The Dead Rabbits Irish Street Gang

The Dead Rabbits Irish Street gang, of the middle of the 19th Century, was as vicious as any gang in the history of New York City. They ruled the squalid area of Lower Manhattan called the Five Points, and if a member of any other gang dare set foot in their territory, bad things happened to them very fast.

There is some dispute as to how the Dead Rabbits got their name. One version is that the word “Rabbit” sounds like Irish word raibead, meaning a “man to be feared.” “Dead” was a 1800’s slang word that meant “very.” So a “Dead Rabbit” is a “man to be very feared.”

Another version is that the Dead Rabbits were an offshoot of a older gang called the “Roach Guards.” Two factions within the Roach Guards constantly quarreled, and during a fistfight at an especially violent gang meeting, someone threw a dead rabbit into the room. When the fighting subsided, one group took the name “Dead Rabbits,” while the other kept the name “Roach Guards.” Predating the present street gangs the Crips and the Bloods by more than a 125 years, to mark which group a man belonged to, a Dead Rabbit wore a blue stripe on his pants, while a Roach Guard wore a red stripe on his pants.

Besides the Roach Guards, the Rabbits’ arch enemy was the Bowery Boys. On July 4th, 1857, the Rabbits and the Bowery Boys squared off at the corner of Bayard and the Bowery. The incident started, when a embattled policemen, being chased out of the Five Points by a group of Rabbits, ran into a Bowery Boy’s saloon. The Rabbits followed the policeman into the dive, and were beaten back by an angry group of Bowery Boys.

The Bowery Boys took offense at their turf being invaded, so a large group of Bowery Boys marched into the Five Points area. They were cut off by a battalion of Rabbits and a two-day war started, with as many as a thousand combatants fighting with hatchets, knives, stones, and even guns. The police sent in reinforcements, but they were beaten back by both gangs and told in no uncertain terms to mind their own business. The war swayed back and forth into both territories, with Canal Street being the boundary line.

By the end of the second day, the two gangs were near exhaustion, and the Seventh Regiment of the National Guard was called in by New York Mayor Fernando Wood. The National Guard, joined by the New York City Police, busted into what was left of the skirmish and started cracking the heads of the weary warriors. When the dust settled, eight gang members were dead and hundreds more were injured.

This did not end the animosity between the Bowery Boys and Rabbits. In August, 1858, on the corner of Worth and Centre Street, a small group of Bowery Boys were pummeled by a larger group of Rabbits. As the Bowery Boys ran off licking their wounds, two unsuspecting men exited a house at 66 Centre Street. They walked right into the path of the angry Rabbits, and thinking these two men were Bowery Boys coming back for more, the Rabbits descended upon them with a vengeance. One man was able to escape, but Cornelius Rady was not so lucky. He was hit in the back of the head with a rock from a slingshot and died soon afterward. Rabbit Patrick Gilligan was arrested for Rady’s murder, but it is not clear if indeed he was convicted.

The Civil War started two years later and many of the gang members were drafted, against their wills, into the war and sent to far away places, mostly in the South. When the war ended, the Rabbits were either dead themselves, or in no physical condition to continue tormenting the streets of Lower Manhattan. But in New York City, the creature that it was, and in some cases still is, other street gangs soon followed to take the place of the Rabbits.

Pros and Cons Of Door Hanger Marketing

There are many pros and cons when it comes to using door hangers for your marketing and advertising needs. Here are a few examples of why.

PRO – They are personal. Some people appreciate this aspect of door hanger marketing. They need to be hand delivered, which shows effort and care on the part of the advertiser or company. This is great, especially when you are trying to motivate a specific target market of people. Custom hangers are great for local marketing. Local events, campaigns, etc. can all be promoted positively with printed door hangers.

CON – A lot of people who receive see them as an automatic throw away piece. Because there are so many postcards, flyers, and other types of advertising materials that come through the mail every day, you really need to make your hangers stand out in a positive way. This is why the design phase of your door hanger creation is so important, you must catch someone’s attention before your creation ends up in the trash can. Also, there is no envelope for a potential customer to open or other piece to distract them or make them look twice. So, this is why the look and design of your door hangers means so much.

PRO – They are one of the more unique pieces of advertising materials you could choose to use. While you do have the “throw away” hurdle to overcome, if you do a great job during the design phase, you will end up with a beautiful, unique hanger to distribute. This is definitely a pro. If you can grab attention and deliver a powerful message, yours will be a definite success.

CON – Some people view them as a weaker form of marketing material due to their lack of reach. Due to their delivery demands, hangers just cannot get to as many people as say, a postcard that goes through a stamping machine. Because each door hanger needs to be hand delivered, the amount of people you can contact is going to be smaller. Direct mail pieces are going to be able to reach more people due to their delivery method alone. This is why door hangers are great tools to use when you are trying to contact a local group of people.

Overall, they have several pros and cons but ultimately they are best suited to promote a local business or organization and be distributed to homes in the surrounding area. You are going to get the best response this way, especially if you design your door hangers well and make the consumer feel as though you care about them and value their business before they have decided to give it to you.

What Is a Retractable Seating System?

The use of a retractable seating system has become commonplace in areas where space is at a premium.

Retractable seating is composed of multi-tiered platforms and it uses limited space for multipurpose usage. The retractable seating demonstrates a maximum seating capacity in a limited area when fully extended. One can also make use of the free space in various usages when it is fully retracted.

There are several different options which are commonly used and they all have their own unique benefits. The key to choosing a retractable seating system that best matches the intended use is by understanding what each option has to offer. When digging deeper into the details, there are a number of differences that can be spotted, however they all rely on the same basic principles.

In general, most of these seating alternatives will rely on either bench or chair seating. Depending on where you search, a retractable seating system will also be referred to as a telescopic seating system. They tend to feature multi-tiered platforms to ensure that anyone sitting in the seats will have a good view of whatever is going on.

Additionally, the seating may be operated manually or automatically depending on the size of seating.

In most cases, retracting the seats can be done on a row by row basis which makes it easy to seat a large crowd or only a few rows. This can be an incredibly important feature if you need additional floor space and do not require all of the seating.

A seating system that utilizes bleachers is most often best suited in situations where designated seating is not needed. As an added bonus, bleachers will often allow you to seat more people than when individual chairs are used. Bleachers also tend to be easier to clean which is helpful if they will be reused multiple times within a short time period.

On the other hand, a retractable seating system with chairs also has its advantages. Chairs, even plastic ones, tend to be more comfortable than bleachers. Not only the seat itself, but also the additional back support is provided. This is helpful when people will be listed for extended periods of time without doing a lot of moving, such as during speeches and lectures.

If the situation arises where the retractable seating system will not provide enough seats, then using supplementary seating or mobile seating is normally a good solution. It does not matter whether you choose to use bleachers or individual chairs, the primary benefit of a retractable seating system remains the same. It allows you to provide as much seating as necessary while still allowing you to as much free floor space as possible. This is particularly useful in multi-purpose areas such as gymnasiums and arenas.

Steps to Diagnose Connection Problems in Netgear Wireless Router

The article explains the steps that can be taken to diagnose and resolve connection issues in Netgear wireless router. The methods compiled here are simple and correct until date. It is strongly recommended that users follow the instructions carefully to avoid running into problems. This will eventually save them time as well as money that would otherwise be sent contacting Netgear router support.

Netgear wireless routers are known for their excellent wireless speed and performance. After that, these may create internet or wireless problems at times due to several reasons including recently made changes to the computer or device settings, connection problem, and outdated drivers among others. The below mentioned guide will help you scan as well as fix the connection issues on your own and without the help of Netgear technical support.

Instructions:

Turn off all the devices including computer, router, and the modem respectively in the order and wait for a few seconds (20-30 seconds). Thereafter turn them back on in the same order. Connect to the internet and check whether the problem has been fixed or not. This is the simplest and most widely used method to resolve common connection problems as it clears up the existing settings and starts a fresh connection.

If the previous method did not fix your problem, then check this out. Update the router driver (s) by visiting the Netgear website. Check if any updates are available to download for the drivers. If there are, download and install them. If prompted, reboot all the devices. Beside, run Windows Update and simply download and install all the latest updates. Restart the computer when prompted. Upgrade the router's firmware also.

First check, whether you can connect to the internet on a wired connection or not. Make your wireless computer a wired one by connecting the Ethernet cable to your computer and router. If internet works on the wired one but not on the wireless, then you can follow any of these steps mentioned here. However, if internet does not connect on the wired computer, then this can be considered as the root cause of the problem. Take corrective steps to resolve this problem and then move on to the wireless connection problem. One of these steps include checking the cables etc. Whether these are firmly placed in or not. These should not be broken or damaged that may be causing your connection to drop repeatedly. If everything is fine on your end and you are still not able to go online, contact your internet service provider (ISP).

Login to the router's interface (you will be required to make a wired connection to logon) and review the settings. To do so, open your internet browser and type '192.168.2.1' (without quotes) in the address bar. Hit the Enter key on the keyboard to proceed. When prompted for login credentials, enter this in and hit Enter again. Review the settings and if required modify them. For example, assign or change SSID, channel numbers, mode, security key WEP or WPA, and / or access point etc.

If you recently made changes to your computer, undo these by restoring the computer to an earlier point in time when things were fine. It should resolve the issue caused by the changes.

Additional Tips:

If you are using Windows XP with Service Pack 1 (SP1), then upgrade it to SP2 or SP3. It has been strongly recommended to upgrade to the latest SPs to avoid facing wireless connection drop problems.

Why Do You Need Brick Sealers?

Brick sealers are important for any masonry work or application. No structure can claim completion without having the finishing touch of this application. We would try to look at what these applications really are and why you should need this.

When you go around the streets and closely observe the walls of the houses, you would be very clearly able to make out the difference between a house with a brick sealer and the house without one. If you find the house walls not sealed, then there would be probably lots of cracks and openings in the wall. The cracks would not only be on the exterior part of the structure but it would be in the interior too. These cracks might have existed in your walls for quite sometime but you would have probably discovered it only now.

There could be lot of reasons for these cracks on your walls. Some of them could be dirt, grease, grime and at times weeds too. All these different external sources are put under a common name called contaminants. The damage causes by these contaminants are either external or internal in nature. The external damage happens when the outer surface of the wall is being penetrated. The internal damage is more serious and it loosens out the entire inner body of the wall structure. As far as the weeds are concerned, they start growing on these walls and the roots of these weeds eventually end up causing cracks and damage to the wall.

These damages can be visible from the outside but you would not be able to very accurately guess the reasons for the damage. It is only for this reason that brick sealers are used as they protect the wall from all damages, no matter what the root causes are.

Before the application of the brick sealers, there are some things that need to be done. Prepare the wall for the sealing application by cleaning the surface of the wall by water and detergent. The cleaning will help you get rid of the weeds and also expose the damaged and affected areas on the wall.

The next thing is the application of the wall paver. For the application process, you might need some special tools like heavy duty sprayers. These sprayers can be easily purchased from the retailer. Do not go for cost cutting here and try to buy the most reputed sprayers as these are the ones which are really very effective and give results that you desire. Buy brick sealers as per the requirements of your walls as these are generally available in different-sized cans and quantities.

Best Brow Enhancing Products of the Day

Looking good is about looking good from head to toe, and today eyebrows are the hottest feature to focus on. This is necessary because well groomed brows give your face a polished and focused look, while bushy, overgrown brows make you look unkempt and make people think you have a mono-brow instead of two eyebrows.

Here are some eyebrow products that you must have in your eyebrow makeup collection for the perfect brow shape:

• Tweezers
The ideal pair of tweezers works best on any type of facial hair, thick or thin. They are perfectly aligned and point flawlessly. Good tweezers are super efficient at grabbing the short, dark eyebrow hairs that most blunt and clumsy tweezers find difficult to forgive, giving your eyebrows sharp and precise arch lines.

• Brow Shaping Color
If you are looking for eyebrow makeup that grooms your brows without making them look artificial, then go for brow shaping color. With a mascara-like brush, the believable color is ridiculously easy to apply as you can just brush the color onto your brows naturally. It just enhances your natural eyebrow shape, makes it fuller and darker without making your brows look like they have been hideously penciled in.

• Brow Wax and Powder Combo
Get a compact with a wax and powder combo for your eyebrows. These two components are the best eyebrow products as they blend in seamlessly with your natural brows without looking made up. The combination is fake proof and lasts until you decide to take it off. Available in a myriad of complexion friendly shades, your brows would thank you for using this product.

• Powder Eyebrow Pencil
A powder pencil gives you the best of both worlds when it comes to eyebrow makeup. It is the best tool for you if you are not steady with a brush but still want your brows to have the soft look powder gives. The texture of the pencil is unbelievably soft and smooth and the color and staying power are both exceptional. Unlike typical pencils, powder based brow pencils do not give your brows a waxy, shiny look.

• The Complete Brow Shaping Kit
Eyebrow shaping kits make grooming your brows really easy. They are simple, easy and cheaper than buying individual products. These usually contain brow powder, highlighter and brow stencils. The stencils work best for people who are not that good at makeup since they are foolproof and shape your brows to perfection with minimum effort.

• Eyebrow Masks
Eyebrow masks are great if your natural eyebrows are sparse or have not been growing properly due to illness or accidents. They come with fillers, stencils, templates and diagrams so that you can completely reshape your brows, make them look as natural as possible and enhance your natural beauty.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Automatic Garage Doors

Automatic garage doors are becoming popular, and more people are planning to install these doors in their garages. They are preferred, but there are advantages and disadvantages of using this technology, and may not be a good idea for all home and garage owners. If you are wondering whether you should go ahead with the traditional doors or motorized doors, read on to know more about these doors, which will enable you to make a better-informed decision.

Automatic garage doors are expensive, and the expenses do not stop at just buying these doors. Depending on the type of garage and the product you buy, you would need to spend money on the installation and adding some props and accessories. So, you should think about installing the automatic garage doors only when you have the proper budget. It would be a good idea to get a detailed quotation of the installation process.

The other disadvantage of installing garage doors is the maintenance needed. Unlike the manual garage doors, if they do not work, you have no option but to call the service center of the manufacturer or retailer, as maintaining and repairing these doors is not a simple do-it-yourself project.

As for the expensive nature of these doors, you might even need to check all the features and services that these doors offer. This is new technology, and will have many features that you do not need, and there should not be paying for. Anything with added features and services will cost you money, and when it comes to technology, you will be paying a reasonable amount. Therefore, you should research the product that you are planning to buy and decide whether you should be buying the particular product or something else.

This is not to say that motorized or automatic garage doors are a waste of money. They are highly efficient when it comes to security, and are compulsory if you have something very expensive in the garage and want additional security. When they work – which they do all the time – they are very efficient and simple to use, and are definitely a boon for someone who does not have the muscle or the patience to not wind down a garage door manually.

These are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a mechanized garage door. Several manufacturers offer a wide variety of doors, and you would need to visit the various shops to find out what fits in your budget and are the best for your requirements. If you are looking for something specific, have not found it in the brick, and mortar shops, you can even look for them online. Several garage door manufacturers and retailers have their websites, which provide you all the information you would need. These websites also have a detailed list of their inventory, and some even offer online buying options. You can order these online, after you contact their sales and technical representatives and find out which is the best option for you.

Options For Pet Proof Carpeting

The task of choosing new carpet is a bit confusing with the numerous types on the market, and when animals are a part of the family it becomes even more perplexing for a number of reasons. Animals can be rough on a home, and particularly the carpet when they rough house. Their nails often catch on the fibers and cause a great deal of destruction. Cats occasionally cough up hairballs and then leave behind spots that are hard to remove. When shopping for carpeting, it is good to select those options that are stain proof and long lasting. The following information will help you choose pet-proof carpet that will stand up to roughhousing, long nails, and all types of stains pets leave behind. It is alike possible to obtain pet proof carpeting that will last for many years to come.

Selections that are Resistant to Stains and Pet-Proof. When shopping for new carpet it is important to choose a variety that is pet-proof and resistant to all types of stains. Do not assume that all carpets these days are stain-proof. Look for stain resistant labels and ask questions when thinking about the numerous available choices. However, stain-resistant carpeting will repel stains but it is not indestructible. The fibers will not as easily absorb stain-causing liquids, but this does not mean that spills and spots can be ignored. It is still cruel to blot up liquids and remove solid spills as soon as possible, and it is of the highest importance to follow product labeling concerning care and maintenance.

Steer Clear of Carpet that Snags. Stains are not the sole problems when animals are members of the family. Snags are a big concern, and Berber carpet is far from being pet stain resistant. This type of carpet snags more often than any other carpeting on the market, and once it begins snagging, like an unraveling thread, it keeps on unwinding until it reaches the other side of the room or until the snag is halted and the damage is taken care of. Carpet repairs can be very expensive, and Berber should be avoided at all costs when looking for pet-proof carpeting. Many pet proof varieties are available that will not snag or become seriously destroyed.

Color Selections. Taking into account the spots and stains that cats and dogs can and do leave behind, avoid light-colored carpeting when looking for a pet-proof alternative. If your pets have lighter colored fur, you should avoid dark carpet as it will better show shedded fur. Opt for mid-range colors, and considering selecting a variety that includes more than one color. When selecting carpeting, keep in mind that solid colored carpets are more apt to show stains while variegated or mottled varieties are not.

Tightly Woven Low Pile Options. The best choice when purchasing animal proof carpet is those carpets that feature short pile and have tightly woven fibers. Commercial grade carpets typically used in apartments and hotels are pet-proof and people-proof. Constructed to withstand use and wear and stain-resistant, these are the most optimal selection.

Visit your local carpet retailer, and ask to see samples of commercial grade low-pile stain-resistant varieties. This particular style may not be your initial choice, but Berber, which is nowhere near as favorited as it used to be, and Frieze, which is regarded as the new shag carpet are not pet-resistant or an ideal choice. With appropriate care, the investment that you make in your pet-proof carpet will pay off with carpeting that lasts for many years.

Constructing A Retaining Wall

There are many circumstances in a construction project where retaining walls may be required. One of the most common is to retain an earth bank, either to prevent the earth from sliding or to protect an object or building. There are many ways and materials that can be used to construct a wall including; wood, metal and concrete. Wooden crib walls and sleepers are commonly used for domestic purposes as they are affordable and easier to handle. The domestic uses also tend to be small and have less loads placed on them, there is also an aesthetical requirement specifically for garden wall purposes.

Metal sheet piling is a fast and efficient method of creating a retaining wall. Large sheets of corrugated steel are forced deep into the ground and the material is backfilled against this. One of the main drawbacks of using Wood and Metal for the construction of a wall is their corrosive nature. Wood will rot and metal will rust, this gives them a short life span. Concrete is an excellent product for building a retaining wall as it has excellent structural properties and it also repels the elements. The concrete products are made with steel reinforcement is encased in the concrete which results rust occurring and once cured the concrete provides excellent protection for the steel and a very strong structure. The reinforced concrete retaining wall can be either constructed onsite using steel cages for the reinforcement and wood shuttering to form the structure. The other alternative is to use precast concrete sections manufacturer off-site and then install them on-site which will help reduce the construction time.

There are other types of precast blocks that can be used. These generally interlock to create gravity retaining walls which will sometimes require a gradient sloping back. These are useful where the end product needs to fit into the environment. It may be that plants can be used in order to help the wall blend it into the surroundings. These types of walls may be used near bridges, on the side of roads, or on residential developments. An example of this would be crib walling. These are reliably large precast blocks that interlock and build up to create the wall. They need a granular infill and then plants and other vegetation can be put on the wall so that over time will blend the wall into its surroundings.

There are many options out there so have a look around and work out which products is most suitable for your job.

New Wedding Trend: Wine and Cheese Reception

Brides are always on the lookout for interesting and stylish ideas for their weddings. One of the latest trends to come around is the wine and cheese wedding reception. Learn more about how to use this chic and affordable concept to plan your own wine and cheese wedding.

If you are not planning to have a formal laid wedding reception dinner, you need a great alternative. A wine and cheese reception could be just perfect. Everyone loves wine after all, and of course cheese (along with other foods) is always a hit. This is a fresh twist on the cocktail receptions which have been popular in recent years, and it is a terrific option for a late afternoon wedding. A wine and cheese reception is also reliably budget-friendly, as you will not need to serve a full meal, nor hire a big band.

The ideal time of day for a wine and cheese wedding reception is late afternoon. The ceremony can be held in the venue of your choosing, followed by the reception starting no later than 5pm. Alternately, you could start all of the festivals after dinner; just do not hold people captive over a meal time if you do not plan to feed them a full dinner. Let them know what to expect by saying "Please join us for wine and cheese after the ceremony", so that guests understand to make their own dinner plans.

A great space for this type of wedding reception would be a wine bar. Many have private rooms, or you may even be able to rent the whole space, particularly for an afternoon reception. No wine bar in your town? No problem; a chic restaurant, loft, or gallery space would make a terrific alternative venue. The seating should be comfortable and casual. Modern lounge spaces with low slung couches would be great. You can mix in a few tall cocktail tables with barstools as well. Be sure that you provide enough coffee tables and side tables for your guests to set down their drinks and little plates of appetizers.

The style of a wine and cheese wedding celebration will tend to be chic in a low key way. The bride would be charming in a short white lace dress with pearl custom bridal jewelry for an afternoon reception. A long slender column gown worn with custom vintage inspired bridal jewelry would be fabulous for the bride who likes a bit more drama. In either case, a handsome suit will be ideal for the groom. If you have bridesmaids, avoid the temptation to dress them identically, which is too old-fashioned for this modern wedding style. Allow each woman to select a dress in a color family, rather than asking each bridesmaid to wear the same dress.

Of course, the centerpiece of the reception will be the food. Set up stations with knowledgeable sommeliers who can inform guests about the wine selections being offered. Plan to serve a nice variety of red, white, sparkling, and dessert wines. It would be nice to set up food stations near the wine stations which feature the little bites which best complement the wine varieties. In addition to a broad selection of cheeses (soft, hard, goat, artisan, etc.), round out the food offerings with fresh fruit, bread, small hot bites like tartlets, and some tapas. Play light music in the background for ambiance, and you will have a wine and cheese wedding reception that all of your guests are sure to enjoy.

Tips to Solving Lawn Drainage Problems

Excessive water supply is anyway harmful for a lawn's growth. Water accumulated in the different parts of the lawn area raises drainage problems, which must be solved by following a good drainage system. Lawn drain problems are primarily seen during the rainy season, and are a major concern for the law's health. It is also very dangerous for various plants functions like photosynthesis, metabolism, etc. Moreover, poor drainage also brings the disease and pest resistance power of the lawn plants.

What causes drainage?

The drainage problem in lawn is the result of many factors. This primarily includes the soil type and soil compaction. A soil type with high clay content and low organic matter significantly boosts drainage problems in the law. Similarly, a highly compact soil severely gives any space for the air and water movement, and that leads to hazardous waste problems.

Solving the problem

The situation of lawn drainage adversely affects the grass roots and creates an unhealthy environment for the grass's growth. In order to tackle such situations, a well maintained drainage system is required. The drainage problems of a lawn can be solved by taking into account the following tips and advices-

· Aeration- One of the most recommended tricks is to aerate the lawn. You can use a punch core aerator for this process. Aerating aims at eliminating cores of soil and adds air pockets, thus helping in improving the drainage condition.

· Applying hardpan subsoil- Introducing hardpan subsoil like hardpan and hard clays also helps in solving the drainage problem. A few inches of hardpan subsoil layer precedes the passage of water to go through the ground.

· Adding compost- In order to hold water and improve drainage, it is advisable to top dress the soil by adding compost / sand blend or compost / top soil. This tips works successfully for heavy clay content soil as well as sandy soil. The main aim is to apply organic matter in the law that increases its retaining power.

· Making borders- If the lawn drainage problem exists in a small area of ​​the lawn, then it is advisable to dig and make borders along with planting small plants that would automatically get the required water for growth.

· Top dressing- There is great chance of water being transferred from higher properties into your lawn. To resolve such situation, it is recommended to raise the law to the same level by top dressing. Moreover, it is advised to lay down a drain system between two properties.

· French drain- A permanent drainage system can be availed by opting for a French drain. This drain is constructed across the lowest area of ​​the lawn.

· Adding scenic beauty- In case, you have no drain option left; you can turn the messy situation into a beautiful landscaping feature. You can dig a small pond and get the excess water accumulated in it. Moreover, make the pond look scenic by adding natural features like aquatic life, rocks, fountain, etc.

You can easily achieve a well maintained drainage free lawn by following the above tips. Also, make sure to use the right type of soil that have low clay content and provide sufficient space for air and water movement.

How to Install Laminate Flooring

If you are a home owner and want to save yourself the cost of having a so called professional install your laminate flooring, and take the pride of do it yourself install, you will need good step by step approach instructions.

The first thing you will need is a good solid and level subfloor. Make sure it is clear of all debris left over from taking out your old floor.

You will then have to determine which way you want the grain of the wood to run. Take and lay out some of the planks to see what way looks the best for you. Once you have figured out which way to run the planks you will need to determine where to start. I always recommend starting at the longest straightest wall in the left hand corner of the room.

You will need to stagger out your joints when laying your planks. This is accomplished by starting with a full plank in your first row then running full boards all the way down to where your landing ends. Remember to keep a 1/4 "gap between your planks and the walls for an expansion joint. a 1/3 of a plank the full boards down the row the rest of the way. Then you just start repeating the pattern all over again, full, half, third.

You will need to undercut your door jams so that the laminate will fit under the tribs of your doors giving you that professional look you are seeking. When you get up to another floor where the laminate stops you will need a transition piece between the two floors. Most all of the manufactures have transition pieces to match the same color of your flooring. You will need to stop your laminate one inch short of the flooring you are butting up to. This will leave a gap between the two floors where a track is put down that the transition piece fits into. Once you have your transition piece cut to the proper length it will just snap into the track. Once it is snapped into place do not plan on getting it out because once it is in it's in. If you try too take it out you will end up snapping it in half. trust me I learned the hard way and broke too many pieces trying to get them out.

Humminbird Portable Fish Finder Review of the 110, 120, 130 and 140 Fishin’ Buddy Models

The Humminbird portable fish finder Fishin’ Buddy series currently has several models for purchase. They include, in ascending price, the Hummingbird 110, 120, 130 and 140 model units. As the model number and subsequent price increases, there are subsequent additional features that the lower models lack.

All models, except for the 110, have both a single beam down and side sonar at 240 feet and 120 feet, respectively. All have the same power output at 125 watts RMS (roots mean square) and 1,000 watts, peak to peak. They all have a built in temperature gauge, are waterproof, have a backlight, mount with a portable clamp, have a target separation of 2.5 inches and run on 6 AA batteries. Now let us discuss the differences between all 4 models.

The Humminbird 110 Fishin’ Buddy is the most basic unit of the series at an entry level price. The current manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP) is $119.99. For just under $120 you will have a portable fish finder that will find fish, but not have all the bells and whistles of the more advanced models. Most anglers looking for a cheap fish finder will be completely satisfied with this unit.

Up one level from the 110 model is the Humminbird 120 fishfinder with a MRSP of $169.99. So for fifty dollars more, what do you get? You get a higher resolution screen, 8-level grayscale instead of only 4-level and side sonar in addition to the single beam down. Is the screen resolution and added grayscale worth another fifty bucks? Perhaps not, but the side sonar is definitely an added bonus.

Next in line is the Humminbird 130 portable fish finder with a MSRP of $219.99. What do you get for yet another fifty bucks? An even higher resolution screen, 16-level vs 8-level grayscale and a 24-40 inch telescoping transducer pole as opposed to the 24 inch fixed pole on the two previous lower models. The transducer extension will be especially helpful for those who plan to use their fish finder on different sized boats, canoes or float tubes.

Then there is the top of the line, the deluxe Humminbird 140 Fishin’ Buddy with a MSRP of $269.99. For yet another fifty dollars you can have a color screen. Everything else on this unit is the same as the 130 model. Most users say the black and white screen works well enough for them, but for those of you who really want the added contrast of a color screen, than you may want to consider this unit. The color screen will help to distinguish between vegetation types, fish schools and individual fish.

For a portable fish finder, Humminbird does offer a pretty good deal with this series no matter which unit you choose. There are other brands to consider such as Norcross Hawkeye F33P, the Garmin 140 or 300c and even the Humminbird Piranhamax 230 portable fish finder. It depends upon which features are important to you and what you are willing to spend. Whatever model you choose, having a portable unit will now allow you to find fish wherever you want to go.

Enhance Your Porch With Porch Columns

Nothing beats the look of porch columns on a house wherever you have them standing alone or built into the design of the porch. With the wide array of styles, you can choose from different columns rather than stick to the common and basic design. Four of the most beautiful column styles you can have for your porch are:

– Doric columns have parallel grooves on the sides and the tops are smooth and plain. You do not need to have a separate base with these columns, which makes then very easy to install. This style will give your porch the look of ancient Greece or the villas of Italy.
– Ionic columns have scroll-shaped ornamental designs in the top of the columns.
– Corinthian style columns are usually decorated with laurels and have inverted bell shapes at the top.
– The Romanesque style are square and usually rest on trapezoid-shaped bases.

There are many different styles of columns, as you will see when you search online or visit your local home improvement store. They can also be made from different materials, such as wood or fiberglass. You will not have as much maintenance with those made of fiberglass as you would with wood, but the wood is treated to resist mold, mildew, staining and fungi because they will be outdoors in all kinds of weather. The wood is also treated so that it will not shrink, swell or warp so that you have stability in the porch.

The main thing with installing wood columns on your porch is the installation itself. If you do not have the columns installed properly, you will encounter difficulties? Maybe not right away, but down the road. There are key features in installing a column that you should make sure you are aware of. These include: – If you have to saw off a portion of the column to get the proper height, make sure you treat the sawed end with a liberal paint of coat or primer before installation.

– You need to ventilate each column. You can do this by either drilling a hole in the soffit directly over the column or by placing a block of wood between the soffit and the column.
– Make sure that your sprinkler system does not spray water on the columns and you should not have shrubs planed too close to the columns either.
– Because all sides of the columns will be exposed to the elements of the weather, you should inspect them on a regular basis.

Aluminum columns are best for outdoor use. The extruded sections of the columns are designed to withstand high stress and compression. Since they are so light they are very easy to install. You do need to be very accurate in your measurements when you order these columns which come in heights ranging from 5 to 36 feet. You can also have many different designs in aluminum columns and even use them to support the joists of the second floor in a two-story home.

Black Walnut – A Highly Prized Timber

Black Walnut, which has the Scientific or Latin name of Juglans Nigra, is one of the most admired hardwoods in the furniture trade at the present time, especially in the United Kingdom. Prized for its dark brown color by end users and for its strength, yet high workability by woodworkers, it's no wonder that demand for this hardwood is at an all time high.

As a tree Black Walnut is native to the Eastern regions of the United States and Canada, its region of growth extending from Ontario to Texas and from Florida to Manitoba. It also grows in Europe since being introduced to Europe almost four hundred years ago (1629) however the primary source of timber in Europe is still North America. It primarily grows along lowland rivers (due preferring high water tables) in warmer regions, where it attains heights between 30 and 40 meters (100 to 130 feet). The bark is a dark gray, with deep furrows, the leaves has 15-23 leaflets, flowering into catkins or clusters depending on gender.

The hardwood that Black Walnut trees produce has a dark colored heartwood, which has long been popular in America partly due to it being the darkest of all North American hardwoods, and due to its exception qualities. Thus it was used in great numbers by the early colonists of the United States in their homes. While the expense now puts this extravagance out of reach of the majority of people, individual items of furniture or rooms produced from black walnut, as well as furniture made from veneers are still popular.

Traditionally Black Walnut hardwood was used, among other uses, to manufacture gun stocks, of which still uses a significant proportion of the lumber harvest in the USA. These are often made into profiles by timber product manufacturers to bespoke customer orders. While other timbers are also used for gunstocks, Black Walnut is popular for its various strengths including elasticity and rupture strengths which are significantly higher than Persian Walnut (Scientific or Latin Name: Juglans Regia, also known as European, Common or English Walnut).

Black Walnut is also used to create coffins, especially in America, partly because of the lure of historical figures who have been buried in Black Walnut coffins: Abraham Lincoln, for instance, was buried in a Black Walnut coffin which was covered in a woolen fabric in black and decorated with studs in the pattern of a shamrock. A replica of this coffin is seen by the thousands of visitors to the Museum of Funeral Customs in Springfield, Illinois, many of what have come for the nearby tomb of Lincoln. Lincoln was not alone to be buried in Black Walnut, the relative abundance of the trees at the time coupled with their finer woodworking qualities and dark, reflecting the sombre mood of funerals, appearance meant that they were a popular choice of coffin at the time – this is reflected in the coffins of various other historical personalities to have been buried in Black Walnut, US president Zachary Taylor, upon reburial the frontierswoman and adopted Seneca Mary Jemison, and executed abolitionist John Brown.

In addition to timber, Black Walnut trees produce Walnuts that are used both in foods such as ice cream, pies, cookies and cakes as well as in cleaning and cosmetic products produced from the shells. It is preferred by many over the nuts from Persian Walnut because of its stronger taste and high protein, unsaturated fat and low cholesterol. However due to the work that must be put in to prepare a black walnut nuts due to a staining fluid in the husk, Persian Walnuts are more widely produced.

Black Walnut is the perfect choice of timber if you are looking for a dark, fashionable and workable hardwood for furniture manufacturing, cabinet making and many other uses. While demand outstrips supply, those who are interested to produce in black walnut at even large quantities are able to get supplies for their project at market rates through most of the world, including the United Kingdom and United States.