A Jack Russell Terrier for Your New Pet – The Pros & Cons

Why You Should or Shouldn’t Choose a Jack Russell Terrier for a Pet

Terriers are among the most popular dogs around the world. There are about 7 different breeds of terriers that have reached the top 50 in popularity. Most terriers are lively, intelligent, and cheerful dogs who will be your new best friend. The Jack Russell Terrier is becoming one of the most popular of the terrier breeds as pets.

They were actually bred as fox hunting dogs and they certainly have a strong hunting spirit as they enjoy outdoor activity. If you’re about to get a Jack Russell Terrier you need to learn more about them, especially their personalities. Like all pets there are a number of pros and cons to consider before taking the leap.

A Jack Russell will make an especially great pet for active owners. They have a lot of energy and do best where they can interact with outdoor type owners. Jack Russell Terriers are considered to be one of the most intelligent dogs in the world. They learn very quickly and have the potential to learn many difficult tasks. They need to be trained properly to get the most from them, although they will learn quite a bit on their own.

The Jack Russell Terrier has a good reputation for getting along with children. They always appear to be happy which has a positive influence on children. Once they make an interaction, the children respond well to these bundles of energy. Because children also have tons of energy they get along well with these pets and usually become inseparable.

Even if you live in an apartment or mobile home it doesn’t mean a Jack Russell Terrier won’t be a good pet for you. They are small enough so any dog rules won’t preclude you from owning one, but you need to be able to take them outside often.

Another plus of them being small is they don’t eat much so it doesn’t cost a lot to feed them. Jack Russell Terriers are pretty hardy little dogs and don’t need any special food or medicine, just make sure you feed them a good diet. Their small size also helps keep them clean as bathing and brushing them is quick and easy.

One of the disadvantages of the Jack Russell Terrier is that they don’t get along well with other animals. They tend to be aggressive with other dogs as well as other pets, especially cats. If you have other pets you might want to think twice before getting one. I have talked to people who say they have raised Jack Russell’s from puppies with other pets and have had no problems.

Make sure your pet terrier gets outside often so that it can run off some of its energy and you can do some training with them. Don’t keep them confined or ignore them as this will make your pet Jack Russell unhappy, which could lead to destructive behavior and might even cause aggression towards people.

You should probably get a Jack Russell as a puppy so that you can train it to interact in the correct way with your family. They are very smart little dogs and will take to training especially when its done correctly. Rather than try to come up with a training schedule on your own, you should study professional training books or videos before trying to train your pet.

The problem with trying to do it yourself is that it’s typically hit or miss because life often gets in the way and the kids don’t normally have the discipline to train correctly on their own. Your pet Jack Russell terrier has so much energy that you have to really bear down on them to keep their attention for training. Unless you have plenty of time to exercise and train them you should probably not think about getting one as a pet. They really need to be exercised every day which will also help with their training and obedience.

Jack Russell Terriers could be great choice as a pet dog if you are looking for a happy, active and loving pet. Make sure you and your family have the time to devote to training and provide lots of exercise. Normally it will be a good pet for a family who wants only one pet. The Jack Russell doesn’t have to have any special housing requirements, which is good if you live in an apartment or mobile home. It also doesn’t have any special feeding requirements. Now that you have considered both the advantages and disadvantages of having a pet Jack Russell Terrier, I think you’ll agree it would be an excellent choice for your new pet.

Health Risks of PVC Roofing Membrane

Many building owners and manufacturers have asked me why I don’t offer PVC membrane to my flat roof customers. I simply feel that PVC is too great of a risk to take.

What is PVC?

PVC, or Polyvinyl Chloride, is made from the polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), a toxic, carcinogenic gas. It is a durable, economical material with many uses. 75% of all PVC consumption in North America is attributed to plastic pipes. PVC is also used as a membrane to cover flat roofs, and appears to the average person to look exactly like TPO membrane.

What are the risks associated with PVC?

Research shows that dioxin, which is the most potent carcinogen known to science, along with vinyl chloride and certain acids, are created and released during the production of PVC. These chemicals can cause severe health problems such as:

  • cancer
  • neurological damage
  • immune system damage
  • respiratory problems
  • liver and kidney failure
  • birth defects
  • asthma

These are problems that the public and roofing contractors have a right to know about.

My story

About 12 years ago, PVC was the primary material we used in our flat roofing division here at Brady Roofing. After we began installing PVC, I started to experience health problems. I have been healthy my entire life, so when these issues came on so suddenly, it made me wonder about the safety of PVC membrane. This led me to do some serious research on the material. I found that manufacturers actually know that PVC membrane is very toxic, but they were hiding these facts from me during our conversations.

My personal health problems included severe respiratory issues and neurological damage. The neurological issues are actually getting worse, despite the fact that I no longer install PVC. I don’t want to go into my own health problems too deeply, but just to illustrate, my left lower body is experiencing a slow atrophy of the muscles due to neurological damage. My left calf is currently 1.25 inches smaller in circumference than my right. While I have no proof, I strongly believe it is caused from breathing the toxins found in PVC membrane. I have no genetic predisposition for such neurological issues.

Is this research relevant?

I approached our PVC manufacturer about the issue. They simply told me that there was no research to support my claims. In fact, there is a great deal of research done on the toxicity of PVC. The manufacturers can claim they are not relevant because these studies are done on the production of PVC rather than the installation risks. However, when you install PVC, you use hot air up to 1300 degrees F to melt the membrane and seal it. As the membrane melts, it can feel like you are breathing ammonia. The air can burn your sinuses, showing the presence of harmful chemicals being released, just as they are during production. Manufacturers will not provide this information to contractors and consumers.

Their argument is that the roofs are installed in open air, so there is enough ventilation to keep the installers safe. However, when you are welding, your face is 18 inches from the fumes. In a large majority of flat roofs there are also parapet walls, keeping the wind from blowing and clearing the fumes out. A significant percentage of the time, the fumes will enter your sinuses instead.

What can we do?

All of my research led me to believe that PVC is not a safe material to handle. This is why we have refused to install PVC membranes. Though there are variations of PVC membranes created in an effort to distance themselves from the hazards associated with PVC, careful examination will reveal that vinyl chloride monomers and dioxins are still present in these alternatives. While I have not drawn any strict correlations between PVC health risks and the customers, I have drawn risks to the installers, and I refuse to take any possible risk with our customers health as well.

We have chosen a new, innovative roofing alternative called TPO. TPO looks identical to PVC, but it comes without risks to the installer or customer. I believe that it is actually a better membrane because it does not get brittle like a dried up PVC pipe, as is characteristic of PVC sheets. TPO is flexible and highly energy efficient, along with being non-toxic. TPO is a younger product, it has only been around since 1991. However, it is showing indications that it will last longer than PVC membrane.

Perimeter and Rotational Defenses For Volleyball

The previous article “Playing Defense in Youth Volleyball – What You Need to Know” outlined for a youth volleyball team the basics of defensive positioning. That article and this one assume that you are playing with six players on the court. To further expand on volleyball defense, 2 very sound and frequently used defensive strategies will now be discussed. It should be noted that each begins with the players transitioning from offense to “base defense”. Base defense has three players at the net with the middle blocker directly in the middle and the 2 out side blockers on either side about 8 feet from the middle blocker. The back row players form a triangle with the middle back player as the top of the triangle, in the middle of the court, 2 or 3 feet from the back line, and the two other players, 2 to 3 feet from the side lines and 2 to 3 feet behind the attack line.

From these positions, the players observe their opponents as they execute their offense and react to the direction of the attack. In a perimeter defense, the primary goal is to dig the hard attack hits of your opponent. When the opponent’s setter sets the ball to your left (as you face the net), left front and front middle move to block the attack at the net. The right front, or offside blocker, shuffles back from the net to about the attack line and 8 to 10 feet in from the right side line. This allows the offside blocker to protect against dinks and roll shots. As the front row is moving to defense against an attack from their left side, the back row is moving as well. The left back takes a step or two backwards and closer to the left side line. The middle back moves a step or two to their right and moves closer to the base line. and the right back takes 3 or 4 steps back along the right side line. At this point, the defense has protected the “perimeter” of the court; line shots are able to be dug and cross court hits are dug by the middle and right back players. The movement of players if the opponent’s attack is coming from your right side is just the opposite of what has been described. Middle front and right front players move together to block, the offside (left front player) moves back off the net and toward the middle of the court. The back row has the right back defender moving back and onto the right side line. The middle back player slides to their left and remains on the back line. The left back player moves backwards and onto the left side line. The perimeter defense is very effective when playing against hard hitting opponents.

One of the areas the perimeter defense has some difficulty defending is the roll shot and dink shot over top of the blocker, or similar shots to mid-court just beyond the attack line. Younger teams are usually not strong enough to effectively spike the ball with consistency, power, and accuracy. Many teams lacking the strength and skill level will attempt to hit downballs, dinks or roll shots. A better defense that provides more coverage and protection for these types of attacks is called the “rotational” defense. As in the perimeter defense, the rotational defense starts with the players in their “base” defensive positions. When the team sees the set from the opponents, they start to move into their defensive positions. The front row players react similarly with the middle and outside players forming the block. The “offside” front row player drops off the net behind the 10 foot line and 2 or 3 feet from the side line. The back row player that is directly in front or the opponent attacking, moves up inside the ten foot line between the two blockers. The middle back defender moves toward the side line the attack is coming from, and positions themselves 3 to 5 feet from the base line. The opposite back defender positions themselves diagonally from the attacker, for reference purposes, this player is in the diagonal corner a couple of feet in from the side line and base line.

When properly executed, you will see 6 players moving as one, almost in a dance. It’s great to watch, and solid defense can really frustrate your opponents.

Home Interiors

Most of us live in houses that were designed and built for a population which had a lifestyle which was poles apart from our own modern lives which although we have endless modern appliances to make housework so much easier we lack the time to live our lives in such a way as to be most beneficial to our souls and that is why our homes are so important as the very lynchpin/hub of our lives – it should be a nest/retreat for the whole family that no matter what life throws at us there is somewhere to escape to which is both comfortable and functional.

Imagine you are a stranger in your home for the first time what are your impressions? Is your home welcoming? Is it fresh and light? No two people have identical tastes and preferences. In rooms that have personal meaning, awareness of space and ease of access we experience uplifted spirits

Rooms should follow a basic theme to function most effectively such as eating and sleeping. In very basic terms a bedroom should be calming and peaceful, a kitchen bright warm and practical, a sitting room comfortable and relaxing and bathroom tranquil. The reality of interior design is that very few of us can afford to change all our furniture and accessories each time we re-decorate or move or would even want to.

The secret to making the most of an interior scheme is being able to place all the odd ball collection of furniture and soft furnishings and pictures that you wouldn’t be without in such positions as best suit both the appearance of the room and your lifestyle so you will have not only an attractive but functional room.

There is no such thing as the perfect house. When you were looking for a new property and decided on the one you are living in there would almost certainly have been an area or some part of it which you weren’t happy with but were prepared to compromise on the basis that it fulfilled most of what you needed. There are certain things that cannot be changed such as transforming a terraced house into a detached property but there are ways in which you can expand your house upwards, downwards or even backwards. By simply using different colours you can create symmetry and space in a room or re-arranging the furniture. Good storage, decorating and lighting tricks can make a world of difference without going to the expense and inconvenience of moving.

One thing you can be sure of, if you leave everything exactly how it is year on year you will fail to see it in the end.

Types of CAD Jobs

The demand for CAD (computer aided design) jobs have continued to grow over the last several years. Many people who are unfamiliar with the technology believe that it is nothing more than simply creating digital designs, however this couldn’t be farther from the truth. In reality, there are a number of unique CAD jobs available. To get an idea of what types of jobs are available, here is quick look at some of the job openings that have shown the biggest need recently. While there are many different descriptions (CAD operator, technician, drafter, etc), they all means essentially the same thing

Types of CAD Jobs

A CAD drafter essentially prepare technical drawings and plan. These plans are used by production and construction engineers to build a finished product. These products range from the tallest buildings to smallest microchips. Drafters create the visual guidelines that will specify details such as the dimensions, procedures, and materials that will be used. The drafter is responsible for melding the information that is given to them from scientists, surveyors, engineers, architects, and the like.

There are a variety of different specialties that a CAD technician could have including: aeronautics, architectural, civil, electrical, mechanical, and process piping.

An aeronautical CAD drafter creates engineering drawings that are detailed plans and specifications that will be used in the manufacturing of goods such as missiles and aircraft.

An architectural CAD operator will create structural features for construction projects. Some CAD operators will specialize even further based upon the type of structure (residential or commercial) or material being used (masonry, wood, steel, or reinforced concrete).

An electrical CAD drafter will deal primarily with layout diagrams that are used be electricians and workers who deal with electrical equipment such as power plants and communication centers.

Civil CAD technicians create relief and topographical maps that can be used to aid in construction and civil engineering projects. These would include things like water systems, sewage systems, pipelines, highways, bridges, and the like.

Pipeline (Process Piping) drafters focus primarily on creating the layout of gas fields, refineries, chemical plants and related projects.

There are other specialties as well including: mechanical and electronics CAD engineers as well.

CAD Work Environment

CAD drafters of all types often have similar working environments. Most will have their own office space and spend extremely long hours in front of the computer. Oftentimes, they will have a standard 40 hour work week (or overtime) because part time CAD workers are rarely needed.

CAD Yearly Earnings

The average yearly income varies based upon location and specialty, however the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that architectural and civil engineers earn $44,390, mechanical drafters earn $47,630, and electrical and electronic CAD drafters earn $47,910 per year.

While the basic function of a CAD drafter is fairly similar, the specialties related to specific types of CAD jobs vary greatly based upon the employee specialization. The basic specialties can be group into: aeronautical, architectural, electrical, civil, pipeline, mechanical, and electronics. The need for different types of CAD jobs is currently projected to continue to increase over the next decade, if not longer.

Heal Yourself With the Tissue Salts

How does your body heal itself? I guess we all sort of know that our bodies are self generating, self repairing mechanisms, but we seem to lose sight of that for a lot of the time. We are constantly getting the messages that we need this pain relief and that drug. Maybe what we really need is more information about how our bodies work and what we need to repair the tissues that are causing us a problem.

Dr George Carey, who made a profound study of this very subject, lists the major building blocks as oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, lime, iron, potash, soda, silica, magnesium, et cetera (The Zodiac and the Salts of Salvation p 21). He likens disease (dis-ease) to a shadow. You can not blot it out, or throw things at it to get rid of it. For a shadow, the cure is light. For disease, the cure is the nutrient that the affected tissue needs in order to repair itself. What we need to know, then, is what nutrient is required by which tissue, in order for it to become and stay healthy.

The twelve tissue salts. For each different type of tissue, there is one or more salt involved in generation and, without them, nothing can be repaired properly. I think this means that, if we do not have sufficient of these important nutrients, then we can eat the best possible of diets and still not be able to absorb or utilise enough of the vitamins, enzymes, proteins and fatty acids needed for the proper functioning of our bodies.

There are twelve tissue salts. They are the major substances that are found in the ashes of a burnt body, whether human or other animal. Each salt has been given a number and is usually called by its Latin name. I am using the English form, which explains why they are not in alphabetical order, which they are if Latin is used.

Number one is Calcium Fluoride which strengthens teeth and gives elasticity to muscular tissue and blood vessels. Lack of this salt results in sagging cheeks, varicose veins, piles and snoring. Many people confuse this salt with the rat and cockroach poison sodium fluoride. They are two completely different chemicals

Salt number two is Calcium Phosphate, used as the cement that holds together and gives strength to your bones and teeth. Symptoms of deficiency are weak organs, sluggish circulation, spasms and cramps accompanied by coldness and numbness. You could also get chilblains, enlarged tonsils and polyps.

Calcium Sulphate, number three, cleanses, heals and purifies. Without it, dead cells and other decaying matter clog up your blood, damaging and irritating healthy tissues. Catarrh, acne, gumboils, abscesses and ulcers are some of the signs of deficiency. Because lack of this salt results in general toxicity, from the dead and decaying matter circulating in your body, I think this is the first salt you should think of if you are feeling under the weather.

Number four is Iron Phosphate, which circulates oxygen, strengthens arteries and veins and gives vitality. It should always be considered as a remedy for any disease, and is especially important for simple anaemia, inflammation, high temperatures, racing pulse, sprains and strains.

To keep your skin smooth and your blood flowing freely, you need sufficient Potassium Chloride, which is salt number five. Without it, you are likely to suffer from soft swelling in glands, thick white discharges of mucus, chronic rheumatic swelling, coughs, colds, sore throat, tonsillitis, and/or bronchitis.

Potassium Phosphate, salt number 6, feeds your nerves and brain. Without enough of it, you would be likely to experience nervous headaches and dyspepsia, sleeplessness, depression, weariness, low vitality and grumpiness.

Potassium sulphate heals your mucous membranes and the lower layers of your skin. This seventh salt is indicated for sinusitis and rhinitis, yellowish greenish tongue and mucus discharge, scaly skin, athlete’s foot, brittle nails and lifeless hair.

Magnesium Phosphate, number eight, is the anti-spasmodic. It relaxes and calms. You need it if you suffer from spasms or cramps, shooting, darting pains and headaches, twitching, hiccups, convulsive coughing and sharp twinges.

Number nine, Sodium Chloride regulates the level of moisture in your organs and tissues. You might expect to be able to utilise common salt in your system, but this is apparently not the case. It seems that the way common salt is manufactured alters its structure so much that we cannot absorb or use it properly. You need this salt if you have watery eyes, dry mouth or skin, sneezing, painful nose and throat, hay fever and unrefreshing sleep.

Ten, Sodium Phosphate neutralises acids and controls the absorption of water. It is present in nerves and brain cells, your intercellular fluid, muscles, and blood. Hyper acidity results in rheumatic, and digestive disorders. This salt is a good remedy for jaundice, sick headaches and colic, indigestion arising from eating fatty foods, and pain, stiffness and swelling of your joints.

Salt number eleven is Sodium Sulphate, which is needed to eliminate excess water and it is necessary for the health of your liver. It regulates the consistency of bile, and emulsifies fatty acids in your gut. This salt is closely involved in the evacuation of the oil based toxins that should be excreted from your liver, and which are the normal byproducts of your body’s diverse functions.

Finally, number twelve: Silica, a sharp crystal, aids in the progression of substances through your tissues, as in hair, nails, blood and pus. It also strengthens your teeth, bones and connective tissue. If you are short of it, you are more likely to get styes, abscesses, boils, joint pain and be absent minded, and have difficulty thinking and remembering.

A caution. When you take any of these salts, and particularly silica, calcium sulphate and sodium sulphate, you need to make sure that the toxins they release will be removed from your body quickly and effectively. To do this, you need to make sure that you eat fats, in order to release bile from your liver. At the same time, you need to eat plenty of insoluble fibre. You will, thus, absorb the bile once it has emulsified the fats, and prevent the bile being reabsorbed through your gut, which would release the toxins to circulate through your body again.

Where to Find Supplemental Salts

Until recently, the only way of obtaining the tissue salts was in homeopathic potencies. These work well in minor conditions, but seem not to have sufficient of the salts to produce rapid improvement in more serious cases of deficiency. Now, however, ionic liquid forms of the tissue salts have become available.

As all these salts are major components of our bodies and we cannot heal ourselves without them, it seems to me that, whenever you have any dis-ease – slight or serious – these should be your first port of call in seeking a suitable remedy.

Glass Swimming Pool Fences

If you are planning to go for fencing around your swimming pool then glass fences will be one of the best options for you. It is seen that glass fences are getting more and more popular these days. The best thing about these fences is that they are durable. We all are aware of the strength, coverage and durability of the glass. Although, there are many more types of fences such as chain link, aluminium, vinyl, wood, wrought iron and mesh available in the market, yet one can say that glass fences are just perfect for all conditions.

People who use fences made up of wood, iron or chain links often complains about rotting or rusting. Glass are easy to clean and easy to maintain. You will also not have to spend your money on painting or applying rust repellent on glass a fence which is must, year after year in the case of wood or iron. The use of glass fences is also increasing because it looks good and suits every house. The bending ability of glass is very helpful in providing attractive and amazing designs to the pool fences. This is the main reason why there are various attractive glass fences available in the market.

There are various types of glass pool available today that even serves to protect your privacy. You can have some excellent glass swimming pool by just frosting or tinting the glass. It gives a new and a designer look to the glass and thus to your fences. There are many more types of fences that look attractive and may solve your purpose of fencing your swimming pool but there is nothing like glass fences. There is also a trend of printing some designs on your glass fences that looks simply great. You can even add beauty to your pool area by installing few lamps along your swimming pool.

Why Does Freemasonry Support Public Schools?

Each year the California Grand Lodge and its constituent Masonic lodges throughout the state proclaim one month to be “Public Schools Month.” A proclamation is routinely delivered by the sitting Grand Master, read aloud in each constituent lodge during one or more monthly stated meetings. Its purpose has always been to encourage lodges to plan a program publicly supporting Public Schools in a way that reveals for all to see the depth of Freemasonry’s commitment.

Until 2011, each constituent lodge was generally left to decide for itself what to do without the benefit of also embracing a statewide Masonic project in which it could become involved. That effort has been a rather haphazard implementation of a series of different activities by different lodges working independently of each other. The programs ranged from elaborate and energetic interaction with selected Public Schools to nothing at all.

There are many various reasons why certain lodges have done little or nothing. In some lodges the members have not been particularly active outside of lodge ritual or lodge social events. In other lodges the past leadership simply did not provide adequate vision. And in yet other lodges financial resources were inadequate to do much more than struggle to support the bare minimum of activities.

But all of that changed in 2011 for California Masons and their lodges. Grand Master William J. Bray III led the way to implementing a statewide Masonic commitment to the state’s public schools. Although it was his leadership that provided the energy for implementing the programs, the plan came from ordinary Masons who work in the trenches of Freemasonry throughout the state.

The most recent Grand Lodge Strategic Plan is the product of a survey taken by its Executive Committee and staff delivered to each and every member of a constituent lodge. Woven into the fabric of that plan was the overwhelmingly most popular response: Masonry should become a force for profoundly invigorating our Public Schools. Masons up and down the state concluded that it was important to save public education, make it better than ever before, and prove to our communities that Masons believe that a successful system of free public education is essential to the continuation of a free society.

To better understand why such a diverse group of men and women from differing political, religious and cultural backgrounds stand linked arm-in-arm in support of public schools, it is instructive to first learn how and why public schools came to dominate America’s educational system. A great deal of credit for that goes to Horace Mann – the “Father of the Common School Movement” – who also happened to be a Mason. It would be a mistake, however, to conclude that Mann’s dedication to the public school cause was due to his being a Mason. It would also be a mistake to infer that Freemasonry supports Public Schools simply because Horace Mann was a Mason. The truth of the matter is that Masonry embraces values that Mann found appealing enough to be initiated into the Craft. Freemasonry and Mann shared the same reverence for virtue, morality and the advancement of an enlightened public.

Today, Public Schools are the primary source for educating our children from kindergarten through high school. That was not always so, for from the beginning of this country until the present day advancing the cause of Public School education has been strongly opposed by parents with powerful political backing who have steadfastly resisted turning their children over to teachers for their moral education. Even in America’s early years some children were home-schooled. If their parents were wealthy enough others were taught by private tutors. However, soon after the American Revolution was concluded, Thomas Jefferson initiated a nationwide dialogue that gained such tremendous momentum that Public Schools eventually became the norm rather than the exception.

Jefferson argued that a free and independent society would be stronger if all of its citizens received equal access to knowledge – knowledge which each could then apply in their daily lives. At the end of the Revolution the nation found itself without any educational system and the people were left to fend for themselves. To remedy the matter, Jefferson – who at various times argued with equal vigor for small and large government – suggested that tax dollars be used to fund a nationwide educational system. His suggestion was ignored at the time and his idea languished for nearly a century.

By the 1840’s a few Public Schools had popped up around the country financially supported by communities that could afford them. At about this time Horace Mann began his own crusade, picking up where Jefferson had left off. Mann’s life story cannot be told here, but suffice to state that if he had not acted with energetic, single-minded dedication to what he believed was necessary, Massachusetts would not have passed the first compulsory education laws in 1852. New York followed the following year and by 1918 all American children were required to at least attend elementary school. What followed was the nothing less than the successful pursuit of something shared in common by Freemasonry and America’s Founding Fathers: equality.

At the turn of the 20th century schools in the South, as well as many in the north were segregated. In 1896, in a case entitled Plessy v. Ferguson, the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal – a decision that would be overturned decades later in the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. What was at issue in 1954 and decided once and for all time was the ideal that all men are created equal under the eyes of the Supreme Architect of the Universe – at least when it comes to the question of equal access to education. It certainly comes as no surprise that the Chief Justice in 1954 was Earl Warren who, like Horace Mann, was a Mason. From that year forward all Public Schools have been open to children of all ethnic backgrounds.

Between 1896 and 1954, Masons throughout America led the charge for the advancement of enlightenment with its clarion call for the support of Public Schools. It is neither ironic nor wholly surprising that the first time the Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite for the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States, whose see is at Charleston, North Carolina, ventured out into the world of community service was to further the cause of Public Schools. Much gratitude is owed to the Grand Commander at the time, George F. Moore, for his uncompromising leadership in that venture.

Before being elected Grand Commander in 1914 by the Supreme Council, Moore – a prolific writer – auditioned his Masonic position in favor of Public Schools in such publications as The New Age – a predecessor to today’s Scottish Rite Journal. His attempts, made before the onset of World War I, were well received everywhere – including in New York which was prompted by men such as Moore, as well as organizations such as the Scottish Rite to pass it’s compulsory education laws in 1918. In the years after Moore had passed his elected position as Grand Commander on to John Cowles, the Scottish Rite became known throughout America as the great promoter of nationwide literacy through the auspices of Public Schools.

California Masons were no less active in their support of Public Schools. In 1920 Charles A. Adams, Grand Master of Masons in California made Public Schools a Masonic project for the first time. The demands for manpower made upon the populace by World War I led to the flight of thousands of teachers from their classrooms. More important jobs awaited them: combat overseas, attending to farmlands to grow the food necessary to sustain a struggling nation, and manufacturing factories that had to fulfill ever increasing demands for the production and delivery of war materiel. Grand Master Adams witnessed the accompanying fallout with great alarm. Approximately 600 schools were closed throughout California – an extraordinary number for that time.

Although Freemasonry has consistently refrained from engaging in or taking sides in the world of public politics, Grand Master Adams prudently weighed the advantages and disadvantages of doing so on behalf of Public Schools. At its core, Masonry had always inculcated in its members the importance of pursuing knowledge. Its ritual sought to impress upon candidates for Masonic degrees the importance of studying the liberal arts and sciences, such as grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, astronomy and geometry. And the very idea about the establishment of Public Schools throughout the nation seemingly originated with our first President – and one of Freemasonry’s most prominent members. In a letter to his Vice President, John Adams, George Washington wrote:

“Wise and judicious modes of education, patronized and supported by communities, will draw together the sons of the rich and the poor, among whom it makes no distinction; it will cultivate natural genius, elevate the soul, excite laudable emulation to excel in knowledge, piety, and benevolence; and finally it will reward its patrons and benefactors by shedding its benign influence on the public mind.”

There was additional Masonic precedence for Grand Master Adams to draw upon before deciding what to do. De Witt Clinton, who served as Grand Master of Masons in New York, as well as Governor of that state, embraced the cause of Public Schools so emphatically that he is known today as the “Father of New York Public Schools.” While serving as Grand Master of Masons in Pennsylvania, Benjamin Franklin openly endorsed the adoption of Public Schools in that state.

With that history and precedent to support him, Grand Master Adams determined that California Masons should take a public stance in support of strengthening the Public Schools system in this state. He knew that Masonry had a long-standing belief that public education was essential to sustaining a free society. Indeed, Masonic virtues promoted a concept that went far beyond encouraging the mere accumulation of knowledge: equal access to knowledge promotes freedom and strengthens the middle class without which democratic principles fundamental to this Republic will wither away and eventually disappear. On those grounds it was easy for Grand Master Adams on August 30, 1920 to issue the first Masonic Public Schools Week Proclamation.

The history of Masonry’s support of Public Schools did not end there. That support has continued since then in every Masonic jurisdiction, but was perhaps most profoundly demonstrated by the continuing nationwide work by the Scottish Rite. For example, seizing upon the examples set by Grand Commanders Moore and Cowles – that freedom is the most significant blessing any man can enjoy – Brook Hays, a Thirty-Third degree Scottish Rite Mason and Arkansas congressman literally sacrificed his political career for Public Schools.

A lay-preacher and former president of the Southern Baptist Convention, Hays also took a stand against many of his Southern Baptist cronies by leading the public charge against Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus who opposed providing public education equally to all races. Owing to Hays’ courage and persistence, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the Arkansas National Guard to go into action. By his command they advanced into that state and restored obedience to the new law of the land – Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas – and thereby forever linked all of America and Freemasonry to a commitment to a free public education for all people.

In 1985 when Fred Kleinknecht was elected to serve as Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite, Public Schools were under assault by various religious organizations bent upon wresting control of education from the hands of a secular public. Two Masonic values were under attack: the freedom of religion and the right of all people to a free public education. Kleinknecht was determined to continue the work of his predecessor, Henry Clausen, to keep religion separate from the state – the one and only certain way to prevent the tyranny of theocratic doctrine. Grand Commander Kleinknecht would forever be dogged during his tenure by religious fundamentalists who eventually turned their ire directly against Masonry – an ire that to this day has not entirely abated.

It didn’t help Kleinknecht’s position in the eyes of his persistent detractors that Clausen had previously taken a firm public stance against prayer in Public Schools while serving as Grand Commander. To those fervently pressing for inclusion of prayer in Public Schools, Clausen’s stance was viewed as emblematic of all that is wrong with Masonry. The result has been a continuous and unrelenting effort to discredit the Craft and its members. It is no surprise that the assault by some powerful forces upon Public Schools has also increased and poses a threat to a bedrock of human freedom.

Today our Public Schools are operated at the state level by departments of education, and locally by school districts, as well as publicly elected or appointed officials. By one estimate there are approximately 15,000 such school districts operating throughout the nation. Most are supervised and run by individual counties. Because there is little federal oversight, curricula differs from state to state – a fact that has prompted some to opine that greater coordination or centralization would even out the existing disparities among the states in student performance.

While literacy rates among students at all levels in elementary school are perhaps the most important issue for Masons to focus upon, it is equally important to understand why some outspoken critics of Public Schools blame poor performance upon the system and its teachers, but give little credit to either when students perform well. The maxim “follow the money” is particularly relevant.

First, Public Schools are funded by tax monies paid by taxpaying citizens. No one likes paying taxes and when they are asked to pay more than they have in the past, many people point fingers of blame at supposed inefficiencies within the system.

Property taxes pay for most of the cost of Public Schools. Although some monies flow into the system from parents, private fundraising, as well as federal, state and local governments, it remains those taxes which comprise the lion’s share of funding. In California, a so-called “taxpayer revolt” and well-financed political campaign led to the passage of something referred to as “The People’s Initiative to Limit Property Taxation.” While the benefits and harm of that law can forever be debated, one fact about Public Schools is beyond debate: since the 1960’s when California schools were highly ranked among the nation’s Public Schools, there has been a steady decline since The People’s Initiative was made law. Today the state’s Public School students now rank 48th out of 50 states in many surveys about student achievement.

For Masonry the challenge is not about endorsing or opposing higher taxes, or even to adopt a position in that emotionally-charged debate. Rather, the challenge is to fully comprehend the forces at work for and against Public Schools. Our discussion is not about whether to support Public Schools – it is about how best Masonry can do so. Consequently it is essential for Masons to engage in a dispassionate discussion about Public Schools without getting drawn into the politics that never seem far away. Perhaps the forum our Craft provides, devoid of political ambition, is the best forum within which that discussion can take place.

On April 1, 2011, the California Grand Lodge will “kick-off” its strategic plan to make a profound difference in public education. Celebrations up and down the state will take place at various Public School sites intended to communicate clearly and very publicly that Masonry intends to work for the advancement of Public Schools. It intends to do so because a productive, educated middle class is fundamental to the perpetuation of a free society. Enlightened people will not easily relinquish the freedoms first established by the Founding Fathers.

There is important work remaining to be done by California Masons. A kick-off celebration without something of substance to follow is little more than a show – not an effort to make a profound difference. Public school advisory councils drawing upon the talents and resources of Masons within their geographical boundaries consisting of a mix of age groups to discuss and decide upon ways to implement the Grand Lodge’s strategic plan hold out much promise for success. Masonry is at its best when it coordinates its lodges into a force for good. The advisory councils can be such a force.

Equally important, public school advisory councils provide an opportunity to California Masons that might not otherwise exist: the opportunity to engage members who are searching for something meaningful with which to make a personal commitment. As they progress through the various stages of initiation, from the First to the Third Degree, Masons anticipate learning about how they can be a part of something that changes society – and changes it positively. Our fraternal support of Public Schools offers the Craft a wonderful, perhaps a once-in-a-lifetime chance to put Masons to work to implement Masonic values dedicated to the hope that freedom will always prevail and that the pursuit of knowledge will forever be available to the rich and the poor, the high and the low – to all regardless of station in life.

Lose Weight Naturally With This Simple Strategy

Where it stands now, over 36% of America’s population is obese and approximately 70% are overweight (with similar rates across the world) (Centers For Disease Control and Prevention). This is, to say, alarming. There is one super simple solution that we can implement that will lower this rate and help you lose the weight in a big way.

Did you know that you are much more likely to be overweight if you don’t sit down when you eat?

Your ancestors knew the benefits of sitting down while eating, but we seem to have forgotten this concept in today’s fast pace society where we find it difficult to make time to sit down and eat-and if you do, you are normally working at the same time or multi-tasking.

I know I used to do this all the time… constantly eating right out of the pantry, scooping ice cream straight out of the carton, or eating a bag of chips on the go. Maybe you have done that or similar things as well…

So, what is happening when you stand up that causes you to gain weight?

1. It is mindless eating!

This means you are not fully conscious or aware that you are eating. Do you ever wonder why you still seem hungry after eating a full meal? Oftentimes, it is because you ate mindlessly, and your brain did not recognize how much you ate. Your brain needs the psychological satisfaction that food brings.

When you are on the go, you usually have 100 different things on your mind-your job, kids, and so forth. Your mind is restless, and you are not present with your whole body and mind to the food you are eating. One moment that chipotle is in your hand, and within a couple minutes you’ve shoved it down your throat.

Eating in this way actually causes your brain to not consciously register that you have eaten enough, and you will feel deprived shortly thereafter.

Psychologically you are not as nourished, but this also has biological effects as well…

2. Physiologically, your digestion is impaired.

Being on your feet is stressful and agitating to your whole digestive system, and proper digestion is essential to permanent weight loss. Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic health systems have been around for 1000s of years, and they both emphasize strong digestion as the key to health and proper energy balance.

3. Eating on your feet is impulsive!

A few handfuls of m&ms or a couple chips here and there adds up over the course of a day. You don’t realize how many extra calories that tacks on to your daily amount. When you sit down and put your food on your plate, you are able to see how much food you are actually eating. Ditch the closet eating because it will add up.

Overall, psychologically your mind won’t be as satisfied, your digestion will be impaired (leading to inflammation and weight gain), and you will eat impulsively tacking on more calories than you intended. Sitting down will go a long ways in helping you shed a few unwanted pounds.

Executive Protection – Venturing Out on Your Own

It’s hard to get a long term executive protection (EP) contract as an individual operator. However, it’s not that difficult to start an EP company. If you have the background, training and knowledge then you can start an EP company – a company that is completely committed to providing the best protection to its clients. Before deciding to venture out on your own here are some important tips on getting started:

• Get properly licensed in your state to start an EP company.

• Choose a name for your record company that is unique and is not trademarked or copyrighted.

• Get a business license or corporate entity.

• Go to a bank and establish a business banking account (savings and checking).

• Get business card printed with the name of your EP company and your name and title (managing director).

• Money in the bank to cover your EP assignment expenses prior to being reimbursed by the client. You initially have paid for daily expenses while on assignment; this includes airfare, hotel, meals and transportation.

• If you are just starting out, or are a seasoned EP professional; you have to have an EP contract. Your EP contract protects you and your company and to keep from getting ripped off. Hire a lawyer to have a professional and legal EP contract drawn up exclusively for your company.

• It’s not unusual to incur a $5,000 expense reimbursement when staying at five-star hotels and being forced to eat expensive hotel restaurant food with your client. Not to mention flying business class when traveling with the client. You must be able to cover all of this either by cash or credit.

• Congratulations, you are now the owner of your own EP company. Now its time to create your own success as an EP company business owner.

You must willing to put in the work making, promoting, marketing and selling your EP services. The competition in the industry is great so you need to make the services you provide great as well. When first starting out, you need to take assignments as often as possible and in as many different places as possible (various cities and countries). Eventually you can become more selective on which clients you personally work with and in which locales. Just assign your other agents to work with those clients and in those locations you chose not to, but that should come later.

In the beginning you can’t afford to pass up an opportunity for EP assignments working with various clients and locations, gaining additional work experience and funding for your EP business. Although the EP business is not all about the money, you must be willing to put yourself in harm’s way as a last resort in the protection of your clients. However, earning a living as the owner of your own EP company should eventually give you the luxury of being able to afford to do what I love, executive protection, without having to worry about the money.

Good owners of EP companies will land EP contracts. You may have to go on several different contract interviews before you get an assignment, but if you go on enough interviews, you will eventually get a contract for your EP company. Don’t take “No” for an answer; don’t let a “No” from one company destroy your chances of getting a contract from other company. Prospective clients are going say “no” sometimes to your contract proposal. You just have to find clients that say, “Yes.”

Remember the EP business is extremely competitive, and you need to believe in yourself and the protective coverage you provide. This of course includes establishing secure lodgment for the client, VIP or fast track immigration and customs service at the airport, secure transport for the clients so their can proceed expeditiously yet safely to their scheduled business meetings and functions. Making sure before hand that the routes have been analyzed and the venue destinations assessed and that safe havens have been established in case the excrement makes physical contact with the fan.

There is a lot more to know about the business that can’t fit in this short article, but these are the absolute essentials. Good luck on your EP business venture and God speed.

Candles: History and Perspective

What role do candles play in your life? Since they were first invented, their role in human societies continues to diversify. In the beginning, it was all about light. Of course, the meaning of light is as diverse as it is essential to our existence. A candle may play a different role in your life today, tomorrow or the next day. Just how profoundly have candles affected human development functionally, culturally and spiritually?

Retail sails for candles in the U.S. for 2001 were approximately 2.3 billion dollars. Candles are used in seven out of 10 U.S. households. The majority of candle consumers burn candles between one and three times per week and burn one to two candles at a time. There are over 300 known commercial manufacturers of candles in the U.S. alone. These statistics are provided by the National Candle Association (NCA – [http://www.nationalcandles.org]).

What elements constitute or define a candle? The essential elements of early candles were a wick, fuel and container or mount. Aromatherapy and colorants have become common editions to most modern candles. Candles have been used for thousands of years but until the 20th century, their essential and primary purpose was to provide artificial light. Today, the applications for candles are so broad and diverse; they have become an integral part of our everyday lives. [http://www.rosecandleslive.com].


It is fair to assume that controlling and capturing fire to produce artificial light on demand has been an obsession since early man first discovered fire. The first known records of this process begin with the ancient Egyptians. Clay candle holders dating from the 4th century B.C. have been found in Egypt. Egyptians eventually used rush lights or torches. They made these torches by soaking the pithy core of reeds in molten tallow. Tallow is the fatty tissue or suet of animals. The tallow of cattle and sheep was routinely used because it became hard. There was no wick involved in these early candles.


The people of the Roman Empire were the first to use candle wicks. They melted tallow to a very liquid state and poured it over flax, hemp or cotton fiber which created a wick. These candles provided artificial light for utilitarian purposes and were also used in religious ceremonies. There were two primary problems with the use of tallow. It produced both a terrible odor and smoke. Tallow did not burn cleanly.


Early Asian cultures extracted wax from insects (coccos pella) and seeds and then molded it in tube containers of plant paper. The Japanese extracted wax from tree nuts to create candles. In China, beeswax was used during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.).


Early Indian cultures extracted wax from boiling cinnamon and created tapered candles. These candles were used in Indian Temples.

Middle Ages

By this time, beeswax had been discovered. Although harder to acquire, this was a great improvement because the beeswax produced a subtle sweet smell and burned cleanly. These candles were highly valued by the clergy and upper classes that were among those who could access/afford them.

North America

In the first century A.D., Native Americans burned oily fish that were called candlefish. Missionaries that eventually settled the southwestern United States boiled bark from the Cerio tree to extract wax for candle making. Colonial women in New England discovered they could boil the grayish green berries of bayberry bushes and extract wax. This was a difficult and tedious process but the bayberry wax burned sweetly and cleanly. In the late eighteenth century, the whaling industry developed. Spermaceti wax, a whale product that had a mild odor and was harder than both tallow and beeswax made candles available to more people. Many historians claim that the first “standard candles” were made using spermaceti wax.

The Industrial Age


Mass production came to candle making. Joseph Morgan invented a machine that used a cylinder featuring a piston that ejected candles as they solidified in their molds.


Paraffin wax was invented. It is processed by distilling the residues left behind by the refining of crude petroleum. This bluish-white wax burned cleanly and with no unpleasant or much odor of any kind. It was also cheap to produce.

20th Century

Eventually, stearic acid was added since it was discovered this ingredient in the original tallow candles was what maintained a higher melting point and produced a harder candle. The growth of the meatpacking and oil industries made candles a common necessity. In 1879, the electric light bulb was invented. However, history did not end for the development of the candle. This was just a temporary setback that reinvented the mission and the market for candles.

Modern Chandlers (Candle Makers)

Internationally, paraffin remains the most popular candle fuel although the use of stearic wax is mostly practiced in Europe. However, technology continues to develop candles that offer new and more benefits. In 1992, after much testing Michael Richards made the first all vegetable candle wax which has developed into our modern soy candle. The versatility of this wax allows for use in both low-melt container candles and high temperature melt for free standing pillar candles.

Gel candles

The most recent state-of-the-art technology revolves around gel candles. The gel is a combination of polymer resin and mineral oil. The patent for making gel wax is held by Penreco Corporaton (US Patent 5,879,694) and is called versagel. Gel provides exceptional safety in terms of its flash point. It is best used in creating what is known as a hurricane candle by putting it in a decorative translucent container and adding a wick. Due to the clarity of the gel, these candles produce 40% more luminescence than regular paraffin wax. Modern chandlers turned artists, now produce beautiful collectibles in the form of embedded glass candle designs. The gel can be reinstated, and the candle passed down through generations to be used again and again. Detailed pictures of these art candles are available at [http://www.rosecandleslive.com].

So…What role do candles play in your life?

Well, they can still light a room…but they can also light a heart. They can express love that lasts a lifetime and an infinite collection of special moments and appreciation. Candles are a cultural, technical, artistic, therapeutic and spiritual expression of the finest moments in human evolution and experience. That is why they are still present in our lives…in spite of the electric light bulb. This article invites you to use them to celebrate life in all its creative glory.

Otomix Wrestling MMA Combat Shoes Product Review

Most athletic shoes for sports that require any amount of running have a slightly raised heel. This pitches your weight a bit more over the ball of the foot offering a faster transition for the first step of a run and better ability to pick up or maintain speed. This style of shoe offers the best ergonomics for the most efficient way to run. However in most combat sports, athletes perform in smaller areas and do very little actual running. These activities are better performed wearing shoes with a completely flat sole. The problem is the selection of flat-soled athletic shoes pales in comparison with the millions of raised heel running footwear for sale. One of the best and most popular flat-soled athletic sneakers is made by a brand named Otomix. This company has been making original and authentic performance workout shoes since 1988. Flat soles make Otomix footwear a top choice for combat athletes such boxers, wrestlers, martial artists and mma fighters. However all the different styles are excellent for any weight lifting and of course looking great when lounging around away from the gym.

Otomix wrestling and boxing workout shoes are high top w/incredible ankle support from thickly padded sides. They also offer some of the best low top athletic shoes designed specifically for martial arts training. Otomix shoes are well known for lasting practically forever. They are not the cheapest priced athletic sneakers you will find, however the price is worth the quality you will get. All styles are made with the most premium quality materials and expert craftsmanship for incredible durability. No matter what you want them for, Otomix combat weight lifting shoes are very lightweight and excellently balanced. All styles are built for comfort, support and performance that will improves the quality of your training translating into more wins and success in your sport. Another great feature of Otomix combat shoes is their fantastic look that will add more style to your appearance and swag in your step.

While traditional martial artists train in bare feet, many are finding better performance from the added support and traction of a good karate shoe. Otomix mma and martial arts combat footwear offers additional support for the arch while they hug the mid-foot and heel for a snug but comfortable fit. Otomix martial arts shoes and boots also offer great protection for the toes when kicking an opponent or heavy bag. Besides the glove-like, comfortable feel, these extremely lightweight karate shoes have a soft sole with tread designed for best gripping traction on carpets, training mats, ring floors and even tile. The flexible sole allows the wearer to really feel the floor, enhancing balance and kicking power while also providing an effective safeguard against ankle or foot injury. The Otomix karate shoe is perfect for mixed martial arts training, Taekwondo, Karate or sports performed on mats and even Yoga.

When it comes to flat soled shoes, you will find boxing shoes to be the flattest. This is so fighters can plant their back heel for power punching and keeping balanced for fast evasive movement when backed up against the ropes. Otomix boxing shoes are amazing for all types of boxing training and competition combat in the ring. All Otomix boxing boots come high on or over the ankle to provide additional protection and support for the joint when moving laterally or an unexpected fall. Otomix MMA shoes are also excellent for boxing in for a shoe that’s not quite as high on the calf, however their mid-calf boxing boots are some of the best in the business. The soft rubber soles of this boxing footwear offer maximal grip in the ring for incredible traction. Besides sparring and competing in the ring, Otomix boxing shoes are also excellent for jumping rope, bag work, practicing combos on focus mitts, shadow boxing and footwork.

The best wrestling shoes have soft rubber flat soles, are extremely lightweight and are highly flexible for the best traction on the mat. A common complaint however is their flexibility often takes away from the amount of support they offer. This is simply not the case with Otomix wrestling shoes. Otomix makes several hybrid wrestling shoes; these are the Escape Stingray MMA boot and Ninja Warrior Combat Shoes. Comparatively, these sneakers may not be as light as some of the top brand wrestling shoes (yet they are still very lightweight) but they offer the most support around the ankle. If you’re an athlete who struggles with weak ankles or just do better with a tighter feel around this area, Otomix wrestling shoes are for you. Otomix grappling sneakers also tend to last longer than most other brand name wrestling shoes as the material used is much thicker and craftsmanship a bit more sturdy. Most wrestling shoes are lucky to last a full season, however you will easily get several from Otomix footwear.

In weight lifting, if your weight shifts forward over your toes during an exercise, it can be disastrous, particularly in the squat and deadlift. These exercises plus many others require flat soles so you can stay balanced over your heels. Besides grappling and boxing, Otomix three-quarter and high top athletic footwear is also excellent for amateur and even pro weight lifting. The Otomix Escape MMA wrestling shoe, Ninja Combat and even their boxing shoes offer great support, grip and balance for nearly all types of strength training. These flat soled shoes are fantastic for keeping you safely grounded on your heels for the best performance during all compound lifts. Besides powerlifting, Otomix wrestling shoes are also excellent for bodybuilding, strongman training and even quite a bit of cross fit. Otomix flat soled Combat shoes are not however, designed for running on surfaces much harder than a grappling mat. These shoes do not have the amount of arch support or tread that running on pavement or long distances requires. They are not good for sprinting on pavement, aerobics or long distance treadmill work. Overall, any Otomix combat shoe is a great buy for how long they last and how well they perform. If you’re into combat sports, weight lifting or just want to add more style to your look, buy a pair of Otomix shoes, you won’t be dissatisfied.

Advantages of Contemporary Furniture

The furniture is an indispensable part of our home. While purchasing furniture, the important points that we look for are comfort, space efficiency, variety in designs and cost effectiveness. So it is wise to leave the traditional furniture and choose the modern one. The modern or contemporary furniture creates a positive atmosphere in our home and makes our living delightful.

Whether you are going to furnish your home or office, it should be ensured that the furniture is in sync with the surrounding. The compatibility of the furniture with your home or office and the degree of comfort it offers determine that the money spent was worth it or not. Traditional furniture has its own importance but keeping the modern needs in mind, contemporary furniture certainly has an edge.

The various advantages of contemporary furniture are as follows:

Variety in shapes and sizes: The major benefit of having contemporary furniture is its availability in numerous shapes and sizes. As such it becomes easy to select furniture for your home or office. The tailor made contemporary bedroom furniture can easily be accommodated in the bedrooms of modern apartments. On the other hand, the traditional bedroom furniture may encroach more area and may be difficult to adjust to the dimensions of your room or home.

Available in numerous designs: The choices in contemporary furniture are plenty as a variety of designs are available. There are many types of modern furniture available to completely furnish your home or office including modern office chairs, modern guest chairs, modern tables and modern lounge furniture. You can exactly choose the design which delights your mind.

Provides cost effectiveness: The traditional furniture are mostly made of wood while a variety of materials like steel, plywood, leather and plastics are used to make modern furniture. This variety of materials also provides variety in prices. Traditional wooden table will always cost you more than the modern table made of plastic. This brings the cost effectiveness into play while serving the same purpose.

Combination of both old and modern touch: The contemporary furniture is also available with a traditional touch.

Unlike traditional furniture that lack innovation in shape and design, modern furniture keeps on innovating and experimenting. The main objective of contemporary furniture is not only to enhance the beauty of the house but also to personalize it. The contemporary living room furniture like mirrors, shoe racks, console tables, coat racks etc. can be differently shaped by staying focused on the basics of innovation. The trendy geometrical patterns in home furnishing are being made more tasteful with experimentation.

The different color patterns in contemporary furniture has given rise to a new style of furnishing. Bold and bright colors are used in making futuristic outlandish furniture designs. Classic black and white colors are used to portray simple and sober touch. City life is signified by strong and vivid colors. Aristocratic theme is portrayed by using dark colors.

Toaster Oven Quesadillas Recipe – A Sumptuous Dinner in Less Than an Hour

Weeknight dinners don’t have to take hours to prepare. Here’s a toaster oven quesadillas recipe that you can prepare in under 35 minutes. Serves 4 persons.

What you need for this quesadillas recipe:

2 cups shredded skinless chicken meat

2 medium green onions

1 finely chopped pickled jalapeno chili

1 1/2 cups shredded cheese (preferably Monterey Jack)

3/4 cup salsa verde

1/2 cup reduced sour cream

1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro leaves

4 burrito-sized tortillas

General directions for this recipe:

Start by preheating toaster oven to about 425 degrees Fahrenheit.

On a work surface, slice green onions into thin strips. Set aside the dark green tips of the onions, about 2 tablespoons, to use as garnish.

Lay the burrito-size flour tortillas on a flat surface then spread even proportions of shredded chicken meat, jalapeno chili, cheese, cilantro, and green onions on one side of each tortilla. Next, fold the other half of the tortilla over. Set aside.

Prepare the oven tray by lining it with a single layer foil. Place the prepared tortillas on the foil-lined tray and set the timer. This recipe requires about 8 to 10 minutes cooking time. Heat up the tortilla until the cooking time finishes or until the tortillas are golden brown or the cheese melted. Remove from oven.

Next, place each quesadilla on a flat surface and cut in half. Place on a plate and serve with salsa verde with sour cream. For a finishing touch for this toaster oven quesadillas recipe, sprinkle green onions.

Toaster oven quesadillas recipe Tip: Turn this simple toaster oven quesadillas recipe into a full meal by serving it with your choice of green salad.

Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques And SQL To Optimize A Lottery Application

Artificial Intelligence or “AI” can be defined as the “ability of a system to learn from previous experience in an attempt to predict future events”. While this might seem a forlorn hope in making lottery predictions, let’s see if this might be possible.

The big problem in analysing lottery results is the large number of possible combinations. In a standard “40 x 6” ball game there are 3,838,380 lines to choose from.

Generating A Starting Point For A Lotto AI System

It makes sense to reduce the possible number pool before we implement any AI possibilities. I’ll use the “Prime” probability system which assumes there will be 2 primes, 1 odd and 3 even numbers in each winning line.

We’ll try to use AI to group the prime results into some kind of pattern when they do occur.

For example, the last 6 weeks results of NZ Lotto were:


The numbers in results 2,3,4 and 6 meet the prime system criteria so we only want to look at those lines. If we can establish a pattern within the prime results then we can greatly reduce our combinations for when the prime system numbers come up.

We’ll use the Structured Query Language, or SQL, to query the prime system database of all possible lottery combinations; a total 575,586 lines of 6 numbers.

The structure of the database is as follows:

Number types: prime,prime,odd,even,even,even
Column name: n1,n2,n3,n4,n5,n6
For example:

Using A SQL Query To Recognize The Lottery Pattern

What I’ll do is create a SQL query that selects each line of winning prime system numbers. We can then combine the queries in an “and/or” statement to cover the different scenarios.

In this way, we can learn the commonalities between the different results, just like a real life AI application.

Most of the prime results above contained at least one number divisible by 4. We can cover that scenario with this query:

n4%4=0 or n5%4=0 or n6%4=0

Records returned: 525,690

The percent symbol is a special code in SQL which gives us the remainder from dividing the two numbers.

Each prime line appears to have at least two numbers within 4 of each other. We’ll cover that possibility like this:


Records returned: 305,316

We can now combine the queries with the following command:

(n4%4=0 or n5%4=0 or n6%4=0)

The combined query returned 276,210 combinations, a reduction of around 40%, which is fairly impressive.

I noticed the first even number was always equal to or less than 14 and when I factored that parameter in, the combinations returned were 165,726.

In future weeks I’ll look at other common factors, for example excluding numbers from recent results.


This article explored the possibility of using AI techniques and SQL to reduce possible combinations. By analysing results that meet certain parameters it should be possible to reduce line numbers and improve our lottery chances.