. Your "garden" is movable and so it is easier to manage pests and garden environments. It also brings the time that you need to tend to your plants because you can place them where they are easier for you to reach. This is especially good for people who are handicapped but still want a garden.

There are some things that are necessary in order to have a successful container garden.

First, you must have a container. You can find them in almost every size, shape and they can be made of many different materials. And, they can be very inexpensive, especially when you create them from "found" objects. You must make sure that the container that you choose has adequate drainage.

Make sure that your container is appropriate for your plant's full-grown size. You do not want to have to keep changing pots as your garden grows.

Soil is the next thing you have to have for your garden. I'm sorry, but you can not go outside and dig up some dirt. It will be much too heavy and will probably contain lots of bugs and pests that you do not need. The soil must be of good quality to keep your plants healthy and growing well. Buy potting mix that drains well but still is able to retain adequate moisture. The mix should not be so light that it will not hold the plant and root system in the container without propping the plant up.

You can mix your own potting soil by using one part compost; one part perlite and one part garden loam. Be sure that you inspect the loam for pests before using it.

Choose plants that do not have very large root systems. Those plants will soon get too large for the pot that you have planted them in, even to the point of breaking it. As I mentioned before, not sizing the plant to the pot (or the pot to the plant), can cause plants to be spindly and root-bound.

Tomatoes are a good choice for a new gardener because they are easy to grow and have a strong, but small, root system. Other vegetables that are appropriate are peppers, lettuce, spinach, radishes and eggplant.

Herbs are also an excellent choice for container gardens. Herb gardens do not require much space and they are extremely easy to grow, even for the novice gardener. Like most plants, they do require adequate drain to grow them successfully.

Some people use container gardens as decorating accents as well as growing vegetables for the dinner table. Choosing containers that fit with the style of the area you want them in terms of its ambiance. You might even want to use them in a specific area inside your home. Sunrooms come to mind as a great place to grow plants. Do make sure there is adequate sun and shade for your plants.

Air Conditioner – Cool History

Air conditioning: On a hot day, some people feel like they would not survive without it. It does not only refer to controlling the temperature of an indoor area (cooling), though. It also refers to controlling the humidity and sometimes even the purity of the air in an interior. When you are cruising down the street on a blistering day with the AC cranked up or freezing in a frigid movie theater watching the latest blockbuster, do you ever wonder who came up with the idea of air conditioning? It may have started earlier than you think.

The Ancient Romans invented sewers, public baths, and pottery which prove how innovative their society was. They also came up with the idea of circulating aqueduct water through the walls of houses to cool them. The Medieval Persians used a complex system of cisterns and wind towers to cool their civilization. A cistern was a large open pool in a central courtyard that collects rain water. The wind tower had windows that caught wind and internal vanes to direct the airflow down to the buildings, over the cistern and out through a downwind cooling tower. When the water in the cistern evaporated, it cooled the air in the building.

The process we currently think of as air conditioning got its start a little later. In 1820, Michael Faraday, an English chemist and physicist, discovered that compressing and liquefying ammonia could chill air when the liquefied ammonia was allowed to evaporate. In 1842, John Gorrie, a physician in the United States, used compressor technology to create ice. He dreamed of using his ice-making machine to regulate the temperature of buildings and eventually entire cities, but died before his dream came true.

Willis Haviland Carrier, in 1902, was the inventor of the first modern electrical air conditioning. He got the term air conditioning from a man named Stuart W. Cramer. Cramer controlled the humidity of his textile mill by combining moisture with ventilation. Evaporation of water in air to provide a cooling effect is now known as evaporative cooling. After the demand for modern electrical air conditioners went up, Carrier formed the Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America which is currently the largest manufacturer and distributor in the world of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.

New developments in air conditioning continue to this very day. Now there is a priority on increasing energy efficiency and improving indoor air quality. So, when you are kicking back on your couch, covered with a light blanket as the sun blazes outside, you now know who to thank for your satisfaction with the surrounding environment. That may be the very definition of cool.

Thupramaya: Stupa

Thuparamaya: The Oldest Stupa of Sri Lanka

Have you ever wondered which the oldest Stupa in Sri Lanka is?

Constructed in the reign of king Devamnampiyatissa, Thuparamaya is the first Stupa to be erected in 250BC-210BC in the watch of Mahinda who was an envoy sent to Sri Lanka by the Indian King Ashoka. It was Mahinda and Sangamiththa, son and daughter of King Ashoka, who brought Buddhism to Sri Lanka. Mahinda brought Buddha’s collar bone to be enshrined in the stupa, which is still here. It is noticeable that it was not only a Stupa but an Aramic Complex too. However, the Aramic Complex that covered nearly 3½ acres around the Stupa is in ruins now. One of the starkest attractions of the Stupa is Stupa-house, known as Vedagate. The two circles of pillars around the Stupa supported the ceiling, which was another dome as is indicated by the diminishing height of the pillars circles, of the walkway around. It is a relic of beautifully done wookwork.

A history of gold and bricks

The Vedatgate had an exterior made of gold and silver until the Pandyans plundered it off by the seventh century. Two and a half centuries later when Mahinda IV again got the Vedagate covered in gold and silver somewhere around 956-972AD, yet again it was looted by the Colas.

Then after a long period of 900 years, in 1862, it was renovated again in the modern times, which transformed the ancient features of the Stupa.

In the view of construction

This most ancient Stupa is situated in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is constructed in the shape of a bell. The dome stands 3.45 meters tall with a diameter of 18m at the base, paved with granite. The stupa was demolished and reconstructed for quite a few times in the past. The Stupa in Sri Lanka is known as the Dagoba.

Things To Do

Apart from the Thuparamaya Dogba, there are several beautiful places around that you must visit.

Sangamiththa Stupa:

It is a very small Stupa situated just 130 meters east of Thuparamaya Stupa. It was named after the Indian King Ashoka’s daughter who reached Sri Lnaka somewhere around 249 BC.

Padalanchana Chethiya:

Walking 50 meters southwards of Thuparamaya Stupa there is other small Stupa knowns as Pedalanchana Chethiya which was built by king Lagnatissa. It is believed that Buddha stepped in the middle before rising in the air to return to India right after his third visit to Sri Lanka.

The ruins of ancient Hospital:

On the east south premises of the Stupa, there are the ruins of an ancient hospital where the patients were looked after and medicated during the Anuradhapura era. You will find the medical stones around the ruins which were used to heal the sick and ailing. It used to cure the ailments i.e. Snake Bites through the baths which were enriched with medical concoctions.

Royal palace of King Vijayabahu:

After battling with Colas of India, King Vijayabahu constructed this temporary palace in the celebrations. In the present time, the building measures 39*66m. There are two Guardstones that appear at the entrance of the palace, known as Sankhini and Padmanidhi.

How to reach Thuparamaya?

Thuparamaya is well connected to the entire continent. You can reach there by bus, by rail and by air.

By Air: The nearest airport to Thuparamaya is Colombo airport which is 183km away from it. You can either take a bus, a cab or a taxi from the airport directly to Thuparamaya.

By Rail: There are two train stations in Anuradhapura city. The main Anuradhapura station is nearby the old bus town and the other one is New Town Station which is situated in the southern part of the city. You can either take a taxi from there to the Stupa or take a walk and reach the Stupa while exploring the city.

By Bus: Same as the railway stations of the city, there are two bus stations. The Old Bus Station takes you to the southern part of the city, whereas the New Bus Station takes you to the north and east.

Where to sleep? (For later)

Where to eat?

Rangiri Restaurant:

If you want to tease your taste buds with some really tasty food then this is the place for you. The rice and curry of this place is a really lip-smacking combo.

Rasa Gedara:

The interior of this place is beautiful. One could come here for dinner after a long day. The service is good. Come here for the authentic Sri Lankan cuisine.

Seedevi Family Restaurant:

Claimed to be the cleanest restaurant by the travelers, Seedevi Restaurant is known for its terrific service. Although the options are very limited here when it comes to food, yet buffet of this place is renowned for its variety and taste.

Pizza Hut:

In case you want to visit an international food chain, Pizza Hut is there for you.

Harvest Café and Restaurant:

With modern interiors, Harvest Café and Restaurant is known for its delicious pizzas, sandwiches and biryani for biryani lovers.


With a rich enthralling history and the beautiful monuments around the temple, Thuparamaya is a must visit place if you want to learn about and understand Buddhism. Make sure you visit this place the next time you are in Sri Lanka. It will be a serene experience.

PS: An advisor tip- Make sure you that you wore socks when you entered the premises, the floor gets really hot in summer days.

Meta Description:

For a perfect day infused with Buddhist spiritualism, Thuparamaya stands in all its glory and majestic ambience. With places like Sangamiththa Stupa, Padalanchana Chethiya and Royal palace of King Vijayabahu around, this place makes for a stunning and beautiful symbol of Sri Lanka’s rich past. The place is easily accessible from all the major transport facilities and the area around is equipped with all the modern amenities.

Set Up A Promotional Day To Effectively Market Your Cause

For charities, organisations and private businesses, finding a new and innovative way to market your cause can be an ongoing problem. One method that has sprung up over recent years has been campaign days geared around highlighting a particular cause, such as World Environment Day and Alcohol Awareness Week. These can be prime opportunities for charities and groups to get a great deal of exposure for their cause and provide invaluable promotional benefits. Recently, private businesses have followed suit, with EDF Energy launching their own “Green Britain Day” to bring attention to their own green credentials.

If you are looking to draw attention to a particular cause or you can promote your brand by hosting a special event based on what you do, promotional days like these can be extremely effective. For starters the press love it and there can be the opportunity for plenty of free publicity.

It is also a fantastic occasion for supplying a range of promotional gifts to publicise the event and if it is for a cause that people feel passionate about, promotional gifts can provide a great opportunity to get your brand recognised with a specific cause.

If people identify with the cause then they are going to want to identify with a brand that promotes that cause and so will be very willing to display your promotional gifts, whether it’s by wearing a t-shirt or wearing a branded badge. In this scenario, promotional gifts go beyond promoting the brand and are seen to be supporting the cause that the day is highlighting. It is obvious that if you are trying to associate your brand with a cause, this is the perfect outcome.

Promotional gifts are an essential part of any promotion such as this as it increases the visibility of a brand. For any occasion where there will be lots of people and the potential for cameras and journalists, branded promotional gifts are a must as they will get your brand seen and recognised as being associated with the cause. This has obvious advantages for brand awareness and is an effective way of getting your message across.

Whether a company is looking to rebrand to promote its green credentials or align itself with a particular cause, a feature day is the perfect way to raise attention and get people thinking about a brand in terms of the cause they are supporting.