Most Oil Sellers and Brokers Fail – Crude Oil Selling Procedures That Sell in Today’s Internet Era

Most Crude Oil And Petroleum Product Sellers, Brokers and Agents, in the International “Secondary” Oil Market, Do Not Make Any Sales Or Income. Do You Ever Wonder Why?

A MAJOR “HIDDEN SECRET” OF OIL SELLERS & BROKERS: MOST DO NOT MAKE ANY SALES or INCOME

Crude oil and petroleum products sellers, and their brokers and agents, who operate in the so-called “secondary market” of the international oil market today, do not usually speak about this, or like to do so. Or like the fact about this to be known. In deed, many of them would rather that it be kept obscured, or simply misrepresented. But, the fact is that one distinctive part of their business “reality” is this: as a group, they frequently close no deals nor make any sales for the oil product they purport to have available to sell, and, in fact, the vast majority of them often go for months, even years, or perhaps for ever, without ever landing even a single sales contract or deal. It is probably what might simply be called “the open secret” of the oil selling industry!

C. Keila Nakasaka, a California attorney and real estate investor and entrepreneur, who conducted extensive market research and investigations into the D2 diesel oil trade to see if he could prudently recommend taking up the commission broker’s job to his clients, says he came away from his research greatly disillusioned and disappointed. According to him, the “stories that these brokers concoct are that the seller has some direct connection with a refinery. Some even claim that the seller is, in fact, one of the leading energy companies in Russia… [but] what bothered me [the most] is that almost every one of these brokers failed to be forthcoming. They often misrepresented themselves as mandates, direct representatives, and even buyer and sellers.”

Probably the principal and most sensitive thing about which most such sellers and intermediaries (the agents, facilitators, mandates, brokers, etc.) are least “forthcoming” and “misrepresenting” about, is concerning the number and volume of sales deals they have ever closed, if any, or the income they have earned in the trade, if any. Simply put, almost all of these operatives generally close no deals, and earn almost nothing. Most of them go for months, even years – or forever – without successfully closing any sales deals, not to speak of earning even a dime in commission income!

As Nakasaka put it, describing his findings: “Another factor which I thought was odd was that most of the brokers I spoke with never closed a D2 deal despite their months and sometimes years in this business. There was one broker who claimed that he had pending deals, and two who stated that they did in fact close these deals. However, I did not find them credible.”

MAJOR REASONS FOR THIS, WHICH ACCOUNT FOR WHY MOST “SECONDARY MARKET” SELLERS & THEIR INTERMEDIARIES NEVER CLOSE ANY DEALS

Why is this so – that they make no sales or income? Many factors account for it. They could roughly be summed up as follows:

1. MOST SELLERS (and their intermediaries) ARE FAKE, ANY WAY, WITH NO CRUDE OR OIL PRODUCT TO SELL

A fact that is by now well-established and not subject to any disputation whatsoever among credible experts in the industry, is that the overwhelming majority of selling offers peddled by crude oil and petroleum product “sellers” in the so-called “secondary” oil markets, and their brokers, agents, and other intermediaries, are fake and bogus. In deed, some objective studies and research have put its extent at a whopping level of some 99.999999 percent of all offers presented for sale. Probably the only thing of much redeeming value that could be stated about this, is that with particular respect to those who act as foreign brokers and intermediaries in the business, some of them may often be engaged fraudulently in the business but innocently and unwittingly, mistakenly believing that the deal or selling operation is authentic and legitimate, when it actually is not.

2.LACK OF PROPER TRAINING, SKILLS OR KNOWLEDGE IN THE FUNDAMENTALS OF THE BUSINESS

Put very simply, perhaps nowhere is the saying that “we live in a wide interconnected world” more applicable today than in the world of the international buying and selling of crude oil and petroleum products. For the most part, virtually all that one needs in order to become a “seller” of crude oil or petroleum product, or his agent, legitimate or not, who are operating out of any part of the world, is simply to have an access to a computer and an Internet connection. That’s just about all! Unfortunately, however, one dire negative effect of this so-called “revolution of the Internet” (among many others), has been that many who now claim to be, or operate as, “sellers” or the sellers’ “brokers” or “agents,” are largely uneducated or semi-illiterate, untrained and unskilled, and are lacking in any knowledge of the proper fundamentals of international oil trading.

Kamal J. Southall, one of the foremost experts on the subject, whose book, “Trade Fraud, Financial Fraud, and the Joker Broker,” is one of the most authoritative texts on the phenomenon, puts it this way:

“Have you noticed that as you’ve searched Google and libraries, and looked high and low, finding bits of information here and there, you encounter interesting phenomena: very little practical information on the art and science of dealing in International trade as an independent trader exists in any comprehensive way. Certain practices, documents, and procedures; mysterious acronyms such as “NCND” or “MPA,” are thrown back and forth, badly corrupted model documents and forms may filter your way, but the reality is that most attempted home based traders, brokers – or, more properly, intermediaries – learn through highly expensive ‘trial and error,’… often re-inventing the wheel each time, in that ever-elusive search for a deal and knowledge on how to close that deal.”

Southall estimates, citing another expert’s calculation, that out of some one million individuals currently trying to make it as brokers or trade intermediaries in the world, “perhaps no more than 1% has the training and skill needed to ever close a deal… [meaning that] the overwhelming majority, are trading blindly, [hence] deals are collapsing… and more to the point, [oil dealers are] being defrauded – sometimes massive..”

Mr. R. Ambardar, a broker of over 10 years of wide experience in international market development and advisory services, calls “lack of experience and knowledge” one of the principal reasons why many brokers and facilitators fail in crude oil endeavors. “Many people are attracted into this business because of [the tales they hear about the] kind of money one can earn on account of successful deals. Many agents fail, [however], to understand that requirements to succeed in this business are very demanding, [and that] Only those who have years of hands-on experience and thorough knowledge of the industry can strive to do well as middle-men.”

A great many number of brokers, Ambardar adds, forget that “To become a ‘Facilitator’ in oil business,… what you actually need is right knowledge and expertise [since this is what will help] you hook up genuine buyers and sellers. One should be in the industry for long to have acquired knowledge related to the dynamics of this business.”

Consequently, one fundamental way in which this general lack of competence or knowledge about the basics of the oil trade manifests itself, is in the inability of the average person among the string of brokers and agents and intermediaries that operate in the trade, to craft good deals and successfully close sales deals even after several months or years in the business.

3. BYE AND LARGE, MOST BROKERS AND AGENTS LEARN THEIR CRAFT FROM THE INTERNET, AND THIS HAS SOME SERIOUS DRAWBACKS

There is, for the average contemporary seller’s agent or broker, one other serious shortcoming and negative consequence that emanates directly out of the fact that the primary source of their education and training by which they learn the workings of the oil trading business, is essentially the Internet. Again, Kamal J. Southall sums up these negative consequences this way:

“The expertise in recognizing a questionable trade lead or tender request from a strong one, is generally lacking through the Internet, [and] there is no critical filtering of the leads you end up reading. Anything that can be put out there, is put out there, from the genuine to the questionable, to the fraudulent. Moreover, the nature of the “broker network” is such that information is often passed about with little critical filtering, lack of knowledge of proper trading procedures and the general tendency of information to become corrupted as it trades hands, [and this] leads to dangerous results.”

4.LONG STRING OF BROKERS, AGENTS AND MIDDLEMEN, MOST OF WHOM UNDERCUT EACH OTHER.

Partly as a result of the virtual lack of any objective requirements for qualification as an agent or middleman in the trade, and the ease of entry into it, these operators generally tend to function in a climate of little or no rules or standards, and of loose or no ethics, in which the “dog eat dog” mentality seem to prevail – a climate in which each broker, agent, or mandate, being only selfishly concerned with just his own personal gains and self-interest, is constantly trying to undercut and circumvent the other in deals. Thus, often leading to the ultimate detriment of ALL the parties involved in an offer, as ALL of them, as a whole, and not just one party or the other, invariably wind up the losers since NO deal at all is had with any buyer.

“[One] reason why it’s difficult to ascertain the truth [concerning the oil product market],” reported C. Keila Nakasaka, the California attorney and entrepreneur who investigated the industry in 2010 for possible recommendation of the trade to his clients, “is that there are multiple brokers involved in any given transaction; and they’re all afraid of circumvention. Hence, it’s almost impossible to know the end buyer or seller. Now, I understand that sometimes it requires teamwork to put a large transaction together, but what bothered me is that almost every one of these brokers failed to be forthcoming. They often misrepresented themselves as mandates, direct representatives, and even buyer and sellers.”

THE “JOKER BROKER” CHARACTER

Sure, admittedly, there’s no question that the phenomenon of having a lengthy string of players, including brokers, agents and intermediaries, in a business transaction, is a necessary aspect of international business. Even more so, especially, in today’s Internet world in which we are all so interconnected globally. Certainly, in oil sales transactions, it should come as no surprise or anything unusual to anyone that such operations, because they often tend to involve huge sums of money and elaborate logistics, would sometimes require teamwork to put the transactions together. And hence, should sometimes involve a multiple number of parties – traders, agents, intermediaries, brokers, mandates, buyers, distributors, etc – to conclude a deal. However, what is different here, is not so much the fact that in the Internet crude oil dealings one encounters a string of too many brokers and middlemen. Rather, it is the fact that most of these brokers and middlemen or intermediaries that get involved in it, typically act and behave in the detrimental manner of what is known as the so-called “Joker Brokers.”

As Kamal J. Southall put it, “But the experience of the underground string of international brokers trading meaningless offers and circumventing each other, left and right, illustrates well the term “Joker Broker” and resembles, often, a Zoo full of monkeys.”

Adding that “the character, [which is] often scorned as ‘the Joker Broker,’ is one thing most people encounter very quickly in their forays into the world of trading,” Southall, the author of a classic on the “Joker Broker” character, gives a definition and explanation of the essence of this “Joker Broker” behavior, this way:

“Defined in the first instance as a bit of a time waster, the joker broker is an individual who knowingly or unknowingly peddles and plies deals and products that, in the vast majority of instances, are non-existent, or badly defined. Characterized by a tendency to bluff his way through transactions, the Joker Broker is one… [who goes about] plying deals often involving a string of brokers from one end of the planet to another, and yet not a single one has verified the very existence of the goods at hand.”

.One significant result of this?

With a multiplicity of brokers and chain of agents often involved in a trade, and each party operating selfishly and undercutting and sabotaging each other in a working environment in which each party is untrusting of the other in a transaction, and is scared of being circumvented by the other; most deals which the “secondary” market sellers and their brokers and agents undertake, are automatically doomed to failure, even from the very beginning. And often do fail.

5. PERVASIVENESS OF “The Joker Broker” MENTALITY AMONG THE INTERNET BROKERS, AGENTS & OTHER INTERMEDIARES

However, probably the most fundamental and central factor which accounts for why most intermediaries involved in the “secondary” oil market are generally not able to, and do not, close any sales deals or earn any income or commission as brokers and agents even after several months or years of peddling their oil product, could simply be condensed into one broad term: namely, the powerful pervasive grip that the “The Joker Broker” mentality has come to have on the brokers and agents, most of whom today are merely Internet-based brokers and agents.

What Is meant by this?

Put very simply, many brokers and agents, driven and limited by the fact that they generally lack much training or knowledge in the fundamentals of international trading, and by the fact, in today’s Internet era, that their only “qualification” for assuming the mantle of being a “broker” or “agent” in the oil business, is simply that they have an access to the Internet and a computer, often behave in their conduct of the oil selling operation, in a manner that “resembles, often, a Zoo full of monkeys” – in the words of Kamal J. Southall, the author of a classic on “‘the Joker Broker” character. A common characteristic of these brokers and agents, is that they peddle, knowingly or unknowingly, crude oil deals and products that on the face of it, are in most instances seemingly non-existent or questionable, or at least badly defined, while yet acting as though all is well with the product they offer, and that there’s absolutely nothing for the prospective buyer to worry about concerning it. They are mostly blinded by greed and false belief that they “are going to be super rich next week or next month” by doing nothing, other than, just shoving around a few copied documents on the Internet usually passed down to them from other jokers, none of which any of them has usually verified as to the very existence of the goods they purport to be selling.

Apart from the fact that a good many of them would, whether they do it knowingly or not, frequently try to push fake deals on the Internet, they generally act out of many misconceptions and beliefs which are simply not true, usually passed down to them from other jokers. Many times, mainly concerned with “making a quick, fast buck,” they are innocently and naively trying to close a deal for someone who they believe or merely hope to be real, but who is, in fact really not. But oftentimes, they are too proud or conceited to simply accept or concede that their own beliefs and procedures are simply incorrect, refuse to change their ways, and continue to waste their time and others’ time for months and years still trying to push deals – until, perhaps, it finally begins to dawn on them that for so long no deals have been closed, or are likely to be closed, and not a dime of income has been, or would be, earned!

But above all else, perhaps the most detrimental factor that results in the lack of business or income for most “Internet” crude oil brokers and agents, is the fact that, lacking much experience or real understanding of the true workings of international business or the way it actually works, they are often totally unrealistic and impractical about the conditions and requirements they demand of, or expect that, prospective buyers would accept in order to buy the products they purport to have for sale. That is, they often present sales offers and proposals that are so impracticable, unworkable and outrageously unreal, and are totally contrary to the way normal and legitimate business has traditionally been done in the real world.

As one analyst put it, “Some of them [the “Internet” brokers or joker brokers] are quite entertaining [in the notions about business workings they present], and remind us of the Nigerian scam artists. The world simply does not work like that.”

EXAMPLE OF JOKER BROKER OFFER THAT CAN’T WORK

The following is a good example of the Joker Broker-type of offer that the oil sellers and their brokers and agents, most of whom operate mostly online today, typically demand of intending buyers. It is presented in the form of the transactions PROCEDURES they demand that the would-be oil buyer should meet and follow, such as these:

TRANSACTIONS PROCEDURES:

1) The Buyer submits ICPO (Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order) & banking details

2) Seller issues FCO (Full Corporate Offer) on his letterhead with full contact details.

3) Buyer returns the FCO duly signed and stamped.

4) Seller and buyer sign contract.

5) Seller and buyer exchange the Proof of Product (POP) and Proof of Funds (POF) in the following sequence/order:

6). First: Seller issues POP to the buyer. Second: After buyer verification and within 7 banking days, buyer’s bank issues POF to seller’s bank.

7) Buyers bank opens non-operative Letter of Credit (L/C) to seller’s bank/or Bank Guarantee (at seller’s choice).

8) Seller issues 2% Performance Bond (PB) to activate L/C.

9) Shipment commences as per the agreed contract.

TO TODAY’S BUYERS, THIS IS WHAT THESE PROCEDURES ARE SAYING TO THEM

In point of fact, actually the procedures such as the above-outlined, are “standard” and should, in NORMAL and proper circumstances, ordinarily be a workable and acceptable set of terms and conditions or requirements for a credible prospective buyer to do business by. However, here’s what brings about the big difference here: there is one very serious and fundamental factor that is grossly missing here. And that is this: typically, such offer requiring the intending buyer to comply with these procedures, is made, NOT by or from by a known or established or even readily identifiable person or entity, or necessarily by an AUTHENTIC crude seller or supplier. But merely by an Internet “seller.” It is typically presented by someone who merely writes (or phones) and claims, usually via some Internet connection or communication (a portal, email or website), that he is a crude “seller,” or the broker or agent of one, who supposedly has some oil available to sell. And it is typically presented by someone who, invariably, would present virtually no tangible evidence or proof whatsoever establishing his (or her) bona fides and credentials as an authentic seller, or an intermediary of one, nor shows any real track record of having previously performed in the crude oil selling business, or any other products.

Thus, in effect, what is essentially happening here, is that a set of well-meaning procedures which have legitimately been designed by the industry professionals to be used by LEGITIMATE crude sellers, and have traditionally been used by RELIABLE and respectable crude sellers and buyers alike to do business, have suddenly been hijacked by a new breed of “Internet” brokers and agents – Joker Brokers – who now demand that prudent crude buyers are to adopt precisely those same procedures in transacting business with them! To put it another way, were these Internet brokers and crude “sellers” to have been some of the so-called oil Majors – such as Chevron, Valero, Shell Oil, Exxon Mobile, British Petroleum, Total Oil, etc. – meaning companies and business entities that are well-known, already established, readily recognizable, reputable and trustworthy, there would have been absolutely no problem or question about the crude buyers using those “standard” procedures and conditions set forth above in doing business with the Internet sellers and brokers. However, that is not the case all, here. Rather, quite to the contrary, these Internet-type brokers and agents (and the purported sellers whose offers they peddle), are largely Internet-based; and are generally obscure operations, or even non-existent, with no known identity, no recognized base of operations, or established record or history of past performance as crude sellers.

WHY THE INTERNET BROKERS’ PROCEDURES LARGELY DON’T & CAN’T WORK WITH BUYERS

Yet, this is, in the vast majority of instances, the kind of supposed crude “sellers” who want and ask that would-be buyers should be submitting to those same procedures and conditions in dealing with them. Clearly, that’s a ridiculous “Joker Broker” type of day-dreaming – virtually no credible crude oil buyer anywhere in the world would accept to submit an ICPO (Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order) to a mere unknown, unproven, dubious Internet “seller” of crude oil to solicit business with such an entity. And certainly, no credible crude oil buyer anywhere in the world would accept to submit its Proof of Funds or financial and banking details to such an entity, or to even sign a contract with it – an entity about whom it knows practically nothing, and whose bona fides, credentials or existence as a supposed crude oil supplier, is largely dubious and unestablished.

A major, well-known, recognizable, or reputable entity or crude dealer, yes. But NOT an obscure, dubious, unknown entity, largely existing merely on the Internet.

Analysts at the JokerBroker.com website, which is a site devoted to extensive compilation of a database of the most notorious “Joker Brokers” persons and companies, sums it up this way, describing why most credible crude buyers would generally reject accepting such procedures and conditions often demanded of them by Internet brokers, outright:

“When a deal starts off with “send ICPO with BCL or Soft Probe, [POF], NCND and IMFPA,” this is “broker language.” Those that know broker language know what this means: “I’m a joker broker. I don’t have any real product for sale, and I don’t know anyone who has any, so I want you to give me an Irrevocable Purchase Order with your full financial details disclosed, so I can run around with your order and your money in my hands looking for product, and the next thing you see will be your company and banking details exposed to the whole world, running around unsecured on the Internet between thousands of other joker brokers.”… That is what this language means. I suggest you learn the language, and please do not send me even one “deal” which starts off with this procedure. Please just put them straight into the rubbish bin, which is exactly where I put them whenever anyone sends them to me.”

Kamal J. Southall, author of “Trade Fraud, and the Joker Broker,” describes the following as “some of the most notorious Joker Broker Documents”:

“The Irrevocable Purchase Order/IPO ICPO: Sometimes known as the Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order, such a document simply does not exist. Or to put things more rudely, the ICPO is crap. There, we have said it, let the chips fall.”

SUMMARY

Here’s what might probably be called “the open secret” of the so-called secondary market oil industry: as a group, the crude oil and petroleum products sellers, and their long string of brokers, agents and intermediaries, generally close no deals nor make any sales or income out of the oil product they purport to sell, frequently after several months, even years, or perhaps for ever, of doing the business. There are several reasons which account for this. They range from the fact that most oil sellers and their brokers and other intermediaries, are fake operatives with no crude or petroleum product to sell, in the first, to lack of proper training and knowledge by these operatives in the fundamentals of the business, to the existence of certain serious drawbacks and shortcomings inherent in the fact that, bye and large, the principal source by which most brokers and agents today learn their craft today as oil dealers, is merely the Internet.

However, probably the most fundamental and most central factor of all which accounts for the above reality, could simply be condensed into one broad term: namely, the powerful pervasive grip that the “The Joker Broker” mentality has come to have on the brokers and agents, most of whom today are merely Internet-based brokers and agents. Typically lacking much experience or real understanding of international business or the way it actually works, and frequently blinded by greed and false belief that they “are going to be super rich next week or next month” by doing nothing, other than, perhaps, simply shoving around a few copied documents on the Internet, the conditions, requirements, and procedures often proposed by the “Internet” brokers and agents for prospective buyers to buy from a seller, are usually unrealistic, impracticable, outrageously unreal, even laughable and ludicrous atimes. They are unworkable conditions and requirements that are completely contrary to the way normal and legitimate business has traditionally been done in the real world. And consequently, credible buyers generally reject outright the sales offers coming from such Internet sales operatives, thus resulting in common lack of sales or commission income for such operatives, month after month, and even year after year.

For example, most of the selling offers one gets today for the sale of oil, are usually from Internet “sellers” – persons who merely claim, via an Internet communication, that they are “sellers” of crude or petroleum products with some product to sell, but typically have NO known identity, show no credible record or history of past performance as an AUTHENTIC crude seller or supplier, nor present any solid evidence that the supposed seller even exists. Yet, these mere “Internet” sellers would typically demand and expect a serious buyer of oil, to simply sign an “ICPO,” and enter into a binding contract with them committing itself to obligations valued in the several hundreds of millions of dollars with such a yet unproven and dubious Internet “sellers” (or brokers and agents), or to submit its most sensitive financial and banking details to them, etc! Demands which, clearly, virtually no credible crude oil buyer anywhere in the world would accept or submit to with merely a dubious, unknown, yet-to-be-established entity! On top of all that, add to that the reality that those harsh conditions are being demanded of intending buyers by the sellers and brokers in an oil industry that is, by all credible accounts, full of too many fakes and fraud in the contemporary oil selling industry!

And so, here you have it: why most supposed “secondary” market Internet oil sellers and their brokers and agents typically make no sales or income in their stint into crude oil and petroleum product selling business today in this Internet era, for months and years.

FOR A FOLLOW UP

WISH TO FOLLOW UP ON GETTING A CRUDE OIL OR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS SELLER OR BROKER WITH WORKABLE, REALISTIC PROCEDURES THAT A CREDIBLE BUYER CAN READILY ACCEPT? Please see the instructional information in the author’s resource box below

Natural Pest Control – Get Rid of Pests Without Using Harmful Chemicals

When an ant, cockroach, or flea decides to make an appearance at a barbeque or dinner party, it is enough to ruin the entire event. Pests like these can easily be controlled with pesticides, but the chemicals that these products contain can be detrimental to the health of you, your children, or your pets. With such risks involved, many people find themselves searching for other methods like natural pest control and prevention.

One of the most common problems in the summer time is the ants. They climb onto tables and decks, and frequent the cabinets in the home. To prevent ants from entering the home, try finding where the ants enter. Once this spot has been located, create a barrier by spreading cayenne pepper, citrus oil, or coffee grounds over the area. The ants will not pass over these items. If the ants are already in the home, try placing cucumber peels, garlic cloves, or spearmint leaves in the cabinets. These products are known to repel ants, chasing them out of your home. Once ants are under control in the home, you can focus on infestations that are outdoors. Sprinkle cornmeal in and around the entrance to the ant hill. The ants will bring the cornmeal home and share it with the colony. Cornmeal cannot be digested by the ants and the colony will be killed off within a week.

Cockroaches are one of the most repulsive pests around, but natural pest control does exist for them as well. Catnip will repel cockroaches, so place it in areas that you know the roaches will frequent. To kill off an existing population, place a piece of bread that has been soaked in beer in a plastic container. Place the container where the roaches will find it. As with the cornmeal and the ants, the roaches will not be to properly digest the beer, causing them to slowly die off. Keep a bottle of soapy water handy at all times. If a roach is seen out in the open, spray it with the soapy water, and this will kill the roach within minutes by breaking down its exoskeleton.

Natural pest control also exists for mosquitoes. As a preventative measure, remove all standing water from the yard, as this is the preferred habitat for mosquitoes. When planning on spending time outdoors, rub on a solution that is at least thirty percent eucalyptus. The eucalyptus has been proven to prevent mosquitoes from biting. Planting sage, rosemary, and marigold throughout the yard will also help repel mosquitoes. These plants have a natural deterrent quality. Another effective repellent for mosquitoes is anything that creates smoke. During a barbeque or other outdoor gathering, burn incense or other smoky item to help repel the swarms that may gather and annoy your guests.

With natural pest control methods such as these, there is no need to keep harmful chemicals around the house.

Tips on Cleaning Car Interiors

Aside from looking great, having clean interiors can create a healthier environment for car. It will be safer when your parents or friends ride with you. Even if we clean ourselves everyday, if our surroundings are unclean, it will pose a risk on our health. Since we ride our cars to work, to the grocery or even to the mall, it is important that we keep it clean. The interior is the most critical area because it is where we sit throughout the ride.

Vacuuming

Take out your floor mats and vacuum the seats as well as the carpets. With the proper attachments, you can reach around the pedals, under the seats and even the sections between the central console and the front seats. It will make it easier to seep out dirt stuck in the farthest corners.

You can utilize a soft brush attachment for doors and dashboards. Be extra carful on the vents, sticking parts and knobs. You can also use this same attachment when vacuuming your seats. Since leather seats are fragile, make sure you do not accidentally scratch them with your vacuum hose.

Cleaning Door and Fabric Seat Upholstery

There are numerous kinds of upholstery cleaning agents available in the market. You can decide on what you prefer for your car upholstery. Although there are cleaning agents that make a lot of promises, your best bet is to go with a trusted brand that the majority uses.

Turtle Wax’s spray cleaners are good. You can use it to evenly spray on your door and seat upholstery then rub it vigorously. After this, use a dry cloth to wipe it off thoroughly.

You can also use a laundry detergent for alternatives. Combine it with some water then dip a clean cloth in it. Make sure you squeeze it well but it is still barely moist when you use it. Work harder on the dirty sections. Once you are finished, dry it out using a dry soft and clean cloth.

Make sure you do not get water inside your car because it can get into the electrical components, resulting to problems. Aside from this, if the water gets into your seats or under your carpet, it can lead to stains, corrosion and mould smell.

Cleaning the Carpet

Similar to the method you used on cleaning your upholstery and seats, you can clean your carpets the same way. First, evenly spray your carpet with some caret cleaner and rub it vigorously. Use a dry cloth when wiping it. Laundry detergents also work well with carpets. Make sure you do not soak your carpet in water; it will lead to corrosion and mould smell. Finally, dry out your carpet.

Cleaning and Polishing the Dashboard

To clean the central console, dashboard and other plastic parts, you can just use a barely moist cloth. Utilize only small amounts of laundry detergent when removing stains. Then dry it with a dry, soft and clean cloth.

You can make it shiny by spraying plastic polish and evenly spreading it with a soft brush. Make sure you do not directly spray on your stereo. You can use a brush to do so. Afterwards, gently dry polish your dashboard. You can also use a dry, soft and clean cloth. It will make your dashboard shinier and will also protect the plastic. Periodically, you can just use a soft duster, ensuring that your dashboard will look brand new for a very long time.

Getting Rid of the Air Conditioner’s Musty Smell

For unpleasant, musty smells from your air conditioner’s vents when it is turned on, you can just buy odor treatment from your local auto accessories shop. It kills the mildew smell and the bacteria. A good brand is Wynn’s. You simply spray it onto the outside air intake vent.

Another reason for the damp mildew smell can be a clogged air conditioner, drain tubes or an accumulation of debris under your cowl cover. You can just have your mechanic check on this the next time you have your oil changed.

For other auto cleaning and car washing issues, especially if you do not have the time to clean your car because of your very busy schedule, you can just take it to the nearest auto cleaner or car wash. I the US, the most trusted car wash chain is Auto Bell Car Wash. This was founded by Charles Howard Sr. in the year 1969. They have an ongoing promo which provides customers with unlimited full service washes for only $39.95 a month. This promo is available in all their locations. They cater to a large selection of car appearance services. /they aim to maintain your car’s safety in an affordable price.

They offer several services. First is the full service wash. This includes vacuuming; exterior washing; window, mats, tires and wheel cleaning; wiping interiors and hand finished exteriors. They also have double polyprocess service. This is their exclusive service that requires a couple of steps of polishing and clear coating.This is designed for today’s finishes. It also includes Auto Gloss to reduce surface tension and enhance the shine.

And third is the polish service done after the finish is cleaned. They make use of a special non-abrasive polishing agent that removes all minor scratches. After this, they will apply a sealer.

Major Parts Of An Excavator And How It Works

An excavator is an engineering vehicle that is used for digging or refilling of big holes. The basic structure of an excavator comprises of the arm, the bucket and tracks. The drive and power source of the excavator is one of the major components of this equipment.

Basically, excavators run on diesel as the main power source since it produces a higher horsepower compared to gasoline. Also, diesel is more suited for heavy duty jobs to power the engine that drives the whole machine. This means that it is responsible for powering the hydraulic arm for digging and lifting mechanism as well as the tracks that are used for its mobility.

The second part of an excavator is the hydraulic mechanical arm that does most of the work. The arm comprises of two parts joined using a hinge plus a bucket at the end. The arm comprises of three hydraulic pistons with one attached to the bottom of the first arm part and the second one attached to the top of the other arm part. The third piston is normally used to facilitate the movement of the bucket both forwards and backwards, generating the digging and scooping action.

The third major part of any excavator is the track system that enables it to move forward, backwards as well as turn or spin. The tracks are wound around a system of gears which are in turn connected to a drive shaft powered by the engine. The operator controls the movement of both tracks separately to perform different maneuvers. One track is stopped while the other one is moved either backward or forward to make a turn.

A control cabin mounted on the tracks is used to houses the operator. The control cabin also houses all the control equipment. This includes the control pedals for moving the tracks as well as the levers used to control the hydraulic arm. The cabin is closed so as to protect the operator from exterior factors such as rain at the work site. Some customized excavators have a cabin that rotates a full 360 for better control.

The first task to be taken care of when operating an excavator is controlling the dozer blade. First, you have to lower the controls on the left hand into position before putting on the safety belt. The next task is controlling the bulldozer blade by moving it up and down to position the blade securely into the ground for stability. The bucket at the end of the arm is the controlled by use of the joystick to perform different operations such as digging or scooping. Safety should however be highly exercised whenever you operate an excavator to avoid any mishaps.

12 Care Packages to Show You Care

Care packages are practical, thoughtful yet inexpensive gifts. Sending care packages to your loved ones let you show them how much you care, and that they have not been forgotten. Hence, care packages can be great morale and esteem boosters. They are often sent to college students, campers, young adults away from home, soldiers deployed overseas, or anyone you care about. This article provides care package ideas for your different gifting needs.

1. Military Packages:
For soldiers deployed to Iraq or other locations, you can send a gift package filled with American favorite snacks, including pretzels, Planters nuts, M & M’s, jelly beans, chocolate chip cookies, Oreo cookies, candies and Smiley face stress ball to reduce stress. To boost your soldier’s morale when things get tough, you can send a package which has a book with over 100 pages of uplifting stories, quotations and bible verses to accompany these treats. This book will deliver your message of faith, hope and love to the special trooper in your life. To reduce boredom and stress, You can send your special trooper a gift box that contains a word search book, crossword puzzle book, deck of cards, wooden puzzle brain teaser game, Tootsie Rolls, camouflage hacky sack, camouflage bandanna, granola bars, Smiley face stress ball, juicy fruit gum, blank note cards with envelopes, Planters nuts, Chex mix, Oreo cookies, cheese-filled pretzel nuggets. Your trooper will be thrilled to receive these gifts of fun and good taste.

2. College Student Gift:
College students, especially freshmen, often go through a transitional period to adjust to their new environment away from home. To help your college student to adjust, you can send a care package with a mini laundry carrier filled with household items, including laundry bag, Woolite softener, Tide stain sticks, room air freshener, Listerine mini mouth wash, and hand sanitizer. It also comes with delicious treats, including grandmas cookies, NutriGrain bars,granola bars, chocolate chip cookies, crackers, pretzel twists, Cracker Jacks, Rice Krispy treats, This gift will help them with their household chores and lift their spirit with the treats. In addition, College students often study through the night to prepare for final exams. You can get them on the right track with their study by sending them a study snacks package. It is a great esteem booster to receive a heartfelt box of goodies and treats. This gift also contains index cards and highlighters to help them take note of the key points in their study.

3. Kids Packages:
When kids are away from home in camps, you may want to send them a kids activity package to brighten their day. This fun-filled gift box includes snack mix, gummi candies, Suduko puzzle book, riddle and puzzle activity book, Twizzlers red vines licorice, glow sticks, Pringles chips, Ritz bits cheese filled crackers, Cracker Jacks, fruit punch drink mixes, Nestle crunch chocolate bar, Reese’s peanut butter cups, kids card game (like crazy 8’s), Squishy Smiley face stress ball, Squishy putty, and more. This gift box is also a great birthday or get well gift for kids.

4. Birthday Care Package:
For the birthday of your special trooper, college student, or kid. You can deliver a pleasant surprise with a fabulous birthday care package. This gift includes jelly Belly beans, fudge brownies, a teddy bear, crunchy caramel corn, birthday candles, cream center chocolates, and Happy Birthday horn and noise maker. This gift will deliver your sincere birthday wishes even when you cannot be there to celebrate with your loved one.

5. Get Well Care Package:
When your loved one is under the weather, or going through tough time, you can send a get well care package to make them feel better. A popular gift box is packed with green tea, Sunkist fruit gels, get well Gummi aides, fig Newton cookies, granola bars, Ritz peanut butter crackers, and word search puzzle book. The Hang in There plush monkey in the package will sure to bring a smile, and the healthy treats will brighten anyone’s day.

6. Spa Package:
This lovely gift is for the lady in your life, and consists of a mini chenille bear, floral bar soap and other bath accessories, floral potpourri, and a pillar candle in a white gloss gift box with pink and purple tissue paper, all tied up with a pink satin ribbon. This gift is great for female soldiers, mother, daughter, wife, sister or friend.

7. Game Time Care Package:
Filled with great family fun and lots of delicious treats, this gift makes a great get well gift, family fun night, thank you or just because gift for everyone on your list. The red gift box contains Cracker Jacks, buttery microwave popcorn, pretzels, Oreo cookies, mini Chips Ahoy cookies, Reese’s, M & M’s, peanut M & M’s, Planters peanuts, Skittles, Tootsie Rools box, Yahtzee, checkers, hand held travel size activity game, Uno. This unique and fun-filled gift set will make anyone’s day.

8. Snack Care Packages:
Snacks are popular gift packages. A popular snacks package includes fruit flavored candies, Cheez Its crackers, peanut butter cups, pretzel twists, M & Ms, Planters peanuts, Cracker Jacks, Hershey chocolate bar, Crunch & Munch, butter microwave popcorn, Rice Krispies treats, Kit Kat chocolate bar, licorice vines. This American favorite snack package is a great gift for any occasion.

9. Chocolate Care Package:
You can stop the cravings of your chocolate lover with a popular chocolate gift that includes Nutty caramel clusters, coconut cream chocolates, peanut butter cream chocolate, double chocolate truffles, chocolate chewy brownies, almond Rocca, chocolate covered almonds, chocolate cover popcorn with nuts, and Rocky Road popcorn.

10. Thank You Care Package:
You can deliver your message of gratitude clearly to your recipient with a thank you gift package. A “Thanks A Million” message is imprinted on the decorative gift box, ribbon, and caramel corn box. The attractive gift box also contains delicious tasty treats, including cream caramels, chocolate cream filled water cookies, spicy almonds, cheddar cheese pretzel sticks, Ghirardelli chocolate squares, gourmet coffee, shortbread cookies, and vanilla cream filled water cookies. This gift can be sent as a business gift, or a thank you gift to friends and loved ones.

11. Movie Care Package:
You can give your recipient a fun filled evening at home with a movies care package. This gift box contains traditional movie time favorites, classic cokes and comes with or without a Blockbuster gift card.

12. Dog Care Package:that
A fantastic way to spoil the dog in your life or their owner is to send a fun and imaginative dog gift box that comes with toys and treats. It contains doggie shampoo, ball, chew toy, washing mitt or brush, and plaster dog print kit.

In summary, a practical and thoughtful way to show you care is to send a care package. There are care packages designed specifically for soldiers, college students, kids, and dogs. There are also special care packages for just about any occasion, including birthday, get well, game time, thank you. Send a care package to your loved ones and make their day, and without causing a hole in your budget.

Science Fair Experiments That Win Awards – Project #12 – Electrical Conductors

Objective

This is one of those science fair experiments in which you will be testing different materials to find out which ones conduct electricity well.

 

Introduction

Electricity was known to exist since times when amber and fur was rubbed together by the ancient Greeks, resulting in the production of static electricity.

The first remarkable achievement in this field was by Alessandro Volta, an Italian physicist, who developed the first circuit in 1800. He also showed that a circuit must be closed, or complete, in order for electricity to flow through it. Science fair experiments can be conducted using circuits that demonstrate this principle.

Volta’s student, Georg Simon Ohm, made the next discovery in 1826. He observed that some materials did not allow electricity to pass through freely. In other words, they resisted the flowing of electricity through them. This resistance of a circuit is measured by a unit called ohms and is abbreviated by the Greek letter omega (?).

Some materials allow electricity to move through them whereas others do not allow it to move so well. Those materials which allow electricity to move through them are known as conductive materials. Those materials that resist the passage of electricity through them are called insulators. The resistance of conductive material is low whereas the resistance of insulators is high. In science fair experiments, we can use copper wire as a conductor and plastic coating as an insulator.

In this experiment different materials will be tested by you, to see whether they are insulators or conductors. You will figure out the same by attaching different materials to the circuit and making a note of how bright or dim the bulb is. You will be creating your own light bulb circuit for this purpose.

 

Materials

  • paper clips, string, plastic, aluminum foil, rubber bands, etc…
  • a battery (6V)
  • 3 pieces of wire leads having alligator clips attached to both ends
  • a light bulb (6V) with wires attached
  • an insulating surface such as a chopping board that is flat

Procedure

 

  1. Create the circuit for testing the materials.
  2. Connect either terminals of the battery with wires. One end of the wire which is black should be attached to the (-) terminal and the free end to should be connected to the bulb lead.
  3. One end of the red colored wire should be attached to the (+) terminal and the free end should be left as it is for various materials to be attached.
  4. Attach the second lead of the bulb to one end of the yellow colored wire and leave the free end as it is for various materials to be attached to it.
  5. Now, the red colored and the yellow colored wire will be having one free end each. This is where the testing materials will be connected.
  6. In science fair experiments, data is always recorded. So draw a table with three columns to write the material type, the material source and the bulb brightness.
  7. Now connect the first piece of material to the circuit.
  8. Write down if the bulb lights up and how bright it is. Continue for all other materials.
  9. You can attach an Ohm meter and write down the readings in the table.
  10. Now make another table with three columns to write the names of conductors, poor conductors and insulators.

Note that when the bulb is bright, the material has high conductivity and low resistance, and should be written in the conductor column. When the bulb is dim, the material has low conductivity and goes in the poor conductor column. When the bulb does not light up, there is no conductivity and high resistance, and the material should be written in the insulator column. Now that you are excited about going ahead with this experiment, your next step would be to download a free copy of “Easy Steps to Award-Winning Science Fair Projects” from the link below right now.

31 Minute Pro Wrestling Cardio Workout!

In pro wrestling, you shouldn’t be interested in that mindless cardio where your brain goes to a different place. No, you need to focus on your heart and lungs while also concentrating on stimulating your mind. This is a thinking mans sport, all the meat head spots are already taken!

The Pro Wrestlers cardio workout will be intense, but will begin slow. Start off with some basic forward and backward rolls, nothing major, just enough to kick start your heart beats per minute. (About 20 total will do).

The Forward roll. Make a fist in both hands, plant the flat part of your wrist on the mat, kick your feet over your head using the moment to get back to your feet. The backward roll. Start back pushing off your feet to a quick seated position, using the moment to roll back, planting your fist on the mat (protecting your neck) and coming back to your feet.

Next move on to quick core workouts. Push ups: 15 Military Push ups (Kaos Push ups) Straight form, body as flat and stiff as a board. Head up, and knock out the first 15, take a 15 count rest (in the perfect push up position) then move to 14, with a 14 count rest so on and so forth all the way down to 1. Now that you’ve at least broken a sweat. Move on to some Standing squats.

Squats: Minimum of 150. Legs shoulder width apart. Hands either on top of your head, cross your chest or your sides lifting them up (directly in front of you) on the squat down. Back straight, head up, and squat to a seated position, 150 times.

Now that your warmed up, time to start the muscle fatigue cardio. Submission Wrestling. Starting in standing position, the first man (or woman) steps into the squared circle, going 10 one minute rounds with a fresh opponent. (Doesn’t matter if you submit or win, everyone goes the full minute) 30 second rest between matches and first match is 3 minutes. (Total 11 rounds)

Now it’s time to bring it home. Just when you thought you gave all that you can give. Just when you thought you have nothing left in the tank. Just when you thinks it’s all over. This is the time that you have to dig down deep. Bring out your inner fighting spirit! When an every day Joe says I quit, that’s you kick it times 10! That never say die attitude. Bring out the fire that breathes inside. It’s time for the Universal Pro Wrestling sequence.

Start off by whipping your opponent off the ropes with a right handed Latigo (similar to an arm drag for the American Wrestling fans out there). Bypass his return charge to you. Follow up with a drop down and a quick leap frog. Try to blast your opponent with a vicious clothesline. Watch out, cause if he duck he may hit you with a devastating shoulder block. No worries, if he does, do your drop down, leap frog sequence and catch him with a big hiptoss. Cover (Pin) and repeat, 5 times. Switching roles (Doing both sides of this sequence counts as 1) Absorb each fall with your feet as much as possible, you want to take the least amount of damage as you can. And remember, only a trained Pro Wrestler can perform this task. This all done in 30 minutes time. You can’t beat this intense workout.

Tips on Cleaning Car Interiors

Aside from looking great, having clean interiors can create a healthier environment for car. It will be safer when your parents or friends ride with you. Even if we clean ourselves everyday, if our surroundings are unclean, it will pose a risk on our health. Since we ride our cars to work, to the grocery or even to the mall, it is important that we keep it clean. The interior is the most critical area because it is where we sit throughout the ride.

Vacuuming

Take out your floor mats and vacuum the seats as well as the carpets. With the proper attachments, you can reach around the pedals, under the seats and even the sections between the central console and the front seats. It will make it easier to seep out dirt stuck in the farthest corners.

You can utilize a soft brush attachment for doors and dashboards. Be extra carful on the vents, sticking parts and knobs. You can also use this same attachment when vacuuming your seats. Since leather seats are fragile, make sure you do not accidentally scratch them with your vacuum hose.

Cleaning Door and Fabric Seat Upholstery

There are numerous kinds of upholstery cleaning agents available in the market. You can decide on what you prefer for your car upholstery. Although there are cleaning agents that make a lot of promises, your best bet is to go with a trusted brand that the majority uses.

Turtle Wax’s spray cleaners are good. You can use it to evenly spray on your door and seat upholstery then rub it vigorously. After this, use a dry cloth to wipe it off thoroughly.

You can also use a laundry detergent for alternatives. Combine it with some water then dip a clean cloth in it. Make sure you squeeze it well but it is still barely moist when you use it. Work harder on the dirty sections. Once you are finished, dry it out using a dry soft and clean cloth.

Make sure you do not get water inside your car because it can get into the electrical components, resulting to problems. Aside from this, if the water gets into your seats or under your carpet, it can lead to stains, corrosion and mould smell.

Cleaning the Carpet

Similar to the method you used on cleaning your upholstery and seats, you can clean your carpets the same way. First, evenly spray your carpet with some caret cleaner and rub it vigorously. Use a dry cloth when wiping it. Laundry detergents also work well with carpets. Make sure you do not soak your carpet in water; it will lead to corrosion and mould smell. Finally, dry out your carpet.

Cleaning and Polishing the Dashboard

To clean the central console, dashboard and other plastic parts, you can just use a barely moist cloth. Utilize only small amounts of laundry detergent when removing stains. Then dry it with a dry, soft and clean cloth.

You can make it shiny by spraying plastic polish and evenly spreading it with a soft brush. Make sure you do not directly spray on your stereo. You can use a brush to do so. Afterwards, gently dry polish your dashboard. You can also use a dry, soft and clean cloth. It will make your dashboard shinier and will also protect the plastic. Periodically, you can just use a soft duster, ensuring that your dashboard will look brand new for a very long time.

Getting Rid of the Air Conditioner’s Musty Smell

For unpleasant, musty smells from your air conditioner’s vents when it is turned on, you can just buy odor treatment from your local auto accessories shop. It kills the mildew smell and the bacteria. A good brand is Wynn’s. You simply spray it onto the outside air intake vent.

Another reason for the damp mildew smell can be a clogged air conditioner, drain tubes or an accumulation of debris under your cowl cover. You can just have your mechanic check on this the next time you have your oil changed.

For other auto cleaning and car washing issues, especially if you do not have the time to clean your car because of your very busy schedule, you can just take it to the nearest auto cleaner or car wash. I the US, the most trusted car wash chain is Auto Bell Car Wash. This was founded by Charles Howard Sr. in the year 1969. They have an ongoing promo which provides customers with unlimited full service washes for only $39.95 a month. This promo is available in all their locations. They cater to a large selection of car appearance services. /they aim to maintain your car’s safety in an affordable price.

They offer several services. First is the full service wash. This includes vacuuming; exterior washing; window, mats, tires and wheel cleaning; wiping interiors and hand finished exteriors. They also have double polyprocess service. This is their exclusive service that requires a couple of steps of polishing and clear coating.This is designed for today’s finishes. It also includes Auto Gloss to reduce surface tension and enhance the shine.

And third is the polish service done after the finish is cleaned. They make use of a special non-abrasive polishing agent that removes all minor scratches. After this, they will apply a sealer.

How to Housebreak Your Boston Terrier in 5 Easy Steps

Housebreaking a dog takes time and patience, but in the case of a Boston Terrier, it’s a well-known fact that they are particularly difficult to housebreak. While there is no magic bullet to make the process easier, the one tried and true method is consistency.

Aiming to Housebreaking your Boston Terrier can be a tough job, but consistently follow these 5 simple steps and you’ll be sure to get results much faster:

Step 1. Crate train your Boston Terrier from the time you get them. This can be really crucial since dogs, even puppies, do not like to have accidents where they sleep. Even if the occasional accident does happen in the crate, you can be assured it will only happen in one localized, easy-to-clean space.. Unless you really do this step, your puppy will have full range of the house while you’re gone, and will have accidents wherever they feel the urge. Since puppies need to relieve themselves about six times a day, this can and will include that expensive Persian rug.

Step 2. Take your Boston Terrier outside (or to his or her designated restroom) immediately after eating. This can be a really important step which will need your full attention and concentration. You’ll need to be there to monitor eating at first. The reason you’ll need to do this is that your puppy will generally need to relieve itself immediately and if you’re not there to make sure they’re in the right spot, you may get back just that one second too late.

Step 3. Clean up all accidents immediately and thoroughly. The principal reason why, is simply because we want to remove evidence that the accident ever happened, particularly the scent. If there is a lingering odor, this can cause the puppy to think this is the correct place to go and cause a repeat offense in the same location. Another essential reason could be to keep your home.

Step 4. Take frequent and random trips outside, or to the restroom location and use encouraging words. To elaborate on that a bit, my 4-year-old Boston Terrier pees on command, simply because I trained her to go when I said “pee pee.” This isn’t just beneficial during training, but also later on when you’re in a rush and need them to go quickly.

Step 5. Do not punish “accidents.” Especially when they are puppies, they won’t understand what you’re upset about anyway. This is part difficult for some dog owners, but the fact of the matter is that dogs respond better to positive stimulus than negative. Additionally, while you want your puppy to respect you, you do not want them to fear you. Boston Terriers, more so than other breeds, are particularly sensitive to the tone of your voice, so even yelling and harsh tones can send them shaking and cowering into the corner. And worse case, it can cause them to urinate in fear, further compounding the problem.

In the end, if you have stuck with the above mentioned tips all the way, you’ll have succeeded and now can relax and relish the benefits of that success. Housebreaking a Boston Terrier is no easy task, so you can be a little bit pleased with yourself and self-satisfied! You set out to “Climb this mountain”, and today you have done it! Revel a little bit in your accomplishment. Now have fun with your newly trained best friend!

If you do not stick to the above tips, your Boston should eventually figure it out, but you may end up with a very soiled home in the process! Good luck!

Floor Cleaning Made Easy With Floor Scrubbers

Today’s floor scrubbers are the most leading floor cleaning machines distributed all-over the market. These floor machines such as Duplex 340, Duplex 420 and Duplex 620 are the only floor scrubber and carpet cleaner that is able to operate on any flooring surface in just one single pass.

Floor scrubbers are highly portable and easy to use floor cleaning machines ideal for wall-to-wall cleaning and suitable for a wide range of hard and soft floor coverings.

How it works?

Floor scrubber is a powerful carpet cleaner especially for high traffic areas and restores carpets like new again. Fill the two solution tanks with plain water, plug it in and select floor setting. On starting the floor machine, the dual large capacity clean solution tanks will dispense liquid evenly along the full-length of both agitator brushes at the speed of 650RPM. This will remove the dirt in both directions of the fiber and collects it in the central waste tank that can be emptied easily.

Benefits and Advantages of Floor Scrubbers:

* Fast and effective; replaces mops, buckets, scrubbers, polishers and carpet extractors with a single compact unit.

* Has four brushes that can be changed to suit different floor cleaning task.

* Compact and highly maneuverable machine that will clean large carpeted or hard floor areas in no time.

* Under-mat surface is not wet during cleaning thus reduce the drying time.

* Easy to use, no heavy pushing, pulling or lifting.

* Saves time and money

Floor cleaning machines are also an outstanding floor scrubber. It is an ultimate solution that deeply cleans all the small pores of uneven ceramics and stones. It cleans tiles as well as the grout. Unlike traditional floor cleaners and mops, Duplex floor scrubber does not recycle dirty water.

Ideal for:

* Small & medium size supermarkets and department stores

* Healthcare cleaning, veterinary cleaning; community and fitness centres cleaning

* Maintaining high levels of hygiene for hotels, kitchens and restaurants

* Airport cleaning, school cleaning; homes, offices, and commercial complexes cleaning

* Industrial areas and anywhere that needs a clean & spotless surface

A multi-purpose floor cleaning machine is versatile enough that can be used efficiently on almost any floor surfaces including vinyl, timber,safety floors,profiled rubber and ceramic, natural stone, flotex and carpets. In this time, floor cleaning has never been so easy with floor scrubbers.

Sound Damping Glue Preferred Over Mass Loaded Vinyl

When it comes to soundproofing – whether you want to keep noise out of your bedroom, insulate a home theater or build a recording studio – there are several different techniques to consider. One way to reduce noise transfer is to build more mass by adding a heavy more dense material such as mass loaded vinyl (MLV). Another method is constrained layer damping, which can be achieved with sound damping glue or soundproofing drywall. While both approaches (adding mass and damping) can help reduce sound, sound damping glue offers an easier, faster installation at a lower cost.

Adding mass creates a stiff partition making it a little more difficult for sound vibration to pass through to the other side. For best acoustic performance mass loaded vinyl should be installed directly to the studs following specific application instructions. For those who have existing construction this may require demolition to existing drywall, manually cutting the MLV to fit around electrical outlets and other necessary obstacles, applying it to the studs, and reinstalling new drywall over the vinyl to achieve maximum acoustic performance.

On the other hand, sound damping glue can be easily installed in new and existing construction on walls, ceilings, and floors and delivers high acoustic performance with no demolition in retrofit applications. Sound damping glue is a viscoelastic glue that, when applied between two rigid materials, such as wood or drywall panel, reduces airborne noise. Damping glue works by converting acoustic energy (sound) to thermal energy (heat), when the sound comes in contact with the glue. Unlike mass loaded vinyl, installation with damping glue is fast and easy. You simply apply the glue to the surface of a drywall panel and screw the panel right over existing assembly.

Not only is mass loaded vinyl more difficult and time-consuming to install, but it is also more expensive. Contractors will tack on extra labor charges for demolition or just even cutting opening around outlets and other penetrations by hand; however, soundproofing with sound damping glue will avoid these extra charges. Material cost is also higher with mass loaded vinyl, which costs about $2.20 per square foot. Sound damping glue, such as QuietGlue Pro, can cost as little as $0.60 per square foot – that means savings of $1.60 per square foot!

Sound damping glue delivers excellent performance (up to STC 54), even when installed over existing drywall, and without any demolition of existing construction. Using glue allows for easy and fast installation with lowest total installed cost! Overall, glue is easier, faster and cheaper to install, which makes it the preferred choice over mass loaded vinyl.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Living in a Condominium

Living in a condominium seems to be a good choice for people who like to be in the heart of the city. For many it is better than living in an apartment. Condominium living has so many great things to offer than an apartment. But let me tell you now, before you finally make a purchase, that living in a condominium is different from living in a single family home unit. This is mostly because of its particularities.

• Condominiums are located in the cities and when living in a condominium, you own the space between the walls of your unit and share ownership of the common areas with other owners, but you do not own the land where the building is built. You just share an interest in it with your neighbors.

• Most people who live in condominiums own their spaces. Therefore, you can have long term neighbors and build relationships with them, but you also have to share walls and common areas with them. If you are not a very social person, this could become a problem for you.

• Condominiums offer better security than apartments. Condominium buildings often have security features, be they buzzers or a guard service. Plus, you find it easy to leave the place for a trip or vacation knowing that you’ve got neighbors whom you are familiar with. The thing that you might find a problem is the sharing of amnesties with your neighbors and whenever there’s a association meeting, as a part of the community you have to show up, attain, and coordinate.

• Living in a condominium could be less expensive than living in an apartment, but with the maintenance and repair of the common areas, your monthly pay could go upward. You will be charge with the swimming pool fee, but you didn’t use it.

• More people, especially first time buyers prefer condominiums because it is less expensive than those residential single family homes. But in real estate market, when there’s a downfall, condominiums are the last to recover. Therefore, it will be hard to sell a condominium after a tough climate.

• In condominiums, you have access to gym, swimming pool, and other common areas that you would not be able to afford on your own. But the problem is, there’s what we call Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions (CC&Rs), a set of rules that forbids space owners to bring pets or make a renovation and many others.

I hope you found this article helpful in making decision whether you like to buy a condominium or go for a single family house.

Understanding Moles, Freckles, and Birthmarks

Skin marks like moles, freckles and birthmarks are generally caused by melanocytes and blood vessels within the skin. Melanocytes are cells located in the outer layer of the skin – the epidermis. These cells are responsible for producing melanin — a dark substance to shield the skin from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun.

Almost everyone would have moles on their body. These moles are basically made up of melanocytes coming together. The color varies between dark brown, reddish, or blue. Most moles are round in shape, and would usually stay the same. They can stick out from the skin, or lie flat, or have hairs growing from them. Sometimes, moles can change in shape, size, and color.

Freckle is another common form of skin marks. Many people have freckles all over their skin. They are caused by darkened melanocytes. When skin is exposed to a lot of sun, freckles can become darker and more spread out. People with fair skin and light hair are the likely ones to develop freckles. To a lot of people, it is comforting to know that freckles could fade or disappear with age.

Birthmarks, also called hemangiomas, show up early in life. Most birthmarks are caused by a collection of blood vessels in one place. Some might appear as sticking out from the skin, or others might be smooth and lying flat. In most circumstances, birthmarks are harmless. They might even disappear as a person grows older.

Would any of the above skin marks be a cause of concern? Generally speaking, no. However, we need to understand that there are a number of reasons that could turn healthy skin cells into cancerous ones. Once skin cells turn cancerous, they could multiple uncontrollably. The worse scenario is that they could spread to different body systems, and eventually causing death.

Bearing this in mind, it is always prudent to keep a watchful eye on any changes on the condition of your skin marks. If anything looks suspicious, refer to the specialist.

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Naughty Goodnight Messages to Send to Your Boyfriend

It’s been a long day for him. But as his day ends and he prepares for bed this is a good time to send him some naughty messages to wish him a goodnight. Before we take a look at some of the naughty goodnight messages, it’s important to note that you need to know his mood first. He’s been working all day and he is probably tired.

To make sure that you naughty goodnight messages have full effect, I always recommend that he should be in a state where he gets all your attention before you begin. You can start by asking him “what are you doing Sexy?” Most likely he will respond with a line that reads something like “I have just got in the house from work”.

Go ahead and send him a line that goes something like “You must be tired, I am sure you had a long day”. If he has been working the whole day he will respond by letting you know how worn out he is. Make a suggestion that he takes a long hot shower to make him feel better. You can send him a text like “take a hot shower my love”. After he has taken a shower, suggest that he goes to bed and relaxes. This is the time that you have his attention and time to start sending him some naughty messages.

Begin by letting him know what you would have done if you were there. You can send him a text that says “if I was by your side I would have massaged you in a very sensual way”. This will be a perfect line to get him thinking in a dirty way. Dirty talk will excite any man (including your boyfriend) so don’t be scared to use it.

If you’re having trouble sending naughty messages to wish your boyfriend goodnight I have put together a list of naughty goodnight messages that you can use that will get your wheels spinning. Read on:

• Don’t underestimate the power of dreaming. Without dreaming there would be no chance to dream about me. Have a goodnight my love. Sweet dreams!

• Make it a habit of dreaming about me and all the naughty things we do together. Have a goodnight full of hot dreams.

• I can’t sleep without wishing the man who satisfies me, a goodnight. Have a good one.

• If I was with you, I would lie on your chest until morning.

• The thought of you makes me wet, it’s going to be a long night, but I’m sure you will satisfy me when I meet you later in my dreams. Have a good night.

• Last night I slept without you by my side, I was thinking of you and missing your touches against my skin. I miss you.

There are some words both of you would be ashamed to say in person. However, you can take full advantage of cell phones to send your boyfriend some naughty messages without having to worry so much of his reactions. Try a couple of the texts I have suggested tonight, you won’t be sorry.

Advantages of a Retractable Extension Cord

It is not uncommon that the placement of electric outlets is always far away from certain appliances. This is because houses, especially big ones, have big unoccupied spaces that make moving the appliances easy but inconvenient relative to the electrical outlets. Since most appliances are portable, the length of their cords relative to the distance of the power outlets wouldn’t be enough to cover these blank spaces. This is where extension cords come into the picture.

These are important tools to use at home or in the office in order to manage and arrange the flow of electricity. As there are times when the outlet is far from the electronic appliances and gadgets, the extension cords are relied upon to manage the appliances systematically. As the name aptly implies, they are used to extend the electrical flow to reach certain gadgets and appliances that are far from the source. This is ideal for use especially for people who like to rearrange the interior of their houses. They are also used for convenience purposes like bringing TV sets, computers, microwave oven, etc. towards you to experience a more convenient feel. During fun activities like dancing, computer game tournaments, movie marathons, and house parties, extension cords become important tools.

The importance of extension cords has paved the way for the improvement of the tool with the retractable extension cord. Unlike the traditional and ordinary cords that appear messy when in use, the retractable extension cord is more arranged, preventing you from tripping over the wires and other cables. If you have encountered a retractable lace I.D case or retractable USB case, then you may have an idea of what a retractable extension cord looks like. Like the mechanisms of the retractable I.D case, it has a thick and spacey core that allows for the remaining cable extension to be arranged systematically. This doesn’t include the usual hassles of arranging and rearranging the cords to its place after usage, as they are automatically arranged once not in use. You don’t need to spend precious time trying to put the cords back into place, as the retractable extension cord makes it easier for everyone to put the cords back in place in the shortest time possible without messing with wires and other cables.

Instead of calculating the length of the cord and attempting to make it less visible or more arranged every time you pull it out of the drawer, the retractable extension cord makes the cords appear less visible, allowing fewer distractions and preventing messing with the appliances and systems altogether. This is more ideal for use, especially if you have small children or pets at home. Since small children are generally playful, there are times that they may trip over wires and cables that were carelessly left lying on the floors. It prevents these kinds of accidents from happening by systematically arranging the cords on house floors, so you do not have to worry yourself of tripping mishaps.