Your Guide To Horse Betting Etiquette

Is there such a thing as horse betting etiquette? Yes there most definitely is. While you may see chaos at the betting windows with 2 minutes to post time, there is a dynamic at work.

Here are 5 important items you need to know when you are betting horses at the racetrack:

1.) Always know what you are going to bet BEFORE you get to the teller. The absolute worst thing you can do is handicap at the window with little time to post and hemming and hawing while people behind you get shut out of their wagers.

2.) Know what the bets are called BEFORE you get to the window . They have programs at the racetrack specifically designed to tell you what bets are, how to call them out, and how much they cost. Do not waste the teller's time – they are there to collect wagers, not go over the history of racing with you. That's how their performance is judged. While they may smile on the outside, they are definitely not smiling inside.

3.) NEVER go to the window with little time to post to cash a ticket. Wait until after the gate bell rings and people place their bets. Getting someone shut out of a wager while you have no intention on betting the upcoming race is a BIG no-no. This is a recipe for getting a knuckle sandwich.

4.) Have your money ready. Do not be like the elderly lady at the grocery check out and start counting out change with 1 minute to post time while you have a line of people behind you.

Be aware of others.

5.) Never be intimidated by the guy behind you huffing and puffing and mumbling nasty things while you are trying to get your bets in . This only applies if you are not doing any of the above no-no's, too bad for him. Maintain your cool and get your wagers in.

So there you have it. This is a brief but important lesson in racetrack horse betting etiquette that will make everyone's day at the races a much more pleasant experience. Win. Or lose.

Oh, these rules apply to off-track betting, satellite betting and where you are waiting in line to get your bets down. The bottom line is, be civilized and remember the golden rule.

Burton Air Review

The Burton Air snowboard is another version of the Custom Snowboard which includes CARBON I-BEAM in addition to the technology applied onto the Air.

The Burton Air is 100$ cheaper than the Custom but generally snowboarders purchase the Custom one. The Custom really has more pop because of that Carbon inside, but only experimented riders will see the difference.

The Burton Air now includes many sizes and suits big guys needs with decks ranging from 145cm to 166cm.

Technically, the Burton Air has a Negative Core Profile which results in having a softer and more freestyle flex and torsion suitable for park, pipe and rails riding.

The Super Fly Core makes the board lightened and loaded with pop as it is a vertical sandwich of hard and soft woods.

The DualZone EGD adds solidity to the edges for more control and durability with added wood grain next to the edges.

The Fiberglass used is the TRIAX RESPONSE, basically one lengthwise layer of fiberglass topped with two layers of diagonal glass yielding to more torsional stiffness and thus a more precise carving and turn initiation.

The base is obviously the Sintered one and Burton Air features the Sintered Vision Base which is highly porous for a nice wax absorption (better gliding) but also to put a nice Vivid Design.

And a personal Burton touch adds strength to the deck by tuning the deck especially for a long season. Their technic is to overbuild the board and put it in a machine which simulates the conditions of an entire riding season.

Now that you have learnt about the technical features behind this Burton Air Snowboard, you can admit that this deck is a solid one and fits many conditions. Before you decide to shop for a Custom, think twice and try the Air and you will see that it’s already a great machine. For those who have big feet you should have a look to the Royale snowboard, a replica of the Air.

How Much Does Satellite Radio Advertising Cost?

When you think "national radio advertising" the word "expensive" very likely also comes to mind. For years this was very, very true. The price to reach a national audience was dictated by some very well padded gatekeepers who could name crazy high prices if you want to get your message in front of the masses. Because of this, many start up businesses were forced to slowly grow in small cities before they could take their message to a national scale on the radio.

While this is still the case with many syndicated radio shows broadcast over am and fm dials, satellite radio does not hold the same gate keeper or price points of years gone by. In fact, the cost to advertise nationally on satellite radio is lower than it is to advertise on many medium and large cities across the USA.

The trade off and reason for this is the fact that your audience is very spread out and not in one select pocket. If you are selling a product or service that has no geographic target and you want to push your message far and wide, this makes it a great medium to advertise on while keep your marketing budget at realistic levels.

However if you do need to target one select city or state, the reach of satellite radio advertising may not be strong enough for what you had in mind. For example: A car dealer or boutique shop owner who have store front locations and only sell out of that location would not benefit from a low cost national advertising plan on satellite radio. They would be better on their local am or FM radio stations.

However lets say that the car dealership can ship their inventory worldwide or that boutique shop is pushing their unique website and can ship nationwide, satellite radio suddenly becomes a very attractive option for reaching a national audience that in the past would have been out of the price range for either of these companies.

To be clear: If you have a product or service that can reach a national scale and you can get it to your customers for a low price – then satellite radio advertising should be something you and your marketing department can explore. If you are only going after a select city or region, then it is not an option you need to put in the mix of your next marketing meeting.

Metal Wood Burning Fireplaces

A fireplace which is an additional attraction to most of the houses. An effective device which is for heating the room can also prove to be a wonderful setting for a romantic mood. Metal wood burning fireplace are designed to improve an existing fireplace with more environmental -friendly, economic burning potions.

The metal wood stove for burning logs or other types of wood fuel compounds in a combination of a rectangular metal shaped shell including opposite sides, a top, a back and a bottom that supports upon legs on a supporting surface. It is manually adjustable.

Most of the people choose to burn wood or adapt their fireplaces to gas for visual purposes. This metal wood burning fireplace is possible to boost your existing fireplace and it is a possible source of heat as well.

There are various instructions to maintain the metal wood burning fireplace; you have to clean the fireplace and chimney annually that helps to maintain the safety and efficiency of the fireplace. You should burn hardwoods instead of softer varieties. These burn more slowly and produce more heat. You should open any glass or metal doors that are part of the fireplace to allow heat to escape. The metal wood burning fireplace can be of conventional cast iron pieces or lighter sheets of metal which reflect heat back into the room. It establishes heat transmission ducts. These fans blows forcefully heated air into the room and suck the cooler air into the fireplace. The metal helps to spread out the heat into the room. These wood-burning stoves are efficient and add attractiveness to the home. It will linger warm and continue to heat the room after the fire is extinguished.

A fireplace consists of a firebox that contains fire with a chimney which releases smoke out of the houses. The fire places have other advantages like that it keeps the house heated and it is helpful in cooking also. The metal wood burning fireplace some artistic significance of the house though there has been a rapid scientific development and it is available in various electronic shops but the demand for the fireplace still exists.

The fireplace has to be cleaned by Flue brush, dust mask, newspaper, ladder, stiff nylon, drop cloth, vacuum, ash can, glass cleaner and soft cloth, rubber gloves, and trash can and bags. The initial cost can be high but when you use for few years it will show major savings in heating costs to justify the initial costs.

Ferrari Cars and Some of Their Famous Owners, A Brief Guide

Ferrari luxury sports cars have always had a special affinity with the association of not only the racing world and upper echelons of the Formula One Grand Prix, but also a popular choice for the rich and famous.

A Ferrari parked outside an expensive boutique or a café in Monaco would not ever "look out of place", would it? This is probably due to the fact that Ferrari sports cars have always had a reassuringly rather large price tag to go with their image of wealth for its owner.

With this in mind, the cars that belong to celebrities, Hollywood actors and famous people have always attracted even more attention than their less famously owned counter parts. So when some of these famously owned cars end up at a classic car auction or are announced that they will be sold, a media frenzy starts and so does a bidding war for the top price.

In a recent classic car auction at the Silverstone, a rare 2003 "Ferrari 575 Maranello" with only 10,000 miles on the odometer was historically sold for £ 66,000 and was purchased by an unknown private buyer. What was unique about this car was its provenance from its famous previous owners.

The fact this Ferrari was not just rare, but its previous owners included; the legendary guitar hero "Eric Clapton" and the BBC Radio and TV presenter Chris Evans, who are both huge Ferrari fans in their own right.

Chris Evans has been in and out of the motoring world press for the last few years, with his growing collection of Ferrari's, which now includes seven in the line-up. But his latest acquisition is the one that's got everyone talking. It's a very rare 1960 Ferrari 250 California Spyder, that cost over £ 5 million at auction. What makes this classic car even more special is that its only number 13 of only 56 cars ever produced this model, but it was actually owned by the late (great) film actor James Coburn, who was a massive Ferrari fan.

James Coburn got his love of cars from his father and was reputed to have turned the automative-fanatic actor Steve McQueen onto Ferrari sports cars back in the early sixties.

Other celebrities and star's who share a love for Ferrari sports cars are most notably Jay Kay from the band Jamiroquai who has had a number of Ferrari's including; a Ferrari F40, a 360 Spider, Ferrari Enzo, Ferrari 456GT. Veteran rock singer Rod Stewart also owns a Ferrari F40, a 360 Spider and now new Murcielago.

Star of film and TV, Joanna Lumley has a classic Ferrari 328 GTS Targa, where as lead guitarist of the Who rock band also has a passion for Ferrari's, as Pete Townshend currently owns a Ferrari 550 Maranello.

Foundation Repair – Is Your Home's Foundation Moving? – 11 Ways to Know If Your House is Safe

The sooner you fix a moving foundation, the less damage it will cause. Sometimes these problems are hard to diagnose and foundation repairs many times should be left to the professionals.

Check off which symptoms you have below. Some obvious foundation movement indicators are:

1. Are there cracks in your foundation?

2. Do you have bulging concrete walls?

3. Do you suspect any type of foundation movement?

Any or all of those above can be cause for alarm!

4. Do you have any floor and wall cracks?

5. Do you notice any doors that bind and do not open or close correctly?

6. Do you have any floors that are not level? Do your windows bind or do not open or close correctly?

7. Is there any water intrusion in your home?

8. Do you have any mold growth?

9. Are there cracks in your exterior brick?

10. Do you have any cracks in your beams and joists?

11. Are there any separations of wood either on the interior or exterior of your home?

If you feel you need residential foundation repairs, – you MUST act quickly! Things could be so much worse if you wait. It is not worth risking your life as well as the lives of your family members. This type of problem is not for the "Do It Yourselfers" either. You are going to want a reputable experienced company. Many times a husband or a relative mean well and think they can go ahead and try to resolve it on their own. Say NO!

Haidong Gumdo – Korean Sword Martial Art – An Introduction and Comparison

It's time to set the record straight about Haidong Gumdo. For those unfamiliar with this, Haidong Gumdo is a Korean martial art focused on the use of swords. The visual aesthetic is familiar to most Americans, and will remind one of the Japanese samurai due to the shape of the sword and the dress which is worn. Haidong Gumdo is about grace. It is about precision, and power. It is about mastering one's own mind and body in the development of physical skill. It is not, however, about cultural imitations or derivations.

The Sword
The sword used in Haidong Gumdo practice is known by multiple names, including hwando and jingum , which is the equivalent of the Japanese word shinken , or "real sword". It is important for those more familiar with Japanese sword arts to realize that the jingum is not a katana, despite certain surface similarities. This is largely related to differences in cutting technique. While historical Korean swords come in many shapes and sizes, the modern jingum is easy to distinguish from a Japanese katana by the shape of the tip and the method in which the blade is mounted to the handle. Quality jingum typically has a wider tip, and are mounted with a pin and bolt in the handle.

The Uniform
The Haidong Gumdo uniform used by the World Haidong Gumdo Federation is something else that causes confusion to those more familiar with Japanese sword arts. This is because of the pants that are worn, which flare outwards similar to the Japanese hakama . As with the sword, however, there are differences between the Japanese and Korean styles. The Japanese hakama are worn outside of the gi (or jacket), while in Haidong Gumdo, the jacket is worn over the pants. Since the top of the pants is therefore not visible, they have an elastic waist, rather than the elbow ties of the hakama.

In addition, Haidong Gumdo makes use of a short sleeved dobak , or uniform. This allows more freedom of movement, without worrying about catching the sword in the sleeve. Finally, Haidong Gumdo makes use of colored belts to denote rank, similar to more familiar arts such as the Korean Taekwondo, or the Japanese Judo.

Relations with "other" sword arts
Unfortunately, the aesthetic similarities between the Korean and Japanese sword arts, coupled with a history of tension between these two peoples, has given rise to a significant amount of misunderstanding and strife in the martial arts community.

This is not to say anything at all negative about Japanese sword martial arts! I feel no need, for example, to dispute the history or legitimacy of Iaido, which is a modern Japanese sword art as practiced by the All Japan Kendo Federation. It is beautiful and graceful, and, I may add, new. The same is true of Haidong Gumdo.

Yet the martial arts community remains plagued by the tension which has exhausted between these peoples for quite some time. As American practitioners of these arts in particular, we should respect each others' chosen disciples. That's not even to begin the mention the negativity which arises from meaningless debts about historical origins, uniform styles, or effectiveness. This kind of slander only serves to weak us in our pursuit of mastery.

So let's move the discussion in a more positive direction. Do you practice a martial art? What do we even mean when we use that term?

The Meaning of "the Way"
I would argue that sports such as MMA ("mixed martial arts") do not fit the definition of martial arts in the traditional sense. The word Gumdo translates as "the way of the sword". "Way" is used here the same as it is used in Taoism. In fact, "Tao" and "Do" are the same character, pronounced differently in different languages. To quote Wikipedia:

"The martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental, physical, and spiritual development."

That second phrase is important. A significant part of martial arts practice is mental, physical, and spiritual development. So this would include the various styles of Chinese Kung Fu, Japanese Karate, and Korean Taekwondo, among others. It includes the various ryu of Japanese Samurai Swordsmanship, and yes, it includes Haidong Gumdo, an indigenous Korean sword art. Sure, nothing develops in a vacuum, and Korea necessarily shows influences related to its geographical location and its interaction with other cultures. But that does not diminish the art or its practitioners.

Conclusion
Haidong Gumdo focuses on multiple aspects of swordsmanship, from drawing and sheathing, to forms work and stance training, to test cutting with a live blade. There is no trick to being able to perform these cuts, whether on bamboo or other targets – no stage magic, just years of training and practice. Personal betterment and a constant driving to improve technique are what makes it work.

Martial artists of all disciplines should be interested to see a positive sharing of ideas. Show me some of your own martial arts practice, and let's compare. Anyone in the area is also welcome to visit my studio, Blue Mountain Martial Arts, to see my sword work first hand. Check out http://www.BlueMountainMA.com for more information.

Steps to Diagnose Connection Problems in Netgear Wireless Router

The article explains the steps that can be taken to diagnose and resolve connection issues in Netgear wireless router. The methods compiled here are simple and correct until date. It is strongly recommended that users follow the instructions carefully to avoid running into problems. This will eventually save them time as well as money that would otherwise be sent contacting Netgear router support.

Netgear wireless routers are known for their excellent wireless speed and performance. After that, these may create internet or wireless problems at times due to several reasons including recently made changes to the computer or device settings, connection problem, and outdated drivers among others. The below mentioned guide will help you scan as well as fix the connection issues on your own and without the help of Netgear technical support.

Instructions:

Turn off all the devices including computer, router, and the modem respectively in the order and wait for a few seconds (20-30 seconds). Thereafter turn them back on in the same order. Connect to the internet and check whether the problem has been fixed or not. This is the simplest and most widely used method to resolve common connection problems as it clears up the existing settings and starts a fresh connection.

If the previous method did not fix your problem, then check this out. Update the router driver (s) by visiting the Netgear website. Check if any updates are available to download for the drivers. If there are, download and install them. If prompted, reboot all the devices. Beside, run Windows Update and simply download and install all the latest updates. Restart the computer when prompted. Upgrade the router's firmware also.

First check, whether you can connect to the internet on a wired connection or not. Make your wireless computer a wired one by connecting the Ethernet cable to your computer and router. If internet works on the wired one but not on the wireless, then you can follow any of these steps mentioned here. However, if internet does not connect on the wired computer, then this can be considered as the root cause of the problem. Take corrective steps to resolve this problem and then move on to the wireless connection problem. One of these steps include checking the cables etc. Whether these are firmly placed in or not. These should not be broken or damaged that may be causing your connection to drop repeatedly. If everything is fine on your end and you are still not able to go online, contact your internet service provider (ISP).

Login to the router's interface (you will be required to make a wired connection to logon) and review the settings. To do so, open your internet browser and type '192.168.2.1' (without quotes) in the address bar. Hit the Enter key on the keyboard to proceed. When prompted for login credentials, enter this in and hit Enter again. Review the settings and if required modify them. For example, assign or change SSID, channel numbers, mode, security key WEP or WPA, and / or access point etc.

If you recently made changes to your computer, undo these by restoring the computer to an earlier point in time when things were fine. It should resolve the issue caused by the changes.

Additional Tips:

If you are using Windows XP with Service Pack 1 (SP1), then upgrade it to SP2 or SP3. It has been strongly recommended to upgrade to the latest SPs to avoid facing wireless connection drop problems.

Scanning DVD Covers – Hints and Tips

Ever lost a DVD, had your DVD collection stolen or damaged in an unforeseen accident? Strange things happen, which is why more people are backing up their precious DVD collection, which can potentially be worth thousands of dollars. While people are creating back-ups of their movies, many forget to create back-ups of the DVD covers inside the cases. If you want your DVD collection to look brilliant on display then they must have covers. This is why it is good practice to scan your DVD covers collection, especially those rare covers that may be difficult to find on the Internet at a later stage.

Scanning a DVD cover is simple however requires that you have some basic Photoshop knowledge/ skills. We need to make some basic image edits to ensure our covers are just right if we ever need to print them to serve as replacements. Here are some tips to help you get the most from your scans.

– The first tip doesn’t require any computer. Instead I recommend that you remove your DVD cover from its case and place it under a stack of heavy books. It is recommended that you leave it there for approximately a week, however even one day makes a difference. This step helps flatten the spine of your cover and will make the editing process much easier.

– When scanning, ensure you set your dpi(dots per inch) to 600. This will give you a large image with a great amount of picture information and detail. This setting will help to better edit the cover.

– It is recommended that you switch off any filters, such as sharpness, brightness, contrast etc. You will achieve better results editing these settings once the cover is scanned in Photoshop.

– Select the de-screen option. This setting helps remove the moiré pattern(crosshatched effect) which haunts so many scanned images.

– Once the scan is complete you must immediately open the levels tool (image > adjustments > levels) to repair the DVD cover’s black, mid and white tones. For a more detailed explanation on how to use the levels tool, check the link below.

– Fix any dust or rip spots on your cover by using the clone tool. If you are working on a solid color you can use the brush tool, which can be much quicker and highly effective at times. Remember to play around with the opacity settings of these tools to ensure your repairs look authentic.

– Use the gaussian blur tool to remove the remaining effects of moiré patterns (not always necessary.

– Reduce your DVD Cover to 300 DPI prior to saving. We do not require 600 DPI for print and also saves on storage.

These are the basic steps to creating high quality back-ups. Please remember that some DVD covers may require more work than others depending on the age, quality and color of the DVD Cover.

Testing the All Natural Cedarshield Oil Wood Preservative

I had read the articles, the various reports and scientific data and so, it was now time to put this apparently miraculous product to the ultimate test. A good friend of mine who specializes in the hand crafted manufacture of Ash furniture gave me the suggestion that we could try it out on a freshly cut slice of Ash tree. Normally he fills the trees, removes the branches and they are then stacked for periods of up to twenty years to completely dry out the wood and make it suitable for use in the manufacturing process. What he now suggested was that we cut a large slice from a recently felled and still wet tree, then apply this cedar oil based product to it and see what happens and if there is any noticeable difference.

Armed with a five gallon bucket of the product, an extremely long chain saw, some gasoline and a couple of saw horses, we set off in my friend’s truck towards the site where his Ash trees were kept. After about forty minutes we drove up a bumpy gravel road and turned into an area that appeared to be an abandoned stone quarry. We stopped his truck and got out to view some well stacked piles of huge trees, all set out in neat rows to both sides of the truck. We commenced by emptying out the truck box of all the items we had carried with us. My friend set up the two saw horses in the middle of the gravel yard and then proceeded to gas up his chain saw and give it a first start. Now convinced that everything was in good working order, we headed off towards one of the log piles.

I was advised that this particular stack of trees had only been felled just over one week previously and as such, they were still as wet as the day they were cut down. My friend studied each of the trees in the stack and then made his decision as to which one would be our subject for the experiment. Marking the end of it with chalk, he picked up his chain saw and climbed up to a suitable position where he could access the tree’s diameter with ease. With ear muffs on and a couple of fast pulls on the chain saw string, that well known buzz burst into life and the long chain was ready to start cutting. He stood firm and straight on the logs and commenced his first cut through a tree with a diameter of almost five feet. Within a few minutes and a couple of position moves on his part, the end of the large tree fell free to the ground. The exposed cut was clean and straight and I could see most of the circles quite clearly. Without hesitation, he climbed back up to his original position and started his second cut. The chain entered the tree about three inches from the newly exposed end and once again he worked away steadily until an almost evenly thick slice again fell free to land on top of the first slice. With that, the chain saw stopped buzzing and he climbed down to explain that this was the slice we were going to do our experiment on.

Together, we carefully pulled the large tree slice away from the pile and then, with one of us one each side we lifted the rather heavy piece of wood up and over onto the two awaiting saw horses. Placing it carefully on top of the horses, we had to adjust one of them to get it lying more solidly in position without a wobble. After a short five minute rest, we took over the bucket of fluid to start our test. Armed with a three inch brush each, we coated all of the upper side with its first coat of the cedarshield oil. It soaked into the timber as quickly as we applied it and that in itself was quite amazing considering how wet the timber was. We waited another five minutes or so and then commenced applying our second coat in exactly the same way as the first and yet again, it continued to soak in to the wood almost immediately. After this we waited maybe ten minutes before starting our third and final application. This time, by the time we were about half way across the large circle of wood, the fluid started to drip from the underside and onto the gravel below. We completed our application, closed the bucket and placed our brushes tightly into a plastic bag then went back to examine the now actively dripping tree slice. Sure enough, the underside was oozing the fluid we had applied on the surface but it did feel different to the touch. At that point we really didn’t understand what was happening or why the fluid coming through the downward side felt so different to the touch.

The real surprise came when the fluid finally stopped dripping through the wood and we decided it was time to lift the slice back to the truck. Again, with one of us at each side we grabbed hold of the wood and commenced to lift it. We both stopped in unison and dropped the wood back onto the saw horses for we had discovered it was now very light in weight compared to the time we had placed it in position. After some discussion on this, we again lifted it up and carried it over to the waiting truck for transportation back to my friend’s workshop. With everything now packed up and well secured, we left the site and headed back home with our newly cut slice of Ash tree. Upon arrival at his home and workshop, we were both eager to investigate the treated timber in more detail. Yes, its weight was now equivalent to that of dried Ash of the same dimensions but we had to ask ourselves why? We sent the slice through his planer and thickness machine and out it came fully dressed just like a piece of fully seasoned dry timber I was advised. To my friend who was well used to working with this type of timber, this discovery was truly amazing in itself. However, when we read the technical data for the fluid and found that the wood was now dimensionally stable, that it would not split or warp and that it was also fully protected from all types of fungal attack, rot and insect attack, my friend looked at me and stated “This has to the most miraculous invention for the treatment of wood ever!”

Upon reading the technical data further, we discovered that the cedarshield fluid contained double tailed molecules within its formulation and upon its application to timber, these molecules would instantly attach themselves to hydroxyls within the timber, acting as a water scavenger and instantly turning the inherent moisture into ethanol gas which immediately evaporated and left the wood totally dry and completely preserved again almost everything. Truly an amazing achievement and even more so when we considered that this fluid is 100% natural organic in its make up and contained no toxins, poisons or hazards of any kind. My friend continued to work on our newly cut circle of Ash wood and now, I am the proud owner of a highly polished and most certainly all natural Ash picnic table that I seen being manufactured literally from start to finish. This unique fluid is now saving my friend from waiting for periods of up to twenty years before he can work his beloved Ash timbers. It is most certainly a wonderful, safe and highly effective product that is likely to be used throughout all areas of the lumber industry.

Common Types of Insulation

Basements are the coldest rooms inside of the house because of how dark and damp they are. They receive almost no sun and the cold air that collects will seep into the household upstairs. This can cause your bills to go up around the winter months and make it nearly impossible to do things in the basement.

The best way to save yourself a bit of money and to make it easy to utilize all throughout the year is to install basement insulation. There are a few different types to pick out from. Each one will vary in price and the method that it is put in.

Blanket

This is a large blanket of insulation that is attached to a sheet of paper. These are cut at widths and are set in between wall studs. It is better to purchase ones that are precut because it has the ability to save you time of doing it on your own. This is best utilized in new basements or for when you need to replace old insulating material.

Foam Board

These are thick, fixed panels of foam that have been cut to fit in between the wall studs. This is one of the best to put in. It does not have to be stapled to the studs while it is being unwound but will stick to it. The good thing about this, is it does not have tiny particles of fiberglass that will fall off when utilizing it. This will make using it risk-free. This will have the ability to be used in preexisting walls and new walls.

Concrete Block

This is utilized for new basements. It is put in by putting down a block in which the cells have been filled with insulation. Homeowners can easily fill the blocks with the basement insulating material or can purchase foam inserts.

Taking A Look At The Main Parts Of An Excavator

Excavators are of great importance in construction sites. Excavators are made up of many parts that work together to get the job done.

Main Parts of an Excavator

As mentioned, an excavator has many parts that work together to get the job done. The most common parts are:

Motor : it creates the power used in moving an excavator. The motor can be powered by petrol, fuel or even electricity. It's good to note that while there are electric excavators in the market, they are very rare and they are designed to work in specialized areas.

The hydraulic motor is one of the most important motors in an excavator. This is the motor that rises and extends the excavator arm.

Excavator Arm : The arm is attached to the lower part of the frame chassis and has two main sections that are joined with a hinge. The sections have pistons that move them. When the first piston extends, the rod pushes against the arm and raises it then extending the section. The second arm then contracts and expands thus raising and lowering the second section. To help the excavator to scoop and dig, the arm has a bucket loader.

Tracks

They are rigid and fixed in one place. The tracks are stationed around a series of gears that turn after receiving power from the drive shaft that is connected to the engine. When the tracks are in gear they roll the excavator back and forward in a straight line.

For you to turn the excavator you have to stop one track and put the other in motion. To spin the excavator you have to put one track into reverse and the other into forward.

Taking Care of Excavator Parts

Since the excavator parts are involved in tough work, you need to take good care of them for them to last for a long time. One of the things that you should do is to regularly oil all the moving parts. Oailing not only promises rust, it also ensures that the parts move without strain.

In addition to oiling, you also need to regularly clean the excavator parts. For example, if you are working on a construction site you should clean the excavator at the end of the day. This prevails dust from accumulating that damaging the expensive parts.

Conclusion

This is what you need to know about excavator parts. In addition to taking good care of the parts you also need to ensure that you buy them from a reputable seller.

Rug & Carpet Cleaning Options

Whether you are planning on cleaning your wall to wall carpeting or your area rugs, you have certain cleaning options available to you. There are both positive and negative aspects when it comes to cleaning carpeting in your home. You should consider all aspects of cleaning when you are arranging to have the rugs and carpets in your house cleaned.

Shampooing – One option that works well and is easy to do on your own is using shampoo to clean the carpeting. This is not ordinary shampoo but special shampoo and you use this with a machine that will put the shampoo on the carpeting and then clean it up. Your carpet will be soaking wet after this process and will need to be kept for drying after you are done. This is also the least expensive method.

If you are using shampooing to clean an area rug, be sure that the material used is one that can be cleaned with wet cleaning. You can clean synthetic material rugs this way but you should never attempt to use this method on antique rugs or those made of wool as it can ruin the fiber.

Steam Cleaning -Steam cleaning can also be done by yourself with a special machine that you can rent or buy. This also uses moisture to clean the carpeting, but is not as wet as shampooing the carpeting. The steam will get the dirt out of the carpeting where it is picked up by a special machine and cleaned up. Many people prefer this method of cleaning as it is very effective and does not leave the carpet as wet as when it is shampooed.

When it comes to steam cleaning area rugs, the same truth holds for steam cleaning as it does for shampooing. You should not use this method of cleaning on wool rugs or those that are antiques and are most likely made from silk or wool. This method of cleaning is fine for store bought area rugs made from synthetic materials.

Chemical Cleaning

Chemical cleaning has come a long way and is no longer a danger to pets and children. However, some people just do not like the idea of ​​this type of dry cleaning for their carpets. This is a dry cleaning treatment that is similar to what is in a dry cleaning establishment. It can work well to chemically treat both carpeting and area rugs and is usually safe for most area rugs, including those that are made using wool or silk. You will want to talk to your carpeting care cleaner to find out if this will work for you. They may need to see the rug before they can give you a quote.

You have many choices when it comes to cleaning carpeting. Often, you can use the same treatment that you use to clean the wall to wall carpeting to clean the area rugs in your home. If you have a rare area rug or an antique, you will want to be sure that you have the carpet cleaner take a look at it and give you a price on cleaning before you start.

What Is a Fire Assembly Point and Why Must a Business Designate It?

When fire breaks out in premises, the most important thing is for people to get to safer locations as soon as possible. Fire outbreaks can cause serious injuries and also loss of life. Building fire safety is never clearly understood until that time when fire strikes. There is a need for all persons in the workplace or even in households to clearly understand what a fire assembly point is? This is because; a successful evacuation and fire safety plan is partly determined by how people respond by getting to safer locations when fire breaks out.

In a bid to understand What a fire assembly point is?, it is important to point out that it is not just a safe location within the workplace or household but it is a specially designated open location where people can congregate in the event of a fire. This point should be easy to reach and also free from dangers of the fire. The main reason why people need to get to the fire assembly point is because it helps identify any missing persons.

It is important that fire assembly signs be well designed with clear visibility. They should be able to guide the persons to safety without any problem. In Britain, there were reportedly 388 fire related deaths in 2010-11, and this implies that fires are still a challenge to many households and business premises with the risk of being able to take away life.

There are different ways in which the effects of fires can be managed and use of fire safety signs is one of them. There are also different fire safety signs, which can be used and these may range from prohibitive signs, descriptive signs, and warning signs, to directional signs. When workers and home occupants understand the importance of a fire assembly point and which signs show this critical safety location, they are able to respond fast in the event of an outbreak of fire.

When fire safety signs are installed, there is need for them to be maintained as part of the safety plans, businesses can organize training and education sessions to help the people understand all signs in the premises, where they are placed and what they represent. Where possible, a mock fire safety escape can be carried out to gauge how prepared a business is and how well the workers can respond to fire outbreaks.

This can easily bring out any notable weaknesses in the state of the signage and also the understanding of the different fire safety elements such as the fire fighting equipment and their usage. In addition, with such mock fire safety assessments, the emergency response team can evaluate whether people really know where the fire assembly points are.

The Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996, brings out a clear definition of the different safety signs and how they are applied. There is also regulatory information about the design and use of these signs. The dedicated colors, which are mandated by the law, are prescribed. When you get signs designed and installed by professional designers, you ensure that you are compliant with the law and that people can easily understand the signs and their usage.

Basic Greenhouse Designs

Constructing a greenhouse requires you to finalize a design or style. A variety of greenhouse designs are available to choose from. You can take your pick according to your requirement, style, taste and budget. Greenhouse designs are broadly categorized into three types: attached, ridge or furrow, and detached.

Attached greenhouses

Lean-to greenhouse:  When space is limited and you want to save up on costs, an attached greenhouse is a good option. The lean-to greenhouse has a ridge line that is attached to one wall of your home. Usually, a connecting door provides direct access from your home to the interior of the greenhouse. Proximity with the main structure of your dwelling provides easy access to power sockets and water source. The lean-to comes with straight or curved eave design. The roof is always sloping to allow snow, rain and leaves to slide off.

Window greenhouse: The smallest of all the attached greenhouses are the window mounted variety with just two or three shelves that can accommodate a few of your favorite plants.

Even-span greenhouse: It can be put up as an attached or a free-standing structure. In the attached variety, one gable end is attached to the end wall of another building. It is the largest of the garden greenhouses and has the advantage of allowing you to lengthen it if you start on a budget and later decide to upgrade and upscale the structure.  It scores over the lean-to in having a design that is more efficient as far as heating, cooling, ventilation and optimum use of available space are concerned.

Ridge or furrow greenhouses 

These are generally free-standing structures with gabled or arched rooflines. These are attached only at a common gutter at the lower edges of the eaves of the roof with no division by walls of the structure under the canopy. The curved arches are preferred if you are planning to use flexible glazing material like polyethylene. The gabled roof can have more rigid material like glass or fiberglass.  Being relatively large, this type of greenhouse is usually built by commercial growers.

Detached greenhouses

These are independent or stand-alone free standing structures situated away from the home. They have the advantage of being larger and admit more sunshine as there are no shadows of an attached structure to hamper sunlight.

Quonset greenhouse or hoop house is a popular option because it is quite inexpensive and easy to put up. It is arched and uses light weight framing over which flexible glazing can be stretched.

The Gothic arch greenhousehas great aesthetic appeal. It consists of two separate curved pieces that meet at the ridge line of the roof. As the curvature is less pronounced than the Quonset, it provides more head room and usable space.

Classic A-Frames look like the alphabet ‘A’ when put up. They are easily assembled on the ground before being erected, but have relatively less usable space.

Modified A-Frame greenhouses are shaped typically like a house. With straight vertical walls topped by gabled roof without eaves, they have more usable space than the classic A-Frames.

Barn style greenhouse has greater usable space as the peaked roof slants to meet eaves on either side of the ridge line. The eaves at the roof’s edge connect it to the sidewalls. The sidewalls may be straight or slanted; the latter providing for greater sunny span.

Dome greenhouses are semi-circular. They are great for minimizing wind resistance and allowing maximum light transmission.

Each of these basic greenhouse designs has its own plus points as well as limitations. A little research would go a long way in allowing you to