How to Read and Play Guitar Chords Using Chord Diagrams

You do not have to read music to play basic guitar. This article explains how to interpret chord diagrams on sheet music and play them on the guitar.

One of the things you encounter immediately when reading sheet music is the chord symbol. This is the musical symbol that describes the harmony at a particular point in a piece of music. An example is Gmi7. This tells you that the chord is a G minor seven chord. But, what notes do you use to play a Gmi7 on the guitar?

Sheet music for popular songs very often has guitar chord diagrams above each staff showing you how to play the chords. These diagrams make it possible for you to play a chord without knowing what the chord symbol means, or what notes are in the chord. The diagrams simply show where to put your fingers on the strings on the fretboard.

Of course, you as continue to study guitar and music, you will probably want to learn music theory to understand chord structure and the notes used for all the important chords in all twelve keys. But to get started making music, this is not necessary thanks to chord diagrams. They are far simpler than interpreting complex chord symbols.

A guitar chord diagram consists of a grid of five horizontal lines and six vertical lines representing the guitar fretboard. The diagram is a miniature picture of the fretboard as if you were holding the guitar up in front of you and looking at the upper part of the neck.

The vertical lines represent the guitar strings. From left to right (low to high pitch), the lines represent the strings E, A, D, G, B, and E.

The frets are represented by the horizontal lines. The thick line at the top represents the nut of the guitar at the end of the fretboard. Hold your guitar out in front of you and look at it, and all this will make sense.

The dots on the vertical string lines show where to put your fingers, the notes you fret with your left hand when playing a chord.

The numbers below the string lines at the bottom of the diagram indicate the finger of you left hand to use to fret the note. 1=index finger; 2=middle finger; 3=ring finger; and 4=little finger. Normally, the thumb is not used to fret.

The X or O above a string line means that string is open, or unfretted. An X means you do not play the string with the right hand, and an O means you play the open string.

In cases where a chord begins on a fret other than the first fret, a number on the right side of the diagram tells what the starting fret is, such as 2fr, 5fr, etc. Chords that use the first four frets often use open strings and are simpler to play. Thus, they are more common in chord diagrams.

That is about all there is to it to get started. When you look for sheet music or music books, just make sure they have guitar chord diagrams, and you can start playing basic guitar right away.

The Strength of Each of the Bakugan Attributes

Colors, affiliations, or groups seem to be a dominant factor in shows with battles and duels. Bakugan is the same. The Bakugan and the support pieces of the game also follow certain groupings, each with their strengths and weaknesses when in a brawl. These divisions are called Attributes, pertaining to the representations of the natural elements. There are six: Pyrus (fire), Aquos (water), Subterra (earth), Ventus (wind), Haos (light), and Darkus (darkness).

The Pyrus Attribute is considered as the most powerful of the six. It represents the element of fire, and the abilities of the Pyrus Bakugan usually uses this element in their attacks and defenses. The main attack of the characters of the Pyrus attribute is to usually overpower the enemy using strong fiery strikes. And the Pyrus defensive tactic is usually to render the opponent unable to attack and with their abilities nullified. Bakugan of the Pyrus Attribute are colored red, yellow, and/or orange.

The Aquos Attribute represents the element of water, and the abilities of the Bakugan of this attribute uses water as its form of offense and defense. Its colors are blue, red, and/or cyan. In using Aquos Bakugan in a brawl, the generally accepted tactic would be by using different strategies to boost the Bakugan’s power or to decrease the opponent’s. Most Aquos players would at first put in play a Bakugan with low power and then increase it with abilities and Gate cards as the game progresses.

The Subterra Attribute represents the element of earth, and the Bakugan of this attribute are usually built for earthen attacks and abilities. Its colors are brown and orange. In putting a Subterra Bakugan in play, the main strategy would be a direct and straightforward overpowering attack. It is like Pyrus in this way, using strength and force to win a brawl.

The Ventus Attribute represents the element of wind. Many of the Bakugan of this Attribute are usually creatures of the sky. Its abilities and attacks uses the air and the wind. Its colors are green and cyan. Strategies involving Ventus Bakugan are usually calculated and cunning, playing out a fast and effective game plan. Many strategies involve luring opponents and making them believe they have the upper hand, and then suddenly in comes in an ability that would turn the battle in the Ventus brawler’s favor.

The Haos Attribute represents light, and has the colors of white and gold/yellow. The Bakugan of this Attribute usually have low power levels, which enables a Haos brawler to use strategy as a means to win a brawl. They also have very strong Ability cards to further strengthen their attacks and defenses.

The Darkus Attribute comes close to the Pyrus Attribute as also one of the most powerful. It has the colors of purple, green, and black. The Bakugan of this Attribute sometimes have red streaks on them. It is an advantage to a Darkus brawler that there are many varieties of abilities and strategies available for a Darkus Bakugan. With its many attacks, high power level, and various strategies, it is not surprising why this attribute is usually reserved for the villain of the Bakugan series.

One thing is for certain when brawling. Whatever Attribute you choose, strategy is still important in winning a brawl. Each Attribute has its own advantages and disadvantages but it will always be the strategy you use that will conclude who will win in a game.

Cowboy Etiquette

Most folks would not automatically conclude that cowboys have manners, but in my day, most cowboys were considered true gentlemen. The tipping of the hat to a lady still applies in many cases, but let's examine some less familiar forms of cowboy etiquette.

Growing up on a ranch in NE New Mexico brought numerous lessons in cowboy conduct, many of which are still alive in today's less formal environment. To go to dance in most places meant leaving your hat on the table while you were dancing (upside down, of course, to protect the brim). Spurs were never worn on a dance floor, even if you felt they looked cool.

This code was even more pronounced while out working on the ranch. We, who were fortunately enough to live the life, learned the lessons, sometimes the hard way. One sure way of approaching a cowboy's was to ride in front of him, or between him and the herd.

When gathering cattle, the riders converged on a pasture in a way similar to an army surrounding the enemy. Dropping off riders until one end of the pasture was fully enveloped; they converged simultaneously in a wide loop and remained in the same formation, as the loop squeezed the cattle toward the corral or gate you were heading for. A cowboy who got out of this formation was in for a difficult time.

This could call for some tricky decisions, especially if you were riding next to someone who did not know what they were doing. It was considered ok, though, if the cattle were getting away, to close up the gap by riding in front of someone, however, you needed to apologize as soon as possible.

You never handled another cowboy's hat, unless given permission, other wise this was grounds for a fist fight. Never set your hat on a bed either, although I think this had more to do with superstition than manners of any kind. It's supposed to bring bad luck.

One summer while helping neighbors brand, they had a chuck wagon, which we gathered at for meals. One cowboy had been consistently disrespectful and uncaring about the cowboy code, and one afternoon it all came to a head. He was introduced to the age old tradition of chapping.

Several cowboys grabbed him and held him over the tongue of the chuck wagon, while an older cowboy took off his chaps and proceeded to whip him across the back side with the chaps. This hurt the ego, much more than the rear end. I think the "chappers" got more out of it than the "chapee," as it certainly did not improve his disposition, but it was a lesson for us all in the code of the cowboy.

Cowboy courty is alive and well today, but the lines have been somewhat blurred by our permissive society. I've always felt it was an honor to be a cowboy, something to be proud of. Mutual respect between cowboys should always be the norm. Let's keep the tradition alive, and allow the dream of the American cowboy to live on.

High School Wrestling: 10 Tips to Help You Succeed

Wrestling, like every sport, has certain rules. However, in this article I want to discuss some “unwritten” rules that may help you in your quest to become a champion.

If wrestling is your sport, these are the rules.

1. You will receive a certain amount of innate, God-given talent.

Some wrestlers have tremendous amount of natural talent. Some have less. I had a fair amount of wrestling talent in my competitive days. Wrestling came naturally to me. I understood the rules, the moves, the timing, the leverage needed in different situations, and other aspects of wrestling. However, I cannot play the piano. I don’t have the talent like Mozart. I can’t play basketball. I don’t have the talent like Michael Jordan. But, wrestling always seemed right. Guess what, though? I could get better at playing piano and at playing basketball. I would never be great, but I could definitely improve. A person can always improve their skills. That is why practicing and drilling is so important in wrestling. Even if you don’t have a lot of natural talent, you can always improve your skills. In addition, I have seen wrestlers with less talent beat more “talented” wrestlers on several occasions. Practice your skills a lot, make sure that you are in excellent physical condition, practice mental toughness, and don’t worry too much about how much so-called talent you possess.

2. You will learn moves.

Wrestling is considered to have seven basic skills. Theses skills are stance, motion, level change, penetration, lifting, back step, and back arch. However, wrestling has thousands of moves and techniques. You should learn as many moves as possible. You will learn a lot in practice. You can also learn a lot from books and videos. By watching videos you can access the knowledge of phenomenal wrestlers like Dan gable and John Smith. The Granby School of Wrestling has many great videos available. There’s no reason not to learn several moves, counter moves, and techniques. Technique is number one in a wrestling match. No matter how strong physically and mentally you may be, if you don’t have good technical skills then you will get beaten. Learn each move and then practice your moves religiously. You won’t use all of them, but you should learn several moves and counters to those moves if you expect to be a great wrestler.

3. You will receive feedback.

Your coach will, of course, give you feedback. Your teammates will give you feedback. Your family and community members may even give you feedback. Make sure you listen to them. They may be wrong, but have an open mind and at least hear them out. You will also receive feedback by simply observing how well you do in practice and in matches. Whether you win or lose, you are receiving feedback. Tony Robbins likes to say, “There is no such thing as failure. There is only feedback.” In other words, you can learn from every experience, including losing a wrestling match. The inventor Thomas Edison once said, “I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” He also said, “Results! Why, man, I have gotten a lot of results. I know several thousand things that won’t work.” Eventually, Edison would find ways that did work. You will too. Make use of the feedback you receive while engaged in the sport of wrestling and in life in general.

4. Drilling is important.

Drilling involves performing a skill repeatedly so you learn it thoroughly. You want to perfect your skills. You need to immerse yourself in drilling moves and techniques, so that they become second nature. A wrestler’s goal should be to have his skills become deeply engrained through hard drilling. Drill intensely. If your coach gives you two minutes to drill a double leg takedown with your partner, how many repetitions can you do in that time? Drilling is common in sports, the military, and many other areas of life. General George Patton had this to say during a speech to his troops in 1944, “All through your Army careers, you men have (expletive) about what you call “chicken sh*t drilling. That, like everything else in this Army, has a definite purpose. That purpose is alertness. Alertness must be bred into every soldier. I don’t give a (expletive) for a man who’s not always on his toes. You men are veterans or you wouldn’t be here. You are ready for what’s to come.” You also need to be ready for what is to come in every match. Make sure you drill.

5. You can always improve and learn more.

As I mentioned earlier, you can always improve your skills. You can often improve your conditioning level as well. There must be hundreds of ways to set up a single leg takedown. You can always learn new moves and new ways to set up moves. In addition to your coach, you can learn from camps, clinics, books, and videos. Champion golfer Seve Ballesteros said, “To give yourself the best possible chance of playing to your potential, you must prepare for every eventuality. That means practice.” Practice is incredibly important. Always be striving to improve and to learn more.

6. You must be mentally tough.

Being physically tough is only part of the equation for producing success. You need to be mentally tough as well. You need to be focused on winning your match and on nothing else. Do you get nervous, intimidated, or distracted? You can train your mind just as you train your body. Practice visualization and positive self-talk before a match. Have a plan before you step onto the mat. What moves are you planning to use? What is your strategy? If your opponent is good in the top position then you don’t want to get caught in the down position. Make sure you can stand up and escape. If your opponent likes to cradle wrestlers then you need to prepare for that. Believe in yourself and your abilities and you will do well.

7. Show respect and be respected.

Display honor, dignity, integrity, and good sportsmanship. Confidence is good, but cockiness is not. Overconfidence can be a danger as well. I had a teammate who was in a match and just stood there. He wasn’t aggressive. He didn’t respect his opponent and he thought he could just stand there and see what his opponent did. I’ll tell you what his opponent did. His opponent took him down repeatedly and soundly defeated him. Respect your coaches, your teammates, opponents, and rival schools. If you give respect, you will often receive respect. Some great wrestlers have lost matches and yet maintained their dignity by shaking hands with their opponent and then working hard to improve for the next match. Respect is important in sports and in life.

8. Success is your responsibility.

Be a self-starter and a role model. No one can make you work hard. No one can instill within you the desire to win. You have to push yourself in practice. You have to want success. Do you need to be constantly prodded by your coach? If your coach didn’t show up for practice, would you take the initiative to get practice started on your own? Or, would you just leave and forget practice? Do whine or complain in practice? Don’t. You need to be a good role model for your teammates. Nobody will simply hand you a gold medal. Nobody can practice, drill, and work out for you. Success is your responsibility.

9. Learn from others.

As I stated earlier, you can learn from coaches, camps, clinics, books, and videos. Perhaps you have a teammate who is exceptional at a certain move. Watch him closely. Ask him to show you how he does it. You can also learn much from non-wrestlers. I’ve learned new conditioning ideas from powerlifters, boxers, and mixed martial artists. I’ve learned about mental toughness from different kinds of athletes as well as from sports psychology books. I have learned from psychology, philosophy, literature, and other areas of study. I have learned things from military personnel and motivational experts. There is a wide range of people and places that can teach you much.

10. Spirit and heart are crucial to success.

Having “heart” involves displaying perseverance even when faced with difficulties or challenges. Wrestling matches are intense. Wrestling matches can be demanding physically and mentally. Do you have courage, determination, and desire? When your legs are tired and your lungs are burning in an overtime match, can you dig deep and push yourself to win? Have you ever simply given up in a match? Does fatigue crush your motivation and keep from going hard in practice? Do you want to win no matter what the obstacles you may face? Do you love wrestling or is it just an activity to pass some time? Are you motivated? Are you enthusiastic? Are you ready to put in the hard work it takes to become a champion? Boxing great Evander Holyfield said, “It is not the size of a man but the size of his heart that matters.”

I hope that these ten “rules” can help you in your quest for success.

The Sacred Bird

As the Phoenix nears the end of its life it builds a nest of aromatic branches and spices – cinnamon twigs and myrrh were the most popular materials. It then ignites the nest and is consumed in the flames. Some Arabic legends claim the Phoenix rose from the ashes three days later, while others state the Phoenix was reborn and emerged from the still burning flames. The Phoenix features in mythology from several Middle Eastern countries.

The traditional Phoenix lived near a cool well, and every morning would appear to sing a song to greet the new day. So enchanting was the song the Greek sun god Apollo would stop to listen. It was thought only one Phoenix existed at any one time. The young Phoenix would gather the ashes of its predecessor into an egg made from myrrh and deposit them upon the sun god's altar at Heliopolis, the city of the sun. The Phoenix lives on the morning dew, and nobody has ever seen one eat. It kills nothing and crushes nothing it touches. When injured the Phoenix can regenerate itself, so it is immortal and invincible and a mystical symbol of divinity. A Phoenix is ​​also a healer, because its tears can heal wounds. Jewish folklore claims the Phoenix was the only animal not banished from the Garden of Eden with Adam.

The Ancient Egyptians' fascination with the Phoenix arose from their own yearning for immortality and eternal life. They named the bird Benu (or Bennu), and it was depicted in the shape of a heron, with long legs and two long white feathers on either side of its head. The Benu wears either the god Osiris' crown of Atef (white with ostrich feathers rising up from the sides) or the disc of the sun god Ra. The sacred bird of Heliopolis, the Benu is associated with the sun, and its image has come to represent Ra. The Egyptian Phoenix is ​​credited with the creation of the Nile river, and was the first life form that appeared on the isolated rocks and islands after the floods that wave birth to the river. Its call is the cry that marked the beginning of time, and it is the god of time – and that of the hours, days, nights, weeks and years.

In Chinese Mythology the Phoenix is ​​known as Feng Huang (or Fung), and is the second most respected creature after the dragon. It is a symbol of high merit and grace, of power and prosperity, representing the union of ying and yang. It is described as having the beak of a rooster, the face of a swallow, the neck of a snake, the breast of a goose, the back of a tortoise, the hindquarters of a stag and the tail of a fish – certainly an unusual looking bird! The Feng Huang's feathers are colored in the five fundamental colors: black, white, red, green and yellow, representing the Confucian virtues of loyalty, honesty, decorum and justice.

The Japanese Phoenix is ​​named according to gender: Hou-Ou or Hoo-Oo – Hou is male and Ou is female. It resembles its Chinese counterpart in looks, and is often depicted nesting in the paulownia tree. It only appears at the birth of a virtuous ruler, and marks the new era by flying down from the heavens to perform good deeds for people before returning home to await the birth of a new era. Some traditions claim the Hou-Ou only appears during times of peace and prosperity – in other words very rarely!

Persian mythology tells of the Huma, also known as the "Bird of Paradise". "Huma" is Persian for "fabulous bird". Considered an extremely compassionate bird, the Huma's shadow brings great fortune to anyone it touches. And if it alights upon an individual's head, even for just a moment, that person will become king. The Huma has the power to free the mind, breaking all limits so the person will be a wise and considerate king. It does not kill for food, choosing instead to feed upon carrion. Both genders are contained in the Huma's body, with each sharing a wing and a leg.

Another Arabian mythological bird is the Cinomolgus or "cinnamon bird", which builds its cinnamon nest at the top of the cinnamon tree. Aeons ago cinnamon was a very rare spice, and muchought after. People would throw rocks or shoot arrows at the Cinomolgus' nest in an effort to dislodged the cinnamon sticks when the poor bird took flight. Another tale claims the Arabians would scatter pieces of oxen or other beasts of burden at the bottom of the nest. The Cinomolgus, unable to resist such a tasty treat, would swoop down and carry the meat back to the nest. The weight of the meat would break the nest, leaving the joyful Arabs to gather the cinnamon sticks from the ground. This is why the Cinomolgus began to nest in cinnamon trees far from Human settlements, and sightings became extremely rare.

The Avalerion is an extremely rare bird from Indian mythology – there is only ever one pair of these birds. Every sixty years they produce two eggs. When the eggs hatch the parent birds drown themselves. An interest myth … unfortunately I've not been able to find much more information on these birds.

Russian folklore's Zhar-Ptitsa is a magical, glowing bird from a faraway kingdom. Better known as the Firebird, its name means "heat bird", and it is both a blessing and a curse to any captor. A large bird with a fiery crest and glowing eyes, the Firebird's plumage glows red, orange and yellow plumage, giving the illusion of firelight. When removed the feathers continue to glow, and one feather has the power to illuminate a large room. The Firebird has been a staple of many fairy tales, usually based upon a quest to find the bird or one of its tail feathers. The hero finds the feather, and sets out to capture the bird – usually after a request from a parent or his king. The hero begins his quest with noble thoughts about the Firebird, but as his search becomes more difficult he begins to blame the bird for his problems. Many fairy tales use this quest to introduce a myriad of fantasy characters, many of which are willing to help the hero capture the bird and return with him to his home.

There are other stories about the Firebird. One of the most popular beliefs is that the Firebird flies around giving hope to the hopeless. Legends say during flight the Firebird's eyes sparkle and he drops pearls fall from his beak. Peasants gather the pearls which are traded. Some claim the mystical Firebird spends its days flying around the king's castle, swooping down at night to eat the king's golden apples. The most popular legend tells of a tsar who, fed up with the Firebird stealing his golden apples, his missions three sons with capturing the bird. The tsar's apples were very special, empowering all those eating them with youth and strength. The sons tried really hard, but were unable to capture the elusive Firebird. However, they did come close, and located a few tail feathers. Sadly they bought the feather back to their father, which disappointment turned to joy when he saw how the feathers lit up the palace rooms.

They also have another sacred bird called the phoenix which I myself have never seen, except in pictures. Indeed it is a great rarity, even in Egypt, only coming there (according to the accounts of the people of Heliopolis) once in five hundred years, when the old phoenix dies. Its size and appearance, if it is like the pictures, are as follow: – The plumage is partly red, partly golden while the general make and size are almost exactly that of the eagle. They tell a story of what this bird does: he comes all the way from Arabia, and brings the parent bird, all plastered over with myrrh, to the temple of the Sun, and there buries the body. In order to bring him, they say, he first forms a ball of myrrh as big as he finds that he can carry; then he hollows out the ball, and puts his parent inside, after which he covers over the opening with fresh myrrh, and the ball is then of exactly the same weight as at first; so he brings it to Egypt, plastered over as I have said, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun. Such is the story they tell of the doings of this bird.
from – Herodotus, History of Herodotus

How To Make A Form For Making Concrete Bricks

It's very easy to make your own concrete bricks, pavers or stepping stones. One item you will need is a form in which to cast your project. You may need more than one and you may need them in different sizes.

Let's use a patio paver for an example. Let's say your patio design requires cement stones that are 8 x 8 and 8 x 16. Here's how you would go about making these forms very easily.

Buy some cheap furring strips at your home center. These are eight feet long and 2.5 inches wide. Also buy some 2 x 2. It's also eight feet long. Get some coarse-threaded screws 1.5 inches long.

From this stock you'll cut two pieces eight inches long and two pieces 20 inches long for each form you want to make. You will also cut four pieces of 2 x 2 that are 2 inches long. The only measurement that has to be fairly accurate is when you cut the eight inch pieces. The rest can be approximate.

Put two of the eight inch pieces together back to back. Put two 2 x 2's at each end so it looks like a capital I. Now you know where the 2 x 2's go, take one eight inch piece and put it on its end. Hold the 2×2 in the place you just had it while you pre-drill two holes and attach the screws. You want the edge of the 2 x 2 and the end of the eight inch piece to be flush. Assemble the other three ends the same way.

Put the assembled pieces back to back again in a capital I. Spread them apart until you have a measure of 16 inches between them. Now screw the 20 inch long pieces on with one screw in the middle of the 2 x 2 so you miss the screws you have already put into it.

That's all you need to make your 8 x 16 forms. When you want to use the 8 x 8 forms, just unscrew the 20 inch side pieces and measure your 8 inch pieces to be 8 inches apart. Pre-drill a hole and screw them to the 2 x 2's as before.

If you decide you want an 8 x 4, you just slide the eight inch pieces to that measure. You could use this form for any 8 by "X" size brick from one inch to 16 inches.

What about the thickness? What if you do not want cement bricks that are 2.5 inches thick? There are two ways to handle this.

One way is to only fill the forms to the depth that you want your brick to be thick. You could make a sight line on the wood to know when you've hit the right depth. If your bricks turn out to be of varying thickness, do not worry. You can compensate when you lay them.

The second way is to trim the wood to the proper width on a table saw. If you have a table saw, you can use any wood you can find, even boards from old pallets will be fine, and save the expense of buying the furring strips.

Have fun with your project!

How to Install Your Own Carpet

Are you a do-it-yourself type of person? It probably would not be a big surprise if you are planning to install your own carpets. While it may seem like an easy task, there are a lot of factors that you will need to consider, such as what type of carpeting your home needs, and the type of carpet underlay you should use underneath.

If you are loath to have professional installers touch your floors, then you will have to learn how to install your own carpets with the right equipment necessary to undertake the job.

If your carpet is coming with a manual, always remember to read the manual first before you begin the actual installation. This way, you can have a better understanding of the procedure and keep from making any costly mistakes that will send you running to the phone to call the manufacturer, or a professional carpet installer. Remember that erroneous installation of your carpets frees the manufacturer from the warranty, so make sure you are doing the installation correctly, by the book.

The first chore you have to do is to move away furniture from where you plan to install your carpeting. Furniture can get in the way of your work, and you'll need to put them far away where they will not snag the padding and the carpet's material that you plan to lay down. If you want wall-to-wall carpeting and a door is in the way, remove the door from its hinges first. This way, you can simply trim the excess length and thickness, and re-install your door as soon as you are done with your installation.

Before laying down your carpet, you will need to clean the floor first. Dust and dirt can soil the bottom of the carpeting and make it harder to clean. You will also want to install the underlay between the floor and your choice of carpet. The carpet underlay acts as heat insulator that serves to keep your floors warm during cold weather. It also sound proofs your floor, as well as keeps moisture away from the cargoing material. Moisture is one of the main culprits that can damage carpets.

Whether you have chosen waffle padding, foam padding, or rubber padding, among the many choices for your carpet underlay, make sure it is the right weight and thickness to suit your requirements for cushioning and insulation.

Check the smoothness of your carpeting. It will not do to have unsightly wrinkles and ripples on the surface. On the other hand, over stretching the material may damage it beyond repair.

Finally, cut any fibers that may have come lose during the installation, and open all doors and windows to ventilate your home from the initial "new carpet odor".

The Rock's Brahma Bull Tattoo – What You Need to Know

"The Rock" is a wrestler turned actor. His actual name is Dwayne Johnson, but he is commonly known as "The Rock". Recently he starred in the movie "The Scorpion King", which was a great hit.He belongs to Samoa, a Polynesian Island. Tattoo carries an important role in the Polynesian Culture.

Therefore, "The Rock" has a big tattoo on his upper left arm and shoulder representing his culture and heritage. He just got another one on his upper right arm. The tattoo is of a big bull's head with scary red eyes. The tattoo of Brahma bull on the body of "The Rock" shows that his sun-sign is Taurus.

The Brahma is a type of cattle. It is used for breeding and in the meat industry. The bulls are really huge in size and can weigh up to tons, yet they are taken as intelligent and gentle creatures. As we know, tattoos show our personalities. Therefore, anyone has a personality which co-relates with that of a Brahma bull should consider going for this tattoo. Also, if your sun sign is Taurus, you should go for the Brahma Bull tattoo. Its size can be as large as we want.

There are a lot of types of Brahma bull tattoo available on the market. You can also get to find them on the net. All you have to do is to browse the correct web-sites. Just go online to a good tattoo gallery and search the category. Remember to choose the best design as this will go to be with you forever. You can add your ideas to the design as well, before finalizing the design with the tattoo artist.

With so many tattoo designs available in the market, it is becoming difficult to choose one for yourself. One has to be a little more imaginative and creative to get the best tattoo design for him.

The Use of Moxa For Shingle Pain

I have been studying Chinese Medicine – Acupuncture – and find that it has contributed to the welfare of my family, friends and clients.

The use of moxa for minor ailments has been seen to be very effective in ridding the body of local discomfort.

What is Moxa?

Moxa is the use of the wool from a family of chrysanthemum – artemisia vulgaris – made into a cigar shaped cylinder or pressed into cones of different sizes which is lighted and burns slowly giving off vapour and heat which can benefit certain health issues. Unlike acupuncture, it is totally non invasive and acts like a heat pack but much more localized.

Here it is useful to mention that artemisia annua is also used for therapeutic purposes – generally termed ‘artemisinin’, it is extremely useful for virus attack such as in colds and flu. As a culture we have become used to ready made pills (in fact ready made anything) – that is what is wrong as we have given away responsibility for health to someone else. With some research we can all use natural products for personal therapy – too much reliance is placed on the ‘mystical’ skill of someone called a practitioner.

Treatment

The area around the shingle lesions is very sensitive and so any treatment needs to be gentle. The object of using moxa for shingle pain is not to use acupoints but to stimulate the area around each lesion with heat.

For example I recently used moxa treatment for a shingle issue in the left scapula area on a family member. A standard moxa stick was moved around and between the lesions starting from the left side of the spine – treatment duration was around 10 minutes and was done twice in two days.

The technique is to place the moxa at points around each discrete lesion and move it around at 2-2.5cm(1″) intervals each time the heat is ‘felt’.

Placing and using the Moxa stick

Here is a quick primer on how to use moxa. Be careful.

Hold the Moxa stick as you would a pen. I prefer to unwrap the outer paper sheath for a few centimeters (an inch or so) at the end to be lit leaving the white tissue paper protecting the bark. Hold the moxa stick over a candle or other flame until it smoulders – don’t burn it, but just use enough flame to light the bark, then you may blow on it until it glows in one small spot – that is enough as it is lit.

Now hold the stick over the back of your hand and feel the heat from various distances – you will find that for regular moxa the ideal distance above the skin is about two to three centimeters (1 inch).

While using moxa always talk to your patient to gauge the feeling of heat they are getting. Instruct the patient to say ‘hot’ when they feel the skin is quite warm but before any burn takes place – do not burn the patient. Keep alert and your eyes on the area that is being treated. When your patient says ‘hot’ move the moxa stick to the next point (or away from the skin).

As long as you pay attention to what you are doing no harm will be done. However you must remember that the moxa is burning at red heat – that is around 600 degrees C (around 1100 deg F) give or take. So you must pay attention to what you are doing or you may burn the skin and deeper tissues.

Moxa Treatment Summary

Just after the moxa treatment most of the pain was gone. The next day and for some months now, all pain is gone and the family member has not suffered with any further pain or discomfort from the viral attack on the nerves in this area – it is quite remarkable.

This is a non invasive and safe treatment but I recommend that it be done by someone who has studied the moxa technique. If you decide to try it, practice on yourself if you feel that you are responsible enough to use this technique. Once familiar with using the moxa you can then try the technique on others, with care. Do not leave the lighted moxa unattended – make very sure it is extinguished – use a thick ceramic vessel for this purpose or just place in water if desired – however it will not be useful again until dry.

The family member also took an increased dose of lipoic acid for 3-4 days at 1200mg per day which helps with peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain outside the spinal column). There is more information on lipoic acid as a component of CoQ10Sport from the website if desired.

Reference:

1. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Cheng Xinnong (chief editor), Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, China

2. acupuncture-services.com

Navigating Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport

Russia has come a long way since the Communist government evolved into a more Democratic, and I use that word loosely, style government. In many ways, Russian citizens are living their lives much as Americans do, and with most of the modern conveniences that Americans have. Many of the controls that previously accessed to block travel and limit freedom of its residents are no longer in place or are lightly enforced. This slight loosing of the reigns has, as it always does, opened the door for foreigners to travel more freely and then the wave of tourists are arriving in Russia with more and more regularity. Russian capitalists are catering to tourists as a significant source of revenue for this developing economy. This is great for tourists and for those who have always been curious about what is behind the Iron Curtain and want to a peek. As for myself, being one of those who seek more a adventurous style of travel, I am thankful for the opportunity I have had to travel to and spend a significant amount of time in Russia.

The opening of new worlds such as this does not come without problems though, and unfortunately, if you are going to travel in Russia you should be prepared to meet at least some of them. This is not saying that travel in Russia is more difficult because overall it is not. In comparison, it is not much more difficult to travel in Russia than in any other modern country, but when problems do happen, they are usually difficult to overcome in Russia and this is why advance planning and preparation helps out tremendously. When in America, a quick cell phone call can solve most problems, but in Russia, where most American cell phones do not work, one can quickly become paralyzed by the inability to solve problems quickly, especially if that person is not very experienced with foreign travel. This is sometimes the first realization that Americans have about how convenient things actually are in America. Russia is a big country, and it seems that when problems occur, they occur in an equally big way.

First and foremost, do not let anything I say in this article scare you away from visiting Russia. It is true that Russia is not the Garden of Eden, but it is a wonderful place to experience, especially if you are willing to get away from the tourist traps of the major cities. As a matter of fact, most of my travel in Russia has been in the Eastern half of the country in the territory known as Siberia and I am glad for that fact. That alone has allowed me to develop an attraction to this country in a way that most tourists never will. It is a different world in Siberia. The government controls of Moscow seem very distant, and it looks like you are in a sedate world where people just go about the business of day to day living. This is also where I live on a temporary basis, and that just adds to the experience, but that is for another article. In Russia, other than the cab drivers and those seeking to sell something to tourists, most of the people you will meet will be very friendly. The problem is you probably will not meet most Russians as they are not into socializing with foreigners or any strangers for that matter. In my experience, I have found that Russians are difficult to meet, but once the introduction has been made, they usually turn out to be a very friendly and accommodating people.

If your travel plans for Russia include flying into Moscow from any international location, chances are you will fly into Sheremetyevo Airport and that is what this article is about. It is not difficult to make your way through Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport, but it does require some advance information and knowledge or you will end up with one of those problems that I mentioned above and changes are you will be lost and will get ripped off very badly trying to solve the situation. The Russians that work in the airport deal with the same stresses that anyone who works in airports have to deal with, and more often than not, when you need assistance, it will be on one of those days when they would rather not be there, and they are more than happy to shuffle you off to someone else for a solution to your problem. Usually this someone else is the one who is waiting to help you and to take you for as much money as they can get at the same time. They will solve your problem, but it will cost you dearly. Some advance knowledge will enable you to avoid this situation all together.

The first advice I will give you about traveling to Russia is to purchase at least some Rubles (their currency) before you arrive in the country. It is true that you may not get as good of an exchange rate, so do not use your entire budget at this point, but do purchase at least a hundred dollars worth or so. Once you arrive, you will need Rubles before you encounter a place to exchange cash. Also, if you fly in on Aeroflot, the Russian National Airline, you will get more for your money on the plane if you use Rubles. I noticed that the flight attendants conversion to US dollars was very loosely calculated. Basically, bringing Rubles with you will make life much simpler and your first experiences in Russia will be positive as opposed to stressful and difficult.

I was surprised the first time I flew into Sheremetyevo Airport at the fact that it is not a large airport in terms of the size of the terminals. With Moscow being the capital of Russia, I expected that Sheremetyevo would be a large airport but to the eyes alone, this is not the case. The one thing you need to know in advance though is that the airport consist of two separate terminals and they are not located close together. As a matter of fact, they are probably a mile or more apart. The International Terminal is Severemyo Terminal 2. The Domestic Terminal is Terminal 1. First we are going to focus on the International Terminal, Terminal 2. When arriving here from an international location, upon exiting the aircraft, you should just follow your fellow passengers as you enter the terminal and your path will wind along a hallway lined with glass for what sees like the entire circumference of the building. I remember thinking my first time through this corridor that I felt like I was being put on display to everyone else in the terminal on the other side of the glass wall waiting for flights out.

At the end of that corridor, you will come to a set of stairs that lead downstairs to the Customs and Immigration check point. Again, just follow your fellow passengers and ahead of you will be a line of booths similar to a toll booth back in America. There will be several lines that form, but most are for the same thing, and that is just passing through. Once you step up to the booth, you will need to show your passport, visa, and an immigration form that is handed out on the airline before you arrive. That is all that is needed at the customs check point, but be sure to fill the immigration card out on the airplane as there will be no time to do it once you enter the terminal. They will check your documents and scan your passport into their computer and then stamp your passport and Immigration Card. They call it a Migration Card. The whole process takes only a couple of minutes and there should be no problem. Once you pass through the check point, you will need to proceed to the baggage claim area which is located just ahead of you. You will see the conveyor belts.

At Sheremetyevo Airport, if you are arriving on an international flight as we have been discussing, and transferring to a Domestic flight for other destinations, you will need to collect your baggage and transport it yourself to Terminal 1, the Domestic Terminal there are signs posted that say that if you have a layover of less than 4 hours, then your luggage will be transferred for you, but my layovers have always been longer so I have no experience with this. I have always had to collect my luggage, carry it with me and re-check it at Terminal 1. I have no experience with a less than 4 hour layover, but I would be hesitant to leave the Terminal and my luggage without knowing for sure it is being transferred. If time is available, I would hang around and see if it appears on the conveyor belt anyway. Besides, this is your best opportunity to meet fellow Americans as everyone is there waiting and you can always hear an English conversation.

As soon as you collect your luggage, directly behind you is a corridor labeled "TRANSIT" and this is where you will exit. It is not difficult to find since all you have to do is follow the crowd. As you leave the baggage claim area, there are officials standing there around the "TRANSIT" sign to theoretically check you baggage tickets, but I have never checked at Sheremetyevo. I have seen them check others though, so I think they must do it randomly. I just try to act like I know what I am doing, not make eye contact, and keep on moving. It is not a problem for them to check baggage tickets, but I just prefer less interruptions. This "TRANSIT" corridor will lead you directly out the front of the Terminal, and you will not have any opportunity to change currency, but you will need Rubles to catch the "TRANSIT" bus to Terminal 1.

This is the point where advance knowledge becomes very soft. It is important to know how to transfer between the terminals without losing an arm or leg to the taxi bandits. As you leave the terminal they will harass you continuously but if you keep moving and keep saying no or just shaking your head for no, then all will go smoothly. Once outside, in front of the terminal, you have two basic options for your transfer. You can either catch the official transfer bus for a very few Rubles or take a taxi and sign over at least one of your children. On my first trip to Russia, I was advised on how to take the transfer bus and I am glad that I was. Afterwards, I talked with fellow travelers who told me how they paid up to 80 dollars (US) for a taxi to take them on the 5 minute trip between terminals. Later, in my own experience, I had taxi bandits approach me with offers between the previously stated 80 dollars down to as low as 20 dollars but none were lower than that. The transfer bus is ideal and I would tell anyone to use this option.

Once outside the terminal, to catch the transfer bus what you have to do is look for the transfer bus sign posted on one of the building pillows on the very first row toward the city. Once you find it, just stand there and wait for the correct bus as seen in the picture I have included. Do not take the green striped or the red or red striped buses. They stop in the same general vicity, but, these are city buses and if you board one of these, there is no telling where you will end up. The transfer bus you are looking for is a white bus with blue stripes. It also has the price posted in the window, and the posted price is 15 Rubles, but I have learned that this price unofficially changes based on the drivers mood and how many bags you have. On my last trip, I had 3 large bags that took some effort getting onto the bus, and he charged me 30 Rubles, which still converts to about $ 1.50 US This is why I said to convert some money before arriving in country. The transfer bus runs once an hour and in my experience, it is very timely.

I have heard some complaint about waiting outside for the bus, but personally, after sitting in a plane for many hours, I welcomed the opportunity to stand and breathe some fresh polluted Russian air. After all, you came to experience Russia did not you? If you wanted to walk back into the departure side of the terminal to get currency you could, but I do not because I do not like dragging around excess luggage and having to have it all scanned again. There is one thing to be aware of though! If you want to eat, visit the Internet Café, shop, or buy snacks, it is best to re-enter the International Terminal and do it now, even if it does mean dragging luggage, because there are very few, actually there are almost no support services, (ie gift shops, Internet Café) at the Domestic Terminal.

After a 5 minute ride, the transit bus will drop you directly in front of the Domestic Terminal. Once you are inside you will see that it is very small and spartan, and if it is not crowded when you arrive, it soon will be. What you need to do is find a seat as quickly as possible and sit with your luggage until about two hours before your scheduled flight time, and then you can check in and check your luggage. Yes, you actually have to sit with all of your luggage. The goal is to find the best seat available, sit down, and stay there. Once you find a seat, if you are so lucky, and you decide to get up without someone saving it for you, it will be gone quickly and you will stand until another opens, and since probably everyone knows this rule, very few ever get up until it is time for them to leave.

On my first trip, I had a wonderful seat on the end of a row with plenty of space, but I decided that I wanted a snack and went to get one. When I came back there were no more seats available and I stood for 3 hours staring at the seat that I had lost. One good idea is to find a friendly person who speaks your language while back in the baggage claim area at the International Terminal. Strike up a conversation, make friends with them and maybe hang out together at the Domestic Terminal. I usually always meet fellow Americans on the plane or at the baggage claim area because you can hear them speaking and an introduction is not difficult in those circumstances. On my last trip, I met an American and we took turns watching each others luggage while various excursions were made to the snack bar, the phone, a smoke break (outside, as it is not allowed in the terminal) and to the rest room . It makes life extremely better if you can accomplish this. If you are alone, you have to take your luggage to the rest room with you, unless you have a friend to help you watch it.

In the Domestic Terminal, the regiment is pretty much the same as every other airport. The flights are announced two hours before departure and this is when check-in begins. You have to be careful though to listen for flight announcements, as they are announced in Russian and the best you can hope for is to hear the destination city and flight number. If you are not sure about what you heard or just want to check on your plane, there is an electronic flight board that you can check to see if your flight is boarding, and yes, it does have an English page. It will tell you if your flight is boarding and what gate number you should go to. The gate numbers are somewhat confusing though, as the board might say you should check in at gate 27, but gate 27 is not visible until you pass through the security gates which are numbered 1 – 4. You can go through whatever security gate is open , and then you will see the gate numbers. At check in, the usual documents are needed and it is not difficult to communicate. Hand signals are used very effectively.

If you are departing the country, the same procedures are in effect for transport between the terminals. Clearing customs is not as difficult in Russia provided you have the proper documents and assuming you entered the country legally. The Russian Customs agents are not as thorough as in the US, but once you get into the secured area and TSA, Delta, or contract security personnel search your carry on bag, it is as thorough as in the US. Then, as you enter the actual boarding gate, your bag will be searched again. This time it will be local companies or Russian uniformed individuals. The last time I passed through, there were individuals wearing two different uniforms checking the carry-on bags. One uniform looked more official, so I chose the ones who appeared to have on Russian uniforms. I do not know exactly who these inspectors were, but a fellow traveler that I had befriended chose the other group. They spend 10 minutes searching every crack in his bag and opening every single thing that could be opened. The ones searching my bag moved things around inside, took a quick look and passed me through. I am not saying there was any skill or method that you should follow in this situation. I just got lucky, but it does go to show how much of a variety you will encounter in each situation.

All in all, travel in Russia is no more difficult than any other country, but advance planning is always prudent. Find out as much as you can before you go, and do not quite entirely on your travel agent to provide this information. My agent did not tell me anything about the two terminals at Sheremetyevo, and I would have been lost without advice from a Russian friend of mine who I was going to visit. Russia is a beautiful country with many wonderful people and short of seeing military uniforms and the Russian architecture that we have seen in so many pictures; it is sometimes easy to forget you are in what was once the Communist Soviet Union. If you want my advice, get out of the big cities such as Moscow and St. Petersburg. Petersburg and visit some of the smaller cities or even venture into Siberia as I did and experience the wonder of the other side of Russia.

Text Flirting – How to Make a Girl Like You Over Text Messaging

It's not about being the most dominant guy. It's about being the most creative guy and taking risks. Creativity comes before dominance because the creative guy can adapt to situations and make things fun and pull people into an emotionally driven world. The creative guy can create dominance by taking risks.

Rule # 1

Get Her Laughing

My number 1 rule in text messaging a girl for the first time is to get her laughing. Usually I do not like to even get someone on the phone it's either meeting up with someone or text messaging.

The Use of Cliffhangers

Do you ever wonder why women always watch drama filled TV shows on the LIFETIME network or even prime time TV? It's because all women love drama whether they admit to it or not, in fact most women will say to your face that they despise drama despite the fact they are creating whirlwinds of it in their own lives, like moths to a flame they can not help the irresistible urge to go to where the drama is.

The key is to create positive drama in your life. Positive Masculine drama is what I like to call the "what is he gonna be up to next" effect when you constantly have things going on in your life (real or perceived) you are creating the positive male energy that women crave.

Here are some example text messages I have used in the past:

"WOW, I can not believe" – ​​(use this example if you are stuck on getting a response from a flaky woman, this will always get a response of some sort)

The MASS Text Message

– If you already have a presence or personality particularly if you are in college on campus you can use this one a lot more and without discretion, just make sure the things are texting are cool and sound fun otherwise you will be considered social spam – just made that up.

The Mass Text Message is one to be used sparingly and it also must seem that this text message could have been interpreted as a single private message so as an example you could say something like "hey, everyone is going down to the * bar * tonight would like to see your face there! "

The WAITER

After you get the girl to commit something to the conversation you can use "The WAITER" technique which is basically used to make the girl wait for a response from you wait until it gets to a hook point (it must be something significant) and then simply sit on it and do not respond for up to 4-6 hours depending on the level of commitment you have from the girl use this technique sparingly.

The Innuendo

Use this one sparingly as well but one thing you can do is use words like come and get off in a minority (not sure what he means way) If she mentions it in a sexual way say back to her in a PLAYFUL way
that she should really get her mind out of the gutter.

Advantages of Ash Wood

The Ash tree belongs to the Oleaceae (olive) Family with about 70 species in the world. Of these the White Ash and Black Ash are the ones that are used predominantly in the lumber industry. Ash wood trees grow throughout the world in places as wide apart as North America, Europe, North Africa and South West Asia. White Ash has a clear white to pale yellow sapwood, with the heartwood leaning more to the light to medium brown tones. Due to greater supply, Ash furniture tends to be more easily available and is cheaper too, in comparison to Oak. Ash wood has the same high quality standards as Oak, but, at a more affordable cost.

Versatile

Ash wood is versatile and can be used in a variety of applications from tools to sports equipment and even furniture. Black Ash is a medium dense wood, similar to a Black Walnut, but softer than White Ash. Black Ash can be used for making baskets and other more detailed work because of its layered characteristics.

White Ash is often substituted for Oak. The wood of White Ash is similar to Red Oak in appearance and characteristics; when stained, it looks like Oak as the grain pattern of the two woods is similar. This allows Ash wood to be used in different types of furniture, modern contemporary Ash furniture designs, and also more traditionally designed furniture.

Ash wood is odor free because of which it can be used to make serving utensils.

Easy to Handle and Durable

Ash is a “user-friendly” wood, and takes easily to nails, screws and glue. Though it is hard, the wood bends well and allows a smooth finish because stain and paint adhere well to the wood.

The wood of Ash is typically easy to sand and machine. It is also easy to carve.

This is resistant to decay in the heartwood. This makes it durable and requires low maintenance.

Shock Resistant

Ash Wood has a Janka rating of 1320, making it between red and white Oak in hardness. This makes it a good choice for flooring in high traffic areas, or areas that are susceptible to rough usage, such as for use in kitchens. Ash hardwood floors are durable and shock resistant. Though it is hard, the wood bends well.

Ash wood has the best strength to weight ratio and is therefore used to make baseball bats. Since most players do not want a bat greater than 32 oz. this becomes significant. It is also used for tool handles and other sports equipment.

How to Buy a Quality Used Sailboat and Avoid the Lemons

Buying a used sailboat can go one of two ways – it can either be a great bargain or it can turn out to be an awful money pit. Of course, everyone wants to find that great bargain they can brag about to all their sailing friends. This article will help you understand the important things you need to consider when purchasing a used sailboat. If you are new to sailing and would not know a well crafted boat from an inflatable dinghy, consider bringing an experienced professional to help you inspect the boat. It will be worth the investment, and you'll probably get an education in the process.

Construction Material

The most important thing to remember with sailboat materials is to avoid wood. It is difficult and costly to maintain, in addition to hiding flaws that could have been impossible to detect without teething it apart. Fiberglass would be the best choice. While some claim that a fiberglass sailboat is "maintenance-free," this is very true. Plan on spending a few days per year on maintenance which could include applying antifouling paint to the bottom (to prevent the growth of barnacles and algae), regular waxing of the topsides with a good marine wax to prevent oxidation of the gelcoat, varnishing any teak trim annually, regular inspections of the mast and rigging (about as regularly as you have your car tuned up), annual inspection of your sails by your sailmaker to repair any small rips or tears, and regular engine maintenance.

If you're not a fan of fiberglass, you can also consider steel. However, be careful to inspect for rust. This is one problem you do not want to have. There are also boats constructed from a material called ferro-cement. Ferro-cement is the least expensive construction for boats over 25 feet. This construction methods uses steel wires covered with a sand and cement plaster. But, unless you build this boat yourself, steer clear of these as they are typically built by amateurs.

Engine

Only consider sailboats with newer engines, as older or vintage engines will be difficult to find replacement parts for. While it may be enticing to own a vintage model, really evaluate how much time and money you are willing to spend on maintenance.

The most reliable engine test is the "Smoke Test." Well-maintained diesel engines will blow small amounts of black smoke with some white – especially if started cold. However, steer clear of diesels that blow blue smoke or a steady stream of white smoke. While diesels are generally very reliable, they do require regular maintenance. Ask for maintenance records for oil changes, etc. Gasoline engines should be leak-free and have a bilge blower that operates correctly. Again, ask for maintenance records.

Sails and Rigging

The only way to make sure the sails are in good repair is to remove them from their bags and spread them out on a flat surface. Look for mildew, previously made repairs, worn spots, folded stitches, and broken slides. Check that the winch operates smoothly. Inspect for worn pins and shackles, worn lines, broken blocks, and fraying wire. Hoist the sails, if possible, to ensure everything works properly.

Miscellaneous

Look for any leaks around hatches or portholes. These can be costly repairs to have to fix later on. Have someone who really knows electrical check the wiring. Again, this can be expensive to fix later, or even dangerous if a fire breaks out while on the water. Check to see if there are any wires banging around inside the mast – as this could surely keep you up at night if you're a light sleeper.

Conclusion

Just remember when you're buying a used sailboat that you're really in the driver's seat. Most sellers are typically in either one of two scenarios: They are either upgrading to a larger boat or they're getting out of sailing altogether. Either way, they will be pretty motivated to sell. Do not pay more than you need to. Start with a low offer and see if they counter. If buying through an auction website, do not get caught up the passion of bidding. There are plenty of boats for sale, so if you do not win the first auction, do not give up.

Use a reliable sailboat transporter, to ensure your new purchase arrives in the same condition you bought it in. And, above all, enjoy your new boat. There's nothing like a day on the water!

Make Group Bowling Fun: Rules, Tips and Different Ways to Bowl With Others

Bowling is a great game because of its diverse nature. It can be both a highly competitive showdown against others or simply a fun time out with your friends where no one cares about the score. After you’ve gone bowling many times, however, it’s common to want to mix it up a bit and try out fun new ways to bowl. Bowlers around the world have thought up some great different ways to make your time at the alley even more fun. These range from official rules systems in league play to silly ways to bowl with your friends.

If you’re just bowling with your friends during open bowling time, you can really pick any rules you want. You might have everyone compete against each other for the best overall score, or you might pair up with a friend and have your combined score go up against that of another twosome. Also, if you’re just in it to have a good time, you might not even care to look at the scores.

The only time the rules really matter is if you’re joining a league. If you choose this path, there are endless variations, and your bowling center will make it very clear what rules are in place. The most common format is to have the total score of your team against a team of opponents, and each bowler receives a handicap added to their score based on their average score. This is designed to even the playing field and give everyone a fair chance at winning. A better bowler would get fewer “handicap” pins added to their score, and a beginning bowler would get more pins tacked on.

Recreational bowlers have come up with some other great rules for group bowling. A popular one is to agree that the lowest score wins and try to have bowlers hit the fewest pins. To make this work, it’s good to count a gutterball as a strike so that players can’t just throw it in the gutter and win.

You could also have each bowler use their non-dominant hand for bowling. Some bowlers like to experiment with different styles of releasing the ball, such as “granny” style. If you’re going to try anything like this, however, be sure to be safe and not upset the staff at the alley.

When you’re looking to have fun bowling, the sky is the limit!

Artwork Analysis: ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso’s complete name is Pablo Ruiz Picasso. He was of Spanish origin and was born in 1881 and died in 1972 at the age of 91. Picasso is regarded as one the greats in the field of modern art. He is credited with being the co-founder of the Cubist movement which is an early 20th century avant-garde movement. Picasso shares credit for this movement along with Georges Braque. Later other notable artists like Jean Metzinger, Albert, Robert Delaunay Henri and Juan Gris joined this movement and revolutionised European art.

Love with Marie Therese Walter

Pablo Picasso was an emotional man. In 1927 he met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter who was then only 17 and fell in love with her, though he was already married. He fathered one daughter from her, but never divorced his wife.

Marie Therese and her Effect “Nude, Green Leaves and Bust”

During the period Picasso had his affair with Marie-Therese, she exerted a deep influence on him, though this did not deter him from having affairs with other women, some of them nearly four decades younger than him. During the period Marie was his muse and love he painted a series of paintings with her as his center piece. The first of these paintings titled ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ was painted in 1932. Marie was the inspiration behind these paintings. The painting is fairly large and stands over five feet. It is painted in blue and lilac colors and brings out Picasso’s deep passion for Marie who was 29 years younger than him.

The War Years

Around this time Picasso had become friends with a French-Jewish art dealer named Paul Rosenberg. Picasso was staying in France at this time. War clouds were gathering over Europe and Rosenberg took an excuse of exhibiting the work in New York and shipped the painting out of France in 1939. This was a sane step as Picasso was not in favor with the Nazi’s who had occupied France. Picasso remained in France during the war years, while his painting remained in the United States.

History of the Painting after the war

Rosenberg put the painting on display at his gallery on East 57th street. The painting was bought by Francis Brody in 1951 and after that went out of public display. It was displayed only once in 1961 on the 80th birthday of Picasso. Francis Brody died in 2009. After his death the painting was put on auction in 2010 by Christies in New York City. The painting was auctioned for $106 million which was a record price at that time.

Analysis of the Painting

Nude, Green leaves and Bust‘ is Picasso’s deep passion for his blonde mistress Marie. The girl it appears was infatuated with Picasso despite his many affairs. She committed suicide after his death. A tragic end to a tale of love. There is no doubt that the painting which is now displayed on loan at Tate gallery was inspired by the young mistress of Picasso.

Picasso greatly liked philodendron leaves. He represented them in his painting of Marie by showing they emanated from her side.

The painting of Marie is one of Picasso’s finest works and in it he has left an endearing image of a girl who gave everything up for him.