Living Near a Cemetery

One aspect of a Feng Shui evaluation is to analyze the environment surrounding a building. When using Feng Shui to choice a home, most Feng Shui consultants will tell you not to pick one close to a cemetery. After looking at a beautiful home this past week that just happens to have a cemetery adjacent to the back yard, I decided to take another look at the idea of living near a cemetery.

Why care about what surrounds your home? Why not just focus on the internal energy? Well, simply put, the outside energy affects the internal energy of your home. Too much Yang energy is easier to feel than too much Yin. Here’s an example. Think of a home that has a busy highway running behind it. The fast moving energy and noise pollution gives the inhabitants an unsettled feeling, even on the inside of the home. A home like this would be described as unbalanced because it has energy that is too Yang. Yang energy is bright, loud, and hot.

Having your home next to a cemetery is just the opposite. The overall energy becomes unbalanced as well. Homes next to a graveyard or cemetery are too Yin instead of Yang. Energy that is overly Yin is harder for us to feel, though. Although viewed like a quiet park by some, others are very unsettled by the quiet process of decomposing that is occurring. Having a Yin home may not bother one at first, but little by little, it can make the inhabitants of that home decline, by reducing their drive. The same can be true of living near a stagnant body of water.

What can be done if you find yourself living in a home you love that is adjacent to one of these situations? First step is to buffer your home from the energy. For example, the house I looked at this week has a ravine full of large trees in-between it and the cemetery. Adding Yang elements to the area near the cemetery would be helpful in balancing the energy. Examples of this would be outdoor lighting, bright flowers, flowering shrubs, a fire pit or a chiminea.  Fire and light are very Yang elements and would work to balance the energy. On the flip side, an example of reducing activity in the house that is too Yang, would be to add Yin elements. Again, adding trees and shrubs which can filter sound and light energy will help. In addition to you could add the ultimate Yin element; earth. A decorative brink or stone wall or even a mound of soil with landscaping on top would help to balance the energy and buffer the home. As always, think about what makes sense in your landscaping before adding remedies.

Making sure your home is sheltered and balanced from external elements will have the biggest effect on the internal energy. Be sure that any Feng Shui consultant you use analyzes not only the interior but also the exterior. This will help to ensure a supportive environment.

Veneer Brick Looks and Feels Like Real Brick But is Much More Affordable

Veneer is a material that is used in construction for decorative purposes. The material is also referred to as facing and can be found in many different materials. Veneer brick is one of the most popular kinds of this material and has the appearance of brick without the cost of brick.

Facing is a term used to identify the application of a material to a wall surface. This material is often used on both exterior and interior walls. Veneer provides a textured finish and creates a richer appearance than a standard flat painted wall. Both brick and wood are common veneer materials.

There are many different types of hardwood that can be found in veneer. Typically exotic woods have a prohibitive cost for the average homeowner, but these same woods are available in veneer at much more affordable prices. Also popular among veneer finishes are plaster and stone. By using these materials a space can be transformed.

The good look and durability of veneer make it just as qualified for commercial spaces as it is for residential ones. In fact, if the material is applied properly it may be impossible to tell the difference between the real thing and veneer. This is particularly true with woods such as oak or pine.

Veneer brick can be commonly found in rustic settings, but is just as conducive to classic or contemporary decors as it is to rustic decors. It all depends on how it is used and what materials are used to accent it. By using the correct type of brick and the right decorating accents, you can use veneer to create a setting style you desire.

Applying veneer is actually pretty simple and quick. Before starting the process it is necessary to apply a damp cloth to the wall and make sure the wall is clean and free of bumps. If there are bumps on the surface of the wall they should be sanded down. Once the surface of the wall is clean and free of debris, mortar can be applied. The mortar adheres to the wall and is used to stick the veneer to the wall in a manner that is similar to applying tile. The veneer is placed over the mortar and allowed to dry. While it is drying, there is a plastic mold that is commonly used to make sure the brick places in place and is uniformly placed around the entire wall.

Brick veneer looks particularly smart used around a fireplace and has the illusion of being the chimney. This material also looks good as a closure around a wood burning stove. Another neat decorating trick is to use this material along with some plaster to create the feeling of an old factory loft. A wine cell or the new cool 'man cave' can also be decorated with this material.

My Wife Cheated on Me While Drunk – It Was Just Once, But I Can’t Let It Go

Did your wife cheat on you while under the influence of alcohol?

Has your wife’s drunken mistake nearly cost you your marriage because you’re struggling to recover from the news of her unfaithfulness?

It’s frustrating because YOU are the one that works all day and puts food on the table, and the moment that your wife gets time alone she has an affair supposedly because she was drinking.

If you’ve been cheated on only one time by your wife, and it was under the influence of alcohol, then my guess is that there’s one resounding question echoing through your mind:

How Do I Know My Wife is Trust Worthy?

After all, she could just be lying about the drinking part. Or if she’s not lying about drinking, she could be lying about exactly HOW drunk she was.

Further more, what if she wasn’t even out with the girls? Many women, when backed into a corner, will lie through their teeth to make an affair seem LESS bad. In her mind she knows that a one-time fling while drunk isn’t nearly as bad a full blown affair, so that’s what she tells you happened.

Before you can do anything else you should make sure that you really and truly believe your wife’s story about alcohol’s involvement in the affair…If she was lying then that could be all that you need to know.

One Beer or Five?

Let me ask you this: Your wife comes to you and confesses that she cheated on you because she was absolutely plastered, but later you learn she’d only had one or two beers to drink before cheating on you…

What do you do?

I mean, obviously she wasn’t PLASTERED after so little alcohol… Do you still forgive her if she was just tipsy instead of full on drunk?

Many women know that the more drunk they say they were the less blame will naturally fall on her shoulders. So it makes sense for her to like about how much she drank. There’s almost no way to find out the truth except take your wife at her word.

My suggestion would be to try and get a hold of one of the people she was drinking with. Perhaps they can confirm what you can’t trust your wife to.

I Can’t Get Over the Fact That She Slept With Another Man

Unfortunately, there’s just no easy way for you to magically forget what your wife did with another guy. This is a sad fact of life; I honestly wish that there were some button I could push to erase your memories or imagination, but I just can’t do it.

Here’s my advice: Only ask what questions you REALLY want the answers to. Avoid asking any questions about the actual act of cheating, at least until you’re more prepared for the answers.

The only real cure in this situation is to hope that your wife will be there for you and do her part to rebuild your trust. You have to hope that your wife is willing to work even harder than you to come back from her unfaithfulness and rebuild your marriage.

Are High Performance Olympic Gymnasts Less Likely to Get Sea Sick or Motion Sickness?

It is amazing the amount of talent and ability that our Olympic gymnasts have when it comes to balance. For instance, in gymnastics we have Olympians doing incredible acrobatics on a very thin balance beam. Only rarely do they fall off, or lose their poise even in the most incredible maneuvers. This is one tough apparatus to compete on, and one can only ask; how do they do it? Years and years and days upon end of practice, often six or more hours per day – the results are amazing and no one can disagree with that. Okay so, I'd like to pose another question to you along this line of thinking.

Would high-performance Olympic gymnasts be less sooner to motion sickness or seasiness on a boat? You may not think the answer is relevant, but it actually is, it would mean that people who do training and work on their spatial techniques could prevent themselves from getting sea sick. If that were the case, then sometimes our fighter pilots, sailors, and folks in various other industries and careers might take some gymnasts tumbling classes. Perhaps they may practice on a trampoline, or doing somersault type dives off a high dive into the water.

Could it be that simple? As a pilot, I have noticed doing mild acrobatics (loops, aileron rolls, spins, etc) that it seems to help one's spatial orientation and after a while you do not get vertigo very easily and your body seems to be able to adapt to this. Still, I can also say that when you are doing the maneuvers yourself and you are controlling the process it is much different than when someone else is doing the aerobatics and you are along for the ride such as when you are on a roller coaster. If you are ready for the maneuver, prepare yourself mentally for it, and feel as if you're one with the aircraft during these maneuvers it's also much easier.

Would it be the same for Olympic gymnasts? I'd say it's time we do some studying on our top gymnasts to see if this is relevant, or if we can duplicate this in virtual-reality or augmented-reality until the humans overcome their motion sickness. Why not employee some of these Olympic gymnasts for research and development, and training to prevent motion sickness and sea sickness which imposes the performance of those doing certain tasks in certain careers? Indeed I hope you will please consider all this on a philosophical, psychological, and physiological basis.

Discover the Most Dangerous Forms of Water Pollution & How You Can Protect the Health of Your Family

There are many different forms of water pollution, all of which are caused by people's carelessness. Agricultural run-off is a serious problem and one of the largest forms of water pollution. Large factory farms use huge amounts of herbicides and pesticides that all wash into the ground water when it rains, polluting the groundwater for thousands of miles around.

The herbicides and pesticides are deadly cancer-causing chemical compounds that can not be removed from the water by any method but proper filtering. The thousands of tons of manure from these farms also run into the water carrying herbicides and pesticides that the animals have ateen as well as the bacteria and microorganisms in the manure.

Industrial Waste is another major form of water pollution. Factories, large companies, manufacturers, mills and plants often dump their waste directly into the rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Those who do not dump directly into the water, dump into the ground, causing more groundwater contamination. Recent studies have identified 2,100 of the 80,000 chemicals in North American drinking water to be carcinogenic chemicals.

Household Waste – You and I are water pollution culprits too. Every time someone pours a cleaner, detergent, soap, chemicals, medicines, paint, solvents or anything else that does not occur in nature down the drain, it becomes a form of water pollution.

Sewage – Many countries and states still dump raw sewage into the harbors and bays. Millions of tons of raw sewage are being dumped into the water every day. In some countries raw sewage runs in the gutters along the streets. This sewage obviously puts many different types of toxins into the water.

What Can We Do?

The best thing we can do to protect ourselves is to install a certified multi-layer water filtration system in our homes. All water that you come in contact with must be decontaminated- not just your drinking water.

The chemicals and metals in the water can see through the skin or be inhaled in the form of steam, as well as being ingested. Protect your family from all of these forms of water pollution with a proper water filter.

Handy Tips To Help You Make Your Own Wood Wicks For Candles

Wood wick candles are the newest rage in candles. These painted candles have a wick that is made of a particular kind of wood that allows the candle to burn not only with a pleasant fragrance but it also has a familiar crackling sound much akin to wood fire in the fireplace.

If you make your candles then it is possible for you to make these too. There are a few tips to help you make your own wood wick. You will need a few strips of hardwood which are the dimensions of a Popsicle stick. You should choose a hardwood that burns at a very slow rate like olive, ash, walnut and eucalyptus. Also, you need to remember that these wood wicks are to be used only when making jar candles.

Now that you have the strips you must lay them out and place them next to each other without touching at all. The surface that you place them on should be a flat surface and they should be allowed to lay like that overnight. The next day you will need to prime the strips. To do this you will have to heat some wax in a double boiler. You should now take one wick at a time a dip it in the wax with the help of a paperclip clipped to it. Once removed it takes about 30 seconds for the wax to dry. Once the wick is dry you can store it in a metal holder and use them the next time you make your candles.

Civil Engineering Jobs in India to Rise in the Coming Years!

Civil engineering, one of the oldest and broadest branches of engineering offers vast career opportunities in sectors across. Although in 19802s, the demand of civil engineers slowed down a bit, it has regained its importance and today is one of the hottest career domains to be in. People in this domain are mostly involved in construction, design, development and maintenance of buildings, roads, highways, bridges, tunnels, airports, dams, railway lines and so on.

The demand of civil engineers is anticipated to be on the rise till 2030. According to a report by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), the country will need around 76.5 million skilled workforces in the India's prospering building, construction and real estate sector. In fact the construction sector particularly is projected to grow INR 11,954 billion by 2017, which is simply amazing! And it is likely to create more than 45 million jobs catering to people from all walks of life.

The construction sector is the second largest employer in the country after agriculture. It may surprise you but during 2000 and 2013, the industry wooed USD 40,399 million as foreign direct investment (FDI). It is further expected to rise and attract FDI of USD 180 billion by 2020. In fact the capital investments in the sector is expected to reach USD 1,181 billion in 2019-20 from USD 651 billion in 2012-13.

Moreover, with the govt's impetus in fast tracking investments in infrastructure projects across oil and gas, power, telecommunications The job creation process has been hastened in the engineering, construction and procurement sector.

Since, these particular industries are the typical recruiters of civil engineers, it is expected that civil engineering jobs will grow exponentially in the near future. It would be good to say that civil engineers in India enjoy plush job opportunities and are always high on the priority list of the employers.

Some job profiles-

Given the interdisciplinary nature of this stream, the candidates enjoy huge career prospects. Some of the prominent job titles in this field are listed below-

· Construction engineer

· Project engineer

· Field technician

· Structural engineer

· Site engineer

· Quality control engineer

· Estimation engineer

The employment prospects for the graduates is varied and not limited to just any one area. The best part is candidates enjoy an edge over other career fields when it comes to government jobs. Job seekers whether fresher or experienced are easily absorbed by various govt offices. Some of the most predominant workplaces for civil engineers in govt sector include irrigation, road and building and CPWD. Further, they also find placements in both private and public sector undertakings and infrastructure and construction companies.

In summary, it would be good to say that civil engineering has a wide career scope and its demand is not going to fade at least in the near future.

Compound Exercises Without Weights – Let Me Show You How to Succeed Without a Gym

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – IT CAN WORK FOR YOU

Do you want to use a proven method that's guaranteed to add quality muscle mass to your frame while bulking you up safely, without the strength imbalances that can sabotage carelessly-constructed strength training programs?

Of course you do. You want to use compound exercises.

If you eat enough food to gain weight while using compound movements, you will build muscle and create a spectacular, powerful body that's operating at peak efficiency.

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – NO GYM REQUIRED

No well-equipped gym? No problem.

Every good strength training program uses three main types of exercises: push , pull , and squat . You can easily get the benefits of these proven exercise variations without any equipment.

Push exercises are those in which you push away from your body. Movements like push-ups (press-ups), overhead presses, and dips are all pushing movements.

Pulling exercises are those which force you to pull toward your body. Pull-ups, rowing moves, and their variations are all pulling movements.

Squats comprise many movements which all have as their unifying concept the act of straightening a bent leg against resistance. The normal 2-legged squat is the most obvious example, but lunges and step-ups also fit into the squat category.

So, if you pick two exercises from each group – squat, pull , and push , you can get a full-body compound workout that strengthens your body as a unit.

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – SAMPLE FULL-BODY WORKOUT

You always want to start with squats, since they require the most energy. Then alternate a push movement and a pull movement. After completing each category of movement, repeat the squat, push, pull group again, using a different, easier set of exercises.

1 Lunges
2 Chin-ups
3 Divebomber Push-Ups
4 Squats
5 Jumping Pull-Ups
6 Regular Push-Ups

There you have it! A full-body compound workout without any weights required. Some of you are probably shouting " Wait! What about arms? " That's the beauty of compound movements: you can work your "small" body parts while also hitting the more massive parts like chest and back. Without you work your body as a single unit, you will never develop the sort of size that's possible with a full-body compound workout.

Of course, if you add a set of dumbbells, you can add many more movements to your full-body workout. You'll find it easier to perform overhead presses and rows, but it is not necessary for beginners or anyone who wants to keep in shape to use weights. Bodyweight exercises are great, especially compared to doing nothing!

Food Court Design – Tips to Start a Good Project

There are several factors to be taken into consideration before we start to design a food court, the first factor being what sort of building it will be located in.

A big suburban shopping center will require a design different from a smaller mall located in the CBD – where most of the foot-traffic comes between 12 and 2pm – which will also be different from an airport food court, where time can also be a constrain with several peaks occurring at different times. The "surroundings" of the food court will influence its size, shape and the location of the area within the building.

The size for a food court is usually delineated by two main measurable elements: a proportion of the leasable space in the building is and the catchment area of ​​the development – to be taken into consideration on the first design concept. There are other non-quantitative factors which will also influence the project, such as planned expansions and mix variations which will be taken into account from day one. With some historical activities in the retail industry facing drastic reductions in trading revenues and store area, young women's clothing is losing space quickly to online transactions and other activities are just disappearing Hospitality and entertainment are options lessors will look into fill up the gaps.

Location of a food court : Take an airport, where you have some time to kill either waiting for your flight or for an arrival. After walking a long stretch from the car-park and checking the arrivals and departures screens, customers typically wander around for a bit, walking by the traditional book shop, t-shirt store, or gift and souvenir before stopping by the gate and waiting. As food courts attract more customers than traditional retail shops and offer seating, it would be unwisely to locate it in front of the departure or arrivals gates as it would retain customers away from the other shops, decreasing revenue and in consequence, rentals. It would also certainly contribute to create a congestion in key areas of the airport. Spreading up people evenly through a transport hub helps with security, air conditioning balance and comfortable transit. Same basic rules apply to places and the big difference would be: customers typically do not have two main destinations as in an airport.

Shapes : Corridor, cul-de-sac, square, crescent, I'm sure you have come across food courts of all configurations and forms. The typical "corridor" type with services lined on both sides can be cost effective for the developer but it's boring and inconvenient for customers and operators. Concentration of services tend to reduce installation and maintenance costs but can also bite the developer back once that required to make an alteration to accommodate a new operator. Cul-de-sac can also be kind on installation costs but it does not leave room for expansion or changes; the mall is landlocked and the only way to expand is taking down other tenancies. Our big old square is roomy, versatile, bit harder to clean and costly to install, but alterations are less painful.

In recent years and on amalgamation and adaptation of existing buildings intoalls and food courts, we observed the tendency of clusters of smaller food courts. Sometimes dictated by technical restrictions or incapacity of the building on accommodating a large number of people in a single area, the clusters have a bit of a charm as they do not look as busy or as noisy as big areas do. The right mix of operators can put together similar customers creating a more friendly and "personalized" environment.

Another golden rule is to try as much as possible to keep the food court outline simple; just avoid "interesting" shapes, as it can make the interaction and crossing of services complicated, which will increase installation price and create difficult maintenance. Keep the backbone of the food court design plain and simple and the project will flow naturally.

Itching Natural Home Remedies – Itchy Skin Treatments

An itchy skin gives skin irritation or a peculiar tingling of the skin. Itchiness is mainly caused by allergies to pollens, plants, pets, feathers, cosmetics, perfumes, chemicals, cleaning solutions and smokers. Dry skin is also one of the major causes of itching. The major symptoms of itchy skin are itching, scratching and rubbing on the skin. There is also a feeling of anxiety, sleeplessness and malaise in advanced cases.

This article covers some of the simple and effective home remedies to tie itching. The best natural remedy for itching is to keep your skin clean and healthy. Use of moisturizer is also beneficial in preventing itchiness.

Home Remedies and Natural Treatments for Itchy Skin

Aloe vera is one of the useful herbal remedy for this problem. Use aloe vera lotion, soap or cream for maintaining a good health of your skin. You can also use margosa (neem) soap in place of aloe vera. Apply sandalwood oil mixed with coconut oil or sesame oil and massage gently on the affected area. This is a useful home remedy for itching.

Add five grams of camphor in 100 grams of coconut oil and mix in a glass bottle. Close the bottle with a tight cork and keep in the sun till the camphor gets dissolved in the oil. Apply this oil daily on the whole body before bathing. It is an effective home remedy for dry itching.

You can also add 10 drops of this oil in a bucket of water and used for bathing to cure itching. This oil is also useful in curing any wound caused due to itching. This will heal the wound in a week and skin will become white. Apply only coconut oil at this stage. The skin will become normal within 25-30 days.

Margosa (neem) is a widely used home remedy for itchy skin. Simply boil few fresh margosa leaves in water and take bath using this water. Alternately take 20 fresh leaves of margosa. Clean it properly. Now add 10 black peppers and mash in 60 grams of water. Drink this in morning and evening for a week. It will purify your blood. This remedy is also effective in boils.

Coconut oil is one of the simple home remedies for itching. Apply this oil on the affected area to tie itchiness. Alternately, you can also mix some turmeric in coconut or mustard oil and warm it little. Apply this at the area of ​​itching.

Mix a small amount of alum (phitkari) in two teaspoons of lemon juice and apply on itching areas. It is an effective home remedies for itchy skin. Local application of coconut oil mixed with lemon juice mixed is useful in relieving general itching. Another useful remedy is papaya seeds. Mash papaya seeds and apply on the itchy areas.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Copyright © Nick Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

Parts of a Deer Antler – Deer Rack Anatomy 101

Deer antlers are an incredibly fascinating biological phenomenon. The shape of antlers range from very small sharp “spikes” to fantastical typical and non-typical racks. To better understand the parts of a deer antler, we will first examine some basic deer antler terminology, the difference between horns and antler then follow up with the correct name for every part of the deer antler.

Antler Terms

Point: a projection on an antler that is at least one inch long.

Rack: refers to the set of antlers on a particular deer. All racks are divided into two classifications; typical or non-typical.

Typical: typical racks are those antlers that look like a a classic or “normal” rack. On a 10 point buck (a buck with a rack that has a total of ten points,) the buck would show five matched points on each side, and the location of these points would be in typical locations.

Non-typical: non-typical racks, by definition, are racks that do not look normal. They may exhibit unmatched points (for example 3 points on one side and 5 on the other,) they can have points growing off of other points or the points themselves may be abnormaly shaped.

Antlers vs. Horns

Horns are found on mountain goats, bighorn sheep, bison and other game. Horns, unlike antlers, grow all throughout an animals life. If they are lost or damaged for any reason, they cannot be replaced. The surface of horns is made of a keratin, much like human finger nails. They are alive, in that they receive nutrients by blood vessels that are inside the horn.

Deer, like elk and moose, have antlers, not horns. Antlers, are not made of keratin, they are dead bone that grow out of the skull of the animal. Antlers tend to be much longer than horns, and have numerous branches. Deer grow yearly and shed their antlers on a yearly basis. Antler tissue is said to be fastest growing mammal tissue known to man. Even the largest rack on a mature deer is grown in about three to four months!

Parts of a Deer Antler

Pedicle: The base of the deer’s antler, where the antler bone meets the head of the deer.

Beam: The central stem of the antlers, from which all other points arise.

Brow Tine: The first division or point off of the beam.

Bay Antler: The second division (or point above the brow tine).

Royal Antler: The third division on the antlers (or point above the bay antler).

Surroyal Antler: The fourth division or point above the royal antler.

Fork: The end of deer’s antlers, where the central beam divides in two.

Palm: The end of a deer’s antlers where the central beam divides into several points, resembling the human hand.

Crown Tine: A tine growing at the very end of the deer’s antler, the points above the fork or palm.

These terms should help you correctly identify and discuss the different parts of a deer antler.

How to Date Your Grandfather Clock

If your grandfather clock has a brass dial, it was probably made in the period between 1680 and 1770. The early brass dial clocks only had one hand, because the average person had no need of knowing the time to the nearest minute, and with a bit of practise you can tell the time to the nearest five minutes on one of these early (and rare) clocks.

By 1730 the vast majority of grandfather clocks had two hands, for the hours and minutes. One-handed clocks continued to be made in country areas for a while after 1730. Village life was very conservative, and the people living in villages at this time still had no real need of “to the minute” time.

From around 1730 (all these figures are approximate all the way through this article) the brass dial clock was made all over England in ever-increasing numbers, and the dials became more ornate as time went on, especially on the eight-day clocks. More features appeared, such as seconds hands in a small subsidiary dial, date hands or wheels, and moon phases, usually in an arch on top of the dial, but sometimes in small aperture in the dial itself

The easier clocks to date, and the ones most popular in America, are the painted dial clocks, often called “white dial clocks” in Britain.

Painted dial clocks appeared about 1765 to 1780, and after this the brass dial clock ceased to be made, again with just a few exceptions in rural areas, especially the far southern counties of England. The majority of English grandfather clocks were made in The Midlands and the North of England. The new painted dial was cheaper and easier to produce and easier to read by the poor light available at night, so the brass dial was dropped from production over a very brief period, for our purposes it is fair to say that no brass dial clock was made in the big clock making centres after 1780.

It may be worth a mention here that the clocks we are talking about were no different apart from the dial itself; everything else remained the same in both cases, only the dial changed.

Fortunately the painted dials then followed a certain progression as the fashions slowly changed over time, this means that we can usually date a clock to the nearest five to ten years. – – – And it also means we can see at a glance the important features without having to dismantle the clock.

The first white dials from 1770 to 1800 were lovely, simply and sparingly decorated, and with much of the white background showing. Decoration consisted of spandrels painted on in gold paint in the four corners, (probably to resemble the cast brass spandrels fitted to brass dials.) Sometimes a swag of flowers or similar was painted on the dial face, but again very sparingly and restrained. The hands were made of steel, very fine, often blued or blacked and not exactly matching.

Another year indication of an early dial is the use of dots for the minutes with small Arabic numerals round the dial at 5, 10, 15 minutes etc. The hours are marked by Roman Numerals.

From 1800 to around 1830 the style of the dial changed slightly, matching steel hands were used from now on. The minutes were still dots and not the lines inside two narrow concentric circles that we are used to, but the minute numbers changed to the quarters only, instead of every five minutes. The missing numbers were often replaced with little symbols, often looking like stars.

At this time also it became fashionable to use Arabic numerals for the hours instead of Roman numerals. The painted background decoration is starting to spread out too; arched dials have a scene painted in the arch, often with a spray of flowers on each side. The corner painting is spreading a little too, and the imitation spandrels are now often geometric designs, or a fan shape, or a floral design, which fills the corner.

Now we come to the later clocks, of around 1830 to 1880. In the North of England after 1830 grandfather clocks gradually got bigger and bigger, until by the end of the period some of them were huge – – – the dials were often fifteen inches wide and the clocks were eight feet tall, sometimes nine feet or more.

Given the larger area of dial to be decorated the dial painters went to town, the corner paintings became little masterpieces in their own right, and the decoration spread from the corner right up the side of the dial circle, to meet the next corner painting, and so on. Most of these clocks have an arched dial, and the artist painted in a large scene, often a biblical illustration, or a country scene, a nautical scene, a ruined abbey, or something ordered specially by the customer.

The hours have gone back to Roman numerals and stay that way; the hands are now highly decorated brass and matching. These brass hands were used after 1830 for the rest of the period when grandfather clocks were made, in other words up to 1880, possibly in a few rare cases to 1890.

The minutes are shown by a minute band, two concentric circles close together, with lines inside to represent each minute and no minute numbers at all. Date and seconds subsidiary dials are usual now, and the small ornate hands fitted to these are also brass and matching.

To finish off, here is a quick guide to the various features and their dates:

(Of course, all dates are approximate, to the nearest ten years.)

Numbering

Dotted Minutes – 1770 to 1800

Minutes numbered every five minutes – 1770 to 1800

Minutes numbered every quarter hour – 1800 to 1820

No minute numbers – 1820 to 1880

Roman hour numerals – 1770 to1800 then 1825 to1880

Arabic hour numerals – 1800 to 1825

Full minute band – 1815 to 1880

Corner decoration

Flowers or fruit – 1770 to 1800

Fans, shells or abstract – 1790 to 1830

No painting – left blank – 1780 to 1820

Gold imitation spandrels – 1775 to 1785

Arch decoration

Name of maker – 1770 to 1780

Flowers or birds – 1770 to 1795

Small painting on white background – 1795 to 1815

Full painted scene – 1820 to 1880

Moon dial – 1770 to 1830

Dial size

10″ to 13″ – 1770 to 1810

13″ to 15″ – 1810 to 1880

Square dial – 1770 to 1825

Arch dial – 1770 to 1880

Hands

Steel – 1770 to 1815

Brass – 1815 to 1880

Radiant Barrier Insulation

Radiant barrier insulation is similar to foil insulation in that the primary objective of this sort of insulation is to reflect sun heat away from the targeted insulated area. Radiant barrier insulation is typically lightweight, and anything weighing more than say 5 times the weight of aluminum should be considered heavy.

The radiant barrier should be installed on the outside of an insulating stack, in order to prevent reflecting heat back through other layers of insulation, which then would only serve to trap the heat inside the targeted insulated area.

They are different from fireproof barriers by their fundamental objectives. They, again, reflect heat away from the insulated area, whereas fireproof barriers try to stop a fire from spreading across the protected barrier-typically a wall.

Although radiant barriers are typically fire retardant, they do not necessarily qualify as so called fireproofing or fireproof materials. It is for this reason that you should explicitely fireproof an area, on top of kindly adding fire retardant materials such as radiant Stopper materials.

Same goes for sound proofing. ESPecially in close urban quarters such as New York City, San Francisco (California), or even down Seattle, although radiant barriers carry similar soundproofing characteristics to its materials, it is not a proper soundproofing material, when used solely and exclusively for that purpose.

When shopping for radiant barrier materials, expect to pay about $ 20.00 to $ 80 per 4- by 6 foot areas. This price is typical, as are the dimensions. Like aluminum foils, the radian barrier materials come in rolls, and are very easy to pick up in small cars, if that's all you have to use to pick up your home improvement supplies.

A popular brand is Ultra Touch; it's a lightweight aluminum, and is said to reflect up to 97% of radiant heat. This is often advertised and in fact standard. What must be realized about this percentage is that it is actually a range; and the typical range is 30 to 97%, 97 being the absolute highest and most heat that can be reflected by the material.

Several theories exist about whether reflect sort of materials it should be placed anywhere other than the so called membrane of the insulated area-the perimeter where the heat is to enter or attack the insulated area. Some say it's redundant and indeed useless to install radiant barriers between, say, an attack floor and a top floor ceiling. The idea is that whatever heat is going to make it to the attic floor should not be made to reflect back into the attic to keep the lower floor cooler, as this will work to just heat the attic unnecessarily, by trapping that heat in between two -a top and bottom-radiant barrier.

An opposing idea is that this is effective and effective, it just needs to be done about a space that is large enough to warrant a so called sandwich. The idea is that if the attic has large windows that lets significant sun light in, then radiant barriers across the top floor ceiling just underneath the attic floor would be warranted. The radiant barrier would not be warranted in such situations where the floors were open, as they are in loft style buildings and units. In this situation, the solutions are available, but are less effective, since the insulating space is fundamentally and essentially shared by each room.

Carpet Cleaning How To – Three Carpeting Cleaning Tips You Don’t Want To Miss

Do you need a few carpet cleaning how to tips?

Do you avoid inviting friends and family to your house because of

unsightly carpet stains and embarrassing carpet odors?

Do your children and pets always seem to track mud across the

carpet?

Do your children –or perhaps you — spill drinks on the carpet

on an almost daily basis?

If you would like to end your dread of dirty and smelly carpets,

relax and follow these three simple carpet cleaning tips for

keeping your carpet stain free and for carpet odor removal.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #1: Routine Maintenance for a Longer Life

Vacuum your carpets on a regular basis. Dirt, pet hair, and

other grime accumulate in the carpet fibers resulting in dirty

looking carpet and problems for allergy sufferers. If the dirt

and grime is left to build up, your carpet can become damaged and

it will be more difficult to thoroughly clean.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #2: Clean Spills Immediately

Clean up spills immediately to avoid odors and stains. If a

solid substance –food or animal waste — is the problem, use

paper towels to carefully remove the mess before cleaning the

carpet. Take care to lift the mess straight up without further

rubbing it into the carpet. Once the problem is removed, begin to

clean the spot with plain water and paper towels or clean rags.

Blot the area with the paper towels and then using the towels,

move in a circular motion clockwise and then repeat going counter

clockwise to remove all traces of the mess. Avoid scrubbing the

carpet spill as this may damage the fibers of the carpet.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #3: Use the Mildest Form of Cleaner Possible

If plain water does not remove the spill, combine water and a

small amount of mild liquid soap. This solution should help

remove most stains. However, if you still can’t get the spill

clean, consider a chemical carpet spot remover. Remember that

chemicals can damage carpet fibers and products designed

specifically to remove carpet stains may contain dangerous

chemicals.

Use chemical products sparingly. Make sure you work in a well

ventilated area and wear gloves. Before using a chemical cleaner,

test it in a hidden area to make sure it will not discolor or harm

your carpet . To clean the spot, apply a small amount of the spot

remover to a rag and wipe gently in a circular motion. Rinse with

clean water and blot dry with more rags. Remove as much water as

possible to avoid mildew or carpet damage.

Taking the time to clean up spills immediately will prevent the

unsightly carpet stains and embarrassing carpet odors that may

prevent you from enjoying the company of friends and family in

your own home.

What Are Biomes?

Biomes

A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in. It is also defined as a large ecosystem, extending over a wide geographic region, characterized by certain dominant life. They can be found over a range of continents and are distinct biological communities that have formed in response to a shared physical climate. Biomes have moved and changed many times throughout the history of the Earth. Biomes are the world’s major communities where insects, animals, plants, and people live in a certain type of climate. The climate and geography of an area determines what type of biome can exist in that region. Each biome consists of many ecosystems. The many biomes that exist are deserts, deciduous forest, coniferous forest, arctic tundra, tropical forest, grasslands, and taiga. They are all dependent on each other in numerous ways.

There are also Marine and Freshwater ecosystems that could be considered the water biomes. Both water biomes are extremely important since it contains water. Which water is the basis of all life. The earth’s coldest biome is the tundra which has permanently frozen subsoil called permafrost. It’s important that all the biomes be protected. The reason why is because over the past several years, human activity has destroyed, exploited, or polluted many biomes.

All living things are closely related to their environment and any change in a part. For example like an increase or decrease in one type of plant or animal. Which can cause a ripple effect of change through the entire biome. Also there are changes that can happen regarding the climate or the environment of a biome, those plants and animals that live within it can be threatened. This is why so many of them are able to adapt to the changes so that they can continue to survive. But unfortunately, not all of them are always able to adapt in such a manner so they die out or extinct. Some examples was ice age period and when dinosaurs.

Biomes are really important since any given plant or animal that depend on the biome for food may have a hard time surviving. The circle of life that is part of any biome is very complex. What affects one living thing within it will affect all of them on some level. To conclude all biomes are environments that consist weather, plants, animals, and etc.