Holidaying Within Bombay – Unbelievable!

“…Holidaaayy, if we took a holiday, took some time to celebrate… Just one day of our lives …it would be so nice …” Madonna

Felt like taking her up on her words. But planning a holiday, would mean traveling and that would be stealing from the getaway time we had allotted ourselves in the mad rush on a weekend.

Going into Marve & Madh is a drive into a green paradise that’s hard to resist. Once you are out of Malad it’s a different world, the air is rarefied, the greens are lush, the traffic is non-existent & the smell of the sea is in your hair! 45 mins from Bandra and you are there. Infact one can report to work & still drive back to the islands to continue with the getaway!

The brilliance here is you are still inside the polluted climes of Bombay & yet in another world! Going away for a weekend, with almost no travel time, no adjusting to different pace of life & yet the fresh sea air, the ambience of the Malvani villages dotting the seascape, the churches here are nearly as old as the island itself…(The Church of Our lady of the Sea!) made me return to the various hotels, motels, shacks that dot this seaside getaway. Soon the atmosphere seeps into you, cleaning your pores choked with Mumbai’s pollution, dust & grime.

Straddling the two ends of the island of Marve is a host of bungalows & cottages, starting with the Aksa Beach, which also houses the INS Hamla, (The INS Hamla has an Internet café called DOLPHIN. Quaint! )a couple of hospital quarters, quasi-govt. residential buildings and then silence. Nothing but paddy fields & narrow winding roads with huge coconut palms, a soothing ease settles into your pace. It is the only getaway hamlet set in the midst of the crazy hubbub of a frenzied city like Bombay. The oldest surviving private house here is the Lalvani cottage…dating back to early 1930’s.

The places open to picnickers & holidayers have names that evoke a twinge of aura. These places have built around the 1950’s. Since most of the men have left to try their fortunes elsewhere, the properties have been turned into picnic cottages.

You have the Picnic-Cell, The Samara, Marcella’s, Sagarika Wadi, Vyas Wadi…

The Gazebo Resort (8813255) comes first, followed by Aksa Cottages, Hotel Blue Ballerina (83989) on the Erangel Beach which also has a restaurant called Dana-Pani, open to picnickers not wanting to lodge up with them. Then there is the Jewel of Ruksons( 8822516 only lodging available. A/C 1500 for a couple)…its bar-cum-restaurant is Sundowner!

Then there are the Beach Resort Bungalows that are apartments for sale. Sanjay Sutar Lodging /Boarding has rooms that they give out to picnickers till sundown only(8811318…600/- non A/C & 900/- for an A/C room) Almeida’s Picnic Cottages( 8893988) give out the rooms only to families, no couples’s allowed.(no sinful people wanted here says Peter Almeida pontifically!) 500-800 per day & 140/- extra per head for 3 meals thrown in. Bungalow Seashell gives out the whole floor at 2500/ for a 2-bedroom/hall/-kitchen deal per day( 8813531). And then there is The Retreat and The Resort with their 5 star paraphernalia.

Drug Rehab – No Insurance? Learn Your Free Rehab Options

Few of us ever plan on needing drug or alcohol rehab, and unfortunately, some of end up needing it without the insurance coverage to pay for it.

With a month’s stay at a private rehab running as much as $20 000 or more, few of us have the savings to self finance a stay at rehab; and unfortunately a lot of us have jobs and homes and families, and although we are in need of assistance, we also do not qualify for state of federal treatment funded aid.

Too poor to pay for rehab, and too rich to qualify for governmentally funded treatment; truly stuck between a rock and a hard place.

You may have heard about more affordable programs, but a Google search doesn’t seem to help much, and where can you go to learn more about the options available to you?

There are options

Thankfully, there are more than 2000 free or very affordable drug and alcohol rehabs in operation coast to coast. These non profit or charity programs do not base entry on your financial situation, but on your need for help. You can find a program that’s going to help you.

Private Rehabs with “low Income” Beds

A lot of private facilities will reserve a certain number of treatment beds for those in need of subsidized care. Treatment is unlikely to be free, but the fees are generally based on your income, family size and ability to pay for care, and can be quite affordable.

Because you will receive the same treatment as others in the program who may have paid tens of thousands of dollars, this can be an exceptional situation and you can expect a very high level of care, service and accommodation.

General Non Profit Rehabs

There are hundreds of treatment facilities in America that exist to serve lower income and uninsured participants. These non profit entities offer comprehensive therapy and often in very pleasant environments. While treatment is rarely free, most programs will not turn away those in need, regardless of their ability to pay for services.

The Salvation Army and Gospel Missions

Sometimes overlooked, these programs do not offer luxury, in fact the lodgings tend to be quite Spartan, but for those with nowhere else to turn, either of these organizations offer sanctuary, treatment and hope. Programs tend to be long term, free of charge, and open to all willing to participate in a Faith based program of recovery.

Recovery Housing

Another often overlooked therapeutic environment is sober living housing. A sober living house does not offer the therapeutic intensity of a drug rehab, but they can be very inexpensive, and will offer long term sober residence and a safe and supportive environment for recovery. Most will require that you work and attend AA meetings during your period of residency.

The unfortunate reality is that although a great many facilities do exist, they can be very tough to find. Thankfully though, there are options, and you just need to find them.

You can get better!

How to Authenticate Victorian Case Furniture Antiques

As an auctioneer, I’m often asked how do you tell if something is old?

What does the term period as it pertains to antiques?

How do I spot a fake or a reproduction?

I hope this article will clear a few things up on those issues?

What is the single thing I can do or buy that will make me the most money as a part time antiquer?

The answer to that question is the very last sentence in this article.

Period antiques: There’s sometimes a lot of confusion about the term PERIOD when it comes to antiques and there shouldn’t be because the term has a very clear cut meaning. The term period simply means the original era an antique was originally made throughout.

Let’s take for example the Gothic Period which originated in the 12th Century and lasted throughout the 16th. So that span in History would be the actual Gothic Period.

But the Gothic Style, like so many styles throughout history was copied many times after, so a Gothic styled piece of furniture from the 1800s can be an antique, because the technical definition of an antique is anything over 100 years old, but that item cannot be a period piece. To sum up: All period items are antiques, but not all antiques are period items.

Antiques that are copies of early periods are often referred to as “revival” or in the style of etc.

The dollar value of a period piece will be many times more than it’s revivalist cousins.

Often people will see something on the antiques roadshow and mistakenly say something like, “I have one of those, I never realized it was worth $15,000 dollars!” They think that the antique Chippendale Style chest of drawers they have is the same as the actual Chippendale Period Piece. After all theirs is an antique, it’s been in the family for over 100 years.

It’s tough sometimes when I have to tell them that what they have is certainly worth having, but it’s really only worth about $300 dollars in a strong market. If the person I’m relaying this information to is a prospective client, I’d better use some tact if I want to get the estate consignment.

Bringing people around on the real value of what they have is a big part of an auctioneers job and often very difficult, especially when expectations are dashed and the value is much less than they originally thought. To be honest, some folks who just won’t hear you out will often call in 2 or 3 auctioneers before they believe it.

Of course, the other side of that coin is the estate executor that thinks they were assigned to liquidate a house full of junk and it’s my delight to inform them that they’re actually in charge of a small fortune in antiques.(But somehow these folks aren’t as hard to convince, and usually need only one auctioneer to tell them that. It’s a true pleasure if that auctioneer is me! OK, well let’s get this train back on track because this segment is supposed to deal with authenticating antiques. We went over the difference between a period antique and a antique, but in most cases what the average person wants to know, at least at first, is, is that the item in question really old or is it a reproduction, a fake, or a fantasy piece.

Was it made 100 years ago, or last week. While the answer to that may seem obvious, there are some pretty talented people out there churning out new antiques. Before we get into the detective work of finding out whether something is old or not. Let’s look at the categories above because they are not all equal, here are the differences.

A fake: A fake can fall into a few different categories, it can be a legitimate reproduction, that someone has taken the identifying marks off of to try to pass it off as old. It can be something that was manufactured with the intent of deceiving the buyer. It can be an old item that has been altered.

A reproduction: A reproduction is something that was made to look as close to the original as possible, but is signed or otherwise marked to let the buyer know that it is not old. It’s not very high on the scale of collectiblity, but its several notches above a fake, and when the original isn’t obtainable, it’s a nice alternative.

A Fantasy Piece: A fantasy piece is something that is made to look old, but that actual item never really existed. Let’s say for example a Coca-Cola tray of which never saw production originally, but was made in the 1980s with the surface adorning a flapper models. Coke has many legitimate licensed fantasy items and they’re marked with the date of manufacture.

All of 3 of these exist in almost every category of antiques, from furniture to jewelry, which brings us to the feature of this show… authenticating what you have. Authenticating an antique is very much detective work. When you have the piece in front of you there is just no better way to find out whether or not it’s old than to use the simple but powerful skills of observation.

Let’s begin with case furniture. That being any type of furniture that has a case or a box type main structure. Dressers, blanket chests, bookcases, chests of drawers, Secretaries, writing desks.

One of the most revealing elements of these pieces is the drawer. Pull it out carefully and inspect it all the way around. Are the runners on the bottom well worn? Have they been replaced or repaired? This would obviously indicate wear which usually indicates age.

Now look at the inside edges of the drawers are there several small overlaps of stain or finish indicating that it’s been refinished a few times, or does it appear that there is no overlap of stain or an extremely faint amount, thus most likely indicating the item is in it’s original finish.(Big points for this, if it is an antique item.)

Are there extra holes next to the posts for the handle pulls. If so the handles were replaced and are not original. Of course even if there are not a pair of offset holes, the handles could have been replaced with a pair that had the exact post set measurements as the original handles. The other way to tell if handles have been replaced is to look close at the finish around the handles, is there a faint outline in the finish or sub-finish from an old handle. (Again, big points for original handles and original hardware.)

Now let’s have a look at the corners of the drawers, are they dovetailed? If so, this is quality construction. Are the dovetails hand-cut or machined? Hand cut would probably indicate an antique, the piece could just be hand crafted, but not very likely. More about that later. For this section, we’ll assume that hand-cut dovetails indicate antiques for the sake of moving along. Hand cut dovetails usually have a very narrow tail offset by a very fat one. Machined dovetails are very uniform in construction. Most of the machined dovetails came out after the 1850s, so it is still possible for an antique to have these and many do. In fact many pieces of antique furniture were manufactured in whole or in part, in factories throughout the world.

Are the corners scalloped with dowels inside a half-circle pattern down the side in a mortise & tenon fashion. This system is usually only seen on furniture made from about 1850 to 1880 and usually country pine more than anything else.

Nailed together joints are usually on home made type furniture, or unimportant manufactured furniture. It can still be well constructed, especially when compared to today’s pseudo wood anti-products, but it will never achieve the collectiblility of it’s well crafted cousins.

You’ll see a slot method on occasion also, this is a step above nailed joints, but below any dovetailing.

An important date for would be antiquers to remember is 1830. It’s the date that many historians recognize as the breakout of the Industrial Revolution. The only true statement we can make from this is that most of what came before it was hand made, and much of what came after was not. It’s not an absolute, but it’s the best we can do.

Antique detecting is like crime detecting in that it’s as much an art as it is a science.

So swell up and pat yourself on the other side all of you antiquers, not only are you kings & queens of the recyclable kingdom, but your an artists and scientists to boot.

Back to that drawer. So you’ve looked at the dovetails in the front of the drawer, but if it’s dovetailed or mortised all the way around it’s of better quality than those who use the method only on the front and leave the back joints to a slot method.

In a similar way, the feet or legs of a piece of case furniture will tell you the same thing. See, it was the common method to put the fancy ball and claw type feet or other fancy feet on the front, and straight feet on the back. The reason being that it often took a craftsman almost as much time to carve a great pair of feet as it would to construct the entire case, so the shortcut was to put straight legs on the back. Therefore the higher quality pieces would have the carved feet all the way around. If you’ve ever wondered why an auctioneer used the phrase ball & claw all the way around, that’s the reason.

Now the feet, if the legs or feet are post types, they should be slightly more narrow on the very bottom due to shrinkage through the ages. There should be wear, especially on chairs, which are moved around more than other pieces of furniture. But we were talking about case furniture weren’t we.

Look for signatures everywhere on the item. EVERYWHERE. With glass and china or other antiques, if there’s a makers mark, it’s common for the makers mark to be on the bottom, with case furniture, it could be on the bottom, the back or anywhere on the inside. I’ve found many pieces that were signed on the insides of drawers, bottoms of drawers, signed in pencil, carved,stamped and labeled. And unfortunately many pieces that are not signed.

Woods: The most commonly used woods were oak, elm, chestnut,walnut,pine, cherry and mahogany. Much of the early Victorian Antique stock is made from Chestnut, but nothing after that. The reason for this is a Chestnut blight that came to the US about 1908 pretty much wiped out the widespread American Chestnut tree.

Much of what is sold as Oak is actually Elm the two are so similar in grain, texture and composition. Pine is generally associated more with Primitives and country antiques. The dark wood on the elegant and very refined pieces are usually Walnut and on later pieces Mahogany. You’ll find Cherry on the better pieces as well, especially where a very hard wood is needed for construction.

On many of the Victorian Oak antiques, what is often referred to as carved, is actually an applied carving, which means a portion of piece is just a section of carving that was a applied or glued. A much easier and less costly process than actually carving the surface of the item. This is the reason you’ll see so many of these beautiful old oak pieces with the same frame, but a different look. That being said, some of these are actually carved and if you look close you can see the difference and should know the difference for it affects the price.

Another common method that is confused for carving is the ‘pressed’ look. This is when a section of a piece, usually chairs, have a design,machine pressed right into them. The chairs that adorn this method are very popular, but still, they are not carved. Probably the most valuable and famous of these chairs is a Larkin #1. Larkin co. out of Buffalo New York was a famous furniture and soap company. The company sold a great many of it’s items through the Sears & Roebuck catalog at the turn of the century. At the time your could order a sideboard for about 20 dollars and a complete dining room set for just under or just over $100 dollars depending on the options.

Another style you’ll see on the old country pieces or cottage pieces as they’re sometimes referred to is, grain painting. This is when the wood, always pine as far as I know, is painted to simulate the grain of a more expensive and exotic wood. Grain painting a practice that was once shunned by purists is now revered for it’s Folksiness. Let that be a lesson, if you go against the experts, you’ll often be in front of the pack. Just make sure if your buying for resale that you haven’t gone so far outside of the box that your unable to sell what you’ve purchased.

Here are a few tips on new, reproduction furniture.

There’s a lot of fine looking furniture coming out of South Pacific countries (fine at first glance that is) that is really of very poor quality and craftsmanship. You’ve probably seen it.

There are lots of Chippendale copies, usually in an exotic dark finish. This is actually something called PU PU wood or some kind of foolishness. It’s very brittle and practically breaks if you talk to loud next to it. I don’t know how it makes it over here on the containers in one piece, but it does. I’ve actually seen runners break pieces just moving them before.

As I said these appear to be great until you get a close look. Be warned though, these have hand cut dovetails and are even handcrafted.

I’m told this PuPu wood is actually a weed in the Philippines, and that they carve it when wet, then run it through a drying process.

Also note, the edges and ends of new furniture will be sharp and straight, old furniture will shrink and round at the edges with age.

Ultra-Shiny reproduction brass hardware on authentic antique Victorian furniture will actually bring down the price at auction. If you don’t have suitable pulls for an item, your better off to leave it bare than to don that garish clink.

Victorians painted their furniture very often, but original painting was always ornamental in nature and never had a solid coat. If you’ve got a solid color painted Victorian piece of furniture, it was defiantly painted years later.

A ‘marriage’ in the antiques world is when two different parts are pieced together to make a complete unit. It used to be that this was an abomination to antiquers, but they came around to accepting it when the ‘shabby chic’ set started buying married pieces. Ahhh….nothing says, “I can live with that” quicker than a good healthy profit. In most cases, never plan on re-finishing a piece for re-sale. In fact if your not a pro, make that never, you just won’t get your money back out of the process.

Learn 10 times more about the people in the business than you do the merchandise and your will be an antiques rock star!

Add 50 Yards to Your Golf Drives Using the Distance Concepts of B-L-A-S-T

Think BLAST to Drive Your Golf Ball 50 Yards Farther

Picking up extra distance on your drives shortens the golf course, makes par 5’s and long par 4’s reachable, and makes it easier to shoot lower scores. Plus it’s just plain fun to smack it a mile off the tee.

Every day golf students come to me asking if I can help them improve their driving distance. They know that I won the World Long Drive Championship, and that I also coach some of the top Long Drivers in the country.

Invariably the answer is YES!

Nearly all golfers can hit the ball farther once they understand the concepts behind a swing that generates distance.

It’s not about a methodology. Understanding distance concepts allows golfers the freedom to incorporate the concepts in a way that works for them with the swing they already have. Students are relieved when they learn that they don’t have to change their golf swing or make some crazy move just to hit the ball farther. Their swing will change. But it will change in a natural way that will make sense and feel comfortable.

The distance concepts they learn are captured in the acronym B.L.A.S.T., which stands for:

1. Balance

2. Leverage

3. Arc

4. Speed of Core Rotation

5. Target Extension

BALANCE stands for athletic balance. You need to be in your most athletic posture to make your most athletic swing. That means you need to start at address with your weight centered over the area where all the action happens – the balls of your feet.

LEVERAGE stands for your position at the top of your golf swing. At the top of your swing you need to have your weight centered over the inside part of the ball of your right foot. That is the area you will be pushing from when you start your downswing, and it is what allows you to start the downswing with the lower body. Maintaining your leverage position is also the key to maximizing your power through the moment of truth: impact.

ARC stands for swing arc. You should be looking for a wider, shallower swing instead of a narrow, vertical swing. Picture a coffee cup and saucer. Most weak golf swings follow the path of the cup. To hit longer drives, widen your arc to resemble the saucer.

SPEED stands for core rotation. The faster your core rotates, the faster your clubhead speed, and more clubhead speed translates directly into greater distance. Weaker, slower, and more erratic swings result when the core slows or even stops as it turns to the ball during the downswing. Powerful, longer, straighter drives have continuous core rotation through the ball towards the target.

TARGET stands for target extension. Thinking about target extension facilitates a better ARC as well as more core SPEED. Too many golfers think the swing stops at the ball. Swinging through the ball towards the target will ensure greater clubhead speed and more accuracy.

By thinking “BLAST” the average golfer can add 20 to 50 yards to their tee shots in a way that works with their natural golf swing.

How to Train For Baseball With a Bow Flex

Bow Flex has created an extensive line of home exercise equipment. They have complete home gyms; tread climbers and even free weights. All of these have a place in a good overall workout routine; however, some are better than others are for the baseball player.

Baseball

In order to play baseball well you will need strong legs, back and arms. You will also need a fair amount of endurance to go with the strength you develop. Each part will need to be adequately worked to give you a well-rounded performance.

Arms

In baseball no matter what position you play you need a strong throwing arm, however if you are going to pitch this is even more true. There are two ways to get the muscle tone you will need for pitching, free weights, and the different exercises available with the home gym.

o Triceps pushdown

o Seated bicep curl

o Seated wrist extensions

o Preacher curl

o Many more

These and the other exercises available with the Bow Flex home gym will help increase your strength and flexibility.

Back

Your back is a very important part of your core and as such, should not be ignored during strength and flexibility training. A Bow Flex home gym can help you strengthen this area of the body as well.

o Lying lateral pull downs

o Low back extensions

o Lying shoulder pull over

o Wide pull downs

All of these are excellent exercises to strengthen your back and prepare you for the rigors of playing baseball.

Legs

One of the most important parts of the body for a baseball player is your legs. They need to be strong and flexible. This means that along with regular training you will want to stretch as well. Everyone from the pitcher to the catcher uses his or her legs quite a bit. Bow Flex home gym exercises:

o Leg extensions

o Squats

o Lunge

o Leg aversion

o Seated hip extensions

o Leg press

o Ankle eversion

o Ankle inversion

These and others are good exercises to build muscle strength and flexibility. It is important however that you do not focus on building massive muscle, as a ball player you will want lean athletic legs not bodybuilder ones.

Cardiovascular

Finally, to play baseball you need to be able to run at the drop of a hat, or bat as the case maybe. You may run a little or a lot in one game the point is you never know, so you will need to participate in a good cardiovascular workout to be prepared. Ball players will tell you most practices you will spend half the time running. Make sure your workouts on the Bow Flex are increasing your heart rate and providing you with a cardio workout.

Finally

As with any program all the exercise in the world will not help much if you do not eat right and get adequate rest you are fighting a losing battle. A Bow Flex can help you get in great shape for playing baseball if you use it often and correctly.

Gallstones Cause Disorders Of The Reproductive System

A healthy liver is an indication of overall good health. When the liver’s ducts are obstructed by hundreds and thousands of gallstones, there is congestion in the bile ducts.

Female and male reproductive systems both depend largely on the smooth functioning of the liver. Gallstones in the liver obstruct the movement of bile through the bile ducts, and this impairs digestion and distorts the structural framework of liver lobules. It diminishes the liver’s production of both serum albumin and clotting factors. Serum albumin is the most common and abundant protein in the blood, responsible for maintaining plasma osmotic pressure at its normal level of 25mmHg. Clotting factors are essential for the coagulation of blood. Insufficient osmotic pressure cuts down the supply of nutrients to the cells, including those of the reproductive organs. This may lead to reduced lymph drainage. Poor lymph drainage from the reproductive organs can cause fluid retention and edema, as well as the retention of metabolic waste and dead cells. All of this may result in the gradual impairment of sexual functions.

Most diseases of the reproductive system result from improper lymph drainage. The thoracic duct(see Disorders of the Circulatory System) drains lymphfluid from all organs of the digestive system, including the liver, spleen, pancreas, stomach, and intestines. This large duct often becomes severely congested when gallstones in the liver impair proper digestion and absorption of food. It is obvious, yet hardly recognized in mainstream medicine, that congestion in the thoracic duct affects the organs of the reproductive system. These organs, like most others in the body, need to release their turned-over cells and metabolic waste matter into the thoracic duct.

Impaired lymphatic drainage from the female pelvic area is responsible for suppressed immunity, menstrual problems, premenstrual stress (PMS), menopausal symptoms, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervicitis, all uterine diseases, vulvar dystrophies with growth of fibrous tissue, ovarian cystsand tumors, cell destruction, hormone deficiencies, low libido, infertility, and genetic mutations of cells leading to cancer.

Thoracic blockage may also lead to lymph congestion in the left breast, thereby leaving deposits of noxious substances behind that can cause inflammation, lump formation, milk duct blockage, and cancerous tumors. If the right lymphatic duct, which drains lymph from the right half of the thorax, head, neck, and right arm, becomes congested, waste accumulates in the right breast, leading to similar problems there.

A continuous restriction of lymphdrainage from the male pelvic area causes benign and malignant prostate enlargement as well as inflammation of the testes, penis, and urethra. Impotenceis a likely consequence of this development. The consistent increase of gallstones in the liver, a common factor among middle-aged men in affluent societies, is one of the major reasons for lymph blockage in this vital part of the body. Venereal diseases occur when the exposed parts of the body reach a high level of toxicity. Microbial infection is preceded by major lymph congestion. The collapsing capacity of the lymphatic system(which includes the immune system) to repel invading microorganisms is the true reason for most reproductive and sexual disorders.

When all gallstones from the liver are removed and a healthy diet and lifestyle are maintained, lymphatic activity can return to normal. The reproductive tissue receives improved nourishment and becomes more resistant. Infections subside; cysts, fibrous tissue, and tumors are broken down and removed; and sexual functions are restored.

Apart from disorders of the reproductive system, removal of gallstones from the liver and gallbladder through a series of liver flushes can provide relief from many other health issues such as problems related to the digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems, and persistent allergies and aches, Cleansing the liver’s bile ducts of gallstones is a powerful procedure to apply to improve and regain health.

Don’t Risk Draining the Swimming Pool – Choose a Safe Alternative!

There are very few reasons why a person should ever need to drain their swimming pool. In reality, pool draining is risky and can cause extensive damage. Thanks to improving technology in the industry, pool owners now have alternative water treatment options to help avoid the risks of draining. As a result, residential pools can last longer than ever before!

Swimming pools are designed to be full of water and are structurally unsound when empty. When a swimming pool is drained there are three adverse things that can happen. To start with, the shell will etch each time it is drained. Plaster pools are especially notorious for becoming porous the more often they are drained. This gives place for algae to grow, and sometimes the only way to fix this damage is to re-plaster. The second risk is cracking or popping of the shell. This can occur in both plaster and pebble pools. Sections of the shell can pop out and fall off, and small to large cracks can appear. The third risk is due to hydro-static pressure that can build up under the pool. When the pool is empty and the pressure is greater under the pool than above the pool, the whole thing can lift/float up out of the ground. In this case the damage is often irreparable. These risks can be completely avoided if the right water treatment is chosen. Understanding the reasons why a swimming pool should be drained and the alternative options available is the first step to avoid undue damage.

Green pool water does not need to be drained. This is the most common reason where pools are drained unnecessarily. The contributing factors to algae growth are lack of chlorine and abundance of phosphates in the water. Once these two things are taken care of, with quality algaecide and phosphate remover, the water should return to its normal state. For the most part, a decent pool with a working filter should be able to clean up even the greenest of water by itself. It will take time, attention and proper chemical balance, but green water can almost always be transformed into crystal clear water without draining.

High levels of combined chlorine, sometime referred to as chlorine lock, is a phenomenon that can take place. When chlorine added to the water does not have the desired effect of disinfecting it is usually due to combined chlorine. A common denoting characteristic is the strong “chlorine smell” that is detectable around the pool. When levels of cyanuric acid are over 80 ppm, or when PH is not balanced, there is a higher risk of this occurrence. A common condition is that chlorine will molecularly bond to cyanuric acid and other unwanted chemicals and will not leave a sufficient amount of chlorine free to destroy the organic substances in the water. Traditionally, the only way to remove the cyanuric acid is by draining and refilling. Thanks to recent advancements in pool care techniques, it is possible to extract cyanuric acid and combined chlorine from the water without draining. Reverse osmosis is sometimes used to achieve this. Ion exchange treatments units will also remove the contaminants from water and will eradicate chlorine lock. This is achieved by recycling the water through activated carbon filters coupled with ion exchange units.

Hardness causing substances compound over time with evaporation and chemicals added to the water. High levels of hardness causes damage to swimming pools. Evidence of high calcium levels can be seen by white deposits on the tile around the water line of the pool. If the calcium is especially high, calcium deposits can even form underwater on the shell of the pool. If the calcium gets too high (over 500 ppm) and leaves deposits it may be necessary to hire a tile cleaning company to remove the scale around the water line and spillway areas. If calcium nodes have formed underwater it may be necessary to chip and re-plaster the pool. It is much better to avoid these problems by keeping calcium levels low. A common, outdated method to reduce the calcium levels is to drain the swimming pool and refill it again. As previously discussed, this is potentially dangerous and can cause damage. The same alternative “no drain” methods that are used to lower cyanuric acid levels are effective in reducing calcium hardness as well.

Given the risks involved with draining, the only legitimate reason to do it is to make repairs on underwater components or to acid wash the interior of the pool. Even these procedure can be done without draining in most situations. In this day and age it is a safer and smarter to avoid the risks of pool draining altogether and choose a no-risk alternative.

The first of the two alternatives to draining is reverse osmosis. Reverse osmosis on a swimming pool is performed by running the water through a large RO system housed in a trailer. The water is recycled back into the pool free from cyanuric acid and unwanted chemicals. Calcium levels can also be brought down to a lower, balanced range. The downside: it does not conserve all of the water and some of it is lost in the process. It is also a bit pricy for most pool owners to consider.

The second alternative to draining is ion exchange. Ion exchange employs the use of commercial grade water softeners along with activated carbon filters to filter out contaminants and hardness. The water is recycled through a system that is generally set up next to the swimming pool and runs silently for about 12 hours. All of the water is conserved and the unwanted chemicals are removed along with calcium harness and cyanuric acid. The calcium hardness is brought down to 150 to 200 parts per million leaving the swimming pool with sparkling healthy water. This treatment is more affordable than reverse osmosis.

Lacrosse Drill 4V4 For Lacrosse Coaches

Seems like every opportunity I get to hear Coach Seaman from Towson talk, or in this case, on our podcast I come away with pages of notes and great ideas.

Most of the top college coaches we interview seem to spend time almost every day in some type of “four on four” (4V4) lacrosse drill. The reason this format is so effective is it incorporates so many aspects of the game, while teaching space and balance to the players as well.

Players have space to see the field, and space to dodge. On the defensive side, the first and second slides are potentially more obvious, and with fewer players on the field even more critical. And for those of us without a huge coaching staff it allows us to run eight players plus a goalie, or nine total in each rotation. This keeps practice moving, the players engaged and fun.

I have always run the 4V4 drills one of two ways. First just a basic four corner beginning formation, with an offensive and defensive player in each corner, or as a second variation, running four offensive players in from the side or up top, while running in four defensive players from the opposite side or from behind the goal. After interviewing Coach Seaman, I now understand why he is a famous DI Coach and me, well just a club coach.

One of the recurring themes we hear from college coaches about their practices is that it is critical to emulate game situations, and to try and incorporate as many skills into each drill, rather than practice each skill individually. These variations on a 4V4 definitely meet the criteria.

In the first variation, the offense starts with a single middie up top, outside the corner of the Box, two offensive players in the crease, and a player behind. OK, so it is already starting to sound more game realistic. And defensively, they are covered, man-to-man, by four defenders, utilizing two poles and two shorties on defense.

The ball goes to the middie up top. This is the second place where Coach Seaman is smarter than me. The middie cannot simply pass off to another offensive player, the middie must dodge and drive to initiate the drill. Now we have a 1V1 drill with a dodge, and one on one defense, leading into a 4V4 drill. Pretty cool.

Now the play runs live for 20-30 seconds or so, or to a shot. If the ball goes on the ground, we immediate clear in transition past the midfield line. The second phase of the drill continues with the ball starting behind this time, with the same rules…. The player must initiate the action with a one on one dodge, slides from the crease and so on.

Then, eight new players take the field (Four on offense, four on defense w 2 poles and two shorties) and the two phases of the drill are repeated.

A second variation of the drill is very similar, only this time, the play begins with two offensive middies up top outside of the restraining line, one offensive player behind at ‘X’ and one offensive player in the crease.

Again the Middie gets the ball and must initiate the action with a one on one dodge, presumably forcing the defense to slide. The same players stay on the field, and the second time around, the ball starts up top with the other Middie initiating the action.

These drills meet all of our criteria. They are fast paced and moving. They emulate game situations in a number of ways. And they are a blast for the kids to run!

How to Cut Lattice Panels

You can use lattice panels to extend your existing fence, section off your yard or garden, or make a privacy nook within your garden. You could also create a nice decorative effect with the lattice panels. Choosing lattice lets you enjoy the refreshing natural flow of air.

Lattice comes in 4 by 8 foot and 2 by 8 foot lattice panels. PVC and wood are the most common for lattice panels. They could be installed easily when you know how to cut them.

Here are some tips to help you finish your project successfully.

1. Measurements

It’s crucial to take precise measurement for the project, especially the width. This ensures that the lattice panels properly fit into the support posts and framing. If the area that requires framing is no square, it will be necessary to perform extra cuts in order for the panels to fit correctly. Make sure there’s 1/4 inch of space on all sides of the lattice panels to accommodate contraction and expansion.

When installing on graded areas, you should cut the panels in accordance to the slope of the ground. Alternately, cut the lattice panels with a couple of inches allowance which could extend into the soil. Make a chalk line to mark off the cut line.

2. Remove the Staples

The panels have many staples which help to keep them in place. Get rid of as many staples are you can that are along the cut line. Use a screwdriver for this, in order to minimize the amount of flying small pieces of staple as you cut.

3. Tools

To cut the lattice panels to size, use a power saw (a fine toothed hard saw or a circular saw). It’s best to attach a carbide tipped wooden blade to the power saw for timber lattice. This will allow you to cut through the staples in your panels easily. It also lets you cut effectively and precisely.

4. Cutting

See to it that the “face” side of the lattice is upwards when you’re using a fine toothed saw. But the “back” side must be up when you’re using a rotary saw. To prevent the material from cracking or chipping, it’s important to cut at a steady pace. As you reach the end of each cut, make sure you provide a firm support to the panel, especially at the cut line. If the lattice isn’t firmly held down, it could tear or split.

5. Protective Gear

Little pieces of materials and sparks could fly when you’re cutting the panels. So it’s important to wear goggles to safeguard your eyes. Gloves are also a good idea.

Difference Between Employers’ Liability Insurance (ELI) and Workers Compensation Insurance (WCI)

Employers’ Liability Insurance (ELI) and Workers Compensation Insurance (WCI) are two important insurance covers to protect the interests of employees, as well as employers. There are, however, certain differences between the two. Due to these differences, it may result in wrongful litigation and consequently anxiety to parties involved. The differences between ELI and WCI are relating to where they apply and what they cover. We will discuss about them here briefly.

Where they apply

Employers’ liability insurance

As an employer, it is mandatory for you in UK to purchase employers’ liability insurance. Not purchasing attracts penalty under law. In certain situations your employees may feel that you are liable for job related illness/injury which they may sustain and they sue for this. If it is really a case, it may bring in expenses such as hospitalization, financial compensation and the like. ELI helps you under such circumstances.

While it is mandatory for you as an employer to have ELI, your employees need to prove that the job related injury/illness is because of your negligence. Imagine yours is a lumber business. While working, your employees should have the necessary equipment, training and skills to operate them. If you employ them without teaching the safety norms, imparting the training and checking the fitness, and they sustain injuries, it will amount to your negligence as per rules framed under Employers’ Liability Insurance Act and employees are likely to feel appropriate to sue you, because you are liable.

Workers compensation insurance

On the other hand, workers compensation insurance is a cover for the welfare of the employees. It depends on the circumstances that are the tone of relation between employer and employees. Thus, if you are more concerned about employees’ health and safety, you need to purchase this insurance. It does not matter whether it was your fault or your employees’ fault that resulted illness, accident or death, this insurance comes to your help.

Coverage

Employers’ liability insurance

As an employer, you have to go to court of law if the affected employee sues you. You need to pay financial compensation and bear the hospitalization and medication. ELI covers all these expenses.

Likewise, for employees ELI covers the permanent and temporary disability, injury and wrongful death at workplace. It covers the cost of litigation as well.

Workers compensation insurance

For employers, WCI is a Good Samaritan. In most cases, it ensures that your employees do not resort to litigation. However, in such unfortunate event, WCI covers the expenses because of litigation. It covers the financial expenses to be given to the affected employee for work-related injury, illness or even death.

Employees when inured at workplace, under WCI, are guaranteed to get compensation from the employer to cover medical and hospitalization expenses and certain portion of wages. In most cases, it is two-thirds or more. WCI covers the expenses on litigation, by the employee. In general, WCI takes care of the situation and makes sure that litigation on the part of employees is avoided.

WCI covers compensation (wages) in case of a temporary disability for the period of absence. If the individual got permanent disability, and not fit for employment in current occupation, WCI covers the expenses of vocational training and rehabilitation and cost of searching a job, if he wants.

Despite both ELI and WCI are meant to protect the interests of employees and employers, there are differences in the way they apply. You need to understand them and purchase a cover according to the need of your business.

Digital Transformation in Real Estate

In the last five years, however, the paradigm of real estate transactions has gone through a major change with digital transformation of our societies being at the heart of this change.

Every aspect of our lives has changed drastically in the last two decades and much of the change has been fuelled, catalysed and necessitated by the increasing digital awareness and ubiquity. The Real Estate industry, although, much slower to adapt to this change has since picked up pace and is now at the forefront of some of the cutting edge innovations.

As our lives are more connected, and there is greater financial freedom with easier movement possible, a greater value has now been found in attempting and executing phone system transactions online. There is less apprehension and greater confidence being shown by buyers, sellers, brokers, lessors in deploying digital mediums to conduct their real estate business.

The National Broadband Network in Australia is set to take this transformation into a much higher terrain as improving connectivity and access will bring about better transmission of data, improved transparency and a much larger populace into the online phone systems fold. Consumers will be able to view and evaluate properties from far and wide, while developers will be in a position to pitch them to a more varied audience. The brokers will find themselves being able to create unified platform for the interaction of both buyers and sellers.

Digital transformation in the real estate sector also means that there is an improved coordination and liaison amongst the various parties involved. Virtual meetings, conference calls and video conferencing means that physical presence is no longer the clinching requirement to close a deal. Digitization also moves the land records and ownership documents to the online sphere, this reduces fraudulent transactions and improves confidence amongst buyers.

Thus, we see that the actual transformation brought in by increasing digital presence in the real estate industry is to increase transparency and improve confidence amongst buyers. This has in turn allowed for a greater organization of the sector. Real estate brokers are now no longer regional players but can scale their operations with considerably decreased costs. For the buyers, there is a greater sense of security in real estate transaction. They have greater access to information which in turn provides them a clearer picture of the property in question and the sellers on hand. For the sellers, the new digital age has opened up new market avenues hereto non-existent. Wider scope, better targeting and improved conversions have helped bottom lines.

In conclusion, digital transformation has been a holistic and all-encompassing phenomenon that has helped each one of the stakeholders in the telephone systems chain.

How to Make Your Dating Experience Wonderful

Dating is such a wonderful word that it plays a very important role in today's world. It is a base which is crucial in meeting two variables. Dating establishes a meeting between two individuals who are in search of a relationship. It is a beautiful experience that can change the whole course of your life in an instant.

Online dating is one of the most popular way to meet a partner of your choice. This way is catering the people from all walks of life and interests. It is a process to create sweet experiences for all who are looking for a serious relationship. It is a serious game and one should not take it lightly. It is like all the other games where you are required to plan to win. You have to make a plan and play by the rule to win your dream dating partner.

Your dating must have a purpose and should be focused on what you are really looking for. There is no end of dating but the purposeful end of dating is to get married to the dating partner. As it is a serious game, you can lose easily if you would not plan. So, to win yourself a dating partner, you should:

• Take it as a game
• Make your game plan accordingly
• Write and focus on your purpose
• Just learn the rules as soon as possible

You have to stay positive if you want to get something out of your dating. Do not keep yourself entangled with the past experiences. Take it as a lesson and move ahead with life. Just keep in mind the old saying, if you keep doing what you have been doing, you are going to keep getting what you have been getting.

You will have to be bit attentive while dating. Have your strategy ready beforehand. If you really want to have success with it, you need to have a plan of action. Determining and pacing yourself properly will give you certainty and more empowered.

Do not put all of your eggs in one basket. Many people are so anxious to be in a relationship so quickly, that they even do not do the screening process properly. This way they indulge themselves in trouble and often end up their dating journey in despair.

In conclusion, approaching the dating process from empowered perspective will give you confidence which will help you remain realistic in the world of dating.

Facebook CPM, Facebook PPC, Which Way?

The life blood of any business either online or offline is traffic. No matter how good your product is, if nobody knows it exists, you will not make money. In this report, I am going to show you how to do a profitable Facebook PPC vis a vis Facebook CPM ads.

If you are coming to do onnline business newly or you are new to Facebook ads, that is you are a newbie to Facebook ads, you may go the wrong way of over concentration on FB PPC only.

PPC means cost per click, that is you are only paying for the number of clicks you receive to your FB ads. The good side of this is that you will not waste your budget on zero clicks as per other forms of FB ads. You must know how to raise your FB PPC bids high enough to start breaking even from the onset even if you are not profitable immediately.

On the other hand, CPM is cost-per-mille. This simply means that you paying so much for one thousand impressions. What do I mean by impression? It means the number of views your FB ads receives. For instance if you display a banner on Facebook, the number of times people see the banner. Thus if you bid $5 per mille, you will pay $5 for every 1000 display of your adverts. The advantage of CPM over PPC is that you may pay only a fraction of what it costs you to get a click under the latter. With a very good click through rate, you will easily run into a profit. Facebook will easily send you traffic irrespective of you click through rates because they are sure of revenue whether you are getting clicks or not.

What I have discovered in my decades of working as an affiliate online is that many newbie are scared to death when it comes to bidding CPM. Many prefer PPC to CPM because the former put them at the steering while the latter put you at the passenger’s seat.

But the reality of the fact is that it will be very difficult to make it as a Facebook affiliate sticking only to PPC model. Every campaign you raise, your goal must be to maximize the CTR and reduce maximally Facebook’s propensity to inflate the price of a click ridiculously. That means working on CPM and placing your ads in such a way that people will be motivated to click rather than the other way round.

In this report, I am not trying to write off PPC bidding strategies off completely. There are times you may find them indispensable. However, I am going to emphasize and teach the understanding of how both strategies will work to give you profitable Facebook campaigns.

How to Bid with PPC

In the very recent past, it was possible for an affiliate to bid PPC and get tons of cheap clicks to his offer, I mean as cheap as one or two cents per click. Because the traffic converted and Facebook is one of the largest global social media platform, many affiliates were made very rich. Consequently, the influx of marketers raised the completion and subsequently the cost has gone up. The game is not up, but tougher now.

It is still possible to get cheap clicks in some niche and demography. But if you are going for the most popular markets and the United States demography, be prepared to meet a very stiff competition. The cheap, cents clicks of the past are no longer available. Do not get me wrong, PPC bidding is still very relevant and important.

Calculated Testing with PPC

If I want to launch a new campaign in Facebook and assuming I am green about the conversion of the new launch, it is rational to set the CTR in such a way that at least, I will breakeven. The math is very simple, if out click through rate is one out of twenty, then and the payout of my offer is $10, then the maximum bid per click that will place me at breakeven will be $.05

It is reasonable to run these initial PPC tests to measure the conversion rate for any selected demographic on Facebook. Search PPC is not fair enough indicator. The variation in conversion rates may be substantial depending on traffic source; especially if you are direct linking.

With an EPC of $0.50, and my own personal preference being at least a 100% ROI, my maximum cost per click will be $0.25. That then becomes my benchmark for a successful CPM campaign. If I can move to CPM and bid $0.25, I know that I need to be producing a CTR of 0.1 to be getting my 100% ROI.

There is uncertainty with PPC Results

The test analysis I highlighted above will not work if CTR is too low. Facebook is in business to make money and will serve ads to the customer who will put money in their bank account. If they serve a PPC customer with 5000 impressions without a click, they will Facebook earns $.0. if they serve the same 5000 clicks to a CPM customer bidding a cpm at $15, Facebook will bank $75. It is reasonable that Facebook will rather serve CPM customer with traffic rather than PPC.

Hence, your CTR is very important. Using PPC bidding to determine your margin is a a good idea, but you must deliver good creative which will give you a good CTR otherwise, you will continue to submit ads which will take almost one week for approval and it will run for a few minutes and stop receiving traffic.

Then what is the way out of this PPC imbroglio. The simplest way to overcome this challenge is proper split testing. Submit at least 12 ads variations and make each significantly different. This will attract substantial amount of impressions and clicks from Facebook to sufficiently determine test data. No matter how bad you are in handling your creative, the law of numbers will work in your favour.

Why are Affiliates scared by CPM?

From above analysis, it is obvious that an unsuccessful PPC will waste time and efforts and ultimately may lead to frustration. But no money will be lost. But an ineffective CPM will not only waste time and efforts, it will drain one’s budget.

Facebook is probably the most friendly environment to test CPM. Just as I have said above, Facebook delivers you good traffic, even with poor click-through-rates since you are putting money in their bank accounts. It is a self-service advertising system, you can switch on and switch off your ads campaigns at will. Hence you can easily stop campaigns that are leaking your budget without favourable returns. Take note off these before you break away from your PPC patterns.

Do you want to work with good advertisers? CPM Bidding is the way to go.

Marketers who are unsuccessful through CPM bidding are sufferers of their own indolence and unprofessional work. The days of cheap click are gone for ever, but CPM makes it possible to reduce the costs of your clicks materially. Bear in mind that if you become addicted to PPC bidding, you will always be limited by the synthetic ceiling of what Facebook decides to charge for that click.

Taking the CPM direction, you’re still going to be somehow face Facebook’s charging variations. However, a good CTR will definitely determine the outcome of your campaigns. It is possible to sideline Facebook’s valuation of a click and get cheap traffic by placing only laser targeted advertisements in your campaigns. Make a difference as good affiliate and you will be rewarded and produce profit.

Bidding CPM is the best way to come close to reproducing the cheap traffic that existed during few years ago of Facebook Ads. Target your markets like a guru and made bold that there is still good money to make from Facebook CPM ads.

What then Is the Biggest Problem With CPM Bidding?

Facebook is very unfriendly when you want to implement day parting in your CPM campaigns. To be successful, you must be able to display your ads during certain period of the day and switch off at some unproductive periods.

However, you will have to make use of some tools and scripts to go around the problem and do manual day-parting, and if you are going to run profitable Facebook Ads day parting is absolutely critical to any CPM campaign.

Needless to tell you here that some offers do not only attract more clicks at some specific period of the day but they also covert better at that period. If you are running PPC campaigns, this may not be a necessary factor to put into consideration. However, with CPM campaigns, if you run your campaigns and clicks at off pick periods, you will damage your budget. If you’re running PPC, you at least have the safety net of only paying for clicks. If you lack access to the tools and scripts will be to manually pause your campaigns during dull periods.

If you want to optimize and prime your traffic, then, CPM with day parting is the right way to go.

Wedding Time and Money Saving Tips

Wedding planning begins right after engagement. You and your partner will decide whether to follow your dream wedding or just have a simple one and save extra cash in starting a family. For me, I’d rather have a simple wedding then save the extra cash for future use.

My fiancé and I have been engaged for more than a year. We started our oculars to hotels, reception areas, gardens and wedding expo 2 months after our engagement. We have learned so much from our visits on how to save money to be spent in reception areas, caterers and other important stuff.

This article will discuss the steps in planning a simple wedding.

For every wedding it should begin with saving – saving money for the wedding. This can be done right after the engagement or at least a year before the wedding. At this time, the couple should discuss and decide if they want the wedding that they dream or a simple one. Also, the couple should know how much they will spend in major things like church, caterer, reception, rings and clothes.

Since saving has been done, next is reservation. The couple should save the date and time of the wedding to the desired locations like church and reception areas. It is time and money saving if the church and reception area is few feet away from each other, probably a street in between. Or the place could a ride away. The couple should do the same in reserving hotel rooms and bridal car.

It is also time and money saving if the suppliers are within the vicinity of the wedding. Get the best caterer, cake maker and florist in town.

For photographers and videographers, wedding coordinators, makeup artist and florist services – you can get these services few bucks lesser than the original price. Check out the available promo dates for these suppliers. Of course, check their portfolio to make sure that they’re the best.

Wedding attire – I adore gowns made by famous fashion designers but I can’t afford it. There is a way to have stylish gown without spending big. All you have to do is get the design, get the same cloth and get a professional dressmaker.

The couple shouldn’t spend so much for wedding invitations and other paper supplies. Most visitors won’t be keeping the invitations and programs after the event. I suggest to DIY the wedding invites. It is easy to design using the computer and print it through the home printer. If you’re not good with the design ask your younger siblings or relatives to do it for you.

Business Penny Pinching Ideas

In business, every penny counts so here are our 10 ideas for cost cutting measures:

1. Advertising – Your business could work on joint advertising with adjacent businesses, so that the costs are split between you. You’re still getting full advertising but at a percentage of the cost. Directory websites are another viable avenue for advertising, endorsement and referrals.

2. Think recycled – Buy recycled ink cartridges or refills, rather than new ones. Also, consider reconditioned office equipment to reduce expenditure.

Around 40% of print-outs are destroyed or discarded within 24 hours, so printing sparingly saves money and trees.

3. The bills – Check out the best deals available, although it’s easier to stay with the same company, often you can get a better deal elsewhere. When you tell your existing utility company or phone line provider about a competitor offering a better deal, they will often match or better it rather than lose a customer. Plus, bills can often contain errors so it’s worth checking them to make sure that you’re being accurately charged.

4. Insurance – Again, while it might seem like unnecessary hassle, switching between insurers can be a cost-effective measure, whether it’s personal, health or corporate insurance.

5. Temporary staff – It could be that business is seasonal or that it has peaks and troughs in activity. Temps could be used in peak times while a permanent core staff can work the whole year. This way, you cut the wages bill whilst ensuring that you always have adequate staff cover.

6. Couriers and shipping costs – This is another instance in which shopping around will benefit your profit and loss. Don’t get lazy, it could cost your business extra and you don’t want the courier to get complacent. Consider making any off-site storage on-site too.

7. Wining and dining – If you have to wine and dine clients, does it have to be at the most expensive venue in town? Instead of a meal included meeting, could you transfer to a coffee or in-office situation, which will mean less outlay? It sounds really frugal, but the pennies mount up to save you pounds. Saving £20 a week this way, will add up to a very healthy £1040 in a year.

8. Collection not delivery – This isn’t always practical, but if there is a delivery charge attached to a purchase and you could pick it up, do so. For items like stationery, crossing through town and loading up your own van may be cheaper than paying the supplier’s delivery charge. Of course, this only works on routes that aren’t likely to cost you more in petrol. You could always try to negotiate a waiver of delivery with companies that you make regular purchases with.

9. Outsourcing/cloud sourcing – Certain functions within a business could be outsourced; content writing, IT, web design and customer services lend themselves well to outsourcing and cloud sourcing. You can hire an expert for the time and work that’s required, rather than trying to fulfil a task in-house. This way, you don’t have to pay a salary and just, essentially, pay as you go.

10. Join a trade association – The initial cost of membership to an industry body can often be outweighed by the business and financial advantages they offer to their members.

These simple tactics can save your business a small fortune, so why not give them a try? If you’re keen to save money on your communications equipment and services, such as business telephone lines and calls, then give Midland Networks a call today on 0800 849 8585.