What Is a Convertible Dress?

Are you a clothes hound and always on the hunt for the next hottest trend? Whether you answered yes or no to this question, you should be aware of the popular convertible dress. If you are not familiar with the convertible dress, allow us to define it for you. It is a relatively simple concept that has taken the women’s fashion industry by storm. As the name implies, a convertible dress allows you to take the basic concept of any dress and create it out of one single piece of material. You literally have up to 10 dresses at your disposal all within one Elan dress purchase. The Elan International clothing line is not without their convertible dress and we are here to help you learn how to use it!

If you have already heard of the convertible dress but have avoided it because you are intimidated by the overall concept, don’t be. It is not as hard as you may think to manoeuvre the material around in order to create any dress you are in the mood for on any given day! There are dozens of online guides that help you learn how to create halter styles, strapless dresses, sleeveless dresses, capped sleeve dresses and so many more. Literally, no matter what type of dress you are feeling in the mood for it can be created through your convertible Elan casual dress. YouTube is a great resource when it comes to learning how to get started with your new convertible dress.

There is no age limit when it comes to the convertible dress. This is one of the reasons this dress has become a must have for women everywhere. For the first time in fashion history you have the unique opportunity to take a piece of material and transform it as you see fit. Although there are guides to help you utilize your new dress you certainly don’t have to follow them. Creativity is a must within this women’s casual wear trend and the more creative you are the more dress options you can come up with! There are countless ways to utilize this type of dress and as you can imagine, even more places to wear it to!

As a designer, Elan International understands that women are trying to save more money when it comes to their clothing and the more versatile a piece of clothing is the more money you are saving. Because the convertible dress can be 10 dresses or more you can wear it to 10 different occasions and events! A great tip to remember when you are shopping for your first convertible dress is to head towards a color that you love and one that you won’t get sick of. Because you can change this dress on a whim you are going to be wearing it on a regular basis and the last thing you want is to become sick of the color or pattern you chose.

Check out the Elan dress collection today and become a dress girl overnight!

Detoxification – 5 Vital Foods For Effective Detox

Detoxification or detox for short is one of the liver’s most important functions. Your liver has to break down and safely eliminate everyday substances the body produces such as hormones and metabolic waste products as well the more obvious chemical toxins that you consume through our food and water.

It relies on two complicated detoxification phases involving enzyme reactions to break down toxins and render them safe for excretion via the bile in the form of feces or into the urine produced by the kidneys. Research has shown that specific foods and nutrients have an inhibiting effect or enhancing effect on these detoxification enzyme systems. Plenty of these foods should be used for the most effective liver detoxification diet. These same foods and nutrients can even be used to treat some common toxicity and immune system disorders.

There are two detox pathways known as Phase I and Phase II. Diet can help regulate and balance their activity for more effective and safe detoxification. For example if Phase I detox is working well but Phase II is slow the toxins processed by Phase I can build up causing damage while waiting to be dealt with by Phase II.

Many of these intermediate toxins may be more dangerous than the original substance and can have adverse effects on the glandular system, the immune system, and the nervous system causing health problems.

Some of the substances that cause increase in Phase I detox without the equivalent increase in Phase II are pesticides, cigarette smoke, exhaust and paint fumes, burnt or barbequed food, alcohol, intestinal toxins and certain medications.

Top foods to support liver detoxification:

1) Cruciferous vegetables: cabbage, Brussels sprouts, rutabaga (swede), broccoli, broccoli sprouts, mustard greens, turnips, radish, cauliflower, kohlrabi, collard greens, daikon.

They contain potent phytochemicals and antioxidants that support Phase II detoxification activity. They help the liver convert chemicals that could be cancer causing into something far less toxic that can safely be excreted. Broccoli sprout extracts inhibit Phase I but stimulate Phase II. This is beneficial for people exposed to a high level of toxins from paint fumes, cigarette smoke, pesticides and alcohol.

2) Sulfur foods: fish, meat, eggs, onions, garlic, turnips, radishes, celery, kale, string beans. These foods are beneficial for Phase II detox which uses sulfur for its sulfation pathway.

3) Fresh fruit and vegetables: Eating your 5 or preferably more portions a day helps supply the amino acid glutathione needed for Phase II detox. If you are exposed to a high level of toxins then eating glutathione rich foods is essential. Commercially prepared foods contain very little glutathione. Frozen vegetables seem to retain their glutathione content.

Especially rich in glutathione are cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, avocado, dill and caraway seeds. Fruit and vegetables are high in antioxidants which help protect the liver from free radical damage caused by toxins. Organically grown are best.

Grapefruit and its juice is an exception. It contains a substance, naringenin, which if regularly consumed inhibits Phase I detoxification. Drugs and toxins can stay in the body longer before detoxification causing damage. So if you are taking drugs or are exposed to a high level of toxins do not eat grapefruit or drink the juice.

4) High quality protein: Meat, fish and eggs supply the amino acids needed for the conjugation pathways of Phase II detox. It is important to eat organically produced or free range meat and eggs to avoid further toxins stored in the fats of intensively reared produce. Fish is best from deep clean waters or organically farmed.

5) Essential fatty acids: Many diets are sadly lacking in the beneficial fats that are vital for Phase I detoxification. Avoid all hydrogenated fats found in many commercially produced and processed foods and meals, and heated fats which can damage them.

Eat fresh nuts and seeds and their unheated cold pressed oils. Oily fish may be contaminated with mercury and other pollutants so it is debatable if they should now be included.

No matter how good your diet or how clean your environment you will always be exposed to toxins. Strengthening detoxification pathways through specific foods mentioned above will help you stay well or can improve existing conditions. It’s worth it!

Demolition and Site Clearance: The Importance of Safety Checks Before a Controlled Demolition

If you need to have a site demolition and clearance, you have to make sure that you conduct safety checks in the area first. Demolition and clearance would be required whenever a new property is being built by a company or by the government in a certain residential or commercial location. Negotiation is of course made initially to make sure that the process will be conducted properly. First of all, you need to have a complete understanding of what demolition is really all about.

Understanding Demolition and Site Clearance

Demolition is actually defined as the tearing down of different kinds of infrastructures for various purposes initiated by a private company or the government. Demolition can be less challenging if there are small houses or buildings involved, but it can be greatly complicated if there are a lot of infrastructures with several stories that are already involved. The demolition is conducted through the use of various devices and equipment which are manipulated manually or even mechanically. Some of the equipment used includes cranes, bulldozers, and excavators.

Aside from the main equipment, a lot of manpower may also be necessary to ensure the smooth flow of operation during the demolition or site clearance process. Sometimes, when the infrastructures are large enough, you have to use wrecking balls, rock breakers and even hydraulic shears. These materials can effectively break through different kinds of materials from basic wood to concrete and even steel and metal.

Before these materials could be used and operated, a person should have proper expertise to ensure safety. This equipment is very large and can be very damaging if used improperly. This is where the need for safety checks arises.

The Need for Safety Checks

Safety checks are very important before you conduct demolition or site clearance. Before you finally destruct the infrastructures, you have to make sure that the site is properly cleared. Every building or structure must be properly inspected to see if there is any person left inside. All the necessary equipment, materials and valuables that are inside the infrastructures must also be removed and evacuated properly.

These safety checks must be done several days before the actual demolition to give ample time for the inspection of every building and structure in the area. The safety checks must be done by several people who are experts when it comes to inspection and evaluation of different locations.

Safety checks are necessary for you to be able to ensure that there will be no conflict encountered during the entire demolition and site clearance process. This will be beneficial for both parties who are the owner of the location and the buildings and the new company or new owner who have bought the location or who plan to recreate the location. They are usually the ones primarily involved in the contract.

These are some of the most important things that you need to remember about demolition, site clearance and the need for complete safety checks before conducting them.

Travel Tips For Consultants

Travel is a fact of life for most consultants. Many spend 45 weeks on the road every year, and some say they wouldn’t want it any other way.

We know one married couple where both are traveling consultants. They often joke that they should write a book called “Marriage on Three Days a Week” because they only see each other from Thursday night to Sunday night most weeks. Of course, they take great vacations with all the frequent flier miles and hotel points, and neither one is left at home to manage the household while the other dines in restaurants every night and comes home expecting all the chores to be done.

Like many others, they have learned how to be comfortable on the road so that their travel schedules are a source of new experiences and great stories instead of a hardship. If you learn how to be comfortable in your environment, you’ll do better work and last longer in this demanding field.

There are two types of consulting roles, from a travel schedule perspective. One type of consultant is the real Road Warrior who is in a different city each week, often visiting two or three different clients and staying only a couple of days each place. The other type travels to the same destination every week to work on a long-term engagement over several months. Which type of travel schedule you end up with depends as much on your personality as on your skill set.

No matter which type of travel schedule you have, there are some seemingly small things you can do to make yourself significantly more comfortable on the road.

Enroll in every frequent flier and hotel points program you can. The biggest perks in business travel come when you get a free family vacation later. All those trips to Pittsburgh might buy you a trip to Honolulu or Prague or wherever your heart leads you.

Whenever possible, use the same airline and hotel chain for every city. This helps you rack up the points faster, and it also establishes a level of comfort and familiarity for you from the moment you arrive in the city. Not every Marriott is exactly like every other Marriott, but there are enough similarities between them that you will begin to feel at home quickly.

Packing for Travel

Develop a routine for packing. Make a checklist that includes everything that you know you’ll need for any trip, including items like toothbrush and cell-phone charger. Go over the checklist every single time you pack a suitcase.

If you don’t follow this advice, you will eventually end up spending $200 on a “charge everything” device and using a hotel toothbrush that will rip your gums out.

  1. Always assume you will have to carry your luggage yourself. If you aren’t sure you will need it, don’t take it. You can always buy one there. (Don’t accept engagements in locations that don’t have stores.)
  2. Pack something comfortable to wear in your hotel room and clothes you can wear to work out.
  3. Plan to sleep in something you don’t mind being seen wearing in public. In the event of a fire, hotels will evacuate two floors above and two floors below, even if it’s just a small fire in a trash basket. That’s what that loudspeaker above the bed is for.
  4. All luggage looks alike. Make your bag easy to spot on the carousel and less likely to be stolen with a few strategically placed strips of duct tape or a big pink bow.
  5. The military knows that rolled clothing does not wrinkle. Don’t fold it, roll it. Turn jackets inside out, fold the collar up and press one shoulder inside the other.
  6. Think about what you pack from the perspective of Customs and Airport Security. For example, many airlines will not allow you to carry steel-tipped darts in your carry-on luggage. (Yes, one of us learned this the hard way. Not the one you think.) Carry all medication in the original packages, particularly prescription medication.
  7. Purchase two of everything you use daily, like cosmetics, razors, toothbrush, etc. Leave one set at home. Pack toiletries once and leave them packed. This way, you don’t have to worry that you forgot something essential and will not notice until the middle of the night in a strange hotel room. When you run out of something on the road, replace it. (This is easier if you use common brands that are sold nationally.)

After only a few weeks of travel, you’ll know exactly what you need to pack and what you don’t.

Hotel Living

If you are traveling to the same city every week, pick a hotel that you are comfortable in and make friends with the people at the front desk and in Housekeeping. If you can commit to a certain number of weeks, they might even give you a break on the room rate, which is also good for your customer.

Once you’ve tried two or three different rooms in different parts of the hotel, you’ll begin to identify specific things you like or dislike. Within a few weeks, you’ll probably have a favorite room. Don’t be afraid to ask for it every week. Staying in the same room every week can increase your sense of comfort and it’s easier to remember what room you are in. Every one of us has been frustrated at least once by trying to open a hotel room door, only to realize that the key doesn’t work because this is the room we were in last week, and we have no idea what room we have been assigned this week.

If you followed our instructions for packing and bought duplicates of all your toiletries and travel needs, you can check a suitcase with the bellman over the weekend instead of carrying it home with you. Leave your laundry with a dry cleaner over the weekend and come back on Monday to a fresh wardrobe without carrying a bag with you to the airport. That’s freedom!

Make friends with the people who have control of the food. If you are eating all your meals off the Room Service menu, you will soon get bored with the choices. Encourage the person who answers the Room Service line to give you suggestions.

When Christine was working in one city where it wasn’t considered safe to leave the hotel and wander around at night, she called the Room Service number one night and said, in the most pitiful voice she could muster, “I’m hungry and nothing on the menu looks good tonight. Help me!”

The Room Service voice laughed and said, “Miss Lambden, don’t you worry. After all these months, I know what you like. Let me surprise you.”

In addition to the best steak and the freshest salad ever served by Room Service, the waiter brought a glass of red wine and said, “The chef said to tell you that he knows you don’t like red wine, but this is special. Try it with the steak. Alternate one bite of steak with one sip of wine.”

She still talks about that steak. After that night, she never had to look at the Room Service menu again. When she called, she would say, “Maybe a fish tonight?” or “I’m in the mood for something chocolate.”

Remember, if you are tired of the hotel menu, just imagine how the chef feels.

Since you can’t eat all the time, here are some other ways to fill an evening in a hotel room:

  1. Call your mother.
  2. Read.
  3. Go to a movie.
  4. College libraries are often open late. Learn something.
  5. Work out. Remember the Freshman Fifteen in college? The life of a consultant includes too many meals in restaurants and too few long walks in the park.

If you exercise at home, try to exercise the same way when you are traveling. Find out if it’s safe to walk/run outside near the hotel. This is also a great way to find the neighborhood restaurants and pubs that the travel books don’t know about.

If you exercise in a gym at home, stay in a hotel with a gym and use it. If there is no gym available in the hotel, remember that many national chains have memberships that allow you to work out in any city. Like national hotel and restaurant chains, gyms are a great way to find familiar surroundings in an unfamiliar place.

Exploring new cities is a great way to get exercise and enjoy your time on the road. See the sights. Shop. Ask the people at the hotel and at work what you should be sure to see while you are in town.

We know one consultant who managed, in one year, to see Niagara Falls (working in Buffalo), the Arch in St. Louis, the Napa Valley wine country, six shows on Broadway, and Fort Lauderdale during Spring Break.

Did you know that Kansas City is the City of Fountains? In the winter, the city slowly freezes some of the fountains so you see frozen ice where water flows in the summer. Just beautiful.

Did you know that you can visit the Budweiser Clydesdales at Grant’s Farm in St. Louis? If you think they are fun to watch on Super Bowl commercials, just imagine how magnificent they are up close.

These opportunities may not present themselves again. Don’t spend every evening in your hotel room.

Every city has something unique to offer and the people who live there will be happy to help you discover what is wonderful about their hometown.

Single Life on the Road

The constant-travel lifestyle is often more appealing to single people who do not have a family at home waiting for them each week. For these consultants, the only challenge is finding a way to maintain a home when you aren’t there during the week.

Here are some tips:

  1. Ask a friend or neighbor to pick up your mail once or twice during the week.
  2. Install automatic light timers in your house. Install motion sensor lights outside. This makes it look like someone is home and protects your stuff. (It also makes bats and possums find another yard to live in, but that might just be an Austin thing.)
  3. Hide valuables. Burglars know all about looking in the freezer for your jewelry, but would they think to look in that bag of potting soil in the garage? Hint: Tell someone you trust where you hid them…you’ll remember all the great spots you considered, and you’ll forget the one you picked.
  4. Splurge a little with all that money you are making as a consultant and hire a maid service to come in and clean your house while you are gone. If you have a lawn, hire a yard service, too. The last thing you are going to feel like doing when you finally get home is housework, and you’ll be happier in this job if you don’t feel that you are neglecting chores.
  5. If possible, have a trusted house-sitter stay in your house. Then you won’t have to worry at all.

In addition to maintaining your house, a single person on the road has to maintain a social life. When you are out of town all week, it’s easy to find yourself excluded from your friends’ conversations about plans for the weekend. You have to work harder to maintain those friendships at home, especially if you are also forming new friendships in the city where you are working.

It’s not totally unheard of for consultants assigned to the same client week after week to form friendships, or even romantic attachments, in the city where they work. Having bonds with people all over the country can be a huge advantage professionally because your network is expanded to include all of their colleagues, as well.

Don’t date someone in the client company. This can get messy. (Yeah, we know. Your situation is different. You’ll handle it like grownups. We’d like to believe this, but in our experience it rarely works out that way. Even so, this is still good advice for everyone else.)

Married With Children

Life on the road is harder for those who have a family at home. You miss them and you feel guilty about leaving them behind, and even more guilty when you’re having fun without them.

The same tourist attractions that enliven a single person’s travel can make you miss your family even more. You find yourself thinking, “The kids would love this,” or “Niagara Falls by myself? I don’t think so!”

Here are some tips for making travel easier when you miss your family:

  1. Write long letters saying all the stuff you would have said if you were at home. Buy a fax machine for the house so you can send them before you go to bed and the family can read them with breakfast. (We know. Email works just as well. Except it doesn’t. Handwritten letters mean more. They just do.)
  2. Give the hotel’s fax number to your family or set up a personal e-fax number. Encourage letters from home. Also drawings and report cards and anything else that will make you feel closer. Almost all children could benefit from the occasional writing exercise, and most of them already know how to operate a computer.
  3. Buy a small digital camera or use your cell phone to take pictures and make a “Day in the Life” slide show for the kids. Take pictures of your day from the time you wake up to the time you prepare for bed – pictures of your hotel room, your breakfast plate, your cubicle and co-workers, the bookstore you stop at after work, the restaurants you like – everything! (Trust us, they’ll love it.)

Driving in Strange (translation: “New To You”) Places

Weather conditions and driver courtesy rules vary from city to city. In some cities, driving is a brutal competition, and it’s considered rude or suicidal to slow down for a yellow light. Someone will honk at you or run into you. In others, you’ll get dirty looks if you don’t yield and let a waiting car merge in front of you. On most country roads, failure to wave at passing drivers marks you as an outsider.

No matter where you are, these tips will help lessen the impact of driving during your travels:

  1. Get a map when you arrive. If you know where you are going, you are much less likely to end up in the wrong place.
  2. If you rear-end a car on the freeway, your first move should be to hang up the phone. Better yet, go hands-free when you are driving. Best of all, hang up and drive.
  3. Rent your car from the same agency every week and be extra nice. Usually, the same agents are on duty every Monday morning, so eventually they’ll know you and may offer you the cool convertible or the Jag for a week at no extra charge.
  4. Not every state or city has a “right on red” law. Check with the car rental agency or look for a “No right on red” sign before you assume it’s legal in any intersection where you are.
  5. If you are stopped for speeding, running a red light, driving the wrong way, or, worst of all, hitting something, be very polite to everyone involved. Of course, this is true when you aren’t traveling, too, but you have a better chance of making your meeting or flight if you deal with the situation nicely.

In New York or Boston (or London or Beijing), take a cab or public transportation. Some warnings say “Don’t try this at home.” With regard to driving in these places, the rule is “Don’t try this on the road.” In other words, ask someone at your destination or consult a travel guide to find out whether it’s advisable to drive yourself around.

If you are facing your first winter in a snowy climate, ask someone to teach you how to drive in icy conditions before the first blizzard. You may feel foolish, and they will definitely laugh at you, but the first time you feel your car start to slide, you’ll be glad you did.

For us, just saying “I’m from Texas” is often enough to have our clients offer free driving lessons, icy conditions or not.

Air Travel Tips

Since 9/11, keeping track of the rules for air travel and getting through Security checkpoints has become more of a challenge, but the airlines have made a sincere effort to help.

Every airline and airport website has information about security requirements and how much time will be required to get to your gate. Experienced travelers quickly learn to avoid the busiest times of the day and week. In fact, we don’t know a single traveling consulting who would consider flying on the day before Thanksgiving under any circumstances.

Airport websites will also give you information about other amenities that are available in the terminals. For instance, did you know that the Hong Kong airport has showers and rooms where you can take a nap? After a long flight across the Pacific ocean, a shower is a wonderful way to spend your three-hour layover between connecting flights.

The airport in Portland, Oregon, has a great mall. You can get all your Christmas shopping done between flights and have the items you bought shipped home. Oh, and did we mention that Oregon doesn’t have sales tax?

The San Francisco airport has twenty different museum galleries that rotate art, culture and science exhibitions on a regular schedule. At SFO, you can’t avoid being entertained and educated while you travel.

Here are some other tips for making air travel easier:

  1. When you make your reservations, ask for a seat near the front of the plane. Airlines assign seats back-to-front and families traveling with children tend to plan further ahead than business travelers, so the shrieking three year-olds are usually in the back of the plane.
  2. Always request the Exit Row. Children aren’t permitted, and you get more legroom.
  3. Wear earplugs or invest in some good noise-canceling headphones if you plan to sleep. People talk louder on airplanes.
  4. Planes have only 3% humidity, so you get dehydrated quickly. Carry a bottle of water on board. (This will also keep your feet from swelling.) To keep costs and carryon weight low, carry an empty bottle and ask the flight attendant to fill it for you. On international flights, there is usually a water fountain available for passengers to serve themselves.
  5. When they say, “Limit two carry-on bags,” assume they really mean it and be prepared to check everything but your purse, briefcase and laptop. A good alternative if you are in a hurry is to “gate check” your bags. Especially with smaller commuter flights, this means you get your bags immediately when you get off the plane with no stop at baggage claim.
  6. Pay attention to the safety speech every once in a while. Like washing your car to make it rain, it’s just good karma. We’ve asked, and yes, most flight attendants feel just as silly giving the speech as you do listening to it, but the fact that no one is listening just makes their job harder.
  7. To prevent a stiff neck from sleeping on a plane, ask the flight attendant for a blanket, roll it up and wrap it around your neck before you fall asleep. Your head won’t roll from side-to-side, you won’t snore and you won’t look nearly as ridiculous as those people drooling on their neighbor’s shoulder. They make C-shaped pillows that do this, but that’s just one more thing to carry with you. We prefer to travel light.

While you are traveling, do everything you can to make your life easier. When you are enjoying yourself, you are better prepared to perform at work, and you’ll be more successful.

Cubicles and conference rooms are the same everywhere. The work won’t change, but taking the time to make friends with the people around you, at work and at the hotel, will make all the difference in the world to how well you do it.

What Is The Right Bollywood Dance Workout Footwear For You?

Bollywood dance workouts are traditionally done without wearing any shoes. Dancing is mostly done on bare feet because it does not restrict the feet movements and makes performing the dance steps easier. Dancing barefoot is also very beneficial for the feet as it allows you to really work all the joints and muscle in the feet and ankles. Dancing with any shoes is usually difficult for many of us and therefore if you think that your feet and ankles are not strong enough, it is best to wear some type of footwear. Particularly as there is a lot of bouncing and jumping in some of the Bollywood dance routines, dancing without any shoes can be very punishing on your joints and knees.

Recommended Bollywood Dance Workout Footwear

The shoes and footwear that is best suited for Bollywood dance workouts should have good shock absorbers and protect your feet. When you perform the cardio dance steps and swivel and shimmy, you body will suffer a lot of shock in the knees and ankles, so proper shoes and socks is a must. Most of the Bollywood dance workout classes will allow you to participate in gym shoes and trainers as long they are solely used for Bollywood fitness training. The shoes are also required to have a non-marking sole as this will help prevent damage to the classroom dance floors. Thick socks are advised with your footwear, but avoid dancing just in socks on the wooden floors as this can cause injury through unwanted sliding.

Why Dance Shoes Work For Bollywood Workouts

If you are really motivated and want to practice Bollywood dance workouts frequently, you have to seriously consider getting some dance shoes, ballet slippers, jazz shoes or even dance sneakers sooner rather than later. This is because gym shoes simply do not allow you to move the various parts of your feet very much. Dancing shoes are solely designed to enable you to maneuver the joints in your toes, feet and ankles for optimum control, balance and strength when carrying out the dance workout moves. This allows for spinning and other dancing variations without excessive slipping and provides the much needed support and cushioning.

Bollywood inspired fitness workouts exude high energy and impact through its graceful yet electric dance movements. As you progress through its different and master the exercise program, your feet will become conditioned to the physical demands placed on it. This will make it easier for you to gradually ditch any footwear and workout barefoot in true Bollywood dance style!

Director As An Agent – Liabilities Under Contracts Act – 1872

Sec 182.of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 says that “An ‘agent’ is a person employed to do an act for another or to represent another in dealings with third person. The person for whom such act is done, or who is so represented, is called the principal”

Where one employs another to do an act for him or to represent him in dealings with third parties, the person so employed is called an agent. In the theory of the English law, the agent is a connecting line between the principal & third parties. He is an intermediary who has the power to create legal relationships between the principal and the third parties.

Sec. 2(13) of the Companies Act, 1956 defines that “‘director’ includes any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called”

Thus, director is an individual lawfully appointed to the Board of Directors of a company which is duly constituted to direct, control and supervise the activities and affairs of a company. Directors of a company are in the eye of law agents of the company for which they act and the general principles of the law of principal and agent regulate in most respects the relationship of the company and its directors. (Somayazula vs. Hope Prodhome & Co. (1963) 2 An W.R. 112.)

The test of agency is whether the person is purporting to enter into transaction on behalf of the principal or not. In order to constitute an agency, it is not necessary to have a formal agreement.

A director of a company is not necessarily the agent of the company or of its shareholder, but the true position of the directors of a company may that be of agents for the company with powers and duties of carrying on the whole of its business, subject to the restrictions imposed by the Articles of Association. A Director or a managing director may not be a servant of the company; he may be an agent of the company for carrying on its business. What he is in fact will depend on the facts and circumstances of each case. Generally speaking, neither the board of directors nor an individual director is, as such, an agent of the company, or the corporation, or its members. Under modern legislation, all powers of management, except those expressly reserved to the shareholders in general meeting, are vested in the board of directors, who have powers to appoint officers who are subject to the supervision and control of the board. Members of the board resemble agents in that they act on behalf of others, and are fiduciaries owing to the duties of loyalty and care. However, these duties are owed to the corporate body itself rather than to the shareholders. An individual director, as such, has still less resemblance to an agent than has the board as a body. Even when he acts as member of the board, he does not act as an agent, but as one of the group which supervises the activities of the corporation. However, he may be appointed an agent of the incorporated body.

Director as an agent: The Madras High Court observed that normally a director is not an agent of the Company but where he acts as a director- in- charge and corresponds with another party to bring about a contract he will act as an agent. As such the liability is of the company and not the agent personally. (Puddokottah Textiles Ltd. vs. B.R. Adityan (1975) 88 Mad. L. W. 688, 790)

The court has power under its equitable jurisdiction to award interest whenever a person in a fiduciary position, such as Director of Company, misuses money that he controls in his fiduciary capacity. Whenever the transaction in which the money used was of a commercial nature the court will presume that it was profitable and the court will give adequate compensation for the profits assumed to have been made. (Wallersteiner vs. Moir (1975) 1 All E.R. 849, 865)

The Supreme Court has described the office of a Director thus,

“The Director of a Company is not a servant but an agent inasmuch as a company cannot act in its own person but only through its directors, who qua the Company have a relationship of an agent to the principal.” (Ramprasad Vs. Commissioner of Income Tax (1973) A. Sc. 637, 640; Commissioner of Income Tax Vs. Man Mohandas (1966) A. Sc. 743; 59, I.T.R. – 699)

A managing Director may have a dual capacity. He may both be a director and an employee. He has not only the persona of a director but also the persona of an employee or an agent depending on terms of his employment and the Company’s Articles Association. The term ’employee’ is facile enough to cover both these relationships.

An agent though bound to exercise his authority in accordance with lawful instructions given to him is not subject to the direct control and supervision of the principal. A Managing Director of a Company if he is to act under the directions of a board of Directors is a servant.

A Managing Director has two functions and two capacities. As a Managing director he is under a contract with the company and this contract is contract of employment. More specifically it is a contract of service and not for service.

A Director of a Company is not necessarily an agent of the company or its shareholders. If he acts as an agent he must specifically say so. So where in his written statement a director did not raise such a plea, he is deemed to have acted on his personal capacity. So a suit against him alone is not barred by Sections 230 and 235 of the Contract Act. (Raja Ram Jaiswal vs. Ganesh Parshad, AIR 1959 All 29)

Managing Director benefiting himself: A Managing Director appointed for ten years resigned his post which the company refused to accept and therefore he was still in service. While being ostensibly in service his placing orders with the company’s suppliers and dealings with customers, was breach of his duty and fidelity and good faith as Director not to benefit personally by contracts ostensibly entered into on behalf of the company. (Thomas Marshall Exports Ltd. v. Guinde (1978)) A Master is liable for the torts of his servant committed during the course of his employment irrespective of the master deriving any benefit. An agent’s function is to enter into relations on behalf of his principal with third persons. He acts at his discretion and judgment but within the limits of his authority.

As a company is an artificial person and can only contract through its agents, the normal mode of signing is to use the words “on behalf of” so and so company before the signature of the agent signing, and if an agent so signs, no personal liability will attach to him. Directors are agents of the company to the extent of the authority delegated to them. Hence, where directors make a contract in the name of, or purporting to bind the company, it is the company- the principal- which is liable on it and not the directors. The directors are not personally liable unless it appears that they took personal liability.

Directors are not personally liable under a contract which is lawful and which they have made in the proper exercise of their authority. Directors purchased goods for their company and agreed with the supplier to allot him debentures for the price. Before the debentures could be issued, the company went into liquidation. The supplier was held not liable to make the directors personally liable under the contract (Elkington & Co. vs. Hurter, (1982) 2 Ch 452) .

In another case, where its directors cum majority shareholder appointed an accountant for the company and he subsequently acting as a director removed the accountant, he was held not liable to compensate the accountant because he had acted only as an officer of the company but he was liable for the accountant’s costs and expenses of litigation. This is because the litigation was solely due to his conduct in acting in a highhanded manner (Schouls vs. Canadian Meat Processing Corporation, [1980- 1984] LRC (Comm) 778) .

Section 226 of the Indian Contract Act assumes that the contracts or act of the agent is one, which, as between the principal and third person, is binding on the principal. If the contracts is entered into, or act done professedly on behalf of the principal and is within the scope of the actual authority of agent, there is no difficulty. With regard to contracts and acts which are not actually authorized, the principal may be bound by them on the principal of estoppel, if they are within the scope of the agent’s ostensible authority; but in no case is he bound by any unauthorized act or transaction with respect to persons having notice that the actual authority is being exceeded. Therefore no act done by an agent in excess of his actual authority is binding on the principal with respect to persons having notice that the act is unauthorized. An agent who was appointed by a power of attorney, borrowed money on the faith of a representation made by him that the power gave him full authority to borrow and misapplied it. The agent produced the power, which did not authorize the loan, but the lender did not read it, and made the advance in reliance on the agent’s representation. It was held that the lender must be taken to have had notice of the terms of the power and that the principal was not bound by the loan. (Jacobs v. Morris (1902) 1 Ch 816) In regard to Sec. 238 of the same Act, which deals with effect on agreement of misrepresentation or fraud by agent, makes the principal bound by such acts of the agent having same effect as though the principals had committed the fraud or misrepresentation. But misrepresentations made or frauds committed by agents in matters that do not fall within their authority do not affect their principals.

While negotiating a contract for his company, a director should make it clear to the other party that the contract will be entered into by the company and not by the director personally. If he does not do this and the other party believes that he is contracting with the director or agent and not the company, the contract they conclude will be a personal one and he will be personally liable for the fulfillment of the promises made. (Bridges & Salmon Ltd. vs. The Swan (Owners), (1968) 1 Lloyds Rep 5)

Written and submitted by: –


IVth year, B.B.A.LL.B

Symbiosis Law School,


Top Brands of Sun Safe Candy For Kids

Summer may be only a recent memory, but in many parts of the world, the sun still shines brightly. That means that most candies will melt between their containers and the consumer’s mouth. Think of the sticky messes that chocolate or caramel candies can become if left on a picnic table during a family outing.

It does not have to be that way because there are plenty of sun safe candies that maintain their shapes and do not turn into sticky messes in the sun. Choose the mouth watering Sour Mix. A heavy coat of tart sugar makes these chews extra delicious. In addition, they won’t melt in the sun. The cool colors and unique tastes will remain true to the bottom of the Paint Can container in which they are packed in. Order plenty of these to keep on hand this fall for Halloween, Thanksgiving, or just everyday enjoyment. Then relax, knowing you will not have to worry about cleaning up a sticky mess at the bottom of the container on a warm autumn day.

Jelly Belly Jelly Beans – Very Cherry are another popular choice for kids to eat on the go. They will love these super-juicy treats on cool fall days, and Mom will not have to worry about a sticky mess on little hands. Available in the Mini-bin, these Jelly Belly treats will last for a good long while in the kitchen or on the patio…until the kids find them, that is. Once discovered, these juicy little beans will disappear fast.

Mega Candy Buttons are a nostalgic treat for grown-ups, but today’s kids will love them, too. These big candy-colored buttons come on strips for easy enjoyment and loads of non-sticky pleasure. The flavors include Lemon, Raspberry, Orange, and Cherry, so there is sure to be a favorite for everyone on the three sheets of candies that come with each order. Share them with friends and family every day.

Who can resist Raspberry Rock Candy? These crystallized treats are sweet and juicy, and just right for afternoon snacking. They are heat resistant, so if your children are busy outside on a sunny day, and do not worry about them coming back inside with overly sticky hands. These delicious treats also come in Strawberry, Cherry, and Grape, so everyone will find a flavor that they love. Make sure to order plenty to last throughout the holiday season, whether you like the Mini-bin, metal lunch box or the Paint Can. These colorful crystals of sugar and water will be a favorite and a fun science lesson as well when the kids ask you how these candies are made. You will sound like a genius, too, when you explain that rock candy is created through the mixing of sugar and water and the application of evaporation. Imagine a science lesson and an afternoon treat all in one! Many kids like licorice…some prefer red while others like the black variety. Have the family try the Licorice – Red Mix with its cherry and strawberry flavors. Or order the Licorice – Black Mix for the ultimate in licorice flavor. Licorice – Australian Red is another intensely flavored morsel that the whole gang will appreciate on a sunny autumn afternoon at the park or in the backyard. The twists and twirls of these candies are as fun looking as they are tasty. And you will not have to worry about them melting into a blob that is difficult to manage. These treats will maintain their shape in the sun as well as in the hands of the kids.

Red Licorice Scotties come in the shape of Scottish Terriers for loads of fun. Your kids might spend more time playing with their treats than eating them. But that’s okay because these are another variety of the sun safe candies.. They’ll taste just as good after a candy dog show as they do straight out of the package.

Another great Sun Safe Candy that can stand up to the bright sun is Jolly Ranchers. These individually packaged sweets come in a variety of flavors. Choose grape, apple, watermelon, cherry or blue raspberry. They are long-lasting candies that will keep the kids satisfied for a good long while. Order in bulk and pick your packaging. The Paint Can and Mini-bin are both fun options for storage and dispensing. You’ll want to keep either one on the kitchen counter, within easy reach of little hands.

Filtered and Fabulous: Things That Use Filters

According to Dictionary.com a ‘filter’ is:

– Any substance, as cloth, paper, porous porcelain, or a layer of charcoal or sand, through which liquid or gas is passed to remove suspended impurities or to recover solids.

– Any device, as a tank or tube, containing such a substance for filtering.

– Any of various analogous devices, as for removing dust from air or impurities from tobacco smoke, or for eliminating certain kinds of light rays.

As you can see from the definitions, a filter can be found in many different products, machines, and other items. The purpose of a filter is to separate one thing from another, usually substances that should not be mixed; oil and water, smoke and air, oil and air, and minerals and water are a few examples of this.

Filters are used in common everyday items, in big industrial applications, in vehicles, and in science and engineering applications.

In the Home

There are many common household items and products make use of filters. One of the most filters in the home is the air filter in the air conditioning or heating system. The air filter filters out the dust, allergens, smoke, and other airborne particulates that are blown through the air ducts. A properly cleaned and regularly replaced air filter will help keep a family healthy, and can usually cut down on allergies and common colds. Another household item that uses a filter is the vacuum cleaner. The things that get sucked up into the vacuum cleaner aren’t always solid pieces of dirt or detritus. Most of the time the vacuum will also suck up dust, ash (from homes with fireplaces) and other super tiny particulates that shouldn’t be blown back into the air. The filter on the vacuum cleaner traps these things.

In the Garage

In the garage you will find that your car uses a filter. The air filter in the car keeps dust, dirt, exhaust, and even oil from getting into the car’s system. You wouldn’t want to turn on your air conditioner and get a big whiff of road dust. Also, the air compressor you use to clean off your work space and inflate the car’s tires uses an air compressor filter, as a well as an air oil separator.

Medical Uses

Filters are used in the breathing apparatuses for patients, and even in the air filtration system. The air filtration system in the hospital also uses an air compressor to keep the air clean, thin, and dry. These air compressors use a different type of air compressor filter, and must have a well maintained air oil separator-you can’t have oil vapor escaping into the hospital.

Filters have many practical uses in the home, at work, and in the garage. Filters should be replaced often and cleaned regularly in order to keep them working-filtering out the things you don’t want to breathe, drink, or clean out of your house or car.

Comparison Between Pneumatic and Hydraulic Equipments

Two of the most useful and widely used tool categories used for producing mechanical actions include pneumatic tools and hydraulic tools. Some of the best pneumatic equipments and tools are air brakes, air compressors, air guns, pneumatic cylinders, pneumatic sensors and vacuum pumps. Heavy equipments used for construction tasks are the best examples of hydraulic tools.

Each of these two categories of tools is used for specific applications. There are some advantages of pneumatic tools that hydraulic tools lack and vice versa. In order to select the right tool for a particular application, you must know how to compare the two sets of tools. Learn how to bring out this comparison from the following sections.

Comparison among Basic Operations

Pneumatic tools make use of gases that are compressible. These may include compressed air or compressed inert gases. On the other hand, the operation of hydraulic tools and equipments is based on incompressible liquids. It is worth noting that each of these tool sets use the principle of fluid power in the opposite manners.

Usual Pressure Range

Pneumatic equipments are required where comparatively lesser pressure is required. These tools and equipments use pressure that usually ranges between 80 and 100 pounds per square inch. On the other hand, hydraulic devices use much greater pressure that may exceed up to 10,000 pounds per square inch. This is the reason that hydraulic tools are able to support heavy weight construction tasks and other similar applications.

Simplicity, Control and Storage

Needless to say, pneumatic tools are simpler designs as compared with hydraulic equipments. Moreover, they are easier to use and control and have simpler operations. Going further, they require very little space for storage.

Reliability and Usage Terms

Hydraulic equipments are more prone to damage due to the types of applications they are involved in. Moreover, incompressible fluids are more difficult to control than compressible ones. This also indicates that hydraulic tools require more maintenance than their pneumatic counterparts. If maintained properly, both pneumatic and hydraulic equipments can last for up to 15 years.

Noise Level

Pneumatic tools are responsible for causing greater noise when operated. Hydraulic equipments in comparison are quieter in operation. The reason for this may be the applications for which these two sets of tool are used.

Operating Conditions

As far as operating conditions are concerned, hydraulic tools can be easily used in different types of environments. For example, these equipments can be used in different temperature ranges. Pneumatic tools won’t work at sub-zero temperatures, but hydraulic equipments can work under these conditions. Going further, hydraulic machines can work under the water, where pneumatic equipments fail to perform.

Price Comparison

As it is clear from the discussion so far, hydraulic equipments have higher initial costs as compared to the tools based on pneumatic technology. However, the efforts made for the maintenance of these tools should decide their overall costs.

The comparison made above doesn’t mean that pneumatic tools or hydraulic equipments have pros and cons. It is just to provide an idea about the type of applications and environments for which each of these tool categories works.

Perfect Party Supplies for a Hawaii Five-O Themed Celebration

During the Seventies, the elite force known as Hawaii Five-O headed by Detective Steve McGarett of the Honolulu state police caught the imagination of thousands of home viewers. Currently, a new generation of TV audience is discovering the thrill of watching the revival of this famous crew as they solved a challenging case in each episode. For all the fans of both the old and new versions of Hawaii Five-O, a similarly themed celebration would be great during the holidays, on a birthday, or for a summer house party. See the following ideas for Hawaiian Tiki and Luau party supplies.

Seashells, Starfish, Seahorse, and Beach Decors

Whether the scene is a tropical paradise situated inland or a sandy beach beside the ocean, an array of seashells and starfishes should never be missed in your party decors. You can buy a mixed scoop of tiny shells or a kilo of brightly colored horn or whelk seashells. You may use large flat scallops to serve side dishes during meals. You also have a choice between white clams, cowries, and spiked shells as place card holders. You can add mini starfishes to the party invitation along with a sprinkle of sand for a nice beach party theme.

One of the best ideas for a table décor is a hurricane lamp made from wide rum glasses. Fill these up with a couple of inches of sand. Decorate with tiny seashells and mini starfishes before pushing down a pillar candle in its midst. Make sure the glass rim is taller than the candle to prevent the breeze from killing the flame sooner.

Tiki Huts and Totem Party Props

Of course, nothing speaks of the Hawaiian heritage more than the scary totem faces we often see on cultural sites. Gracing sculptures, vases, and traditional masks, these grotesque images are both an artistic expression and a symbol of the natives’ reverence towards their gods. Decorate your party venue with totem poles and tiki statues. Choose either cardboard cut-outs or plastic tiki images to set the scene. Sunken tiki backdrops and tiki hut props are also available for instant wall decors. As for the real thing, tiki torches are easy to make with bamboo and kerosene lamps.

Typically, a Hawaiian luau would have leis or grass skirts for the guests to wear. A Frangipani hair clip for the women is also a good idea. A coconut or pineapple cut in half could hold a cocktail juice like Four Season. Some party goers like to drink beer. So, wrap a little grass skirt around the bottles as decoration.

Hurl Your Concrete Cookies

I know none of us has ever experienced this condition, but we all know of someone who has had the hurling issue, often after a period of personal discussion with some of the friends of George Thorogood.

In this instance, I’m not thinking either of the example above, or the tasty oatmeal raisin cookies my grandma made for us when we were kids. I am making specific reference to the pre-cast chunks of concrete usually four to six inches in thickness and 12 to 18 inches in diameter which are sold or provided for footings in pole buildings.

The basic concept is to throw concrete cookies in the bottom of the augered holes and place the building columns directly upon them. The general idea is for the cookies to support the weight of the building, to prevent settling.

My recommendation – RUN, DO NOT WALK, away from this as a design solution.


They are a failure looking for a place to happen.

Let’s look at what a footing is supposed to do. The dead weight of the building PLUS all imposed live loads must be distributed to the soils beneath the building. Sounds pretty simple, eh?

To begin with, the International Building Codes require concrete footings to be a minimum of six inches in thickness. This eliminates immediately any concrete cookies which are less than this thickness (most of them).

Examine a fairly small example – a 30′ wide building with columns spaced every eight feet. The actual weight of the building (dead load) will vary greatly depending upon the materials used. Steel roofing and siding will be lighter than shingles and wood sidings. For the sake of this example, we will use a fairly light 10 psf (pounds per square foot) building weight. The Code specifies a minimum roof live load of 20 psf. This means each footing must carry the weight of one-half of the width (15 feet) times the column spacing (8 feet) times 30 psf. Doing the math, 3,600 pounds.

In many parts of the country soil bearing pressures are as little as 1500 or even 1000 psf. Basically – the easier it is to dig, the lower the capacity of the soil to support a vertical load.

For every foot of depth below grade, the soil capacity is increased by 20%. Other than with 1000 psf soils, for every foot of width over one foot, the capacity also gets a 20% increase.

With 1500 psf soil, and the bottom of the footing four feet below grade, a 12 inch footing will support 2700 pounds per square foot.

A 12 inch diameter footing covers 0.785 square feet, a 16 inch 1.4, 18 inch 1.77, 24 inch 3.14.

The 16 inch footing would support exactly the 3600 pounds from the example above. However – lots of places in the country have snow loads (which the footings must support) and many buildings are wider than 30 feet, or have columns placed over eight feet apart.

Trying a 40 foot span, with a 40 psf roof snow load, same eight foot column spacing, would mean resisting an 8000 pound load! With 1500 psf soils, even a two foot diameter footing would be inadequate.

In most cases, the use of concrete cookies as footing pads proves to be both inadequate and a waste of good money. To insure a building won’t settle, (from inadequate footings), look for a plan produced by a registered design professional who is proficient in post frame building design. He/She will have the history and training to design your building to withstand the loads… which begins with the foundation.

How To Safely Recycle Your Old Trampoline?

We just started our new recycling campaign in the UK last week, the system involves 3 new bins and I have to say is quite complicated. We will get used to it though and in time I’m sure it will have a very positive impact on the environment. When this new system came into place though, the question was bought up in the office regarding what the recycling procedures are now for trampolines. We will walk you through the recycling process when you are retiring your old family trampoline.

First thing to keep in mind is that you don’t necessarily have to get rid of your old trampoline. The market Is full of trampoline part retailers where you can rebuild your old trampoline for not too much at all. Generally the frame has been built to last a good few years which means that it’s only the trampoline pads and trampoline bed that have to be replaced. When purchasing these trampoline parts it’s imperative that you measure the trampoline properly, when measuring your trampoline you measure from the most outer points of the frame and not the bed itself. Once you have the correct size we recommend looking for either pvc or polyester trampoline pads. Either of these materials are made to last in all types of weather and are designed to withstand the sun, which means that they don’t crack. This means that the trampoline has a longer lifespan and there is less likelihood of having to replace the trampoline parts in the near future.

Trampolines are mostly made from steel and steel is quite a valuable commodity that can be recycled. There are a number of ways to recycle your trampoline then. The first and foremost way is to just take it to your local council recycling point where they will assist you in disposing of the trampoline. Another method is to call a local steel merchant, there are a number on the internet who come pick up your old trampoline for free and then recycle the steel. Another popular option is to get a few pounds for your old trampoline at a metal scrap yard in the area.

When recycling though keep in mind a few factors that are important when it comes to recycling. Only the trampoline frame itself can be recycled properly, as the trampoline pads and trampoline bed are made of non-recyclable materials.

Trampoline beds are made of the same materials as your average pond liners etc. If you are a keen gardener, you would be able to use the bed as a hardy mat or liner for a new garden feature. You could also use the mat as a yoga mat a sit’s tough and cut to the right shape. An interesting option would be to use your old mat as a cover for your new trampoline if you have upgraded or replaced the old unit.

Recycling is an important part of our community and should be viewed as much, when it comes to disposing of children’s toys. There are a number of ways we can protect our environment by being just a little more conscious about how to recycle.

Economical Way to Enclose a Pontoon Boat

Pontoon Boat Slant Front Full Enclosures are a canvas enclosure custom made to fit your make and model of Pontoon Boat. These enclosures will help protect your console instruments, pontoon furniture and carpeting throughout.

The unique slant front enclosure is an economical way to enclose the entire deck area without the expense of a second Bimini or Camper Top frame. You continue to have the easy access to the front portion of the deck that you would not have with a standard half enclosure and 1/2 playpen cover. A quality boat top will protect you and increase the value of your boat.

There are usually options available for your Pontoon Boat Slant Front Full Enclosure such as screens to allow air flow, a must for a hot humid summer day. Screens are usually intergraded into the two side curtains and stern curtain, and can be zippered up and down when needed. Another option would be a storage boot. The Storage Boot is used to cover the Bimini Top when folded back and not in use.

The Pontoon Boat Slant Front Full Enclosure does enclose the entire deck area of your pontoon boat which now really makes it a multi use boat. You can entertain family and friends as well a great way to have a business meeting with a client.

If you’re a real estate broker or agent selling waterfront properties, a Pontoon Boat with a Slant Front Full Enclosure will be a great asset in helping you close a property sale. Keep your clients dry while you tour the lake looking at cottages and year round waterfront homes.

The Pontoon Boat Slant Front Full Enclosure will make a true difference in your comfort while you are boating and extend your boating season deep into the fall.

Great Tips for Styling Your Home With Luxurious Home Decor Accessories

Every home needs a theme to highlight its overall décor. We can encourage you with a few themes which can beautify your home. Your home provides so much starting from a sense of security to a sensuous awakening every morning, from cozy comfort to cool composition, from an air of well-being to an aura of exhilaration. With all such offerings provided to you from your humble abode you would certainly want to do up the interiors fabulously!

There are 4 themes of decorating your home with premium home decor accessories, choose wisely which one you would like.

Minimalist Homes:

A modern minimalist loves to keep things simple yet stylish. If you love a simple, clutter free and chic environment around you then you would want to have a minimalistic theme for your home. You would love spaces that are airy, spacious and pro natural light. Follow simple tips to get a minimalist theme for your home.

· For a minimalist vibe pick neutral colors for decorating your house. Monochromes would be your best bet.

· Chose rugs with geometric design.

· Maintain a sleek look with no table cloth on the table.

· Simple yet well-chosen home decor accessories will help you keep a minimal look.

Eclectic Homes:

An eclectic style for doing up the home will appeal the most to those who love the mix of vibrant and vintage feel. Each space in the house will be a story in itself with unique pieces arranged aesthetically. Keep in mind these tips to do up your home eclectically:

· Bring a balance to a space by mixing the bright hues with subtle pastel shades.

· Repetition is the key to give your space a defined rhythm. So repeat a shape or color beautifully.

· Add texture to create visual asthetics.

Classic Homes:

A classic theme is for someone who loves the elegance in traditional designs. If you are someone who loves the rich look for ethnic designs yet like a classic approach to decorating a space then you would love to do up your abode this way. Follow these key tips:

· Decorative home decor accessories like candles and vases with ethnic designs will bring life to your space.

· Add a rich Indian feel to your space with rugs that have traditional patterns.

· Handcrafted wooden furniture is the best way to achieve the Indian décor.

· India is all about colors and to add an ambience that radiates ethnic splendor, you could incorporate lots of festive colors using colorful cushions, spreads, rugs and painting.

Contemporary Homes:

A person who loves everything about modern age be it the fashion, trends and technology would also love to have their homes designed in a contemporary theme. In such a house there will be pieces that are not only pleasant looking but are also high on functionality

· Give importance to pieces that are unique in design but also serve a daily activity function

· Add metal vases to decorate fresh flowers in the dining room

· Metal & glass furniture would attract you more than anything else.

With these themes, we hope you found out your favorite theme.

Cleaning a Mattress – 7 Things To Do – 3 Things Not To Do!

How To Clean A Mattress — 7 Things To Do & 3 Things Not To Do! :

1. Turn your mattress over by 180 degrees.

2. Remove any small stains with a solution mixture of a mild detergent mixed with water. Ensure you air dry the area before you make up the bed.

3. Use large thirsty towels in order to soak up any large liquid stains. Ensure you air dry the mattress outdoors or with a portable electric fan. Ensure the total surface of your mattress is thoroughly dry. This step is extremely important.

4. Use a special mattress cleaner making sure you follow the manufacturer’s instructions for any stubborn stains. Don’t forget to test a small part of the fabric first.

5. Take advantage of using a mattress cover. Mattress covers actually eliminate bed bugs from your bed!

6. Get in the habit of turning your mattress over every 3 months or so and do your very best to vacuum it.

7. Take advantage of a mattress protector in order to eliminate the need for extra mattress cleanings. As you can tell, it is a lot easier to clean a mattress protector than it is to clean a mattress. It makes life easier, that’s for sure.

3 Things Not To Do When Cleaning A Mattress:

1. Never ever use any type of dry cleaning solutions when cleaning your mattress.

2. Avoid the use of baking soda on a wet mattress because it will begin to form a paste which can be quite difficult to clean up.

3. Do not put your mattress in the washing machine. Cleaning with a hose or in a bathtub is best. Do not forget to close the valve while washing. For general cleaning, a quick scrubbing with Formula 409®, BioClean™ All-Purpose Cleaner, or other general household cleaner is best.

For highly soiled mattresses, I’d highly recommend buying a new mattress. It obviously will be well worth it. Do you know a good Mattress Store? Do your homework, especially online to find a reputable store near where you live. Start Googling and educate yourself on the subject of the importance of having a good mattress for health benefits.

Don’t just visit any store in your local area. Make it a point to go to one that has free delivery along with set-up. Ask about their removal policy and also if they have quick next day delivery service.