"Wild Nights – Wild Nights!" – A Discussion of the Poem by Emily Dickinson

Wild Nights – Wild Nights!

Were I with thee

Wild Nights should be

Our luxury!

Futile – the Winds –

To a Heart in port –

Done with the Compass –

Done with the Chart!

Rowing in Eden –

Ah, the Sea!

Might I but moor –

Tonight – With Thee!

The Poem

“Wild Nights” can be interpreted several different ways, but the most obvious interpretation is that the poem expresses love, passion, and sexual desire. The opening stanza certainly gives the modern reader the image of a passionate encounter between two lovers. The second and third stanzas are far more obscure, creating a metaphor for the ardent experience with ocean images and nautical terms. Emily Dickinson was masterful at being able to describe life’s mysteries in imaginative ways with an economy of words.

While Thomas Wentworth Higginson, one of Dickinson’s mentors, was preparing the first edition of her poems in 1890, he wrote to Mabel Loomis Todd, the co-editor: “One poem only I dread a little to print – that wonder ‘Wild Nights,’ – lest the malignant read into it more than that virgin recluse ever dreamed of putting there. . . . Yet what a loss to omit it! Indeed it is not to be omitted.”

The use of the word “luxury” in the first stanza probably refers to an old use of the word, meaning lust and gratification. The phrase “heart in port” in the second stanza can be interpreted as a lover’s embrace. The marine terms used in each line of the second stanza create the nautical metaphor. They also create the feeling that control has been given up.

The third stanza completes the amorous, watery imagery. “Rowing in Eden” and “moor . . . in thee” can be interpreted as sexual passion. “Ah! The sea!”

Each stanza of the poem is a short quatrain, four lines. Each line has a dimetric rhythm, meaning that there are two poetic feet in each line. Most lines have iambic feet, such as in the first stanza. Each line in the first stanza has two groups of two syllables with the second syllable of each group being accented. In the second and third stanzas there is less regularity. Several lines start with a trochee, a two syllable group with the first syllable being accented. The line, “To a heart in port,” begins with a three syllable group, called an anapest. Despite the several irregularities, the poem flows smoothly and is easily recited.

The rhyme scheme in “Wild Nights” is typical of Emily Dickinson’s poetry. In each stanza the second and fourth lines rhyme, though in the second stanza the rhyme is a good example of a near rhyme.

With just a few words and a few lines, Emily Dickinson has captured the image of a wild night of passion.

All About The Yamaha HTR-2067 AV Receiver

When most people think of sound, they think of speakers, headphones and the like. An AV receiver doesn’t exactly come to mind. However, it’s a very important part of your audio or home theater system. And the Yamaha HTR-2067 is an audio video receiver that will let you enjoy your music and movies for many years to come… In this guide, we’ll talk a bit more about the Yamaha HTR-2067 AV receiver to help you make an informed buying decision. So, here goes…

This AV receiver boasts powerful surround sound and super high resolution images. It has 5-channel surround sound as well as discrete amp configuration. It has HDMI with 4K Ultra HD pass-through for super high resolution images and powerful bass sound even with small speakers. A virtual CINEMA FRONT provides virtual surround sound with 5 speakers in front.

This receiver results in very high image clarity. 4K Ultra HD refers to four times the resolution of a 1080p display. This receiver is capable of passing the 4K Ultra HD data from the source to the monitor, for image clarity far beyond present standards.

The Yamaha HTR-2067 AV receiver can handle 3D signal data. The Audio Return Channel function enables data to be sent and received via the same HDMI cable, so you can hear the sound from the TV via a single HDMI cable, with no need for an extra optical cable.

This receiver comes with a SCENE button. Pressing this button powers on the audio video receiver and selects the input source and DSP mode. You can reset the buttons for different sources by selecting a source and DSP mode, then pressing a SCENE button for more than three seconds.

This receiver comes with Virtual CINEMA DSP. This means that even when it is impossible to install surround speakers behind the listening position, Virtual CINEMA DSP reproduces virtual 5-channel surround sound filled with realism, with only two front speakers. Virtual CINEMA FRONT brings virtual 5-channel surround sound even by installing surround speakers at the front. This brings more flexibility to arrange your speakers inside the room.

So, this is a brief introduction to the Yamaha HTR-2067. Do check it out and compare it with other AV receivers in this class and then make an informed decision. This receiver also boasts an optimum price performance ratio, which ensures that you get great value for money. Here’s to excellent audio and video at home…

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Buying a Lease Option

Buying a home can be a satisfying or frustrating experience depending how financially ready you are to own a home. Buying a home can be very expensive with the major expense of purchasing a home being the down payment and mortgage fees. These costs are intended to pay the fees necessary to get the mortgage setup and generate some equity in the home to hedge the risk the bank is taking. In years past, this down payment could be very small, but with the fall of the housing market in 2006, those days are long gone, making it prohibitively expensive to buy a home. When there are fewer buyers and less credit around, sellers begin to offer other ways to sell their home. The “Lease Option” is one such method. A Lease Option is technically a lease (rental) with the option to purchase. You are renting the home but have the right to purchase the home at anytime during the rental period at a pre-determined price.

A lease option can be a very favorable way to purchase a home because it provides the advantages of home ownership without the disadvantages of ownership. The main advantages include: (1) No mortgage fees (2) less for a down payment (3) limited risk if the value of the home falls but you profit as the home appreciates. When structured property, there really are no disadvantages to a lease option relative to purchasing the home with a mortgage. When compared with renting, the major disadvantages of a lease option include: (1) pay more money upfront than renting (2) you are responsible for repairs, not the landlord. Each advantage and disadvantage is discussed in greater detail below.

1. Advantage: No mortgage fees. Because a lease option is technically a rental, the agreement is between you and the seller. Because the bank is not involved, there are no bank fees, meaning that you don’t have to come up with the $5000 to $9000 that it costs to get a mortgage. However, eventually you will have to get a mortgage if you decide to stay in the home long term.

2. Advantage: Less for a down payment. Like the mortgage fees, because the agreement is between you and the seller, the money down is negotiable, and sometimes not required at all, though the amount down typically ranges between $5000 and $10000 dollars. This is still better than the bank will require.

3. Advantage: Limited risk and leveraged returns. A lease option is an option to purchase, not an obligation to purchase. This means that when the lease term expires, if the home has lost value, you can choose to walk away. You give up your down payment, but are not saddled with a home that cannot be sold. However, at the same time, if the home increases in value, because the purchase price is set, you can purchase the home for less than it is worth on the open market. This key element makes lease option homes potentially a great investment, because you can leverage your money with such little risk. For example. If you purchase a $300,000 home with a mortgage, you would need to bring about $20,000 at closing ($15,000 as a 5% down payment and $5000 to cover mortgage fees). If the home’s value increased 5% over two years, the home would be worth $315,000. Your $20,000 turned into $30,000 ($15,000 in equity to start + $15,000 in appreciation); a 50% return on your money over 2 years. However, if the home decreased 5% in value, the home would be worth $285,000, and your $20,000 investment turned into $0.00. However, if the same home was bought as a lease option, then $5000 down would turn into $20,000 ($5000 in equity to start + $15,000 in appreciation); a 400% return on your money over 2 years. If the home decreased 5% in value, the home would be worth $285,000 but you can walk away having only paid the upfront down payment of $5000. In this example, the lease option reduced potential profits by 75% and increased potential returns by 350%.

5. Disadvantage: Pay more money upfront. Typically a lease option requires a greater amount of money upfront than renting. This is not always the case and depends on how desperate the seller is the lease the home. Generally you can expect to pay twice what you normally would put as a deposit on a comparable rental.

6. Disadvantage: Responsible for repairs. One nice thing about renting is that the landlord is responsible for repairs. In a typical lease option, you are entirely responsible for maintenance of a home.

There are both advantages and disadvantages to buying a lease option. When compared with the buying the home with a mortgage, there is really no disadvantage and when compared with renting, a lease option is a relative low risk investment for little additional out of pocket expense. The key, however, is in the terms of the agreement between you and the landlord. The terms are negotiable, so make sure you do so. To summarize, a lease option can be a win/win situation for both buyer and seller. If you are looking for a home but don’t have enough for a regular down payment or are not sure if the market is going to get worse before better, consider a lease option and rest easy.

Are Modular Sofas The Same As Sectional Sofas?

When it comes to hot interior trends, nothing is bigger right now then those contemporary sofa pieces that are built piece by piece and can be readily reassembled into any configuration or composition that you desire. Sometimes you’ll see interior designers label these unique products as sectional sofas but go online to another retailer and you will see a similar product labelled the modular sofa. So just what are the differences between modular and sectional sofas or are they simply two different names for the exact same product?

In a nutshell, they are the exact same thing. The important aspect is that both names are referring to the unique selling point of the design, its characteristic feature, the independent sofa pieces known as ‘modules’ or ‘sections’ that are put together to assemble the final piece of furniture. The basic principle is that sectionals allow the user to rearrange their furniture layout more frequently in line with their specific mood, interior design trends or for specific events and occasions. In effect, it’s fair to say that modular sofas can be either classic loveseats or modern corner units at the push of a button, it merely depends on the style that the user feels works best for them on that day.

With each different module constructed as if it were its own mini-sofa, with an independent frame, upholstery and top cover, there’s a great deal of complexity to the manufacture of a modular/sectional sofa. This is particularly true when it comes to the construction of specialised segments such as chaise longue modules which are atypical in shape and form and thus need to be carefully planned out from a design and mass manufacture perspective. The end result is that this can often lead to a considerable increase in the associated costs of production making sectionals far more expensive to produce conventionally designed sofas, which is then passed onto the end user through the conduit of the recommended retail price.

Perhaps the only other difference between the terms sectional sofa and modular sofas is actually one of emphasis. Arguably, the term sectional refers purely descriptively to a functional aspect of a sofa whereas modular conveys something more intangible about the product related to lifestyle and ergonomics. For this reason, you’ll tend to see higher end manufacturers referring to their product as a modular sofa while value retailers use the term sectional to describe the same product. There is also a noticeable rise in interior designers referring to the expression modular living to convey a sense that many discerning consumers are demanding more flexibility and versatility from their home living spaces.

Finally, you may come across a linguistic division between suppliers from Europe who primarily opt for the description modular while suppliers from North America use the term sectional far more frequently. In part, this relates to our earlier point as most of the world’s leading luxury manufactures are located within the European Union, reflecting the heritage of the traditional sofa as a product initially developed during the renaissance period of European history. However, that’s not to say that you won’t find a great modular sofa from an American manufacturer, far from it, it will simply be referred to by a different name!

Interior Log Walls – The Causes and Repair of Water Stains on an Interior Log Wall

Causes of Interior Water Stains

Water stains are the result of water contacting unprotected log surfaces. Before you begin to remove the stains on your interior log wall, you need to determine where the water originated. This may have occurred during the building process, gaps between the log courses due to settling or broken gaskets/caulking that have failed. Water stains can also be the result of a previous plumbing problem or just windows left open repeatedly allowing water to enter. Once you are certain the situation has been corrected, you can begin to repair the water marks.

Repairing Water Stains on Interior Log Walls

There are several methods used to remove water stains from an interior log wall. The best method may depend on the depth and severity of the staining. If they were caused during the building process and the staining is severe, you may want to consider hiring a log home professional to have the walls media blasted with corn cob, glass or walnut shells. Although this can be messy and will involve removing all objects from inside the room, it is very effective. Most log professionals will do their best to seal the area and help minimize dust from traveling into other areas of the home.

Usually water stains are in a more confined area and not too severe. If you decide to tackle the project yourself, start by using regular sand paper (fine to medium grit, depending on the log species) and a traditional palm sander. Begin sanding at the edge of the water mark. If they can not be easily removed it may be necessary to use an orbital sander or belt sander. Concentrate on blending the darker edges. It takes patience and care to remove the water stained area without removing too much of the log fibers. You can easily damage your log wall creating an uneven and undesirable look. You may be able to achieve good results by sanding the water stained area only and applying a pigmented stain. However for best results, once the water mark has been removed, lightly sand the entire log wall to allow for even absorption of stain and avoid color variations.

Staining Interior Log Walls

Interior log walls are exposed to areas of indirect or direct UV rays through skylights, windows and doors. Even if your interior log wall was not previous stained, chances are that over time the characteristic of the log wall will appear different.

Most log home coatings companies have developed products designed specifically for interior log walls. These products are typically water based and available in different finishes. Depending on your personal preference, you can choose a clear (non-yellowing) finish in a gloss or satin. If you prefer a pigmented stain, most offer different shades. Whether you are trying to match an existing log wall or deciding what color would best blend with your existing finish, most manufacturers are happy to mail color samples of their products. Applying a finish to interior walls will not only offer protection but also make cleaning the log surface easier.


In most situations water stains can be effectively removed without leaving obvious signs of water damage however, there are no quick and easy solutions. Your patience will pay off once you expose the new bright wood fibers just beneath the surface.

PowerPoint Tip – Crop Around An Image

Sometimes, you want to crop around an image with a complex shape. Most people do this in Adobe Photoshop or another image-editing program, but you can do it in PowerPoint if you do not have or know another program.

If you have PowerPoint for the Mac, the Picture toolbar has two lasso buttons that you can use. These are similar to the lasso tools found in image-editing programs and I wish that PowerPoint for the PC had them. But if you're on a PC, here's another option:

Let's say you'd like to crop this photo, to remove the background.

Follow these steps:

1. Insert the image that you want to use. It needs to be a separate file, rather than pasted from the Clipboard.

2. Increase the zoom to at least 100%, more for a complex outline. Make sure that the entire image is on the screen. (Closing an open task bar helps.)

3. From the Drawing toolbar, choose AutoShapes> Lines> Freeform. (In 2007, use the Insert tab and click Shapes. Choose the Freeform button in the Lines section.)

4. Click anywhere along the edge where you want to crop and drag around the image (with the mouse button held down). For straight lines, you can release the mouse button and click at the end of the line. When you're back to the start point, release the mouse button and the freeform should complete itself.

Note: It does not have to be perfect; you can edit it later. Also, I must admit that using a mouse is somewhat awkward and I used instead a Wacom tablet with a stylus. This is the ideal tool for the job.

5. Double-click the freeform to open the Format AutoShape dialog box. (In 2007, this displays the Format tab.) Change the fill to No Fill, but leave the outline alone. (For this tutorial, I made the outline thicker, so you could see it clearly.)

6. Now you'll see some places that need to be adjusted. For example, on the right side of the image, the line is too far away from the collar and shoulder.

7. Select the freeform and on the Drawing toolbar, choose Draw> Edit Points. (In 2007, click the Format tab and choose Edit Shape> Edit Points.

8. To adjust a point, click it and drag it to the desired location. You can also right-click a point that you do not want and choose Delete Point. Continue until your freeform closely follows the outline of the image.

9. Delete the image.

10. Double-click the freeform. Click the Fill Color drop-down list and choose Fill Effects. Click the Picture tab. (In 2007, click Shape Fill on the Format tab and choose Picture.) Choose the picture you chose before and click Insert.

11. The picture now fills the freeform. Because the freeform is the shape of the image (minus the background that you do not want), the result is to crop the picture!

12. Format the freeform again and set the outline to No Outline.

The Importance of Having an Escalation Management Process

“Escalation” is often mentioned when dealing with Incident and Problem Management processes. The ITIL Incident Management process talks about Hierarchical and Functional escalations but did not call out “escalation management” as a separate and important ITIL process within Service Operation.

In my previous organization, escalation management is a well-defined and documented process. It is even handled or managed by a separate dedicated team of people. This “escalation center” function works closely with the Service Desk function. It also supports the field or on-site support engineers who taking on Maintenance and Support roles.

When I started out as a rookie service engineer, the knowledge that there is a team of experts which I can call upon to help out in major incidents or problems is often reassuring. The fact that the Service Desk or an on-site technical or application support engineer has escalated a major incident or problem to the “escalation center” function and there is a team of experts attending to the escalated incident or problem is also reassuring to the Customer.

Escalation Management is to bring order, structure, focused management attention and additional resources to those customer situations which could otherwise result in a high level of customer dissatisfaction and/or damage to the Service Provider’s reputation. These are situations which could lead to significant loss of business to the Customer or IT Service Provider or where significant costs may be incurred by IT Service Provider to resolve the Customer situation. The criteria to trigger an escalation depend on the organization or service provider. But it should be well defined.

The process could consist of the following activities:

  • Initiate an Escalation, based on meeting specific escalation criteria
  • Assign an Escalation manager for the escalation
  • Log the Escalation and link the Escalation record to related Incident or Problem records
  • Escalation manager assigns or appoints the escalation team. The escalation team should include the Incident owner, Problem owner, and other subject matter experts, as required
  • Identify appropriate Service Provider and Customer management contacts
  • Conduct a detailed situation appraisal and review, led by the escalation manager
  • An escalation management action plan, including additional resources needed, is developed in conjunction with the Customer. The escalation management plan is to be executed in parallel with the detailed technical action plan (as per Incident/Problem Management)
  • The escalation management action plan is reviewed and adjusted as required
  • A Hierarchical Escalation (as per Incident Management process) is initiated, if appropriate. Senior management and executives are alerted.
  • Escalation team works to resolve the problem. At each stage, records are updated and management contacts and team are informed of the progress and escalation plan reviewed and adjusted as required.
  • Once resolved to the Customer’s satisfaction, the situation is monitored for an agreed period
  • The escalation team remains on standby and available in case the problem recurs during the monitoring period
  • Once the monitoring period is successfully completed, the escalation is closed by the escalation manager, after seeking agreement with the Customer
  • Once the escalation is closed, a post escalation review is conducted and input provided to the Problem Management process. This can be done in conjunction with the Major Problem Review which is part of Problem Management.

As can be seen above, Escalation Management is closely related to and supports the Incident Management, Request Management and Problem Management processes. It is an important process that should be treated with equal or greater focus as compared to these other well-defined ITIL processes.

Double Eyelid Surgery? Don’t Do it Until You Read This

Asian eyelid surgery is also known as double eyelid surgery. It is a cosmetic procedure that involves reshaping the skin that is located around the eyes. This procedure was designed to take an eyelid that had no crease in it and end up with an eyelid that does have a crease in it. Most Asians have a number of differences in their eyelids compared to some other races.

Some Asians have what is known as a double eyelid while others do not have this. The crease position can also vary in position and the upper eyelids range in size from 1 mm and can get as large as 10 mm. There are a few different ways to go about achieving a double eyelid in Asians and it can be done with a full-incision, partial incision and of course no incision. Depending on the patient, each method has its benefits.

How It’s Performed

This procedure is really quite simple. A tiny amount of excess skin is removed from under-skin tissue as well as fat pads under the eyes. It’s a bit similar to the traditional eyelid surgery technique. However, the operating eyelid surgeon need to have an intense knowledge on where and how to make the tiny incisions and how to remove the fat. They also need to know how much to remove and where the crease needs to go.

Pre-Op Preparation

To ensure a successful procedure, there are a few things you should do before you have this operation. Preparing for your Asian eyelid surgery should start a few weeks in advance. The best way to know what should be done is to consult with your surgeon and remember to follow their direction correctly.

I. A Few Weeks Prior

A few weeks prior to your surgery, you should either cut down or simply eliminate alcohol consumption. You should also stop taking Vitamin E if you are. A few other things to stop drinking a few weeks prior to your surgery are ginseng and biloba as they can in some cases prolong bleeding. This is why you should also avoid ibuprofen aspirin, or any medications containing them. Ask your doctor if there are alternatives to these if you need them. You can still continue to take prescription medications as long as your doctor gives you permission.

II. Day Before

The day before you have your double eyelid surgery, be sure you have the following items in your home for after the surgery. Make sure you have someone lined up to take you home after you have your procedure.

• Washcloths

• Ice cubes

• Gauze pads

• Artificial tears

• Acetaminophen

• Clean bowl

• Ziploc bags that are a gallon size

III. Day of the Procedure

Each surgeon may have different instructions for you to follow on the day of your procedure. There are however a few general things to keep in mind to ensure it goes smooth. Make sure you shampoo and shower and wash your eyebrows. Do not wear any type of cosmetics that day. Wear clothes that are loose-fitting and comfortable. Do not wear makeup, jewelry or contact lenses.

Recovery and Results You Can Expect

Following your procedure, the first few days are critical. You may notice that the crease may look higher from what it should. You will notice however that it will fall into place over the next two months or so. You may also notice some bruising, swelling, and discoloration for about the first week. If you follow the guidelines your surgeon gave you, this will all heal a little quicker.


Cost can be one of the most important aspects when considering this surgery. The cost however does depend on different factors including type and technique that will be used. The average cost of a lower eyelid surgery can cost about $2,400 while the price of upper surgery can cost an average of $2,100. Laser surgery however can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $5,000.

Risks After the Surgery

This procedure is not extremely invasive however as with any procedure there are some risks involved. The most severe ones include:

• Hematoma – more severe as it involves an accumulation of blood beneath the skin

• Retinal detachment – caused from holes or even tears found in the retina and requires additional surgery to fix

• Ectropian – drooping effect and causes inverting of the lower lid and needs additional surgery to repair

While most of these side effects are temporary in most, there have been a few rare cases where they last permanently. There are risks that are not as serious and can include:

• Whiteheads after removal of sutures

• Swelling at the eyelid corners

• Some may experience a difficulty keeping eyes closed

• Scarring

• Infection

• Tearing

• Dryness

• Reaction to anesthetics

Locating a Surgeon

When you are deciding on a surgeon to do your procedure, you should pay attention to credentials and experience. Ask the surgeon to see some before and after photos and do some in depth research of each potential surgeon. Ask as many questions you need to in order to feel comfortable and go by your gut feeling of how the doctor makes you feel.

How to Ship Stained Glass

To ship a piece of glass, it needs to be crated. We build a crate around every piece of glass which we ship. It needs to be a custom fit so that the glass can be adequately protected. The following pictures are of us building a crate for a 3 'by 5' window. We use the same techniques when crating a smaller window.

By building a custom crate for each piece of glass that you plan to ship, you will have better success shipping glass across country. You will find that by building a crate in the following manner that you will be able to ship small windows using common carriers like UPS or Fedex.

We have the stained glass panel laid out on a different table than the one we're going to build the crate on.

First we lay the 1 "thick rigid foam insulation on the table.

We lay the panel to be shipped on top of the insulation and use a box knife to cut around the panel. We cut right on the edge. We do not want any extra foam hanging beyond the window edge.

Then we slide the cut line of the foam over the edge of the table and push down to break the foam. If it has a membrane holding it together, we run a utility knife along it to cut it off. We use the cut off pieces as a template to cut the second piece of foam the same size as the first.

Then we take a two by four and use it as a pattern to cut four pieces of filler pieces of foam.

Here we have the "foam, glass, foam sandwich," with some of our cut pieces laying on top.

Next we take the long pieces and cut them to the length of the sign and set one on each side of the sign. Then we stand up a two by four along the long edge and mark a cut line a two by four width from the end of the sign.

(We make sure that the other end of the two by four is hanging out a two by four width at the other end when marking) The cut two by four is then cut a saw blade width short so the box will keep the foam tight. We cut a second one for the other side.

Here is the foam "sandwich" with another piece of scrap foam on top of the pile to raise the top of the entire package to the height of the two by four frame. You can also see the two by four side piece ready to be put in place.

Now we use a clamp to pull the two by fours together on each end. We only apply a slight amount of pressure to the clamp. We want the crate to be tight but not so tight we damage the foam and drive it into the stained glass we're protecting.

We cut and attach our connecting two by fours. Then we check that the top of the crate is even with the two by four framework. Then we add a couple of layers of foam blanket to the top so that the lid of the crate will apply a slight amount of pressure when it's in place.

Because we have an inch of foam on the top and bottom and all around the glass inside the crate, it is safe to screw down the plywood top of the crate. We laid the plywood on top of the framework and traced around it and then cut it out.

Next we got some friends to help flip the whole assembly over.

Then we laid the final piece of plywood down and screwed it in place.

When we ship, we find that moving van lines have a good system in place to haul sensitive and delicate items, such as electronics and stained glass. They cost 3 or 4 times more than common carrier, but you get what you pay for.

We took pictures for this article that can be viewed at http://www.betterstainedglass.com/Newsletter/Archives/2005julyhow2ship/july2005how2ship.htm

Bioavailable Calcium Sources – The Significance of Bioavailable Calcium Sources

Bioavailability is the rate at which a drug or supplement gets absorbed by the bloodstream and is made available to be used by the body. Bioavailable calcium sources are calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium acetate, calcium lactate and calcium phosphate.

Out of these calcium carbonate provides the highest concentration of elementary calcium when consumed. Bioavailability of this compound is over 95%. Other compounds like calcium citrate and calcium acetate are more easily absorbed and their bioavailability is over 96%.

Bioavailable calcium sources are used to make good-quality calcium supplements. Doctors suggest eating calcium carbonate tablets after meals. This compound is capable of reducing acidity and gets absorbed in the presence of vitamin D and phosphorus. A variant on calcium carbonate known as coral calcium is another natural source of calcium and has a higher rate of absorption than normal calcium.

All the above-mentioned bioavailable calcium sources have shown high absorptability in different patients. Rate of absorption also depends on a person's internal structure, overall health and amount of vitamin D present in the blood. In normal conditions, any of the above-mentioned calcium sources can be consumed to exceed calcium deficiency in the blood.

Elderly people and those who have a sensitive stomach are recommended to try coral calcium supplements. This natural source of calcium not only provides up to 40% of elementary calcium but also reduces acidity in the stomach and makes digestion easy. Coral calcium is obtained from fossil coral reefs and is entirely pure and safe to be used by people of all ages.

Eggshell and oyster shell are also counted as bioavailable calcium sources. A normal, healthy person should consume up to 1200 mg of calcium everyday. To fulfill this requirement add good-quality calcium tablets to your diet. Women above the age of 40 are strongly advised to watch their daily intake of calcium and other nutrients. They require at least 1500 mg of calcium on a daily basis.

Deficiency of calcium can be easily controlled with the help of calcium supplements. A wide range of these supplements are available on the market now. You do not require a doctor's prescription to buy these supplements because the ingredients used in making the tablets are totally natural and clinically approved.

Try to find coral calcium supplements made with Okinawan coral calcium. This special kind of coral calcium is obtained from waters around Okinawa island of Japan and is gaining widespread popularity due to its many benefits.

Liquid Calcium Chloride – A Chemical With Several Applications

Calcium Chloride is an industrial chemical that has various industrial applications. The production of this chemical goes up to three and a half million tonnes each year. Calcium chloride comes in forms like flakes, anhydrous, hex hydrate, dihydrate and even liquid calcium chloride.

Liquefied Calcium Chloride has an extremely low freezing point and high specific gravity. It is popularly useful in de-icing and cooling applications. Let us get into some of its benefits:

1) Dust Control. There is dust present on unpaved surfaces be it parking lots, access roads, driveways, and secondary roads. Due to traffic and wind, this dust settles on people, their skin, hair and clothes. This could be dangerous for those who suffer from respiratory issues. It also reduces visibility on roads.

If you are not in a position to undertake a dust control activity then you have a solution in the form of Calcium Chloride. As it is hygroscopic, this chemical attracts moisture from atmosphere and the unpaved surfaces remain dust down and damp. The roads get compact and stable. It even resists evaporation. Due to this even one application works for a long period.

2) Concrete Accelerator. In winters, liquefied Calcium Chloride helps the construction industry as well. This chemical strengthens concrete to make jobs easier rather than waiting for summer months. This chemical accelerates the hydration rate of cement and it sets faster. The cement also becomes stronger and even in winters it protects the newly laid concrete. This also means that builders plan finishing ahead of time. This leads to savings in concrete protection and reduced heating.

3) Ice & Snow Control. When temperatures are close to freezing point, you can use plain rock salt. However, when temperatures are as low as -20 to -25 degree Fahrenheit then salt gets less effective in melting snow. Liquefied Calcium Chloride gives the required moisture that needed by the salt to become brine. More so, this chemical itself is a strong deicer. Its solution helps to dissolve ice and snow easily. It even performs at extremely low temperatures. In big industries, it will not cause plant damage or corrosion if it is correctly applied.

We can conclude by saying that liquid calcium chloride is a very useful chemical in the industry. It has different applications. It is even useful in the Gas and Oil industry as an additive for completion fluids to enhance density and for drilling mud.

White Chocolate Alternative

Not only have I had success with using carob chips and powder to appease my husband’s allergy to chocolate, but I’ve also enjoyed substituting yogurt chips for recipes calling for white chocolate chips. By U.S. law white chocolate must contain at least twenty percent cocoa butter. So if you are allergic to chocolate, you can’t eat white chocolate, either.

Even if you aren’t allergic to chocolate why substitute yogurt chips for white chocolate? After all yogurt chips do have more calories than white chocolate chips. Yogurt chips also have less than half the saturated fat. For most people it is easier to burn sugar or calories from carbohydrates than to burn off stored fat calories.

Not to say that a cookie, which is the food most commonly containing chips, is healthy, since almost all of them have some combination of butter, sugar and flour. But you can lessen the harm this little comfort food creates by reading the ingredients in a recipe and making a few health conscious substitutions.

Yogurt chips combine very well with nut based cookie recipes. They are especially good with cashews, walnuts and macadamia nuts. And yes, you are right. Nuts have a lot of calories and a lot of fat. But they are good (monounsaturated) fats that reduce cholesterol and add a lot of flavor, especially if roasted before adding to a cookie recipe. They also add texture and contain lots of vitamins and protein.

What’s nice about adding yogurt or other chips to a cookie recipe is that it adds that extra bit of sweetness that we seem to crave in our desserts. By baking your own cookies you have the choice of using less chips than what is called for in a recipe. Fewer chips will not change the chemistry or outcome of the cookie.

Perhaps one of my favorite cookie combination’s using yogurt chips is with maple extract. Is there any flavor quite as enticing as the smell of maple? Another favorite is mixing cranberries with yogurt chips. This is a great combination for a biscotti, which takes a little more time, but is not difficult.

So next time you reach for white chocolate chips or are looking for a substitute, consider trying yogurt chips instead and use less. Or add them to a recipe that calls for a frosting and forget the frosting. You’ll get the same amount of sweetness, but with less effort and less fat.

Book Review – Bad Land, An American Romance

Johnathan Raban’s Bad Land: An American Romance brilliantly and descriptively describes the attempts by would-be farmers and ranchers, those of the late 19th Century and the early 20th Century, to make a living on highly questionable land. This land, most of it in eastern Montana and the western Dakotas could have been described as marginal land, but Raban’s fact-finding mission has made it abundantly clear that these lands were less than marginal.

The federal government and railroad companies would benefit by having settlers in this region. Their benefits: There would be more products to ship to and fro and travel to this region would be greatly increased. However, as Raban documents and, I have seen first-hand, this marginal land had shallow topsoil, heavy wind patterns, low precipitation, and extremely frigid winters; and, the efforts to cultivate the arid land were seldom rewarded.

This book was written in a casual, personable manner as the author walked this region and perused some of the failed homesteads. It is drama indeed as Raban explored the remnants of these numerous failed homesteads. He even found a book that described the best method to prosper on these arid farms. The book was entitled Campbell’s Scientific Dry Farming Techniques and it was subtitled The Camel for the Sahara Desert and the Campbell Method for the American Desert. According to meteorological figures any area with an average annual rainfall of less than three inches per year would be classified as a desert region. This eastern Montana region is certainly considered desert as most of it averages less than the three inches of rain per year.

Like Raban, I too, have walked this land, but I walked it for a different reason. I was in search of sharp-tailed grouse and the elusive sage grouse. I was amazed, those many years ago, to have seen so many remnants – remnants of rotted and fallen wind mills, broken and gray boards of outbuildings, barns, and house, as well as, vacated rock foundations, long-rusted barbed wire fencing, fence posts that were rotted and lying flat on the ground, and space – wide open space… endless space. Raban’s book told a story of the many courageous human attempts to produce on this infinitely poor homesteading land, bad land. The government pamphlets and railroad brochures were, no doubt, at least spurious, if not downright lies.

Raban had an inspirational idea to write this story, and he followed through – brilliant inspiration, first-hand research, and highly descriptive writing!

Pig Characteristics and Traits – Understanding Their Behavior Will Help You To Take Care of Pigs

Pigs are a great source of meat, but they are also great pets. Finding out what pig characteristics are will help you to take care of these intelligent animals. Although traits may vary according to breed, several genetic characteristics are present among pigs.

Pigs are one of the most social and intelligent farm animals. The reason why pig farmers create strong pens and fences is that pigs can escape from even a relatively good fence. They are known to work in pairs and sometimes, smarter swine even open other pens to let other pigs escape. They can also learn new behaviors as proven by experiments and research. They can move a screen cursor and remember drawings and scribbles they already knew. Scientists believe they are smarter than primates and even three-year old children.

One of the distinct pig characteristics is their cleanliness. Contrary to other people’s belief, pigs are generally clean animals. This is shown by their choice of toilet far away from their food and water troughs and their shelter. They will also not sleep or lay near the manure. They use mud to block their sensitive skin from the sun and insect bites.

Pigs, like other animals, have sweat glands only on their snouts. That is why they love to be near the water or mud especially in hot weather.

Pigs are near-sighted. They use their sense of smell and hearing to guide them where to go. They also use their snouts to look for food. They are like dogs that sniff things they want to find.

Pigs generally can live for 10-15 years if well cared for. They will keep on growing until they are four to five years old. However, some breeds, like the potbelly pig, do not share these general pig characteristics. They usually weigh only 60 to 300 pounds, depending on what type of diet they are fed. Micro-mini pigs or teacup pigs weigh 29 to 65 pounds, and are specially bred to be small.

Pigs are independent animals. Unlike dogs, they do not care for much attention. They are more like plants that only need to be fed, watered, and taken out of the sun. Of course, spending time with your pig will make it more attached to you, but not like dogs, they will not seek loving companionship.

Pigs can jump. They do jump, only slightly low and only if they are trying to reach for something or are startled. They will also jump if you train them to.

Pigs are highly trainable animals. Because they have good sense of smell, you can train them to retrieve or hunt something for you. Just make sure you have treats of food as a source of motivation.

With these pig characteristics, maybe you are getting really excited about getting a pig as a pet. However, also remember that pigs require a lot of space since they can grow really big. They also tend to be destructive when they are exploring. Some people think that pigs are too smart to be kept as pets. Whatever people and scientists say, the decision is always up to you.

The Role of Technology in Education

In the current age we live in, technology has become an important component. Every day there is some new gadget or software that makes lives easier and improves on the technology and software that already exists. Making lives easier is not, however, the only role technology plays in our lives.

Technology is playing an increasing role in education. As technology advances, it is used to benefit students of all ages in the learning process.

Technology used in the classroom helps students adsorb the material. For example, since some people are visual learners, projection screens linked to computers can allow students to see their notes instead of simply listening to a teacher deliver a lecture.

Software can be used to supplement class curriculum. The programs provide study questions, activities, and even tests and quizzes for a class that can help students continue learning outside the classroom.

Technology has also become part of many curriculums, even outside of computer and technology classes. Students use computers to create presentations and use the Internet to research topics for papers and essays.

Students also learn to use the technology available to them in computer and tech classes. This ensures that after graduation they will be able to use the technology in a work setting, which may put them ahead of someone who didn’t have access to a particular technology or software in their own school setting.

As technology advances, students have better access to educational opportunities like these. When something new and “better” is revealed, the “older” technology becomes more affordable, allowing it to be used in educational settings, even when schools are on a tight budget.

Technology has also advanced to help children even before they’ve started school. Educational video games and systems for young children helps them prepare for school and in some cases get a head start on their education.

There are people who may say children are “spoiled” by technology. Instead of being able to add a long column of numbers in their heads, for example, they turn to a calculator. Regardless of these arguments, technology is an important part of today’s society. By incorporating it into the classroom, students will be better equipped to transition from the classroom to the work place.