How To Use A Caulker To Patch Your Interior Walls Without Having To Plaster Them

I know it can be a headache for most people, but did you know that it is sometimes possible for the home ‘DIY’ enthusiast, as well as the builder to sort out those nasty nicks, scratches and cracks on interior walls prior to decorating, without having to have the whole area re-plastered.

Available in many ‘DIY’ stores is an amazing tool which is called a ‘Caulker.’

What is a ‘Caulker’?

Basically, it is a flexible plastic type blade, usually around 10-12″ long and can be used for applying filler to a wall or ceiling surface and it also has the flexible capabilities for you to be able feather (Blend in: Smooth out) the filler finely out onto your surface; thus making it ideal for patching in.

The ‘Caulker’ very much resembles a ‘Texturing/Artexing Comb’ except the business edge of the ‘Caulker’ is smooth and flat, not serrated, and comb like, such as a ‘Texturing Comb’ is.

There are usually two types of the plastic ‘Caulker.’ One is an all in one plastic design whereas the thicker handle is moulded onto the thinner flexible working edge. The other consists of a wooden handle whereas a separate, flexible and thinner plastic working edge has been inserted into the wooden handle.

Beside using the ‘Caulker’ to successfully tape up and prepare a new plaster/wall board ceiling prior to decorating it is an invaluable tool to own and use if you do your own ‘DIY.’

1: You will be able to scoop up mixed filler from your bucket by using a scraper, and then apply this band of material onto the centre of the ‘Caulker’ blade.

2: Commence to offer the filler applied ‘Caulker’ to the surface of the wall, resting the flat edge directly onto, and across the surface at a 45% angle;

3: and as you continue to slide the ‘Caulker’ up against the wall; to lay the material on; slowly close your 45% angle so that you end your stroke with the handle edge nearer to the wall, covering the minor scratches and surface discrepancies as you go.

This ‘laying on method’ should be done with one continuous smooth flow.

4: After you have succeeded in this, take your scraper and scrape off any filler material from your ‘Caulker’

5: and commence to use the clean ‘Caulker’ to feather the edges of the filler onto, and over the good area of your surface.

Like most things attempted for the first time, this all takes a little practice.

Preparation is the vital key. Please look out for my other articles which covers all kinds of various surfaces and how you should prepare them prior to making good, or decorating.

There is a wide selection of filling materials available on the market that can be used for our ‘Caulking Technique’ and I have experimented with most of them.

I find that the best results were achieved when I mixed around 40-50% of skimming/finishing ‘pink gypsum type plaster’ with a white powdered type of interior surface filler into clean cold water.

This finally creates a very fine mixture which is ideal for the job.

Once you have mixed your filler material, the consistency should be quite thick, it should not run off, or dribble from the scraper once you scoop some up. And it should not be so thick that you can’t possibly spread it out onto the surface.

Also make sure that you have mixed all of the lumps out.

Again, it is vital that all of your equipment is clean, and you use clean water. The reason being that once you have laid your filler onto the surface, if there are any bits of muck in your mixture, as you are smoothing the filler onto the surface, you will noticed some minor scratches in your work.

Many materials that are mixed with water tends to shrink back once dried.

So it may be feasible to second coat your area once it has dried. To do this, you must lay more mixed material over, wider and beyond your first coat, totally covering the first attempt.

But before you even go about this second coat, please read more concerning preparing your interior surfaces prior to decorating because you have now created a very porous surface and the new band of material just would not adhere over the dried stuff.

This mixture of filler that we have created is absolutely marvelous for sanding down; this may be required so that you can further blend in the filler material onto the wall.

Use fine sandpaper and please take care when using sharp tools, always read the package instructions when you are using building materials and please use a dust mask and look after your lungs.

You can learn more concerning how to use the ‘Caulker’ for taping a new plaster/wall board ceiling in ‘Texture Revival.’

I do hope this article concerning using a ‘Caulker’ to sort out your interior surfaces will help you in your ‘DIY’ quest.

Go on, Create a Craze.

Dale Ovenstone. 2008

Cracker Barrel Meatloaf Recipe – A Free Recipe Inside

If you’re looking for a quality Cracker Barrel meatloaf recipe, then this article was written for you. Specifically, I’m going to show you the ingredients you’ll need, then I’m going to show you how to prepare this meal. By the time you’ve finished reading, you’ll be ready to get cooking your own “replica” recipe!

Many families want to serve good food inside their homes, this is why the Cracker Barrel meatloaf recipe is one of the most popular “copycat” recipes around. Of course, it is already a given that you’re not going to have the original recipe – because it’s a trade secret – but you can improvise your own version of it without too much hassle.

In fact, I’m going to share with you my favorite version of this recipe right here. It has taken many months of testing, tweaking and refinement to develop this recipe – and while it’s not completely identical to the original, I’m sure you’ll agree that it’s just as delicious if you decide to prepare it for you and your family.

So, without any further introduction – here’s the recipe you’re looking for.

The ingredients needed in making a clone of the Cracker Barrel meatloaf recipe are: 2 pounds of lean ground beef; ¾ cup of raw, chopped onions; ½ cup of chopped green peppers; 2 fresh eggs; 1 tablespoon of salt; ¾ teaspoon of black pepper; 1 can of diced tomatoes; 2 ¼ cups of bread crumbs; and ½ cup of catsup. When all of these have already been gathered, they should be combined with each other very well and must be pressed into a loaf pan after.

You should then bake it in an oven at 350° for an hour so that it will cook evenly. After an hour is over, you should take out the fat that accumulated in the process and add catsup at the top meatloaf. When the catsup has been added, you should bake the meatloaf for another 30 minutes. When the baking is done, cut it into portions according to the preferences of your family members.

Even though this is not the original recipe, seeing the family enjoy what you’ve prepared for them will make it all the more special.

To summarize, this article has given you a little background on this recipe, the “secret” ingredients you’ll need, and what you need to do to prepare this meal. Now you should be ready to get cooking!

Men’s Watches: Jewelry or Tools?

Jewelry can bring happiness to both children and adults, young and old. A favored accessory, some jewelry combines aesthetics with functionality. Because of its versatility, a debate has ignited among jewelry wearers, specifically among men who wear watches. While nonetheless a friendly dispute, the question posed elicits an array of opinions. Is a man’s watch considered fashionable jewelry? Or is a watch a timepiece, a tool of sorts, created solely for displaying the time and date? As co-owner of an online jewelry store specializing in men’s jewelry, it is my opinion that watches are both jewelry and tool. In essence, watches are multi-purposed pieces. They are considered fashion jewelry, with many including bonus features. Today’s watches have the capability of performing a wide range of functions.

Men’s watches, in their various forms, have been around for centuries. Like many other things, the styles and functions of men’s watches have changed over the course of time. In the 1700’s, the traditional pocket watch was born. In 1920, chained watches were replaced with wristwatches, known as wristlets. As technology became more advanced, so did watches. The first electronic watch was developed in the 70’s proving that not only were styles changing; their purpose had matured as well. As the capabilities of men’s watches evolved, the watch became known as the only piece of jewelry having both style and functional attributes.

In order to understand why many consider a man’s watch a necessary tool, you need to look no further than its function. No longer are watches merely timepieces. Today, many of the men’s watches available come fully loaded with alarms, reminders, stop-watch capabilities, GPS (Global Positioning System) and yes, even some can monitor critical information such as heart-rate. It’s easy to understand with all the bells and whistles now available why many consider men’s watches much more than another piece of fashion jewelry.

When purchasing jewelry for my store, I make it a point to choose jewelry that is not only stylish and affordable but versatile as well. For example, many of the pendants and necklaces offered add style to both casual and business attire. The same rationale applies to many individuals who wear watches. While watches are indeed fashionable, they also fulfill a need. At a minimum, they provide the time. At most, they can save your life.

In my many years of working with consumers, I have come to a conclusion. Only one thing determines why a person buys jewelry: their individual need. Herein lies the answer to whether a watch is jewelry, a tool or better yet, perhaps both.

Duties of Rebar Detailer and Rebar Detailing Placement Drawings

In the rapidly growing of steel construction industry, it is essential for any building contractor or structural engineer to know basic function of rebar placing drawings, duties of a rebar detailers, method of producing placing drawings and responsibility of the steel fabricator.

The ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) Manual on the steel construction guidelines has clearly explained the difference between the two types of Rebar detail drawings – Placing drawings for concrete reinforcing steel & Shop drawings for structural members. Although many engineers/fabricators still think that structural steel shop drawings and reinforcing steel drawings are the identical in nature, purpose and scope, which is not true in many practical ways!

A rebar detailer is generally a subcontractor of the steel fabricator. The detailer explores design data shown on the design drawings and project specifications to detail or record all the reinforcing steel members required for a specific section of the structure. These particular rebar pieces are then registered or shown by plan on a detail placing drawings.

Typically for Rebars, the ACI (American Concrete Institute) Building Code requires the design drawings to show location and size of all structural components and reinforcement, location and type of welded splices, anchorage length and mechanical connections of reinforcement.

Usually, Design information will be specific with regard to the structural dimensions, quantity of reinforcing bars and bar sizes. This typical data is not specific enough to be able to cut to length, fabricate, ship and install reinforcing bars directly from the design drawings. Hence, the requirement that detail/placing drawings should be supplied. The detailer must have good mathematical and visual skills with additional knowledge of CAD design or drafting systems to furnish accurate drawings for cost-effective fabrication.

Hemorrhoids Treatment – Cure Hemorrhoids

 If you have been suffering with hemorrhoids you have probably tried all types of hemorrhoids treatment. I am sure that you want to find a way to cure hemorrhoids for ever. The problem is that in order to treat hemorrhoids effectively you need to know what type of hemorrhoids are affecting you.

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins around the anus and inside the rectum, that may protrude from the anus. They are very similar to varicose veins. typically they enlarge and then lose their elasticity forming sac like protrusions into the anal canal.


Causes Of Hemorrhoids

  • Prolonged sitting
  • Prolonged standing
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Straining bowel movements (constipation)
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • Lack of dietary fiber
  • Food allergies
  • Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Pain
  • Bleeding after bowel movements
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Irritation

Types of Hemorrhoids

There are different types of hemorrhoids depending o their location and the degree of pain and discomfort experienced by the sufferer.

  1. Internal hemorrhoids, which are located inside the rectum and are usually painless. Sometimes these hemorrhoids bleed and when they do the blood is a bright red colour.
  2. External hemorrhoids. Piles is the old fashion term used to describe this condition.These develop under the skin at the opening of the anal cavity and swell up until they look like a bunch of grapes due to their dark blue or purple colour. They also excruciatingly painful.
  3. Prolapsed hemorrhoids. This is an internal hemorrhoid that has collapsed and then protrudes outside the anus often accompanied by a mucous discharge and heavy bleeding. Prolapsed hemorrhoids can become thrombosed (have blood clots form within them) which prevent them from receding back into the anus. Thrombosed  hemorrhoids can be very painful.

Hemorrhoids Treatment Approaches

  1. Conservative measures. Follow a dietary regimen with fiber supplementation and .self help treatments. These methods are most effective for treating all types of hemorrhoids except for thrombosed hemorrhoids.
  2. Infrared Photo-coagulation. This uses infrared heat to treat minor internal hemorrhoids. It is less painful than other methods but more often needs more than one trip to the doctor to sort the problem out. It is also not always successful or effective.
  3. Injection sclerotherapy involves injecting the hemorrhoids to make them shrink.
  4. Laser treatment, this is gaining popularity as the physicians choice of treatment.
  5. Ligation, small rubber bands are used to tie off the base of the hemorrhoid starving its blood supply by cutting off circulation.They soon detach and are eliminated from the body in the normal moving of the bowels.
  6. Surgery, this is often employed as a last resort when the other methods fail. Surgery is effective in 95% of cases. Sometimes a second surgery may be necessary if the hemorrhoids come back.

In this article I have shown you what hemorrhoids is, what causes hemorrhoids, what the symptoms of hemorrhoids are and also the different hemorrhoids treatment. Hopefully using one of these methods described you will be able to cure hemorrhoids forever.

Secondary Glazing: Pros And Cons


Intact Original Windows

Older windows have a way of telling a story about a building’s history, and, as with many architectural features of old buildings, can be very beautiful. However, they are not without their pitfalls. They can present certain problems down the line, especially when said windows are constructed using wood, which is prone to warping compared to more modern material options. This warping can mean a less airtight seal around your windows. This will decrease the energy efficiency of heating and cooling systems in your home or office.

When you install a secondary glaze on to the inside of your existing windows, you’re sealing them against wasteful leaks, while keeping your original windows. This is a major boon to the owners of older buildings in particular, many of whom wish to maintain a sense of architectural history and integrity to their property.


When compared to dual payne replacements, which remove the entire window and replace it with double payned-insulated glass, which is separated by a layer of insulating air, secondary glazing is much less expensive. Because the original window is left in place, there are minimal architectural alterations that need to be considered, which translates to lower costs to the consumer overall.


The simple fact is that sometimes, people change their minds. The good news is, in the event that consumers change their mind about a secondary glazing job, they have this option. One simply needs to call the professionals back, so that they can then reverse the procedure relatively easily.


Reduced insulation

While secondary glazed windows are certainly more efficient windows that have gone untreated, they still offer less in terms of insulation compared to double-glazed window replacements, by about half.


There is a slightly higher risk of condensation-related moisture damage with secondary glazing when compared to double payned windows because the seal is not quite as airtight. However, as with the reduced insulation, it is still better than leaving single payne windows.

Every situation, like every building, is unique, and depending on the unique factors surrounding one’s home or office, secondary glazing may or may not be the best available option or investment. However, for other buildings, especially older ones, secondary glazing may turn out to be be the only option as a full dual-payne window replacement is simply not available due to building codes, local ordinances, or any number of other factors that need to be taken into consideration.

Homemade Face Masks: More Effective Than Store Bought Products

Homemade face masks have been used for hundreds of years to moisturize skin. Most of the top skincare ranges in our modern times contain active ingredients that are much the same or derived from the same ingredients – whether chemically derived or natural – as what the likes of Cleopatra or other famous beauties enjoyed.

When you hear the names DMAE, Papain, Coq10, Liposomes, Peptides, AHA’s, EFA’s, Copper, Alphalipoic Acids etc. you probably think of someone in a laboratory concocting a face cream with a special scientific mix of one or more of these ingredients.

This is the case for many commercially made products, but most of us – the average consumer – don’t realize that we are surrounded every day with plants, seeds, herbs, fruits and oils that are also rich in these nutrients. They may have different names or go unnoticed because when you go shopping at your supermarket you won’t see a melon labelled with a sticker that says “contains high concentrations of papain, AHA’s and Alphalipoic acid”.

They also won’t tell you that these melons have amazing exfoliating and cell stimulating properties for skin that can be readily utilized in homemade face masks and that when used with other ingredients like virgin coconut oil, can provide a powerful moisturizing and rejuvenating skin treatment that is far more potent than store bought products!

Nutritionists will tell you that eating a fresh orange is far better for you than drinking processed juice… why? Because fresh ingredients contain all the vitamins and enzymes that are damaged or destroyed under heat and processing. The same applies to using homemade face masks, treatments and lotions you make at home using fresh ingredients, you are taking the best of all of the nutrients including vitamins, enzymes, liposomes and more – and delivering them directly into your skin.

Ingredients like the ones below have many benefits for your skin:

Avocado is high in fatty acids and oils. Very moisturizing for skin especially avocado oil

Almond is also high in fatty acids and great for moisturizing for skin

Cucumber is healing, refreshing and lightening for skin

Tropical fruits like pineapple, pawpaw and papaya contain papain and other enzymes and fruit acids to gently remove skin cells and stimulate new cell growth

All fruits are rich in vitamins like vitamin C and A which are great for skin both repairing, brightening and healing

Wheatgerm, Apricot, Macadamia or Hazelnut oils are very high in essential fatty acids helping moisture travel deeper into the skin.

Banana is rich in B vitamin and C vitamin making it an an excellent base for home made masks

Eggs are high in sulphur as are dried then soaked and rehydrated apricots (good for acne) and make a good base

Citrus fruit: rich in vitamin C and fruit acids making it great for lightening skin and for acne

Honey and Aloe Vera: are natural humectants meaning they attract water. Also good for acne and honey is antmicrobial, antibacterial and antioxidant

Essential oils: oils like melaleuca (tea tree) and lavender are antibacterial, antimicrobial so are great for acneic skin and for oily skin and blackheads. You only needs a few drops of these in masks and there are whole range of essential oils that contain powerful antiaging properties and can be used in bases for natural skin masks and oil serum blends

Parsley, neroli and geranium are great for red veins and rosacea

Yoghurt or whipped cream are very moisturizing and contain lactic or malic acid so slough off dead skin cells

Argan, Olive, Grape Seed, Flax Seed. Jojoba or Coconut Oil are super moisturizing, rich in vitamins and protect your skin as well (coconut and sesame oils have a low SPF protection)

Evening primrose and carrot seed oils are rich in EFA’s, liposomes vitamins and more. Using carrot in homemade face masks or carrot seed contain vitamin A and C and are very moisturizing especially when combined with EFA rich ingredients in homemade face masks because EFA’s help your skin absorb all of these elements deep into your skin.

Seeds and nut meal (ground nuts and seeds) and oatmeal are excellent for homemade exfoliating face masks and also contain beneficial EFA’s. Oatmeal is excellent for itchy skin when mixed with cool chamomile tea.

You can make a whole range of homemade face masks from these ingredients – you can add exfoliating ingredients to a base of banana, avocado, honey, yoghurt or cream. You can add mashed or pureed carrot with papaya and honey for a rich vitamin boost.

Don’t leave tropical fruit masks on your skin for any longer than ten minutes because the enzymes act very quickly and are very powerful.

From these ingredients you can experiment and have fun making your own unique blends.

You can follow these up with a serum made from the oils above which you can make by using the serum wizard here: which will allow you to select your skin type and condition and suggest a formula for you. You can make and apply this after your natural face mask under moisturizer to nourish and treat any skin condition or type. Your skin will feel soft young and amazing!

What Is Whole Grain Brown Rice?

Milling is the process that turns brown rice into white rice by removing the outer layer known as the bran layer – this alters the nutritional value of the rice. The complete milling process that creates white rice from brown rice destroys 67% of the vitamin B3, 80% of the vitamin B1, 90% of the vitamin B6, half of the manganese, half of the phosphorus, 60% of the iron, and all of the dietary fiber and essential fatty acids. In short, brown rice is a fiber-rich whole grain whereas white rice is simply a refined and nutritionally depleted processed food.

In March of 2006, research reported in the journal Agricultural Research, Nancy Keim and a team at the USDA ARS Western Human Nutrition Center studied 10 women age 20-45 who ate a whole grain diet for three days, then ate the same foods but with refined grains in place of whole grains. Blood samples at the end of each 3-day period showed that the refined grains diet caused a significant increase in triglycerides and a worrisome protein called "apolipoprotein CIII" (apoCIII), both of which have been associated with increased risk of heart disease.

At the University of Utah, in a study of over 2000 people, a team led by Dr. Martha Slattery found that high intakes of whole grains, such as brown rice, reduced the risk of rectal cancer 31%. They also found that a high-fiber diet, 34 grams or more of fiber per day, reduced rectal cancer by an impressive 66%. The findings were published in the February 2004 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

In a Study presented at American Heart Association Conference, March 2006, overweight children, age 9-15, spent two weeks on an all-you-can-eat diet of whole grains, fruits, vegetables and lean protein, while exercising 2.5 hours each day. University of California researchers led by Dr. James Barnard reported that in just two weeks the children's cholesterol levels dropped an average of 21%, while insulin levels fell 30%.

In May, 2008, the FDA approved the following health claim for Brown Rice: "Diets rich in whole grain foods and other plant foods and low in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers."

Using Brown Rice in place of white rice is one small change that can make a BIG difference in the lives of you, your family and your children.

Actions of Free Radicals – Male Reproductive System Disorders

The role of free radicals in male reproductive system disorders are given below:

1) Free radicals cause protein degradation (destruction). It is important to note that almost all the body cells are made up of proteins.

2) They destroy the phospholipid membrane, an important substance that forms the outer coat of the cells. This action makes the cell weaker, and is responsible for aging of cells.

3) They cause molecular cross linking leading to Alteration of the genetic constituents of the cells, an action that can give rise to cancer.

Following the devastating actions of these free radicals on the vessels, the integrity of the blood vessels supplying the testis and other erectile organs is compromised. This further leads to cholesterol (tiny fat molecules) deposition inside the vessels which further results in narrowing the lumen of the vessels. Furthermore, calcium deposition on the altered blood vessel walls lead to thickening and loss of the elastic properties of the blood vessels, a condition known as arteriosclerosis.

In summary, free radicals damage the inner lining of the blood vessels thereby encouraging deposition of fat molecules and calcium on the vessels; an action that results in narrowing and the thickening of the blood vessel walls. By this alteration, the forceful blood flow required for strong erection to occur is reduced to lead to either poorection or accessibility to sustain erection. The free radicals induced vascular thickening and blockage occurs in all the blood vessels in the body; an action that has been implicated as the cause of Hypertension.

Free radicals are also released in the body following:

* Pollution
* Radiation
* Ultra violet rays from the sun
* Smoking

High Alkaline Foods Can Help Avoid Menopause Weight Gain in Women

High alkaline foods can be a real boon for women who are suffering from menopause and pre-menopause symptoms.

Indeed, hot flashes and menopause weight gain should come immediately to mind for many women reading this.

Although some wouldn’t make that connection right away, it seems that including a wide selection of these types of foods goes a long way in helping to keep the body in a healthier alkaline state, thereby helping to keep those pesky hot flashes at bay and even encouraging more belly fat loss.

Some of the best high alkaline foods are broccoli, cucumber, garlic, grapefruit, kale, lemon, lime, olive oil, parsley, spinach, sprouted grains, seeds and beans and stevia.

Enjoy them in their most natural state either raw, lightly steamed and organic whenever possible to avoid unwanted pesticides and chemicals and to assure their best possible nutritional value.

Whenever possible include a selection of these foods into your daily diet plan and you’ll be pleasantly surprised at how effectively they will not only keep your digestion running smoothly but also how many less occurrences of hot flashes you’ll actually experience.

Doing something as simple as adding a slice or lemon or lime or even a few slices of cucumber to your glass of water helps to make that water more alkaline. Interestingly, although many of us would consider lemons and limes to be quite acidic, they actually have the opposite effect on the body.

Also, using stevia in place of white sugar for sweetening has the same effect. White sugar on the other hand is a very acidic food and keeps your body in an acidic state.

A light drizzle of virgin olive oil over your vegetables in place of butter is another way to add more alkaline into your diet. Most dairy products are acidic.

The same can be said for highly processed and refined foods and condiments like ketchup, mayonnaise and salad dressings, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, coffee and soda.

These are all highly acidic foods that not only keep the body in a highly acidic state (inviting all sorts of health problems), but they also create an imbalance in the body’s already declining hormones (progesterone, estrogen and testosterone) as it struggles to keep the body in balance or homeostasis as it’s often referred to in the medical field.

The idea isn’t to exclude all high alkaline foods from your diet, although you certainly can. The idea I’m trying to impart is more one of creating a healthy balance of both. When we strive to keep our body in balance, it’s been shown that the occurrence of menopause induced hot flashes and other related symptoms drops significantly.

For those women who are constantly struggling with menopause weight gain, one last excellent reason to include these foods in to your daily diet plan is that they’ve also been shown to help you lose belly fat fast.

Soundproofing Your Fence with Dr. Bob

So you have just purchased your home but when you first looked at it, you didn’t realize just how bad the traffic noise in the backyard really was. Now you are committed to a 30-year mortgage and asks “What can I do Dr. Bob? Well, I’m glad you asked.

You can construct a soundproof or a sound-control fence. Now will this fence block 100% of the traffic noise? I’m afraid not, but will it make your backyard life tolerable? You bet it will.

There are some things that you need to know about building an effect sound control fence that will make it more effective. First and foremost, you new sound control fence needs to be 8 ft above the noise source. Now you need to check with your city or township to see if they have height ordinances regarding fences. If they will only allow a 6′ high fence, you can always build an earthen berm to increase the height of the backyard where the fence will be erected.

Now lets talk about the fence itself. I recommend building a cedar or redwood slatted fence as high as possible, (8ft being the minimum height above the noise source). The term “Above the noise source” means simply this, if the noise is coming from an automobile muffler, then the fence technically needs to be 8′ above the cars tailpipe. This should be simple enough. If you fence isn’t exactly 8′ above the noise source will it not be effective? Of course it will, but at the 8′ level you will get the best sound blocking.

Let’s talk about constructing your fence. The new redwood or cedar fence will have at least 4″ X 4″ posts mounted in concrete footings and sunk at least 2 ft into the ground. You will want as stable a foundation as possible for your new sound control fence as you will be adding heavy sound blocking agents to it. Once the posts are set and the concrete has cured, you will then add the fence cross members. These are generally 2″ X 4″ beams that connect the posts together and offer extra support for the fence slats. Now once the fence framing is complete, you will then be ready for the soundproofing membrane to be installed. You will have already called the professionals at Soundproofing America and ordered a product called “mass loaded vinyl”. Mass loaded vinyl is a loaded vinyl soundproofing barrier that comes in rolls that are 35’x 4′ or 30′ x 4 ½’. Once you have your rolls of mass loaded vinyl and the acoustical caulk and tape that go with the MLV, you are ready to install the soundproof membrane for your new fence.

Your first step is to stretch the MLV along the frame of the fence, you want to make sure the that the MLV extends all the way down to the ground so that the sound does not leak though the bottom of your fence. Once the MLV is stretched across the fence frame, you will staple or nail the MLV to the frame. I recommend that you overlap the MLV by at least ½” and that you will liberally caulk between the overlap with acoustical caulk. You will also want to caulk the outer perimeter of the MLV membrane with the acoustical caulk. The next step is to tape the caulked Seams only with a PVC seam sealer tape along with the acoustical caulk.

As soon as the MLV membrane is secured to the fence framing and all the seams and perimeter have been caulked and taped, it is time to slat the fence. You will use 8′ dog eared slats and but the slats as close together as possible, it is also a good idea to caulk the seams of the slats themselves, but this is absolutely not essential.

I would also recommend slats to the other side of the fence in an effort to protect the MLV membrane from the elements. This is a common practice, but once again is not essentials for good sound blockage.

One final note, some of my customers use a combination of both mass loaded vinyl and America mat closed cell foam as the septum for their sound control fences. By adding the closed cell foam you are adding sound absorption to your fence as well as the best in sound blockage. If you use both of these weather proof products, you will want to leave at least a 1/8″ gap between the slats on the side of the fence that faces the noise source. In other words if you are using both America mat and MLV you will need to slat both sides of the fence and leave the gaps on the side facing the traffic for example. These septum fences work great for loud and obnoxious neighbors as well. I hope this give your new hope for having a nice quiet backyard.

This is Dr. Bob…..Out!!!!

Renewed Fencing Attacks Classified

Renewed attacks in fencing provide a way to maintain pressure on an opponent, pick up distance on the strip, exploit errors in the opponent’s game, and counterattack his or her responses after a parry. There are three such classification of renewed attacks, each of which has specific tactical attributes. The three actions, remise, redouble, and reprise, are often confused. However, the definitions used below are consistent with the definitions in the rules of fencing as used for at least the last 50 years.

The Remise. A remise is a renewal of the attack in the same line as the original attack with a new thrust or cut. A remise is an intentional new action, not simply a continuation of the original movement after it has been displaced by the parry. An immediate remise may seize the right of way if the opponent delays the riposte (becoming a stop thrust or cut against the riposte) or it may actually stop a riposte that is incorrectly executed. The remise is also an effective option if the opponent’s riposte is routinely inaccurate.

The Redouble. A redouble is a renewal of the attack in a new line with a new thrust or cut. Again the redouble is an intentional new action, although in saber it may be possible to execute a remise cut in a way that it appears to be one smooth attacking action as opposed to a miss and a new action (a cut to the outside of the arm which misses may be converted into a disengage cut to the underside of the arm this way). Redoubles are, I suspect, mostly by disengage, although there is no theoretical reason that a redouble by coupe could not be made. This is a useful option against the opponent who holds or pushes a parry in the closed line.

The Reprise. A reprise is a renewal of an attack after a return to guard when the opponent has not riposted. The footwork may be either a lunge followed by a recovery backward to guard and a second lunge or a lunge followed by a forward recovery and a second lunge. The speed of modern footwork is such that neither of these actions is likely to succeed if done mechanically as individual steps unless you have a solid speed advantage over the opponent.

However, the rearward recovery reprise can be accelerated if the fencer identifies early in the recovery that the opponent is not riposting. At this point the recovery of the front foot hits with the heel and immediately lunges again without planting the full foot. The forward reprise can be also be accelerated with a slide. As the heel of the lunging foot lands the rear foot starts to slide forward, completing the forward recovery as the front foot comes down flat. From this position, a new lunge is immediately launched. This gains distance, accelerates the reprise, increases the pressure on the opponent, and may arrive on target in mid-step.

If your opponents consistently hold a parry and delay the riposte, make errors in the execution of the riposte, or miss with the riposte, a renewed attack offers an effective tool for capitalizing on their errors.

Private Practice Strategies: How to Develop Multiple Streams of Psychology Income

Mental health professionals have a wealth of valuable, even crucial, information and expertise in which many people are in need.

One-on-one therapy is only one way we can deliver this expertise and help.

There are a number of possible ways therapists can create revenue streams while sharing their talents, expertise and skills with people in need.

Some of these ways are traditional and common, but others are rather innovative ways therapists are beginning to put their abilities to good use. In doing so, they are creating revenue streams.

Traditional Services

Although its time for therapists to think out of the box and develop new services that creatively meet the felt needs of niche markets, there is a place for the traditional therapeutic services.

These include psychotherapy for the DSM diagnoses, psychological testing and evaluation, marriage and family therapy and behavioral health care.

And, yes, people will forgo managed-care reimbursement and pay out of pocket for services that are of higher value because they are higher quality, offer real privacy and are truly customized for the individual needs.

One of the frustrations I hear from mental health care service consumers is that they can’t find a specialized therapist in their managed-care insurance network.

It’s as if managed care’s philosophy is, “We’ll help you obtain access to psychotherapy, but we don’t care whether the therapist we connect you with is a specialist. A generalist is fine.”

Set yourself apart and demonstrate your true value in the marketplace through specialization. Many people in the market for therapy value specialization.

Getting Published

A book is a powerful way to affect lives. It is also a good way to establish credibility, highlight your practice and services and position yourself in your niche.

And, it’s easier than you think if you self-publish. It has become very affordable to do so, and it puts you in charge of the content, price and reprints.

It can actually be more profitable, too. You keep every dollar above your costs. If you went through a major publisher who sells a few thousand books, you would only receive the author’s fee. You can make as much selling a few hundred copies of a self-published book yourself.

If your book is successful, you may even attract a large publisher to take over your book.

Writing a book opens doors to speaking engagements, media opportunities and a reputation in your niche market.

It also helps you to crystallize your thinking and enhances your effectiveness as a practitioner; it’s a great exercise in that sense. You will learn a lot both in breadth and depth.

Take the opportunity now to brainstorm ideas for a book that’s inside you.

It doesn’t have to be long. One hundred pages is plenty.


Teaching courses part-time at a local college or university can be an attractive stream of income.

I have been teaching as adjunct faculty in the Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) program at Widener University outside Philadelphia for several years and find it both rewarding and enjoyable.

Think about areas of special interest on which you could teach a course. Courses that adjunct faculty teach can be core curriculum in a graduate program, an undergraduate course or an elective.

I find that part-time professors who are practitioners have a lot to offer because they are immersed in what they teach. Students seem to appreciate this as well.


E-books are another medium in which you can package and share specialized information.

And e-book is a written piece of information that is distributed via the internet electronically. It is offered free or for a cost (typically $10 to $30) on a web site.

You can also submit an e-book to web sites that list hundreds of e-books to make them available to the public.

Tens of thousands of e-books are downloaded each year, and are changing lives for the better.

Perhaps you can make yours one of them.

Do you have a solution to a specific problem or can you research the answers?

The best e-books share answers to a specific problem.

E-book topics I have heard of recently include: how to write a eulogy, how to cope with a hysterectomy and the topic of recovering from fibromyalgia.

These are e-books written by non-mental health professionals. Imagine what information psychotherapists can offer in this just-in-time format.

E-books cost very little to produce and nothing to distribute. You can attach the file for an e-book to an email or make it downloadable from a web site.

A great e-book is not long. Many of the best are 10 to 35 pages long.

E-books offer short answers to problems readers want to solve, and are available to people quickly.

Good e-books are specific and do not contain general information. The key to marketability is communicating your precise answer to a specific problem.


E-Courses are similar to e-books, but they may be lengthier and delivered to readers one segment at a time. As the name implies, these can be formatted as guided self-study programs.

E-courses allow for the content to be integrated over a specific period of time. Each lesson can be a simple article or more in-depth with guided self-study. Write between five and 10 lessons, and you have a good e-course.

Written by a professional, a good e-course can bridge the gap between a reader learning new information and the reader applying that information to his/her life and making a behavioral change.

Personal Coaching

In sports, coaching is important to help an athlete develop a winning strategy, develop skills and execute the plan. The coach knows how the athlete can progress and move forward. He/she urges the athlete to set high goals and provides motivation, support, focus and encouragement.

Over the past 10 years, the field of professional coaching in personal development and business arenas has grown tremendously.

What is coaching? Personal coaching is a one-on-one professional relationship in which a client is assisted in achieving a personal, business or career goal.

What is the difference between coaching and therapy? Although coaches sometimes assist people with challenges and problems of various kinds, they do not try to help people overcome problems related to diagnosable conditions as found in the DSM.

Rather, coaches assist well-functioning people to attain greater levels of achievement and satisfaction in their personal lives, businesses or careers.

While therapy is remedial and restorative, coaching is developmental and growth-oriented.

Therapy heals mental and emotional infirmities, while coaching helps healthy individuals achieve more or reach important goals.

Personal coaches work with clients on a wide range of issues, such as coping with a problem or crisis, focusing their efforts on achievement, making career transitions, living more fulfilled lives, achieving life goals and building better relationships.

Other coaches assist people with business development or managerial or leadership development. These coaches are called business coaches or executive coaches.

While coaching is not always based on psychology, it often is. And many of the skills a coach uses are the skills in which therapists are trained. So, there is considerable overlap between coaching and therapy.

This is why many psychologists, counselors and therapists have found coaching attractive and transitioned into coaching either entirely or as a part of their practice mix. I am one of them.

In many ways, therapists have an ideal background to be coaches. But the differences between coaching and therapy are significant and important to keep in mind.

Therapists can make great coaches because of their insights into human motivation and behavior, their understanding of human development and life transitions, their communication and relationship skill and their sense of professional ethics, knowledge base and experience in helping people.

Live Workshops, Retreats, Trainings

Presenting live events such as seminars, workshops, retreats and training programs can be a very lucrative stream of income.

And, it can be a powerful way to affect peoples’ lives.

The group setting allows learners to engage with your material and benefit from the collective knowledge and experience of the group.

Live programs can also be an introduction to your other services. Brief programs, such as a “lunch and learn,” can be delivered for free as a solid marketing vehicle for your practice.

As a therapist, if you have developed and packaged your message into a program as recommended earlier, you have the makings of a great seminar or workshop.

Why not kill two birds with one stone?

Promoting a workshop or retreat is promoting your practice at the same time — and may be psychologically easier to do.

Consider adding a post-training element to your program. It could be a follow-up mini-workshop, a series of workshops or one-on-one work.

You can leverage the energy of a live event in many ways for additional revenue streams.

And, it is likely that some participants will choose to work with you after the event is over.

You will want to casually present your other offerings at the event. You may make it easier for them by having a sign-up sheet.


A teleseminar (also called a teleclass) is a seminar held over the telephone, like a conference call.

The advantage of a teleseminar is the convenience. No one has to commute and the consumers dial to a bridge line at the specified time. No physical accommodations need be arranged; you only need to rent a telephone bridgeline.

Teleseminars can include people from all over the country, even internationally, at the same time.

Classes are typically 60 minutes long, but can vary. Often teleseminars are offered in a multi-class series.

Teleseminars are another way to offer your packaged content and introduce people to your services. Teleseminars can be offered for free to attract prospective clients and let them sample your services.

See [] for examples of what various professionals are offering. Or, do a search on Google for teleseminars or teleclasses. There are hundreds to browse and attend.

To get a better feel for how to conduct a teleseminar, attend some yourself.


The goal of this book is to help mental health practitioners build thriving managed-care free private practices.

One of the themes I hope I have conveyed is that psychology is not just for DSM diagnoses.

While we have discussed ways to market traditional services, diversification is important, as it increases the chances we can generate sufficient income to operate outside of managed care.

Multiple streams of psychotherapy income can be developed in one’s practice.

When I decided to build a manage-care free practice, I gave considerable thought to how

I could provide private-pay services. I explored how I could use my skills in ways that people would readily pay.

Many psychologists and other mental health professionals are successful in consulting in the workplace for the benefit of employees and employers. Business consulting can be a very lucrative income stream.

Like many practitioners, I found my skills could be applied in the business arena. Today, through a business I started called Leadership Concepts, I offer services in the areas of business consulting, executive, business and career coaching and seminars and workshops for businesses. This has proven to be a solid and growing income stream for me, and it is work I really enjoy.

Other ways to diversify into consulting include behavioral medicine, forensics and sports psychology.

Consulting is a very broad and diverse area, so I won’t scrape the surface of the possibilities here. But perhaps I can give you good directions for exploration.

If this area is new for you, you will be surprised to find out the many valuable ways our psychology and mental health expertise can be of benefit to people in the workplace.

Our background makes us capable of assisting businesses with many different barriers to productivity.

To familiarize yourself with this terrain, I suggest you do a Google search using the keywords “business,” “consulting” and “psychologist” and browse the web sites that come up.

Forensic Consulting

Another specific type of consulting is worth considering separately.

Forensic consulting has to do with psychological or mental health service specifically related to the court system.

Often times, a court has to deal with issues that impinge on mental health issues.

Some of these include:

Criminal cases

  • Competency to stand trial
  • Mental status at time of offense
  • Mitigating factors in offenses
  • Risk assessments, violence

Civil cases

  • Emotional damages in personal injuries
  • Assessments for malingering

Family cases and other

  • Child custody evaluations
  • Court-ordered psychological evaluations

In addition, attorneys often need help sorting out the issues when questions of a psychological nature occur in their cases. They retain psychologists and other experts to review files and help them prepare for depositions or cross-examination of experts.

Psychologists and other professionals can inform the court on issues, perform assessments and testify as experts.

Consultants in this area testifying as experts typically receive $1,000 to $2,000 for their testimony.

I find that this niche is an attractive one for several reasons:

  • It is completely managed-care free
  • It is interesting work
  • It makes good use of our background
  • It is lucrative
  • It is a specialized area that many professionals find intimidating,
    which means less competition

If you find this an interesting prospect as a part of your practice, then I encourage you to begin taking some training workshops to familiarize yourself with the terrain.

Web sites

Revenue streams can be active or passive. Therapy sessions, therapy groups, workshops and consulting services are all active forms of revenue streams. You exchange your time and skills for a fee.

Passive revenue is revenue from streams that do not involve service delivery, but once set up, occur automatically 24/7. A common form of passive revenue is income from products sold on a web site.

Can you see the advantages of passive revenue? Can therapists develop passive revenue streams? You bet!

Therapists can productize their most useful expertise and offer information products to benefit others.

Some of these we already looked at, like books, e-books and e-courses. These can all be offered on a web site for web seekers to obtain and utilize to fill their needs.

There are other possibilities as well, such as licensing programs.

As an example of a passive revenue web site effectively offering information products to a specific niche, see

Passive income streams utilizing the internet via web sites are a burgeoning area for many service professionals, but few mental health professionals are taking advantage of the potential so far.

This will be changing soon.

Active income streams can also be marketed on the internet.

Web sites can also be effectively used as a marketing tool for your fee-for-service practice. More and more therapists are putting up web sites and for good reasons.

A web site is your practice brochure, available any time, day or night, to seekers on the internet. People you meet, people who hear you give a presentation and people referred to you by another professional, can be directed to view your web site, find out more about you and, hopefully, be stimulated to contact you.

A simple, attractive, intriguing postcard sent to a mailing list can direct your niche market to your web site. Or, your yellow page ad in the phone book can include your web address.

A web site is much more than a brochure. It is also a potentially powerful marketing vehicle, when combined with internet marketing strategies.

If you decide to have a web site for your practice, or for a particular niche service, make it full of resources (articles and free information) that will attract people to it and make them want to spread the word.

Although beyond the scope of this article, internet marketing strategies can be developed to drive people to your web site.

Increasingly, people are beginning their search for products and services on the internet.

The yellow pages are not the first choice for many.

Are you effectively represented on the Internet?

Licensing Programs

After you have developed effective structured programs for your niches, you can license the use of these programs to other professionals.

Other therapists have been doing this for years. Psychologist Dr. Daniel Dana, a conflict resolution specialist, certifies mediators and licenses his program at

Another example can be found at, as we mentioned previously. Howard Glasser, M.A. offers a parenting approach and program, as well as other materials, for ADHD children. His program involves a book, a training program for parents and a training and certification program for therapists.

His program is called “Transforming the Difficult Child: The Nurtured Heart Approach.”

One of my coaching clients is certified in this program and speaks highly of it.

Howard Glasser’s web site actually models several streams of income, including a book, workshops, training other professionals, licensing or certification and internet marketing for all the above including his practice.

These “programs in a box” are typically complete turnkey therapy, counseling or consulting programs that therapists can purchase. They are usually complete, including the structured program itself, instructor materials, workbooks and also include marketing pieces you can use to generate business.

For those of you who want to do niche marketing but prefer not to do the creating part, you may want to find out whether someone has developed a program you can utilize to serve your niche.

Someone may have done the work for you.

If you can find a program suitable for your niche market, you could be a few days away from having a marketable service in your repertoire.

Training Other Professionals

When you have developed an effective program, you can leverage it by training others in your approach and methods.

Innovators in therapy have been training others for years. If you develop a specialization, program or niche service in a growing area, you may find many other therapists would like to learn from you.

Sometimes the innovation is mainly in how a service is packaged.

You can train other professionals via live workshops, self-study program packages and teleseminars.

Diversification by developing a number of streams of psychotherapy income increases the chances you can create sustainable income and can be rewarding in other ways too.

How to Take Care of Maggot Infestation in Open Wounds


“Eeeeeew!!”, that’s the reaction everyone has on reading the phrase, “maggot infestation of live humans!!” a concept which has given rise to many urban legends. The reality is that alive humans DO get infected with maggots.

Maggot is the common term used to refer to fly larvae. Undoubtedly, there are as many types of maggots as there are flies. Depending on the parent fly, maggots may have characteristic features such as a certain coloration and measurement. Most of them however are worm-like, headless, limbless creatures with their length ranging from 1-30 millimeter. They are equipped with hook like structures which help them remain lodged at host site until they are ready to pupate.

Uses of Maggots

Maggots are used extensively as baits for fishing and as food for meat eating pet animals. They are also used for therapeutic purposes to clean persistent wounds and encourage faster healing. This process referred to as maggot debridement therapy is performed under medical supervision using laboratory grown dead tissue eating maggots.

Forensic scientists use maggots developing in dead decaying bodies to gauge the time of death.

Maggots are even used in making a special kind of Italian cheese named formaggio marcio or casu marzu. This extra soft cheese, obtained by the action of digestive juices of Piophila casei maggots, is legally banned for obvious health reasons.

Maggot Infestation of Living Beings

At times, maggots start developing in living beings, a condition medically termed myiasis. It may occur in animals as well as humans. The condition may affect genitalia, anus, intestines, eyes, mouth, ears, nose and sinuses of suitable hosts.


Maggot infestation symptoms depend on the affected site. Larvae lodging themselves in the intestines may cause nausea, severe diarrhea, stomach ache and other gastrointestinal complications. When affecting nose, the maggots may cause edema, headaches and fever. Skin infestation may cause an outburst of rashes.


The primary cause of maggot infestation is unhygienic living conditions. Inadequate care of open wounds and lesions as in case of cancer patients or diabetics may also be a causative factor. With general hygiene practices in place, maggot infestation is quite unheard of and comes as a complete surprise. But you know, here in India we have a colorful idiom which roughly translates to cursing someone with an invasion of worms. After seeing maggots infesting a live human, this is the only saying that comes to mind and then one realizes, “our forefathers certainly knew enough about the grossness of this situation to come up with a curse like that!”

In spite of following a hygienic routine, at times it is just impossible to control certain things. Open wounds, facial cancers and lesions for instance attract flies even if they are covered properly. Maggot infestation in such cases is simply a matter of time…

Treatment of Maggot Infestation

The only positive angle to maggot infestation is that the larvae eventually fall out of the body because they typically pupate in dry places. But, the very thought (and sight too) of a living human being housing hundreds of worm-like wriggling creatures in the body and/or jumping out of it is so horrifying that patients and their caregivers find it difficult to stand it.

Patients can be taken to a hospital where the medical staff may apply local anesthesia, apply pressure on the affected area to force the maggot peek out of the wound when it is quickly pulled out with a forceps. The wound is then cleaned and covered with bandages. If done clumsily, this procedure runs the risk of larval body breaking while being extracted out. The ensuing release of larval body fluids may cause an allergic reaction in the host.

A safe way of getting rid of maggots is by blocking their oxygen supply. Doctors recommend using petroleum jelly or 100% pure turpentine oil. Both these components force the maggots to come out of deeper layers of skin. Turpentine oil however has other side effects. Always consult your doctor about optimum dosage and the way in which turpentine oil needs to be used.

Once the maggots are out, primary caregivers need to be more proactive. Change the dressing more frequently. Apply generous amounts of prescribed medication. Check if using petroleum jelly or turpentine oil along with medication is okay. Take care that at least the patient’s room has no flies. With due precautions, maggot infestation may not recur.

Permanent Foundations For Mobile Homes – HUD 7584 PFGMH Manufactured Home Inspections Guide

When you buy (or sell) a manufactured / mobile home, many times the loan involved in real estate transaction will either be an FHA or VA loan.  However, FHA and VA will only fund the loan if you can prove that the foundation under the home is a permanent foundation.

But what is a “permanent foundation” and where do I find it’s proper definition?  Well, in HUD Publication 7584, is where you will find its definition.  The definition is quite extensive and geared, mainly, towards professional engineers.  

The HUD 7584 publication is also called the HUD Permanent Foundation Guide for Manufactured Homes, or PFGMH.  It is published by the United States department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).  This 400 page manual is intended for new construction of manufactured home permanent foundations. If you have an existing foundation and are in need of a permanent foundation certification, then the existing permanent foundation shall meet the intent of the PFGMH.

A manufactured mobile home foundation that does not meet the intent of the PFGMH is considered non-compliant, and one that does meet the intent of the PFGMH is considered compliant.  Only a professional engineer licensed in the state of where the home is located can make this determination.

In its most simplistic definition, a permanent foundation will generally consist of a skirting to keep out vermin and water, footings and piers to support the home from gravity loads (such as snow and live loads), anchorage to resist lateral loads such as high winds or an earthquake, and other considerations.

The reason why a professional engineer is required to determine whether it is permanent or not, is because of the safety issues involved with a structure that houses people.  Professional engineers have the training and educational background to determine if the foundation is safe and habitable, and also “permanent” as defined by HUD.