Inventory Quality Ratio (IQR) a Powerful Yet Simple Inventory Reduction Tool for Manufacturers

IQR stands for Inventory Quality Ratio. This is a very powerful and effective tool for inventory valuation, reduction and review.

Inventory managers find it very difficult to distinguish the good from the bad inventory in their facilities. You spent too much time and effort justifying the amount of work in progress and on-hand inventory in your facility. Much of the inventory is necessary for proper linkage and flow throughout the value stream. Management wants the inventory “right sized” however they can’t quantify that number so the directive simply becomes “less inventory.” In frustration across the board cuts to all inventory is implemented. This has a negative impact on customer service levels. You’re now not only cutting excess but necessary inventory as well.

Inventory Quality Ratio (IQR) is a tool that can easily distinguish where to begin making the necessary adjustments in inventory.

This is how Inventory Quality Ratio (IQR) works. Begin by dividing your inventory into four quality categories. You can change parameters based on your industry.

Active– Items with future requirements and usage within the last six months.

Slow Moving– Items with future requirements but no usage for 6 months.

Excess– Items with no demand and no usage for 6 months.

Obsolete – Items with no demand and no usage 12 months.

Using your current ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems find the dollar amount for each category. The Inventory Quality Ratio (IQR) is simply active inventory divided by total inventory.

A perfect IQR would be 100% meaning all inventory dollars are in the active category. Don’t be surprised if your manufacturing company is operating around 40-45% range. That is the range I would expect to begin. With this tool Inventory professionals can drill down to the specific item and update order policies or make other corrections as needed. Once the quality of the inventory is identified you can target the reductions without negatively impacting customer service levels.

Inventory dollars alone don’t tell the full story. Below is an example of two warehouses with 150K of inventory. IQR clearly identifies, which warehouse has better managed inventory and where to look for reductions.

Warehouse 1

Active – 45K

Slow Moving – 80K

No Moving – 20K

Obsolete – 5K

Total Inventory- 150K

IQR Percentage: – 30%

Warehouse 2

Active – 75K

Slow Moving – 43K

No Moving – 25K

Obsolete – 7K

Total Inventory -150K

IQR Percentage: – 50 %

One thing to remember most ERP software packages are configured to provide messages (expedite, defer, damper e.g.) on WIP (Work in Progress) inventory only. In the future I would recommend ERP systems incorporate IQR messages for items completed to stock.

With messages for items in stores such as “Slow Moving, Excess or Obsolete – Please Review” you might just beat that call from the accounting department!

The Route to Democracy

Fifteen hours is a tremendous barrier. It is the obstacle preventing one village from attaining the assistance of another and surviving a drought. It is the reason a trip to the hospital, or receiving an education, aren’t realistic options. Fifteen hours is what stands in the way of commerce between two provinces. It prevents communication between neighbors only 80 kilometers apart. Fifteen hours is the reason for isolation. Before Task Force Pacemaker began work, the drive between Kandahar and Tarin-Kowt took fifteen hours. Upon completion of the road it will take only three. The end of geographical isolation will be a new beginning for hundreds of thousands of people in Afghanistan.

An international effort, the road connecting Tarin-kowt and Kandahar, or theTK road, is a project involving the support of the United Nations, Indian contractors, and United States Army troop labor. Construction of the road has spanned fourteen months, 117 kilometers, two adjustments to election dates, and two different Army Engineer rotations. Road construction began during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) 5 with the 528th Engineer Battalion, out of Louisiana. They competed 46.5 kilometers of road between July of 2004 and February of 2005. When TF Pacemaker took over construction during OEF 6, they were told that the estimated completion date for the TK road was early spring of 2006. Since assuming the mission in April of 2005, Task Force Pacemaker has demonstrated a need for speed and focus on the objective.

Road construction in theater involves route planning, surveying, jobsite security, sustaining the flow of material and water, and continual maintenance of heavy engineer equipment. It is best described as an endurance sport; not for the faint of heart or the easily distracted. Traditionally progress is made a few hundred meters at a time, using the same methods and techniques every day. Efficient use of equipment crew rotations, establishing and working from Forward Operating Bases (FOBs), using material along the route, and relying on soldiers to adopt roles outside of their military occupational specialties are some of the techniques which TF Pacemaker has used to streamline the process. The soldiers don’t view this road as just another project, and perhaps that’s why they’ve been able to sustain such a furious pace. TF Commander, LTC Paul Paolozzi explains that the attitude of his troops stems from partially from their understanding of the mission’s importance. “It’s inspiring to be a part of the long-term success of this nation… I can’t think of a more permanent and significant impact than making a road to connect people.” No matter the source of their motivation, by mid-September, TF Pacemaker will have completed a remarkable 70 kilometers of road work directly through some of the toughest terrain Afghanistan has to offer.

To finalize the exact path, surveyors and a security team are sent ahead of construction to determine which parts of the terrain best accommodate the road. The climate and terrain of Afghanistan (thick dust, deep waddis, and harsh weather) have presented many challenges. Often, designs which looked good on paper, involve moving mountains on the ground. It is critical to establish the projected route prior to entering any towns. Soldiers must be able to articulate their intentions to the surrounding locals, in particular the village elder, before barging through. There are often different factions within a town and the path of the road has been adjusted by mere feet to accommodate the wishes of local farmers. 1LT Brian Meister, the earth moving platoon leader of C/864th lists civilians on the jobsite as the single biggest security challenge in the south. “They are everywhere and impossible to keep entirely off. The enemy is not easily identified, so anyone driving a pickup through the jobsite could pose a potential risk.” 1LT Patrick Sullivan, the earth moving platoon leader in A/864th has experienced the same type of concerns on the northern effort.

While we were standing on the hill, looking down at the proposed route, an audience began to form. The children came out first, and then the men of the village… as the crowd grew larger… I began to get just a little nervous. I told the captain who has been in the country for about a year; he quickly turned around and began shaking hands with the crowd, so I followed… It was an event that I will never forget. There are some bad people in the area, but for the most part, the population is tired of the last twenty years of war and corruption. They were just happy to see the guys who were building them a road.

Road work is divided into three basic teams of heavy equipment operators. The first team clears and grubs the area with dozers, taking off the top layers of soil and pushing through hills or small plants. The dozers are followed by a grader, which levels off the area. The next team raises the sub-base with material harvested from the borrow pit, an area determined to have the best material for use on the road. Dump trucks and scrapers are used to put between 8 and 12 inches of material on top of the cleared path. Graders then go over the path again to even out the road and start putting on the crown, a slope off the center of the road for drainage. Finally comes the finishing team. A water truck is used to wet the soil so that the rollers can compact the material in a series of lifts. Once complete, the soil dries and hardens into a road. In order to reach their deadlines each day, all of these teams must work together at a steady rate. As A/864th commander, CPT Chad Suitonu puts it, “It’s not a question of if we will meet our goals; it’s a matter of how.”

It is a continuous challenge to keep up the flow of water and material for compaction. TF Pacemaker has relied on what they could harvest along the way, setting up borrow pits as they move down the route and asking local towns to share their wells. The standard for road construction is twelve inches of the best available fill material on the existing grade of the road. Attaining 95% compaction of that material is what makes a road a road. Finding the right material is so critical to achieving compaction that earthmovers have hauled over five kilometers in order to continue use of particularly good fill. Earthmoving platoon leaders are primarily responsible for scouting out these potential dig sites. 1LT Sullivan compares finding the best material to digging for gold. It is either buried somewhere, or covered with something, and you can never be sure what you’ll find until you dig. The soldiers do their best to identify areas with shale along the hillside. After they’ve identified a potential site, they send a dig team to check it out. “The stuff we’ve found so far that has worked best is a red shale, it’s also been black…it’s a good material, “said 1LT Sullivan, of the material being used in the north,” It compacts very well, breaks up nicely; there’s not big chucks after you roll it. It gives you a real nice, compacted, firm sub-base.”

1LT Brian Meister, the earthmoving platoon leader in C/864th faces the same challenge from the south. “Finding good material involves identifying what soils provide optimal properties for constructing a road that is both durable and smooth, “he says. Once the crews find a material they think they can use, they send it out to be tested, which takes about three days. Testing is done by Lewis Berger Group, an Indian contracting company that has become one of TF Pacemaker’s greatest allies. “Working with LBG has been great,” says CPT Stan Wiechnik, the commander of C/926th,”They have built roads in third world countries with similar geography and technical restrictions. They have been a great asset to me to determine the best method of construction and the best materials to use.” LBG weighs the mass of material and compares it to material compacted to 100%. Once they gain approval, the earth movers can scrape off the topsoil in that location and open up a new pit; ideally close to the construction site. Finding resources along the route just ahead of where the road crews are currently working takes both luck and timing. TF Pacemaker’s ability to consistently plan ahead and find that balance contributes to their steady speed towards completion.

The leadership at Pacemaker is all about efficiency. With a few key pieces of equipment driving the construction effort, maintenance is critical; conducting regular checks and services on the vehicles are an essential part of the work cycle. The Animals have supplemented their earthmoving platoon with soldiers from headquarters and the vertical platoons in order to have enough manpower to support two crew rotations. The first team shows up at 0015 Zulu to begin preventative maintenance checks and services (PMCS) of the equipment. They receive a safety brief at 0040z and roll out the gate by 0100z to begin work on the road. They operate for five and a half hours, from 0130z to 0700z. From 0700z-0715z the operators of both teams conduct a fifteen minute shift change; discussing any problems with the equipment and what remains to be completed that day. When the first team returns, they eat lunch and do another half hour of maintenance. Team two’s work day starts at 0500z, when they pull maintenance on any downed equipment. They receive their safety brief at 0630z, eat lunch, and head to the jobsite to conduct a shift change with team one. Team two works until 1430z. This rotation schedule allows the Animals to get thirteen hours of work on the road each day, and pull the necessary maintenance, without driving the equipment operators into the ground. As CPT Suitonu tells me, “A soldier can’t sit on a dozer twelve hours a day; seven hours is okay though.”

TF Pacemaker began work on both ends of the road with A/864th and C/926th in the North, C/864th in the south, and the support of HSC/864th in both areas. It soon became apparent that to maximize time spent working on the road, they would have to minimize travel time to the jobsite. The Task Force would need to work from another start point; FOB Pacemaker. 1LT Sara Cullen, executive officer of the Animals, explains that,” The mission here is to provide a forward operating base between FOB Tiger and FOB Ripley so that we can work from the middle towards completion of the road… right now each location is commuting over an hour…” Prior to occupation of Pacemaker, soldiers were spending 90 minutes each way just getting to the jobsite, leaving precious few hours of actual work on the road. Since the unit’s jump to the FOB, their production rate has nearly doubled. The same increase in efficiency is soon expected from the engineers at FOB Kodiak, a new forward operating base to be occupied by C/864th.

The Alpha Company Animals built FOB Pacemaker from the moon dust up. A big part of their mission included accounting for force protection in an area new to US Military forces. The First Sergeant of A/864, 1SG Martin Pullman, describes their first few days saying, “We didn’t know if there was enemy in the area, so we had to assume that there was. We had to balance between setting up force protection and pulling security … using over watch positions allowed us to put the maximum amount of effort on building the FOB itself.” In less than two weeks, they were fully operational. Recently, FOB Pacemaker has served another function; supporting combat arms operations in the area. A small but steady flow of Special Forces and Infantrymen have benefited from Pacemaker hospitality, enjoying a meal, shower, or place to rest between missions. Though they don’t have much, Animal soldiers don’t mind sharing and generally agree that it’s nice to have our comrades in arms in the area.

In addition to security on the FOBs, soldiers must maintain security on the jobsite. This is challenging for a road project because construction requires troops to go directly against many of the fundamentals of defense. They work in the same spot, headed in the same direction, using the same equipment rotations day after day. There is nothing covert about the Scraper, a 33,000 lb piece of equipment. Since they can be seen from kilometers away, the Pacemakers adopt a fierce posture. Engineer soldiers man the vehicle mounted crew served weapons at both ends of the construction site. They halt vehicle traffic and search the personnel before allowing passage around the construction site. A roving security vehicle is used to patrol the surrounding areas, and observe the area from different positions. An interpreter and a female soldier are always included in the security detail, available to assist with communication or searching local national females. These measures have resulted in 100% success rate; not a single Pacemaker soldier has been attacked while working on the road.

Continued development is essential to peace building in Afghanistan. The road between Tarin-Kowt and Kandahar will provide developmental access to rural areas which never existed before. As 1LT Sullivan puts it, “This road is not just an engineering feat; it is a show of political force.” The five month reduction in project duration by Task Force Pacemaker becomes five months gained by the new government towards progress. The fifteen hours of travel cut down to three are hours gained by Afghan citizens towards opportunity. Every cut of the TK road is another blow to the primary weapons of the Taliban, isolation and hardship. When Pacemaker soldiers watch the ribbon cutting on September 15th, every soldier can exhale with relief, joy, and pride in a job well done.

How Long Should I Wait Before Contacting My Ex Girlfriend?

Your girlfriend broke up with you, you’re heartbroken, and you want your ex back. So far though, there’s been no contact at all.

Is there a set rule for how long you should wait before calling an ex girlfriend? And when you DO call her, what exactly should you say?

Contact after the break up is one of the most confusing things to figure out. It’s a mystery that always leaves you wondering if you’re doing the right thing, no matter how you choose to handle it.

On one hand, you want to talk to her. Hell, you miss her like crazy. You need to hear her voice again. And besides, you don’t want her to think you’ve forgotten about her, and possibly move on with some other guy, do you?

But on the flip side of the coin, she hasn’t called you. Calling her might seem needy, or desperate. And you wouldn’t want your ex to think those things of you… especially not if you’re trying to somehow win her back.

So is there a middle ground? A time when it’s okay to call or contact your ex girlfriend without looking like a fool? Some kind of conversation that actually makes sense, rather than stumbling and tripping over your own lame words?

Even better: can you get HER to call YOU?

What it Means When She Won’t Contact You

First, understand that your girlfriend not calling you doesn’t mean she’s not thinking about you. The fact is, she’s probably thinking about you quite a bit.

What your ex is doing right now, is ignoring you for a very simple reason: detachment. She’s decided she wants you gone, and the best way to keep from caving in and taking you back is not to see or hear from you at all.

This is because during your relationship the two of you formed some very powerful emotional bonds. Love, sex, intimacy; all the fun you had, the places you saw together, the family and friends and holidays you shared – these things forged thick connections that can’t be easily severed. And some of these connections remain in place, even after she dumps you, for a very long time.

Getting your ex back requires simple reversal techniques that are geared toward making her face those emotional bonds. You want her to SEE what she’s losing, rather than turn her back on those feelings and pretend they’re buried.

So what does she do? She loses your phone number. She unfriends you on Facebook, detaches from Instagram, stops talking to your friends and tells her own friends not to provide any information about her. In this way, she can move on

Should You Call Your Ex After the Break Up?

No, not immediately.

There are several steps to getting back with someone. The first step is always the no contact rule. It’s exactly what it sounds like; you need to promise yourself that you won’t call (or text, or email, etc… ) your ex girlfriend no matter how badly you want to. This is hugely important.

What this does is create distance between you and your lover. You might think that’s bad, but in the beginning it’s actually very good. It’s human nature to want to be right; your ex wants to think she made the right moves when she ended your romance. So to verify this? She’ll often look back at you to see how you’re doing.

If you’re doing bad? That’s a good sign to her. It shows that she’s better off without you because you’re worse off without her. Sounds messed up, right? But again, it’s human nature.

Now if you’re doing good? That’s not what she wants to see. It actually reverses her way of thinking and makes her question whether or not she should’ve let you go. A guy who’s doing well without her is a guy who’s got his stuff together. You’re suddenly valuable again, simply because you didn’t care (or appeared not to have cared) when she tossed you away.

Which brings me to the next big rule of human nature: you always want the things you cannot have.

When To Call Your Ex

If you’ve stopped ALL contact, and your ex hasn’t called you, there’s an acceptable time during which you can reach out to her. While this varies from case to case, as a general rule you’ll want to wait about four to six weeks.


Yup. It is. And it’s going to feel like double-forever to you, because your heart is breaking and you desperately want to hear from her again.

But you know what? Waiting this long is going to do something very important: make her curious. It’s going to make her wonder where you mysteriously went, and how come you seemingly haven’t looked back.

This makes her ripe to hear from you.

Understand something: calling your ex too early, within the first few days of the breakup, is a BIG red flag. Not only doesn’t she want to hear from you, but even worse, your ex girlfriend hasn’t even begun to start missing you yet.

Wait four to six weeks, and not only is she going to listen to anything you say, but your ex will already be at the point of nostalgia. She’ll be missing you. Hearing your voice will take her back to the relationship, and probably to the GOOD part of the relationship when everything was all unicorns and rainbows.

You’ve heard the phrase ‘Time heals all wounds’. It does, but it also blurs out the bad and accentuates the good. As time goes on, your girlfriend will forget all the fighting and nastiness and other bullshit that broke you up. When she thinks back to what your relationship was all about, those things will have faded.

What’s left? The GOOD STUFF. All the happy times and cool things and great sex. Her heart will tug on those strong emotional bonds I talked about earlier, playing them back in her memory.

Okay, I Called Her. Now What Do I Say?

Before you even think of calling your ex girlfriend, you’re gonna basically need a script. You’ll want to know exactly what to say, and more importantly, what subjects to avoid at all costs.

If you think you can just pick up the phone and go totally solo, you’re going to crash and burn. In other words, you MUST know what you’re doing. A step by step plan always beats a ‘fly by the seat of your pants’ type of approach.

How to Build a Kegerator

Bottles. We home brewers collect them, store them, wash them, and fill them. It takes time and space. Eventually we want a faster way to enjoy the beer we brew. Ultimately we want it on tap for not only saving space but to have that “Brew Pub” beer at home. Here is an easy low cost way to enjoy your own brewed beer at home straight from the tap without spending your hard earned money on a commercially made Kegerator.

When I went from single batch 5 gallon extract kits to an all-grain setup brewing 10 gallons at a time, I too got tired of the bottles and wanted to keg. I came up with an alternate way to refrigerate the kegs and tap the beer without converting an old refrigerator with a tap on the door. I went for a lower profile unit that would also look good in my living room.

I bought a small upright freezer on sale making sure I would have enough room inside to fit three 5 gallon carney (soda) kegs. I also purchased a separate temperature control unit that would run the freezer as a refrigerator. More on that later.

I needed a way to mount the tap(s) without going through the side of freezer. I also knew that I would need additional top space on the inside for the keg fittings and hoses. The lid as it was did not allow enough room, so I thought of raising it with a frame to make the unit taller. Now I was set to go.

I built a wooden frame out of 1″X4″ wood, securing the corners with L-brackets on the inside. Holes were drilled for two taps in the front and the gas line in the rear. The lid was removed and the frame placed on top securing it with window insulation between the frame and the cooler. The insulation “adhered” the frame to the freezer. The lid was placed on top. The additional height of the frame now raised the lid higher.

The lid has two brackets for mounting it to the freezer. Each bracket has two holes, a top and bottom to accommodate mounting screws. The top hole of each bracket was over the frame with the bottom holes aligning with the top holes in the freezer. The bottom holes in the freezer were now unused. The lid was secured by replacing the screws through the bracket holes. Each bracket had a mounting screw into the frame and into the freezer. The lid was secure and closed on the frame evenly.

I have a three way port to split the CO2 line into three. One for each keg. Also I have one CO2 line and a tap dedicated for a commercial 1/6 keg. I now have the option of tapping my own brew or a bought microbrew.

An external temperature control unit was attached to the side of the freezer and plugged into an outlet. The freezer plugged into the control unit. A thermocouple wire was placed through the rear hole on the frame with the CO2 gas line and hung freely in the freezer in order to monitor only the inside air temperature. A desired temperature of 60 degrees was set on the controller. In addition, I mounted a drip tray to the front with double back foam tape. My living room was now graced with a wonderful addition that truly served a purpose.

Always Have Boogers? Main Causes and Reasons Why!

Boogers are a fact of life; they come into the world with you and typically show up from time to time. For some people that time to time is more like hour to hour. To understand what you can do about boogers you have to understand what causes them and what they are.

What is a Booger?

A booger is the hardened mucus that coats your nose and throat. The point of mucus is to protect you from the dust, dirt and debris that are breathed in. The mucus traps all the debris that you breathe in through your nose and surrounds it so it does not get into your nose. The mucus hardens around the debris and it becomes a booger.

What Causes Excessive Boogers

If you always have boogers than it is very likely that you are breathing in something that you are allergic to. The mucus looks at the speck of whatever it is that you are breathing as a potential health liability, more mucus is formed by your body to protect from the intruder. When you always have boogers than your body is doing its job, if you are an allergy sufferer.

Colds and Infections

You will also produce a large number of boogers when you have a cold or any kind of infection in your sinuses. You will always have boogers if you do not get rid of your sinus infection or are exposed to allergens regularly.


Mucus needs fluids to function properly, if you do not hydrate yourself regularly than you will always have boogers. The mucus in your nose will dry up and leave you feeling crusty.

If you always have boogers and can not figure out the cause you may want to consider allergy tests.

How Colors Affect Your Heart Rate

Most people love color and want to paint every room in their house. Others don’t care for it at all. If you are thinking of repainting you need to keep one thing in mind. Colors can effect out mood and make us sad or happy; they affect our eating habits and even our heart rate. Most people don’t put this much though into color and what is does to us. It is proven that several colors actually raise our heart rates while others can lower it. Take into mind which color to paint a room with what you will be doing in that room. If you are repainting a room that you are going to use to relax in you will want to use a color that will lower your heart rate. If you are painting your home gym you will want one that will raise your heart rate. The color red and the color yellow can actually raise your heart rate while blue and purple lower it.

While yellow can raise your heart rate it can also improve your concentration which is why legal note pads are yellow. Yellow would be a very good color choice for a home office or a hobby room. The color red is a tricky color; it can raise your heart rate and evoke passion and energy or is can make you frustrated or angry. This color is a popular choice in bedrooms or accent walls. If you use this as an accent wall you will be able to have a more muted reaction to it. If you are looking to repaint a living room or dining room think about what you want the mood to be in there. If you want an energetic and vibrant living room go with a bolder color like yellow.

But if you want a more relaxed casual living room to kick back in then think blues and greens and purples. It is very important to think about what mood you want for a room and what you do in that room before you repaint. Keep in mind that colors can really change how you feel especially if you are looking at them on a daily basis. Whichever you choose make sure to have a variety of rooms. You will want a relaxing room every once in a while and you will want a high energy room as well.

The Dangers of Vitamin D Deficiency

Among the vitamins that may have an useful task in the rate of the metabolism in the body system is Vitamin D. It can also help in the absorption of calcium mineral, that makes the bone tissues and additionally your teeth much stronger and additionally also controls the levels of calcium and additionally phosphorus in the bloodstream. It is traditionally used in the protection against some medical conditions such as osteoarthritis, weakening of bones, depressive disorders, high blood pressure levels, multiple sclerosis and many others.

Vitamin D is actually found in the sun’s rays, and additionally in certain food products: yolk of the egg, oils from fish, milk and additionally various kinds of vegetables. Considering the fact that we have now described this, you may guess that the biggest reasons behind insufficiency of vitamin D usually are very low sun light exposure and additionally bad eating plan.

Signs and symptoms and additionally treatment of Vitamin D Deficit

Typically the signs and symptoms of Vitamin D insufficiency usually do not develop immediately. They usually are the result of a longer shortage of vitamin D. Most of the symptoms happen to be ache in the muscular tissues and the bones, and additionally a muscle weakness. Different symptoms of vitamin D deficiency we also need to discuss would be:


Hypo parathyroidism


Excess weight

Physical weakness

Despression symptoms

Due to the fact that we know that the deficit of vitamin D is usually a result of low exposure to the sun it truly is reasonable that the best therapy for this is direct exposure to sun light. Nearly twenty minutes of direct sun light exposure a day will be sufficient. And additionally it’s good to know that 20,000 IU of vitamin D is going to satisfy the daily vitamin D amount. Having food products loaded in vitamin D may also be useful, and additionally your personal doctor can highly recommend consuming some nutritional vitamin supplements or vitamin D shots.

Therefore the best thing to do to prevent yourself from vitamin D insufficiency will be to spending some time in the garden on a sunny day and additionally enhance your current healthy eating plan by using foods rich in Vitamin D. This way you’ll definitely feel much better and additionally stay clear of the diseases and conditions we have stated earlier.

12 Gout Home Remedies You Need To Know

Gout home remedies are a very popular topic for discussion these days with the rising trend of gout cases being diagnosed. Many people shy away from gout treatment options that involve doctor prescribed medications and prefer to go with the more natural treatment approach through using gout home remedies instead.

It seems like every gout sufferer has a tale to tell of some gout home remedies they have heard about or tried that worked wonders in relieving the major factor of what causes gout, namely the build up of uric acid in the body.

So without any further adieu, here are 12 popular gout home remedies that you may wish to investigate further.

1. The Wonders of Fish Oil

According to this gout home remedy, eating cold water fish such as cod, herring, sardines, salmon, and mackerel to obtain the important omega 3 vitamins that are excellent in helping to reduce joint or tendon inflammation caused by gout. If you hate to eat fish, then an alternative is to take fish oil capsules.

2. Quercitin

Quercitin is what is known as a natural anti-inflammatory drug which can be used to diminish the pain caused by gout. In this home remedy you need to eat lots of foods high in Quercitin including capers, tomatoes, apples, green vegetables and berries. As with fish oil, Quercitin does come in a capsule form that is available from most health food stores.

3. Cayenne Pepper

Well known for having many health benefits, Cayenne Pepper is also recognized for its ability to decrease inflammation caused by gout. Most gout home remedies recommend creating a topical solution by mixing the Cayenne Pepper with some vinegar, boiling it and then once cool, dabbing it on the affected region.

4. Turmeric powder

Turmeric is a spice long used by the peoples of China and India to help lessen inflammation pain caused by diseases such as gout. Simply adding the spice to your regular food is supposed to provide the anti-inflammatory benefits to your body.

5. Epsom Salt

Soaking in dissolved Epsom salt to help treat infections has been a very popular home remedy, so it should come as no great surprise that it would be part of the gout home remedies collection. Epsom salt has a very special ability to be able to not only reduce the swelling of the area of the body that is being immersed in the solution, but as well provide the entire body with a sense of relaxation.

6 Green Leafy Vegetables

Due to their very high health benefits, green leafy vegetables deserve to be mentioned again when discussing gout home remedies. In addition to being a source of Quercitin, these vegetable contain many other important healing agents such as flavonoids, assorted vitamins and minerals.

7. Vitamin C

Long respected for its amazing health benefits, Vitamin C has been a very important part of most gout home remedies. Vitamin C helps prevent the high uric acid levels in the body which lead to the formation of uric acid crystal in joints and tendons. Vitamin C is easy to obtain as it is found naturally in many common fruits and vegetables.

8. Cherries

Recently cherries have gained wide spread popularity in most gout home remedies literature for their role in helping to fix many common ailments and stave off aging. Rich in both Vitamin C as well as antioxidants, cherries now play a prominent role in most any gout home remedies treatment plan.

9. Potassium

Potassium has the benefit of actually helping to prevent gout from occurring by helping to liquefy uric acid so that it will be passed out of the body more effectively, thereby lowering the levels of uric acid in the blood and diminishing the chances of any uric acid crystals accumulating in joints and tendons. This makes potassium a very desirable component of your gout home remedies collection of ingredients.

10. Lime Juice

Lime juice has the unique property of being able to dissolve the uric acid crystals in the body before they can build up to dangerous levels resulting in gout symptoms. This makes lime juice a very essential ingredient in most gout home remedies, plus the fact that lime juice is very affordable and easy to obtain.

11. Devil’s Claw

Devil’s Claw is an herb which is native to parts of Africa and is very well known in holistic circles for its many health benefits, including gout. Devil’s Claw contains chemicals which work to decrease inflammation, swelling, and pain associated with gout.

12. Water

Water, “the wonder substance” seems to be good for most everything associated with good health, including gout. This makes it a crucial component in nearly all gout home remedies. It helps the body get rid of excess uric acid before dangerous levels occur in the blood and water also acts as a naturally occurring antidote for many other health issues by getting rid of body wastes.

These 12 ingredients are just a fraction of what you will discover in gout home remedies, however they do provide a good starting point for further research.

The Best Simple Software For The Busy Webmaster

Here are a few programs I can’t do without. They’re free, and make being a webmaster much easier.


A cgi script that allows you to run commands on your server, even if your web host won’t give you telnet access. Also good for getting at files generated by other scripts that are owned by user ‘nobody’, instead of your username. Ever tried deleting them? Well, now you can.

AXS Visitor Tracking System

A very fine hit counter. Fairly simple to set up, if you use footer files on your site. Gives detailed information. Much better than the stats software that came with your web-hosting account.

A Perl text replacer script. Handy if you’re not familiar with Unix commands. Make sitewide changes in seconds. The original author’s site doesn’t list it any more. Can still be found via a search engine (hint, hint).

FTP Explorer

The charm of this software is that it looks a lot like the Windows shell, and thus makes FTP’ing a little less intimidating for the novice webmaster.

Putty Telnet/SSH Client

A simple-looking, but sophisticated, freeware telnet and SSH client. Can be run from a floppy disk. Useful for the mobile webmaster.

Email Remover 2.4

Not currently available from the author’s website, but can be found by Googling for a file named ‘’. This is an email account checker. It can be run from a floppy disk and can check multiple email accounts. Allows you to highlight spam and delete it, and download emails if need be. WARNING: It has a bug. Do not change the order of the emails in the software window before deleting; you’ll end up deleting the wrong ones.

RFTP 32 Version 0.99

Again, not currently available from the author’s website. This is a self-contained FTP client that can be, you guessed it, run from a floppy disk. Search around for a file named ‘rftp.exe’.

If you don’t see a pattern emerging, then let me elucidate: the last three programs can all be run from the same floppy disk. You can leave your laptop at home, and work on your your site from internet cafes.

The only thing left would be a WYSIWYG HTML editor that you can run from a floppy disk; that would be asking for a lot. However, the Mambo content management system comes with one pre-installed. There’s also a WYSIWYG plugin for the blog software WordPress

Either is a useful addition to any website. You can keep it updated while on the road.

Discover The Ancient Art of Shaolin Kung Fu

The first time I saw Shaolin Kung fu techniques was while watching a martial arts movie. I loved the style of martial arts so much, that I watched the second movie and fell totally in love. There was something so riveting about watching the punches, kicks and jumps. Even though it was Hong Kong Hollywood, it looked so much more real than most martial arts you see. I've watched a lot of martial arts movies in my day. In fact, they're actually my favorite type of movie. Recently I saw Jet Li in Fearless. Though his style in that movie was wing chun.

Why is kung fu my favorite form of martial art? Probably because of the exotic origin. It's a style practiced by monks. You would not think monks would know a fighting style, especially when they stand for peace and nonviolence but they do practice it every day, for the entirety of their lives. It's like their way of finding enlightenment and it's a viable combat art. Most kung fu you see in movies or shows, or exhibitions are stylized sport martial arts. But not the shaolin. There are historical references of it being used in defensive battle as far back as 728 BC Normally, when you see a martial artist, it's usually big muscles, lots of noise, a show, right? Not this one. This art trains practitioners with the purpose of nature. I'm sure you've heard references to it in the movies, where someone engaged in kung fu took a tiger stance or that of the crane.

Each one of these has a purpose behind it attached to the meanings of the animals, not to mention that the types of Shaolin have really cool names like 'Jiao long nu kong', which means the / coiling dragon growls in wrath ', or' Qian jintui 'the' leg weighing one thousand jins'. compare that to boxing. Jab. Cross. How dull!

You can not help but admire the training and dedication, the grace, and fluidity of movement that enterprises this martial art. Out of all of the ones I've read, seen or done research on, I keep coming back to this one. Warrior monks even won battles and were honored using these techniques. It boggles my mind when I think of it. Weapon use, boxing, spins, kicks – all of it at lightening fast speeds and almost inhuman precision. I find myself sitting on the edge of my seat waiting eagerly for the next bad guy to come along or the next move in the exhibition.

It's amazing how they can do all those moves – flying through various forms, blocks, kicks, jumps, punches – and then stop give their bow and not even be breathing hard. They do not just use any weapon, either. A popular one is the long spear. I've held one before. They are not light and they're long. To use one takes a lot of skill, and they make it seem so easy.

It does not matter what form or practice of Shaolin Kung fu techniques are being used, I love it!

Poultry Farmer Millionaire’s Biggest Secret Exposed! Become the Next Poultry Farmer Millionaire

In this article I will show you how you can increase your current egg production and triple your current revenue! I will show you how to be a professional and successful poultry farmer!

Did you know there are thousands of successful millionaire poultry farmers out there? And I will reveal one of the biggest secret of success that will drastically triple your current egg revenue.

One of the biggest secret that every poultry farmer should know is that chicken needs love, protection and comfort, just like human beings. And in order to provide these 3 keys of success you need a chicken coop!

Chicken coops are the biggest secret of poultry farmer millionaires! This is why brand new quality chicken coops cost on average one thousand dollars.

Why are chicken coops so effective? This is a very good question and the reason why they are super effective is because they provide:

Protection: they create a huge and powerful barrier from the outside world. This means that it will make the lives of ferocious chicken predators a lot harder to kill and eat your beloved birds. Quality chicken coops provide spiky metal wire fencing that will warm and harm ferocious predators to will trespass your property.

Comfort: most hen houses are made from wood with luxurious and comfortable interior. For instance you can make fluffy beds for every bird and have zones for water and food. Make the house like a home for your beloved chickens.

Love: all of these can be translated in to one word: love. And this love of protection and comfort will make the chickens to produce 3 times for eggs then they would if they were living outside of a coop. This comes natural to them and why it wouldn’t? They got the perfect environment to raise their kids (eggs). And this is the perfect opportunity for you as a professional poultry farmer to increase your revenue!

As I said quality chicken coops costs thousands of dollars, however you can also drastically reduce the costs by simply doing some DIY work. This is the ultimate secret of professional poultry farming and every single poultry farmer millionaire uses this tactic.

To build a quality chicken coop from scratch only takes few hours and it only takes some cutting, hammering and painting. All you need is a good set of chicken coon DIY plans; these plans will guide you step by step in the entire process of building a highly effective chicken house. By simply following these easy to read DIY guides you will be able to build a quality chicken coop in no time.

The Cairn Terrier As a Family Dog

The Cairn Terrier is often referred to as “scrappy”, and if you’ve ever owned one you certainly know why! These are energetic and resilient little dogs that will certainly give you a run for your money if you let them. Even for terriers, they are very athletic, hyper, and stubborn. Nine times out of ten your Cairn Terrier will tire you out long before he or she is ready to call it a day.

Cairn Terriers are an adorable breed and are often mistaken for potential lap dogs by those searching for a new pet. The Cairn Terrier will not and can not be happy as a sedentary pup. This breed needs lots and lots of exercise, and will consistently act out if not properly stimulated. A tired Cairn Terrier is a happy Cairn Terrier – if your dog does not have enough physical activity in its day, he or she will no doubt resort to chewing, digging, or any number of other destructive behaviors.

The Cairn Terrier is also a little Houdini of a dog. This breed is notorious for escaping from the most complex situations. For this reason, you must take extra measures to “terrier-proof” your yard and home. They are excellent diggers and will find a way to get under your fence and run away – that is, if they can’t figure out how to get over it! Pouring cement at the base of a fence or gate is the easiest and most effective way to curb this behavior, but even that isn’t foolproof. It is very important that you never leave your Cairn Terrier unattended outdoors, even if it’s only for a moment.

The Cairn Terrier, being a very intelligent breed, is also very stubborn. Because of this, it is imperative that one enroll their dog in obedience training courses at a very early age. The benefit of using a course as opposed to training at home is twofold: it provides a regimented resource for learning new tricks and curbing negative behavior, and it also provides invaluable socialization with other people and animals. If your children are old enough, they should accompany you to obedience classes to learn how to properly handle and care for your family’s new pet as well.

While Cairn Terriers are generally very happy and friendly, they are not encouraged as pets for extremely young children. Cairns may not know how to act or respond around a baby or infant, and active children of a young age are often too aggressive or rough for such a tiny dog. Regardless of age, your children must be taught how to handle your new dog on a leash or in the home with gentleness. Cairn Terriers, though sturdy and playful, can be quite fragile in certain scenarios. One hard pull on the collar can lead to a complete tracheal collapse, which will of course kill the dog.

It is important to work with your children so that they understand the needs and weaknesses of owning a Cairn Terrier, which is why the breed is recommended mostly for families with older children who are capable of comprehending this. The Cairn Terrier will make a loving and entertaining family pet, so long as he or she is treated with the care they deserve!

Advantages and Disadvantages of Living in a City Center

Some people say that city center is the best place to live. One has an easy access to all the amenities of life. Additionally, city centers are the places where all the business, educational, official and trade activity centers are located. The commuting time is nothing as compared to those living in the suburbs. There are, however, some big disadvantages of living in the city center as well. Following lines would give you a great comparison in this regard.


The biggest advantage of living in a city-center is the easy access to all the business, trade and educational offices. City-centers are planned in such a manner that they become the hub of everything related to commercial, official or educational fields. Most universities and colleges are located in the city-center and students from suburbs have to commute long distances to reach their alma maters. Similarly, professionals have to take public or private transport to reach the city-center. Monthly fares of public transports, despite all the discounts, are quite expensive these days.

On the contrary, people living in the city-center do not have to incur any transportation costs. In most cases, all the famous buildings, business centers and universities are located within a walking distance. There are no expenditures in transportation costs and time wasted in travelling. Additionally, one can save money on dining costs as one can simply head back to home to eat during lunch breaks. People from the suburbs are unfortunate in this regard. They have to eat lunch from the push carts or restaurants and this entails some big spending, even if the rates are affordable. Monthly expenditures on food bills are enough to cause a big dent in your monthly budget.


There are also many disadvantages of living in a city-center. First of all, there is no sense of privacy as the city centre remains active till late night. Secondly, the house rents are sky high in the city-center. Everyone wants to live there and homeowners take full advantage of this phenomenon. Another disadvantage of living in a city-center is the lack of suburban activities and neighbourhood attitude that is prevalent in the suburbs. There are hardly any parks and open spaces where one can breathe fresh air. In most cases, the environment is polluted because of thousands of cars that throng the roads and alleys. Similarly, the proportion of trees and shrubs is far less than a typical suburb that is usually green and pollution free.

The sense of community is also lacking in the city-center as people remain busy in their own affairs and do not pay any attention to their neighbours and friends. Another down point of living in the city center is the higher prices of commodities. As compared to suburbs, that are usually located close to farmer markets; city centers are cramped places with high property rents. Shops often pass on that high price to their customers.

A Healthy Sauna Each Day Will Cleanse Your Body of Toxins

If you are a frequent sauna user you already know the value of taking a healthy sauna. Many cultures have used the sauna as healing tool. Native American sweat lodges were used to clean both the spirit and the body of the poisons of life for thousands of years. A healthy sauna meant a warrior would enjoy a healthy mind and body. Northern Europeans and in particular the Finnish people perfected what we call the traditional Finnish sauna more than 1500 years ago. The Finn’s also knew that a healthy sauna meant that your body was clean and well.

Finnish saunas were used to heal people of all types of illnesses including fevers, colds, wounds, broken bones and effects of old age. Frequently a healthy sauna was used to start a pregnant woman’s labor. Saunas were frequently used for giving birth due to the fact that they frequently were the cleanest environment available. In Finland taking a sauna was a family affair that included men, women and children. A sauna was an important part of every Finnish family. Finnish immigrants brought their culture and traditions to the Upper Midwest during the mid to late 1800’s. As they settled in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, Northern Wisconsin and Minnesota they continued their sauna traditions. Many other immigrant cultures discovered the benefits of a healthy sauna and began their own sauna traditions. Many families’s built a sauna adjacent to their homes in order to enjoy all the benefits of a healthy sauna.

In mining communities commercial saunas were established to serve the miners that would emerge from the mine covered with the grime and dirt of hard rock mining. Mining was a tough and rough occupation that required long hours of physical labor deep underground. As a result muscles and joints were frequently inflamed. Working underground in a damp environment caused additional ailments including respiratory diseases. Miners quickly came to know that the best way to remove all the dirt and toxins from their bodies was a hot sauna. The combination of dry and moist heat healed injuries and sprains. A healthy sauna was frequently the only way for a miner to continue to be able to work and provide for his family.

Farmers and loggers also used a sauna to keep their bodies and minds well. A sauna was most appreciated during the long winter months that are part of living near the Lake Superior shore. Cold viruses and fevers were common during winter months and frequently the only source of relief came from a good sauna. Research has since supported what sauna users have know for hundreds of years and that is that a good healthy sauna stimulates the immune system to fight infections.

The benefits of taking a sauna continue today. The traditional sauna is still used to provide all the benefits that have been enjoyed in the past. New technologies in the form of infrared sauna heat sources allow just about anyone to place a sauna in their home. These new saunas provide a dry sauna that provides most of the benefits of the traditional sauna. Now it is easier than ever to enjoy a healthy sauna right in your own home at a very reasonable price.

Basic Food Processor Parts and Components

A food processor is a great time saving multidimensional kitchen appliance that can perform many different slicing, chopping, shredding and grinding tasks. However, despite its varied functions, it is a fairly easy and straightforward appliance to use.

Before using and experimenting with the appliance, familiarize yourself with its basic parts and components. A processor basically consists of the following easily manageable, movable and removable parts:

  • A heavy, stable housing unit or base that houses the processor’s motor. A food processor’s heavy base is designed to provide stability while the appliance is in operation. The base housing unit should remain steady and firm while the motor and spinning blades or discs are in play. The base also typically contains the appliance’s power cord and control buttons like on, off and pulse.
  • A shaft that extends up from the base unit and motor and which powers the blades and discs that fit on the shaft.
  • Various chopping and mixing blades and shredding and slicing discs that slide over the shaft.
  • A work bowl that fits onto the housing base unit and around the shaft. The work bowl, and thus the food processor size, usually range from 2 to about 13 cups of processed food.
  • A work bowl cover that fits on top of the work bowl and keeps the processed food within the food bowl.
  • A feed tube and pusher rod or assembly through which the food is introduced into the unit’s bowl, blades and discs.
  • Optional attachments which can include whisks or beaters.