Getting to Know the Body Image Mastery Plan

Would you like to lose those extra pounds of weight you are carrying around and make sure they never come back? Then you should find out about the great new program that’s been buzzing around the internet for the last few weeks – the Body Image Mastery Plan. However you need to be quick about it, as places on the plan are limited and there’s already been lots of interest. You can see from the testimonials on the site, including celebrity contributors like Oprah Winfrey, that this is so much more than just a diet plan or an exercise program.

This revolutionary new way of losing weight once and for all is the brainchild of Laura Fenamore, who is also the course mentor. She really knows what she’s talking about as she’s living proof that it works. She used to be more than 100lbs overweight herself, she was drinking too much and she was very depressed. Then she decided to do something about it. Using techniques which she has now incorporated into the Body Image Mastery Plan, she successfully lost 100lbs, and has never looked back. As well as featuring in videos on the course, Laura is also there as course coach, to answer your questions herself and help you through the program.

So, you’ve probably already tried various diets and pills that say they will help you lose weight. Although some may seem to work in the short term, how soon is it before you’re experiencing the yo-yo effect? You’re feeling low or stressed and you try to solve this by reaching for the biscuits, the pizza, the ice-cream. Before you know it, the weight is piling back. Then you’re back on the diet again. You’ve probably worked out that the only winner here is the diet industry – because you keep on buying into it. That may sound cynical, but it’s true.

This is because most existing slimming programs tackle the problem from the outside – they concentrate on losing the weight itself rather than tackling the root cause of your weight gain. Why do you feel bad about yourself? Why do you need to turn to food to help you through the tough times? The Body Image Mastery Plan is different. It is more about how you look at yourself and your body from the inside – in your head. When you have learned to love yourself and what you see in the mirror, then change will come. You will feel really good about your body image.

With over 500 satisfied customers to her credit, Laura is so confident about her program that she offers a money-back guarantee on the Body Image Mastery Plan. As well as the exclusive workbook and Laura’s expert guidance, you get access to a great community of fellow members and support groups as well as your own partner or buddy to help you through the program. The 12-week course works out at just over $40 a class. In just three months the course will teach you how to create the good habits and lifestyle you need to stay at your ideal body weight for ever.

Start Letting Anxiety Work For You!

Often times in my clinical practice clients come to me seeking any knowledge or tool they can use to get rid of their anxiety completely. Many times they tell me "I can not stand my anxiety" or "I will do anything to stop worrying!". After processing this with my clients over time I came to the realization that as a culture we have grown to become phobic and intolerant of our own anxious feelings.

Anxiety is like any other emotion, and was created with a purpose. We owe our entire existence to anxiety because without it, we would not have the energy or motivation to self-preserve and avoid potential physical or emotional harm. If for example I was in the jungle and a tiger were to come into view, my anxious thoughts and feelings would give a surge to my brain and body's arousal system cuing me to fight, flight or freeze. If I had no anxiety at all my body would not signal my arousal system to get up and go, and I would most likely become the tiger's lunch!

Anxiety also motivates us to protect ourselves from potential or imagined emotional harm. If I'm a graduate student fearing a failing grade on an important exam, I may visualize myself getting the failing grade and begin to feel the disappointment, frustration, and possible shame of not getting the passing grade that I had imagined. Since failing the exam I deem as undesirable to experience, my anxious and concerned thoughts and images would increase my anxiety levels and motivate me to do something about it. Healthy levels of anxiety give a signal to my body's arousal system providing me with the alertness and energy necessary to put in that extra hour of studying for the exam that I would not have naturally put in without it.

Anxiety in healthy levels in actuality is a friend of ours. The issue with anxiety, worry, and fear is that these emotions are mostly beneficial to us when experienced in mild to moderate levels. When we begin to obsess and ruminate about things that we interpret as potentially physically and / or emotionally confident, and we misconstrue the realistic exit of the triggering event by "blowing it out or proportion", as a consequence we increase our anxiety to a higher and more dangerous zone. In this danger zone anxiety begins to turn it's back on us for the worse unless we are in a position of imminent physical harm.

Since using the logical reasoning part of the brain takes more time and energy to use, our brain in the danger zone does not think it has the time or energy to process the event to its fullest and goes into the "rather safe than sorry" fight, flight, or freeze mode. Like in the example with the tiger, if I spent time evaluating and planning what to do I would have a lesser chance of surviving. In this danger zone, our brain becomes overpowered by the arousal fight, flight or freeze part of the brain (the amygdala) making it significantly more difficult to access logical and rational thoughts. When this happens we become emotionally immobilized by our anxiety, unable to access the part of the brain (the frontal lobe) which allows us to logically think through the event, and ascertain whatever what we interpret to happen is likely to come true or not.

In my example about studying for my important exam the next day, putting myself into the anxiety danger zone is going to be to my detriment. My body will start taking energy needed for proper digestion to use to power my hands and feet so I can potentially run from what I fear may happen, causing me to procrastinate studying and / or possibly avoid going to or run from the testing site. Unable to digest food properly is one of the many physical consequences of putting myself into this zone. Being in this danger zone will also heighten my body's arousal system surging it with adrenaline resulting in the inability for me to fall sleep the night before the exam. It will send more blood to my peripheral muscles from my head and other important parts of my body to store for my potential fight, flight or freeze response. This would cause me to have less access to the logic and reasoning part of the brain I would most definitely need the day of the exam.

The solution to keeping anxiety as our friend working for us rather than against us is to spend time monitoring our thoughts and the images we put into our minds. Catching and reevaluating our thoughts will reduce our emotional stress. It's more productive and beneficial to focus on the skills and resources we have to solve our problems, and surrender the rest! Obsessing and ruminating about our shortcomings and the unknown rarely helps us to reduce anxiety to more moderate problem-solving levels. Deep breathing can help give us the necessary oxygen in our body to calm our arousal system down. Picturing pleasant and happy images reduces the amount the arousal system is triggered. Telling ourselves affirmations such as "I can handle whatever life throws at me," and "I can tolerate distress and use it as motivation to solve my problems" are some helpful cognitive examples to bring anxiety back down to moderate and minimal levels. These skills used in combination will encourage anxiety to begin working for us again, so that we can better overcome life's challenges, rather than being consumed by them.

Intestinal Parasite: Know Their Routes To Eliminate Them


Beware! Appearances are deceptive. They are minute. But, they are really dangerous. They are on the prowl everywhere. You can’t escape them. They are the parasites!

The first thing to know about the intestinal parasites is that they are parasites in the truest sense of the term. So, who do you call a parasite? In popular parlance a parasite is a person who simply lives on others wealth. But the most important derogatory characteristic ascribed to a parasite is that it does not think good of its benefactor.

On the other hand, literature abounds of such parasites that leave no stone unturned to throw out the master and usurp his place. And literature is a generally an apt portrayal of the society. A parasite is basically a sycophant. In ancient Greece, a parasite was a person who was a professional guest in any dinner party.

In medical term, a parasite is that life form which thrives within a different organism and does more harm than good to the host. At times, these parasites can even pose threats to the parent creature as these parasites are veritable sources of diseases. In the case of twins who are conjoined, the parasite is the incomplete twin as it takes support from the other fetus which is just about normal.


Parasites can be microscopic or large enough for the naked eye to identify them. Biologically, there are 3200 parasite species divided into the four main categories, viz., Cestoda, Nematoda, Protozoa, and Trematoda. All of them feast on our digestive highway.

The Cestodes are tapeworms, the nematodes are the roundworms, and the protozoans are unicellular organisms. At times, these parasites strike our bodies simultaneously. The HIV infected people are generally hosts to the protozoans, including isospora, microsporidia, and cryptosporidium.


These common organisms can be found everywhere in our environment, in the air we breath, in the water we drink, or in the food we eat. Believe it or not, our body also plays host to as many as 100 parasites of different shapes, sizes and colors.


An intestinal parasite grows, gets forced sustenance, and thrives within the human intestines or the entire strip known as the gastro-intestinal tract. They are microscopic in size although larger than the viruses or the bacteria. They spread from the environment to the human beings. Unhygienic locales, constant proximity with animals or food that is not cooked in the required temperature are ideal grooming places for the parasites.

The two main species of intestinal parasites are protozoa and helminths. While the protozoa are unicellular and multiply within our beings, the helminths are multicellular worms and are basically harmless. Helminths do not multiply within our bodies and move out.


These parasites may be quite nondescript in appearances. But they have developed fascinating tactics to take for a ride even our body’s highly foolproof immunity network. Just like the villains of thriller movies, some of these microscopic parasites put on the facades of tissues in such a way that the sentinels in our body mistake them to be a part and parcel of the body. After that, these parasites multiply themselves slowly but silently. And, at the opportune time when the immune system grows weak owing to some other illnesses these parasites make their forays!


The parasites can run riot inside your body. First and foremost, we are robbed of those ingredients that are absolutely necessary to help our digestion process. It is because of these parasites that many of us become anemic and feel lethargic after we have our meals. These parasites squeeze away our amino acids, vitamins, nutrients, and minerals.

They can make holes in your intestines, lungs, liver as well as the circulatory system. They can even wear away or clog or even damage the main organs. The parasites do this by piecing together to form tumors. More often then not, such lumps are mistaken to be cancerous. These lumps flow with the blood to our lungs, heart and even the brain.

The parasites even poison us via the toxic (metabolic) waste products which they release within our bodies. Once this takes effect, we suffer from the dysfunction called verminous intoxification. The people affected by this condition find problems in doing away with the metabolic wastes. Then, these toxins are again absorbed by the intestines.


Did you ever imagine that when you have constipation or problems in clearing the bowels you are creating the perfect grooming place for these parasites? The accumulated faeces on the colon wall give the parasites the nourishment.

Now, how do they enter our bodies in the first place? Even the water we drink and the food we consume are ideal conduit routes for these beings. And, they can enter through our skins as well as our noses. Thus, they do not necessarily need any agent for the transmission into our bodies. Their entry routes can be through sexual acts or even the mosquito or the housefly.

Hence the need for hygienic and healthy lifestyle!

The Painted Portrait – What is So Hard About it?

Most people tend to answer: ‘Getting the likeness.’ But any experienced, successful,and honest portrait painter can tell you that ‘getting a likeness’ is purely a matter of careful observation and measurement of the physical proportions of your sitter. A human subject can, and should be, assessed by the artist in the same way as you would a landscape, still life or any other subject for a painting.

The real challenge is to convey the character of the person you are painting. For this, it is essential to arrange at least one face-to-face meeting with your Subject, lasting at least two hours. Although it is natural to offer coffee or a cold drink, avoid letting this become a social visit. The time of your sitter is at least as valuable as your own and s/he is at your studio for a purpose. Use the time well.

A very good way to get a feel for the inner Self of your subject is to make this first meeting a photo session. With a fast-action camera – hand-held, no tripods or fancy lights to make the sitter nervous and self-conscious – you can ask questions while you snap away. Somehow, people are always willing to answer the photographer!

One unforgettable instance of this happened as I was taking the initial snapshots of a retired sugarcane farmer who was extremely reserved and private by nature. Acting on a happy inspiration, I produced an authentic, well-worn cane machete from my ‘props’ cupboard and asked him to demonstrate the proper way to use it (on an imaginary stand of cane.) Suddenly, he came to life and talked with deep passion about his love for the land and his life on the farm, recalling his favourite dog and the long-dead horses which once helped him cultivate the crop. Thinking aloud, I said it sounded as if he were speaking of his own private kingdom and he replied that was just how he felt about it. That moment of illumination resulted in the portrait I called ‘Sugarcane Kingdom.’ The photos do not need to be very good because you will mainly use them as reference when the sitter is absent. So, be sure to get shots from many angles. You will have taken measurements, either with calliper or by eye, and noted these down in writing or by making sketches. Still, your photos will be invaluable in letting you check without constantly calling the sitter back to the studio.

The greatest boon of the camera is in letting you catch that characteristic gesture or stance of your subject when s/he is at ease and forgetting to ‘pose.’

An example of this happened during the first session for my portrait of well-known conservationist and fellow artist Percy Trezise. Clearly thinking to ‘help’ me make an interesting picture, Percy had struck a dramatic pose each time I picked up my sketch book. So, only by swift and sneaky action with the camera could I catch the real man at ease.

When Percy came to view the finished work, he brought along his wife and his mother. They were all pleased with the portrait, but Percy protested that he never stood with his hands thrust down in his pockets as shown in the painting. As he said it, his two ladies laughed, and as they pointed at him, Percy looked down and grinned, seeing his hands were, at that moment, stuck deep in his trouser pockets.

Of course, as every portrait painter knows, a truly accurate rendition may provoke disappointment in the subject caused by his/her own vanity or by the sentimentality of relatives and friends. This obstacle arose very early in my own career. The sitter was about to resume her overseas posting and wanted the portrait as a gift for her mother. Lucy (not her real name) was a very beautiful woman in her mid-forties, with a ‘lived-in’ face full of character. But like so many women of our Super-model era, Lucy worried about the lines that made her face so expressive, even in repose. Her only request to me was: ‘You will take out my wrinkles, won’t you?’ Sitting her down at my dressing table, I asked her to frown, then smile into the mirror. She was then able to see, as I had, that her so-called wrinkles were all lines of good humour and a record of the happiness she had experienced.

Some weeks later, I took a phone call from her mother, who asked if she could bring the portrait to my studio for discussion about a change she would like made. I figured this would be minor; after all, it has been infamously said that ‘A portrait is a likeness in which there is something a bit wrong with the mouth.’ But did I get a shock! The lady explained that her daughter did not have ‘all those wrinkles’ and she had brought along some photos to prove it and help me change the painting.

Carefully, I set them out in a row, asking the mother to tell me what age Lucy was when each photo was taken. The most recent of them was taken when Lucy was nineteen. I then laid out the photos I had taken of Lucy at her sitting, letting the mother make her own comparisons. She was able to realise that her fond maternal memory had obscured the reality.

I did this once, myself. An attempt to produce a portrait of my son as a gift for his grandmother resulted in a picture that made him appear angelic. Only he had the courage to make me see what I had done: ‘Mum, you painted this one with the eye of a Mother, not a Painter.’

When you arranged this first session with your client on the phone, you would have clearly stated how long it would take. It is courteous to stick to that agreement – your client may well have other important things to do that day. So, keep a discreet eye on your watch, and when time is nearly up, thank your client for a productive session. Ask that s/he be willing to come to the studio again for at least one more sitting prior to the final check (skin and hair colouring etc) before completion of the painting. S/he is certain to agree; after all, s/he has as much interest as you do in achieving a successful portrait.

It is a good idea to discuss size at this stage; some people have a fixed preference, though they will accept your advice if you clearly explain your reasons. I have sometimes had to persuade clients to a smaller size – for example, when a huge canvas of a child would be inappropriate to the subject and overwhelming in the home – or a larger size when a double portrait would look cramped on a small canvas or less than impressive in the board room. You might also ask whether s/he would like to arrange the framing or would prefer to leave it to you.

Before s/he leaves, explain that you will send a letter setting out the specifications of the work for approval, within the next X weeks. This will depend on how long it takes you to decide on the composition, which in turn will decide the best size (and in most cases, the price) for the work. If you are an experienced painter, this will also allow you to quote an estimated delivery date.

It is extremely helpful to both parties if you can show your sketches or drawings at this point. It is a bit tough to expect anyone else to imagine what you are planning from words alone! Because my technique is to make a detailed Drawing straight onto the canvas, I can invite clients to view it at the studio if they live locally or are prepared to travel. But many folk can happily decide to go ahead on the basis of good photos of your drawings, so long as you spell everything out.

If you accept a commission from a corporate or a public (i.e. government funded and administered) client, I would recommend the use of a formal contract. Guidelines are available from your local Art Society or Arts Law centre. But for private clients, my experience has been that such formality is not needed. Your letter setting out the specifications of the work, and the client’s acceptance will be binding enough. In nearly thirty years, I have never had a private client who did the wrong thing. If you have doubts, ask for a written acceptance ‘for your records’ or write a memo of the phone call when the client accepts, and maybe lodge a copy with your lawyer.

One more thing: Because a portrait is a Painting, and a painting evolves like a living thing during its creation, it is vital that you reserve the right to make changes if the artistic need arises, even after the client gives approval of your original design. Make this request clearly before you begin, in fact, it is best to include it in your letter as well. If you have taken the time to plan the painting to the very best of your ability, any changes will not radically affect the design, but will only enhance it.

To sum up:

1. Seek the inner person of your subjects.

2. Faithfully reproduce their real physical appearance – no ‘artistic Botox or plastic surgery’ even if it means refunding the deposit and declining the commission; if the rejected portrait works as a Painting, it will usually sell in the gallery anyway.

3. Explain your plan for the work clearly and honestly to the client. Make sure that you both understand what is agreed, so there are no nasty surprises.

4. Do not contemplate becoming a portraitist unless you truly enjoy painting people. If you do, Happy Painting! It is a fascinating challenge.

(c) Dorothy Gauvin

Halogen Lighting – The Technology Behind It


Tungsten Halogen lamps were invented in 1958 by the engineers of General Electric. Producing a very strong, white light they are now used in many applications from automotive to retail display lighting. To understand their many advantages and consequent popularity we will compare the way in which ‘normal’ incandescent lamps work.

Incandescent Lamps

A normal incandescent lamp comprises a tungsten filament inside a glass envelope filled with inert gas such as argon or nitrogen. An electric current heats up the filament to about 3000 degrees making it a thermal radiator. At this temperature about 5-10% of the electrical input is converted to visible light and about 90% to heat, which is not particularly efficient!

During this process the filament vaporises and tungsten atoms stream towards and deposit on the cooler glass walls of the lamp envelope, which, over time becomes black. You will probably have noticed this in some of your older household lamps.

This is bad news on two fronts: The filament is constantly degrading, and thus limits the life of the bulb. In normal use incandescent lamps typically last only 750 to 1,000 hours. The blackening of the glass also impairs the performance of the lamp for the deposited Tungsten material absorbs light. To decelerate this blackening conventional incandescent lamps have a ‘big’ envelope with a wide surface area to spread the deposited tungsten.

The Halogen Breakthrough

The engineers of GE discovered that when Halogen gas was added to the envelope tungsten atoms did not collect on the walls. The Halogen atoms attach themselves to the vaporised tungsten atoms and transport them back to the filament where they are reused. The Halogen atoms then go back out into the lamp atmosphere and search for more vaporised Tungsten atoms. This continual process is known as the ‘Halogen Cycle’, and it signalled a breakthrough in lamp technology and design.

  1. Since the tungsten filament is continually ‘re-fed’ with atoms it may be operated at much higher temperatures. This results in a much brighter, whiter light. Halogen lamps therefor have a better ‘light efficacy’. They produce about 20% more light per watt than an incandescent lamp.
  2. The whiter light that halogen lamps produce give a ‘better colour rendering’, as they identify more colours of the visible spectrum. Their use initially became widespread in retail display lighting for this reason.
  3. Because the filament is continually re-fed with tungsten it lasts much longer. Halogen lamps are now being produced with an expected life of over 4000 hours.
  4. They do not suffer from blackening meaning the lamp performs consistently throughout its life.
  5. Since blackening does not occur, halogen lamps have no need for a big envelope, and are thus much more compact. The envelope of a G4 12v 20w capsule, for example, is just over 1cm long


These advantages have made halogen lamps the number one choice of architects, lighting designers, retailers and home owners. Continual research and development by the major lamp manufacturers is leading to improvements in light efficacy, lamp life and performance. The future for halogen lighting looks bright indeed!

Surprise! South Florida's Hidden Beach

Want to know a secret? There's a State Park and beach in South Florida that no one seems to know about.

Beautiful surroundings, a gorgeous sun-splashed beach … that you might just have all to yourself.

Where is this secluded Florida park and beach? It's actually within easy reach!

Introducing …

… John D. MacArthur Beach State Park. It's a little-known gem north of Singer Island and south of Jupiter Beach on the Atlantic ocean.

This totally amazing Florida state park boasts a tropical dune trail and a beautiful beach. Urban sprawl has not reached here so the beach and the park is quiet most of the year. You might not even see anyone else!

The Park's Interesting Past

The beach has some interesting history, dating back when it was called Air Force Beach during World War II. What is now Palm Beach International airport was an Air Force base back then. Almost servicemen thread some pretty wild beach parties, so it was (unofficially) named Air Force Beach!

Some time later, John D. MacArthur bought the land, wanting to keep a pristine part of southern Florida safe. He donated the land in the 1970's and the park (named after him) publicly opened in 1989.

Barrier? What Barrier?

MacArthur Beach State Park is located on a barrier island, which is long and narrow, separating the mainland from the sea. Although condominiums and hotels have taken over many of Florida's beautiful barrier islands, not this one – it's still "au naturale"!

Be on the Lookout For …

… Sea turtles! Rare species of sea turtles are known to nest here, including the endangered loggerhead and the much rarer leatherback. You probably will not see the turtles themselves but you might see evidence that they have been around. If you'd really like to see the turtles, there are ranger-led walks in May and June. Make advanced reservations through the office – these tours are popular.

You might see some roseate spoonbills at the park. Huh? Roseate spoonbills are fascinating birds; their feathers are rose tinted ("flamingo pink") and the end of their bills are spoon shaped.

Birding tours are also occasionally available, for the ornithologically inclined.

Beaching It!

The most amazing single thing about this glorious Florida state park is that very few people come here. Possibly because there are loads of public beaches just to the north and the south, MacArthur Beach State Park is quiet. Serene. And you are likely to have the two miles of sandy beach all to yourself!

Swim the waters, snorkel the reef or even try one of the park's surfing clinics – the beach holds all kinds of possibilities!

Want to find out more about this hidden gem (and see photos) located in South Florida? Check out:

The Dangers Of Selling Or Recycling Your Computer

Never be in such a hurry to get rid of your old computer that you forget the things you need to do to protect yourself. You could be subjecting yourself to identity theft or criminal penalties. Here are just some of the things you need to do:

  • Always remove the License sticker. Use a razor blade, or knife and carefully remove this sticker. It can be found in numerous areas on the outside of the case. It will have the name of the operating system that was installed on the hard drive. Just below that is the very long number which is the activation code. If you can successfully remove the sticker in one piece, you can reuse it on another computer if need be. You are the one that owns the license that you paid for. You do not want anyone else to use it.
  • Remove all personal data from your hard drive. If you do not you could be subjecting yourself to possible identity theft. In fact, if you left the address list on you email account every person on that list could be at risk. If you saved all your passwords and user names for your bank account or other critical web sites, it is possible for someone else to access these accounts. Once they are in they can change the password so that you can not get into your own account. They can find ways to empty your account before you know what happened.
  • Reformat the hard drive. This is the only good way to be real sure all your personal data has been removed. Even after you format the drive, highly sophisticated software can get information off you drive. If you had very sensitive information on the drive you may want to have it professionally destroyed. They would be done with special software or by physically destroying the drive.
  • If you are not sure how to reformat a drive or remove it find a technician in your area that does know.
  • You could also just remove the hard drive from the case. The hard drive can be kept or you can worry about what to do with it later.
  • There could be some legal problems if you try to just throw the computer in a dumpster or get rid of it in an illegal manner. Many Cities now have recycling laws that must be followed.

If you recycle the computer at a recycling center do not bet that someone will not want to see what is on your computer. This is even more true if you sell your old computer to somebody else. The data that is on the computer hard drive could be worth more than the computer itself for certain people.

Use Ceiling Fans in Your Small-Scale Business

Owning a small coffee shop or a seafood restaurant does not mean that you have to skimp on the essential things. The people who expended effort to reach your place and spend money on your tasty servings should not only be satisfied by what they eat but also by what they feel inside your place. Comfort is paramount to the success of your business. When people are dripping sweats when they partake their meals or when they could not wait to get out of your establishment because it feels like a warm oven inside, your business could seriously get into the downhill path in no time at all.

Modern convention dictates the use of central air-conditioning inside establishments these days. However, if you can not afford yet to invest in such things for your small-scale shop or restaurant then you should resort to the use of another affordable and effective cooling system. There are ceiling fans which you can take advantage of. These are practical devices you can employ to help keep your customers feel cool and make your establishment look cool at the same time.

Securing the comfort of your customers is very important if you want them to go back again and again to your place. With ceiling fans positioned in strategic places, you can keep everyone inside feel comfortable despite the sweltering heat that can be felt out in the open. With soft breezes cooling them down, they'll feel relax as they eat their meals and converse with their companions.

The ambience of your shop or restaurant will also highly affect the mood of your customers. The beautiful designs in blade and lighting components of the overhead fans can make for a pleasant sight. These awesome spectacles can stir a wonderful feeling inside the customers. And, people who feel happy have the increase tendencies to splurge and buy or order more things. These devices, therefore, are nice touches you should incorporate into your small-scale business.

Carpet or Wooden Floor?

When looking for a new floor for your house, you are being bombarded with a huge choice of flooring materials. All the manufacturers claim that their product is the best and you should choose their over the competitor's one.

Two of the most popular flooring products are carpets and wooden floor. None of them are perfect and have advantages and disadvantages. I will try to go through some of the pro's an con's of both.


They have been used as a floor covering for many centuries of years. They come in a variety of colors, designs, thicknesses and are made using a huge range of yarns. The most popular yarns are wool, polypropylene and nylon.

Advantages of carpets:

  • almost infinite palette of colors and designs
  • comfortable to walk on
  • they thermally insulate the floor
  • they are easy and cheap to fit
  • they keep around 90% of allergens on the floor, stopping them from becoming airborne
  • they provide a better sound for the room since the carpet stops the sound bouncing off the floor
  • carpet provides a sound insulation between floors

Disadvantages of carpets:

  • carpets can easily be permanently stained
  • they have a shorter life span than wooden floors

Wooden floors

Wooden floors have been used by man since for more than 2000 years. Wood stands out from other materials through it's durability, look and variety of wood essences available. A well maintained wooden floor should last more than 100 years without the need to replace it. It has some disadvantages though. Below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of solid wood floors.

Advantages of wooden floors:

  • long lasting
  • easy to clean
  • a wide variety of wood essences and colors

Disadvantages of wooden floors:

  • expensive to buy
  • costly and time consuming installation
  • almost no sound and thermal insulation
  • easily scratched and marked
  • needs a lot of maintenance to keep it looking good
  • needs constant brushing / vacuuming
  • suspicious to warping and buckling if installed incorrectly or not dry when installed
  • sensitive to even low amounts of moisture

Above were some of the advantages and disadvantages of wooden floors and carpets.

Choosing the wrong flooring materials can be very expensive. Carpet is a lot more versatile than wooden flooring due to the fact that it can be made from a wide variety of fibers to suit any environment. Carpets are easy to install and quite cheap when you compare them to wood flooring. They come in a wide range of colors and qualities, from the classic wool twist carpet to the most modern nylon saxony. Carpet are very easily integrated in your property's color scheme due to the fact that it comes in a huge range of colors and designs.

The easiest way to compare carpets and wood flooring is to walk into your nearest carpet shop and see what they have to offer. There are a lot of internet retailers that sell carpets and wood but it is difficult to tell the real colors and feel of a carpet just by looking at a picture.

Description on Portable Evaporative Coolers

This article discusses the variety of Portable Evaporative Coolers in the market, particularly their benefits, prices and features.

While evaporative coolers function to cool rooms through the power of water, industrial strength heavy duty evaporative coolers are often bulky and heavy. However, the need for evaporative coolers in homes has given rise to the demand for portable evaporative coolers. Although less powerful as compared to their heavy duty counterparts, portable evaporative coolers cost much less with features that are adequate for home use.

NewAir Portable Evaporative Coolers are great value for money!

As one of the favored Portable Evaporative Coolers, the NewAir AF-330 offers great value-for-money at a price of only $ 139.55. Apart from being conventional air cooling, this Portable Evaporative Cooler also works as an air purifier through a HEPA filter installed within. Also, this portable evaporative cooler has a coverage range of 200 square feet, and at just 18 lbs with wheels, this cooler is light enough to be moved from room to room.

Achieve optimum silence with Quietaire Portable Evaporative Coolers

If you are seeking for a portable evaporative cooler that is quiet, portable and yet heavy duty then the Quietair range of Portable Evaporative Coolers may just suite your needs. Indeed, the effective range of this brand of portable evaporative cooler is dependent on the particular model you have selected. The larger 48 and 36 inch models possess cooling ranges of up to 3000 square feet, while the smaller 8 inch portable evaporative cooler units are suited for much smaller areas.

Convaire Mobile Evaporative Coolers lets you move them around!

Another home evaporative cooler which is truly mobile is the Convaire Arctic Breeze mobile evaporative cooler. This machine has a cooling range of 400 square feet, holds up to 5.5 gallons of water and weighs only a mere 46 lbs. With castor wheels installed at the feet of this mobile evaporative cooler, the Convaire Arctic Breeze is a breeze to move around. Also, as this cooler is made of polymer materials, rusting and corrosion will never be a problem for users. At a price of $ 249.95, this is a really fair price in exchange for the great benefits.

Connect your house to the AdobeAir Mobile Evaporative Cooler and you are all set to go!

As a mobile evaporative cooler, the AdobeAir boasts of high velocity, easy connections just through the garden hose, and 4 fitted castor wheels for ultimate mobility. The only downside is probably the higher price of this cooler – at $ 587.99 – in comparison to competitor models.

Finally, with the many portable evaporative cooler selections in the market, it is always beneficial to evaluate the features of several models in order to identify the cooler that best fits your budget and your requirements.

Teaching English in Colombia: Frequently Asked Questions

The following composer some of the most frequently asked questions I receive on teaching English in Colombia. While not a complete listing, the responses do provide some brief insight into EFL possibilities here. I have lived and taught in Colombia since 1995 and am currently teaching at a large university in Cali.

Q: Do you have a list of EFL schools in Colombia or know where I may find one?

A: You will find some helpful information for teaching English in Colombia in an online article published by Transitions Abroad magazine at:

Q: I am particularly interested in spending time in Cartagena. I wonder if
you might be able to advise me or point me in the right direction.

A: In Cartagena you can contact any schools there directly when you arrive since it's a reliably small city based solely on some tourism. Unemployment is very high there unfortunately. You should contact regular primary and secondary schools as well.

Q: I'm beginning to get the impression that maybe Cartagena may not hold many opportunities. Does your comment about unemployment being high there simply because there's not much call for English teachers (to adults) in the town? I'm not being very successful searching for adult educational establishments in Cartagena.

A: With approximately 80 per cent unemployment, Cartagena might not be right for you. Beggars, thieves, con artists and a massive army of poor constantly surround you. You certainly can not go to the beach that the city is famous for because there they know you're a "tourist" with disposable dollars and you'll be absolutely miserable after the first 500 or so beggars have besieged you in less than a couple of hours. Not much of a vacation spot now, I'm afraid. Sorry.

Q: I understand you have written a series of articles about teaching English in Colombia, could you point me in the right direction?

A: Your best opportunities will be in Bogota, the capitol, with more than 75 schools, universities and institutions from which to choose. Cali has about forty such options. If you'd like to be on the coast, you might try Barranquilla. The language institute at the university there is hiring EFL teachers on a continuous basis and is online. It's the Universidad del Norte site in English is at:

Q: What is the best time of year to go to look for work in Colombia?

A: As far as looking for work is concerned; July to August you should be pounding the pavement. The next best time frame is in early to mid January. Another critical period for job-hunting is May to June. Most importantly, choose where you want to live and work, or make a pilot trip to unforgettable essential facts, leads and information on a couple of cities.

Q: How much money do you think I should have before I travel to Colombia?

A: Try to have enough money to tide you over at least three months of savings to give you some breathing room, but even one month of savings might be enough if you find something fairly quickly. Just look at the exchange rate of US dollars to Colombian pesos. Factor in the cost of living per month and you'll likely find an approximate amount of savings that are necessary. You can compile a more accurate figure by checking out for their Bogota city cost guide.

Q: Is there anything else you might suggest to me as a newly certified EFL / ESL teacher?

A after a bit of tenure in Colombia you'll have other options, especially if your Spanish is passable. Also consider Spain, Mexico (my favorite), Ecuador, Chile and other Spanish-speaking countries. If you're not set on one of those, Turkey, Indonesia and China, along with other Asian countries pay very well and offer good opportunity for newbie native English speaking EFL teachers.

Q: Are your other articles available to read online?

A: Let me know what you have in mind and I might be able to offer some more specific suggestions. But for even more information on ELT, you may want to visit my English language teaching and learning blog at:

Also, my articles online at are cataloged at:

These should keep you interested, busy and informed for a while. Let me know if I can be of any further assistance.

Good luck.

Effective Communication Between Generations

Even though people in the various generations often do not agree, there is one thing they all agree on: Respect for each other in the workplace simply does not exist. Those in the older generations (the Silent Generation and the Baby Boomers) think the younger workers of today are lazy and disrespectful. On the other hand, the younger generations (Generation X and the Millennials) think the older workers are stuck in their ways and too closed-minded. Despite these differences, people from the varying generations must work together productively for the company to succeed. If they let their generational outlooks get in the way, conflict will result.

Use the following suggestions to overcome generational differences so everyone can get along:

Know each other's preferences

In a nutshell, the Silent Generation and the Baby Boomers prefer face-to-face communication. They like consensus, and they expect everyone to respect authority. They do not like conflict and will avoid it at all costs. Generation X and the Millennials love online meetings. They twitter each other and use e-mail the majority of the time. They're not afraid to confront others; they want their voices hear. They dislike being on teams and prefer to work alone.

While we can not automatically assume every single person in a particular generation behaves and thinks a certain way, knowing the generalities is a great first step. Therefore, take the initiative to learn about the other generations you work with. The more you understand their point of view and what events shaped their lives, the more you'll be able to work with them without conflict.

Spend time with each other

Simply knowing each other's preferences is one thing; it's another to actually spend time learning from the person. Remember that learning and mentoring is a two-way street. Just as younger people can learn things from older people, the older generation can definitely learn from the "kids."

As you do this, realize that you'll probably have to make compromises. For example, a younger person can teach an older person about some new computer communication tool. The younger person will need to employ patience during the training, and the older person will need to keep an open mind to the new technology. You'll also have to confront your own personal biases and work through them. Only then can you truly benefit from the interaction.

Be open to talking things out

The older people do not understand what all the pierced noses and tattoos are about, while the youngger people can not comprehend how someone can be so loyal to a company. Instead of just wondering in silence, it's time to talk it out – with the very people you do not understand. As long as the conversation stays respectful and does not turn into an accusatory yelling match, it will be a healthy way to gain broader understanding of each other. The sooner you start the conversation, the quicker you'll resolve differences.

Bridge the Gap Remember to do the following to effectively communicate between generations:

  • Know each others preferences
  • Spend time with each other
  • Be open to talking things out

Generational differences can be tough. However, when you are open and honest and take the time to really listened to each other, you can overcome any perceived differences – real or otherwise. A little generational understanding can go a long way to boosting the company's bottom line.

Wireless USB Hub – Free Yourself From Cable Clutter!

What is a Wireless USB Hub?

Wireless USB was created for laptop users allowing the device to go into sleep mode when the connection is not being used. This allows for little to no power being drained from the laptop batteries.

A Wireless hub can also be used on desktop PC's to allow you to connect to your USB peripherals without the wires or the "cable clutter". Once installed, the Wireless hub will eliminate the searching, untangling, and general mix-up associated with the tangle of USB cables on your computer.

Wireless USB gives you the convenience of Plug-and-Play USB connectivity and the benefits of wireless.

What can I use a Wireless USB Hub for?

On both a laptop and desktop you will need a Host adapter that plugs into your existing USB port. The wireless USB hub can be located locally (usually less than 30 feet from the computer).

There are many uses for the wireless hub, you can connect to a variety of devices such as:

– keyboard,
– mouse,
– printer,
– camera,
– MP3 player,
– external HDD's,

The list can go on, but you can see that this handy little device can be adjustable and end cable clutter!

Technical information on Wireless USB Hub.

Although the wireless USB hub is a simple device to purchase and install, there are some technical considerations:

USB Connector :

The hub should always come with a "USB Type A to mini-B" cable to connect one device to the hub. You will need additional cables if you connect more than one device.

Adapter :

The wireless hub will require a Wireless USB Adapter that is typically sold separately. It plugs into your laptop or desktop.

Maximum number of connections (ports) :

The hub will have a capacity of typically 4 USB devices, but check and make sure it provides enough connections for your devices.

Data Transfer Rate :

Typically the hub will provide a transfer rate up to 10 times WiFi.

Physical size :

Always check the physical size to make sure it will fit in your desired location. Also make sure the "USB Type A to mini-B" cable length is long enough to connect your USB devices to the hub.

Power :

The hub require external power and all manufacturers provide a power supply with the hubs. The Wireless Adapter will draw power from the laptop or desktop computer.

Operating System Compatibility :

This is very important, make sure the hub and associated software and drivers is compatible with your operating system.

What to watch out for .

While the USB hubs on the market are compatible with most manufacturers PC's, always confirm that the hub and associated software and drivers are compatible with your system. Also, check for the latest driver update. Manufacturers are constantly updating their software to fix bugs and add features, its free, so take advantage of it. Check the hardware requirements on either Amazons product page or the manufacturer's web site.


Wireless USB hubs are a great addition to any workstation station, especially if using a laptop or if you have numerous USB devices that create "cable clutter."

How to Wall Mount Your Flat Screen Plasma TV

A plasma television set wall mount is a relatively suitable and trendy way to mount your television set to the wall. Flat screen TV wall mounts saves space in the room and avoids extra furniture. They have different options that will allow you to adjust the screen to different angles so that you can watch TV from wherever you are in the room!

Installing Plasma TV Wall Mount

To enjoy the features and big screen of your Plasma TV, it is very important to make sure that the mounting of your TV on the wall is properly made. If you are not hiring a professional and confident that you can fix it, the following are the steps to install wall mount for your flat screen Plasma TV.

o Find studs in the wall

Once you select the suitable wall mount and the exact location of the wall mount on the wall, you need to find the studs in that wall location. It is very important that the mount is securely fixed to a stud. Find the center of the stud for the best results. You can easily find the studs in the wall using a stud finder.

o Drill into the wall

Mark the center of the stud with pencil on the wall. Ensure the mounting bracket locations are level and that the height is appropriate by using a cardboard of the size of the flat TV. Once you are sure that the correct markings are made, drill in to the markings on the studs. Make sure two or three times before drilling into the wall for the correct levels.

o Attach the mount and drill for the cables

After exactly drilling into the studs, attach the mount to the wall with the screws. Double check to ensure that the wall mount is level. Drill a hole behind the bracket to hide the wiring. Once it is done pull the cables through the wall. If you don’t want to drill again, use tapes and other tools to hide the cables.

o Attach the Flat TV

Once you are done with the wiring, the last step is to fix the TV set to the wall mount. As flat TV is often heavy, you need another person to hold it at least for few minutes. It’s a good idea to attach all of the cables to the TV before fixing it to the mount. Otherwise, it is difficult to connect the cords with insufficient space between the wall and the TV. You will not have this problem if you have swivel & tilt TV wall mount.

Once you finish the above step, you are successfully done with fixing the wall mount for your flat screen plasma TV. Enjoy the wall mounted flat screen TV that adds beauty and elegance to your living room and gives you a great entertainment experience.

Role of Emotion in The Creation of Art

I became interested in the subject of emotion in relation to creativity when I was making my collection of portraits, "20th Century Woman". For the role of the protagonist, I adopted the name Cressida and transformed myself into approximately 35 different 20th century women.

The collection was hailed for its originality. Yet there were just two exhibitions after which I made a journey from New Zealand to several countries distributing each portrait to its place of provenance. Only photographs of the original portraits remain. For many years I refused to discuss this collection after being accused of being narcissistic.

Now in the final phase of my life (I was born in 1929) I no longer care. My portraiture is a combination of photography and painting. The photograph presents reality as seen with the eye and the paintings are the images of emotions transformed into shapes and colors. Like the actor, I absorbed the character I was depicting. I asked myself why it was that in some of the portraits there are actual physical resemblances to the subjects I depicted. (Mask of the Sex Symbol Exploited is one such image.)

I went on to research the lives of many truly great artists and found that they were driven by their emotions. There are scientists who endorse what I discovered through art. Emotion releases chemicals that influence creativity. Deeply felt emotion has a substantial influence on creativity. Moreover, some scientists believe that emotion is the nexus between mind and body. It makes us ONE.

Thus, we can begin to understand why it is imperative that we allow our emotions to enhance what we create. The chemicals of emotion are released from the brain and travel through the MIND / BODY. An artist creating a picture of a sad woman should be feeling her sadness. He / she should become the subject, absorb her pain. Only then will the picture be so compelling that the viewer will not only see a sad image but will feel the sadness. It will be a MIND / BODY image of a sad woman.