Tips for Finding The Right Plastic Surgeon

With each passing year, the strides in cosmetic surgery are both substantial and impressive. Surgical techniques have become more refined as state-of-the-art equipment is utilized by the best plastic surgeers across the nation. Traditional surgeries are now brought to the fore with minimally invasive incisions and better aesthetic results.

The world of cosmetic surgery has indeed changed with many exciting possibilities. With that said, when one begins to consider cosmetic surgery, they need to do some due diligence. While many people use the internet as a springboard for information, it also serves as a wonderful tool in helping hone in on what to look for in partnering with a surgeon.

Here are some considerations to be mindful of when an individual is seeking the right cosmetic surgeon.

Board Certification Homework

This facet in research should never be overlooked. It's absolutely crucial for a potential patient to seek a board certified plastic surgeon for a cosmetic procedure.

In one's research it's also quite imperative for them to dig deeper in their discoveries to decide if the surgeon is a member of a registered association.

A surgeon's experience in the area of ​​plastic surgery one is interested in must be researched. Make for certain that this particular doctor has in-depth knowledge of the procedure and is adept in their skill sets.

As one may imagine, there is an array of procedures such as body sculpting via liposuction, facial rejuvenation through neck lifts or face lifts, and reconstructive procedures.

Hospital Privileges and Facility Accreditation

Hospital privileges ensure a patient that a surgeon has undergone an evaluation and has been accepted as a surgeon in good standing. Evaluated by a committee, a surgeon must be given clearance based on their training, ability, certificates and more.

Plastic surgeons may also use their own on-site surgical facility to perform procedures. Patients must research that this facility is accredited by an institution such as the American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities.


Once a person has selected a few surgeons of interest, the next step is finding online reviews. Literally, this information is a click away and incredibly valuable. Patients who are sincere with their plastic surgery experiences shed a great deal of light on the surgeon, the surgical experience and the outcome.

The Consultation

The consultation is a vital time since it's really an interview and learning process about the procedure and the doctor. During this stage, a patient must feel completely comfortable and candid with the doctor about their aesthetic wishes and make sure any questions they have are answered. Feel free to ask to see before and after pictures because surgeons are proud to show their work.

Cosmetic surgery is indeed a journey so one should be comfortable that their surgeon has an exceptional rapport flanked by skill and compassion. Moreover, it is important to know about the pros and cons of the surgery before proceeding with the same.

New Plan Helps Pay Off Student Loans

So far, more than fifty million Americans have helped finance their college education with help from federal student loans. As graduates grow nervous about their chances in a volatile job market, federal regulators hope that a new reimbursement program can ease budget burden. Working in public service jobs or for non-profit agencies can also lead to long term debt forgiveness, allowing government leaders to attract more talented college graduates.

How Income Based Repayment Works
Under previous special payment plans, students could suspend loan payments when faced with sudden illness or job loss. With the new income based repayment plan, government loan officers can base a graduate's monthly payment on their monthly salary. By making regular, small payments under an IBR agreement, you can maintain your commitment to repaying government loans. If you maintain your loan in good standing and you meet certain criteria, the government may elect to forgive the balance of your loan.

For example, a lawyer working in a not-for-profit organization may earn about $ 45,000 per year after spending as much as $ 150,000 on career training. A typical law school graduate would ordinarily face student loan payments as high as $ 1,700 per month. However, under current guidelines, this student would only be required to make monthly payments of about $ 360 to pay back her student loan.

Because such a low payment would only cover part of the interest on the initial loan, the debt forgiveness aspect of an IBR plan can reward this student for her community service. After 25 years of regular payments, government regulators erase the remaining principal and interest. As the government wipes away more than a half million dollars in accrued interest, this graduate may choose to keep working or to enjoy a debt-free retirement. Plan participants working in certain government positions may qualify for debt forgiveness even sooner, after a period of just ten years.

How IBR Benefits Students
Income based reimbursement plans open up new opportunities for current and potential students to make college and career choices without focusing on the burden of hefty loan payments. Working adults in high-pressure industries may dream of stepping down to less stressful jobs that require specific career training. An IBR plan can help wafer the pay cut you may experience when shifting from a senior position in one field to an entry level job in another. If your circumstances change and you find yourself in a high-paying corporate job, your student loan payments should adjust to reflect your new salary.

Income Based Repayment Just One Option for Paying Down Student Loan Debt
IBR plans should become available during the summer of 2009 for graduating holding student loan accounts with the Department of Education or with a select private lender administrated by the Federal Family Education Loan Program. Furthermore, debt forgiveness options are available only to students participating in the Government's Direct Loan program. Therefore, to get the maximum benefit from income based repayment options, financial advisors recommend consolidating your loans with the federal government.

The federal government is not the only source of assistance for students interested in community service jobs. Many colleges and universities offer special tuition waivers, grants, and other forms of financial aid for students who pledge to work in public interest jobs. Private foundations also raise funds to provide scholarships and stipends for students who plan to work in special niches of law , government, and fine arts. Teachers enjoy student loan forgiveness programs in many states, as do many military personnel. With help from multiple sources, you can enjoy a rewarding career in service to your community without the violation of crushing student loan payments each month.

Toronto Signs

Every business concern has a name with which it is identified. This name becomes a brand name when the product or services is marketed worldwide and is accepted and recognized for what it stands for. Now how can just a name grow into a brand name? Every business today follows a good marketing strategy and the first most important factor defining the success of the business strategy is the exposure the business gets through the advertisements.

The best aide for any advertisement depends upon the most eye catching and logo ridden sign board. Placing the Toronto sign in crowded places and road end will no doubt attract a lot of attention. The concept of a good advertisement is as important as the sign design and set up. Creativity counts more than just the size or quality of the sign presented. Actually a good sign can increase the image of the product show cased.

Graphic signals are becoming more popular as people are easily attracted towards it. Logos, letterheads, posters, brochures, branding, displays, exhibits, banners and corporate identity are all some of the graphic signs designed at the Toronto signs. It not only catches the eyes of the viewer but also easily finds a place in his heart, and it also reminds him of the brand, which serves the purpose of the sign placed.

Storefront and retail signage can enhance the stores looks and the attractive signs placed for the public view will no doubt increase the customer traffic. Toronto signs offer profession signs just to serve this purpose. They offer exterior illuminating signs, awnings, neon letters, pylon signs and non-illuminating signs. What's more they also provide in house repair and maintenance of the signs.

Exhibit and display signage provides quality displays for events, conventions and trade shows. It is also being used as pop displays which showcase the product as window displays. Major events and conventions are the right places to show case and promote the product trough ceiling banners, streamers and mobiles, banner stands and flags and buntings. The concept and design is what takes the products name to the hearts of the general public.

Promotional signage on the other hand is renamed for site development signs, agent listing signs, property sale and rental signs etc. banners like the printed and vinyl cut graphic banners, silk screen printed banners, floor graphics etc are also used to promote the products.

Interior signage products like plaques and name signage, office directories and traffic and parking control signs together with the window frosting and tinting custom made graphics and logos are also effectively promoted to clients by the Toronto signs. Dimensional architectural letters, aluminum, brass, bronze, etched and engraved plaques and lobby designs manufacturing and installation is some of their other areas of interest.
Other than these custom designs, the Toronto signs are also experts in POS and special signs like interior hotel signs and graphics, table top display, POP stands and illuminated window signs. Clinical testimon stands proof of the excellent, professional and timely service offered by the company.

Custom made signs keeping in mind the general psychology of the people and the clients need has lead this company on the path of success and goodwill. Whatever the size and how difficult the installation the Toronto sign company strives to meet the demands of the client in conceiving and executing creative art work in the form of signs.

X-Ray on Sit Tight Leaders in Africa – Dr Robert Mugabe an Example (Part 2)

In the first part of this article, a cursory look at the British foray into the land now known as Zimbabwe in the 19th Century. Recall how Mr. Cecil Rhodes, a British entrepreneur landed in that land in 1871 and systematically through his company, established the British protectorate, with the backing of the British government.

As it were of today, the only long time sitting President in the whole of Africa is Dr. Robert Mugabe. He is in his 37th-year reign. He came into office on 20th April 1980. Now, let us take a critical look at Northern Rhodesia in the course of colonial rule.


Upon the effective set up of the Protectorate, as administered by the company of Mr. Cecil Rhodes, British South Africa Company, there was the growth of commercial activities in the land. There was no increase in the numbers of settlers because of the business opportunities that it afforded. The population grew, and out of this population, 1500 were European settlers. This was barely a year the Protectorate Administration began, that is exactly 1892.

Sooner the European population grew more than this, as the means of transportation created an easy movement to and from the territory. The rail system from the Zambezi developed traversing Kimberley in 1885, through to Bulawayo in 1896, landing at Victoria Falls as the Terminus in the year 1904. The rail system greatly assisted commerce and the movement of people. In honor of the founder of the territory, it was named after him, thus it became Rhodesia in 1895.

The colonialists were without difficulties in the expansionist expedition, it was tough for the British South Africa Company to establish and maintain its presence in some of the new territories. The local people were resistant to these attempts, even though their leader, Lobengula was interested in maintaining peace with the Officials of British South Africa Company. On the contrary, the local people wanted the whites settlers expelled from their land.

The center could no longer hold when in 1893 Mr. Leander Jameson, the Administrator of the Region for Rhodes finds a document of war against Lobengula. It is believed that the document was initiated by the locals. In order to forestall this, and as well as an avenue to have a grip on the region, Mr. Leander Jameson wage a war against the native, deploying five Maxim machine guns fought his way easily to the domain of Lobengula in Kraal at Bulawayo. Lobengula fled, his flight brought to an end the Kingdom of the Ndebele which was founded by his father.

As it is the desire of every colonialist, the European settlers felt that the governance of the Northern Rhodesia should be vested in their hands. In pursuant of this agitation, an insistence that they are represented in the colony’s legislative assembly was always on the table. Note that, in all of these, the natives, that is, the Africans were not considered in the participation of their affairs. This was achieved in 1903; the composition of the legislative assembly was 14 in numbers, 7 from the British South Africa Company and 7 from the white settlers, and none for the Africans who are the owners of the land.

Within the space of 4 years thereafter, the white settlers are now having the majority in the legislative assembly. In 1914, towards the end of the expiration of the 25-year life span of the Royal Charter granted the British South Africa Company, the settlers’ ambition of self-government so blindfolded them that, they were not ready to accommodate another territory. It was the plan of the British Government, to at that time include South Africa in the protectorate. The intention was to enlarge the territory, but the settlers resisted and they had the day.

You may wonder how this was achieved. It was a successful persuasion of the British to extend the Royal Charter for additional ten years. During this decade, even at the exactly 8th year of the extension, there was a referendum that was held to determine whether there should be self-government or not. Of course, the referendum was restricted only to the European settlers, as it excluded the indigenous black owners of the territory.

The result was 60% in full support of internal self-government and the rest 40% against who were in agreement the territory be joined with the Union of South Africa as the 5th province. Thus history was made on the 12th of September 1923, when it became exactly 33 years when the first sets of European settlers came to Harare, Rhodesia became a self-governing crown colony.

Again, the prosperity and success of Rhodesia became much pronounced henceforth, particularly with the increase in the numbers of European settlers. The settlers population grew from 34,000 which was the figure at the time of the referendum to 222,000 three decades later.

In 1950, the political consciousness of the African elites was gaining momentum, and thus there was increased agitation for Political Independence of all colonies that were under the United Kingdom. This consciousness was imbibed by the European settlers in Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia. Recall that these are the first two regions administered by Mr. Cecil Rhodes’ British South Africa Company. They were bracing upon the assumption that, the regions will be merged to be an Independent Nation.

However, in the Black Africans, who have gained political consciousness and educational qualifications was a dead end to the European settlers’ ambition and prayers. It was resisted vehemently in Northern Rhodesia, which has less European population than in Rhodesia. The apprehension of the black was that, if this becomes a reality, the European culture of Rhodesia will completely out shadow the African culture. In this wise, black majority rule will become a mirage or completely unrealizable. This was the beginning of the political agitation of the Africans. In response to all of these, the British Government imposed a Federation on Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the year 1953.


The political consciousness of the black Africans and the demand for self-determination of the European settlers brought conflicting requests to the British Government. To this end, the government responded by imposing a federation on the two Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the year 1953.

The operational modality of this imposition was with the aim that the Federation will run on a self-government basis. It has its own Legislative Assembly and a Prime Minister. The first of the Prime Minister was Lord Malvern and the second; Roy Welenski came to office in 1956.

Of course, one could that the establishment of the federation was for political convenience and economic gain of the British Government. The rule of the Federation allows each of the federating units its own local government. The members of contraption were at different levels of their political development, what they have in common was that there were no African representation and involvement in the political process.

Rhodesia has been in self-government as a colony for the past 3 decades, throughout this period there was no African representation in the Legislative Assembly. There was a very tiny provision for African Adult suffrage in the year 1957. This gave the opportunity to a few Africans voting rights in an election. While on its own, Northern Rhodesia has a legislative council since 1948, only 2 seats were reserved for the Africans.

Nyasaland, even though there was a legislative council, there was no African representation at all. This was at the time of the imposition of the Federation. However, in 1955, I guess, due to the agitation of the natives in the Nyasaland region, 5 representations were created in the Legislative Council.

Through to projection, the anticipation of the economic progress of the federation, there was increased growth in commerce. This was propelled by the increase in the price of copper which was a global price increase as at that time. Notwithstanding this, the agitation for independence by the Africans became more strident and fierce than ever before. The increased consciousness was traceable to the success recorded by Gold Coast, now Ghana when she got her Independence on March 6, 1957.

The pressure pile up on the British Government by the African politicians of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland grew positively in the early 1960s. Their continued pressure and agitation gave rise to the dissolution of the federation on 31st December 1963 and an attendant increase in the legislative councils’ representation.


While the federation lasted, the people of Rhodesia, both European settlers, and the Africans were forming political parties in anticipation that the independence of Rhodesia was a matter of some time.

The level of partisan political consciousness became heighten during the period of the Federation. The Africans started forming political parties, which are avenues through which they can pursue their goals of struggling for the Independence of their country. The first notable politician of that time was the Late Joshua Nkomo.

He was elected the President of the local branch of the African National Congress. The existence of ANC in Rhodesia was short-lived as it was banned. In the place of ANC, Joshua Nkomo founded National Democratic Party, NDP in 1960. This was also banned in 1961; thereafter another party was formed again in 1963 which he called Zimbabwe African Peoples’ Union – ZAPU. In ZAPU, there are two other prominent members with him, Ndabaningi Sithole and Robert Mugabe. These two men later left ZAPU to form Zimbabwe African National Union, ZANU in 1963.

The political pressure from the majority African politicians and elites became so much intense, coupled with other causative factors, such as United Nations on the government. To this end, in 1961, a new Constitution was introduced which allowed African representation in the parliament. The new constitution did not achieve much before the problem arose.

The backlash that came thereafter was that Mr. Ian Smith, a European settler, and politician founded a new party which he called the “The Rhodesian Front”. The sole purpose of this party was to be committed to the principle of white supremacy. This means that governance will primarily be for the European settlers and preferences will be given to them. Of a fact, the pursuit of the party was that Rhodesia will be an Independent state, controlled by the white minority.

In the following election in 1962, it was a surprise victory for the new party. It beats United Federal Party, a moderate political party in outlook and policies towards the black majority.

Mr. Winston Field became the Prime Minister and Mr. Ian Smith as his Deputy. In 1964, Mr. Ian Smith was in the seat of government as the Prime Minister, this was in the month of April and exactly four months to the end of the federation.

The first assignment that he performed was the arrest of both Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe. They were kept in prison from that year (1964) till 1974. In the following year, 1965, he ordered the arrest of Ndabaningi Sithole and he joined his fellow compatriots in prison till 1974.

Now to Ian Smith, the coast is clear as it seemed that nobody will be able to checkmate his government. He made a request of the British government that, Rhodesia be granted independence on the basis of white minority rule. He met with a flat resistance, and it was not pleasant to him.

Thereafter, the Prime Minister, Mr. Ian Smith declared a Unilateral Independence from Britain, and thus he started running Rhodesia as an Independent country from November 11th, 1965. The United Kingdom engaged subtle diplomacy and the first reaction was to organize two meetings between the British Prime Minister, Harold Wilson and Ian Smith at two different times and venues in 1966 and 1968. Both were fruitless as Ian Smith remained adamant. The United Kingdom had no option than to employ economic sanction with the approval of the United Nations.

Troubleshooting Heat Pumps – Is There Anything A Homeowner Can Do?

Heat pumps are very expensive, high-tech pieces of equipment – and for that reason it is not advisable for homeowners to try to perform maintenance or do troubleshooting on their unit; Normally they will not have the training or specialized equipment to do this.

But it is possible for homeowners to keep an eye out for potential problems, and there are a few simple tasks that you can perform on your own:

One good thing you can do is to try and keep any and all air filters on your heat pump clean. If they are of the disposable type, you can try to order a few extras to keep on hand – then replace them when needed. If your air filter is the washable kind, then you can simply rinse under the water faucet to clean. During the heating and cooling season your air filters should be cleaned / replaced at least every other month – more often if you live in a very dirty environment!

If you can get easy access to the fan blades, it would be helpful if you could probably clean them now and then. If you remove any accumulations of dust and dirt from the blades of your fan, that will help your heat pump unit operate more efficiently.

While you do not want to go poking around in your heat pump, you should occasionally look them over – and if you notice any loose wiring, or mounting screws that seem to be working loose, or any cracked or broken circuit boards, you should make a note of this and call your repair service immediately.

While it is normal for heat pump units to experience a certain amount of ice buildup, if you see that your heat pump is building up ice and it is not melted away, but stays on the equipment all the time, this could indicate a problem, so you should again contact your repair service.

Likewise, if you notice some or extensive rusting on the outside cabinetry of your unit, you should contact your dealer. In some cases you may be able to treat this rust or damage your own – but you should contact them anyway to make sure that this is not indicative of a larger problem.

Another thing you should be on the lookout for is if your pump pump regularly trips your circuit breaker box or blows household electrical circuit fuses. While you do not have the skill and equipment to troubleshoot this problem, your installer can come out at once and do an evaluation to make sure that any problems are taken care of.

Lastly, you should be on the lookout for any decline in the overall operational efficiency of your heat pump. If your heating / cooling costs seem to be climbing, or you are not as comfortable in your home as you were in the past, it may be due to a developing problem with your heat pump – but once again, only a qualified repair technician can determine the exact nature of any problems.

Remember, although you can not do heat pump repairs yourself, you soonless have an important role to play – because because your dealer can not be everywhere at one time. You must be their extra eyes and ears and keep a careful watch out for potential problems.

Why Build Your Own Dory

I was once asked the question of why one would put themselves through all the sweat and effort of building a dory when all they have to do is buy a small wooden boat that would suit their needs. At first I was off a bit by the fact that someone would have the audacity to question the exercise of creating something out of a pile of wood. But after a while I came to understand that it was in fact, a legitimate question.

I mean, why would someone do-it-yourself when the easy way is so …. easy? Just go buy yourself a boat. Fact is, times have changed. People microwave hot dog buns because it takes too long to steam them. Most of us eat takeout more than we should simply because we do not have time to cook anymore. It is a busy world where we want things when we want them, and not weeks down the road. You want a wooden boat; just buy it. To some, building things yourself looks old fashioned. I guess that was where this individual who asked me the question was coming from.

Now, as far as I am concerned there are two huge reasons why one would build their own dory boat. The first is because a dory is simply an amazing boat. I love everything about them. The lines are great, she is very stable, and draws very little water so is great for shoal water fishing. I have spent many hours sitting in a dory on a bright sunny day and I would not trade that for all of the fiberglass or aluminum boats in the world. So, you build a dory because a dory is one hellova boat. Secondly, you build a dory because there is something about taking a pile of wood and crafting something from it that will last. We are at our core, a species that was born to use tools to advance ourselves. Those tools have become computers and technology these days, but the hammer and saw are still a large part of who we are as a people. To sit back once your dory is complete and look at the accomplishment of your own craftsmanship is a feeling that is hard to beat.

In short sir, you take the time and effort to build your own dory because its something you can take pride in, in a busy world where folks no longer take the time to stop and create something with their own two hands. It keeps us in touch with our past and lets us enjoy the present a little more.

Fancy Xmas in Petra

Wondering what to do this Xmas, looking for some winter sun? Take a trip to Jordan, a great Jordan tour packages in Roman ruins, Crusader castles and views of the Promised Land. Go for a dip in the Dead Sea, camp out in Wadi Rum and enjoy a tasty Christmas dinner in the legendary Rose City of Petra. This is an example of an exciting Jordan Xmas tour that is guaranteed to be a Christmas cracker!

The following is a guide of the things you can do and see if you were to take a Christmas Jordan tour.

The first day of your tour is the 22nd December and its Welcome to Jordan, as your first night is spent in the capital of Amman. The following day you drive north to visit Jerash, one of best-preserved cities of the Decapolis, a confederation of 10 Roman cities dating from the 1st century! You'll explore a significant number of preserved ruins including the classic Roman colonnaded street, amphitheater, nymphaeum and forum before continuing to Umm Qais (Gadara), a dramatic black-basalt Roman city of the Decapolis with great views over the Sea of ​​Galilee and the Golan Heights.

Next your Jordan tour heads south via the Dead Sea to Petra. Time to test your powers of buoyancy in the mineral-rich waters! This afternoon you stop off at Shobak or Karak crusader castle en route to the ancient Rose city of Petra.

25 Dec, it's Merry Christmas Jordan and here you come, Petra! Accessing the hidden archaeological treasures of the Rose City on a walk through a narrow, deep siq, where the rocks finally give way to reveal the famous facade of Al-Khazneh (the Treasury), you continue our exploration. On your Jordan tour you'll explore dozens of tombs, temples, an impressive amphitheater and a Roman colonnaded street before settling into an Anglo-Jordanian Christmas feast at the Petra Kitchen.

No Jordan tour would be complete without a visit to Wadi Rum, so after a chance to return to the Rose City you drive towards Wadi Rum where you enjoy a 4×4 safari across the stunning desertscape.

Tonight tuck into dinner, Jordanian-style and sleep over night in the desert camp until the morning light. It's time to bid farewell to Wadi Rum as your Jordan tour returns to Madaba via Mt Nebo taking in views across the Promised Land.

Your Xmas Jordan tour concludes in Madaba and it's time to decide where to see in the New Year!

Home Decor – Shabby Chic Decorating Ideas for the Kitchen to Use Today!

Are you looking for shabby chic decorating ideas to use in your kitchen? Here are several easy and fun ideas that I have personally used to incorporate this decorating style in that all-important room of the house – the kitchen.

Start by taking an inventory of keepsakes and newer knick knacks that you like and could be used as shabby chic home décor in the kitchen. Keepsakes that I used in my shabby chic kitchen were an old wooden recipe box, vintage measuring spoons, old tin cookie cutters, a miniature iron, an antique compact, a ceramic rose-design dish with lid and serving spoon, a vintage tea set and a couple of small photos in antique frames.

Decide where you will display your items. I used a tall, wrought iron corner shelf with four shelves to display the above items. On each shelf I draped a small lace doily that hung over the edge of the shelf. What I liked about this collection was that it was tucked into a corner and out of the flow of traffic, and at the same time it was very attractive. It was a wonderful way to display keepsakes instead of having them packed away in a box.

Shabby chic home décor such as vintage bowls, trays and vases can be displayed on countertops and then brought to life by actually using them. Your family and guests will enjoy the uniqueness of their past and also their present beauty. For most family holiday dinners I bring out the family heirloom serving bowls and trays. What a great way to remember those good old days!

Kitchen curtains are an excellent way to add that shabby chic look with a unique twist. In place of the traditional café curtains, use a valance scarf made out of beautiful shabby chic cotton. Instead of draping the valance scarf over a rod use a scroll-type hook, drape the scarf as usual over the hooks and then thread the scarf through each hook from the back to create a "puffy circular" look to each corner of the window. This is very attractive and unique plus holds the scarf in place. The sides of the scarf hang about half-way down the window for added interest.

A wrought iron chandelier with a disturbed finish is a great shabby chic home decor addition over the dining table in the kitchen. It adds flair to the shabby chic décor without being too formal.

Remember, shabby chic decorating can be used in any room of the house. Let your imagination and ingenuity flow to create a beautiful and unique shabby chic look to your home.

How To Do Decking

Winter months are long and dark. As soon as it hits spring we start to plan how we will spend our summers. In this article we look at a project that you can start now so that you can enjoy your hot summer nights. If you are considering doing your own decking, be sure to allow plenty of time because it can be quite tricky.

For your decking you will need:

  • A Pencil
  • Squared paper
  • A metal tape measure
  • Some wooden pegs
  • Some string
  • A strong Spade
  • A weed proof membrane, you can use a heavy-duty rubble sack that has been opened out.
  • Gravel or other small stones
  • Wooded deck boards and joists
  • Spindles
  • Newel posts
  • Handrail
  • A saw
  • Depending on the size, one or more tins of wood preservative
  • A drill
  • Some stainless steel or galvanized countersunk screws
  • An electric screwdriver
  • A long spirit level


  1. Draw a plan of your decking on the squared paper. You can use this to work out how much wood, and weed membrane that you will need.
  2. Using the pegs and string mark out where you will be putting the decking.
  3. Once you have dug the ground over and removed all of the weeds and grasses make sure the ground is level and spread out the weed membrane. Cover the membrane with the gravel or small stones.
  4. The next thing to do is create the frame. Start by putting together the joists to the size of the outside edge of the decking. Screw them together.
  5. Mark the frame every 400mm for the floor joists.
  6. Cut the joists to size. Put the frame and floor joists into the correct position in your garden.
  7. Join them together secretly using three of the screws at each end of the joists. Use the spirit level to make sure that all the joists are level.
  8. Next you need to place the deck boards on top of the frame. For the stronger decking the deck boards should be placed at a right angle to the joists. Use 2 of the 50mm countersunk screws at each end of the deck board to secure it. There should be a gap of at least 3mm between each board because the wood may swell in warm or moist conditions.
  9. Most decking designs include a handrail. To create your own handrail, you will need to create even spacious grooves for the spindles in the handrail, you can either glue or nail them together. Do the same with the newel posts. Attach the spindles to the outside edge of the deck using long nails.
  10. Use the wood preserve liberally to cover the whole decking and handrail. This should be repeated every few years to keep your deck in tip-top condition.

Roll on the summer evenings with a good book and glass of wine.

Cheap Vacant House Insurance – Where to Get It

Do you have a vacant house that you need insured? Want to get cheap vacant house insurance with a top-rated company? Read on …

Vacant House Insurance Tips

If you own a home that's vacant you want to protect it from vandals, burglars, fire, and acts of nature. Here are some tips on how to protect your vacant house:

* Make sure you secure all doors and windows with deadbolts and window locks.

* Install a burglar alarm. The best alerts use motion sensors and glass-breakage detectors and are linked to a local security service.

* Give you a lived-in look. Install intermittent light timers, have a neighbor pick up your mail, and have someone shovel your driveway after a snowfall.

* Ask a neighbor or hire someone to periodically check the outside and inside of your home for damage, especially after a storm.

Getting Cheap Vacant House Insurance

Vacant house insurance is generally more expensive than regular homeowners insurance because there's no one living in the house to watch and protect it. However, if your house is vacant for only a short period of time, or if you hire a caretaker to look after it, your insurance rate will be less.

Other ways to save money are:

* Purchase your vacant house insurance and your car insurance from the same company. This can save you up to 30% on your insurance premium.

* Raise your deductible to an amount you can afford. Raising your deductible from $ 500 to $ 1,000 can save you 15% to 25%.

* Install safety and security features like dead-bolt locks, window locks, smoke detectors, fire alarms, and sprinkler systems. This can save you 5% to 20%.

* Compare insurance rates with at least three different companies. This is the largest money-saver of all, as insurance rates can vary by as much as $ 1,000 or more from one company to another.

Core Abdominal Exercises

Your core is your torso, your back chest and abs. It is the source of your strength, power and vitality. Unfortunately many people overlook exercising to core and concentrate on larger arms or shapelier legs. I am going to tell you how to get those larger arms and shapelier legs and, probably most importantly, six pack abs by exercising the core.

The two main ingredients of getting in shape are burning fat and building muscle. Doing things like sit ups and crunches are good for building muscle. But, if you have more than 10% body fat for a man and 16% body fat for a woman, you will not see the muscle. Sit ups and crunches just do not burn fat. So, you want exercises that will help you burn fat as well as build muscle.

That is why we are going to start lifting weights doing compound or multiple joint exercises. These exercises have a number of benefits. Because they build muscle they also burn fat because muscle weighs more than fat so you are burning it even after you stop exercising. The fat burning benefits are increased because these exercises cause you to exert so much effort that your body goes into a fat burning overdrive for days after the workout.And, they also work your core and abs.

The exercises are things like the clean and jerk, military press, dead lift and squats. Your core and abs get worked even though you might not think so because they are crucial in stabilizing your body during the lifts. If you want something that targets the abs even more you can do renegade rows and dumb bell swings.

"Fortune Is Not on the Side of the Faint-Hearted": Sophocles, 5th Century BC Greek Philosopher

What was true when written in Sophocles revered 5th Century BC text Phaedra, is ever-more true in the 21st century. Other than the lightning stuck few who win a lottery prize, fortune, and success in life is not given easily, and certainly not to the fault hearted. The opportunity to succeed in any endeavor is available to all fortunately enough to live in free communities, but in reality this blessed gift is designated by few.

We live in an age of unparallel comfort, prosperity, leisure and freedom. People work less than our forefathers and at far less burdensome, dangerous, life-shortening occupations. We eat better, live longer, and enjoy endless entertainments. The average American living today enjoys a far more comfortable physical life than the richest man in the world a century ago, John D. Rockefeller. We have unlimited travel options, convenient, affordable foods, central heat and air conditioning, medicines and health care that was but a dream for prior generations.

And yet, so many seem so sullen. The media constantly trumpets the ills (perceived) of contemporary society. Opportunity is being eliminated they state. Times are tough. Jobs are scarce. Retirement is not attainable according to the purveyors of gloom. Balderdash! There has never been a better time to be alive, to pursue dreams and unlimited opportunity and improve one's fortune.

My Product Development, Marketing Consulting firm is blessed to be exposed to people who seek and achieve the American dream. Every single day we are approached by individuals choosing to plot their own path and make their fortune; financially, personally and professionally, by dint of their own effort and sweat of their brow. They have ideas, drive, goals and the courage to avoid being lumped with the faint-hearted.

Our area of ​​special expertise is in the Consumer Product realm. From Cosmetics, to Pet Products, to Fashion, to Sporting Goods, to Toys, and beyond to many other consumer product categories, we are sufficient enough to meet people who still are driven to succeed on their own terms by starting enterprises, launching products and being self-reliant. They are not fault-hearted, quite the opposite, they are pioneers. They face numerous obstacles. If good fortune were easily achieved everyone would be successful. They would overtake any and all obstacles that stood between them and success. We know, however, that this is not the way of the world. Most people do not achieve great and good fortune simply because most do not try.

Good fortune means different things to each of us. For some, it is making money to keep score. For others, it is living a life that is productive and maximizes personal freedom. Still others are driven to produce goods or services that improve the lot of their society. The reasons we seek success, and the definitions of that success take endless forms and are highly personal.

No matter our personal definition of good fortune, it is true, as stated so elegantly and simply by Sophocles, "Fortune is not on the side of the fault-hearted". In order to avoid leading a dull, unchalling life we ​​will have to confront and wrestle with risk. The fault-hearted seek out ways to avoid challenges. This can be fine for them. But, it will not lead to a life of excitement and good fortune. You have to enter the contest in order to have a chance to win. Life is too short to let it pass without competitiveness.

Basic Recommendations For a Beginner

I've laid out a few sample diets and routines for a beginner trainer. Most beginners do not know where to start, but the point of this write-up is to give them guidelines on good books, nutrition, and routines to look into. Of course, this article will not contain all the information necessary to start these programs, but does provide general resource through informative critique.

The first thing a beginner needs to look into is a diet. A diet for building muscle will contain more carbs, and calories in general than someone wanting to lose fat without the sacrifice of muscle mass too.

Here is a useful sample diet:

Same diet plan for a beginner:
** 7:00 AM: 3 eggs, bowl of oatmeal, glass of milk, vitamins, sausage
** 9: 30 AM: 1 scoop of whey protein in milk with 2tbsp of olive
** 12: 00PM: turkey sandwich on whole wheat, broccoli
** 2: 00 PM: 8oz of grilled chicken breast, 1 bowl of brown rice with cheese, 2tbsp of olive oil
** Workout **
** 5:00 PM: 1 scoop of whey protein in milk with 2tbsp of olive oil, 5g of creatine monohydrate
** 7:30 PM: salmon, small salad with veggies
** 10: 00 PM: 4 eggs, glass of milk, sausage, 1 slice of cheese

Routine is usually the 2nd most misunderstood part of training. Stick to your compounds and each workout focus on developing them! It's simple. If you train for a "pump" or a "burn" you will get absolutely nowhere. Please do not think this way; you will never improve.

Same routine for a beginner:
Workout A:
** Squat: 3 x 5
** Glute Ham Raise: 3 x 5
** Bench Press: 3 x 5
** Barbell Row: 3 x 5
** Parallel Dips: 2 x 10

Workout B:
** Squat: 3 x 3
** OHP: 3 x 5
** Chinups: 1 xf (until you reach 15 reps) (about shoulder width)
** Stiff-leg deadlift: 2 x 10 (or for athletes; power cleans)
** Hanging Weighted Leg Raises: 3 x 10

Supplement Plan For A Beginner:
** Creatine Monohydrate (powder) or cell-tech
** Whey Protein (Any Brand that has a good ratio of protein)
** Multi-Vitamin (preferably animal pak or ISS paks)

Recommended Books:
** Starting Strength
** Westside's Book of Methods
** The Ketogenic Diet (when cutting is appropriate)

Once the intermediate level is reached:
** HST (Hypertrophy Specific Training)
** DC (Dogccrap training)
** The Texas Method
** Westside / The Conjugate Method
** Bill Starr's 5×5
** Max-OT

That's my recommendations; following those guidelines should get you benching 3 plates, squatting 4 plates, and deadlifting 5 plates in no time. Stick with the first program until you stall, then switch to prefer the Texas Method or Bill Starr's program. Do your own research on how those routine (s) work. Once you get to the point where a good strong base has been built, DC and HST are the best programs you could possibly consider.

Your goal should be to get as strong as possible. Try to gain about 20-40 lbs depending upon frame, goals and current state and aim to get your bench press up to your bodyweight and a half. Aim to get your squat up to twice your bodyweight. And aim to get your deadlift up to twice your body weight and a half. If you're 200 lbs, make your squat goal 400 lbs and make your deadlift goal 500 lbs. Once you get to this state you will be much bigger and stronger.

The Importance of Having a Fire Extinguisher Handy

Everywhere you go, you hear about how it is always a good idea to have a fire extinguisher in your house. You never want to be unprepared if an accident happens. Even though you may call your local fire department for assistance during your time of need, some small fires you can actually put out before they become a much larger problem. It is important to know where you should keep this type of equipment, so if the situation arises, you have access to it right away.

Take a walk around your home and make notes of places where you can store a fire extinguisher that is easily accessible to everyone who lives in the house. Make sure the locations you choose are easily visible as well. Even though they are not the most attractive type of home décor, do not try to camouflage or hide them with curtains or underneath the cabinets. In the event of an emergency, time is of the essence and the time you spend unknowing a fire extinguisher can mean the difference between getting a small fire under control or it quickly getting out of hand. Some good places to store your equipment are near exits and doorways. They should also be placed no higher than shoulder height, which is approximately five feet off of the ground.

Did you know that the kitchen is the part of the home that is the most intolerable to fires? This is where most of the cooking and food preparation are done, and unfortunately a large majority of house fires start here. That is why it is very important to keep a fire extinguisher in your kitchen. It may seem like a good idea to keep it near the stove, but if a situation was to occur where you needed to use this piece of equipment, you may have trouble getting it. You could get injured and lose your home in the process. The best place for storage is actually near the entrances and exits of the room.

Two other very important places that often get overlooked are the basement and attic areas. These are areas people tend to use for storage. Some of the items that get stored are very flammable. In the event of an emergency, you can not afford to go looking around for a fire extinguisher to save your treasured holdings. Fires can easily get out of control when there are suitable conditions and combustible items in a secluded area. In addition to extinguishers, you should take extra precautions and place smoke detectors in all of the entrances of your home.

Make sure that in addition to purchasing the right amount of extinguishers for your home, that everyone knows how to use them. The better you are prepared to handle the different types of emergency situations in your home, the more you reduce your risks for loss.

Small Kitchen Appliances – As Seen On TV

There are many small kitchen appliances to help create delicious meals, snacks, and desserts in the kitchen. We see many of these handy items advertised on television on commercials and infomercials.

A few that come to mind are the Ultimate Chopper, George Foreman Grill, Ronco Rotisserie Grill, Jack LaLanne’s Power Juicer, GT Express 101, and the Pasta Express. Watching the infomercials on these As Seen On TV Products makes your mouth water watching the awesome foods they create.

The Ultimate Chopper is a compact food processor that slices dices and chops. What can you do with the Ultimate Chopper? Puree carrots to make your own baby food. Pulverize peanuts into creamy homemade peanut butter. Grate hard cheese, chop onions and other vegetables for salads. Grind your own meats. Turn regular table sugar into powered sugar. Create quick snacks like salsa and other dips. Crush ice. With the blender attachment you can create exotic drinks and smoothies. These are just a few things you can do with the ultimate chopper.

The George Foreman Grill is an awesome product for making quick meals. It is reasonable priced and helps to remove fat when grilling. It is great for cooking bacon, hot dogs, hamburgers and grilled cheese sandwiches.

Here is an easy grilled chicken breast recipe. Marinate skinless, boneless chicken breast in italian dressing for at least 3 hours preferably over night. Grill on the George Foreman Grill for 4 to 5 minutes. The color of cooked chicken is not a sign of its safety to eat. Use a food thermometer to determine that chicken has reached a safe minimum internal temperature of 165 °F throughout.

The Ronco Rotisserie Grill is great for cooking beef, chicken and pork roasts. It is known for the slogans “set it and forget it”.

With the Jack LaLanne’s Power Juicer you can create very tasty healthy juices. What will be your favorite grapefruit delight, kiwi surprise, papaya magic or the very simple orange juice?

The GT Express 101 can cook meals in just 7 minutes. The GT Xpress 101 has non stick cooking chambers both top and bottom so no need for turning. Cool meals, snacks, desserts and delicious low carb food in less time.

The Pasta Express is a very basic kitchen tool for making boiled hot dogs and pasta dishes. It can also be used for storage.

These products make our lives simpler in the kitchen and can be just plain fun to use. What will be the next new kitchen appliance we will see advertised on an infomercial?