To most effectively know about storm water management, one should acquire a clear conception and discernment of what it is. Initially, a person ought to understand that it is synonymous with rainwater, a natural flow of watershed that eventually transforms into fresh water. Additionally, it is melted snow with a current coming from hills and mountains, lawns and streets, and areas where snow is. Fundamentally, this simply means that any degree of moisture whether it is snow, rain, hail or sleet, is a natural wetness that flows into the ground.
When moisture finds its way to the soil, a natural filtering system occurs. When the completion of the natural infiltration system occurs, the rivers, lakes, and streams become replenished. The underground structures or geological formations also become restored. These are structures that contain or conduct water such as things like wells. These objects are commonly known as aquifers.
Because of several developments, the natural acquisition of H2O has been put at risk. These developments specifically refer to places with buildings, houses, rooftops, and pavement. Sewers, drain ditches, and storm drains are also among this group. These developments can also be called hindrances because they deter the natural water current and prevent it from properly absorbing into the earth’s soil.
A few of the hindrances that cause a great need for management are downstream flowing, bank erosion, increased turbidity, habitat destruction, combined sewer overflows, infrastructure damage, and changes to the stream flow hydrograph. A lack of management would allow these deterrents to be the cause of great destruction to our access of this most valuable resource. Hence, the advantages of the system’s management is advantageous to all of us.
Over time and across this country of the United States, the several efforts and practices that have been made for effective management seem infinite. A combination of the most effective efforts have been simplistically implemented into a green, environmentally safe process of preservation. Two practices that have been ultimately chosen in this effort is the Low Impact Development(LID) and the Wet Weather Green Infrastructure.
In reference to LID, the main focus is to depend upon the natural sources of moisturizing the earth along with a much smaller scale of treatment being met at the current runoff. There are advantages here due to the less use of piped networks and large basins. At the latter’s inception, it proved to be very advantageous to several systems that have been in place. However, this network that also corrupts the natural current.
Another green option is the Wet Weather Green Infrastructure. This is a beneficial system because it is a compilation of the most excellent filtering methods, salvaging the most natural precipitation, and technologies that contribute to preserving this element. These advantages help keep our environment safe while granting us access to our most needed resource simultaneously.
The benefits of storm water management are many. Recognizing the benefits craves an understanding of obstacles that take place in the absence of effective management. Most imperatively, cognition of LID and Wet Weather Green Infrastructure as methods that are deemed most effective is of great benefit.