The Hockey Stick and Parallelogram Property of Pascal’s Triangle

The “Hockey Stick” property states that the sum of any diagonal line starting from a 1 on the outside of the triangle is the number diagonally down from the last number, in a hockey stick shape. When the numbers of Pascal’s triangle are left justified, this means that if you pick a number in Pascal’s triangle and go one to the left and sum all numbers in that column up to that number, you get your original number. This sounds very complicated, but it can be explained more clearly by the example in the diagram below:

1 1

1 2 1

1 3 3 1

1 4 6 4 1

1 5 10 10 5 1

1 6 15 20 15 6 1

1 7 21 35 35 21 7 1

1+3+6+10+15+21 = 35

Try a couple of these sums out for yourself to get the hang of them. This is one of my favourite patterns in Pascal’s triangle – it really it quite a surprising that this property seems to always work, and yet, as we are about to see, it is actually not too hard to prove!

As an example, I am going to shown the idea behind the proof with the sum shown in the diagram above. We will start with the bottom of the Hockey Stick at 35, the total of the 1,3,6,10,15 and 21. As in Pascal’s triangle every number is the sum of the two above it, we can start by writing the sum 35 = 15+20.

Now, the 15 lies on the Hockey Stick line (the line of numbers in this case in the second column). But what can we do about the number 20? Change it into a sum of the two above! We get 20 = 10+10, and so our overall sum becomes 35 = 15 +10+10. We now have a sum where both 15 and one of the 10s lie on the Hockey Stick line. We continue this process, each time having only one number not on the line, until we reach the edge of the triangle, where our number not on the line is a 1. Then, we are done because the remaining number we haven’t got in our sum which is on the line is also a 1. The whole process for 35 is shown below (the numbers in bold are the ones which lie on the hockey stick line:

35 = 15+20

35 = 15+10+10

35 = 15+10+6+4

35 = 15+10+6+3+1

It is clear, therefore, why the Hockey Stick property of Pascal’s Triangle works, although this makes it no less an interesting pattern which can also be developed into many other patterns such as the Parallelogram property.

Trampolines in Winter – Protecting Your Equipment

Trampolines are an endless source of entertainment and exercise. There’s just something about being able to jump high into the air, only to bounce right back up again that has attracted kids of all ages ever since the trampoline was invented in the 1930’s. Since that fateful day, the trampoline has been used for many things, including soldier training in World War II, physical rehabilitation for those that have had operations or injuries to their legs, and weight loss workouts for those that need a low impact way to burn calories. No matter what your trampoline means to you, it’s important to make sure that you protect all the trampoline parts, especially in winter time.

Mini trampolines, also called rebounders, are the only kind of trampoline that can be safely used in the house. This is because the mini trampoline has such a small surface area, and can only be used to produce a bounce that is a couple of feet up in the air, at most. However, when you start talking about the larger recreational trampolines, which can be anywhere from eight to sixteen feet in diameter, it’s necessary to use them outdoors where there will be no danger of hitting your head on the ceiling or falling into potentially dangerous furniture.

Keeping your trampoline outside is safer, but it does present come challenges when it comes to taking good care of all the trampoline parts. The trampoline mat in particular can break down quickly when it is repeatedly exposed to rain, UV sunlight, and cold. If you’re going to be keeping your trampoline outdoors in the winter time, it’s necessary to make some storage adjustments so that you can continue to use it year after year.

When you’re getting ready to winterize your trampoline, be sure to check the trampoline cover and trampoline pad for any holes, rips, tears, or frayed spots. It doesn’t make sense to cover the structure if the cover will just let in the weather anyway! Inspect the entire trampolines for parts that might be damaged or rusty, and replace them before storing. Spray the trampoline pad with a vinyl protection spray that will help it to resist any moisture that builds up while it’s in storage. Use bungee cords or rope to make sure the cover and the trampoline it have no chance of blowing away. If a heavy snowfall is likely, you might think about removing the trampoline mat before you place the cover.

Off Gassing in Mobile Homes – 5 Ways to Reduce Chemical Off Gassing in Your Mobile Home

Mobile homes are often considered an economically effective housing solution. What is often not considered is the tremendous amount of off gassing from the mobile home itself and from products used in mobile homes that can send harmful chemicals into the air. This becomes an unhealthy situation quickly because of the initially tight seals, and lack of ventilation. Here are 5 ways to reduce the chemicals that mobile homes off gas; and reducing these chemicals will help you and your family stay healthy.

Avoid Carpeting If Possible

New carpet is infamous for the “new carpet smell”. That smell is often the off gassing of harmful chemicals such as formaldehyde. Without proper ventilation, you and your family are subject to formaldehyde vapors which can cause your eyes and nose to burn, sore throat, headache, dizziness, and nausea, and frequent exposure to higher than normal levels of formaldehyde has been proven to cause serious long-term health issues.

Older carpet is a haven for numerous pollutants such as dust mites, pet dander, and small particles of dirt and/or sand, all of which are difficult to remove with a regular vacuum, and go airborne with normal daily activity. These microscopic pollutants can greatly aggravate existing problems such as allergy and asthma, and can cause symptoms that just make you miserable such as sneezing, watery eyes, and congestion not unlike that of a cold.


Use a fan to move the air through your home, and if weather permits, open windows to help exhaust fumes from your home. It is important to change the air rather than to just re-circulate it.

Keep Temperature and Humidity Stable

Many of the offending chemicals such as formaldehyde are affected by increases in humidity and temperature. Keeping both humidity and temperature low will decrease the amount of formaldehyde that will off gas into your air.

Allow Products to Off Gas Elsewhere

If you are planning to purchase products such as new carpet or that are known to contain solvents, adhesives, exposed particleboard, ask that they be opened and allowed to sit in the warehouse to off gas before they are brought to your home.

Use an Air Purifier to Remove Chemicals

All homes continue to settle after they are built. When mobile homes settle the seals loosen and chemicals and materials that have been previously sealed are now unsealed and can evaporate into the air. Using an air purifier that is specifically designed to remove airborne chemicals such as formaldehyde will help insure that the indoor air you and your family breathe is the healthiest it can possibly be.

How to Fix a Smelly Carpet

Does your house smell like a locker room or dirty sweat socks? Whether your whole house has smelly carpet or just a room or two, the odor can be overwhelming. Common carpet odors range from cat urine and smoke odors to mildew and that oh-so-pungent sweaty sock smell. Steam cleaning the carpets oftentimes makes the smell worse, especially if the water isn’t properly extracted during the process. In fact, your carpet may not have been overly smelly until after a water mishap.

Wet carpets are generally smelly carpets. If you think about it, all the dirt, debris, spills, and pet accidents soak deep into your carpet, often seeping down into the pad. Even if you mopped up the spill and regularly vacuum your carpet, the carpet pad gets nasty. Then, when you have a plumbing accident or rent a steam cleaner, your carpet becomes soggy. All that debris mixes with water and nature does its work, hastening the decomposition process which is a smelly process! Add in the potential for mold and mildew grow and it’s no wonder your carpet stinks.

Steps for fixing a smelly carpet range from home remedies such as sprinkling baking soda on the carpet to professional treatments. How you approach the job depends on the extent of the odor as well as its cause.

Detecting Carpet Odors

If you’ve lived in the house for some time, you may be accustomed to its smells and less likely to notice them whereas a visitor will immediately notice a foul smell. You would likely suspect that a smoke odor is likely present if you allow smoking in the home. Likewise, if your home has indoor pets, your carpet may have pet odors. If you’re unsure, ask a trusted friend to help you identify the odor. A fresh nose knows!

General Odors

For general carpet odors and refreshening, ordinary baking soda does wonders. Arm & Hammer recommends “a sprinkle a day.” First test for color fastness and then sprinkle baking soda on your carpets, allowing it to sit for about 15 minutes before vacuuming as normal. Anecdotal reports from users indicate that while baking soda has helped with odors, some users suspect that baking soda adversely affected their vacuum cleaners.

If you’re not comfortable using ordinary baking soda, you can try commercial products developed specifically for deodorizing carpets and upholstery such as Arm & Hammer’s carpet and room deodorizers or a Febreeze product. Many of these products are designed to “neutralize” odors rather than cover them up. Neutralizing the odor is preferable to simply spraying an air freshener as once the air freshener dissipates, the odor returns.

Many commercial carpet deodorizers are formulated to conquer specific odors such as pet odors or smoke. Likewise, many home remedies circulate the Internet targeting specific carpet odors such as using solutions containing ingredients as varied as vinegar, Listerine, or hydrogen peroxide. The problem with home remedies is color fastness. For example, you wouldn’t pour bleach on your carpets, would you? Then why would you spray peroxide on them?

Soggy Carpets

As previously mentioned, soggy carpets are smelly carpets. Whenever a water accident occurs, extracting the water immediately is crucial! The longer the water sits, the more smelly it will become. Use a water extraction type vacuum cleaner and extract as much water as possible or hire a water extraction company to do the job for you and then use fans to circulate air and further facilitate drying. For minor plumbing overflows, once the carpet is dry, the odor will likely become less noticeable. However, it may return the next time the carpet gets wet.

Depending on the extent of the water damage, you may need to pull the carpet to expose the pad. You may even have to replace the pad! Obviously the more difficult deodorization tasks such as a waterlogged carpet pad require professional help. Professional water extraction companies typically have access to more powerful deodorizers than those sold directly to consumers.

While hiring a pro to fix your smelly carpets may be more expensive than a box of baking soda or a can of carpet deodorizer, the results are worth it! If you can salvage your carpets and save yourself the cost of re-carpeting your home, hiring a pro for a professional deodorizing is money well spent.

Flea Infestation? These Low-Cost Strategies Work!

If your pet has fleas, chances are your house does too. You can get rid of them without resorting to pricey commercial treatments and toxic substances. The trick is to understand a flea’s life cycle and attack every stage of the reproductive process. Here’s how to do it.

1. Of course you have to get the fleas off your pet, and you’ll have to do it daily until the infestation is over (which will take a week to 10 days with these methods). Buy a fine-toothed flea comb. Then put some water into a plastic tub or large bowl. Add a tiny squirt of liquid soap (such as dish cleaner or laundry detergent) to break the surface tension.

Sit down with your pet and use the comb to find the fleas. Shake them into the water, where they’ll sink to the bottom and drown. (If you don’t use that little bit of soap, the fleas will bounce right off.)

2. Now you have to get rid of the larvae (worm-like early stages of a flea’s short life). Take a dustpan and broom into any room that has a non-carpeted floor. Optional: Take a flashlight with you. Carefully sweep all along the walls and corners. This is where fleas gravitate right after they hatch. You can see the wiggling larvae after you’ve swept them up if the light is good.

Empty your dustpan into a sturdy bag and take it outside immediately to discard it in a covered trash container. Repeat daily.

3. Carpets are a flea’s best friend. This is where most eggs are laid and most larvae spend the early part of their lives. Use a two-part approach for getting the fleas out of your carpets.

First, use washing soda to interrupt the early stages of the fleas’ life cycle. Buy a box of washing soda (you’ll find it in the laundry section of your grocery store) and toss handfuls of the powder all over your carpets. Then use a broom to spread the washing soda and work it into the carpet. Commercial carpet-treatment companies use a machine to do this, but a broom works just fine.

If you don’t like the appearance of the white dust on the surface of your carpet, use your vacuum cleaner to get rid of it. Most of the washing soda will remain in the carpet to do its work.

Fleas need moisture to live (that’s why they gravitate toward a pet’s head and tail). The washing soda absorbs moisture and dries out the eggs and larvae.

Second, make a flea trap to catch the adult fleas already living in your carpet. Put some water and a small squirt of liquid soap into a low bowl or other container. (The black plastic trays that come with frozen entrees are ideal.) Place the bowl on the carpet and put a small light over it–a desk lamp, for example. Turn off the other lights and go to bed.

In the morning the container will have 20 or 30 dead fleas in it. They’re attracted to the light, dive into the water, and can’t get out because the soap breaks the surface tension. Repeat for 7 to 10 days, until all fleas are gone.

These methods work, and they won’t bust your budget. Try them today!

Homemade Remedies For Premature Ejaculation and Impotency

Are you fed up of disappointing your partner in bed even though you are trying your hardest to satisfy her? If you are then this article can help you last longer and permanently cure premature ejaculation so it never rears its ugly head again. Below are some common homemade remedies for premature ejaculation and impotency.

1. Slice garlic cloves (250 grams) and boil in 2 liters of milk. When the milk has condensed and bears a semi-liquid (or paste) from, roast the whole content in 250 grams of pure ghee (clarified butter oil). Now grind the roasted contents to pulp form, spread on a stainless steel plate, adding some honey to it, and cut into small pieces. Those suffering from early ejaculation should take about 25-50 grams with hot milk. It will also thicken the semen and won’t let is dribble away in a hush. Those who develop some reaction or are prone to garlic reaction should desist from using this recipe. Instead such persons should try the following preparation.

2. Take fresh amla fruit and remove the seeds. Then dry the amla cloves under shade, taking care that it remains free from dust, sun, insects and other impurities. When fully dry, reduce the cloves to a powder form. Now extract juice of fresh amla, in which the amla powder should be immersed, and allowed to dry, as stated above. Fresh amla juice should be added seven times (when the powder and juice get fully dried up, then pour juice into it). After the seventh treatment, powder the content to fine pulverized form, and bottle up in a glass bottle. Normal dose is 10 grams thrice daily. While using the powder add 10 grams of butter oil (pure ghee) and 5 grams of pure honey. It will thicken semen, improve your sexual potency and prevent early ejaculation.

3. Mix 6 grams of alum (phitkari) and 6 grams of borax (suhaga) to 30-35 drops of aqua rose. Now, the mixture is to be boiled in water, making sure that not even a drop falls into it. You can use a tight container in the water, fully closed tightly with a lid, to rule out any possibility of entry of water in the mixture. When entire mixture melts completely, it should be allowed to cool down. The viscous fluid, so obtained, should be gently massaged till the fluid is fully absorbed by the glans penis. If it is applied sensibly and cautiously, you can enjoy added joy from coitus and also you won’t ejaculate, early.

Hope above home remedies will help you to prevent premature ejaculation. Now you can last longer in bed and can completely satisfy your partner by using these natural remedies.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Copyright © Nick Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

Making of Equipale Mexican Furniture

The making of Equipale Mexican Furniture can be traced back to pre-Hispanic times. It is considered a religious type object and it represents social status.

Uniquely, Mexican Equipales Furniture is still made in the traditional way. They are still made with ‘palo de la rosa’ the same as the original equipales. The wood is cut on a full moon because it is believed that the wood is the hardest then. Equipales furniture is made with leather, wood and “ixtle” a derivative of the cactus.

Families have made Equipales since Hueman, the Aztec shamon taught the ‘Equipalera’ technique of the Gods to the early settlers. Today Equipales link the mythical past to a modern cultural icon.

Traditionally the frame of the equipal is joined with ixtle, a type of vegetal fiber removed from the maguey cactus. The seat is also tied with this fiber. The procedure to prepare and to spin ixtle was learned from their ancestors: is extracted with cazanga, washed, dried, barabilla and spun. Reeds and leather are attached on the maguey fiver. Pigskin is usually favored because it is porous and allows the air to circulate.

Equipal Furniture made from leather can last up to twenty years or more:

  • The structure begins with a lattice of crossed splints. These are lashed top and bottom to bent wood pieces. This basic form makes the chair light but flexible and able to stand up to tough use. The wood splints are traditionally split out, but are now cut out with a band-saw; less waste this way. Blanks for the splints are made and shaped with a machete and paring knife into pointed slats with notches at either end for lashings
  • The base is a thin (3/8″ x 3″) piece of bent wood shaped to form an “O” or a “D” shape
  • The seat frame is the same shape but of bent willow. The splints are crossed over one another and lashed top and bottom with twine
  • These lashings are cemented with a black adhesive that used to be a plant gum but in modern day may be asphalt or even spray. The seat has three layers. The first is made with a random weaving of maguey fiber looped around the bentwood seat frame. Over this is placed a plaited seat of cane that has been flattened. On top of these, a piece of soaked leather is stretched and stitched or stapled to the bentwood seat rim
    • The back is made by lashing willow poles to the seat frame and bending willow pieces over the supports for a continuous arm and backrest. Another piece of leather is stretched around this back and over the arms and stitched or stapled
    • Once dried, the leather stretches firmly over the the hole, giving it an inviting and comfortable look, in contrast to the rougher wood splints below. In the higher priced-chairs the seat and back are packed with foam to give the chair an upholstered look and feel
    • The real skill comes in the assembling, lashing and nailing the parts.

This most elaborate construction is made with only the simplest tools, a machete, a knife and a hammer. There are new versions as the Mexican designers and makers are working hard to accommodate every taste in Equipale Mexican furniture.

Equipale FurniturE includes pigskin barrel chairs, end tables, bar tables, coffee tables, peacock chairs, child barrel chairs, square foot stools,rectangular tables, bars stools, sofas, and so much more. Feel free to contact me whenever you need or want. I am always more than happy to help.

How To Make A Leather Tri-Fold Wallet

If you’d like to save a little cash this holiday season and still give someone a gift that they will really enjoy, then you might consider how to make a leather wallet on your own. If you’re handy with a thread and needle, or a sewing machine if you prefer, and enjoy taking on different types of projects, then this can be a great gift making and giving opportunity for you.

Here are the steps involved in making a leather wallet:

1. Get The Materials

The first thing that needs to be done is you need to purchase the materials that will be used to make the leather wallet. Materials needed to make a basic wallet include leather, soft polyester type material for the inner pocket lining, and sewing supplies such as needle and thread. You probably want to use a dark colored thread such as black or dark brown.

2. Measure and Cut The Material

The next step after gathering all of the materials needed for the project involves measuring and cutting the leather and inner pocket liner material to size. The pattern of your wallet will depend on the style of wallet that you wish to create. For this task we’re going to create a tri-fold wallet so you’ll want to cut the leather into two 43 x 93 pieces. This will give you a wallet that is just the right size for just about any pants pocket, jacket pocket, or wherever it is the wallet will be kept.

With the two pieces of leather cut to size, fold the edges over so there is about an eighth-inch lip on all sides. Use a hammer to compress the creased edges that you created when folding the leather over. This will make it easier to glue and stitch the edging together.

3. Cement and Stitch The Edges

When you have the edges of both leather pieces creased and compressed thoroughly, use rubber cement to glue the edges down. Do this for both leather pieces. When finished, you should have an inner edge that completely surrounds the inside of both leather pieces. Give the cement plenty of time to dry so that your edges don’t come apart when trying to stitch them together.

Once the cement is completely dry, stitch the edges of both patterns together. This will help further reinforce the edging so that it doesn’t come apart.

4. Create The Inner Pocket Separator

This step is optional. If you would like a separator in your wallet, take the polyester type material and cut a piece that is slightly under 4″ x 9″. Trim this piece to match the size of the two leather halves that you will be gluing and stitching together. Cement the separator piece to the inside of one of the leather halves and then stitch it once the cement has dried.

5. Putting It All Together

Cement one long side and both ends of the two leather halves and place them together with the insides facing each other. Do not cement both long sides of the leather halves because you want one side to remain open. Make sure that they match up exactly and apply pressure to make sure they glue together securely. Allow adequate time for the cement to dry.

Finally, stitch the two halves together on the same sides where the cement was applied. This extra stitching will help reinforce the wallet so it does not easily fall apart. When done, evenly fold the wallet into thirds and place it under a flat heavy object such as a book for an extended period of time. This will help create the to folds and will compress the wallet so it remains in the folded position.

What Makes the Harley Davidson Motorcycle Engine Unique?

Whether it be powering a police bike, a fully-dressed touring machine or a raked chopper with a springer front end, the Harley Davidson motorcycle engine is a mechanical marvel that is quite unique. Presented here is an article which offers several reasons why the Harley Davidson motorcycle engine is so unique.


One of the first and foremost factors that makes the Harley Davidson motorcycle engine unique is its appearance, or design. Although some smaller-sized models have been produced by Harley Davidson through the years, most of their cycles, including the engines are quite large in size.

Several different types of engines have powered Harleys through the decades. In Harley’s early years, most of the engines were known as F-heads and Flatheads, these were followed by Knuckleheads, then Panheads, onto Shovelheads, then Evolution and Twin Cam engines.

The names of the different styles of Harley Davidson engines are largely based upon the design of the various engines’ cylinder heads and valve covers. The flathead engine features flat, vented cylinder heads, the knucklehead engine includes valve covers that look like knuckles, the panhead engine features cylinder heads and valve covers that resemble pans and the shovelhead engine features cylinder heads that look like shovels.

The Evolution engines that power motorcycles made from the mid-1980’s through 1999 feature more square-shaped cylinder heads and valve covers, while the modern twin cam and Revolution engines feature radical design improvements on the basic V-Twin engine.

In recent years, many other motorcycle manufacturers have begun producing bikes that at first glance, could be mistaken for Harley Davidson. These motorcycles feature fatbob-style gas tanks, wide front ends, low frames and V-Twin engines. Upon closer inspection however, one can see that the pseudo-Harley engines do not look as solid and workhorse-like as real Harley engines.


Another factor that makes the Harley Davidson engine unique is its distinctive sound. Often described as throaty, the sound of a Harley engine is unmistakable. The deep, rumbling and muscular sound produced by their engines is one of the features that makes some people want to buy these motorcycles. Some riders like to accentuate the sound of their bike by installing custom exhaust systems. These exhaust systems usually alter the sound made by their engines, with some increasing the volume of the engine noise and others adding a different tone to the engine sound.

The sounds that are produced by the other brands of motorcycles that resemble Harley Davidson do not possess the same powerful rumble that they are known for.


Harley engines maintain a well-deserved reputation as being some of the best-designed and engineered motorcycle engines made anywhere. These engines are designed to last and all of the parts, or components are high quality, precision-made parts.


As with every facet of the experience, the engines on these motorcycles are legendary and steeped in tradition. With many decades of experience in producing some of the world’s most respected motorcycles, Harley consistently strives to produce technologically-advanced engines that remain true to the tradition that these machines have built over the years.

Some people are so fond of their engines, that they get images of them tattooed on their bodies. Rock bands are even named after specific Harley engines.


Through the years, Harley Davidson motorcycles have garnered an image that promotes rugged individualism and American freedom. Movies, television programs and popular music have promoted the image of these motorcycles as being macho and sexy in nature. All over the world, this image is celebrated and upheld and the sound of their motorcycle engines can be heard in communities of all sizes.

Catch More Trout With This Homemade Bait Recipe

While I have experienced many different methods of fishing and used many types of bait up to and including a piece of foam rubber on a treble hook; grasshoppers, real flies (I had a devil of a time getting the danged thing on the hook not to mention how often it flew off, no pun intended, when I cast out); to artificial lures or the standard live baits such as worms usually in tandem with marshmallows or something that would help the worm up off the bottom and into the feeding zone some of my greatest successes have come from the use of a “secret ingredient” with my Velveeta Cheese.

On a fishing trip with a buddy of mine back more years than I care to count he suggested we try a new approach he’d heard of from a”friend of a friend”. So we went to the local grocery store, purchased a two pound brick of Velveeta cheese and a bottle of the “secret ingredient” which we took home. We spent the next couple of hours eating tacos his wife prepared and cutting up the two pound brick of cheese into bait sized pieces. After we finished with the bait and the tacos, not necessarily in that order, we poured the entire one ounce bottle over the cheese, put it into a sealed container for the night.

The next day we headed for Willow Beach on the Colorado on the Arizona side; a popular fishery for those who like to catch the big ones. There were six men in our party of two boats. In my boat we had the secret bait. The other boat did not. Within two hours of setting out on the water our boat had caught our limits of ten fish each using the secret bait. The other boat had exactly three fish and they were all small. Ours, on the other hand averaged more than two pounds apiece. We were fishing the same waters using essentially the same method of drifting with the bait suspended off the bottom a few feet. When we pulled ashore for breakfast and showed the others our catch we were forced to give up the secret or risk taking a long swim in the mighty Colorado. We chose the easy way out. The second boat then set out and using the secret, homemade bait had their limits by noon. Over the next ten years we fished together regularly and always had success with our homemade bait. We let a few people in on the secret but most of them thought it foolish and refused to try. Their loss I am sure.

When Powerbaits came out and forever altered the tackle boxes of countless fishermen it was only a matter of time before our secret ingredient fell by the wayside. Factoring in the cost of the cheese which as tripled in the last thirty years and the waste caused because one cannot use the cheese for anything else once it has been soaked and one can see why it fell out of favor. Besides it is much easier to just open a bottle of Powerbait and scoop out an appropriate portion to use as bait. So… our secret ingredient: anise seed oil more commonly known as licorice oil went the way of the dodo. Still I occasionally wonder if I shouldn’t give it a try especially when the fish are not biting on anything at all.

There you have it. Licorice oil and Velveeta cheese. Ironically enough no other processed cheese seemed to work as well. We did try some spicy Velveeta once and managed to catch some very nice “latino” trout. Still, if you are not having any success consider giving this one a try. It cannot hurt and you can always use the leftover cheese to make a great chili con queso dip.

Melbourne Apartments

Corporate relocation’s are a commonplace occurrence in this day and age. With most relocation’s tending towards an international scale for the short term, while a more local/interstate scale is often observed for long-term and permanent staff movements. Melbourne is a common destination for staff relocation’s, and when relocating, you want to find an apartment in Melbourne – because an apartment anywhere else defeats the purpose.

The common nature of relocation’s often means that corporations will place employees in an apartment in Melbourne for a short term arrangement, until the employee finds a place of their own. This process usually takes 1-2 months for permanent relocation’s, while those relocating temporarily can find their company will put them up in an apartment in Melbourne for anywhere between 1 month to 2 years. Companies will sometime utilise hotels or serviced apartment hotels for shorter stays, but their exorbitant costs makes them prohibitive for long-term stays, which is why long-stay accommodation is such an attractive alternative.

Most apartments in Melbourne are concentrated in the CBD, Southbank, Docklands and South Melbourne areas of the city. Usually they will be in large apartment complexes with internal lifts, internal laundry facilities, fully equipped kitchens and most will have a spectacular view out over their location. Costs of the apartment in Melbourne you choose will be reflected in the location of the apartment, size and facilities offered – be it just a building manager you can call when there are maintenance issues to resolve, to those apartments located in Freshwater Place, or the Eureka Towers, which come complete with concierge, gymnasium, pool, sauna and rooftop garden areas – which are your own little oasis in the middle of the city.

Since most companies pay for their initial relocation accommodation, the most in-demand apartments are those which are close to which ever office or location the employee is relocating to. This is why you will see that properties in Southbank and the CBD will come off the market – rented almost as soon as they come on the market – because of the sheer concentration of major companies having large offices located in those areas – if not their actual headquarters.

Since most companies are well established, they don’t want to risk their employee’s well-being, and consequently their productivity, by placing them in a sub-standard apartment in Melbourne. No matter how convenient the apartment is, if it isn’t truly fit to live in, then it will impact badly on the well-being of employees. This is why most companies only use reputable apartment providers, such as Corporate Keys. These companies are established providers that offer cost-effective, well appointed apartments in Melbourne.

How to Repair an Old Asphalt Roof

If you own an old commercial building with a flat roof odds are you have an old asphalt roof of some type. These roof surfaces are made up of layers of felt paper and tar stacked up on each other, which over the years it will or it has given you a lot of headaches. They are usually made of felt paper or felt paper that is covered with a layer of gravel, the gravel in theory was to help keep the roof cooler which it does a little but it makes repair much more difficult, not to mention all the additional weight that is added to your roofs stability.

One of the biggest problem with asphalt surfaces is that they dry up and shrink which eventually leads to cracking and this will cause your roof to leak. When this occurs you will notice that the roof surface may look a little like an alligator skin. In order to keep your asphalt roof in good condition it must be maintained. To accomplish this you should have your roof re-coated with an asphalt based coating at least once every five years or so, if you don’t it can lead to expensive and time consuming repairs. Over the years your roofs crucial oils are weathered out of the roof surface and it must be restored to maintain integrity, if you have areas with standing water then the process speeds up and your roof will fail in that area most likely first.

If you are on of the unfortunates owners of a gravel roof then you can have even bigger problems. Gravel was put on in a time when it was thought it would be beneficial to help reduce the roofs temperature with cheap gravel, it worked a little but not very much. Gravel roofs undergo the same problems as a regular felt roof but the leaks and standing water areas are much harder to spot. Another huge problem is maintaining the roof, in order to do a maintenance coating all the gravel must be removed. Sounds easier than what it is, you should contract out a gravel suction company to complete this task, but if you are feeling like you need a good workout a few flat shovels and a broom will do the job as well.

Another problem that asphalt roofs face are blistering problems. Blistering occurs when moisture works it way in between the roof layers and expands forming a huge gas pocket, eventually these pockets will expand to a breaking point and crack open, thus leaving you with a hole in your roof. If you have blistering problems you must cut them open with a cross cut so you can fold back the edges and fill them in with roof cement, then fold the cut edges back over the cement thus resealing your roof.

There are a few types of roof coatings that can be used to remedy and repair your roof problems. The most commonly used are asphalt based but if you want a better longer lasting coating you should consider using a elastomeric roof coating, they are much more durable, more energy efficient and longer lasting than asphalt coatings.

Asphalt coatings are generally black or silver in color and have a life span of about five years if applied correctly. They are generally the cheapest of the roof coatings but if you decide to go with this system be sure to purchase ones that are fiberglass embedded, they are much better at stopping and repairing leaks.

Elastomeric coatings are generally white in color and have a life span of 10 to twenty years, there are a few with a 20 year warranty as well, but they are very expensive. Elastomeric roof coatings work very well especially when combined with fiberglass mesh system as its base.

Cyber Crime – Can Locard’s Exchange Principle Be Applied to Cyber Crime?

Cyber Crime is replacing drug trafficking. Recent government findings indicate that cyber crime has pushed aside the illicit drug trade as one of the top sources for hundreds of millions of dollars in ill-gotten gains the world over. In its infancy, the Internet seemed like something that could develop into a useable tool for scientific research. If we had only known back then what potential it held, perhaps more thought would have gone into its protection.

Today the newswires are filled with reports of massive thefts of personal information as well as depleted bank accounts-all due to the criminal element that, for a small investment in a computer and an Internet connection, is changing the landscape of criminal investigation. One highly regarded research survey stated that 8.1 million Americans were victims of identity theft in 2010. Losses were in the hundreds of millions.

The Locard Exchange Principle (LEP)

Dr. Edmond Locard (1877-1966), known to many as the French “Sherlock Holmes,” was a pioneer in forensic evidence investigation. Locard formulated the basic principle of forensic science, “Every contact leaves a trace,” Of course Locard’s theory dealt with the physical contact made by the perpetrator to items in the crime scene. But today’s crime scene may not involve a physical structure-more than likely the crime scene is located out there in cyberspace.

So the question evolves, “Does Locard’s Exchange Principle apply to an electromagnet passing over a spinning disk?” Some digital detectives believe that it does. For example, a hacker gains access to a computer system that may or may not be secure. Is any computer completely secure? Granted, security software is effective against many such invasions, but a secure system will only take the hacker a little longer to get into it. Now, the question is, does the exchange principle apply?

Cyber crimes leave no physical evidence

On the surface, the infiltrator would leave no physical trace of his having been there. But other electronic trace evidence may be present. If the computer’s file access logs were accessible, it’s possible that a record will be available showing that the file was, in fact, accessed, and even that a network transmission followed. Also a possibility is that a side-channel analysis of any activity on the hard drive will uncover network operations. As a last resort, the examiner may check the access logs of the Internet Service Provider (ISP) to uncover surreptitious entry. This step will not necessarily divulge what specific data was removed, but it will indicate that data was, in fact, lifted from the line.

Industrial espionage is becoming commonplace

Personal information and cash are not the only targets of this spreading menace. Online industrial espionage is a growing threat to the U.S. economy as well as our national security. U.S. intelligence agencies recently warned elected officials that China and Russia are engaged in cyber-espionage. “Trade secrets developed over thousands of working hours by our brightest minds are stolen in a split second and transferred to our competitors,” said one counterintelligence executive. These foreign governments deny this claim.

The Cyber Exchange Principle

Perhaps when relating to cyber crime, the “Cyber Exchange Principle” applies. Forensic examination of a computer or server will uncover artifacts of invasion. The investigator is then, faced with a situation that the crime scene is not limited to a single computer and may involve another computer half the world away.

The hacker will not be leaving latent fingerprints, foot prints, or traces of physiological fluids in the wake of his intrusion. But electronic activity in this case can be far more valuable in the bits and bytes this activity leaves behind. The principle that Locard espoused so long ago must be forefront in the minds of our digital detectives as they seek what clues an invaded computer holds as well as what traces are awaiting discovery out there in cyberspace.

Handwriting Analysis

Well, to analyze who we are and our behavior, there are lots of ways, tool and techniques. Among them, handwriting analysis is one of the strong tools. Indeed, we can determine one’s character by our handwriting as it is directly connected to our brain. Handwriting analysis is not based on assumption or ideology; it’s purely scientific and technical. One can’t determine by simple studying this article. To know how is the particular person, at least we need 15 days to analyze and research.

We can not only determine his innate abilities, potentialities inherit from his/her birth, but also we can know his mood at the particular period when he is being examined or evaluated. By measuring and calculating the upstrokes, down strokes angle, aperture of single single letters, sharpness, heaviness of handwriting, gap between words, letters, sentences, style of writing and much more options are there to be calculated before we can analyze and come to the conclusion.

Each and every word making you feel so special and loved. But remember when a person sits to write anything, they not only write but also their handwriting reveals their character, behavior and experiences, in other words handwriting reveals to us much more than the feelings of happiness or sadness but the complete person. Which technique is this? Graphology or the analysis of handwriting to reveal character traits. The handwriting never lies thus handwriting analysis is one of the most non-discriminatory tools available.

Researchers have defined that handwriting is actually brain writing. It is an expression of small electrical impulses from the brain to the hand. A thought, a movement, even a feeling is a result of such electrical impulses dictated from the brain. So if you want to know about your beloved or anyone even much better, here are some fine and great tips for you that really work.

I can’t put here or define each and every traits of handwriting analysis here but I try to display some indications and traits below and will update more in near future.

1. If a person leaves a huge gap at the left side, then you can predict the person to be very CAUTIOUS in love as well as any work. They take a long time to come to any decision.

2. If a persons whole sentence flows towards up, he/she is optimistic by nature.

3. If a person’s letters are blurring in average, he/she might be suffering from internal maladies.

4. Backwarding of words or sentence define that the person is an introvert.

5. A person leaving a huge space at the right side is assumed to be an ideal person. They are very punctual and they always try to meet the deadline.

6. If a person doesn’t leave even a single space or centimeter, such persons are impatient, aggressive and moody in nature.

7. If you see a paper where words are quite close to each other, quite jumbled and scrambled then the handwriting reveals that the person has a number of tasks to accomplish in a short period. The person thinks himself to be very superior. They have their own ideas and will only agree with you if you agree with them.

8. If a person while writing goes beyond or below the line of the paper, it shows the person to be pessimistic and with low self-esteem.

9. If a person while writing goes up and above the line of the paper, it shows the person to be optimistic they are sure that tomorrow will be better and always looks on the bright side of life.

10. While writing, if the handwriting are bent towards right it shows the writer have high self-esteem and high personal expectations but are not able to work out as per their expectations.

11. While writing, if the handwriting are bent towards left it shows the person is confident, ambitious, has the ability to plan ahead.

For analyzing your behavior with handwriting and for tips to change yourself positively, please visit my blog

How to Connect Two PCs Together and Play Multiplayer Games

In this article we will describe how to connect two PC together so as to play multiplayer games or share files. We will be actually creating a LAN network with two computers.

You can do this either using wireless network cards or using a wire. We’ll be describing the “wired” way. The “wired” way can be done either using two ethernet cables and a hub or by using a cross-over ethernet cable which is the cheapest and works brilliantly.

Here’s what to do:

First you must physically connect the two computers. Check that both PCs have LAN network cards. Then all you need is a cross-over cable (Cross crimped RJ45-CAT5). Connect the two computers using the cross-over cable and the ports of the LAN cards.

Now you have to apply some settings to the “connected” computers. We’ll be describing how to do this in Windows systems. We’ll be referring to the two computers as ComputerA and ComputerB. Let’s begin the configuration.


– Right click on “My Computer” then click “Properties”

– Click the “Computer Name” tab and click the “Change…” button

– Change the name to the one you like. For this example we will name it ComputerA. Here you can also change the workgroup name to whatever you want but it must be the same in both computers. For this example we will name the workgoup “OURLAN”.

– Click OK

– On to the TCP/IP settings… Open “Control Panel” and click on “Network Connections”

– Your LAN connection will appear. Right click on its icon and select “Properties”.

– In the “General” tab select “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” then click on “Properties”

– Set the following values:

IP Address ->

Subnet Mask ->

Default Gateway ->

– Click OK and you are finished with ComputerA.


– Right click on “My Computer” then click “Properties”

– Click the “Computer Name” tab and click the “Change…” button

– Change the name to “ComputerB”. Also change the workgroup name to “OURLAN” (Remeber the workgroup name must be the same on both computers)

– Click OK

– On to the TCP/IP settings… Open “Control Panel” and click on “Network Connections”

– Your LAN connection will appear. Right click on its icon and select “Properties”.

– In the “General” tab select “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” then click on “Properties”

– Set the following values:

IP Address ->

Subnet Mask ->

Default Gateway ->

– Click OK and you are finished with ComputerB.

Now the two computers should be connected. If you don’t see them detecting each other try to restart them. You can play your favorite multiplayer games using the connection method above. You can also transfer files and data.

If you want to access the other computer just go to “My Network Places” A good idea would be to map a network drive to a local hard drive for easier access.