Dimensions of Group Dynamics – Keys to Effective Group Learning Discussions

In an age when active involvement of learners is recognized as crucial to effective learning, teachers and instructors in all settings are using group discussions as a method to promote more active involvement.

While some critics caution that brain-based learning research tells us there is still a need for time for individual reflection, it is hard to deny the fact that group activities promote more active involvement on the part of most learners. In addition, they are cost-effective and relatively easy to implement.

Teachers look for creative ways to structure group tasks, but some fail to recognize the importance of effective group functioning in achieving learning objectives. Simply turning over a task to a group is often not enough. The group must be able to function to perform the task while at the same time achieving beneficial learning outcomes for each participant in the group.

The academic discipline of Social Psychology has been studying how individuals perform in groups for decades. While there may be some debate over some issues, a review of the literature reveals five key dimensions for group functioning cited by most experts. Although there are differences in terminology, the underlying meaning is the same. The following five dimensions were popularized by Organizational Psychologists Robert Blake and Jane Mouton in their book, Spectacular Teamwork. Here are the dimensions:

1. Power and authority
2. Roles and responsibilities
3. Norms and standards
4. Morale and cohesion
5. Goals and objectives.

All groups – even those coming together for the first time – will exhibit these dimensions to varying degrees depending on their personal experience. In seminar and workshop settings, participants come from organizations structured under a “boss.” In the absence of a designated leader, some groups may choose to elect one. In other cases, a member emerges to fill the role. The point is, at some level, someone in the group must have or take the power and authority to provide direction to the group.

In some highly structured work groups, roles and responsibilities for different aspects of group functioning are assigned. Person A might be the designated timekeeper while Person B is the designated group recorder. In other cases, roles are assumed and different members may play different roles at different times.

Norms and standards are guidelines for acceptable behavior. For example, some work groups have discussion standards that only allow participation when the leader recognizes an individual. Other groups have norms that allow some individuals to contribute little to the discussion without being challenged. In a seminar setting, these norms and standards will develop over time, but initially, they are nothing more than the sum total of the experiences of the participants.

In the early stages of development, groups lack cohesion or a sense of togetherness. Consequently, morale is often neutral. Over time, effective functioning leads to increased cohesion and successful outcomes breeds a sense of morale.

Finally, all groups have goals and objectives. The most obvious is the group outcome as defined by the task. However, each individual in that group has his or her own goals and there can be a great deal of divergence across those goals. In some cases, individual goals can actually be at cross-purposes, making it difficult for the group as a whole to work towards a common objective.

How Chiropractic Can Help Kids Chronic Sprained Ankles and Pigeon Toes

Parents often become concerned when they notice their child running awkwardly, being “pigeon toed” (also known as in-toeing), or when they repeatedly sprain their ankles. Your child my trip or fall more often than seems normal, you may notice them rolling their ankles inward (AKA excessive pronation), or their foot may have a “hooked appearance”. There are three conditions which can cause these problems and depending on which condition and the age of your child they may require intervention to correct. The good news is that serious interventions such as wearing leg braces or surgery are not usually needed in these cases.

1. Tibial torsion – This is fairly common condition where the tibia or “shin bone” has not rotated into the position where it will be during adulthood. Tibial torsion is considered normal until the age of 7 years. However excessive toe-in between 2 and 7 years my warrant consultation with a doctor. Your child may have excessive pronation seen by weight bearing on the big toe side of the foot much more than the pinky toe side.

What your Chiropractor can do – Your Chiropractor can adjust a subluxated (misaligned) joints in the legs and show you how to stretch the proper muscles while strengthening others. Your Chiropractor may also be able to fit your child with custom shoe orthotics to help correct the excessive pronation.

What you can do – Buy shoes with flexible soles and good arch support such as athletic shoes. Also, getting your child involved in sports or activities which emphasize running such as soccer will help to strengthen the muscles of the legs and provide good muscle length.

2. Femoral torsion – This is similar to tibial torsion except in this case the femur or “thigh bone” is the one that is out of position. This is another common condition that usually resolves on its own by 8 years of age. Again excessive pronation may be seen as well as bowing back of the knees and an excessive curve in the low back.

What your Chiropractor can do – Chiropractic treatment will be similar to that of tibial torsion, adjustments/stretching/strengthening only focusing on the hip instead of the knee and lower leg.

What you can do – Again good shoes are in order. Sports in this case should include those that work out the hips such as bicycling, ballet, or gymnastics. Also, encouraging your child to sit cross legged will stretch the muscles holding the leg in a toe-in position.

3. Metatarsus adductus – This one is a little different than the other two in that it involves the feet instead of the legs. In this case the toe-in occurs in the foot itself. This condition is normal until 1 year of age is a common problem in school age children.

What your Chiropractor can do – Adjusting will focus on the bones of the feet and orthotics may be used if the problem persists beyond 7 years of age

What you can do – Gently stretching your child’s foot toward the pinky toe several times a day will help to loosen up the tight tissues.

In all cases, it is important to ensure your children’s shoes are well-fitting with plenty of room and no stress points. Also, having your child go barefoot more often encourages better motor control and position sense.

A note on Chiropractic adjustments: Many doctors, including those at Fletcher Hills Chiropractic use low-force techniques such as Activator technique that are much more gentle and less intimidating for children. Ask your Chiropractor what techniques he uses.

This article by a San Diego Chiropractor is a review of an article from the March 12th issue of Dynamic Chiropractor by Dr. Mark Charrette. Read the entire article here Dynamic Chiropractor

Timber Carports Protect and Free Up Storage Space

Timber Car Ports – your professionally good looking, value adding, answer to improving your home's weather protection and releasing your garage to provide essential storage space, extra rooms, granny flat, exercise room, or home office, etc.

Easy to Build with Professional Good Looks Timber car ports – the solution you've been looking for!

That's right!

Planning for a Car Port

Because car ports are considered to be 'temporary structures', they very often do not need planning approval. It's the same for some 'kit' or ready-made garages. Neverheless there are a number of other regulations you will need to observe. For instance if the building will be closer than the front of the house to the road.

You must also observe building regulations, where these apply. For instance making sure that your building is a minimum of 1 meter away from the boundary '.

While generally building regulations may not be applicable for detached single storey buildings that are over a metric from the boundary, if they have at least 2 sides open on and a floor area of ​​less than 30 square meters, you may not need building regulations approval for a car port.

So, easy to design, plan and build, these cost effective professional timber structures add value to your property at first glance.

Storage Shortage

It is well known that Britain's homes are some of the smallest in Europe. Most have a severe lack of essential storage space. As a result many people now use their garage as a 'lock-up' store. Yet more have converted them to a home office, extra bedroom, 'granny flat', or garden exercise or recreation room.

Rain & Snow

With more and more cars being left parked in the drive, loading or unloading the kids, shopping, sports and short holiday break goods are increasingly affected by Britain's worsening weather. Rain … and more rain, seems to be the long term weather forecast for our summers, with occasional feet of snow in the winter.

So, cars and people need the convenient protection that garages used to provide, but which UK homes now lack.

The 'Look Good' Factor

Timber car ports are increasing dramatically seen as the solution.

They can provide the protection you need, while at the same time looking good so as to preserve and enhance the value of your home

UK Planning Regulations

Now that the UK's town and country planning rules have been changed, in many cases you may not have to go through the rigmarole of employing architectural designers and engineers to get permissions before you can build.

Timber Car Port Solutions

Whether you prefer a fully architecturally designed independent solution to your requirements, or a simple to erect, standard 'Kit' package that enables most competent DIY'ers to achieve professional looking results with few, if any, problems, a Timber framed car port is most probably your best solution.

Truth About Bronchitis – Symptoms And Treatment Explained

Bronchitis is quite a known chronic disease. Here are some interesting & basic facts about this ailment.

1. This disease was quite common even in those days yet the developments in the medicinal field have seen now seen many alternatives to treat the said condition.

2. The pulmonary disorders are rather common among the children. This does not imply that the adults are untouched with the same. As a matter of fact, living in the modern age polluted cities, amidst smokers, industries and racing cars all of us are ahead to the disease.

3. In case your bronchi are inflamed, there are chances for you to have bronchitis that is a known obstructive pulmonary disorder or illness.

4. Bronchitis can be divided in to the acute or short term and the chronic or long term category.

5. Bronchitis can occur in any age.

6. It is quite closely associated with the flues and colds.

7. In case the bronchitis is left uncured, it can lead to severe pneumonia.

8. Bronchitis is indeed common among the smokers.

Acute Bronchitis

1. Acute bronchitis' symptoms are quite similar to flu.

2. It lasts only for a short term.

3. Individuals suffering with the viral infections are often susceptible to the acute bronchitis.

4. This ailment is contagious & generally begins with dry cough that often happens at night. Within a few days, the cough would progress. Quite soon the person would suffer with other symptoms like fever, fatigue, and headache. Curing this cough may take many weeks or many months. This is because healing process in such cases is very slow, especially in your bronchial tubes.

5. In case you are suffering with cough for a month or more, your doctor could refer you to check with an ENT expert so as to ensure if there are some other causes of the irritation. Yet, if your bronchial tubes remain irritated, this can lead to the asthmatic conditions.

6. In acute bronchitis, your passage ways constrict due to infection caused by some virus or bacteria. In case the ailment is due to bacteria, the apt antibiotic regimen can do the trick to cure the ailment. It is always advised to visit the doctor to get a medical diagnosis. Remember taking any medicine with out the doctor's prescription could make the disorder rather worse.

7. Persistent cough & wheezing also implying that you may be suffering with acute bronchitis. The constricted bronchial tubes create the wheezing sound every time we breathe. While this disorder can be cleared up in a few days, in some cases it may take several months or weeks as well. Remember in such a situation, you must take lots of rest and drink lots & lots of water or juices.

8. A simple home remedy to fight back this disease is placing wet blankets & towels in different places in the house to increase the humidity there. Room humidifiers are also a good option for such patients.

9. Smoking is anyways injurious to health but in case of the bronchial patients, it can be disastrous. So, the smokers suffering with acute bronchitis must quit the habit of smoking before the condition gets worst.

Chronic Bronchitis

1. This is an ongoing condition.

2. Curing this may take several months, or even years.

3. The environmental factors that lead to this ailment are exposure to fumes, smoke, dust, odors, etc.

4. Chronic bronchitis is incurable, so the patients must consult their doctor well enough to identify the triggers. They should then remove as many triggers as possible form their environment in order to keep healthy.

5. Remember, in this ailment prevention is equivalent to cure so you must work on removing the triggers else, it could be dangerous for you.

6. Consulting the doctor, they would suggest you several laboratory tests like test for pulmonary function & blood gases in arms, chest x-rays, and sputum culture. Generally the test is also done for the patients of acute bronchitis.

7. Just like acute bronchitis, smoking can make the situation worse for the patients of chronic bronchitis as well. So you must quit this bad habit in order to keep healthy and get rid of this ailment.

8. A healthy & active lifestyle is unbeatable at the end of the day. Practicing all preventive measures can avoid bronchitis and many other ailments for all individuals.

The primer symptoms of bronchitis are:
i. coughing
ii. excessive mucus
iii. fever
iv. pain in the chest
v. infection
vi. discomfort
vii. wheezing

These symptoms can further lead to the other respiratory problems like:
i. sinusitis
ii. asthma
iii. complicated pneumonia

Diagnose & Treatments

1. While bronchitis is a very common respiratory disorder, it is often misdiagnosed in the absence of proper para clinical & physical examinations. To get an accurate diagnosis, laboratory analysis & pulmonary tests are a must.

2. Bronchitis calls for special attention before the damage is enhanced further. When the infection is bacterial, fever is the chief indication. In around 80% cases, the treatment as completed in just 5-10 days with the right anti-biotics. Remember, the anti-biotic or any medication must have taken with the doctor's advise else it could be devastating.

3. Antibiotics have several side effects like abdominal pain, diarrhea, rashes, etc. that can not be neglected. These cause a lot of discomfort for the patient. Yet they are acceptable only if they are absolutely necessary.

4. In case the infection is caused due to virus, or other agents, antibiotics are not effective. In such days the only treatment is to rest for long time period, use room humidifiers, and hydrate the patients' body with lots of water and juices. In case the things do not get fine with in a few days, you must consult a doctor. It may be pneumonia and / or asthma bronchitis.

5. When the cause of bronchitis is obstructions in your bronchial tubes owing to inflammation in your respiratory tract, tissues, organs and the mucous membranes, it causes irritation and increased secretion of the mucus. Such gathering of mucus in your bronchial tubes causes difficulty in breathing, wheezing sound and coughing.

6. Bronchodilators are the medications administrated to the patients who have a difficulty in breathing. These help in re-establishing the process of respiration. These are commonly prescribed to the patients suffering with chronic bronchitis & asthma.

7. Bronchitis could be dangerous and it is advisable to get treated as soon as possible to avoid all complications!

What Is a Retractable Seating System?

The use of a retractable seating system has become commonplace in areas where space is at a premium.

Retractable seating is composed of multi-tiered platforms and it uses limited space for multipurpose usage. The retractable seating demonstrates a maximum seating capacity in a limited area when fully extended. One can also make use of the free space in various usages when it is fully retracted.

There are several different options which are commonly used and they all have their own unique benefits. The key to choosing a retractable seating system that best matches the intended use is by understanding what each option has to offer. When digging deeper into the details, there are a number of differences that can be spotted, however they all rely on the same basic principles.

In general, most of these seating alternatives will rely on either bench or chair seating. Depending on where you search, a retractable seating system will also be referred to as a telescopic seating system. They tend to feature multi-tiered platforms to ensure that anyone sitting in the seats will have a good view of whatever is going on.

Additionally, the seating may be operated manually or automatically depending on the size of seating.

In most cases, retracting the seats can be done on a row by row basis which makes it easy to seat a large crowd or only a few rows. This can be an incredibly important feature if you need additional floor space and do not require all of the seating.

A seating system that utilizes bleachers is most often best suited in situations where designated seating is not needed. As an added bonus, bleachers will often allow you to seat more people than when individual chairs are used. Bleachers also tend to be easier to clean which is helpful if they will be reused multiple times within a short time period.

On the other hand, a retractable seating system with chairs also has its advantages. Chairs, even plastic ones, tend to be more comfortable than bleachers. Not only the seat itself, but also the additional back support is provided. This is helpful when people will be listed for extended periods of time without doing a lot of moving, such as during speeches and lectures.

If the situation arises where the retractable seating system will not provide enough seats, then using supplementary seating or mobile seating is normally a good solution. It does not matter whether you choose to use bleachers or individual chairs, the primary benefit of a retractable seating system remains the same. It allows you to provide as much seating as necessary while still allowing you to as much free floor space as possible. This is particularly useful in multi-purpose areas such as gymnasiums and arenas.

Steamer Deck Chair Plans – Things to Consider in Building Your Own Deck Chair

Steamer deck chair plans makes the best blueprint to follow when you’re planning to build an outdoor furniture. Steamer deck chairs are simply one of those furniture which you can easily build if you have ample planning on your part.

These kind of loungers makes a good fixture in your yard, patio or poolside as it adds to the relaxing ambiance of the place. There’s something definitely calming and relaxing when you see a good lounger in the outdoor landscape of your home.

Just like any other woodworking projects, it is imperative that you go all through the different aspects of the project so all details will be covered and construction can run smoothly. Some things to consider for this project are:

Budget and Materials

Though it’s definitely less costly to build your own steamer deck chair, you still need to shell out some cash for the project. The number of deck chairs you’re going to use will also determine how much you can possibly spend on a project.

Though if you are a complete beginner in woodworking, I strongly suggest that you start with one first. Then, when you have a feel of how things are done, you can go from there and build other chairs of this kind.

As for the materials, you need to choose what type of wood you will be using to build chairs of this type. One of the most common we see in the market these days are teak. And honestly, I’m not that surprised as teak are both beautiful and durable.

Size

Steamer deck chair comes in a variety of sizes and designs. You need to decide beforehand on the size and design of the lounger you are going to build yourself. Keep in mind for this your personal preference as well as the needs of your family.

Steamer Deck Chair Plans

Construction is so much easier when you have the help of quality steamer deck chair plans. Not only will you have a helpful guide in the preparation ad planning stage of the project, you also have something to guide you so the construction can run smoothly.

I personally prefer plans with step by step instruction as this will prevent you from making so much mistakes causing you to spend on materials more than you have to. Elaborate illustration will definitely help as well. This will supplement the instruction in the event that you’re struggling with its clarity.

Is Carpet Off-Gassing Just a Bunch of Fake News? A Common Carpet Myth Debunked

Off-gassing has been floating around online as something we should fear from our carpeting. But first, what is off-gassing anyway? Off-gassing refers to possible volatile organic compounds or VOCs and chemicals being emitted from new furniture or similar household materials. Some people confuse that new carpet smell with the off-gassing of VOCs. But, let’s take a look at the facts.

If one looks up the term “off-gassing,” they will likely be met with scary headlines that claim household materials can cause serious health issues. These are some frightening claims, but as many of us would like to install new beautiful carpeting in our homes, it’s important to get at the truth and take some time to address these concerns.

First, it is said that carpet is one of the lowest emitters of VOCs (volatile organic compounds) among household furnishings and building materials. And, carpeting sold at trusted flooring companies goes through extensive indoor air quality tests before it even reaches the stores. An easy way to find out the level of standards for a particular carpet is by looking for a green label. ‘ Green Label,’ from the Carpet and Rug Institute, ensures that customers are purchasing the lowest emitting carpet, adhesive and cushion products on the market.

All-in-all, new carpet smell does not equal leaking chemicals. And, claims that formaldehyde is being emitted by off-gassing, another thing one might find online, is simply untrue. Formaldehyde is not a concern as it is no longer used in the manufacturing process in the United States. In fact, scientific studies now show that carpet is one of the lowest emitters of volatile organic compounds (VOCS) into the indoor environment. And, carpet has recently been proven to emit less VOCs than other household interior products like wall paint.

Although some love that new carpet smell, it may not be everyone’s favorite aroma. If this is the case, it is a good idea to open the windows after a carpet installation to allow the room to air out for a while. What VOCs new carpet may emit are short-lived and largely dissipate within 24 to 48 hours. And, this occurs even faster with fresh air ventilation.

The best way to find out about the safety of carpeting for the home is by speaking to carpet professionals and by asking questions. Flooring and carpeting professionals are well-versed in all things carpeting and will be able to address your concerns. They should be able to show you proof that the carpeting you’ve chosen has been given the Green Label and has gone through the proper testing.

List of Pus and Mucus-Forming Foods

The word “mucus” is from the Latin mucus which means “slime, mold, snot, etc.” Mucus refers to a thick, viscous, slippery discharge that is comprised of dead cells, mucin, inorganic salts, water, and exfoliated cells. It also refers to the slimy, sticky, viscous substance left behind by mucus-forming foods in the body after ingestion. The word “pus” is from late 14c. Latin “pus” (related to puter [putrid] “rotten”), from Proto-Indo-European*pu- compared to Sanskrit. puyati “rots, stinks,” putih “stinking, foul.” Pus often refers to a thick white, yellowish, or greenish opaque liquid produced in infected tissue, consisting of dead white blood cells, bacteria, tissue debris, and serum. It also refers to the substance that dead animal flesh is chemically changed to after being consumed or while rotting in one’s digestive tract. The ingestion of meat and dairy products create pus residue in the body, while starchy and fatty foods are mucus-forming.

The word “mucusless,” or mucus-free, refers to foods that are not mucus-forming. Such foods digest without leaving behind a thick, viscous, slimy substance called mucus. These foods include all kinds of fat-free, and starchless, fruits and vegetables.

All foods that are pus/mucus-forming are acid-forming. The word “acid” is from the early 1600s meaning “of the taste of vinegar,” from French acide (16c.) or directly from Latin acidus “sour, sharp,” adjective of state from acere “to be sour,” from PIE root *ak- “sharp, pointed” (see acrid).In chemistry it refers to a class of substances whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals to form salts. From a mucusless perspective, pus and mucus-forming foods are understood to be “acid-forming” inside the human body. Such foods create an acidic internal environment that is detrimental to wellness.

The following is a list of pus, mucus, and acid-forming foods:

FLESH (PUS-FORMING)

  • Blood of Animals
  • Eggs (All Kinds)
  • Lard
  • Meat (Beef, Chicken, Horse, Dog, Mutton/Lamb, Turkey, Veal, Pork:
  • Bacon, Ham, Sausage, Gammon, Chitterlings, Pig Feet; Wild Game: Bison, Buffalo, Ostrich, Rabbit, Venison, etc.)
  • Margarine (Made with Animal Fat)

FISH (PUS-FORMING)

  • Crustacean (Crab, Crawfish, Lobster, Shrimp)
  • Fish (All Types)
  • Mollusks (Clam, Oysters, Mussels, Snail, etc.)
  • Roe (Caviar)
  • Salmon
  • Shell Fish

DAIRY PRODUCTS (PUS-FORMING)

  • Butter, Cow
  • Buttermilk
  • Cheese (All Kinds)
  • Cream
  • Crème fraîche
  • Kefir
  • Milk (All Animals and Kinds; Raw Organic, Skim, 1 or 2 %, etc.)
  • Yogurt

CEREALS (MODERATELY MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Barley
  • Breads (All Kinds; Barley, Black, Rye, White, Graham, Pumpernickel,
  • Zwieback, etc.)
  • Cereal Grains (All Kinds; Maize, Farina, Kamut, Millet,
  • Oats, Quinoa, Spelt, White Rice, Brown Rice, Whole or Refined Wheat, etc.)
  • Cornmeal
  • Pseudocereals (All Kinds; Amaranth, Buckwheat, Chia, Cockscomb, Kañiwa, Quinoa, etc.)
  • Pastas

BEANS (MODERATELY MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Beans (All Kinds and Forms; Black Beans, Black-eyed peas, Fava Beans, Butter Beans, Cannellini Beans, Chickpeas/Garbanzo Beans, Edamame, Great Northern Beans, Italian Beans, Kidney Beans, Lentils, Lima Beans, Mung Beans, Navy Beans, Pinto Beans, Soy Beans, Split Peas, String Beans (Green Beans), White Beans, etc.)

NUTS AND SEEDS (MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Nuts (All Kinds; Acorns, Almonds, Brazil Nuts, Cashews, Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Peanuts, Pecans, Pistachios’, Walnuts, etc.)
  • Seeds (All Kinds; Sunflower, Pumpkin, Hemp, Sesame, etc.)

PROCESSED FOODS (PUS AND/OR VERY MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Dried Convenience Foods
  • Fast Foods
  • Frozen Convenience Foods
  • Packaged Convenience Foods
  • Processed Meat

CONFECTIONERIES/CANDY/SWEETS (PUS AND/OR VERY MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Baked Goods (All kinds including pies, cakes, pastries, etc.)
  • Candy (All Types; Bars, Caramels, Chocolate, Fudge, Jelly candies, Rock
  • Candy, Taffy
  • Gelatin (Jello)
  • Ice Cream (Dairy and Non-Dairy)
  • Marshmallow

ACIDIC, FERMENTED, OR DISTILLED DRINKS/SYRUPS (ACID-FORMING STIMULANTS)

  • Alcoholic Beverages (All Kinds; Ale, Beer, Brandy, Champagne, Hard
  • Cider, Liqueur, Mead, Porter, Rum, Sake/Rice Wine, Gin, Herbal Wine, Lager, Fruit Wine, Vodka Whisky, Tequila, etc.)
  • Syrups (Brown Rice, Barley Malt, Chocolate, Corn, Artificially Flavored)
  • Cocoa
  • Coffee
  • Kombucha Tea
  • Soft Drink (Soda Pop)
  • Tea (All Kinds from the Theaceae family)
  • Vinegar (White, Apple Cider)
  • Old-fashioned Root Beer

FERMENTED FOODS AND SAUCES (ACID-FORMING STIMULANTS)

  • Fish Sauce
  • Fermented Vegetables (All; Kimchi/cabbage and other veggies, Olives
  • Pickles/cucumbers. Sauerkraut/cabbage, etc.)
  • Miso
  • Sauces with Vinegar (Hot Sauce, Ketchup, Mustard, Mayonnaise, Relish,
  • Tartar, Barbecue, Salad Dressings, Salsa, etc.)
  • Soy Sauce

VEGETARIAN/VEGAN PROCESSED FOODS (MODERATELY MUCUS FORMING)

  • Chips (corn, potato, plantain, etc.)
  • Frozen Vegan Breakfast Foods (waffels, etc.)
  • Hummus (processed chickpeas)
  • Lab Grown Animal Tissue
  • Margarine
  • Nutritional Yeast
  • Pasta (egg-free)
  • Pasteurized 100% Fruit Juice (potentially acid-forming)
  • Plant milks (grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes including soy, rice, etc.)
  • Plant-based butter (nuts, seeds, and legumes including soy, peanut, etc.)
  • Plant-based creamers
  • Soy Lecithin (food additive)
  • Tempeh
  • Texturized Vegetable Protein (‘mock’ meats including soy, etc.)
  • Tofu
  • Vegan Baked Goods
  • Vegan Confections (All Types; Chocolates, Ice Cream, etc.)
  • Vegan Cheese Substitutes
  • Vegan Mayonnaise
  • Vegan Whipped Cream
  • Yogurts (Plant-based)

OILS (FATTY AND MILDLY MUCUS FORMING)

  • Oil (All types; Avocado Oil, Chia Seed, Coconut, Corn, Cotton Seed, Cotton Seed, Flax Seed, Grape Seed, Hemp Seed, Nut Oils, Olive, Palm, Peanut, Quinoa, Rapeseed (Including Canola), Safflower, Soybean etc.)

SALTS AND SPICES (STIMULANTS/POTENTIALLY ACID-FORMING)

  • Black Peppercorns
  • Cayenne Pepper
  • Chili Powder
  • Cream of Tarter
  • Curry Powder
  • Nutmeg
  • Paprika
  • Pepper
  • Salt (Celery, Crystal, Iodized, Sea)
  • Vanilla Extract

STARCHY OR FATTY VEGETABLES AND FRUITS (SLIGHTLY MUCUS-FORMING)

  • Artichoke
  • Avocados
  • Cassava
  • Cauliflower
  • Coconut Meat
  • Corn
  • Durian
  • Fungus (Mushrooms)
  • Green Peas
  • Olives
  • Parsnips
  • Peas (Raw)
  • Plantain
  • Plantains
  • Pumpkins
  • Raw or Baked White Potatoes
  • Raw Squashes (Winter, Acorn, Butternut, etc.)
  • Raw Sweet Potatoes
  • Rutabaga
  • Turnip
  • Unripe Banana

What are Deceptive Mucus-Formers?

Here is a list of foods that many people do not realize create mucus:

  • Rice (great for creating glue to bind books, bad for the transition to a mucus-free diet)
  • Avocados (fatty item that may be used on the transition, but are highly addictive. Although technically a fruit, if used it is best to combine them with a mucus-free combination salad or vegetables to aid elimination. However, it is recommended to stay away from them if you are not already stuck to them.)
  • Nuts (Mucus-forming, but may be used on the transition. It is best to eat with dried fruits like raisins to aid with elimination.)
  • Plantains (Starchy)
  • Tofu (Slimy and mucus-forming.)
  • Un-ripened fruits like green bananas (the riper the fruit you eat the better).
  • Corn (It does not eliminate well. When cooked corn or corn chips are eating it becomes mushy and slimy in the intestines.)
  • Corn chips (Some people use them on the transition, but they are very addictive and do not eliminate well)
  • Beans (They are starchy and mucus-forming. But, they may be used sparingly on the transition within close proximity to green-leafy salads)
  • Starchy Vegetables (Some vegetalbes are starchy and mucus-forming in raw or cooked forms, such as white potatoes. But, many other vegetables, such as sweet potatoes, become almost mucus-free (starchless) after proper cooking.

The Transition Diet

It is very important that people learn how to transition from the most harmful mucus-forming foods to the ones that leave behind the least amount of waste. To learn more about this transitional process, check out Arnold Ehret’s Mucusless Diet Healing System: Annotated, Revised, and Edited by Prof. Spira.

Gatso Speed Cameras – Understanding Them And Avoiding A Fine

If you’ve been flashed by a speed camera out on the road, it’s more than likely it will have been a Gatso camera because these are by far the most common type of camera currently in operation around the UK. Seeing that flash is often a cause for despair, which is why understanding how these cameras work can be so useful. Knowing what activates the cameras will help you to control your speed and avoid any unnecessary points or financial penalties.

First, though, what does ‘Gatso’ stand for? Unlike most things, it’s not some complicated, technical anagram that’s been condensed into weird and wonderful shorthand. In fact, it’s short for Gatsometer BV, a Dutch company that has made and supplied these cameras for over 50 years. The cameras are a familiar sight to most motorists, who’ll recognise the distinctive yellow boxes with a square hole for the camera lens. While they may come to be superseded by other, more advanced models, currently there are approximately 7,000 dotted around UK roads. So keep your eyes peeled.

The cameras work by projecting a radar beam onto passing vehicles which picks up on excess speed and activates the camera. The camera will then take two pictures, 0.7 seconds apart. The first will be a conventional picture, while the second will be infra-red which is used to see through any dirt or anything else obscuring the registration plate. Because the flash of the camera is disorienting and potentially unsafe for the driver, these cameras usually only snap you as you are driving away from them. However, you may find yourself snapped head on as a result of a speeding car on the other side of the road.

The camera determines the speed of your vehicle by looking at small white lines that have been painted on the road in the designated ‘speed trap’ area. The distance between these lines denotes a certain number of miles per hour, typically 5mph. The camera counts the number of lines passed between the two photographs to produce solid evidence of the speed at which you were travelling. Therefore, if the camera snaps you passing through seven 5mph lines in a 30mph zone, you’ll be shown to have speeded.

Modern speed cameras automatically determine your speed and send out a fine whereas images sent by older cameras are checked by staff at a central processing plant. While both methods are usually reliable, the modern, automatic cameras are more susceptible to errors. If you receive a fine for speeding that you don’t think is justified, it may be worth analysing the photos yourself to see if you can realistically contest the charge. The photos should be sent out with the fine, so if you haven’t received them, make sure you obtain copies. Also, it’s important to note that you must receive the penalty notice within 14 days of the incident for it to be valid, although there may be exceptions in cases where ascertaining the identity of the driver is more difficult, such as when a company car is being driven.

Overhead Handling of Materials in Industrial Environment

Material handling is one of the key phenomena in any industrial environment. The mechanical device to be adopted for such handling depends upon a number of factors such as weight of the materials, distance to be handled, frequency and repetitiveness of handling, economy of time and cost, safety and the process of manufacturing. An environment of high degrees of temperature and distancing away from such environment is another aspect that necessitates handling of materials through overhead cranes. There are a number of major industrial sectors that depend upon the deployment of Overhead cranes. They are Paper Mills, Steel Plants, Sugar Mills, Cement Plants, Chemical Sector and Railways.

An overhead crane, also called a bridge crane operating over the working environment, runs horizontally over two parallel runways coupled to a traveling bridge. The lifting component, hoist travels along the bridge to lift materials. It covers varying scope, depending upon the various processes involved in manufacturing. The basic objective of using overhead crane is to keep the hazardous elements such as heat, acidity, combustibility, distanced from the work force. For example, in a galvanizing unit, heavy structural materials are required to be dipped into a number of tanks for the performance of sequential processes such as acid tank for pickling, water tank for rinsing, chemical tank for fluxing and molten zinc tank for galvanizing. Similarly, in a steel plant, overhead crane does operations like feeding raw materials to a furnace, storing for cooling, lifting and loading of finished coils onto trucks and trains.

There are a number of established and leading industrial units in India who manufacture and export overhead traveling cranes and material handling equipments. If you are running any of the process type industries, you may find your requirement from a wide range of products such as industrial cranes, double girder overhead traveling cranes, industrial cranes, automated cranes and special purpose lifting equipment. You can easily get the spare parts and critical components to keep your cranes free of long breakdown. Before deciding to buy any of the overhead material handling equipment, you need to verify if the manufacturer is certified for ISO 9001: 2000, 14001: 2004 an 18001: 2007 so that you are automatically assured of the quality of the equipment that you are going to install.

Beside the equipment, you can find a number of services such as overhauling, erection, commissioning, installation, rail alignment, re-rating and revamping of EOT cranes, conversion of DC to AC Controls, automation of cranes, refurbishing of crane gearboxes. The manufacturer of EOT crane you select should be well-resourced with regard to Man-Material-Machinery-Money-Management. You should get your specific requirement fulfilled along with timely delivery and after sale services. If you are going in for a new engineering project, you may like to avail consultancy services with regard to designing, raw materials, specifications and dimensions of the machines that would suit to your project. You can avail services on turnkey basis covering every aspect of a project such as conceptualization, designing, fabrication, installation, commissioning and first trial run.

Electric Smokers – Healthy and Versatile Cooking Units

Electric smokers are considered healthy and reliable cooking devices suitable for both residential and commercial needs. These units primarily consist of different temperature controls vital to cook various types of meat, fish and vegetables. The products can also be used as warming ovens to heat food. The units are now being highly preferred for barbeque needs when compared to other conventional smoking techniques. Similarly, there are digital smokers that use an infrared heating source to control the overall temperature. These are not only best to smoke food but can be used for cold, dry or hot cooking requirements.

Bradley smokers institute one of the leading brands that allow enjoying gourmet-quality food as served in BBQ outlets. These can be used by novice and professional smokers in an effortless manner. The units designed in powdered epoxy steel feature an aluminum interior, hot plate, advanced feeding system and adjustable racks to store food in large quantities. These aid hot smoking at temperatures ranged between 180-250 degrees while cold smoking between 60-80 degrees F can be used for items like bacon, salmon ham, cheese etc. Bradley and Jim Beam are commonly regarded as top brand smokers in the industry.

Benefits of using digital and electric smoking units:

The smokers are extremely flexible in use and enable to make flavorful and tasty smoked meat, roasted corn, turkey, pork chops, fish, vegetables, steak either indoors or outdoors. The units facilitate to smoke food in a healthy and nutritious manner without the use of oil or other fats. Large meats generally require longer time to smoke while medium-sized fish or meat like chicken legs, sausages take less time. Shrimps and smaller sized food items can be smoked by placing them in containers to prevent them from becoming dry and hard to eat. On the other hand, meat or vegetables when soaked in brine help enhance the flavor and also retain the moisture levels. Furthermore, wood-flavored rubs in apple, cherry or hickory along with other seasonings can be used depending on the required taste. Some of the models include a wood box that offer the same effect as placing wood or charcoal on the grill top.

Additionally, the devices assist in even cooking as the temperature levels are digitally managed eliminating the need to adjust the vents as needed in charcoal or gas models. These are safe to use and do not emit any harmful pollutants in the air. The tools are also cost-effective and avoid the need of purchasing charcoal or wood on a regular basis. Above all, these can be easily cleaned and do not require clearing any messy ash or other debris. As a result, digital and electric smokers are ideal cooking source to enjoy delicious and freshly smoked food.

Why to Design a Black and White Fashion Designer Logo

Fashion designing is a game of colors. Whether creating apparel or jewelery or handbags, blending appealing shades in contrasting way is the knot of creative designing. I've often seen people rejecting a fine-looking dress just because "red is not in," or "yellow does not suit my looks" and other similar comments on colors. So, color is one the definitive factors when one buys a style product. This has led designers to believe that their logosought to be multihued and vibrant. This is often a misconception because one can create an excellent fashion designer logo using just two colors – black and white.

The questions, however, is, "why fashion designers' logo should be black and white and not colored?" Here are some answers you can not easily ignore.

Easy and Cheap to Print

Colored cartridges are expensive and people often avoid printing in color when need multiple copies. They are also more flexible in use as you do not have to take much care in using them on your flyers, business cards, and letter heads because they can fit well on paper.

Have a Classy Ever-Green Look

Colors go in and out but black and white remain. Black and white is a combination that has been in use since the advent of creative designing and there is no chance of their getting out of fashion. Having this ever-green combination on your logo ensures that your logo will never become out-of-date. You can use this logo forever.

Grab Attention through Excellent Contrast

Black and white colors are popular for their excellent contrast. They go perfectly well together. What more, their contrast is very much attractive and eye-catching, so you can easily grab the attention of the onlookers using this appealing combination.

Stand Out In the Crowd of Images

As I pointed out earlier, when creating a fashion logo, focus usually is on the use of colors. So there is pretty good chance that in any fashion designing competition or event, all other logos will be full of color but yours will be unique. Beside, the designer has not relied on the colors for creating the appeal, so it will more artistic and creative. In the gallery of logos of all fashion designers, your logo will easily stand out.

Conveys clear message

Have you ever give it a thought that the all manuscripts and document requires black printing on white paper? This is simply because that it's easiest to read black text with white background. Changing the font color or background color can make the message unclear and difficult to read. Black & White fashion designer logo is, therefore, better in communicating its message than a colored one.

Combining them all, you come up with an attractive, more powerful and unique design with black and white colors which will give your fashion business an outstanding character.

The Victorian Circus

It is known that there were hundreds of circuses operating in mid Victorian times around 1850-1860. Circuses were a part of culture and a unique part of western culture and what is known as Victorian culture and Victorian culture had important influences on Modern Culture. The skills whether that of the performers or the specific engineering and design work done in preparing the circus were important. It is known that there were aquatic circuses where the circus ring was flooded with water. It is known too that in Roman times, amphitheatres were flooded with water so that mock sea battles could be stopped. This article aims to describe the unique feel and culture of the time. It aims to elaborate on what is meant by the lewd and sometimes grotesque nature of circuses. Were circuses close to the theater and burlesque in some degree?

You can imagine the whole commercialism and excitement of Victorian circuses. The skills and daring involved was exciting and you can feel a strange freedom and beauty in this world. There was a certain American gentleman Richard Sands who ran a circus. He was an acrobat as well as what was known as a 'ceiling walker'. It is difficult to imagine ceiling walkers now. Firstly, the modern person may question whether such an ability is possible ie to walk on ceilings. Surely this can only be done through computers and some kind of illusionary effect. But Victorian circuses in this respect were not about illusion. They were about real skill and they aimed to evoke real excitation, a real circus effect. Richard Sands who it is known visited England from America in 1842 also bought a large stud of horses and equestrians. His circus was certainly well organized and its performers whether acrobats or equestrians were highly skilled. This was the 1840s, the early Victorian period. It is too difficult and presumptuous to mention circuses as part of a whole cultural development. The nineteenth century continued on the great Industrial Revolution and it is obvious that newventions and developments were used in circuses to develop new skills as well as new ways of captivating and entertaining an audience yearning for such enthralling circus acts.

Richard Sands was apparently able to walk on ceilings because of rubber suction pads attached to his feat. The Sands Circus returned to England in the 1850s and he did this act during this time. Unfortunately he was killed when performing this act in America because of loose plaster in the ceiling. Still what I am trying to evoke is a degree of danger in the circus but it was not danger in the sense of recklessness. The audience wanted to see danger performed in a structured setting and this setting was the circus. The color, the animals, the acrobats added to a new type of performance. This was not just theatrical performances or performances akin to plays in theater houses. It was a raw theatricality that only circuses can evoke. It was real human performance involving acts decidedly aimed at capturing the audience.

One of the central elements of Victorian Circus was Astley's Amphitheater. It is important to mention Philip Astley, a cavalry officer turned circus-manager who greeted the circus to a new level. And it is Philip Astley who the famous Astley's Amphitheater is named after. Astley's is considered the first real circus but it began before Queen Victoria came to the throne. You may wonder why the term 'amphitheater' was used. Note that the setting for the circus is not a theater but an amphitheater. Look back at famous amphitheatres in history! Think of amphitheatres like the open-air amphitheaters of the Roman era ,. Maybe the word 'amphitheatre' was used because it denoted assassination, true 'circus' excitement; This was how a circus was meant to be. It seems too much that Mr Astley's theater was mentioned in the Old Curiosity Shop by Dickens. If you look online at Victorian prints, you can find prints of Astley's Circus and although you can deduce from this that Astley's Circus was an important part of the Victorian World in England at least.

It is known that Philip Astley, who is considered the founder of modern circuses, opened a riding school in 1768. His main aim, it seems, was to develop a school for trick riders or horse riders who would perform daring feats on horseback. Astley developed an arena for the performing horse-men. He saw that the arena or performing area should be a particular shape with the audience around. Because of its circular shape, he called the area a circus. Still it is not confirmed that he called the arena a circus. He certainly saw that the performing area needed to be of a certain shape Ie circular so that horse-riders could perform in an optimum way and so that the audience too could see everything. This is the important thing about a circus! The circus is 'close' to the audience. The audience are mean to see everything. The performers perform for the audience. They perform around the audience .. They perform above the audience. The audience is meant to see. Victorian theater had this basic aim, for the audience to be close to the performers. And Victorian architects developed music halls and theaters on this premise. However circuses came before the large-scale construction of Victorian theaters. It is best not to emphasize the circus shape because the shape is really a common-sense shape for a raw theatrical performance such as the circus. And you should not of course over-analyze what is common-sense!

The amphitheater was located on Westminster Bridge Road in Lambeth, London. As a piece of architecture, Astley's Amhitheatre was certainly stunning and had rich effects. It was built in 1796 and then before the Victorian Age. Still Astley's Amphitheater was burned down many times and refurbished too and you can argue that the theater opened in 1770 when the first theater was built. However it was destroyed by fire in the early 1790s. It was known variously as the Royal Saloon and the Royal Grove and the building only became known as Astley's Amphitheater in 1795. Astley refurbished the building and made the building a center for his new circus acts and that is why the date 1795 is used. It was that built with obvious Georgian and Regency influences. However it is still an important theater to mention. In the Victorian age itself, the place was an important center for circus acts. The building had many names over time. It changed its name to Davis's Royal Amphitheater in 1823 and then the Royal Amphitheater (Astley's) in 1825. Then it had another name changes before returning to the name Astley's Theater in 1863. It was finally known as Sanger's Grand National Amphitheater in 1883 before the building was demolished as unsafe. Note how the name Astley's was associated with it through its history and you can feel that its rich association with circus.

Origin Of Collective Bargain

The term collective bargaining was coined in 1891 by Beatrice Webb in her work cooperative move in industries.

The employment term according to her can be determined either unilaterally by the state, unilaterally by employees, unilaterally by workers and by the combined efforts of the employers and their organs, workers and their organs and the state representatives.

C.I.B study text (1982:258) observed that since the 1960s there have been certain developments in the system of collective bargaining. It explains that negotiating arrangements have been introduced in many organizations at local or plant level, i.e. in “domestic” bargaining. For example, a union might negotiate minimum wage rates at a national or company level and then separate negotiations at plant level might be concerned with extra payments for special arrangements, such as a productivity agreement in the plant.

Before the advent of collective bargaining, employees bargain individually, through the interview i.e. individual contract.

Collective bargaining is therefore collective in the sense of multi-party involvement in form of decision making concerning a broad range of issues that effect all parties in the industry.

Contrary to Webb’s definition of collective bargaining as a collective equivalent and alternative to individual bargaining. Alan Flanders (1975:253) says collective bargaining is primarily a political institution because it is a rule making process, which involves power relationship between organizations or organized interest groups.

Dunlop (1958:302) drew attention to the dynamic of collective bargaining processes, he observed that the major activities of collective bargaining involves the determination of priorities within each side in the bargaining process i.e. there are disagreement within each side. Constant discussions, disagreement and compromise and exists from time to time in these processes.

Collective bargaining is an important technique or mechanism in industrial relations meant for resolving goal conflict. It is a joint activity where each side recognizes the right of the other to be present in equal terms. I.e. when you talk of collective bargaining, it is a forum where the employers and employees are to be present. The employer do not tell the employees to leave the negotiating table, they both have fifty-fifty chance.

Employees and employers through their representative come to agreement on pay and condition of employment. The process of negotiating is often referred to as COLLECTIVE BARGAINING.

The development of Collective Bargaining

The C.I.B study text (1988: 355) observed that before the advent of collective bargaining, employers bargaining individually through the interview i.e. individual contract.

It is also observe that since the 1960s there have been certain developments in the system of collective bargaining. Some of these are:

Negotiating arrangement has been introduced in many organizations at level or plant level i.e. in “domestic” bargaining.

Another is that more matters are now brought within the sphere of collective bargaining arrangement because negotiation now might cover not only pay and condition of service or employment but also promotion, training, agreement, job demarcation etc.

Finally, collective bargaining has been extended to more group of employees.

Factors influencing Collective Bargaining

According to the N.U.T study circle materials (1992: 68), some of the factors that influence collective bargaining are itemized below:

(i) The ability to pay

(ii) The mandate of the employers representative

(iii) The relative strength of the union and management

(iv) The sensitive nature of the job and the importance society attaches to it.

(v) Strategies adopted by the union officials

(vi) The quality of work.

(vii) Influence of international financial institution e.g. I.M.F.

(viii) Statistics, which are generally economic in nature, collective, collated and interpreted by the union officials.

However, the C.I.B study text (1988: 355) stated that one final point to note is that there is a complex of factors within an without the organization which affect the bargaining relationship and that although there is an agreement to go through grievances or dispute procedures (in a constitutional way) the majority of conflict in this country are unconstitutional, that is in breach of procedure.

Negotiation procedure

Standoher (1982: 217) defined Negotiation as the act of discussing, conferring in order to come to an agreement, arranged by discussion. He also defined bargaining as making a condition, or give up something in return for something else.

However, Yoder (1982: 471) wrote that the negotiating procedures consist essentially of advancing proposal, discussing them, receiving counter proposal and resolving differences. He asserted that it may involve elements of training, as concessions are granted bye ach of the parties.

Moreover, he stated that negotiation procedures are determined in part by the law, states and administrative board and courts decision regulate the particular issues that bargaining can decide. The law further requires that the parties negotiate their contract in good faith.

Formal negotiation according to yoder (1982: 471) creates the collective bargaining agreements. In formal negotiation, the parties met at predetermined times and places to exchange proposal, agreement and rebuttals. Informal negotiating he said is a continuing process arising out of the day-to-day interoperation, and application of the formal agreement. Representatives of the parties exchange ideas, and arrive at agreement with respect to the meaning of various clauses and appropriate programmed for putting them into effect.

He also observed that informal negotiation can be regarded as part of the total process of contract administration. It is highly important in the relationship established by collective bargaining: the degree to which informal negotiation takes place and how the parties adapt themselves to resulting changes may well be a measure of their maturity and effectiveness as collective bargainers.

Yoder stressed that the formal process of negotiating begins in several ways. If the parties are bargaining for the first time, sessions may follow union recognition by management or certification by federal or state agencies. If the parties have already negotiated one or more agreements, the timing of the negotiation process may be prescribe by existing agreement. It may call for formal, advance announcement by either party if changes are to be sought in a new agreement. The process may begin by an exchange of letters between the parties. Or one party may announce to become news. Negotiation continues until differences are resolved or until the parties find that they cannot arrive at a satisfactory agreement without assistance. Conciliation and mediation services may help in settling their differences. Certain unsettled issues may be submitted to arbitration. If agreement is not achieved in negotiation, employees may strike, in which case, settlement of the strike involves further negotiation.

They may, on the other hand, continue working without agreement while negotiation goes on.

Preparation for Negotiation

Yoder (1982: 472 observed that although the extent of advance preparation by both managers and unions differ, many of them spend month in getting ready for negotiation, unions study the experience with existing agreements in the investigate the financial condition of employers. Union members may be polled to determine their preferences.

He noted that many management undertake similar preparation for the negotiating process. They seek information on the nature of settlement made by other employers in the same or related industries. They study the operation of the present agreement to discover section in which they desire changes.

Moreover, he asserted that they forecast financial prospect and secure information on the labour markets in which they must shop. They try to anticipate union demands and have at the argument they may use in opposition to demands they regard as unreasonable.

Experience is reviewed to provide a basis for further negotiation.

Both management and union need fact as well as philosophy and policy to guide them in actual negotiation. Representatives know the basic policies of the organization they represent. They should be well informed on current practice in the industry and locality and on recent changes in practice. Both parties may require extensive statistical and other information with respect to their experience and that of other firms and unions.

Yoder finally noted an important objective in preparing for negotiations is determining the cost of changes in contract provision.

Strategy and tactics

According to Yoder (1982: 471), strategy refers to the overall plan of how to proceed at the bargaining table to achieve objectives. Examples would be to take a “hard time” or to be con-operative, tactics include the individual method that a party utilizes to implement its strategy. Example would be to table round, bluff or trade-off issues. The behavioral approach of Walton and Mckersie, outlined, lends itself to analysis of strategy and tactics. Strategically, most managers and union leaders view negotiation as a contest in which the “smart player” wins.

This comports with the fact that since most negotiations is distributive in nature, the parties are competing in an “win-loss” situation on individually bargaining items. Thus, negotiation is seen primarily as an adversary relationship.

Yoder (1982: 495) stressed that in applying tactics to distributive issues, both sides typically adopt extreme positions. The unions present a “laundry list” asking for the “sun, moon and stars”, and management typically, offers very little at the onset. He further asserted that both parties recognize the need to bluff.

They may make dire threat with no serious though of carrying them out. Negotiators sometimes fell a need to impress their constituencies that they have fought hard and avoided a catastrophe.

Bluffing may help to create this impression.

However, Standoher noted that one effective position for management may be to make demand of its own in bargaining. Underlying this is the adage that “the best defense is a good offence”. In recent years, management has sought to ease restrictive work rules, and ahs even proposed “take away” lowering or eliminating benefits that existed under the previous contract.

Strike and trade disputes

The C.I.B study text (1988: 380) defined strike as a temporary stoppage of wok in the pursuance of a grievance or demand. It explains that strikes are the most common form of industrial conflict and there are a wide variety of issues that can result into strike and mis-understanding in an organization.

The trade dispute Act, section 37 defines a trade dispute as “any dispute between employers and workers or between workers and workers which is connected with the employment or non-employment or the term of employment and physical conditions of work of any person.

How to Get Rid of Moths the Easy and Effective Way

While moths seem harmless enough, there are actually a couple of diseases instigated by these critters. Just like all flies and mosquitoes, they tend to visit very dirty places such as sewage, gutters and moldy walls. They transfer the bacteria, germs, virus and other micro organisms that they carry from these places into your food or your walls of your home. These micro organisms can trigger a number of illnesses.

There are also cases wherein moths and their caterpillars cause skin diseases. These creatures actually have very tiny spurs on their legs, especially the larger moths. If the moth happens to land on any part of your skin, some of the spurs in their legs will stay on your pores. This may sting or lead to a case of dermatitis.

Certain species of moths are also capable of biting your skin just like ants. If you hate ants and use ant killer, you should also consider ways on how to get rid of moths. Some moths are also a lot like fleas, in that some types of moths can even feed on human blood.

The spurs in the legs of moths may also cause allergic reactions. They can trigger the excessive production of histamine that may cause difficulty in breathing, enlargement of the tongue or tonsils, swelling of the skin and lips and even blisters. Eye infection caused by hair or spurs of moths may also be experienced when it gets in contact with the eyes.

If you go the extra mile in buying ant killer, you should also consider getting a good moth repellent. The most common moth repellent used by many is the mothball. They come in packs. However, not many people like the pungent odor of these mothballs. They certainly do not want to use them in keeping moths away from their clothes. While it does a good job in keeping moths away from clothes, they also tend to make the cabinet and the clothes smell bad.

To learn how to get rid of moths, you should consider consulting the professionals. If you are already dealing with an infestation in the attic or the bedroom, it should be left to the experts to prevent moths from coming back.

The thing is, treatments really depend on what they are feeding on and how large the affected areas are. For instance if you are getting rid of fleas, you have to go beyond the infected pet. Some of the most common treatments for infestations are fumigation, use of smoke generators and use of insecticides.

There is also the problem of the eggs. While adult moths can be easily killed with the use of insecticides, the eggs are a mite more resilient. They require special insecticides that will be placed in the areas where the adult moths laid their eggs. After the initial infestation has been treated, you can proceed to the task of finding good quality moth repellents that you can stick to in order to prevent future infestations.

Just like when getting rid of fleas or buying ant killer, learning how to get rid of moths can take a lot of initial work. You have to first inspect signs of infestation and determine what species of moth has attacked your house. This way, you can really find good quality treatments that will do their job.

Just like when getting rid of fleas, make sure you also look for high quality moths pest control products. While there are many products and insecticides in the market, not all of them will really work for you.

One of the most preferred solutions for getting rid of moths is moth traps. They look like your ordinary fly trap. They are mostly used to get rid of pantry moths. To make the moth traps more effective, you can purchase pheromone squares which actively attract moths. So if you are having infestation in your pantry, this should be an ideal solution.

We can not do anything to completely stop the existence of pests. There are many ways to control them by using ant killer pesticides or natural pest killers. Getting rid of fleas , moths and ants can be easier if you know what exactly you are dealing with. Especially with moths, you have to know what the species you are dealing with is, so you have a better idea on how to get rid of the moths.