Many people complain that they feel lots of shakes and bumps during the drive. Their vehicles have totally lost the comfort that it initially used to give. Most of the people make their mind of replacing their old car with the new one as they believe that the life of their old car has completed. They take this big decision themselves without taking any suggestion from the experts. What has happened to their cars? Are their vehicles got old and superannuated? No, this is not true. Problem of bumps and shakes is quite common that you have to countenance because of a broken suspension system of your car. Suspension elements are designed to separate vehicle's bumpers from the road. These suspensions also avoid a vehicle from shaking into pieces. A car with damaged or improper suspensions will make you shimmy even on a flat road. Lack of suspensions will make these shakes and bumps go right to the car frame which might have severe results. Wheels can lose contact with the road and even bang into the road surface. Damaged suspension coils are the only reason why you have to face hard-to-steer ride.
There are several ways through which suspension coils make your drive comfortable. These include:
- Steering Control: These suspensions retain wheels in the proper place with respect to the road surface. These also prevent the vehicle from rolling or tipping in the road corner.
- Sensational Ride: Suspension ensures that the wheels follow the road profile. Multiple suspensions are present in the car that causes a little rise and fall in tire load. Tires must stay in contact with the surface as they produce friction which is necessary for stopping and accelerating the car.
- Avoid High Frequency Quivering: There is a need of suitable separation in the suspension joints which requires transmission of any "road noise" to the body of the vehicle.
- Driving Comfort : It is through suspension systems that the car responds positively in controlling the forces that tires generate while accelerating, longitudinal braking, and lateral cornering.
There are two types of suspension systems that use springs (torsion bars, coil springs and leaf springs) and shock absorbers. These include:
Independent Suspension: In this suspension type, front and rear wheel of the vehicles are independent of each other and the wheels on the opposite side.
An exception in this suspension type is that there is an anti-roll bar that joins two wheels and delays the car suspension from rolling as it bends.
There are different types of independent suspensions exist like coil spring type 1, coil spring type 2, trailing-arm, multi-link, twin I-beam, transverse leaf spring and Moulton rubber.
Dependent Suspension: In this suspension type, front and rear wheel of the vehicles are dependent on the wheel at the opposite side.
This suspension system is found in modern trucks and off-road vehicles.
It is absolutely clear that suspension systems are essential for making a ride comfortable and stable with better traction.