Great Leaders Are Sympathetic

Why are two different leaders, both of which appear equally prepared, trained, and qualified to be leaders, often perceived so differently by others? Why does one generally become a truly great leader, while the other may not? Often, the main difference between the two, is that one leader is genuinely sympathetic to the needs of others, while the other does not have that emotional involvement or tie. Dale Carnegie stated, “Three- fourths of the people you will meet today are hungering and thirsting for sympathy.” While many of our political leaders never seem to have been able to connect with the American public on this basic emotional level, there is no doubt that President Clinton did. Regardless of one’s political or personal views about Clinton, the vast majority public came away with the definite feeling that he cared about them, and that when he bit his lip, and said, “I feel your pain,” he meant it. Much of President Clinton’s success resulted from this connection, which created a high level of popularity, even during some messy personal scandals.

1. Great leaders emphasize effective listening. They focus on people first, and policy second. Their main goal is to ease the situation of others, or at the very least, comfort others by providing value, and appearing to truly care about the lots of their constituents. This is not only true, obviously, in the public political and governmental arena. It is even more true in most organizations, where so many are feeling a detachment from an organization, because they do not get the sense that anyone really cares about them. Great leaders understand that, and at the very least empathize, thus putting themselves in the other person’s place, and identifying what constituents want and need.

2. Especially with organizations, sympathetic/ empathetic connection begins with attention to the need for effective communication. In today’s world, far too many in leadership positions rely far too heavily on the exclusive use of digital/ electronic methods of communicating. While it is true that there is a need for effective use of email, texts, eblasts, websites, blogs, etc., they should never replace personal face- to- face and other oral means of communicating. One can get in touch with someone electronically, but can rarely touch someone by digital means. Electronic media is often a cold and heartless way of getting in touch. Think, for example, of what makes you feel like someone really cares, a Facebook birthday wish, or receiving a personal telephone call. Overly simplistic example, perhaps, but doesn’t it make sense?

Unsympathetic leaders rarely commit to be the type of leader that considers value to others as a priority. These types of leaders generally do not even want to hear the concerns that others may have. If you want to be a great leader, then you must commit to be a truly sympathetic/ empathetic leader.

Cellar Tanking – The Condensation Problem and How to Avoid it Part 2 – What Causes Condensation?

The average cellar tanking system will cost many thousands of £’s. The primary aim is to keep out ground water, but how often do we think about the internal naturally occurring atmospheric humidity? We ignore this at our peril; cellar tanking and other forms of basement waterproofing can interact with humidity and cause condensation problems… My last article on cellar tanking and condensation looked at what condensation is. Condensation occurs wherever the humidity and temperature combine to create ‘dew point’. So we need to look at those specific factors in a tanked cellar or waterproofed basement that cause temperature and humidity to come together in this way.


Waterproof coatings or membranes are not usually very thermally efficient so they can get cold. And they are usually applied to the internal surface of the outside walls during a cellar conversion or basement waterproofing project this makes them even colder. If we put insulation in front of the waterproof membrane this insulation makes the colder still (insulation keeps heat in the room and therefore away from the membrane).

Heating patterns

If the basement or cellar is heated on an irregular basis this can give rise to periods where the temperature is too low to avoid condensation.


Moisture vapour in the air will move in all directions, so not only is moisture vapour coming into a basement or cellar from the ground outside, it is also moving from the internal air space of the cellar or basement to the outside. An effective waterproof barrier (tanking system), designed to be effective against the ingress of ground water will also prevent the escape of internal moisture vapour. Rooms below ground are generally more difficult to ventilate due to lack of windows and doors. General living generates moisture vapour, even breathing and perspiring, also cooking, drying clothes, boiling kettles using a shower or bathroom without adequate air extraction all contribute to internal moisture vapour. This in itself is not necessarily a problem. It only becomes a problem is any part of the cellar or basement as a temperature which is equal to or below the dew point temperature and the most likely place for this (cold) dew point temperature is the waterproof barrier itself. In my own professional experience I have seen many cases of otherwise good cellar conversion and basement waterproofing projects ruined due to condensation.

In my next article I will be looking at the damage that it can do, not only to the building fabric, but also to the health of the occupants.

Meanwhile to find out more about problems with cellar tanking and how to avoid them click cellar tanking.

What Foods Contain Electrolytes?

Electrolytes Explained:

Electrolytes contract muscles, generate electricity, and move fluids and water within the body. Some examples of electrolytes are Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Bicarbonate, Calcium, and Magnesium. Electrolytes are found in fruit juices, milk, and many fruits and vegetables (e.g. avocados, potatoes, bananas).

It is possible to get electrolytes from many healthy foods.

How much does anybody really know about Electrolytes? The word, Electrolytes, has become a household word lately because a lot of people are familiar with all the currently popular sports drinks. You’ve probably read that electrolytes are good for you and they are important to have when you’re dehydrated or sick. But the thing is, when you are sick, sugary sports drinks are the very last thing your body really needs. Did you know that you also can get electrolytes from many healthy foods?

The Real Facts About Electrolytes:

Electrolytes are liquids, solids, or gases that contain electrically conducting ions and can be measured by laboratory studies of blood serum. The general public wasn’t really aware of electrolytes until some sports drinks started making claims that they contained more electrolytes than water. People who work out or are physically active lose electrolytes when through sweat and need to replenish their electrolytes to regain their energy. Sweat is usually made up of 99 percent water and one percent electrolytes.

Types of Electrolytes:

What you probably have not been told is that the best source of electrolytes is from food, not from sugary drinks. Lots of vegetables, either canned, fresh or frozen vegetables, are high in electrolytes, as are fruits, bread and milk. Potatoes (mashed with salt added is best), avacados, dried fruit, soy products, coconut milk, red and white wine, bread and most meats are all sufficient options for replenishing your body’s electrolyte needs. However, excessive intake of inorganic sulfates can result in diarrhea.

Salted foods can also be used for sodium electrolyte replacement. Salted meats, peanuts, butter — all of these sources are also effective for replacing chloride which is another electrolyte that can be lost along with sodium through sweating. Excessive intake of sodium chloride can result in hypertension which can cause heart concerns so watch how much you consume.

Potassium is an electrolyte which can also be lost through sweat. It can be replaced with fruits like bananas, dairy products, vegetables, nuts and meats. When replaced through food alone, there have been no documented or reported side effects, but potassium replacement through supplementation can result in hyperkalemia. An overload of potassium can result in sudden death in individuals with kidney health issues or renal failure.

Spring water or tap water does not contain electrolytes. But water with a pinch of salt, sugar and flour added to it will provide your body with lots of electrolytes.

Misconceptions About Electrolytes:

You shouldn’t drink large amounts of water to re-hydrate yourself when you have been exercising. Rather, you should drink small amounts of water while at the same time eating an energy bar to replenish your electrolytes. Sports drinks are loaded with sugar but there are somne sugar-free brands out there if you look for them. When your body is still active during workouts, it will have a hard time absorbing the electrolytes until you have stopped for a small period of rest. So while you are engaging in a strenuous physical workout, just take in small amounts of water until you can get to the point of resting for a short while.

The Benefits of Electrolytes:

If your electrolytes are right, you will experience fewer muscle cramps and spasms, increased stamina and less soreness after a workout. If you wake up at night with muscle spasms or cramps, just put a pinch of salt into a glass of water and drink a few sips. Overnight your body will replenish its electrolytes and you won’t experience the same severity of cramps the next day.

A Warning About Electrolytes:

Beef jerky is high in electrolytes but it should not be eaten very regularly. Carcinogens are found in smoked foods, and even though most beef jerky eaters do not eat enough jerky to become sick, it is still important to eat small amounts of it if you are working out but not more than a couple times a week. Beef jerky is very salty so it is a wonderful source of electrolytes but it is not a great source of any other nutrients.

Some Homeopathic Remedies for Replenishing Electrolytes:

Epsom Salt Soak —

To instantly replenish needed electrolytes, create an epsom salts (Magnesium sulfates) bath which allows the minerals to soak directly into the body’s pores. Put 2 cups of Epsom salt in a warm bath every week.

Hydration is Important —

Everyone should drink plenty of water every day and you can add a teaspoon of salt to every 8 ounces of water you drink as an added bonus, contributing to a proper electrolyte balance. It is especially important to stay hydrated if you regularly work out. Sweating and exercise depletes your electrolytes so you need to take these precautions before beginning any strenuous activities.

Herbs for Herpes

For centuries, herbs – their parts, extracts and oils – have been used to treat a wide array of conditions. The active ingredient in most herbs is an alkaloid. When using herbs, it is best to get them from accredited sources. It is also important to follow the correct dosage and formulation of the herbs as excesses may lead to adverse effects. In addition, it is essential to adhere to the recommended procedure as some of these herbs may be ingested or may just be applied externally.

There are a lot of herbs specifically used to control the infection and treat the symptoms of herpes. Some of the herbs are most helpful during the prodromal phase, some are best for the visible open sores or blisters and some boost the immune system. Many of these herbs have multiple effects.

More popular herbs containing anti-viral properties against Herpes simplex include olive leaf extract, lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), hyssop, Prunella vulgaris, Cactus opuntia streptacantha, Solanum nigrum and red marine algae (also called Super Carotene or Dunaliella salina). Other herbs that are anti-viral in general and have other properties as well include lavender (also fires staphylococcus and streptococcus), myrrh (effective in curing ulcers), sage (a moderately strong antiseptic) and chapparal (also attacks retroviruses). Herbal blends mostly used for prodromal symptoms of herpes include burdock (cleans liver and blood, lessens fever and glandular swellings), feverfew (for fever, inflammation and pain), gentian (cleans liver and blood, relieves fever), Gotu Kola (diminishes tingling) sensations), horsetail (alleviates itching and painful urination) and hyssop (reduces inflammation). In addition, herbal oils to be applied externally are also used to relieve prodromal symptoms, which include lavender (for itching and swelling) and St.. John's Wort (for inflated glands). Cold sores are relieved by lavender oil, myrrh, olive leaf extract and lemon balm. To strengthen the immune system, herbs such as golden seal, red clover, sage, red marine algae (containing sulfated polysaccharides) and sarsaparilla may be used.

Understanding The Symptoms Of Poor Blood Circulation

Circulatory problems do not begin in a day. In other words, you could call the heart a very patient organ, which can take years of abuse and when it can not take it any more, breaks out in to early symptoms.

At the outset, we need to remember that poor circulation is an outcome of certain lifestyle choices which we make which are detrimental to our health. Coupled with these are factors like imbalanced diet and lack of physical exercise. All these factors lead to fatty deposits on the arterial walls, which when hardened are called plaques. These plaques then block or create obstructions to the smooth passage of blood to and from the heart.

Plaques take a long time to be formed; that is the reason, we find circulatory problems affecting the elderly more often than they affect children. Our food habits also add to an unhealthy build up of cholesterol which may increase the viscosity of the blood, which again creates anomaly in the smooth flow through arteries and veins.

Since the circulatory system covers our entire body, the problems can also be manifested in numerous ways. For instance,

Brain – Our brain receives 20% of the blood circulated in our body. With a drop in the flow, our brain functions sub-optimally, resulting in feeling lethargic, loss of memory, lack of mental clarity, etc. Frequent unexplained headaches and sudden attacks of dizziness are also seen as symptoms of poor blood circulation to the brain.

Heart – When poor blood circulation affects the heart, the symptoms would be chest pain, high blood pressure and rise in the level of cholesterol. Difficulty in performing any common task like climbing stairs, walking a stretch could make you very tired and breathless.

Liver. When you suffer from lack of appetite or experience sudden weight loss and your skin looks luster-less, it is quite possible that your liver is getting ‘sluggish’ and these are the early symptoms of poor blood circulation to the liver.

Kidneys – This organ plays an important role in regulating and monitoring our blood pressure other than eliminating the waste and excess water from our bodies. When poor blood circulation affects the kidneys, we notice swelling of hands, feet and ankles, rise in blood pressure, altered heart rate and we feel tired all the time.

Limbs – Poor blood circulation can have serious impact on our arms and legs. We can experience sudden numbness of our hands, feet and fingers or suffer painful leg cramps. Symptoms of serious blood circulation problems can be varicose veins or a condition called cyanosis – which is when part of our skin turns blue or black due to lack of adequate oxygen to the concerned tissues.

Sex drive – Poor blood circulation can affect our reproductive organs as well. The symptoms are lack of sex drive and fatigue. Symptoms would also include lack of vitality also. Serious blood circulation problems could make one impotent also.

Acne Natural Cure – Natural is ALWAYS the Perfect Antidote

Looking for the right cure for your outbreak of pimples is not really that difficult. The key here is finding one that works for YOUR type of acne outbreak and is a natural method. Do not get overly frustrated or worked up about it. You can have clear and healthy skin, it will just take a little trial and error, and patience. Know about some treatments that have been beneficial as an acne natural cure for stubborn skin problems that you can use at home.

There are various types of treatments for blemishes and using them isn’t all that hard. One treatment for blackheads is a wash of lime and milk. All you have to do is bring the milk to a gentle boil, and then add the juice from one lime, and you can wash your face. Let it cool a little, and if it feels too hot don’t use it. Another kind of acne natural cure is to use an astringent for a deep cleaning of your pores. Go buy a leafy mango, boil it in some water, and then rub it after it cools, on your face. If your case of acne isn’t too severe you can also leave the mango to soak overnight. It’s an acne natural cure that will clean out your pores pretty thoroughly.

Something that you probably eat everyday is good for your skin as well. A raw potato is an ideal acne natural cure – especially for whiteheads and blackheads. The vitamin C gives your skin a healthy glow, and its alkaline gets rid of bacteria on your face. The potato has an acid in it too that scrubs away dead or dying skin cells on your face, which works as an acne natural cure. Don’t forget that you can use the papaya fruit on your face, but it needs to be raw. An acne natural cure with these types of applications will help your skin stay healthy by stopping infection from spreading.

Take note that any acne remedy might leave your skin a little parched for moisture at times during treatment. A good way to re-hydrate your skin after using an acne natural cure is to use almond oil. Get yourself a bag of almonds, and then grind them up with water, using approximately 4-5 good sized almond nuts. Spread the paste on your face, and don’t scrub. It will smoothen the face and add some moisture too. Buttermilk is another way to treat skin for dryness, and so are curds. If you’ve tried every over the counter medication for it and it’s just not working, than you might want to use an acne natural cure. You can find a treatment solution in an acne natural cure, but take your time, and find out what works for you.

Interesting Facts About Olympic Nations – France

Did you know?

France is the birthplace of Pierre de Coubertin, who is the father of the Olympic Movement. This Frenchman was born on January 1, 1863 in Paris. Pierre once said, “The Olympic Movement gives the world an ideal which reckons with the reality of life, and includes a possibility to guide this reality toward the great Olympic idea”.

The Summer Olympic Games were held in Paris in 1900. For the first time, sportswomen were allowed to compete in the Olympics ( six tennis players ). France won first place in the Games with 26 gold, 41 silver and 34 bronze medals.

Marie-José Pérec was one of France’s greatest sportswomen. She was born in Guadeloupe ( Caribbean island ) and moved to France with her mother when she was sixteen. Marie-Jose became the second female athlete in the history of the Olympic Games to sweep the 200m and 400m ( Atlanta’96 ).

Like Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Reunion, New Caledonia -French territory in Oceania- is not member of the International Olympic Committee ( IOC ). Why? France does not allow its territories to compete in the Olympics. For this reason, New Caledonia’s athletes can not compete in the Olympic Games. Unlike Guam ( American territory ), Aruba ( Dutch territory ) and Bermuda ( British territory ), it did not compete in the 2004 Olympics. Ironically, New Caledonia has several famous sportspeople in the South Pacific. Aquatics: Olivier Saminadin, Thomas Dahlia, Thomas Chacun, Reine-Victora Weber, Lara Grangeon, Diana Bui-Duyet, Adeline Williams and Gilles Durnesnil. Archery: Laurent Clerte, Emmanuel Guilhard, Henry Shiu, Isabelle Soeno and Sylvena Plazenet. Athletics: Vaikula Elise Takosi, Candice Soulisse, Erwin Casser, Bertrand Vili, Eric Frederic, Bina Ramesh, Eric Revillard, Phoebe Wejieme and Daniel Kilamo. Badminton: Nicolas Martoredjo, Florent Mathey, Marc-Antonie Desaynoz, Johanna Kou and Cecile Sarengat. Boxing: Christophe Lestage, Ataale Gyan and Hannequin Benoit. Judo: Sandrine Perel, Kyo Lussaud, Melissa Kaddour, Stephane Courtine, Jonathan Berger, Cyril Chevalier, Paul Dulac, Abedis Trindade de Abreu, Vaea Chadfeau and Diane Hillaireau. Sailing: Chrisptophe Renaud, Alban Rossollin, Feri Malhieu, Michael Borde, Cawle Dabin and Paiscillia Poaniewa. Shooting: Theodore Tein Weiawe, Fabrice Azarro and Phillipe Sinoni. Table tennis: Frederic Quach, Laurent Sens, Maxime Bataihard, Ornella Bouteille and Alexandra Heraclide. Taekwondo: Annie Odino, Kevin Belhameche, John Trouilet and Arnord Sariman. Tennis: Julien Couly, Elodie Rogge and Nickolas Ngodrela. Triathlon: Oliver Bargibant, Stephane Lacroix and Benedicte Meunier. At the last South Pacific Games held in Apia ( Samoa / formerly Western Samoa ) in November 2007, it finished 1st among 22 countries and territories. Certainly, New Caledonia has won more international gold medals per capita than any other country of the South Pacific.

Paris hosted the FIVB Volleyball Men’s World Championship in 1986. Final standings: 1.United States, 2.USSR ( currently Russia ), 3.Bulgaria, 4.Brazil, 5.Cuba, 6.France, 7.Argentina, 8.Czechoslovakia (currently Czech Republic/Slovak Republic), 9.Poland, 10.Japan, 11.China, 12.Italy, 13.Greece, 14.Venezuela, 15.Egypt, 16.Taiwan.

Jean Schopter became the first Frenchman to win the Roland Garros in 1892.

France send 243 athletes to the 1984 Los Angeles Games. It participated in 19 sports: archery ( 2 ), athletics (45), basketball ( 12 ), boxing ( 4 ), kayak ( 14 ), cycling ( 16 ), equestrian ( 11), fencing ( 20 ), football ( 17 ), gymnastics ( 9 ), wrestling ( 16 ), modern pentathlon ( 3 ), rowing ( 22 ), shooting ( 15 ), swimming ( 19 ), tennis ( 4 ), weightlifting ( 2 ), wrestling ( 8 ), sailing ( 12 ).

This European country won the gold medal in soccer at the 1984 Olympic Games in the United States.

France is the birthplace of fencing. Fencing was made part of the official program for the Olympics at the 1896 Athens Games.

Paris has hosted the Summer Olympics in 1924. There were 3,092 athletes from 44 countries who competed in 19 sports: athletics, aquatics, boxing, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, gymnastics, modern pentathlon, polo, rowing, rugby, sailing, shooting, soccer, tennis, water polo, weightlifting, wrestling. France came third with 13 golds, 15 silvers and 10 bronzes.

Eunice Barber is one of the most famous athletes in France. She was born on November 17, 1974 in Freetown, Sierra Leone ( Western Africa ), the world’s poorest country. Eunice says, “I was fortunate to grow up in Sierra Leone, an English-speaking African country where sport is very present”. For political and economic reasons, she moved to France when she was 18 years old. In the 1990s, Sierra Leone had one of Africa’s bloodiest civil wars. More than 70,000 Africans had been killed and 150,000 had left the country. Under the banner of Sierra Leone, Eunice finished fifth in the heptathlon competition at the 1996 Olympic Games in the United States. For many sportswriters and experts, her Olympic performance was amazing. Three years later, she become a French citizen.

Top performances:

1999: European Cup-1st heptathlon

1999: World Cup-1st heptathlon

2003: IAAF World Championships- 1st long jump, 2nd heptathlon

2003: European Cup-1st long jump

2003: IAAF World Athletics Final-1st long jump

2005: IAAF World Championships-2nd heptathlon, 3rd long jump

2005: IAAF World Athletics Final-4th long jump

2006: European Cup-2nd long jump

Eunice’s favourites:

Movie stars: Julia Roberts, Sharon Stone, Demi Moore

Music: From French to pop music

Hobbies: Theater, cinematography, music, reading

Fashion designers: Issey Miyake and Jean Paul Gautier

Music artists: Celine Dion, Withney Houston, Wyclef Jean.

Leyland Cypress Tree Spacing Explained

Correct Leyland Cypress spacing is critical. Target height determines spacing distance. How tall do you need them to grow? If a 14′ row of Leyland Cypress trees will provide the privacy screen you desire, be sure and “TOP” them when they reach that height. Actually, you must let them grow a foot or so taller than the desired height, then just clip off the main trunk, or central leader.

On evergreen trees, they will be finished growing tall, and spend all their energy thickening out. More height above what you need is a disadvantage for several reasons. The first is that if the trees need to be sprayed for Bagworms at some point, and they are taller than they need to be, it will be more difficult.

A second disadvantage is during stress times, like a drought summer, or winter, the tree has to “decide” whether to send the moisture it does have to the upper limbs and truck or the lower limbs, it will always send the moisture to the top growth areas and starve out the lower limbs. Many people say their row of Leyland Cypress was doing fine, then “all of a sudden” this year they started showing brown on the lower needles. This is because the height reached the point relative to spacing that result in stress.

The “rule of fours” is that you space trees so that the target height is no more than 4 times the spacing between the trunks. Example: You need a 20′ tall row to block your neighbor’s house or windows, you could space as close as 5′ on center. That is provided you will follow through, and when they reach 21 or 22′ tall, top them at 20′ height. That means each tree will get the moisture from a 5′ diameter ground area without competition from the tree beside it.

Another advantage is there will be enough room for a strong 5′ diameter root system to secure a 20′ tall tree against the wind. The “zig zag” pattern is a super solution if you can surrender some “width” of your property for the privacy screen. Let’s take another example; a 30′ tall privacy screen.

For example to plant a single file row, you will space 8′ on center, 4 times 8′ spacing = 32′ max target height. If choosing to start with ten’ tall Leyland Cypress trees, they will be 4′ wide at planting time. That will leave them with 4′ of air in between each tree and waiting a long time to close together.

If you plant two parallel rows, with each at 8′ on center, but staggered there will appear to be a tree every 4′ you will have closure much quicker, yet still have the trees spaced for strength and low stress. In this case the first row should be 4′ from the property line, and the second row should be 8′ from the first.

If the planting site is tight on space, you could make the second row 6′ back from the first row. One note is that the appearance of a tree every 4′ is only when you are exactly perpendicular to the row. Also remember a ten foot Leyland Cypress tree may be 4 foot wide at its widest point, but also they get skinnier as they get tall.

In this situation, you still need the 8′ spacing based on the rule of fours, and the” zig zag” pattern will get you closure much sooner than a straight line row. If they decided on 12 foot trees, they would be 5′ wide at the widest point closure would come much quicker.

Trees should be spaced so the target height needed is no more than 4 times the distance between the trunks. If you need a 20′ tall row to block your neighbor’s house or windows, you could space as close as 5′ on center. That is provided you will follow through, and when they reach 21 or 22 feet tall, top them back to 20 foot height.

Two advantages are that: Each tree will receive the moisture from a 5′ diameter ground area without competition from the tree beside it. Another benefit is a strong 5 foot diameter root system can secure a 20′ tall tree against the wind.

The “zig-zag” pattern is a super solution if you can surrender some “width” of your property for the privacy screen. For example, someone needs a 30 feet tall privacy screen. If they use the rule of 4’s, and plant a single file row, they should space at 8′ on center, 4 times 8′ spacing = 32′ max target height. If you choose to start with ten foot Leyland Cypress trees, they will be 4′ wide at planting time. That spacing will leave them with 4 feet of gap between each tree would take a long time to close together.

If you plant two parallel rows, each at 8 foot on center, but staggered so there will appear to be a tree every 4 foot you will have closure much quicker, yet still have the trees spaced for low moisture stress and strength. For this example the first row should be 4 feet from the property line, and the second row should be 8 feet from the first. If tight on space, you could make the second row 6′ back from the first row. One note is that the appearance of a tree every 4′ is only when you are exactly perpendicular to the row. Remember a ten foot Leyland Cypress tree might be 4 feet wide at its widest point, but also they get much thinner towards the tip. In this situation, you still need the 8′ spacing based on the rule of fours, and the “zig zag” pattern will get you closure much sooner than a straight line row. If they decided on 12 foot trees, they would be 5′ wide at the widest point closure would come much quicker. My customers have been temped to let them grow because when they reach the target height, they will look great. That is the precise time to top them, once they get distressed and shed their lower needles nothing will make them green back up. Use and distribution of this article is subject to our Publisher Guidelines whereby the original author’s information and copyright must be included.

Moradabad Attractions and Accommodations

Moradabad is one of Uttar Pradesh’ districts. It is also part of the Moradabad Division. It is also the headquarters. In the 1600s, Moradabad was established by the son of Shahjahan, a Mughal Emperor. His name is Murad.

Moradabad has nearly 4 million residents that come from various religions and ethnicities. The city is located only 100 miles northeast Delhi, India’s capital. It is also called the “Brass City” (Peetal Nagri) because of its large brass handicraft export industry which transacts wit Europe and North America. The city is more noted for its glassware and brass works even if it also thrives in its agrarian industry. Other flourishing industries here include handicrafts, metalwork, sugar, and electroplating.

The city also features over 400 factories for aluminum, brass, glass and iron products. Through the years, they have become even more compliant with the Security and Global Social Norms. This resulted to the reduced percentage of child laborers. Famous companies who benefit from these factories are Home Depot, Casto Rama, Target, JC Penny, Carefour and Wal-Mart among others.

Moradabad Attractions

Peetal Mandi

This is one place of interest you cannot miss. It is a prime market in a congested alley, having numerous big and small shops that sell bronze and copper products. One can even find small shops here that sell decorative miniatures and small items.

There are also large showrooms with exhibits of exclusive objects. Many people come here for the cheap yet high quality utensils made of copper. These are designed with exquisite Naqqashi work.

The Rosewater Sprayer (Gulabpash) and Perfume Sprayer (Itradan) are also famous bronze objects that come in different shapes and sizes. Wine servers (Aftab) possess attractive but heavy copper linings. Aside from this, Bronze busts are also becoming popular, like those of Alexander the Great and Bushaphelas, his favorite horse as well as Gautama Buddha, Mahatma Gandhi, Plato, Artistotle, Lenin, Socrates and numerous Hindu deities.

Hindu Temples

Moradabad temples are made of the most intricate architectures that say a lot about their ancestors. These famous structures are also indicative of how religious the locals are.

Moradabad Accommodations

Moradabad only has a limited number of lodging accommodations but they are considered as the best places to stay in while in the city. These hotels offer a relaxing and soothing ambience as well as a secure and memorable stay.

Best Western Premier Holiday Regency

This is the only 5-star deluxe hotel in Moderabad. It has 74 rooms, contemporary amenities, a multi-cuisine restaurant, modern health club, tandoor specialty large outdoor pool and a gym. It also features meeting halls, banquets and lawns. Check in time is at 12:00 noon while check out time is at 10:00 am. The address of this hotel is OM Enclave, 9th Km. Delhi Road, India.

Basic amenities include a restaurant, bar, coffee shop, room service, Internet, business center, pool and health club. Their superior and deluxe rooms are equipped with a safe, air conditioner, telephone, iron, hairdryer, private bathroom and color TVs. The average nightly rate at this hotel is Rs 5,426.

Rahi Tourist Bungalow

This is considered as the best budget hotel in Moderabad. It offers comfort, relaxation at affordable prices. It is located near Circuit House in Delhi Road, India. Check in time at the hotel is at 12:00 noon while check out time is at 10:00 am.

Rahi Tourist Bungalow has 14 rooms. Amenities include a restaurant, bar and room service. The nightly rate at this hotel is Rs 895.

Spyder Sonix Paintball Gun Review

The Spider Sonix paintball gun is one step up from Kingman’s most basic paintball gun and is billed as a good all around choice for the beginner player. This gun has a few minor upgrades over the base Spider model that should make it a little more attractive to some users. It’s your call so let’s take a look.

Before we get into the meat of the article let’s hit the bullet points of the pros and cons.

Paintball Gun Design

Kingman’s Spider Sonix 2007 is the newest version of the venerable and very popular Sonix paintball gun. The newest model did not produce any significant changes to the design, it is still a very simple blowback style gun but it does come equipped with a few upgrades over the base Spyder Victor paintball gun.

Some of the features include:

  • An entry level standard ASA
  • Double trigger
  • Sight rail and a vertical feed tube (you have to use a removable vertical feedneck).
  • Gas-through foregrip
  • Front expansion chamber under the barrel.
  • Top cocking Delrin bolt.

It is available in several colors and the overall milling has produced a very attractive looking paintball gun.

Paintball Gun Performance

The Spider Sonix’s overall performance isn’t bad considering the price point. It will fire pretty much as fast as you can pull the trigger however it has a fairly long, stiff trigger pull. This will hinder your rate of fire, significantly so don’t expect the high rates of fire like a high end gun can produce.

Another downfall to the gun is that it is not particularly consistent. Paintball muzzle velocity will vary from shot to shot producing varied results. In spite of the inconsistent velocity it is able to produce a reasonable amount of accuracy as long as you stick to using decent paintballs.

The foregrip and front expansion chamber of the Sonix don’t seem to add much to in terms of performance. I do think that it is a much more comfortable combination to hold on to than the Victor though so well worth it in my opinion.

These upgrades are not significant but in my opinion they are worth the few extra dollars that this gun sells for compared to the Victor.

Paintball Gun Reliability and Maintenance

This is a very simply designed gun which means it is very easy to maintain and as long as you don’t abuse it, the Spider Sonix should work well for years. I would strongly recommend thought hat you clean and oil your gun after each use.

If you develop a leak in your gun then you should be able to just get by replacing your O-rings. One of the benefits of a simple design.

I should also mention that the quick-release bolt makes cleaning the chamber a snap. It is so easy to do that you will have no excuse not to keep it clean.


Bottom line is that the Spider Sonix paintball gun is an excellent beginner gun as is but it can also be heavily upgraded. The design is very common and aftermarket parts are available from a wide variety of vendors so whether you want to get a barrel kit, electronic trigger frame, upgraded bolt or custom grips, the Sonix will be able to handle it.


* Inexpensive Price Point

* Very upgradeable design

* Simple and reliable design

* Quick-release bolt


* Not particularly accurate or consistent

* Has a tendency to chop cheap paint

* Entry level components

Top 10 Mistakes Made By Amatuer Poker Players

1. Playing Too Many Hands

An early lesson in poker is to realize the majority of hands you are dealt must be folded. I’ve known an amateur player turn round to me and say You’ve got to play the hand you are dealt, why fold. I was shocked and soon put them right. However, there are a lot of beginners that seem to ignore this most basic rule.

They will call with ace-rag out of position, even call a raise with it, they play any two suited cards or even any picture card. You can get away with playing loose like this in a game of no limit hold em but you must have a strong post-flop ability to be able to pull it off.

Situation dependent, most of the time you are looking to only play premium hands such as high pocket pairs, and very strong aces. Simply fold the rest.

2. Not Folding Mediocre Hands

After the flop has hit, amateur players find it very difficult to let go of marginal hands. Suppose they hit middle pair or top pair with top kicker, the will find it hard to lay down. Its a crazy situation to still be involved in a pot holding top pair when there are flush and straight draws on the board and players are betting like theres no tomorrow. I’ve seen people play online when they will see their hole cards all the way to the river even though the board has paired up, AND there is 4-to-a-flush on the board, AND a straight possibility. They just wouldn’t let go of their flopped top pair.

The best hand on the flop may not always be the best hand on the river. Play with caution and don’t be afraid to get out if the action heats up and you are holding a marginal hand.

A good way to look at it is to look at the board and think to yourself “What two cards could my opponent be holding for them to beat me?”. If you can narrow it down to one or at most two sets of hole cards you should be fairly confident in carrying on playing. If you have to say to yourself “I hope he doesn’t have X, or Y, or Z, or A, or B or C…” then you should really think about folding. The more combinations of cards that your opponent could be holding that beat your hand, then the more likely it is they are holding one of them. If there is only one or possibly two combinations of cards that beat you then continue to play but with caution. Bet out or raise to gain information on how good your hand is. If they fold, you win the pot, if you are raised then you are probably beat.

There’s no shame in folding. Remember, especially in a tournament, poker scores are based on the player that loses the least amount of chips.

3. Under-Betting The Pot

In no limit texas hold em you can bet out as much of your stack as you like in order to protect your hand. You should be using this to your advantage. Weaker inexperienced players on the other hand tend to bet small amounts such as $30 into a $500 pot. These kinds of bets offer good players fantastic pot odds to call and suck-out on the river because of the money they stand to make in relation to how much it costs to see another card. A bet of around 75% of the pot is enough to discourage players on a draw. Any bet under half the pot is normally not enough.

4. Over betting The Pot

It is an easy mistake that amateurs make. They make a half-decent hand and the adrenaline kicks in and they decide to over bet the pot by pumping $300 into a $90 pot, or they move all in pre-flop for 1500 in a sit-n-go while blinds are still 15/30. The trouble with doing this, is that it makes hands weaker than yours fold, while hands stronger than yours call. By consistently over betting the pot you are either going to win a small pot, or lose a big one. Quite clearly not the optimum poker playing approach.

5. Ignoring Position

Knowledge is power in the game of no limit hold em. The more information you hold about the round of betting the better position you are in to act on this information. Playing hands under the gun means if you bet out, you could face a massive re-raise from a later position. You could check post flop in the hope of a check raise but instead find the entire table checks after you. If you are playing from a later position you have the ability to see what the rest of the table is doing before you act.

Amateur players will often ignore position and play a certain set of hands regardless of position. you should be playing only premium hands in early position, and then widening your range of starting hands the later your position becomes. TJ’s plays badly from UTG but very well from a late position.

6. Failing To Protect Your Hand

Many amateur players are guilty of playing far too passively. They will simply check or call unless they are 100% sure they have the best hand in which case they will raise. By failing to bet, or failing to raise they will make it easier for their opponents to draw out on them who might otherwise have folded. If you find yourself against a tight passive player, raise more often than you usually would and you can find yourself winning a lot of small pots.

7. chasing unprofitable draws

Playing a drawing hand is only ever going to be as good as the value of the pot you are trying to win. You should always fold if someone makes a bet where you are no longer getting correct pot odds to call. Amatuer players make the mistake of ignoring these odds and will call all the way to the river in the hope that they hit. It is possible they do not even understand pot odds or know what they are.

As frustrating as it is when monkey players like these suck out on the river you have to remember that they are playing bad unprofitable poker and they will end up losing more money than they win. Just make sure you are in the pot when they lose

8. Bad Stack Management

Amatuer players often neglect their stack size when it comes to playing holdem. If you are playing a cash game you should always have around 20 big blinds to capitalise on your monster hands. If you are falling short, then reload your stack. There’s no point hanging on with £50 in a £5/£10 cash game only to flop quads next hand and miss out on a huge pot. If you are playing a freezeout tournament, you should stop calling pre-flop when you are between 10 times the big blind (worrying) to 5 times the big blind (critical). There is no option but to push all in with any Ace, pocket pair, suited connectors or any hand under the gun.

You are looking to have enough chips to maximise your big hands, or to keep you alive in tourmanet situations. Bad players will flat call hands when their stack is 5 to 10 x BB. Good players will push all in. Bad players will not reload their chips in a cash game, good players will.

9. Adapting Your Style

There is a big difference between playing cash games and playing tournaments. In cash games you have to be prepared to put your entire stack over the line when you know you are going to win more times than you lose, when you have a positive expected value (+EV). If you lose then you can just reload. In a tournament you have to be more protective of your stack as if it goes then your are out of the game. There are many other subtle levels, but these are the fundamental differences between the two games. Bad players are those that do not adapt their game accordingly and play tournament strategy in a cash game and cash strategy in a tournament game.

10. Trying To Imitate The Pros

The generation of poker players coming through nowadays are those raised on watching it on TV. People have their favourite poker players they have seen making big bluffs and talking the talk. Amatuer players seem to copy-cat these actions in order to come across more professional. what they fail to realise however that on TV they are only watching edited highlights. Not every hand is a monster raise, or a trap, or a bluff – in fact most of the time it is one player raising with a genuine hand and everyone else folding. This is unfortunately the less interesting side of poker but it (should) represent a large majority of your game.

We have a generic nickname for these kinds of players at the table. Those that come in wearing the shades, the cap, the iPod, talking about how other players should have played their hands, talking crap. The nickname given is “All the gear, no idea”. Make sure you are able to spot these players if they are on your table and more importantly make sure that you are not one of them yourself!

Lunging a Horse Successfully – Tips to Get Your Horse Going Forward, Relaxed & Willingly on the Lung

“My horse won’t lunge” is a common complaint of many horse owners.  Lunging can be a positive and effective way of working with a horse, but only if it is done correctly.  Unfortunately, many people do not understand how to correctly lunge a horse and then blame the horse when he or she does not go forward.  Horses, being prey animals, are programmed to move – to run.  If a horse refused to go forward a good horse person will look for the cause and ask “what could be stopping a flight animal from moving forward”?


1)  Check the environment.  Are you trying to lunge the horse in an area where he or she does not feel safe?  Horses will not go forward into areas they perceive as potentially dangerous.  Because they are prey animals, they need to be able to see an escape route.  They are so claustrophobic that even going forward into the corner of an arena can be stressful for them.  That is why so many horses cut corners and/or counter ben when they are ridden through the end of the arena furthest from the barn.  Try lunging your horse in an area where he or she feels less stressed like  the end of the arena closest to the barn


2) Check your equipment.  Horses are so sensitive that they can feel a fly land on their skin.  Check all your tack to ensure there is nothing causing any discomfort or pain.  An ill-fitting halter, bridle or saddle can cause pain that may not be obvious at first glance.  The bit should be the right length and width for your horse’s mouth.  Wider bits are often thought to be “softer” but will be uncomfortable for a horse with a narrower space between his or her upper and lower jaw.  A bit that is not the right length will either move around too much or pinch the corners of the mouth.  Check for any sharp areas on the bit that may have developed over time due to wear & tear.  If the bridle’s brow band is too tight, it will cause discomfort by putting pressure on your horse’s sensitive ears.  Make sure your saddle fits correctly and is not creating an pressure points.  Look for areas of wear on both the saddle and girth that could be pinching or poking the horse’s body.


3) Check for lameness.  Make sure your horse is 100% sound.  Palpate along his or her neck and back for any signs of soreness to pressure.  If your horse flinches when you apply light pressure on the muscles along the spine, you might need to get him or her a massage or chiropractic treatment.  You definitely need to determine the cause of the soreness.  Check the feet and legs for any sign of heat, swelling, bruising or tenderness.  Some soreness may notshow up as obvious lameness, but could be enough to make it uncomfortable for the horse to work on a circle.


4) Improve your technique. Once you have eliminated any environmental or physical causes that may be preventing the horse from going forward, it is time to look at your lunging technique. 


When you are lunging, you are sending or driving the horse around you in a circle.  The horse will mirror the alignment of your body and the circle you are walking.  The correct position for lunging a horse is to stand facing towards the head with your core (belly button) aimed at the girth, your shoulder furthest from the head open, and your hip nearest to the horse aimed towards the horse’s inside hip.  Picture a maitre d’ or usher guiding someone to their seat.  The near arm guides the person from behind while the far arm is open showing the guest where the seat is.  If the “guide were to put their arm in front of the guest, he or she is blocked from moving forward.  Another way to get a feel for this position is to push a one wheeled wheel barrow in a large circle.  If you want the wheelbarrow to move in a circle to the left, you must angle your body slightly into the arc of the desired circle.  Your left shoulder (on the inside of the arc) will be open or slightly behind the right (outside) shoulder.  Your hips will be aligned with your shoulders.  Your right foot will step forward and slightly out of the arc.  Your left foot will step forward and slightly towards the outside of the arc.  Try taking the same position and stepping in the same way when you lunge your horse.  Picture lines of energy coming from your body as you do this.  Make sure none of the lines of energy go directly towards or in front of the horse’s head. 

Tell your horse to go forward by swinging the end of your lunge line or the lash of a lunge whip towards the flank area.  The flank is the “button” where one horse pushes or bites another horse to tell him or her to “go forward”.  Move the rope or the whip’s lash from the ground upwards towards the horse.  For more push, continue with this movement increasing the RPM’s (rounds per minute) of the lash in this circular movement.  This movement is much less aggressive to the horse than snapping the whip.


Once you have ensured the horse’s physical and psychological comfort, are working with the correct alignment between yourself and the horse, and pushing the right “buttons”, your horse should go forward in a relaxed, willing and cooperative way.

Supination – What Exactly is it and How Can I Fix It?

What Is Supination?

Supination in the foot occurs normally in the gait cycle when the foot returns to a stable position before push off of. Excessive supination is associated with high arches and is a tendency for the foot to roll outward…or not to move inward (pronate) enough during the gait cycle. As your heel lifts from the ground and the weight moves to the ball of foot area and toes to push the body forward, a natural amount of supination occurs. Over-supination may cause you to appear bow-legged.

The natural movement that is the opposite of supination is called pronation. This occurs when the outer edge of your heel hits the ground and the foot rolls inward. If overpronation occurs during standing, an individual may appear knock-kneed. Pronation and supination are natural movements in your gait cycle, however, with overpronation or over-supination occur, foot problems often follow.

Overpronation is more common than over-supination, but either problem needs addressed. Too much supination causes an issue because the foot is less able to provide shock absorption. It also causes extra rotational force on the feet, shin, knees and thighs, adding further stress on muscles, tendons and ligaments.

What Problems Can Excessive Supination Cause?

Supination places extra strain on both muscles and tendons that stabilize the ankle. This can lead to a number of foot problems which may include:

– Ankle sprains

– Ligament ruptures

– Arch pain

– Heel pain

– Knee pain

– Hip pain

– Back pain

– Corns and calluses

– Achilles tendonitis

– Shin splints

– Stress fractures

– Plantar Fasciitis

– Metatarsalgia

– and more…

How Can I Tell if I Over Supinate?

To see if supination could be a problem for you, look at your feet while you are standing to see if there is a high arch at the inside of the foot that doesn’t move toward the floor much when you stand or walk. This is one clue. Also, look at your shoes. If your shoes are worn mostly on the outside of the sole, especially around the ball of foot area, you may have excess supination when you walk.

Another method is to examine a wet footprint. If the area between the heel and ball of foot shows only a thin strip at the outside part (little toe side) of your foot and you see no print at all in the arch area, supination may be occurring. A normal footprint should have a strip that is approximately half the width of the foot. Pronated feet often fill the footprint all the way through the arch.

Can I Prevent or Treat Supinated Feet?

Excessive supination (or pronation) is a biomechanical and foot alignment issue. A pedorthist or podiatrist may complete an assessment and gait analysis to determine the specific alignment and biomechanical problems and prescribe foot orthotics (arch supports) to help you. Foot orthotic insoles work to distribute your weight more evenly and to correct or accommodate abnormal foot posture. They are usually the best option for treatment of supinated feet.

Your choice of footwear is also important when supination is a problem. You should search for shoes that match your foot type. A general rule of thumb is more stability for pronators and more cushion for supinators, but reasonable shoe stability is still important. Make sure they are the most appropriate size and are not too tight or too loose. Try on shoes in the later half of the day because your feet swell a bit as the day goes on and will be slightly larger. Also try both feet, because one will be a bit bigger than the other and you should fit to the larger one. Wear the socks you plan to wear when using your shoes. Feet with over supination often have a high instep, so laces are important for the ability to adjust this area. Running shoes tend to be best for supinated feet to give a good combination of cushion and stability.

These are just a few measures that may be necessary to decrease your risk of injury due to supination. One of the best ways to deal with supination problems is by using arch supports or foot orthotics designed for high arches or supination. These redistribute pressure away from the pressure points of supinated feet and provide better shock absorption. Custom foot orthotics are an option, but expensive. The best over the counter foot orthotics providers offer specifics for different conditions and different areas of pain.

What Causes A Blood Red Eye?

A blood red eye can be quite alarming when it suddenly greets you in the mirror one morning. Fortunately, most of the time it will turn out to be much less serious than it appears. The white tissue on the front of the eye is known as the sclera. Overlying this is a clear transparent thin layer that is loosely attached to the sclera, the conjunctiva. Because the connection is so loose between the layers, an empty potential space exists. There are tiny blood vessels that transverse through this tissue and they can be somewhat fragile. If a blood vessel ruptures, the blood will spread out and fill the empty space. It will often cover a large part of the white of the eye with a blood red appearance. These are referred to as sub-conjunctiva hemorrhages.

A number of issues can lead to these hemorrhages on the eye.

  • Mechanical trauma to the blood vessels can cause them to rupture. Simply rubbing the eyes can be enough force to break the tiny blood vessels on the eye. A foreign object or blow to the eye is a frequent antecedent. Sports like basketball where fingers frequently end up in an eye can certainly give you a broken conjunctiva blood vessel. Protective sports eye wear can prevent these incidents and many much more serious eye injuries.
  • Centripetal force or the feeling of weightlessness occurs on roller coasters, merry go rounds, bungee jumping, flying maneuvers, and extreme sports of all flavors (intentional or accidental!). The blood flow is increased towards the head and the increased blood volume can result in an blood red eye.
  • Anything that increases the resistance to blood drainage in the blood veins frequently is found in the history of sub conjunctiva hemorrhages. Coughing, vomiting, even straining with constipation can temporarily raise the resistance to blood drainage in the fragile capillaries of the eye tissues. Lifting weights while holding your breath and even childbirth can alter the blood flow in the veins.

If you develop an eye with the appearance of blood you should immediately seek care from your optometrist. Rarely there can be other problems that require intervention. Problems and diseases of the blood can cause recurrent hemorrhages. People on blood thinners, regular use of aspirin, and some other medications are at an increased risk for blood vessels bleeding. Some forms of eye infections will cause numerous hemorrhages, and often in both eyes. Conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure can make the eye more susceptible to breaks in the blood vessels.

Usually the cure is time. These conjunctiva hemorrhages will follow a course similar to a bruise on your skin, often taking three to six weeks to resolve. They also will undergo color changes from bright red to purple before fading away. This is one eye condition where the appearance is fortunately much worse than the outcome!

Plumber – Kitchen Plumbing And Repairs

One of the most versatile trades of all times is the plumbing trade. From laying out the piping of a structure to installing the hot water system of a building, a plumber can choose to specialize in a wide variety of tasks. Gas systems, clean water supply systems, drainage systems, kitchen plumbing systems to name but a few are all tasks that are carried out by plumbers. There are various aspects of kitchen plumbing systems which must be there for the kitchen to function in an efficient way.

What Kitchen Plumbing Entails

The kitchen is fitted with pipes which supply clean water and other pipes that get rid of waste water. There may also be pipes which supply gas to the kitchen, and the gas valve is usually located either on the floor or the wall. The hot and cold water valves are normally located under the sink. From the valves, supply tubes are connected to the faucet.

A saddle valve may be attached to the cold water valve in order to provide additional water connections which supply water to appliances such as a water filter. The additional connections may be made from plastic tubes or copper. The gas valve is normally found under the appliances which use gas, and you can shut it off when the gas is not in use for safety purposes.

Repairing Sink Pipes

The pipes which are found under the kitchen sink are normally curved and are known as P-traps. Compression fittings connect these curved pipes to the drainage pipe of the sink, and you can sometimes unscrew these fittings without the help of any tool. When replacing kitchen sink pipes, the plumber has to carefully take the measurements of the pipes so that the new pipes can be cut just right.

The water valves are turned off in order to cut off the supply of water to the sink when the repair work is ongoing. The P-trap connections are unscrewed from the tailpieces of the sink by hand or by use of pliers. The traps are removed from the connections and the drain tailpieces are also removed. New tailpieces are screwed in and new pipes are cut and fixed into place with compression fittings by hand.

Other Repairs Required In The Kitchen

There are many valves which are found in the kitchen and they are prone to leaking. Taps which are used in the kitchen are also prone to leaking and require repairs once in a while. The dishwasher may fail to work properly if the water supply pipes and the drainage pipes are not working properly. The kitchen drains can get clogged up and may require drain cleaning. The garbage disposal may get clogged up if too much garbage is placed in it and would require repairs.

Maintaining Your Kitchen Plumbing

In order to keep your kitchen plumbing working well for you, there are a few things which you can do. Firstly, you should ensure that you do not pour grease and fatty substances down the kitchen sink. Instead of flowing down the drain, grease and fat get stuck to the insides of the pipe and when it accumulates, the drain gets blocked. You should also not throw leftover foods that are hard to grind in the garbage disposal.