Analysis of Shakespeare’s Sonnet 77

This sonnet is a reflection on, or from, sonnet # 20 regarding the beauties of the young man. The first line of sonnet # 77 brings out the original beauties from the painting by nature of the person’s face in the following line: “Thy glass will show thee how thy beauties wear.” Here we find the young man is aging and his beauties are diminishing. For example line # 1 of sonnet # 20 states: “A Woman’s face, with Nature’s own hand painted.” In these examples, one is able to see the contrasting and comparing between the two sonnets. To further bring this comparison to light, line # 5 of sonnet # 77 also states: “The wrinkles which thy glass will truly show.” Here we find an extension of the comparative analysis between sonnet # 20 and sonnet # 77 regarding the beauties of the young man in a greater light.

Additionally, this sonnet is one of a communicative nature. The poet has given the young man a book to record his activities. The poet has also come to the realization that aging may cause the brain to forget things; therefore, keeping a record of activities should refresh the memory of the young man. For example line # 4 of sonnet # 77 states as follows: “And of this book this learning mayst thou taste.” In this line the correlation of the brain and sense of sight should leave a lasting memory. Also, to solidify this bond, line # 12 states: “To take a new acquaintance of thy mind.” In analysis, this shows that a short pencil is better than a long memory, especially when the memory is failing with the young man’s corresponding beauties.

Furthermore, one could look especially at these sonnets as a bonding mechanism between the poet and the subject. These sonnets have become a social bonding tool between them. The gift of the notebook to the young man addresses this class dynamic of communication and bonding. As an example, line # 14, which is the second line of the theme states: “Shall profit thee, and much enrich thy book.” Here, the poet is communicating to the young man whom the book will be of great value as a tool of profit to him during his aging process. Finally, as the mirror reflects the beauties of the young man when he was young, so will the notebook reflect the beauties of such person as he ages. Additionally, as his appearance changes, the mirror will reflect its corresponding nature in the future.

Mortgage Points

If you have ever gone looking for quotes on a mortgage in order to find out just what a mortgage might cost you, you have probably had the term points thrown at you. So what are points?

Each point is a fee and it is based on one percent of the total amount of the loan. There are a couple of different points, there are discount points and then there are origination points and lenders do not all charge the same amount of these points. Some lenders will charge you one point while others may charge you three.

Discount points are the points that are like prepaid interest on your loan that you are getting for your new home. Every point that you purchase will lower your interest rate to some extent. Most borrowers will be able to choose just how many points they want to purchase. There is a limit of course, usually around four points. The number of points that you choose to buy will depend on how much you want to lower you interest rate. One especially good point of these points is the fact that they are tax deductible.

Origination fees are different. These fees are used in order to pay for the costs of giving you the loan in the first place. You don’t get anything out of these points so most borrowers don’t like them as they are not even tax deductible. If you can try to get a loan that does not require you to get these types of points. Discount points on the other hand can be useful to you.

The choices that you make concerning the points to get will be affected by a couple of different things. For example, how long are you going to be living in this house? And how much of a down payment are you going to be putting down? If you are thinking of settling into this house for the long haul then perhaps discount points are a good way for you to go. Lowering your interest rate for years to come is always a good thing. Before making your decision take stock of your situation and see what suits your needs best.

My New Knee And The Physiotherapy

The physiotherapist had an integral part in the process that lead to my knee replacement and in the recovery process. So I feel it is important to detail his part in the whole scenario that was my knee replacement.

Before the operation:

In July 2007, mild pain and sorrowness began to occur often on the inside of my right knee. An x-ray found that the deterioration found years earlier had increased particularly on the inside front section of my knee near my knee cap. My GP advised me to go to my physiotherapist to get exercises to strengthen the knee. The physiotherapist wave me a series of exercises to strengthen the muscles on the inside of the knee to protect the damaged part of my knee. These exercises were to be done on both knees. I did these exercises usually on the bed each evening. At first, I found them difficult mainly because I lacked the strength in the muscles I was aiming to improve. I soon found them easy and comfortable to do taking less than 15 minutes to complete the routine.

The problem with my knee became serious in September 2012. I developed significant swapping of the knee and upper calf. There was often an ache around the knee and down the leg. The swelling would reduce after significant rest but would flare again after sustained exercise with an accompanying ache around the knee and calf. A new x-ray was ordered. It showed very significant deterioration to the knee that indicated I should see a specialist about a knee replacement and return to my physiotherapist for exercises to strengthen my knee still further.

The physiotherapist wave me a series of exercises to strengthen the knee muscles further and advised that I should ride a bike 20 to 30 minutes a day on an easy course as this would increase the strength of the muscles around my knees rapidly, causing little or no further damage to my knee. I saw him again a week later. He noticed quite a significant improvement in my muscle strength around my knee in just that week.

In hospital:

The hospital, which I went to, has prepared a booklet on the whole process surrounding the operation including a list of the exercises to do while in hospital. It included diagrams and a detailed explanation of how to do each exercise.

The operation entailed cutting an incision, pushing back the muscles, cutting the bones above and below the knee, inserting and gluing the artificial knee to the bones, returning the muscles to their rightful place and stitching up the wound. It was a major operation.

The most important reasons given to me for the exercises was to prevent a blood clot from forming. To me, that was a motivation to get going on the exercises / physiotherapy ASAP.

Other reasons for the exercises were to:

• Control the swelling;

• Fully straighten the knee;

• Bend the knee to at least 90degrees before you went home;

• Gain greater control of the muscles around the knee;

• Teach you

o How to get in and out of bed and a chair;

o How to use a walking aid and crutches;

o How to walk up and down stairs.

As well, the physiotherapist would have organized any equipment you might need at home eg special chair, toilet seat, crutches and so on. He / she also talked about the exercise program at home.

At Home:

I returned to my personal Physiotherapist after returning home. Here I want to discuss the post-hospital work he did with me.

The exercises I used in hospital were replaced by a new set by the physiotherapist. These were to

• Increase flexibility;

• Correct my walking action;

• Increase my knee bend up to 130 degrees, if possible;

• Straighten out my knee;

• Soften the skin around the scar and my calf by massaging in cream to aid this;

• Help reduce the swelling; and

• Improve my balance.

The exercises changed as my recovery continued. Each consultation started with the physiotherapist watching me walk up and down an aisle to check on improvement. He emphasized the "heel and toe" action that was necessary.

The exercises he gave me were to be done daily. I did them in short bursts which mean I neverave myself myself a chance to get bored or to overdo it and cause pain to my knee.

At six weeks, he advised me to start riding a stationary bike. I was to ride it in two ways, first with knee bent and second sitting high enough to stretch my leg out fully. I aimed at 300 revolutions of the pedals each time with a minimum workload. In the weeks that followed this was a daily chore.

At eight weeks, he encouraged me to begin using the road bike. I found I needed to sit high on the bike to prevent any pain in the knee. I kept to a thirty minute limit on the road bike traveling on mostly flat courses.

As I began to walk further and further at a time I noticed my knee cap began to click often. So the physiotherapist began manipulating the area around the kneecap to loosen up the muscles around the kneecap.

In the period directly after the operation, I visited the physiotherapist weekly for the first couple of months. Then the visits became fortnightly and now, at 6 months we are back to a monthly visit for the last two visits. My physiotherapy is now at an end although my exercise period will continue.

The physiotherapy I had before and after the operation made a significant contribution to the ease and speed of my recovery.

Meditation Failures Are Self-Hypnosis Successes

Many people want to meditate. They hear about the incredible benefits it brings – sharper focus, emotional balance, greater relaxation – and they decide that, yeah, they want some of that. But it’s hard work. The techniques are difficult to use at first, especially the way that most people teach them.

If you want to enjoy a richer mental experience, you might wonder if there’s an alternative to meditation.

I can assure you that there is.

Self-hypnosis generates the same mental states that meditation does. It does it in a very different way, though. The techniques and principles are easy to learn and just as effective. In many cases, they are easier and more powerful than meditation.

It even overcomes the main obstacle with meditation. What’s seen as failure is actually raw fuel for self-hypnosis.

Some people say that meditation and self-hypnosis are the same thing. Others believe that they are completely different. I wouldn’t disagree with either perspective. The way I see it, there is a lot of overlap between the two. I practice both and I use them in unique ways.

Does that make them the same or different? I choose to separate them. That’s a choice though, a belief and perspective. You can take it or leave it.

If meditation is hard for you, then I encourage you to embrace this idea. Self-hypnosis is different enough to be exactly what you need.

Meditation involves clearing your mind and emptying your thoughts. This is tricky to do (at first). It’s hard to know whether you’re succeeding. Realising that it’s working is a thought, which sets you back.

If that’s a pain for you – if this is what you’ve always disliked about meditation – then I have great news:

Self-hypnosis uses your thinking.

You don’t have to clear your mind. If you do, great. If not, also great. You can be in the present moment, fully aware, or not. You can have a quiet mind, or not. It’s all good with self-hypnosis.

The reason is because it uses a different style of thinking. It’s easier to think something new than to think nothing.

Both practices bring you into a trance state. Both require practice and discipline to master. But only one encourages you to do something unnatural. Self-hypnosis is cool with you doing what you need to.

And once you’re in trance, it’s so useful to be able to think. Sometimes you need to imagine, visualise or consciously process something. That’s great, go ahead because that will only enrich the experience.

Struggling with meditation means that you can still experience trance. All you need is a different approach.

Modern Day Town Planning

There are several wondrous achievements that have been attained by man in his growth of human civilization. Little by little there have been various innovations and advancements in every field of human endeavor from science and technology to the field of medicine; from space aviation to underwater explorations.

The same success can be attributed to town strategy as well. It is no longer true that a town can grow only with time and the growth of settlements within it. There are town planning consultants who engineer several aspects together to build up modern day settlements in the form of towns and cities.

There are several engineering consultants and town planning consultants who have specialized in various aspects of modern day town planning and are running successful corporations in different countries of the world.

Aspects of Town Planning

Town planning is a plan to draft up human settlement in a particular site. However this is a mammoth task that involves different kinds of deployments of technology and engineering.

There are several aspects of town strategy that are vital in the making of a town. Here are some of them that need careful consideration.

  1. Land surveying is an important requirement. A properly conducted survey will expose facts about its soil structure and endurance level.
  2. Soil testing will also reveal the presence of any natural resources like oil and mineral resources that will be of national use.
  3. A properly conducted site survey will also prove if the area is prone to earthquakes or any other natural phenomena.
  4. Availability of resources should be analyzed. A secure and steady supply of water supply should be ensured.
  5. Analysis of communication networks like that of roads and transport facilities needs to be made.
  6. Climatic patterns need to be understood before plans or town strategy
  7. Proximity to other cities and towns need to be present so that there is an easy interaction with other places as well.

Important Safeguards for Town Planning

The task of undertaking town strategy can be a mammoth task considering the amount of facilities and amenities that need to be ensured for the people who will inhabit the place.

There are several safeguards that have to be looked into as the world is a large place with different characteristic features that are unique about places.

  1. Forest Fire – There is a need to understand and analyze the proximity of forests and tree reserves near the settlement. There are times when severe forest fires may break out and cause damage to all kinds of human settlements.
  2. Wildlife Habitats – It has to be investigated whether there are any animal or wildlife habitations in or around the place designated for town building. A proper site survey should be conducted to ensure safety for both animals as well as humans.
  3. Natural Calamities – There are certain areas of the world that are extremely prone to natural calamities like earthquakes and floods leading to soil erosion. There should be proper safeguard measures taken to ensure future protection against such occurrences.

Rape and Sexual Assault: Self-Help for Healing and Empowerment

When you have suffered rape or sexual assault, you are carrying that shock and trauma in the cells of your body. It is particularly important to clear that shock from your system as soon as possible. If you do it straight away, the damage to you will be minimal. If, however, you leave it to fester, it can undermine your health, well-being and relationships for many years to come.

The path back to empowerment after an assault is a long one, but there are simple, powerful healing techniques which you can use to make things easier. By putting yourself first and cleansing the energy of the experience, you will both take back control and take tangible steps towards regaining your well-being.

Emergency Measures

Firstly, you need to realise that the assault is over. You have survived. You are safe. While you consciously know this, subconsciously you are probably still frozen in that moment. So read these words several times:

“It is over now, I have survived and I am safe.”

Then, you need to get yourself some Bach Flower Rescue Remedy. This wonderful, natural remedy clears shock and trauma from your system before it can become ingrained and cause more harm. In this situation, you need to take four drops of Rescue Remedy directly on your tongue every fifteen minutes initially, then four times a day. (Bach Flower Remedies are completely safe for all and are available from any health-food store.)

Ground Yourself With Earth Healing

When we suffer an assault, the natural defense mechanism is to detach, not only from your feelings, but also from your body. We literally take our energy out of our bodies in order to get away from what is happening to us. Frequently, people who have suffered assaults are energetically out of their bodies for years, and disengaged from life.

So, tell yourself that since the assault is now over, it is safe to come back into your body. If you can, go outside with bare feet and spend several minutes walking on grass or soil. Imagine roots growing down from your feet into the earth. Feel your connection with the nurturing energy of Mother Earth. Feel how supportive that energy is.

Take grounding crystals, such as Jet, Red Jasper, and Haematite, and keep them with you. Another very important crystal for you to carry at this time is Carnelian. This wonderful stone clears the trauma from the abdominal region and brings healing.

Orange Colour Therapy

Orange is the colour with amazing powers to release shock and trauma. Orange resonates with the abdomen and the reproductive system. The frequency of orange energy is the one which transforms trauma into enlightenment; think of the saffron robes of the Buddhist monk. This is the colour which will help you move forward through this trauma, and empower you to grow from the experience rather than being destroyed by it.

At this time, it is essential to surround yourself with as much orange as you possibly can; an orange blanket is ideal. As you wrap yourself in the colour, consciously breath the colour into your lungs. Feel the orange soaking into your body. Imagine the colour cleaning every one of your cells. Feel the energy of your attacker dissolving and lifting away from you, leaving every cell crystal clear and squeaky clean. Feel yourself being transformed and renewed.

I know that the first days and weeks after an assault are terrible. However, these natural healing techniques are very effective and will definitely help you. They encourage you to focus on your own healing, and by releasing the shock and trauma, will help you regain your well-being as quickly as possible. Remember, you have survived, and you will regain your empowerment and your self-worth. This self-healing will provide a firm foundation for your future life, and will help you move forward as quickly as possible.

Costa Del Sol Lodging Options

Literally implying a 'sunny coast' the holiday destination of Costa del Sol is aptly named to portray its lovely beaches and sunny Mediterranean climate. And, though Spain features many other holiday destinations Costa del Sol is the preferred location due to its unique blend of mountainous terrain, beautiful rural landscape and lovely sandy beaches. This stretch of coastline, of approximately 150 kilometers, dominates the southern Spanish provincial area of ​​Malaga, and the lengthy coastal stretch of Andulacia, of Costa del Sol is a much sought after sunny haven and accommodation options are very much in demand.

This fascinating stretch of landscape dominating the Spanish southern coastline features a varied expanse of scenery combining beaches and a mountainous area adorned with cliffs, coves and valleys. The area can be divided in to two regions, the eastern Costa del Sol region leading east of the above mentioned city of Malaga, say about 54 kilometers, to the area bordering the province of Granada. That's to the east of Malaga, and to the west of Malaga city, a stretch of about 100 kilometers, leading up to the coastal area of ​​Gibraltar, is the western Costa del Sol area. The most sought after coastal towns in these regions are Terremolinas, Fuengirola and Benalmadena and they offer some of the best lodging options any one could ever dream of, especially considering the fact that they are coastal holiday getaways. If the inclining is to lead a more luxurious holiday its best to concentrate on the towns of Mijas, Puerto Banus and Marbella. Generally catering to the wealthy these areas feature a range of luxury villas.

The 'New Golden Mile' a west end coastal area is also a much occupied area of ​​Costa del Sol and it features various types of lodging options. Same goes for towns such as Estepona, San Luis de Sabinillas, Pedro de Alcantara and even Sotogrande, the western end of Costa del Sol, and they feature lodging options to suit different budgets as well as the different needs of individual travelers. And apart from the obvious attraction of the beaches the Andalucian mountainous landscape offers adventure for those who seek it. A little further away from the beaches, but overlooking the lovely ocean, are the villages of Benahavis and Nerja offering an incomparable experience, especially as the lodging options here are limited to farmhouses or typical village homes owned by the locals. This type of filing can be directly booked through the owners or if you are lucky the details may already be on the WWW.

Being a golfer's paradise, Costa del Sol offers some brilliant golfing vacations. Featuring a range of excellent golf courses catering to different player standards golfing vacations in this region is very much in demand. Lodging options are plenty around the golfing areas and they too come in a range of prices offering different facilities and amenities, and most often you will be able to book online.

For those who prefer a real adventure, you can build your vacation by checking out the range of lodging options available as you travel through the area and booking into your choice of Costa del sol hotels , apartments, villas or even a shack for a unique Spanish experience

Affordable Housing for the Middle Class

“What does affordable housing in Gurgaon, with its high-lifestyle, urbanization, and posh-societies look like?” You may think, given that Residential Flats varies in its meaning for different demographic profiles. Especially in the Indian real estate market, affordable housing has a connotation for housing for the lower income group (LIG), by which they too can enjoy a comfortable living and security. With the incumbent government’s focus on this section and more on the affordable housing, it seems like the real estate sector has been able to get the boost that it had been waiting for of late.

However, there is an important trend that needs to be taken note of before the government claims that its affordable housing project is a success. The term affordable housing, in different contexts, also has a local meaning. According to this, affordable housing includes housing options for a segment of population that can become potential home buyers in a city. If we take this definition into consideration, there is a sizeable population in every city, which although it will not identify with or fall under the LIG, is equally incapable of allotting a large budget for buying homes. It is not only sensitive and cost-wary but is looking forward to finding a house of a decent budget-size within the realms of the city. A typical example is of the residential flats in Gurgaon, which although are well-furnished, but do not still fall under the budget for the middle class.

When we take this population’s demands and needs a little more seriously, we find that there is a dearth of properties in good locations within the city, which buyers can afford. These buyers often have a budget of INR 30-40 lakhs, but more cities including Delhi NCR have a deficit in properties which match this budget range. Usually properties which are around INR 20 lakhs are still on the outskirts lacking good transportation and other facilities required by the urban middle class. This means that there is indeed a requirement for more housing under the affordable housing section, where different demographic profiles can find properties for themselves.

There is an urgent need for developers to come up with budget housing projects in the larger cities. As modern India moves towards development and rising aspirations, affordable housing and the security that comes with it, is increasing. This appears to be a very high opportunity for developers who can count on a boost in the real estate industry. More absorption of the housing projects in the urban cities is also a strong indicator of the socio-economic growth in the country, thereby projecting a positive image. While the demand is strong and only increasing, there are a lot of policy-level changes that need to be introduced.

Not only will the affordable housing for the middle class prove to be a sustainable business model for the future, it will also allow more cities to come up to ranks. More affordable housing projects will assure developers that they do not struggle with inflation or even setbacks in the economy. Another trend that one needs to channelize is that more real estate investors are now eyeing budget and affordable housing projects. Where luxury homes and premium homes find it hard to make it through a rough economy, affordable housing is still on the move. The healthy demand in addition with more money coming in steady from investors means a healthy micro-economy. It is now time for builders and the government to give this proposition a try, ensuring that the overall development of the country happens throughout.

Gurgaon based real estate company’s residential flats in Gurgaon include their massive projects of Solera (Sector 107), Synera (Sector 81, NH8) Andour Heights (Sector 71), Orchard Avenue (Sector 93), Grand Iva (Sector 103), Roselia (Sector 95A), Serenas (Sector 36) and The Millennia (Sector 37D). At present, Gurgaon based real estate company’s Signum project offers retail shops in Gurugram in sector 36, 95A, 93, 103, 71, 81, and 107.

Martial Arts Drills – Stop Losing Students!

Having good martial arts drills is the key to keeping your students, plain and simple. But, the more difficult part is figuring out how to do this? How do you keep the students excited and the lesson planning fast and easy?

The first thing you need to do is take a good look at your own energy level. Surely, you can’t expect your students to have a high energy level if you aren’t bringing on into classes yourself. So, before your classes throw on some blood-pumping music.

Secondly, you need to know your students. Are you dealing with beginners or with more advanced Karate students? The more advanced your students are, the more challenging karate drills need to be. One of the biggest mistakes karate instructors make is to dumb-down their martial arts drills for their older students leaving them bored and ready to quit.

Third, you need to make sure that the other instructors in your Dojo are all bringing in positive energy to their classes. Having a bad day? You need to leave it at the door – bringing in negative energy is a sure-fire way to lose students.

But I have to say that the most important part about retaining your students is having fun, challenging drills each week. Your students desperately want unique karate drills and kata, not the same repetitive drills you do week after week. Keeping things fresh and exciting is a sure way to keep your students happy and to keep your karate Dojo thriving!

The Family – The People of the Astrological Houses

The most important thing that we do in our experience is to relate with one another. To not be able to relate successfully makes life very difficult for many. I have done thousands and thousands of sky maps for thousands of people over my long years of being a professional astrologer. Probably the single thing that was most important to the person being read was relationships of all varieties. At the end of life, relationships or the lack of them were what was valued most, regretted most and controlled the end of life circumstance the most. At the core of relationship issues are the initial and primary relationships we form with our early family. Here is where our values are established and developed to become the basis for the relationships we build for ourselves in our future. As we mature, we form our own individual family circles plus a myriad of other relationships into which we enter. Family is where we begin our journey to understand and develop all relationships.

In previous articles I have written about the parental axis, the 4th/10th houses of any sky map, as well as the individual maternal and paternal roles. However, the family is not just our parents or lack of them. Each of us has a long, rich history within our family, good guys and bad guys. There is a genetic heritage. Yes we can see the physical characteristics that are handed down through the gene pool. But there is far more than what we inherit from our families on other levels. I am exploring this family astrological heritage step by step through a series of articles.

Any sky map is constructed with the earth (on which we all exist) in the center and the cosmic energy pattern existing around that central core. If we were on the Moon, sky maps would be constructed with the Moon in the center. On Mars, Mars would be in the center, etc. The wheel shape is called “the chart” and the divisions are called “houses.” There are 12 divisions of the houses just as there are 12 sign divisions for the zodiac. The signs show mannerisms, expressions and are descriptive in nature. The houses illustrate 12 compartments or arenas of physical experience. Each of those twelve houses therefore must contain numerous issues and also the people in your life. The whole of the wheel maps the whole of your life, every single thing. The trick is to learn to read that sky map successfully, which can be more involved than it seems. Our focus for this article will be on the people represented by the houses, particularly the members of your family.

Houses General house information will help us reach the point where we can see the validity of the people representations. Remember that the 12 houses begin with the ascendant and are listed counter-clockwise from that point around the wheel. Psychologist Carl Jung divided human expression into four categories: intuition, emotion, sensation, and thought. In brief:

· The left half of the wheel (rising planets) represents the development or the interests of self.

· The right half of the wheel (setting planets) represents involvement with others or the interests of others.

· The bottom half of the wheel represents the time from dusk to dawn, the introspective, internalized, reflective self.

· The top half of the wheel represents the time from dawn to dusk, the externalized, participatory, extroverted self.

· The four angles of the house wheel represent the point of beginning for each of the four quadrants of the chart.

· The general activity of all four chart quadrants are in this order from the Yung perspective: intuition, emotion, sensation, thought.

· The ascendant is the angle that begins the personal, subjective first three houses of intuition (1, 2, 3).

· The IC or 4th cusp is the angle that begins the subjective, other involved next three houses of emotion (4, 5, 6).

· The descendant is the angle that begins the external, other involved three houses of sensation (7, 8,9).

· The midheaven is the angle that begins the external, self-interest three houses of thought (10, 11, 12).

These few sentences describe the hemisphere and quadrature influence of houses. In addition,

· The angular house for each quadrant is dynamic active, visible, directly related to the individual.

· The succeedent house follows the angular house in each quadrant (succeeds the angle) and represents establishing, building, formalization of that quadrant’s issues.

· The cadent house follows the succeedent house and represents adaptation and promotion.

· In brief, the angular house activates, the succeedent house formalizes, the cadent house promotes the issues of a quadrant.

· The round of the three types of houses begins again at the next angle.

There is one more explanation of the cadent house that will help you understand its role better. Adaptation is the key word here because the dynamic influence of the angle is followed by the establishment influence of the succeedent house, which is a logical sequence for experience. However, it would be difficult to move from building brick by brick (establishment) to the dynamic activity of an angle because form would tend to resist the initiation of something new. The cadent houses bridge this gap between the establishing principal of one grouping of three houses (quadrature). and the dynamic principal at the beginning of the next grouping of three houses (quadrature). Using this rationale:

· The 3rd house bridges (adapts) the subjective self-aware first quadrant as it encounters the subjective awareness of others or emotional quadrant initiated by the 4th house. Intuition gives way to emotion.

· The 6th house bridges (adapts) the subjective awareness of others quadrant as it encounters the objective awareness of others or sensation quadrant initiated by the 7th house. Emotion gives way to sensation.

· The 9th house bridges (adapts) the objective awareness of others quadrant as it encounters the objective awareness of self or thought quadrant initiated by the 10th house. Sensation gives way to thought.

· The 12th house bridges (adapts) the objective awareness of self quadrant as it encounters the subjective awareness of self or intuition quadrant initiated by the 1st house. Thought gives way to intuition.

· The cadent houses are therefore key to understanding the point of flux, adaptation, bridging within the chart and are definitely more important than surface reading would indicate.

If you will add this information on the houses with what you already know about the houses, this material should add a layer to your understanding. Read slowly and re-read as necessary.

People of the Houses Who are the people represented by the houses? Everyone in your life is in that wheel somewhere. We will begin with the four angles and the technique we will use is the derivative house system or what I call “wheeling the houses.”

Self Many are aware that the cusp of the first house is called the ascendant and represents the physical presence of the person or entity represented by that sky map. Much of the descriptive reading about a person comes from that cusp and that house as well as that person’s personal projection, response to its environment and coping skills. This is how the world sees us, through the filter of the sign on the ascendant and the planets in the first house. In brief, the first house and its cusp represents the most personal point of the physical self, the “me” point of the wheel.

Partner Diametrically opposed to the ascendant is the descendant or 7th house. This is the point of the chart that is farthest from the point of self and may be described as the not self or the shadow self. This point represents the qualities we do not want to embrace and that we project onto another (partner). It is interesting that this represents the point of committed or contractual partnerships whether those relationships are personal (such as marriage) or business (such as partnership). Our committed partner is supposed to represent all the things we do not choose to express. What action do we do at this cusp? We commit to a person, walk into a house, lock the door behind us and attempt collectively to turn the house into a home. The way to a successful conclusion is to learn from that partner and embrace our own lesson. That way we can be with a person because we choose to, not because we must go to school with them as teacher.

Parents The 4th/10th axis (cusps) represents our parents (or lack of them), the parental roles themselves. I want to back up for a moment and mention that this pair of houses is called the security axis and represents our internal and our external security needs. Our parents are supposed to fulfill that role or to at least prepare us for that role. There is a great deal of controversy as to which parent belongs in which of the two houses. I did cover that concept in three previous articles so I will not repeat that information here. Briefly, the 4th house parent’s job is to offer internal, subjective security, also known as the family. The 10th house parent’s job is to offer or prepare us for external, objective security, also known as making our way in the world successfully. Some people get lucky and the parents fulfill their roles well. Some people are not so lucky because dysfunction exists which can cause the individual lifelong problems. Not every parent is equipped for the role they have chosen. Some people take the lemons they received from their particular spin of the parental wheel and they make lemonade. I encourage that.

So far we have ourselves (ascendant), our partner (descendant), our parents (both, either, or). What about all the other people that comprise our families? Where can they be found in the wheel?

Grandparents The parents have been shown to be the 4th (and its axis partner 10th) from the 1st house of self. Where are the parents of your parents? They must be located in the 4th house from your parent cusp. You always count starting with the house you are questioning, such as the 4th house parent. Put your finger on that house counting “one” then count forward (counter-clockwise) one house at a time until you reach the 4th house of that 4th parent. That would be the 7th house. The same action would be taken for the 10th house parent but it is unnecessary to repeat the exercise, just look to the axis partner of the 7th or the 1st (you). So your grandparents (you have four) are found on the ascendant/ descendant axis. There are only two houses in this count, so two grandparents belong in one house and two belong in the other. It will take a little work on your part to sort this out, but this is where you go to find the answers.

You will probably have genetic hand-me-downs from your grandparents. Two will have great similarities to you, those who are represented by the 1st house and ascendant. Two will seem less related as they occupy your 7th house of not-self. That probably is part of the generation gap. Physical and non-physical characteristics from those grandparents will evidence in you just as you will pass on certain characteristics to your grandchildren. My deceased father’s contribution to my kids and my grandkids is a specific sense of humor. My mother’s love for dancing and music has shown up as well in my kids and my grandkids as has my paternal grandmother’s beautiful singing voice. My parents and their parents are alive and well in the genetic contribution they gave us all within our family. Thank you for the gifts.

Partner’s parents and grandparents What if you marry? The 7th house will describe your partner and your marriage. It should tell you what and who you are looking for, what you want someone else to do in place of you, and what you are not comfortable with within yourself. At times you are grateful. At other times you will fight the process (and the person). That partner has parents and so those parents will be the 4th from the 7th (and its partner) and we are again back to the 4th/10th axis in the chart. Hmmm. So far we are getting a large number of people in very few houses. Perhaps that will help explain why astrologers concentrate on the angular houses. Hang in there, we will move outside the 4th/10th axis shortly. Your spouse has grandparents (4) as well and they will be shown by the 4th of the parent or the ascendant/descendent axis. Getting crowded isn’t it? Again, this can take some effort but this is where you begin.

Multiple Partnerships All committed relationships are a 7th house issue. It illustrates what you are seeking in a partner because you are avoiding it as yourself. What if you have more than one marriage or partnership? To differentiate, skip the 8th house and go to the 9th house. 7th/9th illustrate your second committed relationship. Skip the 10th and go to the 11th. The 7th/11th is your third committed relationship. More? Busy little beaver aren’t you? Do the same routine: skip/choose. Just skip a house, go to the next one and join it to 7th. This combination should describe each individual person it represents.

Children of all varieties Children are thought to be a 5th house issue. These would be natural children of the body (kids) or the mind (creativity). The oldest child is also described by the 5th. The second child would be the 7th along with the 5th. This 7th house child would be most like your spouse. The third child would be the 9th along with the 5th, and so forth around the chart. If you were to have 5 children, the 5th child would be most like you because that child would be represented by the 5th and the 1st houses. Children of your spouse, adopted children, fostering of children are each represented by your 11th house. Same procedure, maintain the base house but do the skip/choose procedure for each individual. Spouses of your children would be shown by the 7th (partner) of the 5th and additional house influence (child).

One last “child” that may be found in the 5th house could be small pets. Large animals such as horses or elephants are read from the 12th house. We all know people who treat their pets as a child with wraps or costumes, who may eat from your plate, considered a member of the family, be the recipient of lots of baby talk, etc. I am not talking about the ordinary affectionate position of a pet within a family. There should be plenty of emotion and caring for any pet. As you know, some pet owners go beyond even that. With some you may find the 5th house is active or gives a better description of their pet, particularly if there are no natural children or are there are children but they are not available to the person. The pet becomes their child.

Grandchildren A child of your child, your grandchild, is the 5th house from the 5th house or the 9th house for all grandchildren and particularly the first one. Again the skip/choose procedure applies for each additional grandchild The child of your spouse belongs with the 5th from the 7th or the 11th house as its base and skip/choose applies here as well.

Siblings and Partners Do you have siblings? They are a 3rd house issue, all of them. However, we must differentiate for individuality. All siblings and particularly the oldest one are 3rd house. The next in age is the 3rd and the 5th in combination. The next in age is the 3rd and the 7th in combination. Each succeeding sibling would maintain the 3rd and add the next 2nd house skip/choose jump (skip the 8th and go to the 9th). This is how you would look at siblings in general and specific siblings in particular. The partners of your siblings are shown by the house opposite the one chosen for that sibling.

Siblings of Spouse and Their Partners If you were seeking information on the siblings of your spouse, look to the 3rd of the 7th, which is the 9th. This is often referred to as the general in-law house as well. Again the 9th would be all siblings of your spouse particularly the oldest one. Do the same skip count as your own direct siblings, the second oldest sibling of your spouse would be the 9th/11th, and so forth. The partners of your partner’s siblings are showy by the house opposite the one chosen for the siblings of the spouse.

Cousins, Aunts and Uncles of all varieties Cousins fall into the same house arrangement as your siblings (3rd). A spouse’s cousins fall into the same house arrangement as their siblings (9th). Your own aunts and uncles have their basis in the 6th house, same counting arrangement. Your spouse’s aunts and uncles have their basis in the 12th house, same counting arrangement.

In Brief We have looked at the generalities of the houses to establish a reasonable base for understanding our relationships with others, specifically those we consider our family. We then moved on to the relationships we form and how to find them in the wheel. You must start with yourself because you will always be one end of any relationship possibility in your own life. The other end will be one of a number of relatives. In brief:

· siblings and cousins = 3rd house

· parents = 4th/10th houses

· grandparents = 1st/7th houses.

· natural children = 5th house

· foster or adopted children = 11th house

· spouses of your natural children = 11th house

· aunts and uncles = 6th house

· spouse or partner = 7th house

· spouse’s children = 11th house

· grandchildren and in-laws in general = 9th house

· multiples of births or marriage are delineated by the skip/choose house count

. Obviously you will have more and different kinds of relationships as we have explored only the family in this article. Please re-read this article as many times as necessary to clarify. This technique is not the easiest task to do and it will take you a little time to learn. For additional assistance look to articles or information on derivative house systems.

Recommended reading: the three previous articles in this series

  • Where do You Find Mom and Dad in a Chart? The Parental Axis
  • Parents – Who and Where is Mom in a Chart? – The Maternal Issues
  • Parents – Who and Where is Dad in a Chart?

Web Design Plays an Essential Role in Website Development

Designing websites is now a major service in the fast moving world of Internet business. The number of websites to be found on the World Wide Web has mushroomed and thus so has the importance of web design to business. All burgeoning and successful companies are eager to run a successful website and every thrusting businessman wants to improve the prospects of their business via the Internet, which is why website designing has become a flourishing business in itself.

As a result, website designing now forms a critical part of the web development process. Building attractive, glamorous and easily navigable websites have far greater appeal to users than ones that are uninteresting. It is in this area that web designing plays a critical role. It is only the websites with the best web design that will win over the best users or subscribers. Therefore, websites are one of the most important tools a business can have to bring clients straight to your business and help business to achieve their full business potential.

Designing a website is a complex activity which needs a thorough understanding of the process and any agency employed needs to be able to translate your company’s Internet aspirations into reality. It is much better to hire a professional web designer to serve your purpose and to build a bespoke website for your business, rather than using a template supplied by your domain provider. It is also not a good idea to outsource your requirements to other countries offering cheap web design because not only is there the possibility of language barriers so that you may not get your message across to the designer, but there may also be cultural differences which could result in a website that is not suitable for the main target audience of your products and services.

It is preferable to find a website design agency that allows you to outline your requirements clearly, perhaps by asking for your favourite colour schemes, perhaps naming three of your favourite sites so they can see what you like and who are generally prepared to listen to what you want. Being able to clearly identify your requirements at the outset will not only lead to the swift design of your website, but also avoids the unnecessary redesigning and reworking of designs. Everyone who wants a website will prefer to have it done efficiently first time around.

In order to facilitate this, there are a number of steps involved in designing a site that works well and is appealing. You need to be very clear about what you believe would best suit your business needs and your website needs to be in tune with the type of business you are operating. The site needs to be easy to navigate and user-friendly.

When choosing a designer, look carefully at their portfolio and experience and ensure they can handle complex design projects. With a little research, it is perfectly possible to find affordable web design, but research is vital for this to be effectively achieved.

The Difference Between Brazilian Cherry Wood and Teak for Outdoor Furniture

Brazilian cherry wood and teak are furniture materials loved for durability and classic design. These two are used for both indoor and outdoor settings-from flooring to patio furniture, from staircases to canoes, these are preferred by many because they are both weatherproof and heavy-duty.

If you still have yet to make a decision on what kind of material between these two are right for you, read on as I present the pros and cons of Brazilian cherry wood and teak. I will be providing some tips on cleaning and maintenance as well.


The main characteristic of teak that makes it one of the best wood types for furniture is strength. Its durability is one of the main reasons why people opt for this material for furniture items such as sun loungers, dining sets, chairs, and benches. Coming from countries like Burma, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand, teak is a type of tropical hardwood used as materials for items that demand strength and weather-resistance. Teak has a high oil content that makes it excellent to be immersed in any weather condition.

Aside from being protected from wear and tear, teak is also low-maintenance. Maintaining it with the use of sealants or simply cleaning it with soap and water a couple of times a year is enough.

One of the main differences between teak and Brazilian cherry wood is flexibility-the former is much more flexible than the latter, so if you’re planning on altering or modifying your furniture, you will not have a difficult time doing it on teak. Also, teak is more expensive-you will definitely need to shell out more cash if you choose this over cherry wood.

A reason why teak is more expensive than other types of wood is that it is not easy to get them. You can easily find a furniture shop that sells teak, so you can effortlessly purchase them and have it delivered to your house without having to go through any trouble, but you must know that it’s possible in most cases, acquiring these products is not that simple. The high tag price is because of teak’s scarcity-there is high demand, but the supply of old-growth teak continues to slowly fall. There are many economic and environmental concerns (such as deforestation issues and distances in shipping) about teak coming from Southeast Asian countries, but there is an alternative: plantation teak-which is planted for forestry management; for exclusive commercial/ecological purposes.

You will not sacrifice anything if you get plantation grow teak, because it’s just as durable as old-growth teak. Plantation teak having lower densities is a myth-studies say that the same properties (like oily resins making it durable and termite-resistant) are still there. Plantation teak can grow in other tropical places such as Mexico, Costa Rica, or other parts of Central America, and the quality that you’ll find in these products will have the same great qualities as the old-growth ones from Southeast Asia.

Teak is more expensive than Brazilian cherry wood, but the latter could also be a bit pricey. However, if your mind is set on pieces of furniture that will last for decades (or even a lifetime), you will not go wrong with teak. This is a product that is usually passed on from generation to generation; functioning as a heirloom for many families-so investing in it will definitely be worth your money.

Brazilian Cherry Wood

Also known as Jatoba, Brazilian cherry wood is another well-known moisture-resistant material used for products like flooring, cabinets, doors, and other types of woodwork requiring toughness. Like teak, cherry wood is beautiful and durable, and both have the ability to endure even the worst weather conditions.

Having a deep red / reddish-brown / maroon shade (sometimes with black or other shades of darker highlights), Brazilian cherry is a famous substitute for teak. In terms of polishing and using finish, this one stains particularly well. Cherry wood’s very high density could have some disadvantages, however. Sawing it is of course, possible, but it could get pretty difficult to cut it because it could cause blunting effects on your tools. Most of the time, you need to do pre-drilling before nailing something on it. You must also be careful to note that this wood is about 230% denser than teak.

One difference between cherry wood and teak is the change of color happens over time. With the former, a darker color will emerge if it’s exposed to light-a few months of being exposed to the sun will make it a bit more darker, and it’ll remain that way. With teak, however, the color will change to a grayish brown once it’s exposed outdoors. You must pay attention to this detail especially if you’re particularly concerned about color (you don’t need to worry about diminishing quality because of outdoor exposure, as the quality will remain the same). Some people prefer the light/aged look, while some would always want the deep red / maroon shade. Evaluate your style preferences to know which will work for you and the overall look of your setting.

Benefits of Hiring Tower Cranes

Every construction site is surrounded by a wide array of equipments. If a tall structure is being built at the construction site then you would definitely need tower cranes. Such cranes are generally fixed to the foundation but at times they can also be attached to the side of a structure for easy maneuverability. Any sort of crane is utilized in lifting heavy weights but with tower cranes you get the extra advantage of lifting weights to or from extremely high places. For all your construction purposes you definitely need a crane, which you can either buy or hire.

Construction sites and industrial sites definitely need tower cranes but since they are hugely expensive the other best option is to hire them. Big companies may even buy cranes as it would tremendously help them in their business but for small companies it is simply impossible to buy cranes. Hiring tower cranes eases your work and transporting such cranes from one location to another will not be too expensive. Such cranes are locally available for hire at several places and small companies can avail the hiring benefits of such cranes at very affordable prices. Sometimes even big companies opt for hiring cranes as they are much more convenient and easy to get when their work sites are located at considerable distances.

Renting companies of tower cranes are professionals who take full responsibility for transferring or shipping and assembling of the cranes. Later, when the job is done, the shipping company will also dismantle the cranes and take it away with them. Hire charges include this assembling and dismantling charges but you don’t have to worry about paying anything more.

The working mechanism of the tower cranes includes a central mast, attached to which is the slewing unit of the machine that acts as the motor of the unit. The slewing unit of the machine helps in movement of the arm part of the crane and lifts up objects by moving a full 360 degrees and lifting objects from one place and putting in down at another. The operation of cranes is quite easy but the movement of cranes is tedious and requires a lot of time. The mammoth weight of the cranes makes it next to impossible to shift cranes from one place to another; this is another reason why big companies prefer to hire tower cranes rather than to buy them.

Another advantage of hiring tower cranes is that it offers versatility to the business. Often at construction sites different types of cranes are required and because crane hire companies carry a wide variety of cranes it is always advisable to contact them for you are the specific type of crane that you need for your job. It saves costs of buying different types of cranes and it also means that you do not need to keep trained personnel for operating all these different types of cranes.

There are several companies who hire out tower cranes and you can easily search online to contact them for your construction needs. Lastly, these companies also provide safety measures and gear for using such cranes and also provide maximum protection to your construction workers.

The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Glass Doors And Partitions

Glass doors are a great choice for both homes and businesses, and offer a great many advantages. In this article I’m going to look at specifically what those advantages are, as well as covering possible disadvantages which you should be aware of.

One of the most obvious and appealing benefits of doors made from glass is the fact that they allow light to pass through. For doors which open to the outside there is the benefit of being able to enjoy natural sunlight entering the room. Not only does this sunlight look and feel much more pleasant than artificial light, but it also helps to reduce the need for that artificial lighting, lowering costs as well as representing a greener alternative.

But even in cases where the door is not an exterior one, a glass door still allows light to pass from one room to the other, not only creating a visually more attractive space, but also a more practical one, since there are fewer shadows and darker areas, maximising the efficient use of the room.

One of the possible disadvantages of course with glass is that it does not usually permit privacy. Clearly this is why very few bathrooms have doors made from glass! But there is a way in which you can enjoy the benefits of a glass door being able to allow light to pass through it whilst also enjoying a certain amount of privacy. Frosted glass, or even coloured opaque glass can be used for both partitions and doors to create an attractive feature which also provides the privacy required.

Another benefit of glass as a material for use in doors and partitions is that it is incredibly durable and extremely easy to keep clean. Glass does not rust, or corrode, it is not susceptible to woodworm, and it doesn’t collect dust. All that is necessary to keep the glass door or glass partition looking clean and attractive is to give it an occasional wipe with a cloth and some glass cleaner. This is ideal for both businesses and homes.

One of the disadvantages of glass doors is that they are more liable to crack or break if they receive a very sharp knock or heavy blow. However, such a blow would probably cause significant damage to any door, and as they’re made of toughened glass, glass doors and partitions are more than tough enough to cope with everyday use, and should not shatter or break revealing sharp edges should a seriously hard knock cause any damage.

Modern digital printing now also enables glass doors to be patterned or to have designs added. This is less useful for homes, but for businesses and commercial properties it provides the opportunity to have company logos or other relevant information included on the glass.

With a choice of colours and many different types of frameless glass doors, including fixed, hinged, sliding and folding systems, there are many benefits worth considering, both for the home and for business environments.

Baby Hand Casting – Home Based Business for Moms

You’ve probably seen examples of this wonderful art form on TV or on the internet- full size, 3 dimensional, stone sculptures of baby hands and feet. These are called LifeCasts.

You’ve probably wondered how they did it and most people assume that it is very complicated or expensive to do. Not so…

The materials and techniques used by professional LifeCasters are neither expensive nor are they beyond the reach of most amateurs. In fact the materials cost for a baby hand cast is no more than $4.00.

New parents are always agog with the cuteness of their baby. They can’t get enough of holding and kissing the baby’s hands and feet. Wouldn’t it be wonderful to have a sculpture of all that cuteness so you can remember and share it with the child as they grow up? They also make wonderful gifts for grandparents who live far from the young family.

In fact, many young mothers are learning the technique, sharing it with their close friends and actually starting LifeCasting businesses for fun and profit.

Here’s the nuts and bolts:

LifeCasting is a “molding” and “casting” procedure. The most common molding material used is something called Alginate (AL-jin-it). Alginate is sold as a powder. When you mix it with water, it forms a thick liquid. This liquid is put into a small container (bucket) and the baby’s hand or foot is pushed down into the alginate mixture. In a minute or so, the alginate “sets” (changes from a liquid to a rubbery solid). At this point, the baby’s hand or foot is gently pulled out of the mold leaving a hole EXACTLY the same size and shape as the baby’s hand or foot.

At this point, the mold is “poured” with the casting material. The most common casting material is a type of plaster called Gypsum Cement (commonly called “stone”) which is much stronger than Plaster of Paris. The gypsum cement is mixed with water and is poured down into the mold until it is full. In about an hour, the stone has hardened and the alginate mold is removed revealing the casting.

Usually there is a small amount of cleanup of the casting required, but that is basically it. The casting can be painted, but only after waiting a couple of days for the water to evaporate out of the stone.

You will need a “bucket” that is JUST big enough to accommodate the hand. A bucket that is too large will just require MORE alginate to fill the extra space. The baby’s hand or foot must not touch the inside of the bucket during the procedure or it will ruin the mold. For that reason, a transparent or translucent plastic is the best so you can see if the hand or foot is touching.

Alginates come in a variety of setting times. Don’t get one with a long setting time because the baby can get fussy. Also look for an alginate that you can mix with warm water. If you start with 95°F water, the alginate will have cooled to about 92°F when you are ready to put the baby’s hand in. This is great because baby skin temperature is about the same. Done this way, sleeping babies almost never wake up and alert babies are much easier to distract with a rattle or toy of some sort. If they’re not too conscious of the alginate on their hand there is a smaller chance that they will wiggle their hand or foot too much, which could ruin the mold.

Children from about 6 months to 3 years are extremely difficult to LifeCast. They just don’t sleep enough and you can’t yet explain to them WHY they should be happy to have their hands in a scary bucket of goo.

Some alginate manufacturers make “color-changing” alginate for use in hand casting. The alginate turns bright pink when you first mix it and fades to white about 40 seconds before it “sets”. This way you don’t have to run a stopwatch- just wait until the alginate is white before you put the baby’s hand or foot in.

Lots of information is available online. The search terms you would look for are Alginate or Lifecasting.

It really is neither expensive or difficult to learn these techniques but it IS a lot of fun.