Excel Tips – 3 Ways To Protect Your Excel Formulas

In this article I want to share with you 3 ways to protect your Excel formulas.

So, you have spent a long time preparing your Excel spreadsheet solution, and I bet you do not want anyone to mess up those formulas you have so lovingly created. So, there are a few ways to protect some of those most vulnerable parts of your Excel spreadsheet.

My top 3 ways to protect your Excel Formulas !!

  1. Hide the Formulas.
  2. Lock The Cells That Contain Formulas.
  3. Hide The Formula Bar With Some Simple VBA.

1.Hide The Formulas.

This method will temporarily hide your formulas , but you will be able to use them again if you need to. It's simple and straight forward. Here we go.

Select all of the cells that contain formulas that you want to hide.

  • Home Tab – Cells Group – Format – Format Cells
  • Navigate to the Protection Tab
  • Check the Hidden option and hit OK

This does not in itself hide your formulas, you need to then protect your worksheet to ensure these settings work.

  • Select Review Tab
  • Changes Group
  • Select Protect Sheet
  • Enter a password and confirm password when prompted
  • That's all you need to do.

Try selecting the a cell that contains a formula. The formula will not be visible in the formula bar. If you want to see the formulas again simply unprotect your worksheet.

2. Lock The Cells That Contain Formulas.

The second method is to just lock the cells that contain formulas so they can not be selected or edited by users. By default all cells in a work book are locked, so you will need to unlock them all to start with.

  • Hit CTRL + A to select all of the cells on the worksheet
  • Home Tab – Cells Group -Format – Format Cells
  • Untick Locked, to unlock all of the cells on the worksheet
  • Hit OK

Now all we need to do find all of the cells that contain formulas …

  • Hit F5 to bring up the GoTo Dialog Box
  • Select Special – Formulas – Hit OK
  • All of the cells that contain formulas will be highlighted

Then we need to lock those highlighted cells …

  • Home Tab – Cells Group -Format – Format Cells
  • Navigate to the Protection Tab
  • Check the Locked option and hit OK

This does not in itself lock your formulas, you need to then protect your worksheet to ensure these settings work.

  • Select Review Tab
  • Changes Group
  • Select Protect Sheet
  • Enter a password and confrm password when prompted
  • That's all you need to do.

3. Hide The Formula Bar With Some Simple VBA

My third method of hiding your formulas is to actually hide the formula bar on the Excel worksheet. This is easily achieved by a very small piece of VBA coding or an Excel Macro.

This macro uses the Application Object and we are looking to use the DisplayFormulaBar property of it.

To use this small piece of coding, you need to insert it into a module in your Excel workbook.

  • Open Visual Basic – by hitting F11 or Developer Tab – Visual Basic – Click Modules, and Add New Module.

Here is the VBA code if you want to copy it. Just paste it into a module you have created as per the instructions above.

Sub HideFormulaBar ()

Application.DisplayFormulaBar = False

End Sub

Just as we have hidden the formula bar we can easily write some VBA to show the formula bar again

Sub ShowFormulaBar ()

Application.DisplayFormulaBar = True

End Sub

In this instance we set the Application.DisplayFormulaBar to TRUE to display the formula bar.

I use all of these methods in my Excel spreadsheets depending on which I feel is most appropriate for that project I am working on for example it maybe not always appropriate to hide the formula bar even if some calculations are still needed to be seen, so I would just hide the sensitive formulas in that case. if it is a purely visual Dashboard solution then hiding the formula bar not only gives room on the Excel display area, but it always makes for a very neat and tidy visual for the Dashboard presentation.

Tips On How To Last Longer In Bed For Guys

Sex is a very vital thing in a relationship and if not well taken care of could lead to breaks and other relationship problems like cheating. It is crucial that every party gets full satisfied to avoid those problems. One of the reasons to those problems is when a man can not last long in bed. But before one can go for any treatment, it is important to check if they are safe. Here are tips on how to last longer in bed for guys. The natural aspect of it ensures that one will be safe using the means.

One of the ways to achieving the above is by eating foods and fruits rich in vitamins and other nutrients. Diet is an important factor to boost your sexual stamina and to prevent premature ejaculation during sex. Take fresh fruits and fresh fruit juice twice daily. Concentrate on food like nut, honey, cereal, fruits, milk, blueberries, ginger, carrot and other vegetables. Avoid smoking, alcohol, tea, coffee all processed canned refined and denatured foods especially white sugar and white flour and products made from them. They help you to boost your stamina, making it possible to stay erect for long and good tips on how to last longer in bed for guys.

The sex position adopted also determines the time you will last hard when having sex. When the woman is in control that is on top of you, you will find it hard to stay erect for the whole sex period. The style that will give you maximum appreciation is when you are in control. You can be on top of the woman or use the doggy style. This makes it possible for you to control yourself, so keeping the mood high. You can also withdraw and change position during the process.

It is important to be relaxed when having sex. Avoiding stress is one way of giving your partner satisfaction and you will also enjoy. When your brain is focused on one thing only, you tend to succeed in it. Make some noise. Love moans help men and women relax, and they often help men last longer. Avoid thinking of problems that you might have in the relationship or else when having sex, just let it carry away your sorrows.

You must control your breathing too. You should take deep breaths as this will slow excitation and put you back in control. Too much excitation could lead to premature and early ejaculation. Controlled breathing makes one relax, act better and one of the best technique that can be use among many tips on how to last longer in bed for guys.

How to Build Lessons With a Project Learning Matrix Design

I suggest using diplomacy and patience to build your OAR. It is the matrix behind project learning and is the rudder to steer student participation, along with your active classroom management skills.

Objectives

These are taken from your school district curriculum standards. It's a good idea to post them on the board or location students can refer to them during class.

Teaching students responsibility begins with setting them up for success. I refer to the objective at beginning of class and as we go through the lesson. This supports the student in tying together what we are discovering.

Activities

Each lesson will have a minimum of two or three activities. Students have plenty of energy so a variety of work to do in class gives them a chance to use it in a positive way.

Assessments

Every lesson has two or three situations where a teacher can review student work to understand concept comprehension. Many are informal and you can always use formal (quiz, test, etc.) as a traditional class does.

Resources

Beside needing a rubric, other materials can be necessary to complete an activity. For example, here are some typical requirements for more common activities:

– white boards
– erasers, marker
– slides, LCD
– blank paper
– crayons
– calculators
– reading material
– note paper
– scissor
– timer

Here is a lesson designed with an OAR using Project Learning Matrix design in my science class:

Standard

Students will understand the cell types and their properties.

Bell Work

What are two similarities and two differences between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells? (Discuss bell work answers and give student work) 5-10 minutes

Activity (Paired Work)

Explain the work: student pairs work on white boards to make Venn diagram of prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. [5 minutes]

Student work (while students work I walk around and review boards which helps me prepare for remaining work in class) [10 minutes]

Students post boards around room (on shelf, chalk trays) [2 minutes]

Students take notes on papers using "T" chart of 10 similarities and 10 differences (building analytical skills here and I point that out while they are doing this) [5 minutes]

Randomly call on students to say one similarity or difference that has not been stated yet from comparing the boards. [8 minutes]

Summary (Class Discussion) [10 minutes]

Show a slide of pictures: water, rock, fire, plant, fish, and dog using LCD

Two minute discussion in group to answer:

What type of cells makes which and what is evidence?

Then I randomly call on groups for answers and to question evidence. My purpose is to solidify student understand of cell properties and who / what each type of cell.

Students put materials away [3 minutes]

A Project Learning Matrix Lesson is multidimensional

This lesson design uses reading, writing, listening, speaking, collaboration with peers, analyzing, investigating, and making an educated guess.

A must beginning to class is a "getting down to work" which is why I use bell work. This is a sure fire way to turn on student thinking. The bell work question either reviews class work from the end previous, or is something to determine prior knowledge of a concept we have not studied but will begin studying that day. My bell work question is placed on a separate white board in the front of the room and remains there the entire class. That board is located next to the learning objective (s) for that class.

Something at the end of class to tie everything together is a key strategy. The easiest way for me is using a class discussion to summarize what was discussed. I always call on students randomly. This lesson segment is not a teacher lecture. Instead, it's lead by the teacher asking questions ….

– what is one thing we covered today?
– who can tell me what ______ is in relation (compared) to ___________?
– how would you describe ______ as we use it today in our ________ (culture, food, clothes)?
– explain one reason that ________ is occurring or did occur? What is the evidence?

An even better summary activity …. Ann individual student reflection where students have a few minutes to jot down their thoughts from one or two prompts I give them (write on board).

Activity Ideas

There are a host of various activities that students can use as projects that foster collaboration.

Make poster Class write Write a story Teach a portion of lesson

Sampler stations Science lab Paired sharing White boarding

Build model Read with partner Do radio show Make or complete a puzzle

Design brochure Make and do survey Play learning game Use graphic organizer

Whatever the activity is, be sure it's interesting and challenging to student skills. Have your rubric done before the lesson so you can preview it with students. Set students up to win ….. keep them informed on how to do well and they will do well. Be sure during an activity that you are walking around and interacting with groups and individual students.

Do not sit at your desk and do teacher work or view your email. When students see you're interested they'll work harder.

Assessment Ideas

There are plenty of ways to use formal or informal assessments in this lesson design. As I walk around observing students and groups during activities, it becomes clear who knows the material (concepts) and who does not. I like to use "tickets out the door" to document where students are and help them drill down a bit. Basically, a "ticket out the door" is me handing the students a small piece of paper (not a full or half sheet) and giving them a verbal prompt or two. Then they write their answer on that paper and turn it in as they leave. I've used this as an assignment grade ….. but not always. Here are some prompt examples I've used …..

– what is the same (or different) about ______ and ______
– tell me three things you learned, two things you want more info about, and one question you have
– what did the ________ become _________? What is your evidence for you answer?
– explain in two sentences or more how __________________
– what is a good question for the quiz on Friday that other students should know?

Conclusion

A matrixed lesson educates the whole child. This means that there are academic skills building abilities, social skill building abilities, and students are given an opportunity to manage their own time and success.

The academic skill requirements are easy to guide using the objective. The skill potential building is endless, they are arise from students being able to collaborate to accomplish specific tasks. Arranging students in workable groups is always a challenge for me. Sometimes I have them count off and then all the one's work together and the two's work together and so forth. I stay away from people picking their own partners because there is too much comfort zone in that. I like students to have some comfort but I like it more when they are pushing their own envelope.

Students who are absent or just do not contribute to a group can be challenging to any lesson. When students are absent I put them in a new group and they start over on the work, except it's an excused absence. I tell them that when we cover the rubric, with the intent no one is absent.

Students who do not work, their partners complain about them, I have a two step program. The first step is I talk to the accused and tell him / her what group members are saying. I also tell 'em, after letting them explain their side of the story, that if complaints continue then they'll be working at Table 8.

Tale 8 is reserved for all the students who get bounced from other groups for not working. The key is giving the accused one or two opportunities to get on track and start working, take some responsibility, before I bounce 'em to table 8.

In summary, matrixed lessons produce amazing results and students have fun while they work hard. Teachers, the bright red flag is when we do too much lecturing – that kills this type of lesson. Teacher lecture / presentation must be limited to 15-18 minutes each day. The rest of the period must be used in students performing tasks for certain activities defined by a rubric that the class has gone over.

Have fun and when you stick to this lesson structure, student learning will go beyond your expectations.

JavaScript for Web Design – Advantages and Disadvantages

This article discusses the good and the bad points of using JavaScript in your website designs. It points out the areas where JavaScript excels as a web based programming language and also describes situations where its use can actually detract from the performance of a website.

First of all, JavaScript is a browser based programming language that actually runs client side. This means that any code that you write in JavaScript is delivered along with your web pages and the scripts that you write actually run from within the users' browser rather than directly on the server that is serving the web page. There are situations where JavaScript is an excellent solution for implementing neat features in a web design but there are also situations where using JavaScript can hurt your websites performance. It is my aim in this article to describe the best ways to use JavaScript and how to circumnavigate the downsides of using this versatile and powerful scripting language.

JavaScript for Web Design – The Advantages

JavaScript is an excellent solution to implement when validating input forms on the client side. This means that if a user scripts to enter his name in a form for instance a JavaScript validation function can popup a message to let him know about the omission. This is a far better solution that having a server side validation routine handle the error because the server does not have to do any additional processing. An asp or php routine could have been written to achieve the same task but the JavaScript would not allow the form to be submitted without it was completed properly in the first place, a much more robust solution!

Another area where JavaScript excels is in the creation of dynamic effects such as rollover images and scripted slideshows, where its use has become commonplace. Because JavaScript runs inside the clients browser it can be used to change the appearance of the users screen after the page has been sent by the server. This allows it to create some very impressive dynamic image effects.

JavaScript for Web Design – The Disadvantages

One of the major draw backs to using JavaScript is that it promises to severely bloat web pages. JavaScript code can quickly add up to hundreds of lines of code if you are using it to do anything even remotely interesting. That said the problem of large chunks of JavaScript code is easily solved by storing the JavaScript code into separate JavaScript source files that have a .js extension. This cleans up your web page code because the JavaScript code is stored separately to the HTML page itself, leaving a much cleaner and more readable web page.

Because of JavaScript's tendency to bloat web pages it can be very detrimental to the search engine friendliness of your web site. This is because when a search engine arrives at your site looking for quality content and keywords to determine what your page is about, the last thing it wants to see is hundreds of lines of JavaScript code. Again, this problem is easily solves by neatly storing JavaScript code away in script files with a .js extension and linking to the script file in your HTML documents.

Conclusion:

JavaScript is a feature rich and useful browser based script that if used properly can achieve some great effects and improve the experience for the end user. There are drawbacks to its use in that it tends to bloat web pages. The key thing to remember is to get the best of both worlds by using JavaScript code in external script files. That way the code is separated from your content so you get all the benefit of JavaScript functionality but without the adverse effects of the associated code bloating.

Ideas For Landscaping Brick

Landscaping brick come in various colors, shapes, and sizes for every need. It can transform any landscape with classic charm, with little effort and cost. It also makes any landscaping design come together, and may solve other problems you can encounter. Landscaping brick could turn any grassy area into a homeowners dream. It is not only attractive, but it is durable and will last for a very long time. The ease of maintenance is a big positive as well, keeping your home improvement looking as good as the day you installed it.

To transform any backyard into a wonderful entertainment area try adding a brick patio. It’s easy for anyone to build. To construct a patio, all you will need is brick and mortar, patience, and some time. You can decide which way to lay them, perhaps in a row all in the same direction. A basket weave design is also another wonderful idea and will give your project a distinctive creative look. To do this you will need to alternate the brick in a vertical and horizontal way, creating a wonderful design in the pattern.

For many years landscape brick materials have become one of the most commonly used items in gardens. You can utilize them to border your flower garden or to build a small retaining wall around your flowerbed. They are also a big support with water gardens. You can use the brick to encase the area around the water, which will add warmth and increased stability to the water feature.

Crushed brick over time will eventually sink into the ground. To help prevent this from happening line the bottom of the walkway with landscape fabric. You can do the basket weave with this idea as well depending on the other features in this area. You will be sure to get many compliments on your design.

What Other Areas Can Brick Help Out?

Brick is a great way to line flower beds or any areas that do not have an edge by creating wonderful borders. Try using it on high traffic areas where grass has a tendency to wear out. You want to create visual attention to catch peoples’ eyes. The one advantage it has is that it can be laid flat or even stacked, and is easy to mow over to create that clean finished look.

Landscaping brick can be found at just about any building or garden supply center. Old ones found lying around can be cleaned up to look as good as new by using a brush, some soap and water, and a little effort. This is a wonderful way to save money on your project.

Carpet Stain Removal – Graphite

Have you managed to get graphite on your carpeting? You must have if you are reading this. Graphite is a common lubricant used in such places as door hinges. It can be difficult to remove due to its tendency to spread easily. Learn how to remove graphite from your carpet by reading this article.

The first step to remove graphite is to thoroughly vacuum the area. Do not make the mistake of just running your vacuum over the spot. This will simply spread it around. Use the vacuum hose only with no additional application.

After you have removed as much graphite as possible by vacuuming you can move on to step number two. Mix up a solution of 1 teaspoon detergent (Joy ,Dawn, etc) to 2 cups of water. Get a clean white towel and lightly dampen it with the mixture. Use as little moisture as possible. Dab the spot working from the outside towards the inside. Go slowly and do not rub as this would only spread the graphite. This might take awhile so be careful and try not to over saturate the spot. Keep going until the spot is gone or no more of the stain transfers to your rag.

Once no more of the stain is present you can move on to step three. You need to neutralize the detergent to prevent rapid re-soiling of the area. Mix up a solution of 1 part white distilled vinegar to 2 parts water. Put the mixture into a spray bottle and lightly spray the area. Blot it up with a towel and repeat one more time to be thorough.

That’s it. You are all done. You can now let the area dry and then put it back to use. If you cannot get the stain out or you find it spreading you should stop and call a professional. They will have the tools to handle difficult jobs.

How To Get Financing For Aftermarket Car Parts

Many people think of financing in terms of vehicle purchasing. In a typical financing plan, buyers can spread out payments over a period spanning 24 to 36 months. Fortunately these days, buyers who wish to upgrade their vehicles can also get financing on aftermarket parts. Aftermarket parts are designed to add more practicality and utility to trucks, cars, and SUVs. These parts range from performance parts, work parts such as tow hooks and shackles, off road gear, or general protection of truck bumpers, radiators, and grille. With financing, you will not have to shell out all money at once, and the protection can help drivers save on the costs of repairs in the long run.

Bill Me Later

Bill Me Later is one of the most effective ways to get financing for aftermarket parts. Bill Me Later is a secured financing company in partnership with PayPal. When looking for financing for aftermarket parts, simply ask if the store will let you check out online with Bill Me Later. This payment program offers low financing and reliably easy credit approval. Purchasing with Bill Me Later can be completed in one of two ways.

If you do not have a PayPal account, you will need to sign up for PayPal first. Choose to checkout with PayPal when you are making your purchase. Create a PayPal account and select Bill Me Later as an option. You will be asked to fill out a short form and then wait for approval. This type of approval is usually instant and your purchase process is complete. If for whatever reason your application is not approved, you will simply be re-directed to your site and can choose other payment options.

If you already have a PayPal account, you can simply sign in to PayPal from a store checkout page and pick Bill Me Later as your checkout option. You will be asked to fill out the short form and wait for their approval. If the application is approved, then your purchase is complete. If not, then you will have to pay through PayPal the standard way.

Bill Me Later is currently a very popular option for financing due to customer choice such as offering interest free payments if the customer pays off balance in six months. Alternately, the customer can chose to make no payments for 90 days, and then follow up with a low interest rate.

Other Financing Options

Other financing options also exist for getting the right aftermarket parts for vehicles. Many companies offer coupon codes for purchasing bulk orders. It is advisable to call companies ahead to arrange discount for bulk orders. Other financing options that are available include student discounts, military discounts, and layaway plans. These typically vary by company and shoppers can typically obtain these rates by contacting a representative.

Conclusion

While most people use financing plans to pay off their vehicles, few people realize that they can get financing on aftermarket parts to improve their vehicles over time. Whether a car owner needs performance parts, work parts, or protection from damage, getting financing for these parts can be simple with today's fast and efficient options.

Do You Understand How a GMIB Works?

Is it a big surprise to me that the average investor does not understand how their variable annuity benefits work? No, I wish it was. It is for this reason I launched annuityiq.com. The fact that few people actually understand their variable annuity benefits is absolutely believable.

These benefits are sold as a, "do not worry if it does not work out you will at least get your 5 to 7% rate of return." The rate of return with a GMIB, guaranteed minimum income benefit, builds totally separate from your actual account value. Your investments will fluctuate and be completely dependent upon the sub-accounts performance. A sub-account is the insurance companies name for a mutual fund, but they can not call a sub-account a mutual fund.

The GMIB will grow in a separate phantom bucket called your "benefit base". Your initial benefit base is simply the amount of your initial investment, also known as your purchase premium. The base benefit is what the 5 to 7% will compound on. You have to understand that this is and has no relation to your cash value or market value of your contract.

A GMIB will have a holding period attached to it. The holding period is the minimum number of years that you have to hold the contract before you can exercise the benefit. This waiting period can vary from 7 years to 10 years depending on the insurance issuer's terms. When you exercise the benefit you are annuitizing it and will receive a lifetime of income.

The annuitization tables that are used are based on very conservative assumptions. The insurance company usually guarantees you a minimum interest rate, about 2%, and fall outside of traditional annuitization tables. The company may roll back your age to calculate your annuity payments. This age rollback is not good for you. The company will generally roll your age back anywhere from 8 to 10 years. This means that if you exercise this benefit when you are 75, the company will base your payments as if you were 65 years old.

The end result is you receive lower annuity payments. Also the only way to take these annuized payments is period certain with life. Lifetime payments are lower than period certain payments. Period certain payments range from 5 years to 20 years and are geared to pay you all of your interest and principal back over whatever time frame you had chosen. For example if you chose a 10 year period certain then at the end of 10 years you will not receive any payments. The life with period certain is basically a life time benefit and if you die prior to the period certain time then a beneficiary will receive some payments until that period certain is up.

With living benefits, specifically GMIB's, you have two flavors to choose from.

1. Dollar-for-dollar

2. Proportionate

The difference between the two is major. Dollar-for-dollar will allow you to withdrawal up to the GMIB interest rate amount without impacting your base benefit.

For example:

A $ 100,000 investment with a GMIB of 5%, which is dollar-for-dollar; you could withdraw that 5% without decreasing your benefit base of $ 100,000. You could, if your investments did not perform, annuitize the original $ 100,000 after 10 years, even if your account's cash value is almost depleted. This benefit is good during a declining market.

Proportionate withdrawals will reduce your base benefit by the same percentage as the withdrawal. So you could not take out that 5% compounding without reducing your base benefit. The only time you could take income out is the market, or your investments, did well. This is because you are taking the 5% out of your earnings and therefore you will not affect your base benefit. The only time this benefit is good is when the market, or your investments, go up in value.

I know it is terribly complex to understand exactly how these benefits work. The good news is most of the GMIB's are dollar-for-dollar now, there are only a few that are proportionate. You have to read either the prospectus or the contract to find out if the GMIB is dollar-for-dollar or proportionate. You also need to realize that even if your contract is dollar-for-dollar any withdrawal over the GMIB interest rate will be proportionate and will affect your base benefit.

The question is now why would anyone want a GMIB? I can easily answer that question. People want peace of mind and the comfort so even if everything went wrong I still have this to rely upon. I do think that people do not understand how these benefits work and have bought them under a misunderstanding of information. These benefits can be so difficult to explain that some people summarize it way too much and that leads to the misunderstanding.

I, personally, feel that these GMIB's are old news. I do not, nor have I ever, fully liked them. Like I said before they are difficult to understand and can lead to problems later in life. I also do not like the idea that you have to annuitize to realize the benefit. With the advent of For-life benefits why would anyone want a product that is so restrictive? I do not believe they are anymore.

I view the folks who sole sell GMIB benefits as the last horse and buggy salesmen. They either do not like the For-Life benefits or are hung up on being able to offer "6%" GMIB's. Most For-Life benefits are 5% and are there less less attractive compared to offering 6% or even 7% in some cases.

The bottom line is this; For-Life is the way to go. You have flexibility, the potential for higher income if your investments do well, no annuitization and your money is guaranteed for life. Compared to a GMIB which may be capped as it reaches certain compounding thresholds, you have to annuitize it to realize the benefit, you have to wait ten years to exercise the benefit and you have to be careful about how much money you take out of your investment.

There are too many caveats to GMIB's and not enough reward. A For-Life benefit gives you everything you could ask for out of a variable annuity. The question is how are you going to find the best For-Life benefit? I did the research for you, use it, get "The Annuity Report" at http://www.annuityiq.com .

Alexander Zass Isometric Exercise – His Secret Isometric Exerciser Revealed!

Have you heard about Alexander Zass? He was also known as the Amazing Samson.

Do you know about Alexander Zass isometric exercise?

Zass was best known for his feats of strength. To many he was considered… AMAZING!

Most people thought that he obtained his strength by weightlifting but in fact, unlike other strongman of the day, he refused to do any feats of strength that required lifting weights. This infuriated the weightlifting community of his day.

For they were firmly convinced that this is how he developed his incredible strength and ability to burst chains wrapped around his chest.

Here’s a little background on this amazing strongman.

Alexander Zass was an old-time strongman, born in Poland in the 1800s, but later on his family moved to Russia.

As a young boy he was motivated to build his strength when he saw circus performers and the incredible feats that they performed. He began by climbing trees and fashioned some homemade barbells and dumbbells to begin working out with. As he became older, he began working out with some of the great Russian strongman of the time.

In some of the books he wrote, specifically Samson Systems and Methods he expounded on his idea that in order to have true strength you need to have what he called… Tendon Strength.

He felt that you needed to develop your connective tissues, the tendons, first rather than concentrating on the muscle fibers. He concluded that the best method is to use is what today we call isometric exercise.

Most of his conclusions came about as a result of his imprisonment during World War I. He escaped so frequently that the guards had to change him inside his cell. He practiced and learned how to break his chains. Later on he would use these chains to maintain his strength and physical conditioning by using them in his isometric workouts. And so he developed Alexander Zass isometric exercise.

Later on he would publish a training program in instructional course that detailed his use of isometrics employing a chain like exercise device.

Here are some of his feats of strength that he performed:

* Lifted a 500 pound girder with his teeth

* Carried a small horse

* Caught a woman fired from a cannon

* Had several professional boxers hit him in the stomach

But his most exciting demonstrations or in having himself wrapped with chains and then bursting them in front of individuals and of course bending steel bars.

People in London were astonished with his incredible feats of strength and several newspaper articles were written about him. This created a boom in sales of his books in instructional courses on Alexander Zass isometric exercise training.

Why You Should Use Proven Wood Furniture Plans To Make You Next Furniture Project A Success

Starting any wood furniture project requires the use of good plans. You will want to be able to reference these plans as you go step by step through the project. This is true for both the beginner or journeyman wood worker. Using easy to follow wood furniture plans will help you avoid many of the pitfalls that you would otherwise encounter. Some of the problems you could encounter if you choose to avoid using a reliable or no furniture plan at all are as follows:

1. Wasting valuable material because you are not sure the proper step by step procedure to complete a certain process. This is critical because not following the proper step by step building process could lead to building a part of the furniture structure that is not necessary yet. This piece would there before have to be trashed.

2. Not getting the project completed because you end up finding it almost impossible to get to end product you originally had in mind. Having a picture of the end product combined with simple step by step instructions, will help guide you in a logical way, to achieve the desired end result.

3. Spending more time than you anticipated . Lets face it, if you have a busy schedule, you want to get your wood furniture project completed in a reasonable amount of time. Using an inferior wood furniture plan or none at all will most certainly cause you spend way more time than you are able to afford.

4. Wasting Money. Encountering any of the previous three pitfalls will waste money.

5. Using wood furniture plans that are incomplete and difficult to follow . You will need plans that give you easy to follow step by step instructions so you can get your furniture project completed in a timely and cost-effective manner.

6. Out-of-date plans. Your wood furniture plans should discuss the latest and most modern materials and tools you can use. Modern materials and tools are designed to save you time and money.

7. Low quality blueprints and schematics. Having easy to read schematics and blueprints that are in color will make the step by step construction of your furniture project much easier. These diagrams have to be clear and concise, so making them easy to read and therefore easy to understand.

In summary using quality wood furniture plans will help make your project an enjoyable one. These plans will help you avoid the above pitfalls. Of course you will have access to access to these plans. The internet is a great source for these, but remember you get what you pay for. Choose wisely.

How to Profit With Timber REITs

Have you ever been to Flagstaff, Arizona? If not, I recommend you visit some time. Flagstaff's a quaint little town located in the northern mountains of Arizona. The pine trees grow like crazy and in the summers a cool breeze always blows.

It's a nice escape from the Arizona desert. . . especially in the summer when it's over 110 degrees. Spend a short summer in Arizona and you'll know exactly what I mean.

Every summer as a kid we're head up to the woods.

My parents would drag me and my brothers, our dogs, and a week's worth of supplies up to the cabin. My grandsparents still have the place just outside Flagstaff. I've got great memories of summers spent exploring the woods, swimming and fishing in the lake, and just enjoying nature.

I loved it so much I'm starting to look at buying a place of my own. . .

Of course I sometimes jump in a little deep. Do not laugh. But I found a really interesting piece of property just the other day. A broker was advertising 13,000 acres of forest for sale in Pennsylvania (see I told you I think big). The pictures of the property are beautiful. Rolling hills and wide swaths of timber. The property even came with all the natural gas, mineral, and oil rights still intact.

The only problem was the asking price. . . a mere $ 32 million.

If you're quick on the math you know the property's selling for just over $ 2,400 per acre. Is that a good deal? I do not know but I was determined to find out.

The broker noted the property was generating $ 150,000 a year in income from campground rental fees. It sounds good till you realize that's a return of less than 1%. (Actually, it's less than half of 1% per year).

Not very exciting.

However, timber can be a great investment – and very exciting (if you know how to do it). It's like being a farmer, with a really big crop. Every year the trees grow larger and larger. Every season their value increases. Someone with good land and forestry management skills could probably create some substantial income.

The thought of buying this property is really appealing.

But I do not know the first thing about timber management. . . Oh, and I'm just a little short of the $ 32 million purchase price. I do however know of a cheaper and easier way to invest in timber.

What am I talking about?

Timber REITs of course. These companies are set up to buy and manage large amounts of timber. You can buy these REITs for a few dollars each on the stock market. No complex contracts or negotiations. Just use you normal brokerage account.

These Tree REITs give you ownership in some of the best timber property in the world. They come with top notch management. . . who know what they're doing. And best of all, they pay a great divide (some more than 4%).

So here are the ones I like.

The first REIT is Rayonier (RYN). They own more than 2.6 million acres. Rayonier also has two other businesses, one in traditional real estate development and the other in fiber production (so it is not a pure play Tree-REIT). Their market cap is just over $ 6.3 billion. With a little quick math, you can buy the company for roughly $ 1,392 per acre.

The second company is Plum Creek (PCL). They own 8 million acres of timber. Their market cap is a whopping $ 8.5 billion. But their land holdings are big. This company's trading at roughly $ 1,062 per acre. Not bad at all.

The last company I found was Potlatch (PCH). They only own 1.7 million acres of timber. Their market cap is $ 1.9 billion. That means every acre of property they own is worth $ 1,117.

I guess my dram of buying 13,000 acres of forest in Pennsylvania for $ 2,400 an acre is not such a good deal after all. These three investments however are cheaper (per acre), and they even pay nice dividends. If the idea of ​​owning a forest sounds appealing take a closer look at these REITs ..

Where Africa Casts Its Spell – Limpopo Province Revisited

The real Africa, the Africa that casts a spell over its visitors, is closer than we realized. We, my son Jonathan and I, had a date with a game reserve only 170 kilometers from Johannesburg. On our way we called at our local supermarket to load up with meat for a braaivleis (Afrikaans for "burnt offering", or "barbecue"), and other perishables like milk, cheese, bananas, etc. Then we hit the N1, the Great North Road, that stretches from Cape Town to the Zimbabwe border at Beit Bridge. Getting through all the traffic on the way to Pretoria was a nightmare. The freeway is being expanded from three to five lanes in each direction, which will be a relief once it is completed, but at present it is a nightmare.

Once we were past Pretoria the traffic thinned out, the road was fine, and it was a joy to travel. We were thrilled at the prospect of visiting Limpopo again, the province in which I had done so much evangelical work. On reaching the Total Petroport we decided to take a lunch break as recommended on a road safety billboard at the side of the road. It is considered good practice not to drive more than two hours without a refresh break. On long trips I tend to fall sleep at the wheel, so for me it is good practice to have frequent stops to freshen up. On this occasion Jonathan was doing all the driving. I had to stay awake to make sure that he did not fall sleep.

This Petroport is a haven of useful facilities for the traveler. There is a service station, a shop called Bon Jour, and a Steers Restaurant which spans the double highway. While having lunch I took a photograph of the highway, looking south towards Pretoria. This was for the benefit of friends in America, who are interested to see conditions in South Africa.

Refreshed, we continued our journey. Shortly after leaving the Petroport there was a sign welcoming us to Limpopo. With the change of province the road surface improved, becoming very smooth. For the whole distance of 100 kilometers the road is almost dead straight, having only three light bends. The condition of the road is excellent, probably the best in South Africa. The road crosses a vast plain known as the Springbok Flats. There are only gentle undulations, no hills of note. According to the history books this plain used to be home to large herds of springbok and to many lions. There is still a lot of virgin bushveld, so that that it is difficult to believe that springbok once roamed there. Springbok like open country like Botswana and the Northern Cape. There is also much farming activity. Cattle are to be seen, as well as fields of maize, wheat, and grain sorghum. Cotton is also grown here but we did not see any.

We left the N1 at the Bela Bela off ramp and proceeded towards Settlers on the R536, a distance of 4 kilometers to the main entrance to the Sondela Game Reserve. Here we were given a blank receipt form for an unspecified conservation fee, which would have to be paid at reception, which was 4.1 kilometers from the entrance. The speed limit in the reserve is 30km / h. The road winds through the dense bush. I had just remarked to Jonathan that we had not seen any game when a herd of black wildebeest emerged. Their road manners were excellent; they waited for us to pass before crossing the road. Shortly after that we had two impalas dancing along the road in front of us. Arriving at the reception center we were treated to a glass of orange juice and a pancake by a beautiful blue-eyed young lady with long blonde hair. We handed in our receipt for the conservation fee. After paying the R100 it was stamped and we were informed that it was our gate pass. Without it we would not be able to leave the reserve.

On the way to our chalet we passed some people near a kudu. Jonathan remarked with astonishment that they were feeding it. At our chalet was a neat carport with an A-section roof of shade cloth. As we were unloading, three kudu's came to inspect the new arrivals. They were very inquisitive and very tame. The large bull kudu stand a little distance away, keeping watch. Every now and again he would tap lightly, silently, on the ground with his right foot, apparently a signal understood by the two kudu's that had their noses on the wall of our verandah. First one kudu came timidly and put its nose on the wall, then the other, seeing that the first was safe, came and joined in. Considering that we had seen a group of people feeding a kudu we thought it safe to feed the kudu's that had approached the wall of our verandah. First we gave them some cauliflour. That went down very quickly. It was followed by some broccoli and then by a piece of apple. Those disappeared fast. The kudu's were remarkably disciplined. They showed no sign of fear and allowed us to stroke their noses without flinching. Unfortunately, that was the last we saw of them.

Our chalet was very comfortable. The center part furnished the lounge, dining room and kitchen. Each wing contained a bedroom and a bathroom. The dining room table was set with six places. Each place had enough dishes for a five course meal. The chalet was served each morning by three maids, members of the local Tiwana tribe. As we were only two, we never had to wash dishes or make our beds or clean the house. Visitors would be well advised to include a fly spray in their baggage. That was something we could have done with, but had overlooked when packing.

As we were having supper, Jonathan thought he could hear a monkey in the loft room above the kitchen. He proceeded up the wooden staircase in semi-darkness. When he came down he reported that there had been a monkey there. The fanlight was open and the monkey jumped out when it saw him. He closed the fanlight. The next morning our maid informed us that it was not a monkey but a bushbaby. She referred us to a notice on the refrigerator door, which stated that bushbabies (Lesser Galago, the world's smallest primate) were often found in the chalets, and this was considered a privilege for the guests.

We spent a comfortable night and had a late breakfast. We decided to braai our meat. There were two braai facilities. The one on the verandah was built into the chimney. There was a warning warning us not to use it as there were owls nesting in the chimney. Inside the chalet was a fireplace with a similar warning. So owls had right of way in our chalet. The external braai facility was very suitable. We had with us a very good boerewors and some excellent lamb chops. I had expected them to last us the whole week but Jonathan had other ideas. Come bedtime we had ate them all

During the day we had visits from a number of nyala's. They were not as obliging as the kudu, rarely keeping still long enough to be photographed. They were happy to have us in their mid but unlike the kudu's they did not allow us to touch them. They romped about in the vicinity and we found their presence companionable. I did manage to get a few photographs. A male declined to scratch his hip with his mouth and still still long enough for a photograph. The nyala were our most frequent visitors and we certainly enjoyed their company. The birds also made us feel welcome. The bird life was not as prolific as at some of the other reserves but there was a good variety. There were hoepoes, gray louries, mousebirds, hornbills, and many that we were not able to identify. The guinea fowl and pheasants were ubiquitous but difficult to photograph as they were always on the move. It would have been a good idea to have bought one of those many "Birds of South Africa" ​​books with us, something else we omitted to do.

Having finished our meat the previous day, we decided to visit the local shop, which was in the reception complex. On the way we passed a large sign reading "Owls!" We did not see any but this is another place where they obviously enjoy right of way. The shop is called Bosveld Kombuis (Afrikaans for "Bushveld Kitchen"). Here we obtained a supply of meat and soft drinks. As we emerged from the shop we noticed a game viewing vehicle. It is typical of the vehicles used in the game reserves for game viewing. They are not very comfortable. The passengers sit high up and have large roll and pitch moments. On previous trips to other game reserves we have occasionally taken a ride in one of these vehicles. In mountainous country they often follow 4X4 tracks, which are very uneven and make for an uncomfortable ride. The passengers cling to the handrails to keep themselves steady, the only exception being Jonathan. Jonathan served with 1st Parachute Battalion during the South African Border War and he has an uncanny ability to keep his balance. He is also very observant, his sense of direction is always correct, and he always knows exactly where he is, without using a GPS. He is very good company in the bush.

Jonathan was enjoying the scene while sitting on the verandah, when a bushbaby perched on some of the woodwork supporting the roof and stared at him. Talking of bushbabies, the script on the refrigerator door says that they can jump 7 meters (23 feet). They jump around in the trees at lightning speed, jumping from tree to tree in long flat trajectories. They move so fast it is almost impossible to photograph them.

Jonathan was preparing to get the braai going when it started to rain. At first there was a fine rain swirled around by a strong wind. Then with lightning flashes and loud crashes of thunder it rained very heavily. The paths become fast-flowing rivers. There was also much hail. Hailstones sliding off the roof of the verandah piled up in large heaps on the ground. Soon, as far as the eye could see, the ground was covered with hail. Several times, for short periods, the electricity supply was interrupted, then, with a great flash of lightning and crash of thunder, the electricity supply cut out completely. It was 4:30 in the afternoon. The sky was dark with clouds but the rain was abating slowly. Jonathan was determined to braai the meat. I went to bed while it was still light enough. A flashlight should be considered essential on these trips, another area in which I had folded up. I could smell the delightful aroma of meat on the braai. The lights came on at 03:39 on Friday.

A word of warning about Africa's spell. Women in midlife are particularly vulnerable. Perhaps it is because the remoteness and the adventure of being there with the wildlife gets to them. They feel they have missed something, now is the time to start a new life. One form is known as "game ranger fever." Many a handsome game ranger has been attacked by a woman with this malady. Most treat it as a joke but it could lead to a charge of sexual harassment, or even rape, or even worse, to marriage. Women be warned.

A good pair of hiking boots is essential if one intends to walk the hiking trails. They should be worn the boy scout way, with hiking socks and an inner sock. I have found that pure silk socks, obtainable from suppliers of men's evening wear, make a good inner. Turning the hiking socks down so as to cover the tops of the boots, will ensure that no little stones can enter the boots.

To avoid sunburn, and possible solar skin damage, a wide brimmed hat should be worn and the exposed skin treated with a sunscreen cream. This is important owing to the low latitude and high altitude. Failure to take these precautions could cause you to end up with skin cancer, requiring cosmetic surgery, as in my own case.

We agreed that what we liked most about this trip was just being there in between the animals and the bush. Once again Africa had cast its spell. There was the sensation of being one with God and His wonderful creation, of latent adventure, of remoteness from the turmoil of modern city life, of Africa calling, "Come and I will reveal my hidden treasures to you."

Pros And Cons Of Sewing Machines

From budget basic to modern marvels, the hunt for the most indispensable of sewing tools.

Sewing is so different from what it used to be, and so are the machines on the market today. With so many different sewing machines, shopping for one can be daunting.

The following list of machines are worth a test drive, dividing them by the sewing skill level, the kind of sewing they are suited to for, and the pros and cons of each category. Use it as a starting point in you search, then head to your local dealer to try them out in person. The only way you’ll know which machine is the one for you.

STARTER SEWING MACHINES; They are no-frills, sewing-only machines. Most will include automatic buttonhole features and a basic selection of utility stitches. Some are electronic rather than computerized, with dials or buttons for machine settings rather than touch screens. These machines are basically for the beginning sewers, kids and anyone who plans to do only basic garment construction, mending, or home decorating and craft projects.

PROS; easy to use, affordable and capable of turning out quality clothing and decorating projects.

CONS; decorative stitches are limited or non-existent. Tension may not be set automatically. Buttonholes may require manual manipulations.

SUGGESTED MACHINES ARE; Singer Feather weight 11; Brother NX-200; Elna’s Debut 2110 or 2130; Euro-Pro’s Intelli-Sew; Bernetta from Bernina; Husqvarna Viking’s Scandenavia 100

MID TO HIGH-END SEWING MACHINES; These machines are performance oriented machines geared to garment and home decorating sewing. They handle a wide variety of projects and fabrics with ease. Some are electronic, but some are computerized. They feature a wide variety of utility stitches, automatic tension settings, self-threading and multiple automatic buttonhole settings. Some have built-in decorative stitches for embellishment. These machines are for serious sewers focused on dressmaking, tailoring and home decorating projects.

PROS; touch screens or electric settings take care of tension setting and indicate the correct stitch length and presser foot. Multiple automatic buttonhole settings and styles, precision sewing speed control, better handling of fabrics and hundreds of built-in utility and decorative stitches. Instruction manuals are stored in the machines memory and can be accessed from the LCD screen.

CONS; pricier than basic models. The wide variety of features and options may intimidate those not comfortable with computerized functions. These can be rectified with practice and lessons from the dealer.

RECOMMENDED MODELS; Singers Quantum 9940; Brother’s NX-600 Janome’s Memory craft 6500; Elna Quilters Dream Ultra 6003 QT

COMBINATION SEWING/EMBROIDERY MACHINES; these high-tech machines offer the best of both worlds. You can stitch up garments, home decor, and accessorize to your hearts content. They have a switch presser feet and snap on the embroidery attachment to decorate y our designs with professional embroidery. The designs are built into the machines memory, supplied on flash cards or similar devices. Some models you can download designs directly from the internet to the machine by way of a USB port.

PROS;Offer almost unlimited creative embellishment potential.

CONS; These machines are expensive, but as the technologies advance manufacturers are introducing lower-priced models that offer many of the same functions as higher-end machines.

RECOMMENDED MODELS; Singer Quantum Futura; Brother’s Innov-is 4000D; Janome’s Memory Craft 10001; Bernina’s Artista 200E; Artista 185 Quilters Embroidery Edition

EMBROIDERY-ONLY MACHINES; These machines are dedicated to machine embroidery. These machines are for mostly for someone starting a custom embroidery business, crafters interested in embellishing read-made items.

PROS; Since embroidery is their sole function, these machines turn out designs more efficiently. Higher speeds than combination sewing embroidery machines.

CONS; You can’t sew on these machines.

RECOMMENDED MODELS; Brother’s PR-600; Babylock’s Embroidery Professional; Bernina’s Deco330.

Now you are ready to head out to your local dealer and try out some of the machines before you buy.

The Importance of Flexibility for Gymnastics

You have to be flexible to be successful in gymnastics for three main reasons:

  • There are some skills that you just won’t be able to do if you are not flexible enough.
  • There are some ways to learn skills that can only be done if you are flexible.
  • And, there are many skills that look good only if you are flexible.

    Flexibility Speeds Learning!

    Most top level training programs require that you meet minimum gymnastics flexibility (and strength) requirements because it speeds the learning process when you are flexible enough to learn any skill and keeps gymnasts from developing bad habits from working skills incorrectly.

    Flexibility Can Be Improved!

    Flexibility is fortunately one of those physical attributes that can be improved simply by spending time working on it. In general, the more time spent the more flexible you become.

    Train Both Statically and Dynamically

    There are two types of flexibility most commonly used in gymnastics training – static and dynamic – and those are also two of the ways you can work on your flexibility. An example of static flexibility is sitting in splits. Split leaps are an example of dynamic or active flexibility. Other examples of static and active flexibility are kicks (active) and scales (static).

    Body Weight Stretching

    In splits, not only are you static, but the weight of your body can also help push down your splits. A backbend is also a static flex position but your body weight doesn’t help the stretching effort.

    Strength at Full Range

    Strength through the whole range of flexibility is often important in gymnastics. Even if a gymnast is able to kick their leg to a 180 degree split to the back does not mean they are strong enough at that degree of flexibility to hold their leg at 180 degree separation in a scale.

    Shoulder Flexibility Equally Important

    While leg flexibility primarily contributes to the appearance of dance skill on floor and beam, shoulder flexibility is important in the correct execution of acro skills on every event.

    Develop Flexibility Evenly

    In both shoulder and leg flexibility, even bi-lateral (left and right side) flexibility development is a requirement. Inflexible gymnasts sometimes develop habits like turning to their more flexible side when they do front and back walkovers. This habit is a disaster for beam consistency, not to mention an unattractive way to do those skills.

    Be Creative and Do Whatever You Have To Do

    Flexibility is one of the few aspects of gymnastics you can work outside of the gym. Many gymnasts have found interesting ways to work on their splits and flexibility. Some gymnasts sit in splits whenever they watch TV. Some gymnasts never bend their legs when they bend over to pick up things off the floor to improve their pike flexibility. We have even heard of gymnasts who have slept in their splits.

    Judges Will Notice Excellent Flexibility

    Judges will take special notice of gymnasts who have 180 degree plus split leaps and jumps, even though 180 degrees (or less in compulsories) is all that is usually required. So if you to not only want to avoid deductions, but want to gain general impression points for being extra flexible, work your splits.

  • Refrigerated Trailers – Secrets Exposed!

    We have seen a lot over the past 12 years with portable refrigerated trailers. As the name implies there really are two key elements involved here, the refrigeration and the trailer. We have seen some folks get part of it right while most fail at both aspects when designing and building a small refrigerated trailers.

    Let's start with the trailer. This is the foundation of everything we do. The regular cargo- enclosed trailer industry has changed over the years so much and they are cutting out the strength and durability we require for refrigerated trailers. It is important not to just get a trailer off the lot and try this at home like so many we see out there today.

    Quality built refrigerated trailers should have:

    1. Single Piece Aluminum roof
    2. 16 "OC steel tube walls
    3. Steel tube roof
    4. Steel tube framed rear doors (not plywood w / aluminum skin)
    5. Triple tube tongue
    6. LED lights
    7. Sub floor for superior insulation with aluminum underbelly
    8. Load D or greater tires for better stability
    9. No wood framing or wood walls / ceiling (lighter & stronger with no mold or mildew issues)
    10. Reinforced front nose for refrigeration unit
    11. Extended tongue with mounts for generator
    12. Should be specifically built to be refrigerated trailers and built with strength and durability in mind. Please check out how important it is to use a trailer made of steel tube instead of z-post or hat post.

    We have even seen people taking walk in coolers and putting them on a flat bed trailer. Be careful as many of these structures are not DOT approved and you can be fined or even worse injure someone. Use common sense, walk in coolers are great for sitting inside or outside a building but they are not designed for the rigors of the road going up and down and side to side, they offer no structural support.

    The refrigeration is just as important and you definitely want to get this part right. The ideal solution for businesses is a unit that can be used as either a cooler or a freezer. Please make sure that even if you are purchasing a cooler that the refrigeration system has a defrost capability and preferably hot gas defrost. I mention this because so many folks find out the hard way that if you want your trailer to stay at 35 degrees then your evaporator has to be 12- 15 degrees cooler than that to maintain your temperature. Well it may take 12 hours or 24 hours but ever you are going to get an ice build up on your coil and you will need a way to defrost it or else lose your product.

    Standard refrigeration units that have hot gas defrost are the most effective and fast way to defrost a system. The use of standard refrigeration will save you a bundle in repair and maintenance cost alone. We also recommend modifying your refrigeration system for transportation and do not use copper to connect the evaporator coil to condenser coil. Copper is a soft metal and will break easily. Hopefully these tips serve you well in your search for refrigerated trailers to purchase or rent.