How To Fix Windows Error 42 – Driver Errors Fix

Windows Error 42 is an error that occurs when your computer has incompatibility issues with the device drivers or when your driver has faulty components. This error appears every time you attempt to run a specific program or use a feature inside Windows. In general, this error is indicative that your computer is not capable of processing the required settings to run your hardware. The usual error message alerts that would be shown are the following:

"Could not initialize application. Error 42 (IPM). Please contact technical support."

"Windows can not load the device driver for this hardware because there is a duplicate device already running in the system. (Code 42)"

Various reasons may cause this error. It may be the case that the device driver is lost in the system, or your PC has a damaged binary file. It is also possible that you have problems with your Input / Output (I / O) processes, or your registry has setbacks. The I / O operational issues together with the inability of the device to respond are the major causes of this problem. In addition, this error is triggered if one of the drivers responsible for managing the device gives an alert to the operating system that the device is not working.

How To Fix Windows Error 42

To resolve the error, you have to update the drivers in question by re-installing it in your system. This can be done by clicking onto the "Device Manager" of Windows and then updating any of the drivers which may be causing problems for your PC. This is critical as it will repair any of the potential issues that Windows may have with the drivers on your system.

The next step to solve the problem is to clean out the registry of your PC . The " registry " is a central database where vital files, information, settings & options are kept. Windows reads the files required for it to run through this database. Oftentimes, this registry gets corrupt or infected – making Windows unable to access the necessary files for loading programs. It is there before highly recommended for you to download and run a registry cleaning tool such as the " Frontline Registry Cleaner " in your computer. This process will eliminate errors like error 42 and make your PC function more efficiently.

How to Get F1 Drivers Autographs and Photos

F1 autograph hunting TIPS for people with not much money. (Legal stuff only) If you have no money to pay the paddock club access then how on earth would you ever go close enough to the F1 drivers to get them sign your merchandise/autograph/photo. Your not even related to any F1 crew. That was my question since I first attended my first Formula 1 race.So what did I do to tackle this problem? How did I manage to get autographs and photo’s with F1 celebrities not to mention a few World Champions(Michael Schumacher, Fernando Alonso, Niki Lauda, Lewis Hamilton, Kimi Raikonnen) from the past and current lineup. Here I share my tips ->

Tips 1 – Identify your target.

Know the drivers family members, gf’s, race engineers,technical crew,team directors, owners and entire crew if possible. It’s always good to know who is who. Reason? not many people know them, so +1 point as competition to take photos with them are less. You can even ask them were and when the actual F1 drivers will arrive at the circuit. Do not focus on only 1 famous F1 driver. You might not know that a young rookie would be famous one day. My F1 circle of friends took photos with Sebastian Vettel when he was still the 3rd driver for BMW Sauber. Imagine him now and you know what I mean. So the keyword here would be identify and do not be picky.

Tips 2 – Always bring a marker pen + merchandise

Bring stuff for autograph in your backpack at all times during Grand Prix weekend. You will never know who you bump into. A friend of mine bumped in Sebastian Vettel in a local Puma store and there was no publicity on that!

Tips 3 – Identify and hangout at the drivers/crew Hotel.

How? – you need to be good to the hotel personals before the F1. You can even go and ask the receptionist and pretend as if you are going to stay at the hotel. It may not be so ethical but the important thing is it’s legal. You will be surprised on how easy to get some drivers photo’s or even autographs. You can also check your local forums and ask around where the drivers are staying. Someone out there might know!

Tips 4 – Wait in front of the paddock access gate.

Some circuits, drivers walk to the paddock. Example(Singapore GP). This is a great opportunity to get them to take a photo or sign autographs.

Tips 5 – If the paddock lane is open, get your way in front of the garage.

On race day, normally teams who win P1 will have a team photo session. Smallers teams will celebrate P2 and P3. But you will never know, so make sure you wonder around the teams who made it to the podiums. I’ve personally took pictures of Ferrari, McLaren Mercedes 09, and RedBull team photo’s. The drivers were so near to me and I manage to take pictures with them as well! Best time is after race when the teams are packing but you must be sensitive enough, some teams who didnt do well might ignore you but don’t stop and just go to next garages/teams.

Tips 6 – Wonder at your local airport the day after the F1 race finishes.

You will be amazed on how little supporters are at airports! You will never know who you might bump into. Seriously I’m talking of experience. Some friends and me have meet Fernando Alonso at Changi Airport once.

The Services Provided by House Clearance Companies That Makes Your Life Easy and Stress Free

The level of service that is provided by the house cleaning companies nowdays, have come a long way from the old days when this service was first started in a professional way. The stress is being more environment friendly, so you can be assured that the waste that is collected from your home will be recycled in an useful way, rather than being discarded in a dump yard where it would collect rust. All the ethical companies of recent times are very conscious of this fact and if you hire a reputable company then you can be rest assured that your stuff which has been restored will find a suitable end.

So how do you find a reputable house clearance company that will adhere to all the rules and regulations while carrying out their task in a sensitive an deficient way … well there are a number of methods, and if you keep in mind some points, then you will certainly get a company that carry out the service in a way which does not harm the environment as well as takes care of all your clearance needs. Below mentioned are some tips for choosing the right company:

  • Before beginning the job, specifically ask the company how they plan to recycle your waste products, and what are the fees that they will charge for the entire work. It will be better if the entire thing is taken down in writing, so that there is no answer on the charges applicable while the job is completed midway.
  • Make sure to ask the clarification company what they plan to do with the bulky and hazardous items and how they plan to recycle the same, so that there is no harmful carbon footprint left behind during the clearance process.
  • Make sure that the company you are thinking of shaving has all the necessary legal papers to carry out each clearance task in a proper way, and do not land you into trouble in any way by irresponsibly dumping things where they are not supposed to get dumped. Ensure that they are fully covered with liability insurance so that you do not face any huge damage if by accident there is any damage to the items that you have planned to keep or to the property in general.
  • Pay attention to the fact that the house clearance company that you have hired has all the heavy duty trucks or vehicles that can haul away any item, as well as their manpower are trained and experience so that there is no hitch in the clearance process.
  • Make sure that the company you choose is properly registered with the environment agency, and carry out their clearance function in an eco friendly way. All the materials should be hauled away so so that the grounds around the house or property is not littered and does not mess up the locality.

There can be a number of reasons why the services of a house clearance company is required by a homeowner or a property holder. Whatever the reason it is the main aim of the house clearance company to clear the clutter and bring things to a manageable level. The services of clearance can also be required by people looking for selling off their property or letting them out on rent. The house cleaning company should be trained to handle a wide variety of items starting from washing machines, refrigerators to carpets and furniture, books and bikes, as well as clothing or upholstery items. A qualifies house clearing company provide services that will most likely be charged, based on cubic foot of area to be cleared, in addition to any additional instruction such as removal of toxic or harmful substances and recyclable substance. Molds, mildew, lead based paints all come under the purview of clearance and make sure that you choose a thorough professional who will be able to handle all and everything.

Bricktown, Oklahoma City

Bricktown, Oklahoma City is an entertainment district in downtown Oklahoma that offers plenty of attractions and activities to make the casual visitor stay on. Key points of reference in the district are the AT & T Bricktown Ballpark and the Bricktown Canal. Once a warehouse district, the renovated Bricktown is known for its restaurants, bars, dance clubs, retail shops, sporting facilities, condos, and entertainment options. A Bricktown escapade would provide great entertainment for the entire family.

The canal is one of the refreshing and natural parts of Bricktown. It's a mile-long pedestrian canal, great for taking a stroll and watching the entire district of Bricktown, Oklahoma City in action. Traveling in any of the water taxies that operate on the canal provides an unparallel experience.

The AT & T Bricktown Ballpark is one of the chief areas of attraction. Located to the immediate east of downtown Oklahoma City, it has been the venue for many intense baseball games. The Cross Bar Gallery in West Reno is a one-stop shop for everything required for the ranch and western home. The Gallery features the most exhaustive collection of western art in the region. The Bass Pro Shops offer any equipment needed for an outdoor adventure.

Dining in Bricktown is a great experience with many casual and fine dining restaurants. Bricktown Brewery is known for its quality beers and great food. It's also where visitors can enjoy the entertainment offered. The Brewery features 13 billiard tables, electronic darts, big screen TVs and shuffle board. Business meetings, wedding receptions, parties and specialized meetings such as get-togheters can be arranged at the Bricktown Brewery. Blackjack, craps and roulette tables are also offered.

Walking by the canal, taking a water taxi, watching a great game, shopping, dining and gaming are just a few among the many entertainment options. Head to Bricktown, Oklahoma City for the weekend, and feel the heartbeat of this growing entertainment district. The premium hotels located in this region provide comfortable accommodation and arrange tours to all interesting locations.

How To Make A Form For Making Concrete Bricks

It's very easy to make your own concrete bricks, pavers or stepping stones. One item you will need is a form in which to cast your project. You may need more than one and you may need them in different sizes.

Let's use a patio paver for an example. Let's say your patio design requires cement stones that are 8 x 8 and 8 x 16. Here's how you would go about making these forms very easily.

Buy some cheap furring strips at your home center. These are eight feet long and 2.5 inches wide. Also buy some 2 x 2. It's also eight feet long. Get some coarse-threaded screws 1.5 inches long.

From this stock you'll cut two pieces eight inches long and two pieces 20 inches long for each form you want to make. You will also cut four pieces of 2 x 2 that are 2 inches long. The only measurement that has to be fairly accurate is when you cut the eight inch pieces. The rest can be approximate.

Put two of the eight inch pieces together back to back. Put two 2 x 2's at each end so it looks like a capital I. Now you know where the 2 x 2's go, take one eight inch piece and put it on its end. Hold the 2×2 in the place you just had it while you pre-drill two holes and attach the screws. You want the edge of the 2 x 2 and the end of the eight inch piece to be flush. Assemble the other three ends the same way.

Put the assembled pieces back to back again in a capital I. Spread them apart until you have a measure of 16 inches between them. Now screw the 20 inch long pieces on with one screw in the middle of the 2 x 2 so you miss the screws you have already put into it.

That's all you need to make your 8 x 16 forms. When you want to use the 8 x 8 forms, just unscrew the 20 inch side pieces and measure your 8 inch pieces to be 8 inches apart. Pre-drill a hole and screw them to the 2 x 2's as before.

If you decide you want an 8 x 4, you just slide the eight inch pieces to that measure. You could use this form for any 8 by "X" size brick from one inch to 16 inches.

What about the thickness? What if you do not want cement bricks that are 2.5 inches thick? There are two ways to handle this.

One way is to only fill the forms to the depth that you want your brick to be thick. You could make a sight line on the wood to know when you've hit the right depth. If your bricks turn out to be of varying thickness, do not worry. You can compensate when you lay them.

The second way is to trim the wood to the proper width on a table saw. If you have a table saw, you can use any wood you can find, even boards from old pallets will be fine, and save the expense of buying the furring strips.

Have fun with your project!

Is G & G Airsoft Good? A Quick Look at the Guns From G & G Airsoft

With all of the popular brands of airsoft guns on the market it can be difficult to know what brand is good and what brand is bad. One of the more popular brands that is popular right now is G & G. Below I will tell you a little more about the offers from this company.

Is G & G Airsoft Good

The answer is yes they are for a variety of reasons. The nice thing about this company is that they offer guns in a wide range of styles and price range. This means that beginners can buy a lower entry level gun that still performs well and move up when time and money allow them to.

What Are The Popular Series of Airsoft Guns From G & G

One of the more popular series is the combat machines series. These guns are made from thick high impact ABS plastic and cost under $ 175.They come in many variants like the M4 and AK47. Do not let the low price fool you the combat machine series offer high rates of fire and velocities around 350 FPS and can hold their own in any skirmish.

Electric Blow back Models

Another cool option in the combat machine series is the electric blow back models. These offer the same performance of the standard combat machine series but have a air operated blow back bolt that really adds the realism of the gun. These are still priced under $ 200 and are made from primarily high impact ABS plastic

High End Guns

After that price point the higher end G & G airsoft guns begin to have all metal construction, tight borers and shooting velocities approaching 400 FPS. The prices for these higher end models can range in price from high two hundred dollar range to over $ 400. Many of these guns are assault rifles but there are also many sniper rifles available as well. There are many blow back models in the higher end guns as well.

Mind Hypnosis – 3 Powerful Ways To Take Control Of Someone

In the field of hypnosis, there are three ways in which you can basically take control of someone's mind and get them to do whatever you want. So here they are …

Mind Control # 1: Dual Reality

This is a technique used in magic that can also be used very well in hypnosis, especially with stage hypnosis. Basically it describes a scenario where the performer presents his material in such a way that both the subject and the audience experience different things.

For example, suppose a volunteer is invited onto the stage to help with a trick. The performer meets the volunteer at the edge of the stage and, quietly so that the audience does not hear, saying: "What's your name?" "Jim" Replays the volunteer. "Okay Jim, do not worry everything will be fine." The performer now addresses the audience: "Now ladies and Gentlemen, I have never met this person before. Is not that right …" The volunteer sentences before the performer continues … "erm … Jim, is not it? " The volunteer has to agree again.

The audience thinks that the performer has just somehow guessed the volunteers name, and the volunteer thinks that he has just forgotten forgot it before recovering.

Mind Control # 2: Invisible Compromise

This is another magic technique that can be adapted to suit pseudo hypnotic or mind control performances. This is quite similar to dual reality, except that the volunteer actually knowingly helps to perform the trick – he is not a stooge in that he is not pre coached on how to react, he is skilfully used by the magician to actively participate, controlled by clever verbal commands that mean one thing to the audience, and something completely different to the volunteer. I will not go into this in more detail here.

Mind Control # 3: Pattern Interrupts

This is a hypnotic / NLP term used to describe a way in which a person's thought processes can be momentarily interrupted during that time which can be induced into a trance very quickly.

It is a technique devised by Milton Erickson, which involves interfering the normal, expected patterns of behavior that the subject expects to experience. At this point their brain pauses briefly to try to understand the unexpected activity that the subject has just experienced and a command to "sleep" is quickly given during this pause in the brain activity.

The command slips right past the critical censor and into the subconscious where it is acted upon immediately (assuming that the technique is taken out correctly, the subject is suitably receptive, and the performer is confident enough in their abilities).

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Automatic Garage Doors

Automatic garage doors are becoming popular, and more people are planning to install these doors in their garages. They are preferred, but there are advantages and disadvantages of using this technology, and may not be a good idea for all home and garage owners. If you are wondering whether you should go ahead with the traditional doors or motorized doors, read on to know more about these doors, which will enable you to make a better-informed decision.

Automatic garage doors are expensive, and the expenses do not stop at just buying these doors. Depending on the type of garage and the product you buy, you would need to spend money on the installation and adding some props and accessories. So, you should think about installing the automatic garage doors only when you have the proper budget. It would be a good idea to get a detailed quotation of the installation process.

The other disadvantage of installing garage doors is the maintenance needed. Unlike the manual garage doors, if they do not work, you have no option but to call the service center of the manufacturer or retailer, as maintaining and repairing these doors is not a simple do-it-yourself project.

As for the expensive nature of these doors, you might even need to check all the features and services that these doors offer. This is new technology, and will have many features that you do not need, and there should not be paying for. Anything with added features and services will cost you money, and when it comes to technology, you will be paying a reasonable amount. Therefore, you should research the product that you are planning to buy and decide whether you should be buying the particular product or something else.

This is not to say that motorized or automatic garage doors are a waste of money. They are highly efficient when it comes to security, and are compulsory if you have something very expensive in the garage and want additional security. When they work – which they do all the time – they are very efficient and simple to use, and are definitely a boon for someone who does not have the muscle or the patience to not wind down a garage door manually.

These are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a mechanized garage door. Several manufacturers offer a wide variety of doors, and you would need to visit the various shops to find out what fits in your budget and are the best for your requirements. If you are looking for something specific, have not found it in the brick, and mortar shops, you can even look for them online. Several garage door manufacturers and retailers have their websites, which provide you all the information you would need. These websites also have a detailed list of their inventory, and some even offer online buying options. You can order these online, after you contact their sales and technical representatives and find out which is the best option for you.

The New Tygart Flyer Rail Journey

Cradled by the green-carpeted, wave-resembling ridges forming the Tygart Valley, Elkins, located in the West Virginia Highlands, representations down-home America. From the historic, red brick railroad depot, two barely visible, gravel-imbedded tracks stretch out of town, their direction indicated by the girder-resembling bridge ahead, and to the right, of them.

Proudly and powerfully led by the black Western Maryland number 82 and dark blue Baltimore and Ohio number 6641 diesel engines, the six-car complement complying the late-May New Tygart Flyer stood poised atop the slender rails next to the 1908 depot, the locomotives humming with deep, throaty, journey-anticipatory vibration on the hot, power blue morning. The passengers, most of whom considered school bus-deposited groups, progressively crowded the red-brick, track-level platform as the sun and temperature inched higher. The steel Pullman coaches, internally air conditioned, entrenched the throng inside during the 1045 boarding, the passengers recollecting into smaller groups as they gravitated towards their assigned cars.

Although the railroad's physical journey had been scheduled to depart at 1100, its historical one had begun more than a century ago, in 1880, and the "Western Maryland" and "Baltimore and Ohio" railroads, the names displayed by the current engines, had played crucial roles in it.

Principally hauling freight and coal, along with limited passenger service, the Western Maryland Railway itself, whose line entailed a six-year construction period beginning in 1906, had served the three states of Maryland, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, with two major track subdivisions : the Connellsville Subdivision, primarily engaging in easterly and westerly freight traffic flows, connected Cumberland, Maryland, with Connellsville, Pennsylvania, while the Thomas Subdivision, also originating in Cumberland, threaded its way through densely-forested, coal- and timber-rich West Virginia to Elkins.

The latter subdivision, however, had actually begun in 1880 when the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railway had contemplated laying narrow-gauge track, but almost immediately elected to employ the more widely used standard gauge, for the purpose of providing access to the Allegheny Highlands 'abundant, hitherto untapped resources, itself sparking the establishment of several towns, inclusive of Davis, Thomas, Parsons, and Elkins.

The Coal and Iron Railway, established in 1899 to facilitate logging operations, originated in Elkins, cycling through the Cheat Mountain Tunnel and following the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River and the West Fork of the Greenbrier River into Durbin, where it connected with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad's Greenbrier Division. Although construction had been completed in 1903, the Western Maryland's acquisition of the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh only two years later resolved in the Coal and Iron Railway's redesignation as the "Durbin Subdivision."

Elkins, located at the mouth of the Leading Creek and Tygart Valley rivers, was named after investor and Senator Stephen B. Elkins, who, along with Senator Henry Gassaway Davis, had been instrumental in both the railroad's and the town's growth. Originating to serve the work needed to maintain and operate the line, the expanding town had once featured maintenance shops and "Wild Mary's" freight yard, the staging area and western terminus of the many coal operations which had fanned out from the Elkins area, supported by a 900-strong team.

Threshold to some of the world's richest timber and natural resources, and the transportation hub of the Appalachian Mountains, it became home of the Davis and Elkins College and Davis's Graceland Inn summer residence, where invited guests would escape the Washington heat and humidity in order to enjoy its higher-elevation, cooler-climate location. Elkins became the Western Maryland Railway's southern hub, its Thomas Subdivision connecting with its main line at Maryland Junction, south of Cumberland.

Although its service had been consistently ranked as fast, efficient, and of significant quality, it significantly competed with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, but was fraught with several obstacles, including a proliferation of costly, high-maintenance tunnels and bridges; use of a single, as opposed to the B & O's double, main line track; and service to only two major cities-namely, Baltimore and Cumberland.

The Baltimore and Ohio, having already established an affiliation with the Chesapeake and Ohio in 1962, petitioned the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to gain control of the Western Maryland two years later, which it granted, but the line had continued to operate independently until 1972, at which time all three rail companies were merged into the Chessie System. Further amalgamated with the Seaboard Coast Line and The Family Line ten years later, it briefly operated the Seaboard System, but was remorphized into the CSX Corporation, whose railroad division was designated "CSX Transportation," in 1987. The town of Elkins, which growth had peaked in 1920, began a resource depletion-sparked decline and progressive rail service reduction until the tracks witnessed their last operation in 1959, thereafter lying barren and unused for some four decades.

In 1997, the Interstate Commerce Commission granted CSX Transportation permission to abandon the track it owned, but no longer used for coal carriage, below Elkins, which was subdivided into the still-active Elkins-Tygart Junction portion and the inactive Elkins-Bergoo section, provided that the West Virginia State Rail Authority could acquire both for a $ 6 million fee.

The line, encompassing some 140 miles of Elkins Division track and managed by the West Virginia Central Railroad, is now operated by the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad, a short-line owned by John and Kathy Smith. Originating service on May 16, 1998 during the annual Cass Scenic Railroad railfan weekend, it initially operated from Durbin until the Randolph County Development Authority reconstructed the old Western Maryland bridge, allowing it to re-establish rail access to the Elkins train depot abandoned by CSX in 1992, once the location of its 22-acre, roundhouse-equipped yard.

The restored depot, site of the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad's headquarters, is the departure point for three of its four excursion trains-the "New Tygart Flyer," the "Cheat Mountain Salamander," and the "Mountain Express Dinner Train" -while the "Durbin Rocket" continues to depart from the town of Durbin itself. The Elkins depot once again serves as a railroad departure point and the town is once again the shopping, dining, hotel, and transportation hub of the east Central Appalachian Mountains-but now for tourists. A piercing whistle warned of the New Tygart Flyer's imminent departure on that late-May day.

Nudged by the two diesel engines in pusher-mode, the train inched rearward as the car couplings accordioned into each other. Plying the tracks of the former Cheat Subdivision, which is really curved to the right, it trundled over the rust-colored, girder-resembling bridge and the green reflective surface of the river, the individual structures of Elkin's historic district incorporating into motion, and parallel several stationary coal cars until it briefly suspended its own travel.

Threading to the right on the switchback, and now rolled by its locomotives, the New Tygart Flyer departed the Elkin's yard limits at milepost 30.0, plunging through density vegetation, as if the tracks provided a parting path through it. Negotiating the horseshoe-shaped Isner Loop two miles later, the snaking chain commenced its 2.8-percent graduated ascent up Cheat Mountain. Seemingly brushing the slanted dirt and shale rock faces, it follows the arching, climbing rails, cradled by a deep ravine.

Reaching the summit at the Cheat Mountain Tunnel, the dual-locomotive, six-car chain plunged into the 1,717-foot-long, hand-carved, s-curved passage under the mountain's ridge, the light-outlined portal representing its entrance progressively decreasing in size until it flicked out behind the last car, and the forest-green views through the side windows, as if shades had suddenly been rolled over them, transformed into blackness. The narrow rock tunnel provided as much clearance as a hand in a glove.

After reducing its momentum to a snail's pace, the train reinitiated determined momentum. The layers of step-resembling shale rock showcased earth's evolutionary, millennia-carved artist, expressed in geological style. Redescending into the Cheat River Valley at a two-percent graduated rate, it reached the mountain's base at the small community of Bowden. A short, out-of-service track siding passed by at milepost 38.4. The cars lurched and swayed as they snaked behind and mimicked the Western Maryland and Baltimore and Ohio locomotives, their whistles cracking open the gentle, pre-summer morning with every road-crossing traverse, momentarily intercepting, and then paralleling, the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River.

Located in the eastern Allegheny Mountains, the 88.5-mile-long river itself, flowing through Monongahela National Forest and primarily draining a 214-square-mile basin in rural and forested areas, is part of the mighty Mississippi by means of the Cheat, Monongahela , and Ohio rivers. Rising in north-central Pocahontas County at Thorny Flat, itself located on 4,848-foot Cheat Mountain, it flows through the abandoned logging town of Spruce, location of its headwaters, before moving in a north-northeasterly direction through Randolph and Tucker Counties. Its valley is formed by Cheat Mountain in the west and Shavers Mountain in the east. Joining Black Fork at Parsons, the Shavers Fork forms the Cheat River at a 1,621-foot elevation.

The river's prevalent, white-capped, mini-rapids, indicating their negotiation of the rocks and pebbles numbering in the hundreds of thousands encountered in their paths, representated obstacles the water's forces painstakingly down into smooth, almost polished brown opals. Would that force ever succeed in reducing them to nonexistence? Which entity, or state, could then be considered the conqueror-the liquid or the solid?

The 1922-era, deluxe Pullman Palace parlor car in which I rode, the most luxurious of the train's coaches, featured a wooden bar and pantry; individual tables and black vinyl chairs; wooden sidewall paneling; laced window curtains; ceiling fans; and red, floral-patterned carpeting. A buffet lunch was served in the standard cars, but the parlor car offered more formal, menu and table service, and included a turkey, lettuce, and tomato croissant; a tri-color pasta salad; potato chips; apple pie a la mode; and iced tea. Catering had been provided by the Railyard Restaurant located in the historic Elkins Rileyard, but entrees were made on board.

Cheat Mountain, draped in multiple shades of green, majesticly rose in front of the locomotives. Bemis, a camping community of some 200, was represented by a scatter of farmhouses and mobile homes off the left side. The track, sandwiched between Glady Fork on the left and Cheat Mountain on the right, re-elevated and passed over High Bridge, under which the glistening water appeared a motionless, velvet sheen surface. Curving over and between sand-colored boulders, the river descended under the trestle in an inverted s-pattern.

The screeching, snaking chain of steel cars, imitating their life-providing, parental engines, somehow appeared infinitesimal amidst the mountains, progressing like a thread through the eye of a needle, over a path veritably swallowed by the tree-carpeted peaks towering above them . Decelerating to a crawl at 1230 and paralleling the 4,200-foot track siding at milepost 42.6, the New Tygart Flyer arrested its motion, the two diesel engines disconnecting from the parlor car and rounding the train to reattach themselves as pushers.

The parlor car itself, no longer obstructed by the locomotives, now became the lead coach, negotiating the high road bed which gravel steeply angled downward. A final screech, replaced by a thunderous roar only nature could ironically have made, indicated arrival at milepost 50.6 and the High Falls of Cheat, the New Tygart Flyer's terminus, before it would later recommence its return journey. Pouring, like a Herculean-sized faucet of white, unharnassed energy, the 18-foot-high, 150-foot-wide, horseshoe-shaped waterfall streamed over the flat step of rock to the collecting pool below it and thethen into the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River.

The covered, wooden platform, which was barely long enough to stretch between a few seat rows of a single coach, somehow represented a link with humanity, while the track curving at 33 degrees toward the green confines of the isolating forest served as the path to that link. The air transported an inexpensive spray of photographed vegetation and the sound waves of the now-fault rushing water. The gray parlor car, currently considered the last in the chain, was visible to the left and represented the means by which humanity link was transported, a lifeline forged once per day during the summer and only in one's imagination during the winter.

The similarities were many at this remote, isolated, end-of-the-world location. The track formed a path to it. The river formed a path to it. The track transported life. The river transported life. The track paralleled and reflected the river, as if there were two parallel, but very close, worlds of different properties and forms. The river continued its journey. And, with a brief lurch as the car couplings tightened, so, too, did the train. Only one location could represent both their destinies-their origins.

How Consultants Overcharge Their Clients

Consultants' 'Profit enhancers'

When an organization hires management or IT consultants, line managers must ensure that the consultants deliver the results promised. In this article, I summarize six techniques used by consultancies to maximize their own profitability. Some of these are just savvy business, some are dishonest, some are fraudulent – all are widespread throughout the consulting industry. By making organizations aware of these practices, I hope they will be better armed as they pay out their consultants' usually generous fees and expenses.

1. Excessive profitability
A junior consultant will typically be paid around £ 30,000 ($ 45,000) a year. So with social and other costs, the consultancy may be paying around £ 1,000 per week. But they will usually be charged out at £ 7,000 + ($ 10,000 +) per week to private sector clients – for larger public sector projects some consultancies will go down to £ 5,000 + ($ 7,500) per week. A more experienced consultant may cost the consultancy £ 2,000 ($ 3,000) per week, but can be bored at £ 12,000 + ($ 15,000 +) per week. So while many manufacturing businesses make gross margins of around 80% and retailers are at about 100%, management consultancies generally target gross margins of 500% to 800% – a rather striking and intense difference from the margins any of our clients would ever make. Surprisingly, very few clients do the simple mathematics and ask why they should be paying over £ 300,000 ($ 450,000) a year for an inexperienced junior consultant who is probably being paid just over a tenth of that.

2. Retaining travel expenses rebates
Last year three consultations agreed to pay a former client around $ 100m compensation, when they were sued for "unjustly enriching them at the expense of their clients The lawsuit was that for a decade the three firms worked with outside suppliers such as airline firms and travel agencies to obtain rebates of up to 40% on airfare and other costs that were not passed along to clients. "

The way this works is simple. The consultancy sets up a deal with a travel agent, hotel chains and the main airlines for an end-of-year rebate. The consultancy invoices the client for the full travel and accommodation costs, sometimes even adding on an administration charge. At the end of the year, the consultancy receives a rebate from the travel providers. None of this rebate is ever passed back to the clients who have paid for all the travel and accommodation in the first place. The defenders claimed they had "discontinued this practice" however this is disputed by a recent e-mail from a consultant from one of the companies, "Here's how we do it every time. 'expenses. Then we bill them for your air travel expense. One British consultant estimated that his employer had had stolen over £ 20m from just one client in this way.

3. Billing for non-client work
In most consultations, partners or directors divide their time up among their various clients and allocate a certain number of days each month to each client – even when this time is actually not working for that client. Moreover, you often find ordinary consultants being told to charge clients for time spent on internal consultancy business. To quote a consultant from a 100,000 plus employee firm, "I was at an internal meeting with more than 100 other consultants. we needed to make our numbers. " Just this one apparently innocuous decision will probably have cost the client over £ 100,000 ($ 150,000).

4. Overcharging for overhead
In many consultancies, clients pay for fictitious overhead costs. At one major consultancy an extra 10% was automatically added to consultancy fees supposedly to cover overhead costs. So, with each consultant costs £ 300,000 ($ 450,000) a year, clients would also be billed for another £ 30,000 ($ 45,000) to pay for administrative overhead. Yet the London office, for example, had about three hundred consultants and around fifty administrative support staff – secretaries, receptionists, human resources, bean counters, marketing support, resource managers, trainers, information center researchers and document production. Yet, with the 10% add-on, our clients were being charged for the equivalent of about three hundred administrative staff – hence the salaries of up to two hundred and fifty support staff were not being absent, as the staff simply did not exist.

5. Relocation staff
Many management consultancies are international and move their staff around the world at their clients' expense. On £ 2.3 million ($ 4m) project I helped sell in Britain to a regional health authority, the consultancy did not have sufficient UK based staff. As our CEO wrote in an internal memo, "the project took place at a time when we were still heavily supported by US expats.

So our NHS client had to pay thousands of pounds a week extra for these imported consultants in what a consequent official investigation described as "a financial fiasco."

6. Cheating on flat rate expenses
Frequently consultancies will agree with the client that expenses will be around, for example, 12% of fees. Each week the client will be billed for this 12%, then at the end of the project there will be a reconciliation between the 12% paid by the client and the actual expenses incurred.

On a project for a leading manufacturer of military aircraft, missile systems and satellites, we had agreed 12% but were actually only running at about 7%. The account vice president informed the rest of the consultancy that he had room to soak up expenses both from other projects and from our head office, rather than paying money back to the client.

Very often, clients would audit our expenses. If they found some real horrors, we'd just say there had been an administrative error and refund the minimum necessary to keep the client happy.

Craft And Hobby Woods – Basswood – Balsa Wood and Others

Many hobbies involve building, carving, or wood burning which require specialty woods. These hobby and craft woods are available for just about any purpose. Hobbyists may choose from balsa, basswood, plywood, walnut, cherry, maple, among others for their project needs. Sheets or strips of these fine woods are available in thicknesses from 1/32 "to one inch, and in widths from 1/16 through six inches.

Balsa is the most versatile of the hobby woods. Native to South America, these sixty foot trees are grown on large plantations. The wood is lightweight and strong. South Americans have been using balsa for boat and raft building since antiquity. Anyone who can recall Thor Heyerdahl's Kon Tiki adventures will know of his successful attempt to reach the Polynesian Islands from South America on a balsa raft.

Balsa's fine grain combined with its strength and light weight have made it valuable for a great number of uses. Its heat retention ability has made it useful for insulating refrigerator and ship holds. It is used in aircraft to reduce vibration. Surfboards and life preservers have also been manufactured from balsa wood.

Crafters and hobbyists will find balsa very easy to cut and carve, making it ideal for a multitude of projects. It can also be painted or stained any color the hobbyist desires. Its greatest value for hobbyists is unduly in the construction of model airplanes. Free flight, control line, and radio control aircraft are all made primarily from balsa wood. Other uses for this versatile wood include model boat building and dollhouse construction, as well as many other craft projects. Model railroaders can use balsa for scratch-building houses and other structures, bridges, and structural support for scenery.

Basswood, or linden, is another wood crafters and hobbyists find very useful. This North American wood is grown primarily in northern Michigan and Wisconsin. Heavier than balsa, it shares many of it's characteristics – close-grained, strong, and lightweight. Basswood's hobby uses mirror those of balsa, but its heavier weight limits its use in building model airplanes. Because it carves easily, it is the premier choice for both beginning and advanced woodcarvers. Novice wood burners will also find basswood friendly, as it burns well. Like balsa, it is available in strips and sheets. Additionally, specialty shapes for dollhouse building include molding, siding, and roof shingles.

Special project needs may require the use of hobby plywood. This extremely high quality plywood ranges in thickness from paper thin 1/32 of an inch to 1/4 inch. Birch is the wood used, so it can take any stain desired. It is very durable and suitable for many uses.

Other woods are available for specialized hobby projects, including walnut, maple, cherry, and mahogany. Twenty four inch lengths include both strips and sheets. The maximum width for sheets is four inches.

Basswood and balsa are the most commonly available hobby / craft woods. Other types may need to be special ordered from your local craft or hobby shop. Check out the selection today for all your project needs.

Toxic Black Mold Removal – Can You Do it Yourself?

If you have small areas of toxic black mold you can remove them yourself if you are very careful. Very large areas really need professional advice and removal. If you are going to attempt cleaning up your home of toxic black mold yourself then you need to be aware of the problems you may encounter and how to deal with them. You should always wear adequate protective clothing which includes gloves and breathing masks as it is important not to breathe in spores from the mold as they are very toxic. it is important that you not only remove all visible mold, but that you find any mold growing in hidden places such as in the walls or inside appliances such as air conditioners. You will also need to deal with the conditions that caused the toxic black mold to grow in the first place.

Identifying Damp Areas

The first thing to do before you even attempt to remove the black mold is to find out why it is growing and deal with these problems. Anywhere there is moisture that has accumulated can allow the black mold to grow so look for leaks in your roof or chimney, leaking pipes especially those that are hidden in walls and floors, condensation especially in bathrooms, blocked or leaking gutters etc. You should also check the humidity in your home and and make sure that it is below 55%. A hygrometer can be used for this and you should make sure that you check, not just the usual living areas, but also your basement, your attic, inside closets and cupboards especially those used for storing food and in your bathroom. If you find the humidity is above 55% then you will need to deal with this by using dehumidifiers. In bathrooms and basements make sure that you have adequate ventilation. Ensure that vents from air conditioners and clothes dryers lead to the outside so that they do not increase the moisture level in the air inside your home.

Toxic Black Mold Removal

Step one – Preventing Black Mold Spores From Spreading

Before you begin removal of the black mold you need to consider the ways that you are going to use to prevent any of the toxic spores from spreading through your home. Each room needs to be treated separately and you will need to seal off the room properly before you start. Shut off any ventilation systems and use heavy-duty plastic bags and duct tape to seal vents, windows and doors. You need to keep the dust levels as low as possible so before you start mist the area lightly mist with water to damp down any dust that may be caused during the removal process.

Step two – Removing the Black Mold

Once you have the room exceptionally sealed and the area to be treated damped down you can start to clean. Thoroughly cleaning using soap and then disinfect with a preparation specifically made to kill mold. Black mold may be growing in areas where it is not visible so you need to clean all the surfaces where the spores may have landed. After cleaning the areas thoroughly dry them. Non-porous materials such as plastics, metals, glass etc. can be reused. Some semi-porous materials, such as wood and concrete, may have been so damaged that they need to be replaced and many porous materials such as paper, ceiling tiles, carpets, insulation etc. can be so heavily damaged by black mold that they may also be unusable.

Disposing of Contaminated Materials

It is important that you do not dispose off contaminated materials in such a way that you reinfect other areas of your home. All contaminated material should be placed in heavy duty plastic bags and sealed carefully. Do not carry the infected materials through your house but use a window to place the bags directly outside. They can then be taken to a landfill for proper disposal.

Preventing Black Mold Regrowing

As we have noted earlier it is extremely important that you deal with any problems that have arisen that have allowed the black mold to thrive. In addition to repairing any broken pipes and gutters that may be causing more moisture in your home, plan on a regular tour of inspection to catch any black mold that is growing before it gets out of control. Include areas that you may not visit often such as basements, cellars and attics. Inspect your roof regularly for leaks especially after the winter and while you are there make sure your chimney is undamaged as these can be a major source of leaks from the roof.

Conclusion

Building A Hobby Crucible Furnace

Efficient melting of metal in the hobby foundry requires a simple, but well designed, easy to operate melting furnace. A well-designed furnace does not necessarily mean it will be expensive to build, or that that is complicated to construct and operate.

If you're just beginning your metal casting journey, there will be a multiple of questions that will need to be answered; and if you follow some simple methods, your learning curve will be dramatically reduced.

A well-built furnace will take you another step along the path to being able to maintain an important piece of equipment for your hobby foundry set up. Without an efficient furnace your hobby metal casting experience could well be one of total frustration & disappointment.

It is possible to build a furnace from scrap materials found around the workshop. This is not to say that it will look trashy or just made, the point being made here is that you do not need to build everything from new materials. The only material you will need to buy is the special high temperature resistant refractory to line the furnace walls with, plus a few brass connectors from the local plumber for the gas feed line and some brass rod to custom-make your own special gas jet for the burner. The rest you can quite easily make yourself if you have metal working skills.

One of the biggest problems the hobby foundry worker has to overcome, is to acquire the knowledge to build a high-energy output burner, the subject of burners can raise many arguments amongst hobbyy workers, and there is a straightforward solution to building an efficient burner, by following simple instructions any practical person can fabricate an efficient burner that will quickly melt metals such as aluminum and bronze without effort. The process to build a high output furnace burner is really quite simple, but there are a few small parts that need to be machined on a lathe.

If you do not have the luxury of a lathe in your workshop, sometimes a friend can help you out. Although, many hobby metal workers do own a metal lathe these days, it is almost a must have for the average home engineer in this ever-increasing DIY age. You will also need a MIG or ARC welder (Max 180 Amp) to fabricate the furnace.

Be very careful with your gas pipe & joint connections, although there are no great line pressures involved with the gas feed to the burner, but any small leak could lead to the possibility of a dangerous explosion.

Propane gas expands between sixty and one hundred times once exposed to air. So be aware, gas is the most efficient fuel you can use to fire a crucible furnace, but it can also be an extremely dangerous material. You need to follow any building instructions carefully and not be tempted to take any shortcuts as they may lead to personal injury.

If you are a resourceful, practical person, you could build your own crucible furnace for less than $ 70.00US, this is a mere fraction of the cost of a commercial unit, and should be equally as efficient, and provide many years of reliable melting service .

Know How to Take Good Care of Your Pontoon Boat

Many people invest in boats for cruising around seas, rivers and lakes. For people who just prefer a slow moving vessel to enjoy their time on water, a pontoon boat is perfect for them especially during family outing, fishing trips and entertaining guests. It is a slow moving vessel that consist of two floatation device called pontoons and a platform on top. These boats are equipped with couches, a bimini top to protect its passengers from the sun and a ladder for the swimmers to easily get in and out of the water. Cruising on a pontoon boat offers a fun and comfortable experience.

Cruising on water usually becomes a regular leisure activity for most people that it is important for them to have their boats well maintained. Regular cleaning and maintenance prolongs the life of a boat and saves boat owners an expensive repair later on.

Taking care of your pontoon boat means cleaning it after use. Everything should be washed with fresh water and a cleaning solution. A scrub and vacuum is needed to clean the carpet and upholstery.

When cleaning the boat exterior, make sure to include the part underneath the boat to avoid salt buildup. We all know that boats are intolerable to the growth of mold and mildew that's why it is important to clean storage areas and remove anything that is wet. You also need to flush out the engine every time and make sure you turn the key off after you have finished flushing. Dry the boat completely and wipe it down with an anti-corrosive solution.

The parts that need to be checked for cracks and leaks are fuel line, fuel primer bulb, fuel tanks, etc. Always check the entire boat for signs of wear and tear especially the parts hidden below the water.

It is necessary to cover the boat when not in use to keep dirt and water away during storage. Straps and poles should be used to tie the cover securely so water will not pool on the boat cover. The boat cover fabric needs to be breathable to keep moisture from building up inside. It is best to have your boats stored indoors to have it totally protected from pests and rodents. By properly covering your boat, you can be sure that it well preserved and ready for your next cruise.

Simple to operate and maneuver, a pontoon boat is such user friendly vessel that's why it is very popular for people who prefer a gentle cruise along a great lake or river. If you have your own boat, you know that you are responsible to take care of it rather than just using it from one cruise to another. It's also best to seek help from the expert pontoon maintenance Gold Coast .

Types of Scaffolding, Structures and Construction

Scaffolding is aa temporary framework Around or even inside a building to support construction and repair of buildings and structures. Scaffolding is one of the major requirements in any construction field. May it be large structures or smaller homes, Scaffolding is an essential part. In Britain and most of the European nations, Scaffolding is done with Pipes whereas in Asian countries Bamboo is used still.

Scaffolding consistors of 3 main parts, Tubes, Couplers for joining the tubes and Boards, to create a supporting area for human access. Scaffoldings are seldom alone, they are always attached to the building with ties. Independent scaffoldings are seldom seen and are usually not as stable as the ones attached to a structure.

Rules are regulations vary in every part of the world when it comes to construction. In certain parts of the world there exists rules for building scaffolding and norms and standards are practiced strictly. Britain has a strict code of conduct too and all scaffoldings are expected to meet certain standards based on Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations. Scaffolds in the UK have to meet the standards according to the BS 5973 Regulations and strictly meet its requirements.

Tubes are made of Steel or Aluminum. Steel is usually galvanized. The aluminum Tubes render more durable as its light and Flexible. Boards are made of seasoned wood and should be 50 mm-63 mm to meet the standards.

Scaffolds come in various Sizes and shapes but some of the most common scaffolds include:

  1. Independent or Bird Cage Scaffold: The Birdcage scaffold consistors of 2 or more rows of vertical poles supported by horizontal Pieces of Pipes. This is a one level Scaffold. They are mostly used in work with the ceilings
  2. Single Fold Scaffold: this is a single row of pipes supported against the structure. This is used for painting or plastering a wall.
  3. Suspended or Swing Stage Scaffolds: This is the Window washer. A tall structure could use this kind of Scaffold which can be suspended, increased or decreased in heights.
  4. Cantilever Scaffold: this scaffold is supported only on one end.

There are variations on each types of Scaffolds. Its important to decide the type of scaffold for each job as a life will depend on it.

It's also essential that anyone who will work on a scaffold over 12 feet take prior training and hold a competency certificate.