Cleaning Up Black Mold on Ceilings

Before you plan on starting a black mold ceiling cleanup operation, first inspect all the ceilings in your home and survey the damage. If it's just one or two rooms, say, the foundation and the attic, you might want to buckle down to business and do the job yourself.

This would involve taking down the ceiling boards carefully, wrapping them in plastic (to keep spores from flying around the house while transporting them) and cleaning them up with soap and water in the yard.

Never attempt to clean mold-contaminated items inside the home. You will only spread the spores to other furniture or parts of the house, and in a few days, your mold problems are back!

Now, if you are asthmatic or are especially prone to allergies, do not attempt to do the job yourself, regardless of whether you're an excellent DIYer. Remember, countless people have been rushed to the hospital for severe asthma attacks after exposure to the spores of black mold.

If the boards have already been severely damaged or are now too unattractive because of discoloration, you may opt to replace them with ones. This not only improves the look of the room but also ensures that no mold spores are left behind to again reproduce.

When cleaning off the black mold, always wear protective gloves and masks to protect yourself. And since you're working with a strained position – that is, looking up into the ceiling – you're also exposing your eyes to mold spores that may inevitably fall off. Put a pair of soldering glasses back on or any protective pair of glasses to avoid an irritation of the eyes.

In the shower, black mold not only grows on the ceiling but also on the shower room tiles. To clean them, prepare a mixture of water and bleach to kill the mold. You may want to purchase another cleaning solution to treat the discoloration, or if the black mold contamination is deep-set, you can opt to replace the shower tiles instead.

Prevent the recurrence of black mold

After a thorough cleanup, ensure that the Black Mold will not reappear soon by keeping humidity levels in your house at a constant 30-60% and no higher. Black mold thrives in extremely humid areas, so making conditions below their optimum levels would deter their further growth.

It would also be wise to have all leaking pipes fixed before restoring the panels which you have cleaned. You may have to shell out a couple of hundred dollars to have a plumber do a thorough inspection and repair, but the added expense may well be worth it, if it means ensuring your health.

Hi-Float – How to Increase the Life of Helium Filled Latex Balloons

Hi-Float Balloon Treatment is an incredible product that will increase the life of helium filled latex balloons by up to 25 times. If you are new to the balloon business, or have never tried Hi-Float before, this article will give you a great start. First, you will find out what Hi-Float is exactly. Then, you will be presented with some questions to ask yourself to see if the product is right for you. Finally, you will be provided detailed instructions on how to use Hi-Float Balloon Treatment.

What Is Hi-Float?

Hi-Float really revolutionized the balloon business. It was developed by Don and Marjorie Burchette as a way to keep helium filled latex balloons in the air for longer. Before this product was introduced, multi-day events had to replace their helium balloons every day because they would slowly leak helium. This made decorating with balloons very expensive. Hi-Float changed all that.

A regular helium filled latex balloon will slowly leak helium through the walls of the balloon as well through the knot at the bottom. Most helium filled balloons will only last about a day. Hi-Float is a substance that coats the inside of the balloon and keeps the helium in for a long time. With Hi-Float, an 11 "helium filled latex balloon can last between 1 and 4 weeks!

Is Hi-Float for you?

This product is incredible, but do you really need it? If you can answer yes to any of the following three questions, then you should seriously consider Hi-Float.

  1. Are the latex balloons for a business?
  2. Are you hosting a multi-day event?
  3. Are the balloons a gift for someone?

Basically, Hi-Float is perfect for anyone wanting their latex balloons to last more than 24 hours.

How to Use Hi-Float

Hi-Float products are incredibly easy to use. Below are step-by-step instructions on how to use this great product.

  1. Place your pump nozzle onto your bottle of Hi-Float
  2. Tighten the cap.
  3. Prime the pump by pumping until a little bit of product comes out.
  4. Included in the Hi-Float Pump Kit is a set of clips that will make sure that the correct amount of product is dispensed. Look at the guide, and attach the proper clip for your balloon size.
  5. Place your latex balloon on the pump nozzle as far as it will go. This will ensure that as you pump, product will not get in the stem of the balloon.
  6. Pump product into the large section of the balloon.
  7. Squish the balloon around so that the product even coats the inside of the balloon.
  8. Inflate the balloon as you normally would.
  9. Tie off your balloon.
  10. You're done!

HGH For Weight Loss – Get Slim and Lean With HGH

HGH or human growth hormone is being hailed as the Elixir of Youth and this is not without reason.

Growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain and is composed of 191 amino acids, The main function of this hormone is to enable the liver to produce Insulin Growth Factor IGF1 which triggers tissue and bone growth through the body.

Production of growth hormone is at its highest level during puberty or addiction and provides maximum resistance to diseases and infections associated with the process of growing up. However, this production begins declining after the age of 30 and this hampers your body's ability to repair cell damage taking place on a day to day basis. This is what makes your body age. As people get older and older they find it difficult to stay in shape and most people tend to gain fat specifically around the waist.

Growth hormone therapy is known to help people get better body shape by reducing the fat deposits. It is known to enhance metabolism and this allows your body to burn more fat and increase your energy levels. It also encourages enzymatic reactions called Lipolysis which helps breaking down fat.

Not only this, it also helps your body to gain lean muscle. This has a very positive impact on your body shape. Losing weight accompanied with gaining lean muscle is something that no other weight loss regimen can help you achieve.

There are many more benefits of growth hormone therapy such as increased energy levels, improved lung and cardiac function, increased libido, wrinkle reduction etc.,

It provides a complete body makeover but you need to be cautious while selecting a particular growth hormone product. Injections or shots produce the fastest results but they have some serious side effects. It is the natural supplements that are complimised of amino acids and other nutrients that are the best form of growth hormone supplementation.

This is because these supplements or releases are not a replacement therapy. They are simulators that help stimulate your pituitary gland to increase its production of HGH. The largest plus point of such supplements is that they do not have any side effects.

Check out more on HGH for Weight Loss and releaser pills that are not just clinically approved and approved by doctors but have also become a huge hit among people looking for anti aging treatments.

Small Bathroom Design Ideas

Like most homeowners you probably wish you had a larger more luxurious bathroom in your home. If adding any more square footage is out of the question there are some design ideas that can make your small bathroom at least look and feel bigger and seem less cramped.

Bathroom remodeling ideas need not be limited to big, luxurious bathrooms that have more generous space and therefore are more able to move around their bathroom fixtures and remodeling plumbing and electrical outlets. Most homes will have small bathrooms and a small bathroom can have a cozy and intimate feel. However too often bathrooms are not looked at as a space where one can spend quality time. As a result many bathrooms are usually just designed to be comfortable and efficient enough.

Regardless of the style you choose to decorate your small bath, it will never leave a small bath. You can by using using the right colors and lighting design, create a posh and cozy bathroom retreat.

Theories concerned space enlargement will apply to a bathroom as well as to any other room in your home. For example you might want to consider replacing a large vanity with a more stylish p pedestal sink.

You should cut back on anything that sticks out too much in the bathroom. See if you have any wall shelves, hanging racks, or decorative accessories on the walls that make your bathroom look smaller. Doing this should help make the bathroom feel larger.

You can create the illusion of height in your bathroom through the use of more vertical lines. For instance having bathroom tiles that go all the way to the ceiling or vertical stripes in a wallpaper pattern can also help make a small bathroom seem larger. Lining the edge of your ceiling with a border or a cornice, or even a painted tile around the top of the walls can help to create more visual depth. You can also find that by installing polished tiles and putting up mirrors can result in the area reflecting itself and helping to create the feel of additional square foot for your bathroom.

Letting your walls remain a neutral color like white or gray helps to create an impression of more space. Plus, if you draw the eye upwards, the room will look taller; so add a border around the ceiling to create more vertical depth. Also, installing polished tiles and hanging mirrors lets the area reflect itself, theby creating the feel of additional square footage.

Lightning is a necessary component in creating an illusion of more space. One way to do this is to combine the mirrors with the lighting fixtures and the color. It is important to make sure that the lighting is spaced out correctly. You should have a strip of light bulbs installed above your main mirror.

Yet another good idea for those with small bathrooms is to replace the bathtub with an upscale shower design. This could be a glass cubicle with mirrors inside or an angled shower enclosure, which is usually called a quadrant corner shower unit.

Lawrence Alma-Tadema – The Early Years

Lawrence Alma-Tadema (real name Laurens Tadema) was born in 1836 in Dronrijp a small town near Leeuwarden, which in turn was not far from Harlington in Holland. His father was a village notary, with a reasonable talent in music. He was a composer and organist. His mother was his fathers half sister. Lawrence's father passed away in 1840, and left little for his invalid wife and two children and three step-children to live on. With the help of the extended family, they managed to survive and educate the children. The three step-children all pursued careers in business.

Lawrence had a tendency and liking for art even prior to his father's death, but he was not supportive. However, his mother included art classes in his education. In 1840, he was able to join his older siblings in the drawing classes, and soon showed he certainly had some potential. He continued his schooling, but did not show a great propensity towards academia. The only subject that interested him other than art was history. Some early works from 1848 have been preserved.

His first commission was in 1849 (still only 13 year old), when three children asked him to paint their portrait, which they presented to their parents. The parents were impressed. His home town of Leeuwarden did not present many opportunities to research art, so he took every opportunity to visit other places and to meet with artists whenever he could. He pursued his passion relentlessly. He also learned about art from books that were available during the time. from friends and neighbors.

His main challenge was to get past his godfathers – who agreed with his fathers' last wishes that Lawrence should become a lawyer. He was totally disinterested in law and he continued to practice at every opportunity, although there was now music training arranged for him as well. He presented his mother with a self-portrait in 1852 as a surprise gift. He overworked himself that much that he had a breakdown. The doctors advised that he should spend the rest of his life (they thought he might live to twenty) in doing what he enjoyed most. He was then able to concentrate on his art and his health improved. He was not able to get into the Royal Academy or other art schools, so he went to visit and uncle in Amsterdam, and was accepted into the Antwerp Academy and he studied under Gustav Wappers and later Nicaise de Keyser. He studied with others and gained an appreciation for archeology.

He married Marie Pauline Gressin de Boisgirard in 1863 and they honeymooned in Italy, where he first encountered ruins. He was simply fascinated by Pompeii and marble. They moved to Paris and he pursued some contract work, until moving to Brussels a short time later. Their only son died of smallpox in 1865 and Marie passed away in 1869. He was to bring up their two daughters Anna and Laurence.

As a result of war, he moved back to England and settled in London in 1870. He also adopted his new name at that time and the following year he married Laura Epps, a seventeen year old daughter of a well known family of cocoa manufacturers. His art works were selling and his lifestyle improved as he renovated the old house that was once owned by James Tissot. He became affluent and was popular with most people, receiving honors from around the world, including a knighthood from England. He did not receive any rewards form his country of birth.

His wife died in 1909, and he died in Wiesbaden, in 1912 at a German spa and he was buried in St Paul's cathedral.

He was a focused young man, who turned into one of England's favorite artists.

Why Choose an S-Lift?

Shot scar facelift or the S-lift is an improved operation aimed at preserving the overall effective full facelift results with the smallest possible scars for youngger patients – typically a person in her middle middle to late forties as the first signs of aging show in the mid part of the face.

The most important issue for patients to understand is the intensive aging of their skin and if they qualify for the said surgical procedure. For instance, patients aged more than 60 years should seek the classical full face lifting techniques that require action onto the deep plane of whole face, including the upper area of ​​the face.

The short scar is carried out under general anesthetic although occasionally it can be done under a local anesthetic and sedation. Starting at a top of the ear (hidden by the hair line at this point) the incision travels down the curves in front of the ear rounding the earlobe and up behind the ear. Due to the short scar incisions, the shape conjures an s-shape, so facelift is sometimes called S-lift. Through these incisions, surgeons can access skin and deeper tissues to pull and re-drape the skin and re-model the facial shape to correct droopy nasolabial folds and sagging angular jowl. At the end, the incisions are enclosed with stitches in front of the ear.

Basically, youngger patients enjoy longer-lasting results. After the said procedure, you are asked to rest for 24 hours. Minor bruising and swelling occurs for a couple of days. A small bandage will be worn over the incision site for the next two to three days. Mild pain relievers may be needed. After that, you may take a shower and wash your hair.

Men may shave their face. After 6-7 days, sutures can be removed. Others choose to work almost immediately, while some choose to give it a week before they resume to their normal activities. If your neck skin or lax facial has been bothering you, this surgery can be your option but best to consult your physician first.

Solid-Bodied Gretsch Corvette Guitar

The Solid-bodied Corvette (not to be confused with the Corvette hollow-body arch-top electric, produced from 1955-1959) was Gretsch's answer to the Les Paul Jr. by Gibson. Introduced in 1961, the Corvette Solid-body was a small, light-weight, comfortable electric guitar that was just right for the budding musician.

This killer guitar, with a solid mahogany body, solid mahogany set neck, and a rosewood fret board with pearl dots, originally came with a single HI-Lo 'Tron pickup. The earliest examples had a trapeze tailpiece. By 1963, the Corvette was sporting a Burns' flat-arm vibrato tailpiece. (Yes! That Burns! Good old Jim Burns from England), and came with a choice of either one or two of those Hi-Lo 'Tron pickups. By mid-1963 to 1964, Gretsch changed the standard 3/3 headstock (3 tuners on each side) to a scooby-rific 4/2 headstock design (4 tuning keys on one side, two on the other). Most Corvettes were finished in "cherry" red mahogany and had black pick guards. Some came with red and white striped pick guards and a more opaque red finish to the body. This version is known as the "Twist" model. Early Corvettes were also available in platinum gray finish with black pick guards, but this color was officially discontinued in 1963. Also in 1963, Gretsch started beveling the edges of the guitar's body and sharpened the cutaway points.

Variations of the Gretsch Corvette were the Silver Duke (1964-66) which was sparkle silver, the Gold Duke (1964-66) – you got it – in sparkle gold, and lest we forget, the Princess (1963-64 – made for the ladies) which was available in many color combinations such as white with purple sparkles, blue with white sparkles, pink with white sparkles, and white with gold sparkles – phew! The Princess also differs from the others in that it had a Palm vibrato tailpiece rather than the Burns', gold-plated hardware in lieu of the standard nickel / chrome hardware, and a shiny belly-pad on the back.

By 1968, you could no longer get single pickups on the Corvettes, the Burn's vibrato was replaced with a Bigsby vibrato tailpiece, and the HI-Lo 'Tron pickups were replaced with Super' Tron pickups. Production of the Gretsch Corvette wound down in the early 70's. (The Corvette did make a brief reappearance from 1976 to 1978 with different specs – humbuckers, etc. It was not the same.)

The Gretsch Corvette (1961-early 70's) can still give you some bang for your buck in today's vintage market. You get the vintage sound and vibe, with great playability for less than you'd pay for a Paul, Jr.

Looking To Be A Cuckold? How To Find Dominant Women

Are you looking to be a cuckold? Either a cuckold boyfriend or husband? A great many men like yourself have this strong urge to enter a cuckolding relationship. If you read the following paragraphs, I will share with you my tips on how to find a dominant women the easy way.

Avoid these sites…

Most men seeking a “femdom” relationship will begin by getting a dating membership to a cuckolding dating site. Save your time and money. I cannot speak for every site but the vast majority have a bad reputation. Believe it or not, there are vast number of men like yourself. This means sites for it have become hugely expensive. The cheapest membership I can find is $55 each month! And it is not only the prices that should put you off. Once you join these sites you find they have very few members.

Sites to join for free…

For any man looking to be a cuckold I would always – always – advise joining a popular adult dating community. Why? Well, the better of them offer free memberships to new members. That way you can give it a free test-run. See if you like it. Not only that, but these sites have larger populations than most small countries. Some have more than 10 million registered members.

How to find dominant women…

Once you have made your free account on such a service, you will want to know how to find a dominant woman. Easy. Write in the text of your profile that you wish to enter a cuckold relationship. Now, just go to the “people finder” page and put in a search for local women. Begin sending friend requests. Most of the people who see your request will first check your profile. If your profile reads “I want to be in a cuckold relationship, so please only contact me or accept my friend request if you want this too” then you build up a list of local female friends who will consider cuckolding you.

Orbeez Review

One of the most popular toys introduced this season is the Orbeez line of toys. Just what are Orbeez, you might ask. Well, an Orbeez is a tiny colored bead that will swell up to many times its original volume when it is placed in water for several hours. What you end up with are gum ball sized balls that are ready to play with. The real magic with Orbeez is that this is a toy that motivates children to use their imagination and creativity to unlock the fun found by playing with them. While there are themed sets for Orbeez, the real fun is what you can make of them. Here we want to take a closer look at this original toy, and what you can expect from Orbeez.

Orbeez really are quite amazing. They were initially designed is the agricultural sciences and soon found their way as a playful toy for children. They start off as very small shiny beads about the size of BB. Your child must soak the Orbeez in water for at least three hours and then they grow multiple times larger than their original size. What you end up with are colorful balls that are squishy, slimy, bouncy, wacky, funky, and really fun just to play with in your hand.

I know that some of you moms may be thinking that these could be dangerous for my child. No worries here, as the manufacturer has taken more than adequate steps to ensure that they are safe to play with. Orbeez meet all industry safety standards for toys, as well as surpassing all ASTM regulations. Orbeez are non toxic and environmentally friendly. In fact, it is better to discard old Orbeez in your garden than to throw them away. All toy industry tests for chemical and polymer materials have been subjected to Orbeez and they have passed with flying colors. The company has ensured that their product exceeds all mandatory packaging and labeling requirements as well.

Orbeez Magic Maker – This Orbeez kit is really where you need to start, and it is the most popular kit as well. With the Magic Maker you will get a water tank to grow your Orbeez, along with almost three thousand beads in nine different colors. Grow the Orbeez in the water tank and watch then grow. Once swelled up you can use the attached air pump and shoot the balls through the hoops and float them on top of the water. You can then pull up on the pump handle and watch the Orbeez exit the tank and whiz down the spiral ramp in to the collection tray below. The kit includes the water tank, air pump and handle, play an display collection tray, the Orbeez, and an activity book.

Basketball Aquarium – This kit is very similar to the magic maker but it has some additional games your child can play with. The kit has a magical ocean floor on the bottom on which to grow your Orbeez on. Once swelled you pump up the buoy and float the Orbeez to the surface. It is here that you can play a one and one basketball game against Sponge Bob and try to shoot hoops. This is a wonderful kit to play with a friend or two. The kits includes the Sponge Bob themed aquarium, almost two thousand Orbeez in three colors, buoys and hoops for the basketball games, and a sixteen page activity fun book.

Mood Lamp – Think back to the crazy nineteen sixties hippy generation and lava and mood lamps and you will instantly understand this kit. This is a genuine working mood lamp with a creative Orbeez twist. Your child will fill up the lamp with Orbeez balls and the lamp will illuminate them. There are endless combinations and patterns you can make with this kit. The magic mood lamp is included along with almost two thousand Orbeez in three colors, and an activity book. This kit does not include three tripple-A batteries that are needed to activate the light. The lights are LED and change colors making beautiful sights with your Orbeez.

Stay Fit and Healthy With Carb Watchers Lean Body

Do you want to stay fit and healthy? Are you tired of trying several alternatives to lose weight that failed to work on you? Are you thinking of cutting off several food choices from your meals but is worried about an unbalanced diet? Or have you been trying to fit gym visits into your daily routine since your busy schedule but but little results from your workouts? Worry no more because Carb Watchers Lean Body is here to aid you in staying fit and healthy.

Most women want to stay fit and healthy. Staying fit and staying healthy are two different things. Being fit means to be in proper figure and being healthy means having the essential nutrients to maintain body functions. It is difficult to achieve these two things at the same time without proper guidelines. In maintaining a great figure, women often come to aerobics, gym workouts, and other sorts of activities but achieve slower results or to some extent to no avail. Some even purposely skip meals or reduce their food intake without realizing that their health is compromised. If you want to stay fit, it is wise to follow proper guidelines to achieve your desired results in a healthy manner.

Here are some tips to stay fit and healthy:

  1. Before going on a diet, you should consult a physician or a dietician so you will know your right kind of diet. You will be guided accordingly with your daily caloric intake.
  2. Go on a workout under the supervision of an experienced gym instructor. Instructors know best on what type of workout is suitable for you. They can also provide you additional diet tips. Rest for a few minutes after the workout then have a warm shower to relax your muscles. Warm also improves blood circulation to muscle tissues thus Promotes muscle-building.
  3. A high protein intake is important to aid in staying fit especially if you go on gym workouts. Protein is a body building nutrient. A highly recommended supplement is the Carb Watchers Lean Body. It has high protein and low-calorie content. It is a perfect drink before, during and after workouts.
  4. You should have enough rest to avoid stress from workout. Always bear in mind that too much of something is bad.
  5. A healthy lifestyle is also a vital factor. Do not drink, smoke, eat unhealthy foods and do not wear yourself out.
  6. Lastly, the most important thing is your attitude towards achieving your goal to be fit and healthy. If you lack the attitude then surely, you will fail.

You have to be focused on what you are doing to succeed. Proper diet and adequate workouts combined with a healthy drink mix of Carb Watchers Lean Body will help you stay fit and healthy. Aside from its high protein, low-calorie content, it is also packed with the essential nutrients for a balanced diet. In fact, it can be used as a meal replacement shake.

So stay fit and healthy the Carb Watchers Lean Body way.

How To Rent Stair Lift

For many people, being able to have a new stair lift installed into their home is simply not possible as they do not have the funds available or they can not get the financial assistance to get them. However just because you do not have funds immediately available for such an expense does not mean you can not have a stair lift. In this article I will be taking a closer look at the option where a person can rent stair lift devices rather than purchase one outright.

Renting stair lift is certainly the most feasible one for those people who just do not have the funds for actually purchasing one. In fact there are quite a few companies who will offer you an extremely attractive rate especially for straight stair lifts.

But if you do make the decision to rent rather than buy it is important that you actually try the model you are considering having installed in your home before you do. Also before you sign any contracts or pay any money (usually a deposit along with the first few months rent are required) it is important to read the small print in any agreement.

It is important that you are aware that although a stair lift can be convenient for those who have difficulty getting up and down stairs they can also be quite dangerous as well (especially if they have not been properly maintained by the rental company). So it is important that you make sure that all the company's rental stair lifts are maintained and serviced regularly.

Usually it is best to rent stair lift if you know that you are only going to require it for a short period of time. Say when an elderly relative comes to stay with you for a few weeks or months. If you decide to rent stair lifts for long periods of time (more than 1 year), then you may find that you could end up paying more for it than if you had decided to purchase one in the first place.

It is very important that you know exactly what is included within the contract and ensure that you have any questions or other concerns relating to the contract confirmed to you in writing.

The above are some tips you might want to consider when you are considering renting a stair lift .

Data Recovery And Hard Disk Information Retrieval – A Complete Review

Recently my hard drive crashed, hey I do not mean that windows decided to be bitchy and make me reinstall it – Anyways it's really been a long time since I've been idiot enough to run Microsoft programs, thanks very much!

Well I mean that my hard drive, spinning away quietly at speed away irreverably, which all of a sudden emits a scratchy, screeching sound that can only be described as sickening, and immediately wiping out vast swathes of data like some primordial plague lord reaper scorching the continent of Europe with the bubonic. Sure this was one hellish experience, but nothing compared to the misery which began once I hired a hard disk data recovery service.

As a techie patiently enlighten me over the phone, a hard disk data recovery is not always a simple or a clear-cut affair. In order to complete a successful hard disk data recovery, it can either be a simple matter or an intricate one, and either expensive, or rather unreasonably expensive, depending on the severity of the problem.

At times the only problem is that something is not working with the loading mechanism of the hard drive. In fact there is more than a dozen of programs and macros which have to load to enable the computer to boot successfully, and if any one of these becomes cross-linked, or has any error at all with one of it's files, it can potentially cause a crash and necessitate a hard disk data recovery. Fortunately, this is the easy kind – it is even possible to for one to perform the hard disk data recovery with a little know-how and an extra hard drive. Simply slave boot the hard drive to another one, and extract the data off it – and you are ready to go as easy as pie!

However if you actually scratch the disk's surface, the hard disk data recovery becomes a much more tricky and a problematic affair. Time and again there are several solutions. Of which, one of them is to do a simple software hard disk data recovery, where you pull as much data off of the hard drive as you can can, and simply hope the scratch where it ruined too many of your files. If the hard drive has been physically wrecked – that is to say, if it is badly scratched and will not spin without doing further damage, or at all – then it must be taken apart physically, and the plates must be examined by sophisticated, expensive machinery. And this is the case where hard disk data recovery can run into the range of thousands of dollars!

Is Your Pet Rat Sneezing? The Facts You Should Know

Being a “rattie parent” can be worrisome when your little ones are doing things like sneezing. My goal with this article is to take away your confusion, so that you’ll feel better and your rat will be okay.

Below are the things that can cause your rat to sneeze:


This very common and incurable respiratory disease among rats may flare up throughout the rat’s life. Symptoms include sneezing, wheezing and, in advanced cases, gasping for air. Sores may sometimes develop on lung tissue, making it hard for the rat to breathe. While humans are capable of catching mycoplasmia from other humans, we cannot catch it from rats, and vice versa.

There’s good news though. As long as their immune system is not compromised, most rats with mycoplasmia can live long and active lives, despite the outward symptoms. The key is feeding them a vitamin-rich diet (especially vitamins A and E) and taking extra precautions to avoid exposing them to dust, smoke, drafts and bacteria.

If your pet rat gets “Myco flare-ups,” she may need to get treated with medication such as Vibramycin, the brand name Doxycycline or the generic brand, Baytril. These medicines will suppress symptoms and prevent the development of scarred lung tissue.


The main difference between mycoplasmia and pneumonia is that the former produces symptoms of dry loud breathing that will come and go, while the latter manifests itself with a wet, congested, raspy wheeze and a runny nose. Porphyrin may be excreted from the rat’s nasal passage and fluid may collect in her lungs. Babies that are infected may not show any symptoms until a few months later.

Pneumonia is highly contagious to any other rat within sneezing distance, so you should immediate quarantine the afflicted rat until you can get him to a vet.

One treatment of pneumonia involves the drugs Baytril, Doxycycline, and a machine called a nebulizer. The drugs are administered in the form of a vapor several times a day.

Colds or Allergies

In the event that you need to take your little one to the veterinarian to have her treated for a respiratory ailment, you may decide to administer a tiny amount of over-the-counter cold or allergy medicine.

Also, if your vet approves of the idea, you may try to treat your rat on your own this way over the course of several days. However, you need to be careful about doing this as you don’t want to use something that may cause more harm than good. Also, if her condition should worsen, take her to a vet right away.

Here are some general guidelines:

  • Use children’s liquid medicines, not adult formulas.
  • Administer the medicine as often as you would for a child; however, make them extremely tiny doses (0.10 cc. for an adult, and less than half that for a baby).
  • Use cough decongestant or expectorant medicine, not suppressant.
  • Avoid formulas containing alcohol.

How to minimize respiratory illnesses and symptoms, in general:

  • Keep the air moist. Counteract the drying effect of heaters and air conditioners by adding to the room tiny water fountains, plants and even jars of water.
  • Humidifiers and vaporizers work nicely to keep the air moisture-rich; but avoid keeping them too close to your rats’ cage (at least 4 feet away).
  • In an emergency, you can take your rat into a closed bathroom with a hot shower running. Don’t take her too close to the water. Just let her breathe the steam for 5-15 minutes. It helps loosen up the mucus stuck inside their lungs.
  • Make sure your rattie has proper bedding.
  • Sudden sneezing may be due to an allergic reaction to a change in bedding, food, soap, or to their surroundings in general.
  • A cold, tiny block of baker’s chocolate has been known to ease symptoms of respiratory distress.

Tips to Prepare For Opening a Dollar Store

One of the most exciting activities you'll ever undertake is going through the process of identifying just the right business to open for yourself. As you explore the options you'll find an unbelievable set of choices before you. As you narrow down to the final small group of alternatives, caution is needed. You must carefully examine all of the finalists to select the perfect business for you. In today's economic climate more and more entrepreneurs are viewing dollarstores as the perfect choice. But then the real work starts. There are so many tasks that must be done to prepare for opening a dollar store. Each one is critical in its own way. And each subsequent task builds on performing the previous task correctly. Get one step out of place and you will lose time. You'll be frustrated as you wait for that step to finally be completed so you can move on to the next. Do not make missteps as you prepare to open your store. In this article I present tips to prepare for opening a dollar store.

Treat the preparation process for opening a dollar store like it is a project. There are key steps that must be completed. There is an appropriate order for the completion of those steps. There is involvement by an assortment of resources and companies. All come together are create the dollarstore you are finally ready to open.

Develop a master project plan including a project checklist to help with the management of your store opening. This is easy to do and it helps eliminate forgotten tasks and information about each task. List each of the most critical actions that must be taken in the appropriate order on your project plan. Include a designated owner for each action and a targeted completion date. For example painting the store location might be the responsibility of your landlord. There is likely an agreed date for completion. List all of that information at the right step on your project plan. It's then easy to monitor how things are progressing and whether there are delays that will impact other actions such as installing floor coverings or store display fixtures.

Break the more complex tasks down into smaller, more easily performed tasks. If there are several key actions involved in a specific task, then break them out as separate actions under the label of the primary task. Ordering merchandise is a perfect example of this. Since you will likely be ordering merchandise from a large number of vendors it would help to break out each of the major orders onto your master project plan spreadsheet. You can then verify you've properly placed each order. You'll also be able to track deliveries against the planned arrival date.

Check, check and double check your progress at opening a dollar store. As with any major project you'll need to constantly track how things are progressing toward your dollarstore grand opening. If critical new tasks appear, add them to you master plan and begin tracking. As tasks are completed make sure all of the tasks awaiting that completion are moving forward. If tasks fall behind, make changes to allow you to catch up. Use you checklist to open your dollarstore as scheduled.

To your success when opening a dollar store!

Role of Motivation in Increasing Employee Morale and Productivity

21st century is an era of intense competition where every business is in a race to remain ahead of the competitors. There are several factors which must be considered critical to have a happy and healthy bottom line. While brands are investing in technology to find faster growth and to remain profitable, another critical thing to do is to invest in your employees. Research has highlighted the importance of investing in your employees and managers. Brands must note how important employee management is and how they add value to the organization through their work. Lower employee morale means low productivity. The brands that have understood its value have gotten ahead faster. However, the businesses that do not value their Human Resources hit productivity barriers.

Businesses that want to eliminate performance bottlenecks must focus on employee motivation to ensure that their employees remain satisfied and do not feel overstressed. Work pressure in the 21st century is higher. The reason is that the level of competition has also increased with increased competition and the race for being technologically ahead. However, what happens in most cases is that the businesses fail to manage their employees in a proper manner. The result is that employees start feeling stressed and bored. Stress and boredom are both killers of productivity. When you do not focus on these things you end up creating a smoke hole instead of a temple that the office must be. Don’t let stress accumulate inside your office because it can ruin the environment. When stress accumulates, people start feeling tense and then conflicts and differences start affecting productivity.

If employee morale is low, attrition rate and HR costs go high. This relationship should be understood by managers to keep employees filled with energy and going. Managers instead make the mistake of using employees and then letting them remain stressed. Things can change if managers take care of their subordinates and do not let work pressure and stress reach dangerous levels inside the office. Otherwise, it would become difficult to dispose of the toxicity building there. All these factors point in just one direction and that direction is employee motivation for higher productivity and the creation of a high energy environment.

A high energy and high performance environment is not possible without investing in employee happiness. Employee morale can be kept high and apart from financial investment, there are other things managers can do to keep their employees happy. Financial incentives are good for motivating employees and keeping them satisfied but equally important are recognition and goodwill. An environment of goodwill and collaboration also keeps employees motivated. Teamwork brings strength and makes people feel valued and accepted. This helps employees remain at the peak of energy and performance becomes easier. Technology industry has become highly competitive and the result is that pressure can become too high inside such organizations. Big brands are investing in their employees. Google, Salesforce, and similar more brands are recognized for creating trust and for investing in their employees. These brands have been able to build loyalty and bring good results through their investment in employee happiness. Microsoft and Amazon have been known for their performance oriented environments. However, these businesses have also started focusing at employee motivation and using methods that can reduce pressure upon the employees.

Managers can use a variety of techniques for employee motivation. The easiest one is to build trust. By building trust you make your employees feel valued. Trust is an essential factor in employer-employee relationship and helps create a culture and environment of trust and collaboration. Another thing that managers can do is to create an environment of teamwork. When you allow your people to collaborate and bond freely, the happiness index inside your office rises. If you are only interested in keeping your people bound by their chairs you will end up making them lose their shine. If you make them work hard, let them party harder. Salary and incentives are good for motivating employees. What is even good is to engage them. This is also the ethical thing to do. By being ethical you increase their reliance upon you. If your employees are having fun, you are a reliable employer. Work can be fun so do not try to make work a burden. Allow them flexibility, let them socialize and create a work environment where everyone is included. If you want your best ones to stay with you for longer you must keep them engaged. There are a thousand things you can do without converting your workplace into a party spot. You can provide your staff flexibility, and if finances allow, you can allow them insurance and other benefits. However, using engagement programs like workplace parties, get-togethers, speaking with the leaders; you can keep them happier. At Google, they speak with their leaders once every week. It makes them feel like friends and included. If you are friends with your employees, they are friends with you for longer. Remember before stretching a bond too far. It will grow too thin and break. The bonds once broken can be difficult to rebuild. So, keep your employees happy and see the effects on your bottom line. You will yourself feel motivated to do more for them.