Breast Reduction: Upper Back and Neck Pain Treatment

If your breasts are D-cups or larger, you have an increased risk of upper back and neck pain. The body's natural center of gravity is at the hips, and carrying a heavy weight above this center can stress the spine and tissues around it.

Large breasts can cause back and neck pain due to simple muscle strain. The muscles in the back, neck and shoulders must work to support the upper body, which is heavier than the muscles are built to support in large-breasted women. Postural changes occur as the body tries to compensate; the upper back and neck will often be dropped back, causing the lumbar spine to arch inward more. Occasionally, altered posture can cause abnormal curvature of the spell.

The spine naturally curves inward in the lumbar region of the lower back, out in the thoracic region connecting to the rib cage, and inward again in the cervical portion in the neck. Both women who adjust their posture in the forwarded way and those who simply stoop forward due to the weight of their breasts will eventually disrupt this natural curvature.

As the distance and angles between vertebrae change, increased pressure is placed on sections of spinal discs. These discs act as cushions between vertebrae, consisting of a gel center and a tough exterior. As pressure on the discs becomes consistently uneven, it is possible for them to bulge, the gel being pushed to one side and weakening the exterior ring.

Bulging discs can have no side effect at all. Some women with large breasts, however, may experience tingling, weakness and numbness in the arms and hands. This is especially typical of bulging disks between the 4th and 5th and 5th and 6th cervical vertebrae. Effects along this nerve pathway indicate that the bulging disc is impinging the nerves that exit the spine and travel to upper body parts. Nerve impingement can be a serious condition, and in order to avoid the risk of long-term nerve damage, treatment to restore normal disc shape should be thought.

For women with large breasts, a treatment plan for upper back and neck pain must include steps to dissect the weight of the chest. The best way to limit strain is to wear the appropriate bra size and find bras that support and distribute breast weight. Many women wear the wrong bra size, and for large-breasted women, that can be an expensive and painful mistake. It is a good idea to get fitted by professionals. Search your area for panty shops that do fittings, like the one found here: http://myintimacy.com/ . Although the cost of a good bra may seem prohibitive at first, it's much cheaper than surgery.

Postural retraining is another step along the recovery path. A physical therapist can help you build up supportive muscles in the back and shoulders, relieving pressure off the discs and better equipping your upper body to carry the weight of your chest. By assessing your post and movement, a physical therapist can help you to retrain your body to maintain a more natural curvature of the spell.

If physical therapy and special bras do not tie your neck and back pain, it is time to consider breast reduction surgery. This will immediately remove the burden of oversized breasts. The American Society For Aesthetic Plastic Surgery rates the cost of breast reduction at $ 6,000 in the US, a number far lower than most surgeries for spinal discs. Insurance may cover a portion or the totality of the procedure if it is recommended by a doctor or orthopedic specialist.

It must be noted that having breast reduction surgery usually will not cure your upper back and neck pain overnight. The prolonged strain on your muscles and spine still needs undoing. Without retraining posture and relaxing chronically tense muscles, back pain will continue. If physical therapy was ineffective before surgery, it will likely work well as a supplement.

More information on breast reduction surgery can be found out http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/features/is-breast-reduction-right-for-you . Surgery is always a last resort; educate yourself on more conservative treatments before considering surgery.

Fireplace Accessories – Adding The Finishing Touch To Your Hearth

Back in the day, fireplaces were an integral part of heating the home. People relied on the heat which radiated from their fireplace as their main heat source. Today's modern heating systems have negated the need of the fireplace in the home, but many people continue to incorporate the fireplace into their existing and new home construction. One of the reasons why this is the case is that the peace and comfort gained from a pretty crackling fireplace simply can not be obtained any other way. Many people like nothing better than a warm, cozy fire on a brisk fall day or cold winter's night.

While some families use their fireplace to offset the cost of heating their home and build a fire almost daily, others may only use their fireplace on special occasions or every time in a while. But no matter how often you build a fire, the use of hearth accessories makes the task much more convenient.

There are many different types of hearth accessories including grates, damper pulls, match holders, humidifiers and fire starters, just to name a few, and their main goal is to make your hearth experience as easy and stylish as it can be.

Match holders, for instance, can be a very practical solution for storing matches. Instead of keeping your starter matches in a cabinet or drawer a few feet or in the next room from your fireplace, a match holder can be a perfect way to bring your starter matches into arm's reach. Match holders are also very stylish. You can choose from materials such as oak, brass and copper and styles which range from formal to whimsical.

Grates are more of a necessity than a stylish addition to your fireplace. Available in a wide variety of sizes to suit your individual fireplace, these hearth accessories are generally constructed using durable cast iron.

Some hearth accessories can also be fun. Take for example damper pulls. While these fireplace accessories have a very practical use, they are often stored close to the hearth and present a great opportunity to show off your unique style and personality. Constructed mainly of brass, damper pulls can be whimsically fashioned into your favorite designs such as a flying bird, golf club or pineapple. If whimsy is not your style, you can also find brass damper pulls in classic styles.

If you want to take the headache of starting a fire, Firepots and fire starters can be just the thing to make the whole experience quicker and more enjoyable. And they are stylish too. Ranging in materials from cast iron to solid brass, firepots are a great addition to any hearth no matter whether it graces a Formal home or a Rustic one.

The bottom line is that hearth accessories are a perfect way to make starting a fire in your fireplace more enjoyable and convenient. While many of the hearth accessories that you find may not be a necessity for your fireplace, once you try them you may wonder what you ever did without them.

Laminate Wood Flooring-Choosing Between Laminate and Wood Flooring

If you are considering using laminate wood flooring in some or all of your home and are wondering about the difference between laminate and wood, you may get a lot of different opinions. Laminate wood flooring has been used in Europe for decades and only in the last 20 years or so has it become more popular in the United States. But, it is not for everyone and every situation. Before you choose laminate wood flooring for your home, you should compare the qualities of both wood and laminate.

1. Installation: In the last few years both laminate wood flooring and real wood floors have become easier to install. They often use some kind of interlocking system, where you fit strips together without the use of glue, nails or staples. But, although most laminate wood flooring is made this way now, a lot of real wood flooring is not. If you plan on installing the floor yourself, with real wood or laminate, you should consider using the interlocking system. Laminate can be installed over virtually any surface, but wood can not be installed over some surfaces.

2. Durability: Real wood floors are durable for the long term, but they require a lot of care. If they are not specially treated with aluminum oxide they will scratch and stain fairly easily. Unlike laminate, it is also late to fading if it is exposed to direct sunlight. Laminate wood flooring on the other hand, is resistant to both scratches and stains. Both types of floors can be damaged by excessive moisture, so care should be taken if they are used in a bathroom or kitchen.

3. Care: A damp mop is all that is required to clean laminate wood floors. Real wood floors will require polishing and refinishing occasionally. Wet spills should be cleaned up quickly on either type of floor to avoid it getting underneath the boards and damaging the floor.

4. Longevity: A real wood floor can last 25 years or more with proper care. Laminate will not last more than 20.

5. Cost: Real wood is generally more expensive than laminate.

A Review of Ducati 1098 Carbon Fiber Termignoni Exhaust Silencers – Money Well Spent?

One of the first changes that a lot of Ducati owners make to their bikes after being run is to change the stock exhaust silencers for less restrictive aftermarket ones. This has the twofold effect of making the bike louder and also releasing a few extra training ponies (as if a 1098 really needed it!) – Oh, and they look great as well! Bonus!

There are a dazzling array of manufacturers who are producing two full systems and slip on silencers for the Ducati range, however due to the success of their products in racing, and the fact that they are the weapon of choice for the factory Corse Racing team, Termignoni has arguably edged it's way into pole position as the number one Ducati exhaust manufacturer.

Termignoni have a wide selection of systems to fit the 1098 family, from slip on silencers to full titanium and carbon fiber race systems at a full 70mm diameter. It is the carbon fiber 1098 silencer kit that we are having a look at today and is the focus of this review.

Contained in the kit is the complete inventory required to fit the less restrictive carbon silencers including an updated race ECU to adjust the fueling to match the increased airflow, and also a high throughput performance air filter to balance out the additional fueling. In addition there are the mountings and bands to support the pipes under the seat, so in summary this is an entire turn key solution.

Fitting is not beyond the realms of a competent home mechanic, the pipes are precision made and as such fit without the need for any tweaking, the only tricky bit being the installation of the air filter which requires tank removal. Other than that the ECU replacement is exactly that – remove old, insert new (with battery disconnected PLEASE !!), pipes bolt into place and job done.

So how do they work and sound? Well, starting with the easy answer first – they sound awesome, deeper, more boomy but without the muffled sound of the stock pipes. The kit does include a pair of decibel killers in case your neighbors are members of the sound police but it sounds good even with these inserted.

Now to the harder question, do they work? Well, without putting every bike on the dyno it is impossible to comment fully, suffice to say that typically you will see up to an 8% increase in horsepower, impressive given the already high state of tune on the stock engine.

As a conclusion, these are an absolute no brainer, lighter than stock which is always good, sound absolutely fantastic, release a few more horsepower, are easy to install and look like they should be on the grid of a world superbike race. Final bonus is that they are some $ 700 cheaper than the titanium variant.

My only reservation, and it is a small one, I am not a fan of race ECU's as there is a massive variance in output of stock bikes so one size fits all approach is not ideal – I prefer the infinite tuneability of a Power Commander, however these pipes do work well with the race ECU so would not worry too much about the later as it is all within tolerance. So yes, money well spent indeed!

For reference they are Ducati Part No: 9115707B and fit the following bikes -1098 2007/2008, 1098 S 2007/2008

A Comparison Between uPVC Windows and Timber Frame Windows

uPVC windows, vinyl siding or rigid vinyl windows as they are often called around the world are made from unplasticised polyvinyl chloride. Whereas timber frame windows are obviously made of wood. Both window types have their drawbacks and advantages.

Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride is a plastic. And it is this fact that is at the heart of the problems with uPVC windows. Plastics are notoriously hard and expensive to recycle or dispose of safely. In many countries unwanted plastic just ends up in landfill sites. Vinyl windows are made from PVC. The US Environmental Protection agency classes the dioxins that are given off in the production of PVC as carcinogens. Furthermore, if vinyl windows are burnt they give off carcinogenic dioxins. This is worried news if you consider the possibility of house fires and also the reality that many fires occur in landfill sites where the majority of unwanted uPVC ends up.

In contrast timber frame windows are much easier to dispose of at the end of their life. The wood can be recycled, burnt to make energy or allowed to biodegrade. The only environmental problem with timber frame windows is that timber is a precious commodity and deforestation is a very real threat to the future health of the planet.

Putting aside the environmental issues surrounding uPVC windows and timber frame windows, it is clear that in other respects vinyl windows are better. Timber frame windows are subject to continuous damage by the extremes of weather. Too much rain will make the wood rot. Too much humidity will make the wood swell and too little moisture will make the wood shrink and crack. It is necessary to constantly be repairing timber frame windows to ensure they last.

Whereas, uPVC windows are imperfect to the changing conditions of the weather: they will last for over 25 years with minimal maintenance required.

Timber frame windows are bad insulators. They let out a lot of heat in the winter and allow in a lot of heat in the summer. In comparison uPVC is a good insulator. Installing uPVC window frames with double glazing will significantly reduce your heating and cooling bills.

Wooden frame windows provide a soft target for house breakers. It takes only a matter of seconds to open a timber frame with a pry bar. Compare this with uPVC windows which provide no place for a pry bar to gain purchase and are very difficult to force open. Furthermore double glazing is not easy to smash through. On top of that most new uPVC windows come with multi-point locking systems as standard.

Finally, in America, Ireland and the UK homes with uPVC windows are generally easier to sell and go for more money. In short because of the energy saving and improved security aspects of uPVC windows they make a house a more desirable investment.

Thus, it is hard to decide which is more important – the environmental concerns with uPVC windows or the obvious financial benefits that they confer. The future for these type of plastic windows may depend on such recycling processes as Texiloop developed in Europe and Vinyloop developed in Japan which can safely recycle plastic without releasing polluting dioxins into the environment. At the moment these technologies are very expensive. It is a shame because the insulating ability of vinyl windows means that they can be used to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases from powerplants that burn fossil fuels to generate electricity.

How to Build a Brick Grill

Are you contemplating the possibility of constructing an outdoor grill made of bricks? It is not as difficult as you may believe. All you need to do is some careful preparation like making sure that you have all the bricks that you need and cement mixture and an adequate amount of time. An outdoor made of grill is a good choice compared to the standard grill made out of metal that most individuals are using. It costs a little more but you will not have to worry about the lifespan of your grill.

How to Construct Your Very Own Brick Grill

Once you have decided how big the grill that you will construct, request a substantial quantity of bricks from your local hardware and have delivered near the location of your outdoor grill. It is advisable to build it on a flat surface like a cement slab. This will ensure that your project will not be affected by any changes in an uneven surface. A good option to save cash is to construct a cooking area with legs.

Make a square exactly the size of a standard grill and install four brick in each of the square's corners. Then place bricks and cement up the four posts until you have four sturdy legs about three feet high. Install a level across each support to make sure that they are all the same height.

Use a saw to make a rectangular shape wood the width of columns of the square but thirty-six inches longer. Place the wood on the upper part of the four columns that possess an overhang of eighteen inches on both sides. This makes an excellent preparation area for a minimum amount of money. For additional support, utilize cement anchors to lock the wood to the bricks.

Place bricks into two rows across the base of the brick grill up to the four corners. Make sure that you will use a fire resistant mortar to close any openings or cracks in your project. You do not want any fire from the coals destroying the wood. Use a mortar mix to install bricks into two rows around the outside area of ​​the bottom of the brick grill.

Repeat the process on the back and both sides until the bricks are eighteen inches high. Utilize a level to make sure that it is straight.After determining the dimensions for your grill you can now look for its grate. Look for the grate that you will need it in your local barbecue store. If you have a substantial budget, buy a brick that is ceramic covered because they are more resistant to rust.

Now that you know the basics of constructing an outdoor grill, you are one hundred percent sure that it will be successful and all you need to do is beginning cooking your favorite foods.

Food Court Design – Tips to Start a Good Project

There are several factors to be taken into consideration before we start to design a food court, the first factor being what sort of building it will be located in.

A big suburban shopping center will require a design different from a smaller mall located in the CBD – where most of the foot-traffic comes between 12 and 2pm – which will also be different from an airport food court, where time can also be a constrain with several peaks occurring at different times. The "surroundings" of the food court will influence its size, shape and the location of the area within the building.

The size for a food court is usually delineated by two main measurable elements: a proportion of the leasable space in the building is and the catchment area of ​​the development – to be taken into consideration on the first design concept. There are other non-quantitative factors which will also influence the project, such as planned expansions and mix variations which will be taken into account from day one. With some historical activities in the retail industry facing drastic reductions in trading revenues and store area, young women's clothing is losing space quickly to online transactions and other activities are just disappearing Hospitality and entertainment are options lessors will look into fill up the gaps.

Location of a food court : Take an airport, where you have some time to kill either waiting for your flight or for an arrival. After walking a long stretch from the car-park and checking the arrivals and departures screens, customers typically wander around for a bit, walking by the traditional book shop, t-shirt store, or gift and souvenir before stopping by the gate and waiting. As food courts attract more customers than traditional retail shops and offer seating, it would be unwisely to locate it in front of the departure or arrivals gates as it would retain customers away from the other shops, decreasing revenue and in consequence, rentals. It would also certainly contribute to create a congestion in key areas of the airport. Spreading up people evenly through a transport hub helps with security, air conditioning balance and comfortable transit. Same basic rules apply to places and the big difference would be: customers typically do not have two main destinations as in an airport.

Shapes : Corridor, cul-de-sac, square, crescent, I'm sure you have come across food courts of all configurations and forms. The typical "corridor" type with services lined on both sides can be cost effective for the developer but it's boring and inconvenient for customers and operators. Concentration of services tend to reduce installation and maintenance costs but can also bite the developer back once that required to make an alteration to accommodate a new operator. Cul-de-sac can also be kind on installation costs but it does not leave room for expansion or changes; the mall is landlocked and the only way to expand is taking down other tenancies. Our big old square is roomy, versatile, bit harder to clean and costly to install, but alterations are less painful.

In recent years and on amalgamation and adaptation of existing buildings intoalls and food courts, we observed the tendency of clusters of smaller food courts. Sometimes dictated by technical restrictions or incapacity of the building on accommodating a large number of people in a single area, the clusters have a bit of a charm as they do not look as busy or as noisy as big areas do. The right mix of operators can put together similar customers creating a more friendly and "personalized" environment.

Another golden rule is to try as much as possible to keep the food court outline simple; just avoid "interesting" shapes, as it can make the interaction and crossing of services complicated, which will increase installation price and create difficult maintenance. Keep the backbone of the food court design plain and simple and the project will flow naturally.

The Dangers of Drinking Coffee

If you drink coffee because you think you need to in order to rev or pep you up daily, especially if you work in corporate America, here are some things to think about relating to this liquid drug that is the number one cause of cancer of the esophagus:

The first thing you should think about is – why would you drink something that is so hot that if you stuck your finger in it, it would burn the hell out of you? If it burns your finger, what do you think it does to your tissues and cells through your body? Hot beverages destroy (kill) your cells, ie cancer!

Coffee is a stimulant to the central nervous system. Drinking coffee inhibits the release of natural brain opiates (that make you feel good and counteracts pain). Women need all the natural brain opiates their bodies can muster up, especially around the menstrual period and not to mention childbirth (which is very painful due to the inordinate decrease of opiates in the modern American woman). Coffee may rev you up for a while, but is sure to bring down as well (making you crave more of it, after all, it is a drug, at least in the state that we use it today). Excessive consumption of coffee causes shaking and trembling of the hands due to nervousness. Coffee greatly impairs the nervous system.

Coffee also kills the adrenal glands. Nearly everyone in America has shot-out adrenal glands!

Coffee revs up these glands, but also brings them down. Anything that goes up and then down taxes the body.

Coffee contains the stimulant caffeine. This is dead caffeine, unlike bio-active caffeine found in green tea, black tea, yerba mat, guarana, and kola nut. Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant that is followed by a depressed phase resulting in exhaustion, nervousness, irritability, fatigue, and often headache. Caffeine constricts blood vessels of the brain and causes reduced flow of blood which cuts the oxygen supply to the brain, resulting in gradual brain damage. It also increases your heartbeat 15% and makes your lungs work 13 times harder than normal. It very plays a role in fatigue as well.

The volatile oil in caffeine called caffeol is an irritant to the lining of the stomach and causes poor digestion.

Another chemical in this liquid drug is caffeine-tannic acid. This chemical is used in tanning leather. It is an irritating astringent to the cells lining the stomach and intestines and also destroys the pepsin in the gastric (stomach) juice needed to digest protein.

Coffee is a drug! Do you know why coffee is freely given in corporate America? Because it makes people work and perform efficiently by speeding up the brain so that jobs can get the best productivity out of their workers (slaves). People mainly drink coffee in the morning, at least 3 cups (over 400+ mg of caffeine) by noon. But by noon, they are mentally shot and drained, which explains why job productivity decrees around noontime in America. The workers will then get their caffeine kick or hit from drinking soda pop (coke, pepsi, etc.) and / or eating chocolate, which is also why you see these vending machines that sell sodas and chocolates in corporate America.

If you want to get something out of people, just give them some caffeine. Coffee, chocolate, cigarettes, and soda all have caffeine. When investigators or police want to obtain information from people, what do they offer people? A cup of coffee and a cigarette!

In wars, what do American soldiers give the children of the countries they are fighting in and against (especially when they want information)? Chocolate bars!

Most restaurants and diners offer you a cup of coffee for starters. Why? Because coffee clears the palate (taste buds) and sense of olfaction (smell), as well as make your stomach crave food so that you will become hungry, be able to smell the food, and taste the substance of the food once you begin to eat the food. Why do you think they have you smell coffee beans in a jar at aromatherapy shops? To clear your olfaction (sense of smell) so you can smell the various oils.

Did you know that early Arab Muslims used to give the potential or prospective Muslim convert and warrior free coffee at lectures, to get them to join Islam and fight in so-called holy wars (jihad) for the cause of Islam?

The Arabs had the market on coffee sealed. When Europeans first got their hands and taste buds on coffee, they went crazy. Europeans wanted to start a market for coffee in Europe but the Arabs were not having that! Certain European merchants began to start secretly exporting coffee out of Africa and Arabia (where coffee originated), and importing it into Europe. The Europeans did not want the Arabs to know what they were doing with their drug (coffee), so once the Europeans got the coffee into their country, they began to refer to it by code names, such as Java, Mocha, and cappucino, which are all names of countries where European merchants were exporting coffee from. Java is an island in Indonesia. Mocha is a city in Yemen, Arabia. Cappucino derives its name from the Italian city Capuchin (all Arab Muslim strongholds). The word coffee itself derives its name from kaf, the Ethiopian name for coffee.

A great alternative to drinking coffee is Teeccino herbal coffee, made of roasted carob, barley, chicory root, figs, dates, orange peel and almonds. It is very delicious and tastes just like coffee if not better. You can find it (and other tastes) at most health food stores such as Whole Food Market (1-800-SHOP-WFM).

Herbal teas such as guarana, kola nut, and yerba mate are also excellent alternatives to coffee and includes bio-active caffeine which is not deleterious to the body.

The herbs borage, basil, licorice, ginseng, astragalus, and fo ti are great for restoring the adrenal glands.

Thank you for reading!

How Much Do Builders Make on a House?

After all is said and done, how much does your builder walk away with?

Do you wonder how a builder decides what to charge for a new home? You know that you pay for the lumber, carpet, fixtures and all the details, but how is the final price determined?

Buying a home requires a lot of money. The cost is based on many different factors, including the construction, land and the marketing and administrative costs for the builder. And of course, the net profit.

Does it sound any easier to understand?

Most builders will charge in a similar way. The construction of the house will account for approximately 50% of the base price of the home.

There are several costs within the construction factor. There are direct costs, which are the sticks and bricks. These are all of the materials that go into the home, from the lumber to concrete and windows to carpet.

The work is usually mostly provided by subcontractors hired by the builder.

Then there are construction labor costs. These are the costs associated with work performed by the builder’s employees. These go along with the indirect costs, which are usually performed by the builder’s employees. They include the correction work that is done to fix any mistakes by subcontractors.

You will also be charged the construction interest on the home. To finance the purchase of the lot and the cost of construction before you pay the builder, the builder takes out a bank loan. The cost of the loan, including all interest and fees, will be figured into the base price you pay.

The actual cost of the lot can be between 25% and 40% of the base price. With the cost of land constantly going up, especially near metro areas, the lot portion has increased over the years. Added to your land costs are any off-site improvements, such as water and sewer lines, street developments, curbing and paving and driveways and sidewalks.

Many builders offer a discount on the base price, often by paying for points at settlement, to encourage first-time buyers. A discounted home will often have construction costs that equal 50%, lot costs of 30%, a discount of 3% and a 17% gross profit.

Out of the gross profit, the builder deducts administrative costs, marketing costs and taxes.

If you choose options, you could add 10% to 30% to the base price.

Surprisingly, builders walk away with less profit than you would expect. Net profits on the sale of a home often ranges from 2% to 6%. In general, the larger the home, the higher the net.

You can easily find out the net profits for builders that are publicly traded companies. You simply have to read their annual reports.

When you are contemplating the building of a home, sometimes you should shop around a bit. Compare the costs for similar homes offered by different builders. Ask the builder how much of the cost is construction. They may or may not tell you. But it never hurts to ask. You can use this figure to estimate the rest of the costs.

How to Install a Rain Gutter

Many people who live in old homes do not have a rain gutter. Installing rain gutters can be either very difficult or very easy depending on the brand of rain gutter a person buys. It can also depend on whether the company provides installation or not. Usually a brand name company will provide installation of new or replacement gutters and/or downspouts at a price or for free. Some companies make the gutter easy to install, so minimal work is required. This article will explain how to install a new rain gutter in simple terms. It is best to read an instruction manual as well for clearer instructions of how to install a new rain gutter.

The first thing to do in installing a new rain gutter is to measure the slope length of the eaves. After measuring the slope and length, buying a gutter is the next step. You have to determine what material you want the gutter to be made out of. Aluminium is usually the most popular choice because of how inexpensive it is. After choosing the gutter, you then measure out and cut it to length to match the eaves of your house.

After cutting down a gutter to length, the next step is to attach the gutter parts to the eaves. This is typically done with hanging brackets that are placed into the eaves and are attached to the gutter to provide stability. Once the gutter itself is installed, the downspout needs to be placed.

The gutter usually does not have a special place marked for a downspout, so a person will have to cut out a square hole for the spout him or herself. After the hole is cut, the person must then measure and cut down to size the downspout. It is best to do a test fit of the downspout before the final assembly of it. Once it has been determined that the downspout can fit, it is fit into place and secured there with screws.

After the downspout is installed, the final step is to connect all the gutter segments and corners. It is also recommended to install leaf guards wherever trees are located to prevent clogging of your brand new rain gutter. Installing rain gutters is not too hard if you know what you are doing or if you have clear instructions. As said before, sometimes a company will provide free installation of a new gutter. It is much easier to have professionals install a new gutter than to do it yourself.

Ergonomics – Product Design

What is Ergonomics and why should I know about it? Well this is a question to be asked to yourself if you are a services provider or a manufacturer.

Ergonomics is designing products, services or environment based on the human needs, behavior or usage. Following are the 5 important dimensions which better define Ergonomics –

1. Ease of Use – Products are designed to ensure that the user finds no or little difficulty in using and handling it.
2. Performance – Products are designed to alter their performance based on the user's need.
3. Aesthetics
4. Comfort
5. Safety

Although there are three broad types of Ergonomics which are accepted, the most important ones for manufacturers are – Physical and Cognitive Ergonomics.

Physical ergonomics is concerned with a human being's physical interaction with a particular product while using (consuming), handling or actually producing it. A manufacturer should design the process as well as the work in such a way that the worker is comfortable working there leading to increased productivity, low safety risk, better quality as well as reduction in production cost. This dimension of Physical ergonomics will benefit the Manufacturer. But the other benefit which will be derived would be a product which is easy to use and relates to the end user. Physical Ergonomics should not focus on just one factor but on these both. The manufacturer as well as the end user will benefit if Physical Ergonomics is applied efficiently. For the manufacturer this is a win – win situation as the company benefits from the benefits derived from process optimization as well as a good quality & easy to use product.

Cognitive Ergonomics is concerned with the emotional & motor responses of the worker as well as the user. This includes perception, motor responses, work load, stress etc. It is always advisable to apply both, the Physical and Cognitive Ergonomics instead of any one.

If you are a manufacturer and want to optimize your product and processes, you can either hire an employee or go for independent consulting firms. It is always advisable to get the consulting firms specializing in Ergonomics to do the job. This is because of the vast experience and expertise these companies carry across industries. Ergonomics being a highly specialized discipline, requires skill sets which are developed in a company or a person over a period of time. There are a few good Australian companies which provide such services to companies in Australia as well as across the globe. One such company is Design Industry which is a leading company in this field and has experience across industries such as banking, consumers, medicine, sports and many others. They have a team of highly creative as well as scientific members which is a rare combination but an ideal one for this job!

Dressing the Exterior of Your House Using Feng Shui Principles

There is a Feng shui theory behind the best color for the exterior of your house and it is basically based on the orientation of the house. Each house has an orientation; it is facing a certain direction that can be defined by a compass. There are eight basic directions: North, South, East, West, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and Northwest.

The real character or strength of a house is determined by its "sitting direction," which can be described as the back of the house. A house that faces North, will "sit" in the South. If you as a person are facing east, then your back is to west, so it is the same notice with houses.

When you know what the sitting side of your house is, that direction is associated with an element and complementary colors. Below is a chart that defines a house based on its sitting side. You only have to remember that the sitting is almost always the opposite of the facing side because almost all houses have parallel front and back walls.

Below is a list of the Sitting Side of a House and the Ideal Exterior Colors for it:

North (Water): Supportive or matching blue, white or gray

Northeast (Earth): Supportive or matching beige, reddish tones

East (Wood): Supportive or matching or blues

Southeast (Wood): Supportive or matching greens or blues

South (Fire): Supportive or matching reds or greens

Southwest (Earth): Supportive or matching yellow, brown or red

West (Metal): Supportive or matching white, gray, yellow, or brown

Northwest (Metal): Supportive or matching white, gray, yellow, brown

The theory is that you can use an exterior color that matches the house type or a color that strengthens the element associated with it. For instance, a house that sits north is a "water" type house and any shade of blue is water. So that would be a stable color for the exterior. But in the cycle of the elements, metal strengnthens water, so metal colors like white and gray are also complementary for that house type.

When a house type has a supportive outer color, it makes the house stronger, heartier, and there before the occupants can feel healthier and more productive.

To use the same five-element-theory, if the exterior color of a house has a dominating or debilitating effect, then the occupants will feel drained or the house may demand much of their energy and resources, like the house we call the "Money Pit "because the occupants can not save.

Below is a chart showing the same sitting directions, but the color or colors that would have a dominating effect on that house type, and therefore not recommended.

House sits North / Harmful Exterior Colors = yellow or brown

House sets Northeast / Harmful Colors = greens

House sits East / Harmful Colors = white or gray

House sets Southeast / Harmful Colors = white or gray

House sits South / Harmful Colors = blue

House sits Southwest / Harmful Colors = green

House sits West / Harmful Colors = Red tones

House sets Northwest / Harmful Colors = Red tones.

Which Power Mover Do I Choose for My Van, Motorhome or Horse Float?

Al-ko power mover

One model of power mover called Al-ko comes with handle and clamp. It is an efficient caravan mover and comes with the original dual pawl ratchet system. This model can be mounted on either side of the drawbar allowing maximum manoeuvrability. It is fitted to the normal jockey wheel bracket and can be hurt to a height of 840mm. It comes with 12 months manufacturers warranty.

Trojans Ezi-shifta ratchet jockey wheel

Another model sold by Trojan states their Ezi-Shifta Ratchet Jockey wheel operation is easy and can handle moving 2 tonne on a flat surface with minimum effort. It has 3 functions-forward, backward and stop / lock. It is fitted with a 10 inch solid rubber wheel and has a load capacity of 280kgs.

Arks-Ezimover

Another type of power mover is the made by Ark and called Ezimover. It allows you to manoeuvre a caravan or trailer with lever action of the jockey wheel arm. If the blue buttons are folded out then it is set to reverse or forward. The lever action then allows the wheel to turn only in that direction and lock in the opposite direction. Rotating the shaft allows the RV vehicle to go sideways. Placing the blue button in the stop position will prevent free wheeling in any direction.

Warning: This is not to be used as a parking brake.

Advantages and specifications are the four functions:

  • forward,
  • reverse,
  • sideways and
  • lock
  • easy to operate
  • load capacity is 350kg
  • fitted with a 250mm solid rubber wheel

This jockey wheel comes with the bolt on bracket however bolts are not included. Disadvantages: not to be used for tandem vans instead we would recommend a double wheel Maco mule only.

Maco mule-single wheel

This model has a lever ratchet operated jockey wheel for a single person to park a trailered vehicle or hitch it to the tow vehicle.

Uniqueness

  • the ratchet arm can be moved up and down by one person to obtain a huge mechanical advantage and crank the traction wheel along
  • great for moving single axle vehicles like boats, caravans and trailers
  • comes with 12 month warranty

Maco Mule Dual wheel

This is another lever and ratchet operated jockey wheel suited for a single person in parking a tow vehicle or to hitch it to the tow vehicle.

Uniqueness:

  • in moving the ratchet arm up and down a single person can gain a huge mechanical advantage and crank the traction wheel along
  • ideal for use with heavy trailers fitted with tandem axles or where greater traction is needed
  • 12 months manufacturers warranty

Most of these models have a handle handle which is replaceable at your local caravan accessory shop.

Understanding Colon Cleanse Detoxification

Once you have a look at the products available in the market you may just be surprised by the products and kits that are present to cleanse effectively. A number of these products also offer colon cleanse detoxification as they cleanse your colon. There are a number of people who believe that detoxification and cleansing are the same process. The fact is that both processes go hand in hand and helps in improving the condition of your colon.

We are already aware that a number of products are used for cleaning purpose such that they help in eliminating toxins and wastes built up during years of time. These waste products collected from the junk food may also be liable for a number of digestion problems. Some of the ailments may also lead to colon cancer and so it is important that it be cleaned regularly. Using colon cleanse detoxification is important, as eating junk food may continue the growth of these cancer cells.

The trapped and undigested food tend to become toxic over years and then get cemented and so it needs to be eliminated out safely without causing any damage to our internal organs. Detoxification basically helps in eliminating these products and keeping them away for a long time so that we do not get affected.

Colon cleansse detoxification can ensure you with a healthy liver and kidney along with the digestive tract and you can also be sure that you may have a healthy life style as your digestion may be normal. So in case you feel that your body is just not able to handle large amount of toxins all by itself then the best option for you would be to go for one such detoxification process so that it may help cleansing your digestive tract. But before you go for any such product you have to be sure that you have understood the use of one such product so that you may use it properly.

How to Make Your Car Shine Like a Diamond

During the summertime, nothing beats a super clean and well-waxed car. If you're like me, it can be difficult to replicate that same shine you'd expect from a professional car detailer on your own. Sometimes I think it's nearly impossible. After many botched wax attempts and countless hours scouring the internet for answers, I've come up with a compilation of best practices for attaining that high gloss shimmer and shine we've all come to expect from the professionals.

First and most importantly, make sure your vehicle is in a covered or shaded area and out of direct sunlight. Garages or carports work the best. Sunlight and heat will cause water to evaporate too quickly when washing which may lead to spotting. When you attempt to wax your vehicle, the sun will dry the wax out and ruin your shine. It may also damage your car's finish.

Next, you need to thoroughly wash your car until it is extremely clean. When I say clean, I mean clean. You're going to have to get out the bucket and the hose and scrub your car by hand. You should use a reputable car shampoo. These can be found at any auto parts or car care store. A natural sea sponge is the best option for cleaning the car. Start by rinsing approximately 1/3 of your car. Use the sea sponge to wash the rinsed area from top to bottom. Frequently wring out the sponge and soak in the soapy water bucket. When finished, rinse the soap off of the car and move on to the next section. Washing the car in sections helps prevent spotting. Use a terry cloth or chamois to dry your vehicle. Do not allow it to air dry!

Now that your car is ready for wax, you should decide what type of shine you are looking for. If you're looking to protect your car's natural shine, one thin coat of synthetic wax will do the trick. To get the showroom shine, you will need to apply a thin coat of synthetic wax with another coat of carnauba wax on top of it.

Once you have made your decision, you're ready to wax. Lightly coat the painted areas of the vehicle with a very thin layer of wax using a clean terry cloth or towel. Be sure to avoid any plastic or trim areas of the car, as the wax may not come off of these materials. Test on a small area if you're unsure. After the wax is applied, buff it out with a new, extremely clean terry cloth. If you notice any streaking, you can remove them with distilled water. Repeat this process until you are satisfied with your shine.