Fashion Forward Wearable Devices Enhance Digital Runway

Have you watched a spy movie and wondered if the undercover devices that use on their missions, or the mechanisms helping them escape a nail-biting situation are realistic? Digital manufacturers are producing products in wearable technology, based on several ideas seen in spy and science fiction movies. Manufacturers are ensuring that their sleek and stylish designs will not sacrifice performance, attributes and efficiency for today's personal use. Amazingly, these devices are gaining popularity everyday and practically every household owns at least one.

The digital fashion runway is taking on a distinct look with wearable device statements that are functional and in vogue. Today's digital landscape is taking on a new social trend in the world of fashionable accessories. The future of wearables allows the user to take their technology with them for connecting to their daily lives, from gadgets for fitness and personal communications to infotainment (information-entertainment). How effective these devices are depends largely on connectivity, as well as convenience. Industry influencers are competing with a variety of wearable accessories that include smart watches, smart eyewear, smart trackers, smart sport accessories, wearable cameras, smart bracelets, healthcare devices, activity trackers, entertainment devices, running watches and devices for kids and pets.

Wearable computers are engineered to connect to the internet in real-time, while mixing the real world, with virtual and hybrid reality. The digital experience from these fashionable wearable devices compute through ambient intelligence (AMI), which are electronic environments sensitive to adapting and responding to the human presence. End-users are able to enjoy and experience personal, well-timed and relevant information twenty-four hours a day.

Wearable device industry leaders are ensuring their technology, platforms and expertise are highly competitive, and on point for increased consumer demand. They are making it possible to connect incredibly fast over 3G and 4G LTE networks. Technologies that include sensors, radio-frequency identification (RFID), biometrics, nanotechnology and software upgrades are embedded in these fashion forward wearables to help automate digital platforms with ease and efficiency. It will be interesting to see how soon we witness more luxurious wearable fashion designs on the electronic runway. Obviously, it would be a fashion faux pas to wear a sporty smart bracelet with formalwear. The future of fashion forward wearables offers unlimited, innovative possibilities.

Add Nighttime Function to Your Home with Outdoor Lighting

Would you like to increase the amount of time that you can spend outdoors at your home? Having the right scheme of outdoor lighting to allow for nighttime use of an area is the most important factor for allowing you to do this. The types of lighting you should consider using to enhance your outdoor area include: porch or patio lighting, garden or landscape lighting, and path lighting.

Porch or patio lighting should be carefully planned, since these places are the most common functional areas used at night. This is also a great type of lighting to use around a swimming pool to allow for use at night. Lighting for these areas is very important for safety and visibility. The lighting needs to be reliably bright, making wall mounts and flood lights common choices. Lighting for a porch or patio does not have to be mounted on the exterior of the house. Rope lights and deck post lights are two examples of lights that attach to your porch, not your house.

Garden or landscape lighting is used to highlight special features and focal points of your landscaping. Many lights of the same lighting type can be used in an area, and they can be placed at strategic locations in your garden so that you can enjoy its beauty at night as well as during the day. Special garden lights such as spotlights can be used to highlight focal points of your landscape, such as a fountain or water garden.

Path lighting is great for clearing a walkway in your outdoor living area. It also looks great when it's used to define the perimeter of an area, such as a freestanding flower garden.
Before purchasing outdoor lighting fixtures, be sure that they are designed for outdoor use. Outdoor lighting fixtures are made to be durable and resistant to weather conditions, so they are made of strong materials including shatterproof glass, plastic, aluminum, and stainless steel.

Types of Bicycle Wheels

Most people would think of bicycle wheels as just round objects that allow bicycles to roll. Well, present day bicycle wheels are a lot more than that. Today’s bicycles are as different as the functions and the interests of its riders and have also been made to suit their respective needs.

Wheels have come a long way from the wooden rims it was first made of in 1865. Later on, both wheels were made from hard rubber and steel spokes which gave it a better feel. Pneumatic tires were introduced in the 1880s, giving more comfort to the cyclist, and is still the most common wheel type being used at the present.

Before we discuss the different types of bicycle wheels, let us first talk about its basic parts: the tire, the spokes and the inner tube. The spokes are usually made from thin bars of steel, aluminum or titanium and is connected from the hub to the inner part of the rim. The rim gives the basic round shape to the wheel and features a lip where the tires are tucked in. The hub is the center part of the tire and is usually made of aluminum. It is connected to the fork through the axle. Now that we have a basic idea of the parts, let us go to the different types of bicycle wheels.

Road or Street Wheels do not need the traction, thickness and durability of off-road bicycle wheels. Its tires are thin and its small area reduces the amount of friction it causes when in contact with the road. Road wheels can also come with high-performance or puncture resistant tires. These tires are narrower, lightweight and provide better grip when you turn. Kevlar tires are also used to prevent punctures from nails, glass and other debris. A set of road or street wheels could range from $400 to more than $3,000.

Mountain Bike Wheels have thicker and heavier rims and spokes, making it sturdier when colliding with off-road obstacles. They come with either knobby treads, which digs into dirt and soil to provide traction, or semi-click tires, that provides speed and good traction during tight manuevers. A pair of mountain bike wheels could go for as low as $120 to a high of about $2,000.

BMX Wheels, which are made for performing tricks, are wider and shorter than mountain bike wheels to provide better grip and more maneuverability. The treads are also ideal for dirt surfaces and jumps and the rims are usually made from aluminum. Prices of BMX bicycle wheels start at $35 and up.

Hybrid Wheels are designed for off-road and paved surfaces. The tread on hybrid bicycle wheels cut into the surface of the tires to allow less drag on pavements but still has enough grip on loose soil. It is thinner than mountain bike wheels but a little bit thicker compared to street wheels.

SNIP/TUCK: Circumcision in the Philippines

In our country, circumcision is not done solely for medical purposes. Circumcision has been a part of our cultural norm; that every boy in his puberty years is expected to undergo. Pretty strange? Not so in our country. You see, circumcision has been a ritual, a rite of passage if you may, that boys have to go through during the said life stage. It is a cultural belief in the Philippines that the transition from boy to manhood is not thoroughly fulfilled without circumcision.

Failure to undergo this traditional Filipino custom will most likely result to mockery and ridicule from peers and relatives. Those who are not yet circumcised will be called supot (intact prepuce) and will be looked down by those who are done with the procedure. If one reaches high school uncircumcised, he will be considered weird and abnormal. Those that reach the early adult years uncircumcised are considered “old” for the procedure. If one does not have a deep understanding and knowledge of the Filipino culture, this would be considered a low form of bullying.


In the Philippines, there is a so-called circumcision season and these are the months of April-May, or the summer months. These months are when the kids are on a school break; so, after the circumcision, the kids can rest at home without having to miss school during the healing process. It is during the said months when “Operation Tuli” (mass circumcision) in different hospitals and health clinics are conducted. Hundreds of crying, screaming, and on-the-verge-of-fainting boys would line up to undergo this procedure.


Circumcision in the Philippines is done in two ways – the surgical circumcision and the traditional circumcision or “Pukpok” (vigorous blow or hammering).

Surgical Circumcision

The newer, more modern, and universally accepted method is the surgical circumcision. The surgical circumcision is favored by those who live in the urban areas where hospitals and clinics are more accessible. It is the circumcision of choice by urban folks who are more modernized and have been educated enough regarding this type of circumcision.

There are two techniques used for surgical circumcision – dorsal slit and sleeve techniques. The dorsal slit is the technique of choice for those with conditions such as phimosis (tight foreskin) and paraphimosis (un-retractable foreskin). The foreskin is pulled back over the glans before circumcision. A vertical cut down the center of the foreskin is made. The slit is made up to the base of the penis crown and the skin excised . Multiple stitching follows using absorbable sutures. Of course, all of these are done after the injection of a local anesthetic. This technique was the one used during those times when I assisted circumcisions.

The sleeve technique on the other hand presents a more aesthetically pleasing penis. Circular cuts are made on the penile shaft that reveals a gap. The remaining foreskin are then pulled together and stitched up.This technique is said to be more intricate than the dorsal slit technique. This method is suitable for older boys and adults.

Traditional Circumcision or “Pukpok”

This method has caused a bit of controversy over the years given the nature of the procedure itself. Many have argued that the traditional circumcision or “pukpok” is a form of genital mutilation and abuse. This method is done in the very rural areas of the country.

Boys would line up to go to the local “circumciser” for this traditional circumcision or “pukpok“. It is favored that this procedure be done near a river, lake, or sea because the boys will be asked to submerged half of their bodies (from waist down) in the water to soften the penile skin before going under the knife. They will also be asked to chew guava leaves to be used for later. The foreskin is placed on top of a piece of wood called “lukaw“. A razor (labaha) is then placed on top of the foreskin. The foreskin detaches after a few swift hammering. The boy will then be asked to spit the chewed guava leaves on the wound to control the bleeding.

I am not certain if this method is still being practiced up to this day although there have been reports that it still is.


It will make one taller: Most of those who get circumcised do grow taller and the reason for such is that those who get circumcised are the boys who are in their growth spurt years. These are boys in the 10-16 age brackets. They are in the stage where physical changes happen like rapid increase in height. Circumcision has nothing to do with that.

It will make a penis bigger: Circumcision is subtraction and not addition. Part of a penis is excised. It will actually do the opposite if not successfully done. So, no, there’s no solid fact that circumcision can make a penis bigger.

The uncircumcised will have a hard time getting someone pregnant: A lot of factors (sperm and structural abnormalities, genetic disorders, etc.) are involved in not getting someone pregnant except for being uncircumcised.


“Binata ka na!” (You’re now a man!), are the first words you’d normally hear once the procedure is over. After the healing is complete and the boy’s free from all physical pain that the procedure has brought him, he will then walk tall and with a smug like expression on his face for becoming a whole new man.

Be it a thousand years tradition or not, circumcision is a choice – unless it is medically indicated. It is a choice by the one getting circumcised and not merely what one’s culture dictates. The boys should be informed regarding the advantages and disadvantages of circumcision first. Those who choose not to go with it should never be mocked. Lastly, traditional circumcision or “pukpok” should be eradicated… completely! Not only is the practice not safe, unsterile, and brutal, it can hurt the boys psychologically as well.

The Difference Between a Casio Baby-G and a Casio G Shock Watch

Are you looking for the perfect watch that can stand up to your tough lifestyle? There are two that come to mind: the Casio Baby-G and the Casio G shock. These two watches are remarkably similar. They are both tough and durable. They can withstand large falls and impacts that other watches would crumble under. They can both be used in water, and they both have sleek designs that set them apart from other watches.

Their similarities make sense, though. After all, the Baby-G is just a smaller version of the G shock. Despite their similarities, however, there are a few unique differences you should consider before you decide to make a purchase.

Analyzing the Differences

  • Men vs. Women – One of the biggest differences between these two watches is that the G shock is made for men, and the Baby-G is made for women. The sizes of the straps and the watch’s face are different because of this. The Baby-G’s face is generally about the same in length, but it is usually not as deep as the men’s version of the watch.
  • Water Resistance – A G shock watch is generally (although not always) water resistant for up to 200 meters. While some Baby-G’s are as well, many are only resistant for up to 100 meters. Unless your favourite activity is snorkelling or deep sea diving, however, this should not be a problem.
  • Colour – The men’s version of this watch generally comes in very few colours, like black, red, silver, gray, and white. The women’s version, however, is much more colourful. You can find these watches in red, pink, green, white, purple, black, blue, and silver. This allows women to pick and choose different and vibrant colours to match any outfit they put on.

What do These Watches Have in Common?

Aside from their sleek look and unmatchable durability, these two watch styles have several features in common, including:

  • Temperature resistance – Some of the watches can withstand temperatures as low as -20 degrees Celsius.
  • Electro-luminescent backlight – The backlight on these two types of watches allows you to enjoy them anytime- no matter what time of day it is.
  • Auto-Calendar – These Casio watches are programmed so you will not only know the time, but the date as well. While the number of years the auto-calendar is programmed until will vary, depending on the exact version you purchase, some are programmed all the way until 2099.
  • Long Battery Life – The Casio G shock and Baby-G both come with long-lasting batteries. You can use these watches for up to two years before you need to replace them.
  • Stopwatch – Are you in training or simply trying to lose weight? These watches can help with one hour countdown timers, complete with an auto-repeat option, and a one hour stopwatch.

Whether you are a man or a woman, you are going to enjoy all of the unique features available to you from Casio’s line of G shock watches. If you are a woman, you can enjoy the traditional G shock gives a masculine flair and has all the bells and whistles you need, and if you are a woman, you can enjoy all the same great features, but with a more feminine and colourful accessory.

How To Download Free Wii Games

Nowadays, there are all sorts of free download available over the internet. Entertainment media like games, movies, music and TV shows are the most popular. Done properly, they benefit both the providers and consumers in the long run. In the case of Nintendo, it saves the Wii gamers heaps if they know How to Download Free Wii Games online.

Strictly speaking, straight FOC (free-of-charge) Nintendo Wii game download is not a norm. Why should Nintendo let them be? Given its immense popularity, the games are the core money-spinners of the moment for them. As a matter of fact, they apply full intellectual property protection on their Wii games. So is there now still a way on How to Download Free Wii Games online? You bet!

Yes, there are still Nintendo Wii games that are absolutely free to be found on the net. Then again, it’s better to steer clear of them as they are likely to be illegal, of sub-standard quality and laden with virus and malware. Others would require soft installation and even hard modification to the extent that unless you’re into technology rather than video gaming, you’ll burn out in the pursuit.

Without re-inventing the wheel, the ready-made solution to How to Download Free Wii Games is membership sites which give a lifetime of unlimited free access of all kinds of media including video games. Although the download of Wii games is free at such sites, a one-time joining fee is required. However, competition is keen so the amount is usually very reasonable.

Even for those who are only occasional gamers or where only a few games in particular are sought, downloading Wii games is still viable. There is a per-download online option at only a fraction of the cost of the discs from the game stores. But by and large, Wii fanciers go on for more after a while even if they started out lukewarm and quite typically upgrade to unlimited access membership in due course.

It is easy to find Wii Download Services on the internet but this is where one needs to tread with caution. In the haste onto the bandwagon of this hugely popular service, many contenders have run ahead of themselves, thus falling short on commitments to their subscribed members. Worse still, some are just out to pull a fast one on those who are not wise to such tactics. In truth, there are but only a precious few of them who are worth their salt.

No need to despair, a few simple tips will set you safely on How to Download Free Wii Games. Find a provider which offers full money-back guarantee with no questions asked, software, tools and accessories with no extra charge, all media including games, movies, music and TV shows and 24/7 support and service, and you are then on the right track. If it’s also powered by secure retailers such as Clickbank, you are in safe hands.

Does Circumcision Decrease the Fertility of Sperm in the Male?

Is it possible that circumcision (removal of the foreskin) can cause a decrease in a man’s fertility over a man who has never been circumcised, all other factors being the same? Especially when one’s sperm comes from the testicles and not the penis. Is some degree of infertility connected to circumcision?

The research on circumcision on sperm quality and quantity has been under debate for some time. It appears that the medical community that profits from circumcision feels it won’t affect male fertility. Some in the medical community, researchers, and everyday people believe that it does. It appears that the verdict is split.

However, birth rates are much higher in countries where the men are predominantly uncircumcised. How is it possible that circumcision could affect fertility in the male?

The testicles hang outside of the body because sperm are very temperature sensitive. They have to be cooler than normal body temperature to survive. It is known that men have a higher quantity and quality of sperm in the colder months than in the warmer months. So men are most potent in the colder months. It is believed that in the hotter months, the sperm are damaged due to hot temperatures building up in a man’s underwear and, basically, cooking some of the sperm. This is why boxers are preferred over conventional underwear for sperm health. With tight underwear, the testicles are forced closer to the body. This damages the sperm from the elevated temperature of being up against the body.

So we understand that sperm are very temperature sensitive.

Now here’s where it gets interesting:

Circumcised men have a significantly higher resting temperature of their penises then men who are uncircumcised. Men who are uncircumcised have cooler penises than men who are circumcised. When either group becomes aroused, their penis temperatures rise to the same temperature.

There is no question that an uncircumcised man has a cooler penis than a circumcised man in the flaccid state. For some reason, removal of the foreskin is the reason for this. There seems to be some sort of temperature sensor in the foreskin that may control penile temperature. Removing the foreskin gets rid of this sensor.

It only takes a few temperature degrees of difference to damage sperm. As the penis is in close proximity to the testicles, it’s quite likely that a cooler penis would help keep the testicles cooler (Remember that men are more potent in the colder months of the year). Under these condition, if the testicles got too cold, they can always be retracted closer to the body.

But if the circumcised man has such a (relative) hot penis, what happens when this hot penis is bunched up in your underwear against your testicles? That’s correct… It will make the testicles hotter. So when the cremasteric muscles relax to allow the testicles to drop down as far as possible to get away from this heat… What happens? It doesn’t make any difference, as they are resting next to this “hot” penis.

Remember, it only takes a few degrees in temperature change to damage sperm.

The foreskin has many functions and this is one of them. Mother Nature gifted man with a foreskin for numerous reasons. One of those reasons keeps the penis cooler, there is no denying that. Could foreskin removal affect a man’s fertility? It certain seems feasible.

Now consider this: Circumcised and uncircumcised men have the same penis temperature on full erection, as we stated earlier in this article. So, clearly, there is a specific reason why a natural-uncircumcised penis remains at a cooler temperature during the flaccid state. When the penis is erect it is no longer in close proximity with the testicles, so penile temperature should not affect the testicular temperature at this phase (be the penis circumcised or uncircumcised).

Upon orgasm, the penis tends to retract more into the pelvis (at least with my experience). Due to the friction and increased blood flow that occurred during the sexual act, it makes sense that the penis will have an increase in temperature in a flaccid state post-sex than in a flaccid state previous to the sexual act. Could this retraction be another mechanism for the “heated” penis to steer clear of the testicles?

Perhaps one day we will have the knowledge to know how the foreskin is related to penile temperature.

3 Great Gold Farming Spots in WinterSpring for World Of Warcraft

Once you have a high enough level character, head to Winterspring for a heap of great potential spots to Farm your Gold.

1. Lake Kel’Theril (53,42) is a frozen lake in central Winterspring. The shores of the lake are home to the Ruins of Kel’Theril, which along with the lake itself is populated by many tormented spirits of the Highborne. These souls are level 54 and 55 ghosts which are relateively weak, drop up to 8 silver and also have a chance of dropping green items and if you are lucky the odd epic item. For additional fun chests also spawn(randomly?) in this area, and every week the entire lake is invaded by water elementals commanded by Princess Tempestria. You can do quite well out of just killing the elementals and selling their ‘Essense of Water’ drops, but if you are up to it (group recommended) kill the princess herself and help yourself to the blue items she tends to drop. The invasion lasts until the princess is killed.

Heading South East from the lake to (57,50) you will find a whole heap of Cobalt dragons(56-58 elites) around a cave. Killing the little dragons(Wyrmkins, scalebanes and mageweavers) has a small chance of dropping a ‘Mature Blue Dragon Sinew’. This you sell to the highest bidder – and believe me they will bid as it is a very hard to get item and is required for a high level Hunter quest.

2. Everlook is a trading post run by the goblins of the Steamwheedle Cartel. It lies at the crossroads of Winterspring’s main trade routes. Head North and East to (67,40) and you’ll find an excellent area to farm Ice Thistle Yetis. As well as dropping vendor trash items, and sometimes blue items, you can also skin them for rugged and thick leather which sells consistently well.

3. Darkwhisper Gorge.

Aside from bashing Frostmaul giants who have about a 1/50 chance of dropping a ‘Greater Frost Protection Potion Recipe’, you can travel on down to (60,75) and try your luck against some level 60 elite demons(Grouping is STRONGLY recommended). You’ll get a heap of Felcloth and Runecloth drops, as well as Green items. There’s about a 1 in 50 chance of getting ‘Eye of Shadow’ which can sell for several hundred gold coins.

Between these three locations you should be rolling in gold in no time!

SAS for a Great Career

SAS certification has assisted thousands of candidates by enhancing their level of personal development. The popularity of SAS is noticeable as it deals with different types of structured and unstructured data belonging to different destinations. It is one of the customized integrated tools used for predictive modeling, data mining, and analyzing multivariate and forecasting purposes.

Working of SAS

The major industrial sectors using SAS are banking, pharmaceuticals, education, government and other commercial sectors. For users’ convenience, the SAS data is saved in HTML, RTF and PDF formats. However, the original data is either available in SAS format or tabulated Excel format. The data in rows are referred to OBSERVATION and columns as VARIABLES. In addition, the data is comprised of two phases; compilation phase and execution phase. This business-intelligence-software programming offers the facilities to manage and analyze enormous data sets with just the click of a few buttons or programming.

The compatibility of SAS over flat and un-formatted files encourages users to use the software in various data analysis disciplines. Here are the industrial sectors listed below, which have explored SAS reliability:

• Financial analysis, Publication, Psychological testing, Sales forecasting

• Study consumer behavior, financial risk analysis, Academic research

• Website, Data analysis, Business Intelligence

• Banking and Pharmaceutical analysis

Participants, who have high career aspirations, can opt for a SAS Global Certification program. There are ten best reasons provided below to become SAS certified professional:

1. SAS certification helps to develop logical thinking and changes your perception when you look at the data.

2. It empowers your industry validation and SAS expertise.

3. Develops rapport with your employer and enhance the chance of personal growth in an organization.

4. It offers a good career and strengthens earning power.

5. SAS credential comes with a digital badge, which is easy to share documentation.

6. SAS certification makes you ready for immediate relevancy to real-world needs.

7. SAS is in high demand around the global industry.

8. Defined training paths and certification assist in easy preparation at affordable prices.

9. SAS certified individuals have the plethora of opportunities available in the field.

10. SAS certified participants are listed in the Directory of SAS Certified Professionals, which has the access to all employers that validate your credentials.

Acquiring a SAS certification validates SAS skills in Programming, Analytics, Data Science, Administration, Data Management and Enterprise Business Intelligence.

Aspirants keen to understand SAS, skill the programming, and want to master the technology, they must opt for SAS training course for the beginners. Later, opting for advanced SAS training and certification will assist them in finding a great and exciting career ahead.

Benefits of Solar Lighting

A solar light is one that captures the sun’s rays and stores them to then power the light when it becomes dark. Seems easy enough, right? And it is. A solar light will have a solar panel or photovoltaic cell that the energy from the sun is captured in and then that energy is stored in a rechargeable gel cell battery for future use. Once the sun goes down, a controller senses that no more energy is being gathered so it automatically turns on the LED light and viola, you have light that is using energy from the sun.

LED lights, or light emitting diodes will emit that light in a controlled way, efficiently and they also have a long life, meaning you won’t be replacing those solar lights any time soon.

So we know what solar lights are and how they work, but how are they beneficial for us? For starters they are totally green. This means environmentally friendly because they don’t need to be plugged in, they aren’t draining our electricity and they are not emitting any harmful gasses back into the atmosphere. In other words, they are clean.

Solar lights are also renewable. Each day the energy gets renewed by the sun. You don’t have to replace them each day, they simply go about their business of recycling the sun’s energy day after day, even when the sun isn’t shining directly onto them. They are also a benefit because they are available all of the time. Once it gets dark they come on, each and every night. They are reliable, easy to install and offer a low voltage option when compared to other sources of light.

Solar lights are stand alone. They don’t need to be near an outlet or near anything in particular. They can be used anywhere and everywhere from gardens to docks and from boats to walkways. They light our way no matter where we may be and they save energy doing it. They are also durable and long lasting so you aren’t replacing them each and every year.

Solar lights are a unique way to make your home more beautiful, they come in many applications and many shapes and sizes, but they all do the same thing– They use a renewable resource to power themselves, and since the sun isn’t going anywhere they can be used indefinitely. Solar is a great way to light our way, each and every day.

Reverse Phone Services That Use PayPal

As we all know, PayPal is one of the most secure payment forms on the internet and they provide you with a secure online transaction each and every time. Reverse phone services include this service so you never have to worry about people stealing your identify when you sign up for the service. With that said, here is some more information on why reverse phone services use secure payment forms and why you should too.

The main reason why you should always go though a secure site when signing up for a reverse cell service is due to the fact that your information is safe. When placing your credit card information, name, and e-mail address online without going through a secure site, you may be in a heap of trouble. This could lead to your identity being stolen or your credit card being swiped from someone far, far away.

The next reason why it is important to sign up for a reverse cell service with PayPal is because it makes life just a little bit easier. You don’t have to jump through loopholes or contact someone for support. It is a simple process that only takes a few minutes to complete.

The last reason why people should use PayPal is because they are reliable. ClickBank, the leader in digital downloads has teamed up with PayPal to allow you to have a secure transaction for any service in which you need.

So take the time to find a reverse service that includes PayPal and you will find the information you need today.

Weight Training Workouts – Two Effective Exercises For Building Lean Muscle Mass

When the squat is properly performed, it can be a very anabolic exercise. Yet squats are frequently done with less than ideal technique, resulting in submaximal gains. The most frequent error is to place unnecessary strain on the lower back by leaning forward during the movement. When you descend into the squat position, your back should be perpendicular to the floor. While some forward motion is inevitable, this can be minimized when you place a 2×4 board or a five- to twenty-five-pound plate beneath the heels of your feet. Experiment to see which elevation works best for you in order to build muscle.

Once you are in the squat position, think of yourself as a rocket. Thrust your body upward and not forward. Push up from the heels of your feet, which will help your balance. (This may seem like a small change, but it can make a big difference.) Also, look forward while you squat. Examine your technique in the mirror as you rise. Never look down, as this can cause you to lean forward, nor look up, which can result in a curving of the spine. Furthermore, when you lower your body into the squat position, make sure that your knees bend directly over your feet. Practice this without weights at first until you get it right. Knee problems are not inevitable with the squat. They result from improper technique. Minimize the strain on this essential joint by always making your feet “disappear” beneath your legs during the movement. This can be achieved with a close or wide stance, depending on how you pivot your legs at the hip.

The powerlifting-style deadlift is another potent testosterone releaser, so consider it if you want to build muscle. In this exercise, the legs are bent when the weight is on the floor. The initial movement is with the legs, which begin the upward thrust of the body. This is very important. Sometimes novice athletes start this exercise with their backs, which is a great way to strain your lower back and injure yourself. After the legs begin the ascent, the upper body should follow suit until you are standing upright with your arms straight and the bar is in front of your legs.

Use a strap to grip the bar. This will allow you to focus all of your effort on maintaining perfect form during the upward thrust. The hands should be only as far apart as necessary to permit free clearance of the legs during the ascent. Some athletes alternate the grip of their hands, with one palm facing toward the body and the other facing away–this is said to improve balance. Others find this position awkward, and prefer to grip the bar with both palms facing the body. Use the position that you find most comfortable. This will allow you to focus all of your energies on the lift. Try to maintain the spine in a relatively straight position, without excessively curving it forward or backward. Such curvature places stress on the spinal column and can cause injury. This is particularly important at the top of the movement in order to build muscle.

The inclusion of these two exercises in your workout will stimulate muscle gain. The greatest testosterone release is achieved when you lift a weight that is 150 to 200 percent of your total body weight, although lower weights also produce a hormonal response. You should slowly work up to these ideal weights, however. Give your muscles plenty of time to adjust to the larger loads. In time, you will reach your goal without strain or injury. Patience is not only a virtue, it is a necessity for safe muscle growth.

In order to assure whole-body recuperation and to prepare yourself for this anabolic assault, take a break from training on the days before you do squats and deadlifts. If you can’t take a day off because of your training schedule, at least try to separate the days you do squats and deadlifts in your routine as much as possible. This will spread these testosterone-releasing exercises throughout the week, permitting the most even distribution of this essential hormone over time. It will also give your legs more time for recovery, as both of these exercises utilize the thigh muscles to a great extent. This will stimulate muscle growth and ensure that you reach your bodybuilding goals as soon as possible.

The Purpose of Control Accounts

The reasons for having control accounts are as follows:

1. Check on the accuracy

They provide a check on the accuracy of entries made in the personal accounts in the sales ledger and purchase ledger. It is very easy to make a mistake in posting entries, because there might be hundreds of entries to make. Figures might get transposed. Some entries might be omitted altogether, so that an invoice or a payment transaction does not appear in a personal account as it should. By comparing:

o The total balance on the debtors account with the total of individual balances on the personal accounts in the sales ledger.

o The total balance on the creditors account with the total of individual balances on the personal accounts in the purchase ledger.

It is possible to identify the fact that errors have been made.

2. Location of errors

It could also assist in the location of errors, where posting to the control accounts are made daily or weekly, or even monthly. If a clerk fails to record an invoice or a payment in a personal account, or makes a transaction error, it would be a formidable task to locate the error or errors at the end of a year, say, given the hundreds or thousands of transactions during the year.

By using the control account, a comparison with the individual balances in the sales or purchase ledger can be made for every week or day of the month, and the error found much more quickly than if accounts did not exist.

3. For internal check

Where there is a separate of clerical bookkeeping duties, the control account provides an internal check. The person posting entries to the accounts will act as check on a different person whose job it is to post entries to the sales and purchase ledger accounts.

4. More simply and quickly

To provide debtors and creditors balances more quickly for producing a trial balance or balance sheet. A single balance on a control account is obviously expected simpler and quickly than many individual balances in the sales or purchase ledger.

This means also that the number of accounts in the double entry bookkeeping system can be kept down to a manageable size, since the personal accounts are memorandum accounts only and the control accounts instead provide the accounts required for a double entry system.