Top Ten Coolest Security Guard Movies

For as long as we can remember, films that feature bumbling, hapless or larger-than-life security guards, or protective dynamic duos, have been a fun, important part of cinematic history. Here is a list of classic bodyguard movies, or movies with super-strength security stars that we simply can’t forget.

1. Armed and Dangerous: John Candy and Eugene Levy team up and make cinematic history in this brilliant buddy comedy; the bumbling duo play a recently fired cop and amoral lawyer who suit up as security guards, only to find that they’ve unwittingly become members of a corrupt company.

2. The Bodyguard: Kevin Costner and Whitney Houston sizzle on the big screen as a former Secret Service agent acting as bodyguard to a mainstream pop singer. The film’s epic soundtrack continues to be one of the best-selling albums of all time.

3. National Security: Martin Lawrence and Steve Zahn as Earl and Hank, respectively; two guards from different walks of life that have one thing in common: the security company they work for. Their history of hating each other stems from Earl’s key role in Hank’s dismissal from the police force. This odd couple doesn’t disappoint in the laughs department.

4. Observe & Report: This dark comedy features Seth Rogen as Ronnie Barnhardt, a depressed, on-the-brink guard who is head of the security department at Forest Ridge Mall. When he fails to get into the police force and is belittled by the officer taking over his operations, he embarks on a dual mission of madness: to prove himself and catch the elusive mall flasher, Ronnie’s arch enemy and ultimate target.

5. In the Line of Fire: Clint Eastwood as Frank Horrigan, a Secret Service agent to the President. Frank famously dropped the ball when it came to saving President Kennedy, but did put himself on the front lines to take out a crafty assassin who is targeting his current client.

6. Paul Blart:Mall Cop: Kevin James holds it down as Paul Blart, who dreams of being an officer for the New Jersey State Police. However, his ample size doesn’t help his chances of being a powerhouse cop, so he has to make do with being a security guard at his local mall. Heartwarming and hilarious, this is a great film for the whole family.

7. The Pacifier: Vin Diesel as tough guy Shane Wolfe, a disgraced US Navy SEAL assigned to work as a bodyguard protecting five rebellious kids. He may soon be the one needing protecting, as he learns the hard way that nannying is no joke.

8. Night at The Museum: Larry Daley is a night guard at New York’s American Museum of Natural History in. Upon beginning his shift, he’s instructed not to let anything “in or out.” He soon comes to realize the significance of this creepy warning: The Museum comes to life at night, kicking off a bone-tingling phenomenon that delighted movie-goers of all ages.

9. Guarding Tess: Nicholas Cage as Doug Chesnic, a Secret Service agent protecting Jessica Tandy’s Tess Carlisle, the widow of a former US President. Though he holds great pride in his prestigious job, the fiesty First Lady tests his limits by treating him like a lowly servant. Have your hankie ready for this endearing tear-jerker.

10. Terminator 2: Judgment Day: Arnold Schwarzenegger returns as the ultimate larger-than-life robo-guard, a well-muscled force from the future on a mission to protect teenager John Connor. Nothing says big-screen fun like another deadly Terminator!

Aging-in-Place With Universal and Adaptable Design

Homes That Grow Gracefully With You

As we enter into retirement, we begin to face some very difficult questions about the future of our families and our ability to maintain our independence through the retirement years. We have a strong desire to retain our autonomy as long as possible and not readily on family members for assistance with daily living. Universal and adaptable design concepts optimize space in our homes to accommodate a wide range of individuals with varying physical abilities, allow people to stay in their homes longer, and keep families together.

What is Aging-in-Place?

Aging-in-place means living in your home safely, comfortably, and independently, regardless of age or ability level. It allows you to continue living in a familiar environment through your maturing years. Aging-in-place is the ability to remain in your home for a lifetime.

Quick Facts …

    One-quarter of the US population is over age 50.
    From 2000 to 2030 the over 65 population will double.
    By 2030, the population of older people will likely increase to over 69 million persons.
    By 2050, the US will account for 79 million people over age 65.
    The net worth of seniors is five times greater than the average net worth of all US citizens.

What is universal and adaptable design?

Ron Mace, founder and program director of the Center for Universal Design, defines universal design as "the design of products and environments to be useable by all people, to the greatest possible possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design". For our purposes, we will limit the term "universal design" as it applies to home design and related products.

Adaptable design, on the other hand, allows the easy modification of a space to accommodate a specific need. Where universal design benefits everyone regardless of ability, adaptable design provides access to spaces or products through alteration or the addition of an assistive device that bridges an existing barrier to its use. Adaptable design is defined by ANSI A117.1 (American National Standards Institute) as, "the ability of certain building elements, such as kitchen counters, sinks, and grab bars, to be added to, raised, lowered, or otherwise altered so as to accommodate the needs of either persons with or without disabilities, or to accommodate the needs of persons with different types or degrees of disability ".

The differences between universal and adaptable design may be obscure at times. One could consider the installation of grab bars in a shower to be universal as anyone can use the bar for balance or safety. But the installation of the backing (structural support) for grab bars may be considered adaptable if the intention is to install the bars at a future time when needed to provide access to the use of the shower by a person with a disability. It is this obscurity that points to the fact that universal and adaptable design is not a matter of listing items as features; rather, it is a philosophy of design. The philosophy of universal design is summarized by the Principles of Universal Design developed by the Center for Universal Design (see sidebar).

THE PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSAL DESIGN

Copywrite 1997 NC State University, The Center for Universal Design

PRINCIPLE ONE: Equitable Use
The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.

PRINCIPLE TWO: Flexibility in Use
The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.

PRINCIPLE THREE: Simple and Intuitive Use
Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.

PRINCIPLE FOUR: Perceptible Information
The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.

PRINCIPLE FIVE: Tolerance for Error
The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.

PRINCIPLE SIX: Low Physical Effort
The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.

PRINCIPLE SEVEN: Size and Space for Approach and Use
Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user's body size, posture, or mobility.

"The Principles of Universal Design were conceived and developed by The Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University. or endorsements by The Center for Universal Design of the use or application. "

What are some applications of universal and adaptable design?

Universal design encompasses a wide scope of home design and modification extending from landscaping and low maintenance exterior and interior finishes to specific features that enhance the use and safety of bathrooms and kitchens. The use of energy efficient building materials and solar design, for example, may be considered universal design criteria because it benefits everyone who uses it.

Some of the major areas we look at, from the perspective of universal design, are entrances and pathways leading to entrances, overall interior accessible features, kitchens, bathrooms, and sleeping areas. Let's take each of these individually and look at ways that we can improve the usability of each.

Entrances and pathways

One of the first things to consider in universal design is how to eliminate barriers to access from a vehicle drop-off point to an accessible entry. To make a pathway usable for a person using a wheelchair or other assistive device, we need to limit the slope of the walkway to a maximum change of 1 foot for every 20 feet up or down to the entry. We prefer to use earth berms, bridges or retaining walls instead of front ramps that may suggest a vulnerable resident. Anyone moving heavy furniture in or out of the home will love this feature!

The entry itself has many facets to look at in terms of accessibility. These items include providing weather shelter, a no-step entry with a threshold less than "" high, maneuvering space on both sides of the door, sidelights or "peepholes" to view visitors, and adequate lighting to operate locks and provide security.

Overall features of the home

Here, we are going to explore some universal design features that are not specific to any one room, but should be considered as general applications.

Whether the home is designed for aging-in-place or simply for visitability, we want to create easy access to the main living areas and facilities. This can be accomplished by providing a minimum clear opening of 32 "on all doors to accessible areas and a 40" minimum clear circulation route through rooms and hallways. We also want to provide a minimum of 18 "near the door latch for easy operation for people using assistive devices.

Another consideration would be the placement of electrical outlets, switches and other operable controls. Raised outlets between 18 "and 22" above the floor falls within the range of use for a person in a positioned position and also aids people who have problems stooping over. Placing light switches and other controls a maximum of 48 "above the floor allows their use from a seated position.

Safety in the home is another big consideration addressed through universal design. Non-slip floor surfaces will help avoid falls and aid in the use of walkers and wheelchairs. Telephones installed in strategic locations, such as bedrooms and bathrooms, will help summon assistance if needed. Also, lowered window sill heights to a maximum of 36 "high will enhance the use of windows for egress in case of fire or other emergency.

Kitchens

Kitchens are notorious in excluding their use for a variety of people and there are many universal design "standards" that apply to this area of ​​the home. Even though the application of universal criteria to the kitchen is typically design specific, we will cover some of the more critical design choices.

We first want to be sure we have a proper floor space that is suitable for all users, including people who use wheelchairs. Optimally, we would like to see a 5 'clear turning radius in the kitchen, but, as a minimum, we want to provide a 30 "x 48" approach in front of all appliances. We also want to provide knee space under the sink and cooktop, as well as a lowered counter (also with knee space) at a work area for a person in a separated position. Some adaptable criteria may come into play here with removable base cabinets or doors that swing out for roll-under access.

Continuous counters between work areas may be a universal design consideration. An example would be having a sink and cooktop on the same run of counter so that a heavy object could slide between the two without having to pick it up. Another idea might be to have a spray or faucet located to fill coffee makers or pots without lifting.

The selection and placement of appliances need to be considered for ease of use. Controls need to be placed within the range of reach for persons in a separated position. The maximum reach height of 48 "for all kitchen controls apply here. Forward reach over obstructions should also be considered, but this is client specific and mathematical formulas are used to determine forward reach ranges. Front mounted controls are easy to use for everyone, but considering needs to be taken in terms of access to small children.

A raised dishwasher, as well as raised washer / dryer in the laundry room, improves its use for both people using wheelchairs and those having problems stooping over to load the machine. There is also a long list of cabinet features that improve access, such as pull-out shelves, lazy susans, and roll out waste containers. Adequate task lighting is also a major consideration in the kitchen.

Bathrooms

Safety is the number one priority in the bathroom as it is the room with the highest number of accidents in the home. Non-slip surfaces are essential both inside and outside the tub / shower area. As mentioned earlier, grab bars enhance the safety for everyone, but they are especially important to people who have an increased risk of falling. They are also very important for people who use wheelchairs to enable transfer to shower seats and toilets. Pressure balanced / anti-scald valves are another safety feature that benefits everyone.

Access for people using assistive devices is critical in the bathroom. Curb-less showers allow people to roll-in or avoid tripping over a curve at the shower pan. (This feature has also spurred some very beautiful bathroom designs!) Dimensions around toilets are critical for access and 30 "x 48" minimum approach area in front of all bathroom fixtures is needed. (These clearances can overlap.)

There are many accessories available for shower / tub modifications that improve safety and convenience. Recessed soap and shampoo ledges, various seats and benches, and adjustable height / hand-held shower with slide bars, just to name a few.

Bedrooms

One of the important features we want to look for in the bedroom is that there is adequate clearance for maneuvering around the bed and proper clearances for emergency egress, either at a door or a window with a lowered sill. Proper clearance should be considered for adaptable devices, such as a Med-Pole (a stainless steel assistive device) or Hoya lift. The doorways to accessible areas, like the bathroom and closet, need to be a minimum of 32 "wide as indicated earlier.

Summary

Aging-in-Place means maintaining independence and control of your life. Your environment plays a key role in achieving that goal and steps should be taken to improve the usability, safety and comfort of your home.

This begins with a comprehensive personal assessment and home audit for independence that may be performed by a medical professional or a trained aging-in-place specialist. With this information, solutions for home modification can be developed. Some of these modifications may be done yourself, such as using brighter lighting and slip-free mats. Other configurations will require a trained professional for widening doors and various remodel projects in bathrooms and kitchens.

Whether you are considering remodeling or designing a new home, look for professionals who have the experience to accurately assess your needs and find the solutions that will make your house a home for a lifetime. One resource for finding qualified professionals is the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB). They have created the Certified Aging-in-Place Specialist (CAPS) program to help you identify industry professionals with the skills and knowledge specific to home configurations for aging-in-place.

3 More Foods To Avoid If You Have H Pylori

H pylori infections are relatively common. Some people develop nasty symptoms, whereas others do not. The majority of people who do develop symptoms experience problems in the upper GI tract, such as heartburn, bloating and stomach pain, though some may also develop lower GI symptoms such as diarrhea.

What many folk don’t realize is that a number of commonly eaten foods can cause exactly the same – or similar – symptoms as H pylori. This can lead to confusion. First, H pylori can be successfully eradicated only for symptoms to remain if these irritating foods are not avoided. Second, symptoms can all go away when people avoid these foods, even when H pylori is still present.

Thus, eradicating H pylori and overcoming symptoms are not necessarily the same thing! Unfortunately, the medical system does not address foods and diet when treating patients who have H pylori. But think about it: the foods that you put in your mouth day in, day out, are sure to influence the health of your gut.

Fortunately, it’s relatively simple to avoid these trouble-causing foods, as long as you know the what alternative foods are available.

In a previous article on this topic, I explained how gluten, coffee and soy-based foods can all irritate the stomach and intestinal lining in much the same way as H pylori does. Gluten and soy, in particular, are enormous problem foods. The author is allergic to soy, develops flatulence and loose stools when eating it and can attest first hand to the problems this so-called health food can cause.

Three more foods that can act as major irritants to the gut are cow’s milk, especially when heavily processed, spicy foods and polyunsaturated oils from seeds and nuts.

Cow’s milk:

Cow’s milk is actually the number one allergy causing food on the planet. It presents a conundrum because some people do very well consuming cow’s milk products. However some people are very sensitive to the sugar (lactose) and protein (casein) in milk, developing digestive symptoms, skin problems and other symptoms when they consume milk.

I recommend my clients avoid cow’s milk for 60-days, then reintroduce it, noting how they feel. In the meantime, I recommend they consume goat and sheep’s milk products, which tend to be more compatible with the human gut.

Spicy foods:

Because H pylori damages the delicate lining of the digestive system – particularly the stomach and upper intestine – spicy foods can exacerbate irritation in those areas.

However, there is a caveat here, which is that certain spices, including chilli of all things, can have anti-H pylori properties.

Again, I recommend to my clients that avoid spicy food if it causes problems, but if they feel OK eating spices, I tend to encourage their use from a therapeutic perspective.

Polyunsaturated oils:

This is probably the most controversial topic because seed and nut oils are heavily promoted as being healthy options and should replace the likes of butter.

This is false, dogmatic information. Seeds oils such as sunflower, safflower, corn, soybean and nut oils are damaging to the body, especially when consumed at levels seen in today’s society. They interfere with the body’s ability to make energy, disrupt thyroid gland function and oxidize readily in the body, setting the scene for cancer and heart disease.

Specifically, these oils affect the gut by down-regulating the activity of certain enzymes that help break down food. When food is not broken down properly, it can be putrefied in the gut, causing wind, bloating, loose stools or constipation.

I recommend coconut oil, olive oil (which has a different composition to the other vegetable and seed oils) and organic goat’s butter as optimal sources of dietary fat.

Olive oil has been shown to have anti-H pylori properties and coconut oil contains lauric acid, which also has anti-H pylori activity. Thus, not only are these oils non-disruptive to the gut, they may also assist in killing the H pylori.

In summary, if you have H pylori, avoiding cow’s milk for 60-days and removing spicy foods may assist in quickly reducing digestive symptoms. Avoiding seed oils such as sunflower, safflower, corn and soybean oil has the potential to improve all aspects of your health.

5 Things to Consider When Designing an Office Layout

Moving into a new office space can be a daunting experience if you have never done it before. There are many factors to consider (both internally and externally to the office environment) which will impact on the suitability of the space and the most optimum use of it for your business. This article provides information on the 5 most important factors to consider once you have confirmed your new office location.

1. Segment the office space using office plans to scale

Before moving into the office space, ensure that you have correctly analyzed the space for existing staff and furniture as well as any anticipated growth over the occupancy period. Once you have understood your space requirements for the entire occupancy period, you can then create office plans which accommodate for your immediate and long term needs.

2. Install office partitions within open plan spaces

If you are going to create segmented areas within an open plan office, install glass partitions. Glass partitions help to increase natural light within partitioned spaces and are also cost effective to install and remove as you require. Glass partitions also provide a higher level of professionalism to an open plan office, making the office look more accommodating to staff and visitors. Office partitioning requires some advanced planning but with external advisors the implementation can be simple and cost effective.

3. Do not compromise on value add areas such as staff break out areas

The biggest downfall with open plan offices is an underestimation of a business’s growth. Ensure that the space you are committing to is viable to accommodate your business regardless of changes in operational size. Compromising on break out space for extra desk space will be detrimental to the morale of the staff.

4. Ensure sufficient lighting is available in all areas

Having natural light within an office space is a crucial element to keep staff motivated and productive at all times. Ensure that your office layout takes lighting into consideration and that any office partitions or storage furniture does not block natural light out.

5. Invest in the advice of office refurbishment specialists

If you have a large open plan office that needs to accommodate a large number of staff, invest in specialists for office refurbishment. London based refurbishment specialists can advise, design and build office layouts to suit the requirements of businesses of any size.

Fireplace Tile Design – How To Create A Stunning Fireplace Hearth

Whenever you walk into any home, the fireplace always catches your eye, but if it has a unique fireplace tile design them it becomes something more stunning.

Have you been considering a new fireplace hearth design? Well, here are some things you need to be aware before starting your project.

Fireplace tiles come in a wide array of shapes, colors and sizes. Whatever you decide on is fine. For some ideas you can look in home design magazines or construction books. They are full of pictures on various fireplace tile designs.

You can find tiles to use in your fireplace hearth in materials such as porcelain, glass, ceramic, terra cotta and all sorts of natural stone.

Next, you need to decide on a color. Each tile design will have various colors to choose from. Even natural stones can be found in different colors.

Now that you know what you want in a fireplace tile design, it's time to think about what size you want and if you want the complete heart area to be the same size?

Will you want to add some accent tiles to your design? Accent tiles are really special because they can really create a spectacular look. You can find them in all colors, shapes and sizes. It could be a diamond shape or even a pictured tile, which is a hot item today. You're only limited by your imagination.

While there is nothing wrong with going with a more traditional fireplace hearth design, you can spice things up and create your own really unique design that will be a conversation piece for years to come.

Know When Your Business Needs IT Consulting Services

Businesses must ensure that only the latest technologies and software are deployed at the workplace, in order to provide quality solutions to their clients, and to be ahead of the competition. With the ever-changing technological trends in the industry, businesses find it cumbersome to adopt these technologies. Instead they can hand the entire function over to a sound IT consulting services company – who in turn will tap into their global pool of highly skilled IT professionals, who have the advantage of working in various IT environments, and have extensive experience across sectors. By providing assistance to business, IT consulting services providers free up existing resources; ensure IT transfers are smooth and problem-free; optimize key business processes; identify areas that benefit with further cost saving; build competitive advantage through IT; reduce IT complexities; provide IT strategy consultancy services, IT project management services and provide specialized program management solutions – all of which, help the organization achieve significant business efficiencies and cost benefits.

Choosing to work with an IT firm definitely boosts a company's overall efficiency, which in turn decreases costs. Firms tend to look for a flexible and bespoke solution to address the client's IT needs, thereby delivering solutions that are in tandem with the client's goals.

The advantages listed above necessitate hiring an IT company. But how will a business know that it needs IT consultancy services?

A business may function with its existing IT architecture without knowing the benefits of such services. In order to discern the need for IT consulting services, businesses must first understand the details of their services. According to Wikipedia, 'IT consulting is a field that focuses on advising businesses on how best to use IT to meet their business objectives. In addition to providing advice, IT consultancies often estimate, manage, implement, deploy, and manage IT systems on businesses 'behalf, known as Outsourcing'. IT consulting services firms thatby help businesses strategize and evaluate their IT functions as a whole and take the necessary steps to implement and / or deploy and then administrator effective and robust IT systems in place. Businesses can seek the services of an IT firm when:

  1. IT investments regularly overshoot the set budget. Fast-paced technologies and trends warrant proper planning. When making strategic use of the allocated budget seems difficult, seeking the advice of IT consultancy services providers is imperative.
  2. A business decides to relocate or reduce staff.
  3. Projects regularly miss deadlines. Lack of specialists, complex projects and shoestring budgets lead to inefficient project management. A sound IT consulting services company designs bespoke, safe and cost-effective solutions, either full time or part time.
  4. Challenges of globalization, technical and regulatory changes arise. Business and technology management when integrated help the business survive, and therefore IT strategy consultancy is important.
  5. Programs and projects eat into the budget. A business needs specialized program management solutions to achieve significant cost savings. A robust IT services company provides either the co -ourcing or the outsourcing model to help businesses remain ahead of the competition, by providing tailored solutions.
  6. There is a need to change networks or when the need to shift to a new IT architecture arises.
  7. The company is in need of a robust disaster recovery plan.
  8. There are no data storage systems in place.

Availing the services of the right IT consulting services company may be a challenge. A business must choose a provider before the problems stated above get worse – and must choose a provider who is able to set in place a sound IT system in place. Therefore, a business must choose a provider who provides flexible solutions. Businesses must also remember that although they think they are able to fix small issues, the reality is that these issues must be valued at the root, and they can be properly tackled only with strategic IT solutions – only provided by an effective IT consulting services company .

What Are Panchaloha Idols and How Are They Manufactured?

As one of the oldest religions in the world, Hinduism carries a broad set of traditions, rituals and worship. Hinduism in the real sense is a way of righteous living and professes the unity of worship and the concept of a formless divine. But these are abstract concepts for many and the best way to help relate is through images. Over time, this was how the concept of various ‘Gods’ and ‘idol worship’ was developed, giving the free choice of worship ultimately to the individual. In this regard, Panchaloha idols play a key role in this regard.

Silpa Shastra is an ancient Hindu text dealing with arts and crafts and contains various design rules and standards. All idols whether stone or of metal have to be sculpted and manufactured according to these rules and prescribed rituals have to be followed both during manufacture and installation in order to obtain the correct benefits. Panchaloha idols are traditional idols of Gods fashioned from an alloy of 5 metals (silver, gold, copper, zinc and iron). The percentages in which these metals are used in the alloy varies between different regions in India.

The idol manufacturing process involves 2 steps. The first is the construction of the mould and the second is the actual creation of the idol. Initially, an image of the deity is created in wax with all the details. This wax is prepared by mixing paraffin wax, resin from the tree Damara Orientalis, and ground nut oil. Since wax produced by this method is quite hard, softer bee’s wax of high purity is mixed to make it easier to bring to life finer details.

To create a mould, the wax model is covered in layers of fresh clay and soil and then allowed to dry. Once the clay dries, it is heated to melt the wax and create a hollow mould. The melted Panchaloha metal alloy is then poured slowly into this mould to allow air bubbles to escape. This is then allowed to cool and solidify into the idol or deity. The cooling period varied between a few hours to a few days depending on the size of the statue and is judged based on experience. Finally, the craftsmen break the clay mold starting from the head of the statue to get the preliminary image. This image is then worked on to produce the final product.

The process has remained the same since the time of ancient dynasties like the Chera and the Chola and it is heartening to note that the art continues to thrive in various corners of India even today.

Ideas for Simple Halloween Party Games

With Halloween only a week away, we thought we'd share some ideas for simple spooky party games that your little monsters will love to play, and that take slightly little effort to organize:

• Ghost Hunt – cut out ghost shapes from white paper or card (allow approximately 4 – 5 per guest). Hide them around the house and garden and get your little guests to find them. (If you have different age groups of children, you may want to give the youngest ones a head start.) The child who finds the most ghosts is the winner. This is also a great game to play near the end of the party and you will not have to provide filled party bags either. Stick a small treat to each ghost before hiding, give each child an empty party bag and let them fill them with what they find.

• Ten-Pin Pumpkin bowling – part-fill 10 similar size plastic bottles with a small stones and gravel, so that they stand, and do not fall over too easily. (If you have time, or are feeling creative, you can also decorate them to look like monsters.) Draw a scary face on a mini pumpkin – this will be the bowling ball. Line your bottles up and let the children take it in turns to knock them over with the pumpkin, keeping score as they go. The child with the highest score is the winner.

• Yucky Dip – scoop out a pumpkin and fill with cooked, cooled pasta. Add small packets of sweets or wrapped tricks and mix well. Invite your little guests to take turns at the yucky dip – be warned this can get messy!

• The Haunted Jar – fill a jar with small sweets or toys and shredded white paper (making a note of how many goodies you've put in!). Each child then guesses how many items are in the jar and the closest guess wins the goodies!

• Musical monsters – put on some spooky music, and get your little guests to move around like monsters. When the music stops they have to stand still – if they move, they're out of the game. The last monster standing still is the winner!

• Trick or Treat – cut up squares of paper. On half of the squares, write 'treat'. On the other half, write 'trick' on one side of the paper and a simple activity (such as 'cackle like a witch') on the other side. Fold the squares up and put them all into a bucket (or cauldron if you want to be inventive). The children then take it in turns to pull a piece of paper out of the bucket. If they pull out a 'treat', give them a small prize. If they pull out a 'trick', they must perform the task written on the back before receiving their prize.

• The Graveyard game – this is a great game to play when you want to quiet the party down. Your little monsters lie down in the 'graveyard' – the child who stands still the longest is the winner.

And finally, how do monsters predict their future? They read their 'horror' scope!

Many Aspects of Modern Travel Was Pioneered by the Ancient Romans

Modern travelers take the open road for granted. We can hop into exquisitely engineered modern vehicles, pop onto smooth, straight freeways, well lit, with excellent signage and many roadside conveniences. We can cover as much ground as we might like in any direction, in relative comfort and safety.

Much that we love about modern road travel was actually available 2500 years ago to the ancient Romans. They created the template for a system of interconnected roads and conveniences that we have simply adapted during the 20th century as the vehicle became the mass method of conveyance. The road system that they built to connect to their far-flung empire is still in use in many places.

As the Roman Empire flourished, conquered and consolidated new lands and needed to efficiently manage these territories the necessity for a durable network of roads became obvious to the ruling class. Prior to Roman ascendancy roads around the world were simple unpaved paths cut into the landscape by pack animals, carts and people moving goods to trade, barter and local markets.

The Romans prospered by trading in the lands that they conquered, but they also needed to move great armies, control supply lines and have the ability to quickly transport edicts, orders and news to the far corners of the empire in a timely manner. To build this essential intra-state network of highways the Romans utilized the manpower always available in their army legions.

The quality and durability of Roman roads still amazes. Hanging on topography Roman roads were famously straight for as far as the eye could see. This engineering feat was accomplished without any of the modern surveying equipment used by road builders today. The Romans invented a simple device called the gromma and this became the principal tool utilized for accurately surveying roads and thoroughfares.

The gromma ingeniously uses two strings with a weight tide to the end of each. The strings are attached to the ends of a length of wood. The surveyor would simply line up the strings until they appeared as one, and would have assistants plant stakes approximately every 100 yards apart. The surveyor, using the gromma as a guide, would have the assistants slightly adjust the posture placement until the strings of the gromma and the line of stakes appeared as one. The result was a roadbed that was true, accurate and easily utilized by the construction crews.

The Romans laid rock above the roadbed so the surface was higher than the land next to the road. This enabled water to drain off to the side and mean that roads did not wash out in inclement weather. Gravel was placed on both sides of the roadway to act as a sort of gutter to carry away runoff.

This system, when viewed on a modern map, appears much as the present day system of interstate highways is constructed. Spain, Gaul (modern France), Italy, Germany, the British Isles, Greece and Northern Africa all were tied closely together by this amazing transport network. Modern roadways parallel this grid in most countries where the Romans built their highways.

The Romans built over 2000 bridges. Many are in use, carrying traffic to this day. The arches they crafted were amazingly strong, with strategically placed keystones supporting the massive weight and pressure of these utilitarian edifices. In addition, these bridges are some of the most beautiful structures ever built. The Roman word for bridge was "pontificat". Today we apply the descriptive name "Pontiff" to the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, as the Pope acts as the bridge between heaven and earth.

Hundreds of tunnels had to be built through the rugged topography of central Europe in order to move traffic to the most expeditious routes. The Romans had no power tools to gouge through rock. They had no dynamite. The technology to construct these tunnels was primitive, but most effective. Engineers would build massive bonfires right against the rock face of the surveyed tunnel. Then they would boil vinegar and have this splashed against the burnt rock face. While the effect of the heat and vinegar was greatest sappers would begin to chip at the weakened surface with chisels and hammers. Some of the tunnels took 20 years to complete.

As the road system grow, the need for roadside services become acute. Travel was typically undertaken in approximately 20-mile daily chunks. As a result every 20 miles or so, along the breadth of the massive Roman network of roads, there were roads inns, workshops to repair transit vehicles, and stables to care for livestock. Maps were prevalent and indicated not only place names, but distances, accommodations, levels of luxury, services, and military garrisons.

As distance was crucial in planning itineraries the Romans perfected the odometer 2000 years ago. They utilized a 42-inch diameter wheel and a series of gears that engaged each time the wheel made a full turn. The interlocking gear system was calibrated so each gear turned as it was activated until a Roman mile (approximately 5000 modern feet) was covered. Then a gravel pellet would fall into a container as holes in the gears came into alignment. This amazingly accurate measuring system enabled the Romans to mark their maps, and place stones along the roadsides marked with precise distances covered and to the next town or service stop.

Today, travel has become a hugely popular experience enjoyed by millions of people around the world. Whether a brief weekend road trip, a cruise or an international vacation, people love to go. So did the Romans. The Romans were the richest people in the history of the world to that time. The system of roads that built were heavily utilized for recreational travel, the first time in history that people had the wherewithal to move freely about for strictly leisure purposes.

Travel guidebooks were omnipresent in ancient Rome. The travel guide for the many attractions of Greece, for example, was 20 full papyrus pages long. Inns and eating establishments were rated for economy, luxury, cleanliness and safety. The modern Michelin and Fodor guidebooks are simply the successors of the Roman travel guides.

At most major crossroads on Roman roads there was a sign offering directions, distances and recommended stops for repairs, refreshments or relaxation. Many also included a news board with recent proclamations, travel warnings and local notices. These were the world's first billboards.

As travel grew in popularity so did the menu of services available to the traveler. Chariots, sedan chairs, carts, wagons and covered wagons with swivel seats and dice tables (for the rich) were available for rent. Accommodations varied broadly in cost and quality. Hostels, servants quarters, private sleeping rooms, luxury quarters with fire, bathing and mattresses were on offer depending on one's pocketbook. Food was offered in similar variety.

The world's first fast food was also available from some purveyors. The cart simply dropped to a door or opening, the menu card was reviewed and the order placed and delivered to the vehicle to be consumed as the journey continued.

The Roman Empire began to consume itself around the 5th century. The pursuit of luxury, greed and laziness made the Empire corpulent, vainglorious and decadent. The same roads that had been so crucial in their military, recreational and commercial enterprises came to haunt the Romans. Their many enemies used this road network to attack their former masters. The Visigoths, the Franks and the Mongols used the Roman roads to carve back lands formerly taken from them and to attack Rome mercilessly. By the end of the 6th Century Roman hegemony was long a thing of the past.

The demise of the Roman Empire meant that the maintenance and continued construction of the roads came to a halt. This had the unintended consequence of leaving huge swaths of the system in areas where there was no effective government. Trade came to a halt. The roads were deserted. In many areas, especially North Africa, Britain, Spain and France the Roman highways disappeared beneath weeds and fauna.

The result was the banquetment of the Dark Ages. People stopped traveling for almost any reason. Until the Crusades there was almost no interaction between peoples and cultures. The insularity of tribes and fiefdoms lead to a reawakening of ignorance, disease, superstition and hate.

For six centuries the Romans ruled the known world. Their ability to create, invent and improvise has served mancind ever since. The vast Roman network of interlocking roads, tunnels, bridges, mapmaking, services, commercial enterprises and exploration is the guide we utilize to this day in communication, logistics and locomotion. We have much to thank these brilliant Romans for as we utilize so many of theirventions to this very day.

A Critical Valentus Review – Should You Join?

If you’re reading this Valentus Review, then chances are you’re either looking to join the company as a distributor or maybe you’re someone who was approached by a Valentus distributor and you’re doing a little bit of research. Regardless of how you found this review, you’re at the right place because in this third party Valentus Review I’m going to cover the essential details you need to know before making an educated decision about the company. Now before you proceed, I do want to disclose that as I write this I am not a Valentus distributor nor am I affiliated with the company in any way. And to be totally honest, it really doesn’t matter to me one way or the other if you join or not so you can be sure that you’ll be getting a truly unbiased perspective.

First things first, let’s take a look at the company itself. Right out of the gate, I couldn’t find much information except that the company was started by CEO Dave Jordan. Also when I checked the website, it wasn’t really clear where their home office is located although it lists a Nevada address as a place to return product. With that being said, that doesn’t necessarily mean that the company isn’t legit. It is a start-up company that just recently launched less than a year ago as of this writing. And typically, start-up deals don’t have much information posted online. One thing I will say that I do like is that the company looks to be very friendly to the whole online world and online marketing. If you’re going to join a Network Marketing company, it’s always a major benefit to partner with a company that is friendly to both offline and online marketers.

As far as the products go, Valentus carries 4 products you can promote. The first one is Weight Loss Coffee. Coffee is a huge Industry and in my opinion there isn’t a better product to market via Network Marketing because almost everyone consumes it and you don’t have to change people’s buying habits. The coffee contains Garcinia Cambogia, Ginseng Extract, Green Tea Extract and Chromium. These ingredients all aid in weight management and fat loss. The second product they carry is Weight Loss Tea. The tea contains Garcinia Cambogia, Raspberry Ketones and Maqui Berry. The third product is a fruit flavored drink that aids in immune support. And lastly, they carry a fruit flavored energy drink that contains Guarana Seed, Maqui Berry and Gotu Kola. I haven’t personally tried any of the products but they look to be of high quality. I like how they’re packaged in single serving packets which make the products easy to carry around and give out to prospects to sample.

Now let’s cover the actual compensation plan. Distributors are able to earn income 7 different ways. You can earn immediate income by retailing product and personally enrolling new distributors into your team. While there are several ways to enroll people, just assume that everyone joins at the $499 Pack for the sake of simplicity. Whenever you personally enroll someone, you’ll personally earn a $100 Bonus. There’s also a Coded Bonus program that pays out $100 Bonus on your Legacy Team’s production. For big recruiters, there’s a lot of money in the Coded Bonus. Just make sure you understand it well and how it works if you’re serious about joining the company and starting a home business.

As far as the residual income part of the compensation plan goes, the company has a Binary Two-Team structure. As you build your right side and left side, the company pays you a $20 Cycle Bonus whenever there’s 200 BV on one side and 100 BV on the other side. Here’s my take on this… On one hand, it’s very attractive because getting a $20 Bonus on essentially 300 BV is pretty aggressive. The one thing though is you have to make sure you understand the Binary and how it works. For example, if you have 300 BV on one side and 0 BV on the other, you don’t cycle. In other words, you need to be really good at balancing your two legs if you want to make a healthy residual. Now to be clear, I’m not saying this is a bad thing or good thing. You can certainly make serious income regardless as long as you understand the compensation plan and how to structure your group. It’s also important to note that the company pays out 2%-25% Matching Bonuses on up to 7 Generations which is pretty generous.

So should you join Valentus or not? Well… only you can answer that. In my opinion, the pros of the company are they market easy-to-share products like coffee and tea, and the company is very friendly to online marketers. The cons are it is a start-up which is very risky and there isn’t enough information on the actual company and its infrastructure. That being said, these are just opinions and what I may think of as a pro, might be a con to you. One thing is for sure is that if you do decide to partner with Valentus, you’re going to need leads. Having an on-going steady flow of leads is critical to your success. Why? Because it matters not that Valentus has great products and a lucrative compensation plan if you have no one to talk to about the deal. Your ultimate success will depend on your ability to personally enroll new people and get customers, and those two things depend on how many leads you are getting. Of course, you can talk to your friends and family (and you should) but when your warm market runs out, it’s important that you know how to leverage Attraction Marketing so you can get leads online and build your business even if your warm market dries up. If you’re able to put Attraction Marketing to work for you, there’s no telling how prosperous your business can be.

How Come Gold Jewelry Turns White Sometimes?

Sometimes customers come to me and ask why their gold jewelry suddenly changes color or has white spots, worrying about that they may have bought a fake.

In fact, usually these worries are unnecessary. Under normal circumstances, as long as it is bought from a regular gold shop, the quality of the gold jewelry is guaranteed. After a little jewelry cleaning by some staff in a gold shop, the white spots on the gold will disappear, and the jewelry will be re-lit as new.

Why would this happen? How come the gold jewelry turns white? Gold is one of the nature’s most stable metals, and it does not react with any oxide gas in the air at room temperature, nor with three major acid (sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid) or weak acid. Only aqua regia (a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acid) can corrode it. But mercury is an exception, it is very easy to react with gold and produce a white compound called amalgam. Therefore, once the gold jewelry is exposed to mercury, it will turn white immediately. And because mercury is volatile, it can cause discoloration of gold even from a distance.

This may occur in the home, because mercury or mercury-type substances exist in many detergents, cosmetics and skin care products. If gold is exposed to these items, it is likely to change its color, turning white, gray, or dark. Many ladies have a habit of using skin care product before touching their jewelry, which makes the chemicals contact the gold directly and causes discoloration of the jewelry. In addition, perfume, hair spray, sea water, swimming pool water, and dirt caused by long-term wearing, are also likely to make gold jewelry change its color or fade. This has nothing to do with the purity of the gold, and it does not mean the jewelry is a fake.

Gold jewelry should be kept from direct exposure to the substances referred, and should be cleaned regularly. And if the surface of gold jewelry has changed color, do not use a hard object or tool to eradicate the changed part. The correct approach is to use alcohol lamp or welding torch which is used in jewelry processing to heat the white part of the gold, so that mercury can sublimate out of amalgam and separate from gold. When the jewelry gets cool, brush it lightly with a toothbrush, and then wipe it and press it hard for a few times with a soft cloth, after which the gold will recover its color. But do not try to do this with a lighter, because the jewelry will turn black easily for incomplete combustion of the gas. K gold and inlaid jewelry do not suit this method, they should be taken to the gold shop to have other proper treatment. However, if consumers do have doubts about the quality of their jewelry, they should go to the professional department and have the jewelry identified as soon as possible.

How To Reduce Construction Cost By Over 50% And Still Maintain High Quality – Part 1 – Foundations

Construction material cost has been steadily increasing over the years.

5 years ago, the average construction cost in Nairobi for a medium-priced building was KES 15,000 per square meter.

Currently, this cost has increased by 68% to an average of KES 22,000 per square meter for the same.

The trend does not seem to be slowing down any time soon.

Therefore, we need to think outside the box to keep costs low and still maintain the same or oven higher quality of construction.

This can be achieved by using ingenious methods of cost-cutting from the foundation stage through to the fines.

FOUNDATION

On average, foundation costs approximately 10% of the total cost of construction.

The main works in a foundation are:

1. Excavation

2. Reinforced concrete works [foundation footing and ground floor slab]

3. Masonry walling to ground floor level

Excavation costs can be reduced by use of machinery -Excavators. An excavator is rented at an average cost of KES 6000 per hour and would take 2 to 3 hours to excavate the foundation of a 3 bedroom house.This brings the cost to kes 6000 x3 = kes 18,000.

Excavating the same using manual labor would take an average of 7 days with 10 men at a cost of kes 300 each per day. This brings the cost to KES 300 X 10 X 7 = KES 21,000.

Reinforced concrete works

This consists of concrete reinforced with twisted steel.

A cubic meter of concrete on average takes 7 bags of cement and will cost a minimum of KES 8,000.

A cubic meter of masonry stone consists of 75 stones of 300mm long by 200mm wide. Each stone costs an average of KES 25. This estimates to approximately KES 25 X 75 = KES 1,875.

This is approximately 75% cheaper than concrete.

The reinforced concrete foundation footing can be replaced with masonry walling to achieve this great saving.

Ground Floor slab.

On average, a reinforced concrete ground floor slab costs KES 1,200 per square meter.

Masonry walled horizontally can replace this slab. A square meter of masonry walling using machine cut stones costs KES 40 X 15 Stones = kes 600. Add KES 100 for cement plaster and this brings it to KES 700 per square meter. This constitutes a savings of nearly 45%.

Old colonial homes built in the early 1900s in Kenya utilized these cost-cutting methods and are still standing to date.

A good example is the Officer's Mess at the National Youth Service Bahati Farm in Nyandarua.

The foundation footing and floor slab is made of masonry walling and it still stands to date, nearly 100 years from the day it was constructed.

With the passage of the new constitution, we hope that such a method of foundation construction will be allowed by the Local Authority. The current Building Code in Kenya specifics too much concrete / cement used because resulting in a high cost of foundation construction.

Conclusion.

With the use of Machinery for excavation [15% savings] and use of masonry to replace reinforced concrete on foundation footing [75% savings] and ground floor slab [45% savings], this will greatly save on the overall foundation construction costs.

Francis Gichuhi
http://www.a4architect.com

Apex Acceleration – Accelerating Your Body Around a Point or an Arc

One thing a receiver in football or a high jumper in track and Field learns early is that you can accelerate around a point or an arc while running. By carefully positioning your body you can also transfer this energy in another direction. A football player will often make an arc and accelerate along and arc of travel and then turn and receive the ball which has been thrown by the quarterback. While still maintaining his speed he can sling shot in another direction.

A high jumper in track and field will use an arc to speed up his acceleration and then launch himself into the air and over the bar and in a Faulsberry Flop maneuver. Every athlete should learn the tricks to accelerating your body around a point or an arc.

If you watch a baseball player rounding the bases as fast as he can go you will notice that they use an arc motion when rounding the bases. Obviously it makes sense that they can not turn on a dime and go a different direction after they touch each base. It is true that the shortest distance between two points is a straight-line.

But speed is often more important than distance. The ability of an athlete to accelerate around the apex of a point or an arc will often determine their level of play and speak directly to their talents and agility in sports. If you are a good athlete and you wish to become a great athlete then you need to learn the secrets of acceleration and body placement during a sweeping arc run.

The Best Modern Fireplaces

The only way you can get natural warmth and at the same time decorate the inner or outer part of your apartment is by installing the modern fireplaces. Before you think of making an installation, you need to be aware of the dangers of having a fireplace. However, the latest types of fire area designs are good at keeping off the hazards. The new types are good enough to ensure that they have burned a clean and denatured alcohol known as denatured alcohol.

The ventless fireplaces are the best since they generate heat which is necessary for warmth. Unlike the common ordinary inglenook, the modern types are normally unearthed right from the ground. The substance ethanol is normally obtained from plants. Some of the plants in which it is sourced are: sugar cane, bananas, potatoes and corn. The carbon that is released from the fire are fuel is normally reabsorbed by the plant since a mutual cycle.

The good thing about denatured ethanol is that that it is not an environment pollutant. This is because it produces very small amounts of CO and Co2 and water vapor which enables fires to burn in the univenented way. The gel fireplaces are normally made of grade 304 of stainless steel. The fuel burners have been designed in such a way that they can contain the fuel as it burns in an enclosed area.

One precaution people need to take is that they should never; leave the fireplace unattended to, especially while the fuel is still burning. Just like any other fire areas, the hearth should have a fire extinguisher cylinder a few distances away from. This helps maintain safety. The gel fuel fireplace is a good example of the latest technology of fireplaces.

Family Addiction Recovery – Detachment With Love As a Tool For Recovery

Detachment is a tool for family members' addiction recovery. It is also a therapeutic goal for family members in recovery. Detachment, in an addiction context, means letting go of efforts to control or take responsibility for the addict.

Alcohol / drug addiction not only has a typical progress for the individual, there is a progress to the family dynamics of addiction as well. As addiction progresses, the addict becomes more and more disabled by the addiction. In this progress, family members feel composed to take on increasingly more of the addict's roles and responsibilities. They often take on the job of "parenting" the adult addict.

Family members, trying so satisfactorily to fix the problem, often feel like they have lost themselves in the process or have become someone that they never wanted to be. They experience a wide range of significant emotional and mental health symptoms in the process.

The addict feet compelled to continue to the use the chemical in the face of negative consequences. Family members are simply "compelled". They observe someone that they love losing control over his / her life. They feel that the "must" do something to prevent it from happening or to fix it. This compulsion to take control is a typical part of the family dynamics of addiction. In a family system, this shift in responsibilities marks a pathological adjustment to the behavioral, emotional, relationship, spiritual, and physical changes of the addict as s / he progresses in his / her addiction.

As the addict continues to decline, the system incorporates the addict's changes into the structure and function of that system. Family members, in their attempts to solve the problems of the addiction, try reasonable problem solving behaviors that do not work on addiction. Their efforts to solve those problems amount to adjusting to the pathology of the addiction in a way that tends to maintain the dysfunction. These problem solving efforts are labeled "enabling" because they enable the addict to continue his / her drinking / using behavior by removing the "natural, negative consequences" of that behavior.

This does not mean that family members cause the addiction. Nor are they responsible for the addict remaining in the addiction. The family member is not responsible for another person's disease or recovery from it. Yet in the disease, the family member becomes hopelessly entangled in the destructive family dynamics of addiction.

In order for family members to recover their health and control over their own lives, they must detach with love from the addict. It helps family members to understand how their compulsion to fix the addict, helps perpetuate the problem, rather than solving those problems. The attempts of family members to "fix" the problems are viewed by the addict as "control".

In obsessing about the addict, family members lose themselves in the process. Family members often describe not knowing what they are feeling. They often question their own sanity, especially in a struggle to find out "the truth" about a suspected lie.

Family members often find themselves locked in a cycle of obsessing about the addict's behavior, emotionally reacting, and compulsively trying to make them change. Family members are certain that they know what is best for the addict, or what they need to do, to solve the problem. They invest emotionally in their solutions and feel compelled to impose those solutions on the addict. Family members continue the same problem solving behavior despite evidence that it is not working. No other possible solutions are considered; largely because family members are so invested in their solutions that they can not imagine that there could be another way.

Detachment is a tool that helps break that pattern. Detachment does not have to involve anger. Detachment with love does not involve a hostile withdrawal of love or support. It does not involve a hopeless or desperate acceptance of the unacceptable.

Detachment with love is about mentally, emotionally, and sometimes physically letting go of unhealthy entanglements with another person's life and responsibilities. Detachment with love involves letting go of problems that are not yours to solve. In family addiction, this detachment is about relinquishing responsibility over that which you have no authority and no power. It entails taking responsibility for one's own issues, feelings, behaviors, and happiness. Detachment with loves means to stop removing the natural negative consequences of the addict's behavior and to allow them to suffer those consequences.

Detachment with love allows family members to take better care of self. By detaching with love, you free yourself up to "care about" the addict, instead of "taking care of" them. For the family in recovery, "detachment with love" means letting the go of the compulsion to be responsible for the addict. It allows a family member to return to being the person s / he was before s / he became someone else in the process of trying to take responsibility for the addict's addiction.