Foundation Repair – Is Your Home's Foundation Moving? – 11 Ways to Know If Your House is Safe

The sooner you fix a moving foundation, the less damage it will cause. Sometimes these problems are hard to diagnose and foundation repairs many times should be left to the professionals.

Check off which symptoms you have below. Some obvious foundation movement indicators are:

1. Are there cracks in your foundation?

2. Do you have bulging concrete walls?

3. Do you suspect any type of foundation movement?

Any or all of those above can be cause for alarm!

4. Do you have any floor and wall cracks?

5. Do you notice any doors that bind and do not open or close correctly?

6. Do you have any floors that are not level? Do your windows bind or do not open or close correctly?

7. Is there any water intrusion in your home?

8. Do you have any mold growth?

9. Are there cracks in your exterior brick?

10. Do you have any cracks in your beams and joists?

11. Are there any separations of wood either on the interior or exterior of your home?

If you feel you need residential foundation repairs, – you MUST act quickly! Things could be so much worse if you wait. It is not worth risking your life as well as the lives of your family members. This type of problem is not for the "Do It Yourselfers" either. You are going to want a reputable experienced company. Many times a husband or a relative mean well and think they can go ahead and try to resolve it on their own. Say NO!

Types of OLAP Servers

"What types of OLAP servers exist?" OLAP servers present business users with multidimensional data from data warehouse or data marts, without concern regarding how or where the data is stored. However, the physical architecture implementation OLAP servers must consider data storage issues. Implementation of a warehouse for OLAP processing includes the following.

Relational OLAP Server

There are the intermediate servers that stand in between a relational back-end server and client front-end tools. They use a relational or extended DBMS to store and manage warehouse data, and OLAP middleware to support missing pieces. ROLAP servers include optimization for each DBMS back end, implementation aggregation navigation logic, and additional tools and services. ROLAP technology tends to have greater scalability than MOLAP technology.

Multidimensional OLAP Servers

These servers support multidimensional views of data through array-based multidimensional storage engines. They map multidimensional views directly to data cube array structure. The advantage of using a data cube is, it allows for indexing to pre computed summarizes data. Notice that with multidimensional data stores, the storage utilization may be low if the data set is sparse. In such cases, sparse matrix compression techniques should be explored.

Many MOLAP servers adopt a two level storage representation to handle sparse and dense data sets: the density sub cubes are identified and stored as array structures, while the sparse sub cubes employ compression technology for efficient data storage utilization.

HLOP Servers

The hybrid OLAP approach combines ROLAP and MOLAP technology, benefitting from the greater scalability of ROLAP and faster computation. For example, a HOLAP server may allow large volume of detail data to be stored in a relational database, while aggregations are kept in separate MOLAP store.

Specialized SQL servers

To meet the growing demand of OLAP processing in the relational databases, some relational and data warehousing firms implement specialized SQL servers that provide advance query language and query processing support for SQL queries over star and snowflake schemas in read only environment.

"So how data are actually stored in ROLAP and MOLAP architecture?" As its name implies, ROLAP uses relational tables to store data for online analytical processing. And in MOLAP data is stored in cubic form.

SAP is software organization that is using OLAP servers to develop its intelligent software. Because of this technology data mining and web mining is possible. Three dimensional reports are generated that are very helpful for management to dish up their decisions. These software are far more reliable and intelligent than the software that were in the days gone.

The Facts You Need To Know About Mud Bogging Trucks

If you are a fun off-road sports fan and you find it thrilling to have a good time, you can have a great experience by riding mud bogging trucks. These vehicles are popular particularly in Canada and the United States. Riding them is a very exhilarating experience. The mud bogging sport combines the thrill of racing, the fun that comes from off-road racing, the love of performance vehicles and the love that little boys have of playing in the mud, which many adults still have.

This sport was introduced in the 1970s when lovers of off-road racing started competing against each other in muddy, boggy and dirty areas that they could find and this was mostly in swampy areas of North Carolina. Mud bogging is now an organized competition since organizers of motorsports shows picked up on it. They started including large pits filled with mud for racing in their shows and the sport became popular for both racers and spectators. This popular event is usually arranged on a monthly or yearly basis and at certain places, the competitions are held on a weekly basis. These events are great for a weekend out with your friends or your family.

The goal of the mud bogging sport is to try your best to drive through huge mud puddles. The person who is able to drive all the way through a huge mud puddle becomes the winner. If a number of drivers make their way through, the driver who took the shortest time is considered to be the winner. These trucks are usually four wheel drive since it is not possible for two wheel drives to make it through the huge mud puddles.

Mud bogging trucks also have a strong engine that is able to provide the needed power to take them through the puddles. They usually have special modifications such as very large wheels so that they can be more efficient in accomplishing the task. The mud bogging sport continues to grow each year and competitors engage in interesting actions to ensure that they become winners. For example, they modify the body of the vehicles and some even alter the tires in certain ways.

Most competitors attach lift kits on their trucks, which serve the purpose of giving the vehicles the needed elevation that allows them to clear off the mud. The other common alteration made in these trucks is the installation of larger tires that have deeper tracks. They give the vehicles more traction and enhance the chances of a driver becoming a winner in the sport. These vehicles are also turbo charged and have nitrous injections. They are like monster trucks on steroids.

The trucks are usually very attractive since they usually have shiny and sleek bodies that are in the best conditions. They then battle out in the filthy mud and come out covered in it and even if one does not become the winner, the entertainment offered is great. Bog tracks can be of various kinds; some are open, others hilly and others flat. The length of these tracks can be up to 300 feet and this is usually determined by the amount of space that the arena allows.

Nowadays, mud bogging competitions are usually held along with events that feature the driving of monster trucks since the trucks are highly similar. Equipping mud bogging trucks with the right accessories is essential in ensuring that the trucks will be able to navigate through sticky mud puddles. You can start off with the tires by ensuring you get the tires that are able to handle deep holes filled with muck.

The best tires are those that contain aggressive treads. Spaced out tread patterns allow the truck to be able to throw out the mud better. Another helpful idea is to get larger and wider tires since the rig will be able to hold on to more ground. The other thing that you should do is to seal up the electrical system. You can use vulcanizing silicone to seal up exposed areas like the distributor and other engine parts that will fail to work if they come into contact with water.

The other component that mud bogging trucks should contain for increased efficiency is a bigger gear box. It will be able to push the tires better and you can choose to get after market gear box packages. After installing bigger gear boxes, you should ensure that you grease them well in order to prevent damage. You should also consider modifying the intake system so that it will not suck in water. One way to do this is through the installation of a snorkel system, which will make it possible for the intake system to breathe in fresh air.

The other modification that you can do to a mud bogging truck is to secure the radiator. You can move it to the back of the truck so that its chances of getting damaged are reduced. In order to keep it from getting overheated, you can connect an electric fan to it. To increase traction, you can get a set of locking hubs that will allow the transmission to turn the front wheels as they turn the back wheels. This will give the truck more power to move through obstacles.

Concrete is Hard to Come by and Lumber Prices are Lower

I had no idea there is a shortage of concrete. Although there is a decline in demand, shortages exist in some key building products. Cement is at the top of this list. Just the demand from public and commercial buildings swallows the available raw material.

Plants in the US are operating at capacity. Inventories of the product remain low. This can lead to supply disruptions based on demand levels. So we are importing more cement this year. The quantity of imports increased over 39% in the first quarter of this year.

If the Gulf of Mexico region was rebuilding at a faster pace than it is, consumption would be greater leading to more of a scarcity of product.

Prices for lumber and its products are much lower current. This is an indication that residential construction is slowing. As demand for lumber decreases, mills are taken offline. This will eventually make the price rise again.

The law of supply and demand affects all of our products and the pricing structure at all times. As demand decreases, prices drop. When you consider all of the economic factors involved, it is amazing we can continue constructing affordable housing. It is also interesting to know that we currently import such a quantity of these items rather than produce them here.

Sports Education in Jamaica – The New Way to Go

The Jamaican education system has paved the way enabling the island's Olympic gold glory. Through its physical education syllabus and its dedicated physical education teachers we now reap the benefits. The coaches are also to be commended for their dedication and effort in supporting athletes, helping them to stay focus. To be an Olympic medalist is what every parent dreams for his / her son or daughter, When Husain Bolt, Asafa Powel, Melaine Walker, Veronica Campbell, Shelly Ann Frazer, all won Olympic gold medals In Beijing the world was surprised, Jamaicans on the other hand were happy not surprised. There is a history of producing medal winners in track events going as far back as the London Games of 1948.

Jamaica will always be seen as a gold mine for athletics. The world may wonder at our success and what is the secret, some even implying that our athletes do drugs. I recommend Jamaica as the ideal place to educate your child and if s / he has athletic talent it is one of the best places to develop that talent. The hilly terrain is good practicing ground to develop muscles, strengthening heart and lung. capacity Many of our talents in track and field are those who have ran miles over hilly terrains. The yellow yam was given as one reason why Jamaicans can run. The sickle cell trait that many Jamaicans possess and team work were also given as reasons for success in tract and field.

For such a small third world country Jamaica has a tradition of performance in track and field as in Merlene Ottey, Donald arry, Author Wint, and many others who have gone before. Jamaica has what is considered raw talent, pushed by motivation and a culture of competitive spirit, all go to make the Jamaican athlete shine. One very important factor for the country's success is, Jamaica has one of the best organized track and field program in the world. Although restrained by funding, the country still promotes track and field from as early as kindergarten. In Jamaica we train body and mind to achieve. Each year we look forward to which new athlete will better a Usain, or a Veronica. All year round if you follow the country's sport calendar you will realize that there are always some sporting activities taking place all across the island geared at preparing our athletes.

There is the yearly sport day for all kindergarten and primary schools, high schools and college; at these events students compete among themselves in organized house meets. Next there is the parish inter school sports. From these the best are chosen for the all island sports meets such as The JTA primary and all age schools meet and Boys and Girls Champs for high schools.The foundations for this fast running show was laid long ago in 1910, when Champs, an event designed to discover and develop the best school sprinters, was launched. There is the intercollegiate and university sports with special emphasis on track and field geared to keep Jamaican athletes trained in Jamaica to represent the country instead of performing for other countries like the USA and Canada. After these elimination and screening we arrived at our best, selected to be trained, and to compete on the international stage. This is the point that athletes with raw talent are monitored by the Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association. With the correct funding Jamaican will continue to collect glory medals internationally.

After Effects Creating a Track Matte

The use of mattes dates back to long before electronic media. When I think of mattes I often picture the early 1900 black and white photo with the circular inset highlighting and highlighting the subject. Now we have track mattes, mattes that move and reveal the subject, mattes that spell part of the message.

How do you apply a matte? It's just another layer, of course! Since simplicity is our guide, create an oval matte much like one you would see framing a photograph. You can actually create a matte inside After Effects but for our friend simplicity , let's create one in Photoshop and import it.

In Photoshop create an image the same size as your After Effects composition. You really do not need to draw anything. Using the elliptical marquee tool draw the ellipse that will become your matte when you apply it in After Effects. Click on the 'Channels' pane, typically next to the 'Layers', then create a new channel using the 'create new' icon to the left of the delete icon. When you create your alpha channel the background will become solid black. Be sure white is the chosen color, choose the paint bucket tool, and click inside your selection. It will turn white; This is the 'alpha channel' area that will let your movie show through in After Effects.

I would save this file as a '.tif' type file with the default settings. That was a little bit of a side trip but After Effects and Photoshop definitely like to play together and creating alpha and getting cozy with transparency is one of your most important tools.

Now that you have your matte, import the file into After Effects. Create a composition by simply dragging the movie of your choice to the new composition icon. This will create a composition based on your movie type and length, an instant composition.

Drag the matte we created into your timeline area, making sure it is above the movie. The track matte setting and display is abbreviated 'TrkMat'; if you do not see it, the shortcut key 'F4' toggles the modes display. There is also a switch icon in lower left of your timeline panel 'Expand or Collapse the Transfer Control pane'. Transfer control is a good way of picturing this. Your matte overlay will 'control' the viewing area of ​​your movie.

Making sure the matte file is above your movie layer, under the 'TrkMat' pane click the pull down option box and choose 'Luma'. You will immediately see your movie masked by your matte! Notice three other indicators. The 'eye' icon on the matte layer has 'shut off' and next to the name under 'source name' you see a little icon with a white ball in the center indicating this is an overlay. Similarly, your movie name now has a little icon showing the blank composition grid white gray pattern with a black ball in the center, indicating that it has a matte applied.

These are the basic steps for creating a simple matte and applying it in After Effects. What more can you do with mattes? Let's explore some more.

By the way, here's some interesting 'matte' history from Wikepedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matte_ (filmmaking)

Wedding Etiquette for the Father of the Bride

So your little girl is getting married – congratulations! Being the father of the bride is a joyful occasion, although it can also be a little hard to get used to the idea of ​​your daughter growing up and becoming a wife. Learn everything you need to know about your role with this primer on wedding etiquette for the father of the bride.

The first thing that the father of the bride should do when his daughter becomes engaged is to extend an invitation to the parents of the groom. If the bride's parents are still married, they would do this together, but if they are not, the father of the bride should make the effort to reach out to the groom's family on his own. A dinner or brunch is the usual way to spend a little time getting to know the other family. Be sure to tell the groom's parents how happy you are that your daughter will be marrying their son. By the way, this initial meeting is definitely not the time to bring up potentially controversial topics, such as how much everyone intends to chip in for the wedding or differences of religion.

Another very important piece of etiquette advice for the father of the bride is that he should publicly support his daughter's choice of spouse, no matter what his private reservations about the match may be. Of course, any dad would talk to his daughter directly if he fears that her fiance is violent or unstable, but other than that, it is not his choice to make. In many cases, the bride's father simply needs to take the time to get to know better his future son-in-law, and will come to appreciate his fine qualities just as the bride does. When that day comes, you do not want to have previous negative comments floating out there, waiting for the day when someone indiscreet repeats them to your daughter or her husband.

Traditional wedding etiquette states that the father of the bride pays for all of the ceremony and reception expenses, with the exception of the wedding rings and the bride's bouquet. These days, however, it is more common for the wedding costs to be spread around between both the bride's parents, the groom's parents, and the couple themselves. The bride's father should be clear with his daughter from the start of the wedding planning process what he can afford to contribute, whether it is paying for the entire wedding, paying for certain expenses, or giving the couple a set sum of money towards the wedding which they can add into their total wedding budget.

Another piece of etiquette the bride's father should know is that it is custom for him to give a wedding gift to the bride and groom. Again, if the bride's parents are still together, it would be a joint gift, but if they are divorced, the bride's dad would give a gift on his own (or with his new spouse if he has remarried). The wedding gift can be anything from the deed to a house to a cash for the honeymoon to a silver picture frame engraved with the wedding date. The size of the wedding present depends on the father's budget and it need not be extravagant; what really matters is that that it is from the heart. Many fathers also choose to give their daughters a special piece of wedding jewelry such as a pearl necklace. A classic present like a pearl necklace is ideal, because it will be cherished as a sentimental gift from father to daughter for a lifetime.

What other etiquette does the father of the bride need to know? He should plan to walk his daughter down the aisle, do a spotlight dance with her at the reception, and give a toast to the couple at the rehearsal dinner and the wedding reception. Beyond that, the bride's dad pretty much just needs to dress as his daughter requests and show up to the wedding on time with a smile on his face.

Portable Quilt Display Racks and Their Multi-Purpose Features

A portable quilt display rack is the ideal choice for flaunting any sizes of quilts, backdrops, and other hanging wares during trade show events. It's sturdy, versatile, compact, lightweight, and very handy. For exhibitors who are searching for a fully functional product, a portable quilt display rack might be just the solution fit for your needs and budget.

A portable quilt display rack is a really great investment. Why? Well, it is quite hard to attract a crowd if you'll just place your quilts on the floor – visitors would not be able to see your quilt collection from a distance. And it would not really help if you'll just tape them on the wall – it might come off as very unprofessional and messy. That's why portable quilt racks are highly recommended to use in trade show exhibits because they keep everything in order fashion and easy for both the exhibitor and potential customers.

A traditional wooden quilt stand is the ideal furnishing for storing your quilts … at home. But if you plan to bring them everywhere, like in trade shows or in class, you might want to try and focus your attention on the portable types. These are usually available in steel construction, specifically aluminum, and could weigh around 14 to 17 pounds. A standard model is composed of a single horizontal beam that's supported by vertical beams at each side. Most of the products in the market have fully adjustable horizontal beams, which could extend up to 10 feet to match any length of your trade show backdrops or quilts. The tripod feet can be made wider to increase their stability.

It would not really be a big problem if you have multiple pieces to hang on your quilt racks. You can buy quilt racks that have a tower-like effect, which allows you to hang 2 or more expandable rods on top of each other by using clips or S-hooks. You can also connect several quilt racks together using a guild hub, so you can arrange them in different directional patterns.

Just because it's called a "quilt" display rack does not mean that its use is limited to such items. Quilt racks would also be useful as in-store displays to advertise latest store deals, services, and products. You could also use these to hang curtains, which could then be use to surround your exhibit space. Teachers can even use these to feature class artworks or as teaching aids. Photographers are also fond of using these to hold their background graphics during their outdoor pictorial sessions.

There are many ways where you can buy quilt racks nowdays. But people still find the internet as the best source of wide collections of quilt exhibition stands and, not to mention, the best price deals. Depending on the brand and online store, you could purchase these at around $ 80 and up. You can try checking out portable quilt display products from Iron Pals, Amazon, and Quilters Husband.

Thick Pavers vs Thin Pavers

What is the difference between thick and thin pavers? Where should you use either product? Do thick pavers cost more than thin pavers? Can I install thin pavers on top of my driveway? These are common questions we get from homeowners all of the time.

Thick pavers range from two and three eighths of an inch to three and half inches in thickness. They are typically used in new construction. When you build a new home and choose pavers for your hardscaping, thick pavers will be used. If you add a new pool to your existing home and decide to install pavers as the decking surface, thick pavers will be used. If you want a new patio in your backyard, thick pavers will be used. If you want to redo your driveway with pavers, the existing concrete should be removed, and thick pavers will then be installed on top of base material.

Thin pavers were created to remodel existing pool decks, patios, sidewalks, and front entries. They are perfect for any non-vehicular application that remodels an existing concrete slab. By a technical definition, thin pavers are not considered pavers. Instead, they are considered to be a tile. Their thickness relative to their shape prevents them from being considered a paver. Typically, thin pavers are anywhere from three quarters of inch in thickness to an inch and a quarter. Since they are about half the thickness of regular pavers, they should cost less, right?

Unfortunately, on a material only basis, thin pavers cost the same as thick pavers. The reason for this is that overwhelmingly, thick pavers are in much higher demand than thin pavers. Therefore, it is a burden on the production company to produce their less frequently demanded thin counterparts. Paver manufacturers are in business to produce as many pavers as quickly and as efficiently as they can. When they have to shut the system down to change out shape molds and adjust machinery to accommodate thin paver thickness, they lose a lot of valuable production time. It can take hours to switch from one mold to the next. Additionally, since thin pavers aren’t ordered as often, the order quantities are frequently less and the manufacturer is forced to produce less pavers per mold and color. This inefficiency causes increased costs for the producers and they pass those costs on to their customers. So even though thin pavers use fewer raw materials to be produced, they take up more time, and time is money.

The good news is that if you are considering pavers for your home and you want to remodel an existing concrete surface, your job cost will be less than if you want to build something new. This is where the cost benefit of going with a thin paver versus a thick paver comes into play. To learn more about thick or thin pavers and how they can help beautify your home, contact Park Avenue Pavers today.

Masterbuilt Smoker Parts Make Assembly Easy

When I purchased the Masterbuilt 20070910 30-Inch Electric Smoker, I was pleasantly surprised to find out that there was little assembly required before using the smoker for the first time, and the assembly process that I did have to go through was easy. The only tool that I needed was a Phillips head screwdriver.

The largest and heaviest part of all the Masterbuilt smoker parts is the smoker body, which is black and about the size of a small refrigerator. The smoker door, air damper, leg boots, and adjustable screw legs each come pre-assembled.

In the first step of the assembly process, I adjusted the pre-assembled screw legs on the bottom of the smoker so that the unit was level when it sat upright.

The second step was to connect the digital control panel. This was as easy as connecting the wire on the control panel to the wire on top of the smoker.

The third and fourth steps involved mounting and securing the control panel to the top of the smoker by using a stabilization screw on the front and two pan head screws on the back of the control panel.

For the fifth step, I placed the wood chip holder in its designated place on the inside of the smoker. I decided to go ahead and insert the wood chip loader into its designated slot on the outside of the smoker during this step also.

In the sixth step, the water bowl and drip pan were placed into their designated places inside the smoker.

For the seventh step, I slid the four chrome cooking racks into their designated guides inside of the smoker.

In the final step, I attached the grease tray to the bottom back of the smoker. This was completed by sliding the brackets on the grease tray onto the tabs located on the bottom back of the smoker body.

At this point, the smoker was ready to go through the preseason process that is required prior to the first use.

The Masterbuilt smoker parts listed above can all be replaced. There are also a few other parts that come pre-assembled and are not mentioned above. The parts not included above are the heating element, door latch and door hinges, and they can be replaced too.

While the Masterbuilt smoker is constructed for many years of use, parts naturally wear out over a period of time. With that in mind, it is nice to know that replacement parts are available when you need them.

Beach Party Games – Having Fun In The Sand And The Sun

When having a beach party, games are an absolute must. Between the sun, sand and surf, there are plenty of ways to have a great time at the beach and satisfy your competitive instincts at the same time.

"Water-Balloon Challenge" Beach Party Game

Water-balloons and beach party games go hand in hand, especially in this instance. Players pair off, and are given one full water balloon each. Partners must face each other, starting out by standing 2 feet apart. Players must throw and attempt to catch the water balloon, taking one step backwards each time they catch it. Once a pair's water-balloon is dropped or bursts, they must exit the game. The last pair standing are the winners of this beach party game.

"Fruit-Legged Beach Relay" Beach Party Game

At a beach party, games like this one can give everyone plenty of laughs. Players split into two equal teams, with a piece of fruit being given to each player. A bucket for each team is placed down the beach. The object of this beach party game is for team members to take turns shuffling down the beach one at a time with their piece of fruit wedged between their thighs, run back up the beach and tag the next person in line. The first team to place all their fruit in their bucket and return to the starting line is the winner of this beach party game.

Beach party games are a fantastic way to enjoy a day by the sea. And the best part is, getting sandy and sweaty does not matter because you can cool off afterwards.

Muscle Building Workout – Optimize Your Muscle Building Workout Schedule

Overworking as a common error.

I can remember vividly, my muscle building schedules when I first begin. Being new to building muscles, I was excited about the muscular gains in my body every week, due to my workouts during the weeks. Noticing my growth, I decided to add on to my schedule in hopes of more gains. Never did I expect that decision to be a painful one. For the change, I headed to the gym 5 days a week without an efficient muscle building workout. (Common mistake made by beginners)

Most beginners have a muscle building workout like this

Eg Bench press, bicep curl, triceps extension, weighted pull ups, squats.

Such a workout trains every part of your body's muscles. However, they will attain minimal growth. At the beginning, you will notice growth and gain in strength. The muscles get stronger but you will stop growing very quickly. The most common reaction to the cease in growing would be to double the training schedule.

Overtraining leads to muscle loss through injuries! Muscle soreness is a sign of a tired muscle and that the muscle should be left alone to rest. Our body grows when it rests, not when it is being worked out. Our muscle tissues get damaged during workouts and they grow during the repair and recovery period. In simple terms, a good strategy towards muscle gain would be to work the muscle and to give it sufficient rest for the growth. Think about what happens if you work out every part of your muscles everyday? ALL your muscle tissues get damaged further and they'll have no chance of growing as the damaged tissues are not being repaired.

Effective muscle building workout schedule

An effective muscle building workout schedule should be one where you workout different muscles on different days. For example, (Day 1 biceps and chest) (Day 2 back and shoulders). Such routine allows the muscle with damaged tissues to repair themselves while you train other parts of your muscles. Also, rest is very important and you should always include a day of rest in between your weekly muscle building workout schedules.

Proper rest + Proper diet = Growth

Heres the simple equation for growth. If you are over working, change your workout schedules and routines. If you are following a good muscle building routine but have reached a plateau, change your diet to one with higher protein, higher calorie take but lower in fat level. I was first skeptical when I was told that I stopped growing due to over training. However, try changing your schedule and you will see the difference in weeks!

Stair Treads and You

Do you have stairs in your home? How safe do you feel that it is? Do you think you could make it safer? What would it take to convince you that your stairs are not as safe as they could be?

Stair treads are a wonderful invention that lets you insure yourself that you will not lose your footing on stairs. Treads let you keep control of yourself, so you will not fall. They give your feet grips and protect you and your family from the dangers of falling down a flight of stairs.

Wood stair treads are useful for wood stair cases. These stair treads are flat pieces of wood that are at the top of each stair, overlooking the one below it and sometimes casting a small shadow, depending on the time of the day.

Stair treads typically have a lip that extends a tiny bit across the edge for extra security and safety. These make the horizontal surface of the stair a little bit longer, a little more extended. This makes it a bit more safe because your foot has more space to rest as you are climbing the stair case.

Stair treads? They look stylish on your stair case. People will love to see the style of stair treads as they walk across them, I guarantee it.

There are several types of treads. For example, there are wood treads, carpet treads, metal treads, etc. The type of tread you should buy depends on the surface of your staircase.

Make sure your treads are installed correctly, safely, and properly. You want to make sure that they serve their main purpose — they must increase safety.

Definitely consider the importance of looks on these treads. They will last your house for a long time — a very long time, probably. You need to make sure that you will love how it looks forever!

What to Know about Dry Oxygen

Virtually always, if your doctor recommends dry oxygen as opposed to other kinds of home oxygen equipment, he or she will also recommend that you use a humidifier. As a matter of fact, it is essential to have more than one humidifier when you use dry oxygen. The reason for this is that without a humidifier, you run certain risks – and, in the very least, it is much less comfortable to use dry oxygen equipment without a humidifier.

Dry oxygen is, under certain circumstances, a preferred oxygen delivery system for the patient. Therefore, when one uses dry oxygen, for whatever reason, a certain amount of moisture must be maintained in the surrounding environment. Most importantly, the humidity in the air will adhere to the dry oxygen emitted as it is delivered by your dry oxygen equipment.

Nonetheless, the dry oxygen requires clean water in the air around you. This means that the water you use in your humidifier must be filtered, distilled, it should not be tap water – that will actually have a negative effect on the reliability of your dry oxygen equipment.

Your humidifier or humidifiers must be regularly emptied and refilled with clean water for several reasons. The minerals and other things included in normal tap water could potentially cause damage to your dry oxygen equipment. Therefore, you must also be sure that the humidifier is regularly cleaned with soap and water – thoroughly rinsed, and that the water is consistently replaced strictly with filtered water. Then you can attach the humidifier to your mask or your nasal cannula.

One reason to store dry oxygen instead of moist oxygen is that some high-pressure oxygen tanks can become corroded by the moisture. It is also possible with moist oxygen tanks that the oxygen could, as a result of condensation from the moisture, form and freeze during use. A dry oxygen tank provides the ability for easier storage as well as eliminating the above problems.

As far as what becomes less of a risk for you, comes a much more comfortable state when you use dry oxygen and a humidifier. Your nose, throat, and mouth are much less likely to become dry. Some people have very sensitive skin as well, and with extra moisture in the air you can avoid skin irritations due to dryness.

A dry oxygen tank is definitely something to consider if you are a patient or caregiver who requires oxygen equipment. But remember to always check with your doctor, of course, before you make any changes to your methods and / or back – up delivery system.

What is Foundation Piering and How Does it Work?

Today, more and more homes are being built on unstable soils, such as the ones that you learned about in previous chapters. Between expansive and hydro-compactable soils and subsidence, foundations are pushed and pulled, creating movement. Each year, thousands of homeowners are faced with evaluating and repairing foundation problems. Thankfully, this means that there are reliable, engineered solutions available.

What exactly is available and is it the right solution for your structural problems?

Since the root of structural problems is the soil, the first two solutions deal with taking the foundation’s weight off of unstable soils and placing it on bedrock or other stable soil-these solutions are called push piers and helical piers.

Push Piers are basically long steel shafts that are hydraulically driven into the ground through the unstable surface soils until they reach bed-rock or other load bearing strata. Technicians can tell that the piers have reached bedrock by measuring the hydraulic pressure required to drive the piers into the ground until they meet an engineer specified depth. The home’s weight is then transferred off of the unstable soil and onto the piers through pier brackets attached to the footing of the house.

Helical Piers are similarly driven into the ground using hydraulics, but they are turned into the ground like a giant screw. In fact, they are giant screws that literally hold up a house through resistance power. The home’s weight is then transferred onto the piers using the same durable steel brackets.

Indications that You Need a Piering System:

You have an area of your foundation wall that is experiencing vertical movement, such as sinking.

Your chimney is not flush with your home.

Your soil conditions can be classified as expansive, subsiding, hydro-compactable, or active.

How Piers are installed in 6 Basic Steps:

Step 1: Outside, sod and landscaping around the home is removed and set aside.

Step 2: Soil is removed until the footing of the concrete foundation is revealed.

Step 3: Foundation pier anchoring brackets of heavy, industrial-strength steel are attached to the home’s footings.

Step 4: Rugged steel piers are hydraulically driven down to solid bedrock or equal-load bearing strata.

Step 5: The weight of the home, anchored to the steel brackets, is carefully transferred from unstable soil to rock-solid piers.

Step 6: After an engineer’s approval, the soil around the home is replaced and landscaping can be returned to its original location.

There are several other options that have been employed during different eras to resolve foundation problems. The oldest method is to jack up the house and replace the foundation and the newest method is to utilize piering systems either on the entire perimeter of the home, or just one portion. Here’s a breakdown of the other methods that people have used to resolve foundation issues from oldest to most recent:

Replace the Foundation:

Destroys yard and takes several weeks to complete

No warranty against the same problem reoccuring (expect same result

Footings are still in the Active Zone

VERY EXPENSIVE-$50,000 PLUS

Concrete Underpinning/Spread Footings:

Can take weeks/months

Added weight of the concrete can make problem worse

Structure cannot be lifted

Footings are still in the Active Zone

Concrete Piers:

Concrete cylinders can break during installation and CANNOT be retrieved due to depths

Cylinders create too much skin friction to get through the Active Zone

May require additional shims in the future

Even if shimming is included in the warranty, the damage from re-settlement and re-excavation is not covered

Square Shaft Helical Piers:

Originally designed to provide resistance to guy wires on electrical towers during high winds.

Not designed to hold up weight through soils

Square shafts experience bending and folding when a foundation’s weight resting on it.

Concrete Piers with Cable Reinforcement:

Engineered for specific soil conditions that are not present in Colorado.

Cylinders create too much skin friction to get through the Active Zone

Cabling in center of pier stretches over time, allowing for moment after piers in place.

Additional cabling on exterior of cylinders can increase skin friction of cylinder.

Finally, piering systems:

Push Piers WILL:

Allow the deepest penetration of any steel pier type.

Allow for the possibility of low impact interior installations (typically, with far less collateral damage than the exterior approach)

Provide a lifetime warranty, transferable for the first 25 years that vertical movement in the piered areas will not occur

Perform its job in most soil conditions for a designed life in excess of 100 years

Push Piers MAY:

Allow for the likelihood of lifting a structure to a flatter, more level condition

Allow for the possibility of closing or shrinking existing cracks in brick, stucco, sheetrock, or other interior or exterior finishes

Allow for the re-alignment of sticking doors or windows, and the straightening of leaning chimneys

Push Piers WILL NOT:

Guaranty that perfectly flat or level final conditions will be achieved

Provide lateral (horizontal) restraint to a bowing foundation wall

Improve the water tightness or lower the moisture level in a basement

Helical Piers WILL:

Perform its job in most soil conditions for a designed life in excess of 100 years

Allow for installation on relatively older, weaker, or lighter foundation types

Allow for installation as a pre-construction (or new construction) bearing system in poor soils

Allow for a horizontal installation as a “tie-back” system to provide resistance against land creep in hillside areas

With a few rare exceptions, require exterior excavation, with destruction to surrounding landscaping or paving

Provide a lifetime warranty, transferable for the first 25 years, that vertical movement in the piered areas will not occur

Helical Piers MAY:

Allow for the likelihood of lifting a structure to a flatter, more level condition

Allow for the possibility of closing or shrinking existing cracks in brick, stucco, sheetrock, or other interior or exterior finishes

Allow for the re-alignment of sticking doors or windows, and the straightening of leaning chimneys

Helical Piers WILL NOT:

Guaranty that perfectly flat or level final conditions will be achieved

Provide lateral (horizontal) restraint to a bowing foundation wall (unless specifically installed in “tie-back” mode)

Improve the water tightness or lower the moisture level in a basement