Cardboards Role In Box Making

Cardboard Introduction

Cardboard boxes are primarily used for packing goods or materials. Cardboard referes to various types of paper material which is heavier than paper. To be termed as cardboard, the stiff paper has to be more than 0.006 inch thick. It can be known as paperboard or corrugated fiberboard which are manufactured in the form of flat pieces and then folded to form boxes. Flat sheets are used for sandwiching a central fluting or filling made of corrugated short fiber paper.

The central layer is first heated with steam and is passed through corrugated rolls which form the ridges and valleys. A liner sheet is pressed on both sides, before the adhesive dries up and this produces a roll of paperboard or cardboard. Converting machines are used for cutting the rolls of cardboard.

Why Cardboard is used for Boxes

Corrugated cardboard is the ideal material used for boxes in packaging, protection and the transport of many types of products. The main reason for this is that it provides good insulation to the material stored inside. Secondly, it is also very strong, as fluted layers of paper are sandwiched between puncture-resistant layers of heavy paper. The fluting makes the cardboard box sturdier and also acts as a cushioning when it is crushed. The alignment of the flutes is also appropriate, and this vertical alignment gives added strength to the cardboard box.

It is used for industrial packaging and also most of the cereal purchase you make at the supermarket imports in a cardboard box. As it is lightweight, people use cardboard boxes while shifting and transferring their goods or moving house, or also for just storing goods, as all sizes are available for storing domestic goods. It can hold a lot of weight and also offers good protection to fragile items. Additionally, it is also very cheap. Many businesses also use these boxes for stowing away their back-up files and other paperwork.

Cardboard Strength

Not all cardboard boxes are strong and the type of flute or correlation that is sandwiched between the outer layers should be considered. When the flute is larger, the boxes are stronger. Such strong boxes are used as shipping boxes and for holding materials such as glass, furniture and heavy food materials. When the thickness of the flute is less, it can be used for stand-up displays or for ballot boxes. There are someaker boxes which are very lightweight and can be used for software packaging or as a point of purchase container.

From the environment point of view, cardboard boxes should be preferred to plastic boxes, as the former are recyclable. However, plastic containers are also preferred by many as they can be used several times and maintain their stylish look. Moreover, there is a lot of work involved in making cardboard boxes, right from crushing a tree for wood fibers and the industry that uses a lot of energy. Plastic boxes are lighter and more durable and the manufacture is not energy intensive in comparison.

Shipping containers that need to transport heavy materials can not use cardboard boxes, and have to make use of wooden or steel containers, especially when the goods require unbreakable sealing or for the transportation of liquid and semi-liquid material. Plastic and steel are waterproof and provide protection in negative climate. When compared to cardboard boxes, metal containers are safer as you can lock them and prevent burglary.

Cardboard Box Types

In corrugated boxes, the bottom lining and the outer and inner portion forming the corrugated board are glued on the outer portion of the peaks and valleys portion of each flute, with the help of starch adhesives. This can be used for packaging of heavier items, such as refrigerators and treadmills. On the other hand, flat cardboard or solid cardboard is thin and has a smooth coating on one side. It can be used for packaging lighter items, such as cosmetics, computer software, video games and so on. It is processed with paper and is a slim form. This is more acceptable in paper recycling plants.

The corrugated cardboard needs to be flattened and unfolded and only then sent for recycling. It occupations a lot of space when stored and by flattening it, the volume becomes less. The flat cardboard that is wax coated is non-recyclable but it can be used as milk cartons as the wax prevents leakage.

Storage and Use Recommendations

When unused, cardboard boxes occupy a lot of space. Here, it is advised to dismountle them and store them flat. You can then tie them in bundles, if so, should be stored in a garage or in the attic, where there is no moisture. Since they are essentially made of paper, moisture can damage the boxes. You can store the boxes by sliding them flat on the floor or a shelf.

In spite of a wide variety of uses and being the most inexpensive way of organizing, storing and transporting goods, it is not advisable to use cardboard boxes for outdoor use, as they can not withstanding harsh weather conditions.

Why Does Ordinary Paint Smell?

Paint odors are an often neglected side-effect of undertaking a paint job – neglected, that is, until the paint is actually on the walls and we find our heads throbbing with pain after inhaling the irritating fumes, vapors that paint gives off while it dries.

In order to understand what makes paint smell, we must first of all understand two basic facts connected to paint: what paint is made of, and how painting actually works.

Paint contains two basic parts: the pigment and the binder. The former is the so-called non-essential part of the paint mixture. It provides the color, but not much else in terms of chemical composition.

The binder is the essential element – also known as the vehicle. It keeps the pigment together and provides a medium in which it appears at its best. Paints can have various types of binder – oil-based binders and water-based ones being two of the more frequent varieties.

Paint also contains the so-called volatile organic compounds (VOCs), chemical components which can have harmful effects if they are inhaled for lengthy time intervals. As the paint dries, the binder (which is also the ingredient that makes paint liquid) evaporates from the surface on which the paint has been applied; in the process, VOCs also become aerosolized and disperse as evaporation occurs. This is the main reason behind the very unpleasant paint smells that often prevent us from enjoying the comfort of our freshly-painted rooms for days on end.

As the drying process continues and eventually ends, all the liquid contained in the original paint evaporates and is dispersed, taking the unpleasant paint smells with it. As a rule, the higher paint’s concentration of VOC is the stronger and more pungent its smell is bound to be.

In theory, this would mean that once paint has dried completely, it will stop giving off unpleasant odors. As such, there are two basic rules which could help us avoid most unpleasantness connected to paint smells.

Rule number one – ventilation, ventilation, ventilation. Avoid repainting a room in winter or when the weather outside is very cold or humid – keeping all windows in a newly-repainted room open will greatly help with keeping it odor-free. Rule number two – remove all items from a room while painting it, particularly those items which can absorb unpleasant smells such as rugs or blankets.

Bob the Builder Promoting Family Values

Bob the Builder is a character from the children’s television series created by Keith Chapman and originally broadcast on the BBC in 1997. Bob has been watched by millions of children around the world and has been favored by parents for his positive influence on children and family values.

Bob the Builder is a great example for children to follow and the stories not only entertain, but illustrate what real life is all about. Sure, Bob encounters problems working on the construction site, but he always has a positive attitude to complete the task at hand with a solution. With the help of his friend and business partner Wendy and his machine talking team of trucks and equipment, Scoop the yellow backhoe loader, Muck the red bulldozer, Dizzy the orange concrete mixer, Roley the green steamroller, Lofty the blue crane, Zoomer the purple snowmobile, Travis the cyan tractor, Tumbler the yellow and green concrete mixer, Benny the pink excavator, Jackaroo the blue pickup truck, Packer the red pickup truck, Skip the yellow skip loader and Scrambler the blue bike the job is always completed enthusiastically.

The adventures of Bob the Builder and the gang encourage kids to learn about teamwork, leadership, patience, respect, resolving conflicts, friendship and co-operation with others as they work together on the construction site and play together, all important skills and values to teach children.

The lessons that young children learn are the building blocks of character and integrity that will shape them as they grow and will stay with them throughout the rest of their lives. The characteristics of Bob the Builder are a great example to children and prove essential in later working life where building relationships with fellow workers, fostering teamwork in working environments and getting the job done are all important assets in your abilities to succeed in both personal and working life.

In Direct Sales – Ditch Your Frank List and Use Target Marketing

For most of us in Direct Sales, 10 new recruits equals a promotion – either for someone in our organization, or for ourselves. Sometimes it equals qualifications for a special incentive – perhaps a trip to some exotic locale, or maybe some designer jewelry.

Most of us, who follow the out-dated ideas that our upline offers have been spinning our wheels watching THEM earn trips and recognition, while we sit scratching our heads, wondering why we aren’t getting in on the action. I mean, after all, we’re doing exactly what they told us, exactly the way they told us to do it.

Is this happening to you?

Our upline said make a list of 100 people. Check.

Our upline said contact them all and ask them to “help” you get started. Check.

Our upline said it’s a numbers game, talk to everyone. Check.

Our upline said to stay away from running ads in the paper. Check.

Our upline said to do 3 way calls. Check

Our upline said bring our recruits to the opportunity meetings. Check.

Our upline said pass out 500 business cards each month. Check.

Is your team growing by leaps and bounds?

Our upline never told us to be an authority on our company’s best product (that would be YOU!).

Our upline never told us to market ourselves first, and the company second.

Our upline never presents us as the authority. They become the “guru” instead of us!

Our upline never told us we could use the Internet to build our businesses on autopilot.

It means you need to position yourself as the expert. Set yourself apart and start thinking and acting like a leader NOW. Change your mindset – even if you’ve been in the business for years, start thinking like a leader at the next pay level. Already at the top of your game? Great. Start thinking like the owner of your company.

By the way, YOU are the owner of your company. You have the best product to offer anyone – and that is YOU. You can’t get that product from any other company.

Christie Northrup, the Lemonaid Lady, is a champion of ditching the FRANK list. She talks about using “WILMA” instead:


Is a




Target marketing is the best way to see desirable results. The Shotgun methods still work, but the amount of time and energy you put into growing a business that way is, to me, excessive.

Let’s break down the numbers. ASSUMING you can buy 500 business cards for just the cost of shipping (there are online companies that run specials periodically), You’ve got a $10 investment in materials, plus the time it takes to deliver all of them. From here, we have to make a lot of assumptions:

  • Assume you give away 30 at every party (3 to each guest – who needs 3 business cards?)
  • Assume you have 8 parties per month (that’s pretty standard in Direct Sales)
  • Assume you give away 1 to every person you meet outside a party (that’s another 260 people each month)
  • Assume it takes 1 minutes to deliver each card outside a party (and really, you’re not building a relationship, you’re just shoving a card into their hand)
  • Assume a 1% conversion rate

You’re spending 4 hours each month just giving away cards, plus the additional 24 hours you’ve spent preparing and doing your parties. And I must reiterate – who really needs 3 of your business cards? More to the point, who’s going to TAKE 3 of your business cards?

And if you give away 6,000 cards each year, you’ve got 60 new leads (about 5 per month) that may book, buy or recruit. Most of those will probably come from your shows anyway, to be honest. For $120 in business card expenses (plus other show and travels costs) and 336 hours of your life. Each POTENTIAL lead costs you $2 and 5.6 hours of your life!

Is your head spinning yet?

Now if you really, truly have no other method of building your business, it’s a start. But I hope you realize that there are other, better options to growing your business. You could definitely be putting that time (and money) to better use elsewhere.

Find a niche and fill it.

In direct sales, there are targeted groups of prospects for every product line available. All you have to do is ASK your home office what the target demographic is for your direct selling company. If they can’t tell you, you’ve got bigger problems. If you sell kitchen tools, who it your target market? Men? Women? What about age, income, ethnic origin? The more you focus, the smaller your market will be.

Smaller market=bigger return on investment

If you invest your time and money wisely in your target market, you can easily bring your time and money cost to less than half of what you would have paid for the shotgun business card method.

Think of it this way, would it be wise for a retailer to send advertisements to everyone in an entire city, when all they sell is children’s clothing? Absolutely not! A better use of their advertising dollars would be to focus on places where there are mothers of children who want/need their kind of clothing. Moms buy the clothes, not the kids (in most cases), so it’s wise to find out where they buyers are.

Think about your product? Who are the most likely buyers? Yes, contrary to what your upline has told you, it IS okay to pre-judge. At least for now. Focus in on that market. You know where they are most likely to spend their money (with you!), now figure out where they are most likely to spend their time. Go there. Market yourself THERE.

You’ve heard it said before that parties/demos are the life blood of a direct sales business. Your most targeted market is right in front of you – in a semi-captive group. This is a place where you would NOT want to pre-judge. Everyone is there for a reason. That reason may be you.

The Pros and Cons of Different Basement Waterproofing Systems

There are few projects that could be more important and potentially costly for your home than installing a waterproofing system (or upgrading your current foundation drainage). Basement projects are expensive for a reason: water damage can lead to some very steep repair costs and can significantly lower the value of your home.

Although homeowners from all areas of the country need to be concerned with proper foundation maintenance, it is especially important for people who live in the Pacific northwest and northeast, where heavy rainfall puts more stress on basement walls. Cracks, dampness and mold on basement walls is primarily due to a phenomenon called hydrostatic pressure, which mounts as the surrounding ground becomes saturated with rainwater.

A good basement system will allow excess water to be channeled away from your home’s foundation, thus reducing the amount of hydrostatic pressure on your walls. This is done using perforated footer drains, which run around the perimeter of the home and deposit excess water in a connecting storm sewer or ditch.

There are several different types of systems that can be installed in your home, and they are generally differentiated by internal and external functions. Internal basement waterproofing systems can fix visible problems such as moist walls or mold, but they are much less effective at eliminating hydrostatic pressure than external waterproofing systems. As one would expect, external waterproofing tends to be much more expensive due to the excavation and materials involved.

If you are considering getting a basement system installed, make sure that you get a free estimate on what your contractor might charge for a specific project. While internal basement waterproofing can be effective in the short-term, you should also consider proper maintenance for your footer drains and external drainage system as well. While it may cost more to excavate and replace footer drains, it adds significant equity to the value of your home, and may stave off a potentially expensive flood.

How To Determine The Current ES Emini Contract Expiration Month

In this article we are going to learn how to determine which ES emini contract is currently active and live on the Globex electronic trading system and WHY it is important. Since index futures symbols change every three months at expiration, new traders can easily become confused and if not careful, find themselves holding a contract through expiration unintentionally. For those individuals using the ES futures as a vehicle for gaining short term profits, holding a position through expiration and settlement is not the desired outcome. So how do we know which contract is current?

S&P 500 ES emini futures contracts expire four times each calendar year or every three months. The months in which they expire never changes and are as follows: March, June, September and December. Initially, this can be very confusing for new individuals entering the futures markets but once the months are committed to memory, it becomes second nature and no longer a going concern. Each month has its own alpha or letter identifier. March is (H), June (M), September (U) and December is (Z).

These letters alone however do not really tell us the whole story since they are only used to identify the expiration month. We need to combine these letters with the current year in which the ES is being traded. For example, if the current trading month is July, 2012 we know the contract now on the Globex electronic system is set to expire in September since it rolled over the previous month of June. The year is added to the symbol and follows the month identifier, in this case the letter would be U followed by the number 12 since it is July, 2012 and we are trading the September 2012 ES contract.

There are several emini futures contracts which represent other index cash markets including the NASDAQ, Dow and Russell exchanges along with the S&P which we are outlining in this article. There must be a symbol which identifies the specific index that is represented by the futures contract, in the case the S&P 500. This index is identified on the Globex system by the letters ES followed by the current contract expiration month and year. So the current contract would be identified by the symbol ESU12.

  • ES – S&P 500 Emini Futures Contract
  • U – September Expiration
  • 12 – Year of Expiration

The contract letter identifier never changes, only the month and year. Once we clearly understand and have committed to memory the expiration months, knowing which contract is currently trading is easily determined by the using the current month and year.

How to Make A Cheap and Easy Chocolate Lover’s Gift Basket

Gift baskets will always be popular and a great idea to give as a gift. People love to receive gift baskets. Making your own chocolate lover’s gift basket is cheap and easy.

You can fill it with a variety of inexpensive items and there are lots of choices.ou can easily customize each chocolate theme gift basket to your recipient.

I’ve put together a few great ideas for making a chocolate lover’s gift basket, complete with instructions on how to make them. You can make inexpensive gift baskets or expensive gift baskets depending on your budget.

First make a list of your recipient’s hobbies and interests. List everything you can think of.

Suggestions: sports, books, television shows, in-house hobbies, outdoor recreation, camping, workshop, enjoy working with tools, golf, fishing, computer-related, environment friendly, golf, and tennis.

Also relaxation, food, wine, spa, bath and body, fruit, cookie, crafts, gardening, etc. You can tie in any interests into your chocolate theme. These are just a few ideas.

You can find many inexpensive items for use in making your gift baskets or filling your gift baskets, at ‘dollar’ stores, craft stores, party stores, discount outlets, flea markets, close-out stores, etc.

For gift containers you can use: any type of basket, wicker basket, straw basket, bucket, laundry basket, plastic container, toy dump truck or other large toy truck, purse, tin, Christmas tin, seasonal container, large tea pot, large upside-down hat, or plastic storage container-put lid underneath.

Other items might be: extra-large coffee mug, boot, potted plant holder, wire basket, large pasta bowl, large popcorn bowl, cooking pot, clay pot, tackle box, colander, small wagon, skillet, antique trunk, champagne bucket, hamper, Asian-style trunk or picnic basket.

For gift basket liner you can use: tissue paper, shredded paper, shredded newspaper, tea towels, dish towels, hand towels, kitchen towels, colored towels, colored napkins, placemats, diapers, baby blankets or fabric pieces.

For gift basket filler you can use: shredded colored paper, straw, Easter basket grass, crumpled newspaper comics, a bed of wrapped chocolates or other wrapped candy.

For items in the container it’ll depend on the specialty or theme of the gift basket – in this case Chocolate! With chocolate it’s best not to include any fragrant items, unless they are wrapped in such a way that they don’t give off any fragrance. Here’s a small random sampling to give you some good ideas:

Gift certificate for massage or spa visit, gift certificate to favorite store, gift certificate for restaurant, loofah, CD of nature sounds, favorite artist CD, DVD of newer release movie, how-to video or CD, handwritten poem, watch, framed photo, inspirational book, spa pillows, bath pillows, spa supplies, or a small fluffy towel.

Also flavored teas, green tea, specialty tea, herbal tea, biscotti, tea infuser, healthy snacks, fancy chocolates, boxed chocolates, chocolate bars, hot chocolate mix, specialty coffee mix, homemade chocolate chip cookies, homemade brownies, chocolate fudge, and Ghirardelli chocolates.

Or chocolate covered raisins, chocolate covered strawberries, Hershey chocolates, dark chocolates, white chocolates, chocolate bars, chocolate covered cherries, Belgian chocolates, chocolate mints, and chocolate covered pretzels.

How about miniature or giant-size chocolate animals, gourmet chocolate candies, Tootsie Rolls, nuts, homemade chocolate-based cookies, pre-packaged chocolate food items, brownie mixes,and chocolate chip cookie mixes.

And wooden spoons, your best chocolate chip cookie recipe, your favorite hand-written chocolate recipes, chocolate dessert recipes, chocolate fudge recipes, hot chocolate or cocoa mixes in fancy packets, coffee mug for cocoa, movie tickets and cinnamon sticks.

You can use as many chocolate items as you like. You can make your basket with all chocolate items or mix in a few non-chocolate items.

For gift basket wrapping you can use tulle netting or I like to use cellophane wrap. You can buy it in large rolls. Look for specialty packaging outlets where you can buy it wholesale.

Tie off the wrapped basket with ribbon. Wired fabric ribbon is best if you have it. For bows: You can use pre-packaged bows but making your own bows is easy and the best if you can do it. Use a large or huge bow.

Assemble all your gift basket items, tools you need, etc. Now line your selected gift container. Now stuff the selected filler into the gift basket to give added height to your items. Place, layer and arrange your selected items on the filler in the gift container. Put the larger items in the back, the smaller items in front.

Fill in the holes or prop up with more filler (shredded paper, Easter basket grass, wrapped chocolates, napkins or holiday napkins etc. Also you can use ‘picks’ of artificial flowers to fill in space.

Place your cellophane or other wrap under the gift basket. Center the gift basket on the wrap. Bring the cellophane or other wrap over the top of the gift basket and tie it with ribbon and or a beautiful bow! Use ribbon and bows to match your theme colors. Tuck a card in the ribbon and that’s it!

You can find fabric or wired ribbon cheaply at Costco– especially in the fall prior to Christmas but often throughout the year in some stores. You can shred paper in a paper shredder. If you’re going to need a lot of cellophane you can purchase it wholesale through the packaging specialty stores throughout the U.S. but should be easily found in craft stores.

General tips: Try to use non-perishable items. Use freshly packaged food items, because even packaged crackers and cookies can go stale in a couple of months. You can find filler flower ‘picks’ at garage sales for pennies. If you buy wholesale they are usually around a dollar each.

Also there’s nothing like learning how to make gift baskets from a video or DVD for making cheap and easy gift baskets. You can view it over and over again and share with your children, other family members and friends.

You can even charge for classes with your new-found knowledge and/or start a home based business if you so desire. In any event, making a chocolate lover’s gift basket is cheap and easy and will be thoroughly appreciated by the chocolate lover recipient.

What Function Does a Cabin Air Filter Serve in My Car?

As you drive down the road and realize you are getting hot, you turn on the AC and expect to wait a few minutes for the air to get cool and make the rest of the ride comfortable. But it doesn’t get cool after a few minutes. A smack on the dashboard returns no more results and you give in and roll down the window a crack. What is wrong with the AC now when it worked just fine a week ago. Or did it?

Many air conditioning systems in cars that were built after the year 2000 have what is called a cabin air filter inside of them. The cabin air filter sits outside of the engine area and filters air that comes from the outside and in to the AC system. The air filter will get rid of a lot of pollutants getting in the cabin of the vehicle. But, imagine a filter on the outside and what else it can pick up when it drives down the road, mile after mile? Cabin air filters can easily get clogged.

A cabin air filter that hasn’t been changed recently can make the AC in the car not work or not work as efficiently. With a clogged air filter, no air can get in – it is simple as that. So when you recently tried to turn on the AC and it didn’t produce results, it might be an easy fix as to just switch out the filter.

Skipping the filter can be expensive if you don’t have the ability to do it yourself. However, it isn’t something you can go without doing, especially if you have discovered the AC doesn’t work. Check with your mechanic or dealer and see what the cost is for a filter. They might even be able to look at it and see if that is initially the problem or if there is something else, more sinister going on with the AC system.

The cabin air filter works to keep bad air out of the cabin when it comes in for the cooling process. The air molecules it can keep out include pollen, dirt from the road, pollutants from the air, road grime, dust, dirt, leaves and anything else flying around on the road. The air filter works just like a filter does on the furnace of the home or an air purifying system. Frequent changing of the filters is best and will keep everyone inside a little bit healthier. The cleaner the air, the better it is for those with allergies or even asthma and need to have clean air in order to feel good all of the time.

Types of Kick Drum Samples

There are many different types of kick drum samples available for music producers today. Beat making is such an involved activity that having to use the same samples over and over can really kill your creativity. This is especially true with kick drum sounds as these are an elemental ingredient to just about every rhythm and blues, hip hop, rap, pop and rock song on the charts and underground today.

A kick drum sample has a few phases, the first being the start or attack. If the attack is very strong, you will be able to hear the introduction of the kick through many other instruments and sound layers, and if it is not that strong, you will still feel it but not be made aware to its presence immediately every time. Rap music producers (and others, too) often use compressor tools to really spike up the start of kick and snare drums, and this can be a powerful choice for drum-centric tracks.

The sustained sound of the kick is very different depending on the type of sound that is chosen. One of the more famous sustains can be found in the sounds made by the famous TR-808 sampler and synthesizer by Roland. It has a very long booming sound that degrades in volume with time and yet keeps everything moving. The TR-808 actually has kicks of varying lengths for different applications, too.

Adjusting the volume envelope of a kick drum sample is very easy with the right tools. Most samplers will include an envelope modifier for the volume or can be modified to do this very easily. If your drum sampler or sequencer does not permit this, look for some free tools that will help you; there are literally thousands of free virtual sound generators and effects plug-ins available on the internet for free personal use.

If you still don’t want to use an envelope to modify the volume, it’s very easy to do it with an audio editor. Just select the part of the drum sample wave that fades out or stops (the end of it) and trim to your liking. To blend everything in after a crop, use a fade on the last few milliseconds to ensure that the drum samples are free of clipping.

Lastly, you should know that different programs include different drum samples. The libraries that ship with Reason and FL Studio, for example, are vastly different. They are both good, but if you find yourself making beats with the same drum samples over and over, look for some expansion packs or third party sounds to expand your choice, or modify the samples yourself if you have the time and skill.

Self-Improvement Goals – Why a "Dedication to Truth" is So Important

One of the commonest things known to humankind is the broken resolve. The plain truth regarding our self-improvement goals is we’re defeated or victorious at the level of the mind. The will is the all-important device acting for the heart as we progress toward achieving our goals. Yet, it’s the heart (generating moral drive) that informs the will.

The fact of a ‘dedication to truth’ as a pillar of walking life’s narrow way of true success is attributable to M. Scott Peck of Wisdom From The Road Less Traveled fame. So, it’s no secret that when we dedicate ourselves to truth we can live far more successfully, but it’s got to be acknowledged–it’s the opposite way to the world. We find ourselves few friends here.

Truth is a lonely journey. If we can accept this, we can achieve all our goals. Let me illustrate further.

My method of self-improvement is primarily through goal-setting toward habit renewal. The longer I can master a pure habit (to replace an old bad habit) the better my chances of eventual success.

My particular approach–the one that works best for me–is the one-day-at-a-time approach where I make a mark in each day, counting each day of successful incorporation of the idea of the goal. I make this mark in my diary as a mini-success.

Yet, I’ve noticed something that is so relevant to my human nature: my passion toward the goal wanes and the effectiveness of my intensity drops… I, at times… many times, have dropped the ball and gone back to the old habit. Diet is the main area I struggle with in this way. (The mind’s approach to giving up smoking, drinking and all other bad habits and most addictions shares the same pathology.)

But, then it dawned on me, if I’m dedicated to truth and I’m training myself in living truthfully (even/especially even in the small things) I can do this thing with the exposed will, never compromising, not one little bit. We have to be honest with ourselves-even at the level of our awareness.

The mind’s a tricky thing. It has such power at the starting blocks. Then as the race winds on, we get a little comfy, and our minds tell us it would be okay to compromise… but, using the heart-strength commitment to truth we can bolster the waning will.

© S. J. Wickham, 2009.

All About Dressers, Mirrors and Vanities

The dresser, mirror and vanity play an important role in a person’s typical daily routine, which includes grooming and getting one’s self ready for the day’s events. Therefore, choosing these pieces of furniture becomes very important and must reflect the individual’s needs and lifestyle.


Dressers come in different sizes and contain drawers that can hold clothes, jewelry, accessories and other personal items. Some dressers come with a mirror, however, they can also be purchased separately. Typical dresser types are the single dresser, double dresser, drawer dresser and the door dresser:

– Single dresser: contains one column of drawers

– Double dresser: contains two columns of drawers

– Drawer dresser: a dresser comprised of all drawers

– Door dresser: contains one or two doors that open to reveal a cabinet area with or without shelves


There are four main types of bedroom mirrors – the full length dressing mirror; full length cheval mirror; single mirror; and the tri-fold mirror:

– Full length dressing mirror: often attached to a wall, the back of a door or the inside of a closet or armoire door. They can also be mounted on a stationary stand, allowing you to physically reposition the mirror wherever it is needed. However, the angle of the mirror cannot be changed as with a cheval mirror.

– Full length cheval mirror: a freestanding mirror that is attached to a frame with hinges, allowing the user to rotate or angle the mirror for a better view of themselves. The tabletop version of the cheval mirror is a popular accent piece for the top of a dresser or chest of drawers.

– Single mirror: typically mounted on the wall over the dresser. It can also be attached to the dresser itself, either to its back or tabletop.

– Tri-fold mirror (tri-view mirror): has three sections, the main mirror in the middle and two adjustable mirrors at either side. The user can position the two movable sections to see the face in profile or the back of the head. The tri-fold mirror is usually attached to the dresser, but can sometimes be found attached to the wall by the centre section.


There are two types of vanities – a bedroom vanity and a bathroom vanity. We will be talking about bedroom vanities in this section. A bedroom vanity serves as a place to organize your toiletries and other beauty products. It is also a place to apply or remove make-up, style your hair or go through your morning and nightly beauty routine. A bedroom vanity typically consists of an adjustable mirror, lined and regular drawers and a stool or chair for sitting.

While adding to the decor of the bedroom, dressers, mirrors and vanities play a critical role preparing yourself for day and night’s events. Therefore, take your lifestyle and needs into consideration when choosing these pieces of furniture.

Top 10 Physical Traits of Championship Wrestlers

Here are the top 10 traits nearly every championship wrestler has. If you are lacking in one of these areas you either need to focus on improving or realize your success will be limited.

1. Stamina: If you aren’t able to wrestle in the first period like you can in the last you will never be a great champion. Champions do everything in their power to have “gas” throughout the match.

2. Max Strength: Champion wrestlers maximize their strength inside their weight class. If you aren’t getting stronger someone will out muscle you somewhere on the mat and championships will be won or lost.

3. Speed: Championship wrestlers move faster on the mat than everyone else. If you aren’t fast to position, take downs, escapes, reversals aren’t possible. Speed kills in all sports.

4. Power: Power = Mass X Acceleration. With wrestlers being of equal weight, it is the athlete who can explode into another that will powerfully perform on the mat.

5. Core Strength: The ability to manipulate another human being is dependent upon the strength of the core. If your core muscles aren’t at their best, the ability to perform throws, bridges, and pinning combinations is greatly diminished.

6. Grip Strength: Championship wrestlers grab their opponents and it feels like a vice is clamped down on them. Focusing on creating a grip that is inescapable will provide you the ability to dominate your opponent.

7. Proprioception: The ability for your body to understand where it is in space. Championship wrestlers don’t lose track of their bodies regardless of what is happening on the mat. Being comfortable upside down, in the air, falling and moving through space is vital. Cartwheels, rolls, flips and assorted movements help athletes build this ability.

8. Balance: Stacking core strength and proprioception together provides wrestlers with great balance. Being on one foot, throwing an opponent all rely on balance and strength from balance. Without balance your likelihood of success takes a steep drop.

9. Physical toughness: When people talk about toughness they often speak only of mental toughness, but the physical ability to take punishment is just as vital. Strength training and conditioning hardens the body and preps it for action. Physical toughness also establishes a resistance to injury vital to every athlete.

10. Flexibility: No matter who you are, at some point you have been in an awkward position on the mat. Having the flexibility to perform a variety of maneuvers allows athletes to remain calm in any situation. Some wrestlers are capable of full splits when their leg has been taken, if your body can perform this, it can be the difference between a takedown and you maintaining position.

As the line between skills blurs at the championship level, the best athlete will be able to force his way to a win. If you aren’t developing your physical qualities to meet your skill you are only maximizing half your talent. Focus on these areas on watch your competition bend to your will.

5 Causes of Sinus Infections and Sinus Problems – Nurse’s Guide

If you’re having sinus headaches, sinus pressure or pain or other sinus problems regularly or you have chronic sinus infections you may want to know what may be causing them. Sometimes just knowing the cause of a sinus condition will help you stop exposure or avoid them in the future. I’ll mention just five of the causes here that you may or may not know about.

1. Sinus infections. In recent studies it was found that most sinus infections are caused by a fungus. For many years it was thought they were bacterial in nature or viral but studies have shown only a small percentage of them are.

2. Exposure to dust mite droppings. Dust mites are tiny creatures that are too small for you to see. They love to hang out in bedding and load up mattresses so they actually can weigh more after a few years of use it’s claimed. Dust mite droppings are the culprit and it takes a thorough HEPA vacuuming of your carpets and hot water washing for all bedding to eliminate most of them.

To get rid of them all and prevent future problems, you’ll need allergen prevention, zipped covers for your pillows and mattresses to keep the dust mites out. Some people even remove the carpeting in their bedroom. You’d need to get a dust mite allergy test to determine if they’re the cause.

3. Cigarette smoke. Smoke you inhale either as a smoker yourself, or from second hand smoke can wreak havoc with your sinuses and cause the lining of the cavities to swell, causing sinusitis. Avoid inhaling smoke at all cost. Secondly any other kind of smoke from fire extinguishers, forest fires, neighborhood burnings, etc. can be a major source of sinus problems.

4. Dust. Digging around in old boxes of files or household items or stirring up old dust in any household area can raise dust and cause it to be airborne. Wear masks to help limit your exposure to this dust. It can get up into your sinuses and make them swell narrowing the passages or causing a blockage and start up a sinus infection.

5. Polluted air or smoggy conditions outdoors. Be aware of air quality reports on the local news if you’re plagued with sinus problems. It only takes a short walk around the neighborhood or the windows open at home for you to be exposed to polluted air. Keep your windows and car windows closed.

These are just a few of the causes of sinus infections and other sinus conditions. There are natural ways to treat your sinus problems and you can learn how to treat a sinus infection naturally at home. You don’t have to suffer ever again. Once you learn how to stop them with natural treatment you’ll know once and for all how to prevent your sinus symptoms from turning into full blown sinus infections.

Horse Blankets – About Its Past History and Now

Horse blankets intentions have changed tremendously over the course of time. These blankets were not first thought of to be used for horses and where more of an ordinary all-purpose daily item. Not only their intentions had changed but their construction and fabrics as well.

The history of horse blankets can be dated back to the Native American culture. Initially, horse blankets were used by Native American Indians for staying warm, rugs, spiritual ceremonies and other traditional usage. Blankets were also exchanged for possessions. It was a common practice to trade these blankets to other tribes and outsiders. Spanish foreigners used these blankets as buffer for their saddles or as protection between rider and horse.

Native American Indians spent a lot of their time developing horse blankets, which were woven by hand using wool cloth. The wool had to be cleaned and spun before the development of weaving could start. Dyes were produced by using plants and vegetables for a mixture of beautiful colors. Some horse blankets were woven smaller to be used with saddles.

To the present day, Native American Indians still hand weave horse blankets. One of the most sought after styles of blankets made is the Navajo blanket. These blankets are made with bright inks of earth blend colors and most times have fringed ends. Real Navajo horse blanket details diamond patterns and are desired for its simple, beautiful quality.

Tracking a real horse blanket in today’s market can be hard and pricey. Horse blankets from the 1800’s and early 1900’s are few because they were actively used and wore out easily. People who desire to purchase authentic horse blankets sometimes use them as keepsakes or a decorative piece to their home or office.

Available, on the market are diverse fabrics and colors. There are some companies that will personalize your blanket and sheets to the size of your horse or match the blanket color to your barn. A lot of people choose to use blankets that are waterproof and have snap or Velcro closures. In the warmer months, people will buy sheet coolers to assist their horse with heat exposure.

From past to present, horse blankets are a highly cherished item. From collection pieces to everyday practical usage, horse blankets will always have an interesting history.

Stain Removal in Carpet – Stain Removal Help

Hey guys…It’s been a while since I’ve posted a helpful tip to add to your arsenal of automotive interior repairs I’ve giving here on my blog.

So I thought of giving you a little bit on Stain Removal in Carpet. This is one thing I get a lot of questions for and that is how to get those nasty brown, or black, or even red stains out of the interior carpet of the vehicles I work on on a daily basis.

The trick isn’t to it isn’t really a trick at all, it’s timing and knowledge of what to use where and when. Getting to a spill before it gets a chance to soak in is your best defense against a stain in your carpet. If you spill something wipe it up and soak it up as quickly as possible and then flush with water and soak it up with a towel, or what ever you have at the time. But that’s not always the case and that’s where this little guide will help you, but really if you can wipe spills up a fast as you can and this helps to get the actual stain out later when you have more time.

One of the most common stains I see in vehicles are footprints or skid marks from dirty and greasy shoes. The answer to this is a de-greaser. There are so many different options to use in this situation, but I’m here to make this as simple as possible and effective. Supplies you will need are a couple of white towels, a scrub brush and a mild detergent, like dawn dish soap, a small pail of warm water mixing the soap to 1/4 oz. soap to gallon of water. Dip your brush in the soap and water, scrub the areas lightly with the brush making sure not to soak the carpet then wipe and blot with the towel. Repeat if necessary, wiping and blotting the area with the towel to remove the dirt and grime and the water, you don’t want it to sour later if left wet. If your have a shop vac, use it to suck up the water and to fluff the carpet pile back up to dry better. Place a fan in the vehicle if needed to dry further if you’ve had a bad one.

Now sometimes more then not you will need something a little stronger to get the grease out. I use Castrol Super Clean, the purple stuff. I’ve used Simple Green at times too, and some of the products at some of detail shops I’m at from time to time, so really any good de-greaser will work. Just spray the area with the cleaner, scrub with the brush, then wipe it up with a towel. Now if at all possible flush the area with water, this will help to remove the chemicals from the carpet and will help to preserve the natural look to the carpet. Some of those chemicals are pretty strong and if left can damage the carpet.

Soda pop and coffee stains, are another I run across a lot. Now this one can be booger to get out. A coffee stain if left can do permanent damage to the carpet and at times I have had to just dye the carpet to cover up the stain. If coffee is your problem, here are a few tips, catch the spill as quickly as possible then flush with mild soap and water like before with the grease, but you may have to soak it a little more to get it out. Now if this is an old stain, one thing you can try is hydrogen peroxide. This can be used as a mild bleaching agent. Just pore a little in a cup and with a tooth brush scrub it into the stain let sit for about 20-30 minutes then flush with your soapy water solution. If this doesn’t work, I found a product at my local janitorial supply shop called Perculator, it comes in spray bottle and is primarily a peroxide mix, and works pretty good, but it’s still not a miracle worker. Coffee can be a pain, but with a little luck and timing on this one you can get it out. Now soda pop, if it’s not an orange or red which I’ll talk about in a minute, can usually be taken care of with the warm water and soap.

Food stains can range from greasy french fries smashed in the carpet to dried ketchup, to jelly beans and candy. Most of these can be dealt with with your soap and water. Ammonia can be added to the solution to help cut the greasy foods. Scrape the chunks out with a blunt knife before you get wet this will help to not spread the stain further. Candies might take a little more due to dyes added for color, wash as much as possible to remove the candy, if the stain remains you can try peroxide but like I said there are dyes in some candies that do just that, dye the carpet. Gum is another candy that can be removed with mostly picking it out but the rest might take a little chemical. Goof Off is a good one to keep on hand for a lot of different things, but it works great on gum too. After you pick most of it out just take a little Goof Off on a towel and wipe the rest right out.

Red Wine is sort of a food stain but treated a little different. If it’s fresh flush with cold water and soak it up as much as possible. Try even a little club soda and pore directly onto the stain and soak it up with a towel. This should get most of it. One last trick is an enzyme cleaner, enzymes get right to it when it comes to food stains. They are known for removing food stuff stains, but I haven’t had much luck with red wine though so I’ll talk about it in a minute on getting the red stains out of your carpet.

Now if you have a misfortune and happen to get a blood stain on your carpet then this one needs to be handled with cold water and not warm or you will set the stain. If it’s dried then scrap the dried blood with a blunt knife to get the chunks out, vacuum them up, then scrub the area with cold water and a mild soap. Peroxide can be used to help remove the reddish tint if needed. Then flush again with the soap and water, then vacuum with your shop vac. One other remedy is a blood enzyme, which will eat the blood away. Blood Buster is good one, it’s an enzymatic cleaner designed for bio stains.

One that I deal with upon occasion is pet urine. Talk about nasty…but, hey they have to pee too, just not where we always want them to. This one is one you can go to your kitchen for, vinegar, helps to neutralize the acids in the pee. Supplies for this one are paper towels if still wet, white towels, mild soap and warm water, brush and vinegar. First soak up what you can with if it’s still wet with the paper towels, next take your soapy solution of warm water and soap, 1/4oz. of soap to a gallon of water, dip the brush and scrub the area with the soapy water, blot with the towel and repeat until the stain is gone. After wards pore a little vinegar over the stain and let set for about an hour. Lastly rinse with water and vacuum with a shop vac or dab with towels until mostly dry. If the stain is still there, let it dry, then apply an enzyme. Enzymes work really well for all bio stuffs including urine. The guys over at Petguest have come up with a 100% enzyme concentrate that is made for the elimination of pet stains and odors.

The old melted crayon stain in the carpet….Man what a mess this can be, but believe it or not it’s pretty easy to remove if you have a clothes iron and a brown paper bag. Scrape the majority away with a blunt knife then lay the brown bag over the crayon and with the heated iron, rub it over the bag over the spot. The heat from the iron will melt the crayon into the bag. Just rotate the bag around to keep a clean side down and after a while the crayon will be on the bag not on the carpet. Patience on this one helps, but again if the spot remains try a little chemical like your Goof Off.

Paint is another carpet stain that can give you a bunch of problems. First thing you need to determine what kind of paint it is. If it’s automotive paint then a solvent paint reducer or thinner can be used to remove it. I usually use lacquer thinner, works fast and removes most paint spills. Now if it’s house paint, then scrape off the excess with a blunt knife and pull out the Goof Off, try not to spread it out to much, work small and from the outside in on the stain. I guess nail polish is a paint, but with this one use nail polish remover or straight acetone with a towel, and again work the stain from the outside in so to not spread it out to far.

Now this is probably got to be the worst carpet stain out there. The red stain in the carpet. This is caused by a #40 Red dye that is put in a lot of drinks like Kool Aid and, red and orange sodas. If you run across this one there is only one way to remove it and that’s with a strong chemical. I have found a product that I use on these type of stains and have had really good luck with it, it’s called Red Dye Solution. There are others out there like Red Relief, and Red Out, all work pretty similar. You pore the chemical on the stain, and with a wet white towel and a steam iron you remove the stain. It is a time consuming project and with some luck all of the stain will be removed. Sometimes a little blue hue will be left from the chemical but it sure is a lot better then a bright red stain jumping out at you. But with a little carpet dye over the top and your good as new. You can find these products usually at your local janitorial supply shop or online. I’m working on getting some here on my site, so bare with me.

Stain Removal In Carpetcan be frustrating at times, but there no substitute for a professional. These tips can help and may just save you but if you have any problems or feel that the stain is just a little above your head then don’t hesitate to call an automotive interior repair professional like myself to come in a make your life a little easier. For those of you that are the professionals feel free to post your tips in the comments so we can all benefit from your expertise in carpet stain removal.