How To Build Muscle Mass – 7 Quick Tips To Better Muscle Fitness Workouts

Knowing how to build muscle mass is something that every bodybuilder wants the answer to. After all, it's the main component of all muscle building work outs. This article will give you 7 quick tips to help you build muscle mass that you can immediately put in your workout routine.

1. Optimize Your Lifting

Building more muscle mass will require more force in lifting. What I mean by that is the heavier the weight is, as well as how fast you push it, creates force. This force will in turn build more muscle.

2. Use Dumbbells

Avoid using the machines and stick to the basics in your muscle building work outs. Dumbbells are the best due to their increased range of motion. They allow you to work many different muscles during your training.

3. Cut Out Any Aerobics

While aerobics are great for cardio, they will not help in building muscles. In fact, they interfere with muscle building and burn glycogen.

4. Eat Meat And Fish

Be sure to eat lean red meats and fish. Such as, salmon that contains high amounts of Omega-3. The proteins in meat will enhance and create added muscle growth. The more the better!

5. Add Supplements To Your Diet

In order to get the most out of your muscle fitness workouts, add supplements like glutamine and creatine. If you have a low level of glutamine it will only prevent optimal muscle growth. By adding supplements such as glutamine you will encourage more growth.

6. Take It To The Max

Another solution to how to build muscle mass is to train heavy and push yourself. Instead of 3 sets of 6 reps with 35 pound curls, push it to 50 pounds and do 1 set of 10. The point is to push yourself until you can no longer move the muscle.


I can not stress the importance of this enough. There are many bodybuilders who fail to build muscle mass fast because they overtrain. They never give their body a chance to recover. By giving your body the rest it needs, you will be able to restore glycogen levels and allow your muscles to return to optimum levels.

These are only a few tips that can help in knowing how to build muscle mass. Put them into your muscle fitness workouts and you should begin seeing results quickly.

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Dog Shampoos and Bathing Products

If you browse online or in your local pet store, you will quickly discover that there are literally hundreds of dog shampoos and bathing products. Beyond simple shampoos, there are conditioners, detanglers, colognes for dogs, medicated shampoos, shampoos and conditioners for every skin condition, flea and tick shampoos, whitening shampoos, and color enhancing shampoos, and the list goes on and on.

How are you to know which products to buy for your dog? It can be hard to know what to buy. Here is an overview of the products available which should help you narrow down your choices and make a decision.

Shampoos for luxurious coat
Most dogs with normal skin can use this kind of shampoo. These shampoos may contain ingredients such as jojoba oil or have coconut oil in them. They usually have a nice fragrance. They will make your dog's coat look and feel good. There may be some slight differences between brands but most of these shampoos will be good for your dog's coat as long as he has no skin problems.

Shampoos for skin problems
Shampoos for dogs with skin problems are usually made for dogs with sensitive skin, dry skin, allergies, or irritated skin. They can have ingredients like oatmeal and other things to soothe the skin in them. These shampoos may also be moisturizing.

Medicated shampoo
Medicated shampoos are usually obtained from your vet or by prescription. They can contain ingredients such as chlorhexidine. These shampoos are usually effective but you have to follow your veterinarian's instructions.

Flea and tick shampoo
Flea and tick shampoos can range from products with natural ingredients to products with harsher chemicals. If you have a preference for natural ingredients you should be sure to read the label or the web site to make sure what the shampoo contains. If your dog has a heavy flea infestation you may need to use a shampoo with some of the stronger chemicals or talk to your vet about other flea control methods.

Whitening shampoo
There are many coats whitening shampoos today. Some of them use enzymatic cleaners and some of them bleach the coat. Read the label or web site to find out what each shampoo does. Whitening shampoos are primarily made for white or light-colored dogs but some of them will brighten other colors, too. Some whitening shampoos can be a little harsh on the coat so they are not recommended if your dog has sensitive or irritated skin.

Color enhancing shampoo
Color enhancing shampoos intensify colors other than white. There are shampoos for black coats, brown coats, red coats, and so on. They are generally safe but they should probably be avoided if your dog has sensitive or irritated skin.

Shampoo for stinky dogs
If your dog frequently smells bad from rolling in trash or getting into things he should not, then a shampoo for smelly dogs would be a good choice. These shampoos do not quite get rid of skunk odor but they will make your dog smell better as a result of just about everything else. On the other hand, if your dog smells bad because of a skin condition, he should see a vet. A medicated shampoo is probably needed.

Texturizing shampoo
Many terrier breeds are fitted to have crisp hair instead of soft or fluffy hair. Their coats are "plucked" instead of clippered, traditionally, and they do not shed much. In order to help the coat stay rough and crisp (which protected them from the weather originally), you can use a texturizing shampoo on their coat. Many terrier owners do not bother to do these things today, but there are texturizing shampoos available. When terrier breeds are shown at dog shows, they are prepared this way so they look correct.

There are almost as many conditioners as there are shampoos and probably one to match each coat type. In most cases it is fine to use a conditioner that is made to work with a particular shampoo (ie, if you buy Peachy Keen Shampoo for Pretty Dogs, Peachy Keen Conditioner for Pretty Dogs is probably a good choice). However, it is not always necessary to use conditioner on your dog. If you have a shorthaired breed with a hard, smooth coat, for example, your dog might not need a conditioner. Wirehaired dogs do not use conditioner. But dogs with medium and long coats usually need some conditioner.

Detanglers are often used on dogs with medium and long coats who are ready to getting tangles and mats. The detangler is usually sprayed on the dog when he is still wet from the bath. Then you comb through the coat and let it dry. The coat will usually resist tangling and knotting afterwards.

You can also buy cologne for your dog to make him smell nice. If you have taken your dog to a professional groomer then you know that your dog smells very nice when you pick him up. Groomers usually spritz dogs with some cologne when they finish grooming them. Some dogs do not like the cologne so it's up to you whether you try it or not.

These are the kinds of shampoos and bathing products available today. This list should give you some idea of ​​which products will be most helpful for your dog.

Adding to House Plans With Porches

If you consider yourself to be quite the handyman and have been looking for the next challenging project, look no further than adding a screened in porch to your house. While this project sounds a little daunting, with a little time, a little no-how and a lot of patience, you could build it yourself. A screened porch will be a great place to sip some ice cold lemonade in the summer away from those pesky insects. Your family will truly enjoy this addition to your architectural house plans.

The most common method of adding a screened porch is to begin with an already beloved patio slab of concrete. With many people have concrete porches in their front or backyards, this step is already taken care of. If you happen to have a deck made from wood or some other material, you will have to start by pouring your slab of concrete. Some people are confident with their abilities to lay out and form the patio in preparation for the concrete to be circulated. If you do not want to handle this part of the job, hire a contractor to come in and make sure everything is level and good to go with drainage and such.

Many house plans with porches come with roofs overtop. If your porch already has a roof, you are ready to begin framing in the sides for your screen. If you do not have a roof, you will need to get started building one. Start your construction of the front wall first, then move to the side walls. Keep in mind that the roof should end up falling about one foot beyond the walls. Once you have the base for the roof, it is time to decide what type of roofing to use. The most common method is to use the same material used for the rest of your home.

After your walls are done it is time to get on with the screening. This is the easiest part of the job. All you have to do is buy your screen in a big roll of screen at your local hardware store. Simply stretch the screen around each section of the wall and staple it down. The most important part will be to make sure that the screen does not sag or wrinkle. Do this by working from the middle of the bottom edge and work toward each side. Once you are finished cover up the staples with whatever you see fit. Your farm house plans will finally feel complete with your new addition that you built all by yourself!

Why Clay and Hard Soils Need Gypsum

There are many people that are faced with a soil problem that includes hard clay and/or a subsoil that is almost like rock. If this is the case for you then gypsum may be what you are looking for to alter the soil structure. The only draw-back that gypsum, also known as gypsite, may have is that it may take 2 to 3 years to get that compacted soil in a position to manage. It is not a fast acting substance. The good thing about it is that it is inexpensive and easy to apply where it is needed.

You can use it in many different situations where:

  • many soils are too salty.
  • your ground may be clay.
  • You have had large machinery or livestock compacting the soil.
  • Earth movement has exposed the subsoils that are hard.

To have a healthy productive garden you need to have good drainage for your plants to thrive and the roots to grow correctly. But with compacted soil what you have is mucky soil and very bad drainage.

To prepare the soil for your new garden, adding humus, composted manure, compost, mulches, and conditioners are usually the additives that one would use. These items will loosen the soil and do their job over time also.

Alright, you have an established garden and have been fighting the ground for years. To recondition the soil will take some work and patience. Here is where gypsum may come to the rescue. Since it does not have to be worked into the ground you can just spread it out on the surface of the ground. Use it on the lawn, the bed of flowers and vegetable garden.

Gypsum is really easy to broadcast, just use a lawn spreader and use at a rate of 40 to 60 pounds per one thousand square feet if you use the granular kind. To get it going to do its job you must start watering it into the soil. Of course, gypsum should be applied per directions.

What gypsum actually does is enter the clay particles of the heavy or hard soils and causes the structure of the soil to open with lots of air and moisture and then you have a more flexible soil to work with.

It can be applied any time of the year and only needs to be done twice per year. When broadcasted correctly it is not harmful to people or your pets and livestock has no effect on the pH of the soil and will not burn.

Since it is a neutral pH conditioner it is also safe to use around acid loving plants like Azaleas, Camellias, and Rhododendrons. However, heed that gypsum contains no nutrients, in other words, it does not fertilize. Though it is made of calcium and sulfur which is needed for growth of plants.

In addition, continue to put out organic humus, compost, mulches and organic fertilizers as you plant. By applying organic material continually will serve the same purpose as well.

Making Solar Panels at Home – Build a Solar Panel For About $ 200

Making solar panels at home is easy with the right materials and instructions. You can make a solar panel for as little as $ 200. The materials you will need include: solar cells, plywood or plastic board, UV protector for the plywood, Flex-Glass, tin wire at two different thicknesses, silicone, solder, solder iron and or gun, rosin flux pen, nuts, bolts, and wood or metal to use as a frame, and a junction box. You will also want a volt meter to test your panel. (You can borrow this from an electrician.)

1. Make a template. A template will make sure that each cell is placed evenly apart. You can purchase 5×5 inch cells for this project. Draw a template making sure that each cell in each row is about 1/4 inch apart. Leave a few inches on the outside edges for the frame of the panel.

2. Cut the plastic board or ply wood to the size of panel you want to build. You will want to figure out the size to cut the board or plywood. If you need 100 watts of power then you will make a panel with 50 cells. You may not need that much. If you are using plywood, then you will want to protect it with a coat of UV Guard.

3. Cut the tabbing wire: Cut the wire the same length of two cells plus 1/4 inch so if you were to use the 5×5 inch cells, you would cut the length 10 1/4 inches long. Cut two for each cell. You will be soldering half of the wire to the negative side of one cell and the other half of the wire to the positive side of the next cell. If you do not have covered wire you will need to put solder on the wires or on the tabs of each cell.

4. Use the flux pen and solder gun. Each cell will have two tabs on each side. Run the flux pen along the tab of a cell (blue side or negative side) where you are going to attach the tabbing wire. Solder the wire to the cell. Solder a second wire along the second tab. Do this with all the cells.

5. Attach all the cells in rows. Now turn the cells over and sold the excess wire to the positive side of the other cells making 5 rows of 10 cells (if you are using 50 cell panels). The negative side of cell # 1 attaches to the positive side of cell # 2 making sure that each cell is 1/4 inch apart in each row.

6. Attach rows using heavy wire: You are going to use the thicker wire to attach all the cells together at the ends. You will be connecting in a series, meaning negative to positive and negative to positive through the panel connecting each row.

7. Test it with the volt meter: Attach the volt meter to the wires on the cells to make sure it is working properly.

8. Use the Silicone to secure the rows of cells to the panel.

9. Put wires through the junction box: There will be two pieces of wire left over from attaching the wires in a series: a positive and a negative that you will sold to a positive and negative electrical wire. Pull through the back of the panel and into the junction box you have attached to the back of the panel with silicone. You can check out the link below to get the guide for all the details.

10. Frame it. You can use a wood border as a frame for the plywood or a metal c frame for the frame of the plastic board. Use silicone to attach the backing and then use nuts and bolt to keep it tight. Use multiple nuts and bolts to attach the c metal frame to the panel.

Axo Lighting – Redefining Lighting Concepts

While the right kind of lighting can speak volumes about your sense of style, if the illumination devices are not chosen correctly, the visual appeal of a room may be spoiled. There are ample choices of lighting fixtures available. Redefine the illumination system of your home with the Axo lighting fixtures.

Illuminating devices play a pivotal role to complete the look of your room. Carefully select them keeping in mind decor the rooms. Choose different types of fixtures for different rooms in order to enhance the visual impact. You may change the intensity of the lights according to the room decor. If your rooms have a traditional or old fashioned furnishing then you may opt for softer lights. If you have modern room decor then bright lights will work wonders. The bright lights will not only illuminate the artworks but also enhance the visual appeal.

About Axo

Axo has a wide range of modern illuminating devices for every type of room. They can contribute a stunning look to your rooms. Latest technologies have been used to manufacture its exciting range.

Fixtures manufactured by this company are famous for the elegance of their shapes. Their brilliant contemporary designs suit every room type. These fittings are designed by some of the best designers from across the globe. The funky chandeliers and the twisted glass pendant styles breathe life into the places where they are installed. These fittings also add an Italian feel to your home. Since the quality of the materials used to manufacture them is excellent, they are very durable. This makes them somewhat expensive, but you will not regret having spent those dollars when you see how your guests appreciate the look of your rooms.

Types of Fittings

The varied range of devices includes strip lighting, desk lamps, pendants, chandeliers, floor lamps, wall sconces, and so on. Meaningful eco-friendly varieties are also available. You may also opt for energy-efficient devices. To achieve different effects for your rooms, Axo provides general, task, and accent lighting alternatives. Apart from indoor fixtures, fittings outdoor lighting is also manufactured by the company.

Complements the decor of your rooms with the wide range of Axo fixtures. It is advisable to pay the extra bit and buy the best fixtures for durability and style. If you spend a bit more now, you will not have to change you illumination system for years. By choosing Axo you will actually save your money in the long run.

Get Paid to Assemble Products in the Comfort of Your Home

It is normal for people to earn money by working for a company or for other people. Did you know that you can get paid for doing something that you like? This article is for all the women out there who like collecting and creating personal accessories. Most of the accessories you buy in the market today are handmade. You can turn your hobby of making accessory into business, you’ll be getting paid to assemble products at home.

This is your first step to getting richer. Assembling products at home is very simple. All you have to do is to gather the right materials and tools and use a little creativity. Someone will surely pay you for every product that you have made. You can sell your products on eBay, by mail order, at your local flea market, and even swap meets. It best to start a website as this will help you get the word out and aid in marketing your products. If you have enough ideas, you can create different websites intended for creating crafts. The possibilities are endless just use your imagination.

You can ask some of your friends and relatives to give several ideas that you can use for your new found craft business. Getting paid to assemble products is very simple and does not consists of rigid step by step procedures. You will surely earn extra income for yourself. Even if you are still finishing your studies, you can start being an entrepreneur by engaging in assembling products.

How to Install Cork Flooring

Here's a great idea for flooring your home, it's called cork flooring and is a fantastic material very popular with eco friendly people.

Here are a few good points as to why it would be beneficial for you to use cork flooring instead of lino of wooden flooring.

Cork is harvested from trees making it a renewable source of environmentally friendly wood, which re-grows very quickly.

Using cork can be cheaper than using even bamboo.

Cork is resistant to such things as mold and mildew.

Cork is a good metarial to use in many varying temperatures and is typically flame retardant.

This material is light weight and can even float on water, giving it many uses.
Cork is hard to scratch and not even insects can cause damage to the material.

As you can see in the points stated above Cork is harvested from trees, the tree that it took from is called the Cork Oak tree. The bark is stripped away from the rest of the tree meaning that there is no reason for cutting it down leaving the tree still very much alive. The cork is then taken and ground and flattened into sheets, these are then placed into a kiln and literally baked and then cut into tiles, this helps with it being so durable. Each Oak that is used must first be over 25years old before they can even lay hands on it. Once the bark is stripped away the tree instantly starts to re-grow new bark and this is why it's a renewable resource. Of course this may still be unexpected to the trees, so there is a limit of nine years for the trees to be harvested. A good place to use Cork flooring would be places like the kitchen or if you have pets, why not put the Cork floor everywhere in the house. Since Cork is made using the bark from a tree and the way it's processed it has many microbubbles in and can for that reason being a great insulator of sound making it perfect for covering walls in say your music room (eg One of your children play the Drums).
So you can get a hard wearing material that does not scratch and has multiple uses while also thinking about the environment for a small amount of money.

Do not worry if you have a wonderful decorated room and do not want to ruin the room with the Cork flooring. For Cork can come in a wide variety of colors and even different styles to match and style of home. You can install the Cork over most surfaces such as the most likely concrete and wooden subfloors.

Cork flooring is so easy to lay down it does not make sense. But before you start installing the flooring here's the equipment you'll need.

A Tape measure, you will be needing this to make sure you have the right measurements of the room you wish to install the Cork in, otherwise you might find yourself with too much or too little of the material you need.

Something to cut the material with such a stanley knife. You'll need to cut down some of the tiles or planks to make sure it fits perfectly into the room.
You'll also need a Paint Brush and some rollers.

Something to mark the ground where you are placing the Cork, something like chalk would work.

A rubber mallet, do not use anything other than rubber mallet or you'll ruin the surface of the Cork.

Some sort of adhesive to stick the material down. Try to get a water based adhesive this will make things easier.

100-150 lb Roller to press the material firmly onto the ground.

To make your job a little bit easier and to ensure that the floor goes down well here is a list of some things you'll need to do before starting.

First it would be a good idea to place the Cork in the room you plan on flooring, when the Cork changes temperature it'll change in size, if you place the material on floor and it warms it it may warp and then ruin your hard work.

Second, you need to clean the surface, the adhesive will not work well if it stick to the dirt instead of the floor. So you will need to sweep then mop the floor leaving it to dry after.
Use the tape measure to find out the length of each wall to find out the surface area of ​​your room, this will help to find out exactly how much material you'll really need. You can get a bit more material then you need just to be safe and not leave your room half completed.

You'll need to check the floor is level, if not you'll need to use some sort of floor leveling compound that you'll have to spread across the floor, latex seems to be a popular one to use.

Finally after all that you can begin your installation of the Cork flooring.

First thing is to do a layout test place all the tiles or planks on the floor by placing them without the adhesive. If you find some tiles or planks do not fit measure the gap left over and mark the shape onto one of the tiles then use the cutting tool to cut it into shape. When the tiles are down mark out sections.

Starting off with a fairly small sized section place your adhesive on the floors surface then leave it to dry slightly so that it is tacky, this should give you some moderate control.
Then place the tiles or planks onto the floor, after this use either the Mallet to lightly knock the tiles securely into place or go over the tiles with the roller making sure to go over several times in different directions. I suggest using the roller this will give a better finish and will make sure the tiles are firmly placed.

Using a damp clothes wipe off any excess adhesive after placing each section.
Depending on the time it takes for the adhesive to dry, do not walk on the cork flooring this can cause some warping in the material.

When cleaning the Cork flooring try not to use things such as bleach or anything else strong this can ruin the surface of the Cork just use a mop with a small amount of surface cleaner.

There you have it, a brand new flooring at a next to nothing price.

Avoid harsh cleaning products when keeping your cork flooring clean. Regular mopping using a damp mop will be sufficient. Use paper towels or a sponge for spill to avoid permanent stains.

A Variety of Indoor Staircases

An old house can be given a new look by just replacing indoor stair railings. According to the space available you can design your indoor stairs. When remodeling your old house, just consider redoing the indoor stairs according to the home new decor. Large indoor staircases can be replaced with spiral staircases, giving more space. Even you can have a new indoor staircase where there was none previously, for example a new attic staircase.

The house can get a different look by just replacing angular staircase with a circular one. To give natural look to your house, the hills can be made curved shaped. There are home improvement stores that provide different railings with various styles. There are online sites that help you to find out places to get different interesting railroads. If you are not satisfied with the available railings then you can always go ahead to get it done according to your taste.

Safety is one important aspect to be considered when choosing railroads for your house. Make sure that it will not collapse under pressure. The city codes have some norms regarding the width between railroads. So ensure that the railroads you have opted for is within the city code norms. If the width between the railings is more, there are chances of small children getting their head stuck in between the railroads.

If you are planning to remodel the indoor stair to get more space, then first step is to replace the conventional one into a spiral staircase. Generally large indoor stairs occupy more space so it can be made into spiral. There are many ways to make these spiral stairs elegant and synch with your home decor. Spiral stairs can be made differently using various styles and materials available. Spiral stairs are also called circular stairs. It can be made either in wood or in metal. These stairs are sure to compliment your traditional or contemporary decor. When choosing circular brackets go for a sturdy and safe one. People are advised to hold the handrails of the circular stairs, as it is difficult to climb when compare to straight steps. There are kits available in the market to build your own spiral stairs.

Spiral staircase can be used to reach attics. But there are pull down stairs for attics, which will unfold like a retractable ladder. Make sure it has sufficient head space while climbing and withstand the weight of a fully-grown up adult. You can get stairs built for your attic or can assemble a compact modular stairs.

Ensure that whatever stairs design you choose abides with all safety rules and building regulations.

Stair Lifts and Residential Elevators

It can be very difficult for some people to climb the stairs safely. This is especially true of people who are sufferers of diseases like arthritis, but also those who suffer from cognitive disorders, like Alzheimer’s. In order to allow for complete access of a home, many people decide to install personal elevators, but this can quickly get pretty expensive. A stair lift is a much more affordable way to allow complete access to a home.

A stair lift is a device that is designed to carry a person up and down the stairs. For a straight staircase, there are several easy to install do-it-yourself kits available. These kits consist of a metal track, which is attached directly to the stairs, and a car, which is sent up and down the track. Usually a chair will be attached to the car, but sometimes a small platform, which is referred to as a perch, is used. Perch lifts will require that the user remain standing as they are carried up and down the track, so this option is generally only used by people who, for medical reasons, can not use a traditional chair lift.

These do-it-yourself kits can generally be installed in only a few hours, but due to the important nature of the work, it is important to carefully install the lift and follow all instructions, so it is better to take longer to install the lift then it would be to rush through it. Most dealers also have a trained installation team available, so those that do not feel comfortable doing the installation can have it professionally installed at an affordable rate.

While a personal elevator can be a nice touch, it requires a great deal of construction to the home, which can be quite expensive. The cost of the elevator is also fairly high, which is one of the main reasons a stair lift is often the best choice. A stair lift that is designed for a straight staircase is also installed much more quickly than an elevator would be. However, if you have a curved stairway, you will probably be better off installing a residential elevator.

People who have a curved staircase, might be able to install two straight stairway lifts onto the stairs, so it is a good idea to talk with a straight stair lift dealer first. Installing two stairway lifts will still save you considerable time and money when compared to a curved stairway lift, which costs at minimum 1000% more than a straight stairway lift.

If you can not install a straight staircase lift, then you might want to consider installing a personal elevator, which many times can be installed for the same price or even less than a curved stairway lift would be. Residential elevators can also usually be installed sooner than a curved staircase lift could be. Since the price of a personal elevator and a curved staircase lift is about the same, it is usually best to install a residential elevator as opposed to a curved stair lift.

A residential elevator will also retain its value and add value to the home, so much of the cost of the elevator will be retrieved when you sell your home. A curved stairway lift on the other hand does not have much value after it is sold, because it will only work on identical staircases.

For a straight stairway or an ‘L’ shaped stairway, a stair lift will be much less expensive than a personal elevator, but those that have a curved stairway, would probably be better off installing a residential elevator, because it will be about the same cost as a curved stair lift.

Do it Yourself Scaffold Towers

The procedure for building scaffold towers used to be a complicated affair and for the ordinary DIY painter or self-employed tradesman, setting up a scaffolding structure was avoided at all costs.

Scaffold of yesteryear was fundamental and required a large lorry in order to move it from one site into the next. It required an additional helper (or even a number of people depending on the scale of the project) which were skilled in tower construction. These professional scaffolding workers did not come cheap, and the expense of setting up a scaffolding structure would often inflate the initial builder's quotation to such a degree that it would often discourage clients from having the work done. To get over this problem many builders, anxious not to pass-up business would likely conjure up some ramshackle method to completely avoid the requirement for scaffold. This as you can imagine directed in countless serious injuries involving falls and therefore prompted new regulations to be implemented.

The advance in access tower design combined with revised rules and guidelines has contributed significantly to scaffolding safety. Today's modern alloy folding scaffold systems are extremely light and also less of a challenge to assemble. Thus aluminum tower systems are now extensively used by both amateurs and professionals alike and offer a good substitute for professional scaffolding installation.

Prior to utilizing an access tower as part of a do-it-yourself renovation or occasional repair job, it's important to be familiar with the safety recommendations.

The Work at Height regulations 2005 advises that an assessment of the methods to be used has to be completed to make sure there is not any alternative to working at height or more appropriate apparatus. This simple evaluation should be executed for any job needing an upgraded operating platform.

When the assessment is completed and if a tower is considered to be the best jurisdiction to do the job, one must learn the best way to erect the scaffold system properly.

1) You should if at all possible use one other person in addition to yourself (particularly for everyone who is putting together a big tower) or possibly a team of people depending on the magnitude of the installation.

2) One or two person's must be designated to carry out the construction.

3) Another who will check and make sure the right tools will be ready to use when needed.

4) Your entire crew must work with safety harnesses.

5) Positively no corroded parts bought to be used to build the scaffold system.

6) Any locking parts of the tower system will need to be looked at and tested for possible failure before they are added to the construction.

7) Castersought to be scrutinized and examined for deterioration and brakes tested for efficiency.

There are 2 main licensed methods that are approved by the prefabricated aluminum scaffolding manufacturers association (PASM) however, one of the most trusted is the 3T (through the trapdoor) method. This entailing positioning of a trapdoor platforms at intervals of two meters using 2, three or four rung frames in the base depending upon completed height. This means that it is possible to clamber through the trapdoor as well as sit on the working platform to complete guard railing at each and every stage of construction. Using this method insures that you will be constantly guarded against any mishaps while the tower system building is in progress.

For those who have hired or bought you 're their own apparatus, make sure you read the manufacturers instruction. The majority of manufacturers have a obligation to provide guidance manuals, these should clearly show the tower erection routine. When producer's instructions are followed diligently, a high quality modern day access system or combo ladder is by far the most secure option for working at heights.

The Best Rug Pad For Laminate Floors

With all the stories about damage to laminate floors, one has to be careful in using the proper rug pad for the type of floor involved. I keep hearing that flooring people advise the homeowner not to use any rubber or PVC rug pad on their laminate floor as this can cause a negative reaction with the floor. Although this may not be the case in all instances, one is better to be safe than sorry.

A good quality jute rug pad is completely safe for laminate floors, prolongs the life of the rug and adds comfort. By a good quality, I mean choosing one that is made of recycled material. There are plenty of these so called jute rug pads on the market that are based of polypropylene, which is another word for plastic.

It is simple to choose the right pad for your laminate floors. First, make sure the description of the item states it as being made from recycled materials. This type of material is usually recycled nylon and wool carpet fibers compressed together to form the pad. Second, since there are various qualities, the best one is what is called a 40 ounce weight. This refers to the amount of material per square yard compressed into the pad. The higher the weight, the longer the pad will last and the more resistant the pad will be in protecting the floor and rug.

When purchasing a 40 ounce recycled jute rug pad and using it under your rugs on laminate floors, you will not have any damage to your floors. This quality should last around 15 years, even more in less used rooms, with very little care. A simple vacuuming once in a while will not hurt and there is not much else to be concerned about.

Your laminate floors are an investment so be sure to protect them with the proper rug pad. If you save a little now with those waffle like non slip pads, you may pay a much larger price in the future to repair or replace your floors.

Art Miniature Painting On Lacquered Caskets

Summarized briefly, miniature painting is a form of painting that is deeply rooted in many cultures and spans centuries. Miniature painting is a traditional style of art that is very detailed, often referred to as painting or working "in miniature". Because of their origins as illuminations, they are also painted to have as smooth a surface as possible.

In spite of the fact that the church demanded to fulfill precisely every element of icon, Palekh artists did it in their own manner of writing faces, figures, elements of landscape, buildings, carriages and so on. On the icons you could see some domestic details such as furniture, clothes, arms, horse harness. Some of them have been kept in today's Palekh miniature art painting somewhat changed creatively.

Palekh painting was not born accidentally. It was a result of century-old traditions in new historical conditions based on the knowledge of icon-painting handicraft of many generations. Their methods were rich and varied. From the very beginning Palekh artists had been studying and keeping old Russian art traditions. Therefore at an icon and a product executed in the spirit of palekh miniature have much common. After the 1917 Revolution, when the icon business went into the deepest of declines, Palekh masters tried their hands at decorating art wood tableware, kitchen utensils, toys, dishes, porcelain and glass. As it turned out, the most interesting way was the painting of paper-mache boxes that became the black-lacquered miniature.

The varnish miniature is executed by tempera paint on a papier-mache. Color of palekh painting is based on a combination of three colors – red, yellow and green. The Palekh miniatures typically represent characters from real life, literary works, fairy tales, bylinas, and songs. They are painted with local bright paints over the black background and are known for their delicate and smooth design, abundance of golden shading, and accurate silhouettes of flattered figures, which often cover the surface of the lids and sides of the articles completely. Poetic magic of the Palekh characters, decorativeness of landscapes and architecture, and elongated proportions of the figures go back to the icon-painting traditions. The miniatures are usually set off with a complicated pattern made with gold dissolved in aqua regia.

Palekh lacquered miniatures are painted on articles – caskets and boxes, brooches and hairpins for ties, a panel and ashtrays and great number of other little things made of papier-mache.
The process of making Palekh articles is the following: The first operation in the making of these gems of folk art is the cutting out of the cardboard. The strips of cardboard are covered with flour paste, placed on circular or rectangular molds and pressed. After that the material is given a coating of warm linseed oil. The carefully checked pieces are handed to the joiners. Then the undercoat is applied to the article with a steel palette knife. The outside of Palekh articles is painted with black lacquer. The inside is painted with red lacquer. The final operation before painting: about seven coats of transparent oil varnish is applied to the outside and inside of the article. Every coat applied is discharged in the furnace for 9 hours at 90 ° C.

The articles are now ready to be handed to the artists. The work of the artist begins with preparation of the paint. In Palekh the paintings are mixed with egg emulsion. The yolk, separated from the white, is returned to the shell where a mixture of water and vinegar is added. Then the emulsion is stirred with a special brush. Before painting the article, the artist draws on the design. Then the composition is outlined in white lead with a very fine squirrel brush and the colors are then applied in strict succession. The work of the miniature painter requires not only creative inspiration, but also extreme care and precision which is why Palekh painters frequently make use of a magnifying glass. When the painting is over, the artist begins the gold work. The gold must be polished to give it the necessary shine. After having signed the article the artist coats it by transparent oil varnish and polish by hand.

The village of Palekh is located in 65 km to the east from Ivanovo town on the bank of the Paleshka-river, which flows among the hills covered by leaf-bearing forests. In the 15th century it was a part of the Vladimir Susdal lands and was one of the first ancient centers of the icon art. In the 17th and 18th centuries Palekh's craftsmen rose to become the most famous in all of icon art. They developed a unique style identifiably distinguished by the fine line tempera drawing arranged with gold of their own. These art works were valued for the depth of the images, the subtlety of color placement, their inticate and minute attention to detail as much as for their fair-tale-like ornamental design. Palekh artists are universally regarded as the most highly trained of the Russian miniature painters. The discipline and masterful technique of the ancient art of icon painting is readily seen in works of the various artists. It is amazing that what started out as a true folk tradition over hundreds of years ago is still thriving and remains basically true to its roots, albeit on a more organized scale.

Benefits Of Artificial Grass Carpet

Installing an artificial grass carpet is a wise and practical idea for home repair or home improvement. Artificial or synthetic grass carpeting can also for commercial use. This is a very versatile carpeting choice which has plenty of uses. It can make a beautiful lawns or gardens, ornament around swimming pools or spas, carpeting for terraces or balconies, school play grounds or sporting grounds, and even parks. It can be used in all places where it is impossible for grass to grow or even if it is possible, you just don’t like the idea of maintaining it so synthetic grass is a perfect solution. This carpeting option offers many other benefits as well.

Benefits of Synthetic Grass Carpeting

1. When you will have to constantly water your grassy lawn to keep its fresh green look, artificial grass does not need watering at all but it will stay fresh, green and beautiful.

2. Synthetic grass also needs no mowing so that means less hassle and effort on your part.

3. With this, you will not have a problem with weeds in your backyard or garden.

4. It is instant and will be ready to walk on as soon as it is installed.

5. Say goodbye to allergies and hay fevers. Kids or even adults will no longer have to suffer from itching. They can sit, roll, crawl, and play around whenever they want to.

6. It only requires very little maintenance.

7. It is durable and long lasting even if installed outdoors and subjected to harsh weather conditions.

8. It is smooth and soft under foot.

9. It is perfect to indoor and outdoor applications.

10. It is a cost – effective investment.

There is a wide variety of artificial or fake grass carpets available in the market so you will definitely have plenty of options to consider. Just make sure that what you are getting is high quality, durable, and is manufactured by a trusted and reliable company so that it will be well worth your investment.

Odyssey White Hot XG Golf Putters

The Odyssey White Hot XG golf putters product line is only one of several lines offered by the Odyssey company, but it is expanding in itself with 18 different models to choose from. These break down into two groups, the Core Models which account for 11 different putter types, and the Progressive Models, which consist of 7 types of putters with more modern shapes and design features.

All of the Odyssey White Hot XG putters are based on an advanced putter face insert technology which is designed to give a softer feel. The company states that the design was inspired by newer multi-layer golf balls which also are softer. Two different materials are used in the putter face to achieve this effect. First there is what is called an Elastometer core material which gives the putter its softer feel. On top of this is a thin outer striking surface which is a harder material. The impact zone is textured and supposedly this adds added feel, and the textured zone also surrounds and indicates the correct impact area, or sweet spot. In addition to this mixed-material insert technology, the Odyssey White Hot XG line of putters was designed to get the CG (center of gravity) of the clubs low and to the back of the club head. Accomplishing this also increases the MOI of the club which will provide some level of forgiveness if putts are not stuck squarely on the sweet spot.

Odyssey White Hot XG Core Models

The Core Models all use the technologies described above and are putters based on classic designs. That is, they are all variations of traditional blade or mallet putters. They are simply named Odyssey White Hot XG no. 1, no. 2, etc. up through no. 9. The no. 5 putter has a "CS" version, which means it is the same as the regular no. 5 but with a center shaft configuration. There is also a White Hot XG Rossi model. The Rossi model and the No. 1, no. 3, and no. 9 Putters come in left-handed versions. In fact the no. 9 putter was used by lefty Phil Michelson to win the 2007 Players Championship. As mentioned, these clubs are takeoffs of traditional blade or mallet putters, but they come in different styles, with different amount of offsets, different shaft placements and other features. The most radical looking is putter no. 7, which is called a modified mallet putter with weighted wings in the back to help alignment of putts. All these putters come with an MSRP of $ 119 and can be purchased through a vast network of dealers or directly from the Odyssey web site. Pictures of each putter can be found on the Odyssey web site as well.

Odyssey White Hot XG Progressive Models

The Odyssey Progressive line of putters uses more modern designs, especially with regard to putt alignment aids, as in the 2 Ball putters, and with more modern putter head weight redistribution techniques.

There are two versions of the White Hot XG Marxman putters. One is more of a mallet configuration, while the other is based on a blade design. The main visual features are the long alignment stripes. The putters essentially look like two ball putters, but they have long parallel strips rather than additional golf balls to help line up the putt. Aligning putts properly is a huge problem for most golfers, and most of us have a tendency to be misaligned, leaving the chances of making putts up to subconscious corrections or perhaps just luck. Both of the Marxman putters have in-line weighting and full shaft offset, and both retail for $ 169.

The remaining five putters in the Progressive line are 2 Ball putters, and these have become popular with PGA Tour pros. As is the case with the Marxman models, there are 2 Ball putters based on both mallet and blade designs. These clubs both have full shaft offset, and the mallet model comes in a left-handed version. There is also a mallet-type model with a center shaft and no offset. All three of these putters retail for $ 169.

The newest putters in the White Hot XG lineup use a design called "Saturn Ring Technology". Basically a semi-circular ring of metal is added to the rear of the club head. This approach will clearly redistribute weight and improve the MOI of the club. This means that even if the putt is not stuck exactly on the sweet spot, the club will not twist as much and will then provide forgiveness on off-center putts. There is a standard length and long-shafted version of this design available. Both putters have a half-shaft offset and both retail for $ 189.

Since most recreational golfers are notorious for hitting putts off-center and for having poor alignment, the Progressive Models of the Odyssey White Hot XG golf putters product line would seem to offer solutions that might help players hole more putts, lower scores, and have more fun playing the game.