What Causes Fruit Flies?

Knowing what causes fruit flies is the key to eliminating them. Not many people would normally care where fruit flies came from, unless they had them in their home and were trying to get rid of them. In a nut shell, anything that is fermenting will attract these tiny flies. This includes fruits, vegetables, anything moist like mops and dirty rags, and of course alcohol. These are known as breeding places for fruit flies. They can smell something fermenting from very far distances away.

If you have anything like this in your home, they will be drawn in. Fruit flies originally come from out side, but will quickly make a new home for themselves in your home if you're not careful, especially if there is a change in temperature and it begins to get colder outside. Once they find the perfect spot, the can lay up to 500 eggs, in which those eggs, in a few hours, transition into adult fruit flies. The fruit fly only has a 10 day life span, so they develop extremely quickly from the egg to the larva and then ever the adult fly.

This is why you one day had only a few flies around, and then the next day, there are hundreds! Multiply this scenario by 500 and you can easily see how an infestation can occur. It can happen very fast, so the quicker you can eliminate them the better. Once you know what causes these pests, and where they breed, you can start focusing on those areas when you begin your eliminating process. Getting rid of their breading spots will help decrease their ability to reproduce, and make it easier for you to rid them from your home.

How Amino Acids Help To Rejuvenate Your Skin

The Significance of Amino Acids And Their Anti-Aging Properties

The right mixture of amino acids provides a complete regenerative treatment for the skin, hair and nails. They ensure the vital active substances that are essential for improving the quality of hair, the strengthening of nails and increasing the skin's elasticity.

Beautiful shiny hair, strong fingernails and smooth, firm skin are characteristics of health and natural beauty. They require an adequate supply of certain nutrients and vital substances that nourish the skin, hair and nails from within. They ensure regeneration of the connective tissues, eg Collagen, Elastin and Keratin. This keeps the skin supple and elastic, the nails hard and resistant, and the hair strong and beautiful Skin And Nails.

Creatine Is Good For The Skin

Cell functions gradually slow down as part of the aging process. The skin synthesizes less and less Collagen and Elastin, leading to the typical symptoms of aging skin such as wrinkles, reduced elasticity and reduced thickness. In addition, highly reactive molecules damage the genetic material in the cells and fewer repair enzymes are produced. Scientists believe Creatine stimulates energy metabolism, which slows down as we age. This stimulation has a positive effect on cell functions and thus supports the natural mechanisms of skin functions.

Furthermore, Creatine can protect cells against external influenza by forming a water sheath around them that prevails the entry of harmful substances. The ability to form a water sheath also increases the moisture content of the skin. Creatine Consists Of Glycine, Arginine And Methionine. Creatine is an amino acid derivative that occurs naturally in the body and plays an important role in the energy metabolism of the cell. It is biosynthesised from three amino acids – Glycine, Arginine and Methionine (the latter is a component of Carnitine).

Carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine in living cells. A human body weighing 70kg contains about 120g Creatine.

More Creatine Means More Collagen

Creatine acts as a kind of energy store for times of higher energy demand. In experiments with tissue cultures, it was shown that energy metabolism could be increased by adding external Creatine. It stimulates the cells to produce not only more proteins, such as Collagen and Elastin which are important for the skin, but also enzymes that repair damaged genetic material in the cell.

Collagen provides natural beauty from within Collagen protein is synthesized by the body and bestows firmness and stability to the skin. It binds water and thus increases the skin's moisture content, allowing it to become smooth and supple. From the age of 25 onwards, our skin starts to age and the proportion of collagen in the skin is gradually reduced. By comparison, the remaining collagen is not as effective.

Collagen is an important moisturizing factor in the skin and is particularly effective when it can act directly from within. In conventional treatments, collagen is regularly injected into the skin. But who wants to suffer in order to be beautiful? A much kinder and more natural way is to stimulate the body to produce its own collagen. This requires the amino acids glycine and arginine as well as Carnitine.

The Skin As A Mirror Of The Metabolism

In general, amino acids are like skin care from within. The skin is a sensitive and extremely reliable early warning system. Its appearance reflects the state of the metabolism. Allergic reactions, inflammations and pale skin with poor blood circulation are all physical signs signaling imbalances in the body's metabolism. Many studies particularly those of recent years, have demonstrated the importance of amino acids for healthy hair and firm skin.

Glutamine For Firm Skin

Glutamine is the most frequently occurring amino acid and is biosynthesised by the body, however, the quantities become insufficient with age. Glutamine plays a highly important role in protein synthesis. If there is not enough available, the organism takes protein from the body's muscle mass and converts it into glutamine and energy. As a consequence, muscle proteins are lost, muscle strands become thinner and the skin becomes less firm.

Almost like a plant, people tend to dry out and wither as they age. In this respect, glutamine is an excellent anti-aging supplement and some scientists refer to it as the internal fountain of youth, not without reason.

Carnitine Is important for firm skin as it plays a significant role in fat burning

Increasing the Carnitine level accelerates fat transport so that more can be oxidised for energy. As a fat burner, Carnitine can thus make an important contribution to weight control. It is an important component of fitness and wellness programs and helps to ensure long-term weight loss.

The essential anti-aging ingredients that can help directly or indirectly in the biosynthesis of the above and the long term health of your skin.

The main components are amino acids (see below) however as part of the mix there is a natural vitamin complex containing Vitamins A, B1, B2, Nicotinamide, Pantothenic Acid, B6, Biotin, Folic acid, B12 and Vitamin C.

There is also a natural mix of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Phosphorous, Chloride Iodine and selenium and glucose.

All these combined with the amino acids help to promote Long Term Benefits.

Curing Bacterial Vaginal Infection at Home With Proven Bacterial Vaginosis Treatments

Don’t get lured by the big advertisements and billboards making tall claims about curing bacterial vaginal infection with over the counter creams and lotions. If you want, you can have bacterial vaginosis treatment at home itself. Unfortunately not many women think about home remedies due to lack of information about these remedies. There are some remedies that even the doctors fear talking about because it could take away a lot of business for them.

Can you imagine that a simple saline solution can do wonders for your bacterial vaginal infection? Take a teaspoon of salt and mix it in a glass of water. Stir the salt well to get a saline solution. Use this solution to wash your vagina. If you regularly use this technique the balance between acid level and alkali level in the vagina will be restored. This will cure BV very quickly. Remember to dry your vagina properly after a wash like this.

Another simple technique that can keep bacterial vaginal infection in control is by controlling the moisture level in the vagina. Moisture helps bacteria to breed and expand rapidly. If you can keep your vagina dry by wearing cotton undergarments and cloths that are loose, this will help in proper air circulation. Air circulation will help in evaporating moisture and prevent the infection from multiplying.

Yet another bacterial vaginosis treatment that works like a charm is buttermilk. Drinking buttermilk made from pure goat milk is an excellent remedy. You can even apply buttermilk to the vagina using a tampon. Both the techniques will help in controlling the bacterial vagina infection. Make sure that buttermilk does not have preservatives and chemicals.

Fireplace Accessories – Things You Need

Fireplaces are becoming extremely popular, not so much for heating the home, but for recreational purposes. This popularity is providing an explosion of fireplace accessories , equipment and safety equipment. A visit to any home improvement store will reveal an almost mind blowing array of choices that are available for fireplaces today. So, how do you choose, how do you know what you need and what is essentially fluff?

There are some items that are a must to have if you are using a fireplace in any capacity. These fireplace accessories include; a wood cradle, heat resistant gloves, a fireplace screen and pokers to name a few. Great, now you know what you need, but what exactly are they for and how do you know which ones are the best picks for you?

A wood cradle is an important fireplace accessory if you are carrying your wood through your house before it reaches the fireplace. This nifty little device is available in a variety of styles, colors and materials. It does just as the name suggests, it is a place to store the wood until it is burned. Because it has a cradle shape, it keeps the annoying little pieces of bark that falls off of the wood from becoming embedded in the flooring that surrounds the fireplace.

The next set of essential fireplace accessories falls into the important category of safety. When dealing with fire, safety should be the first concern. Using fireplace accessories such as gloves and pokers will help you to keep your hands, arms and fingers safe when working with the fire. While the fireplace screen keeps people, especially kids and pets a safe distance from the fire.

A good place to find a selection of fireplace accessories is at a home improvement store. They generally have a large enough assortment of supplies to give you a choice, but not so many as to confuse you. However, if you are looking for both selection and a knowledgeable staff, visit a fireplace specialty store. These stores are staffed with people who can answer any of you questions on which gloves protect the best to what kind of firewood burns hottest.

Another great way to decide which fireplace accessories interest you the most is to visit friends and family that have active fireplaces and see what they are using. Do not be afraid to ask if you can build a fire with their tools and equipment, get a feel of working with the accessories before you purchase your own.

While burning wood and building fires is fun, please do not neglect fireplace accessories that are used for safety reasons, these are what you will be happy you purchased when you really need them.

Pheromones – Myth or Fact – Do Pheromones Work?

I did a quick search on the Internet for pheromones.

Pheromones are chemicals released by an organism into its environment enabling it to communicate with other in its own species. There are many different types I soon learned.

Insect Pheromones

Alarm Pheromone.

When an ant is disturbed, it releases a pheromone that can be detected by other ants several inches away. They are attracted by low concentrations of the pheromone and begin to move towards the region of increasing concentration. As they get nearer to their disturbed ant releasing an alarm pheromone, their response changes to one of emergency and alarm. They run about to try to break up the disturbance that caused the alarm.

Without additional amounts of the alarm pheromone are released, it soon wears off. This ensures that once the emergency is over, the ants return to going about their business.
Honey bees also have an alarm pheromone which is why if you get stung near a hive you can expect more bee stains really soon if you are not careful.

Leaving a Trail Pheromone

A trail pheromone is left by hands as they move about once they have found food. This trail joins and tells other ants where to go to find the food. It is continuously renewed as long as the food holds out. When the supply begins to dwindle, The trail Pheromone ceases to exist. The trail pheromone evaporates quickly so other ants stop coming to the site and are not confused by old trails when food is found elsewhere.

Sex Pheromones

Hundreds of pheromones are known with which one sex (usually the female) of an insect species associates its mates. Many of these sex attractants – or their close chemical relatives – are available commercially. They have proven useful weapons against insect pests as they can be used to attract insects to a trap, and to confuse males so that they will not reproduce. There are spiders that produce a moth sex pheromone to help catch their prey. A lot of animals such as dogs will mark their territory by peeing. It is said that the scent of pheromones is one of the territory marks.

Pheromones for humans.

There are Claims such as Gain MASSIVE Sexual Chemistry on Demand!

Instantly Arouse, Attract, Excite, Intrigue and Seduce Gorgeous Women Whenever You Want, Wherever You Want, As Often As You Want … Any Time You Are In The Mood.

If YOU would like to …

o Become a lot more sexually attractive.

o Meet more beautiful women, MUCH more easily.

o Grab the attention and get approached by women far more often.

o Make a fantastic, memorable, compelling impression, every time.

o Increase your self-confidence and masculinity BIG-time … then this may be the most important news you will read all year.

And other claims that are just as outrageous all over the internet. Human beings do not produce large quantities of natural pheromones. It has been noted that women who live together for awhile tend to sync their cycles. It has been written this is to a primer pheromone that women release.

If you're looking for the man or woman of your dreams, unsuspecting pheromones in your body scent are most likely playing a large and very clever role in mate attraction. According to an article in "Psychology Today," how our body odors are perceived as pleasant and sexy to another person is a highly selective process. We usually smell best to a person who genetically based immunity to disease differs most from our own. This could benefit you in the long run, making for stronger, healthier children. I watched a show on The Discovery Channel once about sexuality. They did a contest with a male and 5 females who so had very different types of immune systems. The females with similar immune systems to the male were more offensive in odor than the females with very different immune systems. I would imagine this is due to the different in pheromones. The pheromones though are naturally produced by our human bodies. There has been no research to pheromones produced in a lab.

Dating and Pheromones

What if we were to prey women were a little bit attracted to pheromones produced in a lab. If you go into a club after bathing in these pheromones how is a woman going to be attracted to you? You are emitting a scent that (supposedly) is turning any girl who smells it on. Well, what about the couple that is dancing next to you? In theory, that girl is getting turned on but who's to say she is getting turned on to you? She's getting turned on to the loser she is dancing with (Which this loser did not pay anything for pheromones)

So, assuming that they do work they would only benefit you in one-on-one situations.

The fact is that no research interviews synthetic pheromones. The companies selling products are synthetic pheromones. Do these work? Who knows there are much more reliable ways to gain attraction that a scent. I want someone to be attracted to me for me. Not some pheromone I'm wearing. How is she going to feel when I'm not wearing it. Also what is the effect of a women being exposed to the same pheromone all the time. Would not it trigger her to get used to that scent and therefore no longer react to it ?.

My suggestion is to look for other ways to attract someone that can produce consistent results without relying on some product.

Benefits of New Balance Running Shoes

Of late, many fitness enthusiasts take to running. New Balance’s running shoes traditionally has the reputation of backing runners. The New Balance Company, which started off as a foot and arch support manufacturer in Boston in the early 1900s, soon became a running shoe corporation by the 1970s.

Today, many New Balance shoes are getting the attention of runners. Their running shoes are made of synthetic material, suede, mesh, or a combination of these materials. Name any model of New Balance men’s or women’s running shoes and they come with amazing shock absorption and durability. The patented N-ergy cushioning technology that goes into every pair reduces the impact on the body as the foot hits the ground and thus minimizes the stress on the foot, ankle and legs. They are lightweight allowing for comfort even during long distance running.

While many of its competitors manufacture off shore, New Balance crafts a majority of its running shoes in the United States. As the only brand to make shoes in a variety of widths, New Balance has earned a name for specializing in shoes with softer soles that appeal to long distance runners. It has the distinction of providing shoes to Greg Meyer, American winner of the Boston Marathon.

New Balance has a wide variety of shoes designed especially for runners with feet that need greater stability, particularly facing the problem of pronation or supination. As one of the first companies to design shoes for runners, New Balance has shoes for trail runners as well. These feature cushioning and control technology and they have sole and upper designed for off-road performance.

Participants in fast races can surely depend on New Balance running shoes. These special shoes are super light weight meant for racing at distances from 5 km to marathon races. Top class material and world’s number one technology go into the making of every pair.

A Review Of The Parvis Condominium In Holland Hill, Singapore

The Parvis condominium is located in the District 10 of the Holland Hill. With about 248 units and 12 storeys tall, you sure would be glad to wake in the morning looking at your window and seeing the best of the Holland Hill. The fact is, owning a condo is a whole lot easier than owning a house because you only have to decorate the interiors of your unit and then enjoy the common areas and amenities of the property.

If having shared walls won’t be a disadvantage to you, you will find yourself lucky as the exterior and common area repairs won’t be solely your responsibility. You can visit the Parvis Condo in 12 – 18 Holland Hill. The Developer is the Calne Pte Ltd. This freehold property is very safe and secure. You can just leave and go for a vacation or business trip anytime you want. The security features of the condo make it less desirable for strange people to thoughtfully mess them up.

The concept of a premium lifestyle has been exhibited by its interior and exterior designs, amenities, and utilities. Living comfortably on a tight budget is possible in the Parvis condo. To bring comfort in all that you do, you just need to live in a unit that already provides the kind of lifestyle you want. Also, the convenience stores and supermarkets are just a short walk away from the condo. This means never spending on gas in your life when there is a need to go to the grocery. The condo is located near:

  • Holland village
  • Commonwealth MRT station
  • Farrer road MRT station

Are you ready to view this place? The Parvis condo has an excellent layout in a fulfilling lifestyle. Remind your real estate agent to let you see the pool where you can sit and sip your drink and just relax for the evening. The facilities in Parvis Condo include:

  • Lap pool
  • Jacuzzi
  • Steam bath
  • Clubhouse
  • Gym
  • Multipurpose hall
  • BBQ pits playground
  • Fitness station
  • Tennis court

Just in case you want to know the area and the number of bedrooms, you can buy to as many as 4 bedrooms with a spacious 2,600 sq ft. The building comes with a 273 lots underground park.

• 2-Bedroom (51 units): 990 – 1,440 sq ft

• 3-Bedroom (100 units): 1,700 – 2,260 sq ft

• 4-Bedroom (76 units): 1990 – 2,600 sq ft

• Penthouse (21 units): 2,300 – 3,230 sq ft

What is so cool about this condo? The 4 bedroom unit comes with a private lift that opens into the foyer. The common lift is accessible through the kitchen back door.

Why buy a condo instead of a house and lot?

There is only one thing that comes into my mind – the amenities. The facilities and the amenities offered by condominiums are outstanding and you can only get this or maybe near to it if you are rich and earning a few thousand dollars in a month. You don’t have to worry about club memberships anymore as you would automatically become a member if you are an owner of a condo unit.

Rojenny, A Tourist Village In the Heart of Igboland

Still waters run deep. That adage aptly qualifies Rojenny Holiday Village, the single largest tourism resort in South-East Nigeria. Located in the serene town of Oba, Idemili South Local Government Area of ​​Anambra State, just on the outskirts of the commercial city of Onitsha, along Owerri-Onitsha Expressway, and occupying a long stretch of land estimated at 8 sq. km, it is unduly a dream destination for holiday-makers from across the world.

A stop at the gate gives you no idea of ​​the buzz of activities that go on inside the concessions. Even the ROJENNY HOLIDAY VILLAGE engraved boldly on the gate does not reveal much. But as you step into the compound, you are amazed. First, the gentle breeze caresses your face, as if to say 'welcome to our world'. This sure is the home of African hospitality. You look straight ahead of you and behould a massive expanse of land, long stretch of trees, beautiful lawns, and gigantic structures dotting the length compound. You are awe-stricken. Wow! you exclaim, and the person next to you says you is not seen nothing yet.

This is where your tour begins. A walk around is even more eye-opening. You discover immediately that a day is not enough to see everything that there is to see. Where do you start? The tourist attractions are too numerous: the lush-green fields; the zoo (which habours such wild life as baboon, python, the green monkey, tortoise, lion, etc; rare birds such as peacock, eagle, flamingo, ostrich, etc; aquatic animals like turtle, alligator, crocodile, etc); the Ozo Village and Museum; the Rojenny International Stadium, which was said to have hosted seven continental matches involving Nigeria, Algeria, Angola, Egypt, Morocco, and Cote d'Ivoire during the time of Jasper United and Udoji United Football Clubs, and also camped Nigeria's Golden Eaglets under Fani Amun for two years and three months during the time of Ibrahim Babangida as Nigeria's Military President; the over 1000-capacity conference hall; the amusement park for children; the joy rides; the lawn tennis court; the basketball court; the volleyball court; the Olympic-sized swimming pool with elaborate and fully developed poolside; the Paradise Nite Club; among others.

More interesting is the fact that you never perspire while you are walking around. Although a manmade tourist center, Rojenny has a natural feel, which makes an all-year-round tourist delight. Coconut and other trees line the two sides of the avenues and ensure a regular supply of cool and gentle breeze, giving the environment the feeling of a temperate climate.

In case you get hungry, there is the newly developed Angelic Garden and Restaurant (which has sprung on the ashes of the African Restaurant and Bar) for your quick relaxation and refreshment, and there is also the English Bar for assorted wines. If you decide to stay the night, which of course is the ideal thing in a place like Rojenny, there is the Nwaezeora Lodge which has the beautiful and tastefully-furnished rooms for all guests, plus the new guest house which is currently at the furnishing stage. Beside these, there are also vicinity hotels which work in partnership with Rojenny to accommodate any number of visitors.

Again, Rojenny is a tourist destination. Modeled closely after Disney World in the United States of America, it provides at once all the things necessary for a tourist to stay busy as long as his tour lasts. It is developed in such a way to serve as a base for tourists wishing to visit other tourist sites in South-East Nigeria, like the Ogbunike Cave, the Umuahia War Museum, the Agulu Lake, the Igboukwu archaeological sites, the Njaba River, and so on. The position of Oba is also an added advantage. It is said to be at the center of Igboland, whether from Agbor in Delta State, from Nsukka in Enugu State, from Ndoni / Ikwerre in Rivers State, or from Ozuitem Abriba in Abia State.

Rojenny is also a place for spiritual tourism, irrespective of one's religious conviction. The Blessed Michael Cyprian Tansi Memorial Chapel provides a place of worship for Catholics and Christians of other denominations. There is the African traditional shrine for adherents of African Traditional Religion; and there is the Mosque for the Muslim brethren.

The quiet atmosphere of Rojenny makes it conducive for writers and researchers from any part of the world. The tourist sites are enough inspiration to any writer and can eliminate the so-called writer's block. Sitting very close to Tansian University, Oba, and just a few kilometers away from Madonna University Okija, Rojenny is certainly the destination of many research students who may wish to use the library facilities of both universities. Moreover, research students working on Igbo culture may have no better place to go.

Conceived and developed by Chief Rommy Amandi Ezeonwuka, a native of Akpo in Aguata Local Government Area of ​​Anambra State, Rojenny is indeed a wonderland, a multipurpose center with a complex mix of African culture and western civilization. It is a choice destination for excursions, sports recreation, relaxation, picnics, conferences and seminars, research, cultural entertainment, and so on. This tourist haven, constructed between 1983 and 1986 and opened to the public in November 1986, will soon host a Diaspora Tour, which is aimed at giving African Americans, which ancestors were taken away from Nigeria as slaves, an opportunity to visit Nigeria and have a feel of the land of their ancestors.

Your Guide to an Efficient Filing System

Your Guide to Filing

An efficient filing system has become critical, but still, more often than not, filing systems are accepted without consideration to WHAT is being stored, WHY it's been stored, WHERE and HOW it's been stored. You need to ensure resources are not wasted by replacing your filing system just for replacement sake; it may well be that your current filing system will meet your required criteria by adopting different soft folder and indexing formats.

Many filing organizations will recommend replacing your current system with space efficient filtering systems without consideration to the filing process.

Filing Facts

The freedom of Information Act and the Data Protection Act has made a huge impact on the way records are stored.

Certain types of records have to be stored by law for certain periods of time.

The amount of paper and records stored by organizations is increasing every year.

Misplaced or lost records cost many organizations a substantial amount of money through lost time looking for them. Some types of records will also incur an organization a heavy fine if the record can not be produced on demand.

Clear indexing and identifiable records will speed up the retrieval process for when the file is needed – not when it is too late.

An ineffective filing system will take up more floor space costing the organization more money through floor space rates.

An efficient filing system will save time, space and money making your organization run much more effectively, leading to greater success.

Filing Audit

If you want to improve your filing efficiency you need to know the strengths and weaknesses of your current filing system. The questions below are a good list of questions that once answered will outline specific areas that need attention.

The Records

o How are your records stored? (Lever Arch, Foolscap file)
o What is the volume of records in linear meters
o Are there any duplicates or copies? If so what for?

Indexing

o How effective is your indexing?
o What do you like or dislike about your indexing?
o Is misfiling a common occurrence?

File Storage

o How effective is the storage system?
o What do you like or dislike about it?
o What are the present floor space costs?

Record Access

o How frequently are records retrieved from the system?
o How many people use the filing system?
o Do the records need to be secure?
o Are records returned accurately and on time?

Record Tracking

o Are the records needed for filing Audits?
o How do you keep track of your records?
o Does your tracking system work?

Evaluating your system

The answers to the above should enable you to evaluate:

o Records which are not needed could be archived or destroyed
o Records needing consolidation
o Any indexing improvements
o Effectiveness of the system

Creating an efficient filing system

o Avoid complicated indexing methods
o Avoid handwritten indexes
o Before opening a new record make sure its unique.
o When indexing a record think of the first identifying reference that comes to mind
o Be specific with titles, never use general or miscellaneous.
o Allocate a unique reference ID.
o All correspondence in the file should be dated or marked for reference
o Separate archive from live records

Further details on file creation refer to RMS 1.1 Standard written by the National Archives.

Tracking Records

What happens to your records when they are away from the system?

Case studies show that traditional tracking methods have become inefficient and unreliable An electronic system using a barcode or RFID tags will improve file tracking.

Locating and Controlling Records must be efficient. Record users should be able to file and retrieve records quickly and efficiently.

Tracking records in a filing system should:

o Assist with accurate retrieval of records
o Ensure access of records to staff authorized to do so
o Assist with record retention periods
o Record a complete history of a record's movement

If a record is removed from the system, the following information should be documented:

o The record's index details
o Who retrieved the record
o The date the record was retrieved
o A proposed return date and the actual return date

Conventional Filing Methods Vs End Tab Color Coded Filing Methods

It has been established by the industry that traditional suspended pocket filing is the most inefficient way of storing documentation. The suspended file pocket, by design, is estimated to waste between 15-20% of valuable storage space within the system. Furthermore, suspended file sockets have a tendency to split and as a result cause misfiling / lost files.

File Indexes in a hand-written or text-printed format can be difficult to read enhancing the opportunity for slow retrieval and misfiling.

Using standard folders, filing / retrieval times are slow and misfiling is a common occurrence purely because another folder hides a records index.

Portrait Lever Arch Files are designed with a fixed center of between 73-78mm, invariably the folder houses less capacity than the file offers wasting valuable shelf storage space, in addition because of its design, fewer storage levels can be achieved in a standard storage system .

By simply employing a color coded index system these inherent problems can be overcome.

Disposal

Disposing of records is an important part of maintaining control of your records. Before a disposal schedule is put into place you must understand all of your legal and regulatory business requirements.

Legal and regulatory requirements including the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Public Records Act 1958 all effect the disposal of records. All have imposed new and more stringent duties on public sector bodies with regards to records disposal.

So what does this mean?

Disposal does not mean destruction. It means any action taken to determine the fate of the record including transfer to an archive system. When it is not possible at any time to determine the disposal of the records they may be scheduled for review at a later date.

Retention usually means the length of time records are kept, sometimes known as disposal schedules. If a disposal schedule is not put into place, the standby is to store records indefinitely taking up unnecessary space.

Confidential information must be stored securely and disposed of by way of shredding.

For further details on disposing scheduling please refer to Disposal Scheduling (RMS 5.1) Standard written by the National Archives.

Do Changes in Barometric Pressure Affect Your Dog?

Barometric pressure is atmospheric pressure measured by an instrument called a barometer. That pressure peaks and troughs, causing the changes in our weather. High pressure is pressure greater than the pressure around it. It couples with clear, cloudless skies and drier air. Low pressure is pressure less than the pressure around it. Lows couple with wind, atmospheric lifts, warm air, clouds, humidity, rain, thunderstorms, tropical storms, cyclones, and/or tornadoes.

Studies on humans, have shown differences in barometric pressure cause numerous physical, emotional, and behavioral changes. They include, headaches, mood variations, and complaints about more aches and pains. Perhaps you, or someone you know, claims they can predict the weather better than the weatherman, simply because you feel changes in your body or mood.

So, how do these atmospheric changes affect your dog? Science isn’t quite sure. However, dog owners, especially hunters, and those with scent hounds as companion dogs, have noticed as barometric pressure drops, their dogs change the way they track. This observation leads them to believe their animals change how they follow a scent, to compensate for the changes in the way scents travel.

They also noted their dog tends to hold their head higher in drier air, to catch scents as when the atmospheric pressure is higher. If it is exceptionally windy, their dogs have a more difficult time following a scent; most likely because the direction of the scent changes. When the barometer drops, and winds die down, indicating a low has moved in, their dogs tend to hold their heads lower to the ground when following a scent.

There are those astute owners, who are particularly bonded and attentive, who have reported they are alerted there will be a change in the weather, by watching physical and behavioral changes in their dogs. They included restlessness, panting, trembling, whining, and drooling. A number of them find their animal has a need to hide; others find their dog has a need to be exceptionally close to them.

There are owners of arthritic dogs who claim their pets often appear stiffer and have more difficulty getting up or walking, when the barometric pressure is low. They may be correct. Why can’t dogs feel the added pressure on their joints, as we do?

Bottom line – If you are conscious of the changes in your dog, that’s terrific! If you aren’t, maybe now you will pay more attention, because you’ll know what to look for. Your dog may be trying to tell you something, in the only way they know.

Painting Brick – Hidden Cost You Should Know About

Homeowners often update the appearance of their homes with a coat of fresh paint. However if you are considering painting the ‘bricks’ on your home then there are a few things you should consider before you break out the spray guns and throw a party!

Permanence – The most important word to remember about painting brick is: permanence. That’s right. It’s a one way road. It is permanent and you can’t remove it once it has been applied. Now I know that some of you will say that you can get strippers and restoration cleaners to remove the paint if you really need to and that is true.

Remember though, you are entering a very expensive restoration process that is usually limited to very high end or very valuable masonry buildings with large amounts of funding. Practically speaking, restoration cleaning cost would simply be out of the range for all but the most affluent homeowner. (tens of thousands of dollars)

On-Going Maintenance – The day you apply the last coat of paint to the bricks on your home, is the first day paint degradation begins. Sooner or later the bricks will have to be painted again.

It has now become a never ending process. You will spend far more in the long run painting your brick over and over again then you would ever have spent in up-grading to brick work on your home in the first place. So a quick fix, like painting bricks you don’t particularly like, can often be an expensive mistake. Bricks will need to be re-painted more frequently than the rest of your home as well because of the risk of water entry which can cause severe damage.

Water Damage – The next point to remember is this: bricks need to breathe. What do I mean by that? Well bricks breathe naturally expelling moisture from the wall. When you coat them with paint you have effectively closed the pores of the bricks preventing them from breathing. In a perfect world this doesn’t sound like a bad idea because it effectively keeps the water out as well.

In real world situations though, paint will begin to crack fairly quickly. Minute hairline fissures will open allowing water to enter the masonry system with no way to escape. Unfortunately at this point it is hard for you to recognize or see the effects of the water entry, as it is hidden behind the paint.

As each freeze thaw cycle comes and goes real deterioration of the brick takes place and by the time the problem manifest the damage has already been done. Large portions of the wall area will have ‘brick face de-lamination’ and many more areas you can’t see will have de-lamination but will be held together by the paint. So a close inspection for damage will be necessary.

Now you not only have your ongoing paint maintenance to deal with but deteriorated brick repairs must be done as well.

So you can see how the seemingly simple remedy of painting your bricks to change its color can have far reaching implications and consequences. If you must go this route then I would suggest that you contact a local masonry repair expert for his advice on how to protect your masonry before painting and how to proceed with the painting process.

4 Common Woodturning Mistakes to Avoid In Your Woodworking Projects

Prevent these classic woodturning mistakes, and your woodturning projects will become artful pieces of woodwork:

Going too fast: Trying to go too fast is the most common drawback that woodturners fall into. You want things to be easy. Avoid doing this. You will not only mess up your work but you damage to something more important-yourself. Making things happen fast is the top cause of injuries.

If you see yourself wanting to hurry things up, have a break and remember that rushing is not safe. You can lose more time in the long run if you have to repair an error or worse – a have a stay in the emergency room at hospital.

Stain doesn’t take: Two typical causes that stains do not take are: using non-staining wood packing and if glue is not totally wiped off after creating the whole piece.

The problems are simple to avoid but they are not very simple to correct. Remember that you should buy a wood pack that removes stain and make sure to clean up the glue coming out of the join whenever you place the pieces together.

If you finish with an unmarked area on your work, put a colored glaze-a semi clear substance like the thinned-out paint. Alter the color and exposure until you get it almost similar to the stained wood. Allow it to dry and start the topcoat.

Excessive sanding makes wood fuzzy: There are types of wood that become fuzzy when you do too much sanding. The wood fibers shred and make hair like fuzz on the wood’s outer portion. You don’t want to discolour or have an initial color in that case.

If your wood gets fuzzy, go down a polish or two with the sandpaper and sand out the furs. The way to prevent fuzz is to remember that you should not use sandpaper finer than 150 grit.

Joins don’t fit together: You have taken care to have joins that are tight enough, but when paint the glue on and try to draw the join together, it will not go. It is either you have joins that are very tight or you pulled joints together and experienced a lock-up.

To prevent too tight joints, dry it first. If you have to thump the joints together with a mallet, you should loosen the joint before you add glue to it. If the joint is a mortise and tenon, shear the tenon until you can push the join together easily using your hand.

If the join still locks up on you when you assemble it, you have to do some mallet tapping and clamping to make it move again. It depends on the time the join has been locked, you may not get it to dislodge. Avoiding a locked joint is as easy as testing the join and sanding it if it is tight the first time it is assembled.

That’s it! Avoid these 4 woodturning mistakes, and you’ll create classic woodworking art that is appreciated for generations.

How Doors Can Lighten a Room

The popular TV programs being made about people building their own self-designed homes are watched by millions. These buildings are typically shaped to fit the land they are located in or to meet the preferences and quirks of the owners, which can mean very visibly different houses. One thing that does appear to be a constant about these homes is that they almost always have a large amount of glazing, often employing large sliding windows which offer expansive views from the inside and which can be opened up for easy access to the outside space. These illustrative glazed areas are often the most expensive single item on the project, so why do people feel the need to spend their money in this way?

It seems fairly obvious that introducing more light into the home is something people feel is important and this is quite understandable as who does not feel better on a bright summer's day than on a rather dingy day in winter? Light is a precious resource and it is natural that we should want to maximize it to enhance our lives, however, building our own home with a wall entirely made of glass is not an option open to everyone, so what the less foster among us do? In years gone by, any aperture even if it was glazed was a sure way to lose heat from the house and before central heating keeping warm was a significant preoccupation for the residents. So the question was how to get more light into a house without compromising the need to keep warm.

One of the darker parts of any home is the upstairs landing as it normally has no natural light being merely a means of access to the rooms leading off it. You may not notice in older homes that there are often windows above the doors on a landing (known as fanlights) to allow light from the rooms off the landing to be introduced into what would otherwise be a rather dark and unwelcoming space. This was a rather limited way of creating more light but interior designers were constrained by the fact that glass was a potential hazardous material as it shattered it was dangerous to the occupants. The development of safety glass which is now used in glazed doors has meant this is no longer a constraint and more light can now be bought in through the glazed panel in the door, which is much more effective than a fanlight!

The creative use of glazed inner doors in many homes has meant that not only is more light introduced but it can be done with style and as part of an overall design theme. Improvement production processes mean that glazed doors are within the pocket of most as is the opportunity of using them to enhance a home. The choice of glazing used to be clear or frosted, (usually for the bathroom) but now, there are a variety of glazing options to suit all tastes. Clear glass is still available but there is also bevelled, diamond cut and even etched patterned glass to make a glazed door really be a design feature as well as carrying out its main function of light enhancement.

The modern trend towards having a light and airy living space lends itself to having more glazing as part of the interior design. There are a lot of glazed internal doors in the market and suit both traditional and contemporary settings and can really open up a room and flood it with natural light, so there's no excuse for sitting in the dark!

Law of Detachment – The Truth of Letting Go

The Law of Detachment says that the way to acquire what you want is to let go of your attachment to it. By letting go, we’re not letting go our intention to manifest our desire! We are letting go the forcing of it.

We want to hold on so dearly, so tight, we want to force things to happen. We think that is we put enough power behind what we want, we can make it happen. When we push or force our desire, it puts us in a “need” mode.

By putting yourself in a need mode, you are going to repel things from you. It is when you let it go that you are demonstrating that you don’t need it. To let it go means that you have a real knowing that your desire will come to you.

We’ve all had the needy salesman that pushes for the sale. Sometimes, it isn’t anything that the salesman says or does, it is just this feeling that we get that tells us to leave the store, end the conversation, get away from him/her. We can feel that need and the forcing of the sale, which repels us.

You might not know how your desire will manifest in your life, but you know that your desire will come to you. You have faith that it is on its way. No doubt, no fear about if it will come, you know its just a matter of time. It is the letting go of the attachment that creates the alignment where your manifestation can come to you.

This is the Law of Detachment.

Remember when you were younger and had a crush on someone that you really liked. Maybe they weren’t that into you, maybe you followed them around, called them, but you got the message eventually that they didn’t feel the same way about you. You could feel, really feel, that they didn’t have the same attraction that you felt.

There was a point when you realize that it’s time for you to move on and move forward. The next thing you know, they’re calling you, contacting you, they’re wanting to get together… Yes, this is the Law of Detachment.

You moved on. Possibly starting dating someone else, didn’t give the other person any more of your exclusive attention and he/she felt that. You were able to let go of that need of that person. He/She feels it and is attracted to you.

It is the letting go, the moving out of the need mode into a positive vibration of you’re okay on your own that is so attractive!

If you had this experience, it is incredible! The one thing I would suggest this week, take a look at your life. What can you detach from? What are you willing to let go of with the absolute trust and faith that it will come back to you? What are attracting by letting go of the force of it? Take a look at Law of Detachment in your life and how letting go can bring wonderful things into your life.

Comparing Fiberglass and Polyester Casting Tape

Over the past decade, polyester casting tape has become more recognized as a legitimate option to its traditional fiberglass counterpart. There are a number of studies which have compared these products in both controlled environments and real-world experiences. The results noted that both of these options can be equally effective, although there are some additional variables to consider.

The most important comparison between fiberglass and polyester tape is directed towards overall effectiveness. A study published in the Journal of the National Association of Orthopedic Technologists in 2002 recorded a number of variables related to overall effectiveness. The results noted that the differences in performance were negligible in most cases. There was the same level of material breakdowns and delaminations on weight-bearing surfaces with both fiberglass and polyester casting. Additionally, the activity level and comfort levels were similar as well.

The one noticeable difference was related to the development of cracks or splits. Fiberglass casts were much more likely to crack in the toe box area. This was attributed to the greater rigidity fiberglass casting offers. A polyester substrate is much more flexible, which allows it greater flexibility under heavier weights. This results in less cracking and splitting.

From a patient’s standpoint, there is only one area in which polyester tape may face difficulties. Due to the high use of fiberglass casting tape for decades, some people expect a more rigid cast. Even though polyester tape has proven to be extremely effective, the perception that greater rigidity is necessarily better will have to be overcome before fiberglass can be completely replaced.

Since the overall effectiveness of both fiberglass and polyester casting tape is fairly similar from a patient’s standpoint, the next area to focus on is the benefits gained by the physician. There are very few characteristics which are based on the material of the tape. Instead, the big differences come in the form of quality. Some manufactures provide an elite product, both fiberglass and polyester, whereas some do not.

When comparing fiberglass and polyester casting tape across brands, there are several telling variables to focus on. The first is referred to as formation or the weight bearing timeframe. Quality casting should be able to bear weight within 20-30 minutes. The ease of application should also be considered. Utilizing water activated resin; physicians should be able to dictate how quickly the casting tape hardens. This not only provides control over the setting time, but also minimizes the patient’s discomfort.