The Kindle Fire: Tricks for Entering Text

The Kindle Fire is much more interactive than previous Kindle models, and it’s often necessary to enter text – for example, when you search your content libraries or the web, annotate text, or fill out web forms. However, entering text on a relatively small device can be somewhat daunting. This article explains techniques and tricks that will make it much easier to enter and edit text, enhancing your enjoyment of your Kindle Fire.

Using the Kindle Fire Keyboard

When you tap a text entry field on the Kindle Fire, the onscreen keyboard automatically appears. Typing on the Kindle Fire keyboard (or on any onscreen keyboard on a relatively small device) is an art that takes practice. Some favor the hunt-and-peck method using a single index finger, while others achieve greater speed by holding the device with two hands and typing with both thumbs. In either case, the keyboard will be much larger and easier to use if you turn your Kindle sideways (its long dimension horizontal).

Note: If the screen doesn’t reorient when you turn the Kindle sideways, your screen is probably locked. To unlock it, tap the gear-shaped Settings icon on the right side of the Status Bar at the top of the screen. Then tap the Locked icon on the Quick Settings bar that appears.

The Kindle Fire customizes the keyboard according to the context in which it’s displayed. For example, if you need to enter general text you’ll see an alphabetic keyboard, while if a number is required you’ll see a numeric keyboard.

If a character has alternative forms (such as an o, which has alternative forms with a tilde, an umlaut, and so on), and if you touch the key for about a second, the Kindle displays the alternative characters in a palette above the key. To enter one of these characters, slide your finger to the character you want to insert and then lift your finger.

To type a number (or one of the punctuation characters that isn’t included on the top row) switch to the number and punctuation keyboard by tapping the 123!? key. (Tap the ABC key to return to the alphabetic keyboard.) Alternatively, you can type a number using the alphabetic keyboard by touching one of the keys on the top row of letters for about a second, and then lifting your finger.

Another way to enter a punctuation character (: / & and so on) is to touch the period (.) key for about a second, slide your finger to one of the characters that appear on the popup palette, then lift your finger.

Note that you can customize the way the keyboard works through the Kindle Fire’s general Settings screen. (Tap the gear-shaped Settings icon on the right side of the Status Bar at the top of the screen. Then tap More.)

Edit Your Typed Text

To delete all text that you’ve typed into a text field using the keyboard, simply touch and hold the Backspace key.

But what if you’ve typed a long string of characters only to discover that you made a mistake near the beginning? Rather than repeatedly tapping the Backspace key to go back to the error and then retyping all your text, you can use the Kindle keyboard’s editing features, which are explained here.

Move cursor and insert/delete: To edit at a particular position in the text you’ve typed, tap that position. A blinking cursor will appear at the position you tapped, with a marker below it. You can drag the marker to move the cursor forward or backward. Typing characters or Backspace inserts or removes text at the position of the cursor.

Select: To select text, touch a word for about a second, and on the popup menu that appears tap Select Word or Select All. The text will be highlighted and a marker will appear at either end. You can change the range of the selection by dragging a marker.

Cut or copy: To cut or copy selected text, tap it and on the popup menu choose Cut (to copy and remove the text) or Copy (to copy the text without removing it). The copied text goes into the Kindle Fire’s Clipboard.

Paste: If no text is selected, you can insert the Clipboard contents at the position of the cursor by touching the text field for about a second, and then choosing Paste from the popup menu. If text has been selected, you can replace it with the Clipboard contents by tapping the selection and choosing Paste.

Note that the Clipboard works across all built-in Kindle Fire software, as well as installed apps. So for example, if you copied text into the Clipboard while viewing a web page in the browser, you could paste it into a search field in a content library.

If the keyboard disappears at any time while you’re editing text, just tap within the text field to restore it.

Bowflex Treadclimber Review – What You Need to Know for 2016

Thinking about the Bowflex Treadclimber? This very popular home fitness machine is similar to a treadmill – but instead of one large treadbelt, it uses 2 smaller treadbelts that rise to meet your feet as you step.

It really combines the motion of a treadmill, stepper and elliptical trainer into one machine. By doing this it gives you several unique advantages – the main one that you burn calories faster than any of those other machines.

Why is this? Because the Treadclimber uses the power of higher inclines than a treadmill does. This requires more lower body muscle activation – which in turn burns a lot more calories.

So you’ll see faster results in less time on a Treadclimber. For example, in a University of Wisconsin study, Treadclimber users burned 423 calories in 30 minutes – more than the treadmill (165) or stepper (191).

And there have been hundreds of people who have lost 20, 30, 50 even 100 pounds using their Treadclimber.

Another benefit to these machines is that they are much easier on your joints than other equipment. Because the treadles rise to meet your feet, they are much lower impact on your body than a treadmill workout where you pound down on the belt with every step.

A lot of people compare it to the feeling of walking in sand. So if you are prone to shin splints or sore joints, hips and back, this machine won’t put the strain on your body that other exercise equipment would.

Finally, a lot of people like these machines because they are also more compact than most other types of fitness equipment like the treadmill or an elliptical. So if you have a smaller space in your home – or you’re in an apartment or condo – these machines are a great option.

Bowflex currently offers 2 different Treadclimber models – these are new for 2016. There is the Bowflex TC100 and the TC200.

The TC100 still gives you all of the benefits listed above – but it’s a bit more simplified than the TC200. It’s also more affordable – around $1000 less than the TC200.

The TC200 is the premium Treadclimber models with all the bells and whistles including longer treadbelts and a higher top speed limit.

Which is best for you? It really depends on your budget and goals. For example, buyers on a budget may want to opt for the TC100. However taller users or those who want all of the extra workout programs and tracking capabilities, may want to choose the TC200.

Regardless of which one you choose, you’ll be on your way to losing weight in no time!

And one last benefit, each Bowflex Treadclimber model also comes with a Free Bowflex Weight Loss Guide. So you can get started losing weight the day you get it home!

Home Remodeling & Refurbishing With Electric Radiant Infrared Heat Units

A perfect solution to adding heat to a home during a construction or addition project is using radiant ceramic flat panel electric infrared heaters. They are cost effective, efficient, eco-friendly, and a primary heat source of comfortable absorbing heat. They even warm the floor! This solution is applicable whether building an addition on a home, adding a three season glass enclosure or patio enclosure, remodeling a home, or refurbishing an older home. These units are the perfect solution for homes that have that one room that never stays warm enough.

So the question is how does this apply to the construction and refurbishing industry of older homes, home with additions being built, or green home construction? Using electric radiant infrared flat ceramic panels offers a dual benefit. The first is to bring heat to additions being built without running new tin and without the worry of the current furnace being powerful enough to handle the additional square footage. The second is to add a more effective and efficient primary heat source to the home or addition. Particularly a heat source that utilizes green technology that operates at a savings of up to 50% over the cost to heat the same space with natural gas.

Heating electrically has historically been less expensive than heating with natural gas or oil. That is because using 1000 watts of electricity costs about 10-12 cents per hour to run. But more than that heating with electric infrared technology reduces the recovery time of heating a room. This means the heating unit does not have to operate as frequently to keep the room warm or to re-heat the room after a door or window was opened.

A quick explanation and review of the efficiency and cost savings of infrared radiant heating follows in the next two paragraphs, then I will explain the benefit of ceramic flat panel infrared radiant heaters in the construction and refurbishing industry of older homes, home with additions being built, adding heat to patio enclosures or green home construction.

The reason why electric radiant infrared flat panel heaters are efficient and cost effective to operate can be explained this way; forced heated air systems only blow warm air into the room. The room must be filled with enough warm air to make a person feel warm. But at that point the only thing that is warm is the air, but hot air rises. There is usually a difference in temperature between the air at the ceiling and the air at the floor. The space at floor level and a few inches above the floor is never comfortably warm and is usually drafty. To fill a room with heated air takes time and, the air is warmed before the person is warmed. The room cools rapidly due to cold air infiltration, and takes longer to recover. But the biggest disadvantage is that the forced air system must run longer and work hard to heat the air in the room and then reheat the room which costs the consumer more energy dollars.

Conversely, infrared radiant heating heats people and objects first by utilizing the technology of long wave electromagnetic energy. After the people and objects are warmed they release the warmth into the air which then heats the ambient air. Even if a door is opened that lets a rush of cold air into the room, radiant heating has a faster recovery time due to all the objects in the room being warmed and releasing that warmth back into the room. Even though the unit operates continuously until the thermostat turns it off, it operates at an inexpensive rate. And that cost is only incurred when the unit is running whereas a gas system is always burning a pilot light and trying to overcome drafty cold air infiltration.

The electric radiant infrared flat ceramic panels are manufactured by Radiant Electric Heat (REH) in Wisconsin. These units are made in the USA. That is important to a lot of consumers and I am happy to point that out. The REH brand is called CeramiCircuit ™.

The CeramiCircuit ™ brand is constructed of ceramic coated 18 gauge steel plates with an energizing circuit on the internal face of the heating element. The heater body is a 20 gauge galvanized steel construct with ventilation slots at perimeter. The unit is made with a junction box of approximately 135 cubic inches running the width of the heater on the back side of the heater body. Three 7/8″ standard knockouts located left, right, and center, are built onto the rear surface of the junction box to allow entry of power feed. Actual power connections to the element and heater grounding connection are located at the left end of the heater. The heater elements have a wattage density of approximately 2.5 – 3.0 watts/square inch of emissive surface area. The popular residential ceiling cove units are rated at 825 watts (Model 645) or 1000 watts (Model 945) in appropriate voltages of 120 volts, 208 volts, 240 volts, or 277 volts. REH also makes CeramiCircuit ™ brand units in the following configurations: wall mounts, baseboards, large portable units (on casters or wall mount), and small under desk space heaters. More information can be found at http://www.radiantheatusaonline.com/shop/category.aspx?catid=3. The products at this page each have a link to the product brochure for more information. Some of the above detail of the unit construction came from those brochures.

During new and/or green construction, the building of an addition, any type of patio enclosure or three season room, or just a drafty, chilly room, the CeramiCircuit ™ brand of flat ceramic electric radiant infrared heating units offer perfect, efficient primary heat. They mount on two brackets that install like hanging a picture frame, they come with lead wire for behind the wall wiring offering a clean finished look, and the units can be zoned or operate on individual thermostats.

Instead of replacing or using a weak furnace or running extra duct work consider flat panel heating technology; the warmth of the sun in a box. No emission, no forced air, no combustion, hypoallergenic, no maintenance, solid and durable, American made, and less expensive operating costs than other heating systems, the CeramiCircuit ™ line is tailor made for residential use.

TradeStation Indicators – Using Multiple Time Frames To Show Key Support and Resistance

Support and resistance are two aspects of trading that may be difficult to understand and identify for novice traders. You can increase your trading edge and have a clear understanding of these important concepts by using a TradeStation Multiple Time Frame (MTF) price action indicator.

In order to understand price action on MTF you need to use trend lines that have almost no lag on each of the following time periods: 5, 15, 20, 30, 60, 120, 240, and daily. The interaction of the MTF trend is the key to identifying on your trading chart where price actually changes direction. Support is shown when price is headed down and gets stopped and goes back up. Resistance is shown when price is headed up and gets stopped and goes back down.

Resistance will be shown on the MTF indicator when the upward trending price is too far away from the daily price line. When this happens commonly the price will start forming a consolidation or topping pattern and then reverse back down towards the daily line.

Support will be shown on the MTF indicator when the downward trending price is too far away from the daily line. When this happens commonly the price will start forming a consolidation or bottling pattern and then reverse back up towards the daily trend line.

Whenever you see the fastest price line change directions at any one of the 60, 120, 240 or daily price lines, this reaction is showing key points of support or resistance.

If you are trading on a fast time chart, anything from a 1 to 5 minute chart, and you see a consolidation pattern and are unsure about the trade direction, you should look at the MTF higher periods directional bias. These higher period biases show the highest probable direction of the next price movement. If multiple higher charts all run in a given direction, then the odds are good that the 1 minute or the 5 minute chart will resolve any indecision in that same direction.

Seeing the interaction of these different time charts and seeing where these price trend lines change direction will show the current price bouncing off of the 60 minute, 120 minute, 240 minute, and / or daily trend lines. When you see the interaction of these lines, you'll be able to confidently identify support and resistance zones.

By using Multiple Time Frame TradeStation indicators you will develop a great understanding of support and resistance and increase your trading performance.

Habits Are At First Cobwebs, At Last Cables

Habits are at first cobwebs, at last cables, goes the old saying but what is a habit, and where does it come from? It is a pattern of behavior that is frequently repeated until it becomes automatic and is a natural part of how a human mind develops. Our characters are composed of a collection of habits that can be good or bad, so we seek to establish good ones and remove the bad.

Good habits include punctuality, honesty, reliability and financial prudence. We are encouraged to develop these from childhood, but it is human to fall into error, and it is necessary to be constantly vigilant in maintaining standards. Our friends, relatives and enemies are often very helpful here in pointing out our shortcomings! Good habits are developed from discipline and practice.

For example if you are studying, and that should be a lifelong habit for all, it is important to establish a good method. Developing a structured approach, with regular study periods, revisions, rest breaks and a system of rewards when you have completed goals, works well. In other words, you should acquire good study habits. As Shakespeare put it: “… Use doth breed a habit in a man.”

This saying reminds us that habits start off frail and grow stronger with the passing of time ensnaring us before we realize it. Good habits we tend to take for granted, and it is the bad ones that worry us. Most advice on habits tends to be about how to be free of the harmful kind. Entire industries spring up around a bad habit with gurus offering all sorts of advice, pills and techniques.

In days gone by, people tended to see bad habits as temptations from devils or demons. Today we would probably think of habits as neural networks in the brain that strengthen with repeated use, and to break them we must overlay them with positive behavior — substituting good for bad. Smoking is regarded as a major bad habit and one method of control is to substitute another sucking habit such as a sweet; but this can lead to the obesity that comes from bad eating habits.

Prevention is often better than cure and not starting a habit is the best method of all for avoiding its consequences. “I wish I had never started it,” is the common cry of the smoker, drinker or drug addict. People waste large amounts of their hard earned money on a bad habit as it grows and develops, and then even more trying to be free of its tentacles. The young should resolve not to follow the “unreflecting herd” but to listen to the warnings of those who have been there, done that, and lived to regret it. There is no gain in being wise after the event.

The best method of overcoming unwanted habits is the exercise of self-control so that the habit gets its energy cut off and withers naturally. Then the cables that bind us in misery can be snapped.

Identifying The Four Major Types Of Loans

Although it may be a given for many people these days, it is still important to know something about loans when you are thinking about applying for one. In fact, most people already have one type of loan or another. There are many different kinds of loans offered by banks, credit unions, private lenders, and other financial institutions. Each loan may be subject to the specific requirements of the institution offering it and many loans are actually tailored to the particular applicant. All of this aside, there are four major types of loans that are used by consumers. Each type has a different object or focus attached.

The first major type of loan is the personal loan. These are the loans that you would obtain from a bank or credit union as an individual. At the same time, there is some overlap between personal and small business since the purposes of each may often coincide. For example, you may need a personal loan to fund a new small business opportunity. A personal loan may simply be a loan that you receive in order to pay for a necessary expenditure like replacing a major appliance, paying bills, or getting a vehicle. Personal loans are also used to consolidate debt.

A second type of loan is the home or mortgage loan. This is the category of loans relating to new home purchasing, but may also deal with using your existing home mortgage as a form of collateral to get a loan for other purposes. Like other types of loans, these loans have specific requirements and qualifications organized by the lender, which must be met by loan applicant. Home loans are long-term expenses. You need to keep this in mind and plan accordingly and take other expenses that will be included so you have a clear idea of your payments. Now a mortgage loan may also include those who already have homes but want to take a loan out on the mortgage or house, using this as collateral to secure the desired amount. There are specific requirements involved in these situations as well and there is risk involved since you are putting up your home as collateral.

The third major type of loan is the automotive loan. This is a narrower category since it deals exclusively with the purchase of vehicles. Everyone needs a car or some other means of transportation in today’s world. More importantly, they need something that is reliable and will get them where they need to go. Cars-even used cars-are expensive and most of us do not have the money to go and buy one outright. Therefore, auto loans are required to purchase a vehicle. Automobile dealerships typically provide financing options for auto loans via participating lenders. Again, there will be requirements that you must meet like credit rating or income level to qualify for the loan. Different lenders have different policies regarding auto loans so you will have to investigate them individually to find out if you are eligible.

The fourth major type or category of loan is the education or student loan. This category includes both students who have gone from high school to college or university as well as adult professionals who have chosen to pursue further educational opportunities to increase their marketability in their chosen profession. Since education and training can have a direct effect upon financial success, many banks, credit unions, and government-sponsored financial aid programs are growing in numbers to provide opportunities for those seeking educational finance assistance.

These four types of loans are a part of our everyday lives. At some point, most of us will receive one or more of these loans if we hope to have a car, a house, an education, or take care of personal matters beyond our current financial ability to resolve. It can pay to have a better understanding of these different loans so we can make the best decisions when a loan becomes necessary.

Designing the Interior of a Retail Store

Retail has long been powerful and one thing we know is that there are a lot of different approaches to designing the interior layout of a store. However, there are some common design strategies that all retailers can use, which lead to generating more sales for a business. The interior design of your retail store is an issue we have been seeing recently, in an effort to help merchants become more successful boutiques and thrive in today's digital age. Since tell the story of a brand and create immersive experiences to utilities for the development of showcases and announcements signaling when it comes to retail the important thing is in the details. We want you to have the basic knowledge.

It is a known fact that in America, 90% of consumers when entering a shop turn right unconsciously. The first wall you see is often referred to as " wall power " and acts as a first vehicle high impact that provides a potential to the good in this space, so make sure you give extra special attention in terms of what you choose show. Be sure to arouse the attention of your customer with products that you put on the screen, either new or seasonal elements, high yield or high demand for products, to tell stories of your product and create vignettes.

The threshold area, also known as the " decompression zone " is the first space where potential customers walk when they walk into your store and usually consist of the first five to fifteen feet of space, depending on how great your business. This is also the space where your customers are going to make the transition from the outside world to the first experience you have to offer. They also make critical sentences , like how cheap or expensive is your store, how well coordinated is the site, lighting, accessories, lampshades and colors. Since they are in a transition mode, customers are more likely to miss any product, signaling, or cart to put there.

This can vary greatly depending on the size and overall design of your store, but knowing that your customers want to turn right, your next job is to make sure customers continue walking through your shop to get the maximum exposure of your products. This not only increases the chances of making a purchase, but a well thought out way can be a great way to strategically control the flow of traffic in your store.

Most stores use a circular path starting on the right to reach the back of the store and return to the front. Some will make it even easier, covering the road with different textures, in homage to the old saying " where the eyes go, your feet will follow. " Another thing to consider is that you should use the route to direct your customers to somewhere, which often means putting a flashy ad or screen to draw attention at the end of a corridor, for example.

With all the effort and time you put into your merchandising strategy and the proper arrangement of your products, the last thing you want your customers to come in a hurry and do not observe in detail your store or limit the products they can buy. One way to combat this is through "speeders." In essence, this can be anything that offers customers a visual break and can be achieved through special signage or seasonal.

Most retailers are properly implemented using what is known as " positions of goods " which are devices special display products near the end or in the middle of store aisles that encourage make impulse purchases while completing the products on display. However, since it is often that your store does not have many halls, it is important to think of the group of products in a way that makes them easy to see and go together from the perspective of a buyer. Also remember to keep products " higher demand " at eye level. Finally, it is recommended to change these products weekly or regularly enough to create a continuous sense for repeat visitors.

You can also make your store is comfortable by incorporating some sort of waiting area with comfortable seats and benches that encourage customers to spend more time in your store, especially if a buyer is accompanied by someone who is not interested in making a purchase or children. A small tip to consider is to keep the seats or benches in front of the merchandise.

The design of your store is an endless process, where you can always be changing place things, to create a journey of experiences. At the end of the day, however, that's exactly what you should focus, where you can constantly test and optimize your products. Make your acquentions and family members give you feedback. Finally, keep in mind your customers and see what associates them, what to avoid and how to move, then determines if they match your intented design. Keep your eyes and ears open, so you're sure to create an environment of retail that is a win-win for both for you and your customers.

How to Use a 5-Element Pagoda in Feng Shui

A 5-element pagoda is an energy tool of great protection for the home, especially if you know how to use it properly. For serious feng shui practitioners, it is the first item to be placed in the home or office. Most people who have heard a little bit about feng shui tend to concentrate on the wealth aspect; they tend to purchase a ‘money toad’ and then wonder why it doesn’t work. Feng shui is the study of energy (chi) movement through our dwellings and grounds. The energies are called ‘auspicious’ and ‘inauspicious’. An analogy would be blood flow in the body, where the blood circulating from the heart carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells and the blood returning to the heart is deoxygenated and has waste products needing to be carried out of the body. Good chi carries positive energies, good luck and health. Waste chi is stagnant, toxic and dangerous. Both occur as a normal course of living in the third dimension. It all circulates around the earth and sometimes the bad, or inauspicious, chi comes in and wreaks havoc in our lives.

One of the most powerful tools to stop the inauspicious chi from damaging us is the 5-element pagoda. The five elements refer to earth, wood, fire, metal, and water; these are represented by the five shapes of the pagoda. The most common sort is about five inches tall, made of hollow brass that comes apart to reveal three sections. The top bowl-shaped section can be used as an incense burner. The mid-section is a nifty thing to have in case the screw-on base slot gets lost inside the pagoda (yeah, ask me how I know that). The base has a threaded slot-you know, one of those things you use a coin to turn-and is the access used to fill the pagoda. There are certain items that must be included inside; these increase the protective power of the item.

While some items placed inside the pagoda can be more personal, such as things that are considered protective by the owner, there is one thing that must always be included: dirt. A spoonful or two of dirt from around the home or business is used to ‘lock up the bad chi’. The pagoda usually contains a mantra of protection, incised into the brass, but including a small scroll of the Ten Mantras of Protection can add a layer of security. Stone chips, usually crystal, can be added, as well as some kind of grounding stone like hematite or tiger iron, pyrite or copper, in the shape of spheres. Add a charged crystal and it’s good to go. To charge the crystal, hold it in your hands and concentrate on having it act as your guardian-program it to serve as a repellant to any negative energy. The final step is to add a red ribbon or tassel and set it in place, instructing it to henceforth be always on guard to protect the home and its occupants.

Placement of the 5-element pagoda varies according to which school of feng shui one adheres to; the Flying Star school being my personal favorite (for more on this fascinating branch of feng shui, see my previous articles and website). Placing the device wherever the #5 Yellow Star of Misfortune resides for the year (South-west in 2010) pretty much takes care of those errant energies that could cause huge problems in life. Since that particular star brings “illness, injury and death” it seems prudent to guard against that. The 5-element pagoda is a handy little device that packs a big enough punch to knock those bad energies right out.

©2010 Dr.Valerie Olmsted All Rights Reserved

Role of Decision Support System For Decision-Making Process in Global Business Environment

Decision Support System:

A Decision Support System is an integrated set of computer tools allowing a decision maker to interact directly with computer to retrieve information useful in making semi structured and unstructured decisions. Example of this decisions include such things as merger and acquisition decisions, plant expansion, new product decisions portfolio management and marketing decisions.

Decision making is a fundamental managerial activity. It may be conceptualized as consisting of four stages: intelligence, design, choice and implementation.

Important aspects of the Decision Support System:

1) The most important consideration is the Decision Support System’s ease of use – its ability to allow non -technical people to deal with it directly. The single greatest and most enduring problem with computers has been their inflexibility, their inability to let the person who actually needs the data to deal directly with the computer.

2) The ability to access information should not be restricted to only the part of an organization or to only certain managerial or professional groups. Instead the resource should be distributed to all of the people and part of an organization needing it without widespread access; the power of advanced Distributed Processing System will go untapped as they typically have in the past.

3) The ideal Decision Support System in sharp contrast to previous method of designing applications should not be a ‘system’ at all in the strict sense of the term. Rather, it should be a highly adaptive decision support generator that can easily be used by professionals to quickly design data support prototypes suited to each specific decision-making task. This adaptive tool must allow quick design changes if the original design does not closely match a person’s information gathering style or needs.

4) To adequately support the human element, this highly adaptive support capability must be able to provide access to operational data and as well as to summary data that already has been processed by application programs designed for other specific operational tasks. Equally important this tool must provide the professional with access to an organization’s raw data and it must allow the access to be accomplished in one step using a single uncomplicated procedure or command and without having to re-key non summary data.

5) The organizations need to access original data sometimes because efficiency is related to how well the original data is organized in the system; the Decision Support Generator should be able to interface with a true DBMS. It should also be able to access standard ‘flat’ files indirectly using the power of the host computer to facilitate both the user interface and data access without changing existing files.

6) The Decision Support Generator should let the user decide whether information should be displayed on the CRT screen for immediate use or whether it should be printed for later use. The best way to accomplish such flexible data presentation is through a work station. The management or professional information workstation would incorporate a keyboard, display screen and an interface to a printer which could print everything from straight text to graphics like pie charts, bar charts and line charts.

7) The support tool must interface with several different systems and capabilities, it must be compatible with all of them, the tool must provide users with a single easily used language to access manipulate and present data in a way that will best support the end-user.

8) To facilitate formatting and manipulating displayed data, the decision support generator should ideally be able to interface with word processing software. With this capability, the DSS becomes the critical link between data processing and office automation, integrating both functions in an easily-used, straight forward, extremely powerful system.

Decision making characteristics in the Global Business Environment:

Business Strategy/Decision Making Characteristics

Multinational: (decentralized federation) Decision making decentralized to subsidiaries, informal relationships between head quarters and subsidiaries

International: (coordinated federation) More vital decision and knowledge in general developed at head quarters and transferred to subsidiaries

Global: (centralized federation) Decisions made at the center knowledge developed and retained at the center

Transnational: (integrated network) Decision making and knowledge generation distributed among units

Managers and Decision Support System:

The daily work of a manager, as hundreds of brief activities of great variety, requiring rapid shifts of attention from one issue to another, very often initiated by emerging problems. A manager maintains a complex web of contacts outside and inside of the organization. A successful manager is not swamped by onslaught of these activities: he or she maintains a personal agenda. Effective manager carve out as it were, their own informal structure within the corporate structure and they use this network to keep themselves informed and influence others. It has been absorbed that proactive manager make special efforts to develop a long-term view and long-term agenda.

The need for types of information produced by decision support system has always been present. Decision support systems have become popular primarily because of their capability to fill this need. Nowadays availability of the computer hardware, the advent of the Database Management System in the 1970’s provided means for storage and management of large amount of data, large increase in number of software packages incorporating the functions of a decision support system. Finally many MBAs who were trained analytic techniques are now reaching the middle and upper levels of corporations .These individuals know how to use the tools that decision support system provide. So in most of the organization, managers used the computer based Data processing applications. This leads to develop the decision support system in business world.

A widely held notion is that modern decision -making is a highly structured process. According to this view, management makes decisions by gathering and analyzing all the relevant information, reviewing all possible alternatives and then calmly and rationally choosing the course of action that provides maximum benefits at minimal risk.

Managers play three types of roles in carrying out their functions. Interpersonal roles are mainly based on face-to-face interactions; through in some cases computerized communications media may be employed. Informational and decision roles are supported by variety of information system, which make information available, assist in decision making and serve as means of communication.

All the managerial roles have an element of decision making: the decision roles are the ones where this is the crucial aspect. The manager brings together resources in a novel way. Decision support system assists an entrepreneur in considering options, selecting one and planning for its implementation. Handling disturbances is a part of managerial control. Resource allocation is the essence of planning and decision support systems have become indispensable in many organizations for their purpose.

The manager is a problem solver, and the fundamental activity in problem solving is decision making. Decision making is the process of identifying a problem, developing alternative solution and choosing and implementing one of them. An experienced manager recognizes a problem as similar to one he or she has already encountered. The intuitive grasp of a problem most often relies on such an ability to establish an analogy. The systems approach to problem solving helps to manage complexity.

Decision support system in the organizational environment:

Organizations that have been the most successful in the implementing DSS have much in common. They have well established, well controlled and well structured data processing system which provides transaction processing data necessary for DSS. Such organizations have spent extra money and personnel necessary to maintain a research and development focus. All the departments in the organization have communicated with central groups of computer. The entire departments have sufficient confidence to initiate and manage systems projects. The central computer groups have several people on its staff that either came from all other departments’. Education and training programs are used by the organizations to build mutual understanding between departments and the computer group.

Capabilities offered by DSS:

1) Support decision making in ill-structured situations- in which ,precisely owing to the lack of structure, problem do not lend themselves to full computerization, and yet require computer assistance for access to and processing of voluminous amount of data.

2) Help to rapidly obtain quantities results needed to reach the decision.

3) Operate the ad hoc mode to suit the current needs of the user, as opposed to operating in a generally scheduled fashion as management reporting system do.

4) Support various stages of the decision making process.

5) Foster high-quality decision making by encouraging decisions based on the integration of available information and human judgment.

6) Offer flexibility as opposed to a preordained pattern of use – making it easy to accommodate the particular decision making style of an individuals.

7) Facilitate the implementation of the decisions which frequently cut across department boundaries.

8) Support group decision making particularly through group DSS (GDSS).

9) Give managers the opportunity to gain a better understanding for their business by developing and working with models.

Conclusion:

With in the past several years, `computers have been used increasingly in areas of financial management, production analysis, short-term planning and geographical analysis.Today’s business worlds, Computers are used for decision making process as a Decision support system. Decision Support System is types of management information system whose principal objective is to support a human decision maker during the process of arriving at decision. The strength of DSS lies in supporting decision making in situations where both human judgment and the power of the computer are required. DSS primarily support for strategic, tactical and operational planning.

Properly designed and integrated, the DSS becomes a very powerful support tool that enhances the productivity of professionals’ at all organizational levels in all departments. It can effectively extend the organization’s present staff by reducing its workload, thereby increasing productivity. And with today’s technology and state of the art software tools, it can bring us even closer to bridging the chasms and operations reach worlds. These features can offer today’s organizations pressed more than ever before to maximize efficiency while reducing costs unprecedented benefits in the utilization and management of both their human and computer resources.

Reference:

1) “Management Information System” by Viladimir Zwass

2) “The nature of Organizational Decision Making and the Design of Decision Support System” by George .P Huber.

3) “Introduction to Business Data Processing” by Lawrence S. Orillia

4) “Management Information System” by James O. Hicks JR

How to Estimate the Cost of Building a New Home

This will serve as a help guide by providing some tips and techniques for estimating the cost of building a new home. As an expert residential estimator there are many things to consider before you begin estimating.

Construction estimating can be difficult and it does require a high level of accuracy and detail. It also requires good math skills and a little geometry knowledge. It requires the ability to read and understand construction drawings and details and how they are applied. Basic construction knowledge helps and being familiar with the local building codes.

You may want to enroll in a construction estimating course at the local college or technical school. Another option is to purchase an estimating manual from your local bookstore or go to estimating.org which offers online courses and has a bookstore.

One of the rules that I have learned along the way is the old saying, “measure twice cut once.” Whenever I do a takeoff or an estimate I always follow this rule in order to help minimize mistakes.

What will you need to put an estimate together?

You will need a notepad, a calculator, an architectural scale, and an engineering scale. These are the basic tools you need to put an estimate together.

Architectural & Structural Drawings

Now you are ready to open the plans and begin to review them. The easiest thing to do is look them over and get a feel for the basic building concept. You should get familiar with the information that is contained on each sheet.

Most construction projects have a set of architectural drawings and a set of structural drawings. I will explain the difference between the two.

It is important that the plans are to scale and have all the required details and wall sections needed to properly estimate from.

What is typically included in a complete set of architectural plans? The drawings at a minimum need to contain the following sheets: a title/cover sheet, a site plan, a floor plan, a foundation plan, four elevations, a roof plan, an electrical plan, a sheet with a typical wall section, a sheet with the window and door schedules, and a sheet with the necessary building and architectural details.

The structural drawings are drawn by a structural engineer, not the architect, unless the architectural firm has an in-house engineer. Any interior shear wall or bearing wall is detailed on these drawings.

The engineer calculates all the uplift and bearing loads of the roof trusses on all the interior and exterior. After doing the calculations they determine which walls are shear or bearing or both and what is required to properly support those uplift and or bearing loads. The engineer will put a structural note on any wall that is bearing or shear. The note will indicate the sheet number and detail number illustrating how that wall needs to be built.

A load bearing wall for example could have a thickened concrete footer with two pieces of steel and the wall above it may need to be framed out of southern yellow pine versus spruce with special metal hardware. These should be highlighted on the plan so they will not be overlooked. Sometimes the hardware called out by the engineer is a special order and can take several weeks to get. So if you wait until the framing package needs to ordered and there are a two or three shear walls with special order hardware it could delay the construction.

You need to make enough copies of the architectural and structural plans for multiple subcontractors and suppliers bidding the job. To save you money, ask your architect and engineer to convert the drawing files to a PDF file. This will save you time as well and make it convenient because you can email them to as many subcontractors and vendors as you like.

Specifications

A list of product specifications must be provided so all the subcontractor and vendors are bidding apples to apples. This is a list detailing all the products and finishes you want in your new home. It does not make sense to send the plans out to bid without a set of specifications. Without this, the bids you receive will not be apples to apples. Then you will need to have them all rebid the project. It wastes a lot of time and creates a lot of unnecessary work for the subcontractors. Remember these guys do not need practice bidding and some of them may not submit a bid without a set of specifications included. Therefore, everything from paint colors to the floor finishes need to be selected. They need to be listed on the plan or on a separate document.

Doing the Takeoffs

It is too technical to put in a written guide how to quantify the concrete, masonry, lumber, and shingles just to name a few. For example let’s assume you need to quantify the masonry block on a single story block home. You have to know how the wall is assembled which includes the ability to visualize and understand construction methods. If the exterior walls have multiple heights, a regular block (8x8x16) needs to be added and a lintel block needs to be deducted in each location where the plate heights change. If some of the walls are on a 45 degree angle you need to be able to know whether to estimate an angle block or butterfly block. The door and window openings need a certain quantity of regular blocks deducted plus a half block every other course on each side of each opening. You could have too much of one size block and either not enough or some units not accounted for at all. These inaccuracies will throw off your budget and cost you time and money. This ability and knowledge can not come from a book but through hands on experience combined with years of estimating experience.

If you decide to quantify the materials yourself I suggest you refer to Walker’s Building Estimator’s Reference Book, frankrwalker.com which has instructions on how to estimate the quantities of concrete, masonry, lumber, drywall, etc. It is considered the bible for construction estimators and it is one of required books included in the study guide for most state contractor’s exam. Just keep in mind that these reference books do not have tips and tricks as well as real world experience as explained above.

You can employ the help of your subcontractors bidding the work or your suppliers. You may pay more for their product or service or you can hire us. Either way you are paying for someone to review the plans and quantify what is needed to build the project.

If you have your lumber yard quantify the material remember he is trying to win the job so he may provide a takeoff that is too tight. This does not benefit you if you have to keep reordering more lumber. The obvious answer to this is to have your framer put together the lumber list for you. Well that does not work either because he will over order so he does not run out of material and have to make additional trips to finish. They want to finish as fast as possible so it can get inspected and they can get paid. The bottom line is neither are working in your best interest.

I recommend you do not attempt to quantify the materials yourself. I have outlined valid reasons why. It is very technical and requires someone with years of estimating experience combined with hands on field experience.

Soliciting Bids

This part of preparing an estimate can be done by most anyone. I suggest you contact your local builder’s association to get subcontractor referrals or use Angie’s List, angieslist.com which prescreens contractors as well

You may have heard the term RFQ – Request for Quote. You want to solicit at least contractors. Most people will say three bids, so why do I recommend five bids? Let’s say you contact five contractors and all five contractors bid the project. You got to figure one will be the high bid and one will be the low bid. So those should be set to the side because chances are the low bid is probably missing something and the high bid is priced too high. The remaining three bids should be reviewed thoroughly to make sure you are comparing apples to apples.

When you contact all the subcontractors that you want to bid your project be sure to give them a bid due date. That way you do not have to chase them. Give them a reasonable amount of time to review the plans and specifications, typically a week or two.

Analyzing the Bids

First organize all your bids by trade, such as putting all your electrical bids together. A three ring binder with dividers and tabbed with each category is a good way to organize all the bids.

Once you receive the bids you need to read them carefully and review them against the plans and specifications. They should have the project information and the date. They need to be detailed and itemized. The cabinet bid should not say “cabinets”. Instead it should list and quantify all the cabinets by finish, style, size, and location, example 15 lnft of 42″ oak raised panel kitchen cabinets, 1/ea 60″ melamine master bath cabinet, 1/ea 36″ melamine hall bath cabinet, etc. If it does not include the countertops it should state that so there is no misrepresentation.

When a proposal needs to be revised, make sure it states the revision date or states “revised”. That way when you compile the bids and you need to refer back to them you will be looking at the latest one.

The proposals should also indicate workmanship and warranty. All this is important, especially if the contractor does not perform and mediation or worse litigation is required.

How to Negotiate the Best Price

Once you determine the three competitive bids the hard part is negotiating with the contractors. You have to assume that all the quotes will be inflated with the understanding you will negotiate less. Therefore, you need to get them down as low as you can to the real number. I always ask my subcontractors and vendors if the bid is negotiable. Remember it never hurts to ask, the worse they can say is no. And if they say yes, then I ask them what is the maximum they can cut their bid. They normally respond with, “how much do I need to cut it to get the job” and again I put it back on them by saying, “the maximum you can cut your price”. Never name a price first! You should already have a budget of what you can afford to spend on each item. You never know whether or not they would be willing to do it for less than that.

Once they lower their bids and you determine the low bidder you need to compare warranty, workmanship, and references. Price is important, but if they can not finish the job the price does not mean anything. You definitely need to check both project references and credit references. The bottom line is you want the best contractor for the least amount of money.

Preparing an Estimate

Once you have awarded the job to each subcontractor you will want to prepare an estimate. I recommend using Microsoft Excel to organize your estimate. It is the easiest and mostly widely used spreadsheet application, especially in construction.

It helps organize your estimate. You can use a separate worksheet for each trade within the Excel workbook. You can enter all the material lists and bid amounts you receive. You can track the job to make sure you are on budget. You can email your local suppliers your material lists so they can enter their unit prices and they can email it back to you.

One of the sheets needs to be the estimate summary which has the total cost for each phase or trade. It should include your preconstruction costs and direct construction costs.

It should have the estimate total at the bottom.

There are endless possibilities you can do with Excel and the level of detail is up to you.

We have for sale blank estimates that are in Excel. These are templates that we use which can help you calculate some of the material quantities and can also be used to prepare your estimate. They contain prebuilt formulas for calculating concrete, steel, masonry, and lumber. All you need to do is enter counts and lengths where indicated and the quantities are calculated for you. Contact us to send you a sample template.

Conclusion

I hope this has provided you will some good information on how to prepare an estimate if you are building a new home. We are available to answer any questions you may have. We can help you put together an estimate for any type of construction project, big or small, residential or commercial.

My Wife Puts No Effort Into Our Relationship! Can Your Marriage Really Survive?

Remember back in the early days of your marriage when your wife seemed overly concerned with whether or not you were happy and fulfilled? At the time it may have felt that she was hovering too much in an emotional sense. You miss that now though, don’t you? It seems lately that she doesn’t care one way or another whether your relationship will last. You’re frustrated, as you should be, but what now? Are you climbing an uphill battle by trying to save a marriage your wife doesn’t care about or is there an effective way to turn this around so you two can rediscover what drew you to one another in the first place? You love her, right? Even though she’s now acting detached and uninterested, you still see some promise in her eyes. That’s the reason why you need to get serious about your relationship and get your wife engaged in building a future with you once again.

I want to briefly touch on one point before I offer some advice on rebuilding the emotional bridge with your spouse. Some wives become lazy once they marry. That’s not to suggest that this is what is occurring with your wife. You know her better than anyone so it’s obvious that you’d be the first to suspect if she just stopped working on your marriage because she felt so safe and secure in it. If she’s giving off signals that she doesn’t care for you as deeply as he once did, it’s not a case of laziness at all. I just thought it necessary to point that out because it’s possible for a man to overreact about what is happening within his marriage when it’s just a case of his wife not trying because she thinks she’s already captured his heart.

Now onto what you can do to not only save your marriage but methods you can use to build it into a stronger and more satisfying union for you both. Your wife may have stopped putting the effort needed into making the marriage work because she’s feeling emotionally neglected by you. This can happen in marriages that are a few months old or sometimes it takes years for a woman to allow these feelings to impact her interactions with her husband. Women are sensitive beings and we need tenderness, love and devotion in order to feel valued by our spouse. I’m the first to admit that life can be incredibly busy and as such a person’s primary relationship can begin to fall by the emotional wayside because of this. Have you been as attentive as you used to be to your wife? Do you actually listen when she speaks with you about what is going on with her or her feelings? If you’ve taken her for granted, she’s going to stop trying at some point. It’s truly that simple.

You’re going to have to throw caution to the wind here and romance your wife again. I know you probably thought those days were far behind you but your marriage is struggling and it’s up to you to find a way to pull it back from the brink of despair. Begin by telling your wife how you feel. Be clear about how much you really do love her. Women love hearing that their husbands would marry them again tomorrow. We tend to lose a bit of our self confidence when we are married to the same man for a time. You can bolster your wife’s by commenting on her appearance, writing her love letters and reaching for her hand so you can hold it in yours sometimes.

Communication has to take center stage if your wife has become disinterested in working on the relationship. She may not be ready to talk about the problems you two are facing when you are, but don’t let that deter you. Make it clear to her that you’re available to talk whenever she is and you understand the gravity of what’s going on in your marriage. If you show her that you are taking this seriously, that will help her understand that you want to play a role in fixing what needs to be repaired. An attentive husband who is invested in making the marriage work is a powerful force to deal with. Let your wife see that you believe the marriage and her are worth fighting for and you’re prepared to go into battle to keep what you love.

How to Color Microwave Popcorn?

Making popcorn in the microwave is so easy that at times it can be boring to eat the same type of popcorn over and over again. However, you can now be a little creative and use some simple ingredients in your kitchen to make color microwave popcorn. This is also easy, but at least you will not be bored eating the same colored popcorn whilst sitting in front of your favorite television show.

Prepare microwave popcorn like you normally would. If you want to use butter as a part of the coloring process, opt for butter-free popcorn brand. Once you have finished popping the corn kernels, empty the packet into a bowl.

At this point you may get tempted to much on a few. Stop that temptation at once, as you will have more fun eating colored microwave popcorn.

Use the food coloring of your choice and then match the coloring with a corresponding dried herb or spice from your kitchen. For instance, you can match the red food coloring with paprika, green with dried chives or parsley and yellow with curry powder. If you like sweet popcorn, you can use Jell-O or drink mixes to make your popcorn sweet and also give it different colors, such as purple, pink or lime green.

Melt the required amount of butter in a pan and add a couple of drops of the food coloring into it. Make sure that the butter is unsalted. Stir well. Pour the colored butter onto the popcorn. Toss the popcorn well to ensure that it get covered with the butter. Sprinkle some of the corresponding herb or spice to add a unique flavor to your colored popcorn. Check the intensity of the color. If it is too light, add some more melted butter with food coloring or a little more the spice or herb.

Be careful while adding the food coloring to the melted butter, as adding too much will make your microwave popcorn inedible. Go easy with it. Also, it is best to used freshly minced or ground herbs instead of dried herbs. When using flavored drink mixes or Jell-O, go easy with the amount you use to ensure that the popcorn does not turn out too sweet. Add the mix gradually and keep tasting the butter until you get the desired color and taste.

As you can see, it is very easy to make colored microwave popcorn. All you need is some time to make this unique and delicious snack.

Invisible Fences Help Keep Your Pet Safe

If you have a dog that has a problem staying in your yard, then you are probably worried about them wandering off or getting into traffic. You want your dog to be able to run freely in your yard but at the same time you don’t want them to be hurt in anyway.

A relative cheap alternative to fencing or putting your dog in a dog run is to have a professional company install an invisible fence. Depending on the size of your yard, installation can start at approximately $500. This is a small price to pay when it comes to the safety of your dog. Some electric fences that you install yourself are priced cheaper but without the professional training they are often not as affective. This can end up costing you more money in the long run to switch to professional installation.

The first thing you need to do is to find a professional installer in your area that is ASPC approved to be sure that the product is humane to your dog. Most places will come out to your home and give you a free demonstration and estimate for installation. You can show them what areas you want fenced in, including around swimming pools, the woods or just specific parts of the yard.

Once the fencing is installed, the company will mark the fencing with flags so that your dog can begin to associate the flags with the boundaries. They typically have a professional dog trainer on staff that can train your dog to know where they can and can’t go. Your dog will wear a collar that will emit a tone when they are too close to the boundaries. This way they will learn to stop when they hear the sound rather than experiencing a shock. You can request them to send you batteries throughout the year so that you won’t have to worry about the batteries running out.

The average time it takes dogs to respond to the fencing and understand their boundaries is approximately 3-4 weeks. It can take more or less time depending on the dog and how much fencing is installed in the yard. Once your dog learns the boundaries, you can remove the flags. If your dog ever crosses the boundaries, you can call the company and have them come out to retrain, often free of charge.

Safe for your dog and family, the invisible fence allows you to keep your dog in your yard without changing your landscape. It does not give your dog the harmful shocks that many electric fences can give. You can search on the internet for more information or for invisible fence companies in your area.

Wireless Dog Fence

Wireless fencing is a great choice for pet owners today. An invisible dog fence is something that every pet owner needs to have. This is the perfect combination of features that can be enjoyed all over. A wireless fence is very quick to install and very easy too. There are collar settings that can be adjusted, it’s portable and the reliability can be trusted at all times. There is so much to look forward to when you have a wireless fence. Your dog can be able to enjoy freedom in the yard at all times.

A wireless fence doesn’t require any wires or tools. You can change boundaries as you wish. This means less fuss and less money when compared to the traditional fence. Regardless of where you are going whether camping or visiting friends, this is a fence that you can stay with you at all times, meaning you can train and play with your pet whenever and wherever you are. Some of the fences are ideal for larger areas and so you must make your selection based on the area you want covered.

How a wireless fence works?

The boundaries of the pet are set by simply turning a knob which is located at the transmitter. This creates a circular wireless boundary for the pet.

When you have set the boundary, the transmitter will send some radio signals directed to the collar receiver that is on the pet. The pet has to be trained so as to note the warning tone or even the vibration when he gets near to the yard boundary. If your pet doesn’t respond to the warning, he then gets a static correction that is surprising, but quite safe right from the collar. This is set so as to remind the dog to remain in the yard.

Multiple pets

It is possible to contain many pets within a single system. You don’t have to leave any pet out. All the pets within the family including cats and dogs can receive a signal from one transmitter. When you are buying a transmitter, you should select a wireless collar receiver for all the pets in the family so as to give them outdoor freedom. Usually, the wireless and in-ground systems aren’t compatible. It is important to make sure that all the products that you purchase are compatible so as to enjoy their effectiveness completely.

Leaving town

Wireless pet containment systems are a great choice even when you are leaving town. You will not require a kennel or a pet sitter. There are so many pet friendly places and cities in the world and this means you can still set boundaries and reinforce the training offered to the pet regarding safety. Your pet can still have fun even when you are away from your home.

You will be able to enjoy your vacation more since you won’t have to look out for the pets at all times. You can also safely go for camping and all sorts of outdoor place without having to worry about losing your pet.

Apartments That Approve With Bad Credit Or Broken Lease in Honolulu

For decades, Honolulu has been a city-paradise for settlers and vacationers alike, promising scenic beach properties, a hospitable climate, friendly people and good food. While Hawaii is known largely as a holiday resort for honeymooners and families wanting to get a taste of tropical paradise within the United States, there are many who come here to stay. That means a demand for apartments within the Honolulu area. While the rates for these apartments vary, most of them will require acceptable credit, untarnished rental history and a background devoid of any major incidences. Unfortunately, you may have made some mistakes in the past, and now that it is time for you to look for an apartment in Honolulu, you find yourself stuck in a quagmire. But there is good news; there are apartments in the city of Honolulu that are willing to work with people with bad credit or a broken lease.

These can be regular apartments, town homes, villas and even rental homes which are in abundance in the city. While finding a place to lease is not all that difficult in Hawaii, the problem arises when you try to locate apartments that cater to people whose credit is unflattering or who possess a broken lease agreement.

In most cases, renting an apartment in Honolulu will require that your credit meet a certain criteria. You must also pass a background check and have a rental history that falls within acceptable boundaries. If you have ever broken a lease agreement with a previous apartment, you may be denied approval in Honolulu as well.You therefore have to be skilled in looking for apartments that either do not check credit or rental history or be able to negotiate a workable agreement with a leasing manager somewhere. This in itself is not easy if this is your first time.

If you are looking for “second chance Honolulu apartments”, then you must narrow down to within the following areas:

  • Downtown District
  • Kaka’oko
  • Manoa and Makiki
  • Kalihi and Palama

People like you who are looking for an apartment in Hawaii but your credit is short can be easily frustrated especially if you go from one apartment to another and hit a snag. This is usually caused by the fact that these types of rental properties do not advertise. One reason for this is that they do not want to attract undue attention where everyone who has a negative credit history flocks there. This can push rates down and even be a cause for concern for other tenants who live there already. One way to locate these properties is to use a local apartment locator although even here there is no guarantee.

Another option is utilizing the power of the Internet. Applicants without good credit or have a broken lease can be thoroughly frustrated when searching for an apartment especially if they have been repeatedly turned down. Using the Internet can save you money and time since all you have to do is enter keywords in the major search engines and you are done. This is an excellent way to begin your search.

Enlisting friends, family and even co-workers can help especially if they are trusted. These can a valuable source of information on where to find an apartment if you have been turned down elsewhere. This is called networking.

It is also important to bear in mind that even if you do find an apartment willing to work with you within Honolulu, you must meet certain requirements, namely, you must have a job and provide proof of ability to pay rent. You may also be asked to submit to a background check which may run queries in the sex offender registry databases nationwide.