Buying Carpet Squares – Learn How to Comparison Shop

So you’ve decided on buying carpet squares to do a room or rug? Well, you have joined the many other flooring consumers that have become intrigued with the concept of modular flooring other wise known as carpet squares or tiles. Rest assured, you’ve made a great decision. Carpet squares are the friendliest flooring to install yourself and give unmatched design ability in carpeting. What many consumers don;t know is how to comparison shop carpet squares before they buy. Trying to pick the right carpet squares or tiles and get a great deal can actually be quite confusing.

You will hear and read terms on websites like commercial, residential, patterned, solid, price per square foot, per square yard, and price per box. You may also be under the impression that buying direct from the one manufacturer that sells direct is a good deal as well. With so many choices, how can anyone buy carpet squares or tiles with confidence knowing that they got a good deal? It’s actually a few simple explanations and a little math!

The first thing you need to become aware of is that carpet tiles and squares are offered in two major styles, commercial and residential. The commercial carpet squares are the modular carpet tiles you see in airports, casinos, hotels, and high end shopping stores. Commercial carpet squares are usually very low pile height, and have a construction that has mostly level loops of yarn tufted evenly or unevenly if it has a pattern. Commercial squares and tiles have a wide range of design selections and will last a very long time.

Seams in patterned commercial carpet tiles and squares can be hidden easily be quarter turning the tiles as you install them. Residential carpet squares are usually plush or frieze carpet styles that have been manufactured into a modular carpet tile design. Milliken is a predominate manufacturer in this market who sells through distribution across the country. These residential styles are popular with those who like the idea of ease of installation. The drawback to residential carpet squares is that the flexibility of creating unique designs is harder to achieve due to limited options, no graphics or patterns.

Now that you have a basic grasp of carpet square and tile terminology, the hard part is figuring out how to compare actual prices when looking to buy. Some dealers and carpet tiles outlets sell this modular carpeting by the square foot, others by the square yard, and yet others price modular carpet tiles by the box. On top of this, carpet squares come in different sizes. Carpet tiles and squares are offered in anything from 18 inches by 18 inches all the way up to 39 inches by 39 inches. You will find though that 18 inch, 24 inch, and 36 inch sizes are pretty common.

Some manufacturers even list these in centimeters instead of inches. To safely compare prices, break everything down to the price per square foot. If you see a price on a style you like but the price is for a box of carpet squares, see if the box quantity show square feet. You can then take the price of the box and divide it by the number of square feet to get your price per foot. When shopping for modular carpet squares, if you run across a price that is a price per square yard, just take the price per yard and divide by 9 (9 square feet in a square yard) to give you your price per square foot.

Don’t give in to the fluff when shopping to buy carpet squares! There is a lot of propaganda out there on the web and in design magazines! There is one major manufacturer that sells direct ( I won’t mention the name). Just because you’re buying modular carpet squares direct, doesn’t mean that you the consumer are getting the best deal. It only means that the manufacturer is pocketing more of the money! You may have a local carpet outlet that stocks discounted carpet tiles and squares.

You may also be able to find a closeout deal on carpet tile flooring at the local chain home improvement store. More than likely, many of the best deals will be on the web from stores out of Dalton, Ga, the carpet capitol of the world. The important thing to remember is that anything over $2.50 to $3 per foot is overpaying when thousands of other choices are available. In the end, a very realistic idea on a price for carpet tiles is around $.89 per square foot.

Tips & Tricks for Buying Cleaning Contracts

Starting a carpet cleaning company is about more than just acquiring the right equipment – it also takes some marketing prowess. Getting word out about your services is key. And as a business owner, you’re going to have to be savvy in convincing others to contract with your business for their floor cleaning needs. Buying cleaning contracts is one option for carpet cleaning businesses to land consistent business.

Why Contracts Are Important

The great thing about contracts is that it guarantees consistent work for a specific time frame – as long as you continue to do your job accordingly. Contracts are legal agreements between two entities, which in this case is between another business and yours. You can land contracts with hospitals, property managers, schools, government facilities and a number of other customers who may need the type of services you offer regularly.

Bidding on projects is normally how you would win contracts, but again, the other option would be to purchase contracts from others.

Finding Customers Who Are Looking for Your Services

Another reason to look for contracts for sale is because it puts you in the position of gaining business from customers who are already looking for your services. You may even be able to land carpet cleaning jobs with those who want specific equipment, such as steam cleaners or truck mounted machines.

If you’re interested in finding such contracts to buy, then here’s how you can do so.

How to Find Cleaning Contracts

The first step is to research your competitors. Do any of them seem like they will be going out of business soon? These could be opportunities to step in and buy the contracts they have. You can attend local networking events to meet with other floor cleaning companies in your area. You may come across some business owners who are planning to exit soon and are looking for bids on their contracts.

If you meet such individuals, then you’re going to have to act quickly to secure the deal. There will more than likely be quite a few other cleaning companies also interested. In some cases, you may even be able to come to an agreement with the other interested parties that involves splitting up the contracts.

How to Buy Cleaning Contracts

Make sure that everything is written down and documented before agreeing to buy an unwanted cleaning contract from a competitor. It doesn’t matter how great of friends you’ve become – documentation is key.

It’s also recommended that you bring along a lawyer to oversee the drafting of the paperwork and agreements. Some of the things that needs to be in the agreement includes the price of the contract, the terms for payment, non-compete clauses (in case the business owner decides to reenter into the floor cleaning business in the near future).

After finalizing the deal, everyone involved must sign the agreements. Once that’s been taken care of, make it your mission to visit with your new customers to introduce yourself and your company. Provide brochures and other information that can help them to get acquainted with your carpet cleaning business, equipment, prices and services.

Make sure that you begin working on schedule, so that their floor cleanings aren’t interrupted in any way.

What to Look for

Not all contracts are a good deal, so make sure you know what you’re getting into beforehand. What you want to look at includes:

  • The price of the job – find out how much you will be paid by the customer for the work involved.
  • Length of contract – make sure you will get your money back and a profit. Also find out how long the company has been contracting with the customer to ensure it’s legit. If it was a recent deal, then it could be a red flag for a fraudulent deal.
  • Seller-customer relationship – determine if the two are on good terms, so that you don’t pick up a contract that is about to be terminated.

If you’re looking to improve your tile and carpet cleaning equipment and machines to accommodate more business, then make sure to check out many great resources and deals available online.

4 Natural Genital Herpes Treatment Options

Since there is no current cure forherpes, almost all of the medications available for treating herpes has been geared towards handling outbreaks and trying to maximize the amount of time between them. There are, however, many natural herpes treatment options that have gained popularity over the past few decades. The most important thing to keep is mind is that no matter how long you’ve been able to go without an outbreak of sores, you are not cured from the herpes virus, although there is a cure that is being tested right now that is in its third trial phase. Until this is available, all treatments listed below are only to treat outbreaks.

– A commercially available power called Wonder Cure is commonly used for any and all skin problems related to herpes, ringworm and many other diseases. The substance contains only starch, calcium carbonate, dibasic calcium carbonate, sodium phosphate and calcium hypochlorite as the active ingredient at just under 2 percent. To use the substance properly, it is recommended that you clean and dry the areas in which you are showing sores and make a paste out of the powder and apply it to the infected areas that you have. Leave the paste on the infected areas for up to 24 hours.

– Samento extract. This substance is available in both pill and liquid form. It is extracted from a plant found in many rain forests around the world and is thought to be a major immune system booster. Most herpes outbreaks happen when the immune system is at a low point and the virus is able to cause an outbreak. In the native Peru where it was found originally, the locals drink it as a tea that is thought to help boost overall health and vitality.

– Tea Tree Oil. This substance has been hailed as a veritable cure-all when it comes to any ailment that involves open sores. Most tea tree oil is concentrated and distilled for maximum potency, so only a small amount is needed for the effects to take place. It is commonly used to treat canker sores, sore throats (take a small glass of water and add a few drops of the oil in it and then gargle) and with healing herpes sores outbreaks. Simply use the eye-dropper that comes with the bottle and use a single drop of the oil on the infected area.

– Finally, a combination of healing essential oils used directly on the sores is thought to help speed healing during herpes outbreaks. Things like peppermint oil in combination with lavender combined with a small bit of olive oil can be applied directly to the sores. This is an all-natural way to help speed healing in infected areas.

While there is no cure all for herpes, there are many different all-natural ways of dealing with outbreaks.

For more information about overcoming genital herpes you will want to sign up for the free newsletter below.

Before trying any genital herpes treatment options it is best to first receive a formal diagnosis from your doctor. Also this will keep them abreast of your plans to try natural methods and can change your prescription as necessary.

How to Protect Curtain Walls From Damage During Construction and Shipping

Many new commercial construction projects are designed with large, glass curtain walls that are attached to the outside structure of buildings. These glass walls allow filtered natural light to enter the building interior as well as create a beautiful outside appearance. Another benefit of these wall systems is to increase fire spread between floors and to keep out air and water. Typically, a curtain wall spans more than one story and is composed of metal framing with infill units of glass. Unfortunately, these glass walls are often damaged during construction activity at considerable cost.

Curtain walls can be damaged during shipment to the job site, during installation and after installation while the remaining construction work takes place. There are several methods that manufacturers’ can use to protect the aluminum windows and mullions from damage for shipment. Protecta-foam strips can quickly be adhered to the metal surface and act as a protective barrier between stacked wall units. Reinforced cardboard edge protectors from 2.5 to 4.0 inches can be taped to all edges of the units for shipment. Lastly, rolled cardboard can be used in some cases if the weight of the units is not enough to crush the cardboard. Wall glass can be protected from scratches during shipment by using adhesive window film.

Once curtain walls have been delivered to the job site, unpacked and properly installed, they are at the highest risk of damage. Various construction trades will work both outside and inside the construction project for months or years. Not only can the aluminum be dented or scratched, the glass is at high risk for scratching and breakage as well. Some glass may be very expensive if it provides seismic- or hurricane-impact resistance or ballistic proof glass specified on courthouse projects. Protecting both the glass and metal once the curtain wall has been installed is a smart move by any contractor.

Most damage to curtain walls occurs at the lowest 5 feet of the walls on each floor of the building. This is where the workers and equipment will be in the closest contact to the walls. The best protection provides a “wall” in front of the glass wall itself. This protection wall can be constructed of wood or plastic. While wood is the strongest wall protection available, it is also expensive and time-consuming to erect. Corrugated plastic sheets in 4 ft by 8 ft sections can be taped together in front of the curtain wall providing a light weight and easily constructed wall. Unlike wood, plastic can be cleaned to remove dust and dirt as needed. Since there is no electricity for lights during early construction, protection walls constructed of white or clear plastic allow natural light to enter the building.

As the demand for curtain walls continues to increase, the need to protect these walls during construction will prove a challenge. Forward-thinking architects and building owners are taking the next step with wall systems by moving from energy conservation to energy generation. These newer walls with photovoltaic modules will be even more expensive and harder to repair or replace. With proper foresight and the use of temporary curtain wall protection, the smart contractor will not have to worry about damage to his or her curtain wall systems getting damaged.

Advice and Tips on Repairing Your Car's Upholstery

As an owner of a vintage car that has needed complete restoration, I know the value of do-it-yourself projects. By doing the car repairs or restorations yourself, you can save thousands of dollars. One of the most often needed repairs for vintage cars is the upholstery. Let me give you some easy tips for repairing it yourself. First of all, you should always clean the upholstery before starting any repair projects. Use an upholstery cleaner that is made specifically for the type of upholstery you have and always follow the manufacturers instructions to the letter. I prefer to spot test the cleaner in an out-of-the-way place just to be sure. You will be amazed at what a good cleaning can do for old upholstery! Sometimes it will reveal potential problem areas that you can repair before they become a big problem.

Repairing Leather upholstery tips:

If sewing or recovering the seat is not possible, you could try a leather repair kit that can be found at any automotive store. The kit will come with a plastic substance that you will tint to match as close to your car upholstery color as possible. You'll have to apply it and then let it dry. I do not recommend this for large areas. It is usually ok for small areas if the color is well matched. Black or White upholstery is the easiest to match.

Repairing Vinyl upholstery tips:

Do not try using glue to repair your vinyl! It seems like an easy fix, but the adhesive in the glue can actually destroy the foam padding underneath the vinyl. You do not want to create more problems! Instead, simply cut a patch of excess vinyl found under the seat and use adhesive specifically made for vinyl upholstery to patch it. Again, follow the adhesive manufacturers instructions carefully.

If it is just the piping around the seat that needs repair, use this simple trick: Take a match stick and remove the match. Add some contact cement to one end of the match and work it into the damaged area. Then apply the cement to the other end and work that end of the stick in. Fold it in as you go if necessary. Make sure you let the cement dry completely before using the seat.

Do some research ahead of time and see if this do it yourself project is something you think you can do. You do not want that vintage muscle car looking awesome on the outside and old as dirt on the inside. With a little work you can get it in top notch shape!

Toyota’s 2JZ-GTE Versus General Motor’s LS2 – Which is the Better Engine?

Japan, home to the most technologically advanced culture, has several of the largest automotive manufacturers in the world. High standards of quality control, reliability, affordability and efficient engineering have led Japanese manufacturers to be a dominate force in the global automotive market. In this article, a comparison will be made between Japan’s modern engine-design methodology to use smaller-capacity, high revving, turbo charged engines, and that of America’s tradition of using large-capacity, low-revving, naturally aspirated engines. Japan’s most technologically advanced performance engine, the 2JZ-GTE, will be compared against America’s newest high performance engine, the LS2. The 2JZ-GTE engine manufactured by Toyota is a 3 litre (2997 cc), dual overhead cams, inline 6 cylinder powered by two sequential turbos and found in the Supra. Manufactured by General Motors, the LS2 is a 6 litre (5967 cc), 8 cylinder (v-configuration) pushrod engine found in the Corvette.

When comparing performance engines, the main thing that matters is the amount of power and torque the engine produces, right? Err…well yes, and no. There are many factors to consider when comparing engines. However, first, let’s take a side-by-side comparison of the power and torque figures for each engine. General Motors’ LS2 puts out an impressive 400 horsepower at 6000rpm, and 530nm of torque at 4400rpm. Toyota’s 2JZ-GTE makes a modest 320 horsepower at 5600rpm, and 440nm of torque at 3600rpm. From inspection of these figures, it looks like we have a clear winner. The LS2 makes more power and more torque, so why do I believe the 2JZ-GTE is a superior performance engine? An important factor rests on the size of the engine, the LS2 is exactly double the size of the 2JZ-GTE, yet the power and torque figures are not even 25% greater. Why the high level of inefficiency?

The problem with the LS2 is that the engine possesses several fundamental design flaws and relies on outdated technology. The LS2 is of a pushrod design, technically speaking, this means it is a type of piston engine that places the camshaft below the pistons and uses pushrods to actuate lifters or tappets above the cylinder head to actuate the valves. Pushrod engines are an old technology, which have largely been replaced by overhead cam designs in Europe and Japan.

Pushrod design is plagued with several problems. Firstly, pushrod engines suffer from a limited capacity to rev compared to overhead cam designs. This is due to their larger rotational mass, susceptibility to valve “float”, and a tendency for the pushrods themselves to flex or snap at high rpm. The LS2’s redline is at 6500rpm, compared to the 2JZ-GTE’s higher 7200rpm redline. Secondly, pushrod engines have limited valve flexibility. Most pushrod engines only have two valves per cylinder (such as the LS2). Overhead cam engines, however, often use three, four or even five valves per cylinder to achieve greater efficiency and power. The 2JZ-GTE has four valves per cylinder, making a total of 24 valves for the engine. The LS2, with its two valves per cylinder, has a total of 16 valves for the engine.

In the form of twin sequential turbo chargers perhaps the biggest innovative feature of the 2JZ-GTE compared to the LS2 is its use of forced induction. Due to the 2JZ-GTE having a low compression ratio, it allows turbo chargers to be run. A turbo charger is a device that compresses the air flowing into the engine. The advantage of compressing the air is that it lets the engine squeeze more air into a cylinder, and more air means that more fuel can be added. Therefore, you get more power from each explosion in each cylinder. Turbo charging is perhaps the most efficient way to get power out of an engine – both small and large.

By using turbo chargers on smaller capacity engines Japan has been able to create extremely light, high-revving engines that are easily modified and have excellent fuel economy. Simple modifications on turbo cars allow for huge performance gains, especially in comparison to naturally aspirated engines. As an example, the 2JZ-GTE with an aftermarket exhaust, front mount intercooler and running a higher boost setting puts out significantly more power than the LS2. If one spends more money, the gains can be enormous. To extract power from a naturally aspirated engine is significantly more work. Firstly, if you are chasing big power, you really need to open the engine and do internal modifications for extra power, unlike a turbo engine that can be modified effortlessly, without opening up the engine. Power is often extracted from naturally aspirated engines by modifying the camshafts and doing work to the head of the engine. These modifications are both expensive and significantly alter the ‘street friendliness’ of your car. That is, produce a rough idle, have a tendency to stall and poor fuel economy.

With all the praise I have been giving the 2JZ-GTE it may seem that the LS2 engine is a poor performance engine. This is certainly not the case, one only needs to look at the stock power figures to realise that straight out of the car dealership this engine is seriously fast, with neck-snapping torque. Its design may be old-fashioned and its fuel economy poor but there is no doubt about it. If you are after the V8 rumble many Australians long after, then you will definitely be happy with the LS2. The LS2 is very ‘street friendly’ with 90% of its torque available just off idle. This equates to effortless towing, overtaking and a pure adrenalin rush every time you tap the throttle. Furthermore, the LS2 does have some advantages over the more advanced 2JZ-GTE engine. The LS2 is a far less complex engine, and as such, when something goes wrong it is much easier to identify the cause and solve the problem. More so, because the LS2 is naturally aspirated (unlike the 2JZ-GTE) there is far less stress placed on the internal components of the engine and thus, you would expect a longer engine life than the 2JZ-GTE.

Currently with fuel prices reaching an all time high, it is important to make sure your engine has the optimum balance between performance and fuel economy. Yet again the 2JZ-GTE outperforms the LS2. This is due to the capacity of the engine, with the Toyota being 3 litres and the GM engine being 6 litres in capacity. With exactly twice the displacement, unsurprisingly the LS2 uses more petrol. However, this is not by any means saying the 2JZ-GTE has good fuel economy. Unfortunately, power does come at a cost and both engines discussed are not economical.

The 2JZ-GTE has numerous features of intelligent design, which contribute to its strength and robustness as a motor. Two of its most advanced features are the use of sequential turbos and VVT. VVT stands for Variable Valve Timing and it is an advanced technology in overhead cam engines where, a mechanical device is used to swap over between a ‘small’ cam for low and medium revs and a ‘big’ cam for high revs. This allows good drivability at low revs and excellent high-powered acceleration at high revs. However, the 2JZ-GTE’s prime feat of engineering is its use of sequential turbos. Having twin turbo chargers allows a small primary turbocharger to spool up early and give excellent boost response at low revs and then a secondary turbocharger to be phased in further up in the rev range for incredible top-end power. By having this setup, it allowed Toyota to create an engine with phenomenal response anywhere in the rev range and also leave the way open for serious modification potential.

To conclude, size definitely does not matter as far as performance car engines are concerned. Japanese performance engines are using new technologies such as turbo charging and VVT to obtain phenomenal power and torque figures similar to that of engines double their size. The 2JZ-GTE from a technical and engineering design perspective is far superior in every aspect than the outdated technology featured in the LS2.

Pergola, Ramada Or Gazebo – What’s the Difference?

If you are in the process of designing your yard and landscaping, you are probably looking at outdoor structures. These options can provide shade, entertaining space and general ambiance to your property. However, if you have begun to look at your options, it’s likely that you are a bit confused. Should you chose a pergola, ramada or gazebo? What’s the difference between these choices and which will best meet your needs? There are some distinctions that you can recognize in order to help you make a more informed decision.


Traditionally, a ramada was a structure erected to provide shade, usually roofed over with brush or branches. An open walkway or porch was also known as a ramada. In modern construction, however, a ramada is a structure used to provide shade, with a fully covered roof. It usually matches they style and material of the home.

A ramada is ideal for an outdoor space that is designed to be an extension of the living environment. Because of the sturdy structure, it is easy to include details such as a fireplace or barbecue area. Some homeowners include an outdoor wet bar in their ramada and make it a full featured entertaining area. Brick and stone details are common in the design as well.


Throughout history, a classic pergola was designated as an outdoor structure with an open roof. It was usually supported by columns or similar architectural details. Pergolas are designed to accommodate creeping or vine like vegetation. Modern pergolas remain at much the same specifications. An open roof, often made with a wood trellis, is placed atop columns or posts.

Pergolas are ideal for homeowners who appreciate an open, airy feel and wish to incorporate vegetation in their entertaining area. Planting pots look lovely next to each column. Vine plants can grow up the sturdy poles and begin to make a home in the open trellis work of the roof structure. If you do intend to utilize your pergola in this classic setup, be sure that your contractor uses materials that are designed for the strain of plant growth. A pergola that won’t be used for planting can be made with less durable materials and still last. However, for supporting plant growth, go with the best quality possible.


The gazebo is probably the most recognized outdoor structure that is used in landscaping designs. Gazebos are usually built in more circular geometric shapes. In years past, the name of gazebo was given to an open building that took advantage of a view, or a summerhouse. For this reason, gazebos are often found on hills, wooded clearings, or next to a beach view. Today, any outdoor structure with at least five sides is designated as a gazebo. Most often, a hexagonal shape is used. The roof is most often fully covered and vaulted.

When selecting a gazebo, it’s still a good idea to take advantage of a lovely view. A gazebo sits well in a more traditional landscaping, with a lot of trees, gardens and vegetation. Gazebos compliment Victorian architecture, as well as other classic details. A gazebo is ideal next to water features, such as a pond, or a flower or vegetable garden. Also, if your property fronts woodland, a gazebo may be ideal to take advantage of that view.

New Jersey Penalties and Consequences For Failure to Comply With Apartment Registration Requirements

In today’s article, we will discuss the importance of two separate documents required for landlords of residential real estate.

Certificates of Occupancy

The first document is the Certificate of Occupancy. The vast majority of municipalities in the State of New Jersey require that the landlord obtain a new Certificate of Occupancy each time a new tenant moves in. Inspections that accompany the application for a certificate of occupancy vary by municipality. All towns will check the smoke detectors, and if there is gas heating, there will also be a check of the carbon monoxide detector. Some towns will also conduct much more thorough examinations in an attempt to increase the quality of housing throughout the town. It should be noted that it is no longer permissible for a municipality to require a new certificate of occupancy inspection when a family expands by natural means (e.g.; the birth of a new child).

While most landlords are vaguely familiar with the fines which the municipality may impose upon them for failing to obtain a certificate of occupancy, few are familiar with the far more severe consequences which can result from such failure. Where certificates of occupancy are required, a home rented without a certificate of occupancy constitutes an illegal contract. Hence, in the matter of Khoudary v. Salem Board of Social Services, 260 N.J.S. 79 (App. Div. 1992), the Court determined that a landlord who rents without a certificate of occupancy is without authority to file a suit for rents.

In essence, what the Khoudary Court said was that it would not help the landlord enforce an illegal contract. In the event that the tenant vacates the premises owing rents, either for prior months or months that may become due under the unexpired lease, the landlord may not file an action to collect the rents, and furthermore, may not apply any of the tenant’s security deposit toward these rents. The landlord can still bring an action or withhold security for tort damages, such as destruction of the apartment. It remains uncertain whether a Court should allow a tenant to file an action for return of all rents previously paid under the illegal contract; however, most Courts will rule that the tenant should pay for the quantum meruit benefit of the use of the apartment.

For nearly a decade, Courts interpreted the ruling in Khoudary to mean that failure to obtain a Certificate of Occupancy was a bar to eviction. However, this issue has been since clarified. In the matter of McQueen v. Brown and Cook, 342 NJS 120 (App. Div. 2001), the Court ruled that while failure to obtain a certificate of occupancy rendered the contract illegal, the landlord still maintained the right to evict the tenant. Essentially, the Court’s decision holds that a tenant should not be able to benefit from the illegal contract, and furthermore, it is clear that leaving the tenant in the illegal rental would be contrary to public policy.

Landlord Registration Statement

While failure to obtain a certificate of occupancy is not a bar to eviction, the failure to obtain a landlord registration statement (a/k/a Landlord Identity Statement) will prevent an eviction. All non-owner occupied residential dwellings in the State of New Jersey must be registered as rentals. Unlike Certificates of Occupancy, the registration statement does not require an inspection and does not need to be repeated upon the arrival of new tenants. In most cases, a single registration statement will be effective into perpetuity.

In the event that the rental is a one or two family home, the registration may be filed with the clerk of the municipality. In some cases, the municipality will charge a nominal fee for the registration of the property and an additional fee upon renewals. In the event that the property consists of three or more residential dwellings, the property must be registered with the New Jersey Division of Community Affairs. The Landlord Registration Statement should set forth the names of the owners and their emergency contact numbers.

Failure to comply with the registration requirement may have severe consequences for landlords. Most notably, N.J.S.A. 46:8-33 states that “no judgment for possession may be entered until there has been compliance [with the Act]…” While the Statute goes on to state that the Court may continue the case (up to 90 days) until the non-compliance is corrected, some landlords may be caught off guard. Some New Jersey counties even require the landlord to produce proof of registration at the time of the tenancy hearing.

Another consequence of failure to obtain a registration statement is the imposition of fines. This firm has been retained to represent several landlords who have failed to obtain registration statements. As with failure to obtain a certificate of occupancy, the fines for failure to register can be rather hefty, and towns will usually impose a separate penalty for each individual dwelling within the building.

In conclusion, it is best to make sure that you obtain both a Certificate of Occupancy and a Landlord Registration Statement prior to renting your property. Should you forget to file one of these two documents, you may find yourself subject to substantial penalties from both the municipality and in a civil action with your tenants.

The Best Rug Pad For Kilim Rugs

Every rug needs a rug pad and kilims are no exception to this rule. The nature of the weave is one in that it creates for a flat rug. As tight as the weave usually is, it is also very flexible if there is no solid pad to keep the rug in place.

Don’t waste time looking for the wrong type of pad for your kilim. Although a few types may work initially, they will not provide the stability that is required. My best choice for rug padding for kilim rugs is a 1/4 of an inch dense needle pinched jute and rubber combination. This specific type of pad does well because the surface, the recycled jute, is textured in order to grab the rug. The bottom consists of a solid, natural layer of rubber that is sewn on to the jute surface. This layer of rubber contains a tread pattern in order to grab to your floor, preventing any sliding. Be careful in selecting the rug pad that has a real rubber backing, not a sprayed on latex rubber that is quite common these days. This costs a little less yet tends to breakdown and harm the floor by the fact that the spray does not hold well enough to the jute surface.

This correct type of padding is important for kilim rugs for a few reasons. First, this pad grabs your rug. This means there will be minimal wrinkling and creeping of your rug. This also helps for vacuuming. The rug pad holds the kilim rug as best as possible allowing for easier vacuuming. Second, due to the nature of the solid rubber backing, there is no movement on hard floor surfaces. So, your kilim rug is held on to the jute surface of this rug pad and the rug pad itself is held on to the floor with the non slip rubber backing.

The best rug pad for kilim rugs is only 1/4 of an inch thick. Anything thicker would not work as well and would not look as well. The thicker ones are not usually as dense as this 1/4 of an inch thick ones and this will create room for movement with your flat rug. Aesthetically, kilim rugs have a flat look and this is their charm. Raising them too high off the floor defeats the beauty of the look and this is not so desirable.

Since kilim rugs are more tribal in nature, they are not perfectly straight and your rug pad should be trimmed about 1 or so inches in from the carpet dimensions on all sides.

What You Need to Know About Chimney Sweep Certification

Whether you’re in the market for a chimney sweep or you’re thinking about becoming one yourself, you’ll need to understand the process through which a chimney sweep becomes certified. Such certification proves that these individuals have been properly trained to install, maintain, clean, and even repair chimneys.

Chimney Sweep Association of America (CSIA)

The CSIA requires candidates interested in obtaining CCS (Certified Chimney Sweep) credentials to pass two tests. Candidates will need three books to study and test. Currently, these include:

· Successful Chimney Sweeping, 2011 edition;

· NFPA 211, 2013 edition; and

· International Residential Code, 2006 edition.

The CSIA requires all first-time test takers are required to attend either a review session (sessions are held throughout the country) or attend a six-day hands-on program through the National Chimney Sweep Training School. Once these requirements are met, students must take two tests within one year of attending the review or program. The tests are proctored, and they can be taken in-person on paper or online.

· The first exam is based on the Successful Chimney Sweeping and NFPA 211 textbooks. The closed book exam must be completed in one hour, and it consists of a variety of true or falls and multiple choice questions.

· The second exam is based on the International Residential Code textbook. It is an open book exam and candidates are given 90 minutes to complete it.

The CSIA requires individuals to recertify annually in order to maintain their credentials. Requirements include a mix of CEUs, or Continuing Education Units, reviews, exams, and a fee. Sweeps who earn 48 CEUs during the year following certification do not need to attend a review or take an exam.

Certified Chimney Professionals (CCP)

The CCP is an independent company that provides credentialing for chimney sweeps. It offers three different certifications, and most sweeps prefer to obtain one of these credentials along with their CSIA certification.

· Certified Chimney Professional – Candidates must study a manual understand fire codes and safety, and take an exam that consists of 100 multiple choice and true or false questions. A score of 70% is required to obtain this credential.

· Chimney Reliner Certification – Candidates for this credential must study only from the CCP Reliner Manual provided by the company. The exam mimics the Certified Chimney Professional exam; there are 100 questions and candidates must score 70% to pass.

· Certified Master Chimney Technician – The Certified Master Chimney Technician is the highest available credential, and only sweeps who have eight years of experience along with six years of active certification can obtain it. There is no exam; candidates must only prove their experience through test scores and certification badges, and they must prove that they have business liability insurance. Certification (and annual recertification) has a $99 fee.

When you hire a chimney service, it is always a good idea to ask about credentials. This way, you can rest assured that you are hiring an experienced and knowledgeable individual to maintain, repair, or clean your chimney to keep you and your family safe.

Blinds Between the Glass and the Energy Efficiency Myth

“Blinds Between the Glass” refers to an innovative window system that features blinds or shades that are permanently sealed within a double-glazed cavity. Surprisingly, they have been around for a long time. According to Pella, one of America’s leading window manufacturers, they first introduced between-the-glass blinds in 1966. It’s only in the last few years, however, that they have surged in popularity to become a mainstream window option for homeowners who like a clean, modern look and the idea of minimal maintenance.

Companies that manufacture them cite their hygienic, maintenance-free convenience, their uniform and stylish good looks, and their innovative sun-shading and privacy features. As for homeowners with children or pets, their cordless design is a safety feature that is especially appealing. For allergy sufferers, eliminating dust-collecting draperies and airborn allergens seems like a pretty good incentive to purchase.

But are they energy efficient?In these days of soaring energy bills and dwindling resources, both personal and planetary, absolutely every homeowner is most concerned with energy efficiency when buying replacement doors or windows. It’s the one issue that probably trumps all others, because no one wants to see their hard-earned dollars vanish out the window.

So the question must be asked: Are blinds between the glass windows and doors really as energy-efficient as some claim? The only way to truly answer that question is to understand (a) what energy efficiency means in terms of windows and doors specifically and (b) how this type of window option is put together.

Window and Door Energy Efficiency 101

Modern windows are smart windows, and window science has completely changed how we understand energy efficiency. The measuring stick we use to gauge the energy efficiency of a window is sophisticated indeed.

We’ve known for some time that glass by itself is a poor insulator; however, double-paned windows created a revolution in the window marketplace. With double-paned windows, the two pieces of glass seal a layer of air between them, thus providing added insulation.

But there was another revolution in energy efficiency on the horizon, thanks to Low-E glass and argon gas. Low-E (low-emissivity) is a thin coating of transparent metallic material that’s applied to window glass for insulating purposes. The Low-E coating helps to prevent heat gain (or loss) in your home by acting as a kind of reflective shield, pushing radiant heat that tries to pass through the glass back to the source it originates from. Argon is a heavy, invisible, non-toxic gas that is a far better insulator than air-the weight of this gas dramatically reduces the amount of heat that can pass through the space between two panes of glass.

Today’s windows are in large part energy efficient because of the treated glass and the use of argon gas. Using stainless steel spacers for insulating performance and paying special attention to framing materials that permit only a low coefficient of thermal expansion so temperature variations don’t loosen the bond or create gaps are also important. But a Low-E coating is the critical element in making windows energy efficient.

How Do They Do That?

A popular TV ad asks, How do they get the caramel in the Caramilk bar? One could well ask the same question of blinds-between-the-glass windows and doors. How do they get the blinds in between the glass?

There are two ways in which these windows and doors are manufactured. First, many blinds-between-the-glass windows and doors are constructed like a glass “sandwich.” In other words, the blinds are inserted between two panes of glass. A Low-E coating is not applied, because silver oxide is especially sensitive to scratching. And there is minimal room in a glass sandwich with a blind for the maximum benefit of an argon gas fill. In comparison, there’s simply no way a window with between-the-glass blinds can reduce your energy bills as much as a sealed double-pane window.

The Triple Pane Option

With time, and in an effort to make windows with blinds between the glass more energy-efficient, some window companies turned them into triple-paned windows. That means they have three pieces of glass with two spaces in between: one space holds the between-the-glass blinds, while the other space has a Low-E coating and argon fill.

While triple-paned windows with blinds between the glass may be more energy efficient, just be aware that the extra piece of glass makes the windows bulkier. The biggest drawback to the triple-paned windows however is the cost. They are significantly more expensive because you’re basically paying for two windows-one with modern, energy-efficient technology, and one with between-the-glass blinds.

The Blinds Between: Innovation without the Science

One of the arguments put forth claims that the Low-E glass and the internal blinds together contribute to making the entire glass unit more energy efficient, that the internal blinds absorb solar heat gain. Let’s take a closer look at that claim.

There are no blinds-or window covering of any kind for that matter-that can significantly increase thermal efficiency and match that of a sealed glass unit with an argon gas fill and a Low-E coating. In fact, the blinds between the glass actually diminish the amount of argon gas you can put between those two pieces of glass, ultimately compromising the energy efficiency of the total package.

But most notable of all is this very simple fact: blinds, drapes, shades, and all other window coverings only marginally impact energy efficiency in one way: by blocking visible light transmission. In other words, sunlight! So even if your blinds are on the inside of the glass, it’s going to amount to the same heat reduction and light reduction that you would get from just pulling the drapes across or drawing a regular blind on a sunny day. You are simply blocking light, not increasing the actual energy efficiency of the window.

The Bottom Line

To sum up, this “augmented” energy efficiency derived from blinds between the glass is largely unfounded, and for two main reasons: internal blinds cannot absorb the solar heat gain and Low-E is absolutely essential for any sort of significant energy efficiency. It’s the only way to reflect radiant heat back to the source. Otherwise, heat transfers easily through the glass sandwich-blinds or no blinds. Inside or out!

You could save a lot of money and get equal or better energy performance from energy-efficient, double-paned windows with Low-E coatings and argon gas. But if you really love the look, then by all means go for it. Just know that your best energy efficiency option will be the triple pane solution.

A How-To-Guide – How To Become A Swimsuit Designer

How did they do it? It seems like one of the best jobs around, and obviously there’s a large amount of natural talent involved, but how do swimwear designers actually become swimwear designers? And can anyone do it?

Believe me, I asked myself these questions a lot when I first started out in the industry. Like many of us, I also harbored a secret desire to one day design my own range of swimwear. In fact, I still do. But, like anything, it takes a lot of hard work, and timing can be key. Designer swimwear is a niche market, and simply stated, only the best of the best survive. So while you may have a brilliant idea, this doesn’t necessarily equal success.

Starting out

The first step is to learn as much as you can. Like any profession, the more you know, the more valuable you are. I may not be a swimwear designer yet, but I certainly know a lot about swimwear. Be diverse in your knowledge base – knowing what’s hot in swimwear this season isn’t going to get you far. If you’re really serious about becoming a swimwear designer, research and familiarize yourself with all aspects of the swimwear business. Learn how to design, learn about swimsuit fabrics, understand the financial aspects of swimwear design. The opportunities and the wealth of knowledge at your fingertips is limitless, all you need is a little creativity and determination.

Getting a little heavy sounding? Well it is. But you needn’t get put off yet. Starting small, working on one element at a time and taking each part as it comes is the best way to go. All swimwear designers, including the most talented in the industry, all started somewhere, and bar a few, they usually started out small. My advice? Start by nominating a goal, like knowing all the American swimwear designers, then work towards it. Once you have achieved this, choose another one, like knowing all the European swimwear designers, and work towards this one. Becoming a swimwear designer is a process, and what you’ll be surprised at, even after a short period of time, is how much progress you’ve made. By breaking the task into small parts, you make the job of becoming a swimwear designer much more manageable and much less daunting.

Could you be the next women’s swimwear industry success?

I’ve had a lot of contact with a whole range of swimwear designers over the years, and they all say, no matter what their beginnings have been, that perseverance and patience is paramount.

Like the saying goes, Rome wasn’t built in a day, and you can’t expect to be the hottest new swimwear designer just because you want to be. That being said, a healthy amount of self-confidence will take you a long way – and believe me, if you’re truly serious about becoming a swimwear designer, you’re going to take a couple of blows. A thick skin is also a must – you’re going to endure a lot of criticism, not matter how good a swimwear designer you are.

Constructive Criticism & Networking

Whether it’s constructive criticism or caused by jealousy, learning to distinguish between the two is skill you’ll need to quickly develop. But if you can do this, and all the best swimwear designers mastered this early in their careers, then you’ll be the better for it. Maximize the situation and take advantage of the advice you’re being offered by other, more experienced swimwear designers.

Networking is also really important. While the designer swimwear and fashion industry is highly competitive, you’ll be surprised how willing some swimwear designers are to share their advice and give you some swimwear tips in the right direction. Try finding a mentor, or do an internship with an established swimwear designer. The skills you’ll develop under their guidance will be invaluable and also, priceless.

Designing your own range

Here it is, the moment you’ve been waiting for. It’s now time to design your very own range of women’s swimwear. But will all the hard work and time waiting pay off? Well if you’ve put in the effort, there’s a good chance you’ll see the results. But that’s no guarantee. Unfortunately, starting your own line of designer swimwear involves a fair amount of capital. Designing swimwear may be fun, but at the end of the day it is a business and it needs to make money. At a basic level, there’s the production costs of actually making the swimwear, for example, the price of fabric and the labor to produce the swimwear. Then, if you’re really serious, you’re going to need money to market your women’s swimwear label. Whether we’d like to admit it or not, swimwear design is a hype, marketing and promo-driven world, and even the best swimwear designers rely on a bit of good ol’ fashioned advertising.

Finding a business partner, or an investor, is a good way of raising capital to start your swimwear label. To be taken seriously, it’s probably best if you put together a business plan, and even design and make a small collection of swimwear. If you’ve been working towards the goal of becoming a swimwear designer for some time now, you’ve most likely already been designing swimwear for friends and colleagues. If not, it’s something you might like to consider. As I mentioned earlier, you have to start somewhere when designing swimwear, and small is often best – there’s less risk involved and it gives you the time you need to develop your skills.

Taking out a personal loan is another way you can tackle the money situation. Similarly, you’ll need to have a business plan. Either way, a business plan is a must and will help you throughout the process of launching your women’s swimwear label.

Ready to go?

Becoming a swimwear designer sounds like a daunting task, particularly if you plan to launch your own designer swimwear label. But while difficulties and challenges lie ahead, being a swimwear designer is extremely rewarding, and a whole lot of fun! And when designing swimwear is your passion in life, there’s nothing better.

Satellite TV – Advantages And Disadvantages

It is no secret that satellite TV is gaining its popularity fast and pop up to be the fastest growing household products in United States. Are you like everyone else who is exploring the alternative in paid TV services? Well if this is the case, I am sure that you are interested to take a look on the satellite TV services and review both of its pros and cons.

The plus points with satellite TV services

1. Wide service coverage

Unlike cable that are limited to TV cables, satellite TV are utilising the orbiting satellite system above our sky. Hence, the service coverage is pretty wide that theoretically, we can get the satellite signal all around the globe surface. In most situations, the transmission is clear and uninterrupted and the TV feeds you receive at home are almost distortion-free.

2. Better quality TV

All satellite TV signals are transferred in digital format. This in turns ensure the picture quality on the viewer’s end is in superior condition. Also, make full use of your high definition television! I am sure what you need is as much HD programming as possible – which in turn, means you need satellite TV as Dish Network and DirecTV are the paid TV service with the most HD channels currently.

3. Service recovery during breakdown

When compare with cable, satellite TV service recovers much faster during power outage. During major power breakdown and extreme storms, power is often cut off and homes experience instantaneous blackouts. When power supply is finally restored, the recovery for satellite TV is much faster than cable lines which supply you with cable TV. While this feature might sounds silly to you; people who live in parts of the States subjected to frequent bad weather would appreciate it a lot.

4. Wide programming selections

Cable TV offers about 130 channels in most standard programming packages. In contrast, both main satellite TV providers (Dish and DirecTV) offer up to 250+ programming channels. On top of that, DISH Network and DirecTV offer plenty of HDTV programming, which it’s hardly found on major conventional cables in the past.

The minus points with satellite TV services

1. Additional cost for special programming packages

Customers are often required to pay extra money in order to get special programming packages such as live broadcast on NASCAR races and NFL games. Sadly, the monthly subscription fees you pay to the satellite TV service providers only entitle you to a limited number of channels. Some of the best sports events and premium movie channels are not part of the package. This in turn, raise up your monthly expenses with satellite TV service.

2. Short of valuable add-on

When consumers order their cable TV services, they are often delighted with the company’s bundle services – where you can get phone, Internet, radio, and TV services all under one company. Comcast for example, offers their bundle service in cheap price and help their customers to save a lot in overall.

Satellite TV companies, namely, Dish Network and DirecTV, on the other hand have nothing much to offer besides quality TV entertainment. Yes, DirecTV do link up with DirecWay for the satellite Internet services but the connection speed is slightly slower than average broadband speed. What’s worse is that satellite Internet connection always surfer a constant latency error, which disallow online gamers to enjoy their game smoothly.


As we can see from the list above, satellite TV system might not be the right choice for everyone. Evidently, there are both pros and cons with satellite TV services. So, before you head right to any satellite TV service provider, make sure you know what your needs are and what satellite TV system offers. Be a smart consumer and spend only when it is necessary – don’t just get satellite deals because your wife sister’s friends say so.

Using Subject 2 Contracts to Buy Real Estate With Less Than Perfect Credit

Subject 2 is a way to buy real estate without applying for a home mortgage loan. This financing option requires buyers to assume mortgage debt from the property owner. Real estate investors often use Sub2 contracts when selling houses to buyers with less than perfect credit.

Subject 2 is a great option for buyers unable to qualify for a conventional home loan. The property owner transfers the real estate deed to the buyer who becomes responsible for paying remaining loan installments. Loan documents remain in the original mortgagor’s name and the new buyer piggyback’s off their good credit.  

Instead of entering into a high interest bad credit loan, buyers can take advantage of assuming low interest payments. Buyers should engage in credit repair strategies so they can obtain financing within a year or two.

The primary purpose of entering into a Subject To contract is to let buyers buy a house without a down payment or credit check with the intention of refinancing the loan into their own name as soon as their credit allows them to obtain financing through traditional means.

Entering into Sub2 contracts requires both parties to engage in due diligence. Sellers should obtain financial records to ensure the buyer is financially capable of paying home loan installments. When buyers default on the note, the note holder is responsible for missed payments or runs the risk of losing the property to foreclosure.

Most Subject 2 contracts require buyers to submit loan payments to the servicing lender. However, some sellers require buyers to submit payments directly to them and they will submit payments to the loan provider. In this scenario, buyers run the risk of losing vested funds should the seller default on the mortgage loan.

Subject 2 contracts should be drafted by a real estate attorney to minimize risks for both parties. Sub2 contracts are used in place of bad credit lender loan mortgages to give buyers time to restore their credit rating. Buyers should refinance into a conventional home loan to purchase property rights as quickly as possible.  

In order to be legally binding, Sub2 contracts must be recorded through the court. Subject 2 records the transfer of property rights to the buyer. However, property rights are “subject to” the buyer adhering to contract obligations. If buyers default on their agreement, ownership rights revert back to the seller and the buyer loses all funds invested into the property purchase.

Sellers determine the duration of Subject 2 contracts which typically extend for 2 to 5 years. At the end of the contract, buyers must apply for a home loan or obtain financing through another source such as hard money lender loans.

Hard money loans consist of high-interest loans provided by private real estate investors or investment groups. This is a risky and expensive option for borrowers with bad credit. Therefore, buyers who enter into Subject To contracts should carefully strategize the ability to obtain financing in the future. If buyers cannot obtain financing at the end of the Subject 2 contract they could end up being in default and run the risk of having property rights transferred back to the seller.

When mortgage notes are refinanced the buyer is responsible for costs typically associated with entering into a home loan. Common costs include loan points, home inspections, property appraisals, mortgage insurance, homeowner’s insurance, realtor commissions, legal fees, and closing costs.

Hall Tables: Why They Can Make or Break Your Home

The entrance hall to your home is important; it sets the tone for the house as a whole and welcomes visitors; it is your home’s chance to make a good first impression. and that word, impression, is important, because it’s the way the entrance hall makes you feel that’s important, not just the way it looks. If you’re in the process of selling, this is something you can’t afford to ignore.

It is quite possible to create a stunning entrance way, add a designer hall table and expensive accessories, yet fail to do the one thing an entrance hall should; make a guest feel welcome. And there’s no need to limit the discussion to guests. Wherever you enter your home, you need to feel welcomed and reminded that this is the place where you feel safe and secure.

The furnishing of an entrance hall need not be complicated. There is one thing you need more than anything else, and that is light. The right lighting will help you and your guests make the transition from outside to in. On a bright sunny day, the interior needs to be cool, but not cold, and certainly not dark. On a dark night the inside of your home should be light, but with an emphasis on warmth. The role of your hall table is, typically, to bring the right amount of light and warmth to whoever has just entered your home. For this reason, most people prefer the warmth of wood when it comes to furnishings, and there’s no need for the entrance to be colorless. You can add warmth and personality with plants and flowers.

Almost any table can be a hall table. Most will be around 30 inches high and will stand against the wall, however, if you have enough space, a circular table sets the tone of a grand interior; add a large, all-round flower arrangement and illuminate from above, or use modern LED based spotlights which can be battery powered. To make the very best impression, choose an arrangement of fresh flowers with a lovely scent, but for every day, silk flowers will do the same job, and do it well.

For modern interiors a glass topped table is ideal, however if this is the entrance you use, you may well want something more functional. A table with drawers provides somewhere to store the car keys and other items you want to store while indoors, so they can be found easily. Other pieces of furniture can also serve as hall tables, these include accent tables (if suitably high), sofa or console tables, sideboards and buffets as well as small dining tables. Low bookcases can also be used, and if you have a large entrance hall, a combination. Traditional furniture means traditional flowers, hydrangeas will go with every interior, but if your interior is modern, tall white lilies are classic, gerberas more colorful, and orchids luxurious.

Above the table, and in total harmony with it, hang a mirror or a picture. A mirror is ideal if your hallway is shallow or dark as it will increase the light and the feeling of space, whether the light comes from exterior sunshine or an overhead fitting. In most cases you will also have a lamp, or pair of lamps on the hall table,. Again, if light is a problem, choose lamps tall enough to be reflected in the mirror, those described as buffet lamps will usually be ideal.

If your home has a formal style, look for something in wood with an inlay or simple ornamentation. If you prefer something less formal, perhaps in a cottage style home, a distressed finish is ideal. Beautifully shaped furniture with an aged (or faux aged) painted finish, is the perfect accent for many styles, including the very fashionable ‘shabby chic’ of today’s interiors. Don’t automatically choose a small hall table. This is the ideal position for a seasonal flower arrangement or display, anything from a pumpkin centerpiece to a fully laid out Christmas village. If you don’t have room for many seasonal decorations, treat a long thin hall table as you would a mantel, decorate it with a seasonal garland and add large colorful bows to your accent lamps. It won’t take more than a few minutes to do, and the effect will be well worth it.

The entrance hall is a an area of your home which is often neglected, yet it is the first most people see. Just a little care and attention and the right hall table can make a big change in the way you, and others, feel about your home.