Save Your Paint Job – How to Repair a Car Scratch

It’s Friday night and you have just left a card game with the guys and then it happens; time freezes. Your jet black paint job from MaCCo is ruined by a white key scratch. What kind of person would do that, what kind of sick and twisted individual would do such a thing as scratch a fresh paint job? As you become the focus of the humor on the highway; you begin to think, “How on earth will I get this fixed before my next date?”

The Do it yourself Car Scratch Remover Guide

Removing scratches can be a very simple task; but very costly if it is not done correctly. Most people because of convenience go directly to professionals when they simply don’t have the time. But in most cases you have to go to the professionals simply because the scratch is too deep to remove with a scratch remover/repair. Most car scratches, such as key marks and pebble marks from driving on the highway can easily be removed; here are also some other minor scratches that wont cost you a bunch.

a) Random/miscellaneous scratches.

b) Cob-web effects.

c) Pore-Imbedding strains.

d) Oxidation ( Rust)

e) Acid Rain Spots.

f) Dried bird droppings (parking under trees in the summer)

g) Buffer Swirls (from buffing too hard the last time)

These scratches are normally 1000-600 grit which can easily be fixed or buffed. But at 2000 grit the scratch has penetrated to deep into the surface. That’s when the professionals have to step in; the conventional compound or scratch remover would not suffice.

Car Scratch: Getting the Right Tools to Secure Your Paint Job

As you begin to walk through the isles of your local AutoZone or Advanced Auto Parts you begin seeking the right tools. Many online stores also carry variations of paint leveler since the standard compound hurts newer paints. The new paint levelers have heat reducing abrasives that flatten under heat; pretty cool since this now works on almost all modern paint jobs. Now that we have the basics let’s get started. Remember your date is tomorrow and you only have one day. First let’s get the tools squared away.

Things you will need to repair a minor scratch:

a) Body Compound found at chains such as Auto Zone or Advance Auto Parts.

b) Primer Paint found at your local dealership service center.

c) Sandpaper. (cut into squares)

d) Two towels or pieces of cloth (one wet and one kept dry)

e) Two buckets (one with soap the other plain water).

f) Small paint brush; about an inch to two inch brush.. (Home Depot or local hardware store)

g) Car Polish.

h) Any scratch removing agent such as (Quixx Car Scratch Removal)

Now that we are all on the same page with the materials let’s remember that some scratch removers may vary in price, so make sure while you are at AutoZone that you select the correct scratch remover. Older model cars and light scratches work fine with standard body compounds; and do not require all of the supplies listed above. But for deeper scratches you will need all the supplies and sunshine. Now let’s begin; but first before you even think about buffing or polishing; wash your vehicle clean. Dirt and grime will make for a very bad paint job, making it appear like melted bird droppings.

Repair Minor Car Scratches

For minor scratches it’s pretty simple:

1. Using the wet cloth; apply the polishing compound to the damaged area.

2. Gently rub the compound into damaged area with circular motion.(allowing it to harden)

3. After applying to damaged area use the soap and water to wash area.

4. Apply wax to towel or sponge and gently dub the area in a circular motion.

5. Using a clean piece of cloth gently rub the surface clean.

Repair Deeper Car Scratches

1. Now that was pretty simple. Now back to reality. This key mark was pretty big and a simple duff and polish would not do the job. So you now need to spend a bit more money and spend a bit more time. Don’t worry; here are the steps to repairing that deep emotional scar; which we call paint terrorism.

2. Using one piece of sand paper, carefully sand the area. (clean area immediately after)

3. Apply compound directly to the scratch.(allowing it to harden)

4. Using the sand paper gently sand the body compound. (do not sand to hard or to long you may end up doing more harm than good)

5. Clean the area of all dust and deposits.

6. Using the one inch brush apply the primer paint to the scratch; just like in elementary school stay within the lines.

7. Put the paint brush in water so it can be re-used for applying the touch-up-paint.

8. Allow the paint to dry; which may take a while. (grad a bite to eat and watch the 5th inning)

9. Take a trip down to the dealer service center to get the exact paint match for your vehicle; this is the most important step. ( supply your V.I.N to the dealer to get the exact color)

10. Gently apply touch-up paint to the scratches.

11. Now it looks like new. (well almost)

You have followed the steps and are now ready for the date. The scratches are gone; you picked up your dry cleaning and your date is sending promising text messages. Then you get the call from your crazy ex-girlfriend; her evil laugh sends chills down you spine. It’s the paint terrorist, she called to claim responsibility for her actions and boast about how great it felt. Little did she know; you have taken care of the problem. Your care is back to being a Superhero and heroes always save the day.

Offshore Oil & Gas Safety Officer: The Roles & Responsibilities and Qualifications

Toolbox meeting is part of daily routine for Offshore Oil & Gas Workers. Main reason is to identify hazard and to ensure all safety pre-cautions are in place before and during execution of works. This toolbox meeting is monitored and supervised by Safety Officer. Safety officer is also another interesting jobs. For those who are interested to become one, below are the safety officer roles, responsibilities and qualifications.

  • Roles and Responsibilities
    • Assist Management in developing and implementing their HSE plans and advise on operational safety matters related to the works.
    • Co-ordinate and conduct inspections/audits of facilities and activities to ensure compliance to safe and good work practices in accordance to statutory requirement of the Factories and Machinery ACT and all safety Procedures.
    • Have the ability to communicate in written and spoken English & Local language.
    • Give safety presentation with the objective to enhance the Health, safety and Environment awareness of all workers.
    • Assist in accident investigation, reporting and monitor their follow up in accordance to safety procedures.
  • Qualifications
    • Must have 5 years working experience in Supervisory position in the related field of oil and gas industry.
    • Must possess a recognized Diploma in an engineering discipline or a recognized Diploma in Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) or completed training and assessment by National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) and have a minimum of 3 years experience working in OSH or minimum 10 years working experience in OSH.
    • Must have attended the following local safety courses conducted by Safety Training Institution:
      • Supervisory Safety
      • Accident Investigation Skill
      • First Aider
      • Basic Fire Fighting and BA
    • Must have attended the following local courses relevant to their operation:
      • Sea Survival.
      • Crane & lifting operation.
      • Scaffolding inspection
      • Permit to Work System
      • Authorized Gas Tester Certification Course.
      • Helicopter Landing Officer (HLO)
    • Must posses knowledge and skill on:
      • Hazard and effect Management Process/Risk Management
      • HSE cases
      • Emergency response
      • Law, Regulation & Permits
      • HSE Auditing

There is a popular saying among Offshore Oil and Gas personnel about safety. It is “Come in One Piece & Back in One Piece

Building Rapport With FORM

Building rapport is key to successful sales, especially in a cold call to close situation.

Acronyms often make it easier to keep track to behavior. A great example of this is the acronym F.O.R.M. as a method to build rapport and trust with a prospect.

I’m not suggesting you hide your intention when on the phone on in front of a prospect, but you should have a genuine interest in making your prospect comfortable. This will encourage a purchase and ongoing business or referrals for new customers.

I generally scribble down the letters FORM vertically along one side of the page. As the interview progresses I look to fill in the following information:

  • Family – It’s always nice to hear about someone’s family. With rare exceptions, they are proud of what ever they have going on, and if they’re not, they want you to think they are, so let them talk.
  • Occupation – What do they do for a living, or what is the experience that has led them to the position they how have.
  • Recreation – What do they do for fun? This can bleed into the Family category as many families center their recreation around their kids activities.
  • Message – Notice that the acronym is FORM and not MORF. Leave you message for last. Give your prospect time to talk about themselves.

People rarely have someone to listen to them talk about themselves and this is likely a more precious commodity than anything you are selling. Give them the time they want and pay attention. You can take priceless notes that will allow you to do follow up, friend them on Facebook or join them on Linked In and make relevant comments in the future as your relationship continues to develop.

Long after they forget the Features, Advantages and Benefits of your widget they’ll remember that you recalled a spouses name or child’s hobby. These are the habits of a master salesman and will help you grow your business.

Strategies For Leading Through Change

I need to make a change in my company…How do I do it, and how do I manage it? This is a question I hear from business leaders every day… yet the question often comes to me after the fact… when people are up in arms and ready to bolt. A change can be something as simple as new stationery or as tumultuous as a merger or acquisition, and while the change is often seen by top leadership as necessary to move ahead of aggressive competitors, this is not always the case for employees. Why? I believe the answer is this – Your employees are not angry about the change itself… they are angry because they are often the last to hear, you did not get their buy-in, their vote didn’t count , and bam… Trust is shattered!”

Imagine this: During a strategic planning meeting, the executive team of a large technology company makes the decision to launch a new product line and ditch an existing one. Ditching the existing product line means that a few talented employees will become obsolete, and the new product line will require a new pool of talent. The executive team chooses to “keep this quiet” until they are ready to launch (yeah right!) They begin to meet after hours in a locked room to discuss their plans. As human behavior often teaches us, it is very hard to keep a secret when you know you have one inside you.

So . . . Sally Smith, CIO, makes the decision to tell one person outside the executive team: “I have something to tell you, but you have to promise not to tell anyone” (yeah right . . . again.) In addition, the janitor knows something’s up . . . he cleans after hours and sees the big dogs locked in a room every night for three weeks, and he begins to whisper in the halls to his comrades. Suspicion builds and the grapevine begins to circulate rumors: “I hear the company is closing,” or “I heard we are merging” or “I heard that we are headed for a 20% lay off” or “I heard that the company is in big trouble” and so on. The fear, doubt, worry and anxiety begin to build. People are not sure what is going on, but all they know is that it must be big, and they are nervous . . . very, very nervous!

Change efforts are delicate, and they require finesse . . . they can’t be taken lightly, and they must be communicated from the top to the bottom of the organization. I believe that the key to success during any change initiative includes three very important aspects:

1) Communication- Communication needs to be clear, consistent and repeated again and again. Repeat the communication until you hear yourself and others saying “Okay, okay . . . we got it . . . we are tired of hearing about it . . . we are on it!” Communicating a change takes time for people to really hear it. The have to roll it over in their minds, talk about it with others and get clear about what’s what. The first time employees hear about a change, they are usually hearing it through filters of fear, doubt, worry, and confusion. So . . . don’t expect them to get it the first time, and by all means . . . don’t send it in a memo! Use verbal communication . . . talk to them, talk to your managers, talk to your team, and keep repeating the message again and again.

2) Gain Commitment – During a change initiative, it is critical for a company to gain buy-in from everyone in the organization. You want each person in the company to support the change and to feel as if they have been a part of planning the change initiative. Empower your employees by inviting them to collaborate during the change. The “town meeting” format is perfect for this purpose and coupled with smaller management meetings. This approach can provide an open forum for people to be able to clear (a form of venting which is highly constructive . . . allow for 10 minutes of clearing in the beginning of each town meeting,) ask questions and above all to allow their ideas to be heard and implemented.

3) Coaching – Emotions will be running high during a period of transition, and I believe that coaching for the entire organization during this time is not a luxury…it is a requirement. Managing people during change is one thing but managing their emotions is an entirely different animal. It requires listening, empathy and the giving of time. Coaching during change can support an organization in building teamwork and can foster a sense of support and trust. As thought leader Phil Harkins, President of Linkage, Inc and author of Powerful Conversations: How High Impact Leaders Communicate says “The organizational change coach operates like a free safety-a term for the player who can move freely around the field as the play requires. In other words, the coach must be able to work when and where the need arises, in order to facilitate the shift that is taking place.” From The Art and Practice of Leadership Coaching by Howard Morgan, Phil Harkins, and Marshall Goldsmith.

Are Animals’ Soul Contracts and Pet Past Lives Part of the Pet Reincarnation Process?

Most pet guardians consider their pet’s family members. After the death of a pet, many pet owners undergo all of the human bereavement processes. Animal reincarnation is a new spiritual perspective and resource for pet loss grief support.

Are animals’ and pets’ soul contracts are real. Yes! The first type of animal soul contract is called “Karmic.” A karmic contract affects destiny within a single incarnation. A Karmic contract is limited to that particular lifetime and can still be segment of a larger soul commitment for multiple reincarnations within an owners life. Here are a few examples:

1. A bomb squad dog that dies discovering a mine field to save his platoon.

2. A therapy dog that inspires an assisted living home’s Alzheimer’s patient to speak for the first time in many years.

These are experiences that affect their human companion’s destiny. The animal’s Karma (or soul’s choice) facilitated the outcome of the interaction with that human.

The number of agreements made between a pet’s soul and their person determine the quantity of pets’ past lives an animal will share with their companion in a single life or throughout multiple lifetimes.

Below are several types of pet spiritual arrangements that an animal can configure in his reincarnation process:

Oversouling: Is when the late pet contracts to direct a new or former pet from a “higher” perspective.

Walk in contract: Is when the deceased pet’s energy moves into another pet’s body that has agreed to relocate when the departed pet’s energy reincarnates.

Soul braiding: Is a shared contract when the deceased pet returns as a roommate within a current pet’s body.

New body contract: The pet’s energy that passed returns in a new physical form.

Animal afterlife is the timeframe when a pet’s life force energy resides in a sacred place after they have transitioned over the Rainbow Bridge. A pet’s soul can be “in-service” or live in this dimension forever or they can choose to reincarnate.

Therefore after the death of a pet and during your pet loss grief, hold faith in your heart that your pet’s life force energy and love is never ending. The reincarnation process has been embraced by many of the world’s oldest religions. Even if you’re a skeptic, what have you got to lose by considering the possibility?

If it’s what you contracted to do, it might just be only a matter of time until your beloved animal companion returns to be with you!

Growing Orchids in Water

Over watering is one of greatest destroyers of orchids kept as houseplants. As almost everyone who keeps orchids knows, the roots must be allowed to dry out between waterings, otherwise they will rot and there is a good chance that the plant will die. It will definitely come as a surprise to most orchid lovers that orchids can live and thrive and even bloom when grown in a container of water.

Many indoor gardeners have discovered that orchids can be just as happy in a jar of water as they are in a pot containing the most expensive orchid potting mix. However, orchids cannot just be taken from their pot and placed into a dish of water; if this is done, there is a good chance that the roots will rot and the plant will die. Sometimes the aerial roots of an orchid, those that grow above any kind of growing medium, will be able to adapt to an aqueous existence, but the grower should make sure to watch them carefully to be sure that they do not rot. At the first sign of rot, the root should be removed.

In order for an orchid to live in water, it is necessary for it to develop water roots. The roots on the orchid living in a bark or sphagnum moss mixture have adapted themselves to that condition and will not be able to adjust to another. Usually an orchid is put into water because the regular roots have become diseased or have rotted already. Before putting the orchid into water, the old roots must be completely removed – if left on, they will only rot.

After removing the old roots, the orchid should be placed into a jar or glass with sufficient water to cover the bottom of the plant, where the old roots were. It may be necessary to provide some kind of support for the orchid at this point, and it can be propped with sticks or other material to keep it upright until the new roots can provide support. If the container is tall enough to keep the orchid upright, so much the better.

When growing orchids in water, care must be taken to replace the water lost daily through evaporation. This will also provide a new influx of oxygen. The water in the container should be changed every week as well, which will again oxygenate the container and remove any pathogens that might have started to develop. When the water is changed, it is probably a good time to add some orchid fertilizer. If a bad odor is noticed coming from the water, it means that something is wrong, and the roots should be checked immediately for signs of rot and the water changed.

Just like an orchid grown in the ordinary way, water grown orchids need the correct amount of light and the proper temperature. These orchids can be kept on the windowsill or beneath artificial lighting. Orchids grown in water are just as likely to bloom as any other, and can be given a rest period by lowering the temperature slightly.

The orchid grown in water will need a larger container when the roots are pressing too firmly against the sides. Orchids do like to be rather pot bound, so it is not necessary to change their container often.

Growing orchids in water can be a new experience for the orchid lover and can often give them a way to save a plant that might otherwise die because of rotted roots.

Do You REALLY Need Home Insulation?

Whether you live in a cold or hot climate, one of the most significant measures to take in saving on energy costs will be properly insulating your home. Living in South Florida, it becomes even more important during the hot summer months. If your air conditioner is battling the heat of the summer day, it will run longer than it should and cycle off much more frequently. All this means more electricity used, which in turn will drive up your electric bill. Since heat is basically invisible, it is often neglected as an influence in the performance of an air conditioning system. However, it is so pervasive, it must be tackled in order to gain efficiency of your HVAC system. The problem usually becomes apparent after the equipment has been checked meticulously, and the heat problem persists. This problem going unaddressed is understandable, since it can be costly to add insulation to a home. Verifying that the unit is operating perfectly is the first step in determining if your home needs more insulation.

The Harvard School of Public Health declares that over 46 million homes across the country do not have enough insulation in the attics and walls. Tinting windows can keep a lot of heat out of the airspace as well. This means that millions of dollars are being lost away through the windows, walls and ceilings of many homes. Insulation also allows the Air Conditioning system to reach it’s operating efficiency, which will aid you in saving your money. A 16 SEER system may perform like a 13 SEER system if the home has inadequate insulation. Again, this will show up as an increase in your energy bills.

We believe the attic and windows are a great place to start. This is assuming you have addressed any issues with air escaping or entering the home through cracks, crevasses and spaces between windows and under doors. Having the heat of the day infiltrate the home through the attic and windows can make an air conditioning system never cool the home to the temperature set on the thermostat. The system will cool efficiently in the evenings, but in the hottest of the day it will not be able to keep up with the heat in the air entering the home. If this happens to you, you may need more insulation added to or installed in your attic. Locating trees and bushes by exterior windows can make a significant difference in energy efficiency as well. Moreover, the older slatted or Jalousie windows must be changed. This is based on the fact that they may never completely seal the home off from the outside air.

One way to determine if your home needs insulating is to have a professional asses your home. He or she will asses every aspect of your home in regards to improving your energy efficiency. A thorough inspection along with a “Heat Load Calculation” is essential for determining if your Air Conditioning system is the correct size, and how much heat is infiltrating your home. There are many different types of insulation. Some of the different types of insulation used are:

  • Blanket: Batt and Roll Insulation
  • Foam Board or Rigid Foam
  • Loose-Fill and Blown-In Insulation
  • Concrete Block Insulation
  • Insulating Concrete Forms

Do not underestimate the need for sufficient insulation in your home. It can make all the difference in gaining control of your energy bill. More information can be found on AirCool Mechanical Systems Official Website, or

Vinyl Siding Mold Problems – How to Eliminate the Green Stuff

That’s when you’ll notice how much of the mold has taken over. You might ask yourself, “Can’t the rains take care of that awful green growth?” The answer is no, the mold has to be manually cleaned. And you don’t need professionals to do the job for you.

You’ll often find vinyl siding mold problems on the areas which sunlight doesn’t regularly reach, and often these are the sides of the house which are shaded by large trees. You can also check drainage pipes running on top of them, since mold usually stems from regular water runoff.

Vinyl siding mold problems can be treated with a good, vigorous spray of water from a compressor or a pressure house, but you’ll risk damaging the surface or splashing water onto places where it shouldn’t be.

Instead, use your regular garden hose to wet the surface, just to make cleanup a bit easier. Use a small amount of bleach to get the stubborn growth off or use one of those powerful cleaning products advertised on TV (it’s time to put those home shopping products to good use). But before you do that, test the product first on a small area of the vinyl siding to make sure that it’s not too harsh so as to damage the surface.

A product known as Vinyl ReNu is specially formulated to work with vinyl siding mold problems, and the manufacturer guarantees that it can protect your siding for a good 10 years. The solution protects against harsh UV rays, is safe to use and has passed EPA’s standards, and forms a shield that would protect the surface from peeling, cracking or discoloring.

Moldex Deep Stain Remover and Moldex Protectant are also products that you can check out. They come in convenient bottles – your choice of a trigger spray, ready-to-use bottle, or a 32-oz hose end sprayer which can easily cover an area of 3,000 square feet. You’ll feel like a pro while using these products, and they don’t contain harmful bleach or ammonia that can harm the surface of your vinyl sidings.

Use a big, sturdy brush to scrub off the green mold that has built up on the vinyl siding for months or even years. You may alternatively attach a Mildecide spray at the end of your hose. This spray is readily available in large home centers.

If you spot vinyl siding mold problems on one side of your house, there is of course the big probability that the rest of the vinyl siding around your house is contaminated, too. Now, if you don’t want to go through all the trouble, you can hire experts to work on the cleanup job for you. It won’t cost as much as a mold cleanup on the interior of your home and is usually finished in just a few hours.

Modern Methods For Biochemistry Analysis

A biochemisty analyser is a device designed to perform a variety of biochemical tests. Invented by Hans Baruch, they were introduced to the medical community, commercially, in 1959, and allowed medical laboratories and hospitals to process more samples more quickly and effectively than before. With this automated testing process, the testing time went from days – sometimes weeks – to mere minutes.

Before then, the most common form of biochemical analysis involved open test tubes placed in racks which were then either moved along a track or spun in a carousel. To protect the samples from contamination, and the laboratory staff from illness or injury, closed tube sampling soon followed. The automated biochemistry analysers did not remove the need for clinical lab technicians, however, but it did make working in the labs safer, and helped reduce errors.

There are a variety of tests a biochemistry analyser performs. They can range from testing enzymes for liver function tests, to testing ions for sodium and potassium levels. Blood glucose, creatine, and serum albumin – a plasma protein – among others, can also be analysed.

There are three categories of biochemistry analysers: The wet type, the dry type and the bio sensor. The wet type method involves mixing a test sample with a reagent to encourage a chemical reaction. A reading device, such as a spectrophotometer or a calorimeter can then be used to read the color change before and after the reaction, allowing for analysis. However, this form of testing requires expensive instruments and the ability to keep the reagents valid for long periods of time.

The dry type biochemistry analyser requires the application of a chemical reagent to a test strip, such an antibody or enzyme, which will react directly with the test sample. With the dry type of testing there is a greater risk of oxidation of the test strip which can allow for faulty readings.

When using a biosensor type biochemistry analyser, the test sample may be oxidized and placed on a thin film which is placed onto the surface of an electrode, such as pillar hydrogen peroxide, which is among the most common, and then a polarized potential is applied to the anode and cathode, which releases elctrodes, which may be measured. However, the pillar electrodes require constant maintenance which can lead to cross pollution which can lead to mistaken readings.

Some tests require more specialized tests and require a separate biochemistry analyser. This analyser may be used for several tets, or a single test. Some of these are performed frequently, but others are not, and the majority are expensive to perform, as well as time consuming. Due to the shortage of skilled clinical laboratory professionals, manufacturers are working to develop automated systems for these rare tests.

With the recent contributions in biology, chemistry and genetics, the biochemistry analyser has been evolving and improving. Biochemical research is being pushed, and is now moving from the study of a few molecules to the functional study of all biomolecules. Today, biochemical analysers are being used to help tag proteins and nucleic acids with special dies thhat allow scientists to make great headway in their quest to sequence the human genome.

QuickBooks – How to Record Reimbursable Expenses

There are three ways people try to record reimbursable expenses in QuickBooks, but only two of them should be used. Here are specific details about each, with ideas about which you should use.

Method 1 – The Expense Tab/Expense Account Method: When recording an expense incurred for the customer, click the Expenses tab from the Write Checks or Enter Bills screen. Select the appropriate expense account, select the appropriate customer, and do not check the column with the invoice icon above it (also labeled “Billable” in later versions of QuickBooks). Save the transaction. You can now generate an invoice for the customer, and drop the transaction into the invoice after clicking the Time/Costs button.

Behind-the-Scenes Details of this Method: Using this method causes the expense account to be credited when the invoice is generated for the customer. This lowers the expense account rather than increasing a sales/revenue account. If users want this – if users do not want the reimbursed expense to be recorded as income, then this method should be used.

Method 2 – The Expense Tab/Cost Account Method: Similar to Method 1, click the Expenses tab from the Write Checks or Enter Bills screen when entering an expense for a customer. Instead of selecting an expense account, select a COGS account. Then select the appropriate customer. Unlike with Method 1, notice that the column along the far right side cannot be checked.

Behind-the-Scenes Details of this Method: It creates unbillable “Unbilled Costs.” These will show on the Unbilled Costs report, but when the Time/Costs button is clicked on the Invoice screen, they do not appear in that window. In other words, these will remain, forever, on the Unbilled Costs report ,and can never be dropped into a customer’s invoice. Because of this, this method should never be used under any circumstances. If it is necessary to post to a COGS account, follow Method 3.

Method 3 – The Items Tab Method: Go to the Items list, and create a new Other Charge item. Click the box that says, “This item is used in assemblies or is a reimbursable charge.” This sets up the item so it can be used effectively on the Write Checks/Enter Bills screen, and the Invoice screen. Fill in the item with the desired COGS account in the left hand box, and desired revenue account in the right hand box. Fill in other information as needed.

Then, when writing checks or entering bills for reimbursable expenses, instead of using the Expenses tab, click the Items tab and select the item just created. Fill in the correct amount, and do not place a checkmark the column on the far right side. Save the transaction.

When invoicing the customer, click the Time/Costs button, and the item used above will appear. Select it, and QB places it onto the customer’s invoice. Save the transaction.

Behind-the-Scenes Details of this Method: When using the item in the Write Checks, Enter Bills, or Enter Credit Card Charges screens, the amount will post to whichever COGS account was chosen when setting up the item. When using the item in the Invoice or Sales Receipts screen, the amount will post to whichever revenue account was chosen when setting up the item.

This is the method to use if you take a markup on the reimbursement. It adds the customer’s reimbursement to the revenue, and is the only method that allows for a gross margin to be determined without creating unbillable “Unbilled Costs.”

This method can be difficult because it takes some thought to get the Item set up correctly. In the Edit Item screen, careful attention must be given to assigning the correct COGS account on the “Purchase Information” side, and also to the correct sales/revenue account on the “Sales Information” side.

Another reason this method can be difficult is that your company may want to post to various revenue and COGS accounts for various reimbursable transactions. If this is the case, then individual Items will need to be established, each customized according to the accounts they need to post to.

Final Thoughts

Most people will probably follow Method 1, but a few will want to follow Method 3. If you need more help to decide, seek professional advice from a local accounting expert.

How to Patent, Trademark, And Copyright a Clothing Line

Intellectual property applicable to a new Clothing Line design may include trademark protection, copyright, and/or a patent(s):

Trademark protection

For the name, logo, or graphic that identifies and distinguishes your line from others. You can and should use TM next to or in close proximity to your mark upon initial use. TM simply means that you claim a common law right to the mark, which by virtue of your use you have a right to claim.

Use of ® is strictly prohibited until your application is completely approved and your mark is registered at the United States Trademark Office. In fact, improper use of ® is illegal and can be punishable by law. In addition, improper use can adversely affect trademark rights and registerability of a mark.

NOTE: The trademark must be used consistently to identify the clothing line verses some short phrase, slogan and/or graphic printed on a garment or T-shirt for the purpose of making a statement. First step is to identify your mark, its goods or service description, and learn common mistakes in selecting a mark, see Trademark Information and Trademark Goods Services Description. Second step is to perform a Trademark Search, see Trademark Search Instructions on How to Perform a Search as part of the Inventor Start Kit.


If you have a drawing or a pattern showing the design of your garment or a photograph of garment these can be the basis of a copyright application. As a reminder, you should always include a copyright notice on all copies of your work (garment design), fixed on paper or in an electronic form, such as © 200_ Full Name/Company Name. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Note: If multiple authors are contributing to a work (garment) and a single person or entity desires to own the collective work then the parties must transfer their rights to the single person or entity via an assignment/work-made-for-hire agreement; otherwise, each contributor is owed a ratable share of the profits realized from use, license or sale of the work.

Design Patent

If your garment design is a new and non-obvious garment design (article of manufacture) it may qualify for protection under a design patent.

How to Get Rid of Pickle Smell

Cucumber pickling remained widespread across the Levant and Maghreb regions, where it is still very popular today. Pickled cucumbers became popular in the United States due to the influence of the cuisine of Eastern European immigrants.

In any case, as beloved as pickles are, the stench that these brine-preserved vegetables can cause to your jars, cupboards, fridges, cars and your entire home is almost enough for many to wish that this so-called treat had vanished along with Ancient Rome and Greece.

How can you get rid of the odor of the pickle juice spilled on your sofa or eliminate the odor from that empty pickle jar? Here are some tips to help you out.

Pickle Smell Removing Products

* Febreze uses a chemical compound called cyclodextrin that has been used in household and custodial cleaning products for quite some time now. The sugar-like substance doesn’t necessarily “clean” the pickle odors out, but acts as an absorbent – like baking soda or crumpled newspaper – to help soak the odor out.

* An Ozone Generator will get rid of any odor you can think of if it’s left on long enough in a closed house or apartment. The specifics of this procedure are a bit unclear, but if you’re getting desperate enough, it might be worth a shot.

You will have to take full responsibility for what this might do to your home or your health. Just be sure to air out the home thoroughly after doing this because ozone is bad for your lungs.

* Get a Prozone Air Purifier. They’re good for keeping your whole house smelling fresh, not just eliminating those pickle odors. Unfortunately, they are also quite expensive.

* If you want something a little cheaper, you can try Ozium Air Freshener. It’s a small bottle, but just a little goes a long way. You can get this product at most Wal-Mart branches and some car part dealerships.

* A few deodorizing products that you can also use include Nature’s Miracle, Bane-Clene (which is great for allergies), and a well-recommended mattress cleaner used by the hotel industry called ProKlean.

* Try Renuzit on any scent. You pull it up, and the product’s gel-shaped cone absorbs the smells. It takes about 24 hours, but it works. The first day, the smell of the gel is very strong, but soon it fades along with the odor you want to get rid of.

* You can also buy home oil fragrances and burners from various candle shops. With fruity flavors like mango and all the benefits of aromatherapy, it may be the way to go. The selection of aromas available is quite extensive, and would suit most any aromatherapy fan’s taste.

They make useful burners for the oils too. The best part is that even though the bottles are small, all you need is about five or six drops each time, so the bottles last forever. You can even find a little fragrance burner you can plug into the lighter in your car, which is a lot more effective than those cheap little air fresheners you hang from the rear view mirror.

* Natural cleaners and odor-removing products are a good idea. If you want to get rid of that smoke odor in an eco-friendly manner, how about using some of the cleaning products found in the organic and natural foods section of your local grocery store? Often, these products work just as well as the brand name chemicals. Examples of these so-called natural cleaners are good old borax, hydrogen peroxide, enzymatic cleaners, and oxygen bleach.

Pickle Smell Removal

First of all, it should be fairly obvious to you that it isn’t the pickles themselves that are causing the funky smell in your house/car/cupboard/jar; it’s actually the smell of the pickling agents (vinegar or brine) that’s clinging onto your valued properties and possessions. If you want to get rid of this foul odor, try one of these tips.

* First, wash the jars well in hot, soapy water and rinse completely. Then pour in a solution of equal parts vinegar and water. Let it stand overnight with the lids off. Rinse, dry, store with the lids off, and the smell should be gone.

* You can also fill the jars with crumpled-up newspaper and let them stand overnight to remove odors.

* Use your pickle jar only for pickles, nothing more. If you can’t use it for pickles, throw it out or recycle it.

* For entire spaces that smell of pickles, try leaving an open box of sodium bicarbonate, otherwise known as baking soda, in the contaminated region (like the fridge or your cupboard). It can work there for a few months and it tremendously helps eat up pickle odors and other smells. Buy two boxes and sprinkle one of them on your carpets to help deodorize as well.

* You can either go to your local hardware store and rent a carpet steam cleaner to shampoo the carpets yourself, or you can hire a professional to bring in a big truck and do the dirty work for you. If you want to save money, the choice is obvious, and the guarantees some businesses will make these days smell funnier than the pickle odor you want them to remove.

* Check all corners and closets for any pickle residues in the apartment, then air out the place for a few days with as much cross-ventilation as possible.

* Potpourri or air fresheners are just going to mask the smell, but for a short time, they’ll do if you just need to get through one more day of pickle smell hell. You can also burn some incense, if you’d like; it basically uses the same idea.

* The key is to disinfect. A bottle of bleach or ammonia and a heavy-duty pair of rubber gloves should help a lot in sanitizing every little nook and cranny of your pad. Yes, elbow grease is the way to go when getting rid of pickle funk.

Cleaning Services

* Hire professional cleaners as a last resort; however, for many people the cleaners are the first choice because of the sheer ordeal of pickle smell removal. Indeed, if all else fails, commercial cleaning does exist to help you out.

Whatever the situation of the hirer, a professional cleaning service can cost a lot less money than most people would expect. The cleaners provide all the equipment and detergents. Above all, they have the experience of having cleaned rooms that would probably make your pickle-stinking room smell like roses in comparison.

Another point to consider is that if you tried to do the job yourself, you would no doubt spend more time than a professional cleaner would, and time is money! Get yourself out of that pickle and let somebody else do the job for you.

How to Get Rid of Leather Smell

The leather odors may be relatively easy to deal with on a small scale, but on a large scale they can seem altogether impossible. Good quality leather will smell quite strong for several years, really. So the real question that should be asked is: Are you sure you want to remove the leather smell from your leather products? Some people actually find the smell of leather rather sexy, and it’s a good indicator that your leather is of high caliber. Who doesn’t want to have that leathery smell on their leather items?

But to each his/her own, and if you’d rather that your leather product (whether it’s a jacket, car upholstery, the sofa or even your handbag) smells something else entirely, then follow the tips and advice below. For what it’s worth, you have something made of animal hide. You should probably expect it to smell like animal hide.

Leather Smell Removal

* The only true cure (sorry for that pun) for leather musk is age; wait for the smell to go away as the leather ages, that is. You could probably mask it with something else, but putting something on the leather will probably make it take longer for the smell to go away.

* Masking agents are often used to try and take care of problematic odors. The problem with a masking agent is it does just that, it “masks” or hides the leather odor; it will not remove it.

Masking agents are often oil based and can leave a residue on the materials being treated. Masking agents can also trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals, such as runny noses and itchy watery eyes. A masking agent will also dissipate with time and it is possible that the original leather odor will return so use with caution.

Potpourri, air fresheners, The Body Shop Scents, a particularly fragrant shampoo, perfumes, lemon juice and whatnot are just some of the many examples you can use to mask that animal hide stench.

* You might want to go into a tack shop (horse supplies), if there’s one nearby, and ask them for help. There are all sorts of leather conditioners and cleaners, and some of them can help cover the odor. Murphy’s oil soap, which is always what cowboys used for cleaning saddles and boots, might also work (as well as making the leather shiny), but then again, many of those same cowboys are usually trying to keep the leather smell!

* On a small scale, leather odors can be removed by simply placing the offending article of clothing or leather product into an airtight container with baking soda for a few days. This restoration treatment however, may or may not work with this particular odor and it is certainly not possible to carry out on a large scale.

* Here’s another baking soda trick; put your leather item in a bag/pillowcase. Sprinkle a liberal amount of bicarbonate soda in it. Fasten the bag up, give it a good shake, and then leave it in there for at least twenty-four hours. The baking soda should help absorb some of the odors.

* You can also put your leather item in a plastic bag with crumpled-up newspaper for a few days; it should absorb the odor. This is also part of the reason why some shoe stores put newspaper inside their leather shoe products (aside from avoiding the shoe to warp because of the hollow insides).

* Activated charcoal may work just as well as the newspaper method, but you don’t want it to touch your leather item because it will ruin and stain its surface.

* You can also sponge the jacket down with ¼ cup of white vinegar to a bucket or sink of water. Sponge down your beloved leather jacket with the solution. Rinse afterwards, then apply the vinegar solution again, then rinse once more and hang to dry some place out of direct sunlight as heat can damage leather.

Vinegar will condition and clean leather and remove odors, or at least it will once its own sourness dissipates from your leather item. You can do this occasionally or when it gets heavily soiled.

* You can place pandan leaf on your smelly leather item as well. Pandan (P. amaryllifolius) leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking to add a distinct aroma to rice and curry dishes such as nasi lemak, kaya (‘jam’) preserves, and desserts such as pandan cake.

Fresh leaves are typically torn into strips, tied in a knot to facilitate removal, placed in the cooking liquid, then removed at the end of cooking. Dried leaves and bottled extract may be bought in some places.

* You can also substitute Febreze with most of the cleaning agents here. Febreze uses a chemical compound called cyclodextrin that has been used in household and custodial cleaning products for quite some time.

The sugar-like substance doesn’t necessarily “clean” the leather odors out, but acts as an absorbent-like baking soda or crumpled newspaper, to help soak the leather odor out.

* You can also dip the leather apparel in a bucket of bleach, rubbing alcohol or an ammonia solution for about an hour. You will then find that the foul smell has been replaced by a lovely hospital smell that will certainly attract the nostrils of young gentlemen. A reapplication of leather conditioner afterwards may be necessary.

Here are some words of warning, though; make sure to do some colorfastness test on the leather to make sure it won’t fade because of the bleach. It would also be advisable to use oxygen bleach instead of chlorine bleach to avoid fading and drying in the first place.

Leather FAQ

What is the difference between Full Grain, Top Grain, Genuine and Bonded leather?

All leather isn’t equal and it is important to understand the differences when you are buying leather products. Leather is a natural material. It is strong, breathes, insulates and molds to your body. It is a combination of beauty and strength. Just how beautiful and how strong, however, are influenced by the hide source, cut and process.

* Full Grain Leather: This is the best leather money can buy. It is taken from the top layer of hide and shows the natural markings and grain of the leather. The natural surface of full grain leathers burnish and beautify with use. Full Grain Leather burnishes over time.

This is the exceptional leather used in thick leather goods and leather accessories. Top quality cow and water buffalo full grain leathers are extremely strong and durable. It is used in luxury briefcases and expensive saddles and bridles.

It’s this type of leather that has the most ‘musk’ of all the other types. This sought after (or not-so-sought after) smell makes it distinct among all the rest.

* Top Grain Leather: This is the second highest grade of leather. Top grain leather is split from the top layer of blemished hide and is sanded and refinished. Top grain leather does not burnish and beautify with use, but it is as strong and durable as full grain leather.

* Bonded Leather: Bonded Leather is leather’s bottom. Suede scraps are ground together with glue and resurfaced in a process similar to vinyl manufacture. Bonded leather is weak and degrades quickly with use.

* Genuine Leather: This is produced from the layers of hide that remain after the top is split off for the better grades. These weaker under layers are known as suede. (Don’t be confused with the fuzzy finish also referred to as “suede.”) The suede surface is usually refinished to resemble a higher grade. It can be smooth or rough. Caution: The inferior quality of genuine leather becomes evident with use.

Carpet Cleaning – Tips on How to Get Your Carpet Spotless Clean

It is always good to remember that if you want something to be done right, then you have to use the right methods and techniques. The same applies to carpet cleaning too; only if you choose the right method, will you be able to get your carpet or rug spotlessly clean and dust-free.

To make your carpet adorn a brand-new look, it is important to choose a cleaning technique that suits the fabric as well as the type of fibers that are used in your carpet or rug. You can either opt for do-it-yourself methods or seek the help of professional cleaners. While the former is cheap but less efficient, the latter is expensive but promises you a clean and fresh-smelling carpet.

Steam cleaning is the preferred method if your rug or carpet is heavily soiled with dust as well as stains. Only cleaning with steam will give you deep cleaning that will be necessary to take out all the stains. But this method cannot be done all by you and requires the hands of an expert carpet technician. Also, you can use steam cleaning for your carpets only once in a year. And remember the golden rule; use steam and not boiling water. The latter will dislodge the glue that binds the carpet fibers together and spoil it irrevocably.

There are many carpet cleaning kits available in the market today. Make sure you get one only after reading the instructions carefully and understanding if it suits your rug type. You need to vacuum clean and rake the carpet first to remove loose dust and dirt before cleaning the carpet with any product. An enzyme-buffer system is used to remove the oily stains and then a non-residue shampoo is used to thoroughly clean the carpet. After shampooing the carpet well, clean it thoroughly with running water and then dry it out. You can either air dry it or vacuum dry it; wait for a day and then vacuum clean the rug once again to ensure that any remaining dust is removed. This method can be used frequently like every three months which will help keep your carpet fresh, clean and stain-free.

An important thing to take care is to regularly vacuum clean your rug every alternate day or at least every week so that dust does not get settled and ruin the carpet. Dry carpet cleaning is another method that you could consider especially during winter when it may take ages to get it dry. The bonnet method is a great technique; in this a cleaning product mixed with carbonated water is sprayed on the carpet and then a buffer is used to brush the rug using a circular motion. This lifts out the dust particles and helps to clean out the rug. The only disadvantage is that this process is quite tedious and tends to take an awful long time to complete. So go ahead and choose your method of choice and keep your carpet clean and fresh always.

Can Turmeric Effects Benefit Men?

First of all the question whether turmeric effects benefit men is wrong. It benefits both men and women. It is an ayurvedic herb belonging to ginger family used in India for thousands of years.

The main health benefit for turmeric is its anti inflammation impact. Every one of us is subjected to inflammation if we do not take proper care of our immune system. It can happen both inside and outside out body. Many internal organs are subjected to inflammation when ejecting the unwanted bacteria from our body if we do not provide proper nutrition. Curcumin is one of the substances that can handle inflammation which is available in turmeric. That is why turmeric gains its importance.

More than turmeric effects benefits men, it is beneficial to women.

It is used as a great skin care products. Acne is the result of inflammation. Pimples, blackheads etc., are treated with turmeric paste. Indian women used turmeric for thousands of years to take care of their skin. It is not expensive and also it is a natural herb having fantastic anti septic qualities.

Urinary tract infection is more common to women than men. Turmeric is very good to treat the disease.

Other than the above benefits, it is used to treat burns and boils. Mouth ulcers can be remedied by taking a pinch of turmeric powder in the boiled milk.

A teaspoon of turmeric powder is mixed with a teaspoon of water to make a paste and applied in the forehead during cold and cough. It gives good relief.

If you are a man and looking to get the benefits of turmeric, you should go in for a complete planned nutrition supplement that includes turmeric in enteric coated format. I know for sure a fantastic natural nutrition supplement specially designed for men, women and unisex from New Zealand. As I said earlier, turmeric effects benefits men as well as women.