Windows Media Video Compression Using Adobe Premiere Pro

I’ve written this tutorial for anyone who uses adobe premiere pro and wants to find out the best way to compress a video using “Windows Media Video”.

I cover things like what bitrate to use with what resolution and frame rate as well as what a few of the different settings do and mean. Find out for yourself and take a read…

(not you will need to copy and paste image url’s in to your browser)

Getting to Adobe Media Encoder

1. Render all unrendered footage if you haven’t done so already in premiere pro

2. Now go, File >> Export >> Adobe Media Encoder

3. Select “Windows Media” from the format drop down list

4. Then, from the preset drop down list, select something like “WMV9 720 25p” (doesn’t really matter what you choose)

Video Settings

1. Select “Video” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Under Video, make sure…

  • Select “Windows Media Video 9” as the codec
  • Leave “Allow Interlaced Processing” Unticked
  • Under Bitrate Settings, Select “Two” encoding passes and make sure the mode is “Variable Constrained”. This offers way better results compared to a single encoding pass


Audio Settings

1. Select “Audio” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Under Audio, make sure…

  • Select “Windows Media Audio 9.1” as the audio codec
  • Under Bitrate Settings, Select “Two” encoding passes and make sure the mode is “Constant”. This will make sure the audio quality stays the same the whole way through the video


Audience Settings

1. Select “Audiences” on the left hand side of the Adobe Media Encoder

2. Audiences is the most important part as this is where you actually set the quality and the file size

3. Now, select your desired frame rate, it’s usually best to keep it at its original level. But, say you’re original level is 50 frames a second, reduce it to 25. If you’re going for a really small file, then you’d want to bring your fps down to 20 or 15, but 25 will always enhance the footage as it will appear a lot smoother.

4. For Pixel Aspect Ratio, set it to however you’re original footage is set. If you’re editing footage shot on the computer, then square pixels will give you the best results.

5. Frame Width and Frame Height is a big factor for when considering image quality with file size. You kind of need to match them both up. In theory, for simple scenes like a close up of a human face “1 bit” per 200 pixels will offer good results,you may even want to try 250 pixels per bit. But with a more complex scene which includes maybe scenery and shrubs or a fast action video.etc, you’d want to aim around “1 bit” per 100 pixels (no where over 140 pixels per bit). To work this out, simply look at all the scenes in your video. If your scenes vary a lot in terms of colour and complexity, then you want lesser pixels per bit, this will increase file size (or reduce image size) but will offer way better results otherwise. On the other hand, if you’re video contains long interviews with a still background. Then the compressor will be able to produce good results with a high pixel per bit rate.

6. Now, moving down to the basic audio settings, if you’re video contains a lot of sound and the sound is really important in the video. Then you wont want to go under 96kb/s, but I usually prefer to use 160kb/s or 128kb/s as if you compare the 160kb/s bitrate of the audio to the say 5000 bitrate of the video, you can see that the audio isn’t going to effect file size much in this case. The higher your video bitrate, the lesser the impact the audio will have on the filesize. Use CBR audio, not (A/V) CBR audio. Use stereo if your sound differs from channel to channel (most music does).

7. Back to the Video now, Set Decoder Complexity to Auto

8. For key frame interval, if you have a high action video with complex scenes, set this to about 1 or 2. On the other hand, if you have not so complex scenes like an interview with a still background, then you can raise this up to about 10.

9. Leave buffer size as default

10. Now, here is the good bit. Because earlier on, we set a Video Encoding mode to a Two pass encode with a variable but constrained bitrate. This means we can now give a maximum and average bitrate. It will use the maximum bitrate in the more complex scenes and will use the average bitrate for normal scenes. Now, setting your bitrate is important. This is basically, where we shove all our resolution and other data, in to a tightly packaged file. If you package your file to tight, bits of data start oozing out the corners which is why it’s important to package your video tight, but not too tight. Let’s say we have a rather complex video which is fairly fast paced with lots of different colours and scenes. We set our resolution to 1024×768 with a frame rate of 25 and we want excellent quality, but a small file size.

Ok, let’s put what we learnt in to play. Ok, 1024 multiplied by 768 gives us 786000 pixels. That means that every single frame will contain 786000 pixels. If our video is running at 25fps, that’s 19.2 million pixels a second. The way compressors work, is they look for similarities across multiple frames and they try and share the data. Sometimes, when you set the bitrate too low, it just can’t deal with that data so it needs to throw away some pixels. The lower the bitrate, the more pixels get thrown around or ripped up.

11. Now, we need to set the bitrate. So, seeing our scene is fairly complex, and we want good quality, I think 130 pixels per bit will be fine. So, lets divide 786000 by 130. This gives us 6040 bits. So, 6000 bits a second is what we need. We’ll set 6000 as the peak and 5000 as the average. Now, 5000 bits a second will produce a fairly large file in terms of the internet, but remember, we are using a resolution of 1024×768 which is very big in terms of the net, but we want viewers to see “all” the work we have put in to it.

12. Now, once the bitrate is set, we have our buffer size, the larger your bit rate, the larger you want your buffer size. In this case, a buffer of 20/25 will be fine (buffer usually doesn’t effect anything).



1. Now, save the preset buy hitting the floppy disk icon up the top of the Adobe Encoder Window. But, before you do that, place a comment for the preset if you want.

2. Now, hit OK at the bottom of the window which will then prompt you for a location to save it. It will also give an estimated file size based on your video length and you’re peak data rate (for both the video and audio). But seeing we are using a variable bit rate, this estimate is usually higher than the end result.

3. Let it render out, then enjoy.


  • It’s usually good to set your work area to a length of 5 seconds over a complex part of your video, that way, you can do test renders to find the best bit rate
  • If you get errors while exporting and you use a hyperthreading processor or a dual core processor, visit this site to fix the problem. If you don’t get this problem, it may still be a good idea to visit the site and get the new adobe media encoder.


I hope you learnt something from this tutorial Smiley



The Analysis Of The Play Of Giants By Professor Wole Soyinka


The play centres on some set of tyrannical or dictatorial African leaders at the bay in an embassy in New York. The four African heads of state – Benefacio Gunema, Emperor Kasco, Field- Marshal Kamini and General Barra Tuboum – believe in dictatorship by acquiring so much power, brutality of power and dehumanization. They are ruthless and five no room for freedom of humanity. They mismanage the resources of the nation (part 1, pg 4) believing that they the power (Part 1, pg 10).

These leaders give no room for human self expression and exploit the helpless masses. They derive pleasure in wars, ‘we fight, we kill or we die’ (part 1, pg 21). They see themselves as being born to rule and refer to themselves, especially Kamini, as Life President (part 1, pg 26). They acquire power through any available means, even through voodoo and imprisoned the ones who dare to challenge their authoritarian rule. Gunema sentenced to death those who plot against him.

The evils of these leaders do not end on there; they also go as far as violating the dignity womanhood. They have no regard for the women – force themselves on women and do have sex with them forcefully (part 2, pg 58). The amigos believe that rebellion is contagious disease and so they spend much to acquire destructive weapons in case of war or coup d’état (part 2, pg 63).

Other themes in the book include hatred, racism, egoism (ego-centric), power tussle and imperialism.

SETTING: The action takes place at the Bugaran Embassy to the United Nations, New York. The timer is a few years before the present.

CHARACTERS: The play, A play of Giants, has the following characters:

Benefacio Gunema, Emperor Kasco, Field- Marshal Kamini, General Bara Tuboum (These are the four African Head of State), Gudrum, a Scandinavian journalist, Chairman of the Bugara Central Bank, Sculptor, Bugaran Ambassador, Mayor of Hyacombe, Professor Batey, Two Russian Delegates, Two American Delegates, Task force specials, Guards and Secretary-General of the United Nations.

CHARACTERIZATION: The author introduces the characters himself to the reader by a way of prologue or interlude at the beginning and in the course of the play respectively. He took a critical look at the resemblance between the African Heads of State and recent historical characters has been too pronounced; leaders like Macias Nguema (late) of Equatorial Guinea, Jean Basptiste Bokassa of the Central African Republic, Mobutu Sese Koko of Congo Kinshasa and the Hero of heroes, the Field Marshal El-Haji Dr. Idi Aminof Uganda.

STRUCTURE: The play is divided into two (2) parts: Part One and Part Two

USE OF LITRARY DEVICES: The author makes use of narration in the course of the play. He also displays element of conflict through the aggressive African Heads of State and the representatives of UN and America.

Eutrophication: Stop It Before It Starts

Eutrophication is a dangerous, unhealthy, and extremely unsightly state for your pond. Once a pond reaches this point, it can take years to rehabilitate it to the point that it can sustain life again.

However, in most cases a pond also takes a number of years to get to this point in the first place. So, instead of lamenting the fact that the atmosphere around your pond is deteriorating, sometime during those multiple years you should take steps to halt the process before it becomes a major detriment to your property and the aquatic ecosystem.

How Does Eutrophication Start?

The term “eutrophication” actually comes from a Greek word meaning “overfed.” This is essentially what happens to your pond when it begins its journey down the road of eutrophication. It is “overfed” to the point that it cannot handle all of the elements flowing into it, and if the trend is allowed to continue it eventually becomes eutrophic – a dead ecosystem.

Excess nutrients (especially nitrogen and phosphorous) are the root cause of this process. One of the hardest problems to overcome with this is that there are so many possible sources for these nutrients to get into your pond – fertilizers, street runoff, animal excrement, and organic debris (such as leaves) just to name a few. Oftentimes the presence of farms or golf courses nearby can result in a large influx of these nutrients into your pond.

When these nutrients are constantly flowing into your pond, you end up getting a buildup that cannot naturally be maintained by the ecosystem. This is the catalyst that begins a dangerous cycle for ponds – or really any body of water. As a result of this nutrient buildup, plant life (especially algae) begins to form in abundance. If the buildup of nutrients is severe enough, the algal blooms will cover the entire surface of the water and not allow any sunlight to penetrate the water column. This then creates a couple of consequences: 1) it prevents photosynthesis from occurring below the surface of the water, lowering the dissolved oxygen content of the water, and 2) stops oxygen transfer from occurring through surface aeration. What you get then is a body of water extremely depleted of oxygen and sunlight, which causes fish and plant life alike to suffer. When fish and plants begin to die off, decomposing bacteria use the remaining oxygen to break down the dead organic compounds. The result is a body of water covered in algae, lacking in aquatic life and oxygen, both of which are necessary to promote a healthy aquatic ecosystem.

How To Cure Eutrophication

Once a pond becomes eutrophic, it is very difficult to rehabilitate. Not only do you have to fight the nutrients that are currently running off into the pond, but you also have to undo all of the problems that have compounded over the last x number of weeks, months, years. By this point, the nutrient load has been built to astronomical proportions, and it will certainly take some time for the pond to return to the state of a balanced ecosystem.

When going about attacking a eutrophic body of water, you have to do so in a way that is really going to address the root cause of the situation. You do not want to settle for a “solution” that is just going to get rid of the algae (chemicals/algaecides). While algae is the only symptom visible to your eyes from the surface, it is not the actual problem – it’s the nutrients, in case you skimmed ahead and missed that.

The most efficient way for these nutrients to be broken down is with the natural, aerobic bacteria in the water column. However, in order for these bacteria to work to their full potential, they need an adequate oxygen supply. If you are seeing large algal blooms, then you probably do not have the amount of oxygen that the bacteria need. You can also use environmentally friendly supplemental bacteria known as Pond Pro-Biotic.

The best way to go about obtaining this oxygen for your pond is through a diffused aeration system. This type of system releases air at the bottom of the pond, so that the bubbles rise and touch every part of the water column, increasing oxygen transfer. Some are obviously more effective than others, but when fighting eutrophication, anything is better than nothing.

What is important to understand is that the original reason that the pond is suffering is because it does not have enough oxygen to handle its nutrients. Just like on land, no oxygen means no life, and no life means a stagnant, dead ecosystem.

Stopping Eutrophication

The fact that I’ve described this as a bit of a daunting task is not an excuse to ignore the problem further. Instead, it’s motivation to do something about it now instead of waiting any longer. Eutrophication is a chronic problem throughout the world’s watersheds that is having great consequences in terms of water quality and aquatic life.

This problem starts with nutrient-filled smaller ponds that dump into other ponds, lakes, or rivers, and then eventually the watershed – sometimes the ocean, other times larger lakes or bays. The way to stop this problem is to provide all of these water bodies with an ample oxygen supply so that the natural bacteria can take care of the nutrients as they run into the pond, instead of working from behind all the time. Subdivisions or Homeowners Associations with stormwater retention ponds should look to aerate from the start, instead of waiting until some undefined time down the road. This will create healthy ecosystems from the beginning, and set a precedent for the pond so that it will be able to take care of any nutrients before they begin to cause problems that could eventually lead to eutrophication.

Cleaning Your Wax Pot And Tools

Unfortunately some of the most important elements of any treatment can be the most boring. Cleaning is one of them, but it is essential to any professional treatment. This article aims to provide a summary of how best to keep your wax pot, tools and treatment area clean ready for action. The article is split into sections, each dealing with a specific item.

A good practice to get into is to use a Hand Sanitizer Gel / Spray at the start of each treatment in front of your client. This helps demonstrate you commitment to hygiene without having to shout about it. Your actions speak louder than your words.

Wax Heaters

Throughout the day you need to be cleaning and wiping any wax spillages or drips from your heater. At all times when cleaning your heater make sure you use a Wax Equipment Cleaner product. If you use Surgical Spirit or Acetone you will find that this will dry out the plastic and make it brittle, leading to cracks and damage to the heater.

I have a small clearly labelled spray bottle that I pour some equipment cleaner into, and then at the end of a treatment I spray some onto a wax strip and wipe over my heater. This does the job quickly and easily, and done regularly it doesn’t become a big chore. Whenever using any cleaning products you are always advised to wear suitable gloves to protect your skin.

If you pour your wax into a refillable inner container bucket you may wish to change the wax you use some times. And to do this you will need to thoroughly clean the bucket to remove all traces of the previous wax. It is also good practice to do this once every so often even if you don’t change the waxes, just to ensure the bucket and product inside is clean and free from any contaminant.

The way I would normally do this is fairly simple; firstly heat up the bucket – maybe a little warmer than you would normally to make the wax very thin. Then carefully, using suitable protection for your hands (you don’t want to burn yourself), remove the bucket and pour any of the wax in the bottom into a suitable container for disposal – don’t pour it down the drain!

Now leave the bucket in a safe and secure place to completely cool down. Once it has gone cold, pour some equipment cleaner into the bucket, about 0.5 – 1cm depth. Leave this for a few minutes and then swill it around to dissolve as much wax as possible. You may find using a spatula helps to dislodge stubborn bits. Again dispose of into a suitable container and then repeat the process several times until all wax has been removed.

Once all wax has been removed thoroughly wash the bucket in warm water. Then fill it with your tool disinfectant solution, and ensure you leave it for the prescribed time as a minimum. Then again thoroughly rinse out and allow to completely dry before using again.

Tweezers And Other Small Tools

These need to be sanitised between each and every client. The easiest way to do this is to use a suitable tools disinfectant product such as Barbicide, or my personal preference Mundo Power Plus Instrument and Tool Disinfectant. You must pay careful attention to the manufacturer’s instructions, how long do the tools need to sit in the solution, it can be ten or more minutes, and how often must the solution be changed.

Mundo manufacturer a fantastic little tray that you can use to soak your tools in to ensure they are fully cleansed and ready for use.

Treatment Couch / Table & Surfaces

Oils and products can easily seep through towels onto your treatment table. You should always wipe this down with a suitable disinfectant cleanser each time you change the towels. You can even get disposable wipes that you can use to make this job even quicker and easier. Be sure to check that the cleaning product is suitable for use with your tables covering material. Some can dry out vinyl and other coverings eventually making them brittle leading to cracks and tears that can be costly to repair.

You also need to ensure you wipe down your surfaces, such as your trolley or any worktop you may be using with a suitable disinfectant.


These must be clean and fresh for every client. Towels must be washed at a minimum of 60 degrees Celsius. Personally I prefer to use a fabric softener with my towels, some people say you shouldn’t because it can affect the absorbency of them which is fair enough, but my towels are for lying on or under.

How to Build Your Own Home – Lesson 3 – Your Plans – Draftsman/ Designer Vs Architect

1. The Draftsman/Designer

Draftsman/Designer’s have expertise with design of interiors, carpeting, furniture, paint, etc., in actuality; draftsmen follow the directions of an architect, engineer or designer to make (vs. create) the plans. They are not licensed, as an architect is, to stamp plans in order to receive city building permits – More on this later.

If you choose to hire a draftsman/designer, be sure to find one that has a good working knowledge of building. I knew a draftsman/designer that designed beautiful country homes but you could tell this designer was relatively new to the industry because some of her designs could not be built the way they were drawn. This is because designers often do not understand how the construction process works. This is a key difference between draftsman/designers and architects. Choose someone that has had experience creating drawings that have been successfully built from by homebuilders, and who comes highly recommended.

Another source for a qualified draftsman/designer is the American Institute of Building Design. You can locate member in your area by visiting their web site. If you see a home that you like, check with the owner to see if they know who designed it. If the home is fairly new, you could go to the building department and possibly see the plans on file, you can acquire the name of the designer from those plans.

2. The Architect

Architects have expertise in design but are especially helpful because of their knowledge of technology and structural aspects of how to put together a building. He or she has gone to school a long time and are licensed professionals who are qualified to offer clients a wide range of services. Working with an architect can give you someone to lean on from start to finish. He/she can help you with your site and landscape plans. He/she can help you select colors, furnishings, etc. as well. The architect can offer several other valuable services to help your construction plan go smoothly. For example, he/she can visit the site, monitoring and observing construction. The architect can be a valuable asset in reviewing contracts and helping you ultimately select a reputable contractor or subcontractor.

Another service the architect can provide is to walk through your plans with the city/county to expedite getting the necessary permits.

Keep in mind that an architect’s fees are going to be higher than those of a draftsman/designer, which makes sense considering all of the additional services and safeguards that you’ll get the benefit of. A good architect can charge anywhere from 7% to 10% of the final cost, or more. Fees may be negotiable, though. For example, I hire very qualified architects in the Atlanta area for less than a third of those figures, which, by the way, is a very cheap price to pay for someone that qualified to create your house, plans and see the job through to completion.

As always, when hiring someone, it is best to discuss the exact services that the architect will provide under the contract, so you know what services to expect for the fee you will be paying. Also, ask for references and examples of his/her work. Not all architects are wonderful artists. Perhaps their style does not mesh with our style, either. If you want an original work of art, a thing of beauty – just because you’ve gone to the expense of an architect does not mean you automatically will have hired an artist. I feel only one in three architects are true artist. For that reason, I have sometimes hired an artistic designer to design a home of beauty, and then I would hire an architect to do the working drawings.

Note: In many areas, you do not have to have an architectural stamp on a set of residential drawings. You could draw them yourself. I’ve seen some builders draw a sketch on a piece of scratch paper, hand it to the framing carpenter and say, “Make it look like the third house on the left!” Find out if you will need stamped drawings from your local government.

In many areas you could build a duplex [two unit building] or a triplex [three unit building] without an architectural stamp on the drawings. However, if you build four units or more, which in many areas is considered multi-family, or if you build commercial or industrial, you would be required to have an architectural stamp or a professional engineer’s stamp on the plans.

If you build anything unusual like a “foam home,” the only way you may be able to pass the local codes and inspections would be to have an architectural stamp or a professional engineer’s stamp on those unusual plans. Having a stamp is no guarantee, because the local government reviews everything and you don’t know what is going to pass.

Chair Mat Benefits and Types

When working in an office on a computer it is vital that you invest in a chair mat. It will help you by not allowing static to get to the computer. If static goes through your computer you can lose valuable information and work as well as wreck havoc on your computer. It works by eliminating the static from the person before he or she touches the computer.

Chair mats also keep the desk area clean and new looking. You will save the life of your carpet simply by using it. Many people drink soda, coffee and / or eat at their desk and mishaps will occur. Wet or muddy shoes will also damage your floor over time. For a small investment, you take out the worry of accidents. One can easily wipe up spills with a cloth on the plastic surface.

It will also help the person working at the desk by not having to struggle to move from one area to the next. This way, the chair easily glides across the floor versus having to struggle to push around with one's leg muscles. Repetitive pushing with one's leg muscles can cause leg pain and back pain.

Many quality mats have protective edges that are made so people do not trip on them. Most chair mats come in a variety of sizes to fit your office needs.

Here are the types of chair mats to be aware of:

White chair mat – You may want these as the mat will fit right under your desk and let you slide on the wheels of your office chair with ease. Get your work done quicker and safer by using one.

Clear chair mat – You can select a one to make the chair mat less noticeable. Some people prefer the clear variety so that the office rug shows through. Or maybe you have wooden floors in your office that you want to show off. No matter what your particular style of flooring at your place of business, the clear office mat will practice and invisibly fit in anywhere.

Chair mats for carpets – These come with a lip to slide under your desk. On the bottom of the chair mat there are tiny textured "dots" to hold the chair mat in place. The textured dots grip the carpeting so that the mat will not slide around. The top of the mat is not slippery when walking on it, yet will let a person slide around on their wheeled chair with ease.

Chair mat for hard floors – Keep your wood floor, vinyl wood floor, etc., looking newer longer with a white or clear mat for hard surface floors. The wheels of the chair become dirty and can leave stains. By using one you will avoid such a mess. The mat for hard floors also has a safe edge all around it so people will not trip on them.

Keep your hard work on the computer safe. Also, wheel around the carpeting, wood, tile or other type of flooring with ease to get maximum work done. Keep your floors looking clean and beautiful by using a chair mat.

What is the History of Stain Removers?

When your kid asks the question ‘what is the history of stain removers’, you do not really have to fumble for words. Here is an overview of use of different natural materials, soap and detergents for stain removal purposes.

The first of all stain removers is plain water. People find it is easy to wash away mud at a stream or a river.

The history of cleaning agents runs back to ancient Babylonian culture. Soap like materials were evacuated from ancient Babylonian remains. The 4500-5000 year old remains also have detailed description of making such materials. It is however not clear whether they used the fat and ash mixed material for cleaning purposes.

Egyptian, Romans, Japanese, Greek and Chinese cultures of the ancient times paid attention to cleanliness and used different materials for cleaning purposes.

Chinese used the fruit of soap-nut tree (Sapindus Mukorossi) for cleaning soft silk clothes. The nut yielded a soap-like material, which thoroughly cleans the silk and is soft on the fabric.

Soap making started in Europe in the seventh century. Soap making in Europe was mostly a family tradition and people kept the technique of soap making a secret. They used animal fat and plant oils to make soap. They also knew the technique of adding perfumes to the soap for fragrance. The soaps were used for bathing and laundry purposes. Italy, Spain and France were the leaders in soap making.

Large scale soap manufacturing began in 1791, with the invention of a process of making soda ash from common salt by a French scientist Nicholas Leblanc. Several advancements came to Leblanc method of soap. The cost and time for making soda ash became lower.

German scientists developed a method of making cleaning agents without plant oil or animal fat. This chemically synthesized material is called detergent. This is harsher than soap (that produced from fat and oil). This happened in 1916, when the availability of fat and oils was scarce.

Utilization of enzymes for detergent manufacturing was a breakthrough in detergent manufacturing. A no enzyme content detergents too are available today, but the biggest thrust is on enzyme added detergents. There is however different environmental problems associated with use of enzymes in detergents.

Further researches produced higher quality detergents at lower costs. Detergents eventually went on to surpass soap as the preferred cleaning agent.

Later researches on cleaning products were concentrated on safety of the users and environment, ease of use and lower production costs. Detergents and soaps are available as cakes, powder and in liquid form. Detergents that mix well in saline water are also readily available in the market.

That is the history of stain removers, which started off as a mixture of fat and ash or plant products, which, with advancement in research facilities has grown to such high proportions that everyone today can afford to have a stain remover of his or her choice. Read more Carpet Cleaning Tips from a Professional Carpet Cleaner.

Blood Cleanser Herbs To Get Rid Of Pimples And Acne

It is now widely believed that acne or pimples can be caused by the toxins and impurities in the blood and cleansing the blood of toxins and other impurities is the best way to get rid of this common skin condition. Blood cleansing can be achieved through several different methods, such as diet, fasting, and the intake of natural blood purifier herbs. There are many natural blood cleansing herbs that have traditionally been used to cure or prevent the outbreaks of several skin disorders, including acne, skin eruptions, rashes, boils, wounds, eczema, and psoriasis.

Neem is one of the potent natural blood cleanser herbs to cure pimples and acne. It does have antibacterial, antifungal, and inflammatory properties. This medicinal plant is used in Ayurveda to treat a host of skin ailments like acne, eczema, and psoriasis. Make a paste of neem leaves and add some turmeric powder to it. Rub this paste on your acne, let it dry for sometime, and then wash it off.

Red Clover is a powerful blood cleansing agent and is effective in the treatment of acne or pimples. It contains nutrients like flavonoids, isoflavones, lecithin, coumarins, magnesium, calcium, chromium, potassium, thiamine, phosphorus, and vitamin C. Red clover has the potential to cure respiratory problem, menopause symptoms, osteoporosis, and skin conditions like acne, psoriasis, rashes and eczema. It can also work as a diuretic. This herb can be taken internally to purify blood and to reduce acne breakouts.

Burdock root is another one among the natural blood cleanser herbs to cure pimples and herbs. It helps remove excessive toxins from the blood that cause skin conditions. Burdock root contains antifungal and antibacterial properties and can combat the acne-causing bacteria. Add one teaspoon of dried burdock root to two to three cups of water and boil it. When the water starts to boil, lower the heat and allow the mixture to simmer for about half an hour. Strain the tea. Drink a half cup of burdock root tea two to three times daily to cure your acne or pimples. Apply burdock root tea topically to the affected area with a cotton ball.

Tea made from dandelion root is also beneficial to cure acne or pimples. Dandelion is a known blood cleanser. It purifies blood, improves liver functions, and stimulates the flow of bile. Dandelion root contains potassium, zinc, iron, and vitamins A, B, C, and D. It is available in many forms, including tea, tincture, and capsule. Drinking dandelion tea regularly is considered to be a good remedy for acne. However, do not drink dandelion tea while using lithium, diuretics, or anti-depressant medications.

A further way to cleanse the blood and to cure the acne is to drink four cups of nettle tea a day. Nettle possesses blood cleansing and anti-inflammatory properties. Yellow dock also has blood cleansing properties. It can be used to cure many skin conditions, such as skin rashes, insect bites, psoriasis, and eczema. Milk thistle and Echinacea are other blood cleanser herbs to cure pimple and acne. It is very important to consult with your doctor before taking any herbal supplements for acne.

3 Types Of Laminating Machines And How They Work

Are you looking to buy a laminating machine? There are many types of these machines that you can go for. Here are some of the most common:

Pouch laminator

This is a unit that heats the laminate and seals both sides. The unique feature of this unit is that the laminate isn’t attached to the machine. To laminate your document you need to place the document that you want to laminate inside the laminate pouch and turn the machine on in order to heat up.

Once ready, place the pouch in the machine and the machine rollers will pull the pouch through the heat. The two layers of the laminate consist of polyester-based layer and adhesive resin. When the two touch and are heated, the resin melts creating a hard surface and bonds with the polyester layer.

Large laminator

There are two types of this unit: large film and pouch type. The pouch type is explained above. The large film laminator is designed to laminate big items or many items at the same time. To use the machine you need to turn it on and place the items that you want to laminate at the bottom sheet of clear laminate.

When you turn on the machine, the rollers pull the bottom layer as the top layer rolls out simultaneously. When the two laminating layers touch each other, they seal thus sealing the item inside.

Cold machine

This is a unique laminating machine that is designed for documents that are resistant to heat. These include carbon copies and those with ink jet print. This machine works by activating the laminate through pressure instead of heat. The document to be laminated is sent through the machine that rolls the two document layers together and presses them in place.

Tips of using laminating machines

For the machine to give you ideal results you need to give it time to heat. The time you give depends on the model of your machine. You can tell if the machine is ready by looking at the indicator light. Once the machine is ready, the light flashes on and off.

When laminating the documents, be cautious of the speed that you use. As rule of thumb laminate thick items such as poster boards at slower speeds. Use faster speeds on thin items such as notebook papers.


This is what you need to know about laminating machines. When buying them ensure that you buy from a reputable store.

10 Funny Costume Ideas For Halloween 2009

If your budget’s tight or you’re simply looking for something different to do for Halloween this year, here’s a list of 10 funny costume ideas you can make at home in minutes for very little cost. Each one is a play on words, and they’re sure to earn you some grins or groans at the office Halloween party.

1) Freudian Slip – Wear a slip with a sign on it that says “Freud.”

2) Tic Tac Toe – Glue a container of Tic Tacs to the toe of your shoe.

3) Devil’s Advocate – Carry a sign that says, “Vote for the Devil.”

4) Blessing in Disguise – Put on a pair of dark sunglasses and a dark hat and wear a sash that says, “Bless You.”

5) Cereal Killer – Dress in black and glue mini cereal boxes to your shirt. Stick plastic knives into the boxes and add some ketchup for “blood.”

6) Quarter Pounder – Carry around some quarters and a hammer. When someone asks you what you are, pound a quarter.

7) CD Burner – Wear a blank CD around a neck and carry a pack of matches or a lighter.

8) God’s Gift to Women – Gift wrap a large box and cut holes in the top and sides for your head and arms. Add a gift tag that says “To: Women” and “From: God.”

9) Dr. Pepper – Wear medical scrubs and attach peppers to your shirt.

10) Identity Crisis – Wear any color shirt and stick name tags with different names all over it.

Braum’s Ice Skating Rink in Oklahoma City

Winter brings with it numerous opportunities for fun and recreational activities for everyone. If you are looking for a winter workout in Oklahoma City, Braum’s Ice skating rink in front of the Civic Center Music Hall, Downtown is the best place to visit.

Exciting Features of Braum’s Ice Skating Rink

The 62 by 150-foot rink is said to be one of the largest outdoor rinks in the Southwest. This means the rink has increased its size by 50 percent compared to the year before with an intention to accommodate more visitors and give additional space for skaters to show off. The entertainment stage of the rink offers a host of activities such as singing and dancing. On special nights you get to enjoy with Santa, as well. All these add to the festive mood of December. Participants can visit the Braum’s Ice Rink Café for coffee, soda, hot cocoa, hamburgers, hot dogs, and ice cream.

Important Things to Know About Braum’s Ice Rink

The skating season starts from November 25 and runs through January 1. All these days the rink is open from noon till 10 in the night. Braum’s Ice Rink is also open during Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, the same hours. For skating, you can bring your own skates or get shiny new skates for rent from the rink. Skates are available in all sizes. If you rent the skates, the ticket rates may go up to $8, otherwise, you need to pay just 5$.

Additional Entertainment Activities in Oklahoma City

Besides giving room for ice skating activities, Braum’s ice skating rink in Downtown, Oklahoma City offers a range of other entertainment activities which include snow tubing at the Brick, evening cruises on Bricktown Water Taxis, boating near The Oklahoman Christmas tree and much more. Many of the hotels in this place offer their guests special shuttle services to all interesting locations.

The Language of Apartments

Renting an apartment can be an intimidating experience. Your desire to move and their desire to fill a vacancy can lead to misunderstandings and cost everyone time, money and grief. Below you will find a list of terms and questions that you will definitely run into, in your apartment or house search.

What does look and lease mean?
These are the specials that apartments offer you to get you to fill out an application today. They are often substantial. A month free, $ 200 off your first month, 2 weeks free. They are meant to entice you to put your application in TODAY

The ad said zero deposit! Why do they want $ 150?
This is the admin fee or administration fee and almost apartments charge for it. But they do not advertise it … and they do not have to. The administration fee is what they charge you to process your application. Usually this charge is in addition the application fee and the deposit.

What is an A property?
Apartments are classified A, B, and C. Its not like a report card, but reiterates to the age of the property. Properties constructed from roughly 1990 up are considered A properties, if they were built in the 1980's, there B properties, C properties are from the 60's and 70's. When you're looking for your new home you want to concern yourself not only with the property, but the area as well. Many B properties and most if not all C properties do not have w / d connections. But they may be located in a great area.

What do I need to bring with me when were looking?
All properties will require identification. For most people thats a driver license or picture ID. If you decide to lease, you will also need your checkbook or a money order to hold the unit. Few property will accept cash. Only a very few take credit cards. Most properties ask for 3 paycheck stubs. Your rental history is very important to them so make it easy to verify by having your old landlords number handy. Of course they will verify your credit with your social security number. A good attitude never hurts.

What kind of lifestyle can I expect in an apartment?
In an A + property, you might be surprised if you havent leased for a while. Workout facilities, business centers, theaters, superb apartment maintenance, trash pick-up, and an apartment that is spacious, with ceiling fans, 9 ft ceilings, updated appliances, accent walls, Jacuzzis and very nice pools are all fairly standard. But remember … location, location, location. . In a good B + property, you may not have all the bells and whistles … but many of these apartments have a lot of character, with old trees and in established and interesting parts of town, its a different lifestyle. A good locator understands the psychology behind housing and can help you make that decision, while keeping your commute and budget in mind too.

How soon should I start looking?
That is a tricky question. If your lease is up in 30 days are less, you will want to start yesterday. If your on a 60 day notice and you go to another property that works on 60 day notices … again … no problem. But if your on a 60 day notice and the property can only hold the unit for 15 to 30 days or so …. then its a problem. That makes getting you what you want competitive. The 60 day notice is a nasty little trick that could lock you into a lease longer than you bargained for because for the most part you cant lease an apartment, house or duplex until at least 30 days out..but at that point you've already put in your notice at your current address and do not have a place to live lined up … in other words your in a panic about where your going to live for 30 days before you can even start to look. Any good apartment locator can help you if your in this situation …. sit tight …. stay in touch with them and let them get this solved for you.

I put in an application 3 days ago! Why havent I heard back from them?
Many properties meticulously verify by phone or fax the information you gave on your application. They may not be able to speak with your employer or the last place you rented. Others, especially tax credit properties have a compliance board that they must submit to. Newer apartments who score so heavily on your consumer credit report can usually get you approved while you wait.

T hey denied me and they can not even tell me why!
Many apartments use a point system like Saferent or Credit Retriever. When they run your rental application, it will come back to them accept, accept with conditions, or decline. Accept with conditions usually means an extra deposit. They may not know themselves why you were denied. They typically have a 1-800 number to their corporate office which you can call and get the specifics.

I changed my mind and they said there keeping my deposit anyway!
The apartment has the right to keep your rental deposit, if they have accepted you, held the unit for you, and then you changed your mind. If you are denied, they must refund your rental deposit, but not your application.

They said I did not give a 30 day notice!
Apartments are very strict about this. You must give proper notice and they must know you have given proper notice. Write it, date it, and make an extra copy for your records. In spite of the fact you have fulfilled the time on your lease, you could still end up with a broken lease because you did not give proper notice. Worse still … you could be denied at the next property your looking at. Most properties want you to give notice no later then the 3rd of the month. There are quite a number of properties that make you give a 60 day notice. Be sure you know exactly what the policy is.

A word about extra rental deposits.
Everybody hates them! But they can get you in many, many times in spite of your situation. The good news is they are totally refundable at the end of your lease. Apartment deposits range anywhere from an extra $ 100 to first and last months rent. Depending on what part of the country your in.All apartments will have a different policy regarding deposits and they are subject to change for no particular reason. What properties want is security that you will not default on the rental lease agreement.

Good luck in your search and for more information about the leasing process visit my site []

Six Common Wart Types

There are only a handful of different wart types out there, but first let’s clarify what warts are. Warts are small, harmless skin growths caused by the human papillomavirus. They can grow individually or in groups.

The first type is the common wart. They can grow anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the fingers, knees and elbows. Common warts are firm and rough. They can vary in shape, but are often almost perfectly round. And they average about a half inch in diameter. They’re often described as “cauliflower” like in appearance. They vary in color from a dark brown to a yellow or flesh color. You may also notice small dark spots in the center, which are blood vessels.

Plantar warts are another wart type. These are warts that grow on the feet-usually the sole of the foot. They’re very similar in appearance to common warts, except they’re often flat. The flattened shape is caused the pressure of walking on them. Of course, the pressure from walking also means they can become painful, which they often do.

Next, there are flat warts. This particular kind of wart is most common in children, but adults can get them. Flat warts tend to grow in larger numbers, sometimes over 20 at a time. In children, they tend to grow on the face, and adults tend to find them on their extremities. Flat warts are generally lighter in color than other types of warts. And as you’ve probably already guessed, they tend to be flat and smooth in appearance.

Finally, there are a few other types of warts out there, including periungual (around the nail) and genital. Both of these warts are characterized by their body location, i.e. they tend to grow in those particular regions of the body.

Also, there are filiform warts, which are characterized by their shape in that these warts tend to be long and narrow. They commonly grow on the eyelids.

Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin, Former British Hill Station

Certainly the most ‘unburmese’ yet one of the best known cities and favourite tourist sites in Burma is a formerly very small Shan-Danu village that the locals call ‘Pyin Oo Lwin’. It is located in the Shan hills, some 42 miles/68 kilometres north-east of and some 3.220 ft/976 metres higher than Mandalay from where to get here takes about 2.5 hours by car. Starting in Mandalay one has first to pass the plain north of Mandalay and then drive through the steadily climbing foothills of the Shan mountains.

What Pyin Oo Lwin (1.070 metres/3.510 feet above sea level) has in common with Nurwaelya in Sri Lanka and Dajiling in India are three things: they are all hill stations, have all a pleasant temperate weather and are all very British. This because all of them were created by the British as a reminder of the ‘Old Country’.

What Pyin Oo Lwin was and still is it owes to the facts that it lies at a strategically important point in Upper Burma, that it has an even during and at the height of the hot season very pleasant ‘European’ micro-climate and to a British officer of the Royal Bengal Infantry: Colonel May.

After the last member of the Konbaung dynasty and last and very cruel Burmese King Thibaw (under whose short, seven-years merciless reign (1878 to 1885) every year many thousands of Burmese were murdered) had spend little time to severely alienating the British by, among others, sending his forces into the territory of then British India. Upper Burma was within two weeks effortlessly occupied by the British colonial forces in 1885 and Colonel May stationed at the hill station of Pyin Oo Lwin in 1887. He ‘founded’ the town, then named in combination of his name ‘May’ and the Burmese term for town ‘Myo’, ‘Maymyo’, which is the name the town is mainly known by especially outside Burma.

Maymyo, the small town with its many Tudor-style brick and timber houses that has once been Burma’s best known and most popular hill station has plenty to offer to both foreign visitors and locals. This also goes for its surroundings – well known for their natural beauty made of and comprising green, tree-covered hillsides and picturesque waterfalls.

Something that immediately upon arrival in Maymyo catches the eye is the somewhat out-of-place and out-of-time appearing mode of transportation; very romantic, horse/pony-drawn, brightly painted and picturesque enclosed miniature coaches from bygone times. These carriages offer sufficient space to sit in for two passengers but get a bit overcrowded with four adult passengers squeezed into it.

Depending on the view one takes or equation one prefers they are looking like coming just out of either London’s pre-automobile streets or the American Wild West’s Wells Fargo days. However, the stage coach is Maymyo’s chief means of transport. Around town the ride in them is a little bumpy on the hard seats, though. But that quickly pales into insignificance against the backdrop of this small but in many aspects still so very ‘British’ town.

The main attraction and centrepiece of the town – though not located in the centre of the town – is the on the day of its opening in 1917 some 170 acres and in present days some 472 acres/175 hectare large Botanical Gardens, now called ‘Kandawgyi National Gardens’, that include a some 70 acres big lake.

This extremely beautiful botanical garden and magnet for locals as well as foreigners would – although it is been significantly enlarged since it was first opened – not exist if not the botanist and British forest official Mr. Charles Alex Rogers had created it from 1915 to 1916 with the help of Turkish World War One POW gardeners the British army had made.

There is a little island in the lake located on which is a small stupa. The garden, on the one hand, a natural landscape, on the other hand, a professionally arranged, superficial park, yet not quite either can be given a bird-eye view from the top floor of the 10-storey high ‘Nan Myint Tower’ that is located in it. The tower is built in a style resembling a Burmese watch-tower. From up there one becomes more aware even than while strolling through it on the ground that the garden is a centre of botanical study; a colourful, aesthetically arranged medley of trees, plants and flowers. That is to say, a patchwork of areas of different shades of green comprising meadows and e.g. pines, chestnut trees, oak trees, poplars, interspersed with brightly and differently coloured patches of colourful blossoms of e.g. rhododendron, chrysanthemum and orchids, and so on.

What makes all this natural splendour of both the park and the entire region possible is apart from the expert landscaping and gardening of the park the rich soil combined with the very favourable micro-climate of this mountainous region that is much cooler (by up to 18 Celsius-degrees) than the hot plains but never so cold that it freezes although it can get quite chilly here For this reason visitors coming from the hot plain to Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin should be reminded that bringing along socks and pullover is definitely advisable.

It is this perfect climate that effected two things. Firstly, that all varieties of trees, plants, flowers, fruits and vegetables, both native and European are sprouting here in abundance and year-round and that, secondly, here is a very pleasant living environment for humans.

The perfect, temperate weather results in the fact, that Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin and the area surrounding it is a main supplier of high-quality vegetables, fruits, coffee and flowers not only for the town itself and the lowland markets in closer vicinity (what includes Mandalay) but also farther and far-away towns and cities including even Yangon.

Speaking of fruits. The Europeans’ – and especially British – favourite fruit that makes up the genus ‘Fragaria’ of the family ‘Rosachilaensis’, commonly known as ‘strawberry’, is growing here galore throughout the cooler months of the year. Surely, what therefore immediately springs to the mind of Western early post WW II generations visiting this town is the 1967 Beatles-world hit ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’.

The very pleasant living environment results in the fact that Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin was soon after being occupied by the British transformed into a retreat for European, predominantly British- business people, civil servants and military personnel, in consequence of which many companies and private persons started to build smaller and larger ‘English country mansion-style’ houses. Not only are many of them still standing but they are also strikingly good preserved in their original architecture. Other houses, however, are architectural marked by a strange, yet interesting and more often than not even beautiful English-Indian style-mix.

The town is dotted with a total number that may well exceeds 100 of these Edwardian and Tudor style teak wood and brick buildings that stand solemn witness to Maymyo’s colonial era. One of them is the ‘Canda Craig’, the former chummery of the ‘Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation’ (BBTC), in present-day Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin the ‘Thiri Myaing Hotel’.

By the by, it was a dispute over the exploits of the Bombay Burmah Trading Company between the Burmese king Thibaw and the British that made the British draw the line what, in turn, led to the third Anglo-Burmese war and,finally, to the founding of Maymyo.

That the BBTC was engaged in wood industry-based business (teak logging) becomes evident through the plenty of teak-wood that was used when constructing this wonderful building in English country mansion style. A notable masterpiece of carpentry is the sweeping staircase that leads from the lobby up to the first floor.

The Canda Craig has lost much of its appeal without the deceased Mr. Bernhard, the chummery cook from the colonial era who was the soul of it all. Nevertheless it still bears a lot of very British features not only as regards the building as such with its big fireplace, the ‘Hedera helix’ (ivy) covered ground-floor walls and the beautiful garden in which it is embedded in and surrounded by, but also in its offerings: Morning Tea, ‘Fife-o’clock-Tea’, Roast beef, log-fire in the fire place (when it is too cold), the lot.

But there is yet one more British element. As rumour has it, the Canda Craig is haunted by ghosts. But this is nothing to worry about. It may well be Mr. Bernhard’s ghost, roaming the premises in his last ditch attempt to uphold British tradition. After all, what could be more British than a haunted house? By the by, in the early 1970s the in 1941 in America born novelist and travel writer, Paul Theroux lodged as described in his in 1975 published book ‘The Great Railway Bazaar’ in the Canda Craig. Theroux won in 1982 the ‘James Tait Black Memorial Prize’ for his book ‘The Mosquito Coast’ that was 1986 made into a film, starring Harrison Ford),

One of Maymyo’s/Pyin Oo Lwin’s other signs of its colonial era is, apart from the previously mentioned Edwardian, Victorian and Tudor style buildings located among other on the Mandalay-Lashio Road – the ‘Purcell Tower’, Maymyo’s clock tower, a copy of the clock tower in Cape Town/South Africa. The Purcell Tower that is located on the Mandalay-Lashio Road in the town’s centre (opposite the market) is just like her kin in Cape Town a present of Queen Victoria who lived from 1819 to 1901.

Queen Victoria was seemingly a stickler for punctuality for she has presented a lot of other clock towers to a lot of other towns during her reign. The Purcell Tower’s bell chimes the same 16-note-tune in hour-intervals that is to hear from its 13.5 tons weighing brother ‘Big Ben’ in the House of Parliament’s (London) 320 feet/98 metres high clock tower.

The town’s main street, the High Street, being part of the famous ‘Burma Road’, linking India’s Assam with China’s Yunnan – is lined with a large number of partly Tudor-style houses and partly buildings of indefinable architecture. The people living in these houses are, as the rest of the town’s inhabitants, a melting-pot of different ethnic groups and nationalities such as Burmans, Shans and sub-tribes, Chinese and to a large degree Indians and Nepalese, descendants of the Indians and Nepalese Ghurkhas of the British-Indian army who put down roots here after the war.

These people still keep up some of the old traditions in both their private lives and their work as hoteliers, waiters, gardener, coach-driver, etc.

The multi-nationality of the population is reflected in its multi-religiousness. Christians, Buddhists and Moslems, all have their own places to worship their respective deity/deities. The on the town’s north-eastern outskirts situated beautiful Chinese Temple (a 10-minutes stroll from the Canda Craig) with the bright yellow roofs covering its several buildings, the huge green mosque on High street (close to the Purcell Tower), three churches, the Gothic-style brig-structure of the ‘Shwe Hnalone Taw Catholic Church’ (which is the translation of the original English name ‘Sacred Heart Church’ into Burmese), the ‘Immaculate Conception Church’ and the ‘St. Michaels Church’ as well as the picturesque ‘Maha Anhtoo Kantha Paya’, are all remarkable examples of this.

The ‘Maha Anhtoo Kantha Pagoda’ (Pagoda of the reluctant Buddha), from the wall surrounding it and its terrace to its orb-crowned vane dressed in a combination of dazzling white and shiny gold, is by definition a ‘Uddisaka Zedi’ as it is enshrining an image of the Gautama Buddha.

The pagoda is at the time of this writing scarcely 40 years old and the incident that has led to its coming to be is as strange as it is note-worthy. Here is the story.

A China-bound truck coming from Mandalay laden with three very heavy Buddha images made of marble, passed through Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin when for whatever reason one of the images obviously decided not to continue its journey anymore and to put down roots in Maymyo. It simply dropped off the truck on a hill-top just outside the town and landed on the ground without suffering any damage. It successfully resisted all following attempts of being loaded back on the truck and (logically?) the easiest solution to the problem seemed to be to build the Maha Anhtoo Kantha around the Buddha image to give it a new and permanent home.

Another pagoda, the ‘Naung Kan Gyi Pagoda’, is situated on a hill-top north of the town. From here one has an impressive view over Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin and the surrounding hill sides.

Other points of interest outside Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin are the ‘Dat Taw Gyike waterfall’, the ‘Pwe Kyauk waterfall’, located some 8 kilometres/5 miles out of town in Lashio direction, the Wetwun Waterfall’, some 24 kilometres/15 miles outside town, and the more spectacular ‘Anisakan Waterfall’ in Anisakan village, which is located some 8 kilometres/5 miles away in direction Mandalay.

The Anisakan is a five-part waterfall, the part in the centre being the most spectacular one.

Also well-worth being visited is the ‘Peik Chin Myaung Buddha Cave’ complex with a waterfall cascading out of the cave’s mouth. The cave’s main shrine with its stalactites growing down from the ceiling is about one mile away from the cave’s entrance. It houses – surrounded by other statues – a Gautama Buddha image in a seated mudra posture. This ‘Bhumisparsha mudra’ position is showing Gautama Buddha calling on mother earth to stand witness to his moment of Enlightenment.

7 Qualities of an Irreplaceable Charismatic Leader

In this article I’m going to show you 7 qualities of a charismatic leader that you can use if you wish to become more charismatic and lead any group of people. This is by no means a comprehensive and exhaustive list, but it’s enough to give you an edge and become an irreplaceable asset on any organization or to create and lead a group of people based on your personal vision.


Max Weber defined charisma as a certain quality of an individual personality, by virtue of which he is set apart from ordinary men and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities. These are such as are not accessible to the ordinary person, but are regarded as of divine origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them the individual concerned is treated as a leader The charismatic leadership is the ‘power legitimized on the basis of a leader’s exceptional personal qualities or the demonstration of extraordinary insight and accomplishment, which inspire loyalty and obedience from followers.


It’s a completely different kind of leadership than the ones you usually read and learn on leadership books. This leadership depends upon a person fascinating a group based on the strength of their personality or the passion of their vision. This is a leadership based on the leader’s ability to communicate and behave in ways that reach followers on an emotional way to inspire and motivate.


Charismatic leadership it’s not easy to develop like other types of leadership, but this can make you irreplaceable in any group… which is a problem for the organization, but the ideal situation for you, the individual, especially on our days of economic uncertain.


Here are the 7 qualities of a charismatic leader:


1) Strength or personality: All the charismatic leaders had a personality that attracted people to them. It’s like they are magnetic. They have a distinct, solid and strong personality. We all know there’s not two individuals the same, but the charismatic leader, is really completely distinct from everyone else, not because of their different ideas (which they might and often have) but because their personality has a seemingly unlimited strength and passion. This is the true key! Everyone is drawn to a strong and passionate individual. This strength and passion cultivates a cult of personality that creates an admiration and an ideal to aspire to. It’s the so called ideal of ego.


2) Vision: You, as a charismatic leader, should always know to where you’re heading. Having a clear vision that points the way to where you and your group should be heading is a crucial step.  And not just any vision, one that it’s incredibly compelling and it’s in line with your values, interests and desires. Your passion for this vision should be so intense that other people will fall in love with it. A powerful and current vision – one that really connects with your deepest passions and triggers your highest potential – helps you to know why you’re doing what you’re doing, regardless of what’s going on outside of yourself or the challenges presented to you at any given time.


3) Simplify your speech: The speech of a charismatic should be simple and straightforward, preferably with the use of stories and metaphors& this will make everyone relate to you much more easily. If they cannot understand you, they won’t follow you. Create images in the minds of your group of what they can become by following you. Look at Martin Luther King and his famous I have a dream” speech: simple, straightforward, full of imagery, that transmits HIS vision.. It’s not by coincidence that this is one of the most known speeches in the history of the world.


4) Feeling your own emotions strongly and making others feel your emotions: this is a key point for infectious transmission of your vision. A charismatic leader is never numb to life. Look around, many people you meet are living in a seemingly waking sleep. They just want to get through the day without screwing up, long were the days of interesting lives and living intensely. They live in a cleverly made routine with no real surprises in their lives. When someone intense and different pops in the scene, they follow him like bees to honey& for once they have a bigger ideal to follow, they have again intensity and fire in their lives even if lived through another person. This leads to&


5)  Creation of emotional bonds: Emotional bonds last for much longer than intellectual bonds. When an emotional connection is made, it can last a very long time. Charismatic Leaders don’t want others to follow them only based on their intellectual ideas, they play on emotions to create powerful bonds. 


6) Search for the spotlight: Whenever you have the opportunity to spread your vision, go for it! A charismatic leader doesn’t hide on the backstage, the charismatic leader is always on the stage. Only this way you can get more followers. If you are not known, you don’t spread your vision, and you don’t get more followers. Take advantage of the spotlight, it’s a great opportunity. Seek it!


7) Claim Higher Principles: Your strength and passion comes from something higher than yourself. You are just the transmitter of a higher principle… be it ethical and moral values, a dream of a nation, or even supernatural or divine strength.