Types of Fashionable Winter Coats

Fashionable winter coats that flatter the body could make a serious fashion statement and add glamor in an instant to a less than perfect outfit underneath.

Times have undeniably changed since the "good old winter coat" which emerged from mothballs once
every year has witnessed a revolution of sorts. From a basic necessity, it has now become fashionable. These coats now come in a variety of fashionable colors, varied length and styles to accommodate and compliment women of different figures. Investing in a fashionable coat that flatters the body shape can make a serious fashion statement.

Usually there are many types of fashion coats but woolen coats are definitely here to stay. Besides probably being the most classic style, the warmth that they provide varies from thickness but it is considered the warmest choice of coat that you can make. They are not necessarily expensive despite being one of the warmest choice but they are certainly an investment made to last. Nylon winter coats and parkas especially parkas with hoods lined with fur are becoming increasingly popular as they are lighter. While turtlenecks are always in great demand and a great, fashionable way to stay warm through the long, cold winter days, quilted down coats are also stylish and comfortable.

In addition, there are several types of these coats for women with different figures, as a right winter coat can really compliment each figure.

Tall women essentially need to choose a coat, which adds more volume and create more curves. For example, a wisely belted waist will give the illusion of an hourglass figure. Women of such figures are advise to choose long-length coats, as it is the only body shape that can proudly compliment them.

For curvy women, blessed with hourglass figures, they would look best in low-necked single-breasted one or two button styles. Another flattering point to look for in winter coats for such women would be a coat that cinches the waist as it highlights the curves. Wide belted styles define curves even further by emphasizing waists.

Lastly, petite women can carry off vibrant bright colors and give the impression of a longer body. They should opt for sophisticated, single-breasted and straight winter coats and avoid long-length coats. Coats with a cut that highlights the waist will serve to lengthen legs while a vertically striped print will also serve to elongate the body.

This is end of the types of winter clothes I was looking to share with you.

Relief From Hemorrhoids Is Possible Using Natural Remedies

Anyone who has suffered with hemorrhoids (known as piles) will understand the pain and distress that the condition can bring. It is one of the commonest ailments among people of all ages, yet there is still widespread ignorance about how to effectively treat the problem and prevent any recurrence. There is a general acceptance of the fact that once you get them they will keep coming back and that the best you can hope for is to find something to ease the pain a little. There is no need to take this view because there are actually treatments available that will shrink the hemorrhoids, get rid of the pain and ensure that you never get any more in future.

The difficulty is that these treatments tend not to be available through the usual shops and other outlets, who thrive on selling more and more creams, suppositories and lotions. With the natural treatments we are discussing, you only pay once and your problem is sorted out for good.

You will find that the best remedies have been formulated by people who have themselves through through the pain and embarrassment of serious piles. While millions of people suffer in silence and accept that there is no real cure, a few people have refused to accept that this must be so, and have spent years researching and devising effective treatments. All of the successful ones have hit on very similar remedies, having discovered various natural ingredients that in combination provided incredibly effective pain relief and shrinkage.

All such remedies also include detailed information on how to make sure that once you have purchased and got rid of the piles, they can not come back again. People who find these treatments can not believe how they and others just suffer quiet agony for years without being aware of such simple cures. The main elements of some of these cures have been used for many years in other cultures, including in Chinese medicine.

Various people who have spent years testing and researching into naturopathic and herbal remedies for hemorrhoids have come up with their own solutions based on collectively natural and readily available ingredients. Several of these proven systems are available online which makes it very easy to get started. The ones that work well, and do exactly what they promise to do, will offer full money back guarantees and should have no shortage of written evidence of past satisfied customers who are suffering no longer.

The only current alternatives to natural and fast cures such as these can be quite daunting as they usually involve some form of surgical intervention. The most common treatments being either ligation, where the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off using a rubber band, or some form of cauterization, where the item is actually cut off and removed, usually using things like a laser or infra red radiation.

As well as being fairly drunk and often extremely painful, the most worrying thing about most of these is that they can not offer very high success rates in terms of the condition not recurring. It is not at all uncommon to have surgery to deal with a chronic situation, only to find that the hemorrhoids return disappointedly soon afterwards.

Building a Stone Porch

While most porches are made from wood or concrete, it is possible to have a porch made from flagstone. A stone porch can add a lot of character to a home.

First, because the stone is going to be incredibly heavy (heavier than your car will be able to handle), use a tractor to move the stone from the "stone pile" to where the porch is being built.

Use a shovel to mix the necessary mortar in a container that is put onto the porch pad (which should be made of concrete). After giving the porch pad a thorough cleaning, shovel a little bit of the mortar onto it. This mortar should go right in front of the home's entrance. This is also where the first stone is going to be installed.

Use a trowel to spread out the mortar evenly and then lay the first stone of your porch in place. This is the stone that will be at the entrance to the home, so you should make sure to use a piece that is attractive and will compliment the entryway to the home. Make sure that the first stone has been positioned very carefully. Use your hands to work it down into the mortar. This will ensure that good adhesion and contact takes place between the flagstone's surface, the porch pad and the mortar you are using.

Use a level to make sure that this particular piece slanted very very slightly away from the front door's sill. This is to keep moisture out of the home. The slant will drain moisture away from the door. In doing this it also keeps moisture away from the crawlspace and the floor joist.

From that first stone, you can position more stones. Make sure they are a good fit and then lay them in the places they will go. Use your hands to pack mortar that is just a little bit drier between the stones.

This process is repeated. Just keep positioning stones, making sure that they are good fits and that they create the look you are going for. Most people go for a uniform look, but you might prefer something more mottled. It's up to you. Use the mortar between each of the stones to serve as a sort of grout. This "grout" fills in the spaces between the stones and will also lock each stone into place. After the mortar has discharged completely you will have a solid porch.

Having a stone porch can help make your home stand apart from the other homes in your neighborhood. It is often more durable than a wood one and will last longer before needing to be replaced. It is also especially complimentary to log homes and front porches that are built using an open post and beam design.

Planting Grape Vines

If you are thinking of planting grape vines and starting a vineyard, it means a lot of investment in time and money. You not only have to have money and time but you need to know the exact procedure and resources required for planting grape vines. Grape vines need a good area for plantation and if you do not select a proper place, it most likely will ruin your adventure.

A number of things need to be considered while evaluating the suitability of planting grape vines. If you have answers to the following questions half the work is done.

· Is flooding a common occurrence for the site?
· Maximum and minimum temperatures of the site
· Is snowfall expected and to what extent?
· Is the soil good for drainage?
· Amount of rainfall and do you have to establish a system for irrigation?
Steepness of the slope
· Is there a need to establish a windbreak or is it normally available?

Let's go deeper and explain some things so that you take an informed decision before planting grape vines.

Check the soil:

The soil gives nutrients to the vine so it is important that the soil has the necessary nutrients for the plant. An ideal soil for planting grape vines would be one which has thin subsoil and topsoil. This can retain water up to necessary levels within providing a good drainage system. The soil should be two feet deep and should not have any obstructions.

Drainage system is being emphasized because accumulation of water around the roots makes the root to rot. This happens due to the displacement of oxygen surrounding the roots which in turn kills the vine. If the color of the subsoil is dark gray is means that the soil has a poor drainage system. However, if the subsoil is bright and brown in color, it means that the soil is good for drainage.

If the soil looks sticky, then it means the clay content is high and it can hold more water. The most appropriate soil for planting grape vines is one whose texture ranges from silty-clay loams to sandy loams.

Do not forget water

Appropriate irrigation system should be set up before planting grape vines. In case there are dry spells during the planting season, irrigation system becomes handy. If you water the vines properly the chances of the vine survival is that much higher. Moreover full grown vines require sufficient water during summers for proper ripening. In addition, water is also required for developing buds for the crop in the coming year.

Consider the slopes

Soil erosion takes place the most in steep slopes. Moreover if you plant your vines in steep slopes then taking machinery up the slope becomes difficult. Slopes facing the south often have early growth during the spring months which may lead to increase in risk of injury through frost. On the other hand slopes facing the north are mostly cooler which delays growth of vines and potentially avoid frost injury.

Frost injuries can also be avoided if you plant grape vines on slopes of around 2-3 percent. The reasoning for this is that when there is a downward movement of cooler air, the warm air moves up. Cold air gets accumulated in low lying areas and if you plant your grape vines in these areas it can destroy your fruit.

You will just not be able to increase your grape vines and plant them in another area when you realize that you have not chosen the correct spot. So it is very important to consider the requirements of a particular variety before planting grape vines.

IPC Training – Need of IPC Training

IPC Training is governed by trade organizations for the PCB and electronics, has developed a series of both inspection criteria and hand skills courses related to PCB s and their assembly. Industry consensus within the IPC has driven the desire for a training program. For the IPC training involving inspection criteria, the classroom teaching involves being able to understand the specification and being able to look up the material. For the hands on IPC solder training program skills in the subject matter like soldering, rework and repair of printed circuit boards need to be demonstrated along with proficiency in the specification.

These IPC training courses are based on the industry specifications assembled via the IPC trade organization based on member input and cover a variety of topics. These along with IPC member input drive the training. Specifications are created for the given topic through the input of members at committee meetings based on volunteer support. The supporting members are training centers, consultants to the industry and end users. These working groups, chaired by an industry member and organized and guided by IPC staff members, reach agreement on the specification. After a final vote by industry, the document is published and subsequently translated into a variety of different languages. These documents are on the basis for the IPC training program. A separate training committee is then established and drives the training program content. After a few trial classes and one or more rounds of IPC Certification program, the IPC training is then released.

The IPC Certification programs are administered by the IPC, the industry trade organization. Administration of the IPC training program entails keeping track of instructor credentials, verifying the training center’s competence as well as printing and distributing the materials and maintaining the website. In addition to maintaining the website, the IPC administers the testing portal.

The IPC certification programs are taught by subject matter experts from industry using IPC coordinated and industry-approved materials. IPC credentialed, authorized and licensed training centers to make sure that their instructors are vetted requiring a minimum amount of classroom and industry experience. In turn, the IPC training centers make sure that the newly licensed instructors going back to their locations are able to teach the materials for the class to their own associates as part of the IPC training.

An IPC certification, which is the result of a successful outcome of IPC training, is governed by a set of agreed guidelines and rules. These rules are set up in a living document called the “The IPC Governing Policy and Procedures for Training”. Members of this committee drive policy and requirements for IPC training.

There are several drivers for the need for IPC certification training. One of the drivers is the desire and requirement by space, governmental bodies as well as international companies from having their products built to and by people knowledgeable in industry standards. These standards are accepted worldwide and allow the owner of the design to have choices in where their products should be built. The IPC certification in many cases faces a requirement for those who will be building, assembling and testing their products. On the flip side, the industry in then driven by this requirement and demand to have certified and trained personnel in order to participate in these contracts. A second driver for companies to have their employees participate in the IPC certification program in order to meet the ISO and QS quality system requirements for having a 3rd-part certified training program. Each of the IPC certification training programs matches these requirements as they are linked back to the ANSI standard.

Choosing The Right Bathroom Vanity Lighting

Bathroom vanity lighting is an important feature in any bathroom design. At times, the bathroom's overhead lighting is not enough to adequately light the vanity and allow proper putting on of make up or having a good shave. The vanity lighting in the bathroom is sometimes ignored but without good lighting, the lights can create shadows or reflections.

Choosing a good lighting design is necessary to get just the right amount and quality of light. The features to consider would include the bulb type, style, finish and size. There are several kinds of bathroom vanity lighting available in the market these days. Choose the type of lighting that will fit the personality of the owner and more importantly, a design that would blend with the overall theme of the bathroom.

Vanity lightnings not correctly positioned can produce glare or shadows in areas not wanted. Placing the light fixtures on both sides of the mirror would help prevent this. If the mirror is big enough, the lights can be suspended directly on the mirror. The important thing is to install the lights at eye level to produce even lighting without creating shadows.

Vanity lights should create a balanced lighting, either too dim nor too bright. A large bathroom may need at least two to five lights. Strip lights may be the best type for this as it lights up the whole vanity and can be put in either to shine up or down. For a small bathroom, on the other hand, a sconce or a single vanity light installed at either sides of the mirror may be sufficient. A dimmer could be added to adjust the light depending on the time of day. The lights should not be wider than the vanity table or cabinet but may be greater than the mirror. If the vanity is long or has a two sinks, more than one fixture would bring out better results.

The light's finish should blend with the existing faucets and other fixtures in the bathroom. If the fixtures are shiny then a polished silver or chrome will do. If the design has a brushed look then brushed nickel finishes would be a good choice.

Some bathroom vanity lighting may use special bulbs, which may cause problems when the time comes to change them as they are not commonly sold in stores or their production may have been discontinued. Avoid bright white or yellow bulbs for they tend to be harsh with unrealistic colors and they make the skin look paler and washed out. A neodymium bulb may be a good choice as they imitate sunlight. Some vanity lighting may use halogen lamps since they disperse light, resulting to a softer look but without shadows being casted. Choose some bulbs that are covered with broken glass to have a more flattering result and better illumination. Fluorescent bulbs with Color Rendering Index of eighty or more can also be used and may be ideal for the bathroom since they generate less heat compared to the incandescent bulbs and would last longer.

For overhead lighting, a large lamp with diffused shell would be more suitable as it creates a soft atmosphere. Make sure that it matches the bathroom size. Small lamps should be used for a small bathroom to prevent over-illumination.

Home Assembly Jobs – Jewelry Making

If you’re looking for a work from home job, you probably don’t want to spend a ton of money to get started. In fact, you don’t have to spend a cent to get started. One of the best free work at home assembly jobs I’ve come across is jewelry making.

The job is so easy, anyone can do it. You don’t have to be artistically inclined to do well, though if you are you’ll probably have a better time. The company you work for will supply you with all the materials you need to make your jewelry. They will also provide detailed instructions on how to create them. They might even include an example of a completed product so that you’ll know exactly how it should turn out.

The key to succeeding at these types of jobs is to not procrastinate. The number one reason that people fail at work from home jobs is that they don’t take the job seriously enough. They know they have produce a certain number of necklaces per week, but each day they put the work off. By the time the end of the week rolls around, they have much more work than they can do and become overwhelmed.

To avoid this fate, you’ll want to set your own deadlines. If you have one week to complete a project, break it down into manageable tasks. For example, if you need to do 100 necklaces a week, set your goal at 20 per day for 5 days. You need to trick yourself into thinking that these need to be sent in every day. This will prevent you from putting off until tomorrow what you should be doing today.

Interior House Painting – Painting Ceilings


There are heaps of paint products and finishes in the market place but what interior house paint do I use where and why you ask? Well I have to start somewhere so I will start with the most commonly used ones around your home, just to stop the confusion for now.

So how to paint a ceiling and what do you apply when you are home painting your ceilings, this is an easy one. Ceilings tend to have a lot of light and shadows thrown across them due to the nature of their horizontal plane. Vertical planes such as walls repel shadows and light.

So you need a product that is going to hide all the sins and imperfections that plasterboard or dry wall dishes up. For example joints in the plasterboard or dry wall will show up more in ceilings than they do on walls. So you need the lowest sheen or shine on that surface as possible. The best product for that is a flat acrylic paint or simply ceiling flat. Flat ceiling paints have great coverage and hiding power, they are washable in water which makes for easy cleaning of your brushes and equipment when you're done. [or to clean up that dreaded paint spill that may have occurred over the pet cat or dog that was pleasantly sleeping by :-)] Anyhow one thing they are not known for is their cleaning or scrubbing qualities, because it is a very porous paint once it has dried. It is designed for one thing and one thing only its hiding and covering abilities.

The basic tools and things you will need when home painting!


"Go on give it a go then you can tell your mates you did it yourself, but they probably will not believe you because it looks so professional." So I hope these interior painting tips helped you with home painting your ceilings. Remember ceiling flat is your product. Watch this spot while I pluck my way through this subject on "WHAT INTERIOR HOUSE PAINT GOES WHERE AND WHY" and you will be able to read about walls and what we do to them.

CATCH YA AND HAPPY PAINTING ………….. Wayne the painter.

Create A Beautiful Wedding Album With A Simple And Fun Way

Hi If you are getting married or have a Bar Bat Mitzvah or special event then you should read this article. Many times people who have an important event hire a photographer, videographer wedding consultants, and or coordinators, florists, lino service, etc. This can be a difficult task or a fun one. I can provide some good scenes in the photography field and this will also apply to video.

The one and most important part of your event when being in front of the camera is to remember to always keep smiling and let everyone know to smile and cooperate with your vendors. The more smiley faces the nicer the pictures and the more fun you will have.

When you are in front of the camera have fun make the pictures interesting you are the leading lady and when you are having fun so will everyone else.

Your pictures will look best by keeping the colors you choose to enhance your wedding gown remember to think contrast and depth. You are the most important part of any picture. When choosing colors try not to include to much white because your gown is going to absorb most whites. Black and White pictures will look better with reds, greens, and yellows when next to a white wedding gown.

Have the colors you choose enhance your wedding gown.

Before your event, or wedding day sit back and relax take it easy get a good night sleep and think happy thoughts. On your wedding day take the day as it happens you cant change anything by worrying about it. Let your friends and family worry about things to worry about.

Keep a positive approach to the whole day and you will see upon receiving your wedding proofs you will have great pictures and all you have to do is relax, be happy, and most-important smile.

Importance of Stairs

Stairs, in a unique way, are like bridge. They connect certain location to opposite ones, enabling people to go from one place to another and back. They make two ends meet, being a series of steps between one level to another, or from one floor to another. We simply walk or run unto them every day of our lives, but do we know how important stairs are? Well I think it’s time for us to know and appreciate that stairs are one of the many things that should be given importance not just because it gives great visual in our house’ interior but let us discover much more of stairs.

Stairs makes the construction of sky scrapers and multiple story houses and dwellings possible, saving real property space on the ground and creating enormous room- space upward, even until the top floors “soar” above the clouds. Elevators may take the place of stairways but they cannot quite replace them in purpose and utility, Emergency stairs, for instance, are indispensable and requirement of any building code anywhere in the world, having been rendered necessary by threats of electrical power outages fires, earthquakes, and other natural calamities or emergencies. Notwithstanding their common function of providing the means on which to walk, or run, up and down elevated structures in case problems and for safety.

Stairs take on varied designs and forms, depending on their specific purposes. A staircase, for instance that comes from exotic lumbers or rare woods are trappings of wealth and luxury. But in order for you to have the most in your stairway, you need to design and decide the specific stairs parts in order for one to have the most beautiful and stunning staircase at home. Another type of stairs is Stairwells that take on vertical shafts containing stairways that usually spiral up to the higher level, commonly used for structures conserving space, an example of which is the stair of a lighthouse. Still, others are made not traditionally; sometimes contemporary and a bit weird just to take on the forms and design that best suit today’s technologically influenced modern living.

Whether stairs is arranged as a single- flight stairway or as a series of flight, they serve their function in whatever materials they are designed. Stairs might be made of wood, concrete or steel etc. It will be sure to serve its purpose. So if you’re planning to build or design one, the best qualities of a stair to be considered would be beauty and utility, paying close attention to specially to stair treads.

Curved Stairway Lifts

The stairway lift has become an inevitable gadget in modern residences, providing easy mobility through the stairs. Curved stairway lifts are specifically designed for curved stairways. A stair lift is a mechanical device with a chair traveling through a rail system attached to the side of the staircase. The user only needs to sit on the chair, and can be transported up and down the stairs. Manufacturers offer curved and straight stairway lifts. Most of these accessibility devices are equipped with various advanced features such as folding armrests, adjustable seat, covered track, battery backup, etc. ensuring the maximum comfort and safety of the riders.

A host of security features offered

These mobility devices are practical solutions to transport elderly and physically challenged individuals up and down the stairs. Curved stair lifts include various safety measures such as speed governor, wraparound arms, emergency brakes, armrests, remote control, foot flip-ups, seat belts and lots more. An automatic sensor is installed in this system enabling to stop whenever it finds obstacles. Besides helping people with mobility problems, the customized curved stairway lift is also a vital ingredient to enhance the value of your residence.

Easily installed by professionals

Leading manufacturers like Bruno, Savaria Concord and ThyssenKrupp Access provide affordable and systematic devices in varying designs. Electra-Ride III, Stair-Glide, Flow-II, etc. They are some of the popular and reliable curved stair lifts. Curved stair lifts can be installed easily at either side of the stairway and the seat folded when not in use, in order to provide sufficient space for others. Various safety measures and options make the curved stair lift a reliable solution for the total comfort of physically challenged individuals.

Reputed suppliers offer durable curved stairway lifts along with excellent technical support and maintenance service. They also provide other residential and commercial solutions such as elevators, vertical and inclined platform lifts, wheelchair lift, pool lift, etc.

Scaffolding Towers

Scaffolding Towers are used as a means to gain access to work which is transported out at height, and are employed broadly throughout the UK. When using scaffolding towers as part of a home improvement construction project, it is important to be aware of the health and safety regulations and recommendations, and it is a good idea to treat the home as a workplace when using them.

There are important work regulations that should be adhered to and these are The Work at Height regulations 2005, and an assessment should be carried out in accordance with them to make sure there is no alternative to working at height, and that the most capable equipment has been selected for the job. This should also apply to any home construction undertaking.

When used correctly scaffold towers are a safe means of gaining access to any work that is being carried out at height. When accidents and other related incidents do happen it has been through inappropriate misuse and incorrect inspection of the scaffold towers, and numerous accidents do occur because of these reasons. However with the correct health and safety practices, many accidents can be avoided.

Many scaffolding towers are made from aluminum and thin walled steel and are relatively light so it is important that all the parts are in the correct place to ensure the required core strength. This is because they are lightweight and may topple over with incorrect use. Also if some sections are left out the scaffold tower may collapse.

There are quite a few different types of scaffolding towers available for many different types of construction work and some of these include:

o Classic towers (light duty / steel)
o Minor Towers (heavy duty / steel)
o DIY Aluminum and Trade light duty towers
o Stairspan Tower & Stairdeck Stairway Tower
o Centerfold tower (Low level work platform)
o Razor Deck (self erecting tower / manual operation)
o Roof & chimney scaffolds
o Heavy duty Glassfibre towers for demanding environments

Other items of equipment will include scaffolding tool belts, scaffold spanners, spirit levels and tool safety lanyards. Lanyards are used for securing any hand tools at height.

When the scaffold towers have been identified an inspection should be carried out before they are used to ensure that they are in a safe working condition, and anyone who is using them must be in a fit enough condition to do so.

Porcelain Veneers Vs Resin Veneers: Which Veneers Are Best?

About Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain veneers are custom tooth shells that conceal physical dental flaws, like those stains incurred by your teeth from years of sipping grande macchiatos.

Porcelain veneers are shaped from a mold of your mouth. You may also hear them called dental porcelain laminates. Veneers are thin, tooth-like slips that are secured to the outsides of your teeth with a strong, light activated gel.

Once they're attached to the fronts of your natural teeth, these porcelain shells can do more than shield yellow marks and gray tints. They also hide teeth with malformations like chips, cracks, and rough edges by altering the shape of each tooth they cover.

These veneers (or any veneers for that matter) will not straighten teeth, but they will improve the appearance of damaged or discolored teeth. They can also close small gaps between teeth.

Recommended age range: Porcelain veneers should be placed on adult teeth only. When gums recede with age, teeth can look dark along the gum line as un-veneered tooth enamel is revealed.

When will I see results ?: Veneers take up to two weeks to manufacture, so do not pop in to see the dentist and expect to get porcelain veneers the same day as your appointment.

Who should not use it: Crowded teeth may be topped with porcelain veneers – to a point. Ask your dentist how much enamel must be removed to successfully apply the veneers. If you have gum disease, you may be steered away from the procedure until your gums are treated. If you grind your teeth, you can shorten the life of your veneers.

Drawbacks: The procedure is permanent. If you are a commitment-phobe, do not get porcelain veneers.
The veneers will bond to teeth instantly. Your affected teeth may be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures for a few days to a week.

Aftercare . Brush, floss, and schedule regular dentist's appointments to prolong the life of your porcelain veneers. Because veneers tend to trap plaque, get at least three professional dental cleansings every year. Trapped plaque can lead to gum disease and consequent root canals. Teeth can turn dark and brittle after root canals.

About Resin Veneers

Resin, or composite, veneers are crafted out of a putty-like material and are then bonded to teeth. They can reshape, resize, and re-color teeth. Applying resin veneers to teeth requires the permanent removal of part of the outer layer of dental enamel, so the procedure is irreversible.

Resin is considered an outdated material by many dentists Its main advantage is price (resin veneers are cheaper) and speed (they can be made and applied faster).

What It's Good For
Composite resin veneers hide imperfections that mar your teeth. They can hide discolorations and repair gaps, chips, and general age-related issues. Slightly overlapping or crooked teeth may be fixed with resin veneers.

Who it works for: If you have stained teeth that do not respond well to bleaching or laser treatments, then resin veneers may be an option. Resin veneers are more affordable than porcelain veneers, though less durable. Resin veneers also tend to look less lustrous than porcelain veneers.

When will I see results ?: Composite veneers can be attached to teeth as soon as they harden, which takes less than an hour.

How long it lasts: Although cheaper, resin veneers are less durable than porcelain veneers. They last about five years on average, about half as long as porcelain veneers.

Key benefits of resin veneers: Unlike porcelain veneers, resin veneers can be crafted during a single visit to the dentist. They can also be repaired if they break or crack.

Resin veneers can be manufactured and applied in a single visit to the dentist. Resin veneers have a putty-like consistency that can be sculpted, after which a mild chemical is applied to the tooth and a bright light or laser is
used to harden the material and secure it to the tooth.

Before the resin material can be applied, about 0.5 mm of enamel is first removed from your natural tooth. Scraping off tooth enamel may increase sensitivity for a week or two after the procedure.

Who should do it: Resin veneers can be molded and bonded by cosmetic dentists, but you'll want to make sure that yours is familiar with composite material as opposed to porcelain veneers. The more skilled the dentist, the more natural the appearance of the composite veneer and the closer the fit to the gum. Poorly fitted resin veneers can cause gum damage when bacteria is trapped between the veneer and the gum.

Duration: A single tooth may be replaced in under an hour, but as you can imagine, the more veneers you get, the longer you'll be in the company of your dentist. The speed of your appointment will absolutely depend on the number of resin veneers you're attaching and your individual dentist's skill.

There is no downtime after getting the veneers, although you may experience an temporary increase in sensitivity to hot and cold food and drinks after the procedure.

Aftercare Follow your typical oral hygiene regimen by brushing and flossing your resin veneers as you would your natural teeth. Schedule three professional cleanings a year to remove any plaque that gets trapped underneath veneers.

Turning Pens – Tips For Creating A Durable High Gloss Finish


One of the more enduring quests by woodturners, is the pursuit of a perfect pen finish. A perfect finish would offer exceptional durability and visual clarity, with a deep, rich “wet” look. Although this is a tall order for any pen finish to deliver, careful selection of the pen blank material, coupled with advanced finishing protocols, can deliver a near perfect pen finish. Plastic and stabilized wooden blanks offer an excellent option for pen turners seeking to create durable high gloss finishes for their hand turned writing pens.

Basic Challenges

One of the most challenging aspects of creating a durable and glossy pen finish, is the typical environment pens are subjected to in use. Moving in and out of pockets, purses and desk drawers, coupled with the natural oils and sweat from our hands, makes it tough for many finishes to retain their glossy finish. In addition, some hardwoods are considerably less dense than others, allowing the barrels on softer hardwoods to be easily damaged.

Denser native woods and most exotics are a better choice in many cases for a highly durable pen barrel. However, softer hardwoods can be used with equal success if the blank has been stabilized with thin acrylics, or penetrating epoxies prior to turning on the lathe. These “stabilized” pen blanks are a superb choice for wooden writing pens. Stabilized pen blanks offer greater hardness and durability of the barrel surface vs. using natural timbers.

Alternative Material Pen Blanks

Alternative materials like plastics, acrylics, stabilized exotic and native woods, horn, antler, fossilised Ivory, cast acrylics and similar materials, can easily produce a glossy lustre when used for pen barrels. Some materials, both natural and man made can be polished to a higher lustre than others. For example, plastics can be easily polished to 12000-grit, producing a visually stunning, deep wet look in the barrel surface.

However, natural timbers do not produce the same degree of lustre as plastics, even when sanded to the same abrasive level. Stabilized pen blanks typically produce a higher lustre than the same timber without stabilization. This is because the acrylics and epoxies used in the stabilization process, allow the barrels to be polished to a higher level than untreated wood blanks.

Advanced Abrasive and Finishing Protocols

In addition to the careful selection of the barrel material, the application of advanced abrasive and finishing protocols can go a long way toward providing durable and glossy pen finishes. Proper surface preparation, including sanding and polishing of the barrel surface prior to applying the desired finish, will allow the finish to magnify the underlying perfected surface. This will produce a much higher perceived gloss level on the barrel surface.

High performance cloth backed abrasives are available that will produce a 12000-grit surface. At this ultra high level, the human eye cannot see the surface scratch pattern, resulting in an exceptionally high gloss level on the surface. Careful selection of the barrel finish can also affect the overall lustre and longevity of the finish.

Types of Finishes for Stabilized Pen Blanks

Waxes are among the easiest of all finishes to apply, but may not last long in normal use on a writing pen. Shellac friction polishes offer better overall durability than waxes and are also easy to apply. Lacquers offer still greater durability, but require multiple coats and extended drying times between coats. Cyanoacrylate Esters (CA or Super Glue) and binary Epoxies offer extreme durability, but require advanced application protocols. For this reason and others plastics are gaining in popularity, especially when an ultra-high gloss lustre is desired.

Basic Protocol for Finishing Plastic and Celluloid Pen Blanks

If possible, use sterate coated abrasives, or wet-dry abrasives to prevent loading of the abrasive surface when sanding. To obtain the highest lustre and clarity of the plastic barrel surface, you have two options:

  • Sand with traditional, or wet-dry abrasives to 1200-grit. Then, buff the barrel surface with a plastic polishing compound on the lathe. A cloth buffing wheel loaded with a fine plastic polishing compound can also be used to raise the lustre to the desired level.
  • Sand with standard micro mesh abrasives, which can be used either wet or dry and are available in nine grits from 1500 to 12000-grit. The visual surface when polished to 12000-grit is nothing short of spectacular, making the plastic look so glossy that it appears liquid.

One additional advantage of using plastics for your pen barrels is that the plastic surface can be polished to a high luster, without the need for any surface finish. Since there is no surface finish on the pen barrel, nothing can wear off with time as you would find with a traditionally finished wooden pen.

A high quality conservation grade Microcrystalline wax should be applied to provide extra protection for the glossy barrel surface. Microwaxes offer excellent resistance to moisture, acids, alcohols and moderate heat and will not show fingerprints on the high gloss surface.

Basic Protocol for Finishing Stabilized Wood Blanks

If you prefer to use wood for your pen barrels, choose a stabilized pen blank if possible, for the greatest durability and luster on the surface. To produce a high gloss finish on a stabilized pen blank, follow these easy steps:

  • Sand the barrels to 600-grit metric and remove any dust. Apply a lacquer sanding sealer (cut 50/50 with lacquer thinner) to the surface and wipe off any excess with a soft paper towel. Turn on the lathe, set to high revs and friction dry on the lathe with a soft paper towel. Apply a small amount of Tripoli cutting wax (wax that contains an ultra-fine abrasive) on a piece of paper towel and apply to the barrel surface, whilst spinning on the lathe at high revs. Move slowly back and forth to allow the compound to polish the barrel surface.
  • Reapply the cutting wax until the desired gloss level is achieved. Remove any excess with a soft paper towel and buff to a brilliant shine.
  • Apply your desired finish next. (Listed in order of overall durability) Microcrystalline Wax, Friction Shellac, Lacquer, Cyanoacrylate Ester and binary Epoxies can be used for the top level finish. Depending on the specific finish used, a final application of the cutting wax may be required to raise the luster to the desired level.
  • Apply a conservation grade Microcrystalline wax to the surface with the lathe off and lightly wipe off the excess. Buff to a gloss with revs set to high, using a soft clean paper towel.

If you invest just a little more time sanding and polishing your pen barrels using the above protocols, you will be rewarded with a durable, high gloss finish for your hand turned writing pens.

Keep Your Vehicle's Carpets Clean

Your $ 30,000 car has come equipped with all of the latest bells and whistles: traction control; Sirius satellite radio; side curtain air bags; Onstar; and power everything. Well, there is one thing that is curious left out of many new car purchases and that is floor mats. You would think that matching floor mats would be standard equipment on all vehicles, instead it is an aftermarket purchase for most motorists. Selecting the right type of floor mat is essential to preserving your car's interior. The wrong type of floor mats can look terrible and cost you plenty of money in the end. Please read on to find out why this is so.

Floor mats are the Rodney Dangerfield of automotive accessories. They just do not get any respect. If they did, your car would come outfitted with a set of high quality, matching mats. Almost a universal oversight, owners routinely pick up their showroom new cars with just a solid paper mat in place for the driver. Sure, you could run into the dealer's parts department and pay $ 200 for a nice set, but you already paid through the nose for your car. Beside, you want a better selection than what your dealer sells, right? I think so!

When selecting automated floor mats, typically you will want a complete set: two in the front and two in the back. On some vehicles, including the Chrysler Pacifica, the Chevrolet Suburban, and the all new Mercedes R Class, your set should include six mats for three rows of seating.

The mats you choose should blend in with your vehicle's interior. Match your mats to the carpeting or at least select neutral colors that will not make the mats stand out. In addition, the material should consist of heavy duty rubber with deeply sculpted channels for increased durability to avoid cracking and to hold water, mud, salt, and stones in place. Finally, a nonskid bottom is essential to prevent dangerous and untimely movement of the mats.

Some premium floor mats come with carpeting, which can be an attractive option as well as a way for passengers to safely remove outside debris from their footwear.

I hinted earlier about a financial reason as to why quality floor mats are essential for your vehicle. If you lease your car, then you know that you are responsible for any wear and tear that occurs. Investing in a quality set of floor mats can save you unnecessary "wear and use" charges that will be assessed to you if the leasing company decrees that your carpeting has worn to the point that it must be replaced. This chargeback can amount to hundreds of dollars, so play it safe and invest in a quality set of floor mats for your vehicle today.