The Advantages of Floor Lamps

You can use different kind of lightings to light up your homes. Most people use the chandeliers, tube lights or bulbs while some use the ancient method of candles, especially those who live in remote areas where the electricity is scarce, to light up their homes.

Whatever be the method, the ambience created by the lights placed in the rooms additionally is always different. While a soft light creates an atmosphere of peace and elegance, one may have to look at bright lighting for places like study where you need a lot of lighting. The use of the lighting depends on the usage of the room in question.

Lamp is the most widely used method to add extra lighting. It can not only change the way your room look but can also help you in filling up some blank spaces. Floor lamp is one of the many kind of lamps that can be used for this purpose.

Various designs in floor lamps can be used to enhance the beauty of the room and it also blends well with the other furniture. The flexibility is also high as it can be changed very easily. You can just replace the shade of the lamp, shift it to a different location, change the bulb and get a new look altogether.

You can get floor lamps in different shapes and various sizes. There are even a variety of styles to opt from. Craftsman, Art deco, Tropical, Contemporary, Traditional, Country, Retro, Mission, Rustic, as well as Mission are some of the popular styles that are available. Halogen and incandescent are the lighting elements one can get in these floor lamps. Either of the Utility lighting, spot and ambient lighting could be the purpose of lighting. The textures are also available in varieties like glass, common wood, etc.

When compared to the other sources, floor lamps are easy to move from place to place. One can just pick these and plug it in a different place. For those who have the habit of changing the furniture around can opt for these lamps. The installation is also easy as you can buy the lamp and fix it where you want.

There are certain factors one needs to think about when they purchase a floor lamp. The different factors being the lamp switch, the space to be used, the usage of the lighting. You can purchase them both online and offline.

Importance of Cheerleading – Ribbons For Cheerleaders

Cheerleaders, as the title suggests, is a group of girls who leads the crowd, where they are present, in making the ambiance cheerful and jolly.

The cheerleaders fill the event with fervor and passion. They have such zeal and zest that they are capable enough to increase the presence of the crowd, the in-store traffic and the sales and business of a certain event at any given moment.

The cheerleaders have a pre-planned program of performance which is based on satisfactorily and adequately organized dances, thus executing the dancing with the required, special skills, enthusiasm and style.

Hence it is these cheerleaders who draw each and every individual’s attention towards them and each cheerleader has numerous fans. These fans gather to the crowd especially to have a glimpse of their style-icons. And for this, it is indeed very important that every cheerleader wears a cheerleading ribbon that bears a unique identity when on ground. These ribbons, having their own significance, help fans recognize their favorite cheerleader in the crowd while at the same time encouraging the cheerleaders for a better and enhanced performance.

These ribbons definitely add to fanciful and spectacular styles. And even when you find, for one or the other reason, that but for all this treasure of choices available to you, there were something that you required specifically, there is absolutely no problem! You can get it ordered just as you desire. There is a huge collection of fabric, making it all the more simpler to create anything you want. And what more can one expect of it! You get them at very reasonable prices, too.

There is also a great variety of cheerleading bows and ribbons for schools, colleges, sports and for other such recreational purposes, like: hair bows, cheer bows, cheer-accessories, hair-accessories, cheerleading-accessories and competition-bows.

The cheerleaders get massive compliments from not only their admirers, but from their parents as well as the judges. The cheerleaders, too, feel that they couldn’t look better without these cheerleading ribbons on. They look breathtaking, amazing and awe-inspiring. When they wave to the bystanders, click photographs or sign autographs for the onlookers, each one of them looks astounding with their own, special cheerleading ribbons on them.

These cheer-accessories have a number of different, beautiful and eye-catching cheerleading ribbons which have the competence to give their wearers a manifestation of a grand and remarkable appearance!

Real Estate Characteristics

Real estate has several unique characteristics that affect its value. There are economic characteristics and physical characteristics. Real estate is a product to be purchased but it is different from anything else due to the characteristics that will be discussed here.

The economic characteristics that influence value are scarcity, improvements, permanence and area preference. Scarcity is simply demonstrated in the saying, “They aren’t making any more.” The supply of land has a ceiling and cannot be produced more than what exists today. This value of this supply however, is influenced by other characteristics.

Improvements, such as buildings on one parcel of land may have an effect on the value of neighboring parcels or the entire community. If a large company builds in a certain depressed neighborhood, the value of living their will probably increase because of the introduction of jobs. This value would impact on neighboring communities, thus increasing value in some ways to the real estate in these areas.

Permanence has to do with the infrastructure. As buildings, houses or other structures are demolished, the infrastructure, such as sewers, drainage, electricity, and water remain intact. Permanence effects real estate, or the type of infrastructure. If you buy a piece of land in an area with no utilities, drainage or paved streets, it will most likely be worth less than a parcel of land that has this infrastructure intact and developed.

Area preference refers to the choices of the people in any given area. This is usually referred to by most people when they talk about real estate as, “location, location, location.” The location of a preferred area, for whatever reasons, is what makes values of homes higher. Conversely, the location of a nonpreferred area, for whatever reason, is what makes the values of homes less. 8000 square foot brand new homes on the coast of Long Island’s, East Hampton will be worth much more due to their area preference, over an area with 1200 square foot starter homes in the middle of Long Island, located next to a garbage dump.

The physical characteristics of land represent its indestructible nature, immobility and nonhomogeneity. Working backwards, we’ll start with nonhomogeneity. This simply points out that no two parcels are the same. Two pieces of land may be very similar, but every single parcel is different geographically because each parcel is located in a different spot. This includes two lots right next to each other. It is important to remember that parcels are created by subdividing land, so as one large parcel of 20 acres is subdivided, each individual lot becomes its own separate piece of land.

Land cannot be moved, therefore it is immobile. Even when soil is torn from the ground, the part of the Earth’s surface will always remain. It is important here to note how this physical characteristic affects real estate law and markets. Immobility of land is the reason why real estate laws and markets are local in nature.

The indestructibility of land simply means that it is durable and cannot be destroyed. It can be damaged by storms and other disasters, but it remains and weathers the changing times and will always be there. This is a main reason why land is talked about as being a sound investment.

So the basic characteristics of real estate include scarcity, improvements to the land, permanence, area preference, nonhomogeneity, indestructibility and immobility. Please note there is a big difference between land and real estate. Land is the the part of the earths surface, subsurface and air above it. Real estate is anything that becomes attached to land. So when you’re looking for investments, it is important to note the infrastructure of the area, the surrounding neighborhood and the preferences of the area or…location, location, location!

The Benefits of Blood Letting in Pain Management

So, hospitals have now using leeches in medical practice? There is nothing new in this.

Bleeding using leeches was normal practice in western medicine in the 1830s until it was discarded for more sophisticated techniques. In fact, the medicinal use of leeches dates back to the beginnings of civilization with mention made of it in Egyptian tombs and in ancient Chinese writings. The principle behind the use of leeches is to drain off stagnant blood.

Recently I have become particularly impressed with the great health results that can be achieved by blood letting (taking out stagnant blood). Blood letting is a fairly standard practice in acupuncture and possibly other alternative therapies.

Unfortunately, blood now has a bad vibe attached to it. Most people want to avoid contact with unknown blood.

However, if people could rise above these objections they would find that the benefits from shedding a little blood (and by a little, I mean just that) are profound. Just a couple of drops of blood taken from an acupuncture point can have a significant effect on blood pressure for example, in a matter of two hours.

Providing that a patient can afford to lose a little blood there are great benefits of bleeding (with some exceptions).

Firstly, the skin in the affected area is broken with a diabetic lance and then the blood is squeezed out. If a greater amount of blood needs to be extracted, a specially designed glass or plastic cup is applied over the site. The skin sucks into the cup and the pressure causes a large volume of blood to be extracted. Sometimes such a large amount comes out that the cup quickly fills with blood, making this quite a messy procedure. Where the underlying blood has not been circulating for quite some time, the blood that comes out will be dark in color, and fizzing or bubbling due to the heat in the area.

Cupping kits are sold at acupuncture suppliers. I have noticed glass cups for sale in Chinese supermarkets, although these require the use of a flame to cause them to attach to skin. The cupping kits used by acupuncturists usually work with a pumping device which is preferable because it is much easier to control the amount of flesh (and hence blood) that is sucked into the cup. The cup can sometimes be quite painful if it is applied to certain tender areas.

Situations that scream out for bleeding are red swollen lumpy areas such as gout on feet. I once treated a man who had been unable to walk for a week due to an enormous red lump diagnosed as gout, below his big toe. After the lump was pricked and a fair bit of blood squeezed out, the swelling quickly subsided and the man was astonished that the pain had dissipated and he was now able to walk without any discomfort. No other treatment would have worked so rapidly. He apparently has had no recurrence of the condition since that day.

Another person who had been hit by a baseball bat showed me his shin which was now a mottled black color. After pricking the entire area, a huge amount of blood was drained out over the course of an hour. The blood which oozed out was black in color and thick. However, at the end of the treatment his shin looked a whole lot better in color and appearance and his leg was much less painful. If the stagnant blood had remained in his shin it would have not only have been painful, it would have restricted fresh blood and qi circulation in the leg.

A few years ago I suffered from a heel spur, and at times I was in such agony I could only crawl around the house. The relief I experienced from pricking and cupping my heel and foot was absolutely fantastic. The internal heat in my foot was so great that the blood which poured from the pricked area sprayed into the cup with volcanic fury.

The beauty of blood letting is that it draws out the old, stagnant, overheated and often black blood, and allows the body to replace it with new, clean blood. Just a few drops of blood squeezed out makes a profound difference to the blood flow in the entire body.

Naturally, this is a medical practice and as with all things medical, should be used with caution. In particular, there are several contraindications for the use of cups. They should used not be used in the abdomen or lower back of pregnant women; on people with cardiac problems, diseases of the blood vessels, anemic or weak patients; on the throat region or when organs are inflamed or perforated. There are other contraindications which should be studied.

Bleeding should never be practiced on someone taking any blood thinning medication e.g. Warfarin, as the patient will not stop bleeding. Diabetic patients and patients with cardiac disorders should not be blood let. Anemic or weak patients should not be blood let as they can not afford to lose blood.

The purpose of this article was to draw attention to the use of blood letting as an alternative treatment to prescription medication. However it is recommended to seek the advice of a trained therapist before using it.

5 Simple Hitting Drills That Will Raise Your Average Overnight!

The best hitters in the game use a variety of hitting drills to improve hand-eye coordination, bat speed, and power. These drills will have you or your players hitting the ball more consistently and with more power, with the ability to place shots more effectively. The result will be higher average and better run production in just a week or two of practice.

1. Ball on a Cone or Tee: Hand-eye coordination is the key to all good hitting, in any game and at every level. Improving your ability to match what your eyes are seeing with the trajectory of your swing creates the kind of contact that produces more line drives, and with time, more power. Hitting legend Ted Williams used to practice by using a cue stick to hit bottle caps. That’s not a bad idea, but these drills will serve the purpose, too.

  • Ball on a cone: Put a traffic cone on the floor 3 feet out from a mat. Kneel, or have your players kneel, on the mat. Put balls on the cone and have the players focus on hitting a line drive. Hit 15 to 25 balls in each session, more if time allows – the more the better. The drill emphasizes contact using just the arms and upper body, which is essential to hitting the ball consistently.
  • T-Ball: Kids start in t-ball for a reason – they learn to make contact, plain and simple. Since solid contact is the key to all good things in hitting, contact drills never go out of style. Pro, college, and top amateur teams continue to use hitting tees to warm up and find the hitting touch, especially after layoffs. Start hitting practice with a round of tee drills to emphasize keeping an eye on the ball, with a bonus feature being an increase in confidence. When pitch speed is added, the improvement will be noticeable. When the game starts, sharper hitting will lead to more base runners and more RBI’s. VARIATIONS: place the tee on the inside, middle, and outside parts of the plate to encourage hitters to go with the pitch, so they learn to drive balls to all fields. Most hitters try to pull everything, and this will help break that habit.

2. Wiffle Ball: This drill emphasizes bat speed and a compact, powerful swing. Using either a pitching machine or a live pitcher, stand 20 feet in front of the plate and use waffle balls for safety. Set the machine to about 40 mph, or gauge your pitch speed accordingly. Batters have to get the bat around in a hurry. The drill will expose swings that are too long – the kind of swings that keep pro players in the minors. On the positive side, it encourages increased bat speed to be able to get around on the pitches, and a shorter, more compact swing that is the foundation of power.

3. Wait and Explode: Many hitters develop the bad habit of starting their swing far too early. The results are all bad. For instance, the hitter will often stride into the pitch too early and then have to hold back the upper body waiting for the ball. Timing and hand-eye coordination is thrown off, plus if contact is made, it’s only the upper body involved. The powerful motion of the legs is eliminated. Misses, weak grounders, and lazy fly balls are the result. Here’s how this drill works. Have the batter stand in the box and coach them not to move at all until the ball leaves the pitcher’s hand. Keep it up until the hitter learns to be patient, reserving their energy until they can complete the swing in one powerful motion. Hitters with good contact skills but poor power will start driving the ball much harder with this drill.

Another way to encourage a “wait and explode” approach is to use tennis balls and bounce balls up to the plate. The hitter must not move a muscle until the ball bounces, 6-8 feet in front of the plate. Patience is learned, and hand-eye coordination is also improved. A short, compact, energetic swing will result.

4. The Barrier Drill: This drill will teach good mechanics. Have the players stand one back length back from a barrier, such as a net or string, and take their cut. If they hit the barrier with the bat, they are taking too long a swing, unlocking their elbows before the shoulders are fully engaged. Point out what’s happening and see if they can make the correction, which will produce a compact, powerful cut.

5. Reward or Run: There’s nothing like the possibility of a little physical exercise to get players to concentrate. Using a pitching machine, or reliable batting practice pitcher, feed each batter 15 pitches. On strikes only (make swinging at a bad pitch an out, no matter if they hit it or not), count well-struck balls versus misses or weak hits. If the batter has 8 or more good cuts reward them in some way. If 8 or more bad swings happen, it’s time to run! As the season continues, and the players improve, bump your better hitters up to 10 or 11 quality hits to avoid running. Tailor the drill to stretch each player to achieve their best.

Each of these drills is used by many professional, college, and top amateurs teams every year. Employ them on your team and start noticing immediate results in terms of contact and power. You’ll enjoy better run production from the first time through the order!

Diana Rogers

Diana in Savannah

Savannah. The setting of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil. The events that unravelled around the fascinating characters in ‘The Book’ happened 30 years ago. But Savannah still revels in larger than life people.

In the heart of the Victorian District is the Gingerbread House, home to the marvellous musician Diana Rogers. Lavender’s Blue arrived over one sultry Sunday afternoon to meet Diana in her kitchen. Exquisitely clad in oyster pink – hat, long gloves and real shell earrings to boot – she firstly entertained us with her witticisms, homemade sugared scones and a glass or two of bubbly.

Her house is a collectors’ paradise. Tables overflowing with vintage finds glisten in the scorching sunlight. Diana’s originally from Oklahoma. “All they do there is watch TV and go to church!” she howls with laughter.

Rural life wasn’t for her. A classically trained pianist and singer, her wonderfully intoxicating voice, not to mention her superlative keyboard skills, ensured that she was an instant Blues hit in New Orleans. Soon she outgrew even the jazz capital and it was off to the Big Apple.

In New York Diana deftly launched herself on the music scene. She played and sang at all the top hotels and clubs: the Waldorf Astoria, Harry’s Bar, One Fifth Avenue, Windows on the World…

Hot in demand, Diana enjoyed a long engagement at Nino’s in New York throughout the Nineties. She performed at the Madison Arms in East Hampton during the summer months. Diana was flown over to London and Cornwall to perform at private parties. She released an album of hits at the end of the Nineties featuring ‘I Know Him So Well’, ‘La Vie en Rose’ and her own composition ‘Middle Class Princess’.

In 2003 she decided it was time for a new phase of her life to begin so it was off to the Deep South. She bought a restored timber Victorian home on the pink azalea-lined East Gaston Street in Savannah.

“I still return to New York every couple of months,” she confesses. “Last time I was there I spent $2,000 on a hat. But it’s a real nice hat. My wardrobe takes up the whole top floor of the house.”

Diana has fully established herself as a firm fixture on Savannah’s music circuit. She’s performed in more than a dozen venues and can currently be heard in the basement piano bar of The Olde Pink House. In fact that’s where Lavender’s Blue first came across her. Descending the stairs from the classy restaurant above, we heard ‘Moon River’ in dulcet tones floating across the heavy evening air. Fast forward 48 hours and we are in her house.

“Come on through to the parlour,” Diana waves. Keeping her gloves on – natch – she embarks on a one woman cabaret show, jauntily weaving her way through the music of Cole Porter and George Gershwin before celebrating the present day with Andrew Lloyd Weber and John Kander.

Diana reveals, “Imelda Marcos’ daughter lives next door. And Jerry Spence, the hairdresser mentioned in The Book is a frequent visitor. ‘Honey, you can find me on page 47!’ he tells everyone he meets!”

Another neighbour, Patricia, arrives. “She was big in Washington!” Diana confides in a stage whisper. Diana plays a medley of Johnny Mercer songs. Outside, a clap of thunder resounds across the gunpowder grey sky. Rain beats down heavily on the veranda. But it doesn’t dampen the decadent party spirit indoors.

Leopold, a grand tortoiseshell cat appears at the parlour door. “She guards the house!” exclaims Diana. The cat got her name before her gender was determined at the vets. “My workman Mr Tiles is built like Tarzan! He was upstairs doing work when I was away and he rang me sayin’, ‘I can’t get down the stairs! Your cat won’t let me past!’ Anyway, he had to jump out the bedroom window and slide down the porch roof!”

As we say our goodbyes late afternoon, Diana’s phone rings. More guests arrive. The party is just getting started. A competitive cacophony of church bells and thunder erupts but it goes unnoticed, drowned out by the echo of laughter, clinking of glasses and Diana upping the tempo with ‘All That Jazz’.

The History of the Sebewaing, Michigan Sugar Factory

One of the men destined to join the ranks of Michigan’s pioneer sugar barons was John C. Liken. He was nearly 70 years old when the idea struck him and already rich beyond the dreams he probably had when he carved barrel staves for a living as an indigent immigrant in New York more than fifty years earlier. By 1900, he operated a big business in a small town that referred to him as the town father because his enterprise created the jobs that brought people to the town.

His annual sales during the years preceding 1900, in modern terms, equated to about $7.5 million. In a combination of enterprises that employed two hundred people, he operated four saw mills primarily engaged in manufacturing barrel staves, many of which he shipped to Germany, two flour mills, a major retail outlet for hardware, dry goods, groceries, and drugs which in 1884 employed nine clerks.

Liken’s enterprises were headquartered in a small town in Michigan’s “thumb”. The town was Sebewaing, a small collection of rustic homes nestled on the east shore of the Saginaw Bay some twenty-five miles northeast of Bay City. Its residents were day laborers who worked at one of Liken’s establishments or on one of the surrounding farms, or fished in the great Saginaw Bay that lapped the shores within walking distance of the town.

Sebewaing borrowed its name from the Chippewa word for crooked creek and some of its wealth from the abundant fishing in the bay. Not long before the 19th century came to a close, nearby forests fell to swift axes, making room for German settlers who quickly set about the twin tasks of removing stumps and planting crops.

Liken, a native of Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany met Wallburga Kunkle, the woman who would become his wife, in Binghamton, New York. She was a native of Bavaria and bore the name of a canonized nun who traveled to Germany from England in 748 to perform good works. St. Wallburga became the patron saint of plagues, famines and a host of other discomforts, including dog bites. John Liken had arrived in Binghamton after working for his passage aboard a sailing vessel.

After the birth of their fourth child, Emma, in 1864, who joined her siblings, Mary, born in 1856, Hannah born in 1858, and Charles, born in 1859, John and Walburga moved the family to Sebewaing, a Lutheran settlement that was attracting fishermen, farmers and timber men. The town’s population upon his arrival in 1865 was insufficient to proclaim it a village, but with the arrival of John Liken, that was about to change. He established a sawmill where he made barrel staves. Later, he would develop retail outlets, a creamery, granaries, and ships, incorporating in one person a source for all the goods and services required by the local farming community. The cream and crops, he placed on boats and shipped some thirty miles along the Saginaw Bay shoreline to Bay City, a bustling and growing city where the daily demand for groceries grew apace with its burgeoning population. In was in this connection, shipping, that he became acquainted with ship owner Captain Benjamin Boutell and it was through Captain Boutell that he would learn about sugar opportunities.

The hamlet grew into a village and the town folk began to think of Liken as the town father. Having brought two daughters and a son into the community, who like their father were all of good form, good health, and good cheer, it wasn’t unexpected that the Likens began to add substantially to the population. Mary took for a husband, Richard Martini and a few years later, Hannah allowed a youthful Christian Bach to turn her head (In later times, Christian adopted his middle name, Fred as his given name of preference. He appears in the Michigan sugar chronicles authored by Daniel Gutleben as C.F. Bach.) Charles and his wife, Elizabeth settled into the community to take up management of his father’s affairs.

John Liken had departed his Oldenburg home at the age of eighteen after completing a four-year apprenticeship in the cooperage trade. He would have known of sugar beets because of that experience and certainly would have been aware that men from his homeland had been enjoying some success with them in Michigan’s Bay County where three factories were then in operation and one more was underway and yet another was under construction in Saginaw.

Altogether, a total of eleven beet factories would soon pour sugar and profits into Michigan towns if one believed the hoopla created by railroads and others who would profit from the construction of factories. The excitement that had been stirring farmers and investors across the state seeped into Sebewaing. Liken saw no need to drum up support by the usual methods, holding town meetings, enlisting editors of local newspapers, hiring bands and front men to call upon the farmers. He was convinced of the need for a beet sugar factory and since a good portion of the local wealth resided in his coffers, he saw no need to persuade others to take up the cause. The Likens possessed sufficient resources to build a factory.

He formed an ad hock committee consisting of his son Charles, Richard Henry Martini, the husband of his daughter Hannah, and daughter Mary’s husband, Christian Fred Bach. All three had held important positions in Liken’s enterprises for many years and all were in their late 30’s, thus steeped in experience. In addition, the three resided next to one another on Center Street in Sebewaing, with Martini at Number 69, Charles next door at 68, and Bach at Number 67, thus the trio could convene at leisure and without formality. Should he and his committee approve the idea, the plan would go forward without the usual sale of stock to community members. It did not require a great amount of research on the part of the committee. They had plenty of arable land at their disposal. The Liken family controlled one thousand acres on their own account that combined with others, eliminated a need for a rail line to convey beets to a factory situated on Lake Huron’s shore. They had the financial capacity.

John C. had been generous. Each of his daughters and his son enjoyed full-time servants in their homes and each was well enough off to invest in the new sugar company on their own account and each had demonstrated managerial ability over a long period of time. They had every attribute needed for success in the new industry save one…experience in sugarbeets. News of the activity in Liken’s headquarters leaked into the community at large and inspired some farmers to plant beets, although a completed factory was nearly two years in the future. Those beets, when ready for market, were shipped to Bay City for processing.

Thinking to add the missing ingredient to an otherwise perfect equation for success, John Liken invited Benjamin Boutell and a few of his trusted friends to join in the endeavor. As a consequence, in a short time Liken learned first-hand, how the camel’s nose under the tent fable came into existence. Boutell, no doubt delighted that his expertise was in greater demand than his money, quickly enlisted men of wealth and experience. Among them was John Ross, who would soon become treasurer of the German-American Sugar Company, the last of four beet sugar factories built in Bay County. Next, came lumbermen Frederick Woodworth, William Smalley and William Penoyar, and a ship owner named William Sharp. When men of the stature of Ben Boutell and Penoyar signaled their interest, the floodgates opened; more men of wealth clamored for a stake in the new company. A pair of Saginaw attorneys Watts S. Humphrey and Thomas Harvey climbed aboard as did George B. Morley, legendary grain dealer and banker. Rasmus Hanson, a wealthy lumberman from Grayling, and future president of the German-American Sugar Company, bought in as did William H. Wallace, a quarry operator in nearby Bay Port.

Unwittingly, Liken in attracting investors from Saginaw and Bay City, brought together two distinct groups which could be described as two separate circles of influence. Boutell’s circle consisted of Bay County investors, Woodworth, Ross, Smalley, Sharp and Penoyar. George Morley’s circle included James MacPherson, Humphrey, Harvey, and William H. Wallace, all Saginaw residents, although Wallace was a native of nearby Port Hope and had been a long term resident of Bay Port, a village snugging the shoreline thirteen miles northeast of Sebewaing. In the wings was Ezra Rust, a wealthy Saginaw resident who had won a fortune in the lumber industry. While all of the Bay County investors had lumber interests, of the Saginaw group only MacPherson had a lumber background. The two circles would take up the sport of in-fighting once the new company got underway.

Representatives of what amounted to three distinct groups, Boutell’s Bay City contingent, Morley’s Saginaw faction, and John Liken’s family, gathered in Watts Humphrey’s Saginaw office in July 1901 to take up the matter of organization. Humphrey’s fame would come not from sugarbeet processing but from the fact that his then 12-year old son, George M. Humphrey, would one day achieve stature as the Secretary of the Treasury under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, serving from 1953 until 1957.

Wasting no time, the organizers had at hand, four representatives of construction firms specializing in building beet processing factories. They were Fuehrman & Hapke, E. H. Dyer, Kilby Manufacturing, and Oxnard Construction. It was expected that as soon as the shares were taken up by the attendees, a contract would be awarded to one of the four bidders. To Benjamin Boutell and his Bay City group, there was only one bid of any interest to them and that was the one from Kilby Manufacturing for $900,000. The price was a hefty $1,500 per ton of beet slicing capability, nearly double the $850 per ton price tag of the Essexville factory and almost $600 more per ton than the price for the German-American Sugar Company factory that was currently under construction. Oxnard’s bid of slightly more than $1,800 per ton (including, as usual, a Steffens process) and Dyer’s next to the lowest bid of $1,416 per ton were beaten out by Fuehrman & Hapke’s winning bid of $1,320 per ton for a total price of $792,000.

The first order of business called for the election of officer and directors, a normally placid affair when the company founders knew one another as well as did the gathering in Humphrey’s office. Representatives of each of the three main shareholder groups secured positions. Bay City lumberman, W. C. Penoyar was given the presidency, while Sebewaing’s Christian Bach took on the vice-presidency, and the Saginaw group saw William Baker and Thomas Harvey took the secretary and treasurer seats. Benjamin Boutell and William Wallace joined the executive committee. At the top of the agenda was the matter of deciding on the winning bid for the factory’s construction, which would be, as usual, a full turnkey operation. That’s when the temporary alliance between Bay City, Huron County, and Saginaw County investors fractured.

Boutell’s crowd, said the low bid made no difference, they would accept none other than the one submitted by Kilby. To the Saginaw group, this was tantamount to drawing a line in the sand. They believed firmly in awarding the contract to the lowest bidder. Accordingly, the Sebewaing-Saginaw representatives who controlled three of the officer positions, ignoring the fact that Boutell and his friends controlled 45 percent of the company and that a member of their faction just secured the presidency, gave the nod to Fuehrman & Hapke. Boutell and company recoiling from the suggestion that anyone except Kilby would build a factory in which they had invested, cancelled their stock subscriptions, resigned their positions and withdrew from the board of directors.

When the dust settled, Boutell and his co-investors were out and the Saginaw contingent held the controlling interest at 55 percent with control divided between the Morley and Rust families. The Rust family headed by Ezra Rust would leave its mark on the City of Saginaw in the form of a city park and a major thoroughfare bearing its name. Ezra’s confidence in the sugar industry may have stemmed from a stint he served as an engineer in a Cuban sugar mill during his youth. Morley held 5,000 shares in his own name, while various members of the Rust family held 4,000 shares. Family members and friends of John Liken held 45 percent.

The sudden withdrawal of Bay City investors necessitated a second election. The presidency went to Thomas Harvey. John Liken’s son-in-law, Christian Bach, retained the vice-president’s post and a seat at the director’s table. Liken’s son, Charles, accepted an appointment as treasurer but did not win a board seat. William F. Schmitt, a minor stockholder and Christian Bach’s sister Emma’s suitor, became secretary. In time and after having been tested by fire, he would prove that his advancement was owed entirely to his skill, not to his relationship to the Bach family. In 1906, he took charge of the Sebewaing factory which he then guided for six years before leaving the company for a senior position with Continental Sugar Company. Directors, in addition to Harvey and Christian Bach, included William H. Wallace, Watts Humphrey, George Morley, James MacPherson, who replaced Benjamin Boutell, and Richard Martini.

The appointed contractor for the factory’s construction, Henry Theodore Julius Fuehrman, normally addressed as Jules, arrived from New York where he had constructed a similar factory at Lyons and before that, Pekin, Illinois. He appeared in September for the groundbreaking ceremony. With him was his partner, Theodore Hapke who won high regard from area farmers of German extraction because of his knowledge of sugarbeets and his ability to explain the subject in the mother tongue.

Fuehrman had been closely involved with the construction of a beet factory in Grand Island, Nebraska, which to his good fortune happened to be in the place after Germany that he called home. He was the only son of Henry and Tulia Fuehrman of Brunswick, Germany. Beginning at the age of fourteen, he served an apprenticeship in the mason’s trade. After deciding to prepare himself for the duties of an architect, he devoted himself to the study of architecture in different polytechnic institutions throughout his native land. When twenty years of age, he entered the Germany Army, serving one year, and in 1882, he emigrated to America where after spending two years in Chicago he settled in Grand Island. There he accepted a number of commissions, including the design of the city hall, a church, a university, and eventually the Oxnard beet sugar factory in Grand Island.

Fuehrman’s success attracted the prestigious architectural firm of Post & McCord, the firm that built the roof over Madison Square Garden and the large iron frames for the skyscrapers that dotted Broadway and Wall Street and in 1931 would construct the world’s tallest skyscraper, the Empire State Building. Post & McCord partnered with the equally prestigious American Bridge Company, thus the Sebewaing factory’s formation was destined to be of solid construction. With William H. Wallace serving on the board of directors, the question of whether the foundation was going to be made of solid stones or the new building material, concrete, was resolved without discussion. The stones came from Wallace’s quarry, thirteen miles distant where they were carved by his expert workmen into squares that conformed to the architect’s specifications. Crushed stone from the same source made roadways for hauling equipment and later, beets to the factory. Already the community was enjoying the fruits of the presence of a sugar factory, improved roads and a richer economy as workers discovered gainful employment on the many work crews needed to fashion a factory that would soon win recognition as one of the largest of its kind in the nation.

Emile Brysselbout, Fuehrman and Hapke’s newest partner, was also on hand. Brysselbout’s credentials included the recently constructed Charlevoix, Michigan sugarbeet factory and he had supervised the construction of the Essexville factory.

The cornerstone was laid on October 21, 1901 but the absence of qualified engineers delayed construction. Experienced construction engineers had become a premium in a nation that suddenly could not have enough beet sugar factories. Twenty-five beet sugar factories were constructed between 1900 and 1905 of which ten were in Michigan. Adding to the difficulties was Fuehrman’s absence. He had departed for Dresden, Ontario to construct a similar factory for Captain James Davidson, a Bay City magnate who had decided to dedicate a portion of his wealth to the beet industry.

By appearances, Davidson’s contract held greater importance for Fuehrman than did Sebewaing’s. William Wallace, noted for always taking a firm hand where one was needed, approached Brysselbout with the insistence that Joseph Eckert be hired. Eckert was a man with a can-do reputation and one who would tolerate no obstacles in the path to his goal. Eckert had just finished an assignment at Mendall Bialy’s West Bay City Sugar Company where he had increased productivity more than one-third.

Gutleben relates that when Eckert arrived in Sebewaing, he found nature busy at the task of reclaiming the site. Weeds and wild flowers occupied the space intended for a factory. The few columns that had been erected on Wallace’s stone foundations were poised as if ready to fall to earth. Worse, there was no gear on hand to correct the steelwork in place or to install the balance of it. Fuehrman promised a steam engine but its delivery would have to wait until the steel erection work in Dresden was finished. It was April. The farmers wanted to know if they should plant a beet crop. “Plant ’em!” exclaimed Eckert who then placed an order for the delivery of a steam engine to be charged against Fuehrman & Hapke’s account. Wallace backed the credit. Fuehrman’s complexion turned the color of spoiled liver during his next visit; he fired his innovative engineer for insubordination. Wallace accompanied by Brysselbout turned the decision around in a hurried meeting with Fuehrman.

One of the advantages of having Brysselbout and Eckert on staff was their ability to draw men of similar skill. Brysselbout, inspired by Eckert’s enthusiasm and unquestioned role as chief project engineer after Fuehrman’s failed effort to fire him, secured experienced and highly educated operators, men like Hugo Peters, an 1898 graduate of Leipzig University who would become Sebewaing’s first factory superintendent. James Dooley soon followed. He carried a reputation for practical application of scientific principles and a cool head during emergencies. Eckert attracted outstanding engineers such as Eugene Stoeckly and Pete Kinyon, a master at erecting the steal grids that became the frames for the factories. Nearby farmers, long experienced with neighbors William Wallace, “Bill” to all, and John Liken, both hard driving can-do business leaders, had full confidence that a factory would stand in their midst at harvest time, as promised. They set about planting the second sugarbeet crop in Huron County with results that would prove fortuitous for themselves and for the investors.

When the trees began to blaze red and orange and cool dawn breezes dried the morning dew before farmers stepped from their doors, the county’s first sugarbeet crop waited in neat soldiery rows for men, women and even children to approach them. A lifter, a device designed to loosen the beet from earth’s hold, operated by the farmer, would proceed across the field at a walking pace. Harvesters would follow, pulling the beets from the ground then knocking two of them together to loosen soils and then casting them into a pile to await topping. Eventually, automated motor driven machines would perform the task, a task enhanced by pre-topping and then cleaning of the beets via a shaking system and dumped into waiting trucks. But for now, it was brute work.

On October 10, 1902, it was done. The main building sixty-seven by 258 feet and five floors comprising approximately sixty thousand square feet, made of brick and filled with the most modern equipment available to the industry, opened for business. In a town where the average home consisted of fewer than seven hundred square feet of space, it was an awesome presence. It was one of the grandest and largest buildings constructed in the American Midwest up to that time.

It was agreed that only one man in all of Huron County deserved the honor of delivering the first load of beets to the factory, the man whose dream set off the chain of events that led to the magnificent building now standing at the end of the town’s main street. He was John C. Liken. His family had gathered round two months before on August 9, to celebrate his seventieth birthday and now at an age beyond that which men commonly set aside for the cessation of physical labor, he guided a team of four horses drawing a gaily decorated wagon brimming with sugarbeets onto the scales. The Liken family, standing beside the constructors, Bill Wallace and a contingent from Saginaw, applauded the advance of the high-stepping horses and the contented Mr. Liken. Within the week, Hugo Peter conducted an operational test, allowing only water through the factory to test the readiness as well as the harmony of the equipment. After making a few adjustments to correct weaknesses detected during the water test, he ordered the slicing of beets to begin on October 27.

The farmers delivered beets containing 13.23 percent sugar of which they harvested nearly seven tons to the acre. According to Gutleben’s history, the factory yielded more than 91,000 hundredweight of sugar on an extraction rate of seventy-one per cent giving it returns greater than from the West Bay City’s factory, the Essexville factory, the Bay City Sugar Company and certainly Benton Harbor, Kalamazoo, and the first year of operation at the Caro factory. The operational results mirrored those of the Kilby built Alma factory. Financial results, however, were far greater because the 48,250 tons of beets delivered by Sebewaing growers exceeded by two-hundred fifty percent the 19,100 tons delivered by Alma growers for that factory’s first campaign. Sebewaing growers delivered the greatest number of beets delivered to a single factory up until that time, loud evidence of the confidence Huron County farmers placed in Wallace, Liken, and Bach, confidence, as events revealed, that was not misplaced. Estimated profits for Sebewaing’s first year of operation approximated $140,000, 26 percent on sales and providing a 17 percent return on investment.

Soon, two important personages representing the American Sugar Refining Company called on Bill Wallace. They were Henry Niese, head of operations and W. B. Thomas from the company’s treasury department (Thomas would become president of American Sugar Refining on December 20, 1907 following the death of Henry O. Havemeyer earlier that month.). Their mission was to scout candidates for admission to the Sugar Trust. The visit occasioned a significant change in the company’s make-up when Charles B. Warren, a Detroit attorney who represented the interests of the American Sugar Refining Company arrived shortly afterward to offer an investment of $325,000. The company issued an additional thirty-five thousand shares of stock of which he acquired 32,500; other shareholders each increased their stake by approximately 8.3 percent, effectively giving Warren a 50 percent interest in the company with the other half in the hands of the Liken family (24 percent) and Morley’s Saginaw investors (26 percent).

The bloom of youth still graced the cheeks of Charles Beecher Warren when he appeared in Sebewaing like a godsend to drop what would amount to in current dollars nearly seven million dollars in a start-up company managed entirely by local investors. His youth disguised a young man bearing a sound education and a steely resolve to make something of himself. Before his time passed, he would become the US ambassador to two nations (Japan in 1921 and Mexico in 1924), write the regulations for conscription during World War I, head a major law firm and direct the affairs of a number of corporations.

In 1903 when visiting Sebewaing, however, he resembled not so much the power broker and respected lawyer he would become but instead, a pleasant young man with a pocket full of cash. He was fresh from Saginaw where he persuaded the owners of the Carrollton factory to take his cash in exchange for a 60 percent stake in the factory that came into existence when Boutell’s Bay City crowd parted company with the Sebewaing investors. He would, over the course of a few years, dispense more than three and half million dollars in Michigan alone ($60 million in current dollars) while acquiring sugar companies that would immediately report to the New York office of the American Sugar Refining Company-not bad for someone who had been taking rooms in a boarding house situated near Cass Avenue in Detroit in 1900.

His rise to power began six years earlier when he was appointed associate counsel for the US government in hearings before the joint high commission in the Bering Sea controversy with Great Britain. The matter concerned England’s perceived right to harvest seals notwithstanding the United States opinion that extinction would surely follow that practice. By 1900, he was a partner in the law firm of Shaw, Warren, Cady & Oakes a Detroit firm representing a number of banks and manufacturing firms, chief among them the American Sugar Refining Company. A few years hence, he would adopt the title of president of Michigan Sugar Company, a position he would hold for 19 years in addition to the presidency of a sugar company in Iowa and another in Minnesota. During that same time period he returned to the international arena once again where his carefully watched performance won accolades from imminent lawyers in Europe and America. This time, he appeared on behalf of the United States before the Hague tribunal to resolve a dispute between the United States and England concerning North Atlantic fishing rights.

The son of a small town newspaper editor, Robert Warren, he listed Bay City as his birthplace, but because of the nature of his father’s profession, moved from time to time while growing up, always within Michigan. He graduated first from Albion College then attended and graduated from the University of Michigan before attending the Detroit College of Law where he graduated LL.B. At the Detroit College of Law, he studied under Don. M. Dickenson and then joined Dickenson’s firm when he was admitted to the bar in 1893, the year he graduated. A few years later, he joined John C. Shaw and William B Cady in organizing a separate law firm, a firm he would eventually head throughout his career. Early on, displaying an understanding of the value of macro management, he tended to see to the installation of experienced managers and then leave them unmolested as they carried out the day to day requirements of conducting business.

Much as Caro served as a training ground for factory operators, Sebewaing acted as a school for factory managers who were sent throughout America to beet and cane factories owned by American Sugar Refining Company and others. Hugo Peters moved on to Dresden to oversee James Davidson’s operation and then took similar positions in Idaho, Utah, California and even the West Indies. In 1920, Peters turned his attention to spectro-photometric analysis for the US Bureau of Standards, making serious contributions to color analysis. Jim Dooley stayed on as manager at Sebewaing for a few years then headed operations for all of Michigan Sugar Company when it came into existence in 1906. Wilfred Van Duker, Sebewaing’s first chief chemist, dedicated the larger portion of his career to improving cane milling in Hawaii. There, he eventually managed four sugar estates. Richard Henry Martini became General Agricultural Superintendent for Michigan Sugar Company and Henry Pety moved on to Utah for a superintendency before returning to Michigan to manage the Mount Pleasant factory. The Sebewaing factory continued to expand by adding physical structures and equipment in the form of diffusion towers, automated affairs that replaced the older battery operations, evaporators, modern centrifugals, storage bins and other equipment that caused the daily beet slicing capacity to gradually expand from 600 tons per day to more than 5,000 tons per day.


Estimated profits for the first year of operation: Records did not survive. The author determined an estimated profit by applying an estimated selling price of $5.12 for each one hundred pounds to the total hundredweight available for sale and then deducted costs estimated at$3.57 per one hundred pounds.

GUTTLEBEN, Daniel, The Sugar Tramp – 1954 p. 182 concerning purchase of sugar factories by the Sugar Trust, p. 177 concerning organization of Sebewaing Sugar and operating results, printed by Bay Cities Duplicating Company, San Francisco, California

MICHIGAN ANNUAL REPORTS, Michigan Archives, Lansing, Michigan:

Sebewaing Sugar 1903, 1904

Sebewaing Lumber, 1901, 1904

Bay Port Fish, 1901

Saginaw Courier Herald, July 11, 1901 – reporting on the meeting of stockholders of the newly formed Sebewaing Sugar Company.

Portrait and biographical album of Huron County:

John C. Liken, Christian F. Bach, Richard Martini

U.S. Census reports for Sebewaing, 1900, 1910

Fundraising Appeals Speeches – Preparing Your Nonprofit Board Members to Be Ready Anywhere, Anytime

Have you ever been caught off guard at an event where it would be appropriate for a board member to make a short, impromptu “appeals speech” but there is no one equipped and willing to make that appeal? As part of being an advocate for your nonprofit organization, every board member should be prepared to deliver an “appeals speech” that can be used at information sessions, fundraising events, or member/donor meetings.

Everyone (board members, staff and volunteers) can become a stronger advocate for your nonprofit organization and use the Appeals Speech outline, below, to develop a personalized 4-5 minute talk to solicit donations from any audience. Using the ideas presented in each step, anyone can mix and match the sentences (or add their own) to create an appeals speech that is comfortable for them. Then, everyone associated with your organization can be ready to make the speech at any time – at formal or informal settings, with audiences large or small.

Forward your board members a copy of this Appeals Speech outline today.

Step 1: Introduction (30 seconds)

1. My name is __________ and I’d like to introduce my husband/wife

2. I’m a board member/committee chair/officer of xyz organization.

3. Thanks so much for being here today.

4. I’m so proud to be on the board of directors of xyz organization.

5. I never tire of hearing about and talking about our programs and projects.

Step 2: The Need Described (30 second) What problem is the organization trying to solve?

1. As you heard today, there are X (#) of people in _______ with _____ (disease, poverty stat, literacy, etc)

2. Our community suffers from _________________

3. Statistics show that _____________________

4. Unfortunately, we know that ________________________________

5. As we were reminded today, ___________________________________

Step 3: Mission and Accomplishments (1 minute) What is the focus of the organization?

1. The focus of xyz organization is ____________________

2. As you know, we work with ______________(client group) and provide ______________

3. Last year, we delivered _____________________ (statistic)

4. We have X (#) volunteers and X (#) staff members who work full time to ensure that _______

5. Already this year, we have supported/provided/delivered ____________________

6. I’d like to tell you about a recent experience I had with one of our clients. (tell the story)

7. It makes me feel good when I know that my financial support goes to help ____

Step 4: Budget Considerations (1 minute) What it costs to run the organization.

1. To support our staff, officers, and operations/programs, we need to raise about $X per year.

2. Our annual budget is $ X per year.

3. We enjoy the financial support of corporate sponsors like ____ and _____.

4. We proactively apply for 6-8 government and foundation grants each year.

5. We have _____ (#) members whose dues help support our programs.

6. Nearly $ X/Y% per year comes from individual donors like you.

7. X% of every dollar does directly to support our ____________ programs.

Step 5: The Appeal (30 seconds) Making the ask – short and sweet

1. Your donation of $X today will provide _______________

2. If you could give us $X/month over the next year, you would support ______________

3. Won’t you join _________ (spouse’s name) and me in investing in this important cause?

4. Won’t you consider supporting xyz organization?

5. I’m here to ask you to make a pledge/donation to xyz organization today.

6. We particularly need funds to support our _______________ project.

7. Please think carefully about the stories you’ve heard today and consider helping clients like ________ with a charitable donation today.

Step 6: The Mechanics of a Donation or Pledge (30 seconds) How to make the donation.

1. In the back of your program you will see a donation/pledge card which you can tear out and leave with your donation/pledge today.

2. Your table captain has your pledge card that can accompany your donation today.

3. By leaving your donation and contact information with one of the scribes circulating throughout the room, you can join hundreds of others who have helped our clients.

4. There are volunteers at the donor station near the back of the room who can collect your donations today.

5. Let me introduce the other board members who are circulating in the audience/room here today and who can answer other questions you might have. They would love to talk to you about the work of xyz organization.

Step 7: Thank You

1. Thank you for coming today enjoy the rest of the afternoon.

2. Thank you for your attention.

3. Thank you for being with us today to learn more about xyz organization.

4. Thanks for coming today and helping us promote this wonderful organization.

Acrylic, Melamine and Tritan, Oh, My! Five Tips to Help You Find the Perfect Plastic Tableware

If you’re shopping around for plastic tableware, you’ve no doubt seen that plastic glasses and dishes come in a vast array of styles, types and even qualities these days. Since each promises a different set of features and benefits, choosing the right plastic tableware may seem a daunting task. But don’t despair! Here are a few tips to help you decide which type of plastic best meets your needs, and how to know exactly what you’re buying.

Tip 1 – Don’t just shop for “plastic,” because not all plastics are created equal:

So true! Ever had indestructible plastic glasses that last from year to year, while others break the first time they’re dropped? How about plastic dishes that scratch like crazy after a few uses? What about plastic plates that overheat after just seconds in the microwave — or glasses that clouded in the dishwasher?

Though frustrating, these common issues aren’t really defects in the plastic, they’re just differences. More than a half-dozen types of plastic are used to make tableware – from unbreakable Tritan and budget-friendly SAN, to scratch-resistant Melamine and decorative Acrylic. Each offers its own benefits and drawbacks.

Knowing how different plastics perform and how to tell them apart when shopping can ensure that the plastic dishes, glasses and serving pieces you choose best meet your needs. Tips two and three will help you do just that.

Tip 2 – Decide on the features that matter to you before shopping:

Shopping for plastic tableware would be a cinch if a single plastic offered it all -unbreakable, scratchproof, dishwasher and microwave-safe. Unfortunately, that plastic is not yet invented. So of the plastics that do exist, which option is right for you?

Do unbreakable, dishwasher-safe products top your list? If so, spending a little more on unbreakable Tritan or Polycarbonate plastic items is well worth the years of use you’ll enjoy. For a little less, SAN plastic products are almost as durable, and casual looks in Polypropylene are equally durable and very inexpensive. Avoid anything in Acrylic or Polystyrene.

Are scratched dishes your pet peeve? Then Melamine dishes are your best choice for long-term satisfaction. But you’ll have to forego the convenience of microwave heating.

Are microwave-safe dishes a must? The selection is slimmer, but there are some choices in plastics made specifically for the microwave. Look for dishes under the brand names Nordic Ware, Miracleware and ExtremeWare – and avoid products made from Melamine, Acrylic and Polystyrene.

Are you drawn to decorative or themed dishes? Trendy designs and seasonal themes are widely available in plastic tableware. Very decorative glasses are generally crafted in Acrylic, but be prepared to hand wash to keep them looking their best. You’ll also find plenty of decorative and themed designs in durable easy-care Melamine dinnerware.

Is cost more important than longevity? Inexpensive seasonal Acrylic and Polystyrene tableware is plentiful on store shelves. But with plastics, you do get what you pay for. These low-cost styles won’t hold up under impact or in the dishwasher for much more than a season or two.

Tip 3 – Know what you’re buying – even if the label doesn’t tell you:

You now know that the plastics used to make tableware vary indeed, and which type best meets your needs. So how do you tell if a plastic glass is made of SAN or Acrylic? How do you spot Melamine dishes? And what the heck is Polypropylene, anyway?

If shopping online with a reputable seller, product information will include plastic types, features and care. If it doesn’t you may want to shop a different site as the seller may not know, or stand behind, their product. In-store shopping can be a bit trickier because not all plastic products are clearly labeled by type. There you’ll need to know a bit more than the label tells you.

Unbreakable products in Tritan and Polycarbonate plastic are easy to identify because they’re generally labeled as “Unbreakable” and “Dishwasher-safe” to offset their higher price tag. Tritan items are also labeled “BPA-free.” Both plastics are generally found in glass-like clear or tinted drinkware and dishes.

Unbreakable, dishwasher-safe products in Polypropylene plastic are easy to identify, too. They’re always opaque or semi-opaque, think Tupperware, and have a rubbery feel unlike any other plastic. These products also tend to be low-priced.

Labeling on Melamine dishes varies, but that’s not a problem if you know what to look for. All melamine dishes are opaque – never see-through – and have a rigid feel. Because of melamine’s durability and scratch-resistance, it’s the most common plastic used to make dishes and can be found in a huge variety of colors and decorative designs. Melamine dishes are dishwasher-safe, but not microwave-safe, so melamine dishes are almost always marked “Not Intended for Microwave Use.”

Plastic dishes and cookware made from microwave-safe plastics are always clearly labeled “Microwave-safe” because that’s their major selling point. These items are always dishwasher-safe and sometimes oven-safe, too.

Glasses and dishes made from Acrylic, Polystyrene and SAN plastics are rarely labeled by type, but you can tell them apart. Though shatterproof, they’re not truly unbreakable, so you won’t see that on the label. The major difference is the care. SAN plastic products are dishwasher- and microwave reheat-safe, and usually labeled as such. Polystyrene products are generally labeled “Top Rack Dishwasher-safe,” while Acrylic products are almost always “Hand Wash.”

Tip 4 – Care matters! Enjoy your plastic tableware for years:

As plastics differ so does their care, but you can extend the life and looks of even the least expensive products if you treat them right.

In the dishwasher, a good rule of thumb for any plastic glasses – even those marked “Dishwasher-safe” – is to wash on a normal, unheated cycle. Some dishwashers heat water excessively in certain cycles, so a normal setting is always the best bet.

Items labeled “Top Rack Dishwasher-safe” should be placed in the top rack, away from the heating element at the bottom – with one exception. Some Melamine dishes are labeled “Top Rack Dishwasher-safe,” but they won’t fit in the top rack. These are fine to wash in the bottom rack on an air-dry setting.

Items labeled “Hand Wash” really should be washed by hand. These products will quickly crackle or cloud if exposed to dishwasher heat and detergents.

Abrasive cleaners or scrubbers should not be used on any clear plastic glasses or plates as they will, without exception, scratch. Melamine plates hold up to most scrubber sponges.

Tip 5 – Ignore the #7 recycling symbol – it doesn’t identify specific plastics:

Last, save yourself some shopping frustration. Don’t rely on recycling numbers – those little numbers in a triangle on some plastic items – to identify plastics. In fact, these numbers don’t even appear on many plastic tableware items. Why? It’s simple, they’re not disposable.

Recycling numbers, officially known as SPI codes, are intended to identify commonly disposed plastics so they can be efficiently recycled – that’s all. The #7 code is a catchall number used for the non-recyclable plastics – and that includes many plastics used to make long-lasting tableware.

Contrary to some media stories, the #7 code does not denote an unsafe plastic. Anyone suggesting that all plastic items with the #7 code are unsafe because they contain the chemical BPA simply did not do their homework. Most good-quality plastics, including Melamine, Acrylic, SAN, Tritan and even biodegradable Eco-plastics all fall under the #7 code, and not one of them contains BPA.

Polycarbonate is the only tableware plastic that contains BPA. If media reports on BPA concern you, just avoid polycarbonate products. Products made from Tritan plastic offer the same benefits as polycarbonate, without BPA.

So whatever your tableware needs, from unbreakable plastic glasses for outdoors, to durable dishes for everyday, to decorative styles inspired by the season, there’s surely a plastic available that meets your needs. Armed with these tips, you shouldn’t have any problem finding it.

Review Of Latest Neff Cooker Hood

Neff have recently launched a new series of models including a cube style cooker hood. Here we look at the features and design.

The series 6 hood from Neff, the D96K8, is a new cube shaped chimey hood. Over the years many manufacturers have launched new designs for cooking products, but only extractor hoods can have the fundamental design revamped, as ovens and other appliances have limitations to their basic shape.

The Extraction is a vital part of any kitchen to achieve the most efficient results when cooking, and this model has an output (Intensive setting) of 760 m³/h. This is about average for a good quality manufacturer but there are other models on the market with up to 1000 m³/h/

The most impressive feature from the outset is the flexibility of the configuration. It can be installed as a single unit but also with a single glass canopy accessory. Alternatively you can place two separate cube units side by side with a glass canopy accessory across them, meaning an extraction solution for wider range cookers up to perhaps 120cm width, and the great looks of a glass cooker hood.

Special features for this model include electronic control via push button operation which becomes automatic 10 minutes after running. The sensor feature means the unit decides how much extraction is required at any one time during cooking, and this saves on electricity.

Also as standard are 2 x 20 watt halogen lights and a saturation indicator for the metal grease filter.

This neff cooker hood [] will retail in the UK for around £920. Considering the specification it is quite costly compared to comparable elica models, which offer similar design and better performance.

Community Bio-Security Plan

A bio-terrorist attack in the United States is highly probable in the next two-decades. We must be ready and have a plan in place in each community; a plan, which is similar to other communities. Each individual plan will need to be somewhat modified to fit the sense of the community and the individual and regional variations. Areas, which are rural must watch their Diries and Livestock. Large cities must pay attention to their transit systems, building ventilation systems and businesses.

Would you be willing to set up a bio-security plan in your city? Networking all the community together to be observant and ready to respond in an orderly fashion following the lead of the first responder teams? If so you will need a mission statement. Here is a sample mission statement for a program I designed. Perhaps this is a good place to start to help break the ice and motivate others to join the team in your community's new bio-security plan.

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Mission Statement: To help our local authorities quickly rise to the occasion to defend our citizens against catastrophic losses of life in the event of a Bio-Terrorist Attack. To establish a power of presence and awareness of what to do and how to do it, immediately after such an event occurs. By increasing the awareness and visibility of our prevention defense plan and enforcement service to avert chaos and hysteria. To establish a zone for containment where the risk of being infected is lessened to a point of little fear. To unite the business community, governments at all levels, citizens and Chamber of Commerce with a sense of teamwork, unity and confidence. To be proactive in strategic planning and to get input from the whole team. To empower people to remain in control of their communities, families and psyche during a time during a time of absolute crisis. To prevent potential loss rates and therefore eliminating the Bio Terrorism Tactic from the Terrorist agenda.

Wireless Speakers – A Substitute for the Unnecessary Hassles

Times have changed and technology has evolved over the years. Gone are the days of tape recorders and music systems with endless wires just so that a large number of people gets to enjoy listening to the music or the radio.

The new generation people are all about everything quick and timely and they don’t have the patience to deal with some tangling wires getting crisscrossed and multiple wires being connected just to play something on loudspeaker.

This brings us to the present day amenity, Wireless speakers.

Not only do they ease out the entire motive of having to hear anything on loudspeaker, they make the entire process easy as well with having to do nothing with wires and plugs.

Here are a few listed pros that has worked out for us by using Wireless Speakers.

1. Can be used anytime and anywhere

The best and the foremost pro in the list, be it on a long drive in a road trip or a boring long ride in a train, these speakers can easily be charged and then carried around wherever required for entertainment purposes. It is the best alternative to a wired system and mostly works to our convenience level. A charged wireless speaker quite comfortably lasts for 2-3 days and can be taken about everywhere without the hassle of having wires to be taken care of.

2. Durability working in our favor

Wireless speakers are very durable to weather changes. Some of them are friendly with the monsoons and our waterproof too. So if you have a pool side party or an open air theme dinner, you need not worry if you have a wireless speaker as they’re waterproof and shall cause no hindrance to your celebrations. This works as a massive advantage for event organizers as they don’t have to worry about their event getting ruined for weather issues.

3. Easy working with other devices

These speakers can be connected to various devices like the television, Bluetooth, DVD players and so on. When you purchase a wireless speaker make sure to check its compatibility with other devices. If it has a Wi-Fi or Bluetooth option then it can be connected to most of the devices and hence its usage becomes even more convenient. So you can easily fill your phone or computer with songs and then connect it to the wireless speaker via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi and let the sound fill the room. The speakers can be placed anywhere in the room at a distance of minimum transmission from the device and it’ll do perfect justice to its function.

Now as you’ve seen the perks that one might get to experience on the purchase of a wireless speaker, wouldn’t you want to check it out too?

Wouldn’t you want to go the easy way as well and enjoy the luxury of effortless entertainment?

Then go ahead and make your purchase on this amazingly useful product that the Wireless Speakers are and live your moment.

Smart Kitchen Appliances – The Future of Cooking

The food replicators on Star Trek that produce piping hot, perfectly cooked food in seconds or the thinking, talking kitchen appliances of The Jetsons’ family home may seem like science fiction but the truth is, the idea behind these “smart” appliances are not so far fetched.

In fact, home appliance manufacturers including GE, Maytag, Samsung and Whirlpool are now teaming up with the technology giants like Cisco, Microsoft and Sun Microsystems to bring futuristic kitchen appliances into today’s homes. These smart appliances can keep notes, generate recipe ideas, calculate cooking times and heat food at warp speed. Oh – and some of these kitchen appliances can even play movies while you wait.

A lot of the prototypes under development will never see the outside of the lab since studies show that homeowners aren’t quite ready to fork over the big bucks required to bring these smart appliances into their homes. So for now an oven that starts cooking with a telephone call or kitchen appliances that are networked to a laptop computer will not be available to the average consumer.

But don’t worry tech-savvy gourmets, there are some kitchen appliances on the market that integrate high-tech gadgetry that can make your time in the kitchen convenient and fun.

Samsung produces a barcode-reading microwave in partnership with a grocery chain in Europe that estimates and sets the proper cooking time automatically when the frozen item is scanned.

They’ve also developed a wireless-enabled refrigerator that features a removable LCD (liquid crystal display screen) that can be used to leave voice messages, post notes, manage a family calendar and even play TV shows or DVDs.

Tired of having to wash your dishes after they’ve been through the dishwasher? Those days are over now that the latest dishwashers have built-in sensors that can estimate how dirty the dishes are, select the right water softness and cycles for the types of dishes (plastic or china), and dispense the correct amount of detergent to reduce waste.

Wine lovers might like GE’s new intelligent wine vault, a free-standing home appliance with cool features programmed at the factory. With a price tag of over $30,000, the wine vault tracks details such as the name, vineyard and year and generate barcodes for each bottle. All the data is backed up on a GE server through an online connection.

Induction ovens, which have been found in European kitchens for more than 15 years have finally made their way into Canadian homes. Instead of the burners generating the temperature, induction technology creates an electro-magnetic response in iron or stainless steel cooking vessels so the “burner” stays cool to the touch from start to finish. The technology is reported to be 25 to 30 per cent more energy efficient than a standard stovetop – and it’s fast. A large stockpot of water can be brought to a boil in as little as two minutes.

Open Face Helmet Styles – One For Every Preference

The open face helmet is a great style for both men and women. This is also known as a three quarters style. It is a protective head covering designed to help withstand impact to the head. The great thing about this type is that there are so many different configurations available! These are mainly popular within the motorcycle community but they also have their place with riders of all terrain vehicles and quad runners. Many laws require riders to wear helmets for safety purposes and these are certainly a great choice.

The design of the open face helmet is such that a hard outer shell (usually made of carbon fiber, Kevlar or strong plastic) covers the entire back of the head. Inside that hard covering is lining of polypropylene or polystyrene. This type of foam can withstand impact and help prevent serious head injury. The foam may then be covered with a soft material to provide comfort to the wearer. This style fits snug to the head and is help tight with an adjustable chinstrap. Some helmets come with a visor, while others do not. If the model you choose does not come with a visor or face shield, you will want to invest in some protective goggles.

A feature of the open face helmet that many riders like is the ability to customize it. Many of these helmets have snaps. You can purchase accessories that will snap directly on and are interchangeable. Some available customization pieces include snap on goggles, visors and shields. Other accessories that can be used with this style include speaker and microphone sets. These are particularly useful when communicating with other riders during a road trip. You can also purchase custom skins for your helmets. These skins instantly change the look. Plain black is now camouflage. Silver and blue becomes a flat green. The choices are endless!

Other styles beyond the open face helmet include the full-face. This covers the entire head including the chin. A visor that raises and lowers shields the eyes. These usually have vents on the chin and forehead, which help get fresh air to the rider. These offer the most protection, but they can feel quite confining to some riders. There is also the off road or motocross helmet. These are made to provide extra protection to riders that compete in off road events. The likelihood of a fall or wipe out is pretty good during these competitions and the riders need as much protection as possible to avoid concussions and life-threatening brain injuries. The flip up style (also known as ‘modular’) is a hybrid of sorts. It has the features of a full-face while offering a flip up chin piece. These are also called convertible helmets. Finally, there is the half-helmet. This is similar to the open face helmet although these rarely have any type of face shield provided. They also do not extend down to cover the back base of the head where skull meets base.

Gold Equipment

Every game of golf is based on playing a number of holes in a given order. More particularly, golf is a sport where individuals or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs. Golf is one of the few games where no fixed standard playing area is necessary, but it is defined by a certain number of rules and it does need some particular equipment to be properly played if one dreams to going low, shooting that perfect score.

There are a mind-blowing number of choices of equipment used for golf at the disposal of today's players. This indeed makes it much harder for golfers-especially amateurs-to know which products will best fit their individual games' needs. The fact of the matter is that playing with equipment that does not fit a golfer's particular needs and experience can produce more harm than good, both in terms of scoring and enjoyment. Thus, collecting as much information as possible and learning the basics apart from any new technological developments on the golf equipments used today, becomes a must; both for golfers to make well-informed buying decisions and to get the most out of their games.

According to the golf game's rules a player can not carry more than fourteen clubs during a game. So, most of today's golf players do possess multiple clubs but always carry no more than this maximum permitted club number. The major types of clubs are three and are referred to as woods, irons (wedges) and putters. Woods are used by golfers when they wish to go for a long shot from the tee or fairway, while irons are used mainly to cover precision purposes, like shots from fairways as well as from the rough. Wedges, which are iron clubs, are used for games played on difficult grounds, such as sand or the rough, and in order to approach shots to the green. But when a golf player is on the green, putters are mostly used. These clubs can also be useful when playing from bunkers or for some approach shots.

Apart from the number of clubs needed for a given game, the golfer has to carry golf balls and golf shafts. With a surface that has a pattern of 300-400 dimples designed to enhance the ball's aerodynamics, modern golf balls have a two-, three- or four-layer design constructed from various synthetic materials. But depending on the method of construction and the materials used, a golf ball's characteristics can be greatly affected-such as distance, trajectory, spin and feel. Golf shafts are used between the grip and the "club head". The profile of the golf shaft is circular in shape, while some of the strongest and lightest materials are used for its production. Graphite and tempered steels are used for the best strength. The latest, USGA approved, profiles are the Triangle Golf Shafts or Trigraphite Shafts, introduced in 2006.

Finally, golf tees are used to place the golf balls on top before hitting them with the golf clubs. Usually made of wood or plastic tees resemble nails with a small cup on their heads and are pushed into the ground for the balls to rest upon. Most of a golfer's equipment items are transported in golf bags and golfers prefer to wear special shoes with exchangeable spikes attached to the soles for a better grip onto the grass. Some also prefer wearing gloves that help their grip when handling the golf club and prevent blistering from occurring.