Folding Kayak Assembly is a Snap

Folding Kayaks are one of the most versatile types of kayaks because of their portability and durability. Although many beginning kayakers are not familiar with the folding kayak, they have actually been around longer than the more common hardshell kayaks. Furthermore, most folding kayaks are a type of skin-on-frame kayak, and the skin-on-frame kayak has been around for thousands of years.

For those who have never seen or assembled a folding kayak, their construction and assembly can something of a mystery. However, the assembly of a typical folding kayak can be divided into a few major stages:

(1) taking the kayak parts out of the bag,
(2) assembling the frame, or parts of the frame,
(3) placing the frame inside the hull,
(4) tightening the frame inside the hull, and
(5) adding the rudder, seat, and other parts.

(1) Taking the kayak parts out of the bag.

Folding kayaks usually come with a bag to keep all the parts together, and to facilitate moving the kayak while it's disassembled. Obviously, the first step to assembling the kayak is to take the parts out. Some kayakers lay out all the parts close to their final locations in the kayak. This helps speed up assembly because the parts are easy to find when it comes time to put them together.

Some folding kayak owners also color-code the parts of the frame, so that they can be easily identified during assembly. One way to do this is to use colored electrical tape. Alternately, colored cable ties can be tied around parts of the frame. Folding kayak parts are typically well-labeled, but it's usually easier and faster to identify the parts by color.

(2) Assembling the frame, or parts of the frame.

Folding kayak assembly variies here. Some folding kayaks have frames that are assembled in sections before they are placed inside the hull, which can be imagined as a kayak-shaped bag. For other kayaks, the entire frame is assembled before it is placed inside the hull.

Folding kayak frames are often made of materials such as wood or aluminum tubing. Frame members can have hinges so that they can pack into smaller spaces, and may snap together using button-snaps or other clips. These kayaks are mostly designed so they can be assembled without any tools.

(3) Placing the frame inside the hull.

Placing the frame inside the hull may entail first sliding one half of the frame inside one end of the hull, then the other half of the frame in the other end of the hull. If the kayak is one with a frame that is assembled completely before being placed in the hull, the whole frame may be inserted into the hull from the stern (rear) end of the hull.

Although the hull is usually made of pliable fabric, some kayaks have strict guides inside the hull to make sure the frame sits in the right place.

(4) Tightening the frame inside the hull.

Once the frame is inside, the frame needs to be tightened so that the hull, which is the skin of the kayak, is tight and not sagging or wrinkly. Some sectional-framed folding kayaks use scissor-type tensioning, where hinged frame members of each section are connected at the ends in a bent formation, then pushed down or out into a straight configuration to lengthen the whole frame and tighten the hull.

Other folding kayaks may use screw tensioning mechanisms, or may have frames that are extended using a lever and kept in the extended position using button snaps.

[5] Adding the rudder, seat, and other parts.

Once the frame is tight inside the hull, the remaining pieces of the kayak can be added. This typically includes such parts as the seat, footrests, rudder, rudder control lines, and perhaps a cupholder.

For someone assembling a folding kayak for the first time, the assembly can take up to an hour or more. After that, however, a folding kayak can typically be assembled in about 20 minutes. The assembly time can decrease by a huge amount with practice and an efficient system. Contests have been held where folding kayaks have been assembled in as little as 6 minutes!

The Drawbacks of Being Late

You may think that it’s alright if you run late on a consistent basis. There is the old adage that 90% of life is just showing up. Well, showing up on time must be 100 percent! In most cases, it’s just plain rude to keep people waiting. If it’s people you are friends with, they will likely think that you don’t care about them enough to be on time. If you’re chronically late to your job, it could be grounds for them to fire you. If you’re late to your classes, there could be information that you’re missing that will greatly effect your grade. In any case, there’s usually not much benefit to being late, and there’s plenty of drawbacks to it.

First and foremost it’s a poor use of your energy to be late. Mentally you may have to think of a reason why you are late, each each and every time you are late. This mental energy could be put to better use. If you show up on time you free yourself from this frivolous activity and allow your mind to think of more important things. Also, being late is stressful. You can easily remove that stress by being on time. This way you simply don’t have to worry if someone is waiting for you or not, or if they are getting mad that you’re late, because you’ll already be there on time.

If you’re a high school or college student let’s say you are always late to a certain class. It could be the case that the teacher or professor likes to give important information at the start of class, to reward those that arrive on time. They might announce when a test will be scheduled, or they may let everyone know how to earn extra credit. They may even give give more juicy info like when a test or class time has been canceled. Imagine how bad you’ll feel when you are the only one that shows up for a canceled class, or the only one that’s ready for a test that doesn’t happen.

If your company pays you an hourly wage they will definitely want you there on time. While most places will give you a 5 minute window before you are officially late, why push that limit? If you are consistently on time and your coworker has a spotty record as far as tardiness goes, who do you think will have the advantage when the next promotion comes along. If you both have similar qualifications, it just might happen that you will be given it because it looks like you have a strong work ethic.

So no matter how you cut it, the positives of being on time far outweigh the negatives of being late. Make it a part of your personality to always show up for life, and show up on time!

Stair Treads and You

Do you have stairs in your home? How safe do you feel that it is? Do you think you could make it safer? What would it take to convince you that your stairs are not as safe as they could be?

Stair treads are a wonderful invention that lets you insure yourself that you will not lose your footing on stairs. Treads let you keep control of yourself, so you will not fall. They give your feet grips and protect you and your family from the dangers of falling down a flight of stairs.

Wood stair treads are useful for wood stair cases. These stair treads are flat pieces of wood that are at the top of each stair, overlooking the one below it and sometimes casting a small shadow, depending on the time of the day.

Stair treads typically have a lip that extends a tiny bit across the edge for extra security and safety. These make the horizontal surface of the stair a little bit longer, a little more extended. This makes it a bit more safe because your foot has more space to rest as you are climbing the stair case.

Stair treads? They look stylish on your stair case. People will love to see the style of stair treads as they walk across them, I guarantee it.

There are several types of treads. For example, there are wood treads, carpet treads, metal treads, etc. The type of tread you should buy depends on the surface of your staircase.

Make sure your treads are installed correctly, safely, and properly. You want to make sure that they serve their main purpose — they must increase safety.

Definitely consider the importance of looks on these treads. They will last your house for a long time — a very long time, probably. You need to make sure that you will love how it looks forever!

Problems With Curved Stairway Lifts

There are numerous areas in a person's home that can present a fall risk, yet among seniors no area presents as large of a safety risk as the staircase. Each and every year, thousands upon thousands of serious senior falls occur on the staircase, often resulting in hospitalization. In many cases, using a stairway lift presents the easiest and least cost means of making the stairs senior friendly.

Stairway lifts were initially developed around 100 years ago. These early models, however, were custom made and did not become popular for consumer use until the late twentieth century. The concept behind them has not changed too much because, because they are still designed to carry a person up or down the steps, so they do not have to walk and risk tripping and falling.

Today, there are a number of do-it-yourself stairway lift kits available that are inexpensive and can be installed in only a few hours by the home owner. These DIY stair lift kits are typically only designed for a straight staircase though, as curved staircases require a much more expensive lifting unit that must be professionally installed.

The reason that curved staircases present such a more expensive option is because there is no standard when it comes to curved stairways. Instead, the way they are built depends very much on the person who designed the home. There may be some neighborhoods that have the same type of curved staircase, but when looking at the big picture, there is no set of standards. As a result, a professional estimator must come to the home and measure the staircase, usually before even providing an estimate. One of the reason these individuals do not like to give an estimate upfront is because many would outright balk at the extremely high cost of a curved staircase lift, but once they are in your home, the 'estimator' can use his selling skills directly on the homeowner. Once the stairway has been measured, it takes several months to build and then must be professionally installed. It is not uncommon for the process to take over 3 months and cost well over $ 15,000.

By comparison, straight staircase lifts are only a small fraction of the price, usually around $ 1,500, and ship in a matter of days, instead of weeks. One of the other major advantages is that the straight stair lift is easy to install, so it is something many homeowners do on their own and save big on installation costs. It is also possible to resell a straight stairway lift once it is no longer needed, but this is not as easy to do with a curved lift, which will only work in an identical staircase.

One thing to watch out for if you do have a curved staircase is companies that resell used curved stair lifts. These companies take old lifts, which they have purchased for next to nothing, and reshape the track to fit the new staircase. Unfortunately, this greatly reduces the strength of the metal track, making it highly prone to failure. One indication that they may be doing this is a very short warranty, compared to other curved stair lift dealers, and a much lower price.

Film Set Scaffolding Suppliers and Movie Scaffolding

South Africa has become a haven for film productions. Cape Town is a particularly popular location, but the rest of the country has also seen an increase in the number of films being produced.

With the increased number of productions being shot in both studios and on location in South Africa, the demand for film set scaffolding suppliers has increased in recent years. Film productions make heavy use of scaffolding and rigging, relying on scaffold hire contractors to provide film set scaffolding.

South Africa has very diverse scenery, perfect for films needing to be shot in a multitude of locations. There are first-class beaches, attractive business districts with high rise buildings, deserts, wetlands and lakes, small rural towns and high mountains that are snow capped during winter. Labour in South Africa is also comparatively cheap, lowering production costs significantly.

The Rand exchange rate is favourable to overseas film makers and South Africa offers a setting which has all the necessary scenery and facilities at a fraction of the cost of filming in other locations around the world.

The film industry in South Africa is booming with many film and production companies available to assist on films. These few points are just a couple of the many reasons that South Africa makes a great location for film productions.

Scaffolding Requirements in the Film Industry

When films are produced, scaffolding is required for many purposes. Film sets, temporary structures, platforms and access ramps for high areas are some of the uses of scaffolding on a film set.

Enormous sets require a lot of scaffolding to create items such as fake streets and imitation buildings. Scenes shot from an elevation require scaffolding and platforms to allow the equipment and crew access to high points, while assuring the safety of the crew and the equipment.

Film set scaffolding suppliers in South Africa are usually contracted to provide the movie set scaffolding and rigging.

The equipment used in filming can cost millions of Rands, making the stability and reliability of scaffolding a key concern for film makers. Scaffolding used also needs to be adaptable to different terrains. Many films are shot in locations where the ground is unstable or uneven; making the need for scaffolding that is able to perform its duties on unstable locations extremely high, as well as upholding the health and safety of the crew and equipment whilst constructed on uneven ground.

Health and Safety

Scaffolding used on film sets not only needs to be safe for the filming equipment, but also for the safety of the staff, crew and actors. If scaffolding does experience a problem in terms of a collapse or any other issue, even if no one is hurt, filming can be delayed which causes massive problems with budgets, the time schedules and many other important factors which the film depends on to be reliable.

Flexibility and Reliability

‘Time is money’; a statement which could never be truer than in the film industry. When producing a movie, film makers depend on efficiency and the ability to shoot the production without delays. For this reason the scaffolding used in films for sets, temporary structures and access platforms needs to be quick to assemble, dismantle and move around. The production of a film can be more expensive and delayed by scaffolding which is not easily constructed and dismantled. Complex scaffolding that is difficult to work with will require more man power, increasing costs further.

When a film is in production, certain unpredictable elements such as natural light and the weather are important factors, yet these are not easily replicated artificially and require swift movement to have everything ready in order to film when conditions are perfect. This is another reason why the scaffolding used needs to be very dependable in term of its ability to be erected and dismantled quickly and efficiently.

Kwik-Stage Scaffolding and Self-Lock Towers

Scaffolding types such as Kwik-Stage Scaffolding systems and Self-Lock Tower systems are extremely useful and popular in this regard. These types of scaffolding are extremely reliable for many reasons.

Kwik-Stage Scaffolding and Self-Lock Towers are very easily assembled and just as easily dismantled requiring much less man power to do so than other types of scaffolding. Because the scaffolding is dependable in terms of time saving and lessened need for manpower, Kwik-Stage Scaffolding and Self-Lock Towers are a massive benefit to the film industry as they save time and cut back on costs.

The Kwik-Stage System is also very useful in the film industry as it is able to be erected on uneven terrain without compromising on efficiency or safety. This scaffolding system adheres to strict health and safety regulations. The scaffolding system is tested by engineers before use to make sure that it is compliant with the standards needed for heavy industrial scaffolding.

Using reliable scaffolding such as Kwik-Stage and Self-Lock systems from a film set scaffolding supplier in South Africa, the film industry reaps a sizeable benefit in terms of time saving, less man power and ultimately lowered costs. Couple this with a favourable exchange rate and dramatically different types of scenery within close proximity to one another; South Africa is a prime location for successful film production.

Tricks And Tips For Laminate Floor Installation

Laminate flooring is a very easy thing to put down if you are prepared. One thing many of the first time installers that I have talked to forget are the simple pull bar and grooved plastic block. These tools are inexpensive and will make your job 100% easier. It would be a good idea to purchase 2 of the plastic blocks on account of their tension to break if you tap them too hard.

The first thing that needs to be done is to make sure the floor is properly prepped. You need to make sure the floor is as level as possible. You have to lay your moisture barrier down after you have the level surface. It is rolled padding that you will find next to the flooring. This also prevails the laminate flooring from moving. A quick way to help with the barrier is to duct tape the pieces together after you lay each row down. One thing to remember is the barrier has an up side and a down side (not reversible).

The next thing to do is to measure the room and decide how wide of piece you will have left if you start with a whole piece. If you end up with too narrow of piece the flooring may break. You may have to cut the first and last row in width to make it right. When you start the flooring remember to stagger it, meaning if you start the first row with a whole piece start the next row with a smaller piece. Start each row from the same end. You have to put full pieces in the middle or the grooves wont be there to lock in the next piece. When you get close to the wall use the pull bar to tap the pieces together.

Now that you get the basic idea it will be a breeze to finish your laminate floor. Always remember to measure twice and cut once. Remember you want this floating floor to end up very close to (but not touching) the wall. That will determine the width of the trim you will need to finish the job.

I hope I have been helping to somebody that has made the choice to take on a new challenge.

How to Properly Repair Chips and Deep Scratches on Your Car

We all have received them on our cars – rock chips, door dings, bumper scrapes, etc… They can come from a rock thrown up from a truck on the highway, or its as easy as a parking lot ding from someone in a hurry or even an errant grocery cart. Most of these are unavoidable. They can happen even if you park far away from stores and regardless of the measures you take to protect your car. Not only do they detract from your cars beauty, but they can also make your car susceptible to rust and the environment. Here’s how to fix these paint chips, nicks and deep scratches and protect your car from rust.

Its not worth going to a auto paint and body store for chips and scratches. They will charge 10 times more for repairs you can easily do yourself. The first step is to locate the chips and scratches and see how deep they are. If they don’t go all the way through the paint you can buff them out. Using a cloth terry towel apply a small amount of scratch remover or cleaner wax. Rub in a circular motion over the chip or scratch and buff when dry. If this removes the chip or scratch after a couple of applications, great, then just follow with a good wax or polish. If you see white primer or metal in the nick or scratch scratch remover or cleaner wax will not work well.

Some cars have paint that is lacquer based and others have paint that is enamel based. The following tip works wonders on cars with lacquer based paint only. Get a clean rag and apply a small amount of lacquer thinner to it. Take this and rub lightly on and around the scratch, nick or chip. The lacquer thinner will actually start to move the paint around and cover the affected spot. This even works on larger scrapes. This treatment is not recommended on cars with custom paint jobs and may not work on all cars with lacquer based paints.

For those with enamel paint or scratches and chips where the above treatment didn’t work, then you have to touch up the blemish in your paint. First, you need to get the paint code so you can correctly match the paint for your car. This is located inside your door jam or on some Hondas inside the glove box. Take this paint code to your dealer and get a small bottle of touch up paint. The touch up paint will come in a small bottle with a brush applicator. Instead of using the brush, as it will apply too broadly and make your touch up of the chip or scratch really stand out, we recommend using a toothpick for better paint placement.

First clean the area of the chip or scratch. Then follow the directions on the touch up paint bottle. Usually it is mix thoroughly for 5 minutes (metallic paints may require more agitation). Then using the toothpick place the paint directly in the chip or scratch. When done allow to dry for several days before waxing or polishing (some cars have a clear cote which you would then apply in the same fashion to the affected area). By touching up the paint you have sealed the area from the environment and greatly reduced the chances of rust setting in and affecting your sheet metal. Rust is like cancer for your car and very difficult to stop once it starts, so it is better to be proactive and prevent it with proper car care and treatment and quickly identifying and repairing paint chips, nicks and scratches. For more great free info on automotive repair, treatments and headlight cleaning and restoration, please visit the link below.

Why Do Spots Keep Coming Back In My Carpeting?

Do you have one of those spots on your carpet that just will not go away? You clean it again and again and in a day or two it just comes right back. Would you like to know what is causing it and how to treat it? I'm sure you would so read on and find out what is behind that mystery spot.

The reason that a spot comes back is because of residual. Some kind of residual is on your carpet causing soil to be attracted to and stick to the carpet. It may be caused by that can of Sprite that you spilt a few months ago or the soap from that carpet spotter that you used. There are various kinds of residue that could be on your carpet. They all do the same thing though. They slowly attract and hold soil. Because they do it typically you do not notice it until it gets bad.

So how do you get rid of it? What you need to do is clean the spot thoroughly with a good carpet spotter. Make sure that you use a spotter that says it is safe for stain resistant carpeting. After you clean the spot rinse it out with plain water. If you have a home carpet cleaner use it to flush out as much of the cleaner as possible with plain water. If you do not have a carpet cleaner use a sponge soaked in plain water to try to rinse out the spot. Try to extract as much water as possible with a dry towel. Now place a fan on the carpet to try to get it dry as soon as possible.

If this fails to do the trick you should call a professional carpet cleaner in order to clean your carpeting. They will have the power to take care of several residue problems.

Repairing Car Dents

Car dents appear on a vehicle's body due to various reasons. One probable cause is a minor road accident. Or it may also be due to a hailing storm that just so happens to pass by when your car's parked in the open. Whichever the cause, car dents can suddenlyhe be unsightly.

When the car dent is too big or complicated, then it would wise and practical to take your vehicle to the auto body shop with appropriate tools that can be used to repair your car properly. However if the dent on the car looks like something you can repair on your own, then settle on a more practical DIY car dent repairs.

Assessing the damage is the first step you need to do, you need to closely look at the car dent. If the metal has ripples and bumps that make the metal surface appear to have been folded, no question, your car needs a professional repairer. Otherwise, the car dent repair may just be done your own. There are common dents, which have not managed to crease and crumple the metal, that can be repaired just by tapping or popping it out back. For heavily declined car metal surfaces, a smart and logical solution is to just buy a panel replacement for that car section where the dent is.

For DIY car dent repairs, one useful tool that you will need is a common plunger. Just make sure the plunger is clean, though. Place the plunger on top of the car dent. In a deliberate slow action and in steady manner, depress the plunger as you use it in the bathroom until no air remains. Make sure too that the plunger's rubber head and the panel have a tight seal in between them. Then holding the plunger with a strong and heavy grip, steadily pull the plunger to pop out the dent from the metal surface of the car. For a more effective and tighter sealing, a useful tip is to slightly wet the rubber head of the household plunger. This process is ideal for use in side panels of the car where tapping procedure may be hard to accomplish.

The car's hood, roof, trunk or parts of the vehicle which are flat and large are ideally applied with the tapping method of repairing car dents. The required materials for these methods are rubber mallet, block of wood and piece of old towel. The size of the car dent and the area you will be working with determine the measurement of the wood block you will use. However, the most preferred and convenient block of wood to use is one which you can grip comfortably with just a single hand.

The towel is to be wrapped around the wooden block. The block of wood obviously has edges or possibly some rough surfaces that will likely scratch the paint or the interior lining of the car. This is the reason why the block is wrapped with the old towel. Lay the block gently on the opposite side of the metal panel where the dent is then starting tapping with the use of rubber mallet. Perform the task slowly and make sure you hit the wood on its flat surface and not on its edges.

Brick Repair Dallas

In this article I will explain the main reason there is so much cracked and broken brick and masonry siding on homes in the Dallas and Fort Worth area of ​​Texas.

Without a car or some other foreign object strikes your home the main reason for your brick or masonry siding to be cracked or broken is the movement of your home's foundation. It is the foundation which supports the brick and any movement in the foundation will result in movement in the brick or masonry siding. Masonry being very brittle will immediately start to crack. The cracks start out as hairline cracks and become worse with time.

You may also find cracks in the drywall or sheetrock of inside walls and ceilings near the cracks on the exterior masonry walls.

So why does the foundation move? In almost all instances it is the soil which supports the foundation. The soil in the Dallas / Fort Worth area mostly clay based and is very expansive. What this means is that when it is dry it shrinks and when it is moist it expands.

Have you noticed how the cracks tend to get wider in the summer, when the soil is drier, and they tend to close up during the winter months when there is more precipitation.

There are other causes of brick damage such as exposure to the elements or other problems like sprinkler heads that are located too close to the home. Sprinklers can, by themselves erode the mortar joints and even the face of some brick.

But if you are seeing vertical cracks in your brick siding, more than likely you have some foundation movement.

Almost all foundations have some movement and the brick and masonry itself can move due to expansion and contracting caused by hot days and cool nights. In these instances the cracks will not be very wide.

If your problem is not very severe you can probably have the cracks repaired. At the time of repair it would also be a good idea to add some Expansion Control Joints to allow minimal movement to prevent re-cracking. Expansion Control Joints are a vertical gap in the wall, around 1/8 of an inch wide and filled with flexible caulk.

Most new homes in the Dallas and Fort Worth area are built with a liberal number of expansion joints.

If you have wide cracks, by wide I mean anything over 1/8 of an inch up to 1 inch and in some cases even more, you will need to talk to a foundation repair professional take whatever steps necessary to stop the foundation from moving.

The Lowly Gutter – Hero of the Home

While gutters, also known as eaves troughs, are an aesthetically minor addition to your home. They are the kind of thing you may only really notice only when they are not there. But they can save you money and time, they do an important job, and without them, damage can occur to your home.

Gutters collect and direct all the rain run-off from your roof. Properly installed, they move this water to an area just away from the home where it will be easily absorbed into the ground. This water may otherwise drain right around your foundation, potentially leading to flooding or dampness and increasing the opportunities of your home being plagued by mold. Without gutters, water may be running off the roof too close to your house with direct dripping or back splash causing the exterior of your home to get very wet. Excessive dampness can take its toll on any exterior surface, but can be especially damaging to wood, resulting in staining, premature paint wear and rot.

Even if you do not live in a wet climate, quality gutters are important. If ground that is normally dry is suddenly taken, drain problems can occur.

If special drainage concerns are an issue, you can get a plastic pipe extension that will direct run-off much further away from the home. The average distance that a gutter should drain water is 5 feet away from your home's foundation.

There are a variety of gutters available, and each has their own pros and cons. Stainless steel used to be the most common material to make gutters from. It is very strong, so will hold up well if it is hit by falling branches or other damage. However, steel will eventually rust through, causing leaks. Aluminum is now common, and its main advantage is that it will not rust and therefore is less likely to leak. Although aluminum is a softer metal, and more prone to damage. If choosing aluminum, choose the lowest gage (thickest) you can afford. Vinyl is another option, and it is lightweight and easy for the average homeowner to install. However it has a far shorter life span than metal and will wear out, becoming brittle and susceptible to cracking. Vinyl also gets brittle in extreme cold, so is unsuitable for many climates.

When installing gutters, reduce the amount of seams to as few as possible. This will reduce the chances for leaks to develop. If you are installing the gutters yourself, measure your eaves, then choose the longest and fewer lengths of gutter to complete your job. If you are paying a professional, get one that will bring a forming machine to your house and make you seamless gutters.

Another option in gutters is to have a cover over them. These are designed to screen out debris that may clog drain spouts. These covers may be screens, or specifically designed overhangs that allow water to enter but prevent leaves, twigs or other matter from getting into your gutters. If you do not get a gutter screen or cover, you will need to check your gutters on a regular basis and clear out any collected debris.

The Violin: How to Set Up a New Student Violin

In this article I intend to explain how to set up a student violin for the complete beginner. As with lots of purchases these days, the internet is supplying more and more items, and it is often the case that musical instruments are bought from an online site; here are the things you must do to enable you to play your violin.

After unwrapping it, take the violin out of its case and really examine it for any blemishes. When you are satisfied that it is not scratched or scarred, look for the bridge. The bridge will have been removed for the journey and is often located underneath the tailpiece or sometimes attached to the back.

The bridge has a shorter side, and this side is for the higher strings E and A. You will see two notches cut into each of the "F" holes in the body of the violin. Place the bridge in between the two notches and make sure that the feet are totally in contact with the wood. It is very important at this stage that you straighten the bridge up, and put the strings into the four notches cut into the top.

Use the wooden pegs to tune the violin up, but do this very slowly and keep checking that the bridge is straight as if it is not then it may collapse. When you are close to the correct tuning, use the fine tuners behind the bridge to finish off. It is important to note at this stage that a newly tuned violin needs a couple of hours for the strings to "settle" and may need to be fine tuned several times.

A student violin will usually come with a bow and rosin. If you now take out the bow you will see that the hairs will not have any tension in them. The bow needs to be made tense, and this is done by tightening the screw at the bottom. You will know when it is the correct tension, when you are able to bounce it off the back of your hand. The bow at this stage will make no sound whatever on the strings as you will need to apply the rosin to give it the friction. Start to move the rosin up and down the bow until you have the right amount applied. To check, bring the bow down on the back of your hand; if it leaves a residue of white on your skin, it is ready.

The violin is now ready to play.

What You Should Know About Cast Iron Fireplaces

When most people think of a fireplace, they envision one made of brick or even stone. But today more and more folks are turning to a cast iron fireplace. Here are some of the things to look for when considering getting your own cast iron fireplace.

Fireplace set up

A fireplace made from cast iron will generally feature a cast iron fireplace insert. It also includes a fireplace, fireplace surround and fireplace mantel.

While the firebox and insert itself is made of cast iron, the other parts to the fireplace can be made from any type of materials you desire. For example, the fireplace mantel design can be out of wood or stone.


This type of fireplace design is open to several different options. Since it is cast iron, you could choose to have a standard insert or it could be angled or arched for that matter.

You have total control over any custom made cast iron fireplace.

Heat source

You can decide on what type of heating source you want, whether it is gas, propane or even electric. The insert can be designed for any of them.

Finding a cast iron fireplace is not difficult. You can look online and find suppliers everywhere. Many websites have online catalogs that make browsing and shopping very convenient. Ordering is simple and delivery can be with in10-14 days.

If you are looking for something different in a fireplace you may want to take a closer look at the different types of cast iron fireplaces. They offer solid benefits such as longevity, cost and ease of clean-up and may be the solution you've been searching for.

All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Reprint Rights: This article may be freely reprinted or distributed in its entity in any ezine, newsletter, blog or website. The author's name, bio and website links must remain intact and be included with every reproduction.

Conscious Detachment

Do you want peace in your life? Do you want to feel respected and loved? Learning how to conscious detach can dramatically improve your relationships with your loved ones so they will also feel respected and loved.

Conscious Detachment is emotionally separate from a person. It's the freedom to own what's yours and allow other's to own what's their. When you detach, you let go of your obsession with another person's behavior and begin to lead happier and more manageable lives, lives with dignity and rights, lives guided by a power greater than yourself.

There are behaviors that can give you clues that you need to detach which include, but are not limited to; obsessing about another person, feeling like a victim, making excuses for another person, worrying, depression, not sleeping, overeating, blaming others, nagging, trying to manipulate, feeling out of control, feelings of urgency that you need to do something or fix someone, feeling guilty that it's your fault.

Detachment is difficult because of your need to control. You may fear that if you let go of control, something bad will happen. Control is an illusion. You may not trust that the person you need to detach from will make the right decision on their own and that they need your advice. People are often unaware that they have a need to control and are surprised when someone tells them that they are controlling.

Refusing to feel is a sign that you may be controlling. Controlling behavior requires denying, ignoring your own needs and feeling resentful when your needs are not met. When you try to control others and that includes adult children, you do not give them choices and that's not loving or respectful.

Examples of controlling behavior may be quiet anger, disapproval, being nice, silence, apologizing, guilt, reminders, suggestions, lectures, complaining, pouting, being hurt and refusing to ask for what you need.


It's getting the focus off changing another person no matter how much you love them. You begin to focus on yourself and what needs to be changed in you. This is where the power is. It's getting the focus off the past – what you've done, not done, what someone has done to you or not done.

It's not focusing on the future with all the "what if's." It's allowing yourself to feel your feelings, letting them go and being in the present moment.


1. Get honest with your feelings.

2. Talk to people you trust and understand you.

3. Get in touch with a Higher Power, ask for help and pray.

4. Let go of all anger and resentment.

The first step in detaching with love is to begin taking responsibility for your own behavior. This means that you can no longer blame your loved ones for the way you feel. No one makes you feel anything. It's your reaction to the behavior that causes you pain, anger, resentment and disappointment. You lose yourself when you become so involved in another's behavior. Regaining your self-respect and self-esteem is a big benefit of detaching with love.

The next step in detaching with love is acceptance. Acceptance is the key. Acceptance does not mean that you needarily feel OK about current or past situations. It means that you stop trying to change what you have no power over. Acceptance brings PEACE. Acceptance is letting go of control and accepting what is.

Insulation Installation

Homes require insulation in order to keep you warmer in winter, cooler in summer and to reduce outside noise. Insulation is also environment-friendly as it preserves precious energy while lowering your energy bills.

Insulation installation reiterates to installation of materials which provide substantive resistance to heat movement. When insulation is present in the walls, ceilings and floors of a building, the inflow and flow of heat in the buildings are minimized. During the summers, insulation reduces the amount of heat entering through walls and ceilings. As a result, the rooms are cooler. On the other hand, during winters, insulation retains the warm or heat inside the building and sequentially, the rooms are warmer.

There are mainly two different ways in which insulating works typically bulk insulation and reflective insulation. Bulk insulation traps pockets of still air within its structure. These air pockets provide the resistance to heat flow. Alternately, reflective insulation works by reflecting large amounts of heat from its polished metallic surface. It works in conjunction with a still air layer for maximum effectiveness.

The performance of an insulator is indicative of its 'R' value. 'R' values ​​refer to the thermal performance; its ability to restrict heat transfer. Components having a higher 'R' value are considered to have greater insulating effect. Fiberglass insulation is not only a cost-effective and energy saving option, but also possesses significantly high overall 'R' values ​​ranging from R-11 to R-38. Additionally, Fiber glass insulation is naturally non-combustible because it is made from sand and recycled glass. The insulation requires no additional fire-retardant chemical treatments.

With increased awareness among people about using environment friendly products and protection of environment against toxic products, fiberglass insulation manufacturers have begun using increasing amounts of recycled materials in their products. In addition to its recycled content, an analysis from a life-cycle perspective reveals that fiber glass demonstrates environmentally beneficial attributes as opposed to other insulating materials like cellulose.

Before choosing the right insulation for your homes or offices, you must take into account the building orientation, window sizes, construction materials and most importantly, the external and internal temperatures. This will help ensure that the insulation is effective, consumes less energy and is environment-friendly.