Ten Benefits of Grapeseed Massage Oil

Did you know that grapeseed massage oil is a highly prized carrier oil in aromatherapy and massage therapy? It has almost no aroma and is wonderfully light in texture. It is a great non-greasy oil to use, but could be enriched by blending it with another carrier massage oils such as almond or wheat germ oil.

Some of the advantages of grapeseed massage oil:

  • Grapeseed oil is almost odorless and has a fine texture.
  • The fine texture makes it easily absorbable by the skin and non-greasy.
  • Grapeseed massage oil has mildly astringent qualities which help to tighten and tone the skin. This makes it useful for acne and other skin complaints when having a cleansing massage.
  • Grapeseed oil extract is rich in linoleic acid. Linoleic acid is an essential fatty acid for the skin and the cell membranes.
  • Grapeseed oil has regenerative and restructuring properties and has excellent skin moisturizing properties.
  • The smooth, silky texture makes it excellent for a relaxing massage without being greasy.
  • It contains vitamins, minerals, and protein, GLA, and a small amount of vitamin E.
  • It penetrates the skin easily bringing it moisturizing, regenerating and protecting effects.
  • It is said to be good for repairing skin around the eyes.
  • If you've run out of shaving cream, it's provided to be great for keeping the skin lubricated.

Body Detox Massage

Many body massage oils are used to assist body detox by stimulating the lymphatic system. This encourages fluid circulation and cell regeneration in the body.

A simple oil massage at regular intervals can do wonders to your overall health and can make you feel youger and more beautiful. Massage oils promote skin health, provides relief from stress and assist healing of the skin.

Grapeseed massage oil is also perfect for those who need a nut-free oil option in the case of allergies.

Medicinal Benefits of Grape Seed Oil

Food-grade Grape Seed Oil is extremely healthy to add to your diet. Some Medicinal Health Benefits Include:

  • Grape seed oil can also help protect the arteries by keeping them free of plaque that can cause heart attacks and stroke.
  • Grape seed oil is able to slow down and reverse free radical damage and reduce the risk of disease. (good for slowing skin aging.)
  • Studies also show that certain substances in grape seed oil can help protect the body from sun damage.
  • Grapeseed oil can improve the function of small blood vessels in the eyes thereby improving and maintaining good vision.

The Strength of Each of the Bakugan Attributes

Colors, affiliations, or groups seem to be a dominant factor in shows with battles and duels. Bakugan is the same. The Bakugan and the support pieces of the game also follow certain groupings, each with their strengths and weaknesses when in a brawl. These divisions are called Attributes, pertaining to the representations of the natural elements. There are six: Pyrus (fire), Aquos (water), Subterra (earth), Ventus (wind), Haos (light), and Darkus (darkness).

The Pyrus Attribute is considered as the most powerful of the six. It represents the element of fire, and the abilities of the Pyrus Bakugan usually uses this element in their attacks and defenses. The main attack of the characters of the Pyrus attribute is to usually overpower the enemy using strong fiery strikes. And the Pyrus defensive tactic is usually to render the opponent unable to attack and with their abilities nullified. Bakugan of the Pyrus Attribute are colored red, yellow, and/or orange.

The Aquos Attribute represents the element of water, and the abilities of the Bakugan of this attribute uses water as its form of offense and defense. Its colors are blue, red, and/or cyan. In using Aquos Bakugan in a brawl, the generally accepted tactic would be by using different strategies to boost the Bakugan’s power or to decrease the opponent’s. Most Aquos players would at first put in play a Bakugan with low power and then increase it with abilities and Gate cards as the game progresses.

The Subterra Attribute represents the element of earth, and the Bakugan of this attribute are usually built for earthen attacks and abilities. Its colors are brown and orange. In putting a Subterra Bakugan in play, the main strategy would be a direct and straightforward overpowering attack. It is like Pyrus in this way, using strength and force to win a brawl.

The Ventus Attribute represents the element of wind. Many of the Bakugan of this Attribute are usually creatures of the sky. Its abilities and attacks uses the air and the wind. Its colors are green and cyan. Strategies involving Ventus Bakugan are usually calculated and cunning, playing out a fast and effective game plan. Many strategies involve luring opponents and making them believe they have the upper hand, and then suddenly in comes in an ability that would turn the battle in the Ventus brawler’s favor.

The Haos Attribute represents light, and has the colors of white and gold/yellow. The Bakugan of this Attribute usually have low power levels, which enables a Haos brawler to use strategy as a means to win a brawl. They also have very strong Ability cards to further strengthen their attacks and defenses.

The Darkus Attribute comes close to the Pyrus Attribute as also one of the most powerful. It has the colors of purple, green, and black. The Bakugan of this Attribute sometimes have red streaks on them. It is an advantage to a Darkus brawler that there are many varieties of abilities and strategies available for a Darkus Bakugan. With its many attacks, high power level, and various strategies, it is not surprising why this attribute is usually reserved for the villain of the Bakugan series.

One thing is for certain when brawling. Whatever Attribute you choose, strategy is still important in winning a brawl. Each Attribute has its own advantages and disadvantages but it will always be the strategy you use that will conclude who will win in a game.

Your Guide To Horse Betting Etiquette

Is there such a thing as horse betting etiquette? Yes there most definitely is. While you may see chaos at the betting windows with 2 minutes to post time, there is a dynamic at work.

Here are 5 important items you need to know when you are betting horses at the racetrack:

1.) Always know what you are going to bet BEFORE you get to the teller. The absolute worst thing you can do is handicap at the window with little time to post and hemming and hawing while people behind you get shut out of their wagers.

2.) Know what the bets are called BEFORE you get to the window . They have programs at the racetrack specifically designed to tell you what bets are, how to call them out, and how much they cost. Do not waste the teller's time – they are there to collect wagers, not go over the history of racing with you. That's how their performance is judged. While they may smile on the outside, they are definitely not smiling inside.

3.) NEVER go to the window with little time to post to cash a ticket. Wait until after the gate bell rings and people place their bets. Getting someone shut out of a wager while you have no intention on betting the upcoming race is a BIG no-no. This is a recipe for getting a knuckle sandwich.

4.) Have your money ready. Do not be like the elderly lady at the grocery check out and start counting out change with 1 minute to post time while you have a line of people behind you.

Be aware of others.

5.) Never be intimidated by the guy behind you huffing and puffing and mumbling nasty things while you are trying to get your bets in . This only applies if you are not doing any of the above no-no's, too bad for him. Maintain your cool and get your wagers in.

So there you have it. This is a brief but important lesson in racetrack horse betting etiquette that will make everyone's day at the races a much more pleasant experience. Win. Or lose.

Oh, these rules apply to off-track betting, satellite betting and where you are waiting in line to get your bets down. The bottom line is, be civilized and remember the golden rule.

Xbox 360 E71 Error Repair Tips

One of the errors that you can experience on your Xbox 360 e71 error. Quite often this problem may be accompanied with a ring of red lights on the front of your console. In this article you are going to learn what causes the Xbox e71 code, as well as if there is anything you can do to fix the problem.

Unlike the more common "red ring of death" and e74 problems, the Xbox 360 e71 error is not caused by overheating damaging the graphics processor unit (GPU) or video scaler (HANA / ANA) chip. However, the problem is that nobody is 100% sure what actually causes the e71 in the first place.

Most likely the problem relates to dashboard and console updates, such as the fall update of 2006. Also, the problem appears to arise from gamers incorrectly jumping their hardware or doing botched firmware hacks which then prevent the system from functioning correctly.

Have you recently updated your Xbox 360 in anyway, or have you (or anyone else) tried some form of firmware hack or flash? If so, this is probably the cause of the e71 code on your Xbox, however, it could also be completely random.

Fixing the Xbox e71 is quite tricky. Firstly, you could try completely resetting your Xbox 360. To do this, enter the dashboard, go to the right-most column, go and press "Initial Set Up" then follow the instructions on screen.

If you can not access this screen due to the e71 error on your Xbox 360, you can try holding the "Y" button on your controller as you switch the console on. This will enter the same process, and restore default factory settings. However, there is still a chance that this might not work, and that you could be stranded with the e71 code.

Found the Perfect House For Sale? Hire an Inspector

Buying a home is both exciting and nerve-wracking. It is often cited as one of the most stressful life experiences, along with having a baby and getting married. Even if a buyer and his real estate agent find the perfect house for sale, there's uncertainty. So what's a homebuyer to do to seek a little peace of mind about this major decision? Hire a professional home inspector.

What Is A Home Inspector?

There used to be a time when buyers did not hire a third party inspector unless the house for sale was old or visibly in need of work. Buyers relied on their own review of the home and the information provided by the real estate agent.

Now inspections are quite common. Most real estate contracts allow buyers to have the home inspected. Even in the case of new home purchases, hiring an inspector is a good idea. An inspector is a trained professional who can identify any problems or potential issues with a house for sale that the buyer or even real estate agent would not be able to discern.

How To Find A Good Inspector

Finding the right inspector is harder than it may seem. There are many to choose from and what they check varies. Your real estate agent should be able to provide a few recommendations. After that, a buyer needs to do his or her research to make the right choice.

The American Society of Home Inspectors is a great resource for finding information about the state requirements for home inspectors. The organization can also refer buyers to local home inspectors who are members. ASHI, and most other professional organizations, provide members with training and certification programs. Be sure to ask about professional memberships and affiliations when interviewing an inspector.

Ask for references of past clients and call them. Make sure at least one of the referred clients have been living in their home for several months or more. Some issues will not show up until months after closing.

It is vital to understand what the inspector will and will not do. Some inspectors check the roof, some will not. What about the swimming pool? Do they check all appliances, or just heating and cooling systems? What about checking for lead and asbestos? Ask for a sample report or checklist. Does it provide standards for each item listed, or is it just a checklist?

Finally, ask about errors and omissions insurance. This insurance essentially covers the inspector if he misses a problem or issue. Not all inspectors carry such insurance and it does not necessarily mean that they're a bad inspector. However, if they do not carry insurance, it's a good idea to get a written explanation of the inspection company's policies when a mistake occurs.

Housing Inspection Costs

The average cost to inspect a house for sale is between $ 300 and $ 400 per inspection. However there can be additional costs. For example, testing for Chinese drywall can cost $ 200. Expect to pay about $ 100 for a radon exam. Asbestos tests can cost $ 50 or more. Make sure the inspector provides a full description of what's covered under the base price, and what tests and inspections are add-ons.

Ultimately, an inspection should save money and headaches. If any issues are found, a buyer should be able to work with his or her real estate agent to renegotiate the price of the house for sale. If the problems are too significant, the buyer may abandon the deal. Even if the inspector finds no issues, a few hundred dollars is worth the confidence that a good inspection can provide.

Social Skills – Living and Surviving in Society

From the time we are very young we begin to learn the basics in social skills, which are, learning how to live with, communicate with, and get along with the people around you. If you have siblings, those basic skills come into play quite quickly; sharing of toys and sharing a room with a brother or sister. As we grow older and begin school, those skills become even more important as you must now share your space with many more people. Children whom have not been properly prepared for such an event may find it difficult to adjust to this new society that they have become a part of.

To define the meaning of proper social skills you would have to consider the environment or society you are living in. What works in one society does not need to work in another; none-the-less, basic social skills are imperative to live a happy and enjoyable life among others in your community, workplace, and home life. It is, in a nut shell, the manner at which we participate and conduct ourselves within society; what is right and what is wrong relating to the society in which you live.

In order to fit into society, society expects each person to act in a manner that does not go against the social norms. Being rude to another person, cursing in public, disrespectful behavior are all negative aspects of not having proper social skills. The greater part of most societies learn these skills early in life and they are transported over into their adult life; however, there are some who tend to go against the grain of society and lack the social skills that most of us do not even have to think about; we just know how to act properly. There are also people who have a basic understanding of this concept, but are not sure how to become better at practicing their social skills in public situations.

When employers interview people, they are not just looking at their credentials; they are evaluating how they interact with the employer. They look for signs and ask questions relating to certain topics requiring a social interaction to see if the one being interviewed has a good understanding of social skills as to how they would handle a delicate situation. The lack of such skills could mean the difference in getting the job or not getting the job; one must be able to conduct themselves properly and respectfully in the work place and among others in society.

An excellent way to fine tune your social skills is to go to a public place and sit quietly as people mingle about. Examine how they communicate with each other in a social setting. In doing this exercise it will seem very routine until someone shows a behavior that is socially unacceptable; they will be acting outside the norms of society.

Having good social skills gives you an advantage in society; people are attracted to those who display proper social behavior and do not feel uncomfortable in engaging in conversation with you. Having proper social skills is simply knowing how to be respectful, courteous, and understanding what society considers as the norm.

Using Bike Inner Tube As An Exercise Device (Hip Flexor)

I have already written several articles relating to the use of a old bicycle inner tubes as a very effective exercise device. There are two major reason you should consider at least giving this a try. One, you are saving the environment by recycling your old inner tubes and transforming them into an exercise device that can be taken anywhere. Secondly, for some reason, old inner tubes are simply extremely effective in performing a multitude of exercises in both your warm-up and main set workouts. Not to mention that they are free, easily transportable, and easily replaceable if lost. I very rarely go on a trip without several different types of inner tubes (light road racing tubes, regular road bike tubes, and mountain bike tubes).

The most recent exercise I developed for use with either your road bike tubes or mountain bike tubes is what I called the lyning hip flexor activation exercise. This requires that you lie flat on your back on the floor. Loop your inner tube around on itself so you have two loops in order to reduce the diameter of the tube in-half. Then lift both legs in the air with knees bent and at at 90 degree angle to the floor. Place the looped tube around your foot at about halfway up your arch. Then push one leg forward and the other back towards your chest activating your hip flexor. Focus on the pull back of the leg that is opposite the leg pushing forward.

This is a great move to include after you have foam rolled, completed your stretching routine, and are ready to re-activate your muscles prior to your main workout. You will immediately feel the difference once you first stand-up from this movement and begin to walk. You will be amazed at the more fluid feeling you experience in your hip flexor and overall forward movement. I highly recommend this exercise to activate your muscles prior to any and all bike rides and runs. This will help prevent muscle tears and pulls if done on a regular basis and before all workouts and races.

Please refer to my other articles that include using old inner tubes for use in maintaining strength and general health for your rotator cuff, glutes, and chest. Use various inner tubes for varying resistance in your training. As always start out with the lighter more elastic tubes and build up gradually to the standard tubes. I like to use the mountain bike tubes for the lower body and not for the upper body since they provide too much resistance.

Types of OLAP Servers

"What types of OLAP servers exist?" OLAP servers present business users with multidimensional data from data warehouse or data marts, without concern regarding how or where the data is stored. However, the physical architecture implementation OLAP servers must consider data storage issues. Implementation of a warehouse for OLAP processing includes the following.

Relational OLAP Server

There are the intermediate servers that stand in between a relational back-end server and client front-end tools. They use a relational or extended DBMS to store and manage warehouse data, and OLAP middleware to support missing pieces. ROLAP servers include optimization for each DBMS back end, implementation aggregation navigation logic, and additional tools and services. ROLAP technology tends to have greater scalability than MOLAP technology.

Multidimensional OLAP Servers

These servers support multidimensional views of data through array-based multidimensional storage engines. They map multidimensional views directly to data cube array structure. The advantage of using a data cube is, it allows for indexing to pre computed summarizes data. Notice that with multidimensional data stores, the storage utilization may be low if the data set is sparse. In such cases, sparse matrix compression techniques should be explored.

Many MOLAP servers adopt a two level storage representation to handle sparse and dense data sets: the density sub cubes are identified and stored as array structures, while the sparse sub cubes employ compression technology for efficient data storage utilization.

HLOP Servers

The hybrid OLAP approach combines ROLAP and MOLAP technology, benefitting from the greater scalability of ROLAP and faster computation. For example, a HOLAP server may allow large volume of detail data to be stored in a relational database, while aggregations are kept in separate MOLAP store.

Specialized SQL servers

To meet the growing demand of OLAP processing in the relational databases, some relational and data warehousing firms implement specialized SQL servers that provide advance query language and query processing support for SQL queries over star and snowflake schemas in read only environment.

"So how data are actually stored in ROLAP and MOLAP architecture?" As its name implies, ROLAP uses relational tables to store data for online analytical processing. And in MOLAP data is stored in cubic form.

SAP is software organization that is using OLAP servers to develop its intelligent software. Because of this technology data mining and web mining is possible. Three dimensional reports are generated that are very helpful for management to dish up their decisions. These software are far more reliable and intelligent than the software that were in the days gone.

How to Be Sexy and Find Love – A Stripper's Secrets Revealed

Strippers are real women just like you, but they have learned the secret combination to sexiness and have got it down to a fine art. You do not need a wig, fake tan, stilettos or professional lighting to make men eat out of the palm of your hand. External appearance can help, but it mostly comes down to confidence and attitude. You do not need bucket-loads of money either. Here are a few simple, yet minor tricks you can use to ooze sex appeal and unleash your inner sex kitten.

1. Confidence
Sometimes it can be hard to pinpoint what makes a woman alluring. There's just something about the way she stands, moves or her intrinsic body language that says, 'Hey baby. I am a powerful and sexy woman. Come on over (meow …). ' At the root of this mysterious quality is self-confidence. To become sexy you need to build up your self-confidence. The best way to do this is to accept and love the body that God gave you (with a little perseverance, it's easier than it sounds). Believe me, not all men are attracted to Barbie doll look-a-likes. Your body is unique and you owe it to yourself to compliment and celebrate it.

Find ways to boost your self-confidence and your sexiness level will soar. One way you can do this is to focus on highlighting your best features. For example: If you have beautiful eyes, then apply cosmetics to enhance their impact. Another way to build self-confidence is to practice saying positive affirmations to yourself like, 'I am woman. Hear me roar! ' or 'I feel positive and vibrant everyday,' or 'I love my body. I feel sexy and voluptuous. '

2. Posture
The more you work on building your self-confidence, the more you'll notice your post improvement. Women who are confident and stand up straight, look and feel like they're ready to take on the world. So stand up straight and stick your breasts out. You will immediately get more attention and look more approachable. Your entire energy will change in a more positively sexy and assertive way.

3. Premeditated Body Language
Just like posture, body language has a powerful effect on the senses. You might ask why I refer to it as 'pre-meditated?' I call it this because body language is usually something you're unaware of. However, in the following techniques we kindly think about how we are going to use body language to influence and seduce men.

You can use body language to your advantage by echoing the movements of the man you're attracted to. If he looks in a certain direction, take a few seconds, then look in the same direction as him (this could also give you both another talking point in your conversation). Also, if he takes a sip of his drink, synchronize with him and take a sip of yours at the same time. You can also use your hands to rub or softly trace lines and circles on your glass, on the bar, your handbag or on either of your bodies. Only do this in nonsexual places, like his arm or tie (you want to be sexy, not tarty). Move slowly and gracefully in everything that you do. These tame, but flirtatious movements go along way to concreting your sexy mojo vibe. Tip: Do not play with or flick your hair too much. It does not project the desired sexiness and some men find it irritating.

4. Appearance
Take pride in your appearance. You do not have to take on an exhausting beauty routine, though you must at least shower regularly and moisturize your skin. Usually the bigger the beauty routine, the better the confidence. Add a few little finishing touches here and there, week by week and see what makes you feel the most seductive. For example, use a scanned body wash or paint your nails.

5. Listen
Listen to what he is really saying and focus all of your concentration on him. Forget about "trying" to be accepted and making yourself look good. Stop talking, and let the spotlight fall on him. This does not mean you will not make any contributions to the conversation. It just means that it will not be so focused on you. Many males have the mistaken belief that women talk too much. Ask him questions about topics he's passionate about and slowly he will open up to you. If you take the time to listen to him, it will give you an element of mystery that will increase your sexiness. This is because most people can talk about themselves all day and when somebody else is interested, they immediately feel connected and more intimate with them. By doing this, you create the space for more sexiness to breed.

6. Pheromones
On the subject of breeding, I always struggled in my science classes when I was at high school. Even though I sucked at it, I did pick up something worthwhile. Here's a valuable chemistry lesson every woman should know. Pheromones are invisible secretions from our sweat glands that travel through the air and let men know that you are ripe and ready for breeding. These pheromones encourage attraction, intimacy and action! Some scientists believe oral contraceptives can interfere with your natural pheromones and change their quality.

If you're on the pill you could consider alternative methods of birth control and see if your sex appeal changes. But it's most important your method of contraception works effectively for you. There are natural alternatives you can try that will boost your invisible booty call. They include taking herbal supplements like zinc, sticking to a healthy diet, getting regular exercise and showering with no soap (as long as you do not get too stinky). There is also a range of products on the market that claim to increase your pheromones. Some of these perfumes, gels, oils, lotions and love potions are a little 'hocus pocus' so only choose reputable companies with proven results.

7. Self-respect
If sexiness was a diamond, self-respect is probably one of the diamond's hardest facets. Self-respect can be tough to build and does not usually just happen overnight. It can take a lifetime to develop and involves caring about yourself and acknowledging your worth on all levels. The best way to develop self-respect is to be true to yourself and your needs while still respecting the needs of others. Look after yourself and take care of your appearance because it will help you to build confidence. Another way to nurture self-respect is not taking criticism personally and not comparing yourself with others.

If you become jealous of someone else this can make you feel worthless in his or her shadow. The key is to celebrate their success with them and treat it as another source of happiness available to you. Be comfortable with yourself, rather than trying to impress others with fancy cars and accessories, etc. Look for the good qualities in everyone and they will be mirrored back to you. Why is self-respect sexy? It is the epitome of class that we all strive for, gives you a particular air of mystery and colors your mannerisms in an intoxicating way.

You might think that some of these ideas are unorthodox, but trust me when I say they've been tested on thousands of men with great success. Some elements of sexiness like building self-respect and self-confidence will take practice, but others are easy to gain like changing your post and improving your appearance. The more you work at it, the better results you'll get. Do not give up if you do not get a response immediately. Once you get the combination of these factors just right, 'Mr Right' is sure to come your way. On the road to finding (or keeping) your man, you may even discover you have gained something more valuable. You can not put a price on feeling happy, passionate, confident and positive about who you are and the life you are living. Every woman describes to feel sexy and so do you! So, go get em 'tiger …

The Role of Glycerine in the Production of Soap

Glycerin, also spelled glycerine, is a basic ingredient in most soap. In fact, it is a by-product of soap manufacture as it occurs due to the reaction of strong alkali with an animal fat. This process is known as saponification and it is this process that brings out soap or detergent. While most manufacturers separate glycerin from the mixture, others incorporate the compound for its natural benefits.

Lots of soap-makers recommend glycerin as a basic ingredient because it has the ability to draw in moisture preventing drying of the skin. The compound is a natural moisturizer. In fact, it is a humectant – a substance that attracts water. Thus, soap containing the hygroscopic compound is known to have skin conditioning and moisturizing effect.

Glycerin is a viscous liquid that is at the same time sweet and colorless. It solidifies to a paste-like substance and has a high boiling point. During the soap-making process, some manufacturers remove the compound from the soap mixture and incorporate it into other products like lotion and creams. However, when it is added to a bar of soap it results to a nearly transparent product with moisturizing properties.

The compound is known to be a good solvent and this is one of its most remarkable properties. In some instances, it is better as a solvent than water or alcohol. This property makes it highly miscible in both alcohol and water. However, it never dissolves in oils. In its pure form the compound is called glycerol which suggests it belongs to a classification of organic compounds called alcohol.

It is extremely hygroscopic, which means that it readily absorbs moisture from the air. For instance, leaving a flask of pure glycerol open allows attraction of water that it soon loses the purity.

It was in 1889 when the compound was first obtained from animal fat through candle making. During which time the only way to derive the compound is through this process. Also, in that time animal fat was the only raw material for making candles. During the World War II, it has become a major component of dynamites and heavy demand for the substance was not sufficed by soap making industry. Thus there was an abrupt production of synthetic forms of the compound.

The substance has a chemical formula C3H8O3 which is also occurs as a liquid by-product during the production of biodiesel in a process called transesterification. This syrupy liquid occurs in nature. Found in cells of plants and animals (including humans), it is a part of the large bio-molecules of many lipids. In biologic processes the compound occurs as a result of the fermentation of carbohydrates. In organic chemistry it is produced by propylene synthesis.

Glycerin is an ingredient in several health-care products and toiletries. It is found in food products, as well as pharmaceutical and cosmetic items. It is found in moisturizing lotions and creams because of its hydrophilic and hygroscopic properties, which allow the substance to retain moisture. There is a debate whether it is the hygroscopic properties of the compound that makes it good for the skin, or it may be possible that the chemical has other unexplored and unidentified properties aside from the one already mentioned. The moisture-drawing property makes it an excellent emollient when added in soaps and moisturizing creams. An emollient is a substance that smoothens and softens skin. Another reason personal care products utilizes the substance is because of its skin lubricating advantage, not to mention it serves as a thickening or emulsifying agent in cosmetic products.

Home-made soaps or the hand-made varieties naturally contain glycerol, which commercial soap-makers remove. The separated liquid is used in massage oils, lip balms, skin softeners and moisturizers, perfumes and essential oils, and pharmaceutical preparations.

Is Berber Carpet Right For You?

Berber carpet is a style of carpeting that contains large and small tufts of fiber, usually woven in a cut pile or looped construction. Usually, berber carpet contains two colors, a darker color on a lighter shade background. It is readily available in neutral colors and can also be found in darker shades and even bright, vibrant varieties. Berber carpeting can be made from a wide array of materials including wool, nylon or Olefin.

Many homeowners are choosing berber for their home flooring solution because it is not only stylish, but durable and easy to care for. The high-density woven fibers offer a unique look and can be very resistant to staining. Because the fibers are looped and grouped, they may be snagged or readily, damaging the carpet. This may be more impressive if you have pets with long nails or children's toys that can catch on the carpet fibers.

Wool berber carpet is more expensive then other materials. It is soft and durable, giving your home a comfortable feel and a luxurious look. Wool is hypo-allergenic, so can be a great choice for anyone who suffers from allergies. Because of the high price of wool, this type of berber carpet is not as popular as nylon and other blends. Wool berber carpet, however, is tough and resilient, and therefore able to withstand years of use.

Berber carpet that is made from nylon is not as pricey as the wool alternative. Nylon is also able to withstand years of use and abuse, and is fairly resistant to staining.

Berber carpet made from Olefin and nylon or other materials is much less expensive than wool or total nylon carpets. However, when it is made from Olefin blends, studies have shown the fibers are much more pre-staining and discoloration than oil-based products. Some types of oil-based stains will bond with the Olefin fibers, often times causing irreversible damage to the carpet.

Berber carpeting is the ideal choice for many homeowners because of the sustainability of the high-density looping. Footprints are less likely to show up, and while are vacuum tracks. Furniture is less likely to imprint on the carpet because of the toughness of the tightly woven fibers. Many homeowners report reduced utility and energy costs because berber is thick and, therefore, acts as a great insulator. You can choose a thicker berber carpet with small, tight loops or a berber with larger, knob-like loops. It is evan available with multi-level loops for an even more unique and distinctive look. For extra thickness and insulation, use carpet padding.

Finally, the affordably of berber carpet over traditional carpet styles is a great reason to make it your household floor choice. Along with a durable and long-lasting life, berber is a cost-efficient and economic option for any room in your home.

Health and Nutrition During Pregnancy

Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a nine month journey … It is a time in your life to feel happy, excited, serene and joyful. However it is also quite normal to experience anxieties about the birth and worrying about whether you are nourishing yourself properly, exercising, keeping, calm, positive, loving thoughts and emotions within your being.
Pregnancy lasts 39 weeks or nine months from conception and is looked at in three stages.

Health & Nutrition During Pregnancy

To ensure that your baby develops in a healthy environment, you should keep your body as fit and well nourished as you possibly can. Do not think in terms of devising a special diet for pregnancy, it is more to do with eating a good variety of the right foods which are those that are rich in the essential nutrients.

Weight Gain

The amount of weight put on by women in pregnancy varies between 9 – 16 kilograms, with the most rapid gain usually between weeks 24 and 32.
Do not "eat for two". Some 46 percent of women gain too much weight during pregnancy.

Diet During Pregnancy

You Are What You Eat therefore Your Baby Is What You Eat!

What You Eat affects your baby's future. What you eat in the following nine months can affect your baby's health, as well as your own, for decades to come.

A good diet is vital to health during pregnancy, and to the normal development of the baby. The time to pay attention to diet, and if necessary change it for the better, is several months prior to conception and not when pregnancy is confirmed.

During the critical early weeks the normal, healthy development of the embryo depends on the mother's state of nutritional health and also her toxic state.

Mineral and vitamin imbalances which would probably go unnoticed in a child or adult can have a disastrous effect on the developing baby.

This is because the cells in the embryo are growing at such a rapid rate, causing an exaggerated response to any harmful effects.

A natural, organic, whole food diet is the only one which will adequately serve during pregnancy.

A high quality diet is needed to maintain your health and the best possible conditions for the baby to develop.

As our environment becomes more polluted and the soils more depleted of nutrients, going 100% organic, if possible, is the best thing you can do for oneself, and for a developing fetus, and last but not least; the environment.

Pesticides, herbicides, and other forms of pollution interfer with the metabolic pathways of many nutrients and thus indirectly interfer with the development of the immune, endocrine, and neurological systems.

Eating as many of our foods in their live, raw form preserves 70 to 80% more vitamins and minerals, 50% more bioactive protein, and up to 96% more bioavailable vitamin B12.

Grains, nuts and seeds are the most potent health-building foods of all. Eaten raw or sprouted if possible (some grains need to be cooked), they contain all the essential nutrients for human growth, sustenance, and ongoing optimal health.

A well balanced diet is based on whole cereals and grains (brown bread, rice, pasta, buckwheat, rye, oats), nuts and seeds, pulses and beans, fresh fruit and vegetables, pure unrefined oils such as cold pressed olive oil, with some fish and eggs if required.

Fruit and vegetables are all excellent sources of vitamins, minerals and trace elements provided they are eaten in the right way.

They should be fresh, either raw or quickly cooked, steamed or stir-fried, and preferably consumed immediately after they are harvested.

Salt is needed to maintain the extra volume of blood, to supply enough placental blood, and to guard against dehydration and shock from blood loss at birth, (except in cases of kidney and heart problems) Suggested form of salt is Himalayan Pink Salt.

Proteins

• Form the basic building blocks of all our body tissues, cells, hormones, and antibodies.
• Food must fuel the growth of the uterus, which can grow to 30 times its original size over the nine months gestation period Add the development of breastfeeding, placenta, development of breast milk, the baby's body.

Proteins are divided into complete and incomplete:

Complete proteins contain significant amounts of all the essential amino acids, you find them in meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk and soya bean products.

Vegetable proteins are incomplete and contain only some of the essential amino acids. Some vegetarian sources of complete protein are: buckwheat, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, flaxseeds, and almonds.

Plant proteins are easier for our bodies to digest and produce less toxic waste than animal proteins. The fiber in plants also has a very beneficial effect on the bowel; it ensures healthy bowel movements and the correct bacterial population in the gut, and anticipates the buildup of putreactive bacteria produced by excess animal proteins.

Eating meat and meat products also carries the risk from chemical and hormonal residues found in intensely reared animals. Also soya beans or soy products are mostly genetically engineered, it is wise to stay clear of them.

Pregnant women need about 60 to 75 grams of protein a day.

The best and cleanest sources of protein are green vegetables, spirulina, seeds (hemp, flax, sesame, poppy, sunflower, chia, quinoa, amaranth).

Real strength and building material comes from:

• green – leafy vegetables, seeds and superfoods. They contain all the amino acids we require.

Essential Fatty Acids are vital to:

• the development of the baby's nervous and immune systems. They build the cell walls in all our tissues, and so that trace elements and fat-soluble vitamins (A, E, D, and K) can be absorbed.
• EFA's are needed to make adrenal and sex hormones, and to maintain a healthy population of bacteria in the gut.
• They are also essential to the normal development of the fetus's brain: 70 per cent of all EFAs go to the brain.

The Best Fatty Foods include:

Avocados, Borage Seed Oil, Raw Cacao Beans (Chocolate Nuts), Coconut oil / butter, Flax seed and its oil, Grape seeds, Hemp seed and its oil (cold pressed), RAW Nuts of all types (cashews must be soft to be truly "raw"), Nut Butters (almond butter is excellent), Olives and their oil (stone pressed or cold pressed), Peanuts (must be certified aflatoxin free), Poppy seeds, pumpkin seeds and their oil (cold pressed), Sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, tahini (sesame butter), or even better if you can get hold of it at a health food store unhulled tahini (an alkaline fat, high in calcium), Young Coconuts (young Thai coconuts are available in the US at Asian markets), Coconut milk, coconuts (mature).

SUPERFOODS

Superfoods are foods with extraordinary properties. Usually they contain all essential amino acids, high levels of minerals, and a wide array of unique, even rare, nutrients. I have included the superfoods in the nutritional tips below.

Some prominent superfoods to include:

1) Himalayan Pink Salt – offers 84 minerals exactly identical to the elements in your body.

2) Spirulina (a spiral algae consumed for thousands of years by indigenous people in Mexico and Africa)
-It has the highest concentration of protein on Earth. 60%
-It is also very high in Iron, and many other vitamins and minerals.
-It is one of the highest sources of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) on the planet. Only mother's milk is higher.
-It is recommended to take more Spirulina during breastfeeding because of the GLA.
-Spirulina is very high in human-active B12.

3) Blue-Green Algae (Klamath lake algae wonderful brain food). It is high in protein, chlorophyll, vitamins, and minerals and enhances the immune system.

I value it in pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and lactation for its enhancing effect on brain function.

4) Bee Pollen (wild pollen, not orchard pollen, should be used and should come from ethically harvested sources where bees are treated respectfully. Bee Pollen is nature's most complete food) All amino acids, immune system, brain, eyes.

5) Flax, Sunflower, Chia, Sesame and pumpkin seeds are the best to use. Flaxseeds are excellent and the highest vegetarian source of omega-3-essential fatty acids, important for the immune system, nervous system, and brain development. I recommend one to two tablespoons daily of the uncooked and unheated oil or three to six tablespoons of freshly ground flaxseeds. (Use a coffee grinder). You may also grind the other above mentioned seeds and add them to salads, and fruit salads.

6) Wild young coconuts (not be confused with white Thai coconuts found in markets, wild coconuts are one of the greatest foods on earth. Great in smoothies.

NUTRITION TIPS

Here Are Some Nutrition Tips that will help you both:

1) Get Enough Folic Acid. 400 micrograms (mcg) daily. Folic Acid reduces chance of birth defects such as spina bifida. Especially in the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.

2) Best Food Sources of Folic Acid are: RAW Green leafy vegetables, including spinach, kale, beet greens, beet root, chard, asparagus, and broccoli. Starchy vegetables containing folic acid are corn, lima beans, green peas, sweet peas, sweet potatoes, artichokes, okra, and parsnips. Oats are high in folic acid as well as whole wheat brown bread. Many fruits have folic acid such as oranges, cantaloupe, pineapple, banana, and many berries including loganberries, boysenberries, and strawberries. Also fresh sprouts such as lentil, mung bean sprouts are excellent sources. REMINDER: Folic acid is available from fresh, unprocessed food, which is why it is so common a deficient in our culture's processed, cooked food diet.

3) Eat Your Fish. Getting enough DHA (found in abundance in seafood and flaxseed) is one of the most important things you can do for you and your developing baby's health. DHA is the omega-3 fatty acid that can boost baby's brain development before birth, leading to better vision, memory, motor skills and language comprehension in early childhood. Eat at least 12 ounces a week of low-mercury fish, or take a DHA supplement such as Krill Oil.

• Avoid large, predatory fish such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel and tilefish. (As big fish eat smaller fish, the larger, longer-living ones accumulate more mercury).

• Seaweed and Cilantro remove heavy metals and radioactive isotopes from the tissues.

4) Avoid Alcohol – The main risk of consuming alcohol during pregnancy is the development of "fetal alcohol syndrome" (FAS). mother .. NO AMOUNT IS SAFE. AVOID TOTALLY.

5) Avoid Caffeine: In high amounts causes birth defects and still births, miscarriages and premature delivery.

6) Avoid Drugs – As far as possible all orthodontic drugs should be avoided during pregnancy, especially in the first three months. Consider natural alternatives and visiting a medical herbalist or nutritionist prior to conception.

FOODS THAT MAY CAUSE INFECTIONS

Although the chance of contracting one of these rare infections is limited, you will reduce this likelihood even further if you follow the basic guidelines given here.

Listeriosis – caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, this is a very rare infection. Its symptoms are similar to flu and gastroenteritis and it can cause stillbirth.

Toxoplasmosis – usually symptomless (apart from mild flu symptoms), this can cause serious problems for the baby. Caused by direct contact with the organism Toxoplasma Gondi, it is found in cat faeces, raw meat, and unpasteurized goats' milk. Soil on fruit and vegetables may be contaminated.

Salmonella – Contamination with Salmonella bacterium can cause bacterial food poisoning. This does not typically harm the baby directly, but any illness involving a high temperature, vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration could cause a miscarriage or preterm labor.

HERBS TO AVOID DURING PREGNANCY.

Herbal remedies are for the most part quite safe to be taken during pregnancy; some are useful alternatives to drugs both in chronic illness and acute minor problems such as may arise during pregnancy. It is still prefer to take NO MEDICATION whatever in the first three months, unless there is a specific problem that needs treatment.

There are many Herbs which should never be taken in pregnancy – their emmonagogue or oxytocic properties may, in large amounts, cause uterine contracts and thereby risk miscarriage: I will only mention a few as there at least twenty on the list.

Nutmeg Myristica Fragrans
Thuja Thuja occidentalis
Calendula Calendula officinalis
Sage Salvia officinalis
Thyme Thymus vulgaris
Marjoram Origanum vulgare
Lovage Levisticum officinale
Rosemary Rosmarinus Officinalis
Rhubarb Rheum sp.

Herbs that are safe to eat to take in culinary doses but not as a medicine during pregnancy include:

celery seed, cinnamon, fennel, fenugreek, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage and saffron.

If you enjoyed reading this article and would like to read the full version of this e-book called 'A Natural Approach to Pregnancy', visit my website http://www.easyconsciousliving.com or e-mail me at: barbara @ easyconsciousliving .com

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"The Doctor Of The Future Will Give No Medicines, But Will Interest His Patients In The Care Of The Human Frame, In Diet, And In The Causes Of Diseases."
– Edomom Edison.

Why Are We So Fascinated By Koi Tattoos?

One of the principal reasons people get tattoos are in order for them to symbolize something significant in their lives through art on their bodies. It is quite literal like wearing one's heart on one's sleeve or back or where it is one happens to have a tattoo placed. That is why tattoos of koi fish are so popular. It is because these fish are laden with symbolism in the Japanese and Chinese cultures from which they come.

The meanings associated with koi are generally those of perseverance, aspiration, advancement, non-conformism or downright good luck. Perhaps this is because there is an ancient Chinese koi myth about these fish being the only one of their kind to swim up the waterfall towards the "Ryumon" or dragon gate at the upper edges of China's "Huang He" (Yellow River). It is at the dragon gate that it is said, the carp were transformed into dragons. From hence also comes the Japanese idiom, "koi-no-taki-nobori" or "carp swimming up the rapids," which is used to describe success in life sometimes in the same way that we use, "going against the grain."

Tattoos of koi fish are also taken to mean "love." This may be due to an old Japanese chronicle called the "Nihonshoki" which tells of how the Emperor Keiko fell in love with Princess Otohime (meaning Shy and Modest princess) and tried to make her visit him at Kukurinomiya Palace. The Emperor was known for taking pleasure in viewing his koi pond at the palace for this was common practice among the aristocracy of the Heian period (794-1185 BC). To the emperor's delight, the princess who happened to share his same pastime, could not help but finally pay him a visit. This paved the way for romance, all thanks to the koi fish.

Another symbolism for tattoos koi fish is that of masculinity, bravery and heroism. In Japan, koi are called "bushyi-go" or "Japanese warrior fish" because of their serene and determined manner of swimming, sometimes even jumping out of water. It is also said, that much like a samurai, koi fish do not flinch under the knife.

Tattoos of koi fish are often accompanied by backdrops of streams. To some, a koi swimming upstream or in rough water might mean one is struggling with a challenge. If the fish is swimming downstream it may mean that one has failed that challenge. Oftentimes however, koi representations are those of victory. Which is why even celebrities such as Cherliize Theron and her mother both sport the same tattoos of koi fish after their successful battle with cancer. Others like the late Alexander McQueen had a koi tattoo on his chest; popular singer John Mayer also wears one on his right shoulder.

Finally, a depiction of five golden koi may mean increased wealth or good luck, five being considered a lucky number in the East. This would be reason enough for anyone to have these beautiful carp close by. By having tattoos of koi fish one can be certain this is always the case.

How Carpets Effect Allergies

Do not Toss' em … They're Awesome!
The science of indoor air quality is very interesting and relatively new. In the past, the focus was on the quality of the outside air and the interest was in lower emissions of all types into the air.

Since we now spend more time indoors – an average of 80% of our time – indoor air quality has become a concern to the EPA, as well as government and private health organizations.

Following the energy-saving efforts of the 70's and 80's, buildings and homes are now much more air-tight, leaving little opportunity for diluting the indoor air with fresh air from outside. Indoor air has so become more polluted.

But what's the connection between indoor air quality and carpets? In the past, doctors recommended that their asthma and allergy-suffering patients remove carpeting from the home. It was erroneously thought that carpeting exasperated their conditions. Recently, the EPA performed a study of hundreds of homes, schools and office buildings and concluded that the choice of carpeting as a floor covering was actually beneficial in the fight against asthma and allergies. When scientifically tested, the air in the "breathing zone" above carpets was found to contain fewer allergens than the air above hard surfaces.

Carpet tend to collect and hold the allergens out of the air, where they remain, until the carpet is vacuumed or professionally cleaned. In contrast, allergens that settle on hard surface flooring tend to be redistributed to the breathing zone with normal foot traffic or the simple act of running a broom over the flooring surface.

One unfortunate result of the EPA's study is that we now know that many families removed carpeting from their homes in an effort to reduce allergy symptoms, only to find that they gained no improvement in their conditions. Their carpeting was an asset, rather than a reduction, to the quality of their indoor air.

In concluding that carpeting is a benefit to indoor air, the EPA now recommends that carpeting be cleaned at least every 6 months – in most homes – to rid the carpeting of these allergens. A carpet that is not regularly maintained has a reduced ability to collect indoor air pollutants.

Tips for Reducing Indoor Allergens

Following, are some tips for reducing indoor allergens in your home and specifically, in your carpeting – helping you to keep your "home sweet home" a healthy one for you and your family:

Vacuum, vacuum, vacuum. This can not be stressed enough. You should vacuum at least twice a week, more often if you have pets.

Vacuuming helps rid your carpeting of dust, dust mite feces, animal hair and dander, human hair and dead skin, mold spores, dead bugs and abrasive sand and soil. Make sure that you use a vacuum cleaner that has a high efficiency HEPA filtering system and ensures that the brush setting is low enough to agitate the carpet fibers.

Do not sweep your hard surface flooring. Sweeping redistributes allergens into the air. Vacuuming your floors, followed by a damp mop or swiffer, will help keep the air your family breathes cleaner.

Adopt a no shoes policy in your home. This will keep outdoor pollutants from entering the main areas of your home. You may also consider adding an air-scrubber as this machine will continuously circulate the air in your home through the air filters, removing airborne particulates. Make sure that you change the filter often. Also consider using high-efficiency HEPA air filters in the furnace and adding filters to the intake and output ducts to further reduce circulation of contaminants.

Follow these simple tips, and not only will you have a healthy home, but your carpeting will last longer also.

(Some statistical information contained here was collected from the EPA)

Win Your Next Property Tax Appeal in Texas – 10 Basic Steps

First – Learn the Facts

You are most likely to succeed with your property tax appeal if you find factual errors in your property tax record, also known as an “appraisal card”. Mistakes in real estate appraisals, such as errors about the age of improvements or incorrect square footage measurements are not uncommon.

After you file a Notice of Protest, the appraisal district will schedule an informal conference with one of their staff appraisers. Bring any proof for your case to the appointment in the form of photos or other documentation supporting your claims. The appraisal district will need to keep your evidence for their file, so remember to bring extra copies.

Understand How Your Home Has Been Appraised

Harris County Appraisal District [HCAD] has over a million single-family residential properties to appraise. Montgomery Central Appraisal District [MCAD] has responsibility for valuing about 250,000 homes. The daunting reality is that there are not enough well-trained staff appraisers to go around.

In the real world, appraisal district employees sometimes are not able to inspect much beyond new construction or additions. Even when properties are inspected, the examination may be hardly more than a drive-by. It is more common now for appraisal districts to rely on aerial pictometry for various aspects of property inspection. The level of technological resources now available to most appraisal districts is impressive.

Given the overwhelming number of properties that must be re-valued, these appraisal districts are dependent on computer mass appraisal models. The mass appraisal models that counties use are inevitably imperfect, although some are better than others. Your quest will be to determine the ways and the degree to which your property and your neighborhood have not altogether fit the model.

You may ask a real estate agent to help you find some comparable homes and their actual sales prices. Most good agents don’t mind helping you, because you may work with them later. Remember you want to be able to prove that your house is in a lesser condition than the comparable sales. Try to compare your home to the best ones in your neighborhood. If you can find information on better homes that sold below your assessed value during the prior year, you may have the grounds for a reduction.

Research the Value of Your Neighbors’ Homes

The easiest way for most homeowners to develop an appeal is to use the sales comparison approach to market value in their appeal, however the sales do not always favor your case. Another angle you can try is to determine if your home has been appraised in a “uniform & equal” manner to other similar properties in the same neighborhood.

Check if the appraisal district’s value of your house is at, or below, the median of the tax appraisal value of other homes in your neighborhood. Texas appraisal districts will have this information available online through their websites.

Obtain the Appraisal District’s Evidence

Along with your “Notice of Protest”, submit a request in writing for all the evidence the appraisal district used to value your home and intends to present at an Appraisal Review Board [ARB] hearing. It is also referred to as the House Bill 201 [HB 201] packet. Review this information to ascertain how the appraisal district determined the value of your home. You may find that this uncovers shortcomings the appraisal district’s case.

Don’t Lose Hope – You Have a Few Chances to Get It Right

If you are unable to settle your case one-on-one with a staff appraiser in an informal conference, the next level of administrative appeal is a formal Appraisal Review Board [ARB] hearing. Montgomery Central Appraisal District [MCAD] will have your formal hearing the same day. They immediately escort you down the hall and show you to the waiting area to present your case. Harris County Appraisal District [HCAD] will reschedule you to return to their office on another day to have a formal hearing. You will almost always wait two weeks.

The ARB hearing will be like a minor courtroom setting in which you make the presentation of your case. An experienced senior appraiser will represent the case on behalf of the appraisal district. A panel of at least three, supposedly impartial, appraisal review board members will hear the case and render a final decision. Important Warning: The ARB has the authority to actually RAISE your property value, so consider this risk. Also, do not forget to bring extra copies of all your evidence ( five altogether ) for the appraisal district and the ARB panel.

If your formal ARB hearing does not have a satisfactory outcome, you may still have two additional options available. For residential properties valued below $1-million, you can file an application for binding arbitration through the office of the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. There are fees of $250 or $500, depending on the level of involvement of your case. The other option is to file a law suit in district court against the appraisal district. As both of these procedures are time consuming and costly, you will need to decide if they are practical in your case.

Get Started – 10 Action Steps

1. Get a copy of your property tax record, or “appraisal card”. Texas appraisal districts will have this information online through their websites. If you cannot find it, call the appraisal district office for assistance.

2. Review the appraisal record for errors in your favor.

3. Find out if you are eligible for any special exemptions and apply for them. Examples are the Texas general homestead, over 65, disabled, or veterans exemptions.

4. File a “Notice of Protest” before the statutory deadline. This is usually May 31st or within 30 days of sending your “Notice of Appraised Value”.

5. Study the appraisal district’s evidence, the HB 201 packet.

6. Try to get help from a real estate agent to identify the details about good comparable sales (… and remember who helped you whenever you have a real estate transaction that pays ).

7. Take photos of your home and the other properties you are using for comparison. If you do not have a good camera, borrow one; or ask a friend to help you.

8. Make detailed written notes about precisely what you think should be the right value and the reasons for the reduction. Prepare your presentation and be able to show the proof to support your claim. This needs to consist of factual evidence such as dated photos, documentation of recent sales, and neighbors’ appraisal values.

9. Be kind and respectful to the other appraisal district staff and ARB members. Never forget they are also human and have feelings, like you. Remember the time tested expression, “You can catch more with honey than with vinegar.”

10. If you think it stands in your best interest, appeal your case to a formal ARB hearing. This may be a roll of the dice though. Depending on the make-up of the panel and their state of mind on the particular day of your hearing, your ordeal could be more favorable or it could become even worse.

If all this seems like a good deal of effort, there is yet another way to help ensure you get the best possible outcome. You can have a property tax consultant prepare and present your case, providing professional representation for you at appraisal district hearings. You can get the benefits of this service on a contingency basis, so it will cost you nothing unless you actually save money — that you would have paid in taxes.