Things to Consider When Picking the Best Motorcycle Helmet

Do you own a motorcycle? If so, you know that riding this two wheeler provides a phenomenal experience. When it comes to riding a motorcycle, safety should be our number one priority. After all, you can enjoy life only when you are alive. Therefore, nothing can be more important than wearing a helmet before leaving for a journey on your bike. Before you get your hands on a helmet, make sure you do some research. Below are some helpful tips to help you.

Types of helmets

Helmets that are designed for motorcycles are rounder than those designed for bikes. Moreover, you have a lot of options to choose from, such as open face helmet, modular helmet, half shell helmet, dual sport and full face helmets, just to name a few. You can choose one based on your needs.


If you need one for your daily commute to work, make sure you go for a high end helmet. These units are comfortable and provide improved dynamics in addition to reduced noise of the wind. As a matter of fact, versatility and comfort are two things that you need for traveling, riding or touring. On the other hand, if you need one for racing or riding, you may want to go for one that offers extra features, such as aggressive venting and tear off posts.


Following features should be considered when making a choice.

1. Material

The material of the unit you buy effects other factors, such as the weight, safety rating and comfort. Common materials used in the making include carbon fiber, fiberglass composite and polycarbonate along with a layer of expanded polystyrene foam. Polycarbonate is cheap, flexible and absorbs energy. Fiberglass composite may flex, split and crush as it absorbs energy, but it costs more. So, make sure you know what your unit is composed of.

2. Weight

The weight of helmets is between 1.4 kg and 1.8kg. Make sure the one you choose properly fits. If the weight of the unit is not even on your head, it may feel heavy on your shoulders and head. Your neck may also get strained. Unlike a Full Face, modular units weight more.

Other features

Nowadays, helmets provide many technological features, such as communication provisions, wind reduction measures and integrated sunshade, to name a few. These features improve you riding experience.

Additional Safety Features

You may also want to ensure that your unit has extra safety features, such as emergency cheekpad release system. This system allows you to take off the helmet in case of a medical need.


Often, the price of a helmet is based on the features and materials. In short, if you opt for an expensive unit, you can enjoy better technology, comfort and protection. However, even if you spend a bit less, you can still get a decent unit.

So, if you are going to invest in a good motorcycle helmet, we suggest that you consider the tips given in this article. Hope this helps.

Mold Removal- 13 Things you May Not Know about Mold

Mold seems like a comparatively innocent issue. Sure, it's ugly … when you see it. But sometimes, it's the mold you can not see that's more of a problem. Mold removal is one of those chores we tend to place low on a list of priorities because it does not seem like it does much damage, but it's a little like an iceberg; you do not always see the full extent of the problem. If you knew more about this seemingly innocuous substance, you might feel inclined to tackle mold removal more promptly.

1. Mold can cause degradation to buildings and even cause problems for the health of people and pets. You may not know it but when there's mold in the house, you can actually breathe in the spores.

2. Mold is not 'dirt', because its grime appearance. It is actually a living organism in the family of mushrooms and you do not just clean it, you kill it. Mold removal can be any ongoing job without you remove the source and cause of it.

3. If you want to determine if a dirty patch on a surface is mold or dirt, spray some water on it and rub. If the patch turns slimy, you most likely have a mold removal job on your hands.

4. Mold can present as black, gray or brown spots.

5. Contrary to popular belief, you can not just get rid of mold by pouring bleach on it. Most chemicals have been proven to be ineffective against the spores over a period of time.

6. To really tackle mold removal, you have to find the source of the moisture that is feeding it. Then you have to dry it out, physically scrape off the mold and then apply the right dilutions of the appropriate chemicals.

7. Vinegar actually kills the spores and is there before an effective tool for mold removal. It actually kills the mold without emitting any chemicals into the air so it's a 'friendly' way to do the job.

8. Only white fermented vinegar works on mold. Synthetic acetic acids simply do not work.

9. Exposure to fungi has been associated with asthma, hay fever and allergies. Spores can reach the respiratory tract and lungs, triggering allergic responses. Up to 15% of the general population have been found to be allergic to "fungi".

10. During mold removal, always wear gloves to protect your hands. If possible, it's a good idea to also protect your eyes with goggles and wear a disposable mask to avoid breathing in the spores.

11. When tackling a large mold removal job, investing in a pair of disposable overalls will help contain the problem as you can simply throw the overalls away and not contaminate other garments in the washing machine.

12. Removing old wallpaper could have a mold problem that you did not know exhausted. Not only will it reveal it, but it will disperse mold spores into the air.

13. Mold removal should begin as soon as you notice the spores so that they do not have a chance to weak or rot the surface on which they are feeding.

As unsightly and smelly as the spores may be, the greater motivating factor in mold removal is to maintain an environment of health and hygiene. Mold is quite a culprit in terms of allergies and respiratory problems and is sometimes overlooked. Keep your family – including pets – free of exposure to mold spores by being vigilant about dampness in the home.

Travel in Turkey

Bosporus Strait is the border between the east and west and the country that is set on its side is an amalgamation of both. Turkey is a temptation for almost every tourist on the planet. You can find the latest western spa here just beside the alluring Asian pavement market. Christian bells matching its pleasing tinkles with holy muezzin and ethnic tints on modern colonies- the Bosporus Land is beyond comparison. It utters saga of some of the most transcend emperorships on the planet including Romans and Ottomans. Apart from historical and cultural abundance, the country is famed among tourists for its natural richness also. Its extensive coastline, high peaks and tranquil lakes are unmatched.

With millions of tourist influx every year, Turkey tourism has set a benchmark in Mediterranean countries. Zones of tourism in Turkey are divided into various regions, which are known as bouquet of some of the most dazzling offerings of Turkey. Its lush terrain and stunning archaeological sites are most sought after. For maximum voyagers, Turkey is the place to witness the unique blend of Asia and Europe where one side of the road is crammed with European colonies while other side is a reflection of true Asian architecture. Istanbul- The capital city of the country is a fascination for explorers who opt for travel in Turkey. The city is divided into two parts by famous ‘Golden Horn’. One part of this city is located in Asia while other is in Europe; these sections are respectively known as ‘Old Section’ and ‘Modern Section’. It is often remarked as ‘Imperial Istanbul’.

The city is an assortment of natural splendor, historical attraction and wonderful architecture. Serpentine column, Walls of Constantinople, Galata Tower and Hagia Sofia are some of the gorgeous erections, which enlighten the bygone magnificence of the city.

Istanbul is tempting you too, what are you waiting for. Just get your package book for tours in Turkey. If you are finding Turkey Tour Packages a difficult deal then checkout various websites, which offer the best deal in Turkey tourism. These ‘Turkey Travel Guides’ will let you get almost every important information to make your travel a delighted experience.

Getting There-

Istanbul has two international airports on its both sides, which are connected via Bosporus Link.

Accommodation in Turkey-

The Mediterranean country sees an arrival millions of voyagers every year from all around the globe. To accommodate them there are numerous hotels in Turkey. These Turkey hotels are available in almost every range, depends on your choice.

The Journey Of Carpenters

Carpenters are employed throughout the country in almost every community and make up the largest building trades occupation. Carpenters have opportunities to work in residential, commercial, light industrial or heavy construction fields in the areas of new construction, renovations and maintenance.


There are journeyman carpenters, apprentice carpenters, lead certified painters, locksmiths, and carpet layer / tile setters. By 1400 English carpenters routinely applied Gothic arcation and Gothic ornament to the roofs and walls of quite humble buildings such as barns and peasant farmhouses, and to the facades of urban terraces, which Continental counterparts were by comparison 1 quite plain and functional. In the 12th century, several external pressures forced carpenters to modify this system.

During the 12th century English carpenters introduced the soulace, a brace between rafter and collar, to produce a polygonal 8 arch, as at Canon Pyon (Herefs. common-rafter roof in 15 the form of the cruck truss, at first apparently restricted to utilitarian structures, particularly farm buildings.As a result English carpenters developed systems which could be modified not only for houses of different classes, but also for other single- storied buildings, such as churches and barns.


Yet by the middle of the 14th century, and probably in the 1320s, West Midland carpenters had developed a new technique, the arch-braced collar-beam roof, which combined French principal 43 rafter construction with English wind bracing. Masons had of course introduced cusping in the traceried windows of the late 13th century, and some carpenters were quick to follow. On the Continent, Dutch and Flemish carpenters achieved a trefoiled barrel-vault by combining the wagon roof with base-shells, as at the Bijloke in Gent about 54 1300 (slide). However that may be, around the middle of the century carpenters developed king- post roofs, at first with elaborate cusping, like the Porch at 56 Wellington (Herefs. , (slide) as in the south wing of Middle Farm, Harwell, where in the west bay they form an arch over the former staircase entry.

Strong ties with the Nanaimo CHBA and other local contractors, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners Local 527, City of Nanaimo building officials, and many other sub-trades and suppliers have replied in a close cooperative training partnership with the local building industry. Excellent opportunities exist for graduates of this program to obtain carpentry apprenticeships with professional building contractors or the Carpenters Unions. Graduates of this program have been successful in procuring employment in positions such as apprentice carpenters, concrete formers, wood framers, finishing carpenters' helpers, cabinet installers, and home renovators.

There is now some evidence of similar structures in northern France, and the techniques used in them may have inspired French carpenters to invent the wagon or cradle roof, a modification of the earlier English soulaced roof. In 21 the 14th century English carpenters modified the form, thickening up some of the rafters to form principals, and adding at 22 first one purling below, and later several.

The Wonderful World of Lighting

Whatever the style of your home and home decor, whatever color your rooms are and no matter how they are furnished, lighting should be an integral part of the design.

In the same way that textures and colors of fabric are selected because they complement each other (for soft furnishings, for example), successful lighting is dependent on task, feature and general lighting all working in harmony. By carefully selecting and varying the levels and type of task,
feature and general lighting components, you can create the perfect light setting for every activity in your home as well as creating dramatic effects where needed.

In order to fully appreciate the different types of lighting fixtures available these days, this article will describe the features and benefits of some of these. After all, being properly informed will enable you to have the confidence to light up your home with style and ease.

Table lamps – Easily portable and can be highly effective lighting fixtures which can be positioned anywhere in a room. They can be located near sofas and chairs and hence function as task lights to help with reading. Table lamps positioned around the edges of a room can eliminate dark corners.

Pendant lights – These are hanging lamps which are suspended from the ceiling by a chain or rod. The light they produce can be dark and somewhat limiting though pendants themselves are often highly decorative and come in many different designs. It is usually better to supplement the light from pendants with other types of indoor lighting fixtures such as wall lights as well as floor and table lamps.

Chandeliers – Magnificent to look at and highly decorative chandeliers, most commonly found in large open hallway entrances and in dining rooms, add a touch of opulence and splendor by their presence. Usually, if used on their own as a light source, the light can be flat and boring.
Although, crystal chandeliers can create a lot of unwelcome glare. This can be resolved by installing a dimmer to reduce the output of the lamps and light and to use other forms of lighting, such as low-voltage downlights dotted around the chandelier, to shine through the chandelier.

Downlights – Another way of lighting up a room and in fact low voltage downlights produce a very crisp white light which can literally transform dark and dingy places. Usually, downlights are installed in fixtures in the ceiling or underneath cupboards. They are very versatile as they can be used for bringing light into the central area of ​​a room as well as be directed onto objects, pictures or ornaments, to provide both general and feature lighting.

Picture lights – Hanging pictures in your home is one way of adding to your home decor and what better way of providing even more focus to these with lights? Free-standing spotlights, directional downlights and frame-mounted lights can all be used. It merely
depends on how your picture is framed and which of these lighting fixtures will bring out the best in it. Free-standing spotlights are great if your picture is covered by glass as you want to avoid glass reflection. Simply use the spotlight as an uplight which cleverly reflects the glass reflection towards the ceiling. Another method is to use a recessed, low-voltage directional downlight which, when used correctly, can be a very effective picture light that prevents glare.

Wall washing – This is a brilliant, subtle way of softly illuminating plain walls. It can also be used to highlight ornamental objects to great effect. The lighting fixture is a small floodlight that can be ceiling-mounted, or placed at the top or bottom of a wall and effectively, will "wash" the wall
with a splash of light.

How To Develop Unstopable Persistence

Persistence and Desire are definitely where all roads to riches begin. I can categorically say that every rich person in the world today (with the exception of lottery winners and money passed down from generation to generation) started out with a burning desire to accumulate wealth and a never say die attitude in order to attain it.

They became so infatuated with the accumulation of wealth that they became "money conscious". Its simple, the more formatted your brain is with your desires, the more wealth you will accumulate. If you only have a mediocre drive to attain wealth, you will only achieve mediocre results. If your mind can not stop about thinking about wealth accumulation, your brain will give you inspiration almost daily and your chances of making millions are vastly increased.

This should enable you to see the intense power of desire. Some people are born with it, other people can attain it but you must have desire first before you embark on your journey. For example, when I worked as a technical sales engineer a few years back, I remember how my boss was. I have never seen a guy with as much drive or desire that this guy had. I mean, he had it in spades.

He was around 58-60 years old, had two or three other companies and was definitely a multi millionaire. I asked him one day, why are you doing this, I mean you have been fabulously successful in your business career, had other successful companies on the side being run by other people and yet still you wanted to grow this business. He answered that it was not the money that was stimulating him anymore; it was the challenge of growing a business from scratch and building it into a successful profitable business. I suppose there was good logic in his answer.

I do not know if I would be like him at his age. I understand about keeping the mind active as you enter into your sixty's and seventy's but there are other ways to do that. Now we have shown that my manager owns huge desire and drive and he has already provided this with the success of his other companies.

Here is where it gets more interesting. If you think this man has an amazing drive, wait until you see how persistent he is. I left this company because I feared my position. He let go around 3 employees before me and as the company was still not making a profit after 4 years on the road the shareholders and investors were very angry that their investments were not bearing fruit.

Therefore there was a lot of redundancies and lay offs. Now we were only a small company, something like 20 employees, but since the investors were sick of putting money in and seeing no return, they got their way up and up to six people were sacked. Now this was back in 2005 and to my knowledge, the company is still not making a profit. Can you believe that ?, 6 years in business and the business is still making ends meat. Talk about persistence of the highest order.

Here is the reason why he is doing this. He has another company which I will not name for legal reasons that is selling up to $ 700,000 a month at 60% margin. He told me once that he was on the brink of pulling the plug with this business also but one of his associates persuaded him not to. Talk about a good decision! He was in the same scenario, not making a profit in his business, until one day something turned in his fortune and since that day, he has never looked back.

That's the reason he is holding tough in his present venture. He knows the power of persistence and desire and that very often they will transform themselves into success

Ultimate Desire + Ultimate Persistence = Ultimate Success

How to Prepare for a Family Photoshoot Outdoors

Once you have sat down with your favorite photographer and decided on an outdoor photowalk for your family photographs, there are a few preparations you can make to ensure that the day goes as smoothly as possible and that the resulting photos will be ones you will treasure for many years to come.

Choosing the location can be one of the most important aspects for a successful photowalk. Your professional photographer may well have some suggestions and ideas that you might want to consider, as he will have experience in finding beautiful outdoor backdrops. But even more important than a beautiful background, is choosing a place that has some significance or meaning to your family. It is all well and good finding a beautiful lake surrounded by trees to look pretty behind you in your photographs, but if the place has no importance to your family it will be simply a backdrop, and forgettable. A good photographer will be more than willing to let you lead when it comes to choosing the location for your shoot, such as your local park, your favorite picnic area, that spot on the beach your family goes to time and again, even the field where you and your family walk the dog – and feel free to include the dog, he is part of your family too! Your children, particularly if they are young, will find these familiar locations comfortable and will be relaxed and act as they normally do, allowing the photographer to capture those candid moments of play.

Towards that end, it is helpful to choose a location where there is something for your family to do, or items with which they may interact, such as the play structures at a park, or a path full of autumn leaves, or a sandy beach . Bring the toys and equipment you would normally bring for a day out with the family – the picnic blanket, or the shovel and bucket, or the Frisbee. Do not forget your child's favorite doll or blanket. All of these props can add to the candid, real-life look of your photos. In a familiar place, surrounded by their own things, your children will soon forget about the photographer, leaving him to truly capture the feeling and spirit of your loved ones. A picture of you and your family building a sand castle together on your favorite strip of beach, professionally shot and edited, will stay in your hearts and minds for a long time to come and will bring back memories of many days shared together.

Once the location and props have been settled on, it's time to think about clothes. Be yourself, be relaxed, let your outfit reflect that perfect location you chose. A fancy dress and a suit and tie at the family play park? Of course not. You want to look your best in your photos, naturally, but you also want to capture the true essence of your family. Put your children in shorts or a cotton dress for the beach, or snugly sweaters and wooly scarves for an autumn walk around the leaves. Try to coordinate, so everyone looks good together in the photos, without clashing colors or a lot of jarring, competitive prints. You do not have to dress in identical sweaters and jeans (unless you want to!), But make sure everyone's fits mesh together in a pleasant way, with similar or complimentary colors.

Whatever you wear and wherever you choose to have Your Photowalk , your professional photographer will capture a special moment in your family's history in ways that no casual snapshot or stiffly posed studio photograph ever could. These photos will hold pride of place on your wall or in family albums for many years to come.

Do not You Deserve the Best Lift Chair?

Lift chairs are an effective, easier to use than ever before, and a more comfortable seating option for people experiencing conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, pregnancy, or knee, hip, shoulder, joint problems and old age. Apart from that, lift chairs even offer considering benefit to patients with stroke or those who are recuperating from a surgery. As a result of these benefits, more and more people are now planning to buy a lift chair. Golden lift chairs have many different models and prices to choose from. Choosing an appropriate one for you has never been easier.

Below are some factors to consider before purchasing your Golden lift chair.

1. Style and Color: There are different styles to choose from in lift chairs. While some of them resemble accent chairs, others look like sofas and recliners. There are also lift chairs available that appear as a bed when extended out. Select the one base on your requirements. Presence of a lift chair inside the house can add spice to your home décor … just as any other quality piece of furniture would. So, just like choosing any other color of furniture, the color of the lift chair should be selected in such a way that it aptly complements the interiors of the house rather than looking odd. Usually, a neutral brown works well with most any home interior.

2. Dimensions: This includes the size and height of the lift chair. Dimensions of the lift chair should be determined depending on the weight and how tall you are. Some are available to have the height adjustment option.

3. Weight capacity of the chair: This is another aspect that is absolutely dependent on if you or someone else will be using the chair. To be exact, the golden lift chair being purchased should be strong enough for your weight (approximately) sitting or reclining in it. There are different models available from Golden Technologies depending on the weight capacities that each one can withstand.

4. Power source: Depending on this factor, there are two different varieties of lift chairs. While in one variety power is supplied by battery packs (rare), in another conventional power supply is required where the users are required to plug the cord into the socket. Both the options are good. However, in case of heavy duty lift chairs, dual motors are used in order to support weight of the user. These chairs can withstand weight up to 700 pounds. Where batteries do come in play with today's quality Golden Tech recliners are having a battery backup. The battery backup allows you to get up in the home electricity should fail. An important consideration if your movement is limited.

5. Accessories: At present, Golden is offering a variety of accessories along with their recliners. You now have the option of getting it fitted with devices such as head and lumbar pillow, massage and heat option for additional comfort, left or right hand controls for convenience and side pockets for easier accessibility. Plus, many other available accessories.

Some People Really Do Have a Fear of Elevators

Fear of elevators is actually not just the fear of elevators alone. This is also a fear of small and or enclosed spaces. For some people this can be a fear of being bound or losing control.

Some movie portraits including elevators have worsened this fear for many. Everything from elevators becoming stuck, causing babies to be born inside, to gruesome scenes of plummeting elevators that can be seen in television and the movies.

Frequently people who have a fear of elevators will search frantically for stairs in order to walk instead of using the elevator. At times this can be a good thing. When a person walks instead of taking the elevator, they are getting exercise and improving their health. However, this is not always practical. Think about it, what if you must take the elevator to get to work, and your office is on the twenty first floor? What if you must leave the office and return several times each day? This is simply not feasible.

Certainly, one could manage to avoid using the elevator for the most part. However they would also be creating limitations in their life. One would have to live and work in places where it is reasonable to walk to their destination. They would also have to insure on using lower floors when visiting a hotel.

One way to deal with the fear of elevators is to make "small trips". Try using the elevator to go up just one floor. Then just step out and relax. Do this as frequently as possible. Once one flight has been mastered, and the individual feels less fearful, they should try two floors. This pattern should be continued until they have reached the top floor. The fear of elevators should be at least reduced, if not eliminated.

The fear of elevators is very real, but can be overcome.

Light Switch Plates – Sorting Through The Different Options

After electricity started coming into homes, there's no doubt people were impressed with the first light switch plates they saw. Going from no electricity to a fully powered house was a big step even if they only had the capacity to use power in one place in the home.

Sometimes they got used to having electricity and no longer were single light switch plates almost as impressive. There needed to be more. The first house to have light switch plates sending power to rooms through was impressive. Then that became common place. And so goes the excitement about having power in the home. Initially it's exciting, but as soon as it becomes more common, it's boring again.

In many modern day homes, building contractors have erected things boring, by only installing traditional light switch plates. Everywhere you go, it's just one on / off switch, surrounded by boring beige or white light switch plates, but these days, you can make the change to something more exciting. These fixtures do not have to be boring. By changing them out, you can also get more use and flexibility in the items you are using in your home.

First, why only have a single switch? Sure this was the old traditional look, but these days we have a lot more things in the home that need electricity. A traditional light switch plate that turns everything on or off is going to be annoying when you only want certain things to be running and others to be without power. This is where multiple light switch plates come into play. Now you can turn a light, a fan, and the wall receptacles on and off on the same panel, and without only an all or none option.

Maybe it's the look of those traditional light switches that you find boring. That's ok, there are a new varieties that do not force you to see the same little stick coming out of the wall to control the power flow. You could consider paddle switches. These are wider switches that are a long rectangle that you shift on and off. They work much like a see-saw, when one side is down the power is on, when the other side is down the power is off. While they do the same job as the other switches, they do it with a little more style than the old stick switches.

If you do not want to be stuck with the all on or all off option, there is a middle ground. Dimmer dials and switches will let you adjust the amount of juice that is coming down the line. How great would it be to have mood lighting in a room. It's not romantic to have full lights blazing, but turning the lights completely off will not work either, with a dimmer switch you can adjust light levels until they are just right for the mood you want to create.

While the power comes into our homes the same way, we now have a lot more to say about how we can control the power sources.

Speed Dating – Post Event Etiquette

Speed dating is without doubt an unbeatable opportunity to have fun, expand your social circle and maybe even meet a potential partner.

So if you’re thinking of participating in a speed dating event or you’ve already been to one, you’re probably full of questions about post speed dating etiquette. Should you follow the usual dating rules … can’t look too keen, wait at least 3 days to call, don’t be too available … Who approaches whom? What do you say? Where do you go? How long should you wait to contact someone?

Let’s wind back a little. You’ve been to a speed dating session and met a certain hottie, or maybe even hotties… Then you wait to find out who liked you too. To your delight most of the people that you selected liked you too! The next day you walk around the office in euphoria with a silly grin on your face. Your colleagues probably think that something’s up, but they don’t know just how lucky you got last night!

But what next? There are no hard and fast rules as to who contacts who. The reality is you both know that you like each other so the main factor that puts people off making the first move, namely “rejection”, is out the window. The best advice is to make the contact sooner rather than later. You may as well strike while the iron’s hot, and more importantly whilst you remember which of your speed dates you are contacting!

So you’ve made the call, and to your relief you both have a little laugh about how much fun you had at the speed dating event, you chat about how your week has been and you decide that you quite like the person’s company. From this point you should treat the situation as you would any other where you meet someone you like. Arrange to meet for a drink, for dinner or the double whammy dinner & movie date. Treat it as a normal date, there’s no need to pack your toothbrush, razor or spare knickers!

But what if you wake up the next morning and get jittery about who you’ve selected? You’re just not 100% sure about them. What should you do if you change your mind? It happens to the best of us. It’s pretty normal not to be sure about someone before a first date, isn’t that the whole point of dating – to cull through the numbers in search of that special someone? Remember, selecting someone at a speed dating singles event does not mean that wedding bells will be ringing. Speed dating is about expanding your social circle.

If you’re not sure about someone, why not organize to meet for a fixed time period such as lunch during a busy workweek or a drink after work (where you have plans afterwards, or concoct some!). If during this first date you decide you really don’t want to see the person again and want to make this message clear, you could go for “Got to get home to my triplets, they’re all teething!” That ought to do the trick. Or for the boys “Mum’s expecting me home for dinner. Love living with my mum, why would anyone ever move?”

What if you are attempting to make contact and no joy; despite refreshing your email or checking your phone a zillion times there’s no flirty response awaiting. It’s safe to say if you don’t receive a response after 2 attempts it’s time to head back to the drawing board, and sign up for your next speed dating event. After all, it’s a numbers game!

Bed Bugs – How Do They See?

Although bed bugs love feeding on human blood they do not have eyes that see like human beings. These parasitic creatures have what is called a compound eye structure. It is thought that they do not see in color, that they visualize in black and white.

A bed bugs eye is made up of hundreds of eye lenses called facets that fit together in a hexagon structure. An easy way to picture what this insects eye looks like is to think of a bee honey comb in a conical shape and not flat. It is like a soccer ball, but on a smaller, more complex level. The individual facets consist of two lenses, one on the surface and one on the inside. The bed bugs dual lens eye structure allows it to see in 3-D. All of these facets fitted together construct the parasites eye. These facets are connected to tubes that focus light down a central structure called the rhabdome. The rhabdome is light sensitive and directs the information through an optic nerve to the bugs brain.

Each individual facet in the bed bugs eye sends a different picture to it’s brain. When all these pictures are processed and put together a mosaic is created. This 3-D mosaic is how the bed bug can see it’s human host. It is not known if, as the bed bug moves, the picture it sees updates on a whole or takes micro-seconds for each lens to update the visual information. If this parasitic insect’s vision updates lens by lens then it would see a constantly updating picture. This view would kind of be like looking through a kaleidoscope with 3-D glasses on.

Bed bugs come out at night or in the dark to feed on their human hosts for a couple of reasons. One reason is because at night, when you are in your bed sleeping, you won’t feel them crawling on you and biting you. Another reason could be that these blood suckers have light sensitive eyes that enable them to see better in the dark. These compound eyes can also pick up a heat signature of the human body. This is why the majority of bed bug bites occur on the center of mass part of your body. Your heat signature is warmer on your torso, legs, and arms than it is on your fingers and toes.

Humans may have color vision that updates constantly where as bed bugs compound eyes see in black and white. Their eyes also do not constantly update the full picture at once, but they can see very well to do the job they are best at. That job is to find a human host in which to feed off of their blood.

Boxing: Knocking Out Racism and Inequality in America

Modern boxing is as old as America. They grew up together, and like America herself, boxing is as majestic as it is brutal. It’s as beautiful as it is primal. From the bloody and outlawed “exhibitions” in New Orleans to the “bare-knuckle” brawls in the shantytowns out West, boxing came of age with America. It has been called the “Sweet Science” and “the Manly Art of Self Defense,” but ultimately “boxing is a sport of confrontation and combat, a weaponless war,” pitting two warriors against each other to do battle in the squared circle.

We can trace the history of America’s poor and disenfranchised through the arc of boxing’s past. Prizefighting is a prism through which we can view the history and struggles of America’s most disenfranchised. Its heroes of legend often exemplify the social problems of the day. In many ways, the fight game serves as a means of “socioeconomic” advancement. Author and boxing historian Jeffrey T. Sammons states in Beyond the Ring: The Role of Boxing in American Society: “The succession [of great fighters] had gone from Irish to Jewish… to Italians, to [B]lacks, and to Latin[o]s, a pattern that reflected the socioeconomic ladder. As each group moved up, it pulled its youth out of prizefighting and pushed them into more promising… pursuits.”

Two fighters in particular epitomize the struggle of their people: the brash Irishman John L. Sullivan, and “The Black Menace” Jack Johnson.

Boxing’s Origins

Boxing has its origins in Ancient Greece, and was part of the Olympic Games in around 688 BC. Homer makes reference to boxing in the “Iliad.” Boxing historian Michael Katz recalls the sports primitive origins:

Much like the first American settlers, prizefighting made its way to the New World from England. And like the pilgrims, boxing’s early days were often brutish and violent. Sammons states: “Like so many American cultural, social, political, and intellectual institutions, boxing originated in England. In the late 1700s, when the sport existed only in its crudest form, prizefighting in Britain assumed an air of sophistication and acceptability.

The early Puritans and Republicans often associated game playing with the oppressive monarchies of Europe, but as American opponents of leisure lost ground, the sport quickly began to grow. In the 1820’s and 1830’s boxing, often called pugilism, became a popular sport amongst the American “immigrants who were unaccustomed to restrictions upon amusements and games.”

As the sport grew in popularity amongst the immigrants, so too did the myth of the individual. For better or for worse, the United States is a nation weaned on the myth of the individual. This is the American Dream, that fundamental creed that we can all “pull our selves up by the bootstraps” and become wildly rich, outrageously successful, and madly fulfilled. For nearly two hundred years the “Heavyweight Champion” was the crown jewel of the sporting world, and the physical embodiment of the American Dream. He was the toughest, “baddest man” on the planet, and commanded the world’s respect.

Sammons states: “[T]he physical man still stands for the potential of the individual and the survival of the fittest. He is the embodiment of the American Dream, in which the lowliest of individuals rise to the top by their own initiative and perseverance. The elusiveness of that dream is immaterial; the meaning of the dream is in its acceptance, not its fulfillment.” During the 1880’s, no one embodied the physical man, or the American Dream, more than boxing’s first great heavyweight champion, John L. Sullivan.

John L. Sullivan and the Plight of the Irish

Sullivan, also known as “The Boston Strongboy,” was the last of the “bare knuckle” champions. The son of poor Irish immigrants, he was a brash and hard-nosed man who toured the “vaudeville circuit offering fifty dollars to anyone who could last four rounds with him in the ring.” Sullivan famously challenged his audiences by claiming, “I can lick any sonofabitch in the house.”

“The Boston Strongboy” became one of America’s first sports legends when he snubbed millionaire Richard Kyle Fox, owner and proprietor of the National Police Gazette and the National Enquierer. Legend has it that one fateful evening in the spring of 1881 while at Harry Hill’s Dace Hall and Boxing Emporium on New York’s East Side, Fox was so impressed by one of Sullivan’s boxing matches, that the newspaper tycoon “invited him to his table for a business talk, which Sullivan impolitely declined, gaining Fox’s hatred.”

Sammons states:

Fox was furious and vowed to break Sullivan as well as control the crown. He did neither; Sullivan beat all comers, including a few Fox hopefuls.” Sullivan became an international celebrity and American icon “who had risen through the ranks without looking down on others. Sullivan did more than build a personal following, however; he helped elevate the sport of boxing. The prize ring now spanned the gulf between lower and upper classes.”

Sullivan became a symbol of hope and pride for recent Irish immigrants living in a new, hostile land. Nearly two million Irish immigrants arrived in America between 1820 and 1860. Most arrived as indentured servants and were considered little more than slaves in the new country. Of those two million immigrants, roughly 75 percent arrived during the “The Potato Famine” of 1845-1852. The Irish fled from poverty, disease, and English oppression. “The Potato Famine” had claimed the lives of almost a million Irishmen.

Author Jim Kinsella states:

America became their dream. Early immigrant letters described it as a land of abundance and urged others to follow them through the ‘Golden Door.’ These letters were read at social events encouraging the young to join them in this wonderful new country. They left in droves on ships that were so crowded, with conditions so terrible, that they were referred to as ‘Coffin Ships.’ (par. 1)

The Irish arrived in America destitute and often unwanted. An old saying summed up the disillusionment felt by American immigrants in the Nineteenth Century: “I came to America because I heard the streets were paved with gold. When I got here, I found out three things: First, the streets weren’t paved with gold; second, they weren’t paved at all: and third, I was expected to pave them.”

Kinsella says:

Our immigrant ancestors were not wanted in America. Ads for employment were often followed by “no Irish need apply.” They were forced to live in cellars and shanties… with [no] plumbing and [no] running water. These living conditions bred sickness and early death. It was estimated that 80 percent of all infants born to Irish immigrants in New York City died… The Chicago Post wrote, “The Irish fill our prisons, our poor houses… scratch a convict or a pauper and the chances are that [we] tickle the skin of an Irish Catholic. Putting them on a boat and sending them home would end crime in this country.

But the Irish arrived in America during a time of need. Kinsella continues:

The country was growing and it needed men to do the heavy work of building bridges, canals, and railroads. It was hard, dangerous work. A common expression heard among the railroad workers claimed “an Irishman was buried under every tie.

John L. Sullivan was the pride of the Irish during his legendary championship reign between 1882-1892).

Historian Benjamin Rader wrote:

The athletes as public heroes served as a compensatory cultural function. They assisted the public in compensating for the passion of the traditional dream of success… and feelings of individual powerlessness. As the society became more complicated and systematized and as success had to be won increasingly in bureaucracies, the need for heroes who leaped to fame and fortune outside the rules of the system seemed to grow.

During his decade long reign as champion; no one captured the public attention more than “The Boston Strongboy.” He destroyed Paddy Ryan in Mississippi City, Mississippi for the “Heavyweight Championship of America” in an illegal “boxing exhibition” on February 7, 1882. The championship belt was named the “the $10,000 Belt” and was “something fit for a king.” Sammons states: “It had a base of flat gold fifty inches long, and twelve inches wide, with a center panel consisting of Sullivan’s name spelled out in diamonds; eight other frames eagles and Irish harps; an additional 397 diamonds studded the symbolic ornament.”

After receiving the “$10,000 Belt,” Sullivan pried out the diamonds and sold it for $175. He later went on to defeat his arch nemesis Jake Kilrain in the seventy-fifth round, marking the final “bare-knuckle” championship bout in boxing history. Sullivan reigned supreme until his knockout loss to a younger, faster, more skilled fighter named “Gentleman” Jim Corbett in the twenty-first round on September 7, 1892 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Jack Johnson and Black Oppression

Boxing historian Bert Sugar once said: “Boxing is a strange, strange sport. Bottom line, it’s legalized assault, but it has given people throughout history a chance to better themselves. [I]t has always been a sport of the dispossessed and of the lowest rung on any ladder.” Except for the Native Americans, no group in American history has been as “dispossessed” as African Americans. They were stolen from their homes in Africa, and transported under deplorable conditions to suffer a life of slavery in America. “From the 16th to 19th centuries, an estimated 12 million Africans were shipped as slaves to the Americas. Of these an estimated 645,000 were brought to what is now the United States. [According to] the 1860 United States Census, the slave population in the United States had grown to four million.”.

From the first moment they set foot on American soil, life was brutal for blacks in the New World. Although the black slaves gained freedom after President Abraham Lincoln issued the “Emancipation Proclamation” on January 1, 1863, it would be roughly one hundred years before blacks achieved full equality in America. The twenty years between 1880 and 1900 were exceptionally hard ones for blacks in America. Congress passed a series of anti-civil rights acts, culminating in the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 guaranteeing second-class citizenship for blacks, and marked the beginning of the Jim Crow era in America.

Although there were many great black fighters during this twenty-year period, blacks were barred from fighting for the heavyweight championship. Sammons writes: “By the 1880’s the heavyweight boxing championship symbolized… America’s rise to world power… the holder of the title stood as a shining example of American strength and racial superiority.”

But the retirement of the “granite jawed” and undefeated heavyweight champion James Jeffries in 1905 left a whole in the division. After a slew of uninspiring champions came and went boxing fans began to lose interest. By 1907 the time was ripe for the first black heavyweight contender. The sportswriters of the day believed a black fighter would bring public interest back into boxing, while also proving “white physical and intellectual superiority.”

In 1908 a legend was born, and his name was Jack Johnson.

Jack Johnson, later known as “The Black Menace,” was an unknown fighter from Galveston, Texas. He would become one of the greatest and most courageous athletes in the history of American sports. He was a huge man with a flashy smile and incredible speed. In and out of the ring, Johnson was larger than life. Although he left school in the fifth grade, Johnson was a smart and worldly man. He played the bow fiddle, loved opera and literature, idolized Napoleon Bonaparte, and even invented and patented a tool used to fix automobiles. He also loved fast cars, fancy suits, and white women. Worse yet, white women loved him back. When one reporter witnessed a successive parade of women leaving Johnson’s hotel room, he asked the champ for the secret to his “staying power.” Johnson replied, “Eat jellied eels, and think distant thoughts.”

Actor James Earl Jones, who played the legendary Jack Johnson in the film Great White Hope states: “He lived life by his own rules with his balls, his head, and his heart.”

The sportswriters of the time believed the “destruction of the insolent, defiant Johnson, a usurper of white privilege, [to be] a morality event of good versus evil, [which] would serve as a lesson akin to a public lynching for blacks who did not know their place in American society.”

They couldn’t have been more wrong.

Jack Johnson pummeled the white heavyweight champion Tommy Burns in Sydney, Australia, to gain the crown. After the fight, “The Black Menace” became an instant hero for blacks suffering under the legacy of three hundred years of slavery, and the yoke of racist Jim Crow policies. Headlines from the Richmond Planet read: “No event in 40 years has given more satisfaction to the colored people of this country than has the single victory of Jack Johnson.” After winning the title, Jack Johnson would lead the boxing world, and white supremacists alike, on a seven-year chase to unseat the newly crowned champ and return the belt to its “rightful ethnic group.” Thus began the era of the “Great White Hope.”

The era of the “Great White Hope” was as comical as it was tragic. Promoters scoured the country searching for white contenders over 170 pounds. One sportswriter recalled: “In the heat of the search, well muscled white boys more then six foot, two inches tall were not safe out of their mothers’ sigh.”

Johnson, also known as “The Galveston Giant,” fought and destroyed the next five opponents including middleweight champion Stanely Ketchel. The fight with Ketchel was especially memorable. Before the “exhibition,” the two fighters, who were old friends, had agreed to take it easy with each other, and they did until the twelfth round when Ketchel saw an opening and floored Johnson with a right cross to the head. After rising to his feet, Johnson was so enraged that he knocked Ketchel out cold with one crushing uppercut to the jaw. The punch was so devastating that Ketchel’s front teeth were impaled in Johnson’s boxing glove. Fight replay shows “The Black Menace” plucking the great middleweight champion’s teeth from his glove after the fight.

White America became enraged following the humiliating defeats of the “Great White Hopes.” Jack Johnson’s success threatened the entire foundation of American society. Worse yet, there was another black heavyweight on the rise, Joe Jeanette. Never before had white privilege and superiorly been so successfully and violently challenged. Sammons writes: “Almost as alarming to whites was the success of another great black heavyweight boxer, Joe Jeannette. Together Johnson and Jeanette seemed to spell doom for white superiority… “

The calls for the return of retired heavyweight champion and boxing legend James Jeffries became deafening. Following the Ketchel defeat, author Jack London wrote: “A golden smile tells the story and the golden smile is Johnson’s, but one thing remains, Jeffries must return from the alfalfa farm and remove the golden smile from Jack Johnson’s face.”

Jefferies agreed to fight Johnson, saying: “I feel obligated to the sporting public at least to make an effort to reclaim the heavyweight championship for the white race… I should step into the ring again and demonstrate that a white man is king of them all.”

The match between Johnson and Jeffries was billed as the “Battle of the Century.” Jeffries was an undefeated legend. All of the white man’s hopes rested on the broad shoulders of James Jeffries. He was mean as a grizzly, had a chin made of steel, and hit like a truck. He stood six foot, two inches tall and was a ripped 225 pounds. In his prime, Jeffries could sprint 100 yards in just over ten seconds, and could high jump over six feet.

Although he had been retired for the previous three years, Jeffries trained for the Johnson fight as if his life was on the line. He lost an astounding 100 pounds and came into the fight determined to smash Jack Johnson and restore the status quo in America.

The fight produced a level of public hysteria never before seen in America. For white Americans, Jeffries would reaffirm African inferiority “and the white desire to exterminate these barbarians.” For blacks, Johnson was fighting against a legacy of racism and persecution. Reverend Reverdy Ransom wrote: “[W]hat Jack Johnson seeks to do to Jefferies in the roped arena will be more the ambition of Negroes in every domain of human endeavor.”

Reno was abuzz leading up to the fight. A town of 15,000 residents was bursting with boxing fans. People slept in their cars or on park benches. The bars and jails were full. “One restaurant with a capacity of 30 persons served thirty six hundred suppers.” Jack London wrote: “Reno, Nevada. July 1, 1910. I am glad I am here. No man who loves the fighting game, has the price, and is within striking distance of Reno should miss this fight. There has never been anything like it in the history of the ring.”

The two fighters finally met on July 4, 1910, in Reno, Nevada, in front of 20,000 riotous fans. Jack Johnson battered the larger man. He was younger, faster, and more skilled than the 34-year-old Jeffries. He beat him to the punch, and tied him in the clench when the two fighters engaged. By the fourth round it was obvious Johnson was the better man.

“The Galveston Giant” walloped the former champ. He beat and battered him. He danced and smiled and joked with the crowd, before unleashing a crushing combination to the body, and a ripping right hand to the head of the challenger. Johnson toyed with Jeffries the way a tiger would toy with an old tomcat before finally pouncing in for the kill in the fifteenth round. The impacts of Johnson’s crushing blows were felt across the country. There were race riots in every major city across America. Historian Randy Roberts said: “[N]ever before had a single event caused such widespread rioting. Not until the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., would another event elicit a similar reaction.”

Black America had found a hero in Jack Johnson. For the first time in American history, they could stand up tall and be proud of their heritage and their people. Not only did Jack Johnson defeat James Jeffries that fateful night, but he also knocked out 300 years of racism, humiliation, and oppression. The film of Johnson’s victory over Jeffries was banned by congress in America. Johnson was later arrested in 1912 and spent a year in prison for “transporting [white] women across state lines for immoral purposes.”

He was again arrested on similar charges in 1913. He later skipped bail and fled to France with his wife Lucille, where he spent seven years in exile. In one of the most controversial fights of all time, Johnson lost the championship in Havana, Cuba in 1915, to an uninspiring cowboy named Jess Willard. To this day, legions of boxing experts, including “The Galveston Giant” himself, contend the fight was a “fix,” arguing that Johnson threw the fight in exchange for leniency on his impending court cases in the United States.

Nobody, but Jack Johnson will ever know for sure if he threw the fight. What we do know is that over the next twenty-two years, black fighters were systematically denied a chance at the heavyweight championship by a conspiracy between government and boxing officials. The “black out” would last until 1937, when the legendary African American fighter, Joe “The Brown Bomber” Louis defeated James “Cinderella Man” Braddock for the heavyweight title.

And so begins the era of Joe Louis, and the beginning of the longest and most storied championship reign in boxing history.[1]

[1] Joe Louis held the heavyweight championship for a record 12 straight years from 1935 to 1949. During his championship reign, Joe Louis successfully defended his title 26 times, setting the all-time record. In 2005, “The Brown Bomber” was “ranked the #1 heavyweight fighter of all-time by the International Boxing Research Organization, and was ranked #1 on The Ring’s list of the 100 Greatest Punchers of All Time.”

History of the California King Bed

The California King Bed is a relatively modern addition to homes across the globe. Beds have been created and recreated ever since humans first needed a place to rest their heads. By the 1960s though, humans were no longer creating beds of leaves and twigs to place on the forest floor. They weren’t stuffing mattresses with hay, either. Humans began to crave luxury, and by this time, the fortunate could afford it too. So how did we get here? How did beds go from dirt to huge, soft sleeping places?

The Bed’s Humble Roots

The very first beds were little more than leaves, animal skins, and whatever else our primitive ancestors could find. Eventually, however, as human beings became less nomadic, beds developed into structures that kept people off the ground. The first “lavish” beds were the beds of Egyptian Royals. Long stone staircases lead to these beds, which were often shrouded by sheer curtains. These ancient beds even had pillows and possibly the first headboards. The Egyptians made the bed a place of luxury as did the Greeks. In Homer’s famous epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus, a king, builds his wife a beautiful, jewel encrusted bed. Even in these ancient times, royalty slept in lush and ostentatious beds.

The Kings and Queens of California

Just like the towering beds of the ancient Egyptians, the California King Bed was designed for the elite. These “elites,” were far different from the pharaohs, though. In the 1950s, the king sized bedstead was sold as the largest bed on the market. In the 1960s, this newly adapted California addition was born. Los Angeles furniture companies crafted these gigantic beds specifically for celebrities. These huge bunks, a full 4 inches longer than the king, were perfect for taking up space in the enormous mansions of famous celebrities. They acted as a status symbol of luxury.

Everybody’s a King

Today you don’t have to be rich and famous to have a bedstead fit for a king. In fact, since the 70s, these large beds have become a popular piece of furniture in homes across the globe. European variations, the Eastern king bedstead and the western king bed, even became popular during the 70s and 80s as private mattress companies transformed the mattress for international sale. If you need a little extra room for your feet, or if you simply want a bed fit for a king, the California king bed could be just what you need.