Elements of Writing a Mystery Novel

Like anything, a mystery novel is composed of different parts, which are referred to as elements. Each are critical in capturing the readers interest. If your story is searched and well written, it is sure to be a winner. By now, you are probably wondering what the elements are. They are the science, plot, characters with settings and writing technique.

First is the science. This needs to be accurate due to the fact several mystery novel readers are wired versus forensic techniques. They can see through phony stuff in an instant, and you want to avoid that. If you can write a good story and have correct science then your book just went from decent to great.

Next is the development of the plot. This will make or break your story. It is crucial to have a plot that makes sense, is intriguing, and has many twists and turns to keep the reader not knowing what is going to happen next. The more they do not know what is coming the more suspense you will create and of course in a mystery novel, suspense is everything! If there was a part to really focus on, it would be the plot!

Following is creating the characters with stories settings. It is important to really develop them and make them something authentic. You want to have the audience relate them. This will increase the connection with the reader and makes it easier for you to write the rest of the novel. The more you know about your character, the easier it is for you to write about them. After the characters, the setting is extremely important to set the atmosphere for the story.

Lastly, the element of writing technique is significant when constructing your mystery novels. This is simply because this is part of what creates the emotion within the reader. It is good to include literary elements such as similes, personification, and metaphors. It is good to also include more advanced techniques such as suspense and foreshadowing. These are big keys when writing a mystery story. What is even more important is what is called red herrings. These will make reader think the story is going one way when it is actually the other. Incorporating these will enhance your story and make for a better read.

If you can have all these elements intertwined into your story, you are on the right track to write a great mystery novel!

Wealthy Affiliate – Pyramid to Riches

If you've clicked on this review you're one of the thousands considering a becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate. It is also known by the none too presumptuous title of the Wealthy Affiliate University or simply, WA.

Let me start by saying you will find no link in this review. I am not selling WA nor am selling one of its competitors. I am merely here to tell you of my experiences within the gilded walls of WA. Yes, I was a member and went through the bulk of the training they provided on Internet marketing. I am no longer a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate and decided to write a review of their services for those of you that want a first hand account; no strings attached.

By now you've seen the ads that promise a large income from working in the comfort of your home. As a marketing strategy, its genius. But what does WA actually supply to their affiliates? And do the skills they provide really make money for their members?

The Wealthy Affiliate "university" centers around an 8 week course for beginners in which each new set of lessons is delled out; one per week. The site may have a slick look to it, but wears more like a cheap suit with poor navigation, confusing lesson formats and enough typos to make a member wonder why they did not pop for a copy editor.

Kyle and Carson, the WA creators, have built a wonderful money making machine, for themselves. Under the guise of helping people make lots of money through Internet marketing, they are really just fueling their own empire by creating Wealthy Affiliate affiliates.

It starts with how the new members can promote WA. And they have made it very easy for the newbies to do just that with ready made ads and websites that promote WA and its host of peripheral products.

WA provides a taste of what is needed to make a living with Internet marketing and a big push to go round up more newbies for the cult of Wealthy Affiliate affiliates. Some say that WA is starting to sound like a pyramid scheme, but its probably closer to multi level marketing.

The sad and rarely stated truth behind Internet marketing in general is that the failure rate is close to 95%. This failure rate has more to do with the unrealistic hopes of the people signing up, all WA does is fan the fire. Regardless of what you have read in ads promoting Internet marketing there is NOTHING EASY about it.

Making money online is hard work, often times requiring more hours per week than a full time job. But that kind of information would not read well in a pay per click ad. The truth often times has little to do with good salesmanship. Internet marketers are selling a dream.

So what of joining WA? On the pro side, they do offer some helpful information and resources for their $ 30 + / month membership fee. On the con side, be prepared to be hit with a barrage of self serving promotions. They make them seem very enticing and an easy way to start off in Internet marketing. WAs turnover rate must be high as witnessed by their constant push for new members to recruit new members.

And as for giving you "the secrets" to making money online, well do not expect anything more than general information about IM. Do you honestly expect them to give up the secrets that REALLY make them money? Of course not, that's how they make their living, why would they?

According to WA records, their active membership is hovering around 12,000 as of this writing. I did an informal survey of 3000 of those so called members and found that nearly 46% of them had never posted to the WA forum once. All of these members have been with WA for at least 6 months and some as long as two years.

For a website that prides itself on its "supportive" forum and encourages new members to use it, it does not seem a bit odd that so many Wealthy Affiliate affiliates would have never used it, not even one time?

Many pocketed groups of these non posting members also joined within several minutes of each other as attested to by WAs own system of recording members join up times. I would be curious to hear Kyle and Carson explain this phenomenon.

What WA provides to its Wealthy Affiliate affiliates is a basic primer to IM, some resources that, regardless of their hype, can be found elsewhere on the internet, often for free and a forum with little tolerance of anyone asking the status quo and the smell of hype everywhere.

Let's face it, Internet marketers are salesman above all and those who run sites like WA are super salesman. Kyle and Carson discovered what PT Barnum knew long ago, there's a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate born every minute. All these two boys figured out was how to leak them on a regular and ongoing basis. If anyone was wondering where the used car salesmen of old have gone, they are right here on the internet and doing FINE.

WA and its army of Wealthy Affiliate affiliates is just one of the many, many Internet marketing creations that promise to "show you the secrets" of making money online. Its a promise that fails to mention that to become a truly successful Internet marketer takes years of hard work. The expression, "do not believe the hype" comes to mind.

So should you spend the money becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate? Well if you've got around $ 100 (more if you plan to use PPC campaigns) and a few months then there are worse ways to go. You can learn some of the basics of Internet marketing being a WA member. Just go through the 8 week program and do not get sucked into all the products / services they will try to sell you along the way.

At the same time you must realize that becoming a member opens you to the often unsavory world of IM where ROI (return on investment) is king, not the customer. This is not WAs fault, they're just milking the cow. To really compete in this business, be it as a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate or not, it's best to check a healthy chuck of your ethics at the door.

A more important question is are you looking for something quick and easy by becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate or something that requires dedication and hard work? If you answered "quick and easy" do not waste your money joining WA, in fact do not waste your money on Internet marketing at all.

Bricktown, Oklahoma City

Bricktown, Oklahoma City is an entertainment district in downtown Oklahoma that offers plenty of attractions and activities to make the casual visitor stay on. Key points of reference in the district are the AT & T Bricktown Ballpark and the Bricktown Canal. Once a warehouse district, the renovated Bricktown is known for its restaurants, bars, dance clubs, retail shops, sporting facilities, condos, and entertainment options. A Bricktown escapade would provide great entertainment for the entire family.

The canal is one of the refreshing and natural parts of Bricktown. It's a mile-long pedestrian canal, great for taking a stroll and watching the entire district of Bricktown, Oklahoma City in action. Traveling in any of the water taxies that operate on the canal provides an unparallel experience.

The AT & T Bricktown Ballpark is one of the chief areas of attraction. Located to the immediate east of downtown Oklahoma City, it has been the venue for many intense baseball games. The Cross Bar Gallery in West Reno is a one-stop shop for everything required for the ranch and western home. The Gallery features the most exhaustive collection of western art in the region. The Bass Pro Shops offer any equipment needed for an outdoor adventure.

Dining in Bricktown is a great experience with many casual and fine dining restaurants. Bricktown Brewery is known for its quality beers and great food. It's also where visitors can enjoy the entertainment offered. The Brewery features 13 billiard tables, electronic darts, big screen TVs and shuffle board. Business meetings, wedding receptions, parties and specialized meetings such as get-togheters can be arranged at the Bricktown Brewery. Blackjack, craps and roulette tables are also offered.

Walking by the canal, taking a water taxi, watching a great game, shopping, dining and gaming are just a few among the many entertainment options. Head to Bricktown, Oklahoma City for the weekend, and feel the heartbeat of this growing entertainment district. The premium hotels located in this region provide comfortable accommodation and arrange tours to all interesting locations.

The Monastic Life – The Path To Spirituality?

INTRODUCTION

Elijah and John, like other hermits (a monastic way of life) lived in the deserts. Jesus did not. What then is the pathway to spiritual maturity? Is it the life of the monk or otherwise? What we achieve, it must be noted, the monastic life or otherwise, is by the grace of God. God looks at the heart. What was Jesus' first miracle? In which ceremony did he perform it? If Jesus performed a miracle in a wedding fever, so promoting joyful celebration (though, with limitations), is this not a hint that, the monastic, celibate or ascetic life is not godlier than the wedded, celebratory life? Is monasticism the path to spirituality? Although there are good principles in the monastic life, it must be emphasized, echoed and re-echoed that only God can bring us to spirituality. From the foregoing, spirituality is not by works of righteousness but but by His grace alone.

1. DEFINITION OF TERMS

a. Spirituality

The term spirituality is defined as living the Christian life with a consciousness or sensitivity to religious values. Striving or aiming for perfection and making particular use of prayer are therefore very important considerations in many different Christian circles. However, it must be emphasized that spirituality asserts various forms in several Christian traditions, for instance, from the solitude of the Orthodox monks to the activism of the Pentecostals.

b. The monastic life

The monastic life refers to a way of religious life that is usually pursued within the confines of a monastery where the residents take several vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, living by the rule of the order to which they belong. Generally celibate and universally ascetic, the monastic individual separates himself or herself from general society either by living as a hermit or anchorite (religious recluse) or by joining a society of others who profess similar intentions. It is believed that despite St. Anthony is viewed as the founder of monasticism, the founder of the rule of life is St. Louis. Benedict. The goal of the monastic way of life was the achievement of personal salvation with God through a continuous spiritual battle with temptation. It is therefore reasonable to note that "the chief aim of the monk, therefore, is personal sanctification …" (Cross, 1975, 914).

c. Monastic spirituality

Monastic spirituality implies a single-heart solitary seeking of God, an approach to Him in response to His invitation found in Scripture, for instance, "seek ye first the kingdom of God" (Mt. 6:33). It is meant to be transported out in a lifetime and perfected or finalized in eternal life after one's death. It is a "way of life … that requires a certain discipline to dispose oneself to meet the living God" (Monastic Spirituality 2004). It therefore flows from a belief in a God who comes to those who are disposed to listening, who will persevere in seeking God even when it seems pointless boring. The forty-eighth verse of The Rule of St. Benedict states, "Do not be daunted immediately by fear and man away from the road that leads to salvation." It is bound to be narrow at the outside "(The Spirit of Benedictine Life, 2004).

2. TYPES OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

The Encyclopaedia Britannica generally divides monasticism into two, organizational or institutional, and hierarchical and status types. The organizational or institutional type could be further divided into eremitic, quasi-eremitic, cenobitic, quasi-monastic, and mendicant monks. The two subdivisions in the latter group include sacerdotal, and secondary and religious orders.

A common feature of true eremitic institutions is the emphasis on living alone on a strict contemplative life. Quasi-eeremitic institutions had loose organizational structures with no external hierarchies. In cenobitic monasticism, ascetism was to be pursued in community life and in obedience. The quasi-monastic groups are Christian military orders. Strictly defined, mendicant monks are those who live by begging.

3. CAUSES OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

Several reasons could have been attributed to the rise of monasticism. An important influence was the philosophical. The dualistic view of flesh and spirit, with its tendency to consider flesh and evil and spirit good- so characteristic of the Orient- influenced Christianity though the Gnostic and Neoplatonic movements. It was thought that retirement from the world could "help the individual crucify the flesh and to develop the spiritual life by meditation and ascetic acts" (Cairns, 1967, 163).

Secondly, it would appear as if some Scriptures seem to justify the monastic life. I Corinthians 7 is a case in point. Some early Church Pathhers like Origen, Cyprian, Tertullian and Jerome, urged celibacy to support correct interpretation of the Scriptures. Furthermore, it is observed, Antony, probably the first monk, "in response to those words (Matt. 19:21), disposed of his property and wave the procedures to the poor, reserving only a portion for the care of his sister" (Gonzalez 1984, 141). He even disposed of the small reserve fund that he had kept for his sister, placed her under the care of the virgins of the church, and left for the desert when a later verse "Do not be anxious for tomorrow" (Matt 6: 34) moved him. Although we do not really know when the flight to the desert really began, "Antony first embarked on the life of a hermit shortly before the year 270; but it sees that he had predecessors" (Lawrence 1984, 5).

The total spiritual poverty that is demanded of Christians and to which monks respond without hesitation appears to be lovingly gifted through in the Beatitudes. This is the core of the Benedictine Spirit – adhering to His teachings, extremely following Him who has introduced the same path from His baptism in the Jordan through the trials, misunderstandings and humiliations of rejection, to His glowing obedience to His Father and the final unblinking act of sacrifice. Furthermore, thirdly, certain psychological tendencies strengthened the desire for a monastic life. In period of crisis there is always a tendency to retreat from the harsh realities. The late second and third centuries saw the beginning of civil disorder which was to become so prevalent in the later history of the Empire. It is evident there that "many left society for the monarchy as a means of escape from harsh reality and the moral contamination of the times" (Cairns 1967, 164). Historically, there was increasing moral deterioration, especially of the upper classes in Roman society and monasticism became a haven for those in revolted against this growing decadence of the times. Geographically, the warm dry climate and the multitude of caves in the hills along the banks of the Nile were conductive to separation of the individual from society.

4. BENEFITS OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

It is a truism that there is so much evil in the best of us and so much good in the worst of us that we have to critically evaluate and learn to accommodate each other in the Christian faith. No denomination has it all right. There are strengths in the different denominations and the Christian needs to have a receptive spirit to learn from each. The monastic life is not an exception. There are several good points in this way of life worth mentioning. It is observed that monasteries "are necessary because the world is not Christian. Let it be converted, and the need for a monastic life will disappear" (Chrysostom, 1972, 52-53). History has not vined his hope. Monasticism has a unique testonomy to the world. It is firmly believed that "monasteries were the conservators of learning and the centers of missionary and philanthropic work." The monks were the authors, preachers, philosophers and theologians of the age …. "(Vos, 1994, 122). This is why Cross believes that "the monks were the chief teachers of Europe and an important civilizing power" (Cross 1957, 104).

The life of the Church between Constantine and the Reformation reveals that "almost everything in the church that approached the highest, noblest and truest ideals of the Gospel was done either by those who had chosen the monastic way or those who had been inspired in their Christian life by the monks "(Noll, 2000, 85). Douglas, Cairns and Ruark argument that "the monks were prominent in the Origenist controversies, intervened tempestuously in the fifth-century christological disputes, and became Byzantine Church's 'democratic front'" (Douglas, 1978, 671). Leaders of the Reformation such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, Thomas Cranner and Menno Simmons used the writings of the monks to draw support for their theology. Luther and Calvin, for instance, reiterated the works of Augustine. In fact, "it should be remembered that Luther, Erasmus, and many other critics of the papacy had monastic backgrounds" (Vos, 1994, 122).
The monastic life was not only limited to manual labor but also extended to copying MSS., Teaching, art, all kinds of scholarly research and translation the Bible. A realistic summary of the influence of monastic life to Christianity could have been summarized thus:

If we read the Scripture in our native languages, we benefit from a tradition of biblical translation inspired by the monk Jerome (ca. 342-420). If we sing the praises of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, we follow where the hymn-writing monks Gregory (ca.540-604) and Bernard of Clairvaux … If we pursue theology, we (are) interested to the monks Augustine and Thomas Aquinas (ca.1225-74). If we pray for the success of Christian missions, we ask for blessing upon enterprises pioneered by monks Patrick (ca.390-ca.460), Boniface (680-754), Cyril (826-69) and his brother Methodius (ca. 815-85) and Raymond Lull (ca.1233-ca.1315). If we glow in the goodness that God imparted to the created world, we follow where the friar Francis of Assisi blazed the trail … (Noll, 2000, 85).

5. SPIRITUALITY OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

From the foregoing, a question that readily comes to mind is whether the monastic way of life is really a path to spirituality? Clebsch realistically observes that Antony's retirement from the world is, at the very least, an ambiguous retreat, for though he separates himself from the distractions and nagging presses of ordinary human community, the wilderness to which Antony flees holds more significant challenges and dangers. When Antony finds no relief from an enthusiastic crowd during a rare visit to the city, "he assures those around him that he must contend with equal numbers – of demons – at his cell in the wilderness" (Clebsch 1980, 8).

Monasticism preaches separation from society, which lives according to the elements of this world, and from its economic, political and social problems. This generally led to the flight to the desert and the later autonomous existence of communities that care for the needs of their members. The monastic republic is Mount Athos, for instance, is a striking example of a social, self-governing life, separated from the world and even opposed to it. The thorney issue is that since everyone can not realistically share this vote, the monastic solution remains limited. It is not the solution for the world in its totality.

Even though the researcher is coming from a war torn land (Sierra Leone), he has come to realize that forgiveness and love are ways to demonstrate true spirituality. It must be noted that monks "headed the Inquisition and persuaded multitudes to participate in the crusades" (Noll, 2000, 140). The question is why was this so If the monastic life aimed at personal sanitation? As Christians, we must be honest to admit that "as they unfolded, the Crusades never accomplished as much good as supporters hoped, while evil consequences, unintended and unforeseen by proponents like Urban, proliferated" (Noll, 2000, 140). Even in Christianity, it is not farfetched to say that the Crusades sealed the Schism. It is unimaginable to note that people living the monastic life took part in political warfare.

The conviction of Protestants (including the researcher of this paper) about the centrality of justification by faith is bound to raise questions about whether the monastic life encouraged harmful notions concerning the possibility of salvation by works. A legitimate question worth asking is whether what the monks owed to do did not obscure the fundamental or foundational reality of God's grace. Paul got it right when he observed that "… it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourself, it is the gift of God- not by works, so that no one can boast" (Eph 2: 8-9). Obtaining salvation by works is nothing but a legal approach which is consistently condemned by Scripture. The tense of the verb in Ephesians 2: 8 establishes the necessity of faith in Christ as the only means of being made right with God. How central is the teaching of grace? This is a question the person living the monastic life would have to struggle with.

Does the ascetic pration of the body by the monk affect the true seat of sinfulness? In response, it is vehemently argued that "the bent of the heart, rather than the disposal of the body, is the key matter in godliness" (Noll, 2000, 103). In fact, an issue in our recently concluded module was sex and spirituality. Although Catholics believe that sex is only for procreation, the Protestant views sex between husband and wife for pleasure also as true spirituality. Even Bro. Lawrence was honest enough to admit some of the problems of a type of monastic life. It is interesting to note that Brother Lawrence began to doubt the wisdom of his decision to live in the desert, wishing instead to live within a Christian brotherhood … Members of the group could have adjusted and exhort one another, protecting them against the changeableness of their individual whims (Lawrence, 1982, 78).

CONCLUSION

In all fairness to monasticism, the institution "owes its origin to the desire of leading a life of perfection in greater security than is normally possible in the world" (Cross 1975, 914). Monks for more than a thousand years sustained a lot of noble qualities in the Church. It is reasonable to note that the monastic life, "though never perfect, always in need of reform, and occasionally sunk in corruption- remains today, more than seventeen hundred years after Antony went into the desert, a guide and inspiration to large sections of the Church "(Noll, 2000, 104). However, it would be farfetched to state that monasticism is a path to spirituality. It is incontrovertible that there are good principles in the monastic life. This notwithstanding, one must hasten to note that only God can bring us to spirituality. It is not by works of righteousness but but by His grace alone. The environment is really not the issue. I believe that the inside of the man is the real issue. The philosophers believe that if a man is sick, he will still be at the same place if you were to remove him from the gutters to the palace. Why? The answer is that he carries his disease with him. Did Jesus avoid non-Christians? No. What does He mean when he observes that though the Christian is in the world, he is not of it? The researcher observes that these words suggest or recommend a very unique ministry. This ministry looks to show itself above the desert and the city, since it is called to surpass every form in order to express itself everywhere and in all circumstances. How can monks be given birth to or monasteries be populated without the life on the other side of the monastery? It is suggested that there is only one spirituality for all without distinction in its demands, whether of the bishop, monk or layperson. St. Seraphim left the extreme practices of the hermits and returned to the world. He was no longer a monk retired from the world nor a man living among people. He was both, and surpassing both, he was essentially a witness to Biblical spirituality.

WORKS CITED

Beaufort, Lawrence. The Practice of the Presence of God. New Kensington: Whitaker House, 1982.
Cairns, EE Christianity Through the Centuries. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing

House, 1967.
Chrysostom, John. Her Nature and Task, in Bible, Church Tradition: An Eastern Orthodox View,

Collected Works, Vol. 1. Maryland: Norland, 1972.
Clebsch, WA The Life of Antony and the letter of Marcellinus. New York: Paulist Press, 1980.
Cross, FL, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. London: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Douglas, JDEE Cairns and James E. Ruark, The New International Dictionary of the Christian

Church. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1978.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1989 ed. sv Sacred Offices and Orders.
Gonzalez, JL The Story of Christianity: The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation, Vol. 1

Cambridge: Harper and Row Publishers, 1984.
Lawrence, CH Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages.

London: Longman, 1984.
Monastic Spirituality. Available [online]: http://www.christdesert.org/noframes/

scholar / monastic_spirituality.html. Accessed 20th September 2004.
Noll, Mark A. Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids,

Michigan: Baker Academic, 2000.
The Spirit of Benedictine Life. Available [online]: http://www.christdesert.org/noframes/

scholar / benedict / benedict_spirituality.html. Accessed 20th March 2004.
Vos, HF Introduction to Church History. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1994.

The Importance of Building Insurance

All lenders insist on Buildings Insurance if any property is secured against a loan. If anything adverse happens to the property (like it being burnt down), the same property can be rebuilt from the proceeds of the insurance claim. And if your property is mortgage free and a similar destruction occurs to it, you will still be protected by the insurance policy and will be able to rebuild your property from the proceeds of your claim.

All Buildings Insurances are taken out so as to have a peace of mind against misfortunes that you hope will never occur. This kind of insurance offers protection against structural damages eg roofs, walls, floors, ceilings, windows and doors. The causes of structural damages specified in policies are usually by fire, detonation, burglary or attempted burglary, malicious damage / vandalism, natural calamities like lightning, flooding, storms, earthquakes, disappearance and falling trees etc. Also included in the policies are damages on outdoor properties such as gates, fines and railroads.

But do be aware that not all policies cover all the above mentioned potential damages and each insurer will have its own exclusion due to that particular policy. Should you require any specific cover which has not been detailed in the policy then you can obtain one by paying an additional premium.

In the unfortunate event of you not being able to reside in your property until it has been deemed safe and secure for you to live in, you will need to ensure that your buildings insurance policy covers you for a suitable alternative. out on your property. Also make sure that your policy covers you for any associated architects' or surveyor's fees.

Basketball Shoes

Playing basketball requires compelling moves like running, jumping, side-to-side movements, blocking, and shooting. This involves a lot of wear and tear on shoes. In order to reduce wear and tear, basketball players need specially developed shoes, like basketball shoes.

Basketball shoes help in preventing lower body injuries by allowing the players to move quickly and by helping to transfer body weight. At the competitive, level you have to choose proper shoes.

Different players require different types of basketball shoes. Some players, especially power players, need shoes with high tops with maximum ankle support and comfort. Some others, like all-around players, need mid-sole shoes. Speedsters need lightweight, low-top shoes with no restriction of the ankles. Many players use tennis shoes for playing basketball, but there are risks in wearing these shoes, like the increased chance of sliding, becoming injured, and slowing down by weak grip.

Basketball shoes are made up of leather, synthetic leather, or canvas. The most frequently used material is synthetic leather, which is more durable and lightweight than natural leather. Some use only natural leather but these shoes have a tension to stretch. Many basketball shoes have combinations of synthetic leather and natural leather or textile.

Team shoes feature a highly durable sock liner. Today, there are different styles of basketball shoes on the market. When buying a basketball shoe, the most important things to be noted are durability, support, traction, comfort, and style. There are different shoes for men and women.

Basketball shoes are more advanced than running shoes. When playing on a hardwood floor, you need shoes that provide good traction, both for forefoot and heel. The basketball shoe size must be suitable for the toes, arch, and heel. Many of these shoes have pillow-like landing pads with elastic quality. Many have heel plates for increased support. Basketball shoes are available in different colors or as team colors, and the pricing changes accordingly. These shoes can be purchased directly or online. The price of leather shoes ranges from $ 35 to $ 190 for a pair, but canvas shoes are available from as low as $ 17.

Numerology Reveals the Hidden Meaning of Your House Number

Continuing with this series of articles giving you insight into where you live, in the meantime consider this: the house or apartment of where you live, even the block of land chosen you! That's right, even though you might think you chose where you live I have news for you, it chose you …

Developing this a little further, how many times have you heard (it may've even happened to you) of someone falling in love with a house but unable to afford it, yet – the finances became available. And, of those who had all their finances organized unable to proceed to the sale for one reason or another. It's happened to me and I'm sure it's happened to you – it's all about the where you live being where you're meant to be – lessons to be learnt – Karma to unfold or a journey to begin.

House Number Four: This is the most unpredictable of all the house numbers – with one crisis after another. The occupants often visit psychiatrists or seek someone to talk to! Expect your life to move in a completely different direction from what you had in mind if moving in here, take a tip and go with the flow for life is changing in ways you can not predict.

Aquarians will enter your life (you may be one yourself), but as long as they are not born on Jan 26, Feb 8, Feb 17 you can let them in! Life will offer many moments where you'll be called upon to help or counsel others. This address may even look different to others in the area or the occupants considered a little 'strange.' It also joins those involved with the physically handicapped! Some personal comments: I've often seen this number to have all the electronic gadgets, computers, plasma televisions, etc. Another thing I mention to people moving to this address is to look after their back and to invest in a decent bed. Linked to the planet Uranus in Astrology and has connections with all things Astrological along with the 11th house in the Astrological Chart (see my previous series)

When we talk about the 'unusual' you have to consider the actual appearance of the building or its color, even the occupations or occupants could have considered 'unusual' either by their looks, careers or something 'harder to define.' Let me give you a personal observation for this number crops up in my life more than I would like to admit and when it does and did I notice and notice that my life plans-goals-objectives seemly alter of their own accord. I want to go one way – life wants to go another. Call this Fate or Destiny, call it what you like but I fully believe the place (s) we live are the place (s) we are meant to be living at for the energy / vibration has attracted you – just like a magnet a magnet) joins iron filings and forms patterns. I live and work at a Number Four (103) my profession is all about helping others and yes, there are a few gadgets along with an interest / passion for Astrology – Numerology. I do not have any problems with my bed but it would be nice to have someone else share it with me now and then LOL …

When we include the meanings (simple) given to House Numbers 1-9 and those reducing to these numbers we'll explore the sexuality of Numerology for like it or not we are sexual as well as spiritual animals and Numbers give a clue to both.

Preparation of Profit and Loss Account

Explanation of Certain items of Profit and Loss Account

1. Salaries

Salaries are paid for the services of employees and are debited to profit and loss ac- count being indirect expense. If any salary has been paid to proprietor or partners, it should be shown separately because it requires special treatment at the time of income tax assessment.

2. Salaries and Wages

When wages account is included with salaries it treated is as indirect expense and is taken into profit and loss account.

3. Rent

Rent of the office shop showroom or godown is an indirect expense and so is debited to profit & loss account. However, rent of factory is debited to trading account. When a part of the building has been sublet the rent received should be shown on the credit side of profit and loss account as a separate item.

4. Rates and Taxes

These are levied by the local authorities to meet public expenditure. It being an indirect expenditure is shown on the debit side of profit and loss account.

5. Interest

Interest on loan, overdraft or overdue debts is payable by the firm. It is an indirect expense; so debited to profit and loss account. Interest on loan advanced by the firm on depositor investments is an income of the firm and so is credited to the profit and loss account.

If business has paid any interest on capital to its proprietor or partners it should also be debited in the profit and loss account but separately because this item needs special treatment at the time of income-tax assessment.

6. Commission

In business sometimes agents are appointed to effect sales, who are paid commission as their remuneration. So this being a selling expenses is shown on the debit side of profit and loss account. Sometimes commission is also paid on purchases of goods, such ‘as expense should be debited in the trading account. Sometimes the firm can also act as an agent to the other business houses and in such cases it receives commission from them. Commission so received is shown on the credit side of profit and loss account.

7. Trade Expenses

They are also termed as ‘sundry expenses’. Trade expenses represent expenses of such a nature for which it is not worthwhile to open separate accounts. Trade expenses are not taken to trading account.

8. Repairs

Repairs to the plant, machinery, building are indirect expenses are treated expense and are debited to profit and loss account..

9. Traveling Expenses

Unless mentioned otherwise, traveling expenses are treated as indirect expenses and are debited to profit and loss account.

10. Horse & stable Expenses

Expenses incurred for the fodder of horses and wages paid for looking after stable are treated as indirect expenses and debited to profit and loss account.

11. Apprentice Premium

This is the amount charged from persons to whom training is imparted by the business. It is an income and is credited to profit and loss account. In case apprentice premium is charged in advance for two or three years, then the amount is distributed over number of years and each year’s profit and loss account is credited with its share of income.

12. Bad debts

It is the amount which could not be recovered by the trader on account of credit sales. It is a business loss, so is debited in the profit and loss account.

13. Life Insurance Premium

If the premium is paid on the life policy of the proprietor of the business; it is treated as his drawings and is shown by way of deduction from the capital account. It should not be taken to profit and loss account.

14. Insurance Premium

If insurance premium account appears in the trial balance, it stands for the insurance of the business. This is taken to profit and loss account. Insurance premium on goods purchased, factory building, factory machines are treated as direct expense and are taken to trading account.

15. Income Tax

In the case of merchant income-tax paid is treated as a personal expense and is shown by way of deduction from capital account. Income-tax in case of companies is treated differently.

16. Discount allowed and Received

Discount is a reward for prompt payment. It is belief to show discount received and discount allowed separately on the credit and debit side of profit and loss account respectively instead of showing the net balance of this account.

17. Depreciation

Depreciation is a loss incurred on account of use of fixed assets in the business. Generally, it is charged from profit and loss account at a fixed percentage. The students should exercise great care as regards the rate of depreciation. If rate is without words ‘per annum’, then the rate will be taken irrespective of the period of accounts. This is very important when the period of accounts is less than one year. On the other hand, if the rate of depreciation is ‘per annum’ the depreciation should be calculated on the assets with due consideration to the period for which the asset has been used in business during the year. In case of additions to assets during the year, it is advisable to ignore depreciation on additions if the date of additions is not given. Same rule shall hold good for the sale of assets during the year.

18. Stock at the end appearing in the trial balance.

It is important to emphasize the rule that balance appearing in the trial balance is taken to one and only one place. It may either be trading account or profit and loss account or balance sheet. Since stock at the end is an asset, it will betaken to balance sheet. On the other hand, so long as there is stock in trade, account for that must be kept open and thus be taken to the assets side of balance sheet.

Medal of Honor Lags – Why Does Medal of Honor Lag, How to Fix It

Medal of Honor lagging issue has frustrated many users. Many users claimed that there was ‘no network connection’ problem.

Following are the solutions that worked for many users:

1. Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

2. Reset Configurations

3. Fix the Registry Issues

4. Defrag the Registry

5. Close Background Programs from the System Tray

6. Disable Antivirus Software

Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

Data Execution Prevention may result in game lagging. Adding the game to its exception list may help solving the problem. Here are the steps for you:

1. Right click My Computer.

2. Select Properties.

3. Click Advanced System Settings.

4. Click Advanced.

5. Click Settings under Performance frame.

6. Click Data Execution Prevention tab.

7. Select the option Turn on DEP for all programs and services except those I select.

8. Click Add button and manually add the executable files (.exe) of the game to this list.

9. Restart the game.

Reset Configurations

Modal of Honor saves its configurations partly in files and partly in system registry. Enabling the unsupported features result in lagging. Reset the configurations as follows:

1. Open My Documents.

2. Double click to open the following location:

EA Games Medal of Honor

3. Delete the following file:

a. Settings.ini

4. Double click Save folder to open it.

5. Delete the following files:

a. Current.stv

b. Current.spv

6. Restart the game after completion.

Fix the Registry Issues

Modal of Honor lags if the registry contains obsolete, invalid and junk entries. Scan the entire registry and fix the errors that found. Use a Registry Cleaner software to perform this job.

Defrag the Registry

Registry fragmentation causes Modal of Honor lags due to reduced speed of retrieving information from the registry. Analyze the state of your registry and defrag it, if required. You need to use the Registry Defragmenter feature in a PC Optimizer software.

Close Background Programs from the System Tray

Many programs run in background with system tray icon even if you closed them. It leads Modal of Honor lags. Close such programs to fix the problem.

Disable Antivirus Software

Your antivirus software may be the reason of Modal of Honor lags. Try disabling it while playing the game. Just close it from its system tray icon.

What You Need To Know About A Fireplace

If your home already has a fireplace when you move in, you may not be familiar with all the benefits that come with owning a fireplace. They not only look exceptional when lit but they can also be the main source of heat if the power goes out. If you do not have a fireplace in the home, you may want to consider putting one in. It's fast and easy and you can design it any way that you want.

Fireplaces have been used for years. They were the only way of heating years ago. Fireplaces were created to include a firebox and a flue where the smoke and gas could escape. Fireplaces kept people warm when the cold was too much to handle. It was also used to relax and watch as the fire flickered in the night. Later on, a fireplace mantel made a fireplace more attractive and became a place to set lanterns, display art or place to decorative items.

There are different types of fireplaces. The masonry fireplace is made from brick or stone. Tiles could be used to line the flue which could keep the chimney from being corroded with soot from the fire. Manufactured fireplaces are another type of fireplace that is reinforced using metal pipe that runs up and outside of the chimney to ensure safety and to protect the lining of the chimney. The different designed fireplaces can range from the traditional square fireplace to a round fireplace with a large or small opening. Because the fireplaces are made to fit the home they do not come in a particular size. When the power goes out you will always have access to heat. You need to be able to keep wood close to the home that has been cut and split to fit inside your firebox. The firewood will need to be kept dry so you can use it immediately when you need it.

When you use a fireplace, make sure there is nothing around it that can cause a fire to get out of hand. To start a fire put newspaper or little bits of wood on the bottom of the fireplace. When you strike a match, put the match to the paper or bits of wood and wait until they are burning. You may need to fan the flame a bit in order to allow it to grow. Once the small flame is bigger and hotter it will allow the wood to heat up and catch fire. Although it may catch fire quickly, your fire is being maintained inside the firebox.

To avoid fire popping out onto your carpet or floor you may need to use a safety screen. This screen can be placed directly in front of the fireplace in order to keep the flames from jumping out if you are not there to watch it. You also may want to consider glass doors to keep closed while your fire is burning and while there is no fire in the fireplace to keep the cold from going down the chimney and out into your home.

Cleaning Cubic Zirconia

The basic rule of jewelry care is to apply all lotions, make-up, hair spray, etc. first, then put on the jewelry. Pearls are especially sensitive to the solvents in hair sprays. In the reality of the jewelry business, I see people who refuse to remove rings and those who do so only once in a while. When we clean a customer's jewelry and inspect for wear and loose or missing stones, the jewelry most often needing repair is a ring that is "never" taken off the finger and cleaned by the owner.

Persistent dirt gets between the metal settings and the stones causing abrasive wear and sometimes sometimes a loose stone. Everyday wear on the outside of stone settings may lead to lost stones, too. A regular home cleaning and good look at the jewelry will prevent most stone loses, allowing for repair or tightening before it is too late. It is not common to see really clean jewelry come into the shop. When we do, that jewelry is generally in much better condition than the dirty items.

Hand lotions and soap film are some of the more difficult materials to remove. With CZ stones, a clean stone is vital to keep the "sparkling diamond" look. Just a little lotion on the bottom of the stone will take away much of the visual life of the stone. Fortunately, CZ's are fairly hard and tough. Cleaning may be more aggressive than with stones like opal or pearls, for example.

Start by taking the ring off the finger long enough to clean it! Using a soft tooth brush and a warm to hot solution of a dishwashing detergent like Joy, brush as well as possible to remove the scum and lotion. Rinse well in warm water. Pat dry and take a look. If more cleaning is needed, soak the ring in hot tap water with about 1/3 detergent to 2/3 hot water. (The mix is ​​not critical.) Then brush again.

The brush and even the end of a toothpick will not damage the stone. Do not use any abrasive cleansers. Most will not damage a CZ but will take the shine off the metal and may scratch some softer kinds of gemstones. Do not use toothpaste or similar stuff. Short of buying a small home sized ultrasonic cleaner, the detergent approach is one of the best for home use.

With CZ a little sudsy ammonia may be added and will greatly improve the cleaning speed and effectiveness. Do not use any ammonia cleaners with silver, turquoise or pearls. Ammonia will cause spots on sterling. Use enough ammonia to liven up the fault hearted and do have a window open and some air moving.

With regular cleaning, you "get to know" the jewelry and can spot worn metal and loose stones before a loss happens.

When you can not get the dirt off, let the jewelry store clean and inspect the jewelry. Strong detergents in heated ultrasonic cleaners followed with high pressure steam cleaning will remove most all dirt. Soap scum takes a little longer but comes off ok.

CZ is hard enough to cut glass. Most faceted gemstones are hard enough to cut glass. However, dust in the air contains a lot of silica (think sand). Hand lotions will leave a film on jewelry for dust to stick to. Over time, this rock dust in the air will abrade metal settings and some softer gemstones. Keep the lotion off the jewelry if at all possible. Not only does lotion free jewelry sparkle and look better every day, it will wear longer, too.

What Makes Something the Best in the World?

Anyone who experienced the recent performances put in from Usain Bolt can certainly have no arguments that the Jamaican athlete is the best in the world when it comes to 100 and 200 meters sprinting. However, many people and organizations claim to be the best without necessarily having a way to quantify their claim.

So what really makes something or someone best? According to the Oxford English Dictionary, best when used as an adjective is defined as the most excellent or desirable type of quality or the most suitable, appropriate or sensible. And when used as a noun, best is defined as the most excellent or desirable, the highest standard one can reach or a record performance.

When Angela Smith, the Minister for the Third Sector, said that Britain's charities and voluntary organizations were the best in the world, these specific definitions may or may not have been met but there is certainly an argument that Angela Smiths comments are true based on some impressive facts. Facts including that 73% of UK adults take part in volunteering or that 78% of people give to charity – the highest level of giving in Europe.

The UK voluntary sector may well be the best as they workirelessly to support people, communities and make the national and international environment a better place.

And so what can we all learn from their efforts to become the best in whatever we do? To begin with, people and organizations who are deemed the best seem to share a few key practices and these are determination, a hard work ethic and a belief in what they do. Many people do not necessarily set out to be the best in their field but by having a positive mental attitude and desire to succeed, they can end us as the best. Obviously having a gift like Usain Bolt helps but even those athletes who are competing against him know that even if they can not be the best in the world, they can achieve great things by being the best they can.

Going back to charities, community groups and other voluntary organizations, nobody knows who is really best, but in reality this does not really matter as the work they do is superb and it benefits society and that alone is better than any best tag. Likewise for charities who are searching for charity liability insurance or trust indemnity insurance, who is really the best insurance broker to choose from? Well since they should instead focus on choosing an insurance broker who specializes in charity insurance and who can help them get the protection they need the best possible price.

If you are looking for service providers, focus on what is best for you and there is every chance you will find the best one around.

History of Skincare Part 13: The Elizabethan Era, 1500-1599

A Northern Renaissance

It took nearly one hundred years for the Italian Renaissance to catch up with the British Isles, but when it did, the results were spectacular. Under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I, England began a quest of expansion that saw the creation of new colonies throughout the world. Large portions of India, Africa and North America were built up under British rule. While the merits of British colonialism may be debatable, however, there is no doubt that the Elizabethan Era represented an expansion of thought as well as an expansion of political power. Legendary playwrights and poets such as Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare based their works on the same Classical material that had inspired the Italians a century earlier. Clothing became increasingly elaborate and make-up quickly followed suit. At a time when a much greater emphasis was put on appearance than on health, however, hygiene and skincare often fell by the wayside.

The Elizabethan Look

During this time, Queen Elizabeth’s look ruled the hearts and minds of British women. While clothing had become increasingly structured throughout the later part of the Middle Ages, Elizabeth took this sense of structure to new heights. Tight corsets were worn to give the body a smooth, shaped appearance. While proper hoop skirts had yet to be invented, women tied large pieces of padding around their hips to thrust their skirts out into wide, oblong hoops. Starched ruffles were worn around the neck and hair was often pinned into elaborate up-do’s. In spite of the extreme ornamentation of their clothing, however, the face was still the focal point of the look and cosmetics took on a much greater importance than they had in Medieval England.

Queen Elizabeth is often credited with being the first of her time to adopt a completely made-up appearance. While she may have been the first, however, the noblewomen of Britain quickly followed suit. Women would paint their faces with a white powder referred to as Venetian ceruse. The best ceruse was made of lead, carbonate and hydroxide. Less expensive alternatives were made from talc or boiled egg, although these were considered to be less effective. Once the heavy powder was applied to the face, women would rouge their cheeks with a red paint called fucus and paint their lips with vermilion. The first lip sticks were made during this time by putting sun-dried vermilion and ground plaster into a device similar to a pen. (Go here to learn more about the Elizabethan lipstick-making process: http://www.cosmetic-business.com/en/showartikel.php?art_id=1409 ) To add a glazed appearance to their look, women would coat their face, make-up and all, in a layer of egg white.

The Great Coverup

During the Elizabethan Era, elaborate make-up was seen as a sign of nobility, because few common people could afford the lead powders and dried vermilion used to create the popular look. As the century wore on, however, cosmetics also began to be associated with disease. Poor hygiene had led to a number of serious plague and smallpox outbreaks and many survivors still carried horrible scars and pock marks on their faces. While disease was rampant among rich and poor alike, only the rich had access to the expensive cosmetics that would cover their scars. Strengthening the connection between make-up and poor health, doctors at this time began to discover that lead powder was not as safe as had previously been thought. Women rarely washed their faces, choosing instead to layer new powder over the old, and years of this treatment were found to turn the skin underneath a dull shade of gray. While many doctors recommended switching to an alum or tin-ash based powder, lead prevailed in popularity.

Many women went great lengths of time without cleaning the powder from their faces. When they did want to remove their make-up, however, they found that the thick, caked-on lead was not easily removed with water alone. In order to strip the cosmetic layers, they turned to a combination of skincare science and superstition, washing their faces with everything from gentle rainwater or donkey’s milk to more astringent red wine or urine. Mercury was also among the common skin care products used to treat acne, wrinkles, scars and discoloration. While it did effectively remove these blemishes, it did so by corroding the surface of the skin and often caused scars that were far worse than those it removed. (Go here to learn more about Elizabethan cosmetics and hygiene: http://www.fragrancex.com/fragrance-information/elizabethan-makeup.aspx )

In spite of the health concerns of the day, Elizabethan women were known for their excessive beauty and cosmetic practices. It was these excesses, among others, however, that would cause a Puritan revolt in the next century and see Oliver Cromwell take control of the British throne.

Building Constructive Relationships With Your Manager and Your Employees

Unless you're at the very top of your business there is always someone to answer to and there are usually people who answer to you further down the line. Sometimes this two-way street can become minefield of office gossips, politics and general bad behavior. As a frontline leader how do you ensure that you create genuine relationships with your manager and your direct reports that are good for business?

It's not about being the nice guy, although manners never go astray! Building a genuine working relationship take time and effort and revolves around respect. Starting with your direct reports the best place to start is to develop a habit of providing balanced feedback.

The key to giving balanced feedback is to make sure that it's timely. You need to give it there and then – do not wait until the end of the week, or for the weekly catch up. It's relevant in the moment. When you're in the moment giving the feedback you also need to make sure it's accurate and detailed. Do not just give a vague, great job response. Make sure you drill down into the behavior that is being done well, that will meet your goals. These are the critical behaviors required to lift performance from average to high performer.

With a good technique of delivering feedback you then need to concentrate on the ratio. Unfortunately it is human nature to comment mostly on the things that need correcting or changing, and only occasionally give positive feedback. And, when we do give positive feedback it is often nothing more than a pat on the back with 'great job' attached to it.

The most effective ratio for frontline leaders to their people is to provide at least four positive comments to every corrective comment. Your people will gradually begin to realize that with your genuine feedback you are really making a difference to how they do their job, and helping them to perform better.

Building a constructive relationship with the manager you report to is just as important as the people who report to you. Do not leave it to your manager to ensure this relationship works, you need to do your share of the work.

As organizations give more responsibilities to their frontline leaders this relationship comes into its own. Your manager can delegate some of their activities to you, such as policies that affect frontline employees. Given the creative scope, the appropriate support and coaching from a second-level manager, frontline leaders have more to contribute to your average organization than most senior leaders give them credit for.

Genuine relationships form the ground work for engaged employees, and engaged employees go the extra mile in their work and are open to change. It's not only good for business but it's good for probably improving your business.

Plastic Model Kits Building – Assemble the Model

The task of assembling a scale model kit may seem difficult or tough to most of us at first. However, with a well plan and predetermined sequence of stages, you should be able to get the job done with ease and comfort. The difficulty level of assembly will greatly depend on the complexity of the chosen model. Plastic models that have more parts and details tend to take a longer time to assemble.

Here is a brief guide to assemble a typical plastic model kit:

1. Find a work place where you will not be disturbed or distracted. The area should be well ventilated and lighted. A large and flat top working table is recommended.

2. Read through the installation sheet carefully. Take your time to study and understand in details the sequence of building the model in stages.

3. Carefully check the individual part against the installation sheet. If the installation sheet includes a parts layout diagram, verify each part against it. This step is to avoid having any missing part prior to starting. Do not remove any part from its runner until it is required for assembly.

4. Remove each part as it is called for in the installation sheet. Use a cutter to remove the part instead of breaking it by hand. Sand away any rough edges from the cutting or unwanted mold lines.

5. Ensure the parts fit properly before assembling them with cement. At times, you are required to trim a part slightly to make a perfect fit.

6. Seam is a line formed when joining two parts together. To solve this problem, use a liberal amount of cement during assembly. Squeeze the joint hard until a bead of molten plastic appears along the seam. Wait till the bead is thoroughly dry and scrap it off to achieve a smooth and invisible seam.

7. Put aside small parts which require painting prior to assemble. These painted small parts are to be added after the rest of the assembled model is painted.

8. When your model is completely assembled, confirm again that there are no outstanding parts and all are installed as per the installation sheet.

9. Carefully inspect the completed model for things you might have overlooked such as molding lines you forgot to clean or seams that bought to be filled.

10. Once you thoroughly corrected all flaws, the assembly of your model is finally completed.

The entire process may take a while based on your experienced, skills and the chosen model. Take your time and do not rush the job and be rewarded with a piece of work you can be proud of.