Best Fabric For You – How to Buy and What to Look For

Here's some helpful hints when buying fabric.

You can select the best fabric for you by knowing the advantages and disadvantages.

Make sure you read all labels for care and fabric content.

Here's a guide when you're not sure about fiber:

You will be able to identify fiber absorbency by the wear of ability and durability. The more absorbent fibers are the more comfortable they are to wear. They absorb body moisture and moisture. Since they absorb moisture they are less sooner to static electricity and will clean more easily.

The less absorbent fibers are the less comfortable they are to wear, but since they are less affected by body heat and moisture they wrinkle less and they hold their shape better. However, they become static-prone. Here you can determine the best fabric for you that will wear well by knowing their absorbency.

More absorbent – wool, linen, silk, cotton and natural fibers Less absorbent rayon, acetate, acrylic, nylon, polyester and synthetic fibers.

Here you can determine the best fabric for you that will wear well by knowing the lengths of fibers that will affect its performance and appearance.

Long fibers are synthetics. Silk is the only one that is a natural long fiber, but there are longer wool and cotton fibers that have some of these characteristics: Lustrous and smooth, pill resistant, more resilient.

Short fibers are natural and synthetic fibers cut. They are cut into short lengths twisted into a yarn that has a fuzzier appearance like soft and fuzzy, tend to pill and wrinkle more easily. Now wool gabardine is a long fiber and wool flannel is a short fiber.

Be sure to read the labels on ready-to-wear and on the end of the bolt for your best fabric overall guide to fiber content and care.

Manufacturers use blends for decreasing cost, increase prestige, increase wash ability, decrease wrinkling, increase comfort, or increase strength.

A pair of pants that is 65% cotton, 35% polyester will wrinkle less and wear better than all cotton. A pair of pants that is 65% polyester, 35% cotton will wrinkle less and wear better, but be less comfortable.

People today go towards comfort and easy care, so you can determine the best fabric here on the blends of fabrics.

Fabric labels. Here's a list of fabrics that you can decide would be the best fabric for you and they they will wear:

Linen and Cotton – Has increased absorbency and comfort, less static build-up and better dye ability.

Silk is luster, luxury and comfortable.

Wool – Has added bulk and warmth, increased absorbency, increased shape retention and wrinkle recovery.

Mohair has added strength, loopy texture, added luster.

Camel and Cashmere has added warmth, luxury, improved drape ability, soft smooth texture.

Angora rabbit hair has softness and fuzziness.

Acrylic have improved softness, wool-like qualities.

Rayon is a lower cost fabric with better absorbency, lower static build-up and added luster.

Nylon has increased strength, abrasion resistance, wrinkle resistance and lower cost.

Acetate has improved drapes ability, more luster and shine and lower cost.

Polyester has wash and wear qualities, wrinkle resistance, shape retention, durability and is a lower cost fabric.

Spandex has comfort and elasticity.

Different blends can change the care instructions. If you have a wool skirt it can become washable if it has polyester added.

Look at the care instructions and care as you would for sensitive fabrics. For example, a wool becomes washable if polyester is added. If you are not sure of the care read the instructions and care as you would for the most sensitive fabric. Here you can determine the best fabric by how your clothing should look and feel.

The fabric weaves are how it affects the durability and appearance:

Plain weave – For each yarn it runs over one and under another in both directions and produces a strong firm fabric. Fabrics can be of all weights like chiffon, gingham, canvas, flannel, challis are examples of this most common weave.

Satin weave – The yarns passes over several crosswise yarns to produce very lustrous, shiny fabrics. These long yarns can easily be worn by causing snags.

Charmeuse and satin are a perfect example of this fragile weave.

Dobby and Jacquard weaves – There figurative designs are woven into the fabric. Dobby designs like birdseye and pique are usually small, geometric figures. Jacquard designs like damask, tapestry, brocade are more complicated and can be quite large. They are both expensive to make and can be fragile if there are large areas of long float threads.

Twill weave is a diagonal parallel rib that is a formed weave. It is the most durable weave of all. It is strong, resilient, wrinkle-resistant, and often soil-resistant due to the yarn density like denim, gabardine, silk surah, and calvary twill.

Knits are a series of interlocking loops instead of yarns that cross over each other at right angles. Knits are durable, comfortable. They give and are subject to snag at times. There are both single knits like tricots and sweater knits and double-knits like interlocks and traditional double knits.

Here are some shopping tips for finding the best fabric:

Wool and wool blend tweeds are very fast to sew because they hide sewing mistakes. They also mold into shape easily.

Solid colors are faster to sew than plaids, prints are faster than both as the print in the fabric does not require matching. Plaids are take the most time because of the cutting concentration and planning required.

Make a note in a small notebook with the following five basic pieces and make sure you take it with you when shopping for your best fabric. Also, make sure you use the yardage conversion chart on the back of the pattern catalog if your fabric width is different.

Jacket, Pants, Skirt, Blouse, Matching skirt, Jacket lining and Jacket interfacing.

Buy the same amount of lining as for the fabric you will need for pants and skirts. Will you be able to tell if this is the best fabric that works for you.

Do the following tests on ready-made clothing:

On wrinkle resistance fabrics crush it in your hand and release. Now, do the wrinkles fall out quickly? If they do not the garment will look like it was not pressed. so, high natural fiber content will wrinkle more.

To check for shape and wearing qualities stretch it with both hands and hold for 5 seconds. If it slips apart easily then strain on the seams could lead to a problem at stress points, but, if it springs back, it will hold its shape.

Tighter knits the heavier it is the less absorbent the fiber and the better it holds its shape.

Take a look at the fiber content for comfort by checking the absorbency and compare it to your fiber. These are lightweight and higher in natural fiber content are more comfortable to wear.

Synthetics are warm and feel clammy because they do not breathe or absorb as well as natural fibers and may not be the best fabric for you.

If you are buying fabric or ready-made clothing you should wisely invest your money into the best fabric quality you can afford for your five basic long wearing pieces. These coordinates need to be durable and make you look great! Here are some advantages and disadvantages. You can determine which would be the best fabric for you:

Here's some advantages and disadvantages on different fabrics:

Wool Gabardine:

Advantages: It wears very well, comfortable and holds their shape well. Wrinkles hang out.

Disadvantages: Dry clean only. It shows press marks very easy. Cleaners can over press too. You can request careful pressing, but it's very expensive.

Polyester Gabardine:

Advantages: It is wrinkle-resistant. It is also very durable and washable. It's a year around fabric except in the hottest and cold climates. It always looks crisp and fresh.

Disadvantages: May snag and is less comfortable to wear than wool, as polyester is cold in winter and warm in summer.

Linen:

Advantages: It is very comfortable as fiber is extremely absorbent. Dark colors or neutrals are season less fabrics.

Disadvantages: It loses body after many cleanings. You can spray fabric finish to restore crisp feel. Dark colors show more wear than light color due to the dyes used.

Crazy-like:

Advantages: Choose the heavier weights for better wear and wrinkle resistance. It wrinkles less than real linen. The blends are rayon, polyester, cotton. Can be worn year round in dark or neutral colors. Washable.

Disadvantages: It loses its body after washing or dry cleaning. It is not as durable as real linen or as rich in appearance.

Polyester Crepe:

Advantages: This fabric drapes very nicely. You can have fullness without bulk. It is wrinkle resistant, very durable, machine washable. Loosely woven fabrics will be more comfortable.

Disadvantages: Pretreat oily stain before washing. Remove from dryer immediately to prevent heat setting wrinkles and puckered seams. Feels clammy with tightly woven types which are not absorbent.

Silk Crepe:

Advantages: This fabric drapes like no other fabric, it feels wonderful and comfortable in all climates. Recommend dry cleaning, but can be washed.

Disadvantages: Very expensive. Must hand wash or dry-clean. Perspiration can damage fibers and stain.

Silk Broadcloth:

Advantages: A sportier fabric that wears better than crepe. Available in shirting stripes, plaids, gingham, also solid colors. Hand washes nicely. Less expensive than crepe de chine.

Disadvantage: Does not drape as well as crepe. Wrinkles, perspiration can damage fibers and stain.

Cotton or Blended Broadcloths:

Advantages: More casual than the fabric above. Washable, usually inexpensive. More comfortable than polyester; wrinkles less than silk. Blends include cotton, polyester, rayon.

Disadvantages: Does not drape as well as crepe. Those with higher cotton content will wrinkle more, higher polyester content will make less comfortable.

Wool or Wool Blends:

Advantages: It's soft, lightweight, drapeable. Those with wool should be dry-cleaned, some blends (cotton, rayon, polyester) may be washed. Usually has a soft, warm, brushed surface.

Disadvantages: Wool is more expensive to buy and to care for, but most durable. Generally a cool weather fabric.

Wool Tweed, Flannel, Wool Blends:

Advantages: This fabric is easy to sew. Flannel is a good wintertime fabric and comes in medium and light weights for all climates. Blends (wool, polyester, nylon, acrylic) are usually lighter weight, lower in price and some are washable.

Disadvantages: This fabric is for winter season only. Can be expensive. Flannel wrinkles more than wool gabardine. Blends will not wear as well as 100% wools. Can be scratchy. Dry clean 100% wools.

Wool Knit, Jersey:

Advantages: All weights are comfortable to wear. Warm in winter. Drapes well in lighter weights, tailors well in heavier weights. Knits are the easiest fabrics to sew.

Disadvantages: Very expensive. Can snag more easily than a woven fabric. Will stretch out of shape during wear, but can be pressed back to shape. Dry Clean only.

Polyester Knits:

Advantages: All weights are wrinkle-resistant, travel well. Machine washable. Hold their shape. Inexpensive.

Disadvantages: Like all polyester, can be warm in summer and cold in winter because fiber does not breathe. Pretreat oily stains before washing, remove from dryer immediately.

Corduroy, Velvet, Velveteen:

Advantages: Can be sporty or dressy, depending on type. Some are washable others should be professionally cleaned and pressed. Inexpensive.

Disadvantages: Can show press marks and wear lines easily, not very durable. Require special sewing techniques. Wrinkle easily, will stretch out of shape during wear, but will recover shape during washing or dry-cleaning.

Ultrasuede brand fabric:

Advantages: Elegant and extremely durable. It is versatile and comes in two different weights for many types of garments. Machine washable, easy care. Holds shape during wear, can be season less, depending on color. Sews easily.

Disadvantages: Very expensive. Requires special, but easy to learn, sewing techniques. Because it is partially polyester, it will be warm in summer but not as warm as 100% polyester.

After reading about the different types of fabrics you can decide which is the best fabric for you.

How to Tell the Difference Between Fiber Optic Transmitters and Light Sources

:: What are fiber optic transmitters?

Optical transmitters generate the light signals transported by a fiber optical communication system. a transmitter includes a light source but also includes signal generation circuit and components such as an electro-optical modulator.

The transmitter contains electronics that modulate the light source. At low speeds, the transmitter directly modulates light emission by varying the drive current to the light source. But the transmitter needs a high performance external modulator such as a electro-optical modulator for high speed applications. It maintains a constant drive current to the light source, producing a steady output beam, which passes through the external modulator that produces the 1 and 0 signals.

Transmitters can have more than one light source. Each light source operates at different wavelengths and are modulated separately with their corresponding signals. These light sources are then coupled to a single fiber with WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) technology. DWDM (density wavelength division multiplexing) technology essentially expand a single fiber's information carrying capacity by hundreds of times.

:: What are fiber optic light sources?

A fiber optic light source emits continuous light without any modulation or signal processing. It is one component of a fiber optical transmitter.

In fiber optic communication, the standard light sources are LEDs (light-emitting diodes) and semiconductor lasers. Other types of lasers such as gas lasers may be used in some special cases.

Lasers emit much higher powers than LEDs and can transmit much faster signals. But lasers are also much more expensive than LEDs.

:: LED light sources

All plastic fibers transmit visible light better than infrared light, although they can only carry low speed signals at short distances. So visible red LEDs are widely used in all plastic fiber data links. One sample application is a data link on the same floor of an office building.

Light sources emitting at 750nm to 900nm (central wavelength is 850nm) are used for higher speed and longer distance applications which utilize glass optical fibers. This type of light sources include 850nm LEDs and 850nm semiconductor lasers which are made from gallium arsenide (GaAs) and gallium-aluminum arsenide (GaAlAs).

A typical application for this type of light source is between buildings on a campus. LEDs do not offer any cost advantage over inexpensive GaAs lasers so they are less common.

:: Semiconductor laser sources

Semiconductor lasers emitting at 1310nm, 1550nm and up to 1610nm are used in much longer distance glass optical fiber networks. The applications range from inter-building links to transcontinental cables.

These lasers are made from indium gallium arsenide phosphate (InGaAsP). They produce much higher power and speed. Their major applications are in telecommunication systems.

:: Considerations for light source

Many factors determine the choice of light sources for fiber optic systems. Here are a few listed.

1. The wavelength must fall within a transmission window of the optical fiber being used

2. The power must be high enough to span the distance between optical amplifiers

3. The power must not be too high so that it causes nonlinear effects in the fiber or overloads the receiver

4. The range of wavelengths emitted by the source should not be so broad that dispersion limits transmission speed

5. The light source must be able to couple light effectively into the optical fiber

Seven Critical Success Drivers – Why New Products Win

The challenge in successful product innovation is to design a playbook, blueprint, or process by which new-product projects can move from the idea stage through to a successful launch and beyond, quickly and effectively. Before charging into this playbook, let's first understand the secrets to success – what separates successful innovation projects from the failures, the critical success factors that make the difference between winning and losing.

Some are quite obvious, but before you dismiss them as "too obvious", recognize that most firms still neglect them. As we probe each success driver, reflect on how you can benefit from each, and how you can translate each into an operational facet of your new-product system or playbook.

1. A unique, superior product is the number one driver of new-product profitability.

Delivering products with unique benefits and real value to users – bold innovations – separates winners from losers more often than any other single factor. Such superior products have five times the success rate, over four times the market share, and four times the profitability of products lacking this ingredient.

The definition of "what is unique and superior" and "what is a benefit" is from the customer's perspective – so it must be based on an in-depth understanding of different customer needs, wants, problems, likes, and dislikes :

  • Determine the customer needs at the outset – build in voice-of-customer (VoC) research early in your projects. Requests are usually fairly obvious, and easy for the customer to talk about. But spotting needs , particularly unmet and unarticulated needs , is more of a challenge, but often yields a breakthrough new product.
  • Do a competitive product analysis. If you can spot the competitors' product weaknesses, then you're halfway to beating them. The goal is product superiority and that means superior over the current or future competitive offering. Never assume the competitor's current product will be the benchmark by the time you hit the market!
  • Build in multiple test iterations to test and verify your assumptions about your winning-product design. Test the concept with users – and make sure they indicate a favorable response. That is, even before serious development work begin, start testing the product!

2. Building in the voice of the customer into a market-driven, customer-focused new-product process.

But the great majority of companies miss the mark here, with insufficient VoC and no fact-based customer insights (in more than 75 percent of projects, according to one investigation). A thorough understanding of customers 'or users' needs and wants, the competitive situation, and the nature of the market is an essential component of new product success.

Research has shown that top performing companies: work closely with customers and users to identify needs / problems, work with lead or innovative users to generate ideas, determine product definition via market research, interface with users through development, and seek market input to help design the Launch Plan.

Strong market focus must prevail throughout the entire new-product project, and should be considered through the new-product process:

  • Idea generation: Devote more resources to market-oriented idea-generation activities. The best ideas come from customers!
  • The design of the product: Use market research as an input to the design decisions to help guide the project team before they charge into the design of the new product.
  • Before pushing ahead into development: Be sure to test the product concept with the customer by presentation a representation of the product, and gauging the customer's interest, liking, and purchase intent.
  • Through the entire project: Customer inputs should not cease at the completion of the pre-development market studies. Keep bringing the customer into the process to view facets of the product verifying all assumptions about the winning design.

3. Doing the homework and front-end loading the project – due diligence done before product development gets under way.

The best innovators are much more proficient when it comes to completing activities in the "fuzzy front end" of projects – they do their homework:

  • Initial screening – the first decision to get into the project
  • Preliminary market assessment – the first and quick market study
  • Preliminary technical assessment – a technical evaluation of the project
  • Preliminary operations assessment – manufacturing and operations issues
  • Detailed market study, market research, and VoC research
  • Concept testing – testing the concept with the customer or user
  • Value assessment – determining the value or economic value of the product to the customer
  • Business and financial analysis – just before the decision to "Go to Development" (building the business case).

Best innovators also strike an appropriate balance between market / business-oriented tasks, and conduct more homework prior to the initiation of product design and development. Furthermore, the quality of execution of the pre-development steps is closely tied to the product's financial performance.

"More homework means longer development times" is a frequently voiced complaint, and a valid one. But experience has shown that homework pays for itself in reduced development times as well as improved success rates:

  • Evidence points to a much higher likelihood of product failure if the homework is omitted.
  • Better project definition (the result of solid homework) actually speeds up the development process.
  • More homework up front anticipates changes to product design and encourages them to occur earlier in the process (rather than later when they are more costly)

Cutting out homework drives your success rate way down, and cutting out homework to save time today will cost you wasted time tomorrow. Make it a rule: No significant project should move into the Development stage without the actions described above completed, and done in a quality way. And devote the necessary resources to get the work done; that is, front-end load the project!

4. Getting sharp and early product and project definition means higher success rates and faster to market.

Securing sharp, early, stable, and fact-based product definition before Development begins is one of the strongest drivers of cycle-time reduction and new-product success. Best innovators clearly define the benefits to be delivered to the customer, they clearly identify the target market, the product concept is clearly defined, and the product features, attributes, and specifications are clearly defined.

Build in an integrated product and project definition step or check-point before the door is opened to a full development program. This integrated definition must be fact based: developed with inputs and agreement from the functional areas involved: Marketing, R & D, Engineering, Operations, etc. This definition has six components:

  1. the project scope
  2. target market definition
  3. product concept
  4. benefits to be delivered (the value proposition)
  5. positioning strategy
  6. product attributes, attributes, performance requirements, and high-level specs

Acknowledging a stable product definition is a challenge – even the best innovators struggle. Markets can be quite fluid and dynamic, so build in the necessary front-end homework, pin down the integrated product innovation as best you can before development begins , specify in advance which part of the product requirements and specs are "known and fixed" versus which as "fluid, uncertain, and variable", and build steps into your development process to gather data so that the "variable parts" of your product definition can be pinned down as development endeavors.

5. Spiral development – put something in front of the customer early and often – gets the product right.

Spiral development is the way that fast-paced teams handle the dynamic information process with fluid, changing information. Many businesses use too rigid and linear a process for product development. By proceeding in a linear and rigid process, the project team and business set themselves up for failure.

Smart project teams and businesses practice spiral development. Best innovator businesses are 6 times more likely to interface with customers and users through the entire Development stage. They build in a series of iterative steps , or "loops, whereby successful versions of the product are shown to the customer to seek feedback and verification.

Use spirals – a series of "build-test-feedback-and-revision" iterations . This approach is based on the fact that customers do not really know what they are looking for until they see it or experience it – so get something in front of the customer in front of the customer or user fast (and keep repeating these tests all the way through to formal product testing).

6. A well-conceived, properly executed launch is central to new-product success.

Not only must your product be superior, but its benefits must be communicated and marketed aggressively. A quality launch is strongly linked to new-product profitability. Best innovators do the necessary market research – understanding buyer / customer behavior – in order to better craft the launch plan. They also conduct a test market or trial sell to validate the marketability of the new product and also test elements of the market launch plan. Best innovators also undertake a solid pre-launch business analysis, and most importantly, they execute the launch more proficiently – by a ratio of 3: 1 when compared to poor innovators.

Do not assume good products sell themselves, and do not treat the launch as an afterthought. A well-integrated and properly targeted launch does not occur by accident, however; it is the result of a fine-tuned marketing plan , properly backed and resourced, and proficiently executed.

Marketing planning- moving from marketing objectives to strategy and marketing programs – is a complex process. But this complex process must be woven into your new-product system.

Four important points regarding new-product launch and the marketing plan:

  1. The development of the market launch plan is an integral part of the new-product process: It is as central to the new = product process as the development of the physical product.
  2. The development of the market launch plan must begin early in the new-product project. It should not be left as an afterthought to be undertaken as the product nears commercialization.
  3. A market launch plan is only as good as the market intelligence upon which it is based. Market studies designed to yield information crucible to marketing planning must be built into the new-product project.
  4. Those who will execute the launch – the sales force, technical support people, other front-line personnel – must be engaged in the development of the market launch plan, and some should there before be members of the project team. This ensures valuable input and insight into the design of the launch effort, availability of resources when needed, and buy-in by those who must execute the product and its launch (elements so critical to a successful launch).

7. Speed ​​counts! There are many good ways to accelerate development projects, but not at the expense of quality of execution.

Speed ​​to market is an admirable goal, and there are many reasonably valid reasons that cycle-time reduction should be a priority:

  • Speed ​​yields competitive advantage: First in will win!
  • Speed ​​yields higher profitability.
  • Speed ​​means fewer surprises.

Speed ​​is important, but not as vital as one might have assumed. Speed ​​is only an objective objective – a means to an end. The ultimate goal, of course, is profitability. But many of the practices naively employed in order to reduce time-to-market extremely cost the company money. They achieve the objective objective – bringing the product quickly to market – but fail at the ultimate objective: profitability.

Be careful in the overzealous pursuit of speed and cycle-time reduction. There are ways to reduce cycle time, however, that are totally consistent with sound management practice and are also derived from the critical success drivers outlined. Here are five sensible ways to increase the odds of winning but also to reduce time-to-market!

  1. Prioritize and focus: The best way to slow projects down is to dissipate your limited resources and people across too many projects. By concentrating resources on the truly descripting projects, not only will the work be done better, it will be done faster. But focus means tough choices: It means killing other and perhaps worthwhile projects. And that requires good decision-making and the right criteria for making Go / Kill decisions.
  2. Do it right the first time: Build in quality of execution at every stage of the project. The best way to save time is by avoiding having to recycle back and do it a second time . Quality of execution pays off not only in terms of better results but also by reducing delays.
  3. Front-end homework and definition: Doing the upfront homework and getting clear product and project definition, based on facts rather than hearsay and speculation, saves time downstream: That means less recycling back to get the facts or redefine the product requirements, and sharper technical targets to work toward.
  4. Organize around a true cross-functional team with empowerment: Multi-functional teams are essential for timely development and are a topic in the next chapter. Rip apart a poorly developed project and you will unfailingly find 75 percent of slippage attributable to: (1) 'siloing', or sending memos up and down vertical organizational 'silos' or 'stovepipes' for decisions; and (2) "sequential problem solving". Sadly, the typical project resemblies a relay race, with each function or department carrying the baton for its portion of the race, then handing off to the next runner or department.
  5. Parallel processing: The relay-race, sequential, or series approach to product development is antiquated and inappropriate for today's fast-paced projects. Given the time pressures of projects, coupled with the need for a complete and quality process, a more appropriate model is a rugby game or parallel processing . With parallel processing, activities are undertaken concurrently (rather than sequentially); thus, more activities are undertaken in an elapsed period of time. The new-product process must be multidisciplinary with each part of the team (Marketing, R & D, Operations, Engineering, Sales) working together and undertaking its parallel or concurrent activity. Note that the play is a lot more complex using a parallel rugby scheme, hence the need for a disciplined playbook.

Building the Success Drivers into Your Playbook

Many businesses have "operating procedures" or guides on how to do things right. Imagine you are crafting a new-product guidebook or set of operating procedures for how to do a new-product project right – for example, an "idea-to-launch playbook" or a stage-and-gate system to drive new products to market.

How Chiropractic Can Help Kids Chronic Sprained Ankles and Pigeon Toes

Parents often become concerned when they notice their child running awkwardly, being “pigeon toed” (also known as in-toeing), or when they repeatedly sprain their ankles. Your child my trip or fall more often than seems normal, you may notice them rolling their ankles inward (AKA excessive pronation), or their foot may have a “hooked appearance”. There are three conditions which can cause these problems and depending on which condition and the age of your child they may require intervention to correct. The good news is that serious interventions such as wearing leg braces or surgery are not usually needed in these cases.

1. Tibial torsion – This is fairly common condition where the tibia or “shin bone” has not rotated into the position where it will be during adulthood. Tibial torsion is considered normal until the age of 7 years. However excessive toe-in between 2 and 7 years my warrant consultation with a doctor. Your child may have excessive pronation seen by weight bearing on the big toe side of the foot much more than the pinky toe side.

What your Chiropractor can do – Your Chiropractor can adjust a subluxated (misaligned) joints in the legs and show you how to stretch the proper muscles while strengthening others. Your Chiropractor may also be able to fit your child with custom shoe orthotics to help correct the excessive pronation.

What you can do – Buy shoes with flexible soles and good arch support such as athletic shoes. Also, getting your child involved in sports or activities which emphasize running such as soccer will help to strengthen the muscles of the legs and provide good muscle length.

2. Femoral torsion – This is similar to tibial torsion except in this case the femur or “thigh bone” is the one that is out of position. This is another common condition that usually resolves on its own by 8 years of age. Again excessive pronation may be seen as well as bowing back of the knees and an excessive curve in the low back.

What your Chiropractor can do – Chiropractic treatment will be similar to that of tibial torsion, adjustments/stretching/strengthening only focusing on the hip instead of the knee and lower leg.

What you can do – Again good shoes are in order. Sports in this case should include those that work out the hips such as bicycling, ballet, or gymnastics. Also, encouraging your child to sit cross legged will stretch the muscles holding the leg in a toe-in position.

3. Metatarsus adductus – This one is a little different than the other two in that it involves the feet instead of the legs. In this case the toe-in occurs in the foot itself. This condition is normal until 1 year of age is a common problem in school age children.

What your Chiropractor can do – Adjusting will focus on the bones of the feet and orthotics may be used if the problem persists beyond 7 years of age

What you can do – Gently stretching your child’s foot toward the pinky toe several times a day will help to loosen up the tight tissues.

In all cases, it is important to ensure your children’s shoes are well-fitting with plenty of room and no stress points. Also, having your child go barefoot more often encourages better motor control and position sense.

A note on Chiropractic adjustments: Many doctors, including those at Fletcher Hills Chiropractic use low-force techniques such as Activator technique that are much more gentle and less intimidating for children. Ask your Chiropractor what techniques he uses.

This article by a San Diego Chiropractor is a review of an article from the March 12th issue of Dynamic Chiropractor by Dr. Mark Charrette. Read the entire article here Dynamic Chiropractor

Maintenance Tips For Commercial Carpeting

Commercial carpeting comes in all shapes and sizes, but making it last for the long haul depends on how well you take care of it. Commercial carpets are usually found in offices and commercial environments where there is heavy foot traffic. That means it's sooner to wear and tear than your average residence.

Believe it or not, if you can keep your carpets looking like new in even high traffic areas if you develop a system for maintaining the floors. You should clean commercial carpeting, for example, on a daily basis to extend its life. Vacuuming is a critical part of that maintenance.

Think of vacuuming your commercial carpeting as you would prevent maintenance on your car. It's important to how well it functions over the long haul. Your commercial carpeting is exposed to all sorts of potentially damaging elements, like dirt, grease, gum, or other debris that shortens its lifespan if not properly cleaned.

Depending on how heavy the traffic flow is through a facility, you may even need to vacuum your commercial carpeting more than once a day, or you may only need to vacuum certain areas more than once a day. The idea is to keep the elements from setting into the fiber of the commercial carpeting. Just because your carpet looks clean does not mean it is clean.

Your commercial carpet maintenance plan could even be broken up seasonally to take into consideration the different issues you face at different times of the year, like rain in the summer, snow in the winter, leaves and dirt in the autumn and so on.

Springtime is a good time to shampoo your commercial carpet, part of the spring cleaning ritual in your facility. Vacuuming daily is recommended, but it does not remove all the dirt and soil from the carpet. You will need to shampoo your commercial carpeting at least once a year, and springtime can be ideal.

Wintertime may only give you time for daily maintenance, especially if you are in the retail business. Summertime, by contrast, may be slower and could be a good time to restorative cleaning processes. It might even be the best time to replace your commercial carpeting with new carpet if it's visibly worn out.

You may even consider using a sweeper machine. A sweeper can be used on hard surfaces as well as commercial carpeting and can get the job done quicker. This may encourage your staff to stay on the preventive maintenance schedule.

Reflective Foil Insulation

What is reflective foil insulation (RFI)?

Insulation is a material that is placed on the side of a wall that is internal to space being insulated. RFI is a reflective insulation that has the explicit objective of insulating the inside space from heat generated specifically by light-ie sunlight. You'll likely find reflective insulation at the closest point of contact in which the sun hits the so called membrane of the inside room. This location is key, because the insulation is reflective, ie it bounces light and heat in, generally, the opposite direction. So, if you place RFI at the bottom of your insulation stack, your this will likely produce a sort of greenhouse effect, where whatever heat does get through the initial layers of insulation, will be reflect by the outer reflective insulation but will likely be false enough to be trapped at a rate of 98% back inside the room.

RFI is cost effective; it's a light material, and builders like it because it's amiable in terms of shaping in hard or difficult contorted positions on more intricate roofing and insulation projects. RFI is typically made of aluminum, and is reliably light weight and physically easy to manage.

Again, the location within the stack of insulating materials should be at the top or closest to the point of contact, ie closest to the sun. RFI is known to reduce the amount of heat that lower lying insulating materials have to absorb by a rate of 15 to 65%, depending on the quality, the thickness, the engineering of the aluminum.

RFI is reliably cheaper in the Atlanta, Phoenix, Miami, and Los Angeles metros due to those locations' overbearing sun exposures during the summer, or even year round. Some fireproofing insulation comes built in with RFI; these products though are only found in roofing insulations, and less so with room to room insulating materials and products. Foam board insulation does not typically carry any RFI features, while mineral wool insulation never carries any RFI features.

Where can RFI be installed?

RFI is typically installed in and during roofing projects. Again, the objective is to place your RFI where the building will be seeing the most sun-or any sun for that matter. If you're on a tight budget, you really should not skimp on RFI, though. It's difficult to undo or redo, and when you get insured, you incorporated such features as RFI into your risk profile-ie your insurance agent will ask you if you have RFI installed, and where you have it installed. Same goes for tax credits related to energy savings, so called green initiatives, and sustainability programs in your area.

RFI is usually installed toward the top of your house, but your sun exposure is unique to your building, and should be analyzed and respected on a case by case basis. Your foundation, as unusual as it might be, could be a point of high sun exposure. You might have a sun or moonlight feature that is an opening at mid ground to your basement. You'll want to check this point for abnormally high sun exposure, especially if it's on the side of the property that bears the brunt of the morning or setting, or worse, lunch time sunlight.

When can RFI be installed?

RFI is installed when the property project is completed; it's typically installed soon after the frame of the project and building is completed, when there's a roof to speak of, and an insulating room to protect the exposed insulation material from the elements. The timing of RFI installation is key, since it's very difficult to go back and correct poorly timed RFI pieces-especially if the roofing project is one that's intricate, detailed, or unconventional.

RFI is a great tool to use, if you're missing in space, or if you're in an industrial space that does not allow for very many of the conventional insulating materials that aim to absorb. They're also great for outdoor use, where humidity and rains can spoil absorption based insulating materials, such as wool insulation. The general rule is that if your property and building project is over 1,000 square feet, you'll not want to do this project on your own, but rather have a professional contractor do this for you.

Logo Design – Your Objectives In Designing A Logo

If you really want to have some clues on how to design a good and simple logo, then you have come to the right place. Here, I am going to show you a little bit about logo creation in general. First, I would like to show you few basic histories about logo creation. Then we’re going to observe further onto the typical examples of a good logo design to study them and recognize their basic traits. Finally, we are going to wrap up the article by discussing about the objectives of a logo design creation. This article is meant to give you some understanding about the history of logo design creation and introduce you to several good examples of them, so you will have a clue on how to create one.

Let’s first look at the history, so you will have an idea or two about where and when it’s exactly originated. Logo design actually originated from the ancient and prehistoric drawings or paintings which can usually be found on rock walls. Those were not an actual logo but merely as a picture or a symbol that can be interpreted as a one of the most primitive communication system. Some of the most well-known ancient civilization such as Egyptian, Babylonian, Aztec and Mayan used different pictograph to write on their walls. Pictographs are a mere graphic symbol that convey a meaning which recognizable. So the similarities between these old symbols and the modern logo design that we all know lies in the picture that can represents a meaning and functions as a basic communication tool.

Now, let’s see the typical example of a good logo design. You can study these examples and use it a source to get an inspiration that compels you to design a unique logo that will suit your business. McDonalds’ large ‘M’ letter logo is a good example, Walmart with a star symbol between its syllables is also a good one and Burger King’s logo should be the first thing that pops up in your head when you hear the word ‘burger’. All of the examples above have basic characteristics of a good logo design which are unique, simple and easy to remember. You should strive to implement all these basic characteristics whenever you want to design a logo. It will not be an easy task to achieve. But in the end it will reward you nicely because this logo will be your identity to the world.

Finally, you should know and understand the objectives of a logo design creation. This is important because it will help you to establish your business identity to the world. The primary objective is it should be able to affect the subconscious mind of people so you may want to make it as simple and unique as possible which will then make it easier for people to remember and recognize it. An attractive logo design is the secondary objective, the more attractive your logo is the more people wants to see what’s it all about and end up buying your product just to try it out. Once they are satisfied with your product, they will likely becoming recurring customers. Given enough time, this will create a positive reflection of your business and people will have no trouble to associate your company logo to a specific type of product that you sell. If you keep your business to grow like this, sooner or later your logo design will become worldwide brand recognition.

Cleaning Cubic Zirconia

The basic rule of jewelry care is to apply all lotions, make-up, hair spray, etc. first, then put on the jewelry. Pearls are especially sensitive to the solvents in hair sprays. In the reality of the jewelry business, I see people who refuse to remove rings and those who do so only once in a while. When we clean a customer's jewelry and inspect for wear and loose or missing stones, the jewelry most often needing repair is a ring that is "never" taken off the finger and cleaned by the owner.

Persistent dirt gets between the metal settings and the stones causing abrasive wear and sometimes sometimes a loose stone. Everyday wear on the outside of stone settings may lead to lost stones, too. A regular home cleaning and good look at the jewelry will prevent most stone loses, allowing for repair or tightening before it is too late. It is not common to see really clean jewelry come into the shop. When we do, that jewelry is generally in much better condition than the dirty items.

Hand lotions and soap film are some of the more difficult materials to remove. With CZ stones, a clean stone is vital to keep the "sparkling diamond" look. Just a little lotion on the bottom of the stone will take away much of the visual life of the stone. Fortunately, CZ's are fairly hard and tough. Cleaning may be more aggressive than with stones like opal or pearls, for example.

Start by taking the ring off the finger long enough to clean it! Using a soft tooth brush and a warm to hot solution of a dishwashing detergent like Joy, brush as well as possible to remove the scum and lotion. Rinse well in warm water. Pat dry and take a look. If more cleaning is needed, soak the ring in hot tap water with about 1/3 detergent to 2/3 hot water. (The mix is ​​not critical.) Then brush again.

The brush and even the end of a toothpick will not damage the stone. Do not use any abrasive cleansers. Most will not damage a CZ but will take the shine off the metal and may scratch some softer kinds of gemstones. Do not use toothpaste or similar stuff. Short of buying a small home sized ultrasonic cleaner, the detergent approach is one of the best for home use.

With CZ a little sudsy ammonia may be added and will greatly improve the cleaning speed and effectiveness. Do not use any ammonia cleaners with silver, turquoise or pearls. Ammonia will cause spots on sterling. Use enough ammonia to liven up the fault hearted and do have a window open and some air moving.

With regular cleaning, you "get to know" the jewelry and can spot worn metal and loose stones before a loss happens.

When you can not get the dirt off, let the jewelry store clean and inspect the jewelry. Strong detergents in heated ultrasonic cleaners followed with high pressure steam cleaning will remove most all dirt. Soap scum takes a little longer but comes off ok.

CZ is hard enough to cut glass. Most faceted gemstones are hard enough to cut glass. However, dust in the air contains a lot of silica (think sand). Hand lotions will leave a film on jewelry for dust to stick to. Over time, this rock dust in the air will abrade metal settings and some softer gemstones. Keep the lotion off the jewelry if at all possible. Not only does lotion free jewelry sparkle and look better every day, it will wear longer, too.

The Difference Between Industrial, Retail and Commercial Real Estate

Before we answer this question, it might be helpful to actually define each term first.

Retail and industrial are both considered ‘commercial real estate’ (as opposed to ‘residential real estate’). Commercial real estate refers to buildings or land intended to generate profit; industrial and retail are simply sub-categories of commercial real estate.

Firstly an industrial property is defined as a property used for the actual manufacturing of something, and can be considered either a factory or plant. This is usually zoned for light, medium or heavy industry. This includes things such as warehouses, garages and distribution centers etc.

Retail property is a commercially zoned property used solely for business purposes, the actual selling of the product, rather than its manufacture – retail stores, malls, shopping centers and shops all huddling nicely under the retail umbrella.

Generally, businesses that occupy commercial real estate often lease the space. An investor usually owns the building and collects rent from each business that operates there.

There are four primary types of commercial real estate leases, each requiring different levels of responsibility from the landlord and the tenant.

Single net lease – tenant is responsible for paying rent and property taxes.

Double net lease – tenant is responsible for paying rent, property taxes and insurance.

Triple net lease – tenant is responsible for paying rent, property taxes, insurance and maintenance.

Gross lease – tenant is responsible only for rent; the Landlord pays property taxes, insurance and maintenance.

If you find yourself considering Commercial property ownership, there are a few things that you would do well to keep in mind:

1) Attractive appearance – the last thing you need is a vacant commercial property in Sydney for any length of time. Think how prospective tenants think: what will their customers want to see?

2) Aesthetic entrance – first impressions count, simple, simple stuff. This is a great tool for putting your prospective clients in a great frame of mind… and their clients.

3) Natural Light – in especially high demand nowadays

4) Location – close to other offices, public amenities, transportation etc.

Since 1980, retail property has returned an average of 9%, though is currently returning around 6%. Industrial real estate tends to be the most volatile, and is currently returning around 7% (as opposed to its peak of around 12% during the 1990’s recession).

And obviously, no matter which form of commercial property you’re considering, read the lease carefully. Sounds like a silly thing to say, but you’d be very surprised at the issues that can become issues simply because things weren’t read properly!

Text Flirting – How to Make a Girl Like You Over Text Messaging

It's not about being the most dominant guy. It's about being the most creative guy and taking risks. Creativity comes before dominance because the creative guy can adapt to situations and make things fun and pull people into an emotionally driven world. The creative guy can create dominance by taking risks.

Rule # 1

Get Her Laughing

My number 1 rule in text messaging a girl for the first time is to get her laughing. Usually I do not like to even get someone on the phone it's either meeting up with someone or text messaging.

The Use of Cliffhangers

Do you ever wonder why women always watch drama filled TV shows on the LIFETIME network or even prime time TV? It's because all women love drama whether they admit to it or not, in fact most women will say to your face that they despise drama despite the fact they are creating whirlwinds of it in their own lives, like moths to a flame they can not help the irresistible urge to go to where the drama is.

The key is to create positive drama in your life. Positive Masculine drama is what I like to call the "what is he gonna be up to next" effect when you constantly have things going on in your life (real or perceived) you are creating the positive male energy that women crave.

Here are some example text messages I have used in the past:

"WOW, I can not believe" – ​​(use this example if you are stuck on getting a response from a flaky woman, this will always get a response of some sort)

The MASS Text Message

– If you already have a presence or personality particularly if you are in college on campus you can use this one a lot more and without discretion, just make sure the things are texting are cool and sound fun otherwise you will be considered social spam – just made that up.

The Mass Text Message is one to be used sparingly and it also must seem that this text message could have been interpreted as a single private message so as an example you could say something like "hey, everyone is going down to the * bar * tonight would like to see your face there! "

The WAITER

After you get the girl to commit something to the conversation you can use "The WAITER" technique which is basically used to make the girl wait for a response from you wait until it gets to a hook point (it must be something significant) and then simply sit on it and do not respond for up to 4-6 hours depending on the level of commitment you have from the girl use this technique sparingly.

The Innuendo

Use this one sparingly as well but one thing you can do is use words like come and get off in a minority (not sure what he means way) If she mentions it in a sexual way say back to her in a PLAYFUL way
that she should really get her mind out of the gutter.

Rug & Carpet Cleaning Options

Whether you are planning on cleaning your wall to wall carpeting or your area rugs, you have certain cleaning options available to you. There are both positive and negative aspects when it comes to cleaning carpeting in your home. You should consider all aspects of cleaning when you are arranging to have the rugs and carpets in your house cleaned.

Shampooing – One option that works well and is easy to do on your own is using shampoo to clean the carpeting. This is not ordinary shampoo but special shampoo and you use this with a machine that will put the shampoo on the carpeting and then clean it up. Your carpet will be soaking wet after this process and will need to be kept for drying after you are done. This is also the least expensive method.

If you are using shampooing to clean an area rug, be sure that the material used is one that can be cleaned with wet cleaning. You can clean synthetic material rugs this way but you should never attempt to use this method on antique rugs or those made of wool as it can ruin the fiber.

Steam Cleaning -Steam cleaning can also be done by yourself with a special machine that you can rent or buy. This also uses moisture to clean the carpeting, but is not as wet as shampooing the carpeting. The steam will get the dirt out of the carpeting where it is picked up by a special machine and cleaned up. Many people prefer this method of cleaning as it is very effective and does not leave the carpet as wet as when it is shampooed.

When it comes to steam cleaning area rugs, the same truth holds for steam cleaning as it does for shampooing. You should not use this method of cleaning on wool rugs or those that are antiques and are most likely made from silk or wool. This method of cleaning is fine for store bought area rugs made from synthetic materials.

Chemical Cleaning

Chemical cleaning has come a long way and is no longer a danger to pets and children. However, some people just do not like the idea of ​​this type of dry cleaning for their carpets. This is a dry cleaning treatment that is similar to what is in a dry cleaning establishment. It can work well to chemically treat both carpeting and area rugs and is usually safe for most area rugs, including those that are made using wool or silk. You will want to talk to your carpeting care cleaner to find out if this will work for you. They may need to see the rug before they can give you a quote.

You have many choices when it comes to cleaning carpeting. Often, you can use the same treatment that you use to clean the wall to wall carpeting to clean the area rugs in your home. If you have a rare area rug or an antique, you will want to be sure that you have the carpet cleaner take a look at it and give you a price on cleaning before you start.

Foundation Wall Cracks, Cause, Effect and Solution

There are no perfect houses and that would include its foundation. Whether you have a new home or one that’s a hundred years old, house foundations crack. Houses shift and settle after construction. Houses will have cracks in either the cosmetic finishes or structural components. Most of these cracks have no structural significance. The common types of cracks in foundation walls will include;

Vertical (or near vertical) cracks; Just because a wall has cracked doesn’t mean that it has failed or that corrective action is required. If the crack is narrow (1/8 inch or less), is nearly vertical, has no lateral separation between the adjacent portions of the wall, and no water is leaking through the crack, no action generally is required. This is a shrinkage crack and occurs as moisture in the wall evaporates causing the wall to shrink into the voids created by the escaping water. This type of crack is controlled, or minimized but not eliminated by, using horizontal reinforcement steel, which helps distribute the stresses in the wall. If horizontal steel is present, you are more likely to get several very small cracks instead of one or two much wider cracks. Another method of limiting shrinkage cracks is to control the amount of water used in the concrete mix.

Reentrant Cracks; Whenever a concrete element has a sharp angle, there is a concentration of stress. This almost always results in a crack called a reentrant crack that emanates from the inside corner. It may be vertical, horizontal, or diagonal as it exits the corner. This phenomenon exists in nearly all materials. Round openings can dissipate the stress but this is not practical in concrete wall construction. The typical remedy to reduce this type of crack is the placement of steel reinforcement in the corners. It will not eliminate these crack but keep they tight and controlled.

Horizontal cracks; Horizontal cracks require greater scrutiny. Most residential foundation walls are designed to span from the footing or floor slab to the connection of the floor structure above. An 8-inch concrete wall in normal soil conditions usually is strong enough to withstand the forces exerted on the wall with no vertical reinforcement. Exceptions include areas with high ground water conditions or in expansive soil conditions. If there is vertical reinforcement in the wall, a horizontal crack is probably not a concern. An expert should be consulted when a horizontal crack appears to evaluate whether there is a structural risk.

These cracks typically result from one or more of the following;

1. Soil settlement beneath the footing resulting in downward movement of the footing, and shifting is common to most newly constructed homes.

2. Alteration of the local water table whenever a new home is built. Specifically, the soil beneath the home dries; the resultant soil shrinkage causes minor settlement of the footing which can result in hairline cracking in the foundation walls.

3. A new home, without of furniture and effects, does not impose a significant load on the foundation. Once all of your furniture and appliances are moved in, the weight borne by the foundation, and the structure in general, increases and causes some flexing (or movement) of structural members throughout the building. This increased load can cause hairline cracks in the foundation.

4. Drying shrinkage. While poured concrete is dries and hardens, it will shrink. The major factor influencing drying shrinkage is the total water content of the concrete. As the water content in poured concrete increases, the amount of shrinkage increases. Significant increases in the sand content and significant reductions in the size of the coarse aggregate used in poured concrete increase shrinkage because total water content is increased and smaller size coarse aggregate provide less internal resistance to shrinkage.

5. Thermal expansion and contraction of concrete. Concrete poured during high daytime temperatures will contract as it cools during the night, this can be sufficient enough to cause cracking if the concrete is restrained.

6. Restraint; The restriction of free movement of fresh or hardened concrete subsequent to the completion of placing (pouring of concrete) in formwork or within an otherwise confined space; restraint can be internal or external and may act in one or more directions.

7. Subgrade settlement or movement. The dropping of soil or the footing due to their mass, the loads imposed on them, or shrinkage or displacement of the underlying support.

Most foundation cracks are minor and insignificant; they are common to both poured concrete and block foundations. Structural cracks (horizontal) in residential foundations are usually the result of settlement and/or horizontal loading. They can be the result of hydrostatic pressure or the use of heavy equipment next to the foundation. The possible implication of cracks in your foundation is moisture penetration, moisture that can ruin finished wall coverings, floor coverings and furniture.

Water will leak through a foundation crack if there is enough hydrostatic pressure to force water through the crack. If a waterproofing system was installed during construction, the basement may not leak even if there is a large crack. Keep in mind that waterproofing is not the same as damp-proofing. Installing an exterior waterproofing system after the wall has been backfilled can be cost prohibitive. The best solution is the use of an epoxy injection system. It will adhere to the side of the cracks and actually may strengthen the wall. These systems can be DIY but is it highly recommended that they be applied by a professional.

If you take anything away from this article…take this. All foundations crack, your foundation, my foundation and most of these cracks are insignificant and have no structural implications. If you do have a concern about the size and type of crack call a professional to evaluate.

How to Create a Successful Bowl-A-Thon Fundraiser

This article explains how to take an ordinary bowl-a-thon fundraiser that might have produced $ 5,000 and turn it into one approaches six-figures. Below is a quick summary snapshot of the idea, followed by sections describing how it works and ideas to consider.

Summary Snapshot:

  • Potential Revenues: $$$$$
  • Revenue Source: Attendance fees, silent and live auctions, raffles, lane sponsorships
  • Advertising: Social media, press releases to local newspapers and TV / radio stations, website, signature, all communications
  • Equipment / Supplies: Event planning with area bowling establishment, tables for auction items, audio system
  • Partners: Area businesses, restaurants, corporations, bowling lane owner
  • Volunteers Needed: Extensive committee structure to handle all aspects of the event

How It Works:

This fundraising idea can be a surprisingly large fundraising event. The Domestic Violence organization of New Haven, CT uses this as their premier annual event, and earned $ 91,000. The great part of this event is that the bowling alley comes fully equipped to handle your event. Simply arrange to rent a block of lanes or the entire building for your event.

The hard part is deciding on fundraising venues. Typically, the event is either done by inviting teams to come in and compete, or by open bowling. The preference is for the teams, as you can pretty much decide ahead of time what you'll be getting for donations, as well as what you'll be needing for space. Typically, teams pay between $ 60 to $ 150 and more to compete. Prizes are donated and awarded, and team scores are posted as the day goes on.

The day is usually broken up into multiple time slots, and teams are assigned to each slot for the competition. If you have a 60-lane facility, you can see how quickly the contributions can add up. Five 2-hour time slots, completely filled, equals 300 teams. At $ 100 to enter a four-person team, that's $ 30,000 to begin with. Then there are the other added fundraisers that can be combined: silent auctions, live auctions, food and drinks, sponsorships, and even an awards dinner later in the evening.

Ideas to Consider:

So where do you come up with 400 teams? Well this becomes a perfect venue for existing bowling leagues, local businesses and associations (like Kiwanis and Rotary) to participate in. Contact each local business and ask them if they're support your event by entering 1 or 2 teams. Explain the rules, prizes and your cause. It's not too hard to come up with 1 or 2 teams in a company, and a healthy competition makes for great press releases and sponsorships.

While you're in talking with the businesses, ask if they'd like to sponsor one of the lanes during the event. Sometimes a good sign sponsorship would cost $ 200. With 50 lanes, that's an additional $ 10,000. Allow fans to attend for a small donation, or even for free. You want a lot of participation in the silent auctions, buying food you have for sale, or attending the rewards dinner event that evening. Remember that you have to charge to attend, unless you've included it in the team entry fee.

If you can get a few of the local celebrities to attend, that will draw additional people to the event. Make sure that you use the Live Auction and Silent Auction formats at the dinner.

Make the prizes fun. Come up with unusual prizes to augment the normal first, second, and third place prizes. Maybe you can get a car dealership to come in with an overall sponsor, and offer up a car for a 300-game. (Believe it or not, Lloyd's of London insures these types of rewards, based on expected risks.) The more prizes the better: most gutters, lowest individual score, highest individual score, best team jerseys, and so forth.

For more details about how this fundraiser works, you can go to www.FundraisingAlmanac.com/bowl-a-thon.php .

Basic CNC Preventative Maintenance Program and Best Practice

Its amazing how little preventive maintenance is ever performed within the majority of manufacturing companies today. I am often asked by Maintenance personnel on how other companies take care of there CNC equipment. What's my answer? This is typical if its not broken do not fix it.

What I have outlined below is how you can set up a preventive maintenance program based on little knowledge of CNC and maintenance and minimal amount of downtime by covering the most basic and important parts of a PM program. The items below will save you the most money down and prevent a future breakdown.

Minimum Basic CNC preventive maintenance program

1. Check your machine oil levels – turret, B-axis, ATC & magazine gear boxes, spindle gear box, hydraulics. If you have a leak-fix it. You are contaminating your coolant, reducing your tool life and putting more contaminants into the oil system every time you fill the tank.

2. Clean chips out of every corner of the machine.

3. Pull back the waycovers and clean out the troughs in the ballscrew area and allow coolant to drain properly and avoid flooding into your bearing housings.

4. Check for lube on your box way machines. There should be a line from the wiper every time you reverse the axis on the leading edge.

5. Check the clamp force of the spindles every 3 months- this is a 15 second check. This PM check is so important- you could save a spindle, increase tool life and part quality.

6. Check your pallet change alignment and operation if equipped. The last thing you want to do is throw a fixture in a machine. Also clean chips from under the pallets and B-axis

7. Perform a basic inspection of cables, hoses and electrical fans on the outside and inside of electrical cabinets. Do not forget to check the drive fans or computer fans as well.

8. Clean & replace any filters as necessary.

9. Check your CNC tool change alignment. Maybe not the easiest for a novice but at least look at it for something obvious. Fix any CNC machines that are dropping tools on occasion. There is a reason! Do not let it go. Damages to waycovers, ATC cam followers and gear boxes, tool fingers, and spindle damage will occur.

10. Check your backup batteries and make backups of parameters through your DNC system. With today's economic times many machines are powered down for intensive periods of time. Hope you have backups or original data sheets.

Bad Pool Caller Error – How to Fix the Bad Pool Caller Blue Screen Error on Windows

The "BAD POOL CALLER" error is actually one of the most damaging errors known to Windows users – as it's renamed for restarting your PC and showing a fatal "blue screen of death". Many people receive this error but do not even know what causes it. This means that if you want to repair this problem, you first need to know why it shows and then how to fix the various parts of your computer that often cause it. Here's what you need to do …

This Bad Pool Caller error is actually shown because of your PC's "data pool". The data pool is a small collection of files & settings which Windows computers use to help them call various settings instantly on your system. It's like having a small pool of information that your computer can "dip into" in order to quickly gain settings / information about your PC. Not many people even know the data pool exists, but the fact is that it's continuously causing errors which often include the "BAD POOL CALLER". This particular error is caused when your system tries to "call" / "load" a certain setting from the data pool, but finds it can not. This sends your computer into a blue-screen crash, making it unable to proceed.

There are various reasons why this error will show, and to be honest, no-one really has a set checklist of exactly what causes it. The best thing to do is to first check the "hardware" of your PC is functioning correctly, then that your programs are working well, and that Windows is running as smoothly as possible.

The initial step you must take to repair this problem is to ensure the hardware of your PC is working well. To do this, you should do this by checking all the cables and connections that your various hardware components require, are all secure and working. This can be done by just looking at the various parts of your computer and taking a mental note to see if everything's okay.

After that, you should then look to reinstall any program which could trigger this error. It's often the case that resource-intensive programs, such as "Photoshop", will often call so many data-pool components that it will trigger this error. To ensure this is not a problem, you should reinstall any programs which trigger the issue.

Finally, and this is probably the most effective way to fix the Bad Pool Caller error, you should look to repair any issues that are inside the "registry" database of your PC. The registry database is a central storage facility which keeps all the files, settings & options that Windows requires to run each day. Unfortunately, this database is used so much by your system that it's continuously being damaged, leading your computer to become unable to read the files it needs to run. To ensure this is not causing the bad pool caller problem, you should look to clean out the registry by using a "registry cleaner" application.