Warlock Leveling Guide – Leveling For Warlock in WotLK

Warlocks are a very good class to play with, due to their extraordinary damage and survivability. Besides, their pet will give even more control over their damage. After level 20, a well played warlock will never run out of mana due to the effective use of life tap and other talents. Warlocks have the ability to solo quests, which normally requires group. Read on to find out the best  talent build for a warlock!


The main purpose of this warlock leveling guide was to reveal the best available talent build for warlocks, because it is really hard to choose the most effective one for leveling. A good talent build for leveling is focusing on damage rather then defense.  So, I think the best talent tree is the Affliction. The primary intent of this build is to maximize your mana efficiency while keeping a really high DPS up. This will allow you to continue killing without stop. The first talent you should pick up, should be the Improved Corruption. Improved Soul Drain will help your mana efficiency, while Soul Siphon and Improved Life Drain will increase your overall effectiveness. Fel Concentration is one of the best talents in the Affliction tree, as it will allow you to ‘drain-tank’ your enemies. This means, that you find a target, apply some DoT damage (Corruption,Curse of Agony etc.), Lifetap to regain the used mana, and Life Drain your target until its death. The next talents should be the Grim Reach and Nightfall. Siphon Life is yet another great talent, as it will help your damage and mana efficiency even more.  Finally, at level  40, you will get the best talent in the affliction tree: the Dark Pact. This talent will allow you, to use your pet as a mana pool: you will be able to transfer your pet into mana. At this point, virtually, you will have unlimited mana!

The Ultimate Warlock Leveling Guide

If you enjoy leveling, then I recommend you to stay away from leveling guides as they will instantly catapult you to level 80. But, if you want to get level 80 as quickly as possible, I recommend you to check out the best warlock leveling guide. Actually, nowadays, there is no longer a warlock leveling guide, as all the good automated guides, cover all the classes.

Two Step Drill – The Accelerated Power Step

Some bowlers always wonder why they are not getting the strikes they so desperately desire. They fail to realize that something may be lacking in their knowledge, perhaps?


– Accelerated Power Step –

The two-step drill is an integral part of a bowler’s bio-mechanical functions in the process of developing the power step. Besides acquiring good swing timing, the two-step drill also acts as a catalyst to developing an accelerated swing. This bit of knowledge is so advantageous in today’s modern power play.


Start by positioning yourself about 4-5 feet from the foul line.

Place your feet in the staggered starting stance, with the take-off foot (right leg for right handed bowler) about 3-4″ further back.

Hold ball stationary by the side of the body. Extend balance arm to 8-9 o’clock.

Begin by pushing the ball forward. During the backward downswing, take a small step forward with the take-off leg.

When the ball reaches the apex of the backswing, you should be in the set ‘pro’ posture and your body weight should be centered on your take-off leg.

NOW you are in the power zone. With your take-off leg, push forward strongly to drive into the slide with your sliding leg…as you accelerate the forward swing.

The result will be a higher ball speed with higher rev rates.

Practise this drill until you achieve the desired results.

I have always stressed that your Basic Fundamentals are the building blocks for a solid game. Once you get them right, learning new things become a breeze.

Planning a Truss Roof Loft Conversion? Let Telebeam Take the Strain

The Telebeam system is a revolutionary new way of organising the conversion of a truss (or trussed rafter) roof into a usable space. Not only will this method of loft conversion give you an extra room, or rooms, but it will also add value to your house.

Traditional methods of converting a trussed rafter roof involve replacing the ‘W’ sections of trusses with steel joists which usually run between load bearing gable walls. New vertical supporting timbers and floor joists are then run from these steel joists to support the existing roof before the internal trusses is removed.

Once the additional supports are in place the ‘W’ sections of roof trusses are almost totally removed. The roof trusses at the apex are usually retained in a much shortened state because they have to carry the new horizontal ceiling joists forming the new flat area of ceiling, as well as the regulation insulation materials.

As you can imagine, installing lengthy steel joists into a roof that is already ‘full’ of supporting trusses is the trickiest part. Either a section of one gable end is temporarily removed to allow the steel to be inserted longitudinally, or areas of the roof tiles are removed and the steel joists are inserted in sections and then bolted together when in place.

The Telebeam system does away with the need to insert substantial load-bearing steel joists by retaining the load bearing triangulation, eave to eave, rather than between load bearing walls. With Telebeam only the three lowest rows of roof tiles need to be removed temporarily. Then the roofing felt is turned back to allow the telescopic beams to be slid in alongside the current floor joists, attaching to the wall plates either side. As their name suggests, the TeleBeams are telescopic and adjust to the span of the building. They do not rely on any internal support and work for any roof pitch.

The vertical stud walls at the edge of the new room transfer the roof load down onto the Telebeam system and the original horizontal wooden joists take the horizontal (spreading) load. The ‘W’ sections of roof trusses are now redundant and most of them can be removed, retaining the roof trusses at the apex to carry the new ceiling collar as before. The new floor can then be fixed directly to the Telebeam system, insulation can be added underfloor, between the rafters and within the new ceiling, and the rafters, ceiling and stud walls can be boarded over and a plastered finish applied.

TeleBeam systems are available in spans up to 8.4 metres so they are ideal for almost any size of roof.

Advantages of the TeleBeam system:

a) Incorporates roof and floor support in one LABC (Local area building control) approved system.

b) Minimises loft conversion costs – the TeleBeam system costs about £5,000 + vat for a 2/3 bedroom house (the installation is not included in this figure).

c) Maximises available headroom.

d) Available in spans of 5.8, 6.2, 7.0, 7.8 and 8.4 metres.

e) No additional timber floor joists are required.

f) Beams slide into the roof space by removing just three rows of tiles from one side of the house.

g) Reduced scaffolding/access costs.

h) Telescopic beams fit most buildings and roof pitches.

i) No specialist installation skills or tools are required.

j) Easy to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Pinched Nerves – How to Determine If You Have One

Sciatica, everyone has probably heard of it but do you know what it really is? Most might say that it’s a pain you get in your leg but do you know where it comes from? What confuses a lot of people and even doctors is that sciatica is not a diagnosis, I repeat that sciatica is NOT a diagnosis, in fact there are 10 reasons at least as to why you can get sciatica, so if you go to your doctor and they give you that diagnosis and hand you a pill, get them to think again. Sciatica by definition is pain experienced in the distribution of the sciatic nerve, the sciatic nerve consists of 5 nerves exiting your lower lumber (back) area and exiting your sacrum (pelvic area), these nerves join as one and is called the sciatic nerve. This runs down the back of your leg to your ankle and sometimes affects the sole of your foot. The sciatic nerve feels sensations and allows you to move the muscles in your leg. Sciatica is a symptom rather then the cause.

Here is a list of the 10 causes of sciatica pain:

  1. Sacroiliitis – an inflammatory process within the sacroiliac joint (pelvis) can be due to infection, sprain of the joint (misalignment), or an arthritic condition.
  2. Iliolumber Syndrome – inflammation or sprain of the iliolumber ligament, a big ligament that runs across the top of your pelvis used for bending and twisting.
  3. Quadratus Lumborum Syndrome – heard of the QL muscle, this is a muscle in your lower back; it can get tight and painful and refer pain down your leg.
  4. Trochanteric Bursitis – the bursa at the upper side of your leg is inflamed.
  5. Ischialgluteal Bursitis – inflammation of the bursa in your buttock, when you sit it is aggravated.
  6. Posterior Facet Syndrome – facet joints are a part of your vertebra, they can be misaligned or degenerated.
  7. Meralgia Paraesthetica – a nerve entrapped that passes through your hip flexor muscle within your pelvic area, can be due to pregnancy, tumours and infection.
  8. Disc Herniation – also known as a prolapsed disc or bulging disc these days, when you injure a disc in your lower back due to strain or misalignment.
  9. Lateral Canal Stenosis Syndrome – degeneration or arthritis where the nerve passes through the spine causing symptoms.
  10. Myofascial Syndromes – when muscles are tight around the lower back and pelvic area they can cause referring pain.

You can have one of those conditions occurring or you can have 3-4 at once occurring but until you get a proper diagnosis of your condition and the primary cause discovered you will not get better. Sciatica occurs when the function of the nerve is affected, weakness, numbness or pins and needles can be present in the legs with or without lower back pain. Certain treatments are affective with sciatica, such as chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage. What is also important is giving your body the nutrients it needs for tight muscles, inflammation and arthritic conditions, those include:

– Calcium and magnesium, a good mineral supplement with calcium and magnesium restores the balance back in your muscles and relaxes them, also prevents cramping.

– Fatty acids, a good fat supplement such as flax seed oil or a fish oil supplement is good for your joints and bones helping arthritis and joint problems

– Glucoseamine has been shown to help with arthritic conditions I also use it in my clinic to get stability within the ligaments and joints.

Lifestyle changes are necessary to help the condition and to prevent recurrence, such as stretching and exercises. First, get the problem professionally diagnosed, take supplements to support the condition and make changes in your lifestyle.

Model Train Baseboards – The Foundation For Your Model Railroads Success!

Base boards are used for building your model train on. Your tracks are attached to this base board and your scenery is built on it. Once you have decided the size of the area you have to work with, then you can determine the size of your train models base board.

Other factors for choosing your trains’ base board are your budget and if it is going to be a fixed or portable set up. There are 5 popular materials that are used for building base boards for model trains. In this article you will learn about which ones they are along with their pros and cons.

Top 5 Materials for Making Quality Base boards

Plywood is a man-made board that is made out of thin wood layer sheets. The multiple layers are glued together and the outside sheets will have the grain running in the same direction. This design minimizes the board from warping. The glue used is a formaldehyde derivative, which means, you should always wear a mask when you are cutting this material.

Plywood is the preferred board material for model railroad base boards. It is durable, strong and can handle any changes in its environment (like moisture) that other materials can’t. There are 2 types of plywood:

  1. Birch Plywood – is extremely durable and tough. If you want the best this is it. When attaching your track with track pins to this material, because of its hardness, most likely you will need to pre drill the holes. The only downside to Birch Plywood is that it does cost more but experience railroaders know that it is well worth the extra cost.
  2. Far Eastern Plywood (FE Ply) – Because this plywood is less expensive to manufacture it does cost less. It is better than some other materials but it does not compare to Birch Plywood. You will find this plywood being used a lot with ‘DIY Shed Kits’. There have also been some reports of wood worm in this grade of plywood.

MEPS – this is also an engineered wood product. It is produced from softwood that has been turned into wood fibers. These fibers are held together with resin and wax and then formed into a board. Again, when cutting this board wear a mask as it also contains formaldehyde.

Both of these base boards will serve you well. They are both strong and do not warp or split. You will need to use power tools for cutting and drilling holes. If you are making a portable baseboard then keep in mind that these materials can be heavy to move.

Sundeala – This product is available in the UK. These boards are made from newspapers that have been recycled and are becoming popular with model railroaders for base boards. The plus sides of Sundeala boards are:

  • Easy to work with as they take track pins without drilling.
  • They are light in weight.
  • They can be cut and molded with a strong knife so no power tools are needed.

The downside of these expensive boards is their softness can break down easier. They are prone to break, crack, sag, curl on the edges and can swell from moisture.

If weight is your main factor then go ahead and use this board. But make sure you use 12″ centers for the underneath support frame as this will combat any sagging possibilities.

Particle Board (chipboard) – this man-made board is made from sawdust, sawmill shavings and wood chips. These materials are held with resin glue and compressed together. The way these boards are made makes them denser, cheaper, lighter and more uniform than plywood. But Particle Boards are a weak fiber and have the tendency to absorb moister.

You can easily combat this potential problem by simply sealing the board with oil based paint. Its low-cost does make it popular but serious railroad enthusiasts never consider using it.

MDF (Medium Density Fiber board) – this particle board has a hard smooth outside finish. Therefore it is used on things like; kitchen cabinets and highway road signs. The boards are a bit heavier than plywood and not as strong. So it needs to be on 12″ centers for the underneath support framing and you should never go below 12 mm in thickness.

As you can see there are several choices for building base boards. Your choice will most likely come down to these 6 questions:

  1. What tools are available for you to use.
  2. What conditions your railroad will be used in.
  3. The cost of the board material.
  4. The availability of the board material in your area.
  5. The size of the area you can set up your railroad.
  6. Is your railroad going to be a fixed or portable set up.

Entertain Friends & Family With an Outdoor Party

Whether it's in your front yard, backyard, on your porch or under a shady tree – entertaining outdoors is the easiest way to gather friends and neighbors together.

The beginning of fall is the perfect time to connect with the people around you. Friends have been busy with the whirlwind of summer. Kids have been away at camp and you may even have new neighbors that you'd like to get to know. Do not wait until next year – there's still plenty of time to plan the party that everyone will be remembering long into winter.

The easier you make your party, the more relaxing and fun it will be. Do not worry about cleaning your house – just mow the grass. If kids knock over their lemonade cups (with the dog's help, no doubt) it's not a big deal because you're outside. Here are a few tips on how to make your fall party go off without a hitch.

* A little organization will help make your party a big success. Tell your guests what you plan on providing when you invite them. A good guest offers to bring something and a good host allows their guests to help. People can bring additional seating, outdoor games like bocce ball, preferred beverages in a cooler and even vacation photos to be passed around.

* As people reply, ask them if they have a special dish they'd like to make. If not, ask for dishes that give your menu a good balance. For instance you could say, "I could use another dessert. Do you have a suggestion?" But quite, resist the urge to micro-manage your guests. If you allow them to bring what they want they will appreciate your flexibility.

* Hope for the best, but expect a few no-shows. Decide ahead of time what you'd be lost without. If the paper plates do not show up, you'll be glad that you have some on hand. Same with condiments and desserts. Keep a few extra supplies in your pantry and in your freezer. You can always use them on other occasions if it turns out you do not need them for this party.

* Getting to know your neighbors is the best way to increase the value and security of your neighborhood. The more you and your neighbors know about each other, the more you are able to keep an eye on each other's homes, pets and possessions. While you're catching up, make time to discuss ways to keep home values ​​strong in your neighborhood, such as working together to beautify neighborhood entrances and common areas.

Remember – this is a party so have fun! Relax about what you can not control. Unlike a formal dinner with name cards, you'll probably find that if only the potato salad and brownies show up to accompany your burgers, you'll still have a great time if you do not let yourself get flustered.

Quick and Easy Vegetarian Dishes To Love

Nothing compares to sitting down at the dinner table with a fresh home-cooked meal. What makes it even better is when the dish is full of nutrition but at the same time good for the taste buds. Tonight, enjoy a healthy meal with your family by making any of these hearty vegetarian dishes:

Cheesy Veggie Quesadillas

What you need:

  • 6 pcs. 9-inch whole wheat tortillas
  • 1 1/4 cup reduced-fat sharp Cheddar cheese
  • 1/2 cup chopped yellow squash
  • 1/2 cup chopped zucchini
  • 1/2 cup chopped mushrooms
  • 1/2 cup chopped red bell pepper
  • 1/2 cup red onion
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • Cooking spray

Heat olive oil in a large noon-stick pan then cook squash, zucchini, mushrooms, red bell pepper and onion over medium-high heat for 7 to 9 minutes, or until tender. Remove from heat. Coat the same pan with cooking spray then place one wheat tortilla in it. Put about 1/4 cup of cheese over tortilla then top with 3/4 cup of the cooked vegetables. Sprinkle with another 1/8 cup of cheese then top with another tortilla. Cook 2 minutes per side or until golden. Slice into 8 triangles. Repeat with the rest of the ingredients.

Easy Meatless Chili

What you need:

  • 5 onions, chopped
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 2 cans black kidney beans, rinsed and drained
  • 2 cans dark red kidney beans
  • 1 can light red kidney beans
  • 1 3/4 cups diced tomatoes
  • 1 1/2 cups tomato juice
  • 1 1/2 cups frozen burger-style crumbles
  • 3 tablespoons chili powder
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons ground cumin
  • 1 tablespoon garlic powder
  • Salt and ground black pepper to taste

In a large pot over medium-high heat, mix together onions, bay leaves, black kidney beans, dark red kidney beans, light red kidney beans, tomatoes, tomato juice, burger-style crumbles, chili powder, cumin, garlic powder, salt and black pepper. Stir to combine ingredients well. Simmer for 1 hour.

Four-Cheese Vegetarian Lasagna

What you need:

  • Fresh pasta sheets
  • 2 eggs, beaten
  • 1 eggplant, cut into 1-inch rounds, grilled or fried
  • 5 tomatoes, roasted
  • 2 cups peeled and diced pumpkin, roasted
  • 2 cups ricotta cheese
  • 1 3/4 cups tomato sauce
  • 1 1/3 cups shredded mozzarella cheese
  • 1 cup crumbled feta cheese
  • 1 cup grated parmesan cheese
  • 2/3 cup pesto
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Combine eggs, roasted pumpkin, ricotta cheese, feta cheese, pesto, salt and pepper in a large bowl. Spread half of the tomato sauce in a greased 9×13-inch baking dish then place 2 pasta sheets over the sauce. Arrange eggplant slices over the sheets then top with half of the pumpkin mixture. Place another 2 pasta sheets, arrange tomatoes over the sheets then top with the remaining pumpkin mixture. Sprinkle with half of the mozzarella then top with 2 more pasta sheets. Spread remaining tomato sauce onto pasta sheets then sprinkle with remaining mozzarella. Top with Parmesan. Bake in a pre-heated oven (350 degrees F) for 3- to 45 minutes or until golden.

Enjoy these hearty and healthy vegetarian recipes with your family tonight for dinner!

How To Prevent Atrophy And Death In Your LEAN Project

Developing a LEAN culture with a LEAN Management system developed in parallel with the LEAN process system ensures that the roles, processes, standards, and procedures are documented and followed. Although we are not discussing physics, the law of entropy applies. It states “Organized systems tend to move toward disorganization”. LEAN involves the adoption of new processes, work habits, and the use of new tools. Everyone must learn new habits and, as psychologists say, extinguish the old habits. It is so easy to fall back into old habits. They lurk in the back of our mind waiting for the opportunity to resurface. This propensity of old habits to re-occur is the reason why a management system must be developed and implemented in parallel with the LEAN process system.

A LEAN management system will provide the tools and processes to maintain and support the LEAN process system. It will sustain the integrity of your system and ensure you realize the benefits of LEAN. A management system will close the loop on processes and allow employees to make continuous improvements. A LEAN production system and a LEAN management system are interrelated.

For example, a company instituted LEAN and standardized processes in a major area. They developed a flow for the work and cross trained employees and immediate supervisors so that flow could be maintained. The implementation resulted in less wait time for customers, reduction in time and costs, and an increase in quality. But then, employees in the LEAN area were transferred to new areas, management changed their focus to the latest new technology, and new employees were not cross trained. LEAN tools to document abnormalities stacked up and were not reviewed and no one acted on them. The result was a return to old habits and business as usual, which impacted customer relationships and profits. When management tried to reinstitute LEAN, there was resistance and many felt it was a failure because it didn’t last, so why try again?

Actually, LEAN had worked but it was not sustained because there was not a parallel management system developed. Another contributing factor was the lack of discipline in completing, reviewing, and acting upon LEAN tools. LEAN is not a one-time fix but a journey to continuous improvement.

The tools in LEAN make sense and are easy to use. The challenge is to actually employ the discipline to complete the charts, interpret data, and make the improvements. Let’s take a small scale example of what can happen when the tools are not used and the processes in not followed. In a manufacturing plant, an employee on the line had a call for the production of a number of units of a product not produced every day. The employee was considered very knowledgeable about the product and had a standard of work document. His team leader also had a standard of work document for the inspection of the process. The employee took a quick look at the steps in the standard of work and began producing the product. Unfortunately, he skipped an important step that ensured quality and eliminated customer complaints. This would have been noticed on the first unit or at least in the first hour of production if the team leader had inspected as required in her standard of work. But, she relied on the skill of the employee and turned her attention to another area of responsibility. The result was the shipment of a below-standard product and customer complaints.

Had the employee and the manager followed the standard of work and both used their LEAN tools, no sub-standard product would have been shipped and one or the other may have found another opportunity for improvement as they would have a fresh look at the process.

The objective is to develop a LEAN culture that includes everyone; that means executives, managers, team leaders, and employees. LEAN includes new work habits and like the development of personal habits, you must have discipline to employ the new habit.

It is the development of a culture. It is something that evolves as the employees and executives change. It is the result of experience. It results from the implementation of the two LEAN systems. It also results from a new way of approaching things. It includes respect for the brain power, capabilities, and experience of the employees. They are closest to the work and can provide valuable insights and innovative ideas.

Many people think that technology alone will ensure quality and improve production, but that is not true. Alex Warren, a former Executive Vice President of Toyota, tells how the technology alerts to defects but the employee has the power to stop the production line and fix the problem. He says it puts power into the hands of the employees and they know they count and feel both the responsibility and the power.

In many companies, executives sit in their office and either read reports or attend briefing sessions. However, going to see for yourself provides a different level of understanding. In one of the Success CDs that came with my copy of the magazine, Darren Hardy told of how he was brought in to do a turnaround for a company. One of his first recommendations was for the owner to take a walk around the building at least one or two times a week for 30 minutes and find an employee doing something right and compliment that person. He also recommended asking employees what were their challenges and what would help overcome the challenge. Darren said to ask questions so you understand what you observe and what the employee is telling you. The owner was impressed with the success of this change. Employees began to feel valued and make recommendations. Production and quality improved. Of course there were other changes as well, but this is an example of a change in habit and how cultures are developed.

Of Shoes

From 1966 to 1969 I taught English at Robert Academy, located on the Bosporus in a northern suburb of Istanbul. Clothing was a problem for us American faculty and our families. What was available in the Turkish marketplace was not of the high quality we were accustomed to in the States. We could not have any sort of objects processed to us because of Turkish customs charges. We all depended on friends and relatives visiting us from the western world and bringing us needed items of apparel.

Footwear was a particular problem for me. I took up tennis during my Istanbul years. My serving motion involved dragging my right foot along the court pavement, and I kept wearing out the toe of my right tennis shoe. I had a standing order for any visitors to please bring me a pair of Converse All Star Stan Smith model tennies. I searched in vain for a left-handed, large-footed tennis player with a similar problem and who might have a supply of serviceable right shoes that could make pairs with the few unworn left shoes stacked in my closet.

I also attempted some skiing on Turkey's Mt. Uludag, near Bursa. I had no equipment and depended on rents. On my first ski trip, I went to every rental place on the mountain in search of ski boots that would accommodate my size 13 feet. They had none. In desperation, I returned to the first rental place where I had tried on a right boot that was only mildly excruciating but better than any boot I had tried subsequently. The boot was still available, but when I asked for its mate, the rental person just shrugged and pointed at a large pile of boots that were not even in pairs and suggested that I searched on my own for the right boot's partner. I ended up skiing painfully in mismatched boots that were roughly the same size.

The next school vacation that came along, my wife and I traveled to Munich, where I was sure I would be able to buy comfortable ski boots. Germans, after all, are as large as Americans, I thought. I went to every store that sold ski equipment. Most salesmen just shook their heads when I told them what size I needed. They would be happy to build a custom-made pair for me, but that would be quite expensive and I did not have the time to wait for them. I ended up buying a ready-made pair that I thought would be uncomfortable but usable. I later sold them to another faculty member who wore a size 12 ..

I stand about 6ft. 3 ", and at the time weighed somewhere between 195 and 210. On a shopping trip to Athens I visited half a dozen clothing stores and got the same negative head shake when I asked about shirts and trousers. Purchases I could make were neckties, belts and handkerchiefs. Fortunately, parents and friends visited us from the States and were invaluable source of clothing and other supplies not available to us in Turkey. It's hard for me to remember, having lived the last 40- some years in California, how excited my wife Sally and I used to become at snacking on imported Fritos, bean dip, and Cheez Whiz, items unavailable in Turkish markets.

We had our first-born son during our stay in Istanbul. The birth took place at a maternity hospital named Güzel Bahçe. The Turkish nurseries were gushingly congratulatory. It is extremely important to Turks that the first child be a boy. Once our Brian's maleness was established, all the nurses and scrubwomen kept popping into the room with congratulations and mashallahs.

Sally was in the clinic for a week. There was a couch in her room on which I could stretch out and read or snooze. The nurses encouraged me to pop across the street and buy bottled Turkish beer to help Sally's milk production. Looking through the window at the half dozen newborns in their cribs, I saw that a changeling situation was nothing to worry about. Brian was the only infant with a hairless, Nordic-shaped head. All the others were dark-haired and round-headed Turkish babies.

Our Turkish landlord and his family were very excited to see us come home
with our baby boy, and they washed dishes of delectable food on us. I'll never forget one anonymous gift we found on our doorstep – probably from one of our neighbors. We returned from visiting friends to find a pair of little white leather baby shoes hanging from our doorknob by the laces. On our next outing with our ten-day-old infant, we decided his American tootsies would be shod a la Turca. But there was a problem. The shoes were too small.

Your Favorite Ground Beef Recipes

If you are looking for the right kind of ground beef recipes you should take a look online and see what all those different cooking sites have to offer you. The internet is an amazing database of recipes where you can find an endless collection of ground beef recipes too. You just have to make a little effort and choose the right site. You will also then need to work on the recipe for yourself and see if it is suitable to serve to family or guests. If you are looking to impress your friends and family a more exotic ground beef recipe will be a better option. For instance you can look for some Italian delicacy or something from the Pakistani / Indian cuisine. There are many benefits of including ground beef in your daily diet because you need some kind of meat source as part of a balanced diet too.

With the right kind of recipe you can make usual ground beef turn into something special. In fact, every day can be a special day if you make the effort to provide your family with thrilling new recipes. This way you can also make the children and the adults enjoy home cooking more and they can get to see a variety of food on the table. If you have some of your own concoctions which you want to try out, then you should do that too. But before making a lot of a new recipe, it is always wise to make a small amount with a few ingredients to see how the recipe turns out and if it is indeed tasting the way you want it to. Sometimes you can always tweak the recipes to make them taste better. But it is really up to you. when making substitutions it is important to not go overboard – or you might change the recipe entirely.

When a recipe calls for a certain ingredient try to get that ingredient and do not replace it with something you have lying around at home. It can have a serious effect on the recipe and you will not like it. It is also a good idea to check out the comments that people have left to that recipe and see if they liked how it turned out. If a lot of people have commented poorly then it is not a good idea to take up that particular recipe. Look for another one that works. Sometimes people will also leave comments regarding how they enhanced the taste of a specific recipe which is something that can really be helpful for you. So it is definitely important to read those comments. You should also leave your own comments about the recipe once you have made it to save others some trouble. Let people know if the recipe is good or bad – you will be doing a good service.

You can also find some welcoming recipes like egg salad recipe from online resources which can be used for family, friends or guests or even for kid's snacks.

Outdoor Deck Lighting Lets You Enjoy The Night

If you're looking to improve the outside appearance of your home, maybe it's time for you to consider outdoor deck lighting. If you have your indoor lighting down pat, then you should turn your attention to illuminating your exterior property. Deck lighting is one type of lighting that you should not forget to look into.

The Benefits of Good Outdoor Lighting

Most of us have already heard how outdoor lighting can keep us safe. Many kinds of outdoor lights can warn robbers away from your property. Some kinds of lighting however, like deck lighting have other great uses. Here are only some of the benefits that you can get out of deck lighting:

* Your deck is a great alternative if you are tired of dining indoors. Eating with the fresh air around you and the stars above can be relaxing. Your guests will surely enjoy such an experience. If you choose to dine out though, you need some lights to provide some lighting and to set the right mood. This is where good outdoor deck lighting comes in.

* Having some great deck lighting means you never have to cut your evenings short. Now, with a lighted deck, you can casually take a sip of wine while sitting with someone close to you. You can also enjoy more time with your kids. Nothing beats playing board games or talking to your kids about their day on your deck.

* Outdoor deck lighting is the best way to keep every member of your family safe. Properly placed deck lights will ensure that nobody ever has to miss a step or stumble over an obstacle.

Ideas for Outdoor Deck Lighting

These days, there are more ways than one to light a deck. In fact, there are just so many options that you could easily get confused. Here are some great ideas that you might want to consider for deck lighting:

* One way to ensure that everyone is safe is to use floor and step lights. These lights can be directly installed into the deck wood. With these lights, you are absolutely certain about placing a step. These kinds of lights typically emit a soft glow so you do not have to worry about irritating light glare.

* You can also use shaded lamps that are waist high to light your deck. Short globe lamps are also an option. These dwarf-like lights can add to the allure of your deck. They are natural decorative pieces by themselves.

* One other great idea would be to use tiny light posts that are only a few inches high. You could also opt for small scones or shaded lights that can be attached to the bottom of your deck railing.

* If you have tables on your decks, you can incorporate center table lighting. You can opt for soft light so your guests do not get irritated with the glare. You can also choose center light pieces that are shaded or hooded.

Installing outdoor deck lighting can be one of the best decisions you will ever make. If you want longer and greater night enjoyment with people who matter to you, invest in some good deck lights.

Why Become a Leader?

In an effort to move up the corporate ladder and achieve a higher salary everyone seems to be striving for a management position. Aside from the fact that it offers greater financial compensation and status few people know why they would want to be a manager. Many technical professionals are not really interested in people anyway, they are interested in technology. Many find dealing with people just a necessary annoyance.

I certainly was of that opinion. However, an interesting change took place. The more I learned about leadership and the way people behaved, the more I found them fascinating. My interest grew to the point that I now find people far more appealing than technology.

For those of you who have not been convinced that motivating and leading people is worth your time here are a few reasons that you might want to consider:

• Leadership is a valued skill

• Leadership gives you the ability to accomplish more

• Leadership allows you to progress up the corporate ladder

• Leadership give you skills that will last a lifetime (timeless skills)

• Leadership gives you skills that can be transferred outside of the IT/IS department

• Leadership give you the ability to help others grow

• Leadership is a much more effective people management technique.

Leadership Skills Enable Individuals to Reach Superior Positions

Most organizations do not provide financial compensation for technical staff at levels as high as management. The ability to lead, motivate, and communicate are valued higher than the ability to accomplish something that is technical in nature. You can argue whether this is an appropriate policy or not; however disputing it is most likely not going to change it. If you want to progress up the corporate ladder in your organization and move to higher salary ranges, you need to take on leadership roles; and do a good job of it.

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Leadership Gives You the Ability to Accomplish More

What if I could show you how you could take the very valuable skills that you have and multiply your productivity with them? What if you could perform several of them at one time? Sound impossible? Not with leadership!

How much time do you spend performing tasks that really don’t require your complete personal attention? Are there any tasks that you perform that could be delegated? Any responsibility of yours that you do not have to perform yourself can be delegated. You may argue that you alone have the technical expertise – well, it’s time to start using your time more wisely by training someone else.

Delegating as many tasks as possible gives you more time to share your knowledge and lead your team. Your team will be able to accomplish more as you guide it and you will indirectly accomplish more than you could by attempting to perform all of the tasks on your own.

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Leadership Allows You to Progress up the Corporate Ladder

People often have the misperception that by making themselves indispensable they are protecting their job (and possibly career). There is probably no other place in corporate culture where this attitude is more prevalent than in the IT and IS departments (my background). IT/IS staff are known for creating legacy systems that are so complicated and poorly documented that they are the only ones who could possibly maintain them and therefore, have job security.

Trust me; having gone through a particularly brutal corporate bankruptcy I can assure you that nothing provides you with job security.

Making yourself indispensable does not protect your job, but it does have another effect; it will stagnate your career. There is no way that an indispensable individual is going to be promoted out of his current job; after all, there is no one to fill the job after his promotion.

If you want to make sure that you are seriously considered for a position when it becomes available within your organization make sure that someone else can do your current job. This begins with cross training and matures into delegation; both skills of a leader.

Leadership Gives You Skills that Will Last a Lifetime

If you want to be hot in a technical community then you have to keep current with the technology. Technology continues to change at faster and faster rates; which causes skills to become obsolete, also at faster and faster rates. The tools of the early to mid 90s are barely mentioned compared to the current technologies. How much will current skills be valued five to ten years from now?

Although continuous learning is an admirable pursuit (and it certainly is one of mine), wouldn’t it be nice to learn some skills that won’t lose their value several years from now when the technology becomes obsolete. Leadership is such a set of skills. They never become obsolete and you can continually build upon the foundation of your knowledge.

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Leadership Gives You Skills that can be transferred Outside of Your Department.

Your specific area is a great place to work; however it is only one of many areas available within corporations. Although some of your area specific skills are transferable most of them are not. For example, being able to re-partition a hard drive does not help you in managing a customer service centre (unless it is a support centre at a hard drive manufacture). Being able to lead a team that routinely re-partitions hard drives however does give you a lot of the skills necessary to lead a customer service centre.

You may be thinking, “I would never want to be in customer service.” But wouldn’t it be nice to pursue other career options if opportunities present themselves and they turn out to be a fit for you.

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Leadership Gives You the Ability to Help Others to Grow

Some would argue that helping others is not something that they value; that it does not help them directly. This is obviously faulty thinking. Have you ever had someone assist you? I doubt that there is anyone reading this that has not benefited from the kindness of someone else. So why should someone feel justified in not wanting to help others even if he does not see a tangible benefit

In addition to the fact that helping people is the right thing to do there are many indirect benefits that you will gain from helping others grow and develop.

• It is a learning experience for you too. As you help others progress you will be gaining new skills yourself.

• You will build loyalty; loyalty that will manifest itself at the most surprising times. You will have a team that is willing to go the extra mile when it is needed rather than taking the attitude that it isn’t their problem and punching out at 5:00 pm.

• You will build friendships. As I mentioned in previous articles, there is often resentment towards newly promoted leaders. However, if you look after your employees rather than try to control them, they will both respect you and like you. Personally, I would much rather work with people who want to work with me than those who do not.

• You will build respect. Respect is something that is earned, not demanded. People will abide by your authority if they have to, but they will only do what is absolutely necessary. Earn their respect and they will go the extra mile to make sure that the job is done well.

• The organization will benefit. As your team grows stronger under your leadership the organization will realize the benefits.

• It is motivating not only for your team but also for you to see them grow.

Leadership is an Effective Motivation Technique

If you use any of the management techniques that involve controlling, berating, driving, criticizing, or insulting to motivate them, you are going to discover something important about them. You staff is not going to change their ways! You may get them to conform while you are yelling at them, but stop the negative motivation techniques for one moment and they will resort to their original ways.

Is it them? Are they slow learners? Are they stubborn? You teach them, you show them, you correct them, but every time you turn your back they relapse and return to their original behaviour.

Of course not! It is clear that the motivational techniques you are using are ineffective for the long term.

Here is one of the most important concepts that I know. The only way to get someone to do something is to make him want to do it. You can approach this in several ways.

• One way is to make their life so unpleasant until they do what you want and will eventually follow your orders. Although this technique may get quick results in the short term it is highly ineffective in the long term. Take away the unpleasantness and you have taken away the motivation for them. Every time you turn your back (or go away) the unpleasantness for preventing their return to old habits also goes away. The benefits for doing things your way also go away. The team returns to doing things the way that they are most comfortable with; thus appearing slow or stubborn.

• The other method is to inspire the team to want to perform the task. Motivate them; not only to do the task, but to also do it with quality and distinction. Once they are inspired it doesn’t matter whether you are standing over them or 5000 miles away; they will perform the job with excellence in either situation.

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Obviously this is just some of the reasons you might want to develop leadership skills. Each individual’s reasons may be different. The important thing to remember is that leadership skills give you many positive results for your efforts – regardless of the result that you are currently seeking.

Make the effort now to learn leadership skills and start reaping the results.

Branches of Facilities Management

As a business, having a commercial property is very important but adding value to it makes it a more lucrative proposition. In order to maintain the utilities within a property there has to be a deliberate intention to seek the right resources that ensure all real estate assets are well maintained.

An integrated facilities management solution therefore comes in to ensure that clients receive the best possible management for their facilities. This service will go a long way in the reducing the amount of redundancy and management related wastage that is associated with poor management.

There are several categories of services involved in facilities management and outlined below are three of the main ones:

1. Estate management

This includes a wide range of services that generally focus on the general oversight of realty including the physical premises, equipment and environs. In many cases this will also include certain support services. Below is a list of some of the major activities involved in estate management:

  • Repairs and maintenance
  • Overseeing utility services such as cleaning, waste disposal and landscaping
  • Tenant and service provider liaisons
  • Equipment maintenance
  • Inspections and quality checks
  • Security services

2. Office support management

Many serviced properties are equipped with offices for various purposes and there is a need to have qualified personnel to man these areas. Some of the office duties that require professional oversight include:

  • Front office management
  • Transport office management
  • Courier and mail services
  • Concierge services
  • Warehouse administration

3. Engineering Management

Mechanical equipment and maintenance are a big part of any real estate property and they have to be managed in a professional manner. Facilities management offers specific engineering management solutions to fit the needs of specific properties. Some of the areas of concentration are:

  • Operation and maintenance of mechanical equipment
  • Reactive and planned maintenance for onsite equipment
  • Management of energy equipment
  • Quality assurance
  • Assessment of possible risks
  • Health and Safety Procedures

The main basis of all these activities is to be able to increase the value of any facility through professional handling of service provision. This is in line with local and international standards.

All the services mentioned above take a considerable amount of time and effort to deploy and maintain. This is the main reason why the facilities management is often an outsourced service and it is often pegged on professional execution even though sometimes they are seen as an unnecessary cost items.

Outsourcing the facilities management ultimately leads to reduced wastage due to proper maintenance and supervision.

Polypropylene Bags Production Process

Manufacturing of tapes:

The granules of polypropylene bags are fed to the extruder hopper, where they are plasticized and the melt flow is passed through a T-die. Film thus produced is slit into the form of tapes. These strips are then oriented by stretching them under heated condition at a predetermined ratio. Finally the tapes are wound on cheese winders. It is also possible to produce films by blown film process, instead of T-die extrusion. The compounding ingredients used along with polypropylene and HDPE are generally CaCO3 and master batch.

Weaving of tapes into fabrics:

The tapes so obtained are fed to circular looms/ flat looms and woven into tubular or flat fabric respectively.

Lamination or extrusion coating:

This step is not necessary for all types of polypropylene bags as in case of jute sacks. Therefore, calculations were made without taking into account the energy/emission in this process. Fabric produced may require to be coated. HDPE woven sacks are laminated with LLDPE/LDPE while in case of polypropylene bags; lamination is done by lamination grade polypropylene.

Fabric roll is mounted on unwinding roll from where it passes through two rolls over which T-die connected to the extruder is located. The melt of the material, which is to be coated on the fabrics comes through the T-Die as an extrudate and coats the woven fabric. It is then cooled under pressure and wound.

Cutting and stitching of polypropylene bags:

In the next stage the unlaminated fabric as produced earlier is cut, reversed manually, and the bottom is stitched. Then it is printed as per the requirement of the customer.

Primary properties of polypropylene used in producing woven sacks are their chemical inertness and inertness to metabolic processes.

Polypropylene used for the manufacturing of polypropylene bags meets the requirements stipulated in BIS standard IS 10910. The grade of additives incorporated in polypropylene complies with the FDA: CFR title 21, 177.1520 olefin polymers. Additive incorporated in polypropylene also conform to the positive list of constituents as prescribed in BIS standard IS: 10909.

Health Risks of PVC Roofing Membrane

Many building owners and manufacturers have asked me why I don’t offer PVC membrane to my flat roof customers. I simply feel that PVC is too great of a risk to take.

What is PVC?

PVC, or Polyvinyl Chloride, is made from the polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), a toxic, carcinogenic gas. It is a durable, economical material with many uses. 75% of all PVC consumption in North America is attributed to plastic pipes. PVC is also used as a membrane to cover flat roofs, and appears to the average person to look exactly like TPO membrane.

What are the risks associated with PVC?

Research shows that dioxin, which is the most potent carcinogen known to science, along with vinyl chloride and certain acids, are created and released during the production of PVC. These chemicals can cause severe health problems such as:

  • cancer
  • neurological damage
  • immune system damage
  • respiratory problems
  • liver and kidney failure
  • birth defects
  • asthma

These are problems that the public and roofing contractors have a right to know about.

My story

About 12 years ago, PVC was the primary material we used in our flat roofing division here at Brady Roofing. After we began installing PVC, I started to experience health problems. I have been healthy my entire life, so when these issues came on so suddenly, it made me wonder about the safety of PVC membrane. This led me to do some serious research on the material. I found that manufacturers actually know that PVC membrane is very toxic, but they were hiding these facts from me during our conversations.

My personal health problems included severe respiratory issues and neurological damage. The neurological issues are actually getting worse, despite the fact that I no longer install PVC. I don’t want to go into my own health problems too deeply, but just to illustrate, my left lower body is experiencing a slow atrophy of the muscles due to neurological damage. My left calf is currently 1.25 inches smaller in circumference than my right. While I have no proof, I strongly believe it is caused from breathing the toxins found in PVC membrane. I have no genetic predisposition for such neurological issues.

Is this research relevant?

I approached our PVC manufacturer about the issue. They simply told me that there was no research to support my claims. In fact, there is a great deal of research done on the toxicity of PVC. The manufacturers can claim they are not relevant because these studies are done on the production of PVC rather than the installation risks. However, when you install PVC, you use hot air up to 1300 degrees F to melt the membrane and seal it. As the membrane melts, it can feel like you are breathing ammonia. The air can burn your sinuses, showing the presence of harmful chemicals being released, just as they are during production. Manufacturers will not provide this information to contractors and consumers.

Their argument is that the roofs are installed in open air, so there is enough ventilation to keep the installers safe. However, when you are welding, your face is 18 inches from the fumes. In a large majority of flat roofs there are also parapet walls, keeping the wind from blowing and clearing the fumes out. A significant percentage of the time, the fumes will enter your sinuses instead.

What can we do?

All of my research led me to believe that PVC is not a safe material to handle. This is why we have refused to install PVC membranes. Though there are variations of PVC membranes created in an effort to distance themselves from the hazards associated with PVC, careful examination will reveal that vinyl chloride monomers and dioxins are still present in these alternatives. While I have not drawn any strict correlations between PVC health risks and the customers, I have drawn risks to the installers, and I refuse to take any possible risk with our customers health as well.

We have chosen a new, innovative roofing alternative called TPO. TPO looks identical to PVC, but it comes without risks to the installer or customer. I believe that it is actually a better membrane because it does not get brittle like a dried up PVC pipe, as is characteristic of PVC sheets. TPO is flexible and highly energy efficient, along with being non-toxic. TPO is a younger product, it has only been around since 1991. However, it is showing indications that it will last longer than PVC membrane.