The Toy Collector: The Benefits of Collecting Toys

The toy collector faces the dilemma of being labeled a geek, and some other names. But in recent years, with the boom of superhero movies, animated CGI flicks, video games, and also Comic Conventions and CosPlays, geeks are becoming an “in-thing” in the society. Yet, understanding the hobby of collecting toys still isn’t easy for many. Some consider collecting toys very juvenile, as toys are most often associated with little children. Others believe collecting toys a waste of funds and time, as collectible toys often cost a lot of money. There are even some who make fun of toy collectors and their passion, just because they are different. Very few in the world truly understand the toy collector and his purpose. And likely, very few know about the great values toy collecting teaches people.

If everyone knew of the values collecting toys teaches, people would probably take up the hobby more. Often, people only appreciate the beauty and vastness of a toy collection; and little do they know that a collection is only as good as the toy collector who built it. Know that it does take a lot to successfully build a good toy collection. Here are just some of traits the toy collector needs to develop in order to be successful:

• First, hone your skills when it comes to patience and resourcefulness. These are the two things you will need most when building you collection. You need to be patient if finding all the stuff you need to find. Likely, you also need to be resourceful so that you know what to find and where to find them.

• Second, build a good network of friends and fellow toy aficionados. The best way to find toys is through a network of contacts. The network of the toy collector is the pillar of his collection. It is the best source, when it comes to tips or information about toys the collection needs.

• Finally, maintain your collection and make sure it is always in good shape. This is very important when it comes to collecting toys, as the value of each toy diminishes when they get damaged. The more pristine they are, the higher their resale value. For rare toys, this is of utmost importance.

These are the three most important things the toy collector learns from building a toy collection. As you can see, these three are very useful in real life. Building patience and resourcefulness when it comes to collecting can make you more patient and resourceful in real life. Building a network of fellows can make you more social and friendly. Maintaining your collection can help you be more clean and organized in life. These are all helpful traits you can learn from collecting toys.

Toy collecting is definitely a great hobby. You don’t just enjoy and get fulfillment from collecting; you also learn useful values and skills for the real world. There are actually more advantages when it comes to collecting toys. Actually, if you are good enough of a toy collector, you can profit from your collections. To know more about this and other benefits, simply look for a good reference that tackles the hobby of toy collecting. Once you learn the ins and outs of collecting, earning money from your collections is sure to follow. It’s about time you call yourself a toy collector.

Microsoft Excel Basics – How to Embed a Chart

Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool that allows you to take data from your worksheet and position the chart within the worksheet. This type of chart is known as an Embedded Chart.

The first step for creating your chart is to select the data that you want to chart. Ensure that you select the labels for the rows and column. Don’t select any invalid data such as empty cells or cells that you don’t want in your chart.

Once you have selected the data the next step is to choose the type of chart that you require. Microsoft Excel provides a whole range of chart types such as an Area Chart, Bar Chart, Scatter Chart, Column Chart, Pie Chart, Pyramid chart and many more. To choose a different chart type choose the Chart Type button and click on the down arrow to the right of the button to bring out the Chart drop down box.

Excel essentially creates a chart from the data selected and the chart will be placed on top of the data. Once the chart is created, the chart will have eight handles, which is essentially eight small square boxes located at each key point on the chart.

To select a chart, click once on the chart with your left mouse button. To change the chart type at any time, select the chart and choose a different type from the Chart Type button.

Moving and Sizing a Chart

The biggest issue with Microsoft Excel is that when you do create a chart it places it over the data. Microsoft allows you to move the chart. To move the chart place your mouse pointer over the chart, hold your left mouse button down and keep it held down whilst you drag the chart to the required position.

To resize the chart, first click once on your chart with the left mouse button. This will activate the chart and then move your mouse pointer over one of the eight black handles. You will know when you are over the right position because the handle will change from a left pointing arrow to a double-headed arrow. Then hold your left mouse button down while you drag the handle to the required size.

If you select a handle located in the corner of the chart, you can adjust both sides of the chart.

Saving the Embedded Chart

Saving an Embedded Chart does not require any special tasks to be undertaken. Just save the file as you would normally and the embedded chart will be saved with the data. When you open the file again the chart will be in the same position.

Grow Plumeria From Seed – The Easy Way

Plumeria seed germination can be very satisfying and Plumeria are grown easily from seed, but the seedlings may not always remain true to their parent plant. Some will be the same, some will retain the parent plants characteristics and others may grow to become a completely new hybrid Plumeria Plant which is of course how new Plumeria Plants are discovered. Quality or the freshness of the Plumeria Seeds if you will is very important so make sure you obtain as fresh as possible and preferably ones that have been (painstakingly) hand pollinated.

Just by following these few simple steps you too can own a wonderful Plumeria Plant (Potentially a new Hybrid). Trust me when I say these plants are VERY easy to grow.

OK so here is what you need to do.

Soak your Fresh Plumeria seeds for between 8 – 24 hours. *I often soak mine before bed and then plant them the following morning*

Your Plumeria seeds should be planted in a 3-4 inch tray with bottom heat (propagator or heat mat is ideal). However I have had some germinate without any heat mat although the heat mat does yield greater results on seed germination rates.

Plant the Plumeria Seeds in a combined mix of cactus compost (40%) and perlite (60%) growing medium. If you prefer as I do then you can choose Coco Coir.

The Plumeria seeds should be inserted into the growing medium fat end first so the seeds are about ¼ inch deep with the feather / thin end sticking up from your growing medium.

Firm around your seeds and then water them in gently and you should start to see your sprouting Plumeria begin to show within 7 – 30 days in fact in some cases they may sprout even earlier than anticipated which is always a very welcome sight for anyone that grows from seed.

When your young Plumeria Seedlings have grown at least two true leaves, transplant them to small pots. They will begin to grow quickly and will bloom in about 2+ years all the while providing beautiful & lush green foliage which is wonderful on its own.

Whatever you do DO NOT OVER WATER your Plumeria Plants or Plumeria Seeds or you will kill them. I killed many of them this way so common sense prevails in this case. When in doubt you can gently mist the potting medium.

Re-pot your Plumeria Plant when it outgrows the one that it’s in.

Tip: When the Sun is shining and your Plumeria is a few months old try transplanting it into a pot that is several sizes too big for it and give it some good quality fertiliser (high middle number)…..WHY – Well you can almost sit and watch it grow in front of your eyes….it is amazing.

These are fantastic flowering houseplants that emit some of the most wonderful fragrances including: Fruit Punch, Peach, Fruity Scents, Grape, Lemon, Gardenia, Spice, Honey, Carnation, Cinnamon, Ginger, Honeysuckle and many more. Truly Outstanding.

Now you know how to grow Plumeria from seed why not try it? You will not be disappointed.

Happy Growing from

Slab Leaks – 11 Ways to Tell If You Have One

If you have a slab leak, it can be a disaster for your home. Depending on the type of slab leak you have, you may not even know about it for quite some time!

While you may need a jackhammer or concrete drill to eventually get to the leak, you certainly don’t need to start tearing up your floors just to look for a leak. In fact, slab leaks have tell-tale signs that you can see without using heavy machinery.


So, how do you know if you have a slab leak? These 11 tips may help you find the answer you’re looking for:


1. If it sounds like there’s water running, but you know that none of your faucets are on, you could have a slab leak. Slab leaks tend to either make a hissing sound or a splashing sound. If you listen carefully, you may be able to hear it.


2. If you start to notice that one particular area of your floor is warm, it could be a sign that a hot water line is leaking underneath your slab. Usually, hot water line leaks are discovered sooner, because you can feel them right under your feet!


3. If you have started to notice moisture or mildew underneath your carpeting, it could be a sign of a leak. After all, as the water starts to collect, it has nowhere to go but up.


4. If you see cracks in your tile floors or bubbles in your linoleum floors, you may have a leak.


5. If you see cracks in your baseboards or walls, it could be a sign of a slab leak. Since your slab is one single piece that’s made of concrete and steel, it doesn’t give at all. A leak can cause the entire thing to shift. As your foundation shifts, it will start to impact your entire home – even walls and floors that are nowhere near the leak.


6. If it seems like your pool is constantly losing water, you may have a leak.


7. If your water pressure has suddenly gotten very low, it could be a sign of a slab leak. Many slab leaks occur in the main water line – or where the water flows into your home from the outside. If there is even a tiny leak in your water line, your water pressure will drop significantly.


8. If your water bills have skyrocketed all of a sudden – and you have no idea why – it could be a sign of a leak somewhere. The damage from slab leaks can add up quickly; a pinhole-sized hole in one of your pipes can leak out more than 10,000 gallons of water in just one month!


9. See what your water meter is doing. Make sure that all of your faucets are turned off, that the toilet is not running, and that the washing machine or dishwasher is not on, go outside, and take a look at your water meter. The dial should not be moving. If it is, you likely have a leak somewhere.


10. Check your leak detectors. Some water meters have leak detectors inside of them that look like a small black or white triangle or wheel. If it is spinning – or moving at all – it means that you have a leak somewhere.


11. Check your water meter reading. Make sure there is no water running anywhere in your house, then go outside and read the numbers on your water meter. Leave all the water off for at least half an hour, then check the numbers again. If the number has gone up, you’ll know you have a leak somewhere. And, the higher the number climbs in that half hour, the bigger you’ll know your leak is.

Clipping Friesians

Clipping in winter allows a horse to be worked in comfort, as a horse’s winter coat is designed for insulation to keep the horse warm against the harsh cold and wet winter conditions. When a horse has a winter coat and is worked, the coat becomes soaked in sweat making it heavy and taking a long time to dry out – the winter coat is not designed for cooling down the horse!

Clipping shortens your horses coat to around the length it is in summer – this allows quicker evaporation of sweat and less time grooming, but unfortunately means that during the cold months, it is important to rug your horse well at all times to make sure they stay warm! At Ebony Park, we try and keep our horses rugged all year round, keeping them especially warm during winter, as this generally allows us to avoid having to clip the coats of our purebreds – rugging them makes sure the coats stay short all winter! However, there are times when nature takes is course, and the coats of our horses start getting too long, and clipping is then our savior!!

Not all of us need or want to do the full body clip – if you have no stable or your horse is not in full work there are variations of clipping patterns which will allow your horse to work in comfort and still stay warm in the paddock with the use of an extra rug or two. At Ebony Park we use the clip that suits the type of work, and the conditions that we can supply for our horses – some of them are stabled, and some of them are out in paddocks, some in heavy work, and some only lightly worked!

If you decide to go with a trace clip (where not all of the hair is clipped off along the top of the body), our tip is to draw a chalk line of the pattern on the horse so that it is even before you begin clipping.

When you decide to clip your horse, make sure the horse has been washed clean, and is fully dry before you begin. A clean horse is less likely to get those tell tale clip lines. Freshly sharpened blades for each horse also give a cleaner and neater clip.

Make long strokes with the clippers, overlapping each stroke with the next, Always work against they lay of the hair, and use fairly firm, even pressure.

It would be an absolute disaster if we accidentally clipped the lovely long manes of our Friesian stallions, so to help protect the mane from being clipped, we divide the mane into sections (the manes of our stallions are always plaited which helps!) and hold that section out of the way as we get close to it.

Once our horses have been clipped, we brush them with a soft brush to remove any hair that is hanging around after being clipped off.

On the purebreds that are hopefully not needing to be clipped, we generally only clip around their faces and feet. Friesians grow lovely long beards, especially in the winter, and we like to make their faces look neat. To do this, we use a smaller set of clippers to trim under their chins and to clip the inside and edges of their ears. We also neaten up their feet by straightening their feathers when they come over the hoof, and making sure the feathers are not too long and stay neat at the back coming from their fetlocks.

When we ride our clipped horses on a cold day, we make sure to put a woolen rug or quarter sheet over the back end of the horse while we are warming up to make sure they stay warm!

Tips when clipping a horse:

  • Start with a clean horse! Dirty horses tend to make the clipping messy and dull the blades of the clippers faster!
  • Make sure the blades are sharp and well lubricated – dull blades mean a messier clip – and it takes much longer too
  • Make sure your horse is secure – cross tie him or get a helper to make sure your horse stays still while you are clipping so that your clipping stays neat!
  • Ensure you have plenty of time to clip your horse and don’t rush – this makes the job neater as after clipping you want your horse to look like it hasn’t actually been clipped, only that the hair is short!
  • Keep the blades parallel to the skin, as this makes you less likely to nick your horses skin with them as you clip!
  • Clip away from the way the hair lays on the horse, as this makes a neater and more even result.

Benefits of Hiring a Bond Cleaner for Carpet Cleaning

Bond cleaners can be called in when you choose to relocate to another house. They have a long list of services that you can enjoy at fair prices, and carpet cleaning is surely one of them. Why to hire a bond cleaning service for thorough carpet cleaning? Your will read on this in the following paragraphs.

Dusty carpets have adverse affects on people with respiratory conditions like asthma or snoring, American Lung Association says. Therefore, carpets must stay dust-free at all times.

Elimination of pollutants

Pollutants like cockroach allergens, pet dander, dust and lead can be found in dirty carpets. These pollutants produce toxic gases, which come out of carpets as you carry out routine activities like vacuuming. As a result, the toxic gases end up contaminating air in your house, which makes your kids or pets sick.

Professional bond cleaners get these pollutants removed with the help of special shampoos and advanced vacuum cleaners. Do not worry even if the pollutants are deeply trapped in the fibers. After all, they are professionals. They can solve this problem in a jiffy.

Removal of dust mites

Dust mites are microscopic creatures, which are difficult to be noticed. That is the reason most homeowner are oblivious to presence of dust mites in their residence. So, the best bet is to get a bond cleaner treat the infestation to make your carpeting clean. Dust mites leave body fragments and faces on carpets.

Your kids and pets may inhale dust mites when these creatures fly off carpets during vacuuming or walking. Bond cleaners take advantage of a method known as steam cleaning for killing off dust mites. This procedure uses high temperature to kill dust mites. This is a specialty of bond cleaners, meaning these procedures cannot be done with DIY tips or tricks.

Prevention of mold growth

Carpets in areas that have high levels of humidity are likely to develop mold because of moisture. For the annihilation of moisture, bond cleaners use high-end drying tools. The purpose of eliminating moisture is to prevent the development of mold in order to save you from health problems.

Prior to giving the keys of your hose back to your tenant, we recommend that you try out the service of a bond cleaner for having your home carpets cleaned. In the end, this will ensure your tenant returns you the full amount of bond. Hopefully, these three benefits of trying out the service of a bond cleaner are enough to convince you.

Radiculitis – Let The Nature Help You Deal With It

The article deals with natural remedies to relieve pain caused by radiculitis. There are various forms of radiculitis depending upon the area it affects. The disease might be either acute or chronic.

When suffering from the disease, the first step towards recovery involves complete rest. You should lie down on even mattress. Your body should not sink into the mattress. In addition, you should wear firm corset for fixing the spine area. However, you should not wear the corset for longer than 2-3 hours per day.

The second step involves relieving the pain. There are various home remedies to relieve the pain.

  1. Smear the bad areas with honey and cover them with 2 layers of paper towel. Afterwards, put on 2-3 mustard plasters and polythene. Tie round warm scarf or blanket. You should leave the compress on for no longer than 1.5 hours. In case of the sensation of pain, you should take the compress off.
  2. Grate radish or horseradish and apply the paste to the painful areas. In order to make the effect of the remedy softer, you can add sour cream to the paste.
  3. Infuse thistle root with vodka to get a tincture. Rub the bad areas with it or use the remedy for compress.
  4. Mix thyme tops, chamomile blossoms, hedge hyssop tops and elder blossoms. Infuse the mix of the herbs with boiling water and use the infusion for warm compress. Put the compress on the bad area, tie round blanket and leave the compress on for an overnight.
  5. Mix 50 milliliters of apple vinegar with 40-50 grams of frankincense. Apply the mixture on a piece of woolen fabric and put the fabric on the painful area for 3 evenings by turns.
  6. Infuse 30 grams of red chili pepper with 200 milliliters of vodka or ethanol at 70 percent concentration. Let the infusion brew for 2 weeks. Decant the tincture and squeeze the sediment. Rub the bad areas with the tincture.
  7. Prepare eucalyptus infusion and use the remedy externally to rub the painful areas.
  8. Grind chestnut to get a powder and mix it with camphor oil or lard. Lay the paste on a piece of brown bread and put it on the bad area.
  9. Apply horseradish leaves to the bad area for a longer period of time. When the leaf withers, replace it with fresh leaf.
  10. Apply the soft side of thistle leaf to the painful are to relieve the pain.

Car Magnets Or Car Window Decals: Which Should I Choose?

There’s a common car sign question to which many people don’t know the answer: Car magnets or car window decals-which should I choose? Both are popular products which are relatively-inexpensive and fully-customizable, so what’s the difference between the two? Here is an evaluation of both car magnets and car window decals which highlights the benefits and drawbacks of each product, so that you may make an education decision when purchasing car signage.

Car Magnets

  • Definition – A magnetic material that is specifically-formulated for use outdoors. It comes in a variety of thicknesses, but 30 mil is the most-common and strongest for vehicle use. Common sizes are 12″x18″, 12″x24″, and 18″x24″, but it’s always a good idea to measure the area of the vehicle to which you will be applying your car magnet and then order a custom size to ensure the perfect fit.
  • Pros – With proper storage, car magnets are fully-reusable as they can be taken off the vehicle and reapplied. They are also quite affordable.
  • Cons – Car magnets do not work for non-metal vehicles (fiberglass and plastic), and they must be applied to a flat, smooth area on the vehicle, which can sometimes limit the size.
  • Applications – If want temporary signage, car magnets are a great choice. If you use your personal vehicle for work purposes, the removability of magnetic signs is great, as you can take them off when you’re not at work. Some HOAs and neighborhood associations prohibit vehicle signage when at home, so magnets are a great solution for this problem (ordering magnets which can be removed while at home or ordering blank magnets to cover up more-permanent vehicle advertising).

Car Window Decals

  • Definition – A variety of materials are available, but the most-popular and easiest to use is a perforated adhesive film called one-way vision. The size of the decal depends on the size and shape of your vehicle’s rear windshield, unless you choose to order a centerpiece.
  • Pros – Since most rear windshields are fairly upright, these decals are highly-visible to passing motorists. The perforated material is see-through from the inside but allows for full-color printing on the outside.
  • Cons – These decals are adhesive, and thus are not removable and reusable (like magnets). Depending on the size you order, they can also be more expensive.
  • Applications – If you want to promote your business’s products and services, choose a car window decal for maximum exposure. If you’re looking for something you can install once and be done, an adhesive decal such as this is the perfect product.

When choosing which car sign to order, consider two things: 1) reusability and 2) ease of installation. Car magnets can easily be removed and reused, but they do require maintenance and must be stored in a safe, flat place. If you’re looking for a one-time application, go with car window decals. Remember, however, because car window decals have an adhesive, they are not removable and reusable.

Advantages of Wooden Photo Frames

Wooden photo frames can be found in every home across the globe; there are many advantages to using wooden picture frames instead of metal frames or (god forbid) plastic photo frames.

Wooden frames offer so much more in terms of aesthetic appeal than their metal or plastic counterparts.

Wooden frames definitely have a more ‘rustic’ warm feeling about them than colder metal frames made out of materials such as aluminium.

These days, you can get what is known as a ‘composite’ wooden picture frame. These frames are made up of thousands of tiny bits of wood glued together with a special adhesive (very similar to MDF and often referred to as MDF picture frames or ‘Paper wrap’ frames) The MDF type moulding is covered with a paper wrapping which can have hundreds of different wood effects printed on them.

The advantages of using these composite frames are they are cheaper than using a real solid wood photo frame, they are more eco-friendly (although the glue that is used isn’t particularly great) as they are often made from recycled wood.

The disadvantages of composite materials are that it is a lot harder to get a good join in the mitred edges. Because the mouldings are made from glue and wood rather than real solid wood they are often more brittle and the pressure of firing the wedges into the mitred join can often cause gaps to appear. Over time they get more brittle and often expand and contract more than solid wooden frames. The same is true for plastic mouldings.

With solid wood frames this is less likely to occur. All kinds of wood is designed to expand and contract by nature but the mouldings used by most reputable picture framers has usually been dried for a long time (either naturally in the open air or in huge giant kilns – depending on country of origin)

Wooden frames come in a huge variety of shapes, sizes, widths, colours and finishes. There are hundreds of wooden mouldings manufactured all across the globe. Some of the finest wooden picture frame mouldings come from Italy and Spain (Trust the Italians to get style and sophistication right!). Many of the cheaper wooden mouldings are manufactured in the Far East with Eastern Europe proving another cheaper alternative for mass produced picture frames.

Wooden photo frame mouldings come in a variety of shapes known as profiles. From simple ‘cushioned’ profiles to elaborate ornate hand carved wooden frames there is a frame design to suit all tastes.

When choosing your wooden photo frames be sure to always check the corners for gaps and if in doubt choose solid wooden photo frames over composites.

Inoperable Heart Disease – Here Are 10 Tips to Find a Solution

If you or a loved one have been confronted with the notion that an inoperable heart condition is threatening your life, you’ll find this article helpful in organizing your thoughts. There are many heart conditions that can affect your heart: coronary blockages, heart valve clogging or leaking, a weak heart muscle, an aneurysm, a tumor or a congenital heart problem. If your doctors told you it is an inoperable condition, do not give up. A second opinion could make all the difference in restoring your quality of life. New minimally invasive techniques, redo operation approaches, intensive care protocols have revolutionized a surgeon’s ability to help even the sickest patients. A successful high risk open heart operation can restore great quality of life in an otherwise hopeless case.

The main issue is that different parts of the country and different hospitals and doctors might have a higher level of expertise in treating your condition with good and reliable results. It is very important not to panic. Take a deep breath and organize your thoughts. There are many reasons why a surgeon or a cardiologist would use the word “inoperable” or “too high risk”. Sometimes it relates to the actual technical difficulty of the operation. Sometimes it has to do with other medical problems (bad lungs, kidneys, liver) that can increase the risk of open heart surgery. At times it is just about a strong bias related to advanced age. Many octagenarians can be successfully operated on with the same excellent outcomes of much younger patients and should not be denied the option to live many more years of a good life just because of their age.

Here is what to do:

  1. Ask both your medical doctor AND the surgeon to explain why your case is inoperable and write down all the details of his/her answer.
  2. Obtain a copy of all your diagnostic study images (CAT scan, left heart catheterization, echocardiogram, EKG) along with their written reports.
  3. Obtain all hospital reports, pertinent blood test results, other consultant opinions.
  4. While you are collecting your information, call another heart surgeon for a second opinion and describe your condition and reasons why you were told you are inoperable.
  5. Ask your doctors to communicate with your second opinion. Do not be shy about it. It is perfectly fine to question decisions that affect your life so much. Your doctors will be glad to discuss your case with another surgeon.
  6. Set up an appointment to see your second opinion in person for a physical exam and a detailed discussion about your options.
  7. This is your time to discuss the balance between risk and benefit related to an open heart operation. Keep this in mind: very often a surgical risk is way better than waiting for a miserable and earlier end of your life if nothing is done about your heart condition.
  8. Get your family or close friends involved in the discussion to help you and support you in your quest and decision.
  9. If your new surgeon feels a surgical option can help you, it is your time to go for it if it makes sense to you.
  10. Never, never, never give up!!

Woodworking Using Hand Tools

Woodworking using hand tools may be completely new to you if you are a modern day woodworker. Most people avoid old tools at all costs. They think that they are outdated, less accurate and slower than the modern day machines. This simply is not true in most cases. This article will provide you with some facts about using planes and saws in your every day wood working projects.

Hand tools are safer. This is a major reason to consider using them. Woodworking machines with their sharp blades move pretty fast. You can have an accident and lose a finger or hand before you know what happened. You can be as careful as you can be but it only takes one small slip and you are off to the hospital or worse. Working by hand can get you hurt but the injury is normally not as severe. When you are operating the tool you usually have more reaction time to stop before it gets out of hand.

You can use a smaller work area. Table saws and planers take up a lot of room. It physically takes more space to operate your home shop with machines. Starting out by hand you can start in the corner of your garage and be just fine.

Hand tools are in some cases faster than machines. You may find that hard to believe but sometimes it is a lot faster. Sure if you are cutting out one thousand boards for a wood factory you can not touch that by hand. However for the guy at home doing one single project by the time you set up your machine, adjust the fence and make a test cut you will be done and going on to the next step by using old fashioned tools.

It costs less to get started woodworking. Starting out with woodworking machines that are of any quality cost a lot of money. Even though you can spend plenty on high quality planes and saws the fact is you can start with a few tools and get your project done without breaking the bank.

Hand tools make less noise. This is one reason I choose to use to use these tools. There is something to be said about planning a board and hearing the blade smoothing the wood.

Achieve greater precision. Early on when using my table saw it was very easy to cut a little too much off my project. I have thrown away many a good-looking piece of wood because of some small mistake. When I use my hand saw it is much easier to sneak up on my mark and not overdo it.

I choose to use work by hand as much as I can. For myself it is a more sensible way to work with wood. The best system for most would be some sort of combination of the old and the new. Woodworking using hand tools is hard work. The rewards are worth it for me.

Building Types and Styles of Kenya

As the construction industry embraces modern architecture and builders experiment with new styles and plans, there is a growing difference between building types and styles used today than those built even a few decades ago.

Certain styles of buildings are widespread in Kenya and seen as the de facto standard. As a result, most buildings have similar designs and forms that contribute to building limitations in terms of flexibility and ease of use.

Traditional styles of building in Kenya

Until recently, buildings in Kenya have had common characteristics in their construction that are determined by

  • Skills of the labor force
  • Accessibility and affordability of building materials

Developers are beginning to work outside their comfort zones to use varied building plans and construction materials resulting in innovative architectural looks and forms.

Buildings in rural Kenya

Temporary and semi-permanent structures

The building types and styles in rural Kenya are significantly influenced by the region and traditional culture of the people living in a specific rural area. For instance:

  • The Maasai and Samburu tribes construct temporary huts called ‘Manyattas’ to match their pastoralist lifestyle. These are made from twigs tied together by dried tree-bark or strings to make walls with thatched roofs.
  • The Kalenjin tribe construct semi-permanent huts using twigs and posts joined together using nails. Mud or clay is plastered on the twigs to make walls and the floor while the roof is made of long grass or reeds.
  • Coastal people such as the Mijikenda make houses from coconut leaves popularly known as Makuti houses
  • The Kikuyu, on the other hand, use timber for the walls and iron sheets for the roof.

Permanent structures

Temporary structures are dying off and being replaced by permanent houses made of stones and mortar.

For those who cannot afford stones and mortar, bricks are made by mixing clay with sand, straw, stone, concrete and lime, and then shaped into blocks that are either air-dried with fire or dried in a kiln. The bricks are used for walls and pavements.

Interestingly, bricks are finding their way into urban areas as developers seek to construct affordable housing for urban dwellers.

The few permanent buildings in rural areas have similar styles owing to the construction materials used and lack of sufficient skills by local workforce. Most of these homes have:

  • L, T, U and I shaped designs
  • Several bedrooms and a living room (sitting room)
  • Bathrooms and kitchen often built in separate locations from the main house

Commercial buildings are simply built as plain empty halls with no design and style taken into account.

Customary styles and types of building in urban Kenya

The styles, designs, architecture and types of buildings in urban Kenya are more expressive with most built using stones and mortar for walls, cemented or tiled floors and iron sheets or roofing tiles for roof covering.

1. Flats and apartments

They are the most common building type among urban dwellers.

  • Accommodate high numbers of tenants and are relatively affordable
  • Less sophisticated in terms of design and style
  • Range from single rooms, bedsitters and self-contained one-bed houses to self-contained two and three-bed houses.

It is rare to find apartments and flats with more than 3 bedrooms.

2. Maisonettes

More sophisticated in design and based on the personal style of the owner, there is growing demand for maisonettes in Kenya to accommodate the increasing middle class. As a result, companies are developing large-scale projects of maisonettes in a bid to capitalize on the new housing market.

3. Bungalows

  • Mostly built by upper middle class and class A and AB
  • Highly sophisticated in terms of design, style and type

Commercial complexes

They are the most versatile in terms of design, type and space, and materials used range from glass and metal to stones and mortar, plastic, bricks and combination of timber and stones, etc.

  • They include sky scrapers and storied buildings
  • Their designs and use of space is determined by the function of the building with shopping malls and entertainment spots being more open in terms of architecture and design.

No Credit Check Apartments in Birmingham Alabama

First and foremost, know what you are getting into when you look for apartments for rent in Birmingham Alabama that do not require credit checks. You may have a valid reason for having bad credit, say, you’ve been through some rough times and are starting anew with a great new job in Birmingham. In any case, it will be naïve to think that landlords and apartment companies will take your word for it. They promised no credit checks to lure you in (yes, it’s an entire new niche market that is growing in this economy), but they will want to know that you aren’t just another habitual deadbeat who will eventually try to worm him/herself away from paying rent. There are many, many bad tenants making the rounds, and you will want to prove that although you don’t have a stellar credit rating, you will be a good, paying tenant. Another thing to consider is that if you do get a no credit check apartment, your neighbors may not be as upstanding as you.

Bring documents and be up front right at the start. Some apartments charge an application fee, so it might be good to talk to the management about your chances before paying up. Some of the smaller apartments will consider your case if you are nice to them and have complete documents like a bank statement, certificate of employment, or the like to prove you have income and can pay rent. Larger corporate run apartments are more regimented and have an established set of criteria, so the person you are pleading your case with might not have the power to approve you anyway. Another thing is to be prepared to pay cash upfront equal to a few months rent.

When you are ready, check out these Birmingham apartments that don’t require a credit check: Highland View Apartments on Aspen Drive, Highland Bluff Apartments on Robert Jemison Drive, Intown Suites (a sort of long-lease hotel which charges weekly)with branches in Huffman Road, Oxmoor Road, and Southpark Drive.

Visit apartments in Birmingham AL for more credit free apartments

Super Quick Seduction – How to Make a Woman Like You in 120 Seconds Flat

What does it take for regular guys to attract gorgeous babes in an instant? There really is no need for you to have a huge bank account or Brad Pitt-like looks to bag the girls. It is merely all about psychology.

The faster you learn how to access female emotions and how to smartly put clever tactics of psychology to use on women; you are going to be much closer to girl magnet status than you ever believed you could be.

Super Quick Seduction – How To Make A Woman Like You In 120 Seconds Flat

1. Emotional Control. Everything boils down to initial control. You may feel like losing complete control whenever women provoke you with flashes of skin or sultry words, but trust me: losing control is a bad thing.

Only by using tons of emotional control will you be able to manipulate conversations to your full advantage. Having the ability to lead interactions will make you very desirable without seeming like a complete idiot who is merely trying to impress the ladies.

2. Rejection Control. The majority of guys have trouble hiding their bitterness whenever women reject them. Show how many choices you have to prevent women from thinking you get gravely disappointed after getting rejected. Seeming desperate for a girl’s phone number will not give you the keys to her heart.

3. Tease Control. Do not be afraid to tease women whenever it is clear that they are getting spoiled by attention. There are ways to be cocky without seeming too arrogant. It is easy to tease women with some sarcastic humor and wit. Women happen to love men that can produce compelling yet fun conversations.

If you are the impatient kind, though, you can make use of an advanced yet controversial method in attracting women. The secret would be to make women give up all emotional independence and relate their happy states with you. This method of hypnosis, call Fractionation, would be a guaranteed way to make women fall for you in only 2 minutes.

The History of Polybutylene

Polybutylene is a polymer that is often confused with polybutene, which has a different repeat unit. Polybutylene is created using the chemical formula (C4H8)n, and is often used as a pure resin to replace other materials like metal, rubber, and other engineering polymers. Polybutylene was used extensively in housing construction and water piping between 1978 and 1995, throughout the United States and Canada. However, it was banned from use in 1995 in both countries, and here we’ll go over why it was used as well as why it was banned.

Polybutylene was created to be the “pipe of the future,” and was used as a substitute for copper piping. It was very cheap to create, cheap to install, and believed to be extremely resistant to traditional wear and tear, unaffected by corrosion, and easy to maintain and replace. However, throughout the 1980’s reports began to surface of defective manufacturing and engineering, which was causing the pipes to fail around the country. This eventually caused millions of dollars in property damage due to leaks in homes and underground water supplies. While the manufacturers of the pipes have never outwardly admitted that they are unsound, they have settled in Class Action lawsuits to the tune of almost one billion dollars.

It is believed that oxidants in water supplies react with the pipes and their fittings, which cause them to scale and flake away, eventually becoming brittle. This results in tiny fractures running the length of the pipe, and over time the overall integrity of the entire piping system is reduced. After a certain period of time the pipes are liable to fail without warning, causing tremendous property damage if the problem is not immediately located and contained.

Today, polybutylene has been banned from use, but there are still estimated to be several million homes that still have this type of piping. If you think your home might have polybutylene piping, you can check fairly easily by examining the piping around sinks, toilets, and other water appliances. Compare the pipes you have to photographs of the polybutylene piping online. If you do have polybutylene in your home, you will likely want to have it replaced or at the very least inspected as soon as possible in order to prevent them from failing. Calling your local plumber can help you figure out what steps will be necessary to repair or replace your polybutylene piping.