The Future of Object Oriented Programming

The object-oriented paradigm is based on the idea that objects exist independently of each other, and that operations can be executed on them. Consequently, a user in a true object-oriented development environment should be able to interactively create objects of any available class, manipulate these objects and call their interface routines. • Platform independence – " Write once – run anywhere " capability

As a matter of fact you can not run a java program 'anywhere' unless there is a virtual machine. But its as good as anywhere. Also I know some folks who would say its "write once debug everywhere " but any such platform dependent bugs are probably VM issues. All in all this platform independence is a huge plus point for enterprise development saving tons of cash and effort in porting products.

· Ease of use

I'm not really sure how many hard nut programmers would agree with me but programs are easy to visualize when they are object oriented (once you get the hang of it). After the concept is built, it becomes much easier to realize it in code.

· Free runtime / compilers / tools

This was one of the best moves by Sun. The runtime is free, the development kit is free and now there are a ton of other tools built with java for java that are free. This makes java development easy and affordable.

There are a number of ways to measure the popularity of a programming language, for example, based on the number of:

  • New applications written in the language
  • Existing applications written in the language
  • Developers that use the language primarily
  • Developers that use the language ever
  • Web searches
  • Available jobs that require skills in the language
  • Developers' favorites

Java has some other advantages as a teaching language

Low cost. The tools needed to build and test Java programs

are available without charge. Sun makes the Java Development Kit (JDK) available over the Internet, where faculty and students alike can download it. The JDK-which includes the Java compiler and interpreter, among other tools-is admittedly spartan, but students should find it adequate for most programming assignments. Those willing to spend a little money will find nicer program development environments (such as Symantec Café and Microsoft J ++) available at moderate prices.

Easy to test. Students can put their programs-written as applets-on their Web pages for instructors to test and critique. Instructors can monitor a student's progress at any stage by simply visiting the student's Web page.

Student enthusiasm. Java has gotten so much publicity

that students are bound to be excited about learning it. By harnessing that enthusiasm, instructors can use Java as a vehicle to teach students a tremendous amount about modern-day computing. Students will be motivated by Java's growing importance in the "real world." Moreover, students will be thrilled by the ease with which they can build sophisticated GUI programs.

Suitable for advanced courses. After students gain

familiarity with the basic features of Java in CS1, they can use its advanced features in later courses. For example, a course on operating systems can take advantage of Java's support for threads. The network classes that come with Java make it ideal for a networking course.

Easy transition to C ++ and other languages. Java's syntactic similarity to C and C ++ should ease the transition to those languages.

International appeal. The Unicode character set is an integral part of Java, allowing students to learn about the issues of developing software for the international market.

Java has significant advantages not only as a commercial language but also as a teaching language. It allows students to learn object-oriented programming without exposing them to the complexity of C ++.

Cooking Guide to a Brick BBQ Smoker

Big Green Egg, Brinkmann, Camp Chef, Char-Broil, JR Enterprises and Lang make some of the top-notch electric, gas, wood and coal smokers for sale nowdays. Or you can kick it old school and use a traditional brick BBQ smoker. You can even build your own and possibly earn rave reviews and bragging rights.

The basic design of a brick BBQ smoker will have a fire pit for holding any of wood, coal, a propane gas burner or electric hot plate or coil. Burning with limited oxygen in the pit produces smoke instead of fire, which raises up to the grill cooker for holding meat, enclosed in a brick wall smoking chamber. Hot smoke forms into a cloud that will slow-cook the meat using indirect heat, before it is quickly vented out through a chimney.

If you have plans of building your custom brick smoker, start from the fire pit. Make it a tad smaller in diameter than the grill above it, and begin the brick wall where the grill ends. Lay the bricks out dry to build a makeshift smoker. For something longer-lying, lay the bricks on a bed of mortar using cement, soft building sand and plasticizer. After every layer laid, check that the brick parts are level and plumb.

A brick BBQ smoker should be placed on a hardstand. The fire pit should have a heat-proof sheet metal base to keep from charing the ground surface. If using wood, as is traditional, choose from hardwoods like oak, hickory, alder or fruit tree woods like apple and cherry.

Small Fireplaces – Gel Fuel, Electric, Wall Mounted or Digital?

Although most of today's homes no longer rely on a fireplace for heating purposes, they are still in high demand. Fireplaces will always have a special allure. The vision of cozying up in front of a roaring fire, mug of hot chocolate in hand, while snow falls gently outside the window or sitting in front of a rippling fire while you and your beloved spend a romantic evening together are two appealing scenarios that may come to mind when thinking of a fireplace. If you live in a small home, apartment or condominium, you may not have the luxury of a built-in fireplace. However, today you can purchase a fireplace that would fit into even the smallest of spaces. There are various options to choose from.

These include:

  • Virtual / Digital fireplaces
  • Compact fireplaces
  • Wall-mounted fireplaces
  • Tabletop fireplaces

Whatever your style leans more toward modern, contemporary or anywhere in-between, one of the above-mentioned fireplaces would suite it perfectly.

Electric or Gel Fuel Fireplaces

When looking into purchasing a fireplace for your small space, you will discover that some use gel fuel and others electric. The advantages are both eco-friendly, do not require venting or special hook-ups and are clean and odor-free. However, you may want to consider the cost and convenience of both before making a particular small space fireplace purchase.

Gel Fuel

Each gel fuel can lasts approximately 3 hours. They come in a case of twenty-four and cost $ 65 on average. By doing the calculations, it can be determined that one case of gel fuel will last around 72 hours. Due to the cost, most retailers will inform you that small fireplaces that run on gel fuel are mainly for decorative purposes rather than heating.

Electric

The advantage of purchasing a small fireplace that runs on electricity is the ease of use. It is also unnecessary to spend your valuable time (not to mention gas), to make trips to the store to get what is required to keep the fireplace going. The disadvantage is that your electric bill may increase significantly. However, this can be remedied by monitoring the amount of time the fireplace is in use.

Virtual / Digital Fireplaces for Small Spaces

Many may not consider a virtual fireplace as a serious fireplace option. However, before it is written off completely, it should be noted that today's technology has bought the virtual fireplace a long way from the mock fireplaces of yesteryear. Today's virtual fireplaces are basically a DVD that you put into your television or personal computer that creates a realistic illusion of a crackling fire. The DVD loops around and plays continuously until you turn it off.

Depending on your expectations, you may find yourself disappointed either by the quality of the video or that it is just not "real" enough for you. However, a virtual fireplace is perfect for small spaces. If you have room for a television or computer, you are already one step closer to having a fireplace. It may only be a facsimile of the real thing, but it is worth looking into if you have limited space and you want to add an ambiance of romance or the cozy cozy that adds a room.

Compact Fireplaces Made for Small Spaces

A normal size fireplace is around 40-50 inches wide. Those in the range of 25-35 inches wide would classify as a compact or small fireplace. Most traditional fireplaces are available only in floor models. Compact fireplaces are wonderful space savers as many are designed as corner units.

Wall-Mounted Fireplaces Perfect for Small Spaces

Wall-mounted fireplaces obviously take up no floor space. For that reason alone, a wall-mounted fireplace would have considered the ultimate in space saving design. If your style in décor is traditional, you may have difficulty finding a wall-mounted fireplace to suite your taste as most have a contemporary look and feel. However, as wall-mounted fireplaces increase in popularity, it is probable that the selection will grow offering more variety in design.

Tabletop Fireplaces Uniquely Designed for Small Spaces

Tabletop fireplaces are in one word "unique". If you are not wanting a floor model or wall-mounted fireplace, but you desire a small fireplace that is not only fun, but also out of the ordinary, then a tabletop fireplace may be just what you are searching for.

From a smokeless glass-fire tabletop fireplace made specifically to enhance the view of the dancing flames to a contemporary tabletop fireplace with stainless steel logs mounted on a slate base, these small scale fireplaces are miniature works of art that are bound to be great conversation starters .

Today, there are various options to choose from to have a cozy romantic fireplace in even the smallest of spaces. From compact, wall-mounted, tabletop, to a virtual / digital fireplace, there is sure to be one to suite any home or even office décor.

How To Plan A Retirement Party

A retirement party is an event to celebrate a person's career and achievements and is a great opportunity to show appreciation in a fun and respectful way. Similar to any other party, a lot is involved in planning a party to present an individuals accomplishes. Whether it be a party for your spouse, parent, friend or colleague, a tip to make your life easier is to plan the retirement party online. Having a website dedicated to the retirement party will keep you organized and keep guests informed and involved in all the details of the event.

Here are a few good ideas on how to plan a great retirement party that the retiree will remember forever:

  • Establish a budget

Establishing a budget for retirement party should be one of the first planning steps. It should take into account venue, food, decor, entertainment and a nice gift. Your budget will determine the number of guests you can invite and the price per ticket if you are selling tickets to the party. Your retirement party website will help you keep track of all your expenses, when to make bookings and when payments are due.

  • Select a location

The party can be held at the office, at someone's home, in a restaurant, hotel, club, art gallery, or casino. Your budget, how many guests, when the event will take place (day or evening), and what time of year all need to be taken into account. You should also consider the preferences of the retiree wherever they want a big or small or traditional event. To choose the best location, you should ask co-workers for their suggestions by having an online poll.

  • Create a guest list

You have to decide who and how many people to invite to the party. Do you want an employee only event or one that includes close friends and family? Your budget will help determine the number of guests you can have.

  • Choose a theme

Themed parties are always a lot of fun and should reflect the retirees character, career, interests or hobbies. The type of theme can be determined by co-workers using an online poll. A theme will establish the decor, invitation design, dress code, music and entertainment at the retirement party.

  • Send out invitation online

Inviting guests to retirement party by email is simple and saves you time and money. The invitation should specify the location, time, date, purpose of the event, and how to RSVP online. The invitation can direct guest to the party website where they can learn more about the details of the event including directions, parking instruction, travelers information and about any secret or special guests.

  • Ticket purchase online

If you choose to sell tickets to the retirement party, it will be more convenient for guests to be able to purchased them online, directly from the website, using their credit card. This is simpler then writing a cheque and mailing it in.

  • Selecting a gift

A gift registry can be set up on the website, with details or a direct link to stores or items the retiree would enjoy. Usually co-workers will chip in for one big gift for the retiree. Using the online message board or poll, co-workers can discuss and vote on the gift they want to purchase. Some examples of good retirement gifts include books, golf clubs, or luggage.

A very meaningful gift would be one that would also be a keepsake for the retiree. This could be a personalized framed retirement plaque, or you can ask guests in advance to submit pictures or a few words about their experience or relationship with the retiree, and assemble a memento book to present to the retiree at the party. Another way to really demonstrate appreciation is to name a wing of the office after the retiree, which really indicates how much the retiree has contributed.

The retiree may ask that contributions to their favorite charity be made in their honor rather than gifts. The website can express information about the charity of choice and why it was selected by the retiree. To making giving easy, all donations can be made online.

  • Festive ambience

You want to create a fun atmosphere for the party while at the same time really focusing on the guest of honor. Aside from balloons, banners and streamers, decorations should emphasize the retiree's life, accomplishments, and interests. You can blow up photos of the retiree through the years and place them through the location or each table can have a centerpiece with a specific theme relating to a part of the retiree's life or their hobbies.

  • Plan entertainment

A retirement party differs from other celebratory parties, however you should still have music (can hire a DJ or band or simply set up speakers) and someone in charge of taking pictures and video (can hire a photographer or videographer or have a co-worker do) it.) Photos and videos of the party can be uploaded onto the website for the retiree and guests to browse through after the event.

Seeing as the party is centered on the person's career, the entertainment should also focus on the retirees profession and accomplishments. Guests can make speeches sharing stories, experiences and what they've learned from the retiree, and toasts expressing how the retiree has impacted their lives. Having a roast is also always entertaining and a comical way to show admiration. The guest of honor may also want to make a speech expressing his gratitude to all those involved in helping make professional career a success. All can be recorded and the videos can be uploaded on the website to remember all the kind words that were said at the party.

A slideshow can be created and played through a guests speech or toast or roast or you can have a slideshow running all night in the background as it is a simple set up and amusing for guests. You should start collecting photos from relatives, friends and colleagues in advance that represent the work and life of the retiree. The slideshow can later be uploaded onto the website and watched again at any time.

Other fun pre-planned entertainment at the party can be having co-workers putting on skits, or composing a humorous song or poem to be performed at the party and recorded to be placed on the party website. A big board with many pictures of the guest of honor with co-workers and colleges can be displayed, and guests can sign the board which the retiree can take home with them after the party.

  • Stay in touch

The website is an excellent way to foster communication before and after the party. It is a great way to make suggestions and share stories and photos. Guests and the retiree can visit the website even after the party and continue to correspond with one another as the website acts as a private communication hub. The website will help with sharing and recall happy memories about the retirees career before and after the party.

Are High Performance Olympic Gymnasts Less Likely to Get Sea Sick or Motion Sickness?

It is amazing the amount of talent and ability that our Olympic gymnasts have when it comes to balance. For instance, in gymnastics we have Olympians doing incredible acrobatics on a very thin balance beam. Only rarely do they fall off, or lose their poise even in the most incredible maneuvers. This is one tough apparatus to compete on, and one can only ask; how do they do it? Years and years and days upon end of practice, often six or more hours per day – the results are amazing and no one can disagree with that. Okay so, I'd like to pose another question to you along this line of thinking.

Would high-performance Olympic gymnasts be less sooner to motion sickness or seasiness on a boat? You may not think the answer is relevant, but it actually is, it would mean that people who do training and work on their spatial techniques could prevent themselves from getting sea sick. If that were the case, then sometimes our fighter pilots, sailors, and folks in various other industries and careers might take some gymnasts tumbling classes. Perhaps they may practice on a trampoline, or doing somersault type dives off a high dive into the water.

Could it be that simple? As a pilot, I have noticed doing mild acrobatics (loops, aileron rolls, spins, etc) that it seems to help one's spatial orientation and after a while you do not get vertigo very easily and your body seems to be able to adapt to this. Still, I can also say that when you are doing the maneuvers yourself and you are controlling the process it is much different than when someone else is doing the aerobatics and you are along for the ride such as when you are on a roller coaster. If you are ready for the maneuver, prepare yourself mentally for it, and feel as if you're one with the aircraft during these maneuvers it's also much easier.

Would it be the same for Olympic gymnasts? I'd say it's time we do some studying on our top gymnasts to see if this is relevant, or if we can duplicate this in virtual-reality or augmented-reality until the humans overcome their motion sickness. Why not employee some of these Olympic gymnasts for research and development, and training to prevent motion sickness and sea sickness which imposes the performance of those doing certain tasks in certain careers? Indeed I hope you will please consider all this on a philosophical, psychological, and physiological basis.

Flat Roof Insulation – Is it Really Worth the Cost?

Flat roof insulation may seem like a nuisance. After all, why would a flat roof need insulation? There is only a small level of space involved. Just how much heat and dampness can possibly be trapped in such a small area. Furthermore, is it really necessary to insulate a flat roof? Well, you might like to know that the spaces inside a flat roof are just as important as the spaces between any other roof area, including sloped roofs. Anadequate amount of insulation can do a large amount of long-term damage, just like any other structure that requires insulation.

Why is insulation actually needed for a flat?

In fact, the need for proper FRI far outweighs the need for insulation for sloped roofs. Why? Because flat roofs have an extreme exposure to the elements of extreme heat and cold. And they are FLAT. Unlike shingled roofs, water, ice, and heat seriously play havoc. There is no release of pressure or run-off.

Look out for the damage!

Because of the design, the no-slope, the flatness of it all, damage is more likely to occur. And because many homes and commercial buildings have large amounts of square footage benefit the flat it can easily become a serious trap for major (and often unseen) damage. All the moisture from the kitchens and bathrooms and laundry rooms usually get stuck. Unless the insulation is really up to par and the ventilation is also where it bought to be, the odds of reckless flat roof damage is almost inevitable.

Bottom line – Is flat roof insulation worth your time?

Most professional insulators agree that is most definitely worth the time. But it needs to be done right. Insulation goes hand-in-hand with ventilation. Both insulation and ventilation need to work in unison. Think of this as a symbiotic relationship both working together as one. It is actually a very beautiful working relationship. The insulation protectors and shields while the ventilation releases and provides much needed new air for the flat roof to breath. When this relationship is designed to work at a 50% by 50% ratio the conditions can become extremely optimized for amazing results.

The results show in the form of longering roof materials, big savings in energy cost during the summer and winter months, and much better conditions for you as a human while existing and living your life in your house or building. And over the years this added comfort and energy cost savings is certainly worth the investment and time of properly acquiring good FRI and ventilation.

In conclusion, insulation (and proper ventilation) can make the difference between a happy, comfortable living space or a very unhealthy, uncontrollable atmosphere that will always results in constant damage and ongoing repair and maintenance costs, years after year. Do yourself a huge good turn by hiring a professional to thoroughly check the conditions of your flat roof. It will pay big dividends for you and your peace of mind.

How To Maintain Steel Doors And Roller Shutters

Roller doors and shutters provide a robust and secure barrier against intruders and destructive weather elements. They're made according to specifications, including great fit, smooth operation, and utmost security. More importantly, their low maintenance factor makes them an economic choice. Neverheless, these shutters and doors require regular checks to ensure they're in good working condition.

Checking for balance should be done each month by a skilled technician, preferably someone licensed and insured. The doors should be balanced, being smooth to roll up and down the roller tracks and able to stay stationary at any point along the tracks. Otherwise, the steel doors are out of balance and need to be adjusted.

Jammed and stiff doors should not be forcibly raised or lowered. Check individual parts such as springs and rollers for damage and have them repaired immediately. At times, all that is needed is some cleaning and removal of accumulated debris and dirt.

All moving components, save for roller tracks, should be lubricated each month. Lubricant facilitates smooth, safe and sufficient operation, but when placed in the tracks, it joins more grime and dirt that disruptions operation. Lubricant likewise increases the life of the moving parts, and the entire security shutter device. Among the important parts that need lubrication are bearings, hinges, rollers, and springs.

To prolong the life of the roller tracks and to encourage smooth and quite operation, occasionally apply silicon spray. The spray gives the tracks a slippery finish, enabling the doors slide properly. If you want to lubricate the tracks, use petroleum lubricant, but brush away dirt and grime before application and wipe away excess lubricant after.

Automatic doors and shutters should be set in manual mode annually or semi-annually. Manual operation should then be predetermined and done according to manufacturer instructions to prevent damage. The support brackets should be checked if they need servicing. If so, it's always advisable to contact a qualified technician right away.

Springs should be re-tensioned periodically, and each time the roller shutter gets abnormally heavy or difficult to lift or roll. Avoid operating doors with damaged tension springs because this causes damage to the motor and the opener.

Steel cables on the sides of the doors should be checked as well if they are in ideal shape and position or not. Replace protruding and broken cables right away to avoid accidents and worse damage to your doors.

All bolts and fixings should be tight in place. Loose ones can easily snap out of their holes and make the doors unstable and dangerous to operate. When there are loose bolts, do not operate the doors automatically rather, operate in manual mode in order to control the speed at which the roller doors are moving up or down.

The Top 3 Tricks Horse Owners Can Use To Unspoil A Barn Spoiled Horse

It's been weeks since you walked riding. Now you have time to ride this afternoon and there is not one one gonna stop you. Excited, you saddle up your horse and get on him. You get about 50 feet from the barn and your horse turns around and goes back – and you can not stop him. Why? You have a barn spoiled horse. This is a common scenario for novice horse owners.

Here are the top three tricks to solve the barn sour problem.

Teach your horse that you have control over him. Once your horse gets it in his mind that you can make him do what you want him to do, you have control over him and can so make him leave the barn. One way to get control over him is to use a training technique called doubling. When you double your horse you teach him you can control him.

It does not take long before your horse will know you can control him. Be careful when doubling though. If you do it too much at a time you can over do it. Your horse could get so sensitive to you doing it that he may try to anticipate it. If he sees your hands making the slightest movement that looks like you're about to double him, he may double himself. Thus, just double him four to six times a day on both sides. He'll quickly learn you have control.

The next thing you can try is this: Make it dang hard to do the wrong thing – and make it real easy to do the right thing. Here's what I mean. A while back my horse did not want to leave her buddies or the barn. We'd get about 100 feet away and she'd turn around and bolt back. She'd stop in front of the barn expecting me to get off, remove the saddle and tack, and put her back into the corrals.

By my barn is two hay stacks. There is a space between them big enough to go through and do figure eights around the hay stacks. So every time she'd go back I would make her work, and work, and work at running figure eights around those hay stacks. Then I would test her to see if she had enough and would leave the area.

The first seven times she ran back. Each time we came back to the barn we'd run more laps around the hay stacks. I could tell she was getting tired. But the eighth time I walked her away from the hay stacks I noticed she went quite a ways before turning to go back.

When we went back again we ran more figure eights. Only this time I could tell we did not have to do too many. I walked her out and away from doing the figureights and I suddenly had a horse who decided that it was sooo much nicer going for a walk away from the barn rather than doing a bunch of crummy ol 'figure eights. We had a nice ride that day and she was in no hurry to get home.

The last thing to do is this: Ride. Ride a lot. Do not wait for weeks or months in between riding. Try to ride at least once per week for three or four hours. Preferably, try to ride at least twice a week for a few hours at a time. (Ideally, you should ride everyday. But that's hard to do with today's time constraints) Doing that your horse will get in his brain that you're going to ride and he's going to leave the barn and there will be no argument. In fact, if you want to have a great horse the biggest secret is this: Ride the heck out him!

So if your horse is barn spoiled you can try doubling it to show you are in control. The next thing you can try is making the wrong thing difficult and the right thing easy. Make it dang hard for him to go the wrong thing and very pleasant to do the right thing. And lastly, ride your horse often. Two to three times a week if possible.

How Much Do Builders Make on a House?

After all is said and done, how much does your builder walk away with?

Do you wonder how a builder decides what to charge for a new home? You know that you pay for the lumber, carpet, fixtures and all the details, but how is the final price determined?

Buying a home requires a lot of money. The cost is based on many different factors, including the construction, land and the marketing and administrative costs for the builder. And of course, the net profit.

Does it sound any easier to understand?

Most builders will charge in a similar way. The construction of the house will account for approximately 50% of the base price of the home.

There are several costs within the construction factor. There are direct costs, which are the sticks and bricks. These are all of the materials that go into the home, from the lumber to concrete and windows to carpet.

The work is usually mostly provided by subcontractors hired by the builder.

Then there are construction labor costs. These are the costs associated with work performed by the builder’s employees. These go along with the indirect costs, which are usually performed by the builder’s employees. They include the correction work that is done to fix any mistakes by subcontractors.

You will also be charged the construction interest on the home. To finance the purchase of the lot and the cost of construction before you pay the builder, the builder takes out a bank loan. The cost of the loan, including all interest and fees, will be figured into the base price you pay.

The actual cost of the lot can be between 25% and 40% of the base price. With the cost of land constantly going up, especially near metro areas, the lot portion has increased over the years. Added to your land costs are any off-site improvements, such as water and sewer lines, street developments, curbing and paving and driveways and sidewalks.

Many builders offer a discount on the base price, often by paying for points at settlement, to encourage first-time buyers. A discounted home will often have construction costs that equal 50%, lot costs of 30%, a discount of 3% and a 17% gross profit.

Out of the gross profit, the builder deducts administrative costs, marketing costs and taxes.

If you choose options, you could add 10% to 30% to the base price.

Surprisingly, builders walk away with less profit than you would expect. Net profits on the sale of a home often ranges from 2% to 6%. In general, the larger the home, the higher the net.

You can easily find out the net profits for builders that are publicly traded companies. You simply have to read their annual reports.

When you are contemplating the building of a home, sometimes you should shop around a bit. Compare the costs for similar homes offered by different builders. Ask the builder how much of the cost is construction. They may or may not tell you. But it never hurts to ask. You can use this figure to estimate the rest of the costs.

Mixed Media Painting Tips

I have been painting, as a hobby and commercially, for approximately 10 years now. I first started with acrylic but have more recently dumbled in watercolors. I have always loved texture in my art work but could never afford to buy oil paints. I consider myself quite a resourceful person and this has led me to think out of the box. I will hopefully enlighten you as to some of my more creative ideas which you may want to incorporate into your own pieces.

Before I start I apply Gesso primer to my canvases. This assists with ensuring any medium added to the canvas adheres well.

Tip One

I have found a product called "Decorator's Caulk" which works as a great way of adding texture to your canvas. I buy trade tubes which can be fitted to a "Sealant Gun" and this is the tool I use to apply the caulk to the canvas. From there you have to let your imagination take over. I use a large pallet knife as well as various other tools to manipulate the caulk across the canvas.

The caulk can be found in all trade shops and is not a specific art product. It is typically used to fill gaps and cracks in walls. It can take up to one one hour to dry but this will depend on how thickly you applied it to the canvas. I just touch it light and you can tell when it has hardened. You are ready to paint over it. You will find acrylic paint sticks to it with no fuss. The result is awesome and you have the perceived texture of an oil painting but at very little cost.

Tip Two

Crepe paper is a cheap and interesting way to add texture. I usually make a solution of PVA glue with some water to assist with sticking the paper to the canvas. Again your own imagination has to come to play here and depending on the look you want as to how layered and textured you want your piece to be.

Tip Three

Plaster of paris infected crepe bandages. These are a tad messy to work with but the results can look fantastic. I find that rather than trying to achieve a perfectly smooth finish it can look great if you leave it rough and if not all of the bandage is covered with the plaster of paris it adds a mottled porous look which is spectacularly organic in its texture.

Tip Four

Rope of all size and thickness can add a really great three dimensional quality to your piece. I use decorator's caulk to stick it to the canvas as not only does this act as a great adhesive you can also paint over it quite easily.

Tip Five

Cutting into the canvas. I know this sounds like a cardinal sin but the results can be quite spectacular. I have created many industrial looking pieces by combining rope, netting, plaster of paris and by cutting into the canvas and bending it back upon itself you can achieve a very raw look.

These are just a few ideas which will hopefully fire up your imagination and assist you with trying out different materials. I am sure your artwork will take on a whole new look and feel with the added bonus of very little cost.

Violins For Beginners – Maintaining Violin Quality

Maintaining the violin is necessary right after the purchase. This violins for beginners guide will teach you how to care for your instrument the right way.

Familiarize with the Common Causes of Damage

Violins for beginners are often low in quality. This is because first-time learners tend to purchase cheaper violins for practice purposes. Such type of instrument needs more attention than the expensive ones. It is necessary to know what causes the damage and how you can prevent it from happening.

• Violin bridge and bow breaks or cracks.

• The fingerboard is not properly glued together, making it prone to detachment.

• The tailpiece is susceptible to breaks. It easily snaps during extreme practice or when exposed to humid weather.

Extra time, effort and care are there before needed to maintain the quality of your musical instrument. It makes perfect sense to anticipate the care needed by your violin so you can use it for a longer time.

Do Not Store in Hot or Cold Environment

Violins easily break when exposed to a very warm or very cool environment. It is best to store them in safe cases than put them in attics or basements. These instruments are made of delicate materials which easily break in a hot environment.

Buy a Case

A high quality case can shelter your violin from breaks. It is necessary in keeping your instrument safe from accidents or from sudden change in temperature. Placing the violin on top of the sink or under your bed can add to the possibility of damage. Keep in mind that most violin damages result from the owner's negligence.

Know What Rosin to Buy

Rosin is necessary for the violin to produce sound. It causes friction when rubbed against the musical strings. The rosin is applied on the bow hair to provide the grip it needs. No sound will escape from the violin without the rosin.

Two types of rosin can be used in violins for beginners – the dark and the light rosin. The dark rosin is mostly used in cooler climates. It is softer than the light rosin. The latter, on the other hand, is harder but is not as sticky as the other type. Its use is recommended for warmer climates.

Purchase a Nice Set of Strings

Economic strings have poor quality. It snaps, cracks and warps easily.

Go to a Luthier

A luthier makes violins. In case of repair, visit a credential luthier in your place and have him fix your violin. A luthier knows how to treat or refurbish the damage on your musical instrument. If you do not know any, ask recommendations from friends and family. You can also scout the net for other legitimate sources.

Violins for beginners need proper care and attention. For more violins for beginners tips, browse our site and find out how to properly maintain your instrument.

Top Winter Fashion Trends

With summer fashion styles and ranges being the most celebrated out of all the seasons in a year, many people forget that winter and autumn also features great ranges. Many consider dark colors to be the only option throughout the winter period. But many do not realize there is much greater styles and ranges out there this time of year. Fashion is always changing and evolving and this includes during the winter months.

Winter 2012 Fashion Trends

The recurring themes this winter are around classy, ​​sexy and classic clothes. That help provide a little bit extra warmth. Here the common trends being placed around jackets and coats.

Maxi coats for example provide a long and sleek appearance while sheltering you from nature. Combine this with boots or boots to help lift yourself from the ground and adding more height. Although super chic, they also provide high usability and versatility any time during the autumn and winter months. Although darker colors are more common considering trying a lighter color this season.

Another winter trend this year is leather. And not just leather jackets but also leather skirts and trousers. Again providing warmth and very tough materials that provide class and elegance. Do not just consider going for a black jacket, think about mixing different colors. Such as a red leather skirt with heels and a denim jacket. As with chinos becoming in fashion for men, this provides not just the typical denim jeans but also red, gray and also yellow colors into their option of colors. Much similar to leather. Instead of going for the typical black consider red as suggested or even green.

Finally, although you will most likely be hanging up your sunglasses as the key summer accessory. You can celebrate knowing they can be replaced with hats, scarves and gloves. As always these are considered key winter essentials, along with allowing for personalization.

Chunky knit hats and scarves prove very popular. Faux-fur scarves are also the rage and warm. Beanie hats are also easy to find and prove successful against the cold. Combined with contrasting winter winter coats can prove a great winter look.

Although keeping up to date with current trends is important for those looking to be as stylish as possible. Its vital that personalization can shine beyond this. With adding your own accessories or even mixing up a few styles and colors this winter can really set yourself apart form everyone else.

Remember that high street retailers are providing high quality combined with high speed turnaround, which can match the styles and designers of much more known brands.

Conscious Detachment

Do you want peace in your life? Do you want to feel respected and loved? Learning how to conscious detach can dramatically improve your relationships with your loved ones so they will also feel respected and loved.

Conscious Detachment is emotionally separate from a person. It's the freedom to own what's yours and allow other's to own what's their. When you detach, you let go of your obsession with another person's behavior and begin to lead happier and more manageable lives, lives with dignity and rights, lives guided by a power greater than yourself.

There are behaviors that can give you clues that you need to detach which include, but are not limited to; obsessing about another person, feeling like a victim, making excuses for another person, worrying, depression, not sleeping, overeating, blaming others, nagging, trying to manipulate, feeling out of control, feelings of urgency that you need to do something or fix someone, feeling guilty that it's your fault.

Detachment is difficult because of your need to control. You may fear that if you let go of control, something bad will happen. Control is an illusion. You may not trust that the person you need to detach from will make the right decision on their own and that they need your advice. People are often unaware that they have a need to control and are surprised when someone tells them that they are controlling.

Refusing to feel is a sign that you may be controlling. Controlling behavior requires denying, ignoring your own needs and feeling resentful when your needs are not met. When you try to control others and that includes adult children, you do not give them choices and that's not loving or respectful.

Examples of controlling behavior may be quiet anger, disapproval, being nice, silence, apologizing, guilt, reminders, suggestions, lectures, complaining, pouting, being hurt and refusing to ask for what you need.

CONSCIOUS DETACHMENT IS A CHOICE

It's getting the focus off changing another person no matter how much you love them. You begin to focus on yourself and what needs to be changed in you. This is where the power is. It's getting the focus off the past – what you've done, not done, what someone has done to you or not done.

It's not focusing on the future with all the "what if's." It's allowing yourself to feel your feelings, letting them go and being in the present moment.

DETACHING WITH LOVE IS A PROCESS

1. Get honest with your feelings.

2. Talk to people you trust and understand you.

3. Get in touch with a Higher Power, ask for help and pray.

4. Let go of all anger and resentment.

The first step in detaching with love is to begin taking responsibility for your own behavior. This means that you can no longer blame your loved ones for the way you feel. No one makes you feel anything. It's your reaction to the behavior that causes you pain, anger, resentment and disappointment. You lose yourself when you become so involved in another's behavior. Regaining your self-respect and self-esteem is a big benefit of detaching with love.

The next step in detaching with love is acceptance. Acceptance is the key. Acceptance does not mean that you needarily feel OK about current or past situations. It means that you stop trying to change what you have no power over. Acceptance brings PEACE. Acceptance is letting go of control and accepting what is.

Structural Design – A Set of Process For Various Structural Phases

Structural design is an important part of structural engineering used broadly in construction of different type of building like residential, commercial, industrial and institutional. It can be described as a set of process which takes place for various construction phases. Structural design play vital role in completion of complex structural projects. For faster infrastructure development this technology is must required. In the modern time we can not imagine any construction without designing.

Basically the load of building and external forces is calculated using this technology. For any kind of construction building stability is must require so work should be done without any error. Today structural industry has developed much software to get error free solutions and AutoCAD is one of the most popular software used in designing.

All the designing phases start with basic sketches and using the computer technology it will be converted in to proper design manner. In the past time design was made by hand so accuracy was not guaranteed but with globalization structural industry introduced latest technological steps and standards must be followed to satisfy the complete design phase.

Importance of structural design is increased as the building construction business is on top gear. People from structural industry understand that to get higher success ratio designing is most important phase. Various firms or builder or contractors are hiring professional designers for better output. Most of the popular firms have created separate team of designers to get better growth in short time.

In any kind of building development, various phases like project requirements, material specification and analysis can be evaluated by structural design. In any kind of construction project handmade drawings are created to get the basic ideas and that helps to prevent redesigning. Basically design services include design of reinforced cement concrete structure, steel plate girder, and truss girder. Design of pre stressed and post tensioned structures can also be evaluated by using this technology.

For outsourcing purpose it is good option to know that there are so many firms are offering low cost structural design services.

If you want to outsource your design projects or if you need free quotation for your projects please email us at info@structuralcaddservices.com

View more about our services at http://www.structuralcaddservices.com/structural-design.php

Welding Schools – Should You Choose Hobart, Lincoln, Tulsa Or a Local College?

Have you been shopping welding schools? Are you thinking about changing careers and becoming a certified welder? Unless you have living in a cave, you have probably heard about a welder shortage in this country. With new construction of power generating plants, paper mills and hydro dams, there is a demand for certified qualified welders that we have not seen since the 70's.

If you have been seriously considering becoming a welder, you have a key decision to make that could determine whether you become a high-paid, bought-after certified welder, or just a 9 dollar an hour rod burner.

Here are your choices:

  • Attend a local community technical college
  • Enroll in one of the big 3 welding schools
  • Apply for an apprenticeship to one of the skilled trades unions

Lets explore these options: Attending welding school at a local community college can save a ton of money on room and board and tuition but unless you know for sure that the welding instructor is top notch, this might be the fast track to becoming a rod burner instead of a real welder. The criteria for becoming a welding instructor at a technical college is very weak, since a technical college welding instructor's pay is marginal, sometimes you get what you pay for. Do not get me wrong, there are some really good ones out there. But this is your livelihood we are talking about here. You cant afford to make a bad choice.

Enrolling in one of the big 3 welding schools is almost a sure fire way to learn what you need to become a well paid certified welder. The instructors are top notch and all of them: Hobart Institute of Welding, Lincoln Welding training, and Tulsa School of Welding, all have good reputations for turning out qualified welders. The only drawbacks are location and tuition.

Unless you live down the street from Hobart, Lincoln, or Tulsa welding schools, you are going to have to travel and pay room and board for your time in welding school.

Applying for an apprenticeship into the pipe fitters or boilermakers union is a pretty good option for young people still living at home. But not everyone wants to work as a pipe welder or boilermaker.

Here is a 4th option: Both Hobart and Lincoln welding schools have one and two week TIG welding programs. The cost is around 400 a week plus expenses. So for no more than 1500 bucks total you can test the water and see if this is really what you want to do. And you will have the TIG welding training under your belt too. Who knows, you might even be able to land a job as a TIG welder with only the 2 weeks training.

I also recommend at least visiting a local technical college and getting a feel for the quality of instruction. Then you will have enough information to make this key career decision: Choosing the best welding school.